The first part of a brief register, kalendar and survey of the several kinds, forms of all parliamentary vvrits comprising in 3. sections, all writs ... illustrated with choice, usefull annotations ...
Prynne, William, 1600-1669.
Page  141

By this Alphabetical exact Table it is apparent,

1. That the total Number of the Abbots at any times summoned to Parliaments and Great Councils of State by special Writs and Memorials entred in the Clause Rolls, was 122. And the total summ of Priors and Masters of Religious Orders thus summoned, 41. in all 163. besides the 5 Deans, and the Official of the Court of Canterbury and Dean of the Arches.

2. That of all this numerous multitude of Abbots, Priors, and Masters of Religious Orders thus summo∣ned at several times upon particular reasons and occasi∣ons, there were only 25 Abbots constantly summoned towards the latter end of King Edward the 3. his reign, and the beg••ning of Richard the 2d. to the end of King Edward the 4th, and the dissolution of Monasteries; to wit, the Abbots of Abingdon, St. Albans, St. Augustines Canterbury, Bardeny, de Bello, de Burgo Sancti Petri, Ciren∣cester, Colecester, Croyland, St. Edmonds Bury, Evesham, Glaston, Gloucester, Hida, Hulmo, Malmesbury, St. Ma∣ries of York, Rading, Ramesy, Salop, Seleby, Thorney, Wal∣tham, Westminster and Winchecombe; And two Priors only, namely of Coventre, and of the Hospitall of S. Iohn of Ierusalem in England.

3. That 13. of these 122. Abbots, and 27. of these Priors, were summoned only but once; 4. of these Ab∣bots and 1. of these Priors but twice; 3. of these Ab∣bots and 3. Priors only thrice; 6. Abbots and 2. Pri∣ors but 4. times; 17. Abbots but 5. times, others 6. 7. 8. 9. or 10. times summoned, and no more, then totally omitted out of the Summons ever after.

4ly, That some Abbots and Priors summoned to ve∣ry many Parliaments, and Great Councils, were yet afterwards omitted out of the Summons, and never called by writ unto them afterwards. For instance, the Abbots of St. Augustines Bristoll were summoned to 16. of Barlinges to 25. of Cumbe to 21. the Abbots of Crox∣tonPage  142 to 22. Dontibus to 25. Of urneyes to 23. Of Hales to 21. Of Melsa to 23. Of Mira Valle to 21. Of Osency to 39. Of Thornton to 43. the Master and Prior of the Order of Semplingham to 29. the Prior of Lews or Lewes to 61. and the Prior of Spalding to 41 Parlia∣ments and Great Councils under Henry the 3. Edward 1. 2. or 3. and yet they were never summoned to any Parliaments after King Edward the 3. The Prior of St. Iames Northampton summoned once under Henry the 3d. being Summoned Ann. 12 E. 2. was (upon his Petition prosecuted by his Proctor) discharged from any future summons, and lest out of the Rolls after 14 E. 2. because Non tenet de Rege per Baroniam, nec 〈◊〉 Capite; sed tantum in puram et perpetuam eleemosynam, nec praede∣cessores sui unquam in Cancellaria i rotulati fuerunt, nisi ad stimulationem aliquorum malignorum▪ possent alias, pr casum irrotulari, et per consequens citari▪ as you may read at large ina Mr. Sclden. The Prior of Bridlington was summoned 9. times under Henry the 3. and Edward 2. and then in 14 Ed: 2. there was this entry made in the Roll, Nihil tenet de Rege, and no future Summons issued to him afterwards: The Abbot of Leicester was summoned to no less than 50 Parliaments and Great Councils under Henry 3. and Ed. 1, 2, 3. before 25 E. 3. yet after all these Summons there is this entry made upon his 51 summons, Ann. 25 E. 3. (Here, p. 6.) Abbas Leicestr, cancellatur, quia habet Cartam Regis quod non compellatur venira ad Parliamentum: The Grounds of which discharge are thus expressed in the Charter of his exemption from future summons gran∣ted upon his Petition in Parliament.

b Rex omnibus ad quos, &c. Salutem. Supplicavit nobis dilectus nobis in Christo Abbas de Lecestria, ut, cum Abbatia sua praedicta per Robertum Fitz Robert de Mkan, dudum Comitem Leycestriae, fundata fuisset in puram & perpetuam elemosinam, & advocatio ive pa∣tronatus ejusdem ad manus Domini H. quondam Re∣gis Angliae proavi nostri, per forisfactum Simonis dPage  143 Montorti tune Comitis Leycestriae & pa••oni ejusdem devenerir, idemque Abbas aliqua terras seu tenementa de nobis per Baroniam seu alio modo non teneat, per quod ad Parliamenta sen Consilia nostra venire tenea∣tur, nec aliquis Praedecessorum suorum ante quadragesi∣mum nonum annum dicti proavi nostri, post orisfactu∣ram praedicti Simonis (quo anno omnes Abbates et Pri∣ores Regni nostri Angliae, ad Parliamentum ejusdem proavi nostri tune tentum, voluntarie summoniti fue∣runt) summonitus extiterit, velimus ipsum Abbarem de hujusmodi adventu ad Parliamentum factae exonerari; Et quia visis cartis & confirmationibus de erris & te∣nementis eidem Abbatiae datis et concessis in Cancel∣lariae nostrae irrot ulatis compertum est, quod dicta Ab∣batia per praedictum Robert Fitz Robert de Mekan, tunc Comitem Leycestriae, fundata erat in puram et perpetu∣am Elemosinam, et non invenitur in rotulis praedictis, quod prae dictus Abbas aliqua erras seu tenementa de nobis tenet per Baroniam seu aliquo alio servitio, nec quod Praedecessores sui Abbates loci praedicti ad aliqua Parliamenta progenitorum nostrorum ante praedictum quadragesimum nonum annum dicti proavi nostri aut postmodum continu, sed vicibus interpolais, summo∣niti fuerint; Nolentes ipsum Abbatem indebirè sic vexa∣ri, concessimus pro nobis et haeredibus nostris, quod idem Abbas et successores sui de veniendo ad Parlia∣menta et Consilia nostra vel haeredum nostrorum de cae∣tero quieti sint & exonerati imperpetuum. Ita semper quod dictus Abbas & succe••ores sui in Procuratores ad hujusmodi Parliamenta & Consilia per Clerum mitten∣dos consentiant & ut moris est expensis contribuant eo∣rundem. In cujus, &c. Teste Rege apud West monaste∣rium XV. die Februar. Per petitionem de Parlia∣mento.

After which Patent and entry this Abbot being sum∣moned again in the lists of 27. & 29 E. 3. upon com∣plaint thereof, there was this Memorandum made in the Clause Roll of 29 E. 3. Cancellaur Abbas Leycestriae, Page  144 quia hab•• Cartam Regis, quod Non Compellatur vnir ad Parliamntum.

The Abbot of Tavistock was summoned to 5 Parlia∣ments and Parliamentary Councils under H. 3. Ed. 1. and Ed. 3. the last whereof was in 23 E. 3. but never after; yet King Henry the 8. in the 5. year of his reign, created Richard Banham Abbot of Tavistocke and his successors, to be one of the Spiritual and Religious Lords of the Parliament, of himself his heirs and successors; yet withall pardoned their absence at any time from Par∣liament, by reason of their great distance from it, pay∣ing only the fine of 5. marks for every time they should be personally absent into the Kings Exchequer, as this Patent manifests.

Henricus, &c.c Sciatis quod certis considerationibu nos specialitè moventibus, & o specialem devotio∣nem quam ad Beatam Virginem Mariam matrem Christi, sanctumque Rumonum, in quorum Honore Ab∣batia de Tavistocke, quae de fundatione nobilium proge∣nitorum nostroum quondam Regum Angliae & nostro patronatu dedicata existir; gerimus et habemus, hinc est, quod de gratia nostra speciali ac ex certa scientia & mero motu nostris, volumus candem Abbatiam sive Monasterium nostrum gaudere honore, priuilegio, ac li∣berratibus spiritualium Dominorum Parliamenti nostri Haeredum & successorum nostrorum. Ideo concessimus & per praesentes concedimus, pro nobis haeredibus & successoribus nostris quantum in nobis est, dilecto nobis in Christo Richardo Banha Abbati de Tavistocke prae∣dicto & successoribus suis, ut eorum quilibet qui pro tempore ibidem fuerit Abbas, sit et erit unus de spiri∣tualibus & Religiosis Dominis Parliamenti nostri Hae∣redum & successorum nostrorum, gaudendo honore, pri∣vilegio ac libertatibus ejusdem; Et insuper, de uberi∣ori gratia nostra, a•••ctando utilitatem dicti nostri Mo∣nasterii, considerando ejus distantiam, Ita quod si con∣tingat aliquem Abbatem qui pro tempore fuerit fore vel esse absentem propter praedicti Monasterii utilita∣tem Page  145 in non veniendo ad Parliamentum praedictum Hae∣redum vel successorum nostrum, quam quidem absenti∣am eidem Abbati perdonamus per praesentes; Ita tamen quod tune solve pro hujusmodi abentia cujuslibet Par∣liamenti integri in nostro Scaccario, suum per Attorna∣tum quinque Marcas nobis, haeredibus sive succe••oribus nostris, totiens quotiens, ho infuturum contigerit. In cujus, &c. Teste, &c. Vicesimo terio die Ianuarii, &c.

Sir Edward Cooke in his 4. Institutes, p. 45. affirms this Patent to be void in Law; but upon such a poor rea∣son, as will made all Temporal Lords, Barons, Earles, and Dukes Patents likewise void, if they hold not by Barony; and I conceive it to be good in Law, upon consideration of the premises, that our Kings did at their pleasure, without any special Patents of Creation, summon what Abbots and Priors they thought meet to their Parliaments, and omitted, discharged them at their pleasures, as the premises plentifully manifest be∣yond contradiction.

5. It is most demonstratively and experimentally evi∣dent by this Table: That the Kings bare writs of sum∣mons of Abbots, Priors, Masters of Religious Orders, Deans, and other Clergymen not holding by Barony, and their sitting in Parliaments and Great Councils, and debating, consulting, advising with the King and the rest of the Abbots, Priors, Bishops, Earls, Lords and Barons of the Realm in Parliament according to the tenor of the writs of Summons (issued to them all in the self-same form) did neither really or actually ennoble either them, nor their successors (for then byd Sir Edward Cooks own doctrine) they ought, ex debito justitiae, to have been summoned constantly during life, and their Successors after them, when they had been called by writ, actually sate in one, two, much more if in three or four Parliaments; when most of them who were summoned sate only in 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8. Page  146 Parliaments and no more; and neither they nor their Successors were ever after summoned; yea some of hem after above 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60. summons to, and Sessions in Parliaments under several Kings, have been afterwards discharged, or left out of the writs of Sum∣mons, as no Barons nor Peers of the Realm, because they held not by Barony of the King: Therefore their writs of Summons and Session did only make them but momentany and quasi temporary Peers, or Spiritual Lords pro hac vice only, when and whiles they were summoned to, and sate in any particular Parliament or great Concil amongst the rest of the Prelates and Lords, not after they were dissolved, when both their temporaie. Pe•••ge and Lordships (if their writ and Session made them Lords or Peerpro tempore,) expired with the Parliaments: And by the self-same ground, reason, the Kings summons of any Knights, Es∣quires, or other Laymen to Parliament by a general wri••, who held not by Barony, without any special Clause creating them Barons by writs or Parents, and their actual sitting in Parliament, can neither ennoble themselves, nor make them Lords, Barons, or Peers of the Realm for life, much lesse their heirs males in fee, or for perpetity after their deceases, but onely make them quasi Peers, or Great men, or rather Assistants to, and joynt Consellors with the Lords in Parliament pro tempore, so long as the Parliaments to which they are summoned and in which they sit continue, but no longer; as I haveeelsewher proved, and shall further demon∣stratively evidence in the next Section, against Sir Ed∣ward Cookes and others mistakes therein.

8. That our Kings by their Prerogative and royall Authority alone did upon all extraordinary occasions summon what Abbots, Priors, Religious and Ecclesi∣astical persons they thought meet, in the self same manner, and by the self same forms of writs, as they summoned the Bishops, Abbots, Peers and other Lords Page  147 who were actual Peers and Barons of the Realm, in greater or smaller numbers as they and their Council thought meeest; who sate, consulted, advised in Parlia∣ment, together with the King and the rest of the Lords: which royal Prerogative and Jurisdiction was never questioned, oppugned, complained or voted against in any antient Parliaments to my knowledge; which be∣ing our Kings Parliaments, yea the Grand Councils both of the King and kingdom, (as the writs of Sum∣mons and all Prologues and Acts of Parliament stile them) they might thereupon lawfully summon to them what persons they deemed most fit and able to advise, assist them, and to promote, dispatch their publike affairs, for their own and the kingdomes benefit, safety, defence, and common welfare; though no actual Peers, Lords, or Barons of the Realm by Patent, or Tenure; as will more fully appear by the two next Sections.

7. This Table doth undeniably convince the foreci∣ted Memorandum (p. 34.) entred in Cl. 6 E. 3. m. 36. Istis Abbatibus et Prioribus subscriptis, non solebat scribi in aliis Parliamentis; viz. Abbati de Teukesbury, with 26 Abbots and Priors there named to be full of gross mistakes: For I find the Abbot of St. Augustines Bri∣stol summoned no less than 5. times before, and 11. times after 6 E. 3. and the Abbot of Bardenay no less than 33. times sommoned before, and 80. times after it, being one of the Abbots constantly summoned till the 23 E. 4. and dissolution of Monasteries: the Abbot of Barlinges 25. times before it: the Abbot de Bello 30. times before, and 70. after it, being one of the 25 Ab∣bots constantly summoned as a Baron: the Abbot of Burton upon Trent 12 times: the Prior of Bridlington 8. times, the Prior of Chester 4. times, the Abbot de Fon∣tibus 26. the Abbot of Furneyes 23. times: the Abbot of Gerveux (Gervall, or Iorvall) 13. times: the Prior of Gisurn thrice: the Abbot of Hayles 21 times: the Abbot of L••••nes twice: the Abbot of St. Ositha 12. Page  148 time, the Abbot of Perhore 11. times the Abbot of Ryevall 14. times: the Master and Prior of the Order of Sempingham 29. times, the Abbot of Stratford 12. times, all of them before 6 E. 3. the Abbot of Tavistock. thrice before, and twice after i: the Abbot of Tham once, the Abbot of Teukesbury 5. times, and the Abbot of Wardon 4. times before it: Only to the Abbots of Boghland, Langedon and Walley therein mentioned I finde no writs of Summons in any Rolls, unless Boghland, be meant of Bocland (as I conceive it is) who was twice summoned; and Langedon for Lavedon who was 5. times; and Whalley for Wave ley, who was 9. times summoned by writ before this Memorandum; entred by some ig∣norant Clerk, who had not well examined the former Clause rols and lists of Summons.

8. That the Bishops, Abbots and Priors summoned constantly and of right to our Parliaments and Great Councils by writ, were thus summoned to them, not as they were Bishops, Abbots, or Priors, but in respect of their*Baronies, which they held of, by, from and un∣der our Kings; as is evident by the Recognition made in the Great Parliamentary Council ataClarindon, Ann. 1164.b by Petrus Blesensis his Treatise De Institu∣tione Episcop: dedicated to King Henry the 2d; by the Judgement given against Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury in a Council at Northamton Anno 1165. (11 H. 2.) recorded bycWilliam Fitz-Stephens;d by the Great Charter of King Iohn, Anno 1215. (15 Io∣hanis) by thate of Matthew Paris Anno 1231. Sep∣timo Calendas Februarii, convenerunt ad Colloquium apud Westmonasterium Rex, cum Praelatis et aliis Mag∣natibus, ubi exegit idem Rex Scutagium, de quolibet Scuto tres marcas▪ ab omnibus qui Baronas tenebant tam Laicis quam Praelatis:ui Richardus Canuarien∣sis Archiepicopus, et quidam Episcopi cum eo, audc∣ter resistentes, dixerunt. Quod non tenentur viri Eccle∣siastici judicio subjici Laicorum, cum absque 〈◊〉 con∣cessum Page  149uit, Scutagium in finibus ransm••inis. Tan∣dem et post mustas inde disceptationes, negotium quan••m ad Praelatos reclamantes pertinebat usque 15. dies post Pascha dilationem ac••pit;* And by this no∣tible passage of the Continuer of Matthew Paris Anno 1267. (51 H. 3.) Rex citati fcit Comites et Barones, Archiepiscopos, Episcopos et Abbates, omnesque com∣muniter militare servitium sibi debenter, ut apud Sanc∣tum Edmundum, equis et amis sufficienter instructi convenirent, ad impeendum os, qui contra pacem Re∣giam occupaverunt Inslm Eljensem, &c. Abadunais qui ad Parliamentum citati suerant, praeter rebelles, pri∣mo principaliter Rex et Legarus subscriptos Articulos exigebant; Ut omnes Praelati & rectores Ecclesiarum decimas sibi concederent, de tribus annis sequentibus, & de anno prximo praeeito▪ quantum dabunt Baroni∣bus ad custodiendum mare contra alienigena. Re∣sponsio. Ad hoc responderunt, quod bellum inceptum fuerat per iniquam cupiditatem, & durat in praesens, & necessarium esset, hujusmodi petitiones pessimas praeter∣ire, & de pace regni tractare,* et Parliamentum suum ad utilitatem Ecclesiae et regni convertere, non ad denati∣orum extorsionem: praecipue quum terra in tantum de∣structa sit per bellum, quod nunquam, vel saltem sero poterit respirate. Secundu. Item petitum est, ut Ec∣clesiae taxarentur per manus Laicorum, justa et alta taxa∣tione, ad valorem omnium bonorum spectantium ad e∣asdem. Responsio. Ad hoc respondebatur, quod non est ratio, sed omnino contra justiciam,* ut Laici de deci∣mis colligendis se intromittant, nec in hoc unquam consentirent communiter, sed tantum ut taxaio anti∣qua staret. Tertius. Item, ut Episcopi & Abbates, &c. decimam suam darent DE BARONIIS SUIS plena∣rie, et de Laico feudo recta & alta taxatione. Respon∣sio. Ad hoc respondebatur, quod depraedationibus sunt depauperati, et sequuti sunt Regem in expeditione, & tanta pecuniarum effusione, quod omnino pauperes sunt Page  150 effecti, e etiam errae eorum incultae acbant propter bellum. Quartus. Item petirum est, ut Clerus com∣muniter daret domino Regi, ad relevandum staum su∣um, triginta millia marcarum, propter ante dictas deci∣mas, quas quidem Legat us vendicabat ad opus Romanae curiae, propter debita Siciliae, Apuliae, et Calabriae con∣tracta, in nomine domini Edmundi filii Regis modo prae∣sentis. Responsio. Ad hoc respondebatur, quod ihil darent, quia omnes hujusmodi taxationes & extorsiones per Regem factae prius, nunquam in Regis utilitatem vel regni sunt conversae. Quiutus. Item petitum est, ut omnes Clerici TENENTES BARONIAS, vel Lai∣cum feudum, personaliter armati procederent contra regios adversarios, vel tantum servirium in expeditio∣ne Regis invenirent, quantum pertineret ad tantam terram, vel tenementum. Responsio. Ad hoc responde∣batur, quod non debent pugnare cum gladio materiali, sed spitiuali, scilicet cum lachrymis & orationibus hu∣milibus & devotis.* Et quod propter beneficia sua te∣nentur pacem manu tenere, non bellum. Et quod BA∣RONIAE EORUM ab eleemosynis puris stabiliuntur: unde servitium militare non debent, nisi certum, nec novum incipient. Sextus. Item petitum est, ut Clerus communiter aquietaret novem millia marcarum, quas Episcopus Roffensis Laurentius, Episcopus Bathonien∣sis Willielmus, & Abbas Westmonasterii Richardus, mutuo receperunt à mercatoribus domini Papae in curia Romana, quando fuerunt ibidem, pro Regiis negotiis exediendis. Responsio. Ad hoc respondebatur, quod nunquam consentiebant mutuationi tanti debiti, nec unquam inde sciebnt, unde in nullo tenentur illud ad∣quietare. Septimus. Item petitum est ex parte Papae, ut firet praedicatio in omni festinatione de cruce per totum regnum, ad expugnandm populum, quem curia providere, vel ad crucem perpetam redimendum. Re∣sponsio. Ad hoc respondebatur, quod populus trrae per bellum in magna parte perimitur, & si modo cruce sig∣narentur, Page  151 pauci vel nulli ad defensionem patriae rema∣nerent. Unde manifestum est, quod Legatus vellet naturalem terrae progeniem exulare, ut alienigenae li∣berius conquirere possint terram. Octavus. Item di∣cebatur, quod Praelati tenebantur ad omnes petitiones, vellent nollent, propter juramentum de Coventre, ubi juraverunt quod domino Regi auxiliarentur modis om∣nibus, quibus possent. Responsio. Ad hoc responderunt, quod quando juramentum fecerunt, non intelligebant de alio auxilio quam Spirituali, consilioque salubri.

By which demands and answers (not unsutable nor unseasonable for the consideration of our present times) it is apparent; that the Clergy ought not to be taxed by the Laity for their Ecclesiasticall Baronies and Tem∣poral Lands in Parliament, but only by themselves, much less then for their Spiritualties and Benefices; and that their BARONIES held of the King, obliged them to sit and serve in Parliaments, yet did not bind them to serve the King in person in his wars; nor to foment any wars between him and his Subjects, but rather to advise him to maintain peace not wars. By Matthew Westminstersa relation, That the Archbishop of Can∣terbury who the year before had all his Temporalties and goods seised into the Kings hands for refusing to grant a Subsidy to the King, for fear of Pope Boniface the 8. his Constitution to the contrary; together with the rest of the Clergy being put out of the Kings protection upon this occasion, was this year restored to the Kings grace and fa∣vor, atque REDDITA SIBI BARONIA SUA. And by this Protestation of the Bishops, Abbots, Priors and Clergy in theb Parliament of 11 Rich. the 2. Rotul. Parliamenti parte 1. nu. 2. Artic. 34. De Iure et consuetudine Regni Angliae ad Archiepiscopum Cantuariensem qui pro tempore fue∣ri, n••non caeteros Suffraganeos, Comfraires & Compa∣tres ABBATES ET PRIORES, ALIOS∣QVE PRAELATOS QVOSCUNQVE Page  152 PER BARONIAM DE DOMINO RE∣GE TENENTES, PERTINET IN PAR∣LIAMENTIS REGIIS QUIBUS CUN∣QUE UT PARES REGNI PRAEDICTI PERSONALITER INTERESS. ibi∣demque de Regni Negotiis ac aliis tractari 〈…〉 cum caeteris decti Regni Paribus, et aliis I 〈…〉 INTERESSENDI 〈…〉, consulere et tractare, ordinare, statuere et diffini∣re, ac caetera facere quae Parliamenti tempore ibide•• invenient facienda. Of which, those who please may finde many other Testimonies, in my Plea for the Lords, p. 151. to 158. 221. to 290. and in Mr: Sel∣dens Titles of Honor, Part. 2. Chapter 5. Section 17. to 26.

27, It is observable, that when any Archbishop di∣ed, after the writ of Summons to Parliament issued to him with a Praemunientes, &c. and before the return and execution thereof; the King thereupon issued a new Writ of Summons to the Guardian of the Spiritu∣alties of the Archbishoprick, with a Praemunientes to summon the Dean, Chapter, Archdeacon and Clergy of the Province, with a particular writ to the Dean and Chapter of his Church to appear at the said Parlia∣ment; as is evident by these two memorable writs in Claus. 9 E. 2. m. 20. dorso.

Rex Custodi Spiritualitatis Archiepiscopatus Eborum. sede vacante, salutem. Quia nupr tempore quo Parliamentum nostrum usque Lincoln. in Quindena S••ncti Hillarii prox. futur. summoneri mandavimus bonae memoriae W. pro tunc Archie piscopo loci praedicti jam de uncto, quod in propria persona sua dicto Parlia∣mento nostro interesser, ac quod praemuniri faciet Deca∣num et Capitulum Ecclesiae suae beti Petri Ebor. to∣tumque Clerum suae Dioc: quod dicti Decanus et Ar∣chidiaconi in propriis persnis suis, dictumque Capitu∣lum per unnm, et dictus Clerus per duos Procuratores Page  153 idoneos dicto Parliamento similiter interestent, ad trac∣tandum ibidem Noblcum super negotiis Nos et Sta∣tum Regni nostri ••ng••tibus pro quibus dictum Parlia∣mentum mandavimus Convocari. Nos nolentes per mortem praefati Archiepiscopi dicta mandata nostra dif∣ferri, set ea potius per vos executioni debito demanda∣ri, Vobis mandamus, quod Vos in propria persona ve∣stra dictis die et loco intersitis. Praemunientes praedic∣tos Decanum et Capitulum, Archidiaconos, totumque Clerum praedictum, quod iidem Decanus et Archidi∣diaconi in propriis personis suis, dictumque Capitulum per unum, ac dictus Clerus per duos Procuratores dic∣to Parliamento nostro in Quindena praedicta intersint. Ad tractandum ibidem Nobiscum super Negotiis prae∣dictis in forma supradicta, et ad consentiendum hiis quae unc ibidem de Communi Consilio contigerit or∣dinari. Et hoc nullatenus omittatis. T. Rege apud Clipston 17 die Januarii, Per ipsum Regem.

Rex dilectis sibi in Christo Decano et Capitulo Ec∣clesiae beati Petri Ebor: salutem. Quia nuper, &c. (ut supra;) Et quod praemuniri faciet vos, Archidiaconos, totumque Clerum suae Diocaes. quod praefati Deca∣nus et Archidiaconi in propriis personis vestris, dictum∣que Capitulum per ••um, et praedictus Clerus per du∣os Procuratores dicto Parliamento nostro similiter in∣teressetis, ad tractandum ibidem, &c. Nos nolentes, &c. Vobis mandamus, quod vos praefatus Decanus in propria persona vestra dicto Parliamento in Quindena praedicta intersitis, Et vos dictum Capitulum per unum Procuratorem sufficientem sitis similiter, ad trctan∣dum ibidem, &c. Teste ut supra. Per ipsum Re∣gem.

28 That no private Prelates and Clergy men could grant a Subsidy to binde the rest of the Cler∣gy for the necessary defence of the Church, King, kingdom, against invading Enemies, without the ge∣neral Consent of the Archbishops, and all the Cler∣gy Page  154 summoned in Convocation within their respective Provinces; as is most apparent by this memorable writ to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the like to the Gardian of the Spiritualties of the Archbishoprick of York,* wherewith I shall close up this Section, and my Observations on it.

Claus. 9 E. 2. m. 17. Rex venerabil in Christo Pa∣tri. W. eadem gratia Archiepiscopo Cantuar. &c. salu∣tem. Pro firmo credimus et tenemus, quod ad ea quae regni nostri salva ionem et opul Nobis commissi tranquillitatem et quietem respiiunt cum Dei adjutorio feliciter promovenda mauus velitis extendere liberalitr adjuvantes. Quidam itaque Praelati et alii de Clero Provinciae vestre convocai, quos ad interessendum Parliamento nostro apud Lincoln. f••imus summoneri, ibidem, ex parte nostra super Subsidio nobis pro guerra nostra Scotiae fa•••nda requisiti ad urgen∣tem necessitatem in hac parte, & inevitabile periculum quod tam Ecclesiae Anglicanae quam Nobis et toti po∣puto nostro ex Scotorum inimicorum et rebellium nos∣trorum, (qui pluries Rgnum nostrum hostiliter sunt in∣gressi, depraedationes, inondia, homicidia at alla dampna quamplunima intulrunt perpetrando) obstinat a malitia pot∣rit imminere, nisi orum nequitiae citius et poten••cus cum Dei adjutorio resistatur, suae considerationis intuitum dirigentes ad Subsidium Nobis ex causa praedicts faciendum, quate∣nus vois absentibus cui subsu, t in quorundam aliorum tam Praelatorum, quam Religiosorum et caeterorum de Cle∣ro dictae Provinciae absentia potuerunt, unanimiter consense∣runt: Ita tamen quod tam ipsi quam alii de Clero vestrae Provinciae qui in dicto Parliamento praentes non fuerunt coram vobis ad tractandum et consentiendum vestra aucto∣ritate interveniente de certo Subsidio Nobis, ut praemittitur, faciendo, in loco debito convocentur. Vestram ig••ur Pa∣ternitatem reverendam, de qua fiduciam gerimus plni∣rem requirimus et rogamus, quatinus omnes Pralatos, tam Religiosos quam alios, caterosque de Clero Provinciae vestrae supradictae, quod sint coram Vobis apud Londn die Mr∣curii Page  155 prox. post Quindenam Pasch. prox. futur. ad ulti∣mum, ad tractand. in vestra praesentia, et una vobiscum consentiend. super Subsidio memorato, convocari faciatis. 〈…〉 Sub∣sidio nomine nostro audiendam, it nobis post modū reportan∣dam. Teste Rege apud Lincoln. 17 die Febr.

Eodem modo mandatum est Custodi Spiritualitatis Ar∣chiepiscopatus Eborum. sede vacante mutatis competenter mutandis, excepto quod Clerum Eborae. Provinciae veni∣r〈◊〉〈◊〉 ipso apud Eborum à di Paschae in unm mensem▪ &c. Teste ut supra.

What ever else concerns the Prelates, Abbots, Pri∣ors, Convocation and Clry; is reserved for its pro∣per plac in subsequent Sections.