The nullity of the Romish faith, or, A blow at the root of the Romish Church being an examination of that fundamentall doctrine of the Church of Rome concerning the Churches infallibility, and of all those severall methods which their most famous and approved writers have used for the defence thereof : together with an appendix tending to the demonstration of the solidity of the Protestant faith, wherein the reader will find all the materiall objections and cavils of their most considerable writers, viz., Richworth (alias Rushworth) in his Dialogues, White in his treatise De fide and his Apology for tradition, Cressy in his Exomologesis, S. Clara in his Systema fidei, and Captaine Everard in his late account of his pretended conversion to the Church of Rome discussed and answered
Poole, Matthew, 1624-1679.
Page  [unnumbered]

The INDEX.

The Introduction.
Pag. 1.
CHAP. 1.
The Popes infallible Authority is no sufficient foundation of Faith, and is a meer nullity
pag. 2.
CHAP. 2.
Scripture is no sufficient founda∣tion of Faith to a Papist ac∣cording to their principles pro∣ved out of their prime Authors.
Sect. 1, 2, 3, 4.
The Scriptures alledged by them for the Popes infallible autho∣rity examined in generall.
Sect. 5. 6.
In particular Matth. 16. 18. Thou art Peter
Sect. 7. 8, 9,
Iohn 21. Feed my sheep.
Se. 10,
Luk. 22. I have prayed, &c.
§. 11.
Deut. 17. 11, 12,
§. 12.
CHAP. 3.
Of the Infallible authority of the Fathers
Asserted by the Papists.
Sect. 1.
Disproved,
1. By the same arguments by which the Papists derogate from the authority of Scrip∣ture.
§. 2, 3.
2. Because Infallibility is the Churches Prerogative.
§. 4.
3. The Fathers disclaime it.
§. 5.
Exc. But Fathers where they agree are Infallible Answered.
§. 6. p. 46.
4 The Papists themselves dis∣own the Infallibility of the Fathers though consenting.
§. 7, 8, 9.
CHAP. 4.
Of the Authority and Infallibi∣lity of the Church and Coun∣cels
Asserted by Papists.
§. 1.
Disproved,
1. There is no Foundation for it in Tradition.
§. 3, 4.
For 1. If the Fathers deliver such a Tradition they are not infallible.
§. 5.
Exc. Fathers consenting are Infallible:
Answ. We cannot at this di∣stance understand their con∣sent.
ibid.
2. If the antients did believe the Infallibility of Coun∣cels, Page  [unnumbered] they might do it upon the account of Scripture not Tradition.
§. 6.
3. It doth not appear that the Fathers believed the Infal∣libility of Councels. Proved by answering the arguments of Bellarm. and S. Clara.
Sect. 7, 8, 9, 10.
Of St Austins judgment.
§. 10, 11.
4. It appears that the Fathers believed the Fallibility of Councels.
§. 12.
2. There is no foundation for this Infallibility in Scripture. Proved in generall.
§. 13.
In particular by the exami∣nation of the Texts urged for it.
1 Tim, 3. 15.
§. 14.
Mat. 18. 17. Hear the Church and Luk. 10. 16.
§ 15.
That the Church and Mini∣sters are not to be heard in all things with an implicit Faith.
1. Christ denies this to the Apostles:
2. Else people cannot sin in obeying their Pastours.
3. People are allowed to exa∣mine their teachers Do∣ctrines.
Iob. 16. 3. He shall guide you into all truth.
§. 16.
Acts 15. 28.
§. 17.
Mat. 28.
§. 18. pag. 103.
3. The Papists themselves dis∣own the Infallibility of Coun∣cels.
§. 20.
An examination of that eva∣sion and pretended agreement of Papists in this, that the Pope and Councell together are Infallible.
§. 21.
4. The Infallibility of their Councels destroyed by the consideration of those things which Papists themselves re∣quire in Infallible Councels as
1. That they be generall.
§. 23
2. That they have the consent and approbation of the whole Church.
§. 24.
3. That they be rightly con∣stituted and ordered and guided by honesty, piety, and love to Truth.
§. 25.
Exc. Pope, Councels, Fathers, Scripture conjoyned make the Church Infallible.
Answered.
§. 26.
CHAP. 5.
Of Oall Tradition and the Te∣stimony of the present Church.
This new opinion represented in the words of its Authors and abettors.
§. 1.
Refuted.
1. Hereby they both settle the Protestant foundation of Faith and overthrow their own.
§. 2, 3
2. This makes Orall Tradition more certain then writing, a∣gainst the judgment of God and all men.
§. 4. pag. 140.
3. Errors may come in and have come in to the Church under pretence of Tradition.
§. 5.
4. Traditionary proofs disowned,
1. By the Prophets and Jewes Page  [unnumbered] of old.
§. 6.
Exc. The Law of Christi∣ans is written in their hearts not Tables.
Answered.
§. 7.
2. By Christ and his Apostles
§. 8.
Exc. 2 Thes. 2. 15.
ibid.
5. Scripture proofe is necessary for confirmation of Doctrines in the judgment of the Fathers.
§. 9.
. Orall Tradition hath deceived the Romanists themselves.
§. 10. pag. 158.
Exc. They are not decei∣ved in great points de fide. Answered.
ibid.
. Though experience sufficient∣ly proves the deceit of this ar∣gument, yet it is particularly shewed how error might creep in this way.
§. 11.
It might creep in by degrees.
§. 12.
1. Christians might mistake the mind of their Predeces∣sors.
§. 13. pag. 166.
1. There was no certaine way for the third age to know the Doctrines of the second.
ib.
2. Instances given of mens misunderstanding the Doctrine of the prece∣dant Age.
§. 14.
3. The words of our prae∣decessors may be remem∣bred and the sence per∣verted.
§. 15.
4. Some ages were horri∣bly ignorant and care∣lesse Exemplified in the tenth Age.
Sect. 16, 17, 18.
And few Writers.
§. 19.
2. Christians might knowing∣ly recede from the Do∣ctrines of their Ancestors.
1. From Gods just judg∣ment.
§. 21.
2. Because they did believe their praedecessors erred.
Sect. 22.
3. Eminent persons might corrupt the Doctrine re∣ceived from their Ancest∣ors and did so.
Sect. 23.
Exemplified in a forgery of the Popes.
ib.
8. This way of Tradition dispro∣ved by the practise of the Church of Rome which intro∣duceth Doctrines, not descen∣ding by Tradition but new.
Sect. 24.
Exemplified in two Doctrines
The immaculate conception of the Blessed Virgin,
And the Canon of the Scripture.
ibid.
CHAP. 6.
Of Miracles and the motives of credibility
The oinion represented in their words.
Sect. 1.
Refuted
1. Other Churches have a ju∣ster claime to these marks then Rome.
Sect. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.
2. Diverse of them are not marks of the Church.
Sect. 8.9.10.
The Character of miracles spe∣cially Page  [unnumbered] considered and their Ar∣gument thence confuted.
1. Christs Miracles prove Romes Fallbility.
Sect. 12.
2. Miracles are not simply and universally to be believed. Proved by Arguments.
Sect. 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18.
3. Miracles onely prove the verity of the Doctrine not the Infallibility of the per∣son.
Sect. 19.
4. Miracles doe not alwayes prove the verity of a Do∣ctrine for they may be, and have been done by Hea∣thens and Hereticks.
Which is acknowledged by the learned Papists.
Sect. 20.
5. Miracles are pleaded by the Romanists either im∣pertinently or falsly.
Sect. 21
6. Protestants may plead Mi∣racles as well as Papists.
Sect. 22.
A briefe recapitulation of the severall pretensions and re∣solutions of Faith among the Romanists.
Sect. 23.
Another plea from Gods pro∣vidence, and the supposed necessity of a living Infal∣lible judge.
Sect. 25, 26, 27, 28.
CHAP. 7.
Of the Solidity of the Pro••stants Foundation of Faith.
The Protestants have a solid fou••dation of Faith in the Scri••tures, the Papists themselves 〈◊〉 ing judges.
Sect. 〈◊〉
Their Learned men acknowle
1. That the Scripture is, 〈◊〉 may be known to be the 〈◊〉 of God without the Church Testimony and by its ow light.
Sect. 〈◊〉
2. That the Books of Scriptu•• are not corrupted in essentia and necessary points.
Sect. 〈◊〉
3. That the sence of Scripture 〈◊〉 things necessary may be u••derstood.
Sect. 〈◊〉
Except: Protestants 〈◊〉 upon an humane Translation answered
Se. 5, 6, 7,
Protestants freed from the pre••tended circle of proving Scrip••ture by the spirit, and the spirit by the Scripture.
Sect. 9 10, 11, 12
A consideration of that preten ostered at by some Romanists.
That the Churches Authority 〈◊〉 a sufficient foundation fo faith without infallibility.
Sect. 13