Observations upon experimental philosophy to which is added The description of a new blazing world
Newcastle, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of, 1624?-1674.
Page  91

26. Of Respiration.

HAving made mention both in the foregoing dis∣course, and several other places of this Book, of Respiration; I'le add to the end of this part a full de∣claration of my opinion thereof.

First, I believe that there are Respirations in all Crea∣tures and Parts of Nature, performed by the several pas∣sages of their bodies, to receive forreign, and discharge some of their own parts. Next, I believe, That those Respirations are of different sorts, according to the different sorts of Creatures. Thirdly, As the Respi∣rations of natural Parts and Creatures are various and different, so are also the pores or passages through which they respire; as for example, in Man, and some other animals, the Nostrils, Ears, Mouth, Pores of the skin, are all of different figures: And such a difference may also be between the smaller pores of the skin, of the several parts of man, as between the pores of his breast, arms, legs, head, &c. also the grain or lines of a man's skin may be different, like as several figures of wrought Silks or Stuffs sold in Mercers shops; which if they did make several colours by the various refractions, inflections, reflections and positi∣ons of light, then certainly a naked man would appear of many several colours, according to the difference of Page  92 his pores or grains of the skin, and the different posi∣tion of light. But sense and reason does plainly ob∣serve, that the positions of light do not cause such ef∣fects; for though every several man, for the most part, hath a peculiar complexion, feature, shape, hu∣mor, disoposition, &c. different from each other, so that it is a miracle to see two men just alike one another in all things; yet light alters not the natural colour of their bodies, no more then it can alter the natural fi∣gures and shapes of all other parts of their bodies; but what alteration soever is made, proceeds from the na∣tural corporeal motions of the same body, and not from the various positions, refractions and reflections of light; whose variety in Nature, as it is infinite, so it produces also infinite figures, according to the infinite Wisdom of Nature, which orders all things orderly and wisely.