ONe reason why we should be humbled for the sins of our Fathers, as well as for our own is, because God hath threatned, and accordingly hath visited the sins of the Fa∣thers upon their Children. Their Idolatries have brought destruction on their posterity: the Fathers-adulteries have brought the Chil∣dren to a morsel of bread. That God hath threatned to visit the sins of the Fathers on the Children, you find in the second Com∣mandement [visiting the sins of the Fathers upon the Children unto the third and fourth generation.] So Exod. 34. 7. That God hath visited Children with Plagues for the Iniquities of their Fathers, there are manifold sad instances of it, Numb. 14. 32, 33. Ye may see a double punishment threatened.
• Against the Fathers who murmured. But Page 178 as for you, your carkesses shall fall in this wil∣derness, vers. 32. 2. Against the Children, who certainly did not partake in that Sin; for many of them were Infants, vers. 33. And your Children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms untill your carkeisses be wasted in the wilderness, 1. Sam. 15. 3. The Lord commandeth Saul to go, and smite Amalek, and utterly to destroy all that they have, and spare them not: but slay both man and woman, infant and suck∣ling, oxe and sheep, camel and ass. Now see what reason the Lord renders, why Saul should put all the Amalakites to the sword, vers. 2. Thus saith the Lord of Hosts, I re∣member what Amalek did to Israel, how he laid wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt. Now the Children must be de∣stroyed for the sins of their Progenitors. So the Infants, and little Children of the Sodo∣mites, perished by fire and brimstone for the horrid abominations which their Fathers had committed. What a dreadful Judgement did God inflict upon old Eli for his sin? So the Lord told David, that the Sword should never depart from his house, because of his sin, 2. Sam. 12. 9, 10. How did God visit Saul's perfidiousness to the Gibeonites, on his posterity? 2. Sam. 21. 1. There is a double Page 179 Judgement, he visited the Kingdom with Famine for three years, vers. 1. and visited his Children with a cursed and shameful death, vers. 6. they were all hanged. How did our Saviour threaten the Jewes with all the blood which their Fathers had shed cause∣lesly? Wherefore behold, I send unto you Prophets, and wise men, and Scribes, and some of them ye shall kill and crucifie, and some of them shall ye scourge in your Syna∣gogues and persecute them from City to City, That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel, unto the blood of Zacharias, the Son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the Temple and the Altar, Matth. 23. 34, 35. And is not the blood of Christ upon the Children of the Jewes unto this day? I have brought the more Instances to shew the truth, how God doth punish the Children for the sins of their Fathers: to convince us, of what concern∣ment it is for us to confess their sins before the Lord, as well as our own; and to deterr Fathers from sinning against God. Ye may see, that Fathers in sinning, do not only sin to their own destruction, but to the destruction of the Children that are yet unborn: ye lay up Estates and Portions for your Children, and God layes up wrath and vengeance, Page 180 which shall consume both them and ther E∣states.