The works of the Reverend and learned John Lightfoot D. D., late Master of Katherine Hall in Cambridge such as were, and such as never before were printed : in two volumes : with the authors life and large and useful tables to each volume : also three maps : one of the temple drawn by the author himself, the others of Jervsalem and the Holy Land drawn according to the author's chorography, with a description collected out of his writings.
Lightfoot, John, 1602-1675., G. B. (George Bright), d. 1696., Strype, John, 1643-1737.
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A Chorographical Table, OF THE Several Places contained and described in the Two Volumes of Dr. LIGHTFOOTS Works.

  • THe Jewish Writers divide the World into the Land of Israel, and without the Land. Vol. II. Pag. 1. The Land of Israel, first called the Land of the Hebrews, then Canaan and Palestine, &c. may be considered as to its length and breadth. v. II. p. 327.
  • The length of it is said in Scripture to be from Dan to Beersheba, and from the entring in of Hamath, North, to the Sea of the Plain, or Dead Sea South. v. I. p. 90. v. II. p. 44
  • The Jews do reckon it from the Mountains of Amana, (or the upper Tarnegola, which is at the neck of Anti-Liba∣nus) to the River of Egypt. v. II. p. 3, 62, 517
  • Others do measure it by the Coast; and, if Phaenicia be included, then from Sidon to Rhinocorura, or the River of Egypt, is 232 miles, according to Antoninus: But if Phaenicia be excluded, then from the South bounds of that to Rhinocorura, are 189 miles, according to Pliny. v. II. p. 10, 322
  • The breadth of the Land within Jordan is not always the same; since the Seas bounding on all sides, here the Mediterranean, there those of Sodom, Genesaret, and Sa∣mochonitis, with the River Jordan, cannot but make the space very unequal by their various Windings: But if we take the measure of it from the Bay of Gaza to the Shoar of the Dead Sea, it is upward of 50 miles; and if we extend it also beyond Jordan, then from Gaza to Ptra, the Metropolis of Moab, is 110 miles, as may be computed from Ptolomy and Pliny. v. II. p. 320, 321
  • The Jews do say, That the Land of Israel contained a Square of Four hundred Parsae (a Parsa is four miles) which make 1600 miles. v. II. p. 318
  • And they have a Tradition (and not amiss) that the ut∣most Bounds of the Land of Israel (including the Land beyond Jordan) was within three days Journey of Je∣rusalem. v. II. p. 319.
  • Sometimes the Land of Israel is bounded with Euphrates, East (as indeed the Holy Scriptures do) and contiguous with Mesopotamia, the River only between v. II. p. 365
    The several Divisions of the Land.
  • It was anciently divided according to the People and Na∣tions that inhabited it, viz. the Canaanites, Perizzites, &c. Vol. II. p. 202, 328
  • When first possess'd by the Children of Israel it was parted among the twelve Tribes, and upon the Division of the ten Tribes, they were known by the two Names of Judab and Israel. But after their return from Babylon, it was divided by the Jews into Judea, Galilee, and the Land beyond Jordan (or Peraea) excluding Samaria. To which if we add Idumea, then was Palestine divided in∣to five Countries, viz. Idumea, Judea, Samaria, Galilee, and the Country beyond Jordan. Vol. I. Pag. 282, 64. Vol. II. Pag. 4, 61.
  • There was also an Imperial Division of it; viz. 1. Into Palestine, more especially so called, the Head of which was Caesarea. 2. Palestine the second, the Head of which was Jerusalem. And 3. Palestine, called Salutaris, or the Healthful, which its likely was the same with Idumea the less, the Head of which may be supposed to be Gaza, Asalon, or Elutheropolis. v. II. p. 293.
    A.
  • ABel, Abila, are one and the same; the Hebrew Abel being according to the Greek Termina∣tion Abila, or Abella. There were many places of that name. Vol. II. Pag. 366
  • Abila Lysaniae, so called, because it had been a City in the Tetrarchy of Lysanias, was in Clo-Syria, and had Longit. 68. 40. Lat. 33. 40. according to Ptolomy. v. II. p. 367
  • Abilene, was a Province in Syria, and so called from the City of Abila. This word soundeth so near to the word Havilab, Gen. 10. 7. that it may well be supposed to have descended from it, and the name of the place from that son of Chush, that, with his Brethren, plant in Arabia, or thereabout. v. I. p. 452, 453
  • Abel-bethmaachah, a Town in the Upper Galilee, not far from Dan or Caesarea v. I. p. 623. v. II. p. 367
  • Abel-meholah, [in Manasseh on this side Jordan, 1 King. 4. 12. ten miles from Bethshan, where dwelt Elisha the Prophet. Hieron.] v. II. p. 367
  • Abel-shittim, where the Israelites pitch'd their Tents im∣mediately before [and not as is in the English after] they pass'd the River Jordan: This place Josephus calls Abila, and saith is in Peraea, threescore Furlongs, or seven▪ Miles and half from Jordan▪ and, say the Jews, from Beth-Jeshimoth twelve Miles. v. II. p. 46, 367.
  • Acharabon, a Rock in the Upper Galilee. Josephus. v. II. p. 57
  • Achor Valley, so called from Achan, who is also called Page  [unnumbered]Achar, 1 Chron. 27. because he troubled Israel, Josh. 7. The Maps of Canaan do most of them lay this Valley and Sichem at a great distance; but if it be observed, its not improbable that the Valley runs betwixt Gerizim and Ebal. Josephus speaks of the Great Valley of Samaria. Vol. I. Pag. 596
  • Achzib. vid. Chezib.
  • Acrabatena, Acrabatta, A Mountainous Region, North of Sama∣ria, and, say the Jews, a days journy from Jerusalem v. II. p. 16, 50, 52, 320.
  • Adam, a City in Peraea over against Jericho, a little re∣moved from Jordan, was the Center where the Waters of Jordan parted, and the Station of the Ark, Psal. 88. 60. It was twelve Miles (say the Jews) from Zaretan. vid. Zaretan. v. I. p. 40. v. II. p. 82.
  • Adiabene, the same with Habor, 2 Kings 17. 6. (say the Talmudists) a Country of noted fame in Assyria, and so called from the River Adiab. v. II. p. 800, 801
  • Adida. There were several places of that name, as Adida in the Valley. Adida in the Mountain, under which lay the Plains of Judea. Adida in Galilee, before the Great Plain, perhaps the same with Adida in Sephel. Adida not far from Jordan, as we have it in Josephus. v. II. p. 326, 327
  • Ador. A City of Idumea. Joseph. v. II. p. 4.
  • Adullam Cave, whither David betook himself when he escaped from Gath, and where he composed the 142 Psalm [it was in the Tribe of Judah. Hieron.] v. II. p. 57
  • Aenon. Vide Enon.
  • Ai, Hai, In the Tribe of Benjamin, on the East of Bethel, Gen. 12. 8. Josh. 8, 9, &c. and not far from Beth∣aven. v. II. p. 20
  • Aiath, within the jurisdiction of Juda, and in the Tribe Benjamin, lying betwixt Samaria and Jerusalem, Isa. 10. v. I. p. 104
  • Aila, Elath, in the utmost Borders of Palestine, joyned to the South Desert and the Red Sea, whence Men Sail out of Egypt into India; and thence into Egypt, where was the Roman Legion, called Decima, (saith St. Hieron.) and was under the disposition of the Duke of Palestine (saith the Notitia) but it should rather seem that it was Elath in the South of Juda, the other being far distant, where there was a Duke of Arabia (in which Elath at the Red Sea was) as well as of Palestine. v. II p. 320
  • Alexandria, or Amon-Min-Na [a City in Egypt, at the Canobick Mouth of the River Nilus] where was in after-ages a vast number of the Jews, where they had many Synagogues, with a Cathedral, in which were seventy Stalls (as they report) and afterward a Temple built by Onias. Its probable, that Joseph and Mary came hither with our Saviour. v. I. p. 205. v. II. p. 111, 681
  • Alsadamus, A Hill, under which lived the Trachonite-Arabians. Joseph. v. II. p. 364
  • Amalek, near the Wilderness of Zin, 'twixt Edom and Egypt. v. I. p. 27, 63.
  • Amanah. Vid. Hor and Kirmion.
  • Ammaus. Vid. Chamath.
  • Ammon, A Country East of Jordan, the chief City of which was Rabbah. v. I. p. 62, 63.
  • Amorites Mountain, Deut. 1. 19, 20. took its beginning from Kadesh-Barnea, the Southern Border of the Land of Israel, and ran forward into Judea beyond Hebron, the name only changed into The Hill-Country of Judea. So much mistaken are Adricomius and others, that bring it almost from the Red Sea. v. II. p. 11, 12
  • Ampeloessa, A City near to Libanus, and a Decapolitan. Plin. v. I. p. 314
  • Anthedon, A Town betwixt Rhinocorura and Gaza, Plin. v. II. p. 10
  • Anti-Libanus. Vid. Libanus.
  • Antioch. There are two Cities of that name; the one in Pisidia, a Province of the Lesser Asia, otherwise called Caesarea; the other in Syria, once the Head of the Syro-Graecian Empire, afterward the Seat of the Roman Go∣vernor. There the Disciples of Christ were first call'd Christians. Of old it was called Hamath, but afterward Antioch, from Antiochus, as bloody a Persecutor of the Church and Truth, as ever Israel had Vol. I. Pag. 286. v. II. p. 688
  • Antipatris, Act. 23. 31. is called by some Capharsalama, & by Josephus, Capharzaba; but when rebuilt by Herod, was named Antipatris, in memory of his Father Antipater. It was situated in the best Plain of his Kingdom, rich in Springs and Woods, and was from Joppa 150 Fur∣longs, that is, eighteen miles, in the way from Jerusa∣salem to the West part of Galilee, and far from the place that is usually assigned to it in the Maps, which is in the middle of Samaria. The Jews oppose Antipatris and Gebath, that is, East and West, as the Sacred Writings do Dan and Beersheba, North and South. Ptolomy makes it to be Long. 66. 20. Lat. 32. 0. v. I. p. 55, 56. v. II. p. 372
  • Apamia. There were, say the Jews, two Apamia's; one the Upper, and another the Lower. In one were Jews of pure Blood, in the other, not: And between them was the space of 4000 Paces. Apamia (saith Pliny) was in Coelo-Syria, and had the River Marsyas running be∣twixt. It was otherwise called Sepham, and was the utmost Coast of the Land of Israel, North and North-East. v. II. p. 328, 496, 505, 800
  • Apamia Sea, Is said by the Jews to be one of the seven Seas that compass the Land of Israel, and which the Talmudists say, is the Sea of Chamats, making Chamats and Apamia convertible, but that is a mistake. Vid. Cha∣mats. v. II. p. 5, 63, 328
  • Apheck, [There are three Cities of that name in Scripture; one in the Tribe of Aser, Josh. 19. 30. the other in Juda, 1 Sam. 4. 1, &c. the third in Syria, 1 Kings 20. 30.] the Wall of which last fell upon the Syrians, and killed 27000. v. I. p. 83
  • Appii Forum, A place in Italy about 50 miles from Rome, and in the way thence to Rhegium. v. I. p. 322
  • Ar, A City in Moab, situated upon the River Arnon. v. I. p. 36
  • Arabia, [is of large extent, reaching from Euphrates to Egypt, and is divided into three parts; viz. Arabia De∣serta, Petraea and Foelix.] Arabia Deserta is full East of Judea, and the Inhabitants thereof are in Scripture con∣stantly called, Men of the East, Gen. 25. 6. Judg. 6. 3, &c. [Petraea, so called from the City Petra, or the rockiness of it] reaches from thence to Egypt, dividing Judea from Egypt, saith Pliny [Foelix is contained betwixt the Persian Gulph and the Red Sea] and is divided from Petraea by the Black Mountains. Ptol. v. I. p. 437. v. II. p. 9, 352, 501
  • Arad. Vid. Ascalon.
  • Aram. Vid. Syria.
  • Ararat, [Mountains in Armenia. Hieron.] upon one of which the Ark rested. v. I. p. 8
  • Arbel, A City of Galilee, betwixt Zipporis and Tiberias. It is also the name of a Valley, perhaps, adjoyning there∣unto. Joseph. v. II. p. 77, 80
  • Arca, A Town in the Midland Phaenicia, that gave name to a Tetrarchy (saith Pliny) at Libanus. Borcard saith, That the strong Hold Arachus, built by Aracheus Son of Canaan, is on (or rather between) the Borders of Li∣banus, and Anti-Libanus. From hence were the People called Arkites. v. II. p. 312, 314, 328
  • Argob. Vid. Trachone.
  • Arimathea. Vid. Ramah.
  • Arnon, Was a River (or several Streams) that divided the Land of Israel from Moab. It was a Watry Coun∣try. v. I. p. 36. v. II. p. 501
  • Arvadites, A People in the North part of Canaan, seat∣ed in Arad and Antarad; call'd by Jonathan, Lutasites, perhaps from Latavin a place in Phaenicia, mentioned in the Notitia. v. II. p. 328
  • Arumah, A City, of which there is frequent mention in the Talmudical Writers, distant from Caphar ShichinPage  [unnumbered] Four thousand Cubits, and not far from Caphar Hana∣niah. Vol. II. Pag. 58.
  • Asamon, A mountain in the middle of Galilee, over a∣gainst Sippor. Joseph. v. II. p. 76
  • Ascalon. Gerar, or Arad, stood in the Country that was from thence called Gerariku, and was in the Tribe of Judah (though possess'd by the Philistines.) It was from Jerusalem 520 Furlongs, or 65 Miles; from Azotus 24 or 25 Miles; from Gaza ten (saith Mr. Sandys) or as Antoninus, 16 Miles; from the River of Egypt 54 Miles; from Eleutheropolis 24 Miles; from Jamnia 20 Miles. It was a place, say the Jews, much given to poysoning, and South from thence was accounted Eth∣nick Land. Vol. I. Pag. 44. V. II. P. 4, 14, 322. 681. There was also another Ascalon, called The New, which was built by Ezra, and was 4 Parsae, or 16 Miles from the Old, and sixteen nearer Jerusalem than the Old, saith Benjam. Tudelensis. v. II. p. 14, 322
  • Asher Tribe, was in Galilee, and did extend it self from North to South, even from Carmel to Sidon and Leba∣non, and lay betwixt Nephtoli (running along with it in length) and the Coasts of Tyre and Sydon, or the Great Sea. It abounded in Corn and Metallick Mines. v. I. p. 21, 431. v. II. p. 21, 59, 60, 88
  • Ashteroth Karnaim, (called in the Samaritan Copy Aphinith Ka∣raniah) was in the Kingdom of Bashan, the larger Region being called Astaroth, and Karnaaim is added in a distinguishing sence, Deut. 1. 4. The Jews say, Ashtaroth Karnaim were two great Mountains, with a Vally between; by reason of the height of which, the Sun never shone upon the Vally. v. II. p. 363
  • Assyria, or Kir, [divided from Mesopotamia by the River Ti∣gris] is improperly made the first of the four Monarchies. v. I. p. 108, 114
  • Athens, [the Metropolis of Attica] where was a famous University, a Synagogue of the Jews, and the great Court of Areopagus. v. I. p. 295
  • Athone, in Joseph. A City belonging to Aretas the A∣rabian King, and seems to be the same with Thoana in Ptolomy, which he placeth in Long. 67, 30. Lat. 30, 30. v. II. p. 502
  • Atolin, or Hatolin, famous in the Gemarists for the best Wine. v. II. p. 50
  • Avites Region, called in Scripture Hazerim, Deut. 2. 23. and sometimes Shur, and in the Eastern Interpreters Ra∣phia: This Country lay betwixt the River of Egypt and Gaza, 44 Miles, & was part of New Idumea. v. II. p. 4, 292
  • Aulon, A City of Moab. Joseph. v. II. p. 316
  • Auranitis, or Abranitis, is in the extreme Parts of the Land North, and is so called from the Mountain Hau∣ran there situated also. vid. Hauran. II. 361, 365, 366
  • Azem, A Town whose Houses were in Judah, but the Fields in Dan. v. II. p. 42
  • Azotus, or Ashdod, [was taken from Judah and given to Dan. Bonfrer.] It was 270 Furlongs, or 34 Miles from Gaza, 24 Miles from Ascalon, and two Miles from Jamnia: Probably the Language there spoke was Ara∣bick. v. I. p. 108. v. II. p. 14, 504, 681.
    B.
  • BAale. Vid. Kiriath Jearim.
  • Baal-Shalishah, 1 Sam. 9. 4. The Targum reads it, The Land of the South, the reason of which is given by the Gemarists, because there was no Country through∣out the Land of Israel, where the Fruits of the Earth were so forward as in Baal-Shalishah, Now such a Coun∣try they call Southern Fields. It was not far from Mount Tabor. Vol. II. Pag. 498
  • Babylon, or Babel, so called from the Confusion of Tongues. Its also called, The Desert of the Sea, Isa. 21. 1. and in the Samaritan Version Lilk. Its in Scripture said to lye North of Canaan, and was situated on Euphrates. Vol. I▪ Pag. 9, 112, 11
  • Babylon was also, say the Jews, the name of a Region that extended it self from the River Azek, or perhaps Azochis in Pliny, to the River Juani, or Joani, perhaps Oenania, in Amm. Marcellinus, and above Diglath (or Tigris) unto Bagdaal and Avana, and the lower Apamia, and unto Acra Tulbankna (or Thelbelcane, which Ptol. placeth, Long. 78, 30. Lat. 35. 30) Indeed, by babylon the Jews understand all those Countries unto which the Babylonian Captivity was carried, not only Chaldea, but Mesopotamia also and Assyria, and do say of them, Wh•• soever dwells in Babylon, is as though he dwelt in the Land of Israel, and is reputed as clean. There, and in Egypt, was in after-times the greatest number of Jews, and it had of them three famous Academies, viz. Nehardea, Soiah, and Pombeditha. v. I. p. 874. v. II. p. 365, 505, 681, 798, 800, 874
  • Bahurim, called also Alemeth and Almon (both Bahurim and Alemeth, sound as much as young Men) was a Le∣vitical Town in the Tribe of Benjamin, and close by Jordan. v. I. p. 66. v. II. p. 42
  • Bambyce, called also Hieraplis, and by the Syrians, Magog, in the Tetrarchy of the Nazarins in Coelo-Syria. Plin. v. II. p. 496
  • Bamoth-baal, A City in the Plain of Peraea. v. II. p. 81
  • Barchaim, A place famous for Wheat near Jerusalem, say the Jews. v. II. p. 50
  • Basan, Was first inhabited by the Rephaim, and after∣ward was the Kingdom of Og. The name was after∣ward changed into Batanaea (the Syrians changing S in∣to T.) It formerly contained Gamalis, Gaulonis, Batanaea and Trachonitis; but afterward, it was more especially applied to the South part of it, and so it lay betwixt Galilee West, and Trachonitis East, extending it self, in length from South toward the North. v. II. p. 363▪ 364
  • Basan-hill, Seated among pleasant Fields. v. II. p. 536
  • Beer, or the Well, North of the River Arnon, where the Seventy Elders of the Sanhedrin, by Moses appointment, brought forth Waters by the stroke of their Staves, Numb. 21. 16. v. I. p. 36
  • Beeroth, of Benejaakan, the 28 Mansion of the Chil∣dren of Israel in the Wilderness. v. I. p. 38
  • Beeroth, A City in Benjamin, Joseph. Josh. 18. 25. pro∣bably the Beere mentioned by Mr. Biddulph (and not Beersheba as was reported to him) ten Miles from Jeru∣salem, and said to be the place where Christs Parents miss'd▪ him in their Journey, Luke 2. 34. v. II. p. 537
  • Beersheba, [or the Well of the Oath, Gen. 21. 31. was the utmost point of the Land South; from whence the Phrase, From Dan to Beersheba: It was first given to Judah, Joshua 15. 28. and afterward to Simeon, Joshua 19. 2. and was twenty Miles from Hebron South. Hieron. Bonfrer.] There Abraham lived, consecrated a Grove, and had an Oracle. Its call'd in the Notitia, Berosaba, where was a Roman Garrison, that had in it the Dalmatian Horse of Illyria. v. I. p. 13, 14. v. II. p. 4. 294
  • Beersabec, A Fortified Town in the Nether Galilee. Joseph. v. II. p. 57
  • Bekijn, A Place between Jamnia and Lydda, say the Jews. v. II. p. 17, 85
  • Belatah, A Village, the distance of a Sabbath days jour∣ney (or 2000 paces) from Sechem, and where Joseph was buried, say the Jews. v. II. p. 668
  • Beleus, A very small River, called also Pagida, that flows out of the Lake Cendevia, saith Pliny, and runs in∣to the Sea (not two Miles as the English, but) two Fur∣longs from Ptolemais, saith Joseph. v. II. p. 59, 60.
  • Benjamin Tribe, was in length from the River Jordan to the Sea, and in breadth from Jerusalem to Bethel. Its Land was of the same nature with that of Judah, and had its Mountainous part, its Plain and Vale, not only towards Lydda, and the Great Sea, but towards Jeri∣richo and Jordan. v. II. p. 10, 20
  • Benebarak, A Place where sat a Council of the Jews Page  [unnumbered] and Akiba sometime liv'd. Vol. II. Pag. 85
  • Beraea, A Town in Macedonia [situated on the River Haliacmon.] There is also a City in Syria of that name, far North of Damascus. v. I. p. 294. v. II. p. 104
  • Berytus, [A City betwixt Byblus and Sidon, and al∣most equally distant from both] where Agrippa built a Theatre, and Amphitheatre, Baths, Porches, and such like Magnificences. v. I. p. 889
  • Bethany, Call'd by the Rabbins Beth-Hene, fifteen Fur∣longs from Jerusalem. It took its name from a Tract of Ground so called, which reach'd within eight Fur∣longs of Jerusalem, and had its name Beth-Hene, or the place of Dates, from Athene, which signifies the Dates of Palm-Trees, not come to ripeness; of which many were growing there. Vol. 2. Pag. 37, 40, 304. There was a Lavatory, or a Pool and Collection of Waters, where the People were wont to purifie themselves. Travellers speak of a Cistern near the Town of Bethany, near which in a Field is shewn the place where Martha met our Lord. v. II. p. 305
  • Bethabara, John 1. 28. where John first Baptized, John 10. 40. It is by some read Bethamarah, and Bethania (ei∣ther as put for Batanaea, according to the Syriack Idiom for Bethshania.) It was called Bethabarah, because (as the word signifies) it was a place of Passage, or be∣cause opposite to Bethbarah (a place on the other side Jordan.) It was out of the Precincts of Judea in the Scythopolitan Country (where the Jews dwelt a∣mongst the Syro-Graecians) over against Galilee, and was a Water distinct from Jordan, and removed somewhat from it, and above the Passage from Jericho. v. I. p. 513, 527, &c. 578, 582. v. II. p. 478, 492, 494
  • Bethbarah, Judg. 7. 24. opposite to Bethabarah, near to Mount Ephraim, and near unto which were the Waters that the Ephraemites kept against the Midianites to stop their Passage. v. II. p. 494
  • Betharabah, A City in the Wilderness of Judah, Josh. 15. 61. v. II. p. 499
  • Bethaven in Benjamin, Josh. 7. 2. It was near unto 〈◊〉, and gave name to a Wilderness adjoyning thereunto, Josh. 18. 12. v. II. p. 20
  • Beth-Baltin, A Hill in the utmost part of the Land of Israel (taken in the largest sence) and not far from the Bank of Euphrates West, say the Jews, where they lifted up flaming Torches to give notice of the New Year to them of the Captivity. v. II. p. 364▪ 365
  • Beth-baal-meon, A City in the Plain of Peraea. II. 81
  • Beth-Chadudo, A place three Miles from Jerusalem, at the first entrance into the Desert, toward Beth-horon. v. II. p. 50
  • Beth-Cerem, Nehem. 3. 14. Out of the Valley of that name were fetched the Stones for the Altar, &c. say the Jews. v. II. p. 51
  • Bethel, was in the Land of Benjamin, and the utmost bound of it toward Ephraim; it was seated in a Moun∣tainous Country, opposite to Jerusalem, in a right Line North and South (and not as the Maps, remote and a∣slope.) It was afterward call'd Bethaven by way of re∣proach (as Jerusalem is called Sodom) because of Jero∣boams Calves that were placed there. v. II. p. 20, 514
  • Beth-Haran, A City in the Valley of Peraea. v. II. p. 81
  • Beth-horon, There were two Places of that name under the Old Testament, the Upper (which was in Ephaim, Josh. 16. 5.) and the Nether [Josh. 18. 13. in Benjamin, or the extreme part South of Ephraim. Bonfrer.] This last is call'd by Josephus, Bethoro (and is the only Betho∣ron under the second Temple) and according to him, stood about an hundred furlongs, or twelve miles and an half from Jerusalem, upon the publick way thence to Cesarea: At which place the Passage was very rocky and narrow. Here the Canaanitsh Army perished, Josh. 10. not by Hail but Stones, which lasted unto follow∣ing Ages. Here also (say the Jews) the Army of Sen∣nacherib fell. v. II. p. 19, 372
  • Beth-jerach, A Castle near the Lake of Genesareth, and opposite to Sinnabris. Vol. II. Pag. 65
  • Beth-jeshimoth, A place East of Jordan, near which the Israelites encamped, and twelve miles from Abel∣shittim. v. II. p. 46
  • Bethlehem, or Ephratah, Gen. 35. 19. Ruth 4. 11. was in the Tribe of Judah, 35 Furlongs, or (about four Miles and half) South from Jerusalem. It was called Bethleem of Judea, to distinguish it from a Town of that name in Zebulun, Josh. 19. 15. We read not any thing in the Jews concerning this City, besides what is pro∣duced out of the old Testament; this only excepted, that the Jerusalem Gemarists confess, that the Messias was born there before their times. Vol. I. Pag. 431, 440 v. II. p. 48
  • Beth-Maron, A Town in Asher near Gush-Halab, at the ascents of which was a way so narrow, that two could not walk abreast together, for there was a deep Vale on each side. v. II. p. 515
  • Beth-meon, or Beth-mein, called by Josephus Beth-maus, was distant from Tiberias four Furlongs. (The Maps place it too remote from thence.) v. II. p. 71
  • Beth-Nimrah, A City in the Vale of Peraea, famous for Waters, called the Waters of Nimrin, Isa. 15. 6. Jo∣sephus saith, There spring out near this place certain Fountains of hot Water. v. II. p. 81, 501
  • Beth-phage, So called from the word Phagi, which de∣notes Green Figs (a Fruit that place was famous for) it was not a Town far upon Olivet (as the Maps generally do shew) but a Tract, which beginning at the Foot of Mount Olivet, ran forward for 2000 paces (where it joyned to that of Bethany) and being so near Jerusalem, gave the name of Bethphage, to the uttermost part or street of it, within the Wall, and was accounted as Je∣rusalem it self in respect of all Priviledges. v. I. p. 252 v. II. p. 36, 37, 304
  • Beth-Rimmah, A place in the Hilly-Country, proba∣bly of Ephraim, famous for excellent Wine. v. II. p. 50
  • Beth-saida, signifies the place of Hunting, and it seemeth to be so called, because it stood in a place where was store of Deer, as Gen. 49. 21. Nephthali shall abound in Venison: And Bethsaida stood either in or very near that Tribe. Our Author at first thought it to be on that side the Lake of Genesareth: But in his after-writings he placeth it East of the Lake of Genesareth, in Batanea and the lower Gaulonitis, at the beginning of the Moun∣tainous Country and North of Hippo. Philip rebuilt it, and gave it the name Julia, in honor to the Emperors Daughter. v. I. p. 35, 533. v. II. p. 83, 197, 309
  • Bethsaida-wilderness, A little North of Bethsaida, and near a Creek of the Sea of Gennesareth. v. II. p. 197
  • Beth-shaaraim, There the Sanhedrim sat before it re∣moved to Tsippor. Here was buried Rabbi Judah, the Holy (say the Jews) though he taught at Tsippor. v. II. p. 74, 249
  • Bethshan, Of this there is frequent mention in Scripture, Josh. 17. 11. Judg. 1. 27. It was by the Heathens cal∣led sometime Nysa, from Bacchus's Nurse that was bu∣ried there (saith Pliny) and Scythopolis, because the Scy∣thians planted there, or perhaps from Succoth. It was in the Lot of Manasseh, and the furthest bounds of it North∣ward. Jud. 1. 27. It was situated below the Lake of Genesareth toward the Dead Sea, half a League from Jordan, near to Zartanah, 1 King. 4. 12. and almost o∣ver against Succoth. And yet our Author elsewhere pla∣ceth Tiberias there, and saith, that Bethshan was 120 Fur∣longs, or 15 Miles from Tiberias, the whole Lake be∣ing between them (which is an hundred Furlongs in length) and there its placed in the Map. [Its said, 2 Ma∣cab. 12 29. to be 600 Furlongs, or 75 Miles from Je∣rusalem.] This was a noble City of the Syro-Graecians, and one of Decapolis, inhabited in later times by Gen∣tiles for the most part. It was placed at the entrance in∣to a great Valley or Plain, and so delightful, that the Jews say, If Paradise e in the Land of Israel, Beth-shean is the Gate of it. Hereabout was a common passage o∣ver Page  [unnumbered]Jordan, from Manasseh, Samaria, and the lower Ga∣lilee to Peraea. Scythopolis is also taken for the whole Jurisdiction belonging to that City, which was not only within the Confines of Manasseh, but extended it self beyond Jordan, even to Peraea, so that part of the Coun∣try was on this side, and parton that. Vol. II. Pag. 56, 68, 82, 314, 315, 493
  • Beth-shemesh, A City in the Tribe of Issachar, and to∣ward the utmost coast North. Josh. 19. 22. [There were two others of that name; the one in Juda, 2 Kings 14. 11. the other in Nephtali, Josh. 19. 38.] v. II. p. 498
  • Bezer, In the Tribe of Reuben, Josh. 20. 8. v. II. p. 81
  • Biram, A great Fountain, and one of the three that re∣mained after the Deluge, say the Jews. v. II. p. 69.
  • Biram. Vid. Beth-Baltin.
  • Bitter, or Betar, called Beth-Tar, or, The house of Spies. It may be questioned whether it be the Betarus in Anto∣ninus (between Caesarea and Diospolis on the Sea-coast) or Bearis in Josephus, which he placeth in the South of Judaea. Eusebius calls it Betheka, and saith it was not far from Jerusalem, which Baronius boldly Translateth Bethlehem. Bitter is placed by the Jews in the Valley Jadaim, and some of them say it was a mile, others for∣ty miles from the Sea. It is notorious amongst them for the vast destruction of the Jews there, 52 or 55 years af∣ter the destruction of the Temple, in the Insurrection of Ben-Coziba or Ben-Cozba. v. I. p. 366, 367, 349 v. II. p. 48, 49, 81, 323
  • Bochin, A place near Bethel, and so called, because the people wept there. Judg. 2. 1. v. I. p. 45
  • Bosor, or Bosorra, A strong City in Gilead, 1 Mac. 5. 26, 27. the Bound of Trachonitis, in the Confines of Peraea. v. II. p. 81, 82, 364
  • Bozra in Edom, Isa. 63. 1. v. II. p. 82, 83.
    C.
  • CAdesh-Barnea, was before called Rithmah, Numb. 33. 18. compared with Numb. 12. 16. and 13. 26. perhaps from the Juniper-Trees that grew there, as 1 Kings 19. 4. but afterward it was named Cadesh, be∣cause the Lord was there Sanctified upon the people that murmured upon the return of the Spies, Num. 13. 26. & 20. 13. & 32. 8. Deut. 3. 19. And Barnea, or The wandring Son, because here was the Decree made of their long wandring in the Wilderness, by many Stations till they came hither (and not to another Cadesh, as some would have it) again some 37 or 38 years after. It was also called Meribah, Numb. 28. 13. Ezek. 47. 19, &c. It was called by the Rabbins Rekam, and by the Ara∣bians Cawatha, from Kawa, which signifies an Out∣cry: And was situated in the desert of Zin and Pa∣ran, Numb. 12. 16. and 20. 1. in the very Southern Bounds of the Land, Numb. 34. 4. and near unto Edom, Numb. 20. 16. v. I. p. 35, 38. v. II. p. 8, 9, 325
  • Cadmonites, originally Canaanites, and one of the ten (though not of the seven) Nations the Jews say they are to possess: So called perhaps from Cadman, a Person of Renown in the Family, if not from their Antiquity, or rather from their habitation Eastward, which was about those parts that afterward belonged to the Moa∣bites and Ammonites. v. II. p. 329
  • Caesarea-Palestinae, so named by Herod in honor of Caesar Augustus. It was otherwise called, The Tower of Strato, and perhaps was the Tower Sid in the Talmud. It was situated betwixt Doron and Joppa, and was from Jerusalem 600 Furlongs, or 75 Miles; from Sycaminum 20 Miles; from Diospolis 40 Miles; from Jamnia 52 Miles. Here the Roman Proconsul resided, and it was inhabited by Jews (who had several Schools there) Hea∣thens, and Samaritans. It was called Ekron by the Jews, by way of reproach. v. II. p. 3, 54, 55, 322
  • Caesarea Philippi, Was first call'd Laish or Leshem, and then Dan (when subdued by the Danites, Judg. 18▪ 29▪) and by the Arabick Interpreter Hazor, Josh. 11. 1. (for of this Caesarea is it to be understood, and not (as our Au∣thor saith he formerly thought, Vol. II. pag. 54.) of Coesarea Strat.) It was situated at the Springs of Jordan the less, not far from Lebanon, within the Jurisdiction of Tyre and Si∣don, in the Midland-Phaenicia, and was a Decapolitan City, Josephus saith, it was also called Panias, from the place adjoyning call'd by that name, to which perhaps the name Remphan may relate. Acts 7. 43. because of the I∣dolatry or Calf that continued longer here than at Bethel. Eusebius saith, here was to be seen the Statue of the Wo∣man cured by Christ of the Bloody Issue, but that Cure was rather wrought at Capernaum. Vol. II. Pag. 63, 172, 312, 317, 673.
  • C••in, There is a City Cain, placed in the Maps not far from Carmel; and in the Dutch Map of Doet, with the Picture of one Man shooting another, with this Inscri∣ption, Cain was shot by Lamech, Gen. 4. a place obscure by the various Opinions of Interpreters, but Doet hath chosen the worst of all. v. II. p. 330
  • Callirhoe, Vid. Lasha.
  • Cana, There were several Towns of this name. 1. In Asher, Josh. 19. 28. call'd by St. Hierome, Cana the Great, and may be call'd Cana of the Zidonians. 2.) In the North part of the Lower Galilee, and dividing it from the Up∣per: This seems to be the same with Caphar-Hananiah. This our Author once thought to be the Cana, Joh. 2. 1. But last of all, he supposed it to be 3. Cana the Less, or of Galilee, to distinguish it from the other, which was situated where Jordan flows into the Lake of Genesa∣reth, over against Julias Betharampta, and was (saith Josephus) a Nights Journey from Tiberias, and as far from Capernaum as the length of the Lake. This was the abode of Nathaneel, and of Simon, who probably was from hence called the Canaanite, 4. in the Tribe of E∣phraim, Josh. 16. 8. & 17. 9. which was Cana of E∣phraim. v. I. p. 541, 742. v. II. p. 81, 309, 497, 498, 624

    Vid. Chorazin.

  • Canaanites. The Scripture doth not call all the Sons of Canaan by that name, as the Arvadites, &c. that inha∣bited Phoenicia, and a great part of Syria, but where their Coasts end toward the South, there the Canaanites began, and they are sometimes reckoned as a particular Nation▪ sometimes as including all the seven, Gen. 10. 18, 19. Deut. 7. 1, &c. When particular, it respects that part of the Northern part of Canaan, which Canaan himself, with his first-born Sons, Zidon and Heth inha∣bited. Hence Jabin King of Hazor is called King of Canaan, Judg. 4. 2. that is, of the Northern Coast of the Land of Canaan. But when its a general name, it includes all from Sidon to Gerar and Gaza, Gen. 10. 19. v. II. p. 202, 328
  • Canatha, accounted a Decapolitan City by Pliny. v. I. p. 645
  • Capernaum, Perhaps the Capharnome of Josephus. Its uncertain whether the name be derived from 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 or 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉; the former denotes pleasantness, the later com∣fort. The Oriental Interpreters write it the later way, Caphar Nachum. It was situated near to the Sea of Ge∣nesareth, in the Country of Genesaritis, Matth. 14; 34, &c. and whereabouts the Tribes of Zabulon and Nephtali met, Matth. 4. 3. between Taricheae and Tibe∣rias, and from the later about two miles. This was the Town of Christs supposed Father Joseph, and where he himself dwelt. Near to it was a Fountain of the same name, and the Custom-house where they gathered a Tribute of those that passed over, and where Matthew was: And the Mountain where Christ chose the twelve, made his Sermon, Matth. 5. and its likely where he met his Disciples after his Resurrection, Vol. I Harm. N. T. SS. 3. & 272. pag. 455. v. II. p. 72, 197, 308, 496, 624
  • There was another Capernaum, mentioned by Gul. Tyrius, that lay upon the Coast of the Mediterranean Sea, not far from Tyre. v. II. p. 496
  • Caphar Achum, not far without Jerusalem. v. II. p. 50
  • Caphar Hananiah, or Caphar Hanan, was in the up∣permost Page  [unnumbered] Border that divided the Upper and Lower Ga∣lilee, and 16 miles from Zippor, and where the plenty of Syamines began. It may seem to be the same with ehshan, or rather Cana of Galilee, it agreeing with it in its situation. Vol. II. Pag. 56, 58, 497
  • Caphar Lodim, A Village in the Vale of Saron, be∣tween Lydda and the Sea; and was so called, because some people of Lydda were always there. It was rec∣koned without the Land. v. II. p. 18
  • Caphar Shichin was 4000 Cubits distant from Aru∣mah, and not fr from Caphar Hananiah. There was a City Shichin destroyed for Magical Arts. v. II. p. 51, 58, 76
  • Caphar Sigana, in a Valley next to Beth. Rimmah, &c. noted for the best Wine. v. II. p. 50
  • Caphar Uthni, from Caphar Hananiah 32 miles, from Zippor 16 miles. v. II. p. 58
  • Cappadocians, are those chiefly who are bounded Southward with that part of Cilicia that is called Taurus, Eastward by Armenia and Colchis, and other interjacent Countries, saith Strabo. The Greek Interpreters render Caphtorim by 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, Cappadocians. v. II. p. 312, 693
  • Carchemish by Euphrates, 2 Chron. 35. 20. v. I. p. 117
  • Caria, A Province of Asia the Less, nearer Greece than Lycaonia. v. II. p. 693
  • Carmel, rather a Mountainous Tract than one Moun∣tain, containing almost the whole breadth of the Land of Issachar, and part of Zabulon, but had one top more eminent than the rest, which had a Town on it called Ecbatane, and where probably was the Oracle Vespasian consulted. The Foot of it was washed by the Sea. v. II. p. 59
  • Casius Mountain, lies nearer Pelusium than the Eruption of Sirbon doth (and not as the Maps, farther from it.) Its from Pelusim 40 miles, from Ostracene 26 miles, from Sirbon 28 miles. From hence the Country near it was called Casiotis, which was the Country of the A∣malekites. v. II. p. 9, 291
  • Celo-Syria, or Coelo-Syria, had 17 Tetrarchies, saith Pliny. [It was so call'd, because it was placed betwixt the Mountains of Libanus and Anti-Libanus, for that was properly Coelo-Syria, saith Strabo: Others, as Ptolo∣my, extend it much farther, vid. Bonfrer.] v. I. p. 453
  • Cendevia, flows at the Root of Carmel, and out of that the River Beleus. So Pliny. v. II. p. 59
  • Chabor, 2 King. 17. 6. whither the ten Tribes were car∣ried. There is a River Chaboras in Mesopotamia. v. II. p. 800
  • Chabul, was a Country in the Northern part of Galilee, where the twenty Cities were that Solomon gave to Hi∣ram King of Tyre, 1 Kings 9. 11. Chabul (say the Tal∣mudists) signifies a Land that bears not fruit, or that is dirty, and in the Phaenician Tongue, that which pleaseth not. The 70 Interpreters render it 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉the bound or coast, taking the modern Name instead of the old. It con∣tained Cities of a mixed Jurisdiction, viz. forbidden, as Nb, &c. permitted (that is, as to Tith) as Tsur, Tse∣zar, &c. v. II. p. 311 312 313
  • Chabul, A City destroyed for discord, say the Jews. v. II. p. 51
  • Chakrah, A fortified Town which belonged to Gush, and was near to Sipporis. v. II. p. 75
  • Chalcis, A City or Garrison built on an Hill in the Streights of Libanus and Anti-Libanus. v. II. p. 365. It was also the name of a Kingdom thereabouts in Syria, which Agrippa succeeded his Brother-in-Law-Uncle. Herod, in (for such Relations did that Incestuous Fami∣ly find out) v. I. p. 320
  • Chaldea was reckoned to Mesopotamia. There be that suppose the Chasdim, or Chaldeas, were so called from the last Letters of Arphaxad's name, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉v. I. p. 13 780
  • Chammath, in Josphus Ammaus, so called by reason of the Chamini, or warm Baths; it was so near to Ti∣berias (within a mile) that it was almost one City with it, and so near to the Country of Gadara, that thence it took its name of Chammath of Gadara. It was on both sides Jordan; one part upon the Bank of Nephtali, or Tiberias; another, on that of Gadara, the Bridge ly∣ing between. Vol. II. Pag. 68, 197, 308, 492
  • Chammath pellae. Vid. Lasha.
  • Chamathi. Vid. Hamath.
  • Canothah. Canatha, The Upper and Lower, beyond Jordan in the Borders. v. II. p. 84, 314
  • Chaphenatha, 1 Mac. 12. 37. It may be thought to be some part of the Out-skirts of Jerusalem toward the East, and so called from the Dates growing there. For Chephannioth is frequently used among the Talmudists for the Dates of Palm-Trees that never come to their full maturity. v. II. p. 516
  • Cherethims, A Philistine Nation, which by the Greek Interpreters is rendred 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉Creets, Ezek. 25. 16, &c. and probably the Creets, Acts 2. 11. were such, because St. Luke joyns them with Arabians. v. II. p. 504
  • Cherith, A Brook where Elijah was concealed, 1 Kings 17. 3. It was West of Jordan, perhaps near Bethshan. v. II. p. 318
  • Chezib and Achzib, which at last passed into Ecdippa, ac∣cording to the manner of the Syrian Dialect, which com∣monly changeth Zain into Daleth; it was North of A∣con, and not far from the Scalae Tyriorum. This divided the clean of the Land from unclean. v. II. p. 59, 61
  • Chippar, within twelve miles of Zippor. v. II. p. 515
  • Chorazin, Matth. 11. 21. Chorashin denotes Woody places, hence we suppose this place so called, because so Seated: And such Places the Land of Nephtali was famous for a∣bove the other Tribes, to which, Gen. 49. 21. refers, Nephthali is a Hind let loose, i. e. shall abound in Veni∣son. So that its probable it was in Galilee; and what if Cana, and some small Country adjacent, be concluded to be it? v. II. p. 84
  • Cilicium, A City in Moab. v. II. p. 316
  • Corinth, at first called Ephyra, stood in an Isthmus of five miles, parting the Aegean and Jonian Seas, and joyning Greece and Pelopanesus, having in the Aegean the Port L••hae or Jochaem (which lay under the City) from whence they Sailed for Italy; and in the Jonian the Port Cenchreae, distant from the City 70 Furlongs. The City was in compass 40 Furlongs. v. I. p. 295. v. II. p. 737
  • Crete, An Island in the Mediterranean Sea, of small com∣pass, but the Language of it reached all over Greece. v. I. p. 752
  • Cush, or Aethiopia, is sometimes taken for Arabia; so Moses's Wife is call'd a Cushite, Num. 12. 1. and Zerah the Arabian also, 2 Chron. 14. for Arabia was the Land of Cush. And sometimes for Aethiopia in Africk, South of Egypt, whence the Eunuch came▪ Acts 8. 27. A name infamous amongst the Jews, Psal. 7. Title. v. I. p. 25, 34, 108, 789. v. II. p. 503
  • Cuthites, first came rom Cutha to Samaria, 2 Kings 17. 24. By this name the Jews called all the Samaritans, by way of reproach (probably thereby reproaching them with the odious name of Cshites) In their after-writings they apply this name to Christians. v. II. p. 496, 503
  • Cyprus, An Island in the Mediterranean Sea, exceeding full of Jews, and where they in an Insurrection having killed 200 thousand people, were afterward not suffer∣ed to come. It was the native Country of Barnabas. v. I. p. 289
  • Cyrene, A Country in Africa, near Lybia; and also a City. Strabo describes the Country, Lib. 17. and Pliny the City, l. 5. c. 5. v. II. p. 663.
    Page  [unnumbered]D.
  • DAlmanutha may be so called, as the place of widow∣hood, or from Zalmon (Tsaddi being changed into Daleth after the manner of the Syrians and Arabians) It was a little Town within the bounds of Magdala. Vol. II. Page 307. 309
  • Damascus, the chief City in Syria, and was watered by the Rivers Chrysoroas, Abna, &c. It was in the days of Abraham, but not victorious till the time of David. It was afterward the head of Syria, and at last captivated by the Assyrian. In aftertimes it had many Jews in it: And was accounted by Pliny a Deca∣politan City. v. I. p. 113. 283, 645
  • Dan Tribe, was situated on the shore of the Mediterra∣nean Sea, and afterward sent a Colony to Laish. In this Tribe publick Idolatry begn, therefore not named, Revel. 7. v. I. p. 45
  • Dan City. V. Caesarea.
  • Daphne, a Region in the Northern part near Lebanon, out of which Jordan ariseth. V. Rilah. v. II. p. 62
  • Debir, a City in Judah, called at the first Kiriath-Se∣pher. v. I. p. 44
  • Decapolis, the ten Cities are by Borchardus placed in Galilee, and by Pliny all beyond Jordan in Syria, ex∣cept Sythopolis. But they seem to be such as were with∣in the bounds of the Land, but inhabited by Gentiles. Such were Bethshan, Gadara, Hippo, Pella, Caesarea Phi∣lippi, and probably Caphar-Tsmach, Beth-Gubrin, and Caphar Carnaim. v. I. p. 645. v. II. p. 311, 314, &c.
  • Derbe, Act. 14. a City in Lycaonia, and coasted on Isauria. v. I. p. 291
  • Dibon-gad, in Moab, and the thirty ninth mansion of the Israelites.
  • Diospolis. V. Lydda.
  • Dimon waters, Isa. 15. 9. in Moab. Quaere whether Dimon be not the same with Dibon (Beth and Mem be∣ing alternatively used) that so it may agree more with 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 blood. v. 11. p. 501
  • Dor, Doron in the Tribe of Manasse, bordering upon Galilee, between Caesarea and Sycaminum. v. I. p. 54, 56 493
  • Dothan, Gen. 48. in the Tribe of Zabulon, (Vid. Bon∣frer.) v. I. p. 19
  • Dumah, a Country in Arabia. v. I. p. 108
    E.
  • EBal a Mountain, on which the curses were read, it touched on Sychem (the Metropolis of Samaria) and was opposite to Gerizim. It was a Mountain dry and barren. Vol. II. p. 52
  • Edar. Vid. Migdal Eder.
  • Eden, Its difficult to meet in the Samaritan Version with any footstep of the names of the Rivers of Eden, and the Country which those Rivers run into, except Co∣phin, which seems to agree something with Cophen mentioned by Pliny. v. II. p. 505
  • Edom. Vid. Idumaea and Seir.
  • Eglah Shelishijah, translated Isa. 15. 5. an Heifer of three years old; but why may it not be the name of a place, and so called a third Eglah in respect of two others, much of the same sound; or else Dutchess or Noble Eglah as 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 signifies a Duke or Tribune? There is mention of En Eglaim in that Country, Ezek. 47. 10. where Eglaim is in the Dual number, and seems to intimate there were two Egls, with respect to which this of ours may be called a third. The sound of the word Necla comes pretty near it, which Ptolomy placeth in Arabia Petraea Long. 67. 20. Lat. 30. 15. which was fifteen miles from Zoar. This seems to be Agalah in Josephus. Vol. II. p. 52
  • Egypt River. Vid. Sihor.
  • Ekron [was the most Northern of the five Lordships of the Philistins, Josh. 13. 3. and was first given to Ju∣dah, Josh. 15. 45. but afterward taken from that and given to Dan, Josh. 19. 43.] v. I. p. 44
  • Elath, South of Jerusalem a days journey. Vid. Ala. v. II. p. 320
  • Elath or Eloth, a Sea Town in the Country of Edom, on the Red Sea, 2 Kings 14. 22. & 16. 6. v. I. p. 91, 103
  • Elutheria, East of Joppa and betwixt that and Lydda, its mentioned in Gul. Tyrius. v. II. p. 372
  • Eleutheropolis, a City often mentioned in St. Hierom; and from Jerusalem twenty miles, almost in the middle betwixt that and Ascalon. v. II. p. 293, 322
  • Eleutherus River is by Ptolomy placed near Antarado, but by Borchardus between Tyre and Sarepta, the mouth of it three Leagues from that, and about two from this. v. II. p. 369
  • Elim the fifth Mansion of the Israelites after they came out of Egypt. v. I. p. 27
  • Emaus, afterward called Nicopolis and a Roman Colony, was sixty furlongs or seven miles and an half West from Jerusalem, and in the way thence to the West part of Galilee. It might have its name from Ammath a cha∣nel of waters, being famous for such. And perhaps might be the same with those of Nephtoa (or Etam) which was also West of Jerusalem. Ptolomy placeth it Long. 65. 45. Lat. 31. 45. which doth not well agree with the account of the Evangelist, Luke 24. 13. and Josephus. I. p. 270. II. p. 42, 371, &c.
  • Emims, the old Inhabitants of Moab. v. I. p. 12
  • Engannim or Anem, 1 Chron. 6. 72. Josh. 21. 29. now Enine signifies a Fountain and Gardens, and so the pleasantness of the place. It was in the Tribe of Isa∣char, a Levitical City twenty two miles from Tabor, saith Biddulph, and in the way from Jerusalem to Galilee. Perhaps the same with Naim, by a transposition of Let∣ters. v. II. p. 370, 536
  • Engeddi, a City in the Wilderness of Juda, the same with Hazezon Tamar, & not yielding to Jericho for fruitfulness in Palms (from whence its name, Tamar signifying a Palm). It lay on the South (not on the North as the Maps place it) point of the dead Sea, and not far from it, being the utmost bound of the Land. It was in Idumaea the Less. Near to it was the Wilderness of Engeddi, famous for its strong holds in the time of David. v. I. p. 12. 58, 84. v. II. p. 7. 295, 296, 499
  • Enon or Aenon, signifies a place of Springs, or Waters, which may be the reason why the Seventy Interpreters translate Middin, Josh. 15. 61. by Aenon, as Middin is a place of Waters. Its uncertain where it was, whe∣ther in Galilee; or the Wilderness of Juda (as Mid∣din was) or in Peraea near Arnon. v. I. N. T. SS. 14. 478 v. II. 499, 500, 501
  • Ephesus a famous City in the lesser Asia, in which was the Temple of Diana, one of the Seven wondrous Fa∣bricks of the World. It was hundreds of years in building at the charge of all Asia. v. I. p. 306, 316
  • Ephraim Tribe extended it self in length from Jordan to Gezer, Josh. 16. 3. by the Mediterranean Sea, and in breadth from Bethel, and ends at the Great Plain; so Josephus. v. II. p. 493
  • Ephraim, Hill Country, Jud. 4. 5. was a certain hilly place running out between Judea and the Land of Ephraim. v. II. p. 20. 373
  • Ephraim, a small City, Joh. 11. 54. in the confines of the Tribe of Ephraim, 2 Chron. 13. 19. but in the Tribe of Benjamin, in the Wilderness of Bethaven, and near to that of Judea, in or near the way from Jeru∣salem to Jericho. It was seated in a fruitful Valley, and famous for the best flower. v. II. p. 20. 49, 514
  • Esdrelon. Vid. Great Plain.
  • Essens. Vid. Kenites.
  • Page  [unnumbered]Etam Fountain, say the Jews, is in the way betwixt Hebron and Jerusalem. But if it be the same with Neptoah, Josh. 15. 9. then it lies not South as Hebron, but West. The Waters of this were not conveighed into the City but the Temple, and the overplus of what was used there flowed thence into the Valley that lay between the Temple and Jerusalem, and emptied it self by the Water-gate into Kidron. Vol. II. p. 510
  • Etham, Wilderness, the same with Shur, Numb. 33. 7, 8. Exod. 15. 22. The Read-Sea so pointed into this Wilder∣ness that it was on both sides of the point of the Sea. v. I. p. 27
  • Ethiopia. Vid. Cush.
  • Euphrates [often called the River in Scripture, Ezra 4. 10, &c. divides Syria and Arabia from Mesopotamia, and then joyning with Tigris falls into the Persian Gulph] its called in the Samaritan Version, Salmaah. v. II. p. 505
  • Ezion Gaber, the thirty second Mansion of the Israelites in the Wilderness. Thence the Fleet set out for Ophir. v. I. p. 35, 74
    G.
  • GAash Hill where Joshua was buried, perhaps the same with that Galaad, Jud. 7. 3. (which is by the Seventy rendred Gaash) and might it not be so called upon the account of the Pillar of Witness, Josh. 24. 26. that was built there a little from Sichem? Vol. II. p. 363, 364
  • Gabala, a Midland City of Phaenicia. Ptol. v. II. p. 312
  • Gabara, Geber, or Tarnegola (these two signifying the same, viz. a Cock) the Upper to distinguish it from another of that name, one of the three great Cities of Galilee. It was seated beyond Caesarea Philippi, and the utmost bound of the Land North. v. II. p. 77. 312, 517
  • Gad, [Tribe had Reuben on the South, Manasse North, Jordan on the West, and Gilead Mountains and Arabia East.] v. I. p. 37
  • Gadara, or Hippopodion, the Metropolis of Peraea, wash∣ed by the River Hieramax, from Tiberias sixty furlongs, and near to Gergesa. It was one of the Cities of De∣capolis and of Heathen Jurisdiction, and gave name to the Country about it. v. II. p. 37. 69, 315
  • Galilee, contained Isachar, Zebulun, Nephthali, Asher with part of Dan, and Peraea. It was bounded North by Lebanon and Syria; on the West by Phaenicia; on the South by Samaria. It was divided into three parts, the Upper (so called because it abounded in Moun∣tains) which contained Asher and Nephthali, and was eminently called Galilee of the Gentiles, and sometimes Gilgal, Deut. 11. 30. And secondly the Lower, which contained Zebulun and Issachar, and because it was Champion was called the Great Field. And thirdly the Vale, which is the border of Tiberias. Josephus saith, there were two hundred and four Cities and Towns in Galilee, that were more eminent and fortified. v. I. p. 364▪ 623. II. p. 56, &c. 66, 8, 362, 496
  • Gamala, a fortified Town in Batanaea in the Lower Gaulonitis upon the Lake of Genesareth over against Tari∣chaea, and that gave the name to a Region about it. v. II. p. 75. 83, 364
  • Gath Hepher, a Town in Zabulon, Josh. 19. 13. and from whence was Jonah the Prophet, 2 Kings 14. 25. v. I. p. 411
  • Gaulonitis, the Upper and Nether, within Batanaea, so called from Golan, once the chief City of Bashan. v. II. p. 81. 364
  • Gaza, or Azza, and by Eustathius Jone, in the Tribe of Juda. There were two, the Old and the New, the former was destroyed by Alexander, and therefore cal∣led Desert. It was from the bay seven furlongs (which was saith Ptol. in Long. 65. 45. but more probably 65. 26.) from the River of Egypt forty four miles; from Azotus thirty four miles; from Ascalon ten (or six∣teen) miles; from the dead Sea fifty five miles, from Pe∣tra in Arabia one hundred and ten miles. Vol. I. Pag. 44. 281. Vol. II. p. 13. 14, 44, 292, 320, 321, 500, 681
  • Gaza, the New was built nearer the Bay, was called Maiuma, and afterwards Constantia, and named so by Constantine after the name of his Sister, saith Eusebius, or as Sozomen, of his Son Constantius. v. I. p. 281
  • Gaza, there was another in Ephraim, 1 Chron. 7. 28. v. II. p. 679
  • Gedor, a Town in the mountainous part of Peraea. v. II. p. 81
  • Gema, a City in the extream parts of Samaria, next adjoyning to Issachar; near to Nain, if not the same with it. v. II. p. 370
  • Genesareth, Lake, Luke 5. called Cinnereth, Numb. 34. 11. and the Sea of Galilee, Joh. 6. and Tiberia, Joh. 21. is one of the seven Seas that the Jews say compass the Land. Its about six miles broad and six∣teen long, saith Pliny, but Josephus twelve and half, and Biddulph twenty four in length and in breadth fif∣teen. From the head of Jordan to the South part of it, was about forty miles, from Samachonitis fifteen. It was within the Tribe of Nephthali, and not out of it as the Maps mistake. See the Scheme of it. Vol. II. p. 308. In the middle of it was a famous whirle Pool, called Miriama. It was so called from v. I. p. 632. II. p. 5. 59, 65, 66, 536
  • Genesaritis, a Region near the Lake, thirty furlongs in length and in breadth twenty. A very pleasant and fruit∣ful place, abounding in the Gardens of great Men. From whence it had its name. v. II. p. 71
  • Gergesa, a Town very near Gadara, and so called either from the Gergasites, a people of Canaan; or from its Clay soil, (Gargishta signifying Clay). It gave name to the Region so called, which comprehended in it the Regions of Gadara, Hippo and Magdala. II. p. 70. 340
  • Gerizim, the Hill upon which the Blessings were pronoun∣ced. It was near to Syehem, and had upon it Springs and Gardens. Upon this the Temple of the Samaritans was built in the time of Alexander the Great, forty years after the second Temple, in opposition to that of Jerusalem, and flourished there about two hundred years, and at last was destroyed by Hyrcanus. I. p. 599. v. II. p. 52, 53
  • Geshur, [was two fold, one in Syria, Josh. 13. 13. near to Hermon, v. 11. Hither Absalom fled, 1 Sam. 13. 8. The other near the Amalakites, 1 Sam. 27. 8.] Vol. I. p. 64
  • Gezer, on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea, 1 King. 9. 15. which according to the Syrian Dialect passed into Gadara. It was a Levitical City in the Tribe of Ephraim. Josh. 16. 3. & 21. 21. v. II. p. 69. 493
  • Gibea, of Saul, it signifies Saul's Hill, it was about thirty furlongs from Jerusalem, near to Ramah, and had near it the Valley of Thorns, perhaps the Valley under the Rock Seneh, 1 Sam. 14. 4. v. II. p. 41
  • Gibeon, lay North of Jerusalem in the way to the City Samaria, there was a great Pool of Waters, where perhaps Christ baptized, Joh. 3. 22. There in Solo∣mon's time was the greatest Synagogue, the Tabernacle being brought thither after Shilohell. I. p. 7. 581
  • Gilead, Country lay beyond Jordan and was divided into two parts, there was Mount Gilead called so from the heap of Stones set up for a Witness twixt Jacob and Laban, Gen. 31. v. I. p. 48. & 51. v. II. p. 374
  • Gilgal, Josh. 4. 19. It was in Benjamin, and fifty furlongs or six miles and a quarter, from Jordan, ten furlongs East from Jericho. Sometimes Galilee is so called. V. Galilee. v. II. p. 43. 46
  • Giscala, a Town beyond Jordan not far from Gadara. v. II. p. 80
  • Gophna, the next Toparchy of eleven to Jerusalem. There was a City also of that name, betwixt Caesarea and Jerusalem and its likely was in Jud. v. II. p. 51. 373
  • Page  [unnumbered]Gozan, 2 King. 17. 6. a River in Media whither the ten Tribes were carried, called Ginzak by the Jews, is like Gauzanitis in Ptol. Vol. II. Pag. 801
  • Gush Chalab, in the Tribe of Ashr, famous for Olives and Oyl. v. II. p. 40. 50, 515
    H.
  • HAlac, 2 King. 17. 6. a City whether the ten Tribes were carried, the Jews call it Halvaoth, or Chalzon, perhaps for Chalvaon, which agrees with Alvanis a City in Mesopotamia, that Ptolomy placeth in Long. 74. 15. Lat. 35. 20. Vol. II. p. 800. 801
  • Hamath, was the utmost point of the Land North, and is by some of the Jews understood to be Antioch, by others Epiphania. There were some Kingdoms named from it, as Hamath-Zoba, &c. v. I. p. 74. 90. v. II. p. 66. 328
  • Haradah, is the 21 Mansion of Israel in the Wilderness, Hashmonah, is the 26th Mansion. v. I. p. 35
  • Harosheth, of the Gentiles, Judg. 4. 2. hath its name from Chorashin, woody places, and was in Nephthali. v. II. p. 84
  • Hauran, was one of the Mountains on which were pla∣ced the signal fires, perhaps some part of Anti-Libanus, and might have its name either from the Syriack word Havar, which signifies white, or from the Hebrew word Hor, which signifies a Cave, being white with Snow, and hollow with subterranean passages. However it was situated in the extream parts of the Land toward the North, Ezek. 47. 16. v. II. p. 364. 365
  • Hazar, is a frequent name in the South of Juda, as Hazar-addar, Hazar-gaddah, Hazar-Sua, Hazar-Su∣sah, &c. and it signifies a plain or champion betwixt Hills. v. II. p. 2
  • Hazar-Enan, Numb. 34. 9. In the Roman Copy is Ar∣senain, it was the utmost bound of the Land toward Syria. v. II. p. 369
  • Hazeroth, the twenty fifth Mansion of the Israelites. v. I. p. 34
  • Hazor, Josh. 11. 4. is called Nasor, 1 Mac. 11. 63. the Metropolis of Canaan, that is, of the Northern Coun∣try, which is known by that name. It lay on the Lake Samchonitis. V. Caesarea Phil. v. II. p. 64
  • Hazezon Tamar. Vid. Engeddi.
  • Hebrews, Act. 6. 1. were Jews dwelling in Judea, to whom the Hebrew, that is the Syriack or Chaldee, was the Mother Tongue. v. I. p. 279. 340. v. II. p. 798
  • Hebron, signifies Consociation, and it was so called perhaps from the pairs buried there; for here (they say) Adam and Eve, Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebeckah were interred. It was in the Hill Country of Judah, Josh. 21. 11. South of Jerusalem, but a little toward the East, and might be seen from the Towers of it, (say the Jews) It was a City of Refuge inhabted by the Le∣vites, but the Fields and Villages belonged to Judah. It had several Cities within its Jurisdiction. Here John Baptist was born, and probably Christ conceived. v. I. p. 60, 413, 414, 420, 454. v. II. p. 46, 47, 296
  • Heliopolis, a City in Celo-Syria, Ptol. placeth it in Long. 68. 40. Lat. 33. 40. v. 2. p. 366
  • Hellenists, Act. 6. 1. are Jews dwelling in foreign parts among the Greeks, and whose Mother Tongue was Greek. v. I. p. 286, 340. v. II. 798
  • Hermon, or the Mountain of Snew, at Caesarea Philippi, and near the Springs of Jordan. v. II. p. 62. 502
  • Hermon, the Less. Borchardus placeth it South of Tabor, which without question is from a misconstruction of Psal. 89. 12. v. II. p. 370, 501
  • Herodium, a Castle upon a Mountain in the extream part of Peraea, South, toward Moab, near Machaerus, built by Herod the Great, who was buried about eight Furlongs from it. Here Herod Antipas entertained his Lords, when Herodias danced before them. It was two hundred Furlongs or twenty five Miles from Jericho. Vol. II. p. 361. 363, 500
  • Heshbon, a City in the Mountainous part of Peraea. Vol. II. p. 81
  • Hieramax, or Jarmoch, a River near to which stood Gadara beyond Jordan. v. II. p. 69
  • Hippo, or Susitha, (being of the same signification) in the Land of Tob, and Region of Gergesa. It was thir∣ty Furlongs or about three Miles from Tiberias; be∣yond Magdala from Jordan two Miles, and betwixt that and Bethsaid. It was for the most part inhabited by Gentiles. v. II. p. 70, 199, 340, 515
  • Hittites, were the Northern Inhabitants of Canaan; and so the Kings of Tyre and Sidon are called Kings of the Hittites, 1 King. 10 29. v. II. p. 202
  • Hor, the Mountain where Aaron died, and the thirty fourth Mansion of the Israelites in the Wilderness; and the same with Moseroth, &c. v. I. p. 36, 39. From hence those that inhabited the Land, afterwards posses∣sed by the Edomites, were called Horites, or Horims. Gen. 14. 6. v. I. p. 12. v. II. p. 329, 366. It is also another Mountain in the Northern Coast of the Land; Numb. 34. 7, 8. so that what is inwards of it, is within the Land, what is without it, is without the Land. It was called by the Jews Amanah, by others Amanus. v. II. p. 3. 62, 516
  • Horeb Mountain, the same with Sinai, where the Law was given. This gave name to the Wilderness of Horeb. v. I. p. 39, 501
  • Hormah, a City in the Tribe of Simeon. v. I. p. 44
  • Horonaim, Jer. 48. 34. called by Josephus Horone, a City in Moab betwixt Zoar and Eglah. Ptol. Long. 67. 20. Lat. 30. 30. Vol. II. p. 503
    I.
  • JAbesh-Gilead, (was in Manasse beyond Jordan, six Miles from Pella upon a Mountain, as they go to Ge∣rasa, saith Hieron. Elijah the Prophet came from hence. Vol. I. p. 46, 55, 82
  • Jabneh, 2 Chron. 26. 6. called by the Gentiles Jamniah, by the change of Mem into Beth, (not Liamnia, as An∣toninus) and Ivelyn afterwards, was in Judea on the Sea∣coast, three Leagues South from Joppa; two parsae or eight Miles from Azotus (as Benjamin) or as Antoninus two Miles, from Diospolis twelve Miles, and from As∣calon twenty Miles. Here the Sanhedrim sat first after its removal from Jerusalem. Ptolomy placeth it, Long. 65. 40▪ Lat. 32. 0. v. I. p. 284, 365, &c. v. II. p. 15, 16. 322, 372, 681
  • Jacob's Bridge over Jordan, between the Lake Samacho∣nitis and Geesaret in the way that leadeth to Damascus, so Biddulph. But its probable it was lower, betwixt Succoth and Zartanah. v. II. p. 492. 493
  • Jamnith, a Town in the Upper Galilee, fortified by Josephus. v. II. p. 57
  • Japha, a Town in the Lower Galilee,ortified by him. Ibid.
  • Ibleam, in Manasseh on this side Jordan, Ish. 17. 11. and not far from Megiddo, 2 King. 9. 27. v. I. p. 88.
  • Iconium, a City in Lycaonia, and the most famous of the fourteen Cities that were in that Tetrarchy, near to it were two Lakes called Coralis the Greater, and Tro∣gitis the Less. v II. p. 692
  • Ide, otherwise called Enhydra, between Tyre and Sarepta▪ v. II. p. 59
  • Idumea, or Edom, of old lay betwixt Amalk and Am∣mon, and the Read Sea, South, and is called Idumea the Great, but in process of time (especially after the Captivity) it was enlarged, and took in all Simeon, and so up as far as Azotus, and part of Judea, as far as the Dad-Sea, East, and almost to Hebron, North, which Page  [unnumbered] was called Judaeo-Idumea; Idumea the New, or the Less, Mark. 3. 8. Vol. I. Pag. 63, 84, 103. Vol. II. Pag. 4, 290, 292, 504.
  • Jenysus, A Town upon the Borders of Arabia and Sy∣ria, saith Herodotus; but where that Town was, is un∣certain. The Talmudists mention Jenush among the Towns, which they say, are in the Confines, but the situ∣ation doth not agree. v. II. p. 302
  • Jericho, or the City of Palm-Trees (the second to Jeru∣salem) was in the Tribe of Benjamin, from Jerusalem about nineteen miles, and about eight or ten from Jordan. It was situated in a Plain, but compassed with Mountains like a Theatre; it was famous for its Balsom and Wa∣ters. v. II. p. 43, 44, 46, 297
  • Jerusalem, Vid. description by it self.
  • Jeshanah, A neighboring City to Zippor, where the Re∣cords of Zippor were laid up. v. II. p. 75
  • Jezreel, [seems to be in the Tribe of Issachar, Josh. 19. 18.] In it was the Palace of Abab. It gave name to the Valley of Jezreel (otherwise called Esdrelon, Judith 1. 8. and the Great Plain) that ran far down, where was a River that discharged it self into Jordan. Vid. Great Plain. v. I. p. 88. v. II. p. 492, 493
  • Jiim, A Town whose Houses were in Judah, but the Fields in Dan. v. II. p. 42
  • Jion, 1 Kings 15. 20. seems to be beyond Dan, the City, or in the extreamest Borders of the Land on that side. The Alexandrian Copy reads it Nain. v. I. p. 623 v. II. p. 369
  • Jonian Sea, reached from Egypt to Gaza, and was so called from the Jones that were seated in Egypt near to it. v. II. p. 500
  • Joppa, Japho, Josh. 19. 46. Acts 9. 36. A famous Port-Town, betwixt Caesarea and Azotus, and from the for∣mer a days Journey and half. v. I. 846. v. II. p. 15
  • Jordan, ariseth in the Region of Daphne, near to Leba∣non, not out of two Fountains, but one that is in a Cave called Panium, and is called Jordan the Less, till it falls into the Lake Samachonitis: Thence forward it is called Jordan, and falling into the Lake of Genesareth, ends in the Dead Sea. To the utmost Point of which, or the Desert of Haran, from the Head of the River, is about 100 miles. Insome places it was not above twenty or thirty yards over, and had Fords. In this River was Christ Baptized, and probably where the Waters were divided by Joshua. v. I. p. 128, 478, 528 v. II. p. 62, 63, 298
  • Jordan Region, lay betwixt Jordan and Jericho, and so on this side of the City and that, and also toward Jeru∣salem. v. II. p. 297
  • Jotopatah, or Jodaphath, A Town in the lower Galilee. v. II. p. 57, 75. There was a Valley of that Name. v. II. p. 51
  • Ishmaelites, near to the Midianites and Medanites, with whom they lived so promiscuously, that any of them did indifferently bear any of these Names, Gen. 37. 28, 36. v. I. p. 19
  • Issachar Tribe, was the most Southern part of Galilee, lying betwixt Zabulon North, and Manasseh South. Its length was fromward the Sea of Genesareth (but not quite reaching to it) to Carmel, Kishon and the Great Sea. Its breadth North to South, from Manasseh to Mount Tabor, and with Zabulon was about fifteen miles. Issa∣char (say the Jews) is like a strong or bony Ass, Gen. 49. 14. low before and behind, and high in the middle; and couches between two borders, that is, the valleys of Pislan and Jezreel. v. II. p. 58, 59, 370, 495, 498
  • Iturea, The same with Auranitis in Josephus. It was so called either from Jetu a son of Ismael, Gen. 25. 15. or from H•••uri, which signifies under-digging, and so it sounds the same with Tragloditis, the Country of those that dwell in Caves (the Country being famous for Caves, for which reason Pliny and Strabo speak of an Iturea in Cyrristica and Chalcis) It was beyond Jordan, and lay edging upon Arabia, but was in Syria. v. I. p. 453. v. II. p. 365, 366
  • Judea, as a division of the Country, contained the Tribes Judah, Benjamin, Simeon and Dan, and is ordinarily cal∣led the South, by the Rabbins, in opposition to Galilee. Vol. I. Pag. 364. v. II. p. 13. As a Tribe, it was divided into the Mountains, the Plain, and the South, Num. 13. 30, &c. The South lay toward Seir and Amalek, from the Inlets into the Land, at the utmost part of the Dead Sea, ha∣ving the Philistins upon the West: This part reached to the rising of the Mountains, not far below Hebron. The Mountains (called in Scripture, The Hill-Country of Ju∣dah, Josh. 21. 11, &c. and by the Jews, The Mount Royal) began about Hebron, and ran along Northward to and beyond Jerusalem, having the Plain or Flat of Jordan skirting all along upon their East-side, till Samaria and Galilee brought in another denomination. The Plain joyns to the Mountainous Country on the East, and though more level and low than that, yet hath its Hills. To the Plain Eastwardly joyns a Valley, lower than the Plain, which is the Coast of Sodom, and at length that of Jordan. This Tribe was incredibly populous, and had several Priviledges, as the intercalation of the Year, &c. Vol. I. Pag. 399. Vol. 2. p. 9, 10, 12, 113, 293
  • Judah Wilderness, Josh. 15. 61. Psal. 63. Title, was in Idumea the Less, or the Wilderness of Engeddi.
  • Judea Wilderness (for so they are to be distinguished) was betwixt Jericho and Jordan, and from Jericho onward toward Jerusalem, both of them comparatively Desert, but both populous, and had many Towns. Here John first taught, Matth. 3. 1. and Christ was tempted, whe∣ther two miles from Jericho at Quarantania (as its point∣ed out by some) or further Southward along the Banks of the Dead Sea, as the more Desert place. v. I. p. 501, 502. v. II. p. 295, 297, 499
  • Julias, formerly Betharamphta, built by Herod and called Julias, in honor of the Emperors Wife; it was in Pe∣raea, near to Jordan, and at the influx of it into the Lake Genesareth. (The Maps have placed it further off.) v. II. p. 83.
    • Vid. Bethsaida.
    K.
  • KArhjim, or Karuthin, A place of Note among the Jews for the best Wine. Vol. II. Pag. 50.
  • Kedar, A Country in Arabia, Gen. 25. 13. Isa. 21. 13, 16. where the Inhabitants lived in Tents, Psal. 120. 5. v. I. p. 108
  • Kehelathah, The nineteenth Mansion of the Israelites in the Wilderness. v. I. p. 35
  • Keilah, Where David raised the Siege of the Philistins, [It was in the Tribe of Judah, Josh. 15. 44.] It was, say the Jews, famous for Figs. v. I. p. 57. v. II. p. 50
  • Kenites, were of two sorts. 1. The Descendents of Ca∣naan, who were, its likely so called from some Cain, a Person of Renown in that Family. These were plant∣ed East of Jordan, Gen. 15. 19. Numb. 24. 21. where∣about Moab and Ammon were seated. v. II. p. 329, 501. 2. There were of that Name of the Posterity of Jethro, Father-in-Law of Moses (so called from the Country Kain, Num. 24. 22.) who came with Joshua and Israel into the Land of Canaan, and first resided about Jericho, the City of Palm-trees, Judg. 1. 16. and afterward removed into the South of Judah, upon the Coasts of the Amalekites, and in Saul's time were min∣gled with them. These Kenites were the Root of the Rechabites, Jerem. 35. and 1 Chron. 3. 55. And from them came the Essens (a People that lives alone, and of all other Nations most to be admired, they are without any Woman, &c. saith Pliny) who succeeded them in their habitation and austerity of Life, residing on the Western shore of the Dead Sea. These were called Salamaeans (and so the Kenites are constantly translated by the CaldeePage  [unnumbered] Paraphrast.) There were some of the Kenites in Galilee, Judg. 4. 17. v. I. p. 33, 44, 373. v. II. p. 7, 499
  • Kenizzites, were by original Canaanites, called so per∣haps from one Kenaz of that Family. They dwelt East of Jordan, whereabout afterward Maob & Ammon planted: and were one of the ten (though not of the seven) Na∣tions the Jews say they were to possess. v. II. p. 329
  • Ketsarah, A little City, Fortified from the time of Jo∣shua, that belonged to Zippor, and was near to it. v. II. p. 75, 76
  • Kibroth-hattaavah, [or the graves of Lust, Num. 11. 34. the thirteenth Mansion of the Israelites in the Wilder∣ness.]
  • Kiriath-jearim, The City of the Woods, Psal. 132. 6. was formerly called Baael, 2 Sam. 6. 2. or Baalath, 1 Chron. 13. 6. and was sometime reckoned to Judah, some∣times to Dan, Josh. 15. 29. and 19. 44. that is, the Houses were of Judah, and the Fields of Dan. v. I. p. 54. v. II. p. 42
  • Kirharaseth, A City in Moab, 2 Kings 3. 25. v. I. p. 85
  • Kirmion, or Amana, a River in the way to Damascus. v. II. p. 62.
  • Kishon, A River that pours it self into the Sea, not far from Carmel, on the South, 1 Kings 18. 40. (and not as some place it, on the North) of it. It's called an ancient River, Judg. 5. 21. or River of their Antiquities, because in ancient times it was a Water of much Idola∣try amongst them. v. I. p. 49. v. II. p. 59.
    L.
  • LAchish, A City [in the Tribe of Judah, Josh. 15. 39.] where Amaziah was slain. Vol. I. Pag. 90.
  • Laodicea, Coloss. 4. 16. A City of Asia the Less, and in the Province of Phrygia Pacatiana, one of the Seven Churches. v. I. p. 307, 326, 339. There was also a City of that name near Lebanon. v. II. p. 365
  • Lasha, called also by the Heathens Callirhoe, and by the Jews Chamath Pellae (to distinguish it from Chamath Ga∣darae) was on the North-East part of the Dead Sea, as Sodom was on the South, Gen. 10. 19. It was famous for its Warm Spring of a Medicinal Nature. v. II. p. 296, 308.
  • Lebanon, A large hilly Country, and so called from La∣ban, to be wht, because of the Snows that lie continu∣ally upon it, so Deut. 11. 24, &c. Its ost Translated by the Greek Interpreters, Anti-Libanus; and is called some∣times by the Talmudists, Bala. There was upon it a Fo∣rest, and there Solomon built him a Summer-house. v. I. p. 74. 582. v. II. p. 517
  • Lebba, A Sea-coast Town in Galilee, near unto Carmel, from whence perhaps Judas was sirnamed Lebbeus, Matth. 10. 3. v. II. p. 176
  • Lemba, A City of Moab. v. II. p. 316.
  • Lesbos, A pleasant Island [in the Aegean Sea, betwixt the Promontory Assos, and the Island Chios. It was otherwise called Mitylene, Acts 20. 14. from the chief City that was so named.] Thither did Tiberius banish Junius Gallio, a Friend of Sejanus. v. I. p. 771
  • Libnah, the seventeenth Mansion of the Israelites in the Wilderness. v. I. p. 35. There was also of that Name a City in the Tribe of Judah, Josh. 15. 42. 2 Chron. 21. 10. It was a City of the Levites, Josh. 21. 13. v. I. p. 86
  • Lod, in the Tribe of Benjamin, Nehem. 11. 35. This is also another name for Lydda. v. II. p. 17
    • Vid. Lydda.
  • Lodebar, A City beyond Jordan, near Mahanaim, 2 Sam. 17. 27. where lived Eliam, or Ammiel, the Father of Bathsheba, 2 Sam. 11. 7. 1 Chron. 3. 5. v. I. p. 64
  • Lot's Cave, The Maps shew it in Judea, at the Northern Coast of the Dead Sea, but it was near Zoar in the Land of Moab. v. II. p. 6, 295. Vid. Zoar▪
  • Lycaonia, Acts 14. 6. A Province of the Lesser Asia, bordering upon Galatia and Caria. There are Hills that are plain, cold and naked, and Pastures for wild Asses, which begin at Iconium, saith Strabo. v. II. p. 692, 693
  • Lydda, Acts 9. 35, 38. The Authors of the Maps have held Lod and Lydda for two Towns; Lod not far from Jericho, and Lydda not far from the Mediterranean Sea: when there is no difference, unless that is Hebrew, this Greek. An Error perhaps from Lod and Hadid, that are framed into one word Lodudi, by the Seventy Interpreters, Ezra. 2. 33. Nehem. 7. 37. This was cal∣led by the Gentiles Diospolis, and by the Jews Lodicea. It wanted little of the bigness of a City, though a Vil∣lage, and of all places next Jabneh and Bitter, was most eminent for its Schools, where R. Akibah sat President. It was seated in a Plain not in the Tribe of Ephraim (as it is placed in some Maps) but in Judea, and was a days Journy West from Jerusalem, not far from Joppa; for∣ty miles from Caesarea Strat. and thirty two miles from Ascalon, saith Antoninus, and had, according to Ptolo∣my, Long. 66. 0. Lat. 32. 0. From Lydda to the Sea was Vale, and to Emaus, Plain. v. I. p. 284, 369 v. II. p. 9, 297, 320, 322, 325, 326, 372
  • Lystra, A City of Lycaonia. Act. 14. 8. v. II. p. 692
    M.
  • MAachathites, are by the Jews called Epikerites, Deut. 3. 14. Josh. 13. 13. being its probably so called in their time. Epicarus is in Ptol. on the East of Jordan. Long. 67. 0. Lat. 31. 0.
  • Macedonia, A Country North of Greece, that had in it several Cities of Note; as Philippi, Thessalonica, Ni∣copolis, and Berea, &c. In the Notitia there is a distin∣ction betwixt Macedonia, strictly so called, and Macedo∣nia Salutaris. v. I. p. 294, 295, 307, 309, 793. v. II. p. 294.
  • Machaerus, called in the Talmud, Mac-var, a Castle in the Mountainous part of Peraea, and the South Bound of it toward Arabia or Moab, near Arnon, and the Shore of the Dead Sea. Here John the Baptist was Imprisoned, and this was the Bound betwixt Herod and his Father∣in-Law Aretas the Arabian King, whose Daughter he put away when he took Herodias. v. I. p. 582, 592 v. II. p. 81, 197, 501
  • Machir, Half Gilead beyond Jordan v. I. p. 48
  • Macpelah, The Burying-place near Hebron. v. II. p. 47
  • Magdala, Sometimes call'd Magdala Gadarae, from its Neighborhood to Gadara, was a Sabbath-days Journey, (or two miles) from Chammath, one mile from Jordan and from Hippo. From hence perhaps was Mary called Magdalene, if not from Magdal, that signifies folding or curling hair. v. II. p. 70, 197, 270, 308
  • Magdalus, A place where Pharaoh Necho obtained a Vi∣ctory over the Syrians, saith Herodotus, which seems to be the same with what is related, 2 Kings 23. 33. con∣cerning his Battel with Josiah in Megiddo. v. II. p. 303
  • Makeloth, The two and twentieth Mansion of the Is∣raelites in the Wildernesr. v. I. p. 35.
  • Manasseh Tribe, was half on this, half on the other side Jordan. That on this side, extended it self in length East and West from Jordan, to Dor on the Mediterranean Sea; in Latitude from Ephraim to Bethshan. v. II. p. 493 Manasseh beyond Jordan, was the most Northern of those that were there situated. v. I. p. 37.
  • Marah, The fifth Mansion of the Israelites in the Wil∣derness, where they murmured for want of Water. v. I. p. 27
  • Marissa. A Town in Idumea the Less. Josephus. v. II. p. 4
  • Massada, in Hebrew Matsada, which implies Fortifica∣tion, taken from 1 Sam. 23. 14. and 24. A Castle built on a Rock, in the Wilderness of Judah or Engaddi,Page  [unnumbered] near the Dead Sea, but not on the utmost North-coast (as the Maps) for it was the South Bound of Judea. Here David composed that Psalm, 1 Sam. 24. 1. and he calls the place, The Rocks of the wild Goats. Vol. II. Pag. 295
  • Mearah, [beside the Zidonians, Josh. 13. 4.] There were Waters allowed by the Jews [probably of the same kind with those of Tiberias.] v. II. p. 69
  • Medeba, A City of Moab. [Numb. 21. 30. in the Tribe of Reuben.] v. II. p. 316
  • Messiddo Valley, where Josiah was slain, 2 Chron. 35. 22. This is alluded to Zech. 12. 10. [It was in Manasseh, Josh. 17. 11. in the Borders of Zabuton near the River Kishon, Judg. 5. 19.] v. I. p. 116
    • Vid. Magdalus.
  • Melita, now called Malta an Island in the Sicilian Sea, and in the middle betwixt that and the Shore of Africa, being 88 miles from Pachinus in Sicily on the East, and 84 from Camerina in the South, and 113 from Lylibae-um, looking toward Africa. Ptol. placeth it, Long. 38. 45. Lat. 34. 40. Here St. Paul was Shipwreck'd. v. I. p. 322 v. II. p. 704
  • Mero, A Town in the Upper Galilee. Joseph. v. II. p. 57
  • Meroe, Is the chief City of the African Ethiopia, and seated in an Island of the same name, and which is made by the River Nile Westward, and the River Astabora Eastward. From whence perhaps the Eunuch came, Acts 8. 27. which may call to mind, Zeph. 3. 10. v. II. p. 679
  • Merom-waters. Vid. Samachonitis.
  • Meroz, A Town in Galilee that lay very near the place where the Battle was fought betwixt Israel and Sisera. v. II. p. 49
  • Mesopotamia, or Aram Naharaim. Geographers distin∣guish betwixt Mesopotamia and Babylon or Chaldaea. So Ptolomy, Mesopotamia lyeth South of the Country of Baby∣lon. And yet Babylon may be said in some measure to be in Mesopotamia, because it lay between Tigris and Eu∣phrates, but especially in Scripture-Language, for it was beyond the River. Chaldeans are therefore said to be of Mesopotamia; and Strabo saith, that Mesopotamia, with the Country of Babylon, is contained in the great com∣pass from Euphrates to Tigris. The Mesopotamian or Chal∣daee Language was spoken in Assyria, Chaldaea, Mesopo∣potamia, Syria, Coelo-Syria, &c. v. I. p. 46. 752. v. II. p. 665
  • Metheg Ammah, or the bridle of Ammah, 2 Sam. 8. 1. because there was a continual Garrison of the Philistines in the Hill Ammah, 2 Sam. 2. 25. which the Philistines of Gath used as a bridle to curb those parts. v. I. p. 63
  • Michmash, [was Eastward from Bethaven, 1 Sam. 13. 5. and seemed to be upon the Confines of Ephraim and Benjamin] Isa. 10. 28. v. I. p. 104
  • Middin, A Town in the Wilderness of Juda, Josh. 15. 61. The Greek puts Aenon for Middin; Aenon being in signi∣fication, A place of Springs; and Middin, A place of those that draw waters. So in the Hebrew we find Mid∣din, Judg. 5. 10. which if rendred, Ye that dwell by Middin, Kimchi will warrant it, who in his Notes upon the place, saith, Middin is a City mentioned in Joshua, and it follows, vers. 11. among the places of drawing waters, as explaining the other. v. II. p. 499
  • Midian was twofold; the one South of Canaan toward the Red Sea, and near to Amalek whither Moses fled, and where Jethro lived, Exod. 2. 11. the other was East∣ward betwixt Moab and Syria. v. I. p. 33. 37
  • Migdal Edar, or the Tower of the Flock; there was one of that name, Gen. 35. 21. about a mile from Bethlehem, and whereabout, it hath been held, that the Shepherds were, unto whom the Angels appeared at the Birth of our Saviour, Luke 2. 8. There was also another place of that name, spoken of in the Rabbins, situated on the South side of Jerusalem, and so near the City, that there was no Town round about within that space, or betwixt that and the City. v. I. p. 423. v. II. p. 305.
  • Migdal zabaaia (or the Town of Dyers) that was de∣stroyed for Fornication, say the Jews. v. II. p. 51
  • Migron, A Town in Benjamin, Isai. 10. 28. v. I. p. 104
  • Miletum, Acts 20. 17. A Port Town to Ephesus, and near to it. v. I. p. 317, 325
  • Mithcah, The five and twentieth Mansion of the Israel∣ites in the Wilderness. v. I. p. 35
  • Mizaar, or Missaar, Psal. 42. 6. seems to be the Hilly part of Zoar, whither Lot would have fled, Gen. 19. 20. O let me escape to this City, is it not Mizaar, or, a little one? So that the Hill Misaar, may be the same as if it had been said, the hilly part of the little Hill Zoar. The reasons of which are two. 1. As Hermon was near the Springs of Jordan, so the hilly part of Zoar lay hard by the ex∣treme parts of Jordan in the Dead Sea; and the Psal∣mist seems to measure out Jordan from one end to the other. 2. As David betook himself towards Hermon in his flight from Absalom, so when flying from Saul, he betook himself to Zoar in the Land of Moab, 1 Sam. 22. 3. and so bewails his condition, as banished to the utmost Countries North and South that Jordan washed. v. II. p. 501, 502
  • Mizgah, A place near Tiberias of an unwholsom Air. v. II. p. 310
  • Mizpeh, [There were several places of this name in Scri∣pture. 1. One in Gad, called Ramath-Mizpeh, Josh. 13. 26. 2. In the North part of Manasseh beyond Jordan, near Hermon, Josh 11. 3, 8. 3. In Moab, 1 Sam. 22. 3. 4. Not far from Jerusalem, in the confines, its likely, of Judah and Benjamin, Josh. 15. 38. and 18. 26.] Here the Sanhedrim sat in the time of Samuel, and Saul was proclaimed King, 1 Sam. 10. 17. v. I. p. 55
  • Moab, called Arabia of the Nomades, situated on the East of the Dead Sea. v. II. p. 501.
  • Modin, 1 Macab. 2. 1. the Sepulchre of the Macabees, fifteen miles from Jerusalem. v. II. p. 319
  • Moseroth, the seven and twentieth Mansion of the Is∣raelites in the Wilderness, and the same place or Coun∣try with Hor, Gudgodah, and Horagidgad. v. I. p. 35, 39
  • Mountains, The Black Mountains run from the Bay which is near Pharan to Judea. Ptolomy. v. II. p. 501
  • Mountain of Iron, in the South in the Desert of Sin; another of that name was also in Peraea. v. II. p. 43, 88
  • Mountain, where Christ was tempted, was probably be∣yond Jordan Eastward, because his first appearing after∣ward was at Bethabara on that side, Joh. 1. 28. But whe∣ther Pisgah, Nebo, Horeb, or what else, is uncertain▪ v. I. p. 507.
  • Mount of Transfiguration, not Tabor, but some Mountain near Caesarea Philippi, perhaps that, which Josephus saith, was the highest, and hung over the very Fountains of Jordan. It being improbable Christ should go from Cae∣sarea Philippi, where he was immediately before his Trans∣figuration, through the length of almost whole Galilee, and from thence back again by a Course to Capernaum, where he immediately afterward was. v. II. p. 346.
    N.
  • NAbathaeans inhabited in and about the Town Petra in Arabia, Plin. With whom David had War, saith Jos. Vol. II. Pag. 321, 365.
  • Nain, Luke 7. 11. so called, from the pleasantness of its situation, and probably as its of the like signification, so was the same with Engannim. It was in the extreme Borders of Issachar toward Samaria, opposite to Genta, the extreme of Samaria toward Issachar (if not the same with it) and in the way from Galilee to Jerusalem. It is two Leagues from Nazareth, and not much above one from Tabor, saith Borchard. v. II. p. 369, 370
  • Naveh, A Town three miles from Chalamish, the former Page  [unnumbered] inhabited by the Jews, and the latter by the Gentiles of Moab and Ammon, its uncertain where they were. Vol. II. Pag. 515
  • Nazareth, See 2 Kings 17. 9. the Tower of Nozarim, which, if Chorography would suffer, might be under∣stood of this City, which was built like a Watch-Tower on the top of a steep Hill, Luke 4. 29. Nazaret, in the Arabick Tongue, signifieth help; in the Hebrew, a Branch, by which name our Saviour is called, Isa. 11. 1. It is in the lower Galilee, two leagues West from Tabor, in the Bounds of Issachar and Zebulun; but within Zebu∣lun, and sixteen miles from Capernaum. v. I. p. 411 v. II. p. 495, 496
  • Nazarens, A Tetrarchy in Caelo-Syria, near to Hierapo∣lis. v. II. p. 496
  • Neapolis. Vid. Sichem.
  • Neardaa, A Residence and University of the Jews in the Country of Babylonia. v. I. p. 874
  • Nebo, A Hill in the Plains of Moab, from whence Moses had a prospect of Canaan, Deut. 34. v. II. p. 296
  • Nephthali, was in the upper Galilee: Its length was Northward from Lebanon and the Springs of Jordan; and Southward, to the South part of the Lake Genesa∣reth, which was about forty miles. Its breadth was East and West, having Asher and the Coasts of Tyre be∣twixt it and the Great Sea. It abounded in Venison, and there was the Gospel first Preached. v. I. p. 21 v. II. p. 59, 66
  • Neptoah, Vid Etam.
  • Netophah, Jer. 40. 8. [in the Tribe of Judah, 1 Chron. 2. 54. and 9. 16.] v. I. p. 130
  • Nibshan, A City in the Wilderness of Judah, Josh. 15. 62. v. II. p. 499
  • Nicopolis, A City in Macedonia, Titus 3. 12. that bore the name and badge of the Victory that Augustus obtain∣ed against Antony. v. I. p. 309, 310
    • Vid. Emaus.
  • Nilus, The great Delty of the Egyptians, and the chief River of Egypt, but not the same with what the Scri∣pture calls, The River of Egypt. v. I: p. 26. v. II. p. 9
    • Vid. Sihor.
  • Nineveh, The chief City of Assyria, prophesied against by Nahum and Jonah some thirty or forty years before it fell, and was swallowed up by Babylon. vol. I. p. 110, 114
  • Nisibis. There was a noted Consistory of the Jews. v. II. p. 85
  • Noaran, A place three miles from Jericho. v. II. p. 515
  • Nov, Isai. 10. 32. was a City in Benjamin belonging to the Priests, so near Jerusalem, that it might thence be seen. Here the Tabernacle was, before it was translated to Gibeon, in both which it rested seven and fifty years, saith Maimon. v. I. p. 56. v. II. p. 42.
  • Nomades, were Arabians that lived in Moab. v. II. p. 501
    O.
  • OBoth, The seven and thirtieth Mansion of the Is∣raelites in the Wilderness. Vol. I. Pag. 36
  • Og Wilderness, was in Batanea, or Bashan the Desert, where our Saviour fed 5000 with five Barly Loaves, &c. Josh. 6. 9. v. II. p. 552
  • Olivet Mount, faced Jerusalem [viz. the part of the City so called] the Temple and Sion on the East, winding North, and was so called from the abundance of Olives that were upon it, or rather a part of it. That part which was nearest Jerusalem, being called Bethphage, from the Figs thag grew there, the next to that Olivet from the Olives, and the farthest part Bethany, from the Palms or Dates. The Foot of it was five Furlongs from Jerusalem, saith Josephus, The top of it, Acts 1. 12. called a Sabbaths days Journy, which was about eight Furlongs, or a Mile; and was the place (according to the later sense of our Author) where the Tracts of Bethphage and Bethany met. Here our Saviour ascended▪ and where he got upon the Ass when he rode into Jeru∣salem: Perhaps it's the same with 2 Sam. 15. 32. where David taking his leave of the Ark and Sanctuary, look∣ed back and Worshipped, which place is called by the Greek Interpreters, Ros.

    On this Mount was the Red Heifer burnt, Num. 19. 2. directly before the East-gate of the Temple, and from this to that was a Bridge made: And upon it were two great Cedars, under which, in Shops, were all things sold for Purification: On the top of the Mount were the Signal Fires, to give notice of the New Moon, and which by several places was signified to the Captivity. On the right hand (as you stood in the East-gate of the Tem∣ple) was the Mount of Corruption, in the face of the Temple.

    At the Foot of it, toward the North, was Gethse∣mane, the place of Oyl-presses. v. I. p. 65, 262, 349, 740. Temple cap. 3. v. II. p. 37, 39, 40, 304, 305, 485, 486, 636, 637

  • Ono, was three miles from Lydda (and not as the Maps, near Jordan, not far from Jericho) It had a Plain near it of the same name, Neh. 6. 2. &c. which was either the same with Saron, or a part of it. Betwixt this and Lydda, or near to them, was the Valley of Craftsmen, Nehem. 11. 35. v. II. p. 18, 325
  • Ophir, A place in the East part of the World, and for which they set out from Ezion Gebar, a Port Town on the Red Sea, 1 King. 9. 26, 28. v. I. p. 74
  • Opotos, A City that is watered by the River Chrysorrhoas, and which Pliny reckons amongst the Decapolitan. v. I. p. 644. v. II. p. 314.
  • Orbo, Ezek. 27. 27. A City in the Borders of Bethshan, whereabout Elijah was when sed by the Ravens. v. II. p. 318
  • Ornithon, or, The City of Birds, A little City betwixt Sarepta and Sidon. v. II. p. 10
  • Oronas, A City in Moab, Joseph. v. II. p. 316
  • Orontes, formerly called Typhon, a River springing be∣tween Libanus and Anti-Libanus, near Heliopolis (and so it should be raised higher in the Map.) It seems to derive its name from Hauran. v. II. p. 365
    • Vid. Hauran.
    • There was another Orontes near Seleucia Pieriae.
    • Vid. Seleucia.
  • Ostracine, Was from Rhinocorura 24 miles, from Cassium 26 miles. Antoninus v. II. p. 322
    P.
  • PAlaeo Biblus, A City in the Mldland Phaenicia. v. II. p. 312
  • Palae-Cyrus, or old Tyrus, is thirty Furlongs, or three Miles three quarters beyond Tyre. It was destroyed by Nebucbadnezzar. v. I. p. 127. v. II. p. 10
  • Palestine, was in length from the Confines of Arabia South, to Phaenicia North, (which began at Ptolemais) 139 miles, saith Pliny. Arabick was there the Mother Tongue. Vol. II. p. 10, 59, 687
  • Palmyra. Vid. Tadmor.
  • Paltathah, A place not far from Tiberias. v. II. p. 71
  • Paneas, or Panium, and by the Rabbins Pameas, is the place whence arose the Springs of Jordan; which Jo∣sephus thus describes: Near Panjum is a most delightsom Cave in a Mountain, &c. and under the Cave rise the Springs of the River Jordan. Sometimes the Fountain it self is called by that name; and sometimes Caesarea Philippi is called also Paneas. To this perhaps, Acts 7. 43. may have a respect, and Remphan may be no other than the Calf of Phan or Panias, which is the same with Page  [unnumbered]Dan. Vol. II. Pag. 63, 673.
    • Vid. Caesarea Philippi.
  • Papath, A place three miles from Sipporis. v. II. p. 74
  • Paphos, Acts 13. 6, 13. Was a City in the South-west Angle of the Island Cyprus, there was the old City and new, and both Maritim places. Here was a Temple of Venus. v. I. p. 289, 290. v. II. p. 688
  • Paran, Numb. 10. 12. and 12. 16. was the general name of the terrible Wilderness that lay on the South Point of the Land of Canaan. It was from Libanus 100 miles. v. I. p. 34. v. II. p. 8
  • Pareccho, A Fortified Town in the Nether Galilee. v. II. p. 57
  • Patmos, An Island in the Iarean Sea of about thirty miles compass, where St. John had his Visions. Vol. I. Pag. 341
  • Pella, A City of Moab, the furthest Northern Coast of Peraea, and the South Coast of Trachonitis. It was a Decapolitan City, and rich in Waters. It is commonly said the Christians fled thither, and by that means were not involved in the destruction of Jerusalem, but how that could be, when it was (as Josephus saith) one of the Cities destroyed by the Jews, in revenge of the slaugh∣ter of 20000 of their Nation in Caesarea, must be left to the Learned. If they fled thither, its probable it might be for sustenance, the destruction of Jerusalem being (say the Jews) in the seventh year, which was the year of Release, when on this side Jordan they neither ploughed nor sowed, though they did on the other. v. I. p. 337. v. II. p. 81, 314, 316
  • Pelusium, signifies muddy, from 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉mud; and so is the same with Sin and Tin, which among the Chal∣dees is mud. So the vulgar Translates Sin, Pelusium, Ezek. 15. 16. The Targums make it the same with Ra∣amser, Exod. 1. 11. This by the Talmudists is called Cap∣padocia, and by the Arabians Damiata. In the Samaritan Naphik, from Anpack wrote over the Gate. It was the bound of Egypt toward Arabia; and was from Mount Cassius forty miles, from Joppa One hundred thirty six. v. II. p. 11. 290, 291, 322, 505, 620
  • Pemelissus, A City in Pisidia. v. II. p. 668
  • Pentascinum, half way between Pelusium and Cassium, and from each twenty miles. v. II. p. 322
  • Peraea, signifies that part which is over a River, and is largely taken for the whole Country beyond Jordan, in∣habited by the two Tribes and half; and so it went sometimes under the name of Galilee, and might be so called from Geliloth of Jordan, Josh. 22. 11. sometimes the Southern part of that only was so called, which con∣tained the Kingdom of Sihon or Reuben, and part of God. And then the length of it was from Machaerus South, to Pella North, and the breadth from Philadel∣phia to Jordan. It was inhabited of old by the Zuzims. v. I. p. 623. v. II. p. 81, 316, 361, 362, 363
  • Perga, Acts 13. 13. A City in Pamphilia, and was situ∣ated betwixt the Rivers Cestrus and Cataractus, being sixty furlongs distant from the former. There was a Temple of Diana. v. I. p. 290. v. II. p. 688
  • Perizzites, so called from Perez, a person of Note in the Family of Canaan, from whom they descended, (though not named amongst them, Gen. 10.) And was one of the seven Nations of Canaan that were to be cut off. v. II. p. 202, 329
  • Persia, Is otherwise called Elam, Isa. 22. 6. v. I. p. 108
  • Petra, or the Rock, a City of the Nabataeans, and Me∣tropolis of Moab, little less than two miles in compass, situated in a Valley, and encompassed with unaccessible Mountains, a River running between, 38 miles from the Dead Sea, from Gaza (not 600, as in Pliny) 110 miles, from the Persian Bay 122 miles. Its Long. 66. 45. Pol. v. II. p. 298, 321
  • Pharphar, 2 Kings 5. 12. A River near Damascus, which the Jews call Pigab, and is said to be one of the seven Rivers that compass the Land. v. II. p. 5
  • Phenicia, or Phoenicia, may be divided into three parts, the Maritim Phoenicia, the South Border of which was Ptolemais; the Midland Phoenicia, which had Cities, Ar∣ca, Paleo-biblus, Gabala, Caesarea of Paneas; Syrophoenicia, which extended as far as Antioch. v. II. p. 11, 312
  • Phenician Sea, reached as far as Joppa. v. II. p. 11
  • Pheno, a Town in Palestine. v. II. p. 88
  • Philadelphia. There were several Cities of that name. 1. The Metropolis of Ammon [formerly called Rabbah] was in the South of Peraea, in a fruitful Country, and reckon'd by Pliny a Decapolitan City. 2. Philadel∣phia, one of the seven Churches of Asia, Rev. 1. & 3. [and so was it likely that of Lydia (as being of greater note) rather than Cilicia, Vid. Bonfrer.] v. II. p. 81, 314
  • Philippi, Acts 16. 12. A City in Macedonia, where was a Roman Colony. v. I. p. 294
  • Philistims, [inhabited the Sea-coast, and gave the name of Palestine to the Country.] They were long Enemies to Israel. v. I. p. 44, 52, &c.
    • Vid. Palestine.
  • Phrygia, [A Province in the Lesser Asia] part of which was called Pacatiana (in which was Laodicea) and ano∣ther part Salutaris. v. I. p. 307. v. II. p. 294
  • Pimon, The six and thirtieth Mansion of the Israelites in the Wilderness. v. I. p. 36
  • Pirathon, A Town in Ephraim, where Abdon lived, Judg. 12. 13. v. I. p. 52.
  • Pisidia, A Province in the Lesser Asia; it had thirteen Cities in it, amongst which was Antioch. v. II. p. 688
  • Pissan, A Valley in or near Issachar. v. II. p. 370
  • Pithom. Vid. Tanis.
  • Plain, The Great Plain, 1 Machab. 5. 52. was on both sides Jordan, and was on the West side in breadth from Bethshan to Ephraim; and in length from Bethshan to the Dead Sea: on the West side from Julias to Somorrha, the Bound of Arabia Petraea. It was 150 miles in length, and fifteen in breadth. It was the same with the Great Plain of Esdrelon, Judith. 1. 8. and the Great Valley of Jezreel, 1 Kings 4. 12. v. II. p. 43, 65, 298, 493
  • The Lower Galilee, is sometimes called the Great Plain.
    • Vid. Galilee.
  • Pombeditha, A famous School of the Jews in the Coun∣try of Babylon. v. II. p. 85, 799
  • Ptolemais, or Acon, and by the Talmudists, Caphar Aco, is a Sea Town of Galilee; and divided the Upper Ga∣lilee from the Lower, and the Land of Israel from Ph∣nicia. Its seated in a Plain, compassed with Mountains, having on the East the Mountainous part of Galilee, on the North the Scale Tyriorum, from which it was an hundred Furlongs; on the South Carmel, from whence it is 120 Furlongs. v. II. p. 56, 60.
  • Puteoli, A famous Mart-Town in Italy, and a Haven for Ships. v. II. p. 706
    R.
  • RAbbah. Vid. Philadelphia
  • Rachels Sepulchre, South of Bethel and Migdal-Eder, and between Bethlehem and Ramah. Vol. I. Pag. 443. Vol. II. Pag. 306
  • Ragab, A place beyond Jordan, famous for Oyl. v. II. p. 50
  • Ramah. There were many Towns called by this name, because they were seated in some High Place; but the more eminent were. 1. Ramah or Aramathea, called Ramathaim-Zophim, or Ramah of the Zophites, 1 Sam. 1. 1. (so called from the Country of Zuph, in which it was, 1 Sam. 9. 5.) in the Hill-Country of Ephraim, the Birth-place of Samuel. 2. Ramah [if not the same] a Frontier Town upon the very skirt of Ephraim, to∣wards Page  [unnumbered]Benjamin. 3. Ramah in Benjamin, Josh. 18. 25. near to Gibeah of Saul, 1 Sam. 22. 6. where Saul was anointed. It was not far from Bethlehem, though they were in different Tribes, Matth. 2. 18. Hither Nebuza∣radan brought the Captives, Jerem. 40. 1. It was with∣in sight of Jerusalem, being about thirty Furlongs from it; and was called also Zophim, but for another reason, perhaps from the Zophim near Jerusalem. Vol. I. Pag. 53, 55, 80, 119, 443. Vol. II. Pag. 41, 80
  • Ramoth Gilead, A City of Refuge in the Tribe of Gad, and so in the Country of Gilead, Deut. 4. 43. Josh. 20. 8. v. I. p. 83
  • Raphana, A City toward Arabia, and by Pliny account∣ed a Decapolitan. v. I. p. 645. v. II. p. 314.
  • Rekam. Vid. Cadesh.
  • Rephaims, A People under Lebanon, Gen. 14. 5. and 15. 20. called by the Samaritan, Aseans; and by the 70 Interpreters, Titans, 2 Sam. 5. 18. v. I. p. 12. v. II. p. 330
  • Rephaim Valley, 2 Sam. 5. 18. not far from Jerusalem. v. I. p. 61
  • Reuben Tribe, West of Jordan [North of Gad, and inclosed between the Rivers Arnon and Jordan.] v. I. p. 37
  • Rhegium, Acts 28. 13. A Port Town in Italy, opposite to Sicily. v. I. p. 322
  • Rhinocorura, Vid. Sihor.
  • Riblah, in the Land of Hamath, Jer. 39. 5. where Ne∣buchadnezzar passed judgment upon Zedekiah. It was the North-East Border of the Land, Num. 34. 11. The Targumists render it Daphne. v. I. p. 128. v. II. p. 62
    • Vid. Daphne.
  • Rimmon Rock, Whither the 600 Benjamites fled, Judg. 20. 47. called Hadad Rimmon, Zech. 12. 11. or the sad shout of Rimmon. v. I. p. 46
  • Rimmon-parez, the sixteenth Mansion of the Israelites in the Wilderness. v. I. p. 35
  • Rimmon Ualley, There was a Marble Rock there, in∣to which every one of the seven Elders that intercalated the Year there, fastned a Nail, therefore its called, The Valley of Nails, say the Jews. v. II. p. 52
  • Rissah, the eighteenth Mansion of the Israelites in the Wilderness. v. I. p. 35
  • Rithmah. Vid. Cadesh.
  • Rome, is called Chittim in the Old Testament. It was built by Romulus, in the Year of the World 3175. in the fifteenth Year of Amaziah King of Judah, that is, 785 Years before our Saviours death. It was the Head of the fifth Empire, and extended its Dominion from Par∣thia to Britain. v. I. p. 348, 424, 425, 676, &c.
    S.
  • SAbbatic River, saith Pliny, is in Judea; but Josephus saith, It's in the way to Antioch, between the Cities Area and Raphana. Josephus saith, It flows on the Sab∣bath days. Pliny and the Talmudists say, Its dry upon those days. The contrary relations of Historians bring the truth of the Story into suspicion. v. II. p. 313
  • Sabeans, East of Canaan. Vol. I. p. 437
  • Saccea, A Country East of Batanea. v. II. p. 364
  • Sagalassus, A City in Pisidia. v. II. p. 688
  • Salamis, A Fortified Town in the Nether Galilee. v. II. p. 57. There was also a City in the Island of Cyprus of that name, Acts 13. 5. It was a Port Town. v. I. p. 289
  • Salim, John 3. 23. not near Sichem, as the Maps place it, but a Town in Galilee, and its likely in Issachar, for so the Greek Interpreter reads it, Josh. 19. 22. v. I. p. 582. v. II. p. 498.
  • Salmaa, or Sulma, a Town in Arabia Deserta, Long. 78 20. Lat. 28. 30. near to Euphrates; and from which its likely the Samaritan calls Euphrates by that name. Vol. II. p. 505.
  • Salt, City of Salt in the Wilderness of Judah, Joshua 15. 62. v. II. p. 499
  • Samachonitis Lake, called also the Sibbechaean Lake, from 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉a Bush, because in the Summer it was much dried, and grown over with Thorns and Bushes. It was otherwise called the Waters of Merom, Iosh. 11. 5. and is said by the Jews to be one of the seven Seas that com∣passed the Land. It was thirty Furlongs broad, and sixty long, and its Marshes reached up to the Country Daphne. v. II. p. 5. 64.
  • Samaria was a City, under the first Temple, built up∣on an Hill, and was in later times called Sebaste, in ho∣nor of Augustus, or from the Temple built in honor of him. Under the second Temple, it gave name to a Region that was in the middle betwixt Judea and Ga∣lilee, beginning from Gina lying in the great Plain, and ending at the Toparchy of the Acrabateni. It contained the two Tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. Vol. I. Pag. 597, 598, v. II. p. 52, 53, 58, 676
  • Sandalium, two of that name; the Sandalium of Lydda, being near to that City; and the Emkean, so called from Caphar Imki. v. II. p. 326
  • Saphetta, An University of the Jews. v. II. p. 536
  • Sarepta, or Zarephath, 1 King. 17. Obad. 20. was in Asher, belonging to Sidon, and betwixt that and Tyre; being from the former two Leagues, and from the later five. It was called Zaerephath, as a Constatory for boyling Metals, especially Glass. v. I. p. 96. v. II. p. 368, 369
  • Saron, Heb. Sharon, Acts 9. 35. the same with Ono in V. T. Nehem. 6. 2. &c. was a spacious and fertile Vale or Champaign, betwixt Lydda and the Sea, having se∣veral Villages in it, and was famous for Wine. It was so called from 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉to let loose, because of the Cattle turn∣ed out there. v. I. p. 284, 841. v. II. p. 18, 582
    • There was another Sharon beyond Jordan, inhabited about by Gileadites, by which it seems that it was a com∣mon name for all Plains and Champaigns whatsoever. v. I. p. 841
  • Saracens, so called from Saracon the East. v. II. p. 329
  • Scalae Tyriorum, or, the Ladder of the Tyrians, a ve∣ry high Mountain, North of Ptolemais 100 Furlongs. v. II. p. 60, 61, 328.
  • Sea, The Great Sea, Numb. 34. 4. or the Mediterranean. v. 2. p. 3
  • Sebaste. Vid. Samaria.
  • Secacah, A City in the Wilderness of Judah, Josh. 15. 61. v. II. p. 499.
  • Seir Mount, called Gablah [or Gebalah] by the Samari∣tans, betwixt Horeb and Cadesh, Deut. 1. 2. v. I. p. 35, 38▪ 326
    • It took its name from Seir, a Branch of the Canaa∣nites. v. II. p. 329, 505
  • Selame, A Town in Galilee near Tabor, probably the same with Salim, mentioned by the Seventy, Josh. 19. 22. v. II. p. 498
  • Seleucia Pieriae, Acts 13. 4. A Port Town, and the first City of Syria toward Cilicia, Long. 68. 36. Lat. 35. 26. not far from thence the River Orontes pours it self into the Sea. v. I. p. 289, 875. v. II. p. 686
  • Selge, A City in Pisidia. v. II. p. 688
  • Seneh, A Rock near Gibeah in Benjamin, 1 Sam. 14. 4 v. II. p. 41
    • Vid. Gibeah.
  • Seph, A Fortified Town in the Upper Galilee. Josephus v. II. p. 57
  • Sepharad, Obad. 20. neither, as the Targum, Spain; nor as St. Hieron. Bosphorus; but rather Edom, South, in op∣position to Sarepta, North. v. II. p. 368.
  • Shamir, In the Hill-Country of Ephraim, Judg. 10. 1. may well be supposed to be Samaria. v. I. p. 49
  • Sapher Mount, the twentieth Mansion of the Israelites. v. I. p. 35
  • Sheba, Luke 11. 31. A Country of the Arabians (as some think) toward the South; and some of the Ara∣bians Countries have been called Aliemim, or Southern.Page  [unnumbered]
    • Vid. Saba.
  • Shechem, or Sichem, signifieth both a portion of ground, and the place where it lay, called Joh. 4. 5. Sychar, (either by way of reproach, as it signifies Drunkards, Isai. 28. 1. or as it signifies a Sepulchre, &c.) and Ni∣copolis. It was the Metropolis of Samaria. Here the twelve Patriarchs bones were laid. It was in the Tribe of Ephraim, in a Valley between the Mounts Gerizim and Ebal, being distant eight miles from Samaria, and twenty seven from Engannim. v. I. p. 18, 42, 593, 597, 598, 781. v. II. p. 52, 505, 506
  • Shezor, A Town near Zephath in the Upper Galilee. v. II. p. 77
  • Shiloh, so called, because of the peaceableness of the Land when the Tabernacle was set up there. It was otherwise called Ephratah, Psal. 132. 6. and was in E∣phraim North of Bethel, and a little on one side from the way 'twixt Bethel and Sichem. It was destroyed in the time of Hophni and Phineas. Vol. I. Pag. 41, 53, 54, 128. Vol. II. Pag. 43
  • Shunem, A Town in the Tribe of Issachar, Josh. 19. 18. where the Woman lived whose Son Elisha raised to life. v. II. p. 411
  • Shur. Vid. Etham, and Hazerim.
  • Shushan, The Royal City of Persia. v. I. p. 135
  • Sicily, An Island in the Mediterranean Sea, near Italy, the chiefest City of which was Syracuse. v. I. p. 322
  • Sicni Valley. In a place of that name was an Universi∣ty of the Jews. v. II. p. 51, 85
  • Sidon, on the shore of the Great Sea, from Tyre five and twenty miles, from Sarepta two Leagues. It was fa∣mous for Glass, and notorious for the Idol Baal. v. I. p. 82. v. II. p. 11, 369
  • Sigo, A Fortified Town in the Nether Galilee. Josephus. v. II. p. 57
  • Sihor, or Sichor, it signifies Black. It was otherwise cal∣led Rhinocorura, by the Seventy Interpreters, or the Ri∣ver of Egypt, Josh. 13. 3, &c. and was the South bound between Judea and Egypt. It was from Gaza four and forty miles, from Ascalon fifty four miles, from Ostra∣cene twenty four miles, and not far from Sirbon. v. II. p. 4, 9, 291, 298, 322
  • Simeon Tribe, was all in Idumea the Less. See the pro∣portion between that and Judah, Josh. 21. 16. v. II. p. 51. 292.
  • Simeon Mount, very fruitful, perhaps the same with the Land of Simeon. v. II. p. 51.
  • Simonia, A Village in the Confines of Galilee. v. II. p. 51.
  • Sin▪ Vid. Pelusium.
  • Sinai Mount in the Wilderness, where the Law was given. v. I. p. 27, &c.
  • Sinnabris, A Town thirty Furlongs from Tiberias. There was also a Tower of the same name, built at one end of a Bridge near the Lake Gennesareth, and opposite to Beth-Jerach. v. II. p. 65.
  • Sipporis. Vid. Zipporis.
  • Sirbo Lake, or the Sandy Sea, the word signifies heat or burning, is like the Lake of Sodom, bituminous; and perhaps for the same reason. Its one of the seven Seas that compassed the Land of Israel, say the Jews. It was sixty five miles from Pelusium, and eight and twenty miles from Casium. v. II. p. 4, 5, 9, 290, 291
  • Socoh, Josh. 15. 35. in the Vale of Judah. Thence was Antigonus sometime President of the Sanbedrim. v. II. p. 51.
  • Sodom City, stood not in the North (as its usually pla∣ced in the Maps) but the South part of the Lake, for in Scripture its set opposite to Gaza, Gen. 10. 19. and was the East bound of the Land, as Gaza was the West. v. II. p. 6. 296
  • Sodom Sea, not so properly the Salt as the bituminous Sea; and Asphaltites, was the West bound of Judea, and from Jerusalem (not directly South, but bending toward the East) eight and thirty miles. It was in length, saith Josephus, sixty two miles, in breadth eigh∣teen, Pliny saith, it was in length more than One hun∣dred miles, in its greatest breadth five and twenty, in its least six. Its likely Jesephus did not comprehend within his measure the Tongue of the Sea, Josh. 15. 2. and describes the breadth as it generally was. Vol. II. Pag. 6.
  • Somorrha, The South bound of the Rock of Arabia. v. II. p. 43
  • Succoth, So called from the booths Jacob built there, Gen. 33. 17. was in the Vale of Peraea, opposite to Zar∣tanah, and perhaps might give the name of Scythopolis to Bethshan, which was near to Zartanah. There was the Valley of Succoth, Psal. 60. 10. in Moab or Peraea. v. I. p. 18, 63. v. II. p. 81. 493
    • Vid. Bethshan.
  • Susitha, anciently called Mazi. v. II. p. 84
    • Vid. Hippo.
  • Sycaminum, probably the Shikmonah in the Talmudists, a Town on the Sea-coast of Phaenicia, betwixt Doron and Carmel, and perhaps the same with Caphar Hananiah, that divided between Upper and Nether Galilee. v. II. p. 56, 57, 58
  • Syria, anciently called Aram, which was divided into several Kingdoms, as Aram-Naharaim, Aram-Zobah, A∣ram-beth-Rehob, &c. Psal. 60. Title. 2 Sam. 10. 8. And so Syria was of large extent, its breadth being from Selucia Pieriae to Zeugma on Euphrates, Five hundred twenty five miles; and did include in it all the Country of the Jews, both within and without Jordan, Matth. 4. 24. as being within the Jurisdiction of the Roman Governor of Syria, and by the Jews was all of it ac∣counted as Canaan, in respect of its priviledges. It was divided in the Notitia into Syria on Euphrates, and Syria Salutaris. Vol. I. Pag. 63. Harm. Sect. 21. p. 19, 113, 645. v. II. p. 64, 294, 686.
    T.
  • TAbor Mount, called by Josephus, Itaburion, was thirty Furlongs high. It lay as it were, in the midst, be∣twixt the Coasts of Samaria and Upper Galilee. Having on this side Issachar (of which it was the utmost bound North, Josh. 19. 22.) toward Samaria, and on that side Zabulon toward the aforesaid Galilee [and so is misplaced in the Map by mistake.] It was two Leagues East from Nazareth, and about ten miles from Capernaum. The Tabor usually shewn to Travellers, agrees not with that of Josephus. Vol. II. Pag. 57, 369, 370, 495, 496
  • Tabor Plain, 1 Sam. 10. 3. perhaps the Methbara of the Gemarists. v. II. p. 499
  • Tadmor, 1 King. 9. 18. It may be questioned whether it be the same with Tamar or Engeddi. Josephus saith, the Greeks call it Palmyra, and so the vulgar Interpret∣ers read it. v. II. p. 7, 311
  • Tahath, the three and twentieth Mansion of the Israe∣lites in the Wilderness. v. I. p. 35
  • Tamar. Vid. Engeddi.
  • Tanis, said to be the Pithom, Exod. 1. 11. by the Tar∣gum; from hence one Mouth of Nilus is called Taniti∣cum. Its deriv'd from Tin, which among the Chaldees signifies Mud. v. II. p. 290
  • Tarah, the Four and twentieth Mansion of the Israelites in the Wilderness. v. I. p. 35
  • Taricheae, A Town in the Lower Galilee, South-west of the Lake of Genesareth, over-against Gamala, and thirty Furlongs from Tiberias. v. I. p. 359. v. II. p. 57, 67, 68, 71, 83, 308
  • Page  [unnumbered]Tarnegola the Upper, is above Caesarea Philippi, at the neck of Anti-Libanus, and is accounted by the Jews the Bound of the Land. Vol. II. Pag. 312, 517
  • Tarshish, A City that was in the Dominion of Nineveh in the time of Jonah. v. I. p. 97
  • Tarsus, A City in Cilicia, and a Free Town of the Ro∣mans. Here St. Paul was born; and here was an Uni∣versity in which were Scholars no whit inferior to A∣thens. v. I. p. 790. v. II. p. 664
  • Tekoa [in the Tribe of Judah, South of Jerusalem and Bethlehem, being distant from the former twelve miles, from the later six. Bonfrer.] It was the Birth∣place of Amos, and famous for the best Oyl. There was a Wilderness near to it. v. I. p. 95. v. II. p. 50, 295
  • Telithon, A City in Moab. Josephus. v. II. p. 316
  • Tetrarchy, not a fourth part of a Kingdom (for Syria had seventeen, &c.) but rather a Principality that was in the fourth rank of Excellency in the Roman Empire; as Emperors, Proconsuls, Kings, Tetrarchs. Vol. I. Pag. 452
  • Thebais in Egypt, was famous for Myrobalanum. Pliny. v. II. p. 352
  • Thessalonica, A City in Macdonia. v. I. p. 295
  • Tiberias City, in the Lower Galilee, formerly called Rakkath, Josh. 19. 35. but named Tiberias by Herod in honor of Tiberius. The Ground of it was before a Bu∣rying-place, but pleasant, having the Lake of Genesa∣reth as a Wall on one side; and a little from Jordan, be∣ing at the Efflux of that from the Lake, and not in the middle of the Shore of the Lake (as the Maps.) It grew to be the prime City of Galilee, and indeed of all Israel, having thirteen Synagogues, and an Academy. Here was collected the Talmud; and here was the tenth and last Session of the Sanhedrim. It was from Scytho∣polis fifteen miles, from Hippo three, from Gadara six, from Zipporis eight or nine. It was famous for its Me∣dicinal Waters. v. I. p. 368, 369. v. II. p. 56, 57, 67, 68, 69, 72, 308, 515
  • Tigris River where it riseth and runs slower, was called Diglitus, where swifter and lower, Tygris. v. II. p. 800
  • Timnath, or Thamna, one in Judea, and another of Samson in Dan. There was also a third, called Timnath-Serah, Josh. 24. 30. in Mount Ephraim where Joshua was buried. v. II. p. 373
  • Tiphsah, not far from Tirzah, where Menahem exercised great severity, 2 Kings 15. 16. v. I. p. 99
  • Tirathala, A Village near Gerizim, where the Jews met an Impostor amongst the Samaritans (Simon Magus as like as any) that promised to shew them Holy Vessels which Moses with his own hand had hid in Gerizim. v. I. p. 818
  • Tirzah, 1 Kings 14. 17. perhaps the same with Shechem. v. I. p. 78
  • Toshab, A City from whence Elijah was called the Tish∣bite, as say the Targums, which is far fetched: perhaps rather from Toshbi, which denotes no other than a Con∣verter, to which Malach. 4. 5. seems to have alluded. v. II. p. 382, 383
  • Tres Tabernae, Acts 28. 15. in Italy three and thirty miles from Rome, and betwixt that and Appii Forum. v. I. p. 32
  • Trachonitis, was a Province and Tetrarchy, or rather part of a Tetrarchy in Syria, anciently called Argob or Regab, being North of Peraea and East of Batanea. And was so called, saith Tyrius, from Dragons, or secret lurk∣ing-places (which were so called) which this Country did abound in, the Inhabitants living upon Robbery: or it might be so called from Tracbones, which, saith Strabo, were two Mountains beyond Damascus, and might be so called from the Hebrew word 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 which signifies weariness, in regard of the difficulty of passing them. v. I. p. 453. v. II. p. 81, 316, 361, 364, 366
  • Troas, Acts 20. 6. in Lesser Asia, and in the way from Ephesus to Macedonia. v. I. p. 316.
  • Troglodytes, were a People that dwelt in Caverns and Holes, and were both of the North of the Land of Israel and the South. Pliny saith, Troglodytis had excellent Myrobalanum. v. II. p. 352, 366
  • Tsok, was the Rock from whence the Goat Azazel was cast; it was near Beth-horon, twelve miles from Jerusa∣lem. v. II. p. 50
  • Tyre, There were divers Towns called by the name of Tsur or Tyre, because built in a Rocky place. As 1. The noble Mart of Phoenicia, which had Bounds with old Tyre, nineteen miles about, and extended its Territories South as far as Ptolemais, and gave name to the Tyro-Sidonia, which reach'd as far as Caesarea-Philippi and Chabul. 2. There was a Tyre which was between A∣rabia and Judaea beyond Jordan; and Josephus joyns Tyrians with Gadarens, &c. 3. There was another in Chabul. v. II. p. 10, 58, 59, 312 322, 369.
    V.
  • VAlley of Salt, near Edom, Psal. 60. Tit. Vol. I. Pag. 63
  • Ur, A City of the Chaldees, Gen. 11. 28. v. I. p. 11.
  • Usha, or Osha, A City over-against Sepharaam, from which it was a double Sabbath-days journey. Here the Sanhedrim sat. v. I. p. 365, 368. v. II. p. 76
  • Uz, The Country of Job, so called from Uz the Son of Nahor, Gen. 22. 21. v. I. p. 23
    Z.
  • ZAbulon Tribe, was North of Issachar. Its Latitude was North and South, and contained about ight miles. Its length was East and West fromward the Sea of Genesareth, not including it, to Carmel and the Great Sea. v. I. p. 21. v. II. p. 58, 66
  • Zalmon, Judg. 9. 48. A Mountain, or some Tract in a Mountain near Sychem. Vol. II. Pag. 310
    • Vid. Dalmanutha.
  • Zalmonah, The Five and thirtieth Mansion of the Israe∣lites in the Wilderness. It signifies the place of the Image, because of the Brazen Serpent. It was called also Ma∣aleh Acrabbim, or the coming up of Scorpions, Josh. 15. 3. v. I. p. 36
  • Zarah, A City of Moab. Josephus. v. II. p. 316
  • Zared Valley [or Brook] between Jie-Abarim and Arnon. v. I. p. 36
  • Zarephath. Vid. Sarepta.
  • Zaretan, or Zartanah in Manasseh in the Plain of Jordan, not far from Bethshan, and twelve miles from Adam, betwixt which the Waters were divided. Vol. II. Pag. 82, 637
  • Zeboim, One of the Cities destroyed with Sodom, South of Lasha and North of Adma, on the North Point of the Lake. v. II. p. 296
    • There was a Mountain also of that name. v. II. p. 51, 226
  • Zedekiah's, or Zodekath's Dens or Caves, not a few miles in measure. v. II. p. 88, 294, 366
  • Zemarites, were Canaanites, and by the Targums are called Chamatsi, and they think them so called because they labored in Wooll. v. II. p. 328
  • Page  [unnumbered]Zephath, A Town in Upper Galilee. Vol. II. Pag. 77
  • Zer, neighbor to Ziddim. Vid. Ziddim.
  • Zeriphin Gardens near Jerusalem. v. II. p. 52.
  • Zeugma, The East-bound of Syria on Euphrates. Vid. Syria.
  • Ziddim, Josh. 19. 35. otherwise called Caphar-Chittaia, a Fortified City not far from Tiberias or Magdala. v. II. p. 71
  • Ziglag, in the South of Judah, 1 Sam. 30. 1. v. I. p. 59
  • Zin Wilderness, Num. 34. 4. so called from the Mountain Zin, or Mountainous Tract, as that was called from the Groves of Palms. It was part of the Wilderness of Paran, and the South bound of the Land: It had in it Metallick Mines. v. I. p. 27. v. II. p. 8, 88, 325
  • Ziph Desert in Judah. v. I. p. 57. v. II. p. 295
  • Zipporis, so called, because situated on an Hill, or Ki∣tron, Judg. 1. 29. the biggest City in Galilee, and for sixteen miles round pleasantly situated. It was from Tiberias twenty miles, from Chippar twelve, and in the middle between Caphar-Uthni and Caphar-Hananiah, which were thirty miles asunder. It was the ninth place where the Sanhedrim sat. v. I. p. 368. v. II. p. 58, 74, 249, 515
  • Zoan, Numb. 13. 22. the best Country of Egypt. v. II. p. 46
  • Zoar, Gen. 19. 20. in Moab, Long. 67. 20. Lat. 30. 30. Four miles from Sodom, on the South end of the Lake, and not on the North (as the Maps) and fifteen miles from Necla. v. II. p. 6, 296, 501, 502
  • Zobah. Vid. Syria.
  • Zuzims, A People anciently in Ammon. v. I. p. 12
    The Description of JERUSALEM.
  • JErusalem, was otherwise called Salem, Gen. 14. 18. Psal. 76. 2. and by Herodotus, Cadytis, probably from Cadisha, The Holy (the Syriack changing 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 into 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉) the common name of it, Isai. 48. 2, &c. and from Aelius Adrianus, Aelia. It was in compass fifty Furlongs, or six Miles and a quarter. The Lati∣tude according to the Jews was 33. but according to Ptolomy, the Longitude is 66. 0. the Lat. 31. 40. It was from the Sea of Sodom eight and thirty miles, from Bethlehem five and thirty Furlongs, from Jericho about nineteen Miles, from Jordan thirty, from Neapolis thirty, and stood in the two Tribes of Judah and Benjamin. Vol. I. Pag. 497. Vol. II. Pag. 6, 20, 21, 48, 302, 303, 320, 322, 372. Polyglot.
  • The girdle or compass of the City, Nehem. 3. v. II. p. 26
    SOUTH.
  • Sheep-gate, Nehem. 3. 1. Josh. 5. 2. so called, because it was a Marker for Sheep; it was a little from the East, the corner looking South. v. II. p. 26, 27, 507
  • Fullers-field, South, near the Wall, not far from the corner Easterly; so called, from Wood framed toge∣ther where Fullers dryed their Cloth, or from a Fullers Monument, of which Josephus writes. v. II. p. 40
  • Bethesda, It signifies, The place of Mercy, just within the Sheep-gate, and the same with Solomons Pool. It had cloystered Walks. Vol. I. Harm. Sect. 24. Vol. II. Pag. 26, 35, 508, 661, 666.
  • Meah, Towers beyond the Sheep-gate, Jer. 31. 38. v. II p. 26
  • Hananeel, Towers beyond the Sheep-gate, Jer. 31. 38. v. II p. 26
  • Fish-gate, Zeph. 1. 10. so called, from a Fish-Market there, rather than because the Fish were carried through it (as many conjecture) It was South. v. II. p. 27
  • The gate of Birds, called the second Gate, Zeph. 1. 10. perhaps it was that which is called the old Gate, Neh. 3. 6. v. II. p. 27
  • Ephraim-gate, was next to the old Gate, Neh. 12. 39. It was South, but a little from the corner West and South, 2 Kings 14. 13. v. II.▪ p. 28.
    WEST.
  • Corner-gate, 2 Kings 14. 13. [400 cubits from that of Ephraim, 2 Chron. 25. 23.] v. II. p. 28
  • Siloam Fountain, the same with Gihon, 1 Kings 1. 33 It was on the back of Acra without the City, not far from the corner that look'd West and South, and ran in a contrary Channel East and West. As it made to the East, it left the Fullers Field upon the right, and saluted the Sheep-gate on the left, and so turning Eastwards, fell into Bethesda. This Pool which it thus emptied it self into, was called by divers names; as the Upper, and Solomon's, as also the old Pool, Isai. 22. 11. and the Pool of Shiloah, or Siloam, which gave name to all the Build∣ings about it, as the Tower of Siloam, &c.

    By another Rivulet, the Waters of Siloam ran west, and coasted along the Broad-wall, the Tower of Furnaces, the Valley-gate and Dung-gate; and after a while at the Basis of Sion, or on the back of some small part of it, fell into the Lower or Kings-pool, called Shelah, Neh. 3. 15. This was without, though very near the wall of the City, and afterward brought within it by Manasseh. v. I. p. 1054. v. II. p. 25, 26, 27, 508, 509

  • Gareb-hill, Jer. 31. 38. as Lyra not amiss the same with Calvary from the South, and more to the West. v. II. p. 26. Polyglot.
  • Broad-wall, Neh. 12. 39. Siloam ran by it. v. I. p. 1054
  • Tower of Furnaces, next to the Broad-wall. ibid.
  • Ualley-gate, Neh. 3. 13. on the West at the Basis of A∣cra, Siloam ran by it. Ibid. & v. II. p. 27
  • Dung or Equiline-gate, Neh. 3. 14. A thousand Cu∣bits from the Valley-gate. v. II. p. 27
  • Fountain-gate, Neh. 3. 15. another distinct from that of Siloam and the Dragon. ibid.
  • Steps that led up to the City of David, West, a little beyond Siloam, and at the foot of Sion. ibid. and p. 507
  • Burying-places of David.
  • A Pool.
  • The House of the Strong, Neh. 3. 16. Not far from whence the Wall turned North.
  • Pompey's Tents, on a Mountain near the North, but on the West. v. II. p. 35
  • Kings Gardens, extended from the descent of Sion to the Pool Shelah, and between the Fountain-gate and the Kings Pool, were Rivers drawn, that ran from Siloam into the Kings Pool. v. II. p. 509
  • Etam Fountain was Westward four Furlongs from the City, from whence was an Aquae-duct to the Temple. v. II. p. 31, 584
    • Vid. Etam, in the general Table.
    Page  [unnumbered]NORTH.
  • On the North side was no Gate, but Buildings within close to the Wall. Vol. II. Pag. 27
  • Psephinus Tower, built by Herod at the North-west corner. ibid.
  • Zophim, or Scopus, A Mountain North of Sion, from whence there was a prospect into the City. v. II. p. 41
  • Herod's Sepulchre, without the North-wall of the City. v. II. p. 35
    EAST.
  • The Tower which lyeth out, was in the very bending of the corner North and East, Neh. 3. 25. Vol. II. Pag. 27
  • Water-gate, Neh. 12. 37. so called, because the Wa∣ters that flowed from Etam into the Temple, descending into the Valley betwixt the Temple and Acra; and per∣haps those of Bethesda (constantly supplied by an Aquae∣duct from Siloam) ran by this Gate into the Brook Kidron. v. II. p. 27, 40, 510
  • Ophel, was rather a Building than a Tower, South of the Water-gate and the Horse-gate. v. II. p. 27, 508
  • Horse-gate, Neh. 3. 27. perhaps the same with the East∣gate, Jer. 19. 2. was South of Ophel, and led into the Valley of Hinnom. v. II. p. 27, 38
  • Miphkad Gate, the vulgar calls it The Gate of Judg∣ment, not far from the South-East corner. v. II. p. 27
  • Kidron Valley, so called from the Brook (which had its name from Blackness, or Kedardung) ran from the East, embracing Sion on the North, appearing then broader. v. II. p. 607
  • Hinnom Valley (so called from shrieking) or Tophet (so called because of the Drums or Tabers) was a great part of Kidron (largely so called) ran South, bending to the West; and both of them met at the Horse-gate. v. I. p. 109, 1053, v. II. p. 27, 37, 38, 40
  • Camp of the Assyrians, was betwixt Goath and the Horse∣gate in the Valley of Hinnom, which was called the Valley of Carcases, Jer. 31. 40. because the Assyrians fell there. v. I. p. 1053. v. II. p. 35
  • Olivet Mount faced Jerusalem and the Temple, and Sion upon the East, winding likewise Northward, so as that it faced Sion also something upon the North. It's cal∣led, The Mount of Corruption, 2 Kings 23. 13. because of Solomon's Idolatry. v. I. p. 1053
    • Vid. Olivet, in the general Table.
  • Aceldama, if as now shewn, was in the Valley of Hin∣nom, or thereabout. v. II. p. 640
  • Gardens round, without the Walls of Jerusalem. v. II. p. 40.
    The City IERUSALEM.
  • Jerusalem was built upon two Hills, Sion and Acra, confronting each other with a Valley betwixt, in which the Buildings of both did meet: over against which, East, was a third called Motiah. v. II. p. 22, 23
  • Sion, or The Upper City (which was upon an higher Hill than the Lower) was the North part of Jerusalem, but winding West, so that part of it was West of the Tem∣ple. It reached not East so far as Acra. v. I. p. 1054
  • Bezetha. Where Sion fell short of the East, it was filled up with Bezetha, which was situated North over against Antonia, and divided from it by a deep Ditch. v. II. p. 24
  • Coenopolis, or the new City, did with Bezetha fill up the City East: It was lower than Bezetha. In this was a Wool-market, and a Market of Garments, and Shops. v. II. p. 34
  • Millo, was a part of Sion, on the west side betwixt Da∣vids City and the Temple, which it was just West of, and where Jerusalem (particularly so called) and Sion met; it was replenished with Buildings, and taken in as a part of the Suburbs of Sion, but parted by a Wall from it, in which was a Gate. v. I. p. 1056 v. II. p. 25, 507
  • Kings Stables were West of Moriah, in Millo before the Gate Parbar. v. II. p. 1056
    Buildings in SION.
  • In it was the Palace, Court, and City of David. v. I. p. 1049
  • Kings Court, It was joyned to the Hippick or Horse Tower, and Xystus on the inside, and to the Northern Wall without. It stood in the North East corner. v. II. p. 23, 27. To this the Gate Shallecheth led (which was the most Northern of the west Gates of the Moun∣tain of the House.) And there was a Causway betwixt them, 1 Chron. 26. 6. (the Valley being filled up be∣twixt for the Passage) which was the renowned Ascent made by Solomon, for the better going up to the Tem∣ple. v. I. p. 1056
  • Asmoneans House, was in the further part of the Up∣per City, somewhat above Xystus. v. II. p. 23
  • Xystus, was an open Gallery at the furthest end toward the East; a Bridge led from thence to the Temple, and joyned the Temple to Sion. ibid.
  • Court of the Prison, was betwixt the corner of the Wall, North-East, and the Water-gate. ibid.
  • Sparrow Pool, just before Antonia. v. II. p. 35
    • 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, or the Valley and Street of Cheesmongers (the most noted Street of the City) ran East and West be∣twixt Sion and Acra. The entrance into it probably was at the Horse-gate East, and so onward to the West. v. II. p. 25▪ 34
  • Acra, bore upon it the Lower Town (properly called Je∣rusalem) It was naturally steep, and higher than Mo∣riah, but was much level'd, and had the Valley betwixt them filled up by the Asmoneans, that the Temple might over-top the Buildings upon Acra, and that the coming from the City to the Temple might be more easie. v. I. p. 1054. v. II. p. 22, 24, 507
  • Archivum, or Repository for Records, In it were the Council-House, Siloam Tower, and Ophel, &c. v. II. p. 24
  • Moriah, or the Mountain of the Lords House, was com∣passed by the City like a Theatre, was in the second Temple, by several fillings up, made a perfect Square of Five hundred Cubits on every side, and Two thou∣sand in the whole, and was inclosed in a Wall, all with∣in which was taken in for Holy Ground. It faced Olivet on the East, Jerusalem on the South, and Sion on the North. v. I p. 1049, &c. v. II. p. 28. Moriah was part in one Tribe, part in another; the most part of the Courts in Judah: the Altar, Porch, Temple, and Holy Place, in Benjamin. v. I. p. 1050, &c. v. II. p. 21, 24
  • Antonia, The Mountain of the House, had some space on the North without the Wall, and there stood the Ca∣stle Antonia, joyning to the West Angle, and so was on the North-west part of Moriah. It was two Furlongs in compass, and the Rock it stood upon was fifty Cubits high, and steep. v. I. p. 1060.

    The Mountain of the House, on the side it faced Jerusalem or Acra, had two Gates call'd the Gates of Huldah, in equal distance from the Angles of the two Walls East and West. To the West it had four Gates, viz. Shal∣lecheth, Parbar, Kiponus, &c. To the West the little Gate Tedi. To the East, the Gate Shushan. v. I. p. 105. v. II. p. 299

  • The Temple and Courts were not just in the middle of the Mount. v. I. p. 1064
  • Temple-street. The Temple was not on the Wall, for there was a Street betwixt that and the Wall called The Temple Street, Ezra 10. 9. and The East-Street, 2 Chron. 29. 4. which led through the Water-gate to Kidron, through which the Priest went to burn the Red Heifer, and into which our Saviour came with Hosannah's. v. II. p. 34, 303, 507
FINIS.