An history of the wonderful things of nature set forth in ten severall classes wherein are contained I. The wonders of the heavens, II. Of the elements, III. Of meteors, IV. Of minerals, V. Of plants, VI. Of birds, VII. Of four-footed beasts, VIII. Of insects, and things wanting blood, IX. Of fishes, X. Of man
Jonstonus, Joannes, 1603-1675., Libavius, Andreas, d. 1616., Rowland, John, M.D.

CHAP. XXV. Of Jewels found in the bodies of living Creatures.

Artic. 1. Of the Draconite, the Chelonia, the Cock stone and Toadstone.

MAny Jewels are found in the bodies of living Creatures. I will only set down some. For too reckon them all is to much for an Epitomist. Draconites of Dracontia is made out of Dragons brains, but unlesse you cut it out whilst they are alive, it will never grow hard, by reason of the malice of the Creature, finding it self ready to dye. Therefore Men cut them out when they are asleep. Sotacus, who writ, Page  115 that he saw that Jewel with a King, saith, that those that seek it▪ ride in Chariots, and when they spy the Dragon they scatter sleepy medicaments, and so they come to cut it out. Plin. l. 37. c. 10. They are transparent white, and admit of no art to polish them. Cinediae are found in the brain of a fish of the same name; they are white and somwhat long and wonderfull in effects, if it be so as men write. They foreshew the face of the Sea, by their troubled or peaceable colour. Chelonia is the eye of an Indian Tortis, most won∣derfull by the invented lyes of Conjurers: for they promise, that if you lay it upon your tongue with liquid honey, it will foreshew fu∣ture events at the full and new Moon for all day; but when the Moon decreaseth, before the Sun is up, at other times from one a Clock till six. Moreover of Draconitis, Philostratus writ; and ascribes to it as much vertue as Gyges ring had; Rhodig. c. 11. l. 6. antiq. lection. Alecto∣rius is cut out of the gizard of a Cock with a Comb, being inclu∣ded with a thin skin or membrane, 4, yeares after he hath been geld∣ed; Lemn. de occult. It may, be it is congealed from the excrement of seed, by force of his imbred heat, as milk grows hard in the breasts. It procures Men favour, and makes them lusty. Toads produce a stone; with their own Image somtimes. It never grows but in those that are very old. Libav. l. 3. singul. In the family of Lemnius there is one kept that is greater then a Hazel nut. Lemnius de occult. l. 2. c. 30. It is proved to dissolve tumours that rise from bitings of venom∣ous beasts, if you rub it on often. The Lapis Bufonius, called Grateri∣ano, the Swedes Chronicles write of it, it weighed 5, Physicall pounds, and 3, Ounces, 2, drams lesse; Crasius annal, Suevit. l. 12. p. 3. c. 37. The words are these. After the joyfull birth of our Lord Jesus Christ, of the Virgin Mary, the mother of God. Anno, 1473; after the birth of St. John, the 27 of June, Berchtholdus Gratterus dwelling then at Hopstach, in the afternoon went into a Wood, which they call the Vale of Dipachia, to cut poles to make hoops for Vessells. In that place he heard a hissing and a great noise by a River in that Valley, and when he stood a farr off to see what the matter was, he saw an incredible heap of Serpents and Vi∣pers, and Toads lying twined together. As nere as he could conjecture, it was a greater quantity than a great washing Tub could contain. He was frighted and durst go no neerer, yet he cut a bough, and marked the place there in the confines; that day he came twice back, and beheld that conven∣ticle of Serpents, and he found them all, allmost together upon a heap: wherefore he left them and went home, concealing the matter for three dayes; when he returned to the Wood, he found that these water Snakes were gon, and none f these venemous Creatures were left, but only one Toad that was kil∣led, and a Snake in a white glutenous humour, and thick, shining like to frog-Spawn, and neere to it, that Toadstone Bufonius, which he catcht up, and wiped it, and carried it with him home, keeping it for some farther profit. But after that Gratterus came into the Town (about a 100 yeares since) the stone was used successully, for Man and Beast, as it followes. The eldest Sonne of the house of Gratterians keeps this Toadstone, and he will not lend it especially to strangers, under a pawn of 50, or a 100, Livers.Page  116 Amongst the other vertues it is observed that it hath very great force against malignant tumours, that are Venemous, Cholerick or Erisi∣pelas, Apostems, and Bubos; and for Cattel that are bewitched. They are used to heat it in a bag, and to lay it hot without any thing between to the naked body, and to rub the affected place with it. They say it prevails against Inchantments of Witches, especially for great bellied Women and Children bewitched. So soon as you apply it to one bewitched, it sweats many drops. In the Plague it is laid to the heart to strengthen it. It draws Poyson out of the heart, and out of Carbuncles and Pestilent sores. It consumes, dissipates and softens all hardnesse, Tumours, and Varices.

Artic. 2. Of the Stones Chelidonium, Crabs eyes, Snail Stones, and Bezar.

CHelidonius is so called as if it came from Swallows: Yet it is formed of a yellow Gold coloured Jasper. Bound to the right arme, it is good against fantastick thoughts, from melancholy: It cures such as are Lunatick and mad, and hath a pe∣culiar vertue against diseases of the eyes, Plater. Also in the heads of River Crabs, there are stones which steeped in most sharp Vine∣gar, they will seem to move. Quercet. in dial. s. 3. c. 7. With their powder to half a dram in White Wine, the Stones of the Kidneys are happily driven out. Henric. a Bra. de calc. The Snail-Stone, put under the tongue, hath a great force to cause salivation. It makes the tongue moyst, and the humour fluent, and stencheth thirst, and represseth heat. Bound on, it helps Children to breed teeth, Plin. l. 30. c. 5. A water Snake casts up by vomit, a stone into the water under her, if you bind a cord to her tayle. Holler. l. 1. de morb. in∣ter. c. 39. This hath such force to consume water, that it presently drinks it up. Wherefore, laid to the belly of an hydropick person, it consumes the water by degrees, Plater. l. de vita. The Bezar Stone is found in the Stomack of a hee Goat (rather of a shee Goat) in the Indian Mountaines. Sennert l. 5. Epitom, scient. natural. c. 4. Som∣thing which hath a kind of bark, and is, as I may so say, Chamford (saith Sennertus) proceeds from a small beginning, that is oft times, straw, to which some moisture sticks like glew, and hence it is that that stone is made up as it were of many thin plates. It is great in an old, lesse in a young shee Goat; and all those plates both inward and outward are smooth and shining. Rasis by experiment com∣mends it against all Venome. Not only drank saith Mathiol. on Dia∣scorid. l. 5. c. 75. but also bound on, so that, it may touch the naked skin of the left side, it excells all other things. Abdalnarchus adds farther, The stone they call Bezoar, we have now seen, with the Sons of Al∣mirama keeper of the Law of God: for which stone at Cardubahee, at the be∣ginning of the Warrs, parted with a magnificent, and allmost Kings Palace.

Some say, that the Bezar stone is nothing but the Tears of the Stag; for they say, that the old ones, overgrown with Age, do eat Serpents, Page  117 and grow young again: and for to conquer the venom, they drench themselves in a River, onely their head forth; and, as they stay so, a clammy humour falls from their eyes; and being congealed by the Suns heat, it becomes a Stone there. It is like an Acorn, and being fallen from their eyes, it is gathered up by such as attend for it. Yet they are thought to be divers, Scalig. Exerc. 112. writes thus con∣cerning the Stags tears, which he held to be the dearest thing to him in his Treasure of the Muses; Before 100 years a Stag hath none; after that age it growes at the corner of the eye, and thrusting forth like a bone, it growes harder than horn. The prominent part is round, very shining of a gold yellow colour, with prints of other veins. It is so smooth, that you can scarce feel it; and it so drawes it self away, that it even seems to move. It is an excellent remedy against poysons. To those infected with the Plague, it is given with a little wine, and they will sweat so, as if their whole body would melt. Thus far Scaliger. He that would be fully instructed, let him read Bauhinus of the Bezar stone.