CHAP. XXIV. Of the Ruby, the Carchedonius, Sandastrus, Chrysolite, and some others.
A Rubie is of an exceeding red colour; Sometime it is so great, that vessels are made of it, containing a Sextarius. A Carchedo∣nius is so called, because it was found amongst the Garamantes and Nasamones, amongst the gravel, and was brought to Carthage. It is otherwise called a Granate. It is said, that when they sealed, though in the shade, the wax would melt, Archelaus. It will not burn in the fire. Sandastrus hath red with a golden colour, golden spots shine within, as Stars in a transparent body; the more they are, the more costly is the Jewel. But because commonly it is marked with the 5. Stars called Hyades, both in their nmber and disposition, the Chal∣daeans were superstitious about it. The Chrysolite differs in the plura∣lity of its Stars. Bochus writes, he saw a Spanish one of 12 pounds weight. Agricola saw a clod dug out of the Mines in Germany, that was made of more than 60 Chrysolites, all of them four square. The greatest was an inch broad, and 2 fingers in length, it was too soft to polish: Asyctos, made hot in the fire, contains the heat for 7 dayes; it is black and ponderous with red veins distinguishing it. Calcophnes is black, but struck upon, it sounds like brasse; it is said to be good for Tragaedians to carry with them. Catochites is a stone of Corsica, wonderful, if report be true; it holds, your hand laid upon it, like Gum. The Medes send Gasidanes, it growes in Arbelis. They say it conceives, and being shaken, you may hear the noise of the Infant; it conceives in 3. moneths space.