An history of the wonderful things of nature set forth in ten severall classes wherein are contained I. The wonders of the heavens, II. Of the elements, III. Of meteors, IV. Of minerals, V. Of plants, VI. Of birds, VII. Of four-footed beasts, VIII. Of insects, and things wanting blood, IX. Of fishes, X. Of man
Jonstonus, Joannes, 1603-1675., Libavius, Andreas, d. 1616., Rowland, John, M.D.

Artic. 4. Of the Diverse running of the Water.

IT is said of Pyramus, a River of Cappadocia, which ariseth from Fountains that break forth in the very plain ground, that it present∣ly hides it self in a deep Cave, and runs many miles under ground, and afterwards riseth a Navigable River, with so great violence, that if any man put a sphear into the hole of the Earth where it breaks forth Page  45 again, the force of it will cast out the sphear; Strabo l. 12. Not far from Pompeiopolis in the Town Coricos, in the bottom of a Den of wonderfull depth, a mighty River riseth with incredible force; and when it hath ran with a great violence a short way, it sinks into the Earth again, Mela. l. 1. c. 6. The Water Marsia after it hath run along tract, from the utmost Mountains of the Peligni, passing through Marsius and the Lake Fucinus, it disemboggs into a Cave, then it opens it self again in Tiburtina, and is brought 9 miles with Arches built up, into Rome, Plin. l. 31. c, 3. The Sabbaticall River was wont to be empty every seventh day, and was dry; but all the six dayes it was full of water. But that ceased when the sacrifice ceased, Joseph. l. 7. c. 24. There is a certain River Bocatius speaks of, every ten years, it makes a mighty noyse, by the stones striking together; and this is suddenly in a moment, and the stones ran downwards for 3. dayes, and 3 or 4 times a day, though it be fair weather; and after three dayes all is quiet. Strabo writes of the Rivers of Hircania, l. 11. There are in the Sea high shores that are prominent, and are cut forth of Rocks; but when the Rivers run out of the Rocks into the Sea with great violence, they passe over a great space as the fall betwixt the Sea and the Rocks, that Armies may march under the fall of the waters as under Arches, and receive no hurt▪ Trochlotes in North Norway makes such a noyse when it runs, that it is heard 20 miles, Olaus, l. 2. c. 28. Beca in Livonia runs forth of the Rocks with such a fall, that it makes men deaf, Ortel: in Livon. T∣nais, by a very long passage from Scythia, falling into the Lake Meo∣tis, it makes it so long and broad, that those that are ignorant of it, take it for a great Mountain, Boccatius. In Solomon's Temple there ran a Spring, great in Summer, small in Winter; Euseb. praeparat. Evangel. l. 9. c. 4. If you ask the cause, it is taken from the Time. All things are wet in Winter, then are the Channels full; and for want of evaporation the waters are kept in. But in Summer all things are dry, and the Suns heat penetrates. Hence it is that they are con∣gregated in their Fountains, and run out by the Ayr inforcing them. Maeander is so full of windings and turnings, that it is often thought to run back again, &c. He that seeks more concerning Nilus and other Waters, let him read Geographerrs.