An history of the wonderful things of nature set forth in ten severall classes wherein are contained I. The wonders of the heavens, II. Of the elements, III. Of meteors, IV. Of minerals, V. Of plants, VI. Of birds, VII. Of four-footed beasts, VIII. Of insects, and things wanting blood, IX. Of fishes, X. Of man
Jonstonus, Joannes, 1603-1675., Libavius, Andreas, d. 1616., Rowland, John, M.D.
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CHAP. XV. Of the Horse.

IN Portugal they say, the Mares conceive by the wind, Varro, Pliny, and Solinus affirm, that the Birth is fruitlesse, for their Colts live not above 3, yeares. Justinus calls these things Fables. In the Island Hispaniola, the foals conceive in ten months after they are born, and oft times they beare twins, Peter Martyr. A Barren Mare will conceive, saith Aldrovandus, if you bruise a little handfull of Leeks in a Mortar, and powre upon it a little cup of Wine, and shall for two days cast in 12. Spanish flies of divers colours into the Matrix with water by a Syringe: the next day have your Horse to the Mare that is lusty; when he hath leapt her, wash the privities twice. In the Province of Belascia their hoofs are so hard, that they are never shod. Amongst the Ambes they are so swift, that they will run a hundred miles in 24 houres. Ludov. Rom. l. 4. Navig. And Historians relate of such a one that was taken in the Alanick Warr by Prince Probus. In Artois the Governour of the Fort, Mellomus, had one bred, very large, and with Horns: at this day is to be seen the leap he made, which was 60, foot. Lipsius Cent. 3. ad Belg. Epist 56. They live very long; some have come to 50, yeares, and some above 60, yeares. Albert Solinus and Niptus say 70, years. The same saith, We have observed that, in Opus by name, a Mare lasted to breed on, for 40, years. They so fear a Camel that they cannot endure to see him or smell him, wherefore Cyrus when he was to fight against Craesus, op∣posed his Camels against the others Horses, Herodot. Pliny writes that if Horses tread where Wolves have passed, they will be benum∣med in their legs: and Aelian adds, that if they touch the foot step of a Wolfe when they are in a Wagon drawing, they will stop present∣ly as if they were frozen. The Tartars love to eate their flesh, and the rich men had it rosted in their feasts in Persia. The Moscovites, of old time Servants to the Tartars, were wont to pay tribute to them in their journeys, by their Duke when they demanded it, of Mares milk. Their sweat, causeth women with Child to suffer abortion, and if Knives hot be wet with it, they are so infected that the part they wound, will bleed till they dye, Albert. They will weep: Caesars Horse wept 3, days before he died. Cardan had a Gennet that would weep abundantly, chiefly in Summer. They are so docile, that Alexanders Bucephalus, nor Caesars Gennet, could be ruled by any man, except his Mr. There have been seen in Olandia an Island of the Gothick Sea, that at the sound of a Tabret would dance. Scalig. writes of one thus, A certain Mountebank led about a little Horse, which would do any thing at his word, or beck; amble, trot, run, leap, on four or two feet, drink Wine, sit on his buttocks, and bring his foreseet to the cup, he would hold a Bason or Dish, with his Legs, as if he were to be barb'd, he would lye on the ground at length, and shut his eye lids and nod. He would lift up his head at his Masters beck, turn on his back, and lye to shew how women lay: Page  219 this I saw, saith he, and we also, saith Gaudentius Merula, saw a Horse of a Physitian of Pannonia, that stood at the dore untied till his Master came forth from visiting the sick, if it were a whole day, &c.