An history of the wonderful things of nature set forth in ten severall classes wherein are contained I. The wonders of the heavens, II. Of the elements, III. Of meteors, IV. Of minerals, V. Of plants, VI. Of birds, VII. Of four-footed beasts, VIII. Of insects, and things wanting blood, IX. Of fishes, X. Of man
Jonstonus, Joannes, 1603-1675., Libavius, Andreas, d. 1616., Rowland, John, M.D.

CHAP. XXXVI. Of Crow-foot, Rue, Rose-mary, Rose-root and rose-Tree.

CRowfoot, if Men eat it, will cause Convulsions, and draw their mouths awry. They seem to laugh that dye with it, Pausan. Also Salustius speaks of it: In Sardinia, saith he, there grows an herb called Sardea, like wild Smallage: this contracts the Mouths and Jaws of Men with pain, and kills them, as it were, laughing. Rue resists Venome, therefore a Weasel will carry it, when he fights with a Serpent. It is of a mighty greatnesse at Macheruntum, Joseph. l. 7. de bell, Juddic. c. 25. It was as high as any Fig-Tree, and had re∣main'd from the time of Herod. It is a singular remedy for the Epilepsy, as a Country man found by accident. Camerar, Cent. 3. Memorab. 36. He bruised it; and with the smell of the Rue he stopt the nose of this Epileptick person fallen, and presently he rose up.

Rosemary grows so plentifully in France that they burn it, so thick that they make Tables of it. It flowers both spring and fall▪ Mathiol. l. 3. c. 37. Barclay, in his Icon animarum. c. 4. writes thus of it in England: Rosemary in many Countries is costly y the very paines is us∣ed about it to cherish it; here it is common, and somtimes serves to make hedges for Gardens. Rhodium root is the most lively of all roots; for dug out of Page  155 the earth, unlesse it be laid up in very dry places, if it be planted again after many Months, it will grow. It grows on the highest Rocks where it hath scarse so much earth as to stick by. Mathiol. l. 4. c. 41. The Rosebush at Carthage in Spain is alwaies full of Roses in Winter, and was alwaies honour'd by the Romans; for they were wont to strew the leaves on their dishes of meat, and to besmear their Citron Tables with the juyce of them, that they might by reason of their bitternesse be free from Worms. Heliogabalus commanded to throw Roses on his Banqueting guests from the top of the Room, as if it rayned Roses. Dalechamp in l. 21. c. 4. That is wonderfull that is related concerning revification. There was a famous Physitian at Cracovia, who could so curiously prepare the ashes of every part of a Plant, that he would exactly preserve all the Spirits of them. The ashes waxing a little hot by putting a Candle to the Glasse, represent∣ed a Rose wide open, which you might behold growing by degrees▪ to augment, and to be like a stalke, with leaves, flowers, and at last a double Rose appeared in its full proportion; when the Candle was taken away it fell againe to ashes. Rosenberg Rhodolog, c. ult. The same thing allmost was done with a Nettle, as Quercetan testifieth in his History of the Plague. For when one would appoint a remedy against the stone, at the end of Autumn he pull'd a great many Nettles up by the roots, of these Nettles he made a lye the common way with hot water, and by strayning and filtring, he purified this lixivium, that he might at last produce salt artifi∣cially as he intended: but when he had set the lixivium all night to cool in an Earthen Vessel, the next day when he thought to Evaporate to extract the Salt; it hapned that night, that the ayre was so cold, that all the Lixivium was over frozen. When therefore in the Morning he purposed to cast that Lixivium out at the Window, besides his expectation he saw that all the water of the Lixivium was frozen, and a thousand figures there of Nettles were in it, so perfect with roots leaves and stocks, and shewing so exactly, that no Painter could paint them better.