The academy of armory, or, A storehouse of armory and blazon containing the several variety of created beings, and how born in coats of arms, both foreign and domestick : with the instruments used in all trades and sciences, together with their their terms of art : also the etymologies, definitions, and historical observations on the same, explicated and explained according to our modern language : very usefel [sic] for all gentlemen, scholars, divines, and all such as desire any knowledge in arts and sciences
Holme, Randle, 1627-1699.

Terms used by Marriners and Saylors.

And here as the Art pertains to the Ocean, so I see I must enter into an Ocean of Words; the Profundity and Mistery whereof few Men can attain unto; and for the multitude of them, they are able to make a Dictio∣nary themselves, to which I must refer the Courteous Reader; only here give a touch of their most usual Terms, leaving those pertaining to Vessels and Ships to their proper places.

Aft, Go aft, go towards the Stern.

Abast the Fore-Mast, go to the Fore-Mast.

Aloof, when the Ship falls off from the Wind, she goes aloof.

Amayne, is to do a thing as fast as may be.

Anchoring, or Anchorage, is to let fall the Anchor to stay the Ship.

Arm, is a word of an Allarum; a Ship well Armed is well provided for a Fight.

Bale, is to lade Water out of the Ships Hould.

Ballast, is Gravel, Stones, Lead, or any other Goods that is laid in the Belly of the Ship to keep her steady and stiff in the Sea.

Ballast shoots, when it runs from one side to the other.

Bear in, when a Ship sails into the Harbour.

Bear off, when a Ship keeps off the Land.

Bear up, when a Ship goes right before the Wind.

Belage, make fast any running Rope, when it is as high as you would.

Bent the Cable, tye it to the Ring of the Anchor. Unbend it, is to take it away from the Ring.

Berth, as take a good Berth, is a good distance, and room to Moor a Ship in.

Berthing, is the raising or bringing up the side of a Ship.

Bight, a Ropes end; hold by the Bight, is by one of the Fakes, which lies rolled one over another.

Bildge or Buldge, when the Ship strikes to a Rock and springs a Leak.

Bildg-water, it lieth at the bottom of the Ship, and cannot come to the Pump.

Bitter, is to fasten the end of the Cable about the Bitts, and so to stop the Ship at Anchor. Bitter end, is the Cable end which is within the Ship.

Blow, as, the Wind Blows home, or Blows through, is when it doth not cease till it comes past that place.

Blows into the Courses, when it is so high that they cannot bear any Top Sails.

Blows hard, fresh, stiff, are expressions of extra∣ordinary Winds.

Boord, as Go aboord is go into the Ship.

A Boord, within the Ship. To make a Boord, is to turn the Ship Windward. Weather boord, is Wind∣ward.

Boord and Boord, is when two Ships touch each other.

Bowes, or Bowes-hoa, and Bowse upon the Tackle, is the Sa•••s Cry when they pull or haul any thing by Ropes.

Brieze Win, is such as doth daily keep its course; it is also a Sea Turn.

Brooming, is when a Ship is brought a ground, or on the Careen to be Trimmed and Mended.

Bulk, as break Bulk, is to open the Hould, and sell out Goods.

Outward Bound, when they Sail from the Harbour or Haven.

Inward Bound, going into an Harbour.

Bound Homeward, Sailing home to their own Countrey.

Boyant, or Buoyant, any thing that is floating, or apt to float.

Buoy, as Stern the Buoy, is to put the Log of Wood fastned to the Anchor into the Water, before the Anchor fall.

Butt-end, is the end of a Plank. To Sprink a Butt, is to have a Plank end loose, in the side of a Ship.

Calm, or Becalmed, is when the Sea hath no Wind.

Camber, or Cambering, is when a Deck lyeth higher in the middle than at each end, it is Camber Decked, or the Deck Cambers.

Camber Keeled, when the Keel is bent upward in the middle.

Capstain, a kind of Windlace to wind and hale up great Weights, as Ordinance, Anchors, &c. Launch at the Capstaine, is to heave no more at it.

Card, or Sea Card, is a Geographical description of Coasts, with the distance, height and Winds laid down in it, by which the Pilate guides the Ship to its Haven.

Careen, is the best way of Trimming a Ship under Water. Careening, is the laying of the Ship on one side, she being on float. To Sail on the Careen, is when a Ship lieth down much with the Sail.

Page  163Carnell Work, is to Build Ships first with their Tim∣ber and Beams, before they put on the Planks. Clinch Work is to Plank the Ship sides.

Caulk, Calking, is to drive Ockham into the Seams, Rends, or Treenels, throughout the Ship, to keep it Tie, and hold out Water.

Chafe, Chafed, is when any Rope or Cable is cha∣fed or fretted.

Channel, is the deepest part of any River or Har∣bour mouth: It is also meant by narrow Seas. Steer in the Channel, is to Sail in the midst of the narrow Seas.

Chase, when a Man of War doth follow any other Ship out of his Course.

Chase pieces, are such Ordinance as lie streight, or right forward on the Head or Stern.

Choak, when a running Rope sticks in a Block or Pullace so that it cannot be haled through.

Clinch, is to rivet or batter a Bolt head on a Ring, or to turn back the point of a Nail, so as to make it fast at that end.

Clinching, is a slight caulking at Sea, or to clinch the Ports, is to drive a little Ockham into the seams of the Ports when foul Weather is suspected.

Cloath, a Sail doth cloath the Mast, when it is so long that it doth touch the Hatches; a Ship spreads much Cloth when she hath broad Sails.

Coats, are pieces of Tarred Canvas put about the Masts to keep Water from running down by them.

Compass, is a moveable Instrument with a Fly, whereon are described the 32 Points or Winds, by which they direct their Course at Sea.

Cond, or Cun, to direct or lead the Ship which way she shall go.

Course, as aleir the Course, is to Sail on another Point of the Compass. Mistake the Course, is not to know the lying of the Land.

Craft, is any kind of Nets or Lines to catch Fish with.

Cradle, a Frame of Timber to hang by the Ship side, to Trim the Ship withal.

Crank sided, is when a Ship will bear but little Sail.

Culver Tail, is the way of setting one piece of Timber into another so as they cannot slip out.

Cut the Sail, is to let the Sail fall. Cut the Ca∣ble, is when the Ship rides in a Storm, and she desires to set Sail.

Dead Water, is the Water at the Stern of the Ship.

Disembogue, is to come out of the Mouth of any Gulph.

Dock, is the place where Ships are Built; of which there are two kinds; a Dry Dock, which is made with Flood Gates to let Water in and out; and a Wet Dock, which is any Creek or Place, where a Ship may cast in out of the Tides way; where it is said the Ship hath Dockt her self, when made a place to ly in.

Draggs, are any thing that hangs over the Ship into the Sea, which hinders her Sailing.

Draws, or Draught, is meant so many foot as the Ship goes in Water. It draws much Water, it swims deep in Water.

Dregg, or Dregging, is to take a little Grapnel, and let it down into the Water to drag on the ground, to find a Cable which hath been let slip.

Drive, is when an Anchor is let down, and will not hold the Ship, but draws it after her. Drives to Lee-ward, or drives in with the Shore.

Duck up the Clew Lines, or Fore sad, and the like, is used when the same are to be drawn up.

Ease such a Rope, is slacken it; Ease the Bow∣lings sheets, make them slacker, strain them not so hard; but the proper term is, Rise the Tack, for the Tack being loosed, it rises the Bowling Sheats up from the Chestrees.

Eddy, is the running back of Water contrary to the Tide. An Eddy Wind, is that as returns back or re∣coils from any Sail.

End for End, is when a Rope runs all out of the Block; or the Cable after the Anchor out of the Ship.

Farsing, is the ravelling of a Ropes end.

Faddom, is six foot; all Ropes are measured by Fa∣doms, as a Cable or Hawsier, so many Fadoms long; and so many inches about; the deepness of Waters is sounded by Faddoms.

Fack, is a round of a Rope; how many Facks is in the Rope; how many rounds it hath; see Quoyle.

Fall off, is when a Ship under sail, doth no keep so near the Wind, as is appointed, but falls off another way.

Falls of a Ship, are the rising higher and lower of the Decks of a Ship.

Farthel a Sail, is when it is wrapped up close toge∣ther, and so binds it with the Caskets to the Yard.

Fenders, are pieces of Timber, or the like hung o∣ver the Ship sides, to keep other Ships from rubbing their sides. Fend the Boat, is to save her from beating against the Ship side.

Fidd, is an Iron Pin made tapering, to open the ends of Ropes, and the strands when they are to be spliced two Ropes together.

Fidders, are made of Wood to splice Cables.

Floan, is when any of the sheats are not haled to the Blocks.

Flood, is the rising of the Water: Young Flood, Quarter Flood, Half Flood, are all terms commonly known.

Flote, is any thing that swims above Water. Ship is aflote, it toucheth no ground: A Floaty Ship is one that draws but little Water.

Flow, when the Water riseth and over-runs its Banks.

Floor, is the bottom of the Ship on which it stands.

Flush, is when a Deck is laid from Stem to Stern without any falls or risings, or in a right line.

Free, the Ship having Water, it is said, the Pump will free, or not free her. Free the Boat, is to get the Water out.

Fresh, is an extraordinary Land-water coming down a River suddenly. Some term it a Fresh shot.

Fore and Aft, is to come in before, and go out at Stern.

Fore-reach, a Ship that Sails with another, and out-sails it, is said to fore-reach upon the other.

Page  164Foul, is when a Ship hath been long untrimmed, so that Grass or Filth grows on her.

Founder or Foundred, when a Ship hath sprung an extraordinary Leak, or else by any Storm great Seas have broken into her that she is half full of Water, so that it cannot be freed; it is said to be Foundred.

Furr, or Furred, is to double Plank the sides of a Ship; it is said to be Plank upon Plank.

Gage, is to measure what quantity of Liquor is ei∣ther in or taken out, or wanting in a Cask. Gaging a Ship, is to know exactly what Water it draws when it is afloat.

Gale, is when the Wind blows not too hard, but so as a Ship may bear her Top-sails. A Loom Gae, is little Wind, or an easie. A fresh stiff Gale, when it is much Wind.

Girt, is when a Ship lieth cross the Tide.

Grave a Ship, is to lay her on dry ground, and so to Burn off the old filth and stuff; and the laying on of new, is termed paying the ship.

Grip, as a Ship doth grip, when she is apt (contrary to the Helm) to run her head or Nose to the Wind more than she should.

Ground a Ship, or grounding the Ship, is when on purpose she is brought to land to be Trimmed. See Grave.

Gull, or Gulling, is when the Pin of a Block doth eat or wear into the Sheever; or a Yard against the Mast; the wear of it is called Gulling the Mast; of some Galling.

Hale, or over-hale, is pulling at a Rope; over hale is to pull a Rope contrary ways, to make it slacker and more gentle.

Hall, or Halling of a Ship, is calling to her to know whence she is, and whither she is Bound, and the like.

Hoa and Hae, the Call and Answer of one Sea Man to another, when they Hall each other in.

Hand, or Handing, is the passing or giving of a thing to another, to have it brought elsewhere. Hand this away, or hand it along.

Hatch-way, on the Hatches.

Hawses, the great holes through which the Cables run into the Sea with the Anchor. Fresh the Hawse, is to keep it from fretting the Cable. Clear the Hawse, is to undo the turns of the Cables which lie cross through the winding of the Ship. She rides upon the Hawse, ano∣ther lies athwart her Hawse.

Head Sea, is when the Water goes one way and the Wind another.

Heave, or Heave away, is fling, or cast away.

Heele, is for a Ship to ly down on a side, whether she is afloat or on ground.

Heels to the Starboard.

Heels to the Larboard.

Heels to the Shoarward, lieth aside towards the shoar.

Heels to the Off-ward, is to the ••award, sideways.

Hitch, is to catch or take hold of any thing with a rope or hook.

Howlsom, is when a Ship will hull, try and ride well at Anchor, without rowling and tumbling and la∣bouring much at Sea.

Hoyse, is to hale or pull any thing up into the Ship either with a Tackle or a dead Rope. Hoyse up the Yard, is pull it up.

Hulling, is when a ship is at Sea, and hath taken in all her Sails in calm weather; this is termed lying at Hull or Hulling.

Iron sick, is when the Bolts, Speeks or Nails are so eaten with rust and salt water, that they stand hollow in the Planks.

Iunk, is a piece of a Cable that is cut off; any part of an old Cable is called a Junk; such as these they hang for Fenders by the Ship sides, or else untwist it to make Plats for Cables, Rope-yarn or Sinnet; if old, it serveth to make Ockham.

Keckle, or Keckling, is to turn small Ropes about Cables and Bolt-ropes to keep them from fretting in their several places as they lye; in other smaller Ropes this way of preserving of them, is termed Serving of them.

Kedg, or Kedging, is the staying of a Ship in a Ri∣ver by an Anchor, that she go not too near the shoar.

Keenke, is the crossing of a Rope when it runs in a Block, or runs double in a Cable.

Knittlidge, the same to Ballast.

Knots, as a Bowling Knot.

A Wale Knot, which is made round or knobbed with three strands of a Rope that it cannot slip.

Labour, as a Ship labours when she rouls and tum∣bles very much either a Hull, under Sail, or at Anchor; they labour and roul most when they lye between Wind and Tide.

Lade, is to fill the Ship with Goods or Provision; al∣so some say lade the Water out of the Bo••.

Landfall, is a falling to Land on the day assigned, if after the day then it is said to be a bad Landfall.

Land locked, is when a Ship is in a Road or Har∣bour so as the Land lies round about it, and the Sea lies not open to it.

Land-to, when a Ship is just so far off at Sea as we can see the Land.

Land-turn, is the same of the Land, as a Brieze from the Sea; a Land-wind by Night.

Large, is when a Ship goes neither before the Wind, nor by-wind, but between both; such a Wind is a large Wind.

Lash, or Lashers, is to bind any thing to the sides of the Ship; or Ropes as tye things together.

Lasking, as when we say the Ship goes Lasking or Veering, or Quarter Winds, or Large and Roomer; they are all one, for then the Ship neither goes by a Wind or before a Wind.

Launch, is to put out the Ship to Sea; as Launch a Ship out of the Dock, or out of a Key; also in stowing the Hould, they say Launch aft, or Launch forward, when they would have any thing brought further; when they have hoised up a Yard high enough, or the Top mast, they cry Launch hoa, that is, hoise no more; and when they are Pumping, if the Pump sucks, then they cry Launch-hoa, that is, Pump no more.

Lay a-land, when a ship is sailed out of sight of the Land.

Leak, is when a ship lets in water; some say she ath sprung a Leak, or makes much water.

Page  165Lee, is understood to be that as is opposite to the wind, as

Lee-shoar, the shoar against which the Wind blows.

A-lee the Helm, put the Helm to the Lee-side of the ship, that side as the Wind blows not on.

Lee-ward, is not fast by the Wind. To come by the Lee, or lay the ship by the Lee, is to bring her so that all her sails lie flat to the Masts and Shrowds.

Let fall, is the putting down of any of the Sails and Yards; but in the Top-sails they say heave out the Top-sails, and set the Missen sail, and not let it fall.

Lifts, as topping the Lifts, is the haling of the Top-sails lifts, as Top a Starboord, or Top a Port, that is hale upon the Star-board or Lar-board lifts.

Loom Gale, see Gale.

Loom, or Looming of a ship, is the Prospect of a Ship; as the ship Looms a great Sail, that is seems to be a great ship; she Looms but small, is or seems to be but a little ship.

Ly under the Sea, when in a Storm the Ship is a Hull, and makes fast the Helm a Lee, so as the Sea breaks upon the Bow and Broadside of the ship, then she is laid under the Sea.

Man, or well Manned, when a ship hath Men e∣nough to guide and defend her.

Marling a Sail, is to fasten a ript Sail to the Bolt-rope: By Marling is also meant a small Line of untwist∣ed Hemp to be gentle, to tye up the ends of Ropes from farsing out, or ravelling, or keep them from untwist∣ing.

Marling Speek, is an Iron made of purpose for the splising together of small Ropes.

Matts, are clouts or thrums to save things from gal∣ling.

Moor, or Mooring, is to lay out her Anchors, as is fit for to ride by, which is no less than two.

Moor a-cross, is to lay out 2 Anchors, one on one side, and the other on the other side the River.

Moor along, is to lay an Anchor in the Stream out at the head, and another at the stern.

Mooring Water-shot, that is quartering between both.

Neal too, is when the Water is deep down close to the shore, without any showling.

Neap, or Neap Tide, is a low Tide, or falling of the Tide.

Observe, is to take the height of Sun or Star with an Instrument whereby to know in what Degree and Lati∣tude the Ship is.

Off-ward, is when a Ship is on shoar, and lies side∣ward to the water, or if the stern lie to the Sea, it is said her stern lies to the off-ward (that is to the sea) and her head to the shoar-ward.

Over-set, when a ship with bearing too much Sail is born over on a side, and so foundred in the sea.

Overthrow, when a ship is cast on one side to be Trimmed.

Oze, or Ozie, is a soft slimy muddy ground.

Pantch, the same to Matts.

Parcell, or parcelling a seam, is to sear it over with Canvas and Pitch and Tar made hot.

Pay a seam, is to Pitch and Tar it after it is caul∣ked.

Pawle, is a little piece of Iron which is a stay or stop to the Whelps of the Wheel of the Capsain.

Pitching, is setting of the Main Mast in its place or step.

Plott, see Card.

Pointing the Cable, is to keep it from farsing or untwisting.

Purchase, is the fast drawing, caining, or coming in of Rope by haling with the hands.

Quoyle, or quoyle of Ropes, is a Rope laid up round, one take over another: A Quoyle of Cable, that is a Cable turned round up: A Quoyle is the whole Cable or Rope; if half be cut away it is called Half a Quoyle.

Quarter Winds, are when they come in A-bast the Main-Mast shrouds just with a Quarter.

Rabbet, is the hollowing of the Keel that the Planks may fit in.

Reach, is the distance of any two points of land, in a right line to one another.

Reeve, is to put in and put through, or passing through. Reeve the Rope in the Block; and unreeve the Rope, or Brases, Lifts or Sheats, &c. that is, take the Ropes and draw them out of the said Blocks.

Rides, or a Ship rides when her Anchors hold her fast.

Road, is any place where a ship may ride at Anchor.

Robbins, are little lines reeved or put into the cylo holes of the sails to make the sails fast to the yards; make fast the Robbins, is to tye them; Land Men say tye a Rope, but Sea Men use the word make fast such a thing.

Round in, or Rounding aft, is to hale the sails of the Main and Fore-masts down, to keep them steady from flying up when the Wind larges upon them.

Rowse-in, is the drawing in of a Cable to make it streight when it lieth slack in the water. Rowse in the Cable or Hawser, but it is not used to the haling in of any other Rope.

Rumidge, is to remove any Goods or Luggage out of a place, as from between Decks, or in the Howld; Ruming the Howld, is to clear it.

Sail, at Sea they call a 〈…〉 Sail, as when they de∣scry a ship, they say a sail, a sail.

Sarve, is to put any thing, as Synnet, Thrum, Raggs, about a Rope to keep it from Galling.

Scarfe, is to let one end of Timber into another, as the making of a Keel from 3 or 4 pieces, which is called scarfing; so the stem is fastned into the Keel, which is called the scarfe of the Keel.

Sease, or seasing, is to bind or make fast any Ropes together, with some small Rope Yarn, Marling or Line.

Seele, or seeling, is a sudden turning aside of a ship, forced by the motion of the Sea and fearful Winds.

Settle a Deck, is to make it lower.

Sew, or sewing, is when the Water is gone from the ship, so that it lies on dry land. The ship is sewed a-head, is when the Water is gone but from the head.

Shear, is when a ship goes in and out under sail, and is not steared steady. Shear a-ground, is strike a-ground in this unsteady course.

Page  166Sheathing, is casing of a Ship with thin Boards, and Tar and Hair laid between; it is to keep the Worms from eating through the Planks.

Sheep shanks, is two Poles set a cross near the top where a Block is hung; some call them a pair of sheers. by them they take a Mast out, and put it in, and hoise Goods in and out the ship.

Shoars, are pieces of Timber set under the side of a ship to support it from falling aside. Shoars shoaring her up.

Shore, is the Land near the Sea; Banks of the Sea; the Lee-shoar is that whereon the Wind Blows; Wea∣ther shoar, is that from whence the Wind comes.

Shot of Cable, two Cables splised together makes a shot.

Showle, or shallow, is when the Water grows deeper by degrees, and not suddenly.

Slatch, is when a part of the middle of a Rope or Cable hangs slack without the ship, then they say hale up the slatch of the Cable. A Slatch of fair or foul weather, is a little time of fair or foul.

Sound, is a great in-draught of the Sea between two Head-lands, where there is no passage through, is called a Sound; also to try and find out the depth of Water, is termed sounding, and that is with the lead and line; sound the Pump, is to know what water is in the Well of the Pump: And instead of bidding one sound, they often say, heave the Lead, that is cast it overboord.

Spell, is a working by turns at the Pump or Row∣ing; a fresh spell, is others to come to work; he will give him a spell, is to Row or Pump in his place. To spell the Missen, is to let the Wind out of a Sail for fear of wrnging the Mast. Spell the sail, turn it out of the Wind.

Spend, as spent their Mast or Yard, is that the same is broke in foul Weather; but if it come by Fight, they say the Mast is shot by the Boord, or carried away with a shot.

Splise or splice, is to make fast the ends of Ropes one into the other; this is the round splice. the count-splice, is when the ends of either Ropes are spliced into other Ropes some distance from the ends.

Split, is the breaking of a Sail or Mast; as the sail is split, the Carriage of a Gun is split; also when Shee∣vers break, they say it is split.

Spoon, or spooning afore, is to put a Ship right before the Wind and Sea without any sail. Spooning with the Fore-sail, is to open the same at such a time as the Ship is in danger.

Spring, or sprung, is a crack in any part of the Mast; they spring the Mast with bearing a Sail, that is, they crack it; but to spring ones Loof, is to clap the ship close by a wind when she is going at large. The Spring, or Spring-Tide, is when the Water riseth after a dead Neap.

Stocks, is the Timber and Posts which supports the Hull of the Ship while it is in Building; a Ship in the Stocks, is a ship in Building, not yet finished.

Spun-Yarn, is Rope-yarn, the ends scraped thin, and so spun one end to another with a wrench, to make it long.

Standing parts of running Ropes, are those parts of the Rope which are made fast to the ship sides or elsewhere.

Standing Ropes, are those Ropes which are not removed (as the shrowds) or to run in any Blocks.

Stay, or Bring a ship a-stay, is to make it stand before it Tack, or turn about.

Steer, is to govern the ship with the Helm. Steer by Land, is to observe any mark on the Land, and so to keep the ship even to that. To Steer by Compass, is to keep the ship on the point of the Compass. To Steer by Direction, that is to guide her according as the Channel or River runneth. This is to Cond a ship.

Steve, or steveing, is when the Bolt-sprit or Beak head stands too upright. Steveing of Cotton, is when a Deck is thrust full of it.

Stoaked, is when any thing is gotten about the bottom of the Pump, as Water cannot get to it, it is said the ship is stoaked, the Pump is stoaked, or the Lim∣ber holes are stoaked.

Stow, is to put any Goods into the Howld, or be∣tween Decks; and to stow the Top-sail, is to lay or place it on the top.

Strake, is a seam between two Planks.

Stretch, as stretch forward the Hilliards or Sheats, is to deliver that part as they must hale by into the hands of others, that they may be ready to Hoyse or Hale.

Strike, is to pull down the Sails; as strike the sails, strike the Top-Mast, and to strike down in∣to the Howld, is to lower or put any thing from the Tackles into it.

Surge, a Wave or Billow of the Sea; the Cable surges, is when they heave at the Cap stain, and the Cable slips back again.

Swifting, is to ease and strengthen the Masts, when a ship is brought aground.

Tack a ship, is to bring her head about to ly the other way. Tack about, is to turn her about.

Talee aft the sheats, is to hale off the sheats of the Main, or Fore-sail.

Tar-pawling, is a Canvas Tarred all over to lash upon a Deck or Grating to keep the Rain from soaking through.

Taunt Mast, is when it is too high for the ship.

Taught, is to set a Rope stiff and fast when they are slack.

Tempest, is when it blows so exceedingly, that it is not possible to bear any sail; it is a degree above a Storm.

Thight, a Ship is Thight when she is staunch, and makes but little water; when the water stinks the ship is sound.

Tide, is the Ebbing and Flowing of the water. A Wind-ward Tide, when the Tide runs against the Wind. A Lee-ward Tide, when the Water and Wind go both one way. A Tide-gate, is where the Tide runs strong. To Tide it, is to go up with the Tide.

Tire of Ordinance, is when the Decks have them fore and aft; some ships have two or three Tire of G•••, that is two or three Stories or Rooms one above ano∣ther.

Page  167Tow, as Tow the Boat, is to drag it (or any thing) in the Water, at the stern of the ship.

Traverse, is the way and angles which the ship makes in going to and again. The Traversing of a great Gun, is to lay it streight upon the Mark.

Trise, is to hale or draw up any thing with a dead Rope by hands, not in any Pulleys or Blocks.

Trim of a ship, is her good swimming.

Trough of the sea, is the hollow between two Waves.

Tuck, is the gathering up of the ships quarter under the Water.

Ueer, or Ueer out a Rope, is to let a Rope run out by hand when it may be stopt.

Waft, is to guard any Ship or Fleet at Sea; Wasts are used for signs to call in the Boat, or to shew the Ship is in some extremity or distress, and this is a Coat or Gown, or the like hung up in the shrowds.

Wake, is the smooth Water which the Ship doth make a stern her.

Walt, a ship is Walt when she wants Ballast.

Watch, a whole Watch is four hours, then others do relieve them.

Water-born, is when a ship is just off the ground, that she floats.

Weather, to go the Wind-ward of a place, is to Weather.

Wharfe, is the Sea shoar, or the place of Landing, the Sands by the River side.

Yawe, or Yawning, is when a ship is not steered steady, but goes in and out with her head.

LXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Beggar or a Poor Man, in a ragged, patched, and torn suit, of di∣vers colours, with a souching Hat, Hose and shooes of an Earthy colour; holding a Staff in his right hand, and a Pitcher or Earthen Pot in his left, proper. See here the only Man for Prowess in his time, Bellizarius by name, who (to the amazement of greatness) by For∣tunes Wheeling, now stands by the High way side, and Begs, Da Obulum Bellizario, Give a Half-penny to Belli∣zarius.

O. a Beggar with a Satchel by his side, head un∣covered, Knees bare, startops on his leggs, with a dish in one hand, and a Staff in the other, all proper, is the Coat of Bettler Van Herderen, of Switzerland.

He beareth Argent, a Cripple, or a Man-Lame of one of his Legs, Cloathed (and half Naked) with Tattered Rags of divers colours: supporting himself with (or having two Crutches) or two Crutch staves under his Ams, all proper. After this manner Crip∣ples or Maimed persons are thus described, some ame of their Hands, others of their Legs, others Blind; some with one Crutch, others with two, some again are drawn standing, others sitting or lying, with their Crutch∣es by them; Begging and Craving for an Alms, or the Charity of Good People.

And seeing we are entred into the row of Rogues, Va∣gabonds, and wandring Beggars (for generally they are such) give me leave to give you the names (as in their Canting Language they call themselves) of all (or most of such) as follow the Vagabond Trade, according to their Regiments or Divisions, as

  • 1. Cursitors, or Vagabonds.
  • 2. Faytors,
  • 3. Robardesmen.
  • 4. Draw Latches.
  • 5. Sturdy Beggars.

These were all above 300 years now last past; but since they are called upon their farther increase

Counterfeit Crankers, Rogues that are able, yet make themselves lame and sore.

Dommerats.

Glymmerers, Firers of Houses, thereby to Steal in Confusions.

Bawdy Baskets, such as prostrate themselves to any person.

Autem Morts, Wives that follow Rogues and Thieves.

Doxies, Whores and Bawds.

Dells, Trulls, dirty Drabs.

Kitchin Morts, little young Queans.

Abram Coves, lusty strong Rogues, Bedlams.

Ben-Fakers, Counterfeiters of Passes and Seals.

Ruffelers, Rogues in the highest degree.

Upright Men, the same as Ruffelers.

Hookers or Anglers, such as draw Cloaths out of Houses with hook staffs.

Rogues, common Beggars that will nt Work though they be able.

Wild Rogues, Mad Men, Bedlams, called also Mad Toms.

Priggers of Prancers, Horse, Mare, or Beast Stealers.

Pallyards, poor Beggars.

Faytors, or Fraters.

Priggs, Thieves, Night-stealers.

Swadlers.

Curtals.

Irish Toyles.

Swigmen, cheaters by changing of wears.

Iackmen, Counterfeiters.

Patri-coes,

Kitching-coes, little Rogues that first enter the So∣ciety.

Whip-Iacks.