The academy of armory, or, A storehouse of armory and blazon containing the several variety of created beings, and how born in coats of arms, both foreign and domestick : with the instruments used in all trades and sciences, together with their their terms of art : also the etymologies, definitions, and historical observations on the same, explicated and explained according to our modern language : very usefel [sic] for all gentlemen, scholars, divines, and all such as desire any knowledge in arts and sciences
Holme, Randle, 1627-1699.

Terms used in the Sadlers Art.

A Tree, is the Wooden part of the Saddle, to which all the other things are fixed.

Narve, or Narse, are Sinews pulled to Threads, or long slender pieces, and glewed on the Tree to hold the Tree from cracking or breaking.

Gullet,

Gullet plate, is a crooked Iron plate nailed on the fore part of the Saddle Tree to strengthen it.

Hinder Plate, is a like thin plate of Iron nailed be∣hind the Tree.

Barrs, the two sides of the Tree.

Civett, or Civetts, are square Buckles without Tongues, hung in Iron Plates or Chapes, and so nailed to the sides of the Tree, to hang the Straps and Stitrop Leathers at: Some call them Civett Irons.

Girth Webb, or Webb, is that Stuff as the Girths are made of.

Straining the Webb, is nailing the Girth Webb over the hollow of the Saddle Tree, that the seat fall not between the two sides.

Setting the Seat.

Shaping the Skirts, is the drawing out the form and fashion that the Skirts are to be of; which are ge∣nerally streight, and go from the Pomell to the Crupp••, or else round skirts, which ly under a Mans Thigh, and no where ehind.

Cutting the Seat.

Pomell, is the top of the fore part of the Saddle, and is usually in great and rich Saddles made of Brass or Iron silvered or gilt; it is round like the Pomell of a Sword.

Crupper Buckle, is a large square Buckle fixed to the Saddle Tree behind, to fasten the Crupper to, each Buckle having a rouer or turn on it, to make the same draw easily.

Crupper, is a roul of Leather put under the Horse tail, and so drawn up by Leather thongs, or a Crupper Band, to the Buckle behind the Saddle, and keeps a Horse from casting the Saddle forward on his Neck.

Page  93Strapps, are Leathers fastned to the sides of the Tree, to draw the Girths streight under the Horse Belly.

Pannel, is the under part of the Saddle, it lyeth be∣tween the Horse back and the tree, to keep his back from Gaulling; being made of strong Linnen cloth, welted a∣bout with Leather, and stuffed with soft beaten hair.

Stuff the Pannel, is to fill it with hair.

Tie the Pannel, is to make it fast with Leather ties or slices, to the Saddle tree, both behind and before: some term this, Tie the points in.

Buckling the Girth, is to fasten Buckles at both ends.

Buckle, or Girth Buckle; is a four square hoop, with a tonge: which is made stiddy with its going through a hole of Leather & fastned with a narrow thongs

Girth, is when it is Buckled, and compleat for use; else it is called no more then a Web, or Girth Web.

Sirsingle, or Sursingle; is a long peece of Web that will compass a Horse about his belly and back, hav∣ing at one end a Buckle, and the other a long strap of Lea∣ther with holes punched in it, to buckle at what distance the Horse keeper pleaseth: by the help of this the Horse cloth is kept on, and the Horse is Wadded with straw.

Wounty, it is a peece of Leather of a yard and half or more, and four inches broad, having an Iron hook fastned to one end, and long robe at the other; with this they tie Panniers, Hampiers and great Packs on Horse back to keep them from falling of the Pack-Saddles.

Rowler, or Body Girth; this hath a kind of Pad called a Rowler, which slippeth too and again on the body Gir••, or Sursingle, which is ever fixed upon the ridge of the Horse back, to keep the Girth from fret∣ting of the hair, or hurting his ridge.

Stirrope, Irons to ••t ones Feet in.

Stirrope Leathers, and Buckles.

Breast-plate.

Trappings, those Leathers which hang on the Horse Buttock, which are generally set with white and yellow Stud-Nails.

A Pad, is a soft thing made like the seat of a Sadle and stuffed with Feathers, which is fixed on the Saddle seat, that old men which cannot sit hard may ride thereon.

Collars.

Male Pillen, is that which a Cloak-bag or Port∣mantu is fixed stiddy and sure on a Horse back part: to the Male belongs these things.

Male Stickes, the peeces of wood on the Male-pillen.

Male Strap, is to tie it behind the Saddle to two Leather Loopes.

Portmantu, vulgarly Portmantle.

Staples. all belonging to a Portmantu.

Chain. all belonging to a Portmantu.

Lock and Key. all belonging to a Portmantu.

Locking Flap. all belonging to a Portmantu.

The Great Flap. all belonging to a Portmantu.

Straps made fast to the great Flap.

Buckles, to keep down the great Flap by the straps.

Loopes, to put the ends of the straps through, to keep them from unbuckling.

Male Girths, are two long Leathers with a Buckle at one end, the other going through the Loopes on the Male sticks, and then through Iron Rings fixed behind the Saddle and so over the Portmantu all is buckled toge∣gether.

End straps for tying, or buckling the ends to the Belly Girths, that it lie not to one side more then another.

Bridle, it is so termed when it hath all its appurtenan∣ces fixed together, for the several parts of a Bridle: they are these.

The Bit, or Snaffle; is the Iron work put into the Horse mouth of which there is several sorts as you may see chp. 7. numb. 44.45.

Head stall, are the two short Leather that come from the top of the Head to the rings of the Bit.

Fillet, is that as lieth over the Fore-head, and under the fore-top: if the Horse have trapping this is usually a∣dorned with a Rose or such like of Leather set with studs.

Throat band, is that Leather as is buttoned (from the Head band) under the Throat.

Raines, is the long thong of Leather which comes from the rings of the Bit and being cast over the Horse head, the rider holds them in his hand by which he guides the Horse as he pleaseth.

Button and Loope at the end of the Rains by which it is fastned to the ring of the Bit: the other end of the rains having only a Button so large that it cannot go through the ring of the Bit on the other side, this is called a running Rains: by which a Horse is lead at a good distance, & hath liberty to leap a ditch or mount a hedge.

Nose band, a Leather that goeth over the middle of his Nose, and through Loopes at the back of the Head∣stall and so buckled under the Cheeks. This is usually adorned as the Fillet, if the Horse be trapped & studded.

Trench.

Cavezan, a false Rien to hold or lead a Horse by.

Martingal, a thong of Leather, the one end fastned under the Horse Cheeks, and the other to the Girth be∣tween his Legs, to make him Reign well, and not cast up his Head.

Chass Halter.

Side Saddle, is a Saddle for a Woman her self to ride upon. It hath these several things belonging to it, to make it compleat.

The Tree in which is the seat that is round.

The Single Head, hath one bow in the middle o the forepart of the tree.

The Double Head side Saddle, is with two bows one long the other short.

The two Barrs that are the side Barrs, to which is joyned the fore part and the hinder part of the tree.

The Sivets, which are square rings in Plates, three on each side the tree to put the straps too.

The Straps, which are long Leathers for the Girths.

A Fore-Compass Plate, a Fore-Gullet Plate, Plates 〈◊〉 strengthen the tree.

A Crown, or little half round Plate; to secure the fore part of the tree.

Hind Gullet, or inside Plate; to strengthen the hin∣der part of the tree.

A Plate half round behind on the seat for the strengthning that part of the tree.

Two thin Plates on the fore part of the seat.

A Crupper Sivet, or Swivel; on the hinder part, to hold the Crupper.

Two Buckles on either side the fore part to hold the Breast-plate.

Page  94Narfing, are Beasts sinewes dried and beaten and Glewed on the tree for its strengthning.

Canvising the tree, also to strengthen it.

The Pannel, is Canvice stuffed with Wool to lie next the Horse.

The Skirts, the covers of the side of the tree, which are Fringed and wrought, and sometime plain.

The Out side, is the cover of the seat, which is Frin∣ed round the Rimm.

The Seat, hath a Boss in the middle, and a Rim about it.

The Quilting of the fore parts of the skirts.

The Rim set together with a small seming Fringe.

The Saddle Head, sei together with a small seming Fringe.

False, or loose Cover; a cover to keep the Saddle clean.

The Girths, which are three; are Girth Web, with Buckles at each end.

The Crupper, that as lieth on the Horse buttock, with its garnishings, which are studded or tufted with Silk.

The Dock, that as goes under the Horse tail.

The Breast-Plate, for the stidfastness of the Saddle, the fore part and two straps.

The Footstoole, with a Sivet, which is hung to the right side of the Saddle by a Leather strap.

The Bridle as a Mans Bridle, only this of a Womans is double Rained: see the figure o the side Saddle, chap. 9. numb. 168.

XXXV. He beareth Or, a Taylor sitting upon a square Table (Stone or Humrt, as others term it) Argent, with his right Leg over the left, and sewing a Garment Gules: his Cloaths Purpine. Hat and Shoes Sable. This is a Dtch bearing, and is born by the name of Cleermacker, which in English is Taylor.