The academy of armory, or, A storehouse of armory and blazon containing the several variety of created beings, and how born in coats of arms, both foreign and domestick : with the instruments used in all trades and sciences, together with their their terms of art : also the etymologies, definitions, and historical observations on the same, explicated and explained according to our modern language : very usefel [sic] for all gentlemen, scholars, divines, and all such as desire any knowledge in arts and sciences
Holme, Randle, 1627-1699.
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TO The Right Honorable, the Earls, Viscounts, and Barons; The Honourable, the Barronetts; The Right Worshipful, the Knights and Iustices, The Worshipful, the Esquires; With the Loyal Gentry and Freeholders within the Principality of Wales, the Counties Palatinates of Chester and Lancaster. My Lords and Gentry, IT is a general fault in most Antiquaries, preferring that their Rarities should Die with them, and be Buried in their Graves, rather than others should receive any benefit there∣by: To cross which Currant of Corruption, I have presumed to Dedicate these my Lbours to your serious Considerations. Let none be offended that I Patronize you at the second hand; for though I confess you are my refuge and support, in relation to your Deceased Friends, yet you are my choice in reference to the surviving Nobility and Gentry; whom God preserve with length of Lives and true Grace, that in your times you may remain Loyal to His Sacred Ma∣jesty our Kingdoms Father; a Support and Comfort to our Holy Mother the Church; an Honor to your Country, a Credit to your Kindred; and a Ioy to all true Subjects, which is the hearty wishes and desires of Your most Humble and Devoted Servant R. H.


1. HAving performed the Task which my pro∣posed Order imposed on me, touching pro∣per Charges, (viz. Ordinaries,) toge∣ther with their making, and diverse man∣ner of Bearing; the same orderly Progression calls us to the hadling of Commom Charges.

By Common Charges may be meant all things both Natural and Artificial which are used in Coats of Arms; but in this Second Book I shall only treat of such things as are natural: Now things natural are (accord∣ing to the Philosophers) Essences of themselves, or subsist∣ing by others, the number of which, is Infini•• as Zan∣chius noteth, lib. 1. p. 55. de Operibus: saying 〈…〉sunt & prope infinitae, non tam res, quam rerum spectes, in Coelis, in Aere, in Terris, in Aequis: But it is not to be expect∣ed that I should speak of all such natural things; only such as fall within the compass of Armory: Those I shall evidence by Examples and Demonstration.

Of Natural things, which are born in Coats, I shall en∣deavour to set forth the several Varieties thereof, under these heads.

  • 1. The Heavens with the things therein.
  • 2. The Air, with such things as are produced there∣rom.
  • 3. The Fire, with the things thereof.
  • 4. The Earth with its natural products.
  • 5. The Water, with what is derived from the same.

First, in our Treatise of Heavenly Bodies, give me leave to give you the names by which the Heavens are called, with the number of them.

Of the Heavens, the Number, Names, and Distance.

2. ALtogether they are termed generally by the name of the Coelestial Sphere, the Heavenly Orbe, the Globe of Heaven, of which there is a divisi∣on into eleven parts, called the Heavens, or Elementary Heavens.

  • 1. The Imperial Heaven, or Heaven of Heavens, this is the highest Heaven, and is the place of Bliss and Hap∣piness, where God, his Holy Angels and Saints doth dwell. To this Heaven, Philosophers account it from the Earth — miles. Page  2
  • Page  32. The Primum Mobile, or first moveable Heaven, this is round, of a Blew colour, clear and shining, without any Starrs, ever moving, and from East to West ma∣keth his Revolution in 24 hours; it is called also the Di∣urnal Sphere, or daily moving Heaven. This Heaven is by Astronomers accounted to be — miles distant from the Earth.
  • 3. The Christal Heaven, of some called the Watry Heaven, it is also clear and shining, without any Stars: it is distant from the earth— miles, and maketh its Revolution about the Earth, according to the motion of its Primum Mobile.
  • 4. The Firmament, or Starry Heaven: In this Sphere or Heaven all the fixed Stars are fastned; having no other motion than the moving of the Firmament in which they are fixed; and that is according to the Revolution of the first Mover. This is distant from Saturn, 120485 miles, and therefore the Bodies of these Stars must needs exceed the Globe of the Earth by many hundreds of degrees.
  • 5. The Heaven, or Circle, or Sphear of Saturn, the highest of the seven Planets: It is said to be bigger than the Earth 91 times, and maketh his Revolution from West to East in 30 years; and is distant from Jupiter 18721 miles.
  • 6. The Heaven of Jupiter; it is bigger than the earth 65 times, and makes his Revolution from West to East in 12 years, and is distant from Mars 18721 miles.
  • 7. The Heaven of Mars; it is bigger than the Earth one time and half; makes his Journey from West to East in two years, and is distant from the Sun 15725 miles. It is sometimes called the Sphere of Herculus.
  • 8. The Heaven of Sol, or the Sun; it is bigger than the Earth by 162 times; and runs his course round the World in 24 hours, and his Revolution from West to East in 365 days and 6 hours, which is one Year; and is distant from Venus 1437 miles and a half.
  • 9. The Heaven of Venus; this Planet is said to be 37 parts as little as the Earth; runs her course from West to East in the same space of time as the Sun doth, and is di∣stant from Mercury 12812 miles. This is a bright shi∣ning Star; going before the Sun, is called the Morning Star; after the Sun the Evening Star.
  • 10. The Heaven of Mercury, this Planet is lesser than the Earth by 32000 parts; and makes his Revolution from West to East as the Sun doth: It is distant from the Moon 12812 miles.
  • 11. The Heaven or Orbe of Luna or the Moon: This is the least of the Planets, being 43 parts lesser than the Earth, and 7000 times than the Globe or Body of the Sun: She maketh her Revolution from West to East in 27 days. It is distant from the Earth 1570 miles.

The whole summ from the Earth to the Firmament, 358463 miles and a half: But others affirm, that to the Firmament or 8 Heaven is 170000103, that is one hun∣dred and seventy millions, a hundred and three miles Ge∣ometrical; and from the first movable to the Earth, is ten times so much.

The Jewish Rabbins say there are but nine Heavens or Spheres, 1. That of the Moon. 2. That of Cochab. 3. That of Nogah. 4. That of the Sun. 5. That of Maadim. 6. That of Tsedack. 7. That of Shabthai. 8. That of the Starry Firmament. 9. The highest Hea∣ven.

2. FROM natural things, such as the Heavens do af∣ford unto us, and is made particular use off in to∣kens of Honour, are such as these.

I. He beareth Azure, in a Glory, in Hebrew Letters, the Word Iehovah, with a Cloud invironing the lower part of it proper: After this manner the Ancients did de∣scribe the God-head only from a Glory, having no Image or Form, which they took from the saying of the Prophet Isaiah, Isa. 40.18, 25. To whom will ye liken GOD? or, What likeness will you compare him to? This made the Idolatrous Athenians term him an unknown God, as Act. 17.23. having no known image or form; and better thus to set him forth than after the likeness or according to the shape and fashion of any Human Creature. This is a part of the Coat of Nassaw, a Title of Honor belonging to the Prince of Orenge.

II. He beareth Azure, in a Glory, three Letters, viz. I H S. Sable, invironed with Clouds in Chief and Base Argent: The I H S signifieth Iesus Hominum Salva∣tor, being the Symbolical Letters or Characters, for the name Jesus, the Saviour of the World. This is born by the name Iesuite.

III. He beareth Argent, within a Crown of Thorns, (or a Wreath of Thorns, three Letters, that is to say X P S, Sable. By the Letters we understand the name Christus, being the Symbolical Letters of Jesus Christ, who for our sakes wore such a Crown; which by Boswell is termed also a Crown of Espine, from Spina, the Latin for a Thorn: Born by the Catholick Christian. This Crown is worn of all the Soldiers of our Saviour Militant here, and he that feels not the pricks thereof, is in danger ne∣ver to wear the Crown Triumphant hereafter.

IV. He beareth Gules, in a Glory, the visible form of the Holy Ghost, in the likeness of a Dove displaid, Argent, Legs and Beak, Gules. Others Blazon it a Dove displaid Argent in the Glory of the Sun: But in old Bla∣zoning it was termed nothing else but the Holy Ghost, because it is said to descend on our Saviour in the likeness of a Dove, Luke 3.22. This is part of the Coat belong∣ing to the Worshipful Company of Stationers.

V. He beareth Sable, a Dove volant Descendant, in the Dexter corner Argent, in the Glory of the Sun. termed by others in the Glory of the Sun, issuing out of the Dexter corner Bendwise, a Dove volant or descend∣ant) proper. By some termed the descension of the Holy-Ghost in Bend, in the form of a Dove. Born by the name of Dove.

VI. He beareth Vert, in a Glory, a Fiery Tonge, proper. This was the visible form of the descension of the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles and Disciples of Jesus Christ, mentioned Acts 2.3. And there appeared unto them Cloven Tongues, like as of Fire, and sate upon each of them; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other Tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. Which thing was promised by our Saviour, and foretold by the Prophet Ioel, as you may read Act. 1.4, 5. Mat.Page  4 3.11. and Ioel 2.28. This is termed also the Holy Ghost (or Holy Spirit) in the visible form of a Fiery Tongue.

☞ Note, that all things which have a Sanctity in them, are always circled about with a Glory; or have it about the head, as all Saints were of old, so depict∣ed.

VII. He beareth Gules, three Plates in Triangle, all conjoined to another in the Center: containing four Letters, viz. F. S. G. H. Sable; which Letters signify God in the Trinity of Persons, Father, Son, and Holy-Ghost. This I found in an Escochion very ancient in a Glass Win∣dow in St. Mary's Church in Wich Malbanck: which was of old thus Blazoned in short; The Trinity of Per∣sons in the Unity of Essence. Others a Trinity and Unity, each charged with a Symbollical Letter repre∣senting the Persons of the Deity: Bishop Baily in his Pra∣ctice of Piety, calls it a Tripartite Idol, representing the Trinity.

VIII. He beareth Argent, an Annulett joined on the out-side to the middle of a triangle pierced triangu∣larly, Sable. This I have seen upon a Monument in a Wall in St. Michaels Church in the City of Chester, and by the Bearer and Owner of that devise was termed the Unity in Trinity, because (if rightly drawn) the tri∣angle is composed from the Annulett. After this manner according to these two examples the Ancients did draw the Trinity, signifying by four Letters the Trinity of Persons in the God-head; and it is very observable, that in all Languages, the name of God hath been of old written with four Letters; as,

  • 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Jehovah in Hebrew.
  • 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, Theos, in Greek.
  • Deus, God in Latine.
  • Ddw, or Du, in Welsh or British.
  • Godd, in English and Scotch.
  • Dodd, in Saxon and Teutonick.
  • Ndja or Dhja, in Mancks and Irish.
  • Dieu in French.
  • Dios in Spanish.
  • Idio in Italian.
  • Godt, or Gott, in German and Dutch.
  • Adad in Assyria.
  • Syre by the Persians.
  • Alla by the Arabians.
  • Doyd, Thoyth by the Egyptians.
  • Boeg by the Esclavonians.
  • Eloi by the Chaldeans. Mark 15.34.
  • Abdi, by the Turks and Mahumetans.
  • Zimi by the Indians.
  • Kong by them of China.
  • Lsar by the Ettuseians.
  • Manu by the Molucca Islands in the Indies.
  • Abba in the Syriack Tongue, Mar. 14.36.

IX. He beareth Or, on a Rain-Bow, a Naked Man sitting; having a Glory about his head, all Invironed with the Sun Beams, and a Cloud under it, all pro∣per. This is more briefly Blazoned, the Son of Man sitting on a Rain-Bow, in the Glory of the Sun, and the Clouds under his Feet. But Ezekiel the Prophet doth best describe this Judge and Judgment Seat, Ezech. 1.26, 27. who saith, That above the Firmament is the like∣ness of a Throne, as the appearance of a Saphire stone, and upon the Throne is the Son of Man, with fire round about him, like to the Bow in the Clouds in the day of Rain, &c.

Here give me leave to give the Reader a brief Descrip∣tion of the Gods of the Nations, and how, and in what manner the Heathens usually depicted the same.

Imperial Gods fained to be Gods.

4. THose are such Gods as no Man might appropriate to himself, but were common, or the chief Gods of all People and Nations in general; who were first by the Groeks assigned to their principal Kingdoms and Of∣fices, as,

  • Saturn, the God of Time and Age, he is drawn like an Old Man, holding a Sith or Hook in one hand, and a Child in the other, devouring it, with a Star on his head, with the Character of the Planet Saturn in the bo∣dy of it; others depicted him a very old Man, holding in one hand a Serpent turned round with its Tail in his Mouth; his Temples girt with a green wreath, Hair and Beard milk white.
  • Iupiter, or Jove, the God of Heaven and of Thunder, with a Thunder-bolt in one hand, and a Scepter in the other, and Wings on his Shoulders, with a Star on his head, with his Character in it (as all the other Planets have) others draw him without Wings upon the back of a Flying Eagle. Others draw him Crowned, and a thin Vail over him, in his right hand the Image of Vi∣ctory, in his left a Scepter with an Eagle at the top of it.
  • Mars, the God of War, sometimes drawn on Horse∣back in compleat Armour, with Lance and Shield all Bloody, with a Fiery Star on his head. Sometimes drawn in a Chariot, drawn with Horses called Fear and Horror, or Fury and Violence, driven by Wrath and Destru∣ction.
  • Phbus, Titan or Sol; the God of Wisdom and of Arts, is drawn like a Young Man with the Sun Rays round about his head, with a Scepter in his hand, with an eye on the top of it. In England the ancient Britains adored him in the shape of half a Man with Rays of Light about his head, and a Flaming Wheel on his Breast.
  • Mercury, the God of Eloquence, Thieves and Mer∣chants; he is also called the Messenger of the Gods: he is drawn in the shape of a young Man, holding a Snaky Staff (called a Caduceus) with a thin Vail about his na∣ked Body, and two small Wings fixed on either sides his Heels, and two in his Hat or narrow brimmed Cap. Some set his Star and Character in it, over his head.
  • Neptune, the God of the Sea and Waters, an old Man painted naked, with a Mantle flying about, riding on a Sea-Horse (or a Whale) with a Trident or three forked Mace in his hand. Of some he is set forth standing up∣right in the concavity of a great Sea Shell or Escallop drawn by two Sea Horses.
  • Aeols, the God of Wind, an ancient Man with swolne Blub Cheeks, blowing a Blast, with two small Wings up∣on Page  5 his Shoulders: Some draw him with a pair of Bellows under his Arm.
  • Vulcanus or Vulcan, the God of Fire, (or of Arts and Industry) and of Smiths. Drawn like an Old Man, all smoaky, and of a swarthy complexion, with an Hammer and Anvill, or a Smiths Forge by him; in one hand a Thunderbolt, and the other an Arrow.
  • Bcchus, the God of Wine and Drunkenness, Drawn naked, being Young, without a Beard, but gross and cor∣pulent, with fat Cheeks, having a Garland of Vine leaves fructed (that is with Bunches of Grapes) about his Temples, and middle of his body; riding upon a Tun or Hogshead, with a Glass of Wine in one hand, and a Bottle in the other: Sometime holding a Thyrsis or Vine-Spear in his hand, sitting in a Chariot drawn by Tygers and Panthers.
  • Cupid, the God of Love, a Naked Boy with Wings, a Quiver with Arrows at his Back, and a Bow in one hand and Arrow in the other: He was Son of Iupiter and Venus Some Picture him with two Darts, the one of Gold, the other of Lead; one is to procure Love, the other to chase it away.
  • Pan, or Faunus, or Sylvan, God of the Woods and Groves, and of Flocks of Sheep and Herds of Cattel; or the Country Mans God: He is drawn from the middle upwards like a Naked Man, swarthy, and a ruddy face, with Asses ears and horns; in one hand a Shepherds hook, in the other a Whistle; and from the middle downwards the perfect shape of a Goats hinder parts. A Satyre.
  • Pluto the God of Hell and Riches, drawn sitting in a Chair, with a Black Scepter in one hand, and a Crown in the other; by his feet either standeth or coucheth in a Chain the Dog Cerberus, or else drawn in a Fiery Chari∣ot by 4 Black Horses, having fire and smoak issuing out of their Nostrils.
  • Manes are Infernal Gods.
  • Apollo, the God of Wisdom, drawn like a Beardless Youth, with Yellow hair, carrying in one hand a Cythren, and in the other his Bow and Arrows. Sometimes with a Bow in one hand, and an Arrow in the other; either Arm∣ed, or loose Robes and Mantle, with Rayes about his head.

Demy Gods.

5. ARE such as were Heroick persons, and after their Decease were Deified, as,

  • Castor and Pollux, the Gods of Marriners and Voyages, the latter being the Son of Iupiter by Leda, Wife of Tyn∣darus, King of Oebilia, and therefore Immortal; the other by Tyndarus. They cleared the Coast of all Pirates at Sea, therefore were adored amongst the Divinities at Sea, and were numbred amongst those that did protect from evil, for this cause the Heathens offered to them in Sacri∣fice a Lamb.
  • Palaemon and Glaucus, the Gods of Swimmers, the latter being a Fisher-man who had a way to take Fish in Winter which others had not; he was also an excellent Swimmer and Diver under Water; being at last Drown∣ed, or devoured of some great Fish, was by Superstitious People held for a Sea-god. The former also being Drown∣ed, was made a Sea-god.
  • Portumnus, the God of Harbours.
  • Priapus, the god of Gardens and Gardeners, the Son of Bacchus and Venus, he was so deformed through the Inchantments of Iuno, that his Mother slighted him.
  • Aegipanes, are Demy-gods of the Woods and Fields.
  • Silenus, the god of Drunkards and Debauchery, the foster-Father of Bacchus, he delighted much in planting of Vineyards, he is described to be an hairy Man and de∣formed, old, and riding on an Ass, Bald-pated, Flat-nosed, and Pot-bellied.
  • Consul, the God of Counsel.
  • Tithonus, god of the Morning, is an Old Man made Young again by the Physick of Aurora, who loved him, he lived long, and being weary of his Life was turned in∣to a Grashopper, and so carried into Heaven.
  • Libitina, the god of Funerals and Interment; called al∣so Venus Libitia, in her Temple were bought and sold such things as were requisite for Funerals.
  • Momus, the god of reprehension, whose Father was Sleep and Mother Night, he did nothing himself, but was im∣ployed to look upon the works and actions of others, and reprove where he found cause.
  • Amphiaraus, a Prophet and Fore-teller of things to come, after his Decease had in the Country of Athens, a stately Edifice erected to him; and was esteemed as a god and gave answers by his Oracles, through Dreams, not by a Pythonissa as the Oracles of Apollo were.
  • Perseus the Son of Iupiter and Danae, whom he begat in a Golden shower; he is depicted with a Cristal Shield, and in compleat Armour, with a Sarfe and Lance: On the Shield is painted Medusa's head: sometime he is drawn on Pegasus the Winged Horse, slaying the Sea Monster that should have destroyed Andromeda.
  • Hercules, he is Drawn in a Lions skin, and a Club in his hand; of him see more chap. 17. nmb. 77. he was Son of Iupiter, by Alcmena Wife of Amphytrion Prince of Thebes, who because of his noble Acts, after his Death was adored as a god.
  • Orpheus Son of Apollo and the Muse Calliope, a famous Musitian, is drawn with loose Robes, playing on the Harp, with several sorts of Birds and Beasts about him.
  • Harpocrates was the Egyptians god of Silence, he was the Son of Isis, his Statue was made with his Finger to his mouth, and a Wolf skin full of Eyes about his shoul∣ders.
  • Epires was the great Interpreter of the gods amongst the the Egyptians, and was painted with the head of a Hawk.
  • Genius, the Son of Iupiter and Terra: he is in shape like a Man, but of an uncertain Sex. He is the God of Kingdoms, and every particular persons God, to have an Eye and Watch over them: The Poets say that every Man had two from his Nativity waiting on him, till his Death; the one whereof was a good Genius called Lares, the other a bad Genius called Lemres: They were wor∣shipped in the form of Serpents, sometimes as a Boy, Girl, or Old Man with a Garland of Palmes about his Temples, a Cornucopia in one hand, and a Dish with Offerings, reaching it out toward an Altar in the other hand.
  • Ianus, the god of foresight or of knowledg of things past, and to come: He was the first King of Italy, and by reason of his Knowledge was Painted with two Fa∣ces, Page  6 the one old and gray, with a long Beard looking forward; the other young and youthful and beardless, looking backwards, holding in one hand a Rod or Wand, and in the other a Key.
  • Agon, the god of actions and enterprises.

Peculiar Gods and their Offices.

6. THese are such gods as were worshipped and adored by the Ancients for several purposes, and by pe∣culiar people; termed also Houshold gods: as,

  • Statores, Tonantes, Feretrii and Iupiter-Elicius, hous∣hold gods that raised Thunder, which the Romans wor∣shipped.
  • Vertumnus the god of Merchandising.
  • Cantius, a god to whom they prayed for Wise Chil∣dren.
  • Morpheus, the god of Sleep; to whom they prayed that they might Rest and Sleep quietly without distur∣bance.
  • Vagianus, a god that kept Children from crying.
  • Cuninus or Cunius, a god that kept Children from mis∣fortune in the Cradle.
  • Ruminus, a god that preserved Womens Duggs from corruption.
  • Volumnus, a god that young people adored that desi∣red Marriage, to whom they prayed for good Wives and Husbands.
  • Agrestis, a god they prayed to for fertility in the fields, and to have good increase.
  • Bellus, the god of War, which they prayed to for Vi∣ctory over their Enemies.
  • Honorius, the god of Inn-keepers, to whom they pray∣ed that Pilgrims and Strangers should be well intreated, and much made on.
  • Aesculanus, the god of the Gold and Silver Mines, to whom they prayed for discovery, and good success in their Mining.
  • Aesculapius, the god of Physick, and to Cure the Sick, an Old Man with a long Beard, crowned with Bays, in one hand a knotted Staff, in the other a Serpent; with Flowers and Herbs on his Lap, or Fruit.
  • Pavor, the god of Cow-herds, to whom they prayed that their Cattel might be kept from Diseases, and be pre∣served in Strength.
  • Mauzzim, the god of Power and Riches; this was the god of the Romans, who in the height of their power and greatness, esteemed it above all their gods, and therefore worshipped and adored it, Dan. 11.36, 37, 38, 39.
  • Tellus, the god of the Earth, like an old Woman with Towers on her head, in one hand a Scepter, in the other a Key, her Garments all Embroidered with Flowers and Herbs.
  • Talisman, or Talismanical Images, were such Figures, or Shapes, or Images of Creatures made by Art Magick, that by the influence and power thereof, they preserved Cities, Countreys and People, from such noisom Crea∣tures, as did molest them. Some say there shape was not Human but of some Coelestial Figure; though others are f an opinion, that the first gods of the Latins, which they called Averrunci, or Dii Tutelares, Houshold or Tu∣telar gods, to be no other than these foresaid Images made under certain Constellations, which for their Protection came afterwards to be Idolatrously worshipped.

Countrey Gods and Goddesses.

7. THese were such Gods as were worshipped in par∣ticular Kingdoms, Nations and Countreys; now the gods in diverse Countreys were these.

  • Anubis, the Egyptians God, whom they adored in the shape of a Dog, or with a Dogs head, because he loved Dogs and Hunting; they worshipped all living Creatures, namely of Beasts, the Bullock, Dog, and Cat; of Fowl, the Ibis, and Sparrow-Hawk; of Fish, the Lepidotus, and Oxyrinchus.
  • Succoth-Benoth, the god of the Babilonians. Some take it to be a Hen and Chickens: Others an erected Tent, set up in honour of Mylitta, or Venus Vrania, eminent De∣ities in Babilon, 2 King. 17.36.
  • Memphis, the Babilonians God, called also Succoth Be∣noth, 2 King. 17.30.
  • Tarcat, or Tartak the god of the Evims, 2 Kings 17.31. Nibhaz was also another of their Gods; the one the shape of a Dog, the other an Ass.
  • Orimsda, a certain kind of Fire which the Persians Worshipped as their God.
  • Mopsus, the Africans God.
  • Ashima, the Idol of Hamath, 2 King 17.30. in the shape of a He-Goat.
  • Serapis, a Serpent, the Naucratits god; called also Apis, it was a live black Bull with a White Star, and List down the back; with a white mark like a Half Moon on the right shoulder.
  • Yet the Egyptians did Paint their god Serapis with 3 Heads, of a Lion in the middle, on the right hand a fawning Dog, and on the left hand a ravening Wolf, all which forms joined together by the winding body of a Dragon.
  • Host of Heaven, as Sun, Moon, and Stars; these were worshipped by the Israelites, when they forsook the Com∣mandments of the Lord their God; as we read in 2 King. 17.16. and 23.5. called 23.5. called the Image of the Sun; and the Queen of Heaven, Ezek. 6.4.13. and 8.16. Jer. 7.18. and 8.2.
  • Nehushtan, the Israelites God, this was the Brazen Ser∣pent that Moses made, which the people burnt Incense to, which the good King Hezekiah brake in pieces, because of their Idolatry, calling it Nehushtan, 2 King. 18.4. that is, a piece of Brass, in contempt of it when abused.
  • Golden Calves, Gods of the Israelites, set up by Iero∣boam at Dan and Bethel, to hinder them from going up to Ierusalem, to worship, which were no other than De∣vils, 2 Chron. 11.15. 1 King. 12.31. Ier. 48.13. Hos. 10.5. By these we understand Molten and Carved Images, so much spoken against, Exod. 32.2. Isa. 48.5. and Images of the Grove, mentioned 2 King. 21.7. Hos. 10.1.
  • Belteshazzar, the God adored by Nebuchadnezzar King of Babilon, Dan. 4.5. this was probably the name of that Golden Image, which was threescore Cubits high, and six Page  7 Cubits broad, which the said King caused to be set up in the Plain of Dua, in the Province of Babel; causing all People, Nobles and others, to fall down and worship it, Dan. 3.1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
  • Succuth, the Israelites Idol called their King, and Chiun their Images, Amos 5.26. which they carried about, think∣ing there was a certain Deity in them.
  • Astartes or Ashtaroth, the Assyrians god, and of Sydonia who as some write was the fourth Venus for Beauty, which Solomon worshipped at his Concubines inticement, 1 King. 11.5. it had a Bulls head on her head.
  • Adrammelech and Anamelech were the gods o the Se∣pharvaims, for Sepharvais was a City of Assyria, 2 King. 17.30. to which Idol they burnt and Sacrificed their Chil∣dren. He was drawn like a King in a Throne, a Scepter in his hand, and a Crown Regal wreathed.
  • Tibilanus, the god of Noricum in Bavaria.
  • Melchom or Milcom, the Idol of the Children of Am∣mon, 2 King. 23.10. called also by the Ammonites, Molech or Moloch, Amos 5.26 Acts 7.43. Ier. 32.35. and Mal∣cham by the ews, Zeph. 1.5.
  • Iuba, the god of the Moors.
  • Sangus, or Xanthus, a god of the Sabines, he was their first King.
  • Dagon, the Idol of the Philistins, Iudg. 16.23. adored at Ashdod, in the shape of a Mareman, with a writhen Tail, and Crowned, 1 Chron. 10.10.
  • Gabirus, the Macedonans god.
  • Baal-Perith, and Baal-Meon, gods of the Phaenicians, and of Egypt, whom the Israelites worshipped in the shape of a King, and so named, because first worshipped in Be∣rith, a City of Phoenicia, Iudg. 8.33. and 9.4.46.
  • Priapus with great Genitals, was the god of Lampsake, who was set up at Hellespont to be adored, called also He∣lespontiacus Vir; they made him Keeper of their Gardens, setting him up with a Sithe to frighten Thieves and Birds away: Hor. They Sacrificed to him an Ass: Ovid.
  • Nebo, was a god of the Chaldeans, Isa. 46.1.
  • Crephaganetus, a god of the Thebans in Egypt, whom they esteemed Immortal.
  • Diomedes, the god of Diomedea Island.
  • Venus, the goddess of Paphos, Amathus and Cythera, three pleasant mountains in the Isle of Cyprus.
  • Apollo, the god of Delphos, whose Image spake, and told the event of things; called the Oracle of Apollo, and the Oracle at Delphos.
  • Diana, the great goddess of the Ephesians, Act. 19.28.34. adored also at Torensis, and in Persia.
  • Asima, the god of the Eastern people, worshipped in the Image of an Ape, or as some affirm, a Goat, or Ram, the Egyptians hate all that killed them.
  • Beelzebub, the Lord of Flies, was an Idol or Oracle ere∣cted at Ekron, to whom Hezekiah sent to know whether he should recover of his Disease, as tho there had been no God in Israel, 2 King. 1.2, 3. this was a Devils name which the Jews accounted the Prince of Devils, Mark 3.22. who the Greeks called Pluto. It is like a King sitting in a Throne.
  • Nergal, was a continual Fire upon an Altar, which was daily adored in Vr of the Chaldeans, and from which Abra∣ham departed. It was adored by the Persians and Cuthites, 2 King. 17.30. and 19.36, 37.
  • Nisroch, a god of the Assyrians, who was worshipped of Senacherib, when he was slain by his Sons, 2 King. 19.37. it is thought to be the Ark of Noah, or a Figure of it, or the Image of an Eagle; others a King standing (in the Ro∣man habit) on a Ball; a Scepter in the right, and support∣ing a Shield with the left hand.
  • Nibchaz, the god of the Egyptians, 2 Kings 17.31. the Avims also did worship it; and is supposed to be the same to Anubis beforesaid, and was in the form of a Dog. Some write it Nabhaz.
  • Teraphim, a certain kind of Image, Hos. 3.4. which Micah made, and by it told the Danites their good suc∣cess, as it is mentioned, Iudg. 17.5. and 18.17. Rabbi Eliezer, surnamed Gadol, that is, the great, saith, they were certain Statues made in form of a Man under cer∣tain Constellations, whose influences caused them to speak at some certain hours, and give an Answer to whatsoe∣ver was demanded of them; being as it were, like those Oracles which oftentimes speak by the mouth of the De∣vil: But laying aside all other conjectures of them, St. Ierom, on 1 King. 22. and 1 King. 6.16. tells us, that they were the Images of Seraphims and Cherubims. Ha∣mahalzel therefore concludes with this truth; that cer∣tainly in the time of the Patriarchs, there were some cer∣tain wonderful Images or Statues, by which God made known his Will to his People.
  • Deumo, the Devil, or a Devilish Idol, most superstiti∣ously adored by the Painims of Calicut in the Est-Indies.
  • Rimmon, the chief god of Damascus. He is said to hold a Pomegranate in his hand, to shew he was the Protector of that people who did bear a Pomegranate in their Coat of Arms. Some say it was the Image of Venus holding an Apple. He was the god of the Aramites, 2 King. 5.18.
  • Thammuz, the god of the corrupted Israelites, menti∣oned Ezek. 8.14. it is thought to be the Sun.
  • Moloch or Molech. It was a hollow Image of Brass, ha∣ving seven Repositories, 1. For Meal. 2. For a Sheep. 3. For a Ram. 4. For Turtles. 5. For a Calf. 6. For an Oxe. 7. For a Child. Its form was like a Naked Man, with a Calfs Head Crowned. To this Idol, the Israelites burnt their Children in the Valley of Hinnon or Tophet, near Ierusalem. See 2 King. 23.10. 2 Chron. 28.3.
  • Bel, was another of the chief gods of the Babilonians, Isa. 46.1. Ier. 51.44. and Chaldeans, a fat Fellow (like Bacchus) crowned with a pointed Crown, and in habit of a Roman, with a Mantle on his Back, in the left hand a Scepter pointed out; and in the right, holding a Jug or Pitcher by the Ear.
  • Mero, or Merodach, was another god of Babilon, whose name the Princes did assume, Isa. 39.1. Ier. 50.2.
  • Dercetus was a goddess of Askalon, and represented as a beautiful Woman.
  • Melechet, an Idol mentioned by Ier. 7.18. and is ta∣ken to be either the Sun or Moon, for they adored it by Offering Cakes to it, as to the Moon.
  • Adramus was the Tutelar god of Sicilia.
  • Conisalus, the Tutelar god of the Athenians.
  • Sesach, or Saceas, was an Idol of the Babilonians, who was adored as Saturn in Rome: The Festival gave liberty to all manner of Debauchery: Some think this to be Iuno, it is mentioned, Ier. 25.26.
  • Cabrus, the Tutelar god of Pamphilia.
  • Rephan, or Remphan, Ciun, or Chiun, named in the Acts of the Apostles; some take it to be Saturn; others a bright Star in the Firmament, worshipped by the Israelites, Acts 7.43. Amos 5.26.
  • Tanais, the Tutelar god of the Armenian.
  • Page  8Tuisco, the Grand-Child of Noah, was adored by all the Germans, and from them by the Tuitsh or Teutonicks and Saxons, our Ancestors; they drew him like an Old Man, naked, with a rough, hairy Mantle cast over one Shoulder, with a Rod Scepter like, in his right hand.
  • Woden, is drawn like a warlike Prince, in perfect Ar∣mour, holding up a Fauchion in the right and his Buck∣ler in the left hand, with a Crown upon his head.
  • Ther or Theramis, was another Idol God, worshipped by our ancient Saxons and Angles: It was seated on a Throne, with a Crown of Gold on his head, encompas∣sed aout with many Stars; robed, and in his right hand a Scepter.
  • Scater or Crodo, was another Idol adored by the anci∣ent Saxons: He was drawn standing upon the Back of a Pearch Fish, being an Old Man, and Lean of Visage; a long Beard, with a Wheel in the left hand help up; and a Basket of Flowers in the right; in a side Coat girt with a long Girdle.
  • Ermensewl, was a favourable Idol to the Poor, repre∣sented by a great Man amongst heaps of Flowers, upon his Head a Cock, on his Breast a Bear; and in his right hand a displaid Banner.
  • Theutates and Hesus, two Idols of the Gauls, and an∣cient Britains, supposed to be Warlike and Bloody Devils; for the Adorers were as Bloody here as in other Nations; being the common practice of the Fathers, to cut the Throats of their Sons, and Sacrifice them on the Altars of the English gods.
  • Ogmian, or Omcana, the Gauls Hercules, whom they painted with many Chains proceeding out of his Mouth, fastned to the Ears of a multitude of little people at his feet.
  • Frideast, Prono, Helmsteed and Siwe, were all Idols of the old Britains and Germans; whose Descriptions we have not.
  • Flynt, an Idol so called because he stood, or was set on great Flint Stones, was made like the Image of Death, and naked, save only a Sheet about him; in his right hand a Torch or Fire-blase; on his head the Lions fore feet, and one of the hinder feet on his shoulders; and the other supported with his hand as high as his shoul∣der.
  • Friga, an Idol god also of the old Saxons, it represents both Sex of Man and Woman, an Hermophrodite; in one hand she holds a Sword, and the other a Bow.
  • Luna or the Moon, was a god they also adored in the shape of a Woman, with a short Coat like a Man, a Hood covering both head and shoulders round; with two long Ass ears; She holdeth the Moon increasing in both hands before her Belly. Called the Queen of Heaven, Ier. 7.18. and 44.17.
  • Baal, or Baalim, an Idol of Amon and Zydon, and Phaeniia, like a King standing on a Pillar, armed like a Roman, bare Thighs and Arms; a Mantle on his left Arm, with a Fauchion advanced in the right hand: His Priests were called Chemarims, 2 King. 23.5. Iudg. 10.6. Ier. 7.9. Ezek. 8.3.5. Hos. 2.16.17. and 11.2 1 King. 22.52.
  • Baal-Peor or Beel-phegor, the god of the Moabites, Hos. 9.10. adored in the shape of a Naked Man, with a Man∣tle on the left Shoulder and Arm, holding a Garland of Olive Leaves fructed in his hand above his head.
  • Chamos or Chemoch, or Chemoz, an Idol of Moab, 2 King. 11.7. it is an Image like a King in the Roman habit, a Mantle on his Back, a Sword in the right, and a Shield on the left hand, between two Females in Robes and Vest∣ments, one holding a Scepter, the other pointing up with her Finger, Is. 16.12. Ier. 48.13.46.
  • Deumus, is a Devil worshipped amongst the Indians in Calacute; his Image is most horribly Pictured in a most ugly shape.
  • Grigre, is accounted a great God, or rather Devil in Guinea, who keepeth the Woods, whose Priests are called Charobs.
  • Houioulsira, is another god or Devil adored by the In∣dians.

Imperial Goddesses so fained to be.

8. THey are such who are said to be Wives of the fore∣said Gods; or else such as are their Assistants and Commissioners, as,

  • Iuno, Wife of Iupiter, the goddess of Heaven, of Mar∣riages and Riches, is drawn like a Woman of a middle Age, Crowned, with a Scepter in one hand, and a Pome∣granate in the other, with a pair of Fetters lying at her Feet, black Hair, and a Sky-coloured Mantle; beset with the Orient Circles of a Peacocks Tail. She is also Depi∣cted drawn in a Chariot by two Peacocks, or a Peacock standing by her.
  • Proserpina the Wife of Pluto, Queen of Hell, the Daughter of Iupiter and Ceres, whom Pluto stole away and ravished, and kept in Hell, who could not be deli∣vered thence, because she had tasted of a Pomegranate in Pluto's Orchard.
  • Faelicitas, a goddess of the Romans, whom they Invo∣cated for prosperous success in their Enterprises.
  • Cybele or Vesta, the Wife of Saturn, she was goddess of the Earth, and of Fire and Burning; and Depicted with Towers on her head, sitting in a Chariot drawn by Lions. She was also called Vesta. Numa Pompilius dedicated to her an Eternal Fire, ordaining her Priests the Vestal Vir∣gins to see to its preservation.
  • Diana or Cynthia or Phoebe and Luna, by all which names this goddess was called, she was Sister of Apollo or the Sun, and goddess of Hunting, Child-bearing, Virgi∣nity and Dancing. She is drawn in a long Robe, girded about her Paps, with her Bow and Arrows; set in a Sil∣ver Chariot drawn by two white Staggs; sometimes by two Horses, one Black, the other White; on her head a Crescent, and two Wings on her Shoulders.
  • Venus, the beautiful goddess of Love and Pleasure, the Wife of Vulcan, god of the Fire, she was Drawn like a Beautiful Lady, with rich Ornaments and Jewels, a Star upon her head, set in a Chariot with Cupid by her, drawn by Swans or Doves.
  • Alaja is also a Diety of Beauty. And is Crowned with Roses, And Riseing out of the Sea.
  • Aurora the goddess of the Morning and Light, Is drawn like a fresh Virgin, Clothed in Blew. Set in a Chariot of Gold, drawn with White Horses, or Cranes, having her Fingers dropping with Dew: Some say, a handful of Roses, Gilliflowers and Lillies; with a Basket of Flowers in the other hand; and in Purple. Some call her Titana.
  • Page  9〈◊〉he goddess of Learning and Wisdom, cal∣led also by the name of Trionia. She is painted with a Helmet and a Crest, with a Cock on the top of her Hel∣met, with a round Taget on her Arm, and a Spear in the right hand: The Owl it is Painted by her.
  • Pallas, the goddess of Arms, a young Woman Arm∣ed with an Helmet or Head-piece, a Shield on her left Arm, and a Spear in the right hand, on her Helmet a Phynx or Cock.
  • Bellona, the goddess of War, Depicted with the same Habiliments of War, (and Armed Back, Breast and Shoul∣ders) as Pallas asore, by her side two Boys with Knives threatning each other.
  • Victoria, the goddess of Victory, a Woman in Arms like Pallas, standing upon Slaves as her Conquest, or else drawing them after her in Chains and Fetters.
  • Charits, the goddess of Charity, a Woman with 2 or 3 Children.
  • Gratia, the Graces, the three Daughters of Iupiter, they were Drawn, Fair, Naked, Wings at their Feet, holding each other by the hand.
  • Ceres, the goddess of Corn and Tillage and Plenty, cal∣led Ops and Tllus; like an Old Woman in a Green Ve∣sture, Crowned; in one hand a Globe, and in the other a Scepter: Some draw her with Corn about her head, and a Poppey head in one hand; and a Torch or Firebrand in the other.
  • Thetis, the goddess of the Sea; she was Wife of Ocea∣nus, the Father of all the gods. She was Daughter of Coelum and Vsta, the Mother of Rivers and Fountains.
  • Oreades, the goddess of the Mountains.
  • Hecate, a Monster with 3 heads.
  • Astrea, the Goddess of Justice.
  • Vesta, in the habit of a Virgin sitting on the ground, crowned with white Garlands.
  • Hebe, the goddess of Youth. And Thalia, the Deity also of Youth; the first was Daughter of Iuno, whom she Conceived by eating of Lettice; she was Cup-bearer to Iupiter.
  • Opis, the Mother or goddess of New born Babes, whose Image Women with Child did wear before their Bellies for Nine Months; if the Child any way miscarried, they burnt the Image or beat it to Ponder; else they Adored it if the Child lived.
  • Volumna, the goddess of Marriage for young People, as Maids.
  • Lucina, the goddess of Child-birth; crowned with the Herb Dittany, and a burning Torch in her hand.
  • Flora, or Chloris, goddess of Flowers and Gardens, a∣dorned with green, garnished with Flowers of Gold and Purple, having a Garland of Flowers about her Temples, and a Poesie in her right hand; with the Horn of Plenty (called Cornucopia) in the other Arm.
  • Nox, the goddess of Hell, the Mother of Eternal Night, Painted all Black, and in a dark Cell or Cave.
  • Nereiedes, Nymphae, the Deities of the Water, as Ne∣reus, Doris, Nymphs of the Sea. Thetis were Nymphs of Fountains and Rivers. Proteus, Neptune's Shepherd, and the Leader of his Sea Calves, &c. All these were Drawn Naked, with Scarfs flying about them; and Wings like the Finns of Flying Fishes.
  • Occasio, the goddess of Opportunity; painted on a Wheel, with Wings on her Feet, a long Fore-lock, and Bald be∣hind.
  • Cardinea, a goddess of the Romns, to whom they Sa∣crificed to keep them in Health of Body, especially the in∣ward parts, as Heart, Liver.
  • Segacia, a goddess to make Seeds grow.
  • Meditrina, the goddess of Physick.
  • Nemesis, the goddess of Revenge, Justice and Punish∣ment, Drawn with Wings, standing on a Wheel, in one hand a Golden Ball, in the other a Whip: Some Draw her with a Staff in one hand, and a Bridle in the other.
  • Suadela, the goddess of Eloquence.
  • Hamadryades, goddesses or Deities of the Woods. Fe∣ronia is also the goddess of the Woods.
  • Musae, the Muses or goddesses of the Poets, are Calliope, goddess of Epiques: Clio, of Lyriques: Aurat, of Love Poetry: Thalia, of Epigrammatists: Melpomene, of Ele∣gies: Terpsichore, of Dramatiques: Euterpe, of Mymicals: Polyhymnia, of Panegyrists; and Vrania, of Mystical Po∣etry.
  • Euphrosyne, the goddess of Chearfulness and Mirth.
  • Meretrix, the goddess of Whores and Bawds.
  • Metuta, the goddess of Jealousy.
  • Calatina or Clotina, goddess of the Stool, Houses of Of∣fice, and the Jakes.
  • Iusta Funebria, and Iusta Exequiarum, are Gods of Bu∣rial, and Funeral Obsequies; Funeral Deities.
  • Nymphae, or Nymphs of the Woods, are Virgins of Diana; they are Depicted Naked, with their Garments girt about them, Arms and Shoulders Naked, with Bows in their hands, and Quivers by their sides.
  • Euerpe, the smooth tongued goddess of Flattery.
  • Fortuna, the goddess of Fortune or Chance, Depicted with two Faces, one Fair, the other Black and Ugly, hold∣ing Treasures, Jewels and Riches in one hand, and a Staff or Wand in the other: But she is generally Drawn stand∣ing on a round Ball or Bubble, in a large Sea-shell, floting in the Sea, holding a Sail by the Yard, with one hand above her head, and the other holding the skirt of the Sail; all her Body Naked.
  • Parcae, or the Distinies, or Sisters, or goddesses of Man's Life; they are three, Clotho is young, Lachesis of a mid∣dle Age, Atropos Old and Decrepid: they are Depicted sitting all in a Row; the first and youngest draws a Thread from a Distaff, the second winds it about a Wheel; and the third, with her Kniffe or Scissars cuts the Thread off; they are invested with White Veils, and Coronets on their heads, wreathed about with Flowers of Nrcissus.

These may suffice, having named the chief; for the rest they may not be set down but with great Labour and Charge; for it is recorded by good Authors; that the gods, goddesses, and demy-gods of the Gentiles, exceed∣ed the number of Thirty Thousand; and what were they (saith King David) no other than Devils, Psal. 96.5.

Peruse for a farther Description of these Heathen Gods, the History of the Heathen Gods. By Marius D'Assigny.

View of all Religons. By Alex. Rosse.

Polygraphice, lib. 4. By William Salmon, Professor of Physick.

Mystigogus Poeticus, the Muses Interpreter. By Alex. Rosse.

Pisgah sight, or Description of Canaan. By Thomas Fuller. D. D.

Francis Holyoke, his Etymological Dictionary.

With what Authors they cite.

Page  10X. He beareth Or, an Ancient in Robes Triple Crowned, supporting of a Crucifix (or Christ up∣on the Cross,) on the Breast whereof is a Dove displaid, all within a Glory, and the Firmament under his feet. This I have seen in several Glass Windows in Churches in Cheshire; and is the Emblem of the Trinity, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; and may be fitly termed the Romish Fi∣gure of the Trinity; which Daniel describeth, Dan. 7.9, 13. By the Ancient of Days, and the Son of Man in the Clouds, having Power and great Glory. Read Rev. 20.11.

Ignorance hath begotten these Idolatrous and Supersti∣tious Adorations in the hearts of People; especially such who are led through Blind Zeal; that they not only frame and fancy a Similitude of God; but also Worship and Adore that Image as God; when the Prophet absolutely forbids it, Isa. 20.17.18. asking them the question, That seeing all Nations before God are less than nothing, To whom then will ye liken God? or what similitude will ye set up un∣to him?

XI. He beareth Azure, our Saviour in Purple Uestments, holding up a Mound in his left hand, and his right extended to the Dexter Chief, proper. Others to make a long business, Blazon it thus, Christ the Savi∣our of the World, cloathed in long Vestments, with a loose Mantle flung over his Arm and Shoulders, with the Glory of the Sun about his head, extending his right hand to the Dexter corner, and in his left a Mound, invironed with a Circle, and insigned with a Cross Avellane. This is born for the Arms of the Bishops Sea or Abby of Sainct Saviours, in Italy.

XII. He beareth Argent, our Saviour in his long Robe, close girt, Purpure; sitting upon a Humett, with a long Cross on his Shoulder, supported or held by his right hand, Or; in his left hand before his Breast a Mound, Azure, circled and crossed of the third. The like Coat to this is born by the See of Chichester, which Mr. Morgan, lib. 3. fol. 64, 68. Blazoneth thus, Saphire, a Prester John (or Presbyter John) sitting on a Tomb-stone, having in his left hand a Mound, and his right hand ex∣tended, a Linnen Miter on his head, and in his mouth a Sword, all proper. It is now since our Protestant Refor∣mation so Blazoned; but of old that Bishoprick did bear the Arms as I have set them forth in this example, numb. 12. which may be seen in several Glass Windows, especi∣ally in some old Manuscripts which I can produce.

XIII. He beareth Saphire, our Lady with her Babe in her right Arm, and a Scepter in her left hand, Topaz. Others Blazon it, our Blessed Lady, the Virgin Mary, in her long Robes close girt, with her Hair pendant, holding her Son in her right Arm, with Glo∣ries about their heads, and a Scepter in her left hand. This Coat belongs to the Bishoprick of Salisbury.

Ruby 2 Lions passant gardant Topaz; on a Chief Sa∣phire, our Lady sitting on a Tomb, with her Babe, Crown, and Scepter of the second; is the Arms of the Bishoprick of Lincoln.

In the Sun, or invironed with the Sun, a demy Virgin Mary, with the Babe in her Arms, is the Crest of Van Ro∣her of Bavaria.

☞ Sometime she is born Sitting Crowned and Scep∣tered. But note this, that our Saviour, Virgin Mary, with all the Apostles, Saints and Martyrs, in what posture soever they are born, either in Coats, or for Crests; they ever have either a Glory or Circle about their heads; and their Garments are long Robes close gird, generally with loose Mantles or Vestures carelesly cast over the Shoulders and Arms, as their posture requireth.

XIV. He beareth Jupiter, a Woman clothed, close girt, and Mantled, Mercury, standing on a Cressant, Luna, crowned with seven Stars, within the Glory of the Sun, Sol. Mrgan lib. 3. fol. 11. Blazons it more short thus, a Virgin standing in the Moon Clothed and Crowned with Stars, Cristal; within the Sun, Topaz. But St. Iohn in his Revelation shews himself to be the best He∣rald in Blazoning this Coat, who saith, that amongst the rest of his Wonders, Rev. 12.1. He saw a Woman clothed with the Sun, and the Moon was under her feet, and upon her head a Crown of twelve Stars. This is born by the name of Glorior.

This is also the Order of Burbon, or the Knights of our Lady in Burbon, instituted 1360. with the word ESPE∣RANCE. Mr. Rosse in his Religious Orders terms this the Virgin Mary entowered with the Sun; crowned with 12 Stars.

XV. He beareth Sable, a Crucifix proper. Other∣wise Blazon it thus: He beareth Saturn, Christ Nailed unto the Cross, proper; having an Escrowle fixed over his head, containing four Letters, viz. I. N. R. I. Luna. These Letters signifie, Iesus Nazarethae Rex Iudae∣orm, Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews. This is the Coat belonging to the Kingdoms of India.

XVI. He beareth Jupiter, an Arch-Angel, in his right hand a Palm-Branch, and in his left a Sword, all proper. Others to set forth the habit of the Angel, will say, habited in a long Robe close girt, proper.

☞ Here it is at the Artists choice, whether they will use the word proper or not; for Angels in what posture so∣ever they be, if they be in white Robes, with Golden Wings and Hair, are said to be in their proper colours, be∣cause they resemble Purity and Holiness, therefore need not to be mentioned; but to say an Angel (or so many An∣gels in such or such a posture) and no more. But if they be of one distinct Colour or Mettle, or of several colours, then it is necessary we express what colours they are off. By the name of Raker Van Hoggen.

XVII. He beareth Mars, an Angel with his hands con∣joined and elevated upon his Breast. In the Blazoning of Coats wherein Angels are, beside what hath been spoken in the former example, take notice of these things.

  • ☞ First, of the difference between Archangels and Angels, the former being ever Insigned on the fore∣head or top of the head with a Cross.
  • Secondly, if Angels be in a standing posture, you need not to mention it, neither the displaying of the Wings; for if the Angels stand directly with a full Body, or pre∣sence (as it were) to our sight; then the Wings do spread themselves on both sides the Body: But if the Angels stand sideways, then their Wings will fall to be one behind the other, which have terms accordingly, as following exam∣ples will declare: And,
  • Thirdly, In the last place to mention the manner of their Robes (saying, habited in a long Robe close girt, and trussed up, and such like, as Gwilliams terms it) may very Page  11 well be omitted; for all Angels are Depicted in such kind of Garments, as it is mentioned Rev. 7.9, 13, 14.

This Coat is born by the name of Brangor de Crvi∣sia.

Such an Arch-Angel couped at the middle, saith Gwil∣liam, was the King of Arabia's Coat Armour, Anno 1413.

The like demy Arch-angel was born issuing out of Base, by Gideon, Bishop of Pellicaster.

XVIII. He beareth Diamond, an Angel volant in Fesse, pointing with his right hand to the Heavens and his left to the Earth, his Garments Sardonyx, Winged, Pearl, having an Escroll issuing out of his mouth, con∣taining these Letters, G. I. E. D. of the third: The Let∣ters do signifie the words uttered by the Angels who brought the Shepherds the Tidings of our Saviours Birth. Gloria In Excelsis Deo, &c. Glory to God on high, &c. This Coat may well beseem any Ambassador or bringer of Happy News, especially such as first plant Religion in any Country.

XIX. He beareth Sol, an Angel in a genuine posture, (or Kneeling) with his hand conjoined and elevated on his Breast, Mars: Wings in Sepurture, Luna: Of some, the Wings after this form, being one behind the other, is termed expenced: In some Coats you shall find Arch-Angels and Angels genuant or Kneeling, with their Wings displaid, and then you need say no more but an Angel Kneeling.

☞ But if the Angels be sideways, and the Wings behind each other, they are termed Sepurture (or Ex∣penced,) yet this Kneeling with the Body full in sight, is not termed an Angel Sepurture; but an Angel Kneeling, the Wings Sepurture, by reason they are seen but by the halfs. See numb. 23.

And this manner of Blazoning ought to be used to all Charges that stand sidewise, or three quarterwise; as to sight there doth appear but half the Face or little more, with half the Body, with a small part of the Right Arm or Foot; then you shall term such thus, an Angel Demy faced praying, or in such or such a posture, Wings Sepur∣ture; as you shall see in many examples in the handling both of Men and his several parts, as Head, Eyes, &c. chap. 17. numb. 6, 7. and also in the Treatise of Birds and Fowl, chap. 11. numb. 4.21, 23, &c.

XX. He beareth Gules, a Demy Angel issuing out of a Cloud, holding the Head of St. Iohn Baptist in a Platter, all proper. This is the Crest of the Worship∣ful Company of Tallow Chandlers, of the City of Lon∣don.

XXI. He beareth Or, an Arch-Angel habited in a long Robe, Argent, ensigned on the Forehead with a Cross Patee, and girt over the Breast with a Salter, Gules, having in his right hand a Dart of the Field, and on his left Arm a Shield of St. George, standing in Triumph, and piercing through of a Dragon of the Third. Thus by Mr. Morgan, lib. 3. fol. 10, 11. who saith it is the Badg or appendant Jewel of the Order of St. Michal in France: Which more short may be termed St. Michael, (or an Arch-Angel) in Triumph over the Dra∣gon, or Devil.)

After this manner is an Arch-Angel represented like an Armed Knight, with a Shield and Helmet ensigned with a Cross, triumphing over the great Red Dragon the De∣vil.

XXII. He beareth Gules, out of a Cloud, in the Dex∣ter corner, an Arch-Angel in a Glory, with a Dart, casting Lucifer headlong into a Flame of Fire, issuing out of Base proper. This is also termed the Battel between Michael and the Devil, with his casting out of Heaven in∣to the Lake of Fire and Brimstone. Here give me leave to tell you after this Fall, how many Orders of Angels still remained.

The Orders of Angels.

9. THERE remained still in Heaven (after the Fall of Lucifer, the bright Star, and his Company) more Angels than there ever was, is, and shall be, Men born in the Earth, which God ranked into Nine Orders or Chorus, called the Nine Quoires of Holy Angels.

1. Is the Order of Seraphims, whose Governour or chief Arch-Angel is Vriel: Whose Ensign is a Flaming Heart and a Cross Staff.

2. Is the Order of Cherubims, whose Arch-Angel is Io∣phiel. Who are represented young, having four Wings to cover their Faces and Feet.

3. Is the Order of Arch-Angels, whose Head is Michael; his Ensign is a Banner hanging on a Cross, and Armed, as representing Victory; with a Dart in one hand, and a Cross on his Forehead.

4. Is the Order of Angels, whose Governour is Gabriel, whose Ensign is a Book and a Staff.

5. Is the Order of Thrones, whose Chief is Zaphkiel or Sachiel; represented Kneeling, whose Ensigns are a Palm and a Crown.

6. Is the Order of Principalities, whose Arch-Angel is Chamael or Samael. Whose Ensign is a Scepter and Girdle across the Breast; being the Angel Guardian of Kingdoms.

7. Is the Order of Powers, whose Leader is the Arch-Angel Raphael or Raphel. Therefore his Ensign, of some, is made to be a Thunderbolt and a Flaming Sword, there∣by to withstand the power of Evil Angels.

8. Is the Order of Dominions, whose Arch-Angel is Zad∣kiel or Sachiel; whose Ensign is a Sword or Scepter, and a Cross.

9. And the lowest is the Order of Virtues, whose Condu∣ctor and Leader is Haniel or Anael: Whose Ensign is a Crown of Thorns in one Hand, and a Cup of Consolation in the other.

Yet some Authors have them thus, 1. Michael. 2. Ga∣briel. 3. Samael. 4. Raphael. 5. Sachiel. 6. Anael. 7. Cassiel or Gaphriel.

Some Authors rank them thus, Seraphims, Cherubims, Thrones, Dominions, Vertues, Powers, Principalities, Arch-Angels, Angels.

Kings or Princes Infernal.

10. GOD never Erected any Order, Rule or Govern∣ment, but the Devil did, and will imitate him: For where GOD hath his Church, the Devil will have his Synagogue. And as there is Orders and Degrees in Page  12 Heaven; Hell shall not be without; where it is said by the Learned, that in the Infernal Region there are Nine Orders (others say seven Kingdoms) over which there is as many Kings or Rulers.

  • 1. The Order of Pride, Uain-glory, and Honor, whose Leader is Beelzebub or Baell.
  • 2. The Order of Lies, Fallacies and Doubts, whose Head is Python.
  • 3. The Order of Mischiefs, and Evil doings, whose Head is Belial.
  • 4. The Order of Temptations, Inticements to Wickedness, Accusations and Punishments, whose grand Captain is Asmodeus.
  • 5. The Order of Deceit, Fraud, Cousenage and Disguise, whose Leader is Sathan.
  • 6. The Order of Airy Powers, who can give Thun∣der, Lightnings, Hail, Rain, &c. whose Leader is Me∣rafin.
  • 7. The Order of Discord, War, Strife, &c. whose Head is Abaddon.
  • 8. The Order of — whose Leader is As•••oth.
  • 9. The Order of — whose Head is Maimon.

1. Baell, the principal King of all Devils and Evil Spirits; he hath three heads, one of a Toad, a Man, and a Cat. He hath under him 66 Legions of Spirits. Un∣der him are these Princes.

  • Agaros, like an Old Man, riding on a Crocodile, with a Hawk on his Fist. He is the first Duke, having under him 31 Legions.
  • Marbas, or Barbas, is like a Lion; under him are 36 Legions.
  • Amon, or Amàon, like a Wolf, with a Serpents Tail, spitting out Fire; under him are 40 legions of Fiends or Devils.
  • Barbatos, he is like a Sagitarius: He was of the Or∣der of Virtues, and hath 30 legions under him.
  • Buer, is like a — and hath 50 legions under him.
  • Gusoim, is like a Musitianer, or the Philosopher Xe∣nophilus; he hath 40 Legions under his power and com∣mand.
  • Botis or Otis, he is like an ugly Viper, if he put on human shape he hath great Teeth and two Horns, with a Sword in his hand; he rules 60 Legions of Devils.
  • Bathin, is like a Man with a Serpents Tail, riding on a Pale Horse; he ruleth 30 legions.

2. Purson, or Curson, he is a great and potent King in the — He is like a Man, with a Lions Face, carrying a most cruel Viper, and rideth on a Bear, with Trumpets before him: He rules 22 legions of Devils which were partly of the order of Virtes, and partly of the order of Thrones. He hath under him

  • Eligor, or Abigor, like a goodly Knight, bearing a Launce and Ensign, and a Scepter; he governs 60 le∣gions.
  • Leraie, or Oray, like an Archer with Bow and Qui∣ver; he governs 30 legions of Spirits.
  • Ualefar, or Malephar, the shape of a Lion, and head of a Thief; he rules ten legions of Devils.
  • Morax, or Foraii, like a Bull; and rules 36 legions.
  • Ipos, or Ayporos, in shape of an Angel; yet more obscure and filthy than a Lion; with a Lions head, Goose feet, and a Hares tail; he hath under him 66 legions.
  • Naberius, or Cerberus, in form of a Crow, 19 legions obey him.
  • Glasia-Labolas, or Caacrinolaas, or Caassimo∣las, like a Dog, with Wings like a Griffen; and 36 le∣gions hear and obey him.
  • Zephar, is like a Soldier; 26 legions are at his com∣mand.

3. Bileth is a great King, and terrible in the — he rideth on a Pale Horse, with Trumpets before him, and all kind of melodious Musick; he was of the Order of Powers, and hath 85 legions at his command; Under him are,

  • Sitri, or Bitru, appears with the face of a Leopard, and Wings of a Griffin. He is a Bawdy Devil, and hath 60 Legions under him.
  • Paimon, he is more obedient to Lucifer than other Kings are; he is like a Man riding on a Dromedary, and weareth a glorious Crown, before him goes an Host, with Trumpets, Cymbals, and all Musical Instruments. Some say he was of the Order of Dominions; others, of the or∣der of Cherubims: There follows him two hundred Legi∣ons, partly of the Order of Angels, and partly of the Or∣der of Powers. Note Paimon hath ever two Kings fol∣lowing him, viz. Beball and Abalam, and other Poten∣tates, in whose Host are 25 legions.

4. Belial, is also a great King, and was the head of all the Angels that were cast out of Heaven, but was infe∣riour to those that staid in Heaven; he is found in the form of an Exorcist or Conjurer, in the Bonds of Spirits; he hath under him 80 Legions, partly of the order of Virtues, and partly of Angels.

  • Bune, is like a Dragon with three heads, one like a Man, he hath 30 legions that obey him.
  • Forneus, is like a great Sea Monster; under him are 29 legions, partly of the Order of Thrones, and partly Angels.
  • Ronoue, he resembles a Monster, and hath 19 legions under him.
  • Berith, or Beal, or Bolfry, he is like a Soldier all in Red; red Colours and Horse, a Crown on his head; 26 legions are under him.
  • Astaroth, like a foul Angel, sitting on a Dragon, with a Viper in his right hand, he rules 40 legions.
  • Foras or Forcas, is like a strong Man; and rules 29 legions.
  • Furfur, is like a Hart with a Fiery Tail; rules 26 le∣gions.
  • Marchosias, like a She Wolf, with Griffins Wings, and Serpents tail; he was of the Order of Dominions, un∣der him is 30 legions.
  • Malphas, is like a great Crow; 40 legions obey him.
  • Uepar, or Separ, is like a Mermaid; rules 29 legions.
  • Sabnacke, or Salmac, like an Armed Soldier, with a Lions head, riding on a Pale Horse; he rules 50 legions.

5. Sidonay, or Asmoday, is a great King, strong and mighty; he hath three heads, one of a Bull, of a Man, and a Ram; he hath a Serpents tail, belcheth Fire out of his Mouth; Feet like a Goose, rideth on an Infer∣nal Dragon; he carrieth a Launce and Flag in his hand, Page  13 and goeth before others which are under the power of Amaymon. He hath under his power 72 legions of Spi∣rits; under him are these Princes and Dukes.

  • Gaap, or Tap, is of a Meridional shape; 66 legions obey him.
  • Shax, or Scox, is a dark and great Stork; he hath 30 legions.
  • Procell, is like an Angel; he was of the Order of Powers, or Potestates; and hath 48 legions under him.
  • Furcas, is like a cruel Man with a long Beard, and hoary Head, sitteth on a Pale Horse, carrying in his hand a sharp Weapon; 20 legions obey him.
  • Murmur, like a Soldier, riding on a Griffin, with 2 before him with Trumpets; rules 30 legions, which were of the Order, partly of Thrones, partly of Angels.
  • Caim, is like a great Thrush; he was of the Order of Angels, and ruleth 30 legions of Devils.
  • Raum, or Raim, is like a Crow, and was of the Or∣der of Thrones, and governs 30 legions.
  • Halphas, cometh abroad like a great Stork; hath 26 legions.
  • Focalor, like a Man, with Griffins Wings; hath 3 legions; he was of the Order of Powers.
  • Uine, is a great King and Earl, is like a Lion riding on a Black Horse, with a Viper in his hand.
  • Bifrons, is like a great Monster; he hath 26 legions.
  • Gamigin, is in the form of a little Horse; he hath 30 legions.

6. Zagan is a great King; and comes abroad like a Bull with Griffins Wings: he is head of 33 legions; under him are,

  • Orias, is like a Lion riding on a strong Horse, with a Serpents tail; and carrieth in his right hand two great Ser∣pents hissing; and hath under him 30 legions.
  • Ualac, like a Boy with Angels Wings, riding on a two headed Dragon; he hath 30 legions of Devils under him.
  • Gomory, is like a fair Woman with a Coronet about his middle; he rideth on a Camel; he hath rule over 26 legions.
  • Decarabia, or Carabia, he cometh forth like a Star; 30 legions are under him.
  • Amduscias, is like a Unicorn; hath 29 legions un∣der him.
  • Andras, is in an Angels shape, with a head like a black Night Raven, riding on a Black and Strong Wolf; with a sharp Sword in his hand; he is Author of Discord; and hath 30 legions under him.
  • Andrealphus, is like a great Peacock; he raiseth great Noises, and hath 30 legions under him.
  • Ose, is like a Leopard, and makes Men Mad, that they suppose themselves to be Kings, Princes, &c.
  • Aym, or Haborim, hath three heads, viz. a Serpent, a Man, and a Cat; he rideth on a Viper with a Fire-brand in his hand; he hath 26 legions of Devils at command.
  • Orobas, is like a Horse, and hath rule over 26 legions.
  • Uapula, is a Lion with Griffins Wings; hath 36 legions.
  • Cimeries, is like a Man riding on a Black Horse; he ruleth in the parts of Africa, he ruleth 20 legions.
  • Amy, is like a Flame of Fire; he hath the rule of 36 legious, which were partly of the Order of Angels, and partly of Powers.
  • Flauros, is like a terrible strong Leopard, in human shape he hath a terrible countenance and fiery eyes; he hath 20 legions under him.

7. Balam, is a great and terrible King; he hath three heads, of a Bull, of a Man, of a Ram, Flaming Eyes, a Serpents Tail, riding on a furious Bear, carrying a Hawk on his Fist; he governs 40 legions; and was of the Order of Dominions; under him are

  • Allocer, a great Prince (as all the other aforesaid are) like a Soldier riding on a great Horse; he hath a Lions Face, very red, with flaming eyes; he rules 30 legions.
  • Salcos, is like a gallant Soldier, riding on a Croco∣dile, with a Dukes Crown.
  • Uuall, is a great and terrible Dromedary; he was of the Order of Powers; and ruleth 37 legions.
  • Haagenti, like a great Bull with Griffins Wings; hath 33 legions.
  • Phoenix, is like the Bird Phoenix; he rules 20 legions.
  • Stolas, is in form of a night Raven; he hath 26 legions
  • Apollyon, is a hideous Monster to behold, covered all over with Scales; having the mouth of a Lion; feet like a Bear, and Wings like a Dragon; Fire came out of his Belly; the Prince of Destruction, Rev. 9.7, 8, &c.

Besides these there are other Infernal Spirits which are said to have power over all the rest, being chief of all, as

  • Lucifer, the bright Morning Star, being the principal Angel, for his Arrogancy, that he would needs be like God, was cast out of Heaven, and became the chief of Devils; and ruler of the rest.
  • Amaymon, is the Chief, whose Dominion is on the North part of the Infernal Gulf.
  • Gorson, is chief King, whose Dominion is on the South part of Hell.
  • Zimimar, hath his Kingdom on the East part; and is chief Ruler or King there.
  • Goap, hath the West part of Hell, where he ruleth as King.

Of the Orders of Angels, and the Fall of Lucfer, and his Fellow Devils, peruse

The Hierarchy of Angels: By Tho. Heywood.

XXIII. He beareth Or, a demy Angel in Sepurture, Gules, issuing out of a Cloud proper, sounding of a Trum∣pet Argent. This is also termed a demy Angel, half fa∣ced, with Wings Sepurture, &c.

☞ In the Blazoning of Angels, I do not use the term proper to the Face, Hands and Feet; for they are ever un∣derstood to be of a fleshy colour like to that of a Man; except they be all of one entire Colour or Mettle, in which respect the naming of one colour, serves for all parts of the Angel.

Yet if the Blazoner please, he may use the term pro∣per, but then he is tied, and of necessity he must add (that he is clothed in a long Robe, &c.) of such a Colour, which in the leaving out the word proper, he needeth to say no more, than an Angel in such a posture, and of such a co∣lour, naming only that of his Garment. This is the Crest of Dr. Iohn Richardson, Bishop of Ardagh, in the Realm of Ireland.

XXIV. He beareth Jupiter, a Cherub, Sol. This cannot properly be termed a Cherub; but a Cherub (or Cherubs, or Cherubims) head, the Cherub being de∣scribed after in numb. 27.28. but because Antiquity hath thus drawn them, I shall therefore follow it.

Page  14☞ There needs no mention of displaying their Wings; for they are ever drawn thus, or according to the next example, numb. 25. Note also, that if there be but one in a Coat, it is called a Cherub, but if more, then Cherubims, Cherub betokening the Singular num∣ber, and Cherubims the Plural. Mr. Morgan, lib. 3. fol. 10. to make a distinction between this and the following Cherub, terms this a Cherub displaid, and that a Che∣rub, without any addition, which are but niceties. This is born by the name of Hipofer,

S 3 Cherubims O by the name of Swift.

S a Cheveron between 3 Cherubims O born by Chal∣loner.

In the Base of this quarter is a demy Arch Angel sans Armes, with a Scarf Salterwise over his Breast, and girt about the middle O the Robe A is the Crest of Ha∣le van Suntheim, a German.

XXV. He beareth Gules, a Cherub, Argent, Wing∣ed and Crined, Or. This Cherub I have caused to be set here, to shew only the ways of bearing the Wings, and that is according to their being born, if on a Fesse or Chief, then there is a liberty to display the Wings; but if there be three in a Field, or four between a Cross, or five on a Salter, there being in such cases no liberty for an extended Wing, have them drewn more close and pendant, as this is: However, if the Artist will follow Mr. Morgans distinction, lib. 3. cap. 1. fol. 10. he is left to his liberty, and offends not.

Cherubims are represented young, to shew their conti∣nual strength; having Wings, to signifie their swiftness of motion, and unweariness; their Garments White, to shew their Purity; or Gold, to shew their Sanctity; Garments on, to shew their Modesty; and girt, to shew their Rea∣diness.

XXVI. He beareth Venus, a Cherub having three pair of Wings, the uppermost and neithermost are counterly crossed, and the middlemost displaid, Luna; so Gwilliams, fol. 108. He beareth a Cherub having three pair of Wings, the upper and neithermost conjoined, the middle displaid; so Morgan, lib. 3. fol. 10. And to save all this labour, it may as well be termed a Cherub with three pair of Wings, and no more.

☞ When the Wings are of two Colours, then Bla∣zon it a Cherub proper, Winged Argent, ponioned Azure, and Crined Or; for the long Feathers are often born in Coats, of one colour, and the Ponion of another; see in Wings, chap. 11. numb. 2.

XXVII. He beareth Gules, a Naked Boy sans Armes, proper, Winged and Crined, Or. This is by some set out for a Cherub, being the whole Figure of it, as used in Armory; though according to Scripture Revelation, the Cherubims that covered the Ark of God in the most Holy Place of the Temple, are said to have Feet like Calves feet; by which it doth appear, comparing Ezek. 1.10. and chap. 10.14. together, that the Cherub hath not only the Feet, but the Head of an Oxe, or Calf, or Lion, or Man, as Ezek. 41.18, 19.

XXVIII. He beareth Sable, a flying Cherub, with four heads, like a Man, a Lion, a Bull, and an Eagle, the Body of a Man, and Feet like a Calf; having four Wings, two displaid, and two covering his Body, Or. this may for shortness be termed Ezekiels Cherub, which he thus describeth, chap. 1.5, 6, 7, 8, 10. A living Crea∣ture of the appearance or likeness of a Man, with four Faces and four Wings, with straight feet, and soles like a Calves foot, with hands of a Man under their Wings; the heads wre, one like a Man, another like a Lion, another like an Oxe, and the last like an Eagle: this was the Prediction of the Spirit dwelling in the four Evangelists, described by the four Beasts in the Revelation, cap. 4. v. 7. which they were ever Drawn with; as St. Matthew with an Angel ha∣ving a Man's Face, St. Mark with a Lion, St. Luke with a Bull; and St. Iohn with an Eagle; each Beast or Cherub having six Wings, and they were full of Eyes.

XXIX. He beareth Argent, an Evil Angel demy faced, in shape of a Naked Man, with Eagles Tal∣lons, Horned, and Winged like a Dragon, Sepur∣ture; Cloven Feet, having a Fire-Brand in his right Paw, and elevating the left proper: As the Devil or Satan is the Prince of Darkness, so he is described by dark and black∣ish colours.

That bad Angels as well as good are sometimes born in Arms, may appear both by this, and in an Escochion per∣taining to the ancient Family of Trolles in Norway, where the Devil was represented without a Head in a Field Or; having a Human shape, but with a long Tail; his Hands and Feet having Tallons like an Eagle, Gules. Spher. lib. 1. fol. 8.

Also a Demon Sable, issuing out of a Flame of Fire, in the Sinister Base; in a Field Argent, is a Coat belonging to a Noble Family in France. See chap. 18. numb. 83.

XXX. He beareth Sable, the Devil, or Satan transformed into an Angel of Light, having short Horns, Dragons Wings, Sepurture; a long Robe close girt, and Eagles Feet, pointing to the Dexter Chief with the left hand, and with the right to the Base.

The Devil, Satan, the Prince of the Air, the Ruler of Darkness, call him what you will; an Evil Spirit, a Wicked Angel; is born in Armory, and looked upon to be honourable, for the subduing of the works of the Devil, as Medsas head was to Pallas, though neither of them were delightful to others, more than to shew the Deformities of Nature.

The several Names of the Devil.

11. IT hath pleased God to inform our weak capacities of the diverse names ascribed to the Devil, whereby his Nature and Disposition is known to us, as

  • Behemoth, the great Elephant, a Brutish Creature, which sets forth his greatness and brutish nature, Iob 40.10.
  • Leviathan, a Creature that will not be tamed, Iob 40.20. Isa. 27.1.
  • Mammon, a Covetous desire, so that nothing but ruine and destruction will satisfy, Mat. 6.24. Luke 16.13.
  • Daemon, one that is cunning and crafty, the Devil, Mark 16.17. Iames 2.19.
  • Cacodaemon, is perversly knowing; he will be wor∣shipped as a god, yet he knoweth nothing of good, to be Page  15 obtained thereby, Psal. 96.5.
  • Diabolus, is an Accuser or a Slanderer, Iob 1.9. and 2.5. Rev. 12.10.
  • Sathan, is an Adversary, one that troubleth and mo∣lesteth, Rev. 12.12.
  • Abaddon, a Destroyer, one that delights to hurt, Rev. 9.11. in Greek he is called Apollyon, that is, Destroy∣ing.
  • Legio, or Legion, is many, a multitude, Luke 8.30.
  • Spiritus, a Spirit, a Lying Spirit, 1 King. 22.21, 22. Act. 16.16.
  • Angelus, an Angel, the Angel of the Lord, the cru∣el Angel, the Angel of Satan, the Angel of Hell and Darkness, 1 Chron. 21.12, 15. 2 Cor. 12.7. Rev. 9.11. that is, a Messenger of the Lord, as the Executioner and Minister of his displeasure.
  • Draco. a Dragon, the great Dragon, for his Pride, and Force, and Strength; the red Dragon, for his Blood∣iness, Rev. 12.3.9.
  • Serpens, a Serpent for his Policy, Cunning, and Craft, the Old Serpent from his Experience, Gen. 3.10. Isa. 27.1. Rev. 12.9.14.
  • An Owl, a Kite, a Raven, a Pellicane, from his ravening, and unsatiable desire of Devouring, Isa. 34.11.15.
  • Leo, a Lion, the roaring Lion, from his terrible noise, 1 Pet. 5.8.
  • Homicidus, an Homicide, a Manslayer, Iohn 8.44.
  • Mendar, a Liar, the Father of Lies, because no Truth is in him, Iohn 8 44.
  • Kex, a King, a Ruler of the Sons of Pride and Diso∣bedience, Iob 41.25. Eph. 2.2.
  • Princeps, a Prince, a Prince of the World, a Prince of the Air, a Prince of Darkness, Iohn 8.12. Eph. 2.2.
  • Author Peccatorum, the Author of all Sin and Wickedness, 1 Iohn 3.8.

Devils Familiar with Men.

Penates, Domestick Devils, such as are of the hou∣shold, and live quietly within Doors.

Lares, are Devils that trouble or haunt private Hou∣ses, Familiar Spirits.

Larvae, Spirits that walk in the Night, Night Spirits, Goblins.

Manes, Walking Spirits, the Souls or Ghosts of the Dead, that vex and trouble Men in the way.

Uirunculi Terrei, a Familiar Spirit or Hagg, that supplies the Office of Servants, especially Maids, as to make Fires, sweep the House, fetch Water, and such like; these kind of civil Spirits, are in some places called Hob-goblins, Robin Goodfellow, and Hudgin, or Robin-Hood, because he always wareth a Cap or a Hood. Some Lobly by the Fire.

Ziim, and Ohim, or Iim, are Spirits by whom Sa∣tan deludes Mens fantasies, Isa. 13.21, 22, and 34.14.

Guteli, or Trulli, are Spirits like Women, which shew great kindness to Men; and hereof it is that we call light Women Trulls.

Familiares Daemones, Familiar Spirits, such as will come when they are called, and do what they are bidden, &c.

Incubus, and Succubus, Spirits that lie in Bed with Men and Women; the first Women, the latter Men, pressing their Stomachs; it is of some termed the Night-Mare.

Lamiae, Fairies, or Elfs, little Dancing Spirits, as Faunii, or Satyri, Fairies of the Woods or Fields; Naiades, of the Waters; Orcades, of the Hills.

XXXI. He beareth Argent, issuing out of the Base Si∣nister, a Dragon, or Devils head, Gules, casting out Fire and Smoak, with ugly Spirits therein, proper: This is termed Hell-mouth; according to that saying in the Revelations, That Hell opened his Mouth, and there arose the smoak of a great Furnace, and Locusts were therein, Rev. 9.2, 3.

XXXII. He beareth Sable, in Base the Bottomless Pit, casting out Fire and Smoak, with Evil Spi∣xits therein, in the forms of Serpents, Toads and Adders, all proper; the bearing of these Hellish Vituperious, hor∣rid and vile things, is to deter not only the Bearer, but also the beholder from becoming like them, by degenera∣ting; for all are not Military Civil, yet may thereby be∣come civilly honest.

10. FROM things supernatural, such as have their abiding in the Heavens; we come to such natu∣ral things as are under the moveable Sphere, and are con∣tained in the four Elements; as for example.

XXXIII. He beareth Azure, the Coelestial Sphere, Or, invironing the Terrestrial Globe, proper. This may without any other additions be termed only a Sphere; which doth comprehend in it both the Coe∣lestial and Terrestrial Globe: Though some will say a Sphere beautified (or adorned and replenished,) with variety of Coelestial Bodies, &c. which I hold need∣less, the Sphere being always thus set forth; this was the Shield of Achilles, that famous Grecian Captain.

Bull, Queen Elizabeths Clock-maker bore a Sphere for his Crest.

The Chief Circles in the Sphere.

  • a the Circle Artick, or the Northern Circle.
  • b The Tropick of Cancer.
  • c The Meridian Circle, or mid-days Circle.
  • d The Tropick of Capricorn.
  • e The Zodiack or Ecliptick line, or circle of the Sun.
  • f the circle Antartick; but more particularly.

The names of all the Circles in the Coelestial Globe, as they are imagined by Astronomers to be in the eight Hea∣vens or Firmaments: To the intent that the measure of the Stars, Signs, Images, and other appearances therein contained may be the better demonstrated; of these Cir∣cles there are in all ten; of which some are great, others lesser; the greater Circles are such as pass through the Cen∣ter or midst of the Firmament, and do divide the whole Circle thereof into two equal parts, of which there be those six.

    Page  16
  • 1. The Equinoctial Line or Circle, is that as divides the Sphere in the midst into two equal parts; and therefore is called the Girdle of the World. When the Sun touch∣eth this Circle which is twice in the year, viz. the 11 day of March, and 13 of September, at which time the Days and Nights are of an equal length, therefore called Equi∣noctial; and by reason this Circle divides the World in the very midst, those that dwell right under it, are said to have no Latitude either Northward or Southward, to whom the Days and Nights are always equal.
  • 2. The Zodiack, or the Ecliptick Line, or the Circle of the Sun; it is an Oblique Line, crossing the Equinocti∣al Line, and doth divide it into two equal parts; one part lieth between the Equinoctial and the South Pole: This Circle is divided into 12 equal parts, and each part hath a particular Sign ascribed to it; and these are called the 12 Signs of the Zodiack or great Circle of Heaven: This Circle hath also its Axeltree and Poles, answerable to the Poles of the World, about which it turneth.
  • 3. The Colure of the Equinoctiums, or Equinoxes; And
  • 4. The Colure of the Solstitials are two Circles that go∣eth Crosswise through both Poles of the World from North to South, dividing one another in the Poles in two; the one passing the points of the Equinoctial, is cal∣led the Colure of the Equinoctiums; the other passeth through the points of the Solstitias, is called the Colure of the Sol••ices or Solstitials: The Sun coming to these Cir∣cles (by his yearly course in the Zodiack) divideth the Year into four Quarters, as Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter.
  • 5. The Horizon line, or Sight Ender, (so called because our sight doth end at it) is a great Circle dividing the Sphere into two equal parts, whereof we see the one above, the other is sunken under it out of our sight: That we term the Horizon in Architecture, which is even with the sight of the Eye, to whose Center all the lines tend thereward; in a word, by Horizon is understood as much of the Hea∣ven as can be seen of us, even from the rising to the going down of the Sun.
  • 6. The Meridian Circle, or Mid-days Circle, so called from Meredies, that is Mid-day; because the Sun coming to the South to this Circle, make Noon day or Mid-day; and after, it doth descend again; this is the great Circle that passeth through both Poles of the World, and through the Zenith, crossing on both sides, the Equinocti∣al; and right in the South and North the Horizon.

The lesser Circles are such as divide the Sphere into un∣equal parts, of which there are these four.

  • 1. The Tropick of Cancer, or the Suns turning of Can∣cer; because the Sun coming to that point, and being at the furthest from the Equinoctial towards the North; then turneth again through Cancer towards the Equinoctial; this Circle is Northward from the Equinoctial, and runs Pa∣rallel with the same; and is drawn from the point of the Zodiack or Ecliptick line at the farthest distance from the Equinoctial.
  • 2. The Tropick of Capricornus, this Circle is Southward from the Equinoctial; and is so called, from the Suns turn∣ing of Capricornus in the Ecliptick line; at which point the Sun is the farthest from the Equinoctial in the South; and turneth again through that Sign, towards the Equino∣ctial.
  • 3. The Circle Artick, or the Northern Circle.
  • 4. The Circle Antartick, or the Southern Circle; these two Circles are drawn round the Sphere by the Poles of the Ecliptick Circle; these are of an equal distance from the Poles of the World, as the Tropicks are from the Equinoctial Line, called also the Polar Circles.

Besides these, there are diverse other Circles; some are said to be Parallels, some Right, some Oblique, some Moveable, and some Immovable.

The Parallel Circles are the two Polar Circles, Artick and Antartick; the two Tropicks and the Equinoctial, which is in the very midst of them all.

The Right Circles be the two Colures, the Right Hori∣zon and the Meridian, because these cut the Sphere of the Globe with Right Angles.

The Oblique Circles be the Zodiack, and the oblique Horizon; because they are said to cut the Sphere or Globe with Oblique Angles.

The Moveable Circles are these, the Equinoctial, the Zodiack, the two Tropicks, and the Polar Circles; for they continually move with the Firmament, and are alike in all places.

The Immoveable Circles are the Horizon and the Meri∣dian, which are said to be Immoveable; because in the turning of the Sphere or Globe they remain immoveable; for though we change both Meridian and Horizon by go∣ing from one part of the Earth to another, yet every place hath still its own Meridian and Horizon which re∣main immovable.

The Intrincal or inward Circles of the Sphere, are all such Lines or Circles, as ly inward in the material Sphere or Globe.

The Extrinsical or outward Circles, are those which in∣close on the out-side, all the parts of the material Globe, as the Meridian and Horizon doth.

XXXIV. He beareth Gules, a Coelestial Globe, Or. Thus btiefly; but others will term it a Sphere without its Meridian or Foot: Others the Coelestial Circles, with the Signs on the Zodiack. This is born by the name of Cloughby.

13. FROM the frame of Heaven with all its Circles; we proceed next to those Sparks or Spangled Bo∣dies which give light unto our lower Orbe; and these are the Elementary Signs and Planets, which God the Supream Orderer hath set therein, to be unto us for Signs and Sea∣sons, and Years.

XXXV. He beareth Sable, a Star Argent. Born by the name of Inglby. It is better in Blazon to be term∣ed an Estile or Estoile; in which we are to note these rules

☞ If the Star or Estoile, have but six waved points, then you shall need to say no more, but an Estoile or Star, but if they have more (for they never have less) then you must have a care to express the number of the points.

Also if the Estile be Gold, you need not to mention its colour; for yellow is ever held to be its proper colour; if Page  17 otherwise, then to be named of what colour it is.

If but one Star be in a Coat, it may be termed the North Star, or a Pole Star. If two Stars be in a Coat one opposite to the other, with a Fesse, Bend, or the like between▪ they are termed the two Pole Stars; or the Artick and Antartick Stars Gwilliams fol. 117. Morgan lib. 1. fol. 44.

XXXVI. He beareth Azure, an Estoile of eight points, also a Star fulgent of eight Rays. Stars by reason of their distance, and the weakness of our sight seem to have resplendent Rays waving or warbling forth, for which cause Stars are made with their points waved. This is born by the name of Estlesse.

S the like. A born by Handford.

S 3 Stars. A born by Stodart.

XXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Star of sixteen points, Gules. Born by the name of De la Hay:

☞ Stars are often found in Coats of Arms perfora∣ted or pierced; which some will not then take to be Stars but Spur-Rowels: Though the Tellascope doth discover a seeming hole or spot in the body of the Planet Mars. Others are likewise charged upon; but with this differ∣ence, not exceeding the body of it; for it is infallibly to be noted, that the Star perforated or pierced, is ever round, all other piercings being repugnant to their nature.

B the like O born by Mewham. Also by Hedeney.

S the like A born by Hokehull.

B the like A by Ogard.

XXXVIII. He beareth Sable, an Estoile of sixteen points Argent. The Star of so many Rays is thus drawn by Morgan, lib. 1. fol. 44. which seems to be rather a Mullet, or Spur-Rowel of four points, upon an Estoile of sixteen. Being now fallen amongst the Stars, it would not be much digression if I give the Reader an account of the Names of the Stars or Constellations, both in the Planetary Heavens, the Zodiack, and the North and South parts.

The Seven Planets described.

1. Sol, or the Sun; so called quasi Solas, being the Image of God and the Light of the World; the Gentiles wor∣shipped him under diverse Epithets and Operations, as by the Persians Belus of Euphrates; the Lybians, Ammon; the Arabians, Satarn; the Assyrians, Iupiter; the Egyptians, Serapis and Osiri, as having many Eyes; the Grecans, Apollo and Poean, and Aether; by the Eastern World, he was worshipped by the name Bel, Belus, Baal. He is re∣presented as a Young Man, with a Mantle cast about him, with a Glory about his head, with a Scepter (having an Eye on it) in his hand. Drawn in a Chariot with Wild Horses, &c.

2. Luua, or the Moon, she was anciently Adored un∣der the name of Diana, Proserpina, Isis, and sometimes called Sister, sometimes Daughter of Phbus, or the Sun.

She is represented like a Young Woman, Robed and Mantled, either holding a Cressant in her hand, or with it fixed on the top of her head, which is by some reputed to be Horns; with a Torch and Arrows, and Wings, to shew her motion.

3. Saturnus, or the Planet Saturn; he is said to be the most ancient of the Heathen Gods▪ and worshipped by the name of Seater, by the ancient Saxons.

He is described two several ways, as a Naked Old Man Mantled, with a Sythe in one hand, and devouring a Child; signifying thereby, the long continuance of time, and slow Revolution or Motion in the Heavens, being 30 years in running his course through the Heavens; others with a Serpent in his hand, biting of his own Tail; to sig∣nifie the virulencie and biting cares of the time. See Ve∣stegan, p. 78. where he is Drawn like an Old Man, with a Wheel on his left hand, and a Pail of Water full of Flowers in his right.

4. Iupiter, by him (as saith Virgil) all things receive life and motion, and therefore was called Xenius, the god of Hospitality, Philus, the god of Love, Heteriu, of Fel∣lowship, Homognius, of Kindred, Phratrius, the god of Tribes; and Enhorcius, the god of Oaths, &c..

He is described, sitting on a Throne Crowned, with a pair of Globes Coelestial and Terrestrial in his hands, to shew his Immutability and Authority, and that both Hea∣ven and Earth were in his power. Sometimes he is Paint∣ed with a Thunderbolt, as a Punisher of Impiety; and sometimes with a Scepter in one hand, and a Circle in the other, and an Eagle by him; or drawn in a Chariot by Eagles, with a Vail flaming about his head.

5. Mars, by his power Kingdoms and States are said to be defended and preserved. He is the God of War.

He is described to be a Man of War, drawn in a Cha∣riot with two Horses, Terror and Fear; his Star is of a Red, Fiery and Ardent aspect.

6. Venus, she is called by the Heathens by the name of Iuno, and Isis, others from her Beauty the Mother of the gods: This Star is so clear and bright, that the Rays of this one Star casteth shadows upon the Earth: When she prevents the Morning, and riseth Oriental, it is called Lucifer or the Morning Star; when she shineth from the Occidental or West parts, supplying the place of the Moon, she is named Vesper, or the Evening Star.

She is described to be a very Beautiful Woman, Drawn always with Cupid by her, with Bow and Quiver. She was Painted Naked, Crowned with Roses, sitting in a Chariot, drawn sometimes by two Doves, sometimes by Swans or Sparrows, to signifie the nature of Carnal Love and Lust.

7. Mercury, he is said to be the Herauld or Messenger of the gods. His Star is of a bright shining Gold colour.

He is described to have Winged Shooes and Hat, a Wand wrapped about with Serpents (called a Caduceus) to shew his swift and various motion; yet that Wisdom and Eloquence ought to be the guide, whereof the Ser∣pent is the Emblem. He is said to be Red or Yellow Haired.

The Description of the Twelve Signs of the Zodiack.

1. Aries or the Ram, is one of the Signs in the Zodiack or Ecliptick Circle; and containeth 13 Stars; and is di∣stant, with the bright Star in his head 68 degrees 17 mi∣nutes from the North Pole.

Page  182. Taurus or the Bull, containeth 23 Stars; Aldebaran or the Northern Eye of the Bull, distant 74 deg. 14 min. North Horn of the Bull 61 deg. 45 min. South Horn of the Bull 69 deg. 7 min. distant from the North Pole.

3. Gemini, or the Twins, of some termed Apollo, and Hercules others Castor and Pollux. This Sign consisteth of 18 Stars, whereof three are bright, one on the head of Castor, another on the head of Pollux; the other on their feet; they are distant 72, 57, 61 deg. odd min. from the North Pole.

4. Cancer, or the Crab, containeth 9 Stars.

5. Leo, or the Lion, consisteth of 27 fixed Stars. Regu∣lus or Basiliscus, the bright Star on the heart of the Lion with three other on the Neck, Back and Tail distant, 76, 68, 67, 73 deg. from the North Pole.

6. Virgo, or the Maid, is the middle Sign of the Zodi∣ack, it consists of 26 Stars; the bright Star on the North∣ern Wing of Virgo, distant from the North Pole 77 deg. 3 min. called Vindemiatrix; the Girdle Star 84 deg. 34 min. distance. She holds a Garland in her hand, called by Astronomers, Vindemiator.

7. Libra, or the Ballance, or a pair of Scales, consists of Stars, the bright Stars one on the North Ballance, and the other on the South Ballance are 75 deg. 32 min. and 82 deg. 2 min. distance from the South Pole.

8. Scorpio, or the Scorpion, consi5s of Stars in the heart of the Scorpion, a Star called Antares, lyeth 64 deg. 28 min. distant from the South Pole.

9. Sagitarius, or the Archer, or the Shooter, repre∣sented by a demy Naked Man, shooting with a Bow and Arrow, fixed on the Neck or Shoulders of a Horse, it con∣sisteth of 31 Stars.

10. Capricornus, or the Goat, is a Constellation con∣sisting of 28 Stars; the Northermost of the two Horns and Southermost of the same, are 76 deg. and 74 deg. some minutes distant from the South Pole; the foremost and Westerly and Easterly of the two Lights in the Tail of Capricornus are 71 and 72 deg. some minutes distant from the South Pole.

11. Aquarius, or the Watery Sign, or Waterer, con∣sists of Stars; the 3 greatest on the left Shoulder, on the right Shoulder (and in the outermost stream of Aquarius, called Fomahant,) 82, 87, 58, deg. from the South Pole.

12. Pisces, or the Fishes, consisteth of 24 Stars.

f the Planets and Signs.

14. NOW the Planets, with the Signs in the Zodiack, with their Characters and signification, or things compared unto, take more briefly thus,

  • ☉ the Character of the Planet Sol.
  • ☽ the Character of the Planet Luna.
  • ♀ the Character of the Planet Venus, a Beautyfull Star, and goeth before the Sun, and glittereth in the morning for 6 months is called the Morning Star; but following the Sun for other 6 months is called the Evening Star.
  • ♃ the Character of the Planet Iupiter, a bright Star.
  • ♄ the Character of the Planet Saturn; it is a Pale Star.
  • ♂ the Character of the Planet Mars; a Star Red as Fire.
  • ☿ the Character of the Planet Mercry, a glittering Star, from whence a Quivering Beam glanceth or flasheth like that of Venus..
  • ☊ the Character of Caput Draconis, or the Dragons Head.
  • ☋ the Character of Cauda Draconis, or the Dragons Tail.

Next to the Planets, followeth the Coelestial Signs of the Zodiack, or great Circle of Heaven, which are twelve in number; whose Characters and Descriptions, as much as is necessary for Heraldry, is as followeth.

  • ♈ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Aries. This is deciphered unto us by Astronomers, by the shape of a Ram; and is the first of the Coelestial Signs; and is ascri∣bed to the Rule and Government of the Month of March.
  • ♉ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Taurus, or the Bull, which is the second Sign in the Zodiack; and is as∣cribed to the rule of April; and so of the rest as they fol∣low in their order.
  • ♊ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Gemini, descri∣bed by Twins, or two Naked Boys.
  • ♋ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Cancer, or the Crab-Fish.
  • ♌ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Leo, described by a Lion.
  • ♍ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Virgo, or a Maid, or Naked Woman.
  • ♎ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Libra, or a pair of Scales.
  • ♏ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Scorpio, or the Scorpion.
  • ♐ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Sagitarius, de∣scribed to us by a Shooter, viz. half a Man drawing an Arrow in a Bow, fixed on the Body of an Horse in the place of the Horse head.
  • ♑ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Capricornus, or the Goat.
  • ♒ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Aquarius, signi∣fied to us by a Naked Man pouring Water out of two Bot∣tles; a Waterer, a keeper of Water; or a distributer of Waters.
  • ♓ the Character of the Coelestial Sign Pisces; repre∣sented by two Dolphin Fishes, lying one above the other, with the head to the tail one of the other. This is the twelfth Sign; and as before hinted, ascribed to be gover∣nor of February, the last of Months: And although the foresaid Signs, singularly and appropriately have their Month especially assigned them; yet all these 12 Signs, in every Month, at all times, every day and hour, every moment and minute of an hour, do concur in the Nati∣vity of every Birth, although not equally, yet according to the more or less; and that Sign and Planet which hath the chiefest Dominion at the Nativity, the same is the Constellation of the Infant.
Page  19

Names of the Northern Stars.

15. THese Stars standing by the North Equinoctial line have Northerly Declination.

  • 1. North Pole Star, called Alrucuba, or the North Star is distant from the North Pole 2 degrees, and about 39 minutes.
  • 2. Vrsa major, or the greater Bear; called also Arctos and Helice; it consists of 27 Stars, of which read more in Charles Wain, numb. 26.
  • 3. Vrsa minor, or the lesser Bear, is the next of all to the North Pole; it is called also Helice minor, or the les∣ser — because of its small Revolution, it is called also Cynosura, because it hath the tail of a Dog, though it be termed a Bear; it consists of seven Stars. See more of it in the 26 Constellation called Charles Wain.
  • 4. Draco, or the Dragon consists of — Stars, and the brightest in the Dragons head, is 38 deg. and 23 min. di∣stant of the North Pole.
  • 5. Cepheus, or the King of Aethiopia, consists of — Stars; the Girdle of Cepheus is distant from the North Pole 21 deg. 3 min.
  • 6. Arctophylax, or Vrsae custos Bootes, a Star set near the Vrsus major, or following of Charles Wain.
  • 7. Corona Borealis, or the North Crown, it consists of 8 Stars; Ovid saith 9; and is distant from the North Pole 62 deg. 2 min.
  • 8. Engonasus, or Ingeniculus, the name of a Star in Hercules right Knee; it consists of 29 Stars, and is distant from the North Pole.
  • 9. Lyra, or the Harp, consists of — Stars, and is distant 51 deg. 30 min.
  • 10. Aquila, or the Eagle consists of Stars, and is di∣stant from the middle and brightest Star in the Eagle (cal∣led also the Vulture) to the North Pole 82 deg. 2 min. the Eagles Tail 51 deg. 31 min.
  • 11. Avis, or the Bird consists of 17 Stars, and is di∣stant
  • 12. Cassiopea, or Cepheus Wie, is a Coelestial Sign, and consists of 13 Stars, whereof there is four bright Stars re∣markable, one on the Breast of Cassiopea, called Schedir; one on her Hip, one on her Knee, and another on her Chair; the first being distant from the North Pole 35 deg. 24 min.
  • 13. Perseus, or the Son of Iupiter and Danae, a Con∣stellation consisting of 26 Stars, whereof the brightest in his side, is distant from the North Pole 41 deg. 31 min.
  • 14. Auriga, or the Waggoner, called also Henochus, and Erichonius, that is, a Man with a Bridle in his hand, for so he is painted; his Constellation consists of 14 Stars; the bright Star on the Waggoners Shoulder called Capella, and sometimes Hircus, is 44 deg. 26 min. distant from the Pole.
  • 15. Serpentarius, or the Serpent Bearer, called Ophiu∣chus, consists of Stars, the brightest in his head, is di∣stant 77 deg. 7 min. from the North Pole; the Star in the left hand, and left knee of Ophiuchus 87 deg. 16 min. and 80 deg. 16 min. distant from the South Pole; the Star on the right Knee 74 deg. 49 min. from the South Pole.
  • 16. Serpens, or the Serpent, consists of — Stars, the bright Star in his Neck called Ophiuchus, distant 82 deg. 22 min.
  • 17. Sagitta, or the Arrow, called also Telum, consist∣eth of 5 Stars.
  • 18. Delphinus, or the Dolphine consists of — Stars.
  • 19. Pegasus, or the Winged Horse, called also Equus alatus, and Hippas, consists of 20 Stars, whereof 4 are most noted, one in the mouth of Pegasus, called — a bright Star on his Leg, called Scheat, one on his Shaft, called Marcab, and another on the Wing; the first is 81 deg. 47 min. distant from the North Pole.
  • 20. Andromeda, the Wife of Perseus, a Constellation, which consists of 13 Stars, of which 3 are bright ones, which are placed on the head, the girdle, and the southermost foot, the first being 62 deg. 55 min. distant from the North Pole.
  • 21. Triangulus, or the Triangle, or 3 square, consists of — Stars.
  • 22. Guardes, or — consists of 3 bright Stars; the middlemost or brightest, is 14 deg. 8 min. distant from the North Pole.
  • 23. Cetus, or the Whale, consists of 22 Stars, the bright∣est in his mouth, called Menkar, is distant 87 deg. 20 min. from the North Pole; and the Northermost in the Whales Tail 79 deg. 10 min. and the Southermost in the Whales Tail 69 deg. 59 min. distant from the South Pole.
  • 24. Medusa, or the Monstrous Woman, a Sign in Hea∣ven, which consists of Stars; the bright Star in the head 50 deg. 30 min. distant from the North Pole.
  • 25. Orion, by some called Ingula, a Constellation which consists of 33 Stars; and by some of 16 Stars. Orions Girdle, called the Cloth Yard, and the Ladies Cloth-Yard, are 3 bright Stars at an equal distance one from the other; and are distant from the South Pole 87, 73, and 82 deg. with some small number of minutes; the bright Star on his right, and another on his left Shoulders, are 82 and 84 deg. some minutes from the North Pole. This is those Bands of Orion mentioned Iob 38.31.
  • 26. Charles Wain, called also the lesser Bear, or the Waggon, is the most remarkable of all the Northern Constellations, it consists of seven bright Stars in form of a Waggon and Horses. Dubhe or the North pointer, or the hinder Wheel, which points on the North Pole, is di∣stant from it 26 deg. 20 min. the South pointer, or South hinder Wheel, is distant 31 deg. 40 min. by these two Stars is found the North Pole, keeping them in a direct line to it from the North Pointer, which according to computa∣tion is five times as far to it, as there is distance between these two Pointers. The North fore Wheel of the Wa∣gon 30 deg. 56 min. the South fore Wheel of the Wagon 34 deg. 15 min. the next Horse to the Wagon 32 deg. 1 min. the middle Horse 33 deg. 8 min. the fore or outer∣most Horse 38 deg. 49 min. distant from the North Pole.
  • 27. Bootes, or the Driver of the Oxen or Wain; he is to have the care of, and wait upon Charles Wain, consists of 22 Constellations. Arcturus, or the bright Star between his Thighs is 68 deg. 52 min. distant from the North Pole.
  • 28. Herculus his Constellation consists of 29 Stars; that on his head is distant 75 deg. 8 min. from the North Pole. See the eighth Sign or Constellation, called Engonasus.
  • Page  2029. Cygnus or the Swan, consists of Stars; the Star in the Swans Breast 51 deg. 53 min. the Star in the Swans Tail 45 deg. 59 min. distant from the North Pole.
  • 30. Canis minor, or the lesser Dog Procyon, it consists of 2 Stars, and is distant from the North Pole 83 deg. 52 min.
  • 31. Pleades, or the seven Stars; they were the seven Daughters of Lycrgus, or Atlas; they are a Constellati∣on consisting of 7 Stars, six bright, the other seldom seen, they are named Alcione, Merope, Eleotra, Celaeno, Tayge∣te, Sterope, and the bright shining, Maia. These Stars are mentioned by God in Iob 38.31, 32. and 9.9.

Galaxea, or White way, doth seem to be a confluence of Stars; feigned by the Poets to be the Souls of the Heroes.

Via Lactea, or the Milky Way, this was occasioned by young Hercules spitting some of the Milk out of his Mouth which he received from Iunos Breasts, which whited all that part of the Sky.

The Names of the Southern Stars.

16. THese Stars here following, standing all to the Southwards of the Equinoctial Line, have South∣erly Declinations.

  • 1. The South Pole Star.
  • 2. Cetus, or the Whale; of this see in the North Con∣stellations, numb. 23.
  • 3. Orion. See it also in the North Stars, numb. 25.
  • 4. Lepus, or the Hare, consists of 12 Stars; it is placed between the Legs of Orion. It is distant from the South Pole deg. min.
  • 5. Canis Major, or the greater Dog, called Syrius Ca∣nis, consists of 18 Stars, and is distant from the South Pole 73 deg. 48 min. to this Constellation belongs 11 other Stars.
  • 6. Lupus, or the Wolf, it consists of 19 Stars.
  • 7. Argo Navis, or the Merchants Ship, consists of 41 Stars; one great Star in this Constellation, called Campus, is never seen in Italy, or in any Countrey on the North side of it.
  • 8. Hydra, or the Watery Serpent; it consists of Stars, whereof the bright Star on the heart of it, is 82 deg. 55 min. from the South Pole.
  • 9. Corvus, or the Raven, a Constellation consisting of — Stars.
  • 10. Centaurus, or Centaur, or half a Man fixt on the shoulders of a Bull.
  • 11. Corona Austrina, or the South Crown consists of 13 Stars.
  • 12. Spica Virginis, or the Virgins Spike, it consists of — Stars, and is 80 deg. 48 min. distant from the South Pole.
  • 13. Ophiuchus, or the Serpent bearer; see in the North Constellations, numb. 15.
  • 14. Caput Argol, or Argols head, also called Minervas Shield, a Constellation of Stars.
  • 15. Equiculus, or the little Horse, consists of 4 Stars.

17. SUCH is the resplendency of the Sun, that from its glory, all the rest of the Planets and Stars, (whither fixt or wandering) do receive their Light; yet the beautiful and blazing brightness of it, and the Moon, are oftentimes subject to the Passion of Darkness, and Eclipsing; of whose Glittering, Clouding, and Eclipsing, and variety of forms, these few bearings will demonstrate, with chap. 18. numb. 4. to 10.

XXXIX. He beareth Azure, a Sun in his Glory (or Splendor,) the Sun being thus born, needs no expressi∣on of its colour; for who knows not, that the chiefest glo∣ry and splendor of the Sun consists in its Beams, which can∣not be better expressed than by Gold, or Gold Yellow. But if it be born in any other colour than this, it must be expressed, only Black excepted, as numb. 41. This Coat thus Blazoned, hath many Bearers, as by the name of St. Cleere, Aldbraham, Eleheham, Aldham and Nadall; also by Breitenacker.

G the like born by Richmond.

S the like born by Drnely and Rake.

A a Sun G born by Hurst.

A the Sun beams G the face of the first, born by Van Misburn, and Sterner.

A on the top of an Hill out of the Base V a Sun G born by Van Sonnenburg.

XL. He beareth Gules, the Zodiack Circle, Or, beautified or replenished with the Characters of the Coelestial Signs, Sable. This needs no other Blazon∣ing but the Zodiack or Ecliptick Circle; for it is not the Zodiack, but some other thing, as a Ring, Hoop, or such like, if the Coelestial Characters be not upon it; again, the Zodiack Circle is ever born Bendways Sinister. This is born by the name of Girdler.

XLI. He beareth Argent, the Sun Eclipsed. When it is Sable, it needs no naming; for by Eclipsing, it is made dark by the body of the Moon passing between the Sun and us; so the Light is diverted from our sights. See chap. 18. numb. 8. This is born by the name of Night∣ling.

XLII. He beareth Azure, a Sun Argent, at the point of each Beam, a Flame proper. The glorious and splen¦dant shining of the Sun, is comprehended under these two Titles, the Sun Beams, or its Rayes.

☞ Now, some will make a particular distinction be∣tween these; the Beams are that as shines directly upon a place, without any wavering or sudden motion there∣from; and the Rays (say they) are caused through the weakness of our sight looking upon it, to whom it seems to strain out and warble forth its brightness, which is no∣thing else but our conceit thereof; in which respect the Sun is ever drawn with Rayes and Beams; the streight ones being the Beams, and the warbling strains the Rays.

So then in such kind of bearing (if all the points be not occupied) take a care rightly to express on which of them them the Charge is, whether on the Beams, or on the Rays.

Page  21Such a Sun O flamed in the points of the Beams, is the Crest of that worthy Gentlemen, Sr. Tho. Iones, of Shrewbury, Kt. Serjeant at Law, and one of His Majesties Chief Justices for Suth Wales.

XLIII. He beareth Sable, an Eye proper, in the Glory of the Sun. Born by the name of Suz-Gilben∣burgh. After this manner you shall find several Coats with Charges on the Sun; as a Rose A in the glory of the Sun, was the Badge of King Edward the fourth of Eng∣land.

XLIV. He beareth Gules, in the Sun Argent, a Shield with a Cross, Gules: Others will term it a Shield of St. George in the Sun, Argent. Born by Segi∣ger.

Such a Shield Losengy A and B in the Sun O is the Crest of Buern.

In an old Grant made by Thomas Clarenew, principal Herault and King of Armys of the South parties of this Realm of England (for so he termeth himself) dated 26 Feb. in the furst yere of the Reigne of King Richard the Thirde. Was confirmed to Robert Roos, Chapellayne and Registrary of the Fraternity of the Holy Trinity, and of LX Prestes of London, and all and every of the Brethren of the same Fraternitye, this Coat Armes, viz, parted by Cheveron, Asure and Goules, iij Obietts set with∣in iij Sonnes in their propre coloures.

Obletts are certain pieces of Mony, having the stamp of the 3 foresaid letters J. H. S. coined thereon within 2 or 3 Rings or Circles; and was given or offered of old in the Romish Church, for the maintenance of their Feasts of Charity; in value it was worth our Penny Farthing, and were called Obletts, from the Latine Obltae, and it from Oblationes. Sir H. Spelman, in his Glssarim, saith they are round Loaves of Unleavened Bread used at the Con∣secration of the Eucharist, having that mark Printed up∣on it.

XLV. He beareth Azure, a Dove displaid, Argent, in the Glory of the Sun. Some will term it the Ho∣ly Ghost, proper; and thus I have found it very ancient∣ly Blazoned, because the Holy Ghost descended on our Saviour after his Baptism in the likeness of a Dove; see numb. 4, 5.

After these examples, you shall find varieties of things born in Arms in the body of the Sun; now it is in your choise, whether you will in the Blazon, express the Sun first, or the thing in the Sun, as in these examples; for neither way can be reproved.

XLVI. He beareth Gules, one Raye of the Sun issuing out of the Dexter Chief Bendways. This is Mr. Gwillims Blazon, fol. 100. by which I suppose there should have been only a Ray with some small Beams, to distinguish it from a Pile waved; but seeing this hath a part of the Body of the Sun visible; I hold it may as well be termed the Sun issuing out of the Dexter Chief, with one Ray Bendwise.

Morgan, lib. 1. fol. 41. will not have either Sun, Moon, or Stars, to be termed issuant, but surmounting; because issuant seems rather to denote an exhalation or Meteor, than a Planet. Yet I hold no such matter; neither can either this or the following Coat be well Blazoned without the term issuant. This is born by the name of Alder∣ton.

B the like, born by Aldam, or Aldham.

XLVII. He beareth Azure, on a Mount, (or Hill) in Base, Vert; a Unicorn Argent, Iessant on the Sun. Others thus, the Sun issuant from behind a Hill in Base, debrused with a Unicorn, all proper. This term debrused is, when a thing lies upon another, or hath any thing in part visible behind it, as in this, where the Unicorn seems to be all over the Sun, or the Sun to be behind it. Some term it a Unicorn over the Sun. This is the Crest of Gillyan.

A Lamb thus in the Sun, is the Crest of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors of London.

B on a Bank in Base, a Sun rising, both proper. Born by Sunnybanke.

XLVIII. He beareth Vert, a Naked Arm flected, the hand holding a Flower de Lis, Or, issuant out of the Sun. Thus you will find varieties of Coats, with Hands and Arms, Naked, Clothed, Armed, &c. issuing out of the middle of the Sun.

☞ Here then take notice from the examples numb. 43, 44, 45. what it is to say (in the Sun) and numb. 47. what is (over the Sun) there is yet one other way of Bear∣ing in the Sun, which is an overtopping of the Sun, as a Charge surmounting the Sun, or issued out of the top of it; but this kind of bearing, I never saw or found with any other Charge that demy Men or Women; and those in several habits, and holding of variety of things: I shall give you the Blazon of one, which I determined to have set in this Plate, but was omitted by the Graver.

He beareth Sable, the Sun in his Glory, surmount∣ed by a demy Maid (or a Woman Naked) holding in her right Hand a Palm-branch, and in her left, a Sword, all proper. Blazoned also, a demy Woman issuant in the top of the Sun. But Morgan, lib. 1. fol. 47. saith this term surmount, is the most fittest and pro∣perest term to be used to any thing that is on the top of either Sun, Moon, or Star. By the name of Shamfast.

XLIX. He beareth Sable, a demy Sun arising out of the Dexter Chief, Argent. Some term it a demy Sun, or the Glory of the Sun, or the Sun Rays out of the Dexter Chief. Born by the name of Wishlitt.

B the like A born by the name of Rising.

18. FROM the greater Light, we shall proceed to the lesser Light, the Moon; and give some exam∣ples of the varieties of its bearing.

L. He beareth Sable, an Incressant circled. This Word Incressant, signifieth the Moon in its Increment, or Increasing estate, from her entrance into her first Quar∣ter till she come to her Full. The Moon needs to have no colour mentioned, if it be Silver; for the proper colour in Heraldry is taken to be so, both because of the weak∣ness of the sight, as also to distinguish it from the Blazon∣ing of the Sun. I term this also, an Incressant circled, or invironed in a Circle, or a Glory; to signifie thereby that it is a Moon in its Increse, and to distinguish it from a meer Incressant, that hath no Face at all within it; for Page  22 there ought to be a distinction of the one from the other. See numb. 56. This is born by the name of Increase.

Er. 3 such G born by Symmes.

G an Incressant A born by Weber.

G the like O born by Descus.

LI. He beareth Gules, a Decressant circled, Or. This is the Moon in her Decreasing or last Quarter; when her Light is every Hour by degrees taken away, till she re∣turn to her Change. By the name of De la Luna. Some term it the Moon in her Wane. Note that the Incressant hath the Horns of the Moon turned to the Dexter side; and the Decressant to the Sinister.

LII. He beareth Sable, a Moon in her Comple∣ment, or Full. Of some termed a Moon in her Pleni∣tude. Born by the name of Moonplane.

B the like, born by Chaffin and Herell. The colour of the Moon, is always to be understood White; which if it be so, there needs no mentioning of it; if of other co∣lours, then to be named, except Black, as in the next ex∣ample.

LIII. He beareth Argent, a Moon in her detriment or Eclipse. Of some, a Moon Eclipsed, Sable; but naming the colour, being Black, is needless. This is born by the name of Night.

LIV. He beareth Argent, a Cressant, Gules, between four Characters of the Planets, Sol, Luna, Mars, and Uenus, Sable. The Cressant it self, is the Coat Armour of Cressy.

Quarterly A and G 2 such S and 2 A by Tatton.

S a Cressant O born by Hovel.

G a Cressant O born by Otterburn.

B the like A born by Luce.

B the like O born by Raby; also by Rothy.

A 3 such G born by Bunevilline.

LV. He beareth Azure, a Cressant surmounted by an Estoile, Argent, between 3 Planet Characters, viz. Saturn, Iupiter, and Mercury, Or. This Bla∣zon sans Characters, is born by Mynshull of Mynshull and 3 such Cressants surmounted by Estoiles, is born by Mishull, of Erdeswick of Cheshire.

B a Cressant surmounted of the Sun O born by Mon∣son.

S the like surmounted of a Mullet A born by Den∣sell.

But in my Judgment it is best Blazoned upon the Horns or Points of the Cressant an Estoile, or the like; surmounted being upon it, not over.

LVI. He beareth Gules, an Incressant, between four Characters of the Coelestial Signs (or of the Zodiack Signs) viz. Aries, Taurus, Gemini Cancer, Or. This is an Incressant, as it was anciently used; but the modern Heralds generally make a Face in it; which we not un∣properly call a New Moon, or a half Moon; see numb. 50.51. This is born by the name of Signifer.

B the like O born by Balswill.

LVII. He beareth Gules, two Cressants in point Fesseways; between four Characters of the Signs of the Zodiack, viz. Leo, Uirgo, Libra, and Scorpio, Ar∣gent. These are termed Fesse ways, to shew how they stand in the Field, for they might as well have stood one above the other; and then they might be termed in point Paleways. These I find Blazoned only a Decressant, and an Incressant; and two Incressants respecting one another, or two Cressants respectant. This is born sans Characters by the name of Looker.

S the like, by the name of Doulight.

LVIII. He beareth Argent, two Cressants Indorsed, Azure, between four Symbolical Signs (or Characters) of the Zodiack, viz. Sagitarius, Capricornus, Aqua∣rius, and Pisces, Sable. This is also termed an Incres∣sant, and a Decressant in Fesse. This is ans the Charac∣ters born by the name of Lowmons.

O two such G born by the name of Fitzrill.

S two such conjoined A born by Fertager.

S two such O born by Leiser. And also by Van Ful∣bach.

B the like with Faces O is born by the name of Zily.

LIX. He beareth Sable, two Cressants Braced, Or. If their Braceing were with the points upward and down∣ward, then they should be Blazoned a Cressant Fretted or Braced, with another reversed. This is the stamp or im∣pression of King Charles the Seconds Two Pences. The like is born Brasemon.

LX. He beareth Azure, a Cloud in Chief, with the Suns resplendant Glory or Brightness issuing thereout, proper. Or thus, out of a Chief Nebule; the Sun Beams issuant. Born by the name of Van Burg.

G the like proper, born by Lesone; which Mr. Gwilliams, fol. 120. thus Blazons, a Chief, on the lower part thereof a Cloud; the Suns resplendent Rays thereout issuing, pro∣per.

LXI. He beareth Gules, an Estoile, Argent, between two demy Circles, with the Suns resplendent Glory, Or. By the name of Kettle.

The like on a Chief, is part of the Atchievement of the Family of Brocson.

LXII. He beareth Sable, three Cressants Braced, and Fretting each other, Argent. Others will add, Fretting each other in Triangle; but they can be Fretted no way but this; and therefore they need no other term than three Cressants Fretted. The Stamp of a Three Penny Piece, in the now Reign of our Sovereign Lord, Charles the Second, &c.

He beareth Argent, 4 Cressants Braced (or Fret∣ted) in Salter, Gules; and is the Stamp or Impress of a Coin made by King Charles the Second, and passeth for Four Pence. Sometimes they are made so, that their Fretting makes a direct Cross; and then they are termed four Cressants Braced in Cross; but when the Fretting is in Salter; then it is named so; though others take upon them to set them forth thus; a Cressant with another re∣versed, braced (or interlaced) with an Incressant and De∣cressant. See the Figure, lib. 1. chap. 8. numb. 7.

19. WE shall in the next place proceed to things pro∣duced in the Element of Air, in which there are several and various Products, which are born in Coats of Arms, and are such as follow, with their like.

Page  23LXIII. He beareth Azure, Aeolus Head, or Face, in Chief, sending forth his Blast or Wind, into the Base, proper. Aeolus is feigned to be the God of the Wind; and as the Wind Bloweth where it listeth; so this Head may be set to send forth his Blasts which way the Bearer pleaseth. It hath been the fancy of some to term these Winds from the four parts of the World, set forth by the Compass, being East, West, North, and South; as∣signing the East to the Dexter Chief, the North to the Si∣nister Chief, the West to the Dexter Base, and the South to the Sinister Base.

I have seen a Devise in a Shield of four Faces in the 4 foresaid corners of the Escochion, which represented the four Winds, all sending forth their Blasts to a Rock fix∣ed in the Fesse, which may be thus Blazoned, he beareth Argent, a Rock Gules, blown upon by the four Winds, proper; I say proper, because the Wind was ever set forth by a Head or full Face, with swollen Cheeks, sending forth a Blast, which is always of an Airy colour, agreeable to that of the Field.

LXIV. He beareth Vert, two Heads in Chief, Dexter and Sinister, sending forth their Blasts Bendways, proper; termed the East and North Winds opposing each other. By the name of Combust.

B the like, born by the name of Tempest.

The Mames given to Winds by Seafaring Men.

A Calm, the Wind is Room, a scant Wind, fair, gentle Weather.

A Brieze, a small Airy Wind; a breath of Wind, as doth Daily keep its course, and blows out of the Sea land∣ward.

A Gaile, a little Wind, reasonable Wind, to bear the Top-sails.

A Pleasant Gaile, that it may be perceived to blow, called also a Trip.

A fresh Gaile, the Wind blows brisk and sharp.

A stiff Gaile, when it blows strongly and stiff; term∣ed Wind taught.

It overblows, it bloweth hard.

A Gust, a blast of Wind, Wind that hath inter∣missions.

A Storm, a Tempest, a grown Sea.

A Spout,

A Loume Gaile, when it is little Wind.

An Eddy Wind,

A Flake of Wind,

A Turnado, a fierce Wind.

A Mounthsoune,

An Herycano, a Terrible Wind that drives down all before it.

The Wind Ueers, a large Wind, is a Quarter Wind, such as bloweth not streight, but wavering.

The Wind shrinks, is the Veering of a Wind, which gives notice of a Storm coming.

LXV. He beareth Azure, a Comet, or Blazing Star, in Bend, Or. All Flames of Fire, of what form or nature soever they seem, as Comets, Wandring Stars, Fiery Dragons, Fire Balls, and such like, proceed from a dry, hot, slimy exhalation, drawn up to the highest part of the Air, where it is set on Fire, and burneth till it hath con∣sumed it self; and after the same nature is the Ignis fa∣tuus, or going Fire upon the Earth. This is born by the name Fancy.

G the like, born by Whithergoe.

LXVI. He beareth Argent, on the Sinister side, out of a Cloud, an Arm reflected, the hand holding of a Thunderbolt, all proper. This is by some Blazoned the Arm of Iupiter or Iove out of a Cloud on the Sinister side, casting of a Thunderbolt. By the name of Trem∣ble.

S the like proper. Born by Flaming.

The four Winds described.

20. EVRVS, or the East Wind, is Emblemed by a Youth Naked, with a Scarf flying about, Wings upon his Shoulders, with puffed or blown Cheeks, with Wind coming out of his mouth (as all other Winds must be) his body like a Tawny Moor, and upon his head a Red Sun.

Zephyrus, or the West Wind, is drawn like a Youth with a merry look, holding on his hand a Swan with Wings displaid; on his head a Garland of Flowers.

Boreas, or the North Wind, is Depicted like an Old Man, with an horrid terrible look; his Head and Beard Snow white; with the Feet and Tail of a Serpent.

Auster, or the South Wind, is Painted like an Old Man, his Head and Wings wet; with a Pot or Un under his Arm pouring out Water, with which descends Frogs, Toads, Worms, Grashoppers, and the like Creatures which are bred by moisture.

Euroclydon, or a Tempest, or Stormy Wind, is set forth by a grim foul faced Old Man, his Mantle torne and fly∣ing about, his hands griped as if he would Fight; compas∣sed about with dark Clouds. But it is best described by a Ship split upon a Rock, the Masts and Sails, broken, rent, and flying about; Trees broken, and much bowed, with the Clouds dark.

LXVII. He beareth Sable, a Thunderbolt, or Iupi∣ters Thunderbolt, Or. This is the form by which it is delineated, and being of one colour, it needs no more Blazon, or terms to set it forth; yet Gwillims, fol. 134. calls it a Thunderbolt in Pale, Inflamed at both ends, shafted Salterwise, and winged Fessewise, &c. all which terms are needless, except the particulars named, were di∣stinct and various colours; then he had needed no more, but a Thunderbolt Sable, enflamed at both ends, shafted Gules, and winged Argent; or with such like colours. It is termed also Iupiters Thunderbolt, &c. But Mr. Mor∣gan, lib. 1. fol. 50. draweth it without Wings, and his rea∣son is good, because Wings being Iupiters Bird, was not Fledged till the next days work; therefore till then — pars imperfecta manebit. This is the Arms of the Kingdom of Scythia, as witnesseth Chassanus.

LXVIII. He beareth Azure, a Rain Bow issuing out of two Clouds. Here you may take your choise whether you will name them proper or not; for a Rain∣bow is never born otherwise; the natural colour of it, is Red, Blew, Yellow and Green, as it were shadowed one into the other; if it consist all of Yellow, this is palish; if white, its defiled, or whelmish; if Blew, its fading; if red, Page  24 its a Blossom; if Green, its withering; and if it be of a Pur∣ple colour, its stanand or staining; Gwillim fol. 134. and Morgan, lib. 1. fol. 51. term it a Rainbow issuing out of two petit Clouds in Fesse, &c. This is born by the name of Cloudingdale.

B a Rainbow issuant from the sides proper. Born by Van Mosen.

G 2 Rainbows issuant from the sides proper, having an Arched Fesse betwixt G. Born by Weylheim of Germany.

A 2 Rainbows couped and endorsed Palewise proper. By the name of Hacken.

B 2 Salmons counter naiant between 3 Rainbows; all between 3 Mullets of six points O is the Town Arms of Psreimbut in Germany.

Products of the Air and Water.

21. THese things are the effects and products of the Airy Element, as it is either hot or cold.

Air, one of the pure Elements, it fills all places, for there is no vacancy but hath it; it is more weighty than Fire; being hot and moist.

Air thick and dark, is Cloudy Weather.

Air thin, is Mists, or that as dissolveth into Misty Va∣pours.

Air temperate,

Air pure,

Bubble, is a Drop of Water falling into the Water, Air interposing maketh it a Bubble.

Congelate, or Congulated, is a congealing of such vapours as are exhaled out of the Earth.

Comets, Flames, and Ignis fatuus; or such like, seen either in the Air, or wandring on the Earth; Dants or Sulphury Damps in the Earth; all proceed from dry and hot slimy Vapours drawn out of the Earth, and set on Fire by the heat of the Air; in the Air they are called Comets of Fire or Flames; on the Earth going Fires.

Cold, produced from the moistness of the Air, and want of the Sun, which naturally doth bind and congeal all waterish and moist bodies.

Dew, see Frost.

Dants, or Damps, see Comets.

Darkness or Night, is through Suns declining of our Horizon, and going under the Earth as to us, causeth the Firmament to be dark.

Distillations, are those waterish Vapours which the Sun draws up into the Air, which when the Sun is down, fall to the Earth again, and this we call Dew.

Drought, or Drouth, is an over dryness of the Earth and Air.

Eclipses of the Sun, is through the interposition of the body of the Moon between the Sun and the Earth, which taketh away part of its Light, but cannot wholly darken it; being the Moon is a far lesser body; see numb. 76.

Eclipses of the Moon are by the like interposition of the body of the Earth, between the Sun and Moon; so that the Moon cannot receive any Light from the Sun.

Exhalations, are such vapours and moistures as are drawn and exhaled out of the Earth by the heat and in∣fluence of the Sun.

Elements, see Air, Water, Fire, or Earth.

Element pure, is any of the four of themselves, with∣out a Commixture of any of the other, as pure Fire, pure Air, &c.

Elements compound, are the effects and working causes in natural Bodies, and produce variety of Forms.

Frost, or Hoar Frost, is a cold moist vapour, drawn up a little way into the Air, and in the Night falls again on the Earth, where it dissolveth; and through the Cold there, congelated, becometh Frost; the more congealed is made Ice, if not congelated, but resoluted into Water, it becometh Dew.

Froth or Fome is produced from many Bubbles, and the foulness or thickness of the Water, which the heat o the Sun congeals, which coming to an hardness, maketh the Purnice Stone.

Fogg or Mist, is an unwholesom vapour drawn out of the Earth by the Sun, which at the loss of its Light and Heat, fall to the Earth again, like a white thick smoak.

Heat, or hot season, proceeds from the Sun, and want of Rain to cool the Earth and Air, which are naturally hot. Heat doth thicken and harden all moist Bodies.

Hat, is a Cloudy Vapours, resoluted into Water, which in the fall through the Cold Region o the Air, is congealed, and so made Hail▪ the higher it cometh from above, and the longer it tarrieth in the Air, the greater and rounder it is.

Ice, see Frost.

Influence, is the effect or product of things by the mixture of the Elements one with another; as Fire and Air produceth Sweat or Drought, as they are predomi∣nant one above the other.

Lightning, see Thunder. Aristotle affirmeth that it is after the Thunder, but the Fire doth first appear to us, because the Eye is quicker of Sight than the Ear of Hearing. There is three kinds of Lightning.

  • 1. Dry Lightning, which doth not burn but cleave, part, or divide in pieces.
  • 2. Moist Lightning, which burns not, but altereth the colour.
  • 3. Clear Lightning, which is of a Marvellous Nature, doth Kill and never touch; full Barrels by it are emptied; it melteth Money in the Purse; it break∣eth the Sword, the Purse and Scabbard not perished, yea the Wax in them unmelted.

Light, or Day; comes from the Suns appearing in our Horizon, which gives a light in the Firmament, called Day.

Liquid body, any thing that is of a Waterish, sub∣stance.

Mist, see Fogg and Exhalation.

Moisture, is a waterish cold humour, proceeding from abundance of liquid matter, arising out of a Conjunction of Air and Water.

Moon, is moist, and therefore rules all inferiour bo∣dies that are moist; for by her waxing and waining, the Seas, Flouds, Rivers and Springs rise and fall; neither is there any other apparent reason of the Ebbing and Flow∣ing thereof.

Rain, is a cold Vapour drawn out of the Earth and Water, by the influence of the Sun, into a Airy Regi∣on, from whence it falleth upon the Earth.

Rainbow, is caused through the shining and rebound∣ing of the Sun Beams in Airy Clouds, each giving to Page  25 other, a contrary reflection, which hollow, tin and un∣equal Clouds being in Opposition, and rcei•• from one another the reflection of the Sun, causeth so many Rain∣bows one above another, at one and the same time. I have seen five Rainbows at a time, one above another, but each had a degree of faintness, or less perspicuous one than another, from the highest.

Snow, is a moist Vapour, drawn up to the middle Regions of the Air, and there hickned, and Frozn into the body of a Cloud; and so congelated descendeth to the Earth.

Slime, or slimy matter ariseth through Water and Earth commixt, being the Quintessence of both.

Sun, it is the Ruler and giver of Light to all inferior bodies, being the governor of the Day, and doth distin∣guish Times and Seasons. It is aturally hot.

Stars, are great bodies, enlightned by the Sun when opposite, by whose Constellations, Influences and Opera∣tions over all Created Bodies, they are guided and go∣verned, as to all Earthly and Natural Actions, touching Life and Death. Astra Regunt Homines, sed regit Astr Deus.

Thunder, it is the quenching of Fire in a Cloud; or it is an exhalation hot and dry, mixt with moisture, carried into the middle Region, t••re thickned and wrapped into a Cloud; of this hot matter, couped with cold and moisture closed in the Cloud, groweth a strife; the heat beateth and breaketh out of the sides of the Cloud with a Thundering Noise, the Fire then dispersed is the Lightning.

Thick or Thin Air; see Air.

Temperate, is when the Air is neither too hot, nor too cold, but between both.

Uapours, are Mists, Foggs, or waterishness of the Water and Earth, drawn or distilled out f them by the heat of the Sun, and carried up into the ir by his Influ∣ence and Virtue.

Water, one of the four Elements, it is Cold and Moist.

Wind, is a multitude of dry Exhalations drawn up from the Earth, and above the Earth enforceth here and there.

22. WE shall in the next place give the Reader some few examples of Bearings, drawn out and extracted from the Fiey Element; there are of Fires three several sorts.

  • 1. Natural Fire, that is only in the Element of Fire, which is above the Air.
  • 2. Artificial Fire, which must be maintained with Fu∣el, as all Earthly Fires are, else they are extinct and pe∣rish.
  • 3. Counterfeit Fire, such are all Fiery Vapours, which shew as if they were Fire, but are not, which soon vanish, like Sparks in Stones, in Glow Worms, and Fire painted on a Wall, and the Igniatuus, or going Fires.

LXIX. He beareth Vert, a Flame of Fire, the find∣ing out of Fire was the Invention of all Trades, and per∣fection of Skill; yet let all be careful how they deal with it; keep it under, and its a good Srvant, 〈◊〉 will prove an unruly Master. This is Born by Wilding.

This is termed an Ignis fatuus, a Flame of Fire, ha∣ving no Fuel to feed upon, which soon is extinct. S three Flames proper. Born by Monsieur Iaques Arnodio.

LXX. He beareth Sable, a Flame of Fire. The French generally make their Flame of Fire after the man∣ner or a Heart like this example, which for distinction we may term a Flame in form o a reversed Heart▪ or a Heart reversed Flamant (or all inflamed) Born by Count Idonra, Knight of the Oracle.

A a Cheveron S between three such Flames, proper, is in Brkley Church, in the South Window.

A a Mans Heart G between 3 such Flames, is born by Arno••, of France.

LXXI. He beareth Sable, seven Fire Brands Fla∣mant. This is also termed seven Billets fired in one en∣tire Flame; but more properly a Bone Fire made of ma∣ny Billets, because they are all burning together; or a Fire of so many Sticks, Cordals or Bilets. This is born by Mech•••k Gwillim terms them seven Firebrands flam∣mant and scintillant, that is Flaming and Sparkling.

LXXII. He beareth Argent, a Billet raguled and trunked on each side, Sable, flamed (or fired in three places,) proper. Born by the name of Billetter.

A 2 such B in Salter, flamed proper. Born by Shr∣stab. A Dutch Coat; and the Field O by Prandne.

O the like G flamed proper, is the Coat and Crest of Vn, Brandt of Germny

O on a Hill V the like with four Flames proper, be∣tween two Estoiles S is born by Grafereit.

LXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Billet raguled and truked, Gules, enflamed on the top; or a Stock of a Tree aguled and trunked, fired on the top. By the name of Stockfire.

A the like in Bend S enflamed proper. Born by the name of Prandis.

B the like on a Hill O flammant on the top, proper, Born by Prandtz.

Barry of 6 G and A the like in Bend B born by Van Brandsehidt of Alsati.

LXXIV. He beareth Azure, a Candle in Bend, Argent, surmounted of a Taper or Wax Light, in Salter, both Flammant on the top, proper. By the name of Chandler.

Products of the Fiery Element.

23. FROM the Element of Fire there are these things produced.

  • Light, proceeds from the bright shining of the Fire, which ariseth from the Burning of the Fire.
  • Heat, hot, warm, sultry hot, or burning heat pro∣ceedeth from the more or less quantity of Fire.
  • A Spark, is a part of the Fire, separated from the greater Body of the Fire, which appears for a while▪ and then dieth or disappears.
  • Page  26A Scintillation, or Sparkling of the Fire, is the send∣ing of Sparks from the Fire, caused through something that will not burn well.
  • A Flame is a Sulphury Vapour contained in the Fuel fired, which when it comes to Burn, casts forth a Flame or Light, a bright, shining, burning Fire.
  • Fire, is one of the four Elements, and the purest of them all, being the highest; it is in it self Hot and Dry.
  • Glore, is a Fire where there is no Flame, as in the Fire made with Charcole.
  • Flash is a Flame of Fire, soon Fired, and immediate∣ly gone, like Lightning.
  • Smoak, the moist Vapour, proceeding from the Fu∣el fired or burning.
  • Wild Fire, a Masterless Fire, is a Fire that cannot be quenched or put out, a Fire that will burn in the Earth, Air, or Water.

24. HAving given you examples of Bearing from the Element of Air and Fire, it would not be amiss in the close of this place, to give the Reader a short Dis∣course of the Nature and Reasons of the Increase and Decrease of the Moon, the cause of the Eclipses, and how to understand the Conjunction of the Planets, all which is shewed in these three exemplary Figures.

The Changing of the Moon.

LXXV. The outward Circle is the Circle or course of the Sun; the second is the Circle of the Moon, and the inner Circle is the Compass or Globe of the Earth.

The Sun in his Course, having the Moon in her Month∣ly course, near to the Sun and above the Earth, is termed in Conjunction with the Sun, then she is in her Change, being all dark.

The Moon being in Opposition to the Sun, and having the Earth between them, then she receiveth her whole Light, and is in her Full.

The Moon after her Change having run to the eighth part of her Monthly Course, is in the Sextile Aspect, where she is said to wax or increase.

The Moon being in the Quartile Aspect, that is the fourth part of her Monthly Course, then she is half Full.

The Moon being in the Trine Aspect, that is, when she hath run the three eighths of her Monthly race, she hath three parts of her Globe enlightned by the Sun, and is near the Full.

The Moon being in Opposition to the Sun as abovesaid, is in her Full; but passing her Opposition to the Trine Aspect again, she beginneth to decrease and lose her Light on the contrary side.

The Moon being gotten to the Quartile Aspect in her Wane, is half full of Light.

Then the Moon being again in the Sextile Aspect, it is in its Wane, or waneth and decreaseth, till it come to her Change; by which Figure you may fully understand the course, and how it Waxeth, and is at Full, and Waneth in all its Monthly shining: For the Aspects, see numb. 77.

The Eclipse of the Sun and Moon.

LXXVI. Here you have the Circle of the Sun, which is the outermost, the next is the Circle of the Moon re∣presented by Pricks; having the Body of the Moon in two places upon it; that is above and below the Globe of the Earth, which lies in the middle of all.

Now the Moon being directly opposite between the Light of the Sun and the Earth; as much as it takes the Light from us, so much either more or less is the Eclipse of the Sun.

If the Globe of the Earth be in opposition between the Sun and the Moon; as much as the Earth doth oversha∣dow the Moon, and keep the Light of the Sun from it, so much, either more or less, the Moon is Eclipsed.

☞ Note, That the Sun cannot be totally Eclipsed, by reason the Globe of the Moon doth not contain that largeness, as to hide it from the World; yet the Moon may be totally darkned by the overshadowing of the Earth.

LXXVII. In this Figure, which is a Circle, you have presented to your view, the Course of the Sun, with th Sun in the Chief thereof.

The next is a Perpendicular Line, which goeth through the Globe of the Earth, being the Circle in the middle, which Line is the Conjunction Line, if the Planet be be∣tween the Sun and the Earth; or the Opposition, if the Earth be between the Planet and the Sun.

The next is a Triangular Line, which is the Trine As∣pect, to any Planet that is at the corners of it; by it the Circle is divided into 3 equal parts or divisions.

The next in the Circle, is a Quadrangle, which divi∣deth the same into four equal parts, and the Planets at the points thereof, are said to be in a Quartile Aspect.

The last in the Circle, is a Hexagon, or a six cornered Angle, which divides the Circle of the Sun into six equal parts, and is termed the Sextile Aspect to all Planets that do fall upon the said points; always provided, and be it noted, that the points of the Trine and Quartile Aspect, meeting with the Sextile points, take those points from the Sextile.

So that in short, the Sextile hath the next two points to the Conjunction; the Quartile the two next points be∣low them; and the Trine hath the two lower; and the Opposition one point, which is directly at the bottom.

  • ☿ and ☉ the Sun and Mercury in Conjunction.
  • ☽ and ☉ the Sun and Moon in Opposition.
  • ♄ and ☉ the Sun and Saturn in a Trine Aspect.
  • ♃ and ☉ the Sun and Jupiter in a Quartile Aspect.
  • ♂ and ☉ the Sun and Mars in a Sextile Aspect.

Here followeth other Names or Terms used by Astronomers in the Art of Astronomy; and the use of the Globes; set Al∣phabetically.

Angles, are certain imagined Points in the Heavens, notifying the farthest distance of any Orbe, Sphere or Page  27 Circle from the Center of the World.

Axeltree, is the imagined Line going from one side of the Sphere to the other, direct in the Diameter, on which the Earth hangs; therefore called the Axel∣tree of the World, at which end are two Points called the Poles or Axis.

Axis, see Poles.

Alhidada, is the Label or Pointer of an Instrument called an Astrolabe.

Aspect or Radiation, is the meeting of the Planets, or their joining with the Sun or Moon within such and such Degrees. Aspects are of several kinds, each being ex∣pressed by a peculiar Character; as followeth.

  • ☌ The Conjunction Aspect is when the Planet is join∣ed with the Sun or Moon, or other Planets amongst them∣selves, within one degree or less.
  • SS The Semisextile Aspect is when they are under one Sign or Degree.
  • {sal armoniac} The Sextile Aspect or Radiation, is when such are together within 60 degrees, or distant from one the other so much as 2 Signs.
  • Q the Quintile Aspect, when they are distant one from the other 2 Signs 12 Degrees.
  • The Quadrate or Quartile Aspect, when they are together within 90 degrees.
  • Td. the Tridecile Aspect, is when they are removed 3 Signs and 18 Degrees distant.
  • {fire} The Trine Aspect, when they are 120 degrees di∣stant, or parted 4 Signs.
  • Bq The Biquintile Aspect is when they are removed 4 Signs and 24 Degrees distant.
  • Vc. the Quincunx Aspect is when they are 5 Signs di∣stant one from the other.
  • ☍ The Opposition Aspect, when they are 180 degrees distant one from the other, or 6 Signs or a Semicircle.

Altitude, is the height or elevation of the Pole (or any other thing) above the Horizon; that is, there is so many Degrees, Yards, &c. in height between such and such a place.

Astronomy, the Noble Art and Science of measuring the Heavens, and knowing the course of the Planets and Stars, their Rising and Setting, the diversity of Circles, Asterisms, &c.

Arithmetick, the noble Art of Numbring, and cast∣ing up of an Account from certain Numbers.

Astrology, the Art of conjecturing future Occurrences by the variety of Constellations, Planetical Aspects, and disposing of the Houses of Heaven and such like.

Augury, telling of Fortune by flying of Birds.

Bissextile, or Leap Year, which is every fourth Year, in which Month February hath 29 days.

Center, is the middle point of any round.

Combust, as Mars in Aries Combust, is as much as to say, Mars and Aries being under the Beams of the Sun.

Circulation, taking of rounds, the turning of things round after the manner of Circles, a turning round.

Circumference, the same to Circulation.

Coelestial, Heavenly.

Cosmography, the Description of the World, the same to Geography.

Charts, Paper draughts, either of the Winds, or scituations of Countreys.

Calculate, the foretelling of a thing, to tell 〈◊〉 e∣vent of a matter.

Diameter, the breadth of any round body from one side to the other, cross the Center point.

Degrees, the distance of places, or measure; a De∣gree is 60 miles on the Globe, the thirtieth part of a Sign; for into so many parts are they all divided.

Digits, a Digit; for 10 Digits make a Minute, as 60 Minutes make a Degree: It is the diminution of a Minute into any part under 10: Some write it Digits and Digit, which in Arithmetick is all the single significant Figures under Ten.

Ecliptick, the name of a Circle in the Coelestial Globe, or Circle of the Moon.

Epact, is a certain number taken out, or known by the Golden Number, through which the Age of the Moon is found out.

Ephemerides, is the consignation of the Planets, and where they be every Noon or middle of the day through∣out the Year; and with what Aspect and Conjunction one is with the other.

Eclipse of the Sun or Moon, is the darkning of their Light, by having some solid or gross body interposing be∣tween it and us; as the Earth between the Moon and the Sun, is the Moons Eclipse; and the Moon between the Sun and the Earth is the Suns Eclipse.

Elevation of the Pole,

Golden Number, is a number of Years following one the other to 19; for at every 19 Year, it beginneth again at 1, 2, 3, 4, &c.

Geometry, the Noble Science of measuring the Earth, with the Longitude, Latitude, and Profundity thereof.

Geography, a Description of the Earth, with its parts. See Cosmography.

Horizon, is as much of the Heaven as we can behold at one time about. See Equinoctial.

Longitude, the length of any place.

Latitude, the breadth of any thing, or wideness of distance of one place from another.

Magnitude, the greatness or largeness of a thing.

Minutes, the diminutions of a Degree; 60 Minutes make a Degree which is 60 Miles.

Mathematick, one that Calculateth Nativities, an Astrologer, or a Mathematician.

Nadir, or Nader, it is that part of the Heaven or Earth directly under our Feet, and so descending through to the Center of the Earth, to the Heavens opposite to our Feet.

North Pole, the height of the Heavens in the North part, about the which all the Planets and Moveable Stars do turn.

Oriens, Oriental, the East.

Occidental, the West.

Orbe, the World, else taken for any round thing, as a Ball.

Pole, is the point of the Axeltree of the World; of which there is one in the North, called the North Pole; and another in the South called the South Pole; upon which Poles it is imagined that the Coelestial Sphere is dai∣ly moved about her Axeltree; the like Poles hath the Ecliptick or Zodiack Circle; these Poles are also called the Axis.

Profundity, is the depth of a place, or distance be∣tween the top of a thing to its bottom.

Progress, Progression, the going forward of a thing.

Page  28Prime, or Golden Number. See Golden Num∣ber.

Product, produce, a bringing forth or drawing out.

Retrogradation, a going back of a thing.

Revolutions, the turning round of a thing; as to begin here, and not to cease till it turn to this place again; the course of the Sun, Moon, and Planets, the turning of the Year, Times, and Seasons.

Sphere, is the Globe, comprehending both the Hea∣vens and the Earth; or the Lines and Circles of the Coe∣lestial Globe, of which there are 3 kinds.

  • 1. Sphera recta, or right Sphere, that is, when the Poles of the World lie, as the Horizon and the Equino∣ctial Line is one with the Zenith, standing upright.
  • 2. Sphera Parallela, the equal distant Sphere, so named, when the Axeltree of the World stands right up, having the one Pole in the Zenith and the Equinoctial, and Horizon lying even.
  • 3. Sphera obliqua, or crooked Sphere, so called because the Axeltree of the World, nor Equinoctial, d¦ly flat down or stand upright from the Horizon, but e∣clineth sloping.

Scruple, is the Tenth part of a Minute.

Second, is the half of a Minute.

Scheme, the Draught or Figure in Astrology, by which they know the Houses and Places of the Planets; a Figure to Calculate or tell a Man his Fortune thereby.

South Pole, that Pole opposite to the North Pole.

Terrestial, Earthly.

Terrestial Globe, is the great round body of the Earth.

Zenith, is that part of the Heavens directly over our heads, in what part of the Earth soever we stand.

Zones, or Climates, see cap. 2. numb. 28.

Page  29
TO The Right Honorable, WILLIAM-GEORGE-RICHARD STANLEY Earl of Derby: Lord Stanley, and Strange of Knocking, Viscount Kington, Baron of Wee∣don, Lord, Mohun, Burnet, Basset, and Lacy; Lord Leiutenant of the Counties Palatines of Chester, and Lancaster, and Admiral of the Seas thereunto belonging; Chamberlain of His Majesties Court of Exche∣quer of Chester: And Lord of Man, with the Isles &c. THIS Chapter in perpetual Memory of your Honors Loyalty to your Sovereign, a Pillar of the Church: And a Support of the Country: is Dedicated to your Lord∣ship, by him who is your most Humble and Devoted Servant. Randle Holme.


1. WE Proceed now to the third Ele∣ment, viz. Water. Of which we will give some few examples of the several wayes of bearing it in Arm.

Waters fresh and sweet, are reckoned amongst God's peculiar Blessings, promised to the observers of his Law▪ and those of chiefest rank. Lev: 26 v. 7 For the Lord thy God bringeth thee into a good Land, a Land in the which are Rivers of Waters, Fountains and Depths that spring out of the Valleys and Mountains.

For it is agreed upon all sides, that the Sea is the Riches of a Kingdom; and a fair River is the Riches of a City, and Springs of water, the Safety of a House or Castle.

Now water hath its severall denominations according to the places in which it hath its being, and station, as for examples it is called.

Of moving Waters

I. The Ocean, the great and vast Waters that inviron the great continent of the World, the main Sea.

2. Sea, this is a gathering together of many Waters, so called by God himself: Gen: 1 10. And the gathring together of the Waters he called Ses.

3. Floods of Waters, is the rising and falling, or the ebbing or flowing of Waters. Floods in some parts are called Tydes or full Seas.

4. Streams, is a violent gliding or running of Waters, so as not to be Stopped; from whence ariseth the Proverb. Its hard to strive against the stream.

5. Rivers, is the meeting together of many Springs.

6. Arm or Branch of the Sea, are such great and broad Rivers, that are near the Sea, and run into the Sea: a nar∣row Sea between a Lands.

7. Rivulet, is a small River, or some few Springs meeting together.

8. A Brooke, or Rile, a Torrent, is a running Water from a Spring.

9. A Poole, or Brook, is a place of Water kept to∣gether and is fed or Supplyed by Springs; the overplus running away through Sluces, Defenders, Wyers and over Cawsies.

10. Spring or a Fountain, are such places where Wa∣ters issue out of the Earth.

11. Baths, are Springs of Water in which Sick and In∣firm people wash and bath themselves: of which there are two sorts the hot Bath, and the Cold bath.

Page  30


Page  3112. Spawes, are Springs of Water arising out of the Minerals of the Earth, which are Phisicall waters, some purging by Urine, others by Vomit, and Stool.

13. A Streight, is a part of the Sea or Ocean restrain∣ed with narrow bounds, and then openeth again, as a way to the Sea.

14. A Creeke or Bay, is a Sea contained within a crook∣ed shore.

15. Whirle Pit, or whirle Poole, is the turning of Wa∣ter into circles as it runeth away.

16. A Chanell, the deepest part of a River, there where the stream runeth swiftest: a runing Ditch.

17. A Rode, is a place where a Ship may ride near land, and yet cannot ride Land-locked for all winds.

18. A Sound, is any great In-draught of the Sea, be∣tween two head lands, where there is no passage through.

19. An Offen or Offing, is to be out in the open Sea from the shore-ward; so for a ship to lye in the middle of a Channell, and comes not near the shore.

20. A Cove.

21. Surges, are the risings and fallings of the water in in Waves; which by Sea-men have several other terms ascribed to them, according to their more or less, lifting up. as

22. A Gulfe or Bosome, of the Sea. A Whirle pit or deep pit in the Sea, where water falls in, and cometh not out again.

23. A Raging or troubled Sea, is when the Seas and Waters rage and roate through a tempest in them. A tempestuous storme, Surges and raging waves.

24. A Wave, is a rising & falling o the Water through wind.

25. A Frd or shallow water, where Men and Beasts may go over on foot.

Terms about the Sea, and its Ebbeing and Flowing &c.

  • A calme Sea.
  • A becalmed Sea.
  • A working of the Sea.
  • A rough Sea.
  • An over-groan Sea.
  • The rut of the Sea.
  • Roaring of the Sea.
  • The Flowing of the Sea.
  • A quarter Flood.
  • High water or still water.
  • Full Sea.
  • A Spring tide.
  • Ebbe, or Ebbeing.
  • Quarter ebbe.
  • Halfe ebbe.
  • A low water.
  • A dead low water, or a Neptide.
  • A shoale or shallow water.
  • A deep water.
  • A Gulfe.
  • The froth of the Sea.

Standing Waters.

If the waters be standing waters, having no shew or ap∣pearance of motion then they are called.

  • 1. A Pond, or Pit, or Fish Pond; places of water in Fields or Commons, for Cattle to drink at, and where Gentlemen keep Fish: a place always full of water.
  • 2. A Mote, is a large Ditch or Trench of water about Mansion or Hall houses.
  • 3. A Well, is a sinking into the Earth to the Veins of Water that run through, which water is drawn up from thence by the help of a Rope and Bucket, or sweep.
  • 4. A Mare, is a great broad standing Water in Ireland called a Lough.
  • 5. A Cisterne, is a place in a house in which water is kept for the use of the family: under the figure of a Cistern the Prophet Ieremiah Ier: chap. 2. v. 13. Reproves the Rebellion of Israel. You have forsaken me the Fountain of Living water; and have digged Pits to your selves that will hold no water, and have made to your selves Cisterns, even broken Cisterns, that will hold no water.
  • 6. Fens, are weat & spungy Grounds, called also Flats, Bogges, Moorish ground.
  • 7. A Lake, or flash of Water, is a little hole or place of water after a great Rain, not sunk into the Earth.
  • 8. A Ditch of water, a place where water standeth and runs not away.

Sorts of Waters Natural.

Besides ordinary waters, there are waters of an extra∣ordinary nature as,

  • 1. Bathes, or hot Springs, of which some are very hot others blood warm. Others exceeding cold.
  • 2. Spawe waters, are such Springs as proceed from Mi∣nerals or Mines of Nitre, Sulphure, Allome, Bitumen, Co∣peras &c. And have their taste.
  • 3. Bryne water, or salt water, which being boiled con∣verteth into Salt.
  • 4. Cream water, is such water as hath a kind of Oyl, or fat scume upon it, which being boiled, turneth into several Medicaments.

I. He beareth Argent, a Cloud issueing out of the Chief Sable, Distilling dropps of Rain. This is born by Pilewater. Rain is a cold vapour, an Earthly humor, or fumosities drawn up out of the Water & Earth, by virtue of the Sun, to the nether part of the middle Region, or space of the Air; and there through cold thick∣ens, then dissolved: being thus ingendred falls on the Earth.

Thus of natural Rain, but for miraculus Rain, as milk, blood, stones, flesh, iron, fowle, corn, wooll, or Jupiters coming to Dinae, in a golden shower &c. I leave the Curious to satisfie themselves, both from Scripture, Iosh. 10.11. And from Pliniy's Natural History lib. 2 chap. 58. Ovid Metamorph.

II. He beareth Argent, a Chief waved Sable, Di∣stilling dropps of Rain; in base the Waves of the Sea, with a Sea-horse Naissant proper.

☞ This term Naissant is used from Nascends of Nascor to be born, as if the same were issueing out of the wombe, or middle of the water. This form of Blazon is peculiar to all liveing things that shall be found issue∣ing out of the middle of any ordinary, or common charge and lyeth upon a part of Field, as this horse doth; haveing his head so much above the water as it comes into the Field. Here note also that the Sea horse Naissant, is no more then a demy Sea horse, the other part is supposed t be within the water. Yet some Bla∣zon it in short thus Argent a Cloud Distilling Rain (or out of a Cloud a shower of Rain) Sable, in water a Sea horse Naissant (or swimeing) Proper. This is born by the Hipotempest.

III. He beareth Argent, a Gurges, or whirle Pool, Azure. If this Gurges or Gorges, did fill up the vacui∣ty Page  32 of the Escochion and that no part of the Field were discerned, then it is to be Blazoned thus, a Gurges, Ar∣gent and Azure. And this kind of bearing may be term∣ed the Ocean or Sea, because there is nothing seen in it but Water. A Gurge is nothing else but the draught of a Pencil with a blewish Wave round and round inwardly: or after the manner of a Spirall line, beginning at the cen∣ter, and ging further off, as it turneth. And is Born by the name of Gorges.

IV. He beareth Vert, a Fountain, or a Well of Water. Thus Blazoned by Gilliams, and others, but I hold them more properly termed Pitts, or standing Wa∣ters; for a Fountain, & Well are contrary things, as you may see numb. 9 10 11 and 14 15 16. These are of some termed Roundles or Roundletts Barry waved. And is born by the name of Wells.

G the like wavey, A and V. Born by Thymelten.

A 3 such A and B. Born by Fountain.

V. He beareth Gules, a Square Pitt of Water, waved Argent, and Azure. By the name of Pond.

VI. He beareth Sable, a Pitt of Water, with seve∣rall sorts of Leaves, and Flowers about it proper. Born Anciently for the Crest of Grosvenor of Eaten, with a Falcon hovering over it.

VII. He beareth Argent, two Bubbles, and another rising out of the Water in Base proper. By the name of Bubbleward. A Bubble is Aire inclosed in Wa∣ter, which flyeth about.

Azure. 3 Bubles. Born by Aire. Waters are also born Bendwise and in Fesse, as G a Bend Sinister watery waved A and B. Is born by Stammer. And O a Fesse the like. Born by Van Buren.

VIII. He beareth Azure, a Cloud with an exhalati∣on out of the Sea, all proper. Some term this, a Pil∣lar of Rain issueing out of the Cloud, and falling in∣to the middle of the Sea. But I rather take it for an ex∣halation, then Rain, for such hath been often seen by Mariners in their Travailes upon the Seas. How ever either term of Blazon may serve. And is Born by the name of Drought. Some term it a Sea spout, which is a fall of water out of the Clouds for a League, or two in empass, like the fall of the Sea; that what Ship is within that compass, is dasht all to pieces.

IX. He beareth Argent, a Well Gules, the Windle, or Turne, Or, with the Rope Pendant into the Well, Sable. The Ground paved Azure. By the name of Depwell.

X. He beareth Argent, a Well Gules, with a Rope pendant, Or. Or Iacobs Well, Ioh. 4 11. Because the Well is deep, and thou hast nothing to draw the Water with, (as the Samaritan Woman said to our Saviour) how then shall this Well yield any supplyes, had not a Rope been there for use? This is born by the name of Iaques.

XI. He beareth Argent, on a Hill in Base, Vert, a Well Gules, furnished with a Pole, and Sweepe, Or with a Buckett, and Chain pendant, Sable. This is the Coat Armour of Sweepwell. The like is born by Pol∣liard.

B the like O. Is born by Pronner Van Tahelhausen of Bavaria.

XII. He beareth Argent, a Bridge of one Arch (or an Arch) over a River, runing with a fall into the Base, between two high and craggy Rocks, Gules. Or a fall of water between two Rocks, with an Arch over it. By the name of Waterfall.

XIII. He beareth Argent, the Sea, with a Rock in the middle, joyned to the Dexter side, from whence issueth a Spring or Spout of Water all proper, Or in a Sea-skip of Aire and Water, a Rock fixed to the Dexter side spouting out Water, (after some, gushing out Water) all proper. By the name of Rockwater.

XIV. He beareth Argent, on a Grice or Step in Base, a Stone Cisterne, Gule, Masoned, with a Pipe on the Sinister fide, Swan necked casting in Watex, proper. By the name of Fountaindale.

XV. He beareth Azure, on a Hill in Base, Vert, a Fountain issueing water. Born by the name of Pym∣ley. This may be termed a Garden Fountain, or a Foun∣tain of pleasure, or delight, to distinguish them from those Fountaines or wells mentioned numb. 11 13 19 23.

XVI. He beareth Argent, a Garden Fountain dou∣ble Cisterned, Gules; issueing proper. These kind of Garden Cisternes have (in severall Coats and Crests where they are born) variety of Figures set upon the top; as Angels, Lions, or other Beasts sedant &c. Which thing ought to be named what they are: for such things often cause a great alteration in the bearings. This is the Crest of the Company of Plummers, with an Angell on top of it with a Sword in one hand and a pair of scales or ballance in the other.

XVII. He beareth Argent, a Well in Base, open on the side, Gules; fixed on the top two standarts, with a Twirle (or Pullas) and Rod with the Rope (or chain) Pendant. Born by the name of Standdelaroy.

XVIII. He beareth a Sea Skip, or Aire and Wa∣ter, in the middle of the Water a Rock Gules. Or a cragy Rock. Born by the name of Fortior.

XIX. He beareth Party per Fesse Aire and Sea, on a Rock fixed to the Dexter side, Gules, a Naked man lying a long, with a Water pott under his Arm, from whence issueth Water into the Sea. See numb. 23. This is termed by the Poets, the God of the Foun∣tains, on a Rock sending forth Water from his Fontall. By the name of Fountain.

XX. He beareth a Land-skip, containing three Hills, one at a distance in chief, extending it self throughout the Escochion; the other in Fesse fixed to the Dexter side, and the third to the Sinistex and whole Base, in the Ualley a Mare, with a River issuing from its Flect∣ing, and Reflecting, and Determineing in the Dex∣ter Base, all proper. More breifly Blazoned thus. In a Land skip a River running in a Nalley between three Hills, with a Spring, or Mare, at the Head of it, all proper. This is known with us by the name of the River Dee, or Deva, running amonge the Hill from the head thereof called Pimble Mare.

XXI. He beareth a Sea-skip airy per chief, a Cape or Promontory or a Neck of Land shuting it self un∣evenly into the Water from the Dexter side with flect∣ingPage  33 and reflectings proper. See of this numb. 31 32 By the name of Cape of Good-hope.

XXII. He beareth per Fese, airy and Water, an Island beset with Trees in the middle whereof is a Summerhouse with a Spire proper. By the name Darington.

XXIII. He beareth Argent, a Fontall casting out Water (of some called a Water pott) or a Scate∣bra) which are things, out of which Water runeth. This is Born by the name of Waters. The Gods of the Fountaines, and the Water Nymphs, with the description of Fountains and Rivers, are all decyphered by men and Women, lying or leaning on such kind of Potts as this. It is termed a Fontall from Fons a Fountain, as being that by which Fountains, Wells, and Springs, are set forth.

XXIV He beareth Argent, in the Sinister Chief a Cloud distilling drops of Raine, Sable; in dexter Base a Cestern, with the Image of a Demy Lyon with Woman Breasts Spouting out Water sct on a Piller within in it. Born by the name of Digondover.

2 IN the next place I shall give some examples of the last and heavyest of all the Elements, viz. Earth in which you shall see how the Earth is born in Coats, first in the whole, and then after in its parts.

XXV. He beareth Gules, an Orbe, or Globe, Vert. Born by the name of Orball. This is the Figure of the round World without any mention of Land or Water it being nothing else but a direct round Ball.

Azure. 3 Orbes, or Globes, Argent is the Coat of Round. This is a general bearing amongst the Germain and Dutch Famileys.

XXVI. He beareth Azure, a Terrestiall Globe with its Equinoxtiall Line, Argent. If it had been divided into two colours, then it had represented the Earth and Water. This is Born by the name of Munginator.

The like to this divided into two, viz. A and G. Is the Crest of Schwaden a Swaden. And the same with a Parrot standing upon it with a Stoned ring in his Beke proper. Is the Crest of Schiffer of Austria in Germany.

The like parted with the Zenith and Neder line B and A. Is the Crest of Van Clugheim.

XXVII. He beareth Vert, a Terrestiall Globe, Ar∣gent, with its Horrizon, the Elevation of the Pole with the Zenith; and the Neder lines, Sable. Which lines are so called, these letters will demonstrate. Born by Wordall.

a. rhe Zenith Line, being that part of Heaven just over us.

b. the Elevtion of the Pole.

c. the Horrizon or the Equinoctial or Meridian line.

d. the Neder. Being that part just under us.

S 3 Roundlets parted per Cross. A and G. Born by Dreward. And the same Gyrony of 8 is born by that name.

XXVIII. He beareth Gules, a Terrestiall Globe, with all its Lines, Argent. The names of them, see in the Coelestiall Spheare: chap. 1 numb. 33.

In the Globe of the Earth there are five Zones or Cli∣one over hot, two over could, and two Temperate; the two hot Climates are in the middle Circle, signiied by. c. d. The two Temperate clymates are between the Circles. b. e. And the two Frozen or cold Clymates between the Circles. a. f. See for them fuller spoken unto in the sig∣nification of Words about the Globe in the word Zone.

XXIX. He beareth Azure, the Terrestiall Globe proper, Invironed with the Meridian, Or. This is the Coat of Fitz Shakerley.

B. a Cross patee fitcht, and on a Chife, Or: Three Terrestiall of the first. By the name of Eldred-

XXX. He beareth Azure, the Terrestiall Globe fixed in the Meridian, with its Pilars, this is an o∣ther way of drawing the Terrestiall Globe.

The Globe of the Earth is the Center of the Coelestiall Sphere and it is no more to be compared to the magnitude of the Heavens, then the point of a Needle, is in compari∣son of the Circumference of the whole Earth.

Yet this massy Globe, this body of the Earth is of a most vast bigness; for as Astronomers, Geographiers, and the like do writ of it; they say that it is in compass round 21600 miles; and that the diameter, or thickness of it is 6872 miles, and Eight parts of Eleven, of a mile, as Archi¦medes Rule is; though others affirm it to be but 360 De∣grees, which maketh in the Circumference or Circute. 5400 miles, the Diameter to be 1800 miles, and the Se∣mi-diameter, from the Surface of the Earth to its Center 900 miles; But this is to be understood of German miles, which is three times as much as an English mile.

The Earth hath but one known great, and vast, Con∣tinent in it, which is seated about with thousands of Islands both great and small.

It is divided into four parts, which are these Europe, A∣sia, Africa, and America.


First is Europe, which is the Northern part of the World, and lyetth under the Tropick of Cancer, which is divided into Continents, and Islands: the Continent is a∣gain sub-divided into severall Kingdoms, and Empires, and Provides, as.

Spain hath these Kingdoms in it, 1 Leon and Oviedo, 2 Navarre, 3 Corduba and Granada, 4 Gallicia, 5 Bis∣cai, 6 Tolledo, 7 Murcia, 8 Castile, 9 Portugall, Alga∣rue, 10 Valentia, 11 Catelogne, 12 Arragon.

France, hath these Provinces in it. 1 Aquitane, Gas∣coigne and Xaintoigne, 2 Pictou, 3 Anion, 4 Maine, 5 Toureine, 6 Bretagne, or little Britine, 7 Normandie, 8 the Ilse of Franc, 9 Belsia or la Beausse, 10 Berry, 11 Burbon, 12 Beavois and Avergne, 14 Limosin, 15 Pe∣rigort, 16 Quercu, 17 Daulphine, 18 Lauguedoc, 19 Pro∣vence, 20 Picardie, 21 Champagne, 22 Burgundie, 23 La Bresse, 24 Burgundy County, 25 Lorreine, 26 Savoy, 27 Genova. Which four last acknowledge not the French Command.

Italy. hath tese Regions in it. 1 Hesperia, 2 Lati∣um, 3 Nasonia, 4 Oenotria 5 Lombardy and Piedmont,Page  34 6 Tscany, 7 Rome or the land of the Church. 8 Naples, 9 Genoa, 10 Venice, 11 Florence, 12 Millaine, 13 Man∣tua, 14 Vrbine, 15 Parma, 16 Luca.

Belgia, or lower Germany, low Countreys or Nether∣lands, which hath these Regions in it. 1 Flanders, 2 Zealand, 3 Lymburgh, 4 Luzenburg, 5 Gilderland, 6 Brabant, 7 Artoys, 8 Hanault, 9 Namuree, 10 Zutphen, 11 Holland, 12 West Friez-land, 13 Vtrecht, 14 Over∣y••ell, 15 Machlyn, 16 Growning.

Germany, hath these Countries in it. 1 East-Friez-land, 〈◊〉 Westphalia, 3 Cleveland, 4 Alsatia or Elsas, 5 Fran∣conia or Flankenland, 6 Rhene Palatinate, and Wir∣tenberg, 7 Helvetia, 8 Switzerland, 9 Valtia, 10 Rho∣etia, 11 Suevia, 12 Bavaria, 13 Northgoia, 14 Au∣stria with Corniola and Tirolifis, 15 Bohemia, which con,+aineth Silesia, Lusatia and Moravia, 16 Brandenbourg, 17 Pomrania, 18 Mecklenbourg, 19 Saxonie, which containeth Tringia, Misnia, Voitland, and Saxonie, 20 Brunswick and Lunebourg, 21 Hassia, 22 Veteravia,

Denmarke, containeth in it these Countries; 1 Cim∣bricke Chersonesse, 2 the Balticke Islands in number 35. Of which the four principall are, Sealand, or Sealanduni∣a, Fionia, or Fuinen, Fimera, and Bornholmia, 3 Scandia

Norway, on the Northwest of it lyeth Finmarchia.

Sweden or Swethland, it containeth these Regions, 1 Lappia, Laland and Scricimnia, 2 Bodia, 3 Finland, 4 Gothland, 5 Suecia or Sweden.

Muscovia, this Kingdom standeth part in Europe, and part in Asia, called also Russia Alba or Sarmatia: it con∣taineth these 1 Novagordia, 2 Plscovia, 3 Valadomire, 4 Rhezan, 5 Permia, 6 Severia, 7 Gandora, 8 Petzora, 9 Mscovie: & ten lesser provinces, which are these. 1 Smo∣lensko, 2 Roscovie, 3 Rostowia, 4 Corelia, 5 Bieleiziozo, 6 the Kingdom of Caan and Cytraban, 7 Tuver, 8 Ma∣saiskie, 9 Wologda, 10 Iugra.

Poland, the chief Provinces in it are. 1 Livonia, 2 Lituania, 3 Volinia, 4 Samogitia, 5 Podolia, 6 Russia Nigra, 7 Mazovia 8 Prussia, 9 Podlassia, 10 Ozwitz, 11 Polland.

Hungary the great, (in which is the Batchmege Desert called Campus Cumanrum) is divided first into the uper Hungry, which containeth: 1 Iazygia, 2 Lumbardy, in which is a part of Noricum and Austria.

Secondly, the lower Hungary, which containeth. 1 Pannonia the higher, wherein are these Provinces. 1 Va∣leria 2 Stiria or Stiermark.

Secondly, Pannonia the lower, in which is 1 Sla∣via, or Sclavonia, which containes these Provinces or Regions, Illiris, Dalmatia, Croatia, or Liburnia, 2 Bu∣balia, 3 Mantina, 4 Dacia, which hath in it these, Transilvania, Moldavia, Walachia, Servia, Rascia, Bulgaria, Bosnia.

Greece, it is Divided into these Regions. 1 Pelopon∣nesus, 2 Achaia, 3 Epirus, 4 Albania, 5 Macedonia & Thessalia, 6 Migdonia, 7 Thracia.

Ploponnesus, being divided into these Provinces. 1 Elis, 2 Messenia, 3 Arcadia, 4 Laconia, 5 Argolis & Archaia.

Achaia, is divided into: 1 Attica, 2 Megaris, 3 Boeotia, 4 Phocis, 5 Aetolia, 6 Doris, 7 Locris.

The Islands dispersed in the Greek Seas are. 1 Palus Maeotis, 2 Pontius Euxinus, 3 Tenedos in the River He∣lespont.

The Islands in the Aegean Sea are. 1 Samothracia, 2 Lemnos, 3 Lessos, 4 Chios, 5 Euboea, 6 Scyros, 7 Sala∣mis, 8 Sporades, 9 Cyclades or Iles, of the Arches, being 53 all in a Circle.

The Islands in the Cretan Sea are. 1 Creta, 270 miles long 50 broad, 2 Claudi, 3 Dio, 4 Aegilia.

The Islands in the Ionian Sea are. 1 Cythera, 2 Stro∣phades, 3 Zacynthus, 4 Ehinades 5 Cephalenia, 6 Cor∣cyra, 7 Ithaca, 8 Leucadia.

The Islands in the Adriatique Sea are. 1 Absirtides, 2 Cherso, 3 Weggea 4 Grissa or Paga 5 Lesina, 6 Cur∣zola, 7 Zara 8 Brazzia, 9 Lissa, 10 Arbe.

The Islands in the Mediterranean Sea are. Sicilia a large Ile divided into three Provinces. 1 Vallis de Nota, Mazarra and Mona, 2 Malta, 3 Corsica, 4 Sardinia 5 the Baleares being 4 greater Isles, as, Majorca, Minorca, Ebuisa, and Olhiusa. And the lesser are these; 1 Valca∣nian or Aeolian Islands, 11 in number, the Chief are the Liparean Isles. 2 the Isles of Naples 18 in number, the Chief are, Ischia, Caprea and Aenaria. 3 the Ligurian Isles, the Chief are, Elba or Ilva, Gallinaria and Giglio And 6 Cades or Cales.

The Isles in the Ocean or Brittish Seas are these. First great Brittaine, which is divided into three Kinddoms: England, Scotland, and Wales.

England Anciently contained seven Kingdoms. 1 Kent, 2 South-Saxons, 3 West-Saxons 4 East-Saxons, 5 Northum∣berland 6 Mercia, 7 East-Angles. This Heptarchy, being u∣nited into one Monarchy it was divided into 39 Provinces or Counties, as. 1 Barkshire, 2 Buckingham 3 Cambride, 4 Cheshire, 5 Cornwall, 6 Cumberland, 7 Darby, 8 Devon, 9 Dorcester, 10 Durham, 11 Essex, 12 Glocester, 13 Hant or Hamshire, 14 Hereford, 15 Hertford, 16 Huntnton, 17 Kent, 18 Lancashire, 19 Leicester, 20 Lincoln, 21 Middle∣sex, 22 Monmouth, 23 Northampton, 24 Norfolke, 25 Northumberland, 26 Nottingham, 27 Oxford, 28 Rutland, 29, Salope or Shropshire, 30 Somerset, 31 Stafford 32 Suffolke, 33 Surrey, 34 Sussex, 35 Warwicke, 36 Westmer∣land, 37 Wiltshire, 38 Worcester 39 Yorkshire.

Scotland contained anciently three Kingdoms, as. 1 the Scots, 2 Picts, 3 the Isles. But united under one Sovereign, it is divided into two parts by the great Ri∣ver Tay. Viz. The South which containes these Pro∣vinces. or Shires. 1 Teifidale 2 Merch, 3 Lauden, 4 Liddesdale, 5 Eskedale, 6 Annaudale, 7 Niddesdale, 8 Galloway, 9 Carrick, 10 Kyle, 11 Cuningham, 12 Ar∣ran, 13 Cluydesdale, 14 Lennox, 15 Stirling, 16 Fife, 17 Strathern, 18 Menteiht, 19 Argyle, 20 Cantire 21 Lorne. The North is divided into these Provinces, as Loquabrea, 2 Braidalbin 3 Perth 4 Atholl, 5 Anguish 6 Mern 7 Marr, 8 Buquhan, 9 Murray, 10 Rosse, 11 Sutherland, 12 Cathanes, 13 Strathnavern.

Page  35Wales, it contained anciently, three Principalities. Viz. North-Wales, 2 Powis, 3 South-wales. But being united to the English Monarchy, it was divided into 13 Coun∣ties, as. 1 Flynt, 2 Denbigh, 3 Carnarvon or Shirevon, 4 Mongomery, 5 Nerioneth in the Norh of Wales with the Isle of Anglesey, which makes a sixt. 7 Brecknock, 8 Caermarden, 9 Cardigan, 10 Glamorgan, 11 Pembrock, 13 Radnor, in South-Wales.

2. Ireland, which is divided into 4 Provinces, as First Mnster, which contains these counties: 1 Limrick, 2 Kery, 3 Corke 4 Waterford, 5 Desmond, 6 Holy-Cross in Tiperary Secondly Lenster, which contains 1 East-meath, 2 West-meath, 3 Kilkeny, 4 Caterlough, 5 Queens county 6 Kings county, 7 Kildare, 8 Weisford, 9 Dulin. Third Connagh which contains in it these counties, 1 Clare or Towmond 2 Galloway, 3 Maio, 4 Slego 5 Leitrim 6 Roscommon. Fourth, Vlster which contains these counties, as 1 Dunghal or Tyr-connell 2 Vpper Tyrone 3 nether Tyrone, 4 Ferma∣nagh 5 Cavan 6 Monaghan, 7 Colrane, 8 Antrim 9 Downe 10 Armagh 11 Lough.

The lesser Islands are. 1 The Orcades or Isles of Orkney in number 32 the chief is Pomonia, 2 the Hebrides in the west of Scotland 44. in number, the chief are, Ila, Iona Mula, 3 the Sorlinges or Sylly Islands in number 145. Of which ten are only of any esteem as Armath, Agnes, Sampson, Sylly, Brefar, Rusco, St. Hellens, St. Martyns, Ar∣thur, St. Marys. 4 the Spo••des, which are the Isles of Man, Anglesey, Iarsey, Gernsey, Weight.

The lesser Islles then the foresaid, are Preston, Helbrie, Dennie, Londay, Chaldey, Thantt, Cheppie, Cocket, Holy∣farne, and the Calfe of Man.

The Islands in the Northern or Deualean Seas are: 1 Thule, or Shetland, 2 Greenland, 3 Island, 4 Freezland, 5 Nova Zemla.


Secondly Asia, which is divided into Continents and Islands. The Continent is again subdivided into severall Empires, Kingdoms and Provinces, as followeth.

Anatolia, which hath these Regions in it. 1 Cilicia 2 Pamphilia, 3 Lycia 4 Caria 5 Ionia, 6 Lidia, 7 Aeolis, and Mysia, 8 Phrygia minor, 9 Phrigia major, 10 Bithi∣nia, 11 Pontus, 12 Paphlagonia 13 Gallatia, 14 Capadocia 15 Lycaonia, 16 Pisiia, 17 Armenia minor.

Syria, which hath these Regions in it. 1 Phoenicia, 2 Coelo-Syria, 3 Syro-Phoenicia.

Palestine or Iuda, and the Land of Israel, in which there is these Regions. 1 Gallilea the higher and the lower, 2 Samaria, 3 Idmea, 4 Iudea.

Armenia, which is divided into these Provinces. 1 Colchis, 2 Georgia, 3 Turcomania.

Arabia, which hath in it. 1 Arabia Deserta, 2 Arabia Petrosa, 3 Arabia Fellix.

Assyria, Mesopotamia, Chaldea.

Media and Persia, in this Empire are these Provinces 1 Persis, 2 Susiana, 3 Carmania, 4 Gedrosia, 5 Drangiana, 6 Aria, 7 Arachosia, 8 Parapomisus, 9 Saca, 10 Hircania, 11 Ormus


Tartaria, in which are these several Provinces. 1 Tartaria-prcopensis, 2 Tartaria Asiatica, 3 Tatari An∣tiqua, 4 Zagathai or Scythia. Which containes, 1 Mah∣giana, 2 Sogiana, 3 Baria, 4 Turchestan and Zagataie, 5 Cathaie.

India, This is the biggest countrey under one name of all the World, except Tartaria, and China: this coun∣try is divided into two Principal parts, India within Gan∣gem, and India without Gangem. India inter Gangem, called also Industan is divided into 47 Provinces or King∣doms. As 1 Narsinga, 2 Malavar, 3 Balassia, 4 Cambaia, 5 Mandao, 6 Bengala, 7 Oristan or Orissa, 9 Canora 10 Dellie &c.

India, extra Gangem or India magnus, or India the great which is divided into twelve Potentates, the most re∣markable are. Macin, 2 Arrachan, 3 Camboia, 4 Cautin-China, 5 Barma: But the most powerfull are, 6 Siam, 7 Pegue.

China, is well nigh equal to all Europe, for it is said to be 3000 Leagues in compass, and 1800 Leagues in length: it is divided into 15 Provinces, in which there is no less then 70 Kingdoms.

  • 1 Canton, which hath in it 37 Cities, & 190 Townes
  • 2 Fegvien, 33 Cities, and 99 Townes.
  • 3 Olam, 90 Cities, and 130 Townes.
  • 4 Sisnam, hath 44 Cities, and 150 Townes.
  • 5 Tolenchia, 51 Citties, and 135 Towns.
  • 6 Cansaie, 24 Cities, and 122 Townes.
  • 7 Minchien 25 Cities, and 29 Townes.
  • 8 Ochian 19 Cities, and 74 Townes.
  • 9 Honnan 20 Cities, and 102 Townes.
  • 10 Pagnia hath 47 Cities, and 150 Townes.
  • 11 Xaiton 47 Cities, and 78 Townes
  • 12 Quinchen 45 Cities, and 113 Townes.
  • 13 Chegvian hath 39 Cityes, and 95 Townes.
  • 14 Susnam 41 Cityes, and 105 Townes.
  • 15 Quinsay 38 Cityes, and 114 Townes.

The Islands dispersed in the Mediterranean Sea, as part of Asia are: 1 Rhodes 120 miles in Circuite, 2 Carpa∣thos or Scarpanto, 70 miles in Circuite, 3 Cyprus 200 miles long & 65 broad, a Kingdom divided into 11 Provinces.

The Islands in the Orientall Ocean are chiefly these. 1 Iapan 600 miles long, in which are 66 Kingdoms, the cheifest of which is the Kingdom of Tenz. 2 Zeilan 250 miles long, 140 broad in which is 6 Kings 3 Molluc∣cae or Molluccoes, being in number 5 Isles: the cheif are Tidore, Gilolo, and Terenate, 4 Banda, or Banton, 5 Iava the greater being 3000 miles in compass, and Iava the lesser 2000 miles in compass, and is divided into 8 King∣domes, 6 Borne, 7 Summatra being 700 miles long, and 200 broad in which are 29 Kings, the cheif are the Kings of Pedor, and Acem, 8 Phillippinae, or the Phillip Islands which are in number 100000: besides these there is a Frie of Islands over against China, affirmed to be no less then 7448, and another Skull of them about India no fewer in number then 127000. All which layd together would make a continent as large as three of four parts of Europe.

Page  36


Thirdly Africa which is a Peninsula, joyned by a small neck of land to Asia it is divided into these Kingdoms and Provinces.

Barbarie, it comprehended the countryes Anciently cal∣led, Numidia Antiqua, Africa Propria, Mauritania Cae∣sariensis, and Mauritania Tingitana: But at this day it is divided into these Kingdoms. I Tunis, which is divided into 5 Provinces, Constantina, Bugia, Ezzab, Tri∣polis, and Tunis: 2 Algeir, it contains these five princi∣pall Cities. Hubeda, Tegdenit, Guagido, Argeirs, and Te∣lesine, or Tremisen. 3 Fesse, which is divided into 7 Pro∣vinces, as Fesse, Ham Lisnan, Septa or Senta, Tanger, Me∣henes, Alcazer Gwer and Arguer. 4 Morocco, which is divided into 6 Provinces, as Morocco, Tangovista, Fessedet Taradent, Massa, and Alarach.

Nmidia, is divided into these Provinces. Staphilet, Dausen, Dara, Lapsa, and Teffet.

Lybia, is divided into these Provinces. Huaden, Guar∣gata, and Toherraum.

Terra Nigritarum, or the land of Negro's or Blackmores. This is divided into 25 Provinces. 1 Gualata, 2 Guina, 3 Tombutum, 4 Melli, 5 Cao, 6 Gialofi, 7 Benin, 8 Nuia, 9 Bornum, 10 Goaga, 11 Ganaga, &c.

Aethiopia Superior, it comprehendeth the regions call∣ed Aethiopia before Egypt, Trogloditica & Cinnamomifera, and at this time there is in it 70 Tributary Kingdoms the chief whereof are these. 1 Bernagassum, 2 Tigrema∣on, 3 Angote, 4 Amra, 5 Guagere &c.

Aethiopia Inferior, it is divided into, First Aian: in which there are two potent Kingdoms, Abex and Adell, Secondly, Zanzibar, in which there are 15 Kingdoms or Provinces as: Carova, Calen, Anzuu, Monculo, Badin, Melinda, Momboza, Quilao, Mosambique, Mombara Mom∣bizo, Macaos, Embroe, Mrdougi, Safila. Thirdly Mono∣motapa, it hath these chief Provinces in it: Montana, Tocoa, Melchucha, Quinibebe, Berfaca & Bavagal: Fourth Cafraria Fift Manicongo, in which are these Provinces Congo, Sango, Bambu, Sandi, Bango, Batta, Pempa, Abundi Matama, Qusama, Angola, Cacongo, Congeries, Amolaze, Langelungi, Anziqui, Cucchi, and Laangi.

Egypt, in it there are near 2000 Cityes, the principall 1 Alexandria, 2 Pelusium or Damiata, 3 Bubastis, 4 Heli∣opolis or Betsamie, 5 Siene 6 Thebes 7 Nicopolis 8 Canopus 9 Arsinoc 10 Niloscopium, 11 Matared, 12 Coptus 13 Memphis, 14 Rosetta 15 Cairo 16 Gleba, Rubra &c.

Cyrene, in which are these Cityes. 1 Fessan 2 Barca, 3 Cyrene.

Islands in the Ethiopick Sea are, 1 Magadascar 1200 Miles long, 2 Zocotara.

Islands in the Atlantick Sea are. 1 St. Thomas, 2 the Princes Island, 3 the Gorgades: These Islands are 9 in number. 4 the Canaries or Fortunate Islands, they are Se∣ven in number, which are Palma, Tenariffe, Gomera, Hi∣erro, Lansarotte, and Fuerte, Ventura,. 5. The Azores, nine in number viz. St. Mary, St. Michael, Gratiosa, St. George, Pico, Faiall, Flores, Corvo and Tercera. 6 the Hesperides which are two Islands: 7 Pharos a little Island over against Alexandria.


Fourth, America or the new World. It is divided in∣to two parts: Mexicana and Pervania, or North Ameri∣ca and South America.

Mexicana containeth these distinct Provinces. First Mexico or Nova Hispania, which is divided into four parts. 1 Gallicia nova, 2 Mechuacan, 3 Guastacan, 4 Tremisi∣tan. 2 Quivira, which hath two Provinces, Cibola and Nova Albion. 3 Nicaragua, in which are the Cities new Granado and Leo. 4 Iucutan, in which are three Provin∣ces, Iucutan, Guatimala and Acasamill. 5 Florida whose cheif Cities are, Arx Carolina, St. Helens, St Mathews, 6 Virginia, on the North part, whereof is new England, 7 Norumbega, 8 Nova Frncia, 9 Terra Corterialis 10 Esto∣tiland.

Pervana, in which are these Provinces, 1 Castella del Oro, 2 Nova Andalzia, 3 Nova Granata, 4 Cartagena is the South of America, and containeth: 1 Castella Aurea, 2 Guiana, 3 Peru, 4 Brasile, Chile.

The Islands of America in the Vergivian Sea or North Sea: are 1 Margarita, 2 Cubagna, 3 Trinidado, 4 the Bacalaos, 5 Boriquen, 6 Iamaica, 7 Cuba, 8 Bermudas, 9 Hispaniola.

Islands in the Pacifique Sea, or Mare del zur: are 1 Iusule Solomons, which are many in number, of which these three are cheif, Gaudalcanall, St. Thomas, St. Isabella 2 Iusuae Latronum, or Ladrones. 3 Iamaica, 4 Hispani∣ola, 5 Cuba, 6 Camercana Islands, which are severall, as St. Martyn, Barbados, Martinino, Lucia, Vicente

Magelana or the Terra incognita, which is that part of the World lying near the South Pole, which is yet un∣known to us whether Inhabited or not.

Of the Divisions of Kingdoms into lesser Parts.

From this great Division of the Globe of the Earth into Empires and Kingdoms, we may gather that there is a Sub-division of those greater Countryes into less places, each of which hath its several denomination according to its Continent. A Kingdom then may be said to be divid∣ed into these severall parts

  • 1 Provinces, Principalities, Archdukedoms, Dukedoms Earldoms and Countries. These are places governed by great persons of such and such qualities under the Sove∣raign or Supream of the Kingdom.
  • 2 Counties, Shires and Ridings, Barony's.
  • 3 Hundreds and Wapentakes, Knights fees.
  • 4. Lordships, Towns, Maners.
  • 7. Halls, Mansion houses, Castles, Forts, Farms, Cot∣tages, Coats, Sheapards Shealds, or Hovells.

A Second division of Empires or Kingdoms into lesser places, are such as these, whereof some are not inclosed but ly wast, or open and unoccupied, as Page  37

  • 1. Wildernesses, Forrests, Chases, Champion ground, Plains, Woods, Town Fields.
  • 2. Commons, Wasts, Heaths, Moors, Mosses, Turbu∣ryes, Greens, Downs.

Others are inclosed and occupied, as

  • 1. Parks, Warrens, Conyborroughs.
  • 2. Fields, Medows, Pastures, Arable Fields, Tillage Lands, Feeding grounds, Closes, Closures.
  • 3. Orchards, Gardens, Courts, Backsides.
  • 4. Woods, Groves, Coppies, Thickets or underwoods, Springs.

And these again, are Sub-divided into smaller parcells, according to that quantity of ground it containeth, both for, length and breadth. as

  • 1. Virges, Hydes, Bovates or Oxgranges, Granges.
  • 2. Poles, Acres, Selions, Rods or Roodes, Loons, Lands
  • 3. Ridges, Butts, Flats, Stitches or small Butts, Pikes.

Others are named from length only, as

  • 1. Miles, Furlongs, Pearches, Poles, Rodes.
  • 2. Yards, Passes or Paces, Elles, Cubits.
  • 3. Feet, Span, Palme, Inches, Corne Length.

Now as there is a Term for every Temporall division and place of note in Kingdoms; so in Spiritual affaires, each Church hath its bounds, which is again divided in∣to lesser Jurisdictions, and these again sub-divided into the meanest of all, as

  • 1 The Papall or see of Rome, (which claimeth the U∣niversall Bishoprick) and hath the command of Europe, except some few Kingdoms, and Provinces, which have Jurisdictions of their own, and doth not acknowledge that place for their Head.
  • 2. Patriarkes, of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antiochia, and Ierusalem. Which are the Metropolis of all the Churches of Asia, and part of Affrca.

And these are all of them again divided into lesser dig∣nities, as

  • 1 Cardinallricks, Archbishopricks, Metropolitans.
  • 2. Bishopricks, Diocesses, Denaries, Ruralls.

And in the last place these are again sub-divided into lesser Ministeries, as

1. Prebendaries, Parishes, Vicarages, Chapellryes, Ty, things, and Leets. So much as to the Division of the Earth: now to our Blazon again.

XXXI. He beareth Azure, an Island Argent. An Isle, an Island or Iland, is when the Water Invironeth or washeth a piece of Land round on all sides. This is born by the name of Island.

A. 15 Islands diversly coloured: which Coate belongs to the King of Sain, as Lord of certain Island to that num∣ber.

XXXII. He beareth Aire and Water, a Rock tra∣versed in Fesse with a Peninsula proper. Born by Pen∣sule.

An Island, is when the Water runeth round the Land.

A Peninsula, or an almost Island, is when it is washed on all sides, & yet hath a neck of Land by which it is joyn∣ed to the Continent.

A Cape, is a corner or an uneven part of Land, shut∣ing into the Water. See numb. 21 having the Sea on two sides of it.

A Promontory, or a neck of Land. The same to Cape an Isthmus, is the neck of Land, which joyneth the Peninsula and the Continent together.

A Continent, is any great piece of Land that hath not Water about it; Erope, Asia, Africa, and America, is called the great Continent of the World. Other great Islands may be termed the Continent, to a Peninsula; though but an Island it self.

Other terms used by Seafaring Men for an Har∣bour or Landing place

  • A Rock.
  • A Leege of Rocks.
  • A Shoule.
  • Fast ground, or good An∣choring.
  • Osie, or foul ground, such as an Anchor cannot stick or hold in it.
  • Sandy ground.
  • Clay ground.
  • An Head Land.
  • A Furland.
  • A Reach.
  • A Land Mark.

An Haven or Harbour, a place where Ships arive with their fraight.

The Sea Shore, or Bank, Coast, or side of the Sea: Land lying close by the Sea.

A Damme, or Bank, or Causey, made to keep in the Sea from overflowing the Land▪ called also A Heap, Bulwork, Rampire, or Countermure.

The Borders, ends or Confines of a Countrey.

XXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Craggy Rock in Base, extending it self throughout the Escochion, with a Concave in it Sable. Or with a Concavity, or an Hallow passage through it. Born by the name of Cragge.

XXXIV. He beareth Argent, a Rock, or Moun∣tain, Gules. Born by the name of Hill.

A the like G and a Cheif of the same. Born by the name of Muchill.

Several sorts of Hills.

Mountains, are vast great and high Hills.

Precipes, Hills with a steep dow descent.

Craggy hills, Hills hard and difficult to go up them.

Hills for Pasture, as Sheep and Goats, and yong Catle. Hills of an easie ascent, not laborious to go up.

Ridges, or tops of Hills.

Edges, the outsides of craggy steep Hills.

Mould hills, little Hills in Fields, cast up by Mouls.

Hillocks, very little hills, or rising above the plaine Earth.

Ualleys, plain ground at the foot or bottom of Hills, termed Vales and Dales.

Clifts, or craggy hills of Stone.

Caves, holes in Rocks and Hills.

Convales, or Valleys enclosed all about with hills.

Page  38Straits, or narrow passages between hills.

Combs or Quaries, deep places in hills which Stone hath been taken out.

XXXV. He beareth Argent, a Mountain in Base Vert, Inflamed on the top. This for shortness may be Blazoned the Mountain Aetny: which is said to be the mouth of Hell, being continually with fire & Smoak on the top of it. This is born by the name of Maclloyd of Scotland.

XXXVI. He beareth Argent, on a Mount issueing out of Base, Vert; a Lamb in Sacrifice proper. By the name of Holy Lamb.

A a Hill in Base with the fire upon it issueing into three flames proper. Is Born by the name of Flammen.

XXXVII. He beareth Argent, in a Rock, or Monn∣tain proper, a Cave Sable. Or else thus, issueing out of Base, a hill proper: with a Cave in it, Sable. Born by the name of Cave.

XXXVIII. He beareth Gules, a Lion Passant issue∣ing out of a Cave Argent, the Hill in Bae fixed to the sinister side, Vert. By Lousden alias Lions-den.

XXXIX. He beareth Argent, a Rock Gules, piled at the foundation and Enwraped with Osiers, Bri∣ers, or Thornes, Tenne. This we must suppose to be a kind of Sandy Hill, or Mountain; which would in time moulder & fall away, if it were not defended, & support∣ed, or fortified with stakes, and windings to keep it together See lib. 1 chap. 9 numb. 20. and lib. 2. chap: 18 numb. 62 63 64 65 66 This is Born by the name of Strongill

Per pae G and A in each the like Counterch: Born by the name of Heyprger:

XL. He beareth Argent, a Hill Vert. By the name of Hillok. If there be but one in the Coat, it is termed an Hill, if more, they are called Moul-hills: which are Hills or Hillocks of earth cast up by Moulwarps.

A Cheveron between 3 V. Is Born for Tildesley and Shakerley.

A 3 Moul hills V. Born by Tildesley of Tildesley.

A 3 such V. each charged with an Annulett. O By Tildesley of Wardley

In the Base of this quarter is placed a craggy Rock, which is diversly Born by famileys in foraign Provinces: some have it thus in the Base, others from the whole Base ascending up the Dexter or Sinister side of the Sheild, with some kind of wild beast climeing up the same▪ as for ex∣ample.

A such a Craggy Rock B with a Spur rowel of 7 points upon the top of it G the like is the Crest. And is Born by Van Sternfels.

A the like V with a Lion Rampant regardant B crowned is the Coat of the Town of Velburg in Germany.

G on the lower side of a Bend Sinister O such a crag∣gy Rock extending it self to the ends thereof V. Is Born by Sibenburger.

O a craggy Rock in Base ascending the Dexter side Bendwise B a wild Goat climant or ascendant G Born by Gambsen.

G the like A with a Ram A Born by Rammelstein.

G the like to the Sinister side O the Ram A. Born by Ramsperg.


From these foresaid Rocks, Mountains, Hills and Mountiny places, proceeds Minerals, and Mines for all sorts of Mettals, and Moulds, of which in order.

    There are three kinds of Minerals.
  • First such that notwithstanding their hard growing to∣gether, yet will disolve in Water, as Salt, Allome, Vitri∣oll or Copperas, Nitre, Salt peter, Bitumen, Armonick, Borax, Brimston &c. whose foundation is generally cal∣led aroch.
  • Second, such kind of Minerals as will flame, or be en∣flamed by Fire; as Coale, Amber, or Amber-grease, Ca∣nole, Chrysorolla or Boras, Petroll, and other Hill-slimes of Bituminous qualities, not of one sort, but many: with several fat Earths both Concrete and Liquid.
  • Third sort of Minerals digged out of the Bowells of the Earth, are such as Wilbe beaten to dust, and turned into Paints or Colours, as Arsenick or Mercury, Open alias Auripigmentum, Ortment, Sandarake, Synope, Minium or Vermilion, Ruddy, Stibium or Antimony, Azure, Calx, Bole or Bolarmanacke, Sulphur &c.


Out of the Earth proceeds Mines of Mettals which are by the fire both purged from their dross, refined and made, as

  • Lead, out of whose Oare, is produced Red-Lead, Ce∣ruse or whit-lead, Litharg or Lithargie:
  • Tin, a more pure and harder, mettle by it is made Pewter with a mixture of Lead.
  • Iron, it is made of a Stone called Iron Stone by melt∣ing: it being refined maketh Steel, the hardest of all metatls.
  • Copper, of its rust comes Verdigrass, but being mixt with Lead Oare, makes Lattin and Brass, two Brit∣tle mettals, that will not be hammered.
  • Silver, a mettle Royal, white and clear, having a shril Sound it is the next to Gold for purity and riches.
  • Gold, the purest of mettals, therefore the most weigh∣ty and massy, being mettled an hundred times looseth nothing of its Substance, nor reaeiveth no rust. There is a certain Veine in the Earth, whether I may call it a Stone or Golden Earth, it is easily digged up and broken, have∣ing the very look and face of Gold: Some call it the Arsnick Stone, but the Arsenicum or Arsnick is double, one of an Ashie colour, and the other of colour like Gold
  • Talck, is of the nature of mattals which will not en∣dure to be either melted or hammered, because of its un∣tamable hardness. The Stone is like glass, having as it were about it, Hills and edges naturally set in it. Quick∣silver a mettal that never groweth hard, for it is always moist, and yet never wetteth or moisteneth any thing.
  • Electrum, or Amber, a mixt mettle of Gold and Silver.

The foundation of these mettals is Oare, save that of Iron which is called a Stone.

Page  39Mettals, Sealed or coyned is termed money or goeth for money, that which is wrought or made other∣wise, are Vessels or Plate, that which is unwrought is call∣ed a Lump, or Bar of raw mettle, of some a Wedge or Bulline.


From the Earth are gathered many sorts of Moulds, or distinct sorts of Earth, which are serviceable for several purposes; as being of verious conditions, all which being layd in the Sun becomes hard, and put into Water, be∣comes clay, dirt and mire: if burnt in the Fire, it both looseth its nature and colour, and becomes either Stone or Glass. Of earth are several sorts, as

Black earth which is the generall Soil of the Land, Slime, Mould for Gardens.

White earth, which are of two sorts, one more clam∣my, as Clay used by Potters.

Others more Brittle, as Chalk, Argill, Plaster of Paris, Fullers earth, Rotton stone.

Red Earth, as Marle, Clay, Occar, Spanish red, Ter∣rarubrum, Raddle, Bole, Brick.

Yellow earth, as Durry, Yellow Occar, Sand.

Brown earth, as Umber, Cullin earth, Occar de lis.

Green earth, as terra Vert.

Earth in it self is one of the four Elements, and is a thick and grosse substance, Scraped and compact together out of all the other purer Elements, and is by nature cold and dry.

Atome, or Mote, a thing of earth so little, that it cannot be divided.

XLI. He beareth Or, a Flint Stone proper. Born by the name of Flint.

V 3 such Argent, is quartered by the Earl of Cumber∣land.

A Steell and a Flynt Stone, was the emblem of Iohn Digionius Earl of Flanders.

XLII. He beareth Argent, an Island set about with many small Isles proper. But both Gwilliams fol. 136 and others have Drawn the Flynt Stone after this form, so that it may as well be Blazoned, a Stone with many little ones about it. This is Born by by the name of Stonley.

XLIII. He beareth Argent, a Rough stone, Gules. This is Born by the name of Mason-Werk.

XLIV. He beareth Or, an Escarbuncle Sable: this is the Escarbuncle made after the old fashion, being al∣ways voided of the Field. See chap. 18 numb. 37 38 39 This is Born by the name of Garley. The Carbuncle hath sparks like Fire, so that by reason of its refulgency it is described with eight Scepters or Rayes.

XLV. He beareth Gules, an Escarbuncle Or, this is a kind of precious Stone, & those things that proceed from the Stone, are accounted to be its Rayes or shining luster: But Gwillims calls them, Staves or Rayes Pomette and Florette. Others Staves nowed and flowred.

☞ In which it is to be noted, that if the Staves, or Rayes, exceed the number of six, then they are to be men∣tioned whether eight ten or twelve; for they are, and e∣ver must be of an even number. The French Heraulds term them, Escarbuncles flourished or set with Flowers and Pometies. Or thus an Escarbuncle Argent Rayes flowery et Pomettie, Or. A on a Bend G 3 such O By the name of Thornton.

XLVI. He beareth Or, a Diamond proper. This may be more properly termed, a table Diamond, or a ta∣ble Stone. Three such is Born by the name of Dimonger.

B 3 Topaz Stones in Bend. Is Born by Payer Vn Flach.

Gemmes are ever Born Losenge like, or 6 or 8 corner∣ed and pointed.

XLVII. He beareth Gules, a Gemme or precious Stone, Argent. These kind of Stones are generally term∣ed according to there colour, of which kind of Stones there are these several sorts.

Rich Stones or Iewels.

The Carbuncle, which is of a Flame colour, like to a fierie coale: of these there are twelve kinds.

The Diamond or Adamant, are of a blackish colour, the first and most sparkling of all Stones. It will not suf∣fer the Load-Stone to draw Iron to it, being placed near it

The Iacinth, is of a waterish blewish colour, or Violet.

The Emrauld is green.

The Iasper is somwhat green, yet specked with bloody spots, there are sixteen several kinds of them.

The Azure, is of a blew colour.

The Saphire, is a rich blew, or Sky colour, it is one of the Noblest and Royall sort of Gems, and most meet to be worn of Kings.

The Topaz is of a Golden colour: it was first found in Arabia: Pliny saith it is of a grassie colour.

The Onyx, a bright shining Stone having colours all about it, intermingled like a mans Naile. The Onyx of India is of a Fire colour, dyed with white veins or zones: that of Arabia is black, yet dyed with white lines or zones.

The Ruby is red and sparkling: supposed to be found in a Crabs head, some are yellowish.

The Sardonyx or Sarda, so called because it is red with the Sardus, and white with the Onyx; therefore one Stone from both.

The Garnet are both red, some call them the Sardy Stone.

The Cornelian are both red, some call them the Sardy Stone.

The Agate, is of a Saffrony or pale yellow colour.

The Achate, is variously coloured, being black inter∣lined here and there with white veins: some have stroakes of blew, some with blood.

The Torqueis, of the wax colour.

The Christal, and Bristow stone, or Pipple, are bright shineing Stones, which resembles, or is a counter∣feit Diamond.

The Onion, or Unions, or Pearl, are little round Stones, white, found generally in the Belly of the horse muscle Fish, and other shell Fish as Sea Snayls, Oysters &c.

The Toad stone, is of an Azure, and is found in the head of an old Toad. some give it the name of Nesorpo∣ra.

The Amethist, is of a Purple or Violet colour, of which there be five sorts.

Page  40The Coral is both white and red, it is a Sea Shrub, growing to the Rocks under Water, and being drawn forth into the Air, becomes hard as a Stone.

The Gem, is the generall name, or notion given to all Precious Stones, which are called Gems saith Isodorus, because they shine, and are as smooth as Gum. And they are called Precious Stones, because they are rare: for all things that are rare, are precious. Of Gems some are found in the Veins of the Earth, and are digged up with Mettals: some are cast up to the Land from the bottome of the Sea, whose place of Generation is unknown: other some are bred and found in the bodies and bellys of Fowl, Fish, Birds and Beasts, with other creatures of the Earth.

The Alabandine, is a Stone or Gem of the colour of the Herb Calcedonie, but clear.

The Absistos, is a precious Stone marvellous weighty and black of colour, bestroked with red Veins. This be∣ing hot, keep so seven whole days.

The Amatite, is that kind of Gem, that touching a man Garment, it makes it able to resist Fire, neither hath it power to burn.

The Argirite, is a Gem four square, in colour like Sil∣ver, with the appearance of Golden coloured gravel.

The Asterite, is a Gem, white coloured, having the light within it self, but looking through it, shews the Suns reflections.

The Astrion, is an Indian Gem, like to Christal, in whose center there is a shining light, without reflection, much like to the Moon.

The Calcedon or Calchedonie, is a Stone of a starrie sparkling colour: there are three other kinds of them wherof some are pale, and wan, and of a dull colour. it being well chafed and warmed, will draw a Straw or a Rush to it.

The Ceraunium, is a Stone like to the Christal, be∣spotted with blew: this is an other kind of them Firelike in colour, or resembling a Flame.

The Chrysopass, is a Stone of Aethiopia, which in the day shineth not, but in the night, it is Flame like, being yellow and wan in the light.

The Dionise Stone, is black or brown, all bestrowed with bloody strokes or veins.

The Aerizula, is a kind of Persian Jasper stone, but of a Skie colour: but that of Phrigia is purple coloured.

The Dracondite, is a stone taken out of a Dragons head, which is only of a bright Fiery colour, as long as it is come by, the Dragon being alive.

The Dradocos, is a kind of stone very pale, yet hath shimmering withal.

The Echite, is a stone found in India and Persia in the shore and Sea-bancks: it is of a violet colour. There are a pair of them Male and Female, and be found most com∣monly both together in the Eagles Nest, without the which she cannot bring forth her yong.

The Efestide, is a stone that being held against the Sun is Fiery coloured.

The Elutropia, is a Gem of a green colour or gras∣sie, coloured and bespotted with purple specks and bloody veins▪ it will cause things a farr off to be presented to your Eyes: being put into a Bason of Water, seems to a mans eye to change, the Sun beams giving them a contrary co∣lour: held between the Sun makes it to appear a bloody Sun, and darkneth the Air in manner of an Eclipse.

The Ematite, is a ruddy or somwhat Sanguine stone, it is of some called stench blood, for that it stoppeth the vent or course of flowing.

The Enidros, is a mean and small stone, which con∣tinually sweats or drops, yet it doth not for all this lessen or melt away.

The Gagate, is of the precious sort of stones, of which there are two kinds, the one russet colour & the other black. The last easie to be fired; and as smoky as Frankinsence.

The Gelacia, is a Gem very white, being of the fi∣gure and shew of an Hail-stone, and is so excessive cold, that in no Fire it becometh hot.

The Geratite, is a kind of black stone: but exceed∣eth in vertue many others, for if any man carry it close in his mouth, he may tell what every man thinketh of him: as saith the Lapidarie.

The Aspis stone, it is a little stone taken out of the Ser∣pent Aspis, of a green colour like the Jasper.

The Iris, is a kind of a stone, of the colour and as clear as Christal. It is called Iris from the likelyhood to the Rain-bow, for the Sun beams pierceing throw it, doth shew the colours of the Rain-bow on the wall next it.

The Kaman stone, it is in colours very diverse, som∣times black, then white, now shamefac'd and blushing, a none pale and wan.

The Kabiate, is a stone clear coloured like to the Christal.

The Kalpophanus, is a kind of black stone, yet may be painted with other colours.

The Ligurius, is a stone in colour like Tin. It is en∣gendred in the entrails of the wild beast Linx.

The Lipparia, is a Gem in Africa near to Egypt, whose property is to enamour all kind of beasts with its sight, to which they all hastily run when they se it.

The Mede, is a precious stone found amongst the Medes it is in some places there, seen green, in other black.

The Melanite, or Hony stone; it is double coloured, on the one side it is green, on the other yellow.

The Mirrite, is a Gem both in tast and colour like to Mirrhe, which being wroong and pressed hard, giveth a pleasant smell like Nardus, or Spikenard.

The Melochite, is a green Gem, much like the Sma∣radge, but more thick and gross: some call it the green Malue.

The Orite, is a Gem black, and in figure round, there is an other kind that is green having white spots.

The Pauteron, is a stone of all colours or most of them: for it is in some part black, others green, others purple, &c.

The Quiren, is a stone found in Islands and Fenns, but most commonly in the Lapwings nest: being put un∣der a persons head will make him talk in his sleep.

The Quandias, is a stone found in the Vultures head it is but of a durty vile colour, but of great vertue, as saith Diascorides.

The stone called Sol, is a precious Gem in colour like to the Sun: for it giveth reflections of Sun beams as the Sun doth.

The Taraxippe, is in colour very fiery and shineth in the night like to a burning gloaring coal.

The Turches or Turky stone, it is in colour Air like and is clear, some call it Eranus, others Turcois or Torqneis, but they are more yellowish. They are only found in Turky.

Page  41The Magarite, of Gems, is the chief of them that be white.

The Corneole, is a kind of Onyr stone, of a black co∣lour: the other Cornellis, is red like to Coral,

The Smaradge, is of an excellent fresh green, far passing any Leaf.

The Galact, is of a white colour, like polisht Marble.

The Berill, a stone six square, in colour Oyle or the water of the Sea. there is an other kind called the Gold∣en, Berill whose green colour interchanged resembleth the colour of Gold.

These are stones for Rings and Jewels, of which those that glitter, or shine are the more costly, but if they have a speck in them, they are held of no great or much value.

Those stones as are clouded, not having a spark but a bright and shineing pollish, are of less price then the other, except them that are rare to be had.

Stones of all Sorts.

There are several sorts of stones besides these; for in strickness stones are no more then earth hardned, and the softest is called Greet or Grit, which being ground small becomes Sand; being more grosser or courser we call gravel

Of these stones, the Flint, will take the first place being the hardest of such sort of stones as are common with us: with it we strike fire on a steel, yet will be broken on a Cushion.

The Touch stone, is black, it trieth Mettals.

The Magnus, or Load stone draweth Iron or Steel to it; and is of an Iron like colour.

The Iett, is black, and being rubbed to be hot will draw a Straw to it, as the Loadstone doth Iron.

The Blood stone, is of variable colours; it Stancheth blood.

The Allablaster, is white, with it is made Figures and Statues and Monuments, of carved works, being Sawed and easily cut with working tooles: Some is veined with diverse colours.

The Free stone is white and worketh like Allablaster, but more hard, and durable: it is a kind of greet but fin∣er sanded, and a smoother stone.

The Slate stone, is blewish and smooth, of it is made tables, and coverings for houses.

The Lyme stone is whitish, being burn in a Kiln mak∣eth Plaster.

The Mill stone, is whitish, being nothing but small and round gravel, fixed or hardned together into one entire stone. Of it is made Grinding stones to grind or bruse, Corn with.

The Albeston stone, is of an Iron colour growing in Arcadia; which being once set on fire, can never after be quenched or put out.

The Ophite, is a kind of Marble, which hath spots on it like a Serpent, of which there are 2 sorts one white and soft, the other black and hard.

The Caristeum, is a kind of Marble of a green co∣lour: some of this sort are here and there dyed after the manner of golden drops: others of a Corall kind, which have certain spots besprinkled on it proportionably.

The Prassius, is a stone in manner of a Onyon or Leeke very green: it is found somtime to have bloody drops, and some with drops that be white.

The Pirrite, is a kind of stone yellow, like to the flame of fire, and in quality almost all one with the fire: it is soon set on fire and sparkleth.

The Pionite stone, it is thought to be a female, for in very short time it conceiveth, and bringeth forth his like.

The Rhombite, is a stone after the figure of the Ma∣thematitians Rhombus, it is very white; but an other sort there is of them like a narrow rowler, but coloured and dyed within and without.

The Silonite, it is a stone in Persia, in colour like to Iasper or fresh green herb: It encreseth and decreaseth even as the Moon.

The Marble stone, of which ther are several colours as white, black, blewish, Ashcolour, some spotted, other vein∣ed.

The Marchasite stone, or fire stone, a blackish stone mixed as it were with Silver Ore, these stones are used in wheele locks for fireing of the Pistals as Flynts for Ferris in Guns.

The Antimony stone is of a Silver colour, and found in Silver Mines.

The Lazul or Azure stone, of it is made the Small and Bize, used by Painters.

The Grindle stone, a kind of a whitish Greet, of 〈◊〉 there are several sorts some more rough and other〈◊〉 smooth.

The Porphirie stone, resembleth Marble, but 〈◊〉 spotted and veined with variety of colours: it is the 〈◊〉 and excellent Marble: some call it Parius from tee 〈◊〉Para.

The Peeble stone, are stones of various colours, lying amongst gravel by the Sea side, which being cut and pol∣lished have a rich spark in them resembling the Dia∣mond.

The Opal, stone in Latin Opalus, wherein appeareth the Firie brightness of a Carbuncle, the shineing purple of the Amethist, & the green shew of Emaral, all shine∣ing together with an unbelievable mixture.

The Pardal stone, a stone all spotted like a panther I take this to be fine wrought Porphire.

The Rinoper or Ruddle stone, a soft and red stone found in mines.

The Sleek stone, a ball made of glass, which Landres∣ses and Drawers of Cloath use to pollish or sleeken their Linnen with.

The Hone, is kind of yellowish colur, being a Holly∣wood converted into stone, by lying in Water for a cer∣season: of this Water I have not heard any where save in some part of Ireland and Italy. Though Iohnson in his Herbal fol. 1276 signifieth as much, as if such Water were in England.

XLVIII. He beareth Argent, in Base a pavement (or paved with Mable) with a pyramide (or an E∣gyptian pyramide) with eight persons ascending on the out sides of it, Sable. This is borne by the name of Iury. The pyramides of Egypt are said to be la∣bours of the Isrealites, when they were in their Bondage ther: and the persons ascending and descending, may fitly be compared to the age of Man, who is growing higher and higher till he come to the top or pinecle, and then must descend again, till he come to the earth from whence he had his first being. This may also be termed a four square Steeple pyramide lyke.

Page  463. Such as are covered with Husks and Shells, as the Chesnut, the Walnut, the Almond, the Date, the Beech, the Nutmeg, the Filbert and Hassel.

4. Such as bear Berries, as the Uine, the Mulberry.

5. Such as bear Spices, as the Pepper, the Cloves, the Nutmeg, whose Husk is Mace, and Bark Cin∣namon.

4. Trees that yield Gums, Rosin, Pitch or Tar, out of their Bodies for the use of Man, are the Cherry, the Plumb, the Mastich, the Turpentine, Myrrh, Camphir, Firr, and the Pitch Tree.

5. Trees and Shrubs, and Wood Plants, whose Leaves are always green, are the Bay, the Laurel, the Orenge Tree, the Strawberry Tree, the Mirtle, the Iesa∣mine Tree, the Indian Iesamine, the Tamarisk Tree with white Leaves, the Firr Tree, the Arbor Uitae or Tree of Life, the Cypress Tree, the greater Stone crop Tree, the evergreen Oak, Holly, Box, the ever green Hawthorn, the Staff tree, the Privet.

Terms for Woodlands.

A Wood, is a place set thick with Trees.

A Grove, is a green pleasant place set with Trees.

A Spring, or Coppy, a place set with young Trees.

A Nursery, Trees sowed, which as they grow up are transplanted.

A Forrest, is a place where Trees are thick and un∣passable.

A Wilderness, is a vast, large and great Wood, not Travelled through.

A Desart, a place large and great, made dark by thickness of Trees.

A Thickett, a shady place and uncut, the Boughs not lopped.

A Copse, a place that hath the Trees lopped and cropped, and grown again.

But more particularly we say a Grove of Oaks, a Grove of Pines, a Grove of Birches, a Grove of Willows or Osiers, or else a Ground or Walk of Willows.

Shrubs, or Underwoods.

3. THose underlings or midling sort of Trees general∣ly called Shrubs or Underwoods are these,

  • The Hasse.
  • the Bullace.
  • the Slow or Blackeborn.
  • the Asder.
  • the Holly.
  • the Rose.
  • the Eglantine.
  • the Hony-suckle.
  • the Sweethrier.
  • the Brier.
  • the Rasberry.
  • the Curran-berry.
  • the Blackberry or Bram∣ble.
  • the Dog-berry.
  • St. John's Berry.
  • the Caper shrub.
  • the Ivy.
  • the Nutmeg or Cinna∣mon.
  • the Hay or Hathorne.
  • the Uine.
  • the Hopp.
  • the Pepper.
  • the Goosberry or Fea∣berry.
  • the Licorish.
  • the Balm.
  • the Cotton.
  • the Laurel,
  • the Mirtle.


4. THose that are smaller than Shrubs, are called Under-Shrubs, of which sort are these follow∣ing having woody stalks.

  • Knee-holme or Butch∣ers broome.
  • Gorse.
  • Hen-gorse.
  • Thistles.
  • Heath or Heather.
  • Spikenard.
  • Lavender.
  • Rue or Herb grass.
  • Sage.
  • Rosemary.
  • Tyme.
  • Hyssop.
  • Wormwood.
  • Mugworth.
  • Bill-berries or Winber∣ries.

To which some add the Bulrush, Sedges, Rush∣es, Reeds, and Canes, of which there are several sorts; but their Stalks or Branches cannot be said to be Woody.

Such as are less than these, and have Stock or Stems and Branches more tender, and do every Year as it were Die, and the Year following spring out anew, these are called Plants, Herbs, Flowers and Grain, of which in their order and course.

I. He beareth Argent, on a Mount, an Oak Tree Acorned or Fructed, proper. This is the strongest of Trees, and is apt for mighty Building, for it groweth to a vast height and circumference. In former times it was Hallowed to Jupiter, and the Acorns made Bread for the Food of Man. Born by Ockely.

There is difference between on a Mount, and on a Mount in or out of Base; the first being free from the Escochion, the latter joined or issuing out of the Base. See numb. 65, 62, 62.

O such a Tree born by Wood.

A the like eradicated, by the name of Haell.

II. He beareth Argent, an Oak Branch Acorned or Fructed, proper. Born by Amade.

☞ The Branch of all Fruits and Leaves (according to the Rules of Heraldry) doth consist in three Fruit, and four Leaves; if more, then it may rather be termed a Tree than a Branch; if it have but one Acorn (or any other Fruit) with a Leaf on either side, then it is termed in Blazon, numb. 60. a Slip of an Oak Fructed, or an Acom¦slip (or slipped.) This is a great Fault both in the He∣ralds and Herald Painters, which is wished may be recti∣fied for time to come, that in their making and Painting of Arms, they observe this Rule and Difference between a Tree, a Branch, and a Slip of a Tree, otherwise in Blazon one may be often taken for another. See numb. 23.49, 60, 17.

Page  47The Laurel Oak hath but little seen of its Fruit out of its Cup.

The Indian Leaf or Tobacco hath an Acorn like Seed pod out of a Cup indented in the brim or edge.

III. He beareth Argent, an Acorn, proper. That is to say, the Head or Fruit yellow, and the Cup and Stalk Vert.

☞ The Fruit of all sorts and kinds, when they are born themselves without Leaves; they have ever a slipped Stalk to them, which in Blazon you need not to menti∣on, being common to all: Yet if such Fruit have no Stalk as sometimes I have seen in Dutch Coats, then term the Acorns (or such a Fruit) sans Stalk. See numb. 21.

The Holme Oak, and the Cork Tree Acorns have the Cups rough and prickley.

The bitter Oak Acorn hath the Cup edges cut and jagged, like the Hasle or Filbert Nut.

IV. He beareth Or, an Oak Leaf. Born by Leave.

☞ Note, That if Trees, Leaves or Fruit be born in Arms in their proper colour, you shall not need to men∣tion it; but if they be of any other colour, then you ought to take notice of it, and name the Mettle or Colour they are off.

And as this is the general way of bearing Trees, Branch∣es Slips, Fruit and Leaves; so from these examples you may see how all other sorts and kinds are to be Blazoned: So that to give Examples of all Trees after this manner, would require much Time and Cost, and be needless; the meanest Capacity from these may Judg of all the rest: I shall therefore present you with the Examples of Fruit, with the form of their Leaves▪ by the knowledg whereof the Tree will be easily known.

☞ If the Leaf stand thus, as this example, then it is termed only such a Leaf; if it have the Stalk upward, then it is termed a Leaf pendant; if cross or overthwart the Escochion, then it is a Leaf Barwise, naming the Stalk, either to the Dexter or Sinister side of the Escochion. See chap. 4. numb. 38, 39, 40, 41.

The white Poplar hath such a Leaf, but broader in the middle, and sharper at the Stalk.

A 3 Oak Leaves V born by Foules.

S 3 such A born by Lower.

V 5 such in Salter O born by Woodward.

V He beareth Argent, a Tree, proper.

☞ If a Tree only consist of Leaves without any Fruit therein, whereby it may be distinguisht what sort of Tree it is; then in such Cases for to Blazon it only a Tree is no absurd term; which may be either drawn thus into open Branches, or all together after the Trees, numb. 59, 62. This is a Tree neither on a Mount nor Couped, but appears to Sight as much as a Tree doth a∣bove the Ground; and therefore is called a Tree abso∣lute. This is born by the name of Wooday.

Per pale A and B 2 Trees moted counterchanged. Born by Aspach.

A on a Hill in Base, a Tree V born by Van Birckicht.

VI. He beareth Vert, a Pear, Or. It is by Morgan, lib. 1. fol. 27. termed a Pear pendant; yet others hold that the Pear only, of all other Fruit, is thus to be Bla∣zoned simply a Pear; beeause say they, true Blazoning teacheth, that what is born in its proper being, or posture, needs no other addition; and that a Pear in its growth doth hang so, none can deny; but such a proposition though true, yet will prove of bad consequence; for then most or all Fruit hanging down, ought to be Blazoned so, which they are not; for doth not the Apple, Cherry, Plumb, Pomegranate, Pine Apple, with variety more, hang down in their growth; yet are Blazoned pendant, which is also a proper term for this, and those not to be faulted that use it. See numb. 30. This is born by the name of Parry.

B 3 such O born by Stukeley.

G 6 such, and a Chief O born by Alport.

VII. He beareth Gules, a Pear, proper, that is, Yel∣low and Green intermixed, as one side Yellow, the other side Green. This is also termed by Gwillim, fol. 145. a Pear erected, which save in the Pear, I never heard any that termed this posture erected, all concurring in this, that Fruit having the Stalk downward, have no other additi∣on to the name of the Fruit; and for my particular, I shall but little observe it. Born by the name of Parrott.

VIII. He beareth Argent, a Pear Tree Fructed. By the name of Pear-Tree. There are several sorts of Pears, as,

  • St. Iames Pear, round at top, narrow at stalk, and is red and yellow.
  • An Abby Pear, of a green, or greenish dusky colour.
  • A Warden, it is like a Quince, but brown and spotted; of them there are several sorts.
  • A Burgomot Pear, is a big Summer Pear, of a yellow and red colour.
  • A Popperom Pear, or Popperin.
  • A Katherine Pear,
  • A Slipper Pear.
  • An Orenge Burgomot, is a round, short stalked Pear, of a deep yellow.
  • A Musk Pear, it is great and large, yellow, and of a Musky Taste.
  • A Bloody Pear, is small, brown on the out-side, and Blood red within. I have seen an Apple of the same Nature; but these are but curiosities.
  • A Winter Musk Pear, is large and round, red si∣ded yellow fruit.
  • A Windsor Pear.

IX. He beareth Gules, an Apple, Or. Born by Apple. Of Apples there are several sorts, as,

  • The Pear-main, of which there are three sorts.
    • The Russet Pear-main, which hath generally a rough brown side, and the Rind oft chopt and choned, the other part greenish; this is called the Summer Pear-main of some.
    • The Yellow Pear-main, hath a fine smooth rind, of a whitish yellow colour.
    • The Green Pear-main, or Winter Pear-main, is of a deep green colour, spotted faintly with whitish green spots.
  • The Russet Apple, is a small Apple, brown on one side, and red and yellow, or green on the other.
  • The Darling Apple, is yellow, with a mixture of red on one side.
  • The Pippin, is a green roundish Apple, sometimes reddish on the side; of these there are diverse kinds.
    • The Red Strake, is greenish, striped all over with red; this is a good Sider Apple.
    • Page  48The Daubil, or Lady Finger, of some called a Beakiug Glomaine, it is a long Apple, red on one side, and green on the other, having a Beak or Hook, by which it hangs to the Stalk.
  • The Paradise Apple, is a delicate Apple for Taste, of a yellow and red colour.
  • The Iuniting, is a small Apple, yellow and red sided.
  • The Magdalen, or Margaret Apple, is a fair and beautiful Fruit, yellow and thick striped with red; it hath a delicate taste, sweet scent, and early ripe, and is best eaten off the Tree.
  • The Giant Apple, it is a great and long Fruit, yellow, and well tasted, and either to Coddle, or Bake in Tarts, the most excellent of any Summer Apple.
  • The Good Housewife, is the largest of all the Apples I have seen, of a long round, gathering in at the Stalk and Blossom or Crown; of a pure green, or greenish yel∣low colour.
  • The Queening, is a fair red striped Apple, and beau∣tiful in its Season, being a kind of Winter Fruit.
  • The Quince Apple, is a fair, smooth yellow Ap∣ple, something like a Quince.
  • The Rennet, is a fine lasting Apple, of which there are several sorts, but the Lincoln Rennet is reputed best.
  • The Pear Apple, so called from its Pear-like form.
  • The Pomewater Apple,
  • The Costard Apple, of which there are three kinds, as the white, gray, and red Costard.
  • The Greening.
  • The Fig Apple, it is without Core or Kernel, or without Blossom, the Fruit coming out of the sides of the Branches (after the manner of Figs) and as bigg as a Pippin.
  • The Crab, is a small round Apple, growing on Trees in Hedges by the Way sides; it is red, green, and when ripe, yellow sided; there are diverse kinds of them, some as large and fair, as other well tasted Apples.

Per Fesse A and B 2 Apples with Stalks and Leaves pro∣per. Born by Holtsafell.

Gules in a Bend A 3 Apples sans-Stalks G born by Hautzendorf.

B on a Bend G 3 Apples with Stalks A born by Maen∣aupt.

B a Fesse A in Base 3 Apples O born by Harlewin.

X. He beareth Argent, a Quince and Leaf pen∣dant. The Quince is full of Burs and bunches, or une∣qual, covered with a white Cotton before it be ripe, but then yellow. Born by the name of Quince.

The Lion Quince, is yellow, the sides deep ribbed, with a hollow Crown.

The Brunswick Quince, is round and more whiter than the other.

The Portugal Quince, is yellow, with the sides full of Chops and Chones.

XI. He beareth Argent, a Pomecitron (or Pound∣citron) pendant. The Leaf of this Fruit is nicked, or small indented like a Cherry Leaf; the Fruit is generally covered with a rugged, bunched out, and uneven yellow Bark.

The Limoons are like the Pomecitron, and larger and more rugged than the former.

XII. He beareth Argent, a Lemon and Leaf pen∣dant, or a Leomon with a Leaf slipped, pendant. By the name of Leomaine.

B 3 such born by the name of Flymston. The Lemon hath a pleasant yellow Rind, some are smooth, others Poery, and others full of Carbuncles, or set here and there with swelling knobs.

XIII. He beareth Argent, an Orange and Leaf pen∣dant. By the name of Orange. The Orange is between a yellow and red, or of the colour of the mixture of both, which in Heraldry is termed Tenne.

B 3 such born by the name of Sibell. This Tree doth at all Seasons of the Year bear Fruit, having Ripe, Green Fruit, and Blossoms on it all at a time; and the Leaves always Green, and sweet smelling Flowers of a whi∣tish colour.

XIV. He beareth Argent, a Stock slipped at both ends, with three Apricocks in a Cluster fixed there∣on, and leaved, proper. They are of a yellowish red colour, and Downy. Born by Pricock.

Peaches grow after this manner, and of a light, green, and white colour, turning to yellow, some all red; others red on the side, all downy; the white Apricocks have the leaves foulded, seldom opening. The long Apricock is long, and of a pale yellow colour.

The double flowered Peach, of some written Beech or Beach, is like the ordinary Peach, save the flowers which are double, consisting of 3 or 4 rows of leaves, of a red∣dish blush colour; they seldom come to any Fruit.

The Nectorine is like the Peach in the tree and fruit, but smaller, smooth and round, which before they begin to ripen, are much like to a green Walnut; but after, of several colours, as green, yellow, white, red, murrey, tawny and russet, also white painted with red spots.

XV. He beareth Argent, an Almond slip fructed. Born by Almond. The Almonds grow not with Stalks, but fixed to the Boughs like to Figs and Apricocks, and such like Fruit; therefore a slip of them is to be 3 leaves only on the top, and 2 or 3 Fruit on the Twig or Stem; as in this example, and numb. 14 and 38. They are in the husk of a whelmish green and downy; the Stone whitish, the skin which covers the Almond of a Cinnamon or brown colour, and the fruit it self pure white. The Leaves and Flowers of the Almond Tree are like those of the Peach; it blooms early in the year, and many blossoms of a fair, pale reddish colour, consisting of 5 leaves invecked on the top, set about a tufted head, set in a short foot hose, cut into four points. Barbary Al∣monds are small, Iordan Almonds long and slender, Valentia Almonds short and broad. This is born by the name of Almonder, being in a Golden Field.

XVI. He beareth Or, a Pine Apple, Vert; the Ap∣ple is at first raw and green; but ripe, it is of a yellow colour, inclining to a Red or Chesnut. Born by the name of Pinner. Some term it a Pine Apple erect.

G a Cheveron Er. between 3 such O. Born by Pine.

V 3 such Pendant O born by Iapin.

B 3 such O is born by Van Winter Steten.

Per pale G and A a Pine Apple V is born by Aug∣spurg.

XVII. He beareth Argent, four Pine Apples, Or, on a Branch; of some Blazoned, a Branch of a Pine Apple Tree Fructed; or a Pine Apple Branch; but by these Blozonings how can a Man know how to trick out Page  49 the just number of the Apples, except they be first told; this Branch being contrary to the Oak beforesaid, numb. 2. that consisting only of three Fruits, as all Branches ought to do; if more, then to be numbred, as in this example.

The Branches and Stock are all scaled with Leaves, the Leaves long and narrow, like the Palm or Date Tree. This is born by the name of Palmer.

G 3 Pine Branches proper. Born by Pinough.

XVIII. He beareth Argent, a Firr Tree. The Fruit of the Firr is the same to the Pine Apple.

A Savin Tree is like leaved to the Firr, and the Fruit round like to an Apple.

A Iuniper Tree, is like leaved to the Firr and Pine, with Fruit Pear like.

The Larch Tree, the Body or Stemm scaly like the Palm, the Leaves and Fruit like the Firr, but more fine, thin, and small scales.

The Pitch Tree, the Branches all Scaly, the leaves and Fruit, as the Firr.

The Phyllirea, or the striped Phyllirea, is a fine Plant rising to a Mans height, thick set with small Branch∣es, and those with small ever green leaves, constantly edged and striped with white; this may be by the Garden shears fashioned into what form you please.

XIX. He beareth Or, a Cedar Apple slipped, pro∣per. The Fruit of the Cedar much resembles the Pine Apple; and the Tree hath the same kind of Leaves, and groweth aloft much after the manner of the Cypress Tree, Pyramid of Sugar loaf like; the Leaves grow altogether out of a Knot, which are small, long and narrow, as you see on the Slip above shewed. This is born by the name of Cedarall.

B 3 such slipped, born by Wanton.

Losengy O and G on a Bend Sinister A 3 such Apples pendant. Born by the name of Winterthur.

XX. He beareth Argent, a Pomegranate slip, (or a slip of the Pomegranate Tree) Vert, Fruced, Gules. Gwillim terms it in Pale slipped. Some write it Pomegar∣net; and term it a Pomegarnet leafed. This is the Coat Armour of the City of Granat, alias ranada.

S 3 such proper, born by Spenser, of Hereforesshire, and Ford, O.

The double flowred Pomegranate is the rarest of all flowering Trees and Shrubs, it grows in a thick Bush, full of small Branches, with some Thorns thereon, and ma∣ny small, long shining green leaves; at the ends and sides of the Branches come forth many hard, hollow, reddish Cups, and out of them most Beautiful Flowers, as big and double as a large Province Rose, of a bright Crimson co∣lour. There is also another of this kind, with double Flowers of an Orenge colour; it seldom bears Fruit.

XXI. He beareth Or, a Pomegranate sans Stalk. This Fruit is red by nature: They are never born in Arms but with a broken or burst side, to shew their Seed within them, though naturally they are close and have a hard husk, which requires cutting: The end is jagged and cut unevenly. This is born by Pomgraine.

A 3 such is born by Argue.

XXII. He beareth Argent, a Medler Slip, with one Leaf on the Sinister side. It is called generally an Open-arse; the Fruit is green in growing, but being laid aside to mellow or rather rot, (for they are not good till then) it goes to a kind of brown or hair colour. Born by the name of Madder.

XXIII. He beareth Or, a Cherry Slip, others, a Cherry, Gules, Stalk and Leaves, Vert, and a Chery slipped with two Leaves, proper. By the name of Cherry.

The great Preserving Cherry, they are of a black∣ish red on the outside when ripe, and Blood red within.

The Biquar Cherry is a fair kind, of a pale red co∣lour, and spotted with white.

The Amber Cherry, hath very large Leaves, the Fruit of a fair Amber colour.

The Dwarf Cherry is of two sorts, the one small branches hanging down, the Cherry being small, round and red; the other Branches more erect, having Fruit bigger and pointed.

Mr. Girle makes mention of a kind of Hngarian Cher∣ry (as saith Rea in his Pomona, fol. 206. that is as large as an ordinary Apple, which he calls Ciliegi Birrieloni.

Thus you shall have Cherries like Hearts, called Heart-Cherries, and the Black Heart Cherry, of a blackish red colour; the Flanders Cluster Cherry, they grow on the Stalks in Clusters, 3, 4, and 5, joined together; the white Cherry hath a little red on one side, the Leaf is like to the Medlar, saving that in handling of it it is somewhat more rough; the Flower is white, being 5 round leaves about a pod or head, which having gotten full ripeness, becometh Blood red, but white within, having a Stone in the middle with a Kernel in.

The double Flowered Cherry hath double white flowers, and many growing together, which falleth away without bearing Fruit.

XXIV. He beareth Argent, a Plumb, Sable. There is several sorts of Plumbs, both round, long, Pear-like, Wheat-like, &c. and these are both white, red, green, and black. 3 Plumbs. Born by the name of Plumb.

The Blew Primordian Plumb is fashioned like a Pear, with a round head, and smaller towards the Stalk, of a red colour, and some of a Violet blew colour.

The Barberry Plumb is black, and fashioned like an Egg.

The Damson, or Damasen is round and black, some of a blackish blew.

The Wheaten Plumb is like a Wheat Corn with an incision or cleft all along the side, of a whiish green and yellow.

The Diapered plumb is a pale yellow, marbled with red, called also the Marbled Plumb.

The Peascod plumb is long, some are white, red or green.

The Pear plumb and the Date plumb are either red, yellow or white.

XXV. He beareth Argent, a Slip of three Leaves. Born by Leafby. Others say three Leaves in a Slip: It may be Blazoned a Laurel Slip, a Mirtle Slip; if they be of any other Fruit Trees you may term them according∣ly, as a Slip of three Orenge Leaves, or three Cherry Leaves in a Slip. Born by the name of Brobrough.

☞ The Slip is also born crased in the Foot, which then say some, you are to term three leaves upon a Stalk crazed or irradicated; a Stock, Branch, Stalk or Twig Page  50 are so termed; but of a Slip it is improper in my Judg∣ment.

XXVI. He beareth Or, a Laurel Leaf, or a Bay Leaf, or a Bay Tree Leaf. By the name of Leave.

The Wild Bay Tree hath two leaves at every joint of a dark green; at the top of the Branches come forth forth tults of small white Flowers, with blush edges, which are succeeded with small blew Berries.

The Wild Bay of Portugal, the leaves are of a brown green; the Flowers inclining to Purple, the Berries blew.

The Rose Bay Tree is of two sorts, one beareth red Flowers, the other white.

The Indian Bay, it grows in a thick Bush, the branches of a yellowish green Bark; the Flowers grow in a long Spike, of a greenish white colour, succeeded by Berries like small Olives.

The Mirtle grows in a thick Bush, the leaves some∣what brod, and long, and smooth edged, being ever of a bright shining green; at the joints of the Branches come forth the Flowers composed of 5 small white leaves, with some white Threads in the middle, and very sweet.

The Box leafed Mirtle hath the leaves round, point∣ed like the Box Tree, in all other things as the afore∣said.

The upright Mirtle hath the leaves sharp pointed and narrow, the branches growing upright. Some from thickness of its growth call it the Birds Nest Mirtle.

The double Flowered Mirtle differeth from the other in the Flowers which are white, but very thick and double, and of a delicate sweet scent.

The great Spanish, or Laurel Leafed Mirtle, the Leaves are like Bays, but of a whiter green colour, set in a double row on both sides the branches, but in Flowers and Fruit as others.

The Cork, the Clove, the Coffee Trees, have such leaves.

The Spindle Tree, and Prickwood also.

XXVII. He beareth Argent, a Laurel Garland, of some termed a Garland of Leaves. By the name of Gar∣land. This form of Bearing is much used in Crests, held by several sorts of Creatures, as Men, Women, Lions, &c. as in this work is manifested.

O a Garland of Pine Leaves is born by Van Lenberg, one made of a Peacocks Tail, is the Crest of Van We∣thyn.

A a Garland of Laurel and Roses. Born by Schap∣pell.

XXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Laurel Sprig, or a Sprig or Spray of Bays.

☞ The Slip consists (according to Heraldry) of 3 leaves, the Sprig of 5 leaves, and the Branch being un∣fructed, of 9 leaves, as chap. 5. numb. 50.

The Laurel Tree is always fresh, and never loseth its green colour; it beareth a Flower of whitish blew colour, which ripeneth to a kind of Black Berry, or of a deep dark red, but the juice within is a most pure Sanguine or Blood colour, and represents the colour of the best Indian Lake.

O 3 such born by Sprigg.

A a Sprig of Heart leaves C born by Foster.

B a Sprig of Bays in Bend Irradicated O born by De∣genberg. Boswel terms it a Spray of such or such a Tree, pag. 27.

A on a Mount in Base, a Branch of Heart Leaves G born by Bacharat.

Per Fesse O and G in Chief 2 Branches slipped in Sal∣ter V in Base a Bend waved Sinister A is born by Kirspach of Alsatia.

a Branch erazed O in a Field per Fesse S and A is born by Fridihorf.

XXIX. He beareth Argent, a Uine Branch, flected and reflected with Fruit, (or Fructed) proper.

☞ Grapes are either white or red, if they be in a Field of Colours, they are white, if in a Field of Mettle, then red; so that according to the Field they are colour∣ed, therefore need not to be named; though some term this a Vine Branch Vert, Graped Gules. But if the Grapes be any other colour, as yellow, green, blew, &c. then name the same; for such are supposed either to be unripe or overgrown. If this were an absolute Vine, then it should have only one Stem or Stock, which should have shot out it self into several turning Branches, which as it hath not, it is but one winding or turning Branch.

The black Clustered Grapes are set thick on the bunches, and are small and black.

The Muscadine and Canada Grape, are white, the latter called the Parsly Grape, from the Leaves, which are more cut in and divided than any other.

The Raisin Grape is large and red.

O a Vine Branch in Pale fructed, flected and reflected proper. By the name of Maschko.

O the like on a Fesse S is born by Van Wense.

Per pale O and B a Pallet on the one side a conjoined to it, is a Bunch of Grapes between 2 Vine Leaves, and the other side 2 Hares Heads. Born by Van Moltzan.

XXX. He beareth Or, a Cluster (or Bunch of Grapes. If any Fruit may with this term hang down∣wards, the Grape may (being of so heavy a body as it is in its growth; but being this is born upright, I see no rea∣son why others should not be termed pendant; see numb. 6. and Gwillim, fol. 146. they grow on short Foot-stalks, which are all fixed to a main stalk, which runs through the middle of the Cluster; so that they are more scatter∣ing or separated than this is Engraven. Three of them is born by the name of Grapyar.

G a Cheveron between 2 Spur-rowels, and a Cluster of Grapes slipped B. By Kemmerer.

XXXI. He beareth Argent, a Uine Leaf with its Tendrell. The Vine Leaf hath 5 principal points, each point having 3 indents.

The Parsley Uine Leaf hath the Indents long and sharp pointed.

The Plane Tree of Virginia hath the 5 points In∣graled and then hairy, some have them with deep Indents.

XXXII. He beareth Argent, a Uine of three Branches from its Root, each Graped or Fruct∣ed, that is to say, Gules, according to the rule, numb. 29. This may also be termed a Vine proper. Born by the name of Viner.

B on a Hill in Base, a Vine of 5 Branches, fans Fruit A is born by Van Trutscheler.

Page  51XXXIII. He beareth Argent, the Stem trunked at both ends, with a Mulberry thereunto pendant, proper. Here I say proper, because the Stem is yellowish or Wood colour, and the Mulberry purple being its pro∣per colour; yet some are black, white, or red. Gwillim fol. 144. Blazons this a Mulberry with its Stalk trunked, proper. By the name of Mulbury.

The Mulberry Tree hath a Sovereign Red colour in the Fruit, being a Cluster of Red Berries set close toge∣ther; which before they be ripe are white, then flesh co∣lour, lastly a deep blood red; they grow upon the small branches among the leaves. The Egyptian Mulberry is not much unlike the aforesaid, but it hath a singular manner by it self in the Fruit bearing; for neither on its Boughs, nor amongst the Leaves, but upon the body of the Tree it beareth the Fruit about the bigness of a Fig, having no inward kernel as other Fruits have.

O 3 such born by the name of Gascoyne.

A 3 such, by the name of Derbrough.

XXXIV. He beareth Argent, a Bramble Berry (or Black Berry) pendant. The names shew what co∣lour it is, therefore needs no naming to be Sable. The Leaf of the Bramble is in all respects like the Rose Leaf, being three nicked leaves joined together at the end of the Stalks.

A Raspes is the same, the Berries pure red, and is the Coat of Raspia.

XXXV. He beareth Or, a Mulbury Leaf. Some write it Mulberry, being a Cluster or Knott of Berries joined together, broad at the Stalk, and declining to∣wards the end; of a red or purple colour. Mulworm bear∣eth three of these leaves.

O 6 such Leaves born by Lymmng.

Per Fesse A and B Escarelee; a Mulbury leaf issuant O born by Geymanner.

A a Cheveron between 3 such pendant B is born by Lemminger.

XXXVI. He beareth Argent, a Gooseberry pen∣dant, Or, with a Leaf. They grow in races all along the slip or twig: the French Gooseberry is oval like; of which there are black, red, and yellow ones: Holland Goose∣berries are white, the Blew Gooseberry is long, of a dark red colour, tinctured over with Blew; the green Gooseberry is round, and some long.

XXXVII. He beareth Or, a Curran Tree Leaf slipped, with a race of Currans on either side, Sa∣ble. The Currans are of three colours at their maturi∣ty, viz. white, red, and black; therefore in them ob∣serve the same rule given, numb. 29. Therefore I Blazon these Sable, being thereunto injoined. Some will term this a Curran Branch; others a Curran Leaf slipped, with Fruit fixed thereto.

XXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Fig Tree Branch Fructed. The colour of a Fig on the Tree is a whelm∣ish or light Grass green; when ripe, of a blewish brown. The Fig groweth out at the Stalk of the Leaf, so that there is at every leaf of the Stem a Fig, which is contrary to most other Fruit. This is born by the name of Figgs. The colour of the leaf and rind is somewhat wan and pale; the Flower is Medler like; its moisture or sap is like Womans Milk.

XXXIX. He beareth Or, a Fig Leaf. By the name of Frisenerg. The leaves are large, divided commonly into 5 Sections.

O 5 such in Salter, born by Count Feria or Farra in Spain.

XL. He beareth Argent, a Pole issuing out of Base (or a Pole in Base) sustaining or supporting a Branch of Hops. Some term it an Hop-Pole su∣staining the Fruit, proper; for it is their nature to wind about any thing that is set for their support, which needs not to be mentioned; the colour of the Hop is a kind of a light, greenish yellow, near to the colour of Ash Keys: the Hop is only many round leaves growing together in Knotts or Bunches, like to a Grape or Mulbury. A Bunch of scaly leaves; the leaves are a large three pointed dented leaf, or cut into 3 divisions. By the name of Hopley.

XLI. He beareth Argent, a Sycamore Tree Fru∣cted, born by Sycmore.

The leaves of this Tree resembleth the Mulbury leaves; the Fruit is round and very juicy and full of Milk; they grow not at the top of the Boughs as the Figs do, but out of the sides of them, and are sweet like a wild Fig, ha∣ving grains within the Fruit as the Fig hath.

The Maple Tree is the same. This is born by Male.

XLII. He beareth Argent, on a Mount or Hill, an Olive Tree Fructed. The leaf is a smooth, long, nar∣row and streight leaf; the Fruit is a long Berry, some∣thing resembling an heart, of a yellowish green colour; they grow generally together by pairs like Cherries.

The Luke-Olive is the same, but smaller and long∣er in the Fruit. This is the Coat Armour of Oliver.

XLIII. He beareth Argent, an Olive Branch Fru∣cted. Born by Olise.

The wild Olive, or Tree of Paradise is of a dark yellowish colour in the woody shoots, set with long, nar∣row whitish green leaves, bearing along the branches small flowers, of a greenish yellow, which are succeeded by green Berries like Olives, when ripe will be reddish.

3 such is born by the name of Oviane.

XLIV. He beareth Argent, a Ginny Pepper and Leaf slipped, pendant. Or a slip and leaf of Ginny Pepper, the Fruit Pendant. By the name of Peppe∣rall. Of this kind of Pepper some are Heart-like, others grow directly round.

XLV. He beareth Argent, a Gall Branch Fructed; or more exactly as to the number, say three Galls on a Branch. Born by the name of Gallick.

This may be termed also an Oak Branch with three Apples, the Oak Apples and Galls are like one another; and is born by the name of Applock.

XLVI. He beareth Argent, a Chesnut pendant, with two Leaves, or a Chesnut slipped pendant, with two Leaves. The Nut is covered with a green rough prickly husk.

The Beech Tree is like the Chesnut; only the Leaf broader and smooth without Nicks; the Fruit also like the Chesnutt, covered with a rough husk, which when it is ripe, cleaveth in four parts; and so the Beech droppeth out.

Page  52The binding Bean Tree, hath a rough husk, which upon the opening, shooteth into four Bean Cods, and hanged at a round head at the end of the Stalk.

XLVII. He beareth Argent, a Yew Tree Branch Fructed, (or a Yew Branch with Berries) slipped, This is born by the name of Iewen. The Yew is very like the Firr Tree, having long small, or narrow leaves set on either side of all the Branches. The Berries of this Tree are red, growing close to the Branch on short Foot Stalks.

XLVII. He beareth Argent, a Barberry Branch Fructed. By the name of Berry. These Berries are long and round, with a seed at the end after the manner of an Apple; they are red being ripe, and grow in races toge∣ther on a small Stalk after the manner of Currans.

The Bill-berry or Wind-berry branch hath the same leaves round at the end, and sharp pointed towards the Stalk, the Berries are with a Seed or Flower place like an Apple; they grow in Clusters on small Stalks at the root of the leaves on the main Stem, which generally is but one Stalk; see numb. 80. The branch of such is born by Don Sorettel.

XLIX. He beareth Argent, a Hassel Slip and Husk, Vert, the Nut, Or. By the name of Hassellall. Else Bla∣zon it, a Slip of an Hassel Tree Fructed; the difference be∣tween a branch and a slip, see numb. 2. Some term it a Hasle Nut slipped, proper.

The Cotton Tree, bears a Fruit not much unlike a Nut, which gaping or opening, discovereth about the Kernels a little Ball or Bottom of Wall, which is unwo∣ven from the Seeds, of which is made Cotton Yarn.

The Cokar Nut is like the top of an Apple, covered in a Husk like a Hasle all over, but more Barky, which when ripe openeth in parts and quarters.

The small Indian Cokar Nut groweth in a hairy husk or skin.

L. He beareth Or, three Filberd Nuts inclosed in their Huks with Foot Stalks on a Stalk.

The Filbert of Constantinople and Macedonia are all covered with a jagged and cut husk, as if the husk were many doubles over it.

The white and red Filberds differ from the common Hassel Nut, in that the Husks are longer, covering the Nut.

LI. He beareth Argent, a Cluster of Hassel Nuts slipped, in Bend. Else term it three Nuts in a Cluster slipped, Bendwise, or a Slip with three Nuts in a Cluster. Born by the name of Thicken.

LII. He beareth Or, an Elme Leaf. It is also cal∣led an Elmen Leaf. Three of these are born by the name of Elmener.

Er. on 2 Bars S 10 Elme leaves born by Elmes of Lil∣ford.

The Elme Tree is of some called All-Heart, it is a Wood that is yellow and Sinowy, but soon breeds Worms, It beareth a certain Grape and nothing else.

LIII. He beareth Argent, an Aspine Leaf. Born by the name of Aspinall.

LIV. He beareth Or, three Cloves, Sable; these pertain to the Company of Groces, viz. A a Cheveron G between 10 Cloves, S.

LV. He beareth Argent, a Clove Branch. By the name of Clovely, alias Clauley.

LVI. He beareth Argent, a Nutmeg Branch slip∣ped, or a Nutmeg pendant, with a slip of three Leaves. The Nutmeg is inclosed in a husk, with a dalk or furrow in the middle, the leaves like to the Lau∣rel; when it is ripe, then the husk bursteth open, and the Fruit appeareth out of it, like to an Hassel-Nut, and jag∣ged like to it; the husk of the Nutmeg is that which we call Mace, sold for a rich Spice, and the Bark of the Tree for Cinnamon.

Cinnamon is so called, because his top is as it were folded or plaited together; it is of an ashie or dusky co∣lour, the leaf is like to wild Marjoram, it never smells till it be throughly dry. It groweth amongst Briers on very hard Rocks, being about two Cubits high, and is gathered with much pains and difficulty, the best grow∣eth on the top Twiggs.

There is a kind of counterfeit Cinnamon, called Cas∣sia, or Cassia Lignum.

LVII. He beareth Argent, a Pepper Branch slip∣ped. The leaves are round, and pointed at the end, like to the Trefoil, against every leaf on the stalk grow∣eth a long Cluster of Pepper, like to Races of Onions which Gardiners make up for Market Sale. The Tree groweth on Poles like to Hops, or else they would ly on the ground like Cucumbers; not having strength to sup∣port themselves. The Pepper is naturally white, but it is made black and wrinkled by Fire.

The long Pepper is after the same manner, the Ra∣ces being described in chap. 5. numb. 48.

Ginny Pepper hath a long pointed leaf on a long Footstalk, with a long cod or pod round and thick at top, and taper downward, till it end in a point, see numb. 44.

LVIII. He beareth Or, a Cypresse Tree, see numb. 78. This is born by the name of Van Brag.

A 3 such Trees. Born by the name of Eytonhall.

G such a Tree. Born by Madocker.

LIX. He beareth Argent, an Holly Tree Berried or Fructed. Born by the name of Slvester.

The Haythorn, or White Thorn, or Haw Tree, Blossomed, is the like for Draught, see chap. 5. numb. 52.53.

LX. He beareth Argent, an Holly slip; else an Hol∣ly Slip leaved, or an Holly Berry Cluster, with two Leaves slipped, and a Holly slip Berried; all these ways I have found the Slip termed. This is born by the name of Hollinworth.

A an Holly Sprig of Leaves only V born by Balber van Wintertur.

A 3 Holly Leaves Barwise, the Stalks to the Dexter side. V. born by Arnest.

A 3 Holly Leaves pendant V. by Iuvine.

LXI. He beareth Argent, an Holly Leaf. Born by Arnest.

The Holly Holly-Leaf is the same for substance, Page  53 being a thick and hard leaf; but is smooth in the edges, ending in a sharp point, which is strong and prickly.

The Holme Oak hath a Jagged, turning pricking leaf.

The Aegyptian Musk Mallow Leaf is thus en∣graled, and so is the red berried Arrache, called in La∣tine Atriplex, of which there is the white, red, and green.

LXII. He beareth Argent, on a Mount or Hill in Base, a Wood or Grove of Trees. This is the ancient Crst of Brun, alias Bruen, of Tarvin and Stable∣ford, The like by Roughley, having the Stocks O.

O such a Wood V by the name of Grove.

LXIII. He beareth Argent, a Birch Tree Irradi∣cated or mooted up by the Roots, or erazed at the root, which last term is not so proper for Trees, though I have often seen them so termed; yet use rather the words Irradicated or Mooted.

The Birch Tree, Branch or Slip is ever drawn void of leaves, but full of small twiggs. By the name of Birch∣ley. The Birch Tree is the Crest of Van Tannwitz.

LXIV. He beareth Or, a Birch Twig, Sable; or a Branch of Birch in Bend. 3 such is Birches Coat.

The Broom Stalk is drawn after this manner, so that in Blazon it may pass for it, when it is Vert. This also pertains to the Coat of Bromfield.

LXV. He beareth Argent, on a Mount in Base, an Ash Tree with its Keys. There are two kinds of Ash Trees; the He Ash, that never beareth any Keyes, and the She Ash, which beareth Keyes; from hence it is, that the Tree with them hath in Blazon been termed a She-Ash; signifying thereby an Ash tree fructed, or with Keys. This is the Arms of Ashley of Ashley, in Che∣shire.

LXVI. He beareth Gules, a Bunch of Ash-Keys, Or. See numb. 68. Thus in Boden Church for Ashly's Coat.

The Service Tree hath a long winged leaf, like the Ash, and the Fruit hangs in Bunches like the Keys on Foot∣stalks, being covered with green husks like Walnuts; some round, some Pear fashion.

LXVII. He beareth Argent, an Ash Tree Leaf. The Ash tree leaf is nine long and narrow leaves nicked, fixed upon a small stalk, one against the other, and the odd one at the end.

G 3 such O born by Holtzer.

O such an Ash leaf. Born by Wallary.

LXVIII. He beareth Azure, a Bunch of Ash Keys pendant, Or. The natural colour of them is a kind of a yellowish green, or that which Painters call Pink. Three such born by Ashworth.

In this and 66, the Graver did not do his part, for the Keys have all of them a small stalk by which they hang all together in a Bunch to a little Knot at the root of the leaf, which is on the Branch, and not thus altogether at a Stalk, which is more like a flower than Ash Keys, see chap. 5. numb. 30. the true form of them.

☞ Note, that when we mention three of any sort of thing, it is always understood that they are placed two above, and one beneath in the Escochion.

LXIX. He beareth Argent, on a Mount in Base, (or out of Base) a Ewe Tree. Born by the name of Vewe.

The Fruit of the Ewe is a red Berry, which groweth to the Branch on a short Foot stalk after the manner of the Slow; see numb. 47.80. they are of a pleasant taste.

LXX. He beareth Or, a Palme Tree. This is the Tree of Victory, for in former Ages, when Princes re∣turned from great Battels, and mighty Enterprises, they bore Palms in their Triumphs; and the Saints in Heaven are said thus to Triumph, Rev▪ 7.8. it never fadeth, but is ever green Winter and Summer. The Palm the more it is oppressed, the better it groweth; to which King Da∣vid, Psal. 62.12. compareth the righteous, who shall flourish like the Palm. By the name of Palmer.

A the like Irradicated. Born by Maco Lonhor.

Per Fesse O and A the same Irradicated V and in Base two Pales G by Van Salis.

LXXI. He beareth Argent, a Palm Branch.

The Indian Cokar Nut Tree Sprig, is after the same form.

A 3 such Branches, born by Lovetoyle.

In this quarter is also a Reed or Cane Sprout only in the leaves, being as yet not grown to maturity, as it is in numb. 120. and such as this Argent in a Field Azure, is the Coat Armour of Lorrach.

LXXII. He beareth Argent, a Therebinth or Tur∣pentine Tree Irradicated. From this Tree proceeds the Gum called Turpentine; the Flowers or Blossoms of it grow to Grapes or Berries like Olives, and hang in Bunches of a reddish colour, the leaves winged, round and pointed. This is born by the name of Torquine.

LXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Limb of a Tree in Bend, raguled and trunked, enwrapped with an Ivy Branch. Born by the name of Ivestock. The like is born by Iuvine, in a Field, Or.

LXXIV. He beareth Argent, an Ivy Sprig with four leaves. The Flower is a small yellow, mossie one, the Berries that proceed from them stand in an Umbell or close together in round tufts, on short footstalks, of a black colour.

LXXV. He beareth Argent, an Ivy Leaf. There is as much variety in the Ivy Leaf, as in any of our home bred Trees whatsoever, for some are round, others 3 pointed, 5 points and single pointed; some long and slen∣der, others short and oval, and such like forms, yet all smooth in the edges.

LXXVI. He beareth Argent, a Walnut Branch slipped and Fruceed. The Walnuts grow 2 or 3 to∣gether in green husks speckled, so that it may be disputed whether this may not as fitly be termed a Walnut Slip, as a Branch, seeing the Fruit is but in one place; the Wal∣nut if on the Slip or Branch is born in its husk; if not on them, then without the husk, as chap. 5. numb. 17. This is born by the name of Walmare.

LXXVII. He beareth an Indian Apple pendant, with two Leaves slipped; or the Slip of an Indian Apple, the Fruit pendant. Born by the name of Sa∣grill, in a Field Argent; see chap. 5. numb. 24.

Page  54O the like G leaves V born by Walkervile.

LXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Branch of Cy∣presse fructed; a Cypresse Branch. This is born by the name of Cyprian.

LXXIX. He beareth Argent, a Date Tree Branch, with a Bunch of Dates out of the Husk. Having but one husk or knot of Dates, it may as well be termed a Date Tree slip, the Fruit pendant. Born by the name of Barrowdate.

LXXX. He beareth Argent, a Branch of a Slow Tree, or a Blackhorn Branch Fructed. Others call it a Bullas Tree Branch. This is born by the name of Slowburgh.

2. THUS much for Trees, with their Leaves and Fruit, as I have found them born in Arms, either in whole, or in the several parts. Now for such Trees, or part of them, as have lost their Life and are perished.

☞ Which when the Branches are lopped off, is termed Trunked, if cut off is called Couped, but if torn or taken up by the Root, is Blazoned Irradicated or Mooted up by the root.

LXXXI. He beareth Argent, a Stemme (or Stock or Trunke) of a Tree Couped and Irradicated, sprouting out two Branches, proper. Gwillim terms it irradicated or mooted up by the Roots, as also couped in Pale, &c. By the name of Deadby.

G the like A born by Borough, alias Stockden.

LXXXII. He beareth Or, a Starved Branch, Sa∣ble. Of some termed a withered Branch; a Thorn (or a dead Thorn) Branch. Born by Parrisher.

The Coral Tree is thus drawn, and if either white or red, it may be Blazoned a Branch of Coral, noting the Field it is within.

A 3 such S born by Black stock.

A the like G born by Crrall.

O two such in Fesse S with a Bucks Horn in Chief, is born for the Coat of the Town of Dornstat in the Nether∣lands.

LXXXIII. He beareth Vert, a Stock of a Tree Couped, Truncked, and Irradicated, Argent. this I have seen termed only a Stock erazed. Some term it a Trunk or Stump, or Log erazed; or the root of a Tree sawed off. Born by the name of Stockly. S the like in Bend Sinister A is born by Van Ronaw.

V 3 such A born by Stockton.

Per Fesse A and B the like Stock in Bend O is born by Van Ahlen.

LXXXIV. He beareth Gules, a Stock or Stem of a Tree Raguled, Trunked and Eradicated, Or. These kind of Stems or Limbs of Trees I have seen born Bendways, and Bends made of them. See lib 1. chap. 4. numb. 26. By the name of Stoke.

S the like A gorged in the top with a Coronett O by the name of Pellin.

A the like in Bend, couped at both ends G by the name of Siwent.

Per Pale A and G on a Hill in Base B two such coun∣terchanged. Born by the name of Kerstdorf.

G the Stock couped at both ends, and in Bend O is born by Brandt.

B 2 such Bendwise Sinister A born by Van Tauadell.

O 2 such Couped and Irradicated Pale ways. By Dor∣gello, an Italian.

LXXXV. He beareth Azure, two Billets ragu∣led and trunked, in Cross. Or two Billets in Cross raguled and trunked. When Stocks or Bil∣lets are raguled at both ends they are ever set one contra∣ry to the other. 2 Faggot Sticks raguled and trunked. By the name of Woodmunger.

G two such in Salter A is the Coat Armour of Holt∣zell.

O 2 in Salter S born by Berka zu Taub van Leipp.

A 2 in Salter irradicated S born by Tettingen.

A 2 plain Stocks in Salter, couped at both ends G is born by Waldeck.

LXXXVI. He beareth Gules, a Faggot, or Pile of Wood bound up, Or, Wreathed, Argent. Others term it 5 pieces of Cord-Wood bound together: Others according to the Coats they are in, term them either a bunch of Faggots, a bunch of Laths, or a bunch of Sticks. This belongs to the Coat of the Company of Word-men: Also is a part of the Coat of the Company of Slaters; Where in the first, it is called a Bunch of Faggots or Bil∣lets; in the latter a Bunch of Laths. The like out of a Coronet, is the Crest of Bran••.

LXXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Thorn, or a wi∣thered Haythorn, Sable. By the name of Thornby.

A 3 Thornholms on as many Mounts V is born by Thornholme of York-shire

LXXXVIII. He beareth Argent, within a Wreath or Crown of Thorns, Sable; three Roman Let∣ters, viz. XPS, which are the Symbolical Letters of Christ; and is as much as to say CHRISTVS, others expound the X to be Christus, P for Populorum, and S for Salvator, see chap. 1. numb. 3. that is Christ the Saviour of the People.

LXXXIX. He beareth Gules, a long Cross of a Log of a Tree, couped of all four, Argent, fretted with a Crown of Thorns, Sable. This is also Bla∣zoned Christs Cross couped; because the bottom part is longer then the cross piece is. This is born by the name of Mazarin.

XC. He beareth Or, a Stock couped at both ends, Sable. Others call it a Log or Chub of Wood, the bottom of a Tree sawed off. Born by the name of Chubbey.

Such a piece of Wood belongs to the Crest of Mid∣dleton of Leighton, with an Ape sitting upon it, and chain∣ed to it, all proper.

B the like in Base O with a Peacock standing on it, is the Coat and Crest of Van Poppendorf.

Page  553. WE shall after Trees, and there several parts and members, proceed to Roots and Grain, and shew how they are in whole or part born in Coats of Arms.

XCI. He beareth Sable, a Turnepp, Argent,Leaves Vert. Some term it a Turnepp root. This is born by the name of Garmes.

G the like proper, a Chief O born by Trpine.

B 3 such A is born by Rubben van Phelerg.

G one A is born by Van Cetescach.

XCII. He beareth Argent, a Potata (or a ground Artichoke, or a Ierusalem Artichoke root,) proper. that is of a sanguine coloured skin, but under it o a pure white. This is born by the name of Groundling.

O 3 such born by Graling, alias Grouling.

XCIII. He beareth Argent, a Carrat, Or, Leaves or Wisalls, Vert. The tops of Carrats and Parsnips are by Gardiners termed Wisalls, and sme Wsomes, so then according to the terms of Art, the Carrat is Or, Wi∣salled Vert. Born by Carrate.

The Parsnip is the same to the Carrat, but of a white colour; the Flowers are white, in Umbells.

The Radish the same, only white at the bottom of the root, and a deep Blood colour on the higher part, next to the Wisalls or Leaves.

G 3 Parsnips is the Coat of Van Biritsch.

XCIV. He beareth Sable, a Mandrake, proper. The Hebrew Rabbins or Doctors say, this was the Coat in the Standard of the Tribe of Reuben; which may probably be gathered from that saying in Genesis 30.14. that Re∣ben went out in the days of Wheat Harvest, and found Man∣drakes in the fields.

Mechoachan hath such a kind of Forked root, but not twisted or wreathed together. It hath a Stalk of di∣verse colours, as yellow, greenish, reddish, the Fruit is like a Grape.

XCV. He beareth Azure, a demy Mandrake, Ar∣gent, the top, Vert. Some describe the Mandrake to be the direct shape and proportion of a Man or Woman, and that it hath extraordinary Virtue in it; which St. Augustine hath written much against. Of some it is called Circea; it bears an Apple of sweet smell, which of some is called the Apple of the Earth, there is of this both Male and Female, the first hath like leaves to the Beet; the other to the Lettise. This is born by the name of Man∣devile.

XCVI. He beareth Gules, a Garlick head, Argent, the Bladds, Vert. Some term it a head of Garlick shanked Vert. By the name of Garlich.

The heads of Garlick are divided into so many cotes or houses, which they call Cloves of Garlick, each of which being parted and set in a Garden will encrease to a full head again, which thing the Onion will not do.

The Onyon is the same, only the head round, and not distinguished by Cloves; for the Bolls of the heads of Garlick, are termed Cloves, and the Onion it is termed the Coats or Pils.

The Leek is like the Onion; so are Chibols and

The Chynes, but of a lesser growth.

The Scalion is like to Garlick in taste and smell, but in Stalk and Leaves resembles the Onion.

XCVII. He beareth Sable, a Mushroom or Toad∣stool, Argent. The Mushroom is much eaten by the Gentry, especially in Ireland; but as it may delight one, so it may be Poison to another.

There are several kinds of these Mushrooms, as the Puffe or Brawne of the Earth, growing most under ground. The Goats Beard, of which there are the reddish one and the spungy one, and the Pepper tasted one. The Fly-Bane and the Fus-Ball, with seve∣ral others, whose form of growth are like the examples following. This is generally called the Field Mushroom or Garden Mushroom.

G 3 such in Triangle, the roots in Fesse conjoined A is the Coat of Lemminger of Bavaria.

XCVIII. He beareth Argent, the House Mushroom proper, those that grow in old, rotten decayed Houses, or on perishing Trees, out of Walls that receive Water, and on decayed and ruinous Timber Foundations, &c. are of a swarthy tawny colour, which upon long growth turn to a Black; of these there are several sorts; the folding or changeable Mushroom, the Stone Mushroom, the branched Mushroom, and the ragged Mushroom; yet are generally of this form, only some round and flat, others copped rising to a point, and others like long Hat∣ters Blocks, or capped tanks, i. e. Hats with Brims.

XCIX. He beareth Or, an Head of Garlick, blad∣ded and seeded. The outward skin or rind that covers the Cloves of Garlick, is of a sanguinish white colour. This is born by the name of Truner.

The Moly, or wild Garlick hath leaves like a Tu∣lip, with some bulbs sometimes growing at the end, some∣time on the stalk, which being set, will produce a Plant of the same kind; the stalk is naked without leaves, round and smooth, bearing a great umbel or tuft, of small Star-like Purple flowers upon equal foot-stalks.

The Indian Moly, the Stalk hath no Flowers, but only bears a Cluster of reddish scaly Bulbs, each as big as an Acorn standing on foot-stalks, which being set, will produce a Plant of its own kind.

The Moly of Hnngary hath the Bulbs as aforesaid, of a red colour, which breaketh forth into a Flower like the wild Garlick or Moly, of a pale purple colour.

Serpents Moly hath the Bulbs on the head of the Stalks redder; and the small green leaves twine and crawl, from whence it took its name; the Flowers which grow among the Bulbs are very beautiful.

The Mountain Moly hath a tuft of yellow Star-like flowers, greenish on the back, with yellow threads in the middle: Others of this kind have Purple flowers tipt with yellow: Others white flowers.

The Spanish Silver cupped Moly hath a Stalk proceeding from 2 or 3 rush like leaves, on which is an head of flower on long foot stalks, which spread much o∣pen, of a shining Silver colour, with lines on both sides the leaves, in fashion small and hollow, like a Cup.

The sweet Moly hath 3 or 4 small Bent like leaves, Page  56 the stalk bearing many Star-like Flowers; which if the Summer be hot, smell like Musk or Civet.

A 3 such Garlick heads proper. Born by Garlick.

There is another way of bearing the Garlick without the Seed, which is also set down in this quarter; and are born by Knobloch in Francford, viz. Sable one in Pale, the other two in Salter, the Blades reversed Argent.

C. He beareth Argent, a Dag-stone flower, leaves and root, proper. The Flower is like the Snap-Dra∣gon, being many of them together, rising higher and higher to a point at the top, of a Purple colour. This is generally known by the name of Priest-Pintle, or Goat-Stones, whose Flowers are variable, as white, blush colour, light Purple, and spotted.

4. FROM Roots fit for Mans Use, we come to grain, the staff and stay of all rational Creatures, and that is Corn of all sorts; now how they are born in Arms either whole or parted, these few examples following will manifest.

☞ Where note, that Corn, if it be born Black, it is termed such a Grain Blasted or Mildewed, and so needs no mentioning of its colour.

CI. He beareth Azure, on a Mount, Vert, a Wheat Ear, Stalked and Bladed, Or. Some say, a Wheat stalk Bladed and Eared. 3 on a Hill in Base, is born by Garzon of Venice.

Indian Costick, Tree, Stalk and Ear, is made direct∣ly like to the Wheat.

French Wheat, or Buck Wheat, hath a reddish Stalk, set with leaves on a stalk, broad and round, and biforked at bottom, small and pointed at the end, at the top in Branches are diverse clusters of small white flowers, which turn to triangular blackish seed.

CII. He beareth Vert, a Wheat Ear, Or. 3 such Seeds are born by Grainer.

Maslin, it is not one kind of Corn, but a mixture of Wheat and Rye.

Blanche, is a kind of Wheat that is hard and thick, it will not be driven from its husk, except it be fried or parched.

Furmenty is a Wheat husked and boyled.

Goats Wheat, it is a Wheat without any husk, much like to our Greats or Furmentie.

Typh Wheat, it is very like to our Rye, it is of an unpleasant taste, and doth make very black Bread.

Er. 2 Flanches B on each 3 Wheat Ears couped Or; is born by the name of Greyby.

B 3 Ears of Ginny Wheat bladed and couped Or, is born by the name of Grandorge

Per pale G and A 5 such Ears in Fesse Stalks couped V born by Van Holden.

Per Fesse B and O on a hill in Base V two Marigolds between 3 such ears is the Coat and Crest of Roge.

CIII. He beareth Gules, a Rye Stalk Bladed and Eared, Or. Born by Risley.

G 3 such on a Bend S born by Rye or Rey.

Barly hath a longer and rougher aulne or awne, o beard than Rye.

Secourgion is a lean, wrinkled and starved Co, somewhat like unto Barley.

Amel-corn is a Grain between Wheat and Barley.

CIV. He beareth Or, a Ginny Wheat Ear, Gules, Stalk and leaves, Vert. Or, a Ginny Wheat slip∣ped and bladed.. It is also termed Indian, or Turk Wheat, the stalk is full of joints, from each with the leaf, sprung an ear, which hath a husk of many leaves folded over them, with a Bush of threads or hair hanging down at the ends, which when they are ripe, are to be cut off, and the Ear will appear.

CV. He beareth Or, a Pease-cod pendant, Vert. 3 such is born by the name of Codwre.

The Tare-Cod, the Fitch-Cod this will serve for, being all after one form of making.

The Bean-cod, the Lentill-Cod, the Lupine-Cod, and the Kidney-Bean-Cod, are all alike, save the end is more fuller and rounder than the Pease; see chap. 5. numb. 87. the leaves are winged leaves, sharp pointed, but the Uitch and Tare have them long and narrow winged, with round points.

In this quarter is another sort of Garbe, or rather a Fasce or Bundle of Grass tyed up; and these kind of bear∣ings are much in use by the Germans, or else they make all their Garbes thus, which is contrary to all Nati∣ons.

S 3 such O is the Coat and Crest of Buecheim.

Per Fesse A and B 3 such O is born by Treyen van Derr.

CVI. He beareth Azure, a Garbe, Or. termed also a Wheat Sheaf, or a Sheaf of Corn, let it be a Sheaf or any kind of grain, or any thing tied up in form of a Sheaf; to name it a Garbe of such and such a thing will suffice; see chap. 18. numb. 43. This belongs to the Worshipful Sir Thmas Grsvenor, of Eaton in Cheshire, Barronet; of whose full Atchievement I shall speak here∣after.

B 3 such O was the Coat Armour of Randle Bohune, the third Earl of Chester of that name, called Randle Blu∣deville; the Son of Hugh Bohune, otherwise called Keve∣lock the fifth Earl of Chester after the Conquest, and the second of that name, who did bear for his Coat B 6 Garbes O.

O on a Fesse engraled B 3 such O born by Marbury of the Mere.

G 3 such A on a Chief B a Lion passant A by Rutter of Kingsley.

G 2 Helmets A and a Garbe O born by Cholmundeley of Cholmundeley.

B a Cheveron betwixt 3 Garbes O by Hatton of Hat∣ton.

Er. a Cheveron B betwixt 3 such O by Masterson of Namptwich.

B a Fesse G betwixt 3 such O born by Sandbach of Sandbach.

S 3 such O a Bordure A by Birkenhead of Huxley and Back-ford.

CVII. He beareth Argent, a Garb dejected, Vert; with a Cock standing thereon, to the sinister, Gules; Page  57 it is also termed a Wheat Sheaf dejectant, or thrown down, or debased. This is the Crest of Williams of An∣glesey, and London, Herald-Painter.

CVIII. He beareth Gules, a Garbe, Or, with an Adder or Serpent through the top of it, his head aloft, and the tail surrounding it, Vert. Others, an Adder enwrapped about a Garbe. This Crest pertains to Esquire D••, of Edge.

CIX. He beareth Azure, a Garbe, Or, banded or wreathed, Gules. By the name of Gravenor, of Ower, in Shropsh••e.

CX. He beareth Gules, a Garbe, Or, banded with Roses, Argent.

☞ Sometime you may find the Garbe bound with a Garter, the ends flourishing abroad; some wreathed or wrapped about with Adders, and such like, which you must be careful to observe and name. This is born by the name of Gargarbe.

CXI. He beareth Azure, a Garland of Wheat, Or. Some term it a Garland or Chaplet of Wheat Ears, or Ears of Corn, made into a Garland. This is the Crest of the Whitebakers Company; being held up by two na∣ked Arms issuant out of a Cloud.

CXII. He beareth Argent, a Fasce of Palme, Vert, banded with a Garter or Ribbon, in form of a Garbe, Gules, out of a Coronett, Or. Some term it a Fascicle, from Fascis, and Fasciculus, a Bundle of Sticks bound up, or an handful of any thing bound together in a little Bundle. This is born by the name of Van Hur∣son.

CXIII. He beareth Argent, a bunch or tuft of jag∣ged Grass. Or five Piles of jagged Grass in a tuft. Some are so exact, as thus to number them; and consi∣dering the numerous ways of bearing Grass, it stands us sometimes upon, for distinction sake, to numer the Piles. Three such is born by the name of Tindesly, alias Tinsley.

The like out of a Coronet, is the Crest of Van Ernaw and Naechir.

The like A on a Cap B turned up A is the Crest of Luxen.

CXIV. He beareth Argent, a Fox Tail Grass. Of some termed a Reed-grass, or Cats tail grass, or Horse-tail, or Feather-grass, and Tufted-grass slipped.

The Mouse-tail grass hath a green spiked head, long and slender.

CXV. He beareth Or, a Pease leaf slipped with two Blossoms. The Pease leaf is three together, the highermost at a little distance from the two under, which are fixed in a manner close to the stalk of it under. Born by the name of Peas.

The Fenugreek bears the like, only the leaves round, and the cod long, and slander like a Kidney Bean.

CXVI. He beareth Argent, an Oat-stalk Bladed and Rizomed. The Corn in the Oats are not called Ears, but Rizomes; though of Old I have seen the Bla∣zon to be, an Oat Ear Bladed.

A Reed hath a jaggy head like an Oat, but more thick and closer, and Spike headed, of a kind of deep brown Purple. The Reed is between an Herb and a Tree, but in growth is above the Herb, yet nothing in strength to a Tree; it is without very smooth and plain, save the Knots where the leaves grow, but within is like an empty Vessel; it is carried and bent on every side by the Wind.

CXVII. He beareth Or, a Lavender flowered, proper. The knot or knaps of Lavender are of a blewish colour, see chap. 5. numb. 69. By the name of Lavender.

CXVIII. He beareth Argent, a tuft of Grass; a single Grass is called a Pile, and many together are a tuft or knot of Grass. Born by Grassey.

There is a kind of Grass in Babilon, which is like Cane or Reed, which being tasted or eaten of Cat∣tel, Killeth them. And in the Hill Parnassus, there groweth another kind of Grass more thick and rank than the other, and of better size, for it beareth a Leaf like Ivy.

In Cilicia there is a kind of Grass which is called Hera∣cha, which grows in Hedges, about Walls and Vines, whose Leaf is like Mercury Herb, and is full of Bristles.

Rushes are like hereunto, called also Rush-Grass; but they are generally round.

CIX. He beareth Argent, in Base (or issuing out of Base) Sedges or Reeds. with three tops or Spears out of the same, proper. This is the Crest of Barnardiston, with a Crane in the same, proper.

The like in Base with 2 tops bending to the Dextr and Sinister Chief, in a Field A is the Coat and Crest of Melho∣sen.

CXX. He beareth Argent, a Spear Reed, Vert, the top Sable. These are termed also Sedges, Flaggs or Water-flaggs. Three such is born by Sacklich.

Per Fesse A and V 3 Reed Spear heads issuant, and a Fesse counterchanged, is the Coat of Mermoser of Bavaria.

A on a Mount in Base 3 Reed Spears (sans leaves or sedges) born by the name of Van Vttingen of the same Province.

A 2 Spear Reeds; single sedged and couped in Salter proper, a point G born by Mosaw in the Province of Tyrold.

G on a Mount in Base V 3 Spear Reed heads (sans Sedges) O born by Murhaimer.

Per pale O and B 6 Reed heads falling from one stalk, each side three counterchanged. Born by Van Panhemb.

O on a hill in Base V 3 Spear Reeds double sedged or leafed; is born by Liesch.

On a Coronet 3 Spear Reeds, banded in the middle, ends flotant O is the Crest of Van Holdingen of Westphalia.

7 Spear Reeds, one G another A alternately (or by turns one after another) is the Crest of Van Krhewinkle.

Cyperus, or English Galinga, or the Bull-rush hath in the top a few short leaves, out of which proceed (on small stalks) many panicles, or chaffy green spikes, or ears of small leaves.

Camell Hay Rush hath the top of divers brownish or purple husks, which cast forth Mossy white threads, or downy hairs.

The Great Rush, or Bull Rush, called of some, the Sons Brow, the Romans call it the Sea Bullrish, because it groweth best in moist grounds; there be two kinds, one hath a square top or Crown very blunt with∣all; the other is rather Spear-like, and sharp topped.

Page  58
TO The Right Honorable Robert LORD Bulkley of Bewmaris in Anglesey, VISCOVNT CASHALL in the Realm of IRELAND: And to RICHARD BVLKLEY His Son and HEIR apparent. AMongst others to whom I owe Service, I must acknowledge You not the least, but chief in Vertues, the experience whereof makes me to presume the presentation, of this my Ser∣vie in the Dedication of this Chapter and Plate to your Pious memory, not doubing of the fa∣vourable acceptance from him who is your much Obliged Sérvant, Randle Holme.


1. AFter Trees and Herbs Nutritive, let us pro∣ceed to such as are of less use to Nature; but more delightsome and for pleasure: and those are Flowers of all sorts, whereof some for the Eye, others for scent, and others for the adorning of houses, or other pleasureable uses; as making of Crowns, and Garlands; from which use they received their names of Coronarie herbs. Of which Herbs and Flowers I shall give ome few examples, of the several ways of Bear∣ing them and then shew you the Flowers, and Leaves they bring forth, according to their several kinds.

I. He beareth Argent, an Unifoile Vert. This is Born by the name of Vnifoile or Vnfall This is an Herb that never hath more then one Leaf from a Root, till it Shute to a Seed which comes from the middle of it, then it hath but two at the most, it is also called one blade, by Iohnson in his Herbal. trib. 5. cap. 14.

☞ Some Blazon this a Unifoile slipped, but that is needless; for this, the Dufoile, and Trefoile, all of them, have them naturally.

II. He beareth Argent, a Dufoile or Twyfoile, Vert, Flowered, Purpure. The Flower is like that which we commonly call, Dog stones or Priest-pintle, but more spireing. This is borne by the name of Dunfoile

O 3 such Leaves slipped V is born by the name of Twybride.

III. He beareth Sable, a Trefoile Or; In the Her∣bal this is called, a Feild hony Suckle leaf, or short Uine, or a Clover Grass, it is of sweet smell: some term it a three Leafed Grass slipt, which is from the Dutch Blazoning, who in their Coats, bear the Trefoile very much without the Stalk or Slip: but such Coats are rare here in England. This is born by the name of Tremoil.

O 3 such V Born by Harwin.

G on a Bend A 3 such V Born by Harvey.

B on a Mount in Base 3 such their slips in point (or joyned at the bottom) O Born by Muelich.

O on a cheif G 3 such O Born by Bovile of Che∣ster.

Per pale G and O on a cheif Endented 〈◊〉 3 such V by Gilham.

A 3 such S Born by Champney

V 10 such A by Mnte of Bankhll

IV. He beareth Argent, a Trefoile Sans slipp, Sable. This is born by the name of Scheksich.

G the like O Born by Van Lenenfeld

A 3 such S Born by the Earl of Burg〈…〉 Germany.

Page  59


Page  60G the like A Born By Van Skreibersorf. Also by Van Line

A the like B Born by Molchling of Fracovia.

V. He beareth Argent, a Trefoile double sliped, Gules 〈◊〉 is 〈…〉 name of Strongvil.

VI. He beareth 〈◊〉Trefoile treble sliped, Or. Born by the name of ootwell. After some, a Trefoile with the •••alle〈◊〉 or erazed,

VII. 〈…〉 a Trefoile, the Stalke sliped, ••nguled, 〈◊〉 Couped. By the name of Van Harrag••••. After this maner the Dutch have the Stalk of several Fruits, Flowers, and Leaves, thus Sliped, Rag••led and Couped, and somtime with but on or two of 〈◊〉 Terms.

VIII. 〈◊〉 beareth Argent, an Heart Trefoile, the Stalk couped in the midle Vert. Born by the name of Sarill. This is also termed a Wood Sarel Leave, or Hart grass, or Hart Clove

IX. He beareth Sable, a Caterfoile, or a Quater foile, Born by the name of For••••▪ This is taken to be some Flower with four Leaves, as chap. 6. numb. 80.81.

☞ After the same manner as the Trefoile is slip∣ed, double sliped, ragged〈◊〉and Fretted▪ in the same maner these Foiles following, are born in Coates of Armes, which are to be termed the same way in Blazoning.

G the like O Born by Row.

V 3 Qurterfoiles sliped O Born by Spratt.

B 3 the like A Born by Vincent.

G 5 in Salter O Born by Palmar.

X: He beareth Or, a Cinquefoile Azure, some write is Ci••foile. This is taken to be a Flower of five Leaves, either round or pointed. This is Born by the name of Mutton.

A the like G Born by Powcher.

B the like A Born by Bessingto.

G 5 such in Salter A Born by Palmer.

XI. He beareth Argent, a Sexfoile, or a Sise∣foile, Sable. Born by the name of Sextill. This is tak∣en to be a Flower of six Leaves.

G a Bend, and a Sisefoile in the Sinister quarter A Born by De La Fountaine.

XII. He beareth Vert, a double Caterfoile, Or. This is often used in Coates of Armes, to distinguish Houses and Famileys: being the difference for a ninth Son.

XIII. He beareth Argent, a Wood Sorrel Leafe, or an Heart Clover. The Stalke of the Wood Sorrel, is naturally red. Three such is the Coat of Tredisgin.

A 6 such Born by Lassels.

XIV. He beareth Argent, a Succory Leaf, Vert. It is cut or torne in the edges on both sides even to the midle Rib, ending in a point, with a red Rib, down the mid∣dle of it. The Flowers are of some Red, others Blew, growing Spiked at distances with small Leaves under hem.

XV. He beareth Or, a Parsoley Leaf, Vert. This is born by the name of Parsley. This may also pass, for the Grunswell, or Groundsell Leaf, whcih much resem∣bling it.

Persely, for so some writ it▪ is a Garden Herb much used by Cooks. Wild Persely〈◊〉 a longer and broader Leaf with the Stalkes more long and scatter∣ing abroad▪ there are diverse kinds of it.

Grunswel, or Groundsel, hath the Leaf green and hoarie, like to an old mans ••ard. It hath a 〈◊〉flow∣er growing in branches of a yellowish colour, 〈◊〉 of a short husk, den••d in the ton.

XVI. He beareth Argent, a Spinage Leaf, Vert. This is born by the name of Spinage.

This is a five pointed Leave, much cut into, in the edges as if it were rent.

XVII. He beareth Argent, an Angelica Leafe, pro∣per. This I call only a leaf, as also numb. 15. because it is the nature of the Herb Angelica to have five or se∣ven leaves on a Stalk, and many of these Stalkes making but one branch when they are fixed to the great Stemme.

Allexanders, grow after the same manner, only the leaves have a little longer stalk, by which they are fast∣ned to their greater stalk.

Lovage, is the same; with Seeds growing on the mean stalke, like Fennel Seeds all in an umbell.

XVIII. He beareth Argent▪ a Fern leaf, Vert. Spleenworth have the leaves thus on a stalke only they are smooth not nicked or dented.

Maiden hair, hath the same, save the leaves are round at the end.

O 3 Fern leaves V Born by Fernall.

XIX. He beareth Argent, a Colts foot leaf, proper. This is born by the name of Colton This is a large three pointed leaf with deep dents in the edges. Some have five points and tune up in the leaf near the foot stalk.

XX. He beareth Or, a Mercury leaf, Vert. It is a three pointed leaf, but long and slender with smooth edges.

3 such is born by Marvaile.

XXI. He beareth Argent, a Nettle leaf, proper. By the name of Stringer

O 3 such Born by Nettle of Malpass.

A 3 such G Born by Malherbe.

A a Nettle Bunch couped. Born by Mallerby.

XXII. He beareth Or, a Betony leaf, these grow in Bunches near the ground like the Primrose and Da∣sie leaves. Born by the name of Betty.

The Endive leaf is waved and groweth in Bunches on the ground, the stalk is Bunched bearing at the tops small blew flowers, cut in points, like a Pink, out of a small six leafed husk

Page  612. FRom Leaves we come to Flowers, and shall begin with the Flower de is being the fairest for shew, though the English Rose out passeth it for smell.

XXIII. He beareth Gules, a flower de ls Coup∣ed, Argent. Some write it, flower deluce; others flower de-lice, or a luce or lis: and so it hath been ancient: Argent, a lice, or de lis, Sable.

This is a Dutch Coat, and is born by the name of Dulmhabt.

And such a like A is the Crest of Bindemoner.

Per Fesse A and G 2 Roses, and the bottom of a de lis conjoyned to the Fesses line, Counterchainged born by the name of Goldly.

G a Fesse O a de lis issuant, and a Muller of six points in Base A. Is born by the name of Waler

XXIV. He beareth Argent, a Dutch flower de lis Azure. I call this a Dutch de lis, becaus tose He∣raulds there, generally make them after this form.

This is born by the name of Van Freislinger.

A the like G is born by the name of Morden.

Per Fesse G and S the like A is born by the name of Buben Hausen.

B the like A Born by the name of Digby.

V the like A born by the name of Foulk▪ and Van Be¦hem.

Quarterly B and A the same Counterchanged. Is born by the name Behem.

XXV. He beareth Azure, a flower de lis, Or. By the name of Stanwater.

B 3 such O is the Armes of France. Also Cantelo.

Quarterly G and O in the first and last three such A. Born by Massy of Puddington in Wirrall. And of Codington.

B a Fesse between three such Or. Is Born by Sir. Peter Leicesler of Tabley Baronet.

B a Fesse G fretted O between the same. Is born by Leicester of Tost.

Per pale G and O a Flower de lis Counterchainged. By Cornburgh.

G a Flower de lis in Bend A. Is born by Isein.

XXVI. He beareth Sable, a flower de lis, Argent. This is a de lis, made after the old maner; and there fore shall say no more of it, but shew you it form, and figure.

XXVII. He beareth Gules, a flower de lis, Argent, seeded Sable. This is born by the name Wadsword. O∣thers will term it, a de lis, between each leaf a trefoile. Mr. Morgan lib. 1 fol. 21. give an example of this kind of flower de lis, but add no more to them, (but a flow∣er de lis, stalks, and slipped,) as if the Trefoiles (which they are not) were appurtinant to it. See numb. 29

XVIII. He beareth Azure, three Lyllies in form of a Flower de lis, Argent. But the most proper Blazon for this,; is to term it, a Flower de lis, (which it is, as to the principle part of it) composed of three Tulipa's, or Lillyes, or what else soever the heads are off. And snch Flowers as these, I have seen of two colours: which you may thus Blazon: a Flower de lis, Vert, composed of three Tulipa's, Argent. This is born by the name of Walsingham.

XXIX. He beareth Argent, a Flower de lis, Gules, between each leafe, a Staffe hoding of a penon, A∣zure. This is born by the name of Don Iohn Virillo a Spaniard.

Thus have many French, Dutch, Spanish, and Italian Coats, things between the Leaves of the head of the Flower de lis, with either Stalkes or Staves: at whose points are Stars, Roses, Caterfoils, & long seeds as in Gilliflowers, and Tulipa's; which is accord¦ingly named.

XXX. He beareth Argent, a Cuped Flower de lis, Azure, Seeded in form of Stars. This is also term∣ed the open Flower de lis; or the Losenge-like de lis. This is born by the name of Van Claubitz.

XXXI. He beareth Azure, a Bulbous Lilly or Flo¦wer de lis, Argent, Stalke slipped, and bladed (or leafed) Vert, Seeded Sable. Pliny saith that the Lil∣ly is next to the Rose, for fairness of colour, and sweet∣ness of smell; for vertue and effect in its working: there∣fore the Spouse in the Canticles, Canl: 2.1. is compared to it. Gwilliams fol. 154. terms this a Lilly, but I judge it more properly to be termed a Flower de lis slipped, &c. For it is the true de lis, as it groweth. See the Lilly is another thing numb. 32. and 57. and so Morgan lib 1. fol. 23.27. doth make them.

The Iris or Flower de lis, hath flaggy leaves stand∣ing uprigt, out of the middle of one of them proceeds a short weak foot-stalke, with a flower first covered with a thin yellowish Skin, containing nine leaves, (as all Flo∣wers de Luces doe) whereof three stand upright, and are short and closed together having broad pointed tops: the the three that fall down turn up their ends, having a yel∣low thrumy substance, or strip down a good part of the middle of the leafe: three other leaves are Arched, which cover the bottoms of the three standing, and the tops of the three falling leaves. These are of diverse colours, as White, Yellow, Blew or Sky colour, Ash, Red, and Peach colour, others variously striped on the leaves. This is most properly called the Bulbous Flower de luce, of some, a Chamolet.

The English Bulbous Flower de luce have thick long leaves Crested on the back, and hollow on the other side: the stalk beareth on the top out of a thin Skinny hose, one or two Flowers, composed of nine leaves; three turn down, which are longer, and broader then all the rest, each having a yellow freez, or thrum near the bot∣tome; the three arched leaves which cover the lower parts of the falling leaves, turning up again in the ends, which are nicked or divided into two parts, and the three standing leaves are small at bottome and broad at the top, of a deep Blew or Sky colour. Some of this kind have them white, yellow, purple, others with the falling leaves white, the Arched leaves Silver colour, and the standing leaves of a blush purple. Others there are which have the fall∣ing leave circled with blew, the Arched pale blew, & those standing purple. Others have the falling leaves yellow, Page  62 Arched Sky colour, and top leaves murrey, with other varieties for which the Flowerists have peculiar names.

The Water flag Flower de Luce, the Flower is yellow having three falling leaves, each haveing a freez or ring at the bottome, three Arched leaves, and in place of the three standing, this Flower hath only three short peices standing up.

The Flower de luce of Tripoly, hath on the top of the Stalk three or four long narrow leaved Gold yellow flow∣ers, in fashion like the Bulbous Flower de luce, others are of a bright blew.

The Flower de luce of Clusius, or the variable Flow∣er de luce, hath a thick 〈…〉 long leaves, the stalk hath four or five or more flowers one above another: the lower leaves are variable marked with white and blew, the Arched and top leaves are light blew.

The double Flower de luce, the flowers seems like many thrust together, coming confusedly out of one husk; some having the distinct form, others no form nor fashion of a flower de luce, they are white veined, on the blew leaves Some of these are purple, white, and Straw colour.

The stinking Gladwin, is a kind of a wild Flower de luce, having flag leaves with sharp edges and thick in the middle, the stalk beares three or four flowers at the top, made somewhat like the Flower de luce, having three upright leaves of a dead or sullen purplish ash colour, with some veins in them: the three falling leaves and the Arch leaves, in this flower stand out assunder one from the o∣ther.

This is born by the name of Morrein.

S 3 such A is the Armes of Winchester Colledge. But Mr. Morgan makes them without leaves.

3 such out of a Coronet, is the Crest of Van Thellr.

XXXII. He beareth Or, a Lilly Argent, Stalk slipt, and bladed, Vert; Seeded, Sable. There is two sorts of Lillyes, the one groweth with turned leaves half round much after the nature of the turn Cap: the other with leaves upright after the Tulipa, but shar∣per at the stalk, se numb 56.57. So that for distinction this were best termed an open Lilly, or Lilly flower, this sort being no other colour, but, white, and the close Lilly of several colours, as White, Orenge, &c. This is born by the name of Lilly.

B 3 such the Stalks slipt. Born by the name of Beauty.

3. FROM the Lilly of the Valley we come to the Rose of Charon. And they are several as,

  • The Damask Rose, of a purple colour so is the Uelvet Rose.
  • The Yellow Rose, single and double.
  • The Rosa mundi, white veined or striped with red.
  • The Marbled Rose, is a light red veined with a deep¦er.
  • The Hungarian Rose, is of a pale red with many faint spots spread over the inner double leaves.
  • The Dwarfe Rose, or Gilliflower Rose, have small flowers yet very double, which in the bud are as if they were cut, and are of a Carnation
  • The double Musk Rose, one rising out of the mid∣dle of the other: or the Rose in Rose, being a small double Rose of a deep red or Carnation, with large great Bearbes representing Winged leaves, or Iag∣ged leaves, rising out of an other larger Rose, of the same form, with a small foot stalk. I have seen Roses thus, of three heights, the highest being leat.
  • The Monthly Rose, of the purple colour, it bears three times in the year
  • The York and Landcaster Rose, is half white, half red in the leaves: but in Herauldry it is a white Rose, in a red Rose.
  • The Scarlet Rose of Austria, hath one side of the Rose leaves Scarlet, and the other side of a pale Brim∣ston. colour
  • The Musk Rose, grow many together, and the first leaves larger then the inner, which are small and very double; being whitish or of a Cream colour.
  • The Eglantine Rose, is the Sweet brier Rose, which is white; some edged with red, there are both single and double Flowers of them.
  • The Uirgin Rose, it without thorns, the leaves in the inner side of a pale blush colour, and the out side whitish.
  • The Dog Rose, or Brier Rose, it is both single and double, and of a faint whitish blush colour; some are white with Scarlet edges the Seeds or Crown yellow.
  • The Ever-green Rose, is a single Rose of five leaves like the wilde Eglantine, but fall not away in the Win∣ter, untill they be cast off by the new in the spring time, the Flowers stand four or five together at the ends of the Branches, which are of a pure white coloure.
  • The Spanish Musk Rose, it is a single Rose of five Leaves, white with an eye of Blush colour in them.
  • The great Apple Rose, hath reddish branches with green sharp thornes; the flowers are small and single, standing on prickly Buttons, which after the flower is fall∣en, grow great, and red, and of the fashion of a Pear. But in all other Roses, it grows red and long, but thick in the middle.

XXXIII. He beareth Gules, a Rose. This is born by the name of Rossell and Calcost.

☞ Here note, that as colour cannot be on colour; so consequently the Rose must be Argent; but if the Feild be metle, then the name of a Rose only, sheweth it to be a red, and because all Roses are seeded Or, and Bear∣ed Vert, it is also needless to express them, except, they be of contrary colours thereunto. As I have seen a Rose Bearbed Or. And the Rose it self, Or.

S 3 Roses A is the Coat of Sr. Thomas Powell of Horsley Baronet. This was the Coat of Cune or Kune Dda, a noble man in Wales His Paternal Antecessour.

A a Rose G born by Howell Lord Ross in Wales, and Van Reichneck in Germany

G a Cheveron between 3 such A born Eignion p Gerant. in Wales

A 3 demy roses in pale G born by Wolfe.

A Rose with within an other (or a double rose) G by Rosengberg.

G a rose A Born by Bappeberg.

Barry of 6 O and B on a Canton Er. a Rose G. by Holme of Chester.

A 3 Roses G by the name of Yong of Kenton.

XXXIV. He beareth Argent, a Province Rose slip,Page  63 or slipped, proper. This is born by the name of Provin∣cial. It is of a pale red, or Carnation colour.

XXXV. He beareth, Or a Branch of Roses, or a Rose Branch. Thus born in Crests held in hands, or Lions paws &c. belongs to many.

XXXVI. He beareth Azure, a Rose slip. See more of the nature, and sorts of Roses, in Rea's Flora chap. 4.

☞ Some say a Rose slipped, the Stalk, Blade, and Seed. Now Barbed is the green leaves on the back, to which the rose is joyned.

A 5 Roses on a branch Irradicated (Sans leaves) G. Born by Rorschack of Switzerland.

A a Rose Branch G Leaved V Born by Friesen.

A a branch of 5 Roses, Leaved, Proper. Born by Holderman.

G a Branch of 5 Rose leaved▪ A Born by Van Ha∣merstein.

a Rose slip G is the Crest of Rosenberg.

A on a mount in Base V three Rose slips G Stalk and Leaves, V is born by Clinghart.

On a Cap A turned up O three such is the Crest of Van Ruder.

XXXVII. He beareth Or, a Rose leaf, proper. This is the true form of a Rose leaf; they ever growing three together, though some Herald-Painters make them single, as in the four next Examples. This is born by the name of Rosell.

XXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Rose leaf. All leaves are generally born with the points upright, if other wise then to be termed in what posture, as in the next Examples.

XXXIX. He beareth Argent, a Rose leaf pendant, A term used from the Latine word pendo▪ to hang; be¦cause the point of the Leaf hangs down. Born by Hag∣ner.

Per fesse B and O, 3 such O, born by Keppell.

XL. He beareth Or, a Rose leaf bendwise sinister. Or in bend sinister. Born by Bendlife.

Per pale A and V on each 6 leaves in a pale barwise the Stalks endorsed, by Weidenbach.

XLI. He beareth Argent, a Rose leaf in bend. Which shew the point of these leaves to lye bending to∣wards the corners of the Field, or Escochion.

XLII. He beareth Argent, party per pale conjoin∣ed, a demi-Rose and Thistle slip, proper. Or as some Blazon it, a Rose and Thistle slipped conjoined in pale, both proper. After this manner all conjoined flowers (whether with slips, or without slips) are to be Blazoned, so that I need give no more Examples of this nature. This is mistaken by my Graver, for the Rose should be before the Thistle, and is an Addition to the Coats in a Canton of the Honored Sir Gilbert Houghton of Houghton, Baronet, and Bipsham of Billinge in Lancashire.

XLIII. He beareth Argent, a Garland of Roses. Born by the name of Garland. G the like. A is born by Krantz.

XLIV. He beareth Or, a Chaplet of Roses.

☞ You see a difference between a Garland, that be∣ing full of Roses, and a Chaplet, which is only 4 Roses set upon a Chaplet, or Circle for the head. Born by the name of Whallerg. A the like G born by Trichinden.

Per pale G and O, a Chaplet of 6 Roses counter∣changed, by Vrede van Amcke.

XLV. He beareth Gules, a demi-Chaplet of Roses. The Chaplet is always the same colour, or mettle that the flowers are that adorn it; if otherwise, say a Chap∣let, Or, adorned with Roses, or Lillys, &c. or the like. Three of these are born by the name of Gird∣ler.

XLVI. He beareth Argent, a down Thistle proper. This is a Thistle that hath its Bole, or head of a jagged nature, and the flower out of it is White and Woolly; it is also called a Cotten Thistle, and hath a long jag∣ged leaf.

XLVII. He beareth Argent, a Thistle slipped. This is the common Thistle, whose head is like the Arti∣choak, and the flower of a purple colour. There are several sorts of Thistles, as

  • The French Thistle, or Trefoil Thistle, hath a head as the common, with a purple flower, with 3 long leaves joined together, at the end of the foot stalk smooth and thick.
  • The Star-Thistle, that hath pricks growing out of the top of the round-head, the main-stalk leaved with a long smooth and slender leaf like a Pink.
  • The gentle Thistle, hath 3 or 4 heads growing upon stalks together with flower like the Blew-bottle, and great broad leaves and long, like Tobacco.
  • The Tassel or fullers Thistle, hath a round head with leaves under it, the leaves grow by pairs on either side the stalk, without any little stalk, smooth without any jaggedness.
  • The Sea Holly Thistle, the head grows out in pricks and hath a jagged leaf.
  • The Friers Crown Thistle, hath a round head, and a long leaf, with other leaves (as it were) growing out of the sides of it.
  • The Globe Thistle, hath a round-head, (as it were) all Hairy, with sharp prickly leaves, jagged.
  • The Lady-Thistle, is our common Thistle.
  • The Artichoak Thistle.
  • The Pine apple Thistle.
  • The Carline Thistle, it hath a head like a single Marygold, with abundance of prickly long leaves grow∣ing together under it, as if they were a part of the flower.
  • The fish Thistle, like a bunch of Dasies growing to∣gether with jagged long leaves under, and joining to each head.
  • Besides these there is the dwarf Thistle, the Melan∣choly Thistle, the Musk Thistle, the Bulbed Thistle, the Blood red ball Thistle, S: Barnabas Thistle, the Chameleon or changeable Thistle, the Golden Thistle, the Milk Thistle, with several others which are of an affinity one to the other; which whosoever de∣siers to be farther satisfied let them peruse Parkinson's Herbal, Trib. 9. fol. 957. Pliny's natural History.

The Thistle is the Badge of Scotland.

XLVIII. He beareth Argent, a double Gilliflower,Page  64 Gules. Husk and Stalk, Vert. by the name of Gilli∣flower. To mention the Husk and Stalk is needless, if they be of their proper colour which is Green; there are veriety of Gilliflowers, each having a name according to its colour which are generally red, purple, scarlet, and white; with mixt colours from all these, as

  • Gilliflowers mixed with red and white.
    • The painted Lady.
    • York and Lancaster.
    • Achilles.
    • Crown of Bohemia.
    • Crown of England.
    • English Uirgin.
  • Gilliflowers mixed purple and white.
    • Sops in Wine.
    • Admiral of Spain.
    • Purple Imperial.
    • Purple Paragon.
  • Gilliflowers mixt scarlet and white.
    • Fair Rosamond.
    • Royal Roab.
    • Beauty of England.
    • Great Scarlet.
    • Isabella.
    • New Paragon.

With many more to which Gardiners and Flowerists give name. See Rea's Flora fol. 156.

The Julyflower as they are most properly called (though vulgurly Gilliflower and Gilofer) takes it name from the Month in which they bring their beautiful Flowers, and indeed are the pride of Summer, as the Tu∣lips are the glory of the Spring; being of all Flowers the most sweet in smell.

A 3 such G is born by Fourey.

There is a Tree or Shrub of the name Gilofer, of some called Geum, or Benett, which hath Fruit in taste like the Pepper-corn.

XLIX. He beareth Argent, a Pink sliped, Gules, Stalk and Leaves, Vert, three such are born by Ior∣ney.

Sweet Wiliam is (as it were) many Pinks growing together like a Poesy; and are of a light purple or peach colour. Some Snow-white, red, others speckled, some of them are double red-flowers.

The Uelvet Armerius, or Sweet William, it is of a deep rich murrey colour, with a paler Circle towards the bottoms of the leaves.

The Sweet Iohn is the same in shew to the sweet William, only differ thus, the green leaves are narrow∣er, and the flowers are deeper jagged; in some Plants the Flowers are red in the middle, and paler towards the Ed∣ges, in others white. Those Flowers of this kind which are double consist of two or three tows of jagged leaves.

The Pride of London is the same, only the Pinks are of divers colours in one and the same Flower, as some white, others red, and others purple; of some called the Flower of Constantinople.

Single non-such, it hath a head of many single flowers of a scarlet colour.

Pinks are of many sorts, as white, red, purple, peach, and mixed: they are generally single.

The feathered Pinks, have broad leaves deeply cut in, and jagged at the edges.

Thrift, is a very small kind of Pink, gloweth low, and is only set in Gardens to keep up Borders; it is of a light purple colour.

The Childing Pink, groweth as the Camphir on upright stalks with narrow long leaves, two at a Joynt. See numb. 101, 102.

L. He beareth Argent, a Blew Bottle, proper. The Leaf is like the Pink or Juliflower; but they grow far higher than them, or the stock Gilliflower.

The Corn flower, is of divers colours, as white, red, blew and mixed. A a cheveron G between 3 such, is born by Chrley.

The Sultans flower is purple, and the Thrume al∣most white.

LI. He beareth Argent, a Figworth flower slipped. This was the ancient way of drawing it, but the true Fig∣worth is as followeth.

LII. He beareth Argent, a Figworth flower slipped. The Flower is purple, the Leaves nicked, and grow one against the other on the stalk, at the Root of each leaf, from the stalk groweth the flower, so that each Flower sliped, can bring but one leaf along with it, at the top the Leaves and Flowers grow thick together like a Knot. The name of the Flower tells the name of the Bearer, Figworth.

O. 3 such is Born by Biltersworth.

LIII. He beareth Argent, a bunch of Plantan Leaves, with three seeds proper. It is generally known with us, by Waybread Leaves, some call it Lambs Tongue. The Seed is spiked Head like to Grass.

Buckshorn Plantan, hath a Leaf like a Bucks horn.

The Ribworth Plantan, hath nicked leaves.

The like Bunch of Leaves dented, is the Crest of Vler∣dorf; and also of Winnington of Winnington in Cheshire.

LIV. He beareth Argent, a bunch of Plantan, with Rose Heads, that is a Knot of them together bearded. The Leaf plain but snowy.

The crumpled Plantan, is a round crumpled Leaf, with another growing out of the midst of it, and the seed out of it.

LV. He beareth Or, a Cabbach. Is born by the name Cabbasch.

The Colewort is the same to the Cabbach, only the Leaves are more open, not knit together as this is; the Seeds growing out of the middle of it in Husks like Tear∣fitch, called Cabbach Colewort.

The Cole-flower, or Colliflower, the same with a knot of whitish Seeds in the middle, which are eaten when they are young.

The Curled, or Roman Colewort, hath the Leaves curled and crumpled, or foulding in and out seve∣ral manner of ways.

LVI. He beareth Argent, a Tulip, or Tulipa, Gules. The Tulip in its variety of colours is Flora's choicest Jewels, and the most glorious Ornaments of the best Gardens. These are those lovely Lilly's, whose bra∣very excelled Solomon in his greatest Glory, Mat, 6.29▪ Those of Self-Colours are all the Colours that is saye Blew, of which I never saw any. As for striped Tulips, they have several Names, as

The Crown Heart Tulip, is white, streaked with Carnation, the bottom and Tamis are blew.

The Fools Coat, is yellow striped with red.

Page  65The Crown Imperial, white striped with purple.

The None such, a pale blush almost white, striped, and speckled with Orange-tawny.

The Aurora Tulip, is a rich Carnation striped with white.

The Princess, a blewish red, striped and feathered with white.

The Uice Roy, of a Violet Purple, edged, feather∣ed, and striped with white.

The Orient Uirgin Tulipa, is pale Scarlet, and white well divided in small marks and stripes, the bottom and Tamis both Blew.

The Pearl, is of a bright Carnation, marked with white, the leaves twine and stand different from others.

The Parot is green, edged with a little white.

The Agot Tulip, is of a sad Isabella colour, with some marks of rich Crimson, and great stripes of yellow, a dark bottom, and large black Tamis.

The Star, at first opening twisteth at the ends, which after open and spread flat like a Star, with 6 points of a reddish Isabella colour, and striped towards the bottom.

The Crocus, is a Flower of the Tulipa kind and fa∣shion, but much less; the leaves are long and narrow, of a deep green, with a white line in the midst of them, they grow out of the Earth singly like a tuft, in the middle ri∣seth out the flowers each upon its own stalk; they are in their first rise covered with a thin white or yellowish skin, then comes forth the Flower composed of 6 leaves, with a long pointel in the middle set about with Chives; they ne∣ver open, but keep close at the top, except the Sun shines very warm on them; these Flowers are some white, yel∣low, purple, striped, and others feathered and flamed, with other varieties, which by Florists are thus named.

The pale feathered Crocus, whose stalk and bottom of the flower is blew, the 3 outside leaves white, and the 3 inner striped with a blewish purple.

The Bishops Crocus, are white, finely striped with blew; some flowers will have the 3 outside leaves so, and the 3 inner white, and others will be contrariwise.

The Imperial Crocus, is of a Silver colour striped with Purple.

The Royal Crocus is the largest kind, and better striped with a deep Purple, especially on the back of the three outward leaves.

The Blew Neapolitan Crocus, is of a deep sky colour, with a black Bottom.

The Duke Crocus, hath the out-leaves of a deep Purple, except the edges which are white.

The Saffron also is of the Crocus kind, springing up with many long narrow leaves, and after them the flowers in form like them, of a yellow, and some of a reddish Purple colour; in the middle of the Flower there are some small yellow Chives standing upright; besides which there is 3 or 4 greater and longer Chives hanging down or between the leaves, which are of a fiery red co∣lour, and the true Blades of Saffron.

The Son before the Father, so called of some Her∣balists, because the flowers come up before the leaves, the one in Autumn, and the other in Winter; the flower hath 6 leaves, some are white, others of a pale purple colour, some half white, half purple, with some chives or threads in the middle: After the flowers are past, the green leaves do not presently come forth, which at first are of a dark brown colour, but with the Spring grow to be large, long and green. Some term these Meadow Saffron flow∣ers, which are of diverse kinds, and so by Florists have names given them accordingly; as,

  • The Uariegated Meadow Saffron, are white stri∣ped with a deep Purple; others a pale blush striped with Purple colour; others are white and red penached like a Tulipa.
  • The Chequered Meadow Saffron of Naples, hath larger & deeper purplish red flowers, and more eminently chequered like a Fritillary. The chequered one of Chio, is of a pale purple colour thick spotted and chequer∣ed with blewish purple, which comes in Autumn before the leaves, which come up in the Spring, commonly 3 in number, of a fresh green colour lying on the ground, twi∣ning and folding the edges.
  • The double Meadow Saffron, is like the common English kind, that grows in divers moist Meadows, only the flowers of this are double, containing many leaves of the same purple colour, with some chives tipt with yellow pendents amongst them. Some of these double kind will be striped, and garded with white on a pale blush, and some much more doubler and larger than others.

These, with several other varieties, past naming, both for colours and multitude, you may find in Mr. Rea's Hor, fol. 46.92.94.

Out of a Coronet 5 such A stalks and leaves V is the Crest of Van Giesenberg; and Holevfer hath the same with 3 Tulipa's; so hath Van Dobritsch.

LVII. He beareth Sable, a Lilly, Or, seeded Argent. The Lilly is of diverse sorts and colours; as red, orenge colour, pure white, yellow and fiery colour; it groweth on a strong Stalk, set from the bottom to the top with many long narrow leaves; and at the top from every leaf a Flower, containing 6 leaves.

The Persian Lilly groweth with leaves to the top, from thence hanging down their heads, are many small Flowers like this, of a deep Purple; with a Pointil and Chives in the middle, tipt with yellow pendants like to the Tulip.

The Crown Imperial groweth with a strong Stalk, with a large tuft of leaves on the top, from whence hang a number of Lilly like Flowers, of a yellowish or orenge colour about the stalk; each flower leaf hath a drop or Pearl at the end of the leaf within, next to the stalk, near the stile, which is compassed with 6 white Chieves.

There are of this kind, which have the flowers of a fair yellow colour; others of a light red, or pale Rose colour.

The double Crown Imperial, each flower contain∣eth 15 or 16 leaves (whereas the other kind have but 6) but narrow, each having a drop or Pearl at the head of it within, and are of the same colour to the common kind.

The double red Lilly hath many more leaves than the other common Lillies; and bears more flowers on one stalk: Of this kind there is White Lillies.

The Mountain Lilly Imperial, the Stalk beset with rundles of green leaves at a distance, and naked between, from the head at the top of the stalk, comes forth many flowers thick set together each on a several foot-stalk, hanging down their heads, and turning the leaves back again. This is by Florists called the Martagon Impe∣rial, but common People the Turn-Cap. See numb. 105.

Page  66The Lilly Convally, or Lilly of the Ually, or May-Lilly, is a small tender stalk, with a broad round∣ish leaf pointed, growing all along it, at the contrary side, against each leaf came forth a round globy flower pure white, the lower opening first, sheweth it self Lilly-like, but hangeth downwards; some are of a pale red.

S on a Mount in Base 3 Lillies, stalks and leaves A is the Coat and Crest of Goltling in Bavaria.

LVIII. He beareth Gules, an Averill (or a Daffodill) slipped, proper. The Cup is pure yellow, and the under leaves whitish; the leaves are like them of Onions, the stalk is yellow and hollow within its skin: Some Authors term it Laus tibi. Of these there are diverse kinds, as single, double cupped, and little low cups, edged with red; they are generally by Florists called Narcissus, which name beareth it for his Coat.

The Incomparable Daffodil, the leaves from the root are long and broad, of a greyish green, the stalk hollow, at the top whereof, out of a thin skinny husk (as all others do) comes a large flower of six pale yellow, or white leaves with a wide Chalice or cup in the middle of a deep yellow, cut and indented about the edges.

The double white Daffodil of Uirginia, hath the cup double, or stuffed full of nicked or jagged flower leaves, the bottom leaves sharp pointed, and many of them lying one over the other, and shorter by degrees to the middle thereof. Others out of the double Cup co∣meth a small long white Fork or Horn.

The yellow Daffodil of Africa, beareth upon one stalk, on the top 10 or 12 large flowers; of these some are of a Brimstone colour; others a fair yellow Lemon or Saffron Cup.

The Turky Daffodil, with a double Crown; it bears on one stalk 4 or 5 milk white flower leaves, with a dou∣ble yellow cup in the middle, or one Cup within ano∣ther.

The double Daffodill of Constantinople, hath many flowers on one Stalk, all white; the Cups yellow, some edged with Purple.

The great Sea Daffodil, is much larger than any other kind; one Stalk bears at the top, 10, 12, or more flowers of 6 leaves spread open, with a white, short cup, or crown in the middle, lying flat on the leaves, cut or divided into six corners, from thence comes long white threads, turning up in the ends, and some white threads in the middle, tipt with yellow pendants; of these kinds some have Lilly like reddish Flowers, others with Blush Flowers, others Scarlet Flowers; the Virginian with Pur∣ple Flowers; all bearing many Flowers on one stalk.

The Spanish Daffodill, is a large great Flower, not hanging the head like others, but standing forth; of a fair yellow colour, the cup or trunk a little crumpled, and wide open in the mouth, turning up the brims; there is also of this kind such as are Snow white.

Some of these double Daffodills are so double in the cup that it bursteth and spreads open like a full Province Rose, the small leaves standing in rows one under another, being shorter and shorter by degrees to the middle of the flower, lying so upon the 6 great bottom leaves.

The Iunquilia, or Rush Daffodill, differs in nothing, but the Cup is shorter, and of a pure white, as the leaves. Of this Flower there are yellow, and some turn back the leaf even to the foot-stalk; the cups of them are double.

The bulbous Uiolet, groweth like the Daffodill, and the Flower hangeth down its head, being 6 short leaves standing round, with a low cup of a pale greenish colour. Some term this the Snow-flower.

There is another sort of Bulbous Uiolet, which hath a stalk between 2 leaves of a greyish green; at the top whereof out of a thin skin cometh forth one, sometimes two small white flowers hanging down the head, consisting of 6 short leaves standing round together, with some sharp points in the middle of a pale green colour. Some again have the 6 leaves standing round like a cup edged with green.

The Indian Iacinth, hath a thick tuberous knobbed root from whence riseth several stalks set with fair long broad leaves, joined at the bottom close to the stalk; from whose top proceeds many large flowers, each com∣posed of 6 white leaves spread open, like those of a Daf∣fodill, with some short threads in the middle.

The Starry Iacinth of Peru, the leaves ly on the ground, being broad, long, and sharp pointed, from whence riseth a thick short stalk, bearing from the middle to the top thereof upon long foot-stalks, very many blew star like flowers, with some blew threads tipt with yellow pendants, standing about a middle head, which is of a deeper Blew than the outward 6 leaves; there is of this kind which have white flowers, with a little shew of Blush towards the bottom; others have them all of a Blush co∣lour.

The Lilly leaved Starry Iacinth, hath the Flowers growing on the stalk, like the White Lilly; the flowers are of a star-like form, of a light blew colour, with 6 short leaves in the midle standing round like a Cup there are other Colours of this flower, as white and blush Colour.

The Oriental Iacinth, or Zumbul of India, hath a speckled stalk, the flowers are of a blush purple colour, opening into six small leaves which turne back again (as all the Oriental Jacinths do) others of this kind are of a pale, others deep blew, with stripes down the back of the leaves of the flowers; others are pure white, others of a blush colour, others purple; others have the flowers fair and double, consisting of two or three rows of leaves spread open, and of the colours abovesaid.

The Muscary, or Musk Grape flower, is of the same nature and kind as the Iacinth; the leaves at their first springing up are reddish, and after of a whitish green, hollow and guttered on the upper side; on the upper end of the stalk are many flowers like little bottles, of a fair yellow colour, and a musk scent. OF this kind there are ash-coloured, red, white, and pale blew.

The fair haired Muscary, or Grape-flower, or Iacinth, hath the leaves not lying on the ground, but standing upright, yet hollow as the former; the stalk is branched out on every side, with many tusts or knaps at the ends of them.

The curled Hair Muscary, or Grape-flower, it differs in this; it is a bush or tuft of many branches, sub∣divided into diverse long curled threads or hairs, of a fine bright Murrey colour, as well the tops of the stalks as the flowers.

The Grape-flower, hath many flowers close set to∣gether, like unto a small bunch of Grapes, in form like those of the Muscari, of a fine pale blew, or sky-colour. Of this kind there are white, blush, and blew colour: the leaves being all guttered, as the Muscary.

Page  67The Star flower of Arabia, hath leaves like the Oriental Iacinth; the stalk is round and green, on whose top, upon long foot stalks are diverse large flowers, with small short green pointed leaves at the bottom of each of them; consisting of six pure white leaves, with six white threds about it tipt with yellow pendants.

The Star-flower of Bethlehem, the stalk beareth at the top a great bush or spike of flowers, upon long foot stalks, but shorter and shorter towards the top; the flow∣ers open by degrees, first below and so upwards, consisting of six white leaves, spread open like a Star, with a white umbone in the middle, beset with many threds tipt with yellow.

The Star-flower of Naples, hath 4, 5, or 6 leaves growing round together, being long and hollow pointed, of a whitish green colour. The Stalk beareth many flow∣ers, each containing 6 long narrow leaves, white on the in side, and of a whitish green on the out-side, turning back towards the stalk, with 6 other small leaves in the middle, standing round together like a Cup, with a white pointell, and 6 threds tipt with yellow.

The Star-flower of Aethiopia, bears from the mid∣dle of the stalk upwards, flowers that be all white, with some yellowness in the bottom of them, with a 3 square head compassed with white threds tipt with yellow.

O 3 such Averills is born by Averall.

LIX. He beareth Argent, a Mallows flower and leaf in Bend Sinister. It is a spiring stalk, at each leaf a flower, and the top hath a Knot of them together: The Flower is a light Purple.

The Shrub-Mallow, hath woody branches, covered with a whitish bark, with soft woolly whitish green leaves, in fashion like those of the Ribes or Cnrran tree; the flowers are large, and like those of the single Hoily-hock; in some, of a deep reddish or Violet purple; in others paler and lighter, with the bottom of a deeper purple, running into the leaves in small Veins; there are others of this kind that have white flowers, with a large Purple spot in the bottom; others have the flowers stri∣ped with faint purple or blush lines; there are also double flowers of them, with the like variable colours.

The Spanish Mallows, the Flower Blew.

The French Mallows, the leaf with 5 points.

The Egyptian Mallows, the flower being 5 leaves, come to a long husk like a Peascod, but it is five square.

The March Mallow, groweth right like a Rose, single leafed, like a single Rose of 5 leaves, and white.

The Holly-hocke, groweth like it, save the flowers are double, whitish straked with Purple after the com∣mon Mallows, called of some double Hocks.

LX. He beareth Argent, a blew Bell slip. This is Born by the name of Blewcampe. Some call this Bind-weed, or blew Bind-weed, the flower in some is Blew, with a white Star in the bottom.

The Bell-flower, the leaf is rough and hairy, the flowers blew like this example, but end in six long indents, as if it were composed of so many leaves; some are dou∣ble.

The Coventry Bell-flower, is Purple pale colou∣red.

The Canterbury Bells, have large rough leaves like Nettles, the stalk square, divided into Branches, whereon stand divers long hollow flowers like Bells, wide at the brims, and parted into 5 points, some are vvhite of this kind; others of a deeper or paler Violet purple. Some call this flovver Marians Uiolet.

The double Canterbury Bells, termed the lesser Trachile, have them consisting of 2 or 3 rovvs of leaves; and of these some are vvhite, others blevv or purple.

The Thorn Apple, hath the stalk at the joints spread into many branches, set vvith deep green cornered leaves cut and jagged about the edges, at the joints come forth large Bell-fashioned vvhite flovvers, vvwhich are succeeded by green round heads, green and prickly or thorny. There is of this in Foreign Countreys, that bear this Flovver double; and another kind having the Flovver Ingeminated, or Hose in Hose, that is one coming out of another.

Sea Bind-weed, hath a scattering Branch like Pease, the leaf round and smooth, the Bell plain vvithout nicks; grovving from each leaf, of a reddish Purple, vvith small leaves like a Rose inclosing the top part next the stalk.

The Mervaile of Peru, the stalk is big and bunch∣ed in the joints, vvhich spreads into branches, set at the joints vvith green leaves, betwixt vvhich the Flovvers come forth on short foot-stalks, in fashion like to Bind-weed, narrovv at the bottom, and vvide open at the brims; in several Plants, the Flovvers are in some red and vvhite, vvhich have green branches; red branches vvhich have red Flovvers only; a dark green, vvhich have yellovv Flovvers; and a brovvn stalk that bears red and yellovv Flovvers. They are like the Bindweed open in the Night, but when the Sun shines on them, the Brims shrink inward; therefore of some are termed, the Flowers of the Night.

The Rock Rampions, or the Steeple Bell-flow∣er, the leaves grow in a bunch like Prim-roses, the Bells by multitudes hanging on a small stalk one above another, Pyramidically to the top, blew of colour, and a pointel in the middle. Some of this kind are white.

LXI. He beareth Argent, a singe Poppy and Lea, slipt. The single Poppies are of three colours, white, red, crimson, and lighter, and deeper coloured.

The Poppy hath a round seed pod in the middle of it, with a Crown at the top of it, and a round Button like a Rose at the bottom; this Seed-Pod by all Florists, is termed a Poppy Bolle, and so I find the same born by the name of Boller, viz. Gules, three Poppy Bolles on their Stalks in Fesse, Or.

Pash-Poles, or Chesboule, are double Poppies, which are of two sorts, those with leaves like Roses, the others with jagged and torne leaves like jagged Pinks: the party-coloured, the red, the striped, scarlet, and yellow are best.

The Thorny Poppy, the leaves like to thistle leaves.

The Bastard Poppy, flower yellow, and leaf a wild jagged leaf, called the Corn Rose.

The Horned Poppy, is blew, red or yellow; and instead of a round pod for the seed, as the common Pop∣py hath, this groweth into a long Cod like a Mustard seed.

The Spatling Poppy, many of these white flowers grow together at the top, on a pretty long foot-stalk, eve∣ry flower standing in a large loose husk, something round.

Page  68I have caused a small Poppy to be closed in this square, to shew the out-side as well as the in-side; though general∣ly flowers are born in their full shey; this being as it were a Poppy blooming, not yet come to its growth.

LXII. He beareth Argent, five Cullumbine leaves on a slip; or a slip of Cullumbine leaves; they general∣ly grow thus, 5 together on short foot-stalks. Born by the name of Collumber.

LXIII. He beareth Argent, a Cullumbine, Azure. They are generally of three colours, White, Blew, Pur∣ple, and of them varieties, according to the deepness or paleness of the colour.

The Uirginian Cullumbine, hath a long heel, and is yellow, shaded with red, and deep red spots in the hol∣low of the flower.

The double Cullumbine, are not only the same, being doubled in the bottoms, but are variegated, striped, spotted or poudred; of which some are half White, and half another colour, as Murrey, Violet, or light Red.

The double Rose Cullumbine, hath no heel, but stands on the stalk, like little double Roses.

The double inverted Cullumbine, hath the heel turned inwards, and coloured as the former.

A Cheveron Sable between 3 such, is born by the name of Hall.

A Cheveron engraled between 3 such, is the Company of Cooks Arms.

LXIV. He beareth Argent, a Rose Campher, (or Campion) slipt; the Flower is a light Purple.

The double Champions are both red and white; the single and double, grow many Flowers in a branch together.

The single Non-such, or Flower of Constantino∣ple, I have shewed before, numb. 49. though others make it a kind to the Campion, because growing many toge∣ther in form of a Poesie. Some call it the Flower of Bristol.

LXV. He beareth Argent, three Wall flowers on a Slip, Or, Stalk and Leaves, Vert. These are al∣so termed Winter-Giliiflowers, they grow after this manner, a great many in a Cluster, the out-sides blossom∣ing first; they are of three colours, white, yellow, and purple. This is born by Chebell.

The double Wall-flower, hath the Flowers growing on a spired stalk, and so blossom by degrees, the lower flow∣ers first; they are called Stock-Gilliflowers, and Winter-Gilliflowers, and are striped with 2 colours, Purple and White; others all yellow, White, red and pale.

The Coral-wort Flowers, in husks of a purple co∣lour, see numb. 100.

LXVI. He beareth Argent, a Pansie (or Hearts Ease) Slip, proper. This is a very fine coloured flow∣er, the 2 top leaves are pure Purple, the 2 side leaves are pure yellow, and the bottom leaf a Brimstone colour; each of the three, have a Purple spot at the ends of the leaves, and three black scores from the middle of the Flower: There is double flowers of this kind. The Flow∣er is the Crest of Fitton, of Gansworth.

LXVII. He beareth Argent, a Uiolet Slip, with the Flower inverted, proper. Of these single Violets, there is three sorts, white, pale blush, and a kind of light Purple.

The doube Uiolet, commonly called the Queens Gilliflower, is of three kinds, White, Purple, and stri∣ped (that is) of Purple, finely striped with White.

LXVIII. He beareth Sable, on a Stalk, two leaves, Vert, between a Marygold in his prime, and two blooming, Or. There are 2 sorts of Marygolds, single and double; the first is a Pale of slender leaves, set about a large thrum.

The double Marygold, hath no seeds, but all full of leaves, less and less, till it do center in the middle of the flower, and is of a gold colour.

The yellow Star-wort, hath rough leaves, the stalk divided into branches, bearing at the ends five or six green leaves, standing round like a Star, with a Flower in the middle, of narrow long, pale yellow leaves, compassing a yellowish brown Thrum, like the single Mary Gold.

The Flower of the Sun, this is the largest of Mary∣golds, of which see numb. 86.

The French Marygold, of which there are single and double, some deeper, others paler; they are of a fair yellow colour, the leaves grow out of a pod, long and large, wherein (after they are past) the seeds are contained. It is generally called the African Marygold.

A Corn Marygold, is single, with a jagged leaf and a large thrum in the middle of the Flower; see numb. 73. This is termed an Ox-eye.

The Wind-Flower, the leaf 5 pointed, each cut with deep nicks, almost jagged.

LXIX. He beareth Or, an Honysuckle slip, proper, or a Woodbine slip, the Flowers are first red, and then more yellow about the ends, and part of the Flower; some call it Uenus Hair.

LXX. He beareth Argent, a double Honysuckle, Born by Honyman.

The double Hony suckle, the Flowers are like the common Honisuckle, but in this there is a multitude of them growing 5 or 6 stories one above the other, with round green leaves circling the Stalk between every round of Flowers.

The Indian Honysuckle, hath the Flowers coming forth together in tufts from the ends and sides of the red branches, which in the bloom are of a fiue red, but af∣ter more yellow about the ends, and part of the Flow∣er.

The Uirgins Bower groweth like the Honysuckle, the Flower comes from the joints upon long foot-stalks, and is four leaves Cross-wise, of a liver colour, or deep red; others of a Purple colour; the leaves stand at the joints consisting of three parts; whereof some are notched on one side, and some on both.

The double Purple Uirgins Bower hath the Flower exceeding thick and double, the outward leaves being broad, and the inner narrow, and folded close to∣gether, like a large Button in the middle of a Flower, which opens by degrees: There is of them also of a blush or pale Peach colour, and the other White.

The Uirginian Climber, the leaves grow out at the joints of the branches, at each one, which said leaves are broad at the bottom, and about the middle divided into Page  69 3 parts, and nicked about the edges; the Bud before it opens, is long, having at the top 5 crooked horns, which being open, divideth it self into 10 parts, sustaining the leaves of the Flower, which are very many, long, sharp pointed, narrow, and orderly spread open, one by one, some lying streight, others crooked; these Flowers are of a whitish colour, thick spotted with a Peach colour, ha∣ving towards the bottom a Ring of a perfect Peach co∣lour, with a white Circle above and beneath it: In the midst of the Flower riseth an Umbrane, which parteth it self into 4 or 5 crooked spotted Horns; from the middle of these riseth another roundish head, which carries 3 Nails or Horns, biggest above, and smallest at the lower end; the Flower fallen, there ariseth from it a Fruit like unto a Pomegranate, containing a whitish Pulp, with black Ker∣nels or Seeds. This Branch hath many claspers to hold it self up, especially at the top.

The Pimpernell groweth like the Honysuckle, wind∣ing about any thing it can get hold on, the Flower is four leaves, with 4 hairs or chives out of the middle of it; the Flower grows out of the side of the Stalk, from between 2 leaves.

A 3 Wood-bines or Honysuckles proper. Born by Honysuckle.

A 3 Woodbine leaves Bendwise. Born by the name of Theme.

LXXI. He beareth Azure, a Daisie, Argent. They are of 2 colours, White and Red, and from them White tipped with Red. G 3 sans Stalks A Seeds O Born by Dasie.

The Camomile Flower, like a Daisie, the leaf jag∣ged and small; the double Flower is all White, the mid∣dle something yellow.

The Scabius hath a jagged leaf, and blewish White Flower, some Red.

LXXII. He beareth Argent, a Bunch of Daisies' some in their prime, others blooming, Gules, Leaves and Stalks, Vert.

The double Daisies, are of diverse sorts, as Red and White, and partly White and Red.

The blew Daisie, groweth thus, but the Stalk is set with small leaves one upon another like scales; on the top is a round head composed of many Blew Flowers.

The Childing Daisie, and the Abhortive naked double Daisie, is green; and several other varieties there are, but such are scarce worth the Description, much more to be noted for Arms.

A 3 bunches of Daisies, each having 3 Flowers G Born by Daisie.

LXXIII. He beareth Sable, a wild Field Marygold slip, this is also termed, an Oxe-Eye if Yellow, and a Wild Daisie if White, the Seeds or Thrum in the middle, yellow.

The Elecampane, the Flower and Thrum is yel∣low.

LXIV. He beareth Azure, a double Crowfoot, or a Ranunculus slipt, with one Leaf, Or. Before the Flower is budded forth, they are called Gold-Knops. The leaves are broad and indented about the edges, some are more cut, and divided (as it were into several leaves) then others, the Stalk is branched into 2, 3, 4, or more Stalks, each bearing a fair White Flower dou∣ble, so that no head or button can be seen in the middle: of this kind, there are many varieties, as Silver colour, Yellow, Red, Scarlet, Isabella, beside the several va∣rieties of striped ones, as

The Ranunculns, or Crowfoot of Candy, the Flowers are of a pale yellow blush, striped a little on the inside, but more on the out-side with Crimson.

The Ranunculus of Asia, hath a large double flow∣er of 6 or more rows one within another, of a yellow, red, or Scarlet colour; when the Flower is in its prime, another small Flower will rise out of the middle there∣of.

The Ranunculus of Rome, hath leaves scarlet co∣loured, edged with yellow; others scarlet, varied and marbled with a deeper or a lighter scarlet; others yel∣low, striped with Scarlet; others White within and Rose colour without; others Isabella within, and Crimson bor∣dered with Isabella without, with diverse other sorts.

The Wolfs Bane, hath round cut green leaves on short foot-stalk, and with them the Flowers, which are small and yellow, made of 5 leaves like the single Crovv∣foot, vvith yellovv threds in the middle; of this kind the Flovvers are also pale yellovv, and in some almost White: Florists call this the Aconite, from its Latine term.

The Water Lilly, hath a Leaf like the Heart vvith a long stalk in the indent, and the Flovver very large, some are White, others yellow, vvith a Thrum and a small Poppy like head in it yellovv.

LXXV. He beareth Gules, a single Crowfoot, con∣tains 5 leaves about a thrummy head.

The sweet Wood Crowfoot, have 5 long narrovv smooth leaves set in several places, and at the joints all round the Stalk like a Star.

The Uirginia Crowfoot, both leaves and flovvers grovv from the ground vvith long stalks; they are seven pointed and smooth; the flovver small, long leaves, vvith a small thrum or seed in the middle.

The Caper, is a flovver like the Crowfoot, or Globe Crowfoot, the colour greenish vvith a thrum of Seeds, covered in the blooming vvith 2 roundish leaves; it is called of the Physicians the pnrging herb; of some the Dogs Bramble, or Dogs Apple, or Hares Hear; the Mages call it Pantheron.

The Batchelors Button, a kind of white double Crowfoot, having them 2 or 3 heights grovving one out of another, and are termed double, and double double Batchelors Buttons.

The Yellow Grass Crowfoot, the leaves grovving in a tuft like Grass.

The Plantan Leaf Crowfoot, grovveth vvith a stalk and leaf like the Tulip, having 3 Flovvers upon foot stalks at the top.

The fingle Anemone, and the narrow leaved Ane∣mone, are after this manner set about a thrummy or Velvet head, commonly consisting of one rovv or pale of broad leayes, the head being hairy, tipt vvith a Woolly matter, the Flovver being of diyers colours, see numb. 85. as Red, Scarlet, Purple, White, Peach and Rose colours, both plain, and marked vvith White.

The single Anemone, vvithout a Head or Button, this consists of something broad leaves, hath no plush or Page  70 thrum of leaves in the middle, but a small head or but∣ton; and some, inclining to the double Anemone, vvill have 2 rows or pales of leaves, some three rows about the head; and some so thick and double, beginning vvith large leaves next the stalk, and so lesser and narrovver to the middle, that the head is not to be seen till the Flovver fall.

LXXVI. He beareth Argent out of a Tuft, Head, or Branch of leaves, a Gentian of the Spring, or a Gentianella; the leaves are small, hard and green, grovving close to the ground, ribbed, veined, and poin∣ted; on a short stalk is on flovver large, hollovw, and bell fashioned vvith open brims, ending in five corners; having some white spots in the bottom on the in∣sides; some call it also a Felworth. The smaller sort of this kind, being long, husked, and slender, is termed a Uerval-Gentian.

LXXVII. He beareth Sable, a Tassel, Or. this is spo∣ken of before numb. 47. This is born as a part of the Clo∣thiers or Shearmens Companies Coat.

A 3 Tassel sliped. Born by Tasseller.

LXXVIII. He beareth Sable, a saifrage flower slip∣ped, proper. The Mountain Saxifrage groweth many together upon foot-stakes at the head of the stalk, the flower is white. This is born by the name of Saxfrage.

LXXIX. He beareth Argent, a Tobacco flower sli∣ped. The flower is of an Olive-colour, they grow ma∣ny together upon the head of the stalk, with small foot stalks, the lower buding first. It is called, the Nicotia∣na, or Male petum, and Holy Hearbe. The leaves are large and long growing to a roundish point. It is a thick, spungy, sapy leaf, of a deep Green.

LXXX. He beareth Argent, a Prim-Rose, growing out of a bunch of Leaves. The flower is of several co∣lours each on its own foot, as peach, blew, red, green, yel∣low, white, and so deeper, and lighter, single and double flowers. This is born by Prim-rose.

The Primroses, are also double of variable colours, some having the outer row green leaves, with a small pale yellow flower in the middle; others scarlet, or velvet red, with a yellow star in the middle or bottom, as is in all the variable Primroses of these kinds.

The Hose in Hose Primrose, hath upon every sin∣gle stalk two flowers ingeminated, one standing and grow∣ing within the other; and of a deep, in others a paler red colour.

The Cowslip is the same kind of flower only they grow many together upon the head of a plain naked stalk, by small-foot stalks; we call it a May-flower.

The paigle is a double Cowslip, of a purple colour, gold colour, of a yellowish green, some variable of a fine orange colour towards the bottom, edged with Cinnamon colour, and red on the out-side, some the like with scar∣let.

The Cowslip hose in hose, it differeth from that of the Field, only in this, that each flower hath another growing out of it, standing at a distance as that in the husk, doth from the husk; being many on a stalk with foot-stalks, of the same colour and fashion with the com∣mon kind. The like is in the red Primrose hose in hose.

The Iack-an-Apes on Horse-back, or the fantas∣tick Cowslip, hath the flower all green and jagged like to a Juli-flower.

The tufted Cowflip.

The jagged hose Cowslip, hath the hose jagged and divided into four or five parts and purled about the edges, with a small single flower of yellow standing therein.

The Oxlip Cowslip, is like those of the field, but of several red colours, some deeper, others lighter; some bigger, others smaller.

The Bears ear Cowslip. The flower with a deep invecking, and many on the stalk, have five leaves par∣ted at the ends with a white circle or eye in the middle, having long trunks whose ends stand in small Cups; of these Auricula's, or Bears ear, there are several kinds, but the best is bright murrey, o redish purple; others on the stalk bear a great Truss of many flowers of a purple colour with large white eyes, others a deep black pur∣ple, others black, others striped with white on purple, and yellow or Lemon colour, with reddish purple; others are all red, scarlet, yellow or white, with white Circles or Eyes.

The Uirgins Milk Auricula, hath a large mealy leaf, and a great truss of pure white flowers.

The Burage-leaved Auricula, hath rough hairy leaves, spread on the ground like those of the Cow∣slip or Primrose; the stalls are brown and hairy, ha∣ving on the top five or six Flowers, each consisting of five leaves large and sharp pointed and of a rich blew, with some small yellow threds in the middle.

The Bears-car Sanicle, first riseth with foulded leaves, which after opens fair and broad a little hai∣ry, cut in divisions and nicked about the edges, of a dark green above, but whiter on the other-side; the stalks are naked, bearing divers small flowers, like in form to the Cowslip, but hang down their heads, of a deep purple colour with a small white eye, and some threds in the middle.

The Birds Eye, is a small Cowslip, of which there is white, red, and spotted, all having small yel∣low eyes in the bottom of the flowers; the leaves are snipt about the edges, of a pale green on the upper, and of a mealy whitish colour on the under-side.

LXXXI. He beareth Argent, a Flax flower slipped. The flower is of the broad leafed Flax, both yellow and blew, and the narrow leafed, is the same. These cut down and made up according to Art, are the co∣verings, or Coat-Armour of the best of Nobility.

The Wild Flax, hath a white flower made of five leaves something large, with small lines of pur∣ple. There is of this kind that hath yellow flowers, with reddish stalks.

The Toad Flax, hath fat narrow leaves of a whitish green colour, snipt about the Edges; the stalk bearing in a spike divers small flowers, like the foresaid, but without heels behind, of a sad or paler purple or violet; it is a ga∣ping flower with a yellow spot in the gaping place; some are of a yellow colour with the gaping mouth downy, and the heel behind of a purple colour; the leaves lying on the ground like those of a Daisie.

The Broom Toad Flax, hath it leaves standing all in a Bush, the stalk hath many branches set with green Page  71 leaves long and narrow, at the joints are small reddish flowers.

LXXXII. He beareth Argent, a Cockle flower slip∣ped, proper. The flower a light purple; the leaf is long and narrow, and hairy, set two at a joint; the husk long and crested, whose ends, or cut-points, are longer than the leaves of the flower. Three of these are Born by the name of Cockledge.

LXXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Larks Heel, (or Larks-spur flower,) slipt; they are of divers colours, as white, red, blew; they have small jagged leaves, and are single and double.

The double Larks heel, is on a tall and upright stalk, branched at the top bearing many double flowers, in form like the Rose-Colombine, and are of several co∣lours, as purple, blew, ash-colour, rose-colour, a pale blush and white.

The Indian Cresses. The flower like a single Larks heel, yellow, they are on stalks like the Fox-glove, the leaves are smooth and round.

The Balsam Apple-flower, hath a spur behind the flower, but bendeth downward, the flowers grow together on foot stalks; having round black seed, but the flower have two or three shadows of purple.

LXXXIV. He beareth Argent, a slip of Fox gloqes, proper. Born by Foxby. There is two sorts of them, the Field, and the Garden Foxglove.

The Common Field Foxglove hath nicked, and some smooth leaves; the flowers of a purple and white, and some yellow.

The Garden Foxglove are double, not in Bells but after that manner in broken-leaves, there are of them, some white, yellowish dun, yellowish brown, yellow, pur∣ple, and the like.

The Corn-flag of Constantinople, the stalk riseth from three or four broad, long, stiff leaves full of Ribs, one coming out of the sides of another, and joyned at the bottom; which beareth many flowers one above ano∣ther, standing all one way like the Fox-glove, and are of a deep red colour with two white spots within the mouth of every flower. Some of this kind have the flowers white, carnation, or bright red.

The Italian Corn-flag, hath the flowers growing on both sides the stalk, and are of a sad red.

A 3 such Slips is born by Casheen.

LXXXV. He beareth Argent, a double Peony, (vulgarly called a Pianet, flower or Rose,) slipped sanghine.

There are two sorts, Male and Female: The Male hath no Division in the leaf, but always whole.

The Female are single and double, having a pod in the middle of the flower like a pair of Breeches: or Bi∣cornered head, with many white Threads tipt with yel∣low. Their colour for Gardens are red, purple, carna∣nation, and white, or blush colour; and striped of pur∣ple, with white.

This flower according to its drawing, will serve for se∣veral sorts of flower which are made after the fashion of the Peony, but less, as

The Marsh Marigold, yellow, with the out-leaves large, and the inner leaves small and long, and thick set, with a jagged leaf.

The double Crow-foot, as in numb. 74.

The Anemone, or Amonie; of which there are di∣vers kinds and colours; as scarlet, red, purple, white, yellow, green, carnation, blew, and striped, according to to the said colours with white, and white with them; of which some are single, like the single Crow-foot with an hairy or thread-like round pod, tiped with a blackish purple. The double, some are broad leafed, and others narrow; there is so many sorts of them, that like to Tu∣lips, the Florists give them names, which Mr. Rea is full of. See his Flora chap. 23.

LXXXVI. He beareth Argent, a flower of the sun, with one leaf sliped. This is called the Corn Mari∣gold of Peru, of which there are two sorts, the 〈◊〉 bearing round, the other oval yellow flowers, the inner part, or thrum of a deep purple colour, but ripening go∣eth yellow. This is born by the name of Sanley.

LXXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Iasmine flower slipped, proper. The flower is white, and is born by Ioslin.

The Iasmine hath divers green flexable branches that come from a larger bow, set with winged leaves of a dark green colour standing two toge her at the joint, made of many small pointed leaves, set on each side of a middle rib; usually three on a side, and one larger and more pointed on the end; at the tops of the branches the Flowers grow in tufts, each on a long foot-stalk, which are small, long and hollow hose, opening in the end into five white pointed leaves.

The Catalonian or Spanish Iasmine, have the flowers before they be open of a blush colour, and after white with blush edges.

The double Spanish Iasmine, have the flowers white, but bigger consisting of two row of leaves, with some smaller, coming forth of the middle, or hollow Bo∣soms of the Flowers.

The yellow Iasmine, is like the former, the yellow flowers being past, round black shining berries suc∣ceedeth.

The Indiau Scarlet Iasmine, have weak bran∣ches, supporting it self by some short Tendrils, which it fastens to any wood thing it grows by; the leaves are win∣ged three together, finely nicked and full of veins; red∣dish at first, but after of a fair yellowish colour; the flow∣ers come forth many together, which are long like a Fox∣glove, opening into five fair broad leaves, with a stile and small threds in the middle of a yellow or saffron colour: Some of this kind have small red-lines on the inside there∣of; others of a deep scarlet, veined with small yellow lines.

The shrub Trefoile, or ordinary yellow Iasmine. The leaves grow by threes, as the Rose, but smooth.

The Indian Iasmine, the flower yellow, and the berry as comes from them are like small Olives. It grows in branches with a purple Bark, the leaves are ever green, and like to the Pomgranate-leaf, but longer and broader. The Flowers grow many together on foot-stalks.

The Pipe-tree, or Lilac, or Persian Iasmine, the flower groweth (as if it were but blooming) not so o∣pen out, as this figure, the Flower blew or purplish.

The double Pipe-tree, or Iasmine of Arabia, hath the Flowers double, round three or four rows of Page  72 leaves, and white, the middle hollow and something yel∣low, the leaf great and smooth, set against one the other, on a short foot-stalk.

The Persian Iasmine with cut leaves, is like the for∣mer, only the Branches are finely decked, with small long cut in leaves, divided almost to the middle rib; some in∣to three small leaves on a side, and a larger at the point▪

LXXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Balm Leaf, with a Flower on the Dexter side of the stalk; the Flower is purple, the leaves grow by couples at the joynt, from whence also proceeds the flower. It is rather a shrub, then a tree; though some term it so, numb. 5.13.

The Turky Balm, have the flowers growing on the top of the branch spire-like, with several leaves between them, and are of a blew, or purple blew colour.

The Assirian Balm, the Flower is out of a short husk, narrow at bottom and open at top with a turn In∣dented, Bell-like; three grow together from the root of the leaf, of a white colour.

The Mother-wort, from the middle of the branch to the top grows the Flower at the joints, with the leaves round the stalk; their fashion like the balm, and are purple coloured; the leaf deep nicked being divided into three points.

LXXXIX. He beareth Argent, a Sage leaf and flowers fixed to it. The Flower is blew and gaping like the Clary or dead Nette, growing on small stalks one against another, even to the top. 3 such leaves born by Saeworth.

The great Sage, hath the Flowers in bunches about the stalk, with leaves under them.

The French Sage, have them grow in bunches at the top, several leaves coming out together round the joints of the stalks.

The gited Sage, or striped Sage, the one is with yellow, the other with white, edged and spotted or striped.

The Stony-Sage, or Wall-Sage, of others called Titans Blood, Scorpions Tail, or Ox-Eye. It hath a leaf like Sage, and most commonly grows on tops of Houses and Walls, some call it Heraclea.

XC. He beareth Argent, three Knots, or Heads of Tansy, with a leaf slipped. The Tansy Flovver grovv∣eth altogether in a flat head, by several small foot-stalks, joined to the main. It is called also curl'd Tansy; the Flowers yellow, the leaf jagged.

The White Tansie, or Agrimony, the leaves whi∣tish like the Willow. It is a short shrub of no height, the leaf is in five parts.

The Mountain Tansie, the heads more divided with a Flovver of six white leaves, and a yellow thrum in the middle, like the Camomile, or Dasie.

The Featherfew, the Flower and Leaf like Mountain Tansie.

The double Featherfew, hath the Flower very dou∣ble with little white leaves, so that but a little of the yel∣low thrum can be seen.

XCI. He beareth Argent, a bunch or knot of Al∣der-berries, and three leaves slipped. The Flovver is a vvhite blossom, vvhich after grovveth to a small black berry, and they grovv many together upon foot-stalks to a larger stalk, and it to the Alder-branch, Vmbel like. This is born by the name of Elderhead. Some vvrite it the Elder tree, vvhose boughs are thick and gross, but vvithin are very hollovv, filled vvith a soft Mary, vvhich is commonly called their Pith.

XCII. He beareth Argent, a Comfery slip, flower∣ed, proper. The leaves are rough and hairy, set by pairs on either-side the stalks at the joints; the Flovvers stand in order, one before another of a vvhitish colour.

The spotted Comfery, is the Cowslip of Ierusa∣lem.

XCIII. He beareth Argent, a Burnet slip flowered. the tops, or Heads, or knaps, stand upon a long stalk, and are o a brovvnish colour.

The American Burnet, hath long spiked heads set thick vvith knaps, vvhich vvhen they bloom, each casts out a vvhitish Flovver of four leaves, having many small vvhite long threds in the middle.

The Mountain Scabious, the Leaves vvaved, the head full of little yellovv Flovvers, all in a round.

XCIV. He beareth Argent, the double Lady's Bower slipped; at every joint vvas a couple of Leaves large and smooth, from whence sprung two stalks with Flowers of a purple colour, their growth is much after the manner of a single Poppy.

The Nigella, hath five large blew leaves, with a hairy thrum in the middle, out of which proceeds many small Flowers like stars.

The Spanish Nigella, hath leaves like Fennel, the flowers are single, consisting of five large leaves of a bleak colour, with a green head in the middle, compas∣sed about with little gaping hollow leaves, and a yellow line; after the Flower is past, the head grows big with a Crown on the top spread like a star.

The double Nigella consists of three or four rows of small leaves, one lying under another, of a pale blew co∣lour; in others white.

XCV. He beareth Argent, an Hemp stalk leafed, and seeded, proper, or a Bunch of Hemp seed, on a stalk, leafed and sliped. The Seed is called Line-seed.

The bastard Hemp, is with several Burs, or hairy Knobs at a distance on the stalk; out of which groweth two leaves, one contrary to the other, and so to the top; which endeth in a knot, or bur, with small leaves out of it.

The Chast Tree, or Hemp tree leaf, like the Hemp leaf, but smooth long and narrow; the Flowers like La∣vender spikes, stored with blush white flowers, which tur∣ned into round seed like Pepper.

The Hemp stalk is much worn by that worthy person Mr. Fur alias Thief; and is very honorable, and worthy of such an exaltation by him.

XCVI. He beareth Argent, an Esecampane flower sliped, proper. The Flower is yellow both in the leaves and the Thrumb about which they are; which in time groweth to Down, which the Wind bloweth away with seed in. It is like the Sun Flower, but not so large. This is born by the name of Sollar.

XCVII. He beareth Or, a Burage slip, proper. The leaves of the Flower are blew, the stalk and leaves Page  73 rough and hairy, with a white spike from the middle of the flower having its end black. It is also called Bu∣gloss, and Garden Bugloss, answerable to the name as beareth it.

The Stone Bugloss, the Uiper Bugloss, have hairy leaves and stalks, very long and narrow.

The Sea Marsh Bugloss, long smooth leaves, growing altogether, after the manner of a Prim-Rose or Daisy.

The Wild Bugloss, of some called Orchanet; it hath its leaves sharp set and thorny. The root hath a kind of juice that being wrung out, is of a sanguine colour. Some have white leaves.

The Walwort, is an herb grows commonly about two cubits high; his Leaf is risted like Bugloss, the root outwardly is black, but within white and oyly.

XCVIII. He beareth Argent, a Fennel flower slipt, or a Fennel slip, flowered, Or. it shouteth out into many branches, at the top whereof are Tufts or Umbels of Flowers of a yellow colour, which turns into small round seed, two always together. The Leaf thin, fine, small, long, or a thready branch.

The Pellitory of Spain, and the double wild Pellitory, have the like Leaves, being finely cut and deeply nipt about the edges; the stalks have at the top many small flowers; the single, is a pale or border of leaves, white above, reddish under, with a middle yellow thrume; the double flowers are very thick and double, all white.

The dog Fennel, hath small deep dark leaves, bear∣ing at the tops of the branches divers broad spread white flowers, in some single, others very double.

There are other Flowers and Herbs of affinity to this as

  • The Dill, is leaved and seeded like it. Some call it Annet.
  • The Comine is the same, the Flowers reddish, and the seeds white.
  • The Chervil, the Flowers white, purplish in the mid∣dle, they grow in the seeding so, as the Umbels are hol∣low in the middle, like a Birds nest.
  • The Earth nuts, or Chest-nuts of the Earth, hath a broader and thicker leaf then Fennel, the Um∣bels white Flowers.
  • The Dropworth, or Enanth, the Flower white like a Daisie, or Field Mary-gold.
  • The Dauke or wild Carrot, flower white.
  • The red or yellow Carrat, the flower white, the Um∣bels do not spread much, the leaves more thicker, and stronger then Fennel.
  • The Hart-worth, the leaves more open than Fennel, the Flower white, and sometimes purplish.
  • The English Saxifrage, the Flowers of a yellowish white.
  • The Hemlock, a stronger leaf, the Flovver vvhite, having long sharp pointed seed, like Anniseed, but more vvhite. Some vvrit it Humlock.
  • The Caraway, the Flovvers of the Umbels vvhite, the seed of a blackish brovvn.
  • The Anise, the Flovvers vvhite, the seeds vvhitish, and the leaf broad and nicked with large indents.
  • The Bishops weed, vvhite Umbels.
  • The Sampire, or Golden-flower of Sampire, the Flovver all yellovv, the leaves long and slender, and thick, like Prick-my-dame.
  • The Shepherds Needle, the Flovvers white, the seed round and pointed at the end, like a Needle, or prick of an Hedg-hog.
  • The Coriander, the Seed and Flower both vvhite.
  • The Smallage, the leaves dented something uneven∣ly, the Flower of the Umbels white.
  • The Allisanders, the tufts of Flowers yellowish, the leaves broad and unevenly dented.
  • The Lovage, hath the Flowers yellow.
  • The Angelica, hath large white spread Umbels, the Leaf like the Allisanders, broad and uneven, endented, five together, and sometimes more near the root.
  • The Master-wort, the leaves like Angelica, the tops or Umbels of white, with a thin black seed.
  • The Gout-wort, or Herb Gerrard, the flower white, and the leaf broad and nicked, three growing together at a little distance, upon one stalk.
  • The Fleawort, long and slender leaves, thin, set upon stalks.
  • The Glasswort, the same, but turning and winding one among the other.
  • The Fumitory, hath a Fennel like leaf, growing in tufts, at distances on the stalk; the flower reddish grow∣ing on spikes.

There is another kind of Fumitory, which is a bu∣shy and shrub-like herb, near to the Coriander, whose flower is white or more like ashy colour.

XCIX. He beareth Argent, a Caper branch, proper. Born by Caprel. The leaves are round at the end, and sharp at the stalk, with a thorn or prick at the branch, just under the leaf, and at the leaf riseth the Flower up∣on a pretty long stalk. The Flower is four white leaves, with 4 green ones on the back of them, as the husk, ha∣ving many yellowish threads, and a long stile or pestile in the middle, which afterwards groweth to be a Fruit, and is long and round, like to an Olive or Acorn.

The Egyptian Caper, hath no thorns, and the leaves grow two together at a joint.

The Bean Caper, is an herby, not a wooddy stalk, like the other Caper branches, branching forth from the bottom, at each joint cometh forth two leaves one op∣posite to the other, at each joint cometh forth one Flow∣er as the others; which cometh to a long husk, and round, which openeth into several parts wherein is a brown seed.

C. He beareth Argent, three double stock Gilli∣flowers, on a slip leaved, purple: See numb. 65. Born by Stockflower. Mr. Rea in his Flora, p. 151, 152. makes a great difference in the double Wall-flower, and the stock Gilliflower; for though to outward appearance they shew all to be of a kind, yet the scent of them will soon distinguish the one from the other; as also the ele∣gancy of form, and delicacy of colours, the one is more esteemed then ther. The stock Gilliflowers are of di∣vers colours, as white, yellow, sad and light purples, and some of that colour striped with white. They have ge∣nerally hairy green leaves, and a woody stalk, which shooteth into many branches of flowers, growing spike-ways, the lower flowering first, and the rest by degrees.

Page  74The Dame Uiolets, are four white long leaves tur∣ning down at the ends, out of a green pod or husk grow∣ing scatteringly many together on one stalk.

The double Dame Uiolet, groweth many together in a knot upon short foot-stalks. These are also called Queens Gilliflowers, or Rogues Gilliflowers, or Close Science, and are white, purple, and striped in their colours.

The Water Gillovers, or Gilliflowers, are five white leaves growing on a naked stalk, in rows one above the other, with yellowish threds in the middle.

A. such a Stock-Gilliflower slipped, P leaves, V is Born by Welbrugh.

CI. He beareth Or, an Hoary Pink, slipped. Born by Murkmer. The leaves are set by couples at a joint of a hoary white (like the white Live-long, or Life-ever∣lasting,) the Flowers are five leaves a piece, white, and rund pointed.

The wild Pinks in Tufts, are another sort of these Pinks, which Flowers grow in tufts, like to an Umbel on foot-stalks, some white, others of a reddish colur; the leaves long and broad are set by pairs, one against ano∣ther.

CII. He beareth Argent, a Mountain Pink, proper. The leaves grow thick in Tufts like grass, the Flower rised out of them by single stalks, having joints and leaves on each side, the husk hairy with five points out of which is a small pale reddish Flower of five leaves. Three such are the Arms of Mountalion.

CIII. He beareth Argent, a slip of Golden Maiden-hair, proper. Born by Maide. The leaves are of a yel∣lowish green (like grass) growing above ground in tufts, from whence springs little small stalks beset with the like kind of hairy leaves, which beareth on it a small gold yellow head, lesser then a wheat corn, standing in a great husk.

The English Maiden-hair, is a small spiry stalk with two round leaves fixed to the side; without any foot-stalk, one opposite to the other; and leaves growing less and less set at a little distance till it come to the top, where it ends in a small leaf; of a dark green, spotted in the back.

CIV. He beareth Argent, a chequered Fritilary slip. Born by Fretilar. It is of a deep brown hair colour, che∣quered with a deeper, the in-side of the Flower (being six leaves) is of a brighter colour then the out-side, having a stile, and chives tiped, with yellow pendants.

The double Fritillary, is in all parts as aforesaid, only the Flower is double consisting of twelve leaves, or more, and is of a pale, purple, or blush colour, spotted as the other.

The white Fritillary, is like the other checkered, on∣ly the Flower white, and grow two on a stalk.

Of these Flowers there is the yellow, the spotted yellow, the yellowish green, and blackish.

The sullen Lady, hangeth her head down (as this Flower doth) and is of an umberish dark hair colour, without any checker or spots. Some call it the black Fritillary.

A 3 Fritilary's slipt, proper. Is Born by Sullen.

CV. He beareth Argent, a Turn-cap flower, sliped. But by Flowerists termed, a Martagon sliped. They grow with a high stalk, of a reddish brown colour, beset at certain distances with rundles of leaves long, and not very narrow, and naked betwixt; at the top of the stalk come forth, set together, each on a foot-stalk, the said Flowers, hanging down their heads and turning the leaves back again like to a Garland; and is of a light purple, with brown spots on the inner side, which becomes the outer upon the turn of the leaves, having a stile in the middle, with 6 yellow chives, tipt with Vermilion pen∣dants. These are born by Turnley.

The white spotted Martagon, and the white, are the same only differ in colour; of this kind there are pur∣ple, and yellow, orange, and pale greenish, yellow spotted with black specks.

The Martagon of Canada, bears four or five Flow∣ers on long foot-stalks on above another, hanging down their heads of a yellow colur.

The Martagon of Constantinople, is of a deep orange, or a scarlet, thick speckled on the inside with ma∣ny small black spots, and some without specks.

The Uirginia Turn-cap, is of a gold yellow, with many brown spots about the bottom of the Flowers, the points or ends that turn up of a red or scarlet colour, and without spots.

The Dogs Tooth flower, the stalk comes up be∣tween two long and narrow leaves, of a whitish green, spotted and striped with white▪ on the top is one flower hanging down the head, containing six leaves, white nar∣row and long, which turn up again to the stalk, like the Turn-cap or Martagon; in the middle there is a white three forked stile, compassed about with six chives, tipt with sad purple pendants. Some of this kind are of a purple pale colour, others reddish purple, or pale yellow. The root is white, and like a Dogs Tooth, from whence it is so called.

The Cyclemen or Sow-bread, it hath divers round cornered and sharp pointed green side-leaves, spotted and circled with white on the upper-side, and red underneath; the Flowers are every one on a small long stalk, hanging down the head and turning up the leaves again, being fine narrow and long, and of a bright shining reddish purple colour, and sweet scent. Some of this kind, have white, pale purple Flowers, some are double consisting of twelve leaves.

The Ivy leaved Cyclamen, bring sorth the Flower before the leaves which are much spotted on the upper∣side; these Flowers are of divers colours.

CVI. He beareth Argent, a Mountain Aveks flow∣er. This is a Flower of four heart-like leaves, fixed in a long husk, like a Pink, with four other green-leaves on the back of them, contrary set, after the manner of the beards of a Rose; out of the middle proeeeds four threds with pendants on them all black, which stand not up, but lay themselves one on the middle of every leaf of the Flower.

The purple, or reddish Mountain, or Marsh Avens; are double consisting of ten or twelve leaves with six jagged leaves, spreading behind the brims thereof. This is of some called a Water-flower. And is Born by the name of Wateraven.

Page  75CVII. He beareth Argent, a Strawberry, proper. between two Blossoms, Argent; Leaved and slipped, Vert. Or else thus, a Strawberry slip with Blos∣soms and Fruit, proper. Or more briefly, a Straw∣berry with two Blossoms and leaves slipt. The Strawberry when ripe, is white on one side, and red on the other, as if they were equally divided; the leaf is tri∣parted and nicked; the Fruit Heart-like.

The Flat Strawberry, is more flat then round.

The Dwarf Strawberry more round.

The Strawberry Tree, hath a Fruit like a Straw∣berry; the leaves like Bays, and always green, and finely purled about the edges. The Flowers grow on the ends of the branches with long stalks, which are small little white Bottles, like those of the Lilly of the Valley, succeeded by Red Berries like Straw-berries.

The Strawberry Cinquefoil, hath five leaves, two under the other, at a very little distance.

O 3 Strawberries couped in the stalk, proper. Born by Strawberry.

CVIII. He beareth Argent, a Musmillion sliped in bend sinister, proper. This Fruit when ripe is yellow on one side, and green on the other; when Mellow all yel∣low: It is also termed a Mellon: The leaf is a kind of three pointed leaf, the middle longer by far than the o∣ther. Others five pointed like a Gooseberry, but hairy. Born by Milleon.

The Citrull, or Turky Milleon, hath a yellow flower (with Claspers like a Vine) having a kind of knot under it, which groweth to the Fruit; the leaves hairy, long and narrow. Called also a Cittern, and is oval round and smooth.

The Cucumber, is like them only much less; the Flower of a whitish yellow, and some perfect yellow, the leaf great and broad, after the form of a broad fine poin∣ted leaf, turning in at the stalk.

The long bowed Cucumber, or Cowcumber, the Fruit bending after the form of an S, and is long, flat, and narrow, and sharp at stalk, but more full at the contrary end.

The Indian Melon, is Pear or Quince-like, divided into parts as this figure in the Plate.

The Apple Milleon, or Apple-like Turky Citru, it is round and smooth; in all things else like the ordinary Million.

The Pompion, Is the same in all respects to the Mus∣million, but of a far greater Bulk, being green and yel∣low divided, not ribbed, but sometimes rugged.

The Gourd, the leaf broad and round pointed at the end, rough and hairy stalk, the flower containing five long narrow leaves fixed on a knop, under it from whence pro∣ceeds the Fruit, which is three sorts; first a Bottle-like Gourd, the Quince-like Gourd, and the Lozenge, Cim∣nel, or Buckler Gourd. Which last is termed the rugged Gourd, being knobby and rough, through Risings or Cor∣nels it hath outwardly. Called also the Egyptian Citrull, or watry Million.

The Indian Gourds are fashioned oval-like (or Egg-like Pear-like, or almost round, with Ribbs and spotted with long, square, and diversly spots, on green with white, some red, and others deep yellow spotted.

The Ethiopian Gourd, is like leaved to the Bay, the Flower white, the Fruit longer than the Melon, ending in a round point, the Rind is hard with sundry ribbs, cover∣ed with a green freezy Cotton.

The Indian Scaly Musk Melon, it is in form like a Pine-apple, scaled all over with a thin greenish scaly Rind, which may be paired off it.

The American Quince Mellon, the fruit ribbed, and like a Quince, the leaf also.

O a Pompion slipt, proper. Born by Pompain. Also by Millon.

CIX. He beareth Argent, a Fruit called True-love, or one Berry. Or the Fruit of the herb Paris. It hath one stalk from a Bulbous root, on which grows three great broad leaves in triangle, out of the middle thereof ri∣seth a stalk which hath onely one flower of yellow leaves, and four green, as it were a husk on the back, from the the middle grew a round Berry of a purplish colour. This is born by the name of Onnibury.

The Dwale, or Deadly Night-shade, hath a black Berry growing on five leaves, after this form.

The Winter Cherry, or Ground Cherry, is one Berry of a scarlet colour, compassed about with a Cup-like husk of a thin substance, and of the colour of the Berry, but not so deep: as the Berry groweth the husk opens and falleth below the Berry into two or three leaves, which being not blown out, or at his full growth, is a perfect and an intire round Cup all about it.

A 3 such couped in the stalk is born by the name of Cheirheim, or Cheryhime.

CX. He beareth Argent, a Storax slip, Fruit and leaves proper. It groweth in all respects like to the Quince tree and leaves; the Blossom stands both at the joynts with the leaves, and at the ends of the branches, consist∣ing of five or six whitih leaves like to the Orange-tree, with some Threds in the middle, after which comes a Berry set in the cup that the Flower stood in before of the bigness of a Nut pointed at the end, and hoary all over, of a reddish colour; they grow by couples each on a long foot-stalk, joined in one near the bottom.

The Uirginian Date Plumb, is the like in form.

The sleepy Night-shade, hath a Sage-like leaf, with a purple Bell-flower, which after seeds to this form, with a round Berry of a deep black purple.

The Tree Night-shade, hath a woody stem, and many green branches with small long green-leaves some∣thing uneven in the edges; at the joynts of the branches it puts forth two or three flowers together, of a Star-like form, turning back the leaves which are white, with a yel∣low pointil in the middle, which falling away are succeed∣ed by small green Berries, some red, like little red Cher∣ries, wherein is small flat white seed.

The Shrub Night-shade, hath a dark brown stock and branches, the flowers like the common Night-shade, in one white, in another blew: others have the green leaves striped with white.

CXI. He beareth Argent, a Cotton branch sliped, proper. It is a tree not very tall, the leaves are five poin∣ted, and smooth without any more nicks; the Flower like a blew Bell-flower, broad above and small at bottom, and parted to the bottom into five leaves of a yellow co∣lour; with a stiff reddish middle pointel, compassed with five or six yellow Threds, which are thrust off by the Fruit rising under it, which groweth to be a round, co∣vered Page  76 with a husk or skin, which opening when it is ripe, sheweth forth a lump of pure white Wooll, or Cot∣ton.

The Thorny Indian Cotton, hath all the stems set with small pricks, having many fair broad leaves set on a foot-stalk, dividing themselves into seven parts like to a star, the leaves nicked, and the fruit and flower, as the former.

The Iava Cotton, or the long leafed Cotton-Tree, groweth to a great height, with spreading Arms and Boughs, and long and narrow leaves (like Rosemary) but much longer; the Fruit is like a long Pod, or Cod, growing great from the stalk upward, opening and end∣ing in five points of an Ash-colour and ragged, but full of most pure white Wooll, and divers black round seed within (not involved within the Cotton (as the rest) but growing by themselves upon five long woody pettitions, extending all the length of the Cod.

The Cotton Weed, or Cud-Weed, hath a long stalk beset with small smooth leaves, on the top is a woolly head, set about with many hairy woolly white leaves: And is of some called the Lions foot.

CXII. He beareth Azure, a Cornucopiae Or, ador∣ned with three Tulips Argent, stalks and leaves Vert. The Cornucopiae is sometimes used with one sort of flow∣er, and sometimes with another, in such cases the Flower is to be named; but if there be divers Flowers, or Fruit, then to say, addorned with various (or varieties of) flowers or fruit proper, is sufficient. The Cornuco∣piae is a word, or term used for plenty, aboundance, the enioying of all things. It was a Cup used in old time to drink in, which cup of plenty David doth elud unto in the Psalms, Psal. 23. Whn he tells us, that notwithstaning the wicked evises of all his Enemies, God had given him a plentiful Table, and that his Cup (or Cornucopiae) did over-flow.

A the like proper, is the badge of Peace and Plenty: and may sitly be born of him who hath releived a Coun∣try from long Warr and Sieges, restoring to them a∣gain their ancient Peace and Plenty of all things.

CXIII. He beareth Argent, a Fruitage proper, with a scarlet Ribbon on the top, tyed in two bow Knots, the ends pendant on either side. These Fruitages are va∣riety of fruit of all sorts, or any sort hanging out of a Pod, or Cup (husk formed) of green leaves. A Flow∣erage is the same, composed of several Flowers. These kind of Flowers and Fruits are more used for the a∣dornment of Escochions, than born in Coats. Yet I find it born in Arms by the name of Firtill.

XIV. He beareth Argent, a Fruitage hanging or pendant, by two strings to the Dexter and Sinister Cheif points; with another fixed to it, all proper. After the same manner you will find Flowerages, thus hung. Which is termed, a Flowerage. The like is born by the name of Dower. This is also by some and that very pro∣perly termed a Festoone of fruit.

CXV. He beareth Gules, a flower pot eared, Ar∣gent; with three Tulips Or, stalked and leafed, Vert. This is a Dutch Coat born by the name of Van Zurgans. The like with several Roses G the Pot O is the Crest of Achalon of Bavaria.

V a Flower pot A full of (or maintaining) Gilly-flow∣ers. G is the Arms of New Iune, or our Ladies Iune.

CXVI. He beareth Or, a Flower pot eared, (or a Jugg-pot) Gules: with a Tulip purple, stalk and leaves Vert. As in these, so other flowers are born in both, sometimes single, others double, others more, according to the fantasy of the owner. This I find born by the name of Flowerset.

An open Lilly A in a like Pot O is the Crest of Little. Some term it a blown, or bloomed Lilly.

CXVII. He beareth Argent, a Twiggen Basket eared, Or: filled with variety of flowers and leaves, proper. Also they are filled with variety of Fruit and Leaves, &c. and called a Basket of Flowers, or a flower Basket. This is born by the name of Twiggerberch.

O the like Basket with Fruit O born by Van Fruthen∣bach.

CXVIII. He beareth Argent, an Artichoke with two leaves, the stalk couped, proper. The Flower from the Artichoks, is Thistle-like.

The Artichoke Thistle, hath a Thistle flower grow∣ing out of the top, and the leaves more indented with sharp pricks.

The Candy wild Artechoke, hath indented pricking leaves, the head also be set with pricks, from the end of every leaf.

The Artechoke (or vulgarly an Hartichough) is a Ladys dish-meat, and from its dainty and pleasant tast well befits the name of its bearer, Dainteeth.

O 3 such couped in the stalk, is born by Van Cork∣nell.

Per fesse O and G an Artechoke the stalk raguled and irricated V is born by Pircheimer.

CXIX. He beareth Argent, a Bunch of Madder leaves Vert, with four seeds growing out of them san∣guine. It is an herb that groweth up in stalks, without any branches, and at a certain distance, upon each stalk eight long narrow plain leaves altogether, and so till it come to the top out of which tust, or bunch of leaves, groweth pale yellow flowers, which after come to a red berry, and when ripe, turn black. This is the Company of Diers Crest.

The Garden Madder, hath a long rough leaf, as a∣foresaid.

The Sea Madder, hath a leaf veined like the Plan∣tan, and is roundish at the stalk, and pointed at the end; the seed growing altogether in a tuft at the top.

The Candy Madder, or spiked head Madder; hath several stalks coming one from another, at the top of each a kind of spike like hairy long tuft; in which the seed groweth much like the Fox-tail, or Cats-Tail grass.

The Rock Madder hath small narrow leaves, and groweth in branches like a tree.

The Leaves without the Flowers or Seeds is the Crest of Swemem.

Upon a Cap quarterly G and A the like Bunch or Tuft. G by Van Benstedt.

CXX. He beareth Gules, a double flower de lis, Or. This is, as if one Flower came out of the middle of ano∣ther, as the double Hony suckle, numb. 70. This Coat is born by the name of Dobler.

Page  77
TO The Honourable HUGH, Lord CHOLMONDELEY, of Cholmondeley; Viscount KELLIS, in Ireland. AS the Laborious Bee from several Flowers gathereth much Houey; so I from your se∣veral Gardens have produced an Affinity of Leaves and Fruits, which are here set together in one Plate, and Dedicated to your use (from whence they had their first Being) by him, who is your most Humble and Devoted Servant Randle Holme.


1. SEeing neither of the foresaid Plates, of Trees and Fruit, of Herbs and Flowers; were able to contain the various and manifold sorts growing in the Universe, and consequently are or may be born in Coats of Arms; I am therefore by this Plate following, constrained to make a further addi∣tion of such as are therein wanting.

Of the Affinity of Leaves.

2. I Shall first begin with Trees, and therein give a farther Description of their Leaves, with the near resemblance or affinity they have to one another; and then give some examples of Fruit, and their resemblance or likeness; and then set forth those Trees not yet menti∣oned.

I. He beareth Argent, a Cork Tree Leaf. Leaves resembling this in their make are

The Laurel, and Bays, the Clove-tree.

The Beeth, the Mirtle, the Indian Date Plumb, and the Coffee Berry Tree, all smooth leaves.

The Chesut is long and slender, and nicked very small.

The Birch, small, and slender, and nicked.

The Hony suckle, the leaf round at the end.

The Olive, smooth, long and slender.

The Pomegarnet and Almond, are long and slen∣der leafed, but smooth.

The Strawberry Tree are of 2 sorts, one nicked, the other smooth.

The Cherry, nicked; the Barberry long, with small Indents.

The Nutmeg hath the middle broad, the ends sharp and bending like a waved leaf.

The Cinnamon, smooth on the out-side, only an in∣graled Vein in the inner part of the leaf: near the edge, round about, with Veins to every point, and then again double veined; the Cassia is the same; so that in Bla∣zoning, it may be termed any of these said Leaves.

B 3 such leaves O born by Leveson of Trentham.

G 3 such O by Cogan; also by Fodon.

A 3 such V born by Saltersley.

O 5 such in Salter, the Coat of Radbrook.

II. He beareth Argent, an Elm Tree Leaf. This hath a more rounder bottom at the stalk; now the leaves like this are,

  • The Indian Cherry, the Alder, the Poplar, the Storax, the Privet, the Plum, the Pear, and the Apple Trees; yet the four last, in some Trees have the leaves as well smooth, as snipped or dented.
  • The Mulbury, and the Hassel leaves, not rounding so much in at the stalk.
  • The Quince, a smooth leaf, but broad, and round∣ed in at the stalk. Page  78
  • Page  79The Aprieock, and Peech, the leaves smooth; so is the Pipe-tree, only the leaf turneth a little in at the stalk.
  • The Lignum Uite, or wood of Life, hath a smooth eaf.

G 3 Elm leaves A born by Feldy.

A 3 such in Chief V a Rose G by Yatley.

Er. 2 Barrs S on each 6 such Leaves O born by Elmes.

III. He beareth Argent, an Aspine leaf. This is a kind of round waved leaf, yet a little pointed both on the top, and at the stalk; now the leaves that have a resem∣blance to this▪ are.

The Bill berry, or Windberry, is round at the end, and long and sharp towards the stalk.

The Pepper tree, is round in the middle, but ends are more sharper.

B Such a Leaf O hath to Name, the Family of Aspine.

G 3 in Fesse O born by Stretch.

A 3 such V born by Cade.

IV. He beareth Argent, a Leaf of a Line, or Linden tree. This leaf is as broad as long; save it something tends to a point on the top, and heart-like in the mean, or part next the stalk.

The Iudas Tree, the lea smooth and heart-like, and full of turning and winding veins.

The Mulberry figg, hath the leaf smooth, and

A such a Leaf V and 3 Roses in Chief. Is born by Feldy.

A 3 Line Leaves V born by Hofieldach.

A a point pointed with a Line leaf thereat V by Par∣ren.

A a Linden tree proper. Is born by Depyester in the Netherlands.

V. He beareth Argent, a Medlar leaf. This is a long and narrow leaf, sharp at the stalk, and broader above the middle, thence tending to a roundish point at the end.

The Sallow tree, with long leaves, hath them poin∣ted at both ends.

The Rose-bay, or Olander, hath smooth long nar∣row leaves, at the end somewhat sharp.

The Date Pumb, is a long pointed leaf, but round and broader at the stalk.

VI. He beareth Argent, a wild Figg-leaf. The leaf of the Figg (as saith Mr. Iohnson in his Herbal) divideth it self into three, but usually into five points, being all smooth.

The three leafed Maple, or three pointed Maple-tree, the leaf resembles this, onely it is round at the stalk, not turning inwards.

O 5 Figg leaves in Salter V born by the Count Feria.

G a Fesse between 3 such O born by Figges.

B 3 such O by Figlow.

VII. He beareth Argent, a Sycomore leaf. This is another kind of broad leaf, with three points, and those like to it, are

The Maple, the Curren Trees, and Mulberry.

The Cotton Tree, hath in each point three Indents all the rest of the leaf smooth.

The white Poplar, leaf is larger nicked.

The Mountain dwarf Cherry, hath deep icks, as if it were almost jagged.

B a Sycomore Leaf O a Chief A born by Sycomore.

G such a Leaf sans stalk between 3 Nails in triangle the points to the Fesse A is born by Holsere.

O a Maple leaf V born by Maple.

VIII. He beareth Argent, an Orrange leaf. This is, as if it ad young leaves coming at the foot-stalk of the leaf; like to it is the Lemon.

The Bead tree, but the leaves are indented.

B an Orange leaf between 2 Beasants. Is born by O∣range.

A 3 Bead tree leaves V born by Beadleffe.

IX. He beareth Argent, a Iasmine leaf. The Flow∣ers grow in bunches or clusters like the Wall-flower; these leaves grow by threes, upon a short foot-stalk; the under leaves being oval-wise, and the top long and pointed at both ends. The like whereunto are.

The Ben tree, which is a long and slender top-leaf, with two small ones standing a cross with short foot-stalks.

The Indian Coral Tree, the leaves like Hearts, or the Trefoil, standing cross, on short foot-stalks.

The Trefoil Tree, after the same manner.

The Alder Tree, long slender leaves, and are at a di∣stance on foot-stalks.

A a Jasmine branch V a Canton G born by Iaseman.

G a like Leaf O born by Denfeld.

X. He beareth Argent, a Staff tree leaf. This is a round leaf with four points, the stalk growing out of the middle of it, from whence comes short stalks of an inch long sustaining five or six Flowers, consisting of four yel∣lowish green leaves a piece, which comes to small berries, like Asparagus berries, when ripe are black; the bran∣ches do grow through the leaves.

B such a Leaf sliped O is born by the name of Leaf.

B on a hill in Base, such a Leaf O born by Vn ••tz mnsdorf.

XI. He beareth Or, a Dugg tree leaf. This con∣sists of five, being a round entire leaf, the stalk being fixed in the middle of it; it is a tree that hath no branches, but from the top cut of the body of the tree, groweth a long stalk with the leaf, the flowers do the same, which are like unto Alder-blossoms, of a pale yellow colour.

O such a Leaf between 4 Roses M are the Arms of Duleffe.

XII. He beareth Argent, a Chast tree leaf. This consists of five long, slender, smooth leaves, all joyned to∣gether at the head of a long stalk; they grow upon the branch one opposite to the other at the end whereof comes forth spikes of flowers like Lavender Spikes, white; which turns to seed like Pepper.

The broader Chast tree leaf, hath two small leaves coming from the bottom leaf, which make them seven in number, and are dented about the edges, and more wolly▪ the Flowers are blew.

The Thorny Iudian Cotton, hath seven leaves, long and narrow of an equal bigness; from the middle whereof groweth the stalk: the Flower is like the Coc∣kle, or bell-flower, the stem is all beset with sharp pricks.

A 3 such leaves V a File of 3 points G born by Chastey.

Page  80A 3 Thorny Cotton-leaves V by Thorncoat.

XIII. He beareth Argent, a Walnnt leaf, or Sprig. These leaves upon all the branches grow like winged leaves, one answering another upon the stalk, they are a broad and long leaf, smooth, and are three or four on a side, and one at the end.

The Ash-leaves, are long and narrow, indented very small; the lower leaves longer than those next above them, so that it riseth taper, or piramid-wise; they have little or no foot-stalks.

The Mastich tree leaf, hath the same.

The Service tree leaf, like the Walnut.

The Fistich Nut tree, and the Quicken tree, are both like the Ash with nicked leaves, but lesser; the later having a tuft or Umbel of white flowers, which after turn to red berries.

The Turpin, or Turpentine Tree, the leaves smooth, four on a side: the Balsam, three on a side, smooth, both broad-leafed, like the Walnut: the tree is not above two Cubits.

The Sumack Tree of Virginia, nicked with nine, or ten leaves on a side like an ash.

The Sweet Gaul Tree, the leaves smooth and round at the end.

A a Walnut sprigg (or leaf winged) in Fesse Barwise between 3 Walnuts V born by Walnuttree.

XIV. He beareth Argent, a Yew leaf slipped. It hath long and small leaves without any foot-stalk, joined very close on both sides the stalk. This is by Artists ter∣med a winged leaf (as all others are) which have them growing one against the other, as in the former examples; and those under this number, are.

The Willow, or Withy, have long leaves thus set; but they are broader at the stalk, one side being a blewish green, and the other white.

The Box tree, hath leaves sharp at the foot-stalk, but round at the end.

The Locus tree, are oval leaves set on the stalk by short foot-stalks.

The Silver Bush Tree, the leaves smooth and in∣different large, and set at a distance one against the other.

A a Yew leaf out of the Base (or Yew slip) V in Chief 3 Cressants G born by Northshagh.

A 3 Yew-slips fructed, proper. Is born by Yewell.

XV. He beareth Argent, a Thorn bean tree leaf, or a Binding Bean tree branch; every branch or stalk of this tree, is a sharp thorn; on either side whereof grows three or four winged leaves, one opposite to the other: which to look too, seems a branch, yet all makes but one entire leaf; because all the leaves grow so.

The Firr Tree, hath narrow small leaves after this manner, both at the point, and also all over the stalk and branch.

The Broom Tree, the branches and stalk are very close and thick beset, with a small longish leaf, one a∣gainst the other. It is a shrub which of some is called Mirica, for the bitterness of its taste; its boughs flourish as well in Winter as the Summer. The Flower is yellow, which groweth to a Pod or, Cod like a Fitch or Uetch of a blackish colour. This is the Crest of Van Bromburge.

A 3 Broom branches V born by Brome.

The Heath, hath a stalk contrary set on either side, with a slender winged stalk of short and narrow leaves.

Gorse, of some called Firse; it is a sharp and thorny kind of shrub; each leaf being round and sharp pointed: the Flower is yellow in form like the Pease blossom. It beareth Flowers all times in the year.

O a Fesse between 3 Gorse slips V born by Gorse.

XVI. He beareth Argent, a Sprigg of Cypress. These kind of leaves cannot be taken from the tree but in slips, or sprigs; by reason the leaves are so long and slen∣der and grow so thick together, as if it were all jag∣ged.

The Arbor Uitae, or the Tree of Life, hath a small scaly leaf, short and narrow; and covers all the stalks and branches.

The Dragon Tree, is all from the branches ends, beset with sharp long and narrow leaves, joined together at the bottom where they come out of the tree: the Fruit is a red Cherry.

The Cedar, hath long narrow leaves, which grow to∣gether on a knot, or joint, in the stalk or branch.

The Larch Tree, doth the same.

The Pine, is fuller of small long, and narrow leaves; the branches or stalks, covered over with a lesser sort of leaf scally. The boughs grow Cross one to another.

The Palme, the leaves of this tree is very long and narrow.

The Pitch Tree, the leaf not very long but narrow, and grows all over the stalk, sprig, and branch.

The Date Tree, is like the Palm, with the branches full of long narrow leaves, and the body or stem, scaly as it is.

The Tamarisk, and the Savine Trees, have short and narrow leaves like the Arbor Uitae: only the mean stems or branches are not covered with them. The first hath the red shoots, set with small, short, hairy, soft, green leaves; and another tree of this kind hath the leaves wholly white, and abide so constantly from year to year.

The Iuniper Tree, hath small and long narrow leaves; three for the most part growing together almost like Thorns; they bear green berries like Pears; com∣monly round.

The Indian Coker Nut Tree, hath branches or rather long twiggs, growing only from the main stock.

A a Cypress sprig V a Cheif G born by Cyprus.

B 3 such sprigs O born by Birkin.

G a Larch tree Leaf or Branch A born by Larcher.

A 3 Palm Branches or Leaves. By Palme, or Palmer.

Of the Affinity of Seeds, Pods, and Fruits.

3. FRom the resemblance of Leaves, we come to Fruit: whereof a few is here presented to your view.

XVII. He beareth Vert, a Wall-nut Or. Some term it out of its shell, which needs not; when no manner of a Page  81 branch, or slip, is mentioned. It is of a yellowish colour, inclining to white.

B 3 Walnuts O born by Walnut.

G 3 such with a Fesse between O born by Hardshull.

XVIII. He beareth Argent, a Chestnut, proper. As it is out of the husk, it is of a deep brown red colour: the husk smoth without any knots, or furrows on it.

A a Chest-nut proper, on a Chief S 3 Trefoils O by Nuttell.

XIX. He beareth Argent, a Cokar Nut, proper. It is of a Chest-nut colour, and the flowers like them of the Chest-nut, the leaves long and slender like the Date-tree leaves. This is born by the name of Cakarston.

O 3 such G born by Van Kakarburg.

XX. He beareth Vert, an Indian Nut Or. It is of a yellowish colour marked, or spotted with a deep black∣ish brown. 3 Such is born by Riddinges.

XXI. He beareth Sable, a Fistick Nut, Argent. It proceeds from a white blossom; groweth many together on foot-stalks▪ in long clusters, and a winged leaf.

The Coffee Bean, or Berry, is much like it. The Coffee-berry is of a white brownish colour, they grow two in a thin furrowed husk.

XXII. He beareth Argent, the Pod of the Palma Christi, or the great Spurge, proper. It is a kind of Nut of a brown colour; the leaves are large and uneven, of five points, with a turning in at the stalk.

XXIII. He beareth Argent, the purple Indian pur∣ging Plumb. It is of a bitter tast. Three such is born for the Coat Armour of Plme or Plome. This Nut groweth within a Rind or husk which openeth as it ri∣pens.

XXIV. He beareth Gules, a yellow Indian pur∣ging Plumb. Born by the name of Don Plomillo.

The Ethiopian Sower Gourd, resembles this, onely is longer at the end, with a little bending; and riseth from the stalk with a kind of knot, or joint: the rind is ribbed, of a greenish colour.

XXV. He beareth Argent, a Bladder Nut, proper. The tree to this fruit, hath a winged leaf of five, a little dented, the Flowers grow many together on long stalks, which with a round cup in the middle of the white leaves, sheweth like a Daffodil; after them comes rusletish green skimy Bladders with brownish Nuts, with a rough or furrowed hard shell.

The made Apples of Ethiopia, are made so only they have many more Furrows: and are of a red co∣lour. The Flowers are six white short leaves, with a yel∣low pointel in the middle of divers Threds, joined toge∣ther.

XXVI. He beareth Argent, a Cluster of Hony-suckle-berries, Gules. These Berries are the Fruit, and Seed of the Hony-suckle, set in a bunch or knob toge∣ther.

Uirginia Sumack, hath large winged leaves in∣dented like ash; the Flowers in heads, or Clusters white, which turn to threds, or red Thrumes: seed round and reddish.

XXVII. He beareth Argent, a bunch (or Umbel) of wild Ash, or Quicken Berries slipt. They are red, and grow in a round; as the Alder-Berries. Born by Quicken.

The Alder-Berries are black, and grow thus in U∣bels. And three such is born by Alderbery.

XXVIII. He beareth Or, a Bunch, or Cluster of White-Thorn Berries. Some term them Haw∣thorn Berries, and a bunch of Haws. The Flower is white, and the Berries scarlet, on short foot-stalks.

The Pliant Mealy Tree, grow in Clusters, or bun∣ches like Haws, and are black.

The Dog-berry, or Gatter Tree, the Berries are round, black, and in bunches.

XXIX. He beareth Argent, three Wharl Berries, or Bill-Berries, at a slip pendant; they grow general∣ly two and three together, so that these seem to be siiped of from the stalk. They are termed Whortle Berries, or Wind Berries.

Privet Berries, grow in bunches, and are all black, directly round.

XXX. He beareth Argent, an Ash stalk, leaved in Fesse, with a bunch of Keys pendant from the slip proper. These are the right way of drawing the Keys, and not as numb. 66, and 69. This is also termed, and that proper∣ly, an Ash leaf in Fesse, with a cluster or bunch of Ash-Keys pendant; for though there be several leaves on the stalk; yet all is but one winged leaf, of eleven small, and slender ones.

Here is the true shape of a Drone Bee, or a Hum∣ing Bee, vulgarly termed an Humbo-Bee. It is of a yellow Mouse, or hair-colour; with a black streak over cross the back; the tail below the waste, divided into three parts, that part next the body yellow, middle part black, and end, white.

A 3 such proper by the name of Humbee, or Drumbe.

XXXI. He beareth Argent, two Cherries fixed at the ends of the stalks, and sliped, pendant.

The Lawrel Berries (or Plumbs,) are black, and of a pure bloody colour within: See numb. 73.

The Cornel Tree, hath the berries long and round, like Olives, red when ripe; the Flower is nothing else, but yellow tufts, as if they were set together; the leaf roun∣dish pointed, and smooth.

A 10 Cherries G stalks V born by Cherry.

XXXII. He beareth Or, an Heart Cherry pendant. It is red of one side, and a kind of whitish blush on the o∣ther of a pleasant taste, and lovely to look upon. Three such are born by the name of Cherrihurst.

XXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Figg, Vert. See chap. 3. numb. 38.

The Cardamom, or Ginny grains, are in form like a Figg, and full of reddish seed; it is veined on the out-side the husk long-wayes, like the Goose-berry, but much thicker, and jagged at the small end.

The Iuniper Tree, like the Firr, the berries pear-like, of a blackish blew colour.

XXXIV. He beareth Argent, two Love Apples. They proceed from a yellow flower like the made Apple, and when they are full ripe, the Fruit is red; with long trailing, winged, and divided leaves. Three such is born Page  82 by Lovaple. Some of these Apples are Orange colour, and others yellow.

The Uirginia Winter Cherry. At the joints of the leaves comes forth a yellow blossom, being one leaf of five points, with divers purple threds in the middle, tiped with blew chives; after which comes Bladders or thin skins, full of berries, green when ripe, and jagged at the top.

XXXV. He beareth Azure, an Adams Apple. The Flower like the Orange flower; the fruit yellow rin∣ded, thick, rugged, and uneven; with some rifts and chaps or chones thereon.

The Sage Apple of Candia, the like in form.

XXXVI. He beareth Gules, an Indian Figg. The flower is whitish yellow, growing in clusters, the fruit like Cucumbers, of a whitish colour.

The Beza Tree fruit, is of a greenish ash-colour, having eight edges or corners, with a white substance with∣in; divided into certain cells, wherein is a seed like to a Pease.

This answereth the Date husk, before it be opened, and the Date appear, as chap. 3. numb. 79.

XXXVII. He beareth Sable, a flowered Pod of A∣loes. The Pod out of which the flower cometh, grow∣eth in great numbers together, is green; and the flowers out of it, are yellow, tiped at ends with yellow pendants, with a yellow pointil in the middle of a whitish green co∣lour: The leaves are large growing one within another, chanel like; with sharp ingraled points, and ends about the leaves. It is a precious wood, and of a sweet smell: the leaves are fat and gross, whereout distilleth that kind of Gum that is most odoriferous. It is also taken by Phy∣sicians for an herb that is sharp and bitter, which groweth in India, and Persia.

XXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Mullen Seed head, or Seed-Uessel, proper. The Flower is yellow, the Pod whitish; and the cup it is set in, is a white hai∣ry green.

The Pod of the Uirginia Potato, hath the Pod something pointed.

The Indian Gristly Plumb, hath the Pod longer and round at the end of a pale green; the leaves are round at the end, and sharp at the stalk.

The Tart Indian Apple, is round in the cup or husk, long pointed, and furrowed into four or five parts, and yellow on the out-side.

The Storax and the Uirginia Date Plumb, are so pointed and furrowed.

A a Mullein seed head, proper; a Canton B is the Arms of Van Muleinbach.

XXXIX. He beareth Argent, the Pod or Husk of Bush-Cotton. This before it opens its husk for the Wooll to appear, which is two or three broad leaves much jagged at the top, containing therein a yellowish flower, like a bell-flower, broad above and narrow at bot∣tom, made of five leaves, with a stiff middle pointil, com∣passed with five or six yellow threds. Three such is born by Cottenshe

XL. He beareth Or, a Sebeffen, or Sirian plumb. The Blossoms are five white leaves, growing many toge∣ther on a long stalk with foot-stalks. The berries are of a blackish green. Born by the name of Dago Sario, a Spanish name.

XLI. He beareth Argent, an Assirian Made Apple. The pod is whitish green, and the cup jagged, or cut into four long leaves. The leaves rough and hairy, unevenly cut, being large broad, and pointed.

G a Fesse between 3 Assirian made Apples, the husks, A the Pod or Apple O born by the name of Strachwith.

XLII. He beareth Argent, a Pod of a smooth Scor∣pion grass, Vert. This is born by Breundt.

There is another kind of Scorpion grass, where the head being long, turns round, and is all hairy on the out∣side, like a worm; which some call the Worm-grass, or Caterpillar-grass. The leaves grow in tufts like grass, but it broadder and longer piled, then ordinary grass.

XLIII. He beareth Argent, a Sena Cod, proper. Of some a Pod of Sena of Alexandria. The flower is yellow of five leaves with Purveins running through every leaf, the pod of a darkish green, the leaf winged of of seven small round pointed ones.

XLIV. He beareth Or, a Square Codded Pease, or else a double bulbed Pease-Cod, Vert. These may fitly be termed Cods having a near resemblance thereun∣to; and so may well answer to the name of the Bearer. For three such Pendant is born by the name of Codde or Coddell.

XLV. He beareth Argent, a double Cod of Swal∣low wort: or a Swallow-wort Pod double codded, pendant: they usually have two on one stalk; the leaves long pointed and smooth; at the joints towards the top comes forth 5 white pointed leaves, which comes to long round Pods, thick above and less at point. of a greenish colour.

Star Codded pulse, or Birds foot, have five such Pods as these a little bending at the end, and fixed all close together, without any foot-stalk, like to a birds foot, the flowers yellow, the leaf a long winged stalk, with short and slender leaves, set well and thick together.

The Scorpion like Pulse, hath two crooked Pods joined together, which stand like two Rams Horns on the stalk.

XLVI. He beareth Argent, a Climing Dogs bae horned Cod, Sable. The Flower is five leaves bending backward, with a green pointil compassed with sive chives, of them come two Cods bending out and inward again, after the manner of Bulls Horns. The leaf, broad in the middle, like a Bay leaf.

XLVII. He beareth Argent, a Nut ben Cod, and Nut. Every Nut, is in the Pod in a distinct cell by it self; the other part of the Pod bein streited whee there is none. It is of a thin bladder like substance and of a light yellow colour, with many long streaks on the out-side; the Nuts themselves are whitish▪ in a rough woody shell. Three such born by the name Nuten.

XLVIII. He beareth Argent, an Oleandar Peae Cod. The flowet like the Pease; the leaf long and slender growing altogether in a tuft. From either, the Page  83 Rose-like white, or red flower, proceeds a long cod crook∣ed hard and woody, brown of colour: in which woolly seeds are wrapped. This plant is called the Rose Bay.

The Cytysus, or Trefoile Tree Cod, is crooked like a Cresant, or half Moon: the flower is of a gold yellow shining colour.

The Long Pepper, without the husk doth much resemble the seed part of the Oleander Cod.

Three Oleander Cods, proper: in a field. A is born by Olivander.

A 3 Peper pods pendant, S is born by Bitley.

XLIX. He beareth Argent, an Indian scaly Musk Melon, Vert. The leaves are large and long like the Pom-Citron tree; the Fruit covered with a thin scaly green rind, somewhat like the Pine-Apple for form, but as easily paired away as a Pear. This is born by the Town of Scalberg.

The West India Bay plumb, like this in form, but not scaly, of a yellowish black colour, shrunken in (as it were) uneven, or withered.

The Chestnut Gourd, hath a hard thick rind of a dark green, set with Diamond pointed like blackish pricks.

The prickly Melon, have leaves long and pointed, dented about the edges, the flowers pale whitish yellow: the fruit hath a green rind set full of short and thick sharp pricks, having some strakes thereon, as the Melon hath.

4. WE now proceed to give some examples of Trees, not before mentioned; or if before, yet their bearing is shewed but in part, there wanting some peculiar presidents, for better demonstration, and rules in Bla∣zon.

L. He beareeh Argent, a Branch of Lawrel, or Bays.

☞ Now according to the rule, chap. 3. numb. 28. the branch is not to be so termed (unfructed, or wihout fruit) except it be thus made, and consist of nine leaves; that is three slips set together on one stem. But if fructed then four leaves is sufficient to have it termed, a Branch. As chap. 3. numb. 2.

The Cherry Bay tree, being young hath a green bark, but old it is grey: It beareth a white flower, which turns to Cherries, black when ripe with stones in, the inner part of the fruit is of a deep blood colour.

LI. He beareth Argent, a Sprigg of Laurel (ver∣ted and reverted,) or flexed and reflexed. If it were a Uine, or Hop Stem, or any other kind of Fruit bearing tree that cannot support it self, but by the help of a pole, there had not needed the term flexed, &c. for they bend, and bow naturally: I have seed this Blazoned, a Twig, or Sprig in pale, reflected in form of an S: re∣verted.

A the like V between 3 Cornish Chough. Is born by the name of Shone.

A the like V between 3 Rooks. Is born by Dieo ap Da∣vid ap Madock ddw in Wales.

LII. He beareth Or, on an Hill out of the Base, a Haws tree Blossomed. By the name of Hayes. The Blossoms are white, which turn to red Berries, which hang in Clusters on foot-stalks, the leaf five pointed with a little but sharp dents. See numb. 28. It is termed a Hay∣thorn, or white Thorn, or Hays tree. This born with an Hare segant at the root. Is the Crest of Ince of Ince and Chester.

LIII. He beareth Argent, a Slip of Hay-thorn fructed. Some Blazon this three Bunchs, or Clu∣sters of Hays, on a slip, Gules: which is the proper co∣lour of them. Born by the name of Hayshall.

Argent three such proper. Born by the name of Van Haihouse.

LIV. He beareth Argent, on an Hill out of Base, an Indian fig Tree, or Plantan fig-Tree. It is so called, because it hath long Plantan like leaves; having a great thick rib running through the middle; the flowers are of a russetish purple colour, divided into many clusters, which brings forth long fruit, a span long, see numb. 36. This is born by the name of Malewitz.

LV. He beareth Argent, an Indian Cokar Nut Tree. It groweth a great height without branches which causeth the Natives (at certain distances) to strike pins, or pegs into the body of it, or tie ropes about it, that serves for steps to get into it: The flowers of it, are like the Chesnut, hanging in bunches at the lower boughs, which comes to large Nuts, see numb. 19.

A such a tree out of Base, ructed, proper. Is born by Van Gre.

LVI. He beareth Argent, a China Cokar Tree. It hath its boughs growing downwards from the stock; the leaves are long and slender like the Palm or Date tree growing all on one side, the boughs do not shoot into branches.

Small Water Yarrow groweth much after the same manner, having five or six joints in the stem, at each of them there is several fine small green and winged leaves, being lss and less upwards, so as the top of the stalk seems to be piramid fashioned.

A a China Cokar tree fructed, proper. Is born by Don Diago Cob. ck.

A the like tree, sans fruit, V is born by Abank a Po∣lander.

LVII. He beareth Argent, three Palm, or Cipress trees Irradicated, (or mooted up by the roots) in Fesse, fretted with a rubin Gules. Some term them, wreathed, or fretted in form of a Torce. Born by the name of Cyprus.

B the like O fretted G is born by Don Aberca of Spain.

LVIII. He beareth Air and Water; with Fowl swim∣ming therein, a Barnacle, or a Brant Geese tree. on an Isle issuing out of the sinister side. Parkinson, fol. 1306. will not have them to proceed from Trees, but from shells growing upon sides of Rocks, and Ships that have taken long North-ward Voyages: Yet others have affirmed them to be from Trees, growing towards the North of Scotland, which as they ripen, the Shell (being like a Muscle openeth, and 〈◊〉 length the Foul drops down; Page  84 which if it fall into the Water, lives: if on the Land, it periseth. This is born by an High-Lander named Cornajalle.

LIX. He beareth Air, and in Base, Water: on the sinister side a Rock, with a bung of Barnacle shels fix∣ed by foot-stalks, or strings, with some of the Foul in the Water all proper. Born by the name of Rocfall.

LX. He beareth Argent, a crooked stock double bwed, couped at both ends, in bend: having 2 sprigs leaved, issuing from the middle of the sinister side at one place, and bowed crossing each other. Born by the name of Crossock.

O the like V is born by Van Byswych in Rhyne Pala∣tinate.

A the stock in base barwise with three Rose-sprigs pro∣ceeding therefrom, proper. Born by Van Rostein.

O the like in base Barwise with three Hollin leaves therefrom V by the name of Van Gorney. Also Morner the same.

LXI. He beareth Azure, in base a stock (or stem, or trunk) of a tree couped, (croped or loped off) of its its five boughs, or Arms, Or. This is more briefly Bla∣zoned, in base a croped tree: For in the cropping of trees, the Wood-men always leave a stump of the bough remaining to the tree, which they cut off. Others say, trunked in its five boughs; or couped of its branches. By the name of Deadlffe.

A the like G in Chief three Pellets. Born by Brodzic a Polnian.

LXII. He beareth Argent, a stock of a tree, mooted up by the root; having two Arms couped, and trun∣ked, Gules. Born by the name of Raggort.

G the like O born by Don Capatas of Spain.

B the like O born by Van Marwitz.

LXIII. He beareth Argent, a stock in base, with three boughs (or Arms) couped; from the middle three smoaky vapours issuant, and one a-peece from each other, all proper. Others say, from each one, and mid∣dle three vapours of smoke. Born by Fmall; and is the Crest of Gilford.

Terms of Herbalists used about Trees and Fruit.

5. THere is no part of a tree, or Fruit, but it hath its peculiar name, which I shall endeavour to set down under these heads; in the Root, in the Stock, in the Leaves, in the Fruit, and in the Excre∣ments.

First, in the Root there is
  • The Main-holder, which is that part of the root next the tree.
  • The sprays, or divided Roots from the Main.
  • The Tuber, the knotted or bunched part of a root.
  • The Suckers, are such as shoot from the Sprays, or Arms of the root, called also Shooters.
  • The Fibres are the small threds, or strings that co•• from the suckers; by which the tree is nourished.
Secondly, from the Body, or stock there is
  • The Stem, or Trunk, is the body of the tree to the branches.
  • The Stock, next to the root.
  • Thh Bark, which hath several Denominations accor∣ding to its being; as rough, smooth, scaly, hairy, mossy.
  • The woody, or outward bark.
  • The rind, or inward bark.
  • The Sap or Bait, is the out-side of the Wood after the bark is taken off with the rind; and by sap we under∣stand the moisture in the tree.
  • The Heart, the middle of all the Tree inward.
  • The Wood, or Timberr, is between the Sap and Heart.
  • The top, the height part of the body.
  • The self-Bore, the growing up of the bark at a bro∣ken bough.
  • The Ioynt or shoot▪ is the knot or joynt from whence a years growth proceeds.
  • The Knots or Knobs, are woody substances that grow out of the sides of any trees.
  • The Thorns, or pricks, are sharp points growing from the branches of some trees, which are straight in some, and crooked in others.
  • The Writhing, is the turning of branches.
  • The Arms of the tree, are the main boughs next the top.
  • The Branches, are smaller boughs that come from the Arms.
  • The sprigs, or twigs, are such as are from the bran∣ches.
  • A slip, is any part of a branch, sliped from the main.
  • The Water shoots, or suckers, are twigs that grow from the roots of trees.
  • The shoots, are such twigs as grow from trees.
  • The sprays, are smaller twigs as grow from them.
  • The Cyons, Siens or Siers, are underlings, or small twigs of a years growth with a joints, which being cut off, is grafted in another stock.
  • The Quill, is the Cane, or space between two such joints.
  • The Pit or Hole, whereat the branches sprout out.
  • The Pith, a soft spungy substance, in the middle of some trees.
Thirdly, in the Leaves there is
  • The Lozenge leaf, of these see cap. 6. numb. 1, 2. &c.
  • The round leaf, of these see cap. 6. numb. 1, 2. &c.
  • The round pointed leaf, of these see cap. 6. numb. 1, 2. &c.
  • The smooth leaf, of these see cap. 6. numb. 1, 2. &c.
  • The rough leaf, of these see cap. 6. numb. 1, 2. &c.
  • The hairy leaf, of these see cap. 6. numb. 1, 2. &c.
  • The hoary leaf, of these see cap. 6. numb. 1, 2. &c.
  • The dented, nicked, or sniped leaf, cut in edges.
  • The waved, or unevenly cut leaf.
  • The crumpled leaf, such as stand bending, and foul∣ding in the edges, and will not lie even.
  • Page  85The foot-stalk, is so much of the stalk, as is from the leaf, to the sprig or branch it is fixed too.
  • The Ears, or fines, are such leaves as grow on the foot-stalk, either naturally small; or through extrava∣gancy, and above natures use.
  • The winged leaf, is such as have 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, &c. leaves on the side of a stalk, and as many set over against them, without any foot-stalk, or else very short ones, with an odd leaf at the end.
  • The Rib, is the chief vein, from the stalk to the end of the leaf; the Master-vein.
  • The middle rib, which hath leaves fixed to either side of it.
  • The nerves, are such veins as run from the rib, to the sides of the leaf.
  • The purvein,
  • The vervain,
  • The Brime, or edge of the leaf.
  • The eyes or buds, that which is at the foot of the foot-stalk where it joyns to the sprig, or branch.
  • The claspers, are tender threads, or hearby strings, by which running and climing branches hold up themselves, by winding about what they find in their way.
  • The tendrel, is the same to claspers.
Fourthly, in the Fruit there is
  • The Catkine, which is the hairy bloom of the Willow, or Chestnut, before the flower, and may be generally used for the first knot, or coming forth of any bud.
  • The bud, the cup, or blossom, &c. See in flower terms.
  • The pod, or berry; is the first knitting of fruit, when the Flower is fallen off.
  • The rind, peeling, or skin of any Fruit, is that as doth cover the out-side, whether it be soft or shell fruit.
  • The urchin rind, is the cover of the Chestnut.
  • The pulp, or pap, of an Apple.
  • The Cork, or Coar, is the skinny thing that keeps in the seed of any fruit.
  • The Cell, is the hollow places, in pods, husks, or coars, in which the seeds are; one fruit having in it several cells, or places in which the seeds are.
  • The Pippins, are the seeds of Apples, Pears, &c.
  • The husk, is a general term, for the thing as covers a∣ny kind of fruit, provided it be either rough, barky, or woody, skinny, or bladder like.
  • The Hulk, hull, or pill, is used for any covering of fruit, that is thin skinned, or easily cut.
  • The Orme, is the same to husk.
  • The Shell, is any woody substance, as covers either seeds, or kernels outwardly, as Nuts.
  • The Stones of fruit, are such shels as are covers for seeds or kernels; within eatable fruit, as Dates, Cherries, Apricocks, Plumbs, &c.
  • The kernel, of shell-fruit, as Nuts, Walnuts, and Almonds.
  • The furrow, is the chones, and clifts, or hollowings, in the corners, or rinds of any fruit.
  • The Ridges, are the swellings of the sides of the fruit.
  • The umbil; is the navel, or daulk in any fruit, just against the stalk; it is also taken for the crown, top, or head of an apple, where the blossom is.
  • The Gristle of the Walnut, is that as lieth between the two halves of the kernel, within the shell.
Fifthly, in the Excrements of Trees and Fruit there is
  • Agarick, an Excrement or hard Mushroom, grow∣ing out of the sides of old Trees.
  • Lungwort, a kind of Moss, with broad tough leaves, diversly folded, crumpled, and gashed in on the edges, and spotted on the upper side.
  • Mushrooms, growing on branches or bodies of Trees, and are of a skinny, soft, spungy substance.
  • Iews Ears, an Excrement from old Alder Trees.
  • Touchwood, a kind of hard, dry, spungy Mush∣room.
  • Moss, as hairy Moss, fennel like Moss, hollow head Moss, broad horned Moss, and knobbed or kneed Moss.
  • Gums, as Araback, a liquid substance from Cherry and Plum Trees. Gum Hedrea, from the Ivy Tree. Gum Tragacanth, from the Goats Thorn. Gum Opopanax, from Panax, the All-heal of Hercules. Gum Sandarack, from the Prickly Cedar. Gum Armoniack, from Gum Lacke, from Ants, as Honey from Bees.
  • Myrrh, a kind of Gum from a tree in Arabia.
  • Camphire, the Gum of Cafar, a tree in Arabia.
  • Mastick, a Gum taken from the mastick, or lentisle tree.
  • Bdellium, like myrrh, not so bitter, & easily to be broken; of a quicker scent.
  • Cambugia, whither Gum, or Juice dried, is not certain.
  • Rosin, a liquid substance from the Firr tree, which after hardens.
  • White Rosin, gathered by Carthage in America.
  • Pitch, from the Pitch tree.
  • Turpentine, from the Turpentine tree.
  • Tar, a compounded Rosin, or Rosin made mollia∣ble.
  • Birdlime, made of the green Bark of the Holly tree.
  • Balsam, or Balm, from the Balsam tree.

And to conclude this Treatise, take the terms used about Trees and Wood when they cease to have life in them; for we say the Tree or Branch is

  • Starved, when it wanted Soil to nourish, or is cut off from the main body.
  • Blasted, or Withered, when Winds have destroy∣ed it.
  • Rotten, Decayed, or Dead, when Age hath ru∣ined it.
  • Cropped, when all its Boughs are cut off.
  • Pruned, when some extravagant Branches are taken away; called also Lopped.
  • A Log is a Stock without Boughs.
  • A Pole, a Tree without Branches or Leaves.
  • A Stake, top of Trees or ends of Boughs.
  • A Stick, a shoot of a tree grown to some substance, then cut from the tree.
  • A Winding or Writhing, a Stick bent and wreath∣en about.
  • A Pile, is many pieces of Wood for Fire, laid toge∣ther, or a piece of Timber to drive into the earth, to lay a Foundation, or build upon.
  • Page  [unnumbered]A Faggot, is many Sticks bound together for Fire, 〈◊〉.
  • A Brush, cutting of small Wood or Branches, and ound in a Bundle for Firing, we call such Kids.
  • A Billet is a piece of Cleft Wood for to Burn.
  • A Nethering, is a twig or stick bent about Stakes and Poles, by which fences and hedges are made secure.
  • A Stump, or Stoe, is that part of the tree in the ground, remaining after the Tree is cut down.
  • A Sliven, Shivered, or Cloven Tree, when it is rent and torn by Winds and Lightnings.

Terms used by Pomarists, or Lovers and Keepers of Orchards.

5. BOurgening, is the taking away all dead branch∣es from Trees.

Bud, is the first shooting forth of the leaf or flower from Trees or Plants.

Bud, is a knot in a shoot or lance from a Branch; of some termed an eye or joint of a shoote.

Bunch, or bunched eminencies, are knots in sprouts or shoots above others in the same Lance.

Barcing the roots, is to dig about the roots, and un∣covering them.

Elimers, are such Trees that cannot support them∣selves but have a Pole.

Cleaning of Trees, to rub them and preserve them from Moss.

Cieft, is a slt or cutting into the top of a Stock for to Graft in.

Cones, are knots like seeds growing from the sides of branches.

Cyen or Graft, see Syen.

Catlins, or Cat••ns, are the first bloomings of Willows or Chestnuts, or such like, which come forth with Downe.

Dwarf Tree, is such as are set to Walls, and kept by pruning not to grow any higher; or such trees as are plated in hedg-rows, or such as will not grow thick.

Dressing of Trees, is the cutting and lopping off of superfluous Branches, rubbing off the Mossiness, and keeping them in good order.

Eye, or Ioint, see Bud.

Eminences, are knots in sprouts of the higher sort, such as are above others in the same Lance.

Fruc••ter, a Fruit-seller; of some a Fructerist or Fruterer.

File in Trees, is a Disease that frets and corrupts the Bark.

Graft, see Syen.

Grafting, is an artificial placing the Cyen or Graft of one kind upon the stock of another, so as the Sap of the Stock may nourish it, and cause it to grow therein; of which there is four (yet) known ways, as

  • Grafting in the Cleft, is by sawing off the head of the Stock for Wall trees near the ground, and in Stan∣dards much higher, as the growth of the Stock is, in which a Cleft being made, the Syen being cut Wedg-like is pla∣ced, and so bound close, and covered with Clay tem∣pered with Horse-Dung.
  • Grafting by Shouldering, or Whip-Grafting, as some term it, is by cutting of the head of the Stock; and by cutting the graft from a Knot or Bud, on one side sloping, with a shoulder at the top to rest on the head of the Stock; and with a Knife to cut away so much of the Bark of the Stock as the cut-side of the Graft will cover, placing both together that the Sap may join, then bound and clayed as aforesaid. Notch Grafting is much af∣ter the same manner.
  • Grafting by Inoculating or Budding, which is by taking off the eye or small Bud, which grows between the leaf and the new shoot or lance, and so placing it on a fit stock, that it may from thence receive nutrition agree∣able.
  • Grafting by Approach, of some called Grafting by inarching, or by Ablactation, which is, the young stocks and cyens growing near together, and having both their heads uncut, the branches of both being of one size, are brought together that they may touch each other for the length of 3 inches, where such joining sides are cut to the Pith, that the Saps may exactly meet, in which position bind them, and cover the place with tempered Clay.

Greens, are such Trees or Herbs as are green all the year; Winter Trees or Flowers.

Inoculating, see Grafting.

Iule, see Catlins.

Ioynt, in a sprig or shoot see Bud.

Impe, a yog shoot or Since.

Knot, see Bud.

opping, is the Cuting off all the boughes to the maine stock.

Lance, is a shoot, or a yearly sprig, growing frm a tree in one years space.

Lome, a kind of Clay to put about Grats, made of Clay and Horse-Dung, and such like compositios.

Morbide, is a flat, not high tasted Fruit.

Nursery, is a Bed or parcel of ground where seeds are sowed, or slips are set to take root, or where young Stocks are grafted.

Pallisado Hedg, such supports as are made to uphold young Plants that they keep within pounds, whether they be by Laths or other cloven timber.


Planting of Trees, is setting them in an Orchard at due distances.

Plants, are young Trees fit to be set.

Prune, is the cutting off of superfluous branches or sprouts in a tree.

Propagating or Increasing of Fruit trees by peel∣ing or cutting the Bark; it is done by tying Mortar and Clay about a sprig or young Branch, and then to cut the Bark all round between the Clay and the Tree: by means whereof roots will shoot forth in the Clay, and at setting time cut it off from the Tree, and plant it where you please.

Syen, is a cutting of a twig under a Bud or Knot, to graft in another Tree or Stock.

Shoot, see Lance.

Standards, are trees standing of themselves, not on Wall sides.

Scrambling Trees, are such as grow confusedly wide and spreading, and will not be kept in order.

Suckers, are sprigs or twigs which grow from the Page  87 roots of trees. Sprouts: some call them Sciences.

Self Bore, is where the Bark of a tree grows round about an old withered Branch cut from the tree.

Transplant, is the removing of Stocks or Grafts, or any young trees from one place to another.

Uerdure, is the greenness of leaves in Trees or Plants.

Whip Grafting, see Grafting by Shouldering.

Worms in trees, such as breed in trees between the Bark and Wood, through oldness of the Tree or sweet∣ness of the Sap.

Wall-Trees, called Wallers, are such as are plant∣ed at Wall sides, and are pinned up to the Wall.

6. HAving done with Trees and Fruit, I shall now in the remaining part of this Plate, and in that fol∣lowing, give some examples of the Bearings and Affinity of Leaves, Flowers, and Seed-Vessels of some Plants, Herbs, and Garden Blossoms; but first I shall begin with the whole Plants, and then proceed to their particular parts.

LXIV. He beareth Argent, a Stem of a Tree trunked and raguled, the top having a round knot, with a self bore, and three branches issuing therefrom cross wise, couped or slipped, Gules. Others thus, a Knot or self Bore, with 4 slips, the bottom raguled: But I judg this best Blazoned, a long Cross trunked, No∣wy pierced, the foot raguled, see lib. 1. chap. 5. numb. 108.112.22.

This is born by the name of Proudlove.

LXV. He beareth Sable, a Stem of a Tree, Ir∣radicated, and raguled, the top Flory, Or. By the name of Maleslower.

G 2 such in Salter A born by Van Wardcotz.

O on a hill in Base V 3 such couped on the top G born by Trebach.

LXVI. He beareth Argent, a Wheat-stalk slipped, bladed, or double eared, crossing one another, Vert; or double eared, crossed, (or fretted or debrused) one of the other. Born by Earely, or Yrley.

Spelt-Corn, it is lesser and blacker than Wheat, it is found sometime single, sometime double eared, set, with a long Beard. This is an Italian Coat, born by Al∣dobrand.

O 3 such is born by Maltigon, an Almaine.

LXVII. He beareth Argent, a sprig of Hyssope, flowered. It groweth in long sprigs, with 4 or 5 long narrow leaves in Tufts, at certain distances about the stalk; the flower is a blewish purple. Born by the name Hysope.

The Golden Hyssope, hath the leaves partly yel∣low.

The jagged or dented Hyssop, hath only two long dented leaves at distances, on either side the stalk, be∣tween which and the stalk appears 3 or 4 small slender leaves smooth.

Savory hath only 2 indifferent broad leaves; but the following, called

Winter Savory, hath 4 leaves set at a joint; the flower a pale purple, set at distances on the top, with leaves under them in tufts.

Tyme, or Mother of Tyme, hath small leaves set round the stalk, with white purplish flowers, set with some leaves in roundles, round about the tops of the stalks.

The greater Mother of Time, hath but 2 leaves, and they something broad at the joints, with little small ones coming between them and the stalk.

Golden Tyme, is streaked with yellow.

A 3 Sprigs V born by Tyme, or Tymes.

Sweet Marjarome, hath 2 large broad leaves set on footstalks at each joint; with 4 small and narrow a∣bove them in the joint; at the top stands long and round scaly heads, or Knots, from whence comes a white flower.

Marjarom gentle, some call it Mastich, hath a little broad leaf, four in a joint, the head is round, which groweth to a kind of Downy tuft, out of which comes white flowers.

Organy, or Bastard Marjarome, hath 2 leaves by couples in joints, being somewhat round, at the top stands several scaly heads or knots spiked, with whitish flowers; the root is like the Rape, red within and black without.

Goats Organy, hath 2 leaves, and little ones be∣tween them and the joint, the flowers stand at several di∣stances about the top of the stalk.

Spanish Goats Organy, or Marjarome, hath a long and narrow leaf; in all other things like the other.

Basil hath two leaves at every joint, somewhat broad and round, yet pointed and snipped in the edges; the flowers are small and white, coming out of the top joints with two small leaves spike fashion.

Bush Basil, and Indian Basil, have the leaves thicker set on the stalks.

Field Basil, or Beds foot flower, the leaves and stalk hairy.

The Mountain wild Basil, hath 2 rough leaves with some smaller between them at each joint; the flow∣er is in a head, together with leaves amongst them.

Stone Basil or wild Basil, they have 2 leaves at a joint, hairy with the stalk; the flower grows in rundels at every joint, and are white.

Poley, or Pole Mountain, have invecked leaves larger than any of the former, with a kind of a whitish hoary spiked head, with pale yellow flowers in a hoary husk.

The Spanish and Purple Poley have small leaves growing out between the leaves and stalk; and so hath the candy Poley.

The African Poley, hath very small and hoary white leaves set many together at each joint, all along the stalk by distance; the flowers grow at the top.

Dittany, a hairy stalk set full of leaves, two standing together one against the other, round broad pointed at the end, and hairy; at the top hang several scaly spired heads of stalks, out of which comes pale purple gaping flowers.

Penny-ro•••, at each joint 2 roundish leaves on hort foot-stalks, with 3 smaller between; the Flowers are white, set in rounds about the top of the stalk.

The Heart, or French Penny-royal, have at equal Page  88 distances many small, long and narrow leaves all along the stalk, the flowers purple.

Mint, or Spear-Mint, hath long narrow indented leaves in each joint; the flower is of a blush colour grow∣ing on a spiked head, with leaves under them.

The curled Mint, hath a kind of jagged or torne leaf, turning and crisping, or crumpled every way.

Calamint, or Mountain Mint, like the ordinary Mint.

The Field Calamint, the flowers set in each joint, from middle to the top, in a Whorle or Coronett about the stalk.

Neppe, at each joint 2 broad leaves nicked and hoa∣ry, the flowers grow in large tufts at the top, of a whitish purple colour.

Balm, hath two round leaves (pointed at the end) at each joint, on short foot stalks, and Indented; the flow∣er comes out at the top joints, gaping, and of a Carna∣tion colour, some almost white, others Purple and Blew.

Unpleasant Balme, the leaves are set by pairs at the joints; those crossing them, be lesser themselves, and so to the top.

The Assyrian Balm hath rounder and shorter leaves on long footstalks, with fewer Indents; the husk is wide open like a round skin with 5 points, in the middle there∣of groweth the gaping flower.

A 3 sprigs of Balm flowered proper. This is Born by Balme.

Mother-worth, hath 2 large leaves broad and long, and rough and crumpled, with many large indents and great veins at every joint, almost torne and divided by the indents; at the joints from the middle of the stalk to the top, grows the flowers round about at distances, in husks▪ of a red Purple.

Horehound, the leaves large and round pointed; rough and hoary; the flowers white and gaping, in rough husks about the joints.

The Spanish Horehound, the leaves invecked; the French Horehound, the leaf long and broad, and in∣dented waveways.

Sage, it is of 3 sorts, either speckled with red, white or yellow, which is called gilt Sage; the leaves stand by couples at the joints, being somewhat long and broad▪ rough and wrinkled, the flowers come from the tops, set at certain spaces one above another, which are long and gaping, of a blewish purple.

☞ In many Plants there will be small pieces of leaves, or small leaves growing at the foot-stalk, and the stalk which the Herballists call Ears or Fines. In Egypt and Candy, and hot Countreys, they bear an Ex∣crement like small Apples or Berries, covered with Down or Cotton.

A 3 Sage Slips proper. Born by Sage.

French yellow Sage, hath rugged, hoary, broad, and almost round pointed leaves, many set together large and small, on either side the joint of the stalk; the flow∣ers grow in roundles, towards the top of the stalk, yel∣lowish and gaping.

Clare, or Clary, the leaves are long and round∣ish at stalk, set by couples on the stalk, being rough, wrinkled and hoary, somewhat evenly cut in on the edges or waved; the flower grows at distances, with two small leaves at the joints under them, like Sage, but smaller.

O a Clare Branch V born by Clry.

Wild Clare, or Oculus Christi, the leaf indent∣ed. The German Clare, the leaf somewhat torn, or deeply indented on the edges.

Germander, the stalks set with small and somewhat round leaves, pointed and dented; the flowers stand on a long spiked head, gaping, and of a purple colour.

Iagged Germander hath the flowers spiky from the middle of the stalk, at every joint, with the leaves.

Bacchar, hath a long smooth leaf, set variously along the stalk, the same is divided into small branches on the top; at the ends whereof come forth diverse flowers on small foot-stalks, which are only small threads or thrums standing close and round, of a purple colour out of green scaly heads.

Centory hath one stalk with broad round pointed leaves, set by couples at a distance on each side; the flowers on the top, are of a Carnation colour of 5 or 6 leaves; they grow in an umbell or tuft. Some call this Herb the Gall of the Earth, or bitter Herb.

Starwort, hath a long smooth leaf, set variously along the stalk; the flower is like a Marygold, some yellow, others purple, blew, &c. called the Purple Marygold.

Gromell, the leaves smooth, long and slender, like Gilliflower leaves, set along the stalk▪ contrary one to the other, at the top stand diverse small white 5 leaved flowers in rough brown husks, with long leaves amongst them. Some have tufted flowers, with the leaves in a round under them.

A 3 such Sprigs flowered proper. Born by Gramell.

Sneesewort, hath the stalk set with smooth, long and narrow leaves, green above, and hoary under; on the top stands a scaly white, silver-like head, with a thrum of a blewish colour, paled about with 12 or 14 small long pointed leaves, as a border.

Aegraton, or good old Herb, it is a small shrub, very full of young shoots and slips, like the Origen or Marygold, and hath its flower alike coloured.

LXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Mullein, or Meth Mullen Bunch flowered; the stalk is covered all o∣ver with broad and long whitish woolly leaves; the flow∣ers come out on all sides, set like a long spike of a yellow colour, some white, of fine round pointed leaves. Born by Don Mollien, a Spaniard.

Black Mullein, the leaves nicked, with the flowers in the like spiky heads of Gold colour. Iagged Mul∣lein, with the leaves jagged, or unevenly cut into.

Sage leafed Mullein, the leaves grow all the stalks over; the flowers in long husks grow all together in a head by several small stalks, umbell like, yellow, with red threds therein.

Woade, hath after the same manner, the stalk all covered with long and slender leaves, the top branche out with yellow flowers.

G a Woad Plant O born by Woader.

House-leeke, or House-like, it is an herb always green the top branches Bend the heads downwards, the flowers are many leaves Star-fashion, of a dark reddish colour they grow on a stalk one above another, with a single lea at the foot of every one of them: This is called gene∣rally with us by the name of House-green, Born in a white Field by Wolick.

Page  89The House-leek (is compared by one) for his colour to the Marygold, for its roundness or figure, to the Bulls-eye. The leaf is thick, fat, and spungy, the end thereof is sharp, or like a tongue.

Semgreen, is another kind of it, but much less; it grows upon Walls, and tops of Houses; some call it sem∣perviva, being always well liking and green.

LXIX. He beareth Argent, a Cassidony slip flow∣ered, or French Lavender, it hath at distances many small or narrow, and long leaves, set in roundels; the flowers proceed out of a long, round, scaly head, of a blewish purple, after the manner of a Thistle.

The long leafed Cassidony, the leaves are long and slender, and grow thick on the stalk; but the top of the branch is bare without leaves, unto the head or flower; the same is the dented leaf Cassidony.

The Spanish Cassidony, hath a head like a thistle, of many threds or thrums 4 or 5 together on long stalks.

Candy Cassidony, hath a flower like a blew Bot∣tle, of a yellow colour; or to a single Marygold.

Lavender, hath 2 leaves long and whitish, one a∣gainst another, along the stalk, from which riseth a na∣ked stalk with 2 leaves at a joint, and at the top diverse small husks standing round about them, formed in long round heads or spikes, with purple gaping flowers.

Iagged Lavender, the leaves like Fennel.

Rose mary, all along the stalk is long, narrow leaves, and at every knot comes forth 2 blewish gaping flowers, out of a small husk. Gilded Rosemary, is tipt or pointed, or striped in the leaves, with a golden yellow; and Silver Rosemary with white.

Three slips flowered, is born by Don Foix, or Foilx, a Spaniard.

LXX. He beareth Argent, a Sprig of sweet Mau∣deline flowered. The leaves are nipt about the edges, the flowers set round together, of an equal height in umbels or tufts. There is a sort that have long nar∣row leaves and smooth. This is born by the name of Morlarherg.

Cost-mary, or Alecoste, broad and long green nic∣ked leaves; the stalk in the top spreadeth into 3 or 4 branches, each having a tuft or umbell of yllow flow∣ers.

Tansy, is a kind of a narrow thread like, and long leaf, or rather wings of leaves fixed to each stalk; the flowers are yellow, growing altogether in an umbell, and like buttons.

O 3 Spriggs, is born by Coruvin.

Double, or Curled Tansy, the leaves are close and thick, and somewhat crumpled together.

Mountain Tansy, a broader and thicker leaf, the flowers on the top branches are like Camomill flowers, with a border or pale of white leaves, and a yellow thrum in the middle.

The great white Tansy, or Field Tansy, is the same, having a broader leaf winged; the flowers stand upon long foot-stalks.

Featherfew, the leaves much torne, or cut in the edges, the stalk set with many leaves; at the top stands many single flowers upon several small foot-stalks, like small Camomill flowers. Double Featherfew, hath the flowers with many leaves, so that little of the yellow thrum can be seen.

Camomill, is set with very fine leaves, bushing and spreading over the ground, the tops have flowers like Daisies. Double Camomill hath the flowers dou∣ble. There are three kinds of them, one hath a Saffron coloured flower; another hath a purple colour; and the third a white; this herb hath that laudable prehemi∣nence, that the more it is trod upon, the better it co∣meth up and prospereth.

Naked Camomill, hath the flower, a yellow thrum∣my head, without any border of white leaves about it.

Mayweed, hath a Fennel like leaf, and Camomil Flower, but larger, and hath no smell.

The Oak of Cappadocia, is a ragged and deep cut leaf, set by long foot-stalks upon the branches, without any order; at the tops of all the sprigs both great and small, stands the flowers, which are small, round, yel∣low mossy buttons.

Ierusalem Oak, the sprig full of unevenly dented leaves, like Grunsel or a Succory leaf; from the middle to the top, at every leaf, is a flower, yellowish like to the Blossom of a Uine.

Mugwort, hath the branches set with a leaf cut in deeply about the brims like Wormwood. Fruitful Mugwort, the leaf more jagged and narrow, especially about the middle rib, and ending in a longer point; at each leaf there groweth 2 or 3 round berries, hairy all over.

Southernwood hath Fennel like leaves, but not so long; from the middle of the sprig hangs yellow flow∣ers like buttons on stalks. Tree Southernwood, hath the leaves not so fine, but more like the Wormwood. Born by the name of Southernwood.

Lavender Cotton, hath a long winged, small leaf, set unorderly upon the stalks to the middle, thence na∣ked to the top, where groweth a round head, which send∣eth forth a yellow jagged flower.

Wormwood, the stalk set one against another, with leaves divided or cut into many parts; the Flowers are many small buttons, with pale yellow flowers in them, growing spiked.

White tufted Wormwood, hath thick, bread, hoary leaves cut in about the edges, in some places more than others, narrow at bottom and broader at the point, from the stalk set here and there with smaller cut leaves, riseth a branch, which hath each a scaly Silver like green head, out of which comes a flower of many leaves silver white.

Lavender sea Wormwood, the leaf divided into 5 long and slender leaves fixed on a foot-stalk.

Spicknard, or Ualerian, hath leaves like the Primrose, growing in bunches, out of which comes a stalk set with jagged leaves, 2 together at a joint, on the top stands reddish Flowers, thick thrust together in an um∣bell.

The great Ualerian, hath a jagged or divided leaf on each side, some to the middle rib; being winged as made of many leaves together on a stalk; branched on the top with many small whitish flowers, coming out of husks.

LXXI. He beareth Argent, a bunch of Mountain Avens, with the flower inverted. The leaves are wing∣ed, Page  90 made of many small leaves towards the bottom stand∣ing on both sides the rib, the end leaves being large and whole, but indented on the edges, the flower is of a deep yellow, having many yellow threads in the middle.

The Purple Mountain Avens, is double rosed; and the leaf like a Rose leaf 3 together (or trible point∣ed) and a long stalk, having here and there on them, some small divided leaves.

The Cinquefoile Avens, hath the leaf divided into 5 parts, like a Cinquefoile, dented about the edges, which are without foot-stalks, fixed at every joint; the flower a little pale yellow one, of 5 round leaves, with many yellow threads, something downy in the middle, that after grows to a round hairy head.

LXXII. He beareth Sable, a slip of Sea Spurge, Or. 3 such born by Contriver.

Cypress Spurge, hath the scaly leaves contrary way, down to the stalk.

2 slips of Sea Spurge, the highest row of leaves Gules, the next Argent, and so changeably, is the Crest of Van Re∣den.

Out of a Coronet O 2 slips S is the Crest of Reb∣linger.

On a Cap B turned up Losengy O and B 2 such Sprigs A born for the Crest of Mallen van Vlmen.

The same is the Crest of Brumser van Rudisheim, with the turn up of the Cap Ermine.

Out of a Lamp parted in three S and A a like sprig is the Crest of Van Wildenberg.

LXXIII. He beareth Argent, the top of a Lawrel sprig berried, out of Base. The leaves are longer and softer than Bays, the Berries black. Born by the name of Laurence.

A the like proper. Born by Kornich a Portuguze.

A 3 such tops of Laurel sprigs couped, is born by Don Carnato of Spain.

LXXIV. He beareth Argent, a Stavesacre slip. The leaf is six pointed, each containing 3 dentals; the flovver is a deep blew, aud grovveth at the top of the branch spiky one above another, that turn to horned seed Vessels.

LXXV. He beareth Argent, a Sprig of Sena, having a Bloom, a Blossom, and a Pod, on the top of it, proper. The Flovvers are yellovv, and the cod of a yellovv green.

The Scorpion Sena, hath the ends of the pods sharp and bending, and grovv 3 or 4 in a bunch. This is born by Senagge.

Greenweed, or Diers Weed, hath a number of small green stalks, vvhereon grovvs vvithout order, many small long leaves, and yellovv flovvers at the top, spike like, vvhich turn to small pods; it is called Would or Weld.

Cassia, or purging Cassia, the leaves are smooth, being 2 together at the top, and by pairs set on the stalk, the flovver is yellovv, many grovving ogether, vvhich comes to a very long round cod.

The sweet Bean, or Carob tree, hath the leaves smooth, round and pointed at both ends, the Pod is crooked, turning and slender, yet broad in the husk, vvhich proceeds from a long Catkin in the Winter, that in Spring-time openeth into Purple flovvers.

Tamarind, hath a long vvinged leaf, smooth, and set close together, the Pod is like a half Moon.

The Nut Ben, hath long pointed leaves, round at stalk, vvinged at a pretty distance; the Pod or Nut is enclosed in a single husk, sometime tvvo in the husk, each by it self, the other part streightned betvven them; see numb. 47.

LXXVI. He beareth Argent, a branch of Purging Thorn, fructed. The Flower is whitish green, of 4 leaves, that grow to black round Berries.

Cammock, is an herb throughly beset with Prickles, in some places called Rest-Harrow, and Whine, the the leaf is like Rue, it groweth most in tilled ground.

LXXVII. He beareth Argent, a slip of a Iujube Tree fructed. It hath a nicked leaf set on both sides the branch one above the other, at each leaf is a small yellowish flower of 5 leaves, from whence comes a red berry, large as an Olive, and of it make with a long stone in it.

LXXVIII. He beareth Argent, flower de luce slip∣ped, the leaves are long and sharp edged like a Svvord▪ the flovver blevv, vvith the turned down leaves, a thrum of yellovv, there are both yellow, white and purple of them. This I have set here, to shevv you the true and old way of Drawing the flower de luce, after which form it ought to be made.

LXXIX. He beareth Argent, the Libard bane, or the Leopard-bane, or Uenemous Berry, leaves and root. Born by the name of Cucumber. It is a rough hai∣ry leaf, like the Cucumber, full of Veins, of a blewish green colour, the root knotted like a Scorpions Tail; if it be drawn with Berries, the stalk hath 4 small leaves set by couples; the flowers are many, growing in a tuft o round head together, of a yellowish pale colour, with many yellow threads in the middle, as saith Ambr. Pares, fol. 609.

The Scorpion rooted Wolfs-Bane set forth by Parkinson, in his Herbal, fol. 320. resembleth this, only the leaves drawn smooth, somewhat waved, or uneven∣ly dented about the edges; the flovvers are yellovv, some∣what like the Corn Marygold, having many narrow long yellovv leaves, as a border set about a middle thrum, which when they fall away, turns to small whitish Downe the root runs taper-wise to a small point, which hath smal fibres at it; the whole root is in joints like the Croco¦diles Tail, or the Tatus, or Guinean Beast, and white. This is born by the name of Gwinberkentz.

LXXX. He beareth Argent, a slip of Wake Robin, or Cuckow Pintle. The Hose Husk, is a yellowish green; the Pestle or Clapper, Purple, the threads yel∣low, and the berries white; and when the Pestle decay∣eth, the Berries grow large and red. This is of some cal∣led Friers Coule, because of the hooding of the Pe∣stle, when it is springing forth. This is born by the name of Pooreman.

LXXXI. He beareth Or, a Uiper Bugloss of Can∣dy, slip. The stalk is set round and full vvith long hou∣ry Page  91 leaves, out of which, reseth several small hand-like 〈◊〉 rough; at whose top stands open tuft of yellow flowers, in long rough husks. This is born by an Italian called Vigom.

LXXXII. He beareth▪ Argent, out of a Hill, or 〈…〉Bae, a Plant called Iobs Tears. It 〈…〉 jointed stalk, at every joint is a long narrow leaf, like to Millet or Reed, at each cometh forth one grain or feed, raped in some husks, round at bottom ad pointed at end, whereat hangs 2 or 3 chaffy husks or 〈◊〉, like small ank ears of Corn. This is born by the name of Iobe.

LXXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Sprig of Turn-sole, at the leaves comes forth three berries, on short foot-stalks, round and rugged, and of a blackish colour; which have within them a juice, or moisture of a purple co∣lon, of which that Turn-sole is made; sold by the Dru∣gists, 3 Turnsole slips with berries are born by the name Tusole.

LXXXIV. He beareth Argent, a sprig of Bugle, with blush coloured Flowers. The like slipped is born by Bugloss.

Common Bugle, hath a broad smooth leaf with blew flowers.

Saint Peters wort, smooth and straight veins through the leaves, like Plantan; it hath a yellow star-flower with threds in the middle, in a short green husk.

Saint Iohns-wort, like to them, the stalk brownish spreading into many branches, having two small leaves set on against the other at distances of a deep green co∣lour, and full of small holes which cannot be discerned but between and the light; at the tops of the stalks stand yellow Flowers made of five leaves a piece, with many yellow threds in the middle (which being bruised do yield a reddish juice,) after them succeeds round heads which contain black seed. Some of this kind have the Flowers in circles at the joints, as well as the tops.

The Woolly Saint Iohns-wort, hath the bran∣ches hoary white and woolly; the Flowers are paler and smaller Flowers. This is called of some creeping saint Iohns wort, because it lyeth on the ground.

The Indian Saint Iohns-wort, hath woody stems, covered with a whitish bark, from whence springs divers branches, set with leaves one contrary to another, which are narrow below at the stalk, and broad and round at the ends; sometimes two or three at a joint, at which said joints riseth divers white flowers of four leaves, pointed white with a little purple in the middle.

Tutsan, or Park leaves, the same; with yellow Flowers, which turn to a round seedy husk, of a purple colour.

Iron-wort, leaves hairy; Flowers gaping, of a pale purple.

Mountain Iron-wort, the leaves long and slender, the Flowers purple and white, gaping.

Dragon flower, leaves broad in the middle, and dented with long foot-stalks; with gaping Flowers.

The French Catch-flie, hath at the top, and joints below, many Flowers together standing in clusters, very small and short foot-stalks, in husks of a greenish yellow colour.

Sope-wort, have the leaves ribbed like Plantan, the Flowers grow only on the top in bunches, consisting of five leaves round at the ends, and a little dented in the middle, of a pale Rose-colour, in husks on short foot-stalks.

Ey-bright, the leaves are finely dented and grow two together very thick, and from the middle of the stalk up∣wards, comes forth white gaping flowers, spotted and stri∣ped, with purple and yellow.

LXXXV. He beareth Argent, a Bunch of Treacle Mustard leaves, with a seed sprout. The Flowers are white, which grow to round long pods, upon short foot-stalks. This is Born by Bunger.

Princes Feather, hath the leaves invecked, the Flowers grow in branches, consisting of five pointed leaves, with a round yet pointed stile in the middle; set about with chives, tipped; all white, spotted with purple. This is Born by Fathefoe.

LXXXVI. He beareth Argent, a Pease-stalk, with blomes, and Blossoms on the top, and leafed and coded, with its claspers, all proper. By the name of Peas.

Cich-Pease, or Rams Ciches, or Cicers, have winged leaves, six and eight on a side, some smooth, o∣thers dented, the Flowers, are a pale yellowish colour.

Wood, or wild Orobus; the Flowers white, the cod black, and the leaf, is long and arrow, one in a place.

Cocks head, is a small Cod, with Uitch like leaves, the Flower is pale red, and grow spike-manner.

LXXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Bean-cod erect∣ed, Vert. They grow upright, the leaves winged, con∣sisting of three or five smooth and round leaves, pointed at the ends; the Flowers stand two or three at the joint of the main stalk with the leaf, and are of a light purple, some white, others of a reddish colour.

Greekish Bean, have the stalk with two edges, lying on the ground if the small tendrels at the ends of the winged leaf have not something whereon it may ramp or rise. The Flower is a dead or sullen purple, pale at the bottom.

A 3 Bean Cods bar-ways, two and one proper. Is born by the name of Hard-bean.

G 3 Bean Cods pendant O born by the name of Beane.

LXXXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Rose with a sprig Imbowed, (or recurnant) leafed and slipt, proper. Born by the name of Round.

A the like with the sprig imbowed circularly from the Rose to the dexter side, proper. Is the Arms of the Town of Rosenhein in Germany.

O a Cock standing on a sprig G which circles him al∣most about the Leaves V is the Coat of the Town of Dornhan.

A 3 berries S on foot-stalks at the end of a sprig slipt imbowed circularly from base to base sinister V born by Winsbury.

LXXXIX. He beareth Or, a stone Mushroom▪ proper. This usually groweth among stones, and old decayed buildings, being of a greyish black colour, full of white lines and strakes, on the upper side, embowing a little from the middle to the edge, being hollow within Page  92 like a Bell-flower. Three such is born by the name of Mushroom.

XC. He beareth Argent, a twigg Wreathed in form of the figure of 8, (or wreathen and fretted) leafed at the ends, and out-sides, Vert. By the name of Writher.

A the like G born by Van Heinach.

A a like twig G born by Van Seckendorfe.

A the like only crossed at the ends G by Reinhofen.

B the sprig with a leaf at the ends, and one in the cir∣cular part; the rest trunked or reguled A born by Stav∣dinger.

XCI. He beareth Or, on a Chapourn mounted in Base, Sable; two Oak-twigs, bowed and Imbowed, fretting each other, fructed and leafed, proper. Born by the name of Van Marschenostheim.

S the same O born by Aycher Van Herngiesdirf.

XCII. He beareth Argent, out of an Heart, Gules, a Sprig double topped, Sable, each having three Ber∣ries on short foot-stalks, Azure. This is born by the name of Truchengers. Mens Hearts are often born with one or two, or more slips, of various leaves and flowers, which are to be Blazoned according to this example. Party per Fesse G and O an Heart and Spriggs counter∣changed. This is born by the name of Hertwig.

XCIII. He beareth Azure, a Flower de lis, Or, on each top, a tuft, Argent. By the name of Flowertop.

☞ And thus you shall have several sorts of flowers, leaves, and other things, adorning one another. This is born by the name of Flowerdorfe, viz. A the Flower B and tufts V.

XCIV. He beareth Argent, a demy Flower de 〈◊〉, fixed to the Sinister side, Purpure. By the name of Hau∣fer.

☞ Thus Roses and other Flowers are born by the half, sometimes fixed to the Dexter, some to the Sinister, some to both sides; some also in Chief, others in Base.

B the like in Base O born by the name of Billinger.

Party per pale A and G a demy Rose and Flower de Luce conjoined, counterchanged. Born by Langen.

Per pale B and G a Fesse A a demy rose on the first, and a demy Flower de luce fixed to the Dexter side of the latter O by the name of Van Keselberg.

Per pale G a culter in bend point upwards A and of the first a demy flower de luce fixed to the Dexter side, of the second. By the name of Van Denstat. This may also be Blazoned G a culter in Bend, and a demy flower de luce A.

But herein there ought to be notice given, which side of the flower is rebated or taken away, as in the next Coat.

A 3 demy flowers de lis rebated on the sinister side G born by the name of Van Mulwitz.

G a demy flower de lis, in Bend Sinister rebated on that side, and a Rose O born by Van Konitz.

Page  93
TO The Right Worshipful Sir ROBERT COTTON of Cumbermare Knight and Baronett, Sir HENRY BUNBURY, of Staney, Baronett. AND Sir PETER PINDAR of Chester, Baronett. Right Worthy Sirs, SVch an itching desire some have to be known in the World, that rather they will be ac∣counted Fools in Print, then by silent Pens to be esteemed Wise: For my part my Ambi∣tion herein was onely to add my Observations, which was never before taken notice of in the rules of Herauldry, (therefore new to some,) though it is but to reform and advance what hath been done by Others. Which in the Conclusion is humbly Dedicated to your secret Memories and Posterities by Your most humble and devoted Servant Randle Holme.


1. IN the beginning of the last Chapter, I began with the affinity of leaves, belonging to Trees and Fruit. In this (to conclude the Treatise of Ve∣gatives) I shall follow the same method, in Flow∣ers, and Plants, under these heads.

First the terms or names given by Herbalists and Artists to Leaves, according to their form and 〈◊〉

Secondly, the terms giuen to the Heads of Flowers according to their 〈…〉

Thirdly, the 〈◊〉 of Flowers, called, and in what order 〈…〉, and with what kind of leaves.

〈…〉 me unto it, is only to give you the 〈…〉 Gardiners, not that these are in Coats of Arms except some few.

〈1 paragraph〉

〈…〉 long leaves white, out of a green scaly head.

The Sea purge, shoots out in branches from the root, all set with long pointed leaves, one against another; the flowers are five small leaves a-piece like a star, pendu∣lous, or hanging down from a branched stalk, of a sad purple colour.

Spurge Olive, hath a leaf long and slender, with one vein through it; at the top of the branches grow divers white 〈…〉 flowers, of 4 leaves.

〈1 paragraph〉

The Dwarf ay, or flowering spurge, have one sort of 〈◊〉, a pale; the 〈…〉 growing on flexible branches, beset with many long leaves.

〈…〉 pointil, compassed about with five dark yellow chives, from whence grows a double bending od. See chap. 5. numb. 46.

Page  [unnumbered]


Page  95II. Is an Oval leaf pointed, or pointed at the end: those that are of this Tribe, are,

  • The Tobacco, which grows in tufts from the root, then shoots into branched branches, beset with leaves at each joint; the flowers grow in branches being a pale gre∣nish yellow cup-flower, with an invecked turning-out brim, set in a midling Hose, or Husk.
  • The Indian leaf, the edges are waved, or un-evenly cut.
  • The Burrage leaf, is long and hairy, and rough; a kind of crumpled and uneven cut leaf, without any foot-stalk, set to the sprig or branch.
  • Hounds-Tongue, a long narrow sharp pointed leaf at both ends, grows in tuffs, the tops are branched with a small leaf at every branch, and flowers all along the same, which open by degrees, as the flowers do blow; which consist of four small purple red leaves, scarce shewing themselves, out of a rough green husk, with some small threads, or pointils in the middle.
  • Pepperwort, or the Dittander leaf, is dented about the edges; the Flower is small and white, growing in branches, on short foot-stalks.
  • Gomfrey, large and long hairy rough leaves, grow∣ing on a stalk; at the top is a bunch of Flowers like bells, in short husks of a white colour; being on several long stalks, set one above another.
  • Gomfrey with purple Flowers hath smooth leaves.
  • Mandrake leaf, is a long broad leaf, sharp pointed; the Flowers are pale green, of five round leaves, standing in a green husk with five points, from whence proceeds the fruit, which is as large as an Apple, of a Gold yellow colour.
  • Mint, or Spear-Mint, the leaf nicked, the flower grows on a spiked head, and are of a blush, or purple co∣lour.
  • Pellitory of the Wall, a long pointed leaf, and rough; at each leaf, from the middle of the stalk (which spreadeth into branches) stands small pale purple flowers, in hairy husks, or rough heads.
  • Penny-Royal, grows in branches, the Flowers are some white, or yellow, and some purple, and grow in roundles at the tops. The stalks shoot forth small fibres, or roots at the joynts which fasten themselves in the ground, and so become new sprouted stalks.
  • Balm, the leaf pointed, and a little dented in the ed∣ges, they grow by couples on the stalk, at each comes forth a small gaping Flower, of a pale Carnation (almost white) colour, in a husk.
  • Campion, hath a leaf full of veins, growing on stalks, the Flowers are on branches, some white, some light pur∣ple, others peach-colour, containing five round invect leaves, set in a roundish long husk, furrowed and divided into five points.
  • None-such, or Flower of Bristow; is a small Flower of many leaves, round at end, set in a hose or husk growing at the top of the stalk many together in a tuft, or umbel like, with slender leaves amongst them.
  • Swallowort, a long slender pointed leaf, growing by pairs on a stalk, with which from the middle comes forth small white flowers, of five pointed leaves.
  • Bugle, broad leaves pointed, growing on a stalk, with little foot-stalks; the Flowers are blewish, growing spiral at distances, with leaves smaller and smaller, to the top, amongst them.

III. Is an Heart leafe, because it turns inward at the foot-stalk, like to the Heart.

Mechacan of peru, the leaf sharp at point, turning thereat a little crooked, it groweth up like hops, by help of a pole, it beareth berries in long clusters, of a yellow colour, and some of a whitish colour.

Rattle Snake-weed; the leaf sharp pointed and bending, set one at every joint of the branch.

A 3 such Leaves V is born by Van Ratlesnag.

B 3 such O a Cheif A Born by Hibrid; also by Bo∣narwas, two Polonian Families.

IV. An Adder Tongue leaf, or a long pointed leaf byforked at the bottom; or a three square leaf, sharp pointed; or a leaf with a forked bottom.

Sorrel, groweth out of the earth in bunches, each on its own stalk, till it come to seeding time, then it shooteth up a small tender branch, with flowers and seeds of a red∣dish colour; the leaves are long and smooth; of which Cooks makes their Green-Sauce, being of a harsh-taste.

The Brittannick, or English herb, it hath the look of the largest Sorrel, but of a more black colour, being mossy and mealy.

Bryony, is a long winding, or waved leaf, rounded at the stalk, it groweth like Hops, by help of a Pole; the Flowers are white growing together in a long tuft like Stars. The branches therefrom are black, and are further in sunder than bunches of Grapes. Called of some, Wild Uine; and Dog-berries.

Treacle Mustard, hath the leaf longer.

Hearts Tongue, leaf long and slender, all of a bredth and round at end, streaked on both sides the rib, with small long brownish marks, the bottom of the leaf bow∣ed a little at each side to the stalk, being sharp at the end.

Iagged Hearts Tongue, is the same to the other, only the tops of the leaves jagged, and cut some more, others less.

Buck-wheat, a long pointed leaf, broad about the middle, and round byforked at the stalk; the Flowers grow at top in clusters, all white, much like a knotted head of Flowers.

Bloodwort, a long slender leaf, sharp pointed, and round at stalk.

Bind-weed, long waved sharp pointed leaf, biforked at the stalk; the Flower is a white bell, wide in the open∣ing, or brim.

Bind-weed with purple and blew bell-flowers; have the brims turned like the Mallow-flower, and divided into five, some six points or indents. It hath clasps and tendrils, by which it supports it self.

Scamony, hath the bell-flower white, with wide o∣pen brims and narrow bottoms, set in a short foot husk; the leaf something bending or waved, these last grow like Hops by poles.

Syrian, or Arabian, Aromatical Reed leaf, is long and waved, the stalk is divided into branches, and they into others, two at a joint which bear small yellow Flowers.

Wake Robin, or Cuckow Pintle, the leaf waved.

Fryers Coul, the leaf round at the end, then shoot∣ing into a point, with the points, rounded at the stalk.

Second sort of Adders Tougue leaf, (or long poin∣ted leaf) byforked to the stalk; is termed, an extrinsi∣cal Page  96 Adders Tongue leaf, or an Adders Tongue leaf externally biforked; that is, having the biforkedness of the leaf (which in the former points to the foot-stalk) in this, they point outwards; which may in English be called an out-pointed Adders tongue leaf.

Mule Fearn, the leaf marked like to Harts-tongue, and bowing on each side the middle rib, like a half-Moon; or an hollow roundness at the bottom, and un∣evenly dented or waved about the edges.

Third sort of Adders Tongue leaf; is that which is biforked to the point of the leaf, and is termed an intrin∣sical Adders tongne leaf; because the biforkedness, or the bottom points, turn inwards to the sides of the leaf.

West India Potato leaf, is much more veined here and there; this is called also the Negro's, or Morocco Potato leaf.

G three Adders Tongue leaves (the like to the exam∣ple) V is the Coat of Alagoras, a Spanish Family.

B a Fesse between 3 such O born by Browneslane.

V. The Adders Tongue leaf, double parted, or double forked, both outward, and to the point. 3 such V in a Field O born by Sharpall.

Mule Fearn eared leaf; this differeth from that before, numb. 4. having a small ear, or piece of leaf set on each side of the forked bottom, which makes it double pointed.

Spinage, hath such a leaf; some only our-forked, others double forked.

Ualerian, the points of the leaves more round poin∣ted, as if five leaves were set together being winged, branched at the top with white flowers dashed on the ed∣ges, with a pale purple, in husks, growing together in tufts.

VI. An Eared leaf; that is having two small leaves growing to the leaf, or at a distance from it on the foot-stalk, a fined leaf.

Snake-weed, or Bisfort, the leaf hath a small fin at the stalk, long and narrower downwards; on the upper side the leaf blewish green, and under ash-colour grey and purplish; being full of veins, bearing a spiky bush of pale flesh colour flowers.

Broad leafed Sow-Thistle, is broad at top, trian∣gular indented from thence, a long the salk or rib; it is rent and torn with fewer division on the edges than the common-Sowthistle, the Flowers are white.

Great Mountain Sow-Thistle, the leaf parted in∣to four, sometimes five divisions, placed on each-side, one against another, from the upper leaf, each less than other to the bottom, all indented or uneven cut, set with pricks on the edges. The top parted into branches, the Flowers set together umbel like, of a yellow colour, with a more yellow thrum, on a foot-stalk within a long husk, or hose, cut in the top.

Wood Night-shade, leaf hath the two ears joyned to it by an half round; at the top comes forth Flowers, in an umbel, long-wise of a purple colour, of five long nar∣row leaves, which turn backward to the stalk, with a long gold yellow pointil in the middle.

Wolf Bane of Austria, hath the two leaves joined to the great one, by a half round fin; the Flowers on branches like Marygolds, all yellow.

Iews Mallow, at bottom of leaf a long pointed ear, which ends in a long thread, or crooked tendrel.

VII. A Trefoil leaf: that is three leaves joined at the beginning of the foot-stalk; or a long pointed Trefoil.

Strawberry, Raspis, Mountain Avens, and Black-berry, alike.

Wild Fenugreek, leaves with deeper dents about the edges.

Harts foot, the leaf round pointed, and endented set at a very little distance, the Flowers yellow, standing in long spikes, thick one above another. It is called also Melilot, or Kings Clover.

Brier, or Bramble; the leaves set at a little di∣stance on foot-stalks the flower white, of five leaves, with a thrum of yellow, which after turn to Black-berries grow∣ing altogether in a knot, bulbes like; there is the Gar∣den Brier, which is sweet; and the Field Brier, which is not.

Bean Trefoil leaf, is smooth, set at a little distance on short foot-stalks.

French Bean, or Kidney Bean, have three smooth long pointed leaves, standing at a little distance on short foot-stalk; the flowers like other bean, but grow spiked on a long stalk one above another; some white some scar∣let, others purple, which grow to a fat (but narrow) long Cod.

B 3 such V on a Fesse O is born by Lachingsord.

A a Cheveron between two and a Rose. Is born by Arelan, a Spaniard.

VIII. A Trefoil leaf gradually eared down the stalk, or finned down the stalk, or a-long the foot-stalk.

Annise, or Anniseed leaf, is three at the head inden∣ted, onely on the top and two more at a distance set on the stalk without any foot-stalk; the Flowers are white, grow∣ing in an umbel.

Night-shade, hath a long and slender leaf at top, with two small ones near joining; and at a distance two large leaves, on foot-stalks a little uneven; the stalks branched which have white Flowers of five small pointed leaves with yellow pointils, of four or five threads set together; they grow on stalks, one above another, spiked in most places, it is called, Gold-Knape, or yellow Crace; for the Golden colour Fruit.

Avens, hath a winged leaf, made of many small leaves towards the bottom, growing less and less, and set at a little distance, the end-leaf being large and whole, resembling three round endented leaves.

Radish leaf, is roundish at the top growing less and less to the bottom; waved, and set at the rib, without a∣ny foot-stalks.

Uirginian Potato leaf, is round pointed, smooth and all the winged leaves of an equal distance and bigness, with foot-stalks.

IX. A winged leaf, that is, many set on both sides of a middle rib, growing one above another; some having six, eight, or ten leaves on a side, and one at the end: of some called a stalk of Leaves. As

  • Sensitive Plant, or Herb of Life, is a rib with small long smooth leaves, set together without any foot-stalks, growing in tufts.
  • Sena, or purging Sena, narrow pointed leaves, three on a side and smooth; the Flower is yellow, o five leaves round at end, which after turns to a Cod.
  • Page  97Sena of Italy, and Alexandria, and Bastard sena; have the leaves round at the point, and set to the rib with∣out foot-stalks.
  • Angelica, the leaves broad towards the stalk, and long pointed, and indented, the Flowers are white, in an umbel.
  • Parsnip leaf, closer together being broad and long, dented; having the bottom leaves much longer than the topmost, growing piramid-wise.
  • Water-cresses, have the leaves round and pointed, three on a side, and smooth; set not one against but con∣trary to the other; the Flowers are white, standing on foot-stalks one above another, which grow to small pods, like horns.
  • Italian Water-cresses, have the leaves indented.
  • Allheal, hath a leaf round at stalk, and is a smooth long leaf, sharp pointed; branched or divided, each bear∣ing a tuft, or umbel of yellow Flowers.
  • Burnet leaves are long and nicked, with an umbel of white Flowers at the head of the branches.
  • Lady-smock, many small slender leaves on each side the rib; with a stalk of white flowers on foot-stalks. Some bear double flowers.
  • Muscovy, or Musk Cranes-bill, hath the leaves cut into many parts; the Flowers are red and crimson, blew and white, and striped; they grow on a stalk with a tufted head, consisting of five leaves in a husk which pro∣ceeds to a long beak, or bill: see numb. 88.
  • Rams Ciches, or Cicers, or Cich-Pease; hath seven or eight dented leaves on a side the rib; at the top of the stalks come forth many tufts of Flowers, thick set together; of a pale yellow colour, after the manner of a Pease-flower, which groweth to a rough cod, small poin∣ted.
  • Wild Cicer, or Cich-pease, have the leaves smooth.
  • Cassia, the leaves are smooth, having two together at top, and two on each side, long pointed; the Flowers are yellow many growing together on a long stalk, of four or five round leaves, with many green threads standing a∣bout a small long crooked unbone, or horn; which groweth to a long slender pod.
  • Goats Rue, upon the stalk groweth at every joint long winged leaves, which are small and long, and pointed at the end, and smooth on the edges; the top is branched, upon each stands many leguminons, or pulse like flow∣ers, of a blewish purple colour, one above another in spikes; in some plants they are of a pure white, which af∣ter turn to round long pods a little bunched out in some places, wherein lyeth seed, like the Uetch, or small pease.
  • Queen of the Meadows, or Meadow sweet, or Mead sweet: It is a winged and dented leaf, standing one above another, at distances, upon a reddish rib; which are fixed sometimes to the mean stalk, which hath on the top many tufts, or umbels of small white flowers, thrust thick together. This plant hath the two lowermost leaves ever much less than the other, and sometimes small eares, or eared leaves between the large ones, the leaves are of a sad green on the upper-side, and greyish under∣neath.
  • English Maiden-hair, hath from a fibres root, many blackish shining brittle stalks, each side set very thick with small dark green leaves, round pointed, and spotted on the back: they grow spiral, the leaves smaller all along to the top, from what they are at the bottom of the stalk.
  • Spleenwort, hath divers stalks of leaves, rising from the like root, cut on both sides with uneven divisions, dented on the edges with sharp points; and grow spiral.
  • Maiden Hair, is a long rib set on both sides with a fine delicate, and almost three-square, leaves; dented on the top (or cut in unevenly) without any (or very short) foot-stalks, the leaves grow piramid-wise, the least at the top, and so bigger and bigger down the sides; being 20, 25, or 30 leaves on a side, all marked on the back, with many small brown spots.
  • Centory, the leaves long, four and five on the side, the rib deep dented; the flower like a Thistle, of a pale blew colour, growing on branched stalks.
  • Yellow Centory, hath the leaves seven or eight on a side, which are both long and slender.
  • Celandine, the leaves long pointed at both ends, set on a rib two and three on a side, each leaf divided into many parts, and each of them cut in on the tops of the edges; the stalks are full of a yellow sap, or milk; at the top of the branches are gold yellow flowers of four leaves a-piece, out of which comes small long pods. Some write it Celedony.
  • Pease, the leaves are round at the end, four or five on a side, the flower is white, (some a light red gaping flower) that turns to a Peascod.
  • Uetches, Lentils, Tares, have leaves like Pease round at end, and pointed on the rib, but small and lit∣tle leaves, eight, ten, or twelve on a side, the flowers like Pease.
  • Orobus, or the bitter Uetch, hath many long and slender smooth leaves on the rib growing piramid, and the top ends in a sharp point, or wreathing clasper.
  • Licorice, the leaves are smooth, five and six on a side.
  • Fearn, the leaves are nicked almost to the middle vein of the leaf, and set contrary one to the other on the great rib, the bottom leaves being much longer than the top-leaves, growing piramid-wise.

X. A winged jagged leaf. That is having the leaves deeply cut in on the edges.

Agrimony, hath divers long leaves, made of many set upon a stalk, some greater, others lesser, all of them indented about the edges; green above, and grey under∣neath, a little hairy withall; on a stalk grow many small yellow flowers one above another, in long slender spikes. It is also called white, or wild Tansy.

Curled Cresses, the leaves cut and roundly dented, and curled about the edges; the flowers are white, on long spikes one set above another.

Mustard, the leaves are small and jagged, set together by small fins, running along the rib, and are unevenly cut, or dented; the flowers are yellow, growing along the branches which turn to small pods, hanging one above another.

Round rooted Readish, hath jagged, and deep cut leaves, set at a distance; round, and without foot-stalks.

Smallage, the leaves consist of three parted leaves; each part deep dented, four and five on a side; the flowers white, in umbels, or thick tufts.

Page  98Filipendula, or Drop-wort, hath divers winged leaves, long, dented about the edges, and set close toge∣ther on each side a middle rib, like Burnet, wild Tan∣sy, or Agrimony: the stalk hath such leaves thereon, spreading in the top into tufts of white flowers, of five pointed leaves a-piece, with some threds in the middle of them, each standing upon a small foot-stalk.

Milfoil, or Yarrow, hath a long winged leaf den∣ted, the flower is white, growing in tufts, or umbels; some call it Nose-bleed, it is a short Set or shrub, the leaf like a Birds Feather, dented by cuts, and are sharp also like the Cummin.

Corn Parsly, hath sundry long and winged leaves ly∣ing on the ground, deeply dented, set close on a middle rib, and pointed; the stalk hath the like leaves at the joints, but less branching on the top, each having small umbels, of white flowers.

English Sea-Fern, on a stalk are placed many rough, thick, shining, blackish, green leaves; broad in the middle, long and pointed at both ends; finely snipt about the edges; with brownish marks on the back, like land Fern. These grow from a brownish root, composed of a multitude of threds.

The second is a winged leaf double set, or a double winged leaf, of some termed a Flie Winged leaf; be∣cause set by pairs against one another on the middle rib.

XI. a Branched Winged Leafe. a Winged Leafe of many parts▪ or Winged and Divided Leaves. that is when the lower winged leafe fixed to the maine rib con∣taineth as may leaves as is on the stalk above it: or from the top leafe each exceeds other in the wing as is above it.

Hemlock, hath set at the joynts very large winged leaves, which are divided into many other winged leaves, one set against another indented; branched towards the top, where it is full of umbels of white flowers.

Parsly, hath upon the rib, or stalk on the top, a three parted leaf, each dented on the top; below it on short foot-stalks is set two such like leaves on answering the o∣ther; at a distance below them, on a long foot-stalk, is set on either side such a like winged leaf containing three leaves a-piece; below them again, is set on either-side at a distance on a longer foot-stall, another winged leaf which containeth as many leaves as is above it, grovving altogether piramid-wise; the bottom leaves still exceed∣ing them, next above it: thus Parsly is winged, for three or four winged leaves on the side of the main rib; the Flower is white growing in umbels.

Sweet Cisley, or Chervil, the leaves are much cut and jagged, being a little hairy on the stalk, and of a whi∣tish green colour, at the top stands small white tufts of Flowers, or spoked tufts.

Lovage, hath great large winged leaves, divided in∣to many parts every leaf being cut in the edges, with three dents, or four at most; the stalk full of joints, out of which towards the top come forth long branches which bear yellow flowers in umbels.

Laserwort and Allisander, are leafed like the winged leaves in the plate, with large deep indents, the Flowers in umbels, are white.

All-heal of America, or the cluster-berry Allheal of America, hath a round pithy brown purple stalk, set at the joints with large leaves divided into many parts, usu∣ally by three at a space, on midling foot-stalks; the win∣ged leaves being set at a good distance from the top three leaves; they are a little dented about the edges; and on sundry branches have many tufts of flowers, made of small whitish green threds, like Vine-blossoms which after turns to dark red berries in clusters.

Herb Francumsence, hath the divided winged leaf, set with three leaves broad and dented on the top; then three single leaves on a-side, with as many directly against them, each at a little distance on foot-stalks; and then two winged leaves each consisting of three leaves, set at the lower part of the stalk; from the upper joint, riseth a few branches bearing large umbels of white flowers; smelling sweet as most umbelliferous tops do.

Libstick, or Sermountain, hath at the joints a long slender leaf, spreading winged divided in sundry parts, whose foot-stalks usually bear two leaves, some four, set one against another, and three always at the end, with a winged leaf at the bottom.

The second, is a Rush-leaf, (or prickly leaf) set in Wharles; that is, at distances, or several spaces about the stalk, to the top, are set divers roundels of leaves; that are long, and slender.

Horse-Tail, hath only one intire stalk like a rush (cal∣led a rough jointed rush) it is full of joints up to the top, so made as if the lower part were put into the upper, whereat grows at each side, or ronnd, a bush of small rushes hard and sharp; at the top comes forth small Iules, or Catkins, like those of trees.

The greater Medow Horse-Tail, is the same, only the rushy leaves in the joints are more bushy and longer, and many of them do branch themselves forth into o∣thers, and are all of them full of joints, scarce discerna∣ble.

Rosemary, hath Wharles or small slender leaves set at distances about the stalk.

Small Maudlin, hath the stalk full of small slender leaves of whitish green; with yellow flowers, thick thrust together, in an umbel, or tuft.

Francking Spurry, or Spurwort; on the stalk are set at distances, or joints, small narrow leaves waving, or bending in manner of a star; or spur rowel of many points; the Flowers are small and white, in husks, on branched stalks which turn to small round heads.

Woodroof, the stalk is set at every joint with eight or ten long (& broad in the middle) leaves; on the top is star-flowers of five leaves on branches, of a white colour. Some have blew, others purple coloured flowers, standing on a branch by short foot-stalks.

Maidens-Hair, or Ladies Bendstraw; the leaves long slender and sharp pointed, tnrning downward; the top branching forth into divers parts, with five small leaves at every joint, on which grow long tufts, or branches of yellow flowers, very thick set together, one above ano∣ther.

Goose-grass, or Cleavers, hath six rough hairy leaves on a hairy stalk in wharles, at distances, or set in a round compass, like a star, or rowel of a spur; from be∣tween the leaves at the joints, towards the top comes forth many small white Flowers, on threddy foot-stalks which turn to two rough round seeds; the purple flowered Clea∣vers, have the leaves and stalks smooth.

Cross-wort, hath a square hairy jointed stalk, with four roundish (pointed at both end) leaves, hairy yet Page  99 smooth of a yellowish green, towards the top at the joints with the leaves, in three or four rows upward, stand small pale yellow flowers in husks.

Stinking Ground-pine, a round stalk, set by joints at certain spaces, with very many small and narrow thred-like whitish green leaves, round the stalk; being longer at the bottom than the top.

The lesser Ground-pine, hath the stalk lying on the ground in a compass, upon each there is divers rundels of small long leaves set at spaces, of a yellow green colour; on the tops, divers Flowers do stand together in a tuft, con∣sisting of 5 small white leaves a-piece.

Fair Heath low Pine, a reddish stalk full of joints, each set round in compass, with many small and long, thick fat leaves; the tops have divers Flowers, on short foot-stalks, consisting of five or six long dented leaves, of a whitish red colour, with yellow threds in the middle; the purple Low-pine-Flower, groweth in a great spiked tusf, or bush; consisting of four leaves a-piece double for∣ked at the ends, in a brownish husk.

Narrow leafed Salomons seal, hath only one stalk set at several spaces, with long narrow leaves, five or six together round the stalk; at the said joints or spa∣ces, with the leaves, comes forth two or three short stalks, with whitish green Flowers at the ends of them, like bells with dented edges, after which comes round red berries.

Prick Madam, or stone Crop, is a sappy stalk, thick set on all sides, with small round sharp pointed sappy leaves, (or as others describe them) with thick fat round yellowish green leaves a little pointed at the end; the flowers stand at the tops of the branches, many set toge∣ther, yet somewhat loosly and not in tufts or clusters, con∣sisting of five pointed leaves with some threds in the mid∣dle, all of a yellowish colour; others white, some carnati∣on. It is termed also Trick Madam.

XII. A Thread leaf, or Hair-like leaf, or a leaf finely cut.

Fennel leaf, or threddy branched leaves.

Flixweed, hath a branched stalk, set with green leaves very finely cut, or severed into a number of parts; the Flowers are small and yellow, growing spike fashion∣ed, which after comes to small long pods.

Flax, hath on the stalk, which is slender and pliant, many (or thick beset with) single narrow long thred-like leaves, without order; branched in the top into three or four small foot-stalks, each bearing a blew flower, of five round-pointed leaves with some threds in the middle; in green short, and dented husks.

Ragwort, hath the leaves something broader than Fennel, much cut and rent in the edges even to the mid∣dle rib; the top brancheth forth into many stalks, bear∣ing yellow Flowers, set in a pale, or border, with a dark yellow thrum in the middle; set in a round, divided husk.

Sea-Moss, or Coraline, and Sea-Feather, are all branched with threddy leaves like Fennel.

Camomil, hath small trailing branches, set with very fine hairy leaves, bushing and spreading abroad, the tops have white flowers, with yellow thrums in the mid∣dle; some have only yellow thrummy heads, without any pale or border of white leaves, and a small thrum in the middle.

Corn Marygold, and Or-Eye; have both thred∣dy branched leaves, yet something broader than Fennel; The Flowers, out of a green scally head, or husk, a bor∣der of broad pointed leaves, cut or dented into three or four parts; about a thrum all yellow.

Nigella, leaves as finely cut as Fennel, the branch hath flowers, containing five blew leaves, laid open like a star, without any green leaves under the Flower, with a green head in the middle, compassed with some few threds.

Carrats, the leaf large and spreading, made of many thin, cut deep leaves, divided into many parts, jagged yet broader than Fennel, the flowers are white umbels in branches, dispersed.

Asparagus, or Sperage, the leaves jagged, and hairy, branched; the Flowers are yellow, consisting of six leaves.

Bastard wild Poppy; Fennel leafed, the flower 4 round leaves, white, or red, with black threds, about a green round head.

XIII. A Sword, or Flag leaf, or Blade leaf.

Aspodil, or Asphodil, have long narrow leaves, com∣passing one the other at bottom of the stalk, like Flags and Flower-de-luces: the Flowers are yellow, in a spike; six leaves a-piece, with some threds in the middle.

White branched Asphodil, hath white flowers, in little round husks, consisting of six or seven long and narrow leaves, with threds, or chives in the middle, tipt with roundish pendils.

The Asphodil, or Aspodil, which hath many crawl∣ing hollow three square leaves sharp pointed; the stalk is smooth and naked, divided at the top into many bran∣ches, bearing many star-like flowers of six leaves, whitish on the inner-side, and striped with a pale purple line down the back-side, having some yellow threds in the middle; there is a kind of these, whose flowers are all white, and the stalk is not branched; others are of a blush colour; others striped on the back with lines, growing on the stalk in a long spike, those below flowering first.

The small Aspodil, oor Kings-Spear, hath many long narrow edged green leaves trailing on the ground, the stalk set with small leaves to the middle, where the flowers begin being many, yellow and star-like.

The Lilly Aspodil, it hath many long thin sedgy leaves; the stalk is naked, bearing at the top four or five small Lilly-like flowers, blowing one after another (like the day Lilly) of a yellow colour: Of this kind some are white, others blush, or flesh colour.

The Spider-wort, or Savoy Spider-wort, hath thin small sedgy leaves of a whitish green; the stalk bears at the top, one above another seven or eight flow∣ers; white flower hanging Lilly-like, with a small forked pointil, with some threds tipt with yellow.

The Italian Spider-wort, hath on the top of the stalk many white star-like Flowers, and a grassy leaf.

The Uirginian Spider-wort, hath a growing gras∣sy leaf; the stalk is in joints, with some short leaves on the top, from whence proceeds the flowers which are ma∣ny; hanging down their heads at first, and turn up as they come to blow, each containeth three leaves laid flat of a blue colour, with red threds in the middle, tipt with yellow pendants; they open commonly one after another. It may be called at the Day Flower, for it o∣pens in the day and closes in the night; of this kind there is that have red, others white flowers.

Page  100Flag, the leaves hard and stiff, the flower yellow like to the Flower-de-luce, having three falling leaves, and other three arched; that cover their bottoms, with three short pieces of leaves instead of whole ones. Some call them Sagges or Sedges; others Sword-herb; of the Latine Gladiolus; Some call it Ariou; some Sword-point, or Edge-Tool; and others Cuttle-haft.

Rice, the stalk is in joints, at each a thick long leaf, at the top it beareth a seed, in a sparsed juba, or tuft (or a spiked tuft spread in branches) whose blooming is said to be purple; with the seeds standing severally on them in∣closed in a hard brown husk, and an Aun or Beard, at the head of every one of them.

Millet, hath jointed tall stalks, soft and hairy, with long and large Reed-like leaves at them, compassing one another; the top of the stalk, hath a number of whitish yellow long sprigs like Feathers, bowing down their heads.

The Indian Millet, hath the seeds in a Iuba or tuft, standing upright, and boweth not; and are either whitish, yellow, red, or blackish, hard and shining.

Panick, is like the Millet, only the top is a whitish long close spike, round at the end, soft (and as it were hairy soft) husks.

Bew Indian Panick, hath from the joints, and also at the tops, panick-like heads, closer than the former, the stalk and flowers of a blewish shining purple colour, ull of hairy husks.

Sampire, or Rock-Sampire, the stalk is tender and green, branching forth from the bottom, beset with thick and almost round leaves, and long; sometimes three or four together on a stalk, and are sappy: the tops and branches, have umbels of white flowers. It is called Pearceston.

Ginger, the root is that we call Ginger, the leaves grow like the Water-flag, with a Flower like a Flower-de-luce. But the Brazil Ginger with a blackish root, hath a stalk like to our Reed, when it is new put forth, or sprung up to a foot in height.

Dittander, or Scar-wort, hath long and narrow leaves, set upon a stalk, which brancheth forth at the top into dark purplish flowers, set together, consisting of five small pointed leaves a-piece, in rough brownish husks.

Toad-flax, or Flax-weed, the stalk full of long nar∣row leaves, at the top is a spike of pale yellow flowers, with gaping mouths, and a spur behind each; growing in a spike fashion.

Flea-bane, hath a long narrow leaf upon the stalk, dented a little about the edges, and pointed at the ends; at the top part of the stalk, at every joint with a leaf, comes forth a yellow Flower, in a green husk, which when it is ripe turns to down.

The purple Flea-bane, hath the top of the stalk branched, at the end of each, stands a bluish purple flower of small leaves, white at the top, with a yellow thrum in the middle, out of which doth rise divers white threds.

Spider-wort, hath long narrow leaves all in a cluster at the ground, from whence issue a stalk branched at the top, whereon groweth all along, on short foot-stalks, a purple flower of six pointed leaves, out of a short husk. Some white, others red, or carnation flowers.

Uiper-grass, hath long and narrow leaves, the stalk divided into three or four branches, with lesser leaves on; at the top of each a blue purple flower, standing in a short green head, consisting of many long narrow leaves set thick together.

Goats-Beard, hath long narrow leaves compassing the stalk at the joints, and turn down by reason of their length, having a whitish rib all along the middle; the stalk brancheth into 2 or 3 parts, each having a large green head, with long pointed ends, out of which appears a small purple flower. There are some that bear yellow flowers, and rose colour.

English Worm-seed, the stalk set with long narrow leaves, pointed at both ends; at the top of the stalk is 2 or 3 branches, at the ends whereof come forth small yellow flowers, made of 4 leaves apiece, all set together in a tuft, on short foot-stalks.

XIV. A Through leaf, or a pointed Through leaf, that is a leaf that hath no foot-stalk, but surrounds the stalk or branch it is fixed unto.

Solomons Seal, of some called St. Iohns Seal, or St. Maries Seal, or Fraxinell, or the Seal of Heaven, is a long stalk bowing towards the top, set with single leaves one above another, at the foot of every leaf almost from the bottom up to the top of the stalk comes forth White and hollow pendulous Flowers, something like the May Lilly, or Lilly Convally, but ending in five longer points on long foot-stalks: That of Virginia hath the Flowers only on the top of the stalk, in a spike without any leaves intermixed.

Gold of Pleasure, hath the stalk compassed with a sharp pointed leaf, biforked at the bottom, branched at the top, beset on both sides spike like with white Flowers of 5 round leaves on short foot-stalks, after which comes round heads, each having a point on it.

Myagrum hath the stalk compassed with leaves point∣ed one above another the flowers are small and white, standing together in tufts on the top, which turn to round rugged heads, with a prick at the end.

Hellebor, or Neesewort, hath large roundish leaves all along the stalk, compassing one another to the bot∣tom, having eminent ribs along them; the top is divi∣ded into many branches, having all along them many small, yellow, or whitish green star-like Flowers.

Ladies slipper, hath the stalk compassed with a large and pointed leaf at distances, on the top stands one flow∣er, sometimes two or three on foot-stalks one above ano∣ther, with a small leaf at the foot of every one; each Flower is of an oval form, and hollow, open with ears like to a slipper, with four long, narrow and dark co∣loured leaves at the setting on of the flower unto the stalk, wherein the Flower was at first enclosed, being of a pale yellow colour and purple.

Birthwort, is a kind of a running slender and bend∣ing stalk, trailing, having few or no branches issuing therefrom, compassed about with one round pointed leaf, set at distances with the leaves, from the middle, at every joint upwards, come forth a long hollow flower, small at bottom, broad at the top, of a deadish yellow, or brown colour, after which comes a round fruit some∣what longish, as large as a Wallnutt.

Hairy headed Knapweed, a through leaf, sharp and long pointed, the top branched, with a leaf at eve∣ry joint; at the top a Flower llike a Thistle, with whi∣tish crooked tangling threds, of a purple colour.

Centory, hath yellow flowers, the leaves broad at Page  101 the stalk, and roundish pointed, 2 at a joint; the top 2 or 3 or more stalks rising from between 2 leaves, at the end of each a Flower of five white leaves in a small husk.

Gentian, on the stalk is many broad three ribbed, dark green leaves, pointed at the top, compassing the stalk at the bottom, 2 leaves one against another; at the top comes forth the flowers, compassing the stalk at 2 or 3 of the upper joints, with 2 leaves a piece under them. The Flowers are Star-like, consisting of six long narrow leaves, of a purple colour, with yellow threds in the mid∣dle, standing about a long green byforked long head, like a Fish tail.

Hony-wort, or Cerinthe, the leaves are broad and long, roundish at the ends, and compassing the stalk so much that they seem to go through them, of a blewish green colour, spotted all over with white spots; at every joint or leaf comes forth a branch which at the top are smaller, at every leaf is a long hollow flower like a Bell, of a yellow and purple red colour, set in a green husk, di∣vided into five parts. The great, yellow, and purple and white Honywort, have the stalk and leaves all hairy.

Through Wax, or Through leaf, hath the leaf round at bottom, and pointed at the end, having the stalk through the middle of the leaf, which stand at distances, at each leaf cometh forth a stalk, and so smaller to the top, the flowers are small, standing in tufts, at the head of the branch of a yellow colour. The common codded Through Wax, the leaves are uneven on the edges, long and round pointed, opening in the compassing of the stalk, heart-like; the branches have white flowers one above another, consisting of 4 leaves, in husks, which turn to long and square cods.

Leopards Bane, hath one only leaf compassing the stalk, round and indented, from whence groweth small branches, with small leaves thereon, at the top of each, one pale, smooth yellow flower, of 4 round leaves, with a small greenish head in the middle.

Wolfs-Bane, hath a flower on a double stalk like the Corn Marygold, which when it falleth away, turns to a small whitish downe.

XV. A Slit Through leaf, or a Round Through leaf, bipointed at the opening.

XVI. A double pointed Through leaf, or a Through leaf pointed at both ends.

Wood Spurge, hath at the tops of the stalks many yellow flowers standing in cups, or leaves under them, like cups (that is) two almost round leaves, compassing the stalk that is yellow also; of which comes small round heads standing up a little higher in the cups on foot-stalks, with 3 little buttons on the top of each head.

Garden Spurge, hath 2 long and narrow leaves, of a blewish green colour, compassing the joint, from whence it riseth into branches; 2 leaves being still at the division or parting of the branches; at the tops are yellow pale Flowers set in leaves like cups, that turn to seed-heads, as aforesaid. There is a sort of Spurge that beareth red Flowers, and yellow, dasht over with purple.

Through leafed Centory, the stalk at every joint, or set at distance, hath a broad and long pointed leaf at both ends, that so compasseth the stalk about, as it seem∣eth to have run through them, and turn up at the edges, that they may hold Dew or Rain that falleth on them; the Flowers on the top are in small branches 3 or 4 out of a cup, with pale yellow leaves, 6 or 8 about a small thrum or head.

Saint Peters Wort, hath only one stalk from the root, set at distances, with 2 broad and long leaves round pointed at both ends, having sometimes small little leaves rising from the bosom of the greater; at the top is 3 or 4 branches, each having a Star-like Flower of 5 pointed leaves, and threds pointed with small round buttons, all yellow.

Sun turning Spurge, hath only one stalk, where∣on grow diverse yellowish green leaves, smaller at the bottom, but broad and round at the ends, endented a∣bout; the flowers are yellow, as other Surges, stand∣ing in cups, of two leaves apiece, the stalks running through them.

XVII. A four parted Through leaf, or a round four parted Through leaf, a Caterfoil Through leaf.

Knobbed, or Tuberous Spurge, the top is branch∣ed, at every joint is a leaf through which they spring, ha∣ving a white rib down the middle; at the tops are Flow∣ers set in the middle of a round four parted round leaf, of a yellow colour, after which comes a round seed pod, like other Spurge.

XVIII. An Arrow head leaf, because like the head of a Dart, a Pheon like Leaf.

Arrow head Water Plant, hath a leaf like a broad Arrow head, its Flowers are white, growing at the joints in rounds, at certain distances to the top of the stalk.

Wild Colewort, hath the top of the leaves more round, and the forked part the same.

XIX. A Round leaf, or a Roundel leaf, vvith a stalk in the middle.

Kidney wort, or Wall penny wort, or Wall-wort, hath thick, flat and round leaves, growing on stalks all in a cluster or bunch, unevenly cut or waved, and hollow on the upper side like a Spoon, from whence riseth a stalk branched, bearing a number of pendulous Flowers set in spikes round the stalks one above another, like little bells, dented in the edges, of a whitish green colour.

Wood-Sorrel is three leaves like Hearts set toge∣ther in a round, with the stalk in the middle.

Marsh Penny-wort, or Water Penny-wort, or Penny-rott, is a creeping stalk, with round leaves, di∣vided into six inveckes, as if the were six leaves with the stalk in the midle on the back of them.

XX A Mushrome leafe, a Round leafe Turned in, at the stalk.

Sea Bindweed, or Soldenella leaf, the flower is a purple Bell in a husk.

Asarum, or Asarabacca, the veins of the leaf are as if they were scales from stalk to brim, each on their own foot-stalk, the Flower is a brown green husk (on short stalks) divided at the brim into 5 divisions like the cups or heads of Henbane.

Bastard Asarum, hath the leaves uneven or waved; the Flowers like the Camomill, all yellow.

Page  102Arch Angel, or Dead Nettle, the leaves crumpled and dented, Flowers grow at a distance on the stalk with leaves between, and are white, some red gaping Flowers.

XXI. A Bulbes leaf, a round leaf tending to a point, or a broad round leaf a little pointed.

Dittany, hath a round pointed leafe woolly, or co∣vered with downe, the branch set full of leaves two toga∣ther, the tops send forth spikes, of thin leaves like Scales, purple on the out side, and paler within; out of vvhich comes purple gaping Flowers; some are red, others of a deep blood red; others of a pale blew or Ash colour; others of a bleak blew, striped with a deep Blew or Vio∣let.

XXII. An Egg leaf, or an Egg Oval leaf, being round at both ends, oval like, yet broader at one end than the other, Egg-like; of some called an Eclip leaf, or pointed oval leaf.

Water Lilly, the leaf is long and roundish at the end, with a return of the leaf at the bottom into the stalk; the Flower is green on the out-side, and the inner very white, consisting of many rows of long and narrow leaves, compassing a head, or thrum of yellow threds.

The Water Lilly of Egypt, is double flowered, but inclosed or set in a husk of four leaves green on the out∣side, and White within.

A Beets Leaf, and the Garden red Beets, the leaves grow on weak tender stalks, at each leaf round the stalk, a Wharle of yellowish green Flowers, and so spi∣ked to the top: There is 2 kinds, White and red Beets.

Winter-green, of some called Wolves-heart, or Iuniper-herb, or Black Lingwort, or Earths leaf; It is like to our Beets.

Egyptian Wake Robin, is a whitish green leaf, full of Veins running every way; the Flower is 3 hose or husks, out of which comes a Pestel or Clapper, in the mid∣dle thereof is white Flowers downwards, that turn to pale red berries.

XXIII. A Bulbes pointed and Inverted leaf, is a Violet leaf, being round, tending to a point at the end, and the bottom turning in at the stalk like a heart. A Heart leaf.

Dogs-bane, leaves full of Veins, broad and sharp at the end, 2 at a joint, the Flowers come forth at the joints with the leaves 3 or 4 or more together, consisting of five white pointed leaves, from which grows long crooked pointed cods, fixed to a small foot-husk.

Ale-hoof, or ground Ivy, is a creeping stalk lying on the ground, having 2 such leaves at every joint, some∣what hairy and crumpled, or unevenly dented about the edges, with round dents at the ends of the branches, with the leaves come forth hollow long flowers gaping at the ends, of a blewish purple colour, and small white spots on the Labels or lips that hang down, as also in the mouth or jaws.

Spanish Orpine, on the stalks at distances, are set two leaves thick and broad pointed at end, and unevenly dented; the top hath a tuft of flowers, which consists of 5 small whitish leaves, after which comes chaffie husks.

Marsh Marygold, the leaf is smooth, more open from the stalk, the Flowers are yellow, like to Crow∣foots.

Horehound, the leaves waved and crumpled, set 2 together on a stalk, the Flowers are white, and gaping set spiral or in spikes with the leaves.

Celandine, or Pile-wort, a heart like leaf, set on a weak trailing branch, smooth and shining; the flower is 9 or 10 long narrow pointed leaves, with a round head in the middle, all yellow.

Scurvigrass, or Spoon-wort, the leaf stands by it self on a long foot-stalk, the Flowers are white and yellow threds in the middle; growing spikewise in branch∣es on both sides.

Parnassus Grass, a Violet like leaf grows on its stalk, the flower White also, and is five leaves standing round a green head or button, with some yellow threds about it.

A such a Leaf stalk slipped and embowed to the dexter G born by Van Balcker; also by Van Dobskitz.

The like with the stalk to the Sinister, is born by Mausk∣witz.

A on a Bend G 3 such O born by Gosen or Godson.

XXIV. A round leaf pointed at the stalk or bottom of the leaf, a Barberry leaf, or top like leaf.

Capers, hath a weak woody stalk, lying on the ground, set with crooked thorns like hooks (as the Bram∣ble or Dog-rose) at each joint comes forth 2 leaves one opposite to the other, from whence springs a round head, that being ripe, consists of 4 round white leaves, with 4 other green ones, as the husk wherein they stand, having many yellowish threds, and a long stile or pestle in the middle.

Purslane, hath a round thick fat leaf, growing sharp at the stalk, it hath no veins but through the middle, they are set on a reddish weak stalk, one opposite to the other, and on the top many together in a cluster, after the manner of a knot of leaves, the undermost leaves be-in the largest.

Rue, or the Herb of Grace, hath such a round end leaf drawing somewhat to a point, it hath but one vein, and is a kind of Sea-green colour, or dark blewish green, growing one opposite to the other, on hard whitish woody stalks, the flowers that stand on the top consist of 4 small yellow leaves, with a green button in the middle, com∣passed about with sundry small yellow threds, that grow∣ing ripe, contains in it small black seed.

Wild Rue, or Wood-sage, as some call it; it hath small stalks in manner like to a Birds Feather, the leaf is a little bigger than our common Rue. It hath a tuft that is full of black seeds.

Indian St. Iohns Wort, hath the leaves narrow at the stalk or setting on at the branch, and large, round and broad at the top.

XXV. A Tripointed crumpled leaf, or a Tripoint∣ed uneven cut leaf, by reason the edges are bending to and again, so that the leaf cannot lie flat and smooth.

The Burrdock, the leaf green on one side, and grey on the other, it brancheth forth at the top, beareth di∣verse rough heads or burrs, with crooked pointed prick∣les, out of each comes many purplish threds, those are the Flowers.

Butter Dock, or Rubarbe, is the like, having a Page  103 large crumpled leaf, almost as broad as long, with long stalks.

Saxafrage, or white Saxafrage, the leaves are roundish, being unevenly cut or dented about the edges, each on a foot-stalk lying on the ground, of a yellowish green above, and grey underneath; from amongst the leaves riseth a stalk, with a few such little leaves there∣on, branched at the top, on each stands a white Flower of 5 pointed leaves, with some yellow threds in the mid∣dle, standing in long crested brownish green husks, with another lesser husk of five or six leaves at the bottom of it.

XXVI. A broad tripointed indented leaf, whose points all extend forward. A 3 such V is born by Tri∣pointe.

Colts-foot, or Fole-foot, roundish 3 pointed leaves, dented a little about the edges, with a down or freese ver the leaf on the upper side, and whitish or mealy un∣derneath, which may be rubbed away; the flower stands on its own stalk, which is small and yellow, like a single pink in a hose, within a small husk at bottom.

Gilder rose, or Marsh Elder; the leaves are broad and smooth, divided at the edges, into three (and some∣time into five divisions or incisures and dented about) the flowers consist of 5 leaves, of a white or pale blush, being set many together in a round tuft or ball on the top of the young branches.

XXVII. A Round pointed Trefoil leaf, or divi∣ded at the edges into 3 parts.

Fenugreek, round at the top and pointed at the stalk, on the stalk are whitish Flowers, growing in tufts, that turn to long crooked pds.

Hepatica, or Liverwort, the leaf is each on his own stalk out of the ground, they grow together in tufts, the Flower is both single and double; the first consisting of six pointed leaves, with a button in the middle; the double consisteth of many, set thick and full together; they are of a violet purple colour, others white, blue, or red.

XXVIII. A Trefoil tripointed and dented leaf, that is, a leaf divided or cut into three parts, each con∣taining 9 points: Of some a Tripointed leaf, each trebble trebbled; or a Triparted leaf trebble-treb∣ble pointed.

Crow-foot leaf on its own stalk; the Flower grows on a naked stalk, and is Yellow, some White.

Muskwood Crowfoot, hath the leaf divided in 3 parts to the stalk, then each part again invecked at the end into three, of a pale shining green colour, from a∣mong them riseth a stalk with 2 such leaves on, but smal∣ler; above them is a greenish yellow head, that spread∣eth into 4 or 5 mossie heads of threds.

Columbines, have three such like leaves as this ex∣ample, all fixed on a stalk by short foot-stalks, below them again on the same stalk is set 2 such other parted leaves upon longer foot-stalks; so that in the same, to make it compleat, there is 9 of these leaves, which is termed a Triparted, Winged and Divided leaf.

Smallage, hath 5 of these leaves set on a stalk, 2 on a side, one against another on short foot-stalks, and one at the end, which makes it a Triparted Winged leaf; but on the top of the stalk, with the umbell of white flow∣ers, there is usually but 3 leaves together.

XXIX. A Cinque-pointed, or Five pointed leaf; and a Cinque pointed recurved leaf; by reason two parts turns (as it were) backwards to the stalk.

Sanicle, hath a great round leaf on its own foot-stalk; being deeply cut or divided into 5 parts, and those parts dented also; the Flowers are branched at the top, every one having a small round greenish yellow head, out of which comes small white leaves.

Bears ear Sanicle, hath the Flowers pendulous, all in a tuft like Cowslips, of 5 pointed leaves, of a pur∣ple colour.

Spotted Sanicle, hath the Flowers white, all spot∣ted with red spots; the leaves and manner of growing as the other Sanicle.

XXX. A leaf divided into five Sections, or a five pointed leaf.

Cowcumber, or Cucumber, the branch traileth on the ground, the leaf is parted with an uneven cut, in∣to five points, but not deep into the leaf.

Indian Melon, hath the like leaves with claspers on the branches, with five pointed yellow flowers that turns to a Fruit like a Pear, but furrowed, of a green and yel∣low colour.

XXXI. A Cinquefoil, or five parted leaf, indent∣ed, five fingered leaf; or five leaves standing together on a small foot-stalk.

Cinquefoil, or five leaved Grass, the stalk grow∣eth in the middle, some leaves are five pointed and smooth, others are dented all about the edges.

Cranes Bill, or Storks Bill, the leaves grow from the root or long foot-stales, each leaf being divided into five parts, and they again cut in on the edges; on the top of a branched stalk, comes forth diverse Flowers together, each on a foot-stalk, consisting of 5 leaves a∣piece, of a reddish, purple or rose colour, set in short and small husks, which falling away, there groweth a long spike or sharp pointed Nail, or a thing resembling a Stork or Cranes Bill, as in numb. 88.

A a bend between 2 such V is born by Alovist, an Italian.

V the like leaf G on a Quarter O by Hemod a Po∣lonian.

Knotted Cranes Bill, hath only two Flowers toge∣ther on foot-stalks, consisting of 5 leaves apiece, indent∣ed in the middle; (like a Mallow,) of a purple colour, veined with a deeper purple running there through; ha∣ving a reddish unbone in the middle, cut into five parts at the top, which turn to long beak heads. This smel∣leth sweet like musk, and therefore is of many Flowerists, called Muscovy,

Hellebor, hath large leaves growing out of the earth on long foot-stalks, divided into five, sometimes six or seven parts or leaves, each nicked or dented from the middle of the leaf upwards; the Flowers grow on their own Stalks from the ground, being naked, and without any leaf thereon; the flower cometh forth in Winter, and therefore called Christmas Flower, it consists of five large, white, round leaves, sometime dasht with Purple about the edges, and sometimes all purple, with ma∣ny Page  104 pale yellow thrums in the middle, standing about a green head, which after groweth to be the seed Vessel, di∣viding it self into several Cells, like the Columbine Seed Pod. Some call this the Christmas or New-Years Rose. Some are red, yellow, &c.

The Bastard black Hellobor, hath a smooth divi∣ded leaf, and is both longer and narrower, with flowers like the former, but of a pale green colour, growing in branches with small leaves amongst them; This is also called Bears-foot, and Setterwort.

Purging Sanicle-like Hellebor, hath a like divi∣ded leaf of five parts, endented about the edges, but not so deep; from among these leaves riseth a stalk with some small leaves on, at the top 2 or 3 or more flowers, each of them consisting of many small hard whitish leaves, as a pale or border, compassing many threads in the mid∣dle.

Stavesacre, or Louse-wort, the stalk brancheth forth diverse ways, whereon grow large leaves, cut into five divisions (sometimes more) each again being trible pointed, the middle longer than those on each side; the flowers grow in spiked heads, and are somewhat like a Larks Heel, or Larks Spur-flower, for it hath a spur or heel behind it, of a deep dark blew colour; af∣ter which comes 3 or 4 horned seed Vessels.

Cinquefoil Avens, hath a leaf divided into 5 parts, and dented; each on a foot-stalk from the ground, the stalks have such like leaves at the joints where it branch∣eth forth, at the tops stand pale yellow flowers, very small, consisting of 5 round pointed leaves, with many yellow threds somewhat downy in the middle.

XXXII. A five parted leaf, tripointed; or a di∣vided parted leaf into five, each having 3 dents at the top, or 3 divisions or subdivisions apiece.

Hathorne, hath diverse Shoots, Arms and Branches, whereon are set in diverse places sharp Thorns, the leaves are cut in on the edges into diverse parts, and they again dented at the top; the Flowers are many, standing toge∣ther in a bunch, coming out with the leaves at the up∣per joints, consisting of 5 white leaves apiece, with di∣vers white threds in the middle, tipt with red; of a plea∣sant smell; after which comes Berries somewhat longer than round, being red when fully ripe.

XXXIII. A five parted, feathered, or jagged leaf, a jagged fingered leaf.

Wolfs-Bane, hath 5 jagged or deep cut leaves, fix∣ed to a stalk as it were in the center of them; the top a long branched head with diverse coloured flowers, some purple, some white and yellow, growing spirall many together, the bottom blooming first.

White Wood Crowfoot, the leaf cut in five parts, and then dented; the like divided leaf hath the common Field Crowfoot.

Helmet Flower, hath a like jagged 5 pointed leaf, with purple flowers like Helmets growing spiked on a stalk.

Hemp, the stalk set with many leaves at distances, every one divided into 5, 6, or 7 leaves joined together at the bottom, and dented about the edges.

XXXIV. A Star Leaf, or a leaf divided into several parts, or cut into seven divisions, or several leaves standing together.

Lupine, hath a strong upright stalk, set confusedly, with divers soft woolly leaves upon long foot-stalks, each leaf being divided into five, seven, or nine several parts, green on the upper side, and woolly underneath; the flowers grow from the tops of the branches, in Spikes; and are some yellow, others white, spotted with purple, and others blue; which after groweth to a soft woolly cod, and hath in them 3 or 4 flat and round pease, the flower is like to that of the Field Bean.

Madder, the stalk is trailing, rough or hairy, set a every joint with long and narrow leaves in form of a Star or Rowel of a Spur, at the top come forth small pale yellow flowers growing in branches, each on a foot-sta•••.

Wild Madder hath the Flowers white, each cons•••ing of five round leaves, some of six.

Small creeping Madder, hath the leaves smooth, and the flowers of a blewish purple colour, made of five round pointed leaves, with some small threds in the mid∣dle.

XXXV. A Sept foile, or seven pointed leaf, a Setfoil Leaf or seven ends all dented. Such a Leaf I find born by the name of Setfell of Spain.

XXXVI. A round eight pointed jagged leaf, Spur-Rowel leaf.

Navel-Wort, the leaves lie round on the ground, with ribs or veins like to a Plantan Leaf, and uneven∣ly dented about the edges, out of the middle riseth up divers round stalks somewhat hairy, but bare and naked without any leaves up to the top, where stands 4 or 5▪ leaves like those below, amongst them starts forth divers▪ foot-stalks, having small white flowers of 5 small noth∣ed leaves standing in a green husk, divided at the top in∣to five parts, where after the Flower standeth a round Seed-Pod.

Tormentil, or Set-foile, the leaves have their own foot-stalks from the ground, being round and divided into seven, others eight parts, dented about the edges; at the tops of the stalks, which is in branches, groweth small yellow flowers, consisting of five leaves; at every joint the stalk is surrounded with a leaf, and where the branches shoot forth also.

Silver leafed Tormentill, hath the leaf smooth save the points which are a little snipt, being green on the upper side, and silver shining white underneath; the flowers are small and white, set about the top of the stalk at several distances, and standing in small husks.

Winter Wolfs-Bane, hath each part of the leaf dented into three at the points, all standing upon their own stalks.

Ladies Mantle, or great Sanicle, the leaves rise from the root upon long hairy stalks, being almost round, but a little cut into on the edges into 8 or 10 parts (cor∣ners or points) and then dented round; and then plated or crumpled in divers places; the flower stalk is compas∣sed in the joints with small leaves, and divided at the top into three or four branches with small yellowish green heads, and whitish green flowers breaking out of them.

Cinquefoil Ladjes Mantle, hath the leaf divided in the edges into five points or corners.

Palma Christi, or great Spurge, the leaves grow on stalks in branches, from the back of the leaf, being round, and divided into eight or more parts, with a small Page  105 endent about the edges; the Flowers are many round buttons, consisting of many pale yellow threads, stand∣ing all along upon a long stalk.

Woodroofe, or Woodrowel, the stalk is compas∣sed about at certain spaces, with a long and slender leaf, or more together in a round or Star, at the top stands 4 or 5 flowers made of 5 leaves a piece, white and laid opn, like a Star; some have blewish purple flowers.

XXXVII. A broad and round pointed finned and winged leaf, or a seven pointed (parted or divided) finned leaf, or a broad finned and winged leaf round pointed.

Lion leafed Turnep, is cut or divided into diverse parts round, of a dark yellowish green, or Lion colour, from whence riseth up a stalked stalk, spotted with pale purple lines or strakes, divided into many branches, set with small flowers of 5 leaves pointed, of a brown yellow colour.

Peony, or Piony, the leaf is cut into the sides in di¦vers parts, and more pointed, green on the upper side, and hoary white under; among which leaves spring stalks with a Flower on the top, of a red purple colour, consisting of eight leaves, with many whitish threds tipt with yel∣low; standing about the middle bicornered head, which growing ripe, hath the seed in it.

Ualerian, hath from the root many leaves rising, which are cut, and unevenly divided on each side, almost to the middle rib; the stalk is branched on the top, ha∣ving small white flowers edged with purple, set in an husk, growing many together in tufts or umbels, thick thrust together.

Mountain Scabious, the leaf cut in divers places to the middle rib almost, set at distances like a winged leaf, one contrary to the other, and endented on the edg∣es; the stalk is branched at the top, on each is one great large round blackish green head, or knop, or button, from whence shoots forth diverse pale blewish flowers, the out∣most larger than the higher innermost, having many threds also in the middle; there is of these flowers, some red, some pure white, others pale yellow, something flat at the top, and not so round Globe-like as others.

XXXVIII. A Broad deep cut, or divided leaf, sharp pointed, or a broad Finned, Winged and Point∣ed leaf.

XXXIX. A Broad deep cut leaf, dented at the brims, or at the ends or points.

Mugwort, hath divers leaves lying on the ground, which are very much divided and cut in deeply about the edges, of a dark green on the upper, and very hoary white on the neather side, the stalk is purplish branching forth at the top, with small leaves thereon; where are also set pale yellow flowers, like Buttons in spikes.

XL. A Trefoil eared, and fined leaf, a leaf ear∣ed down the rib.

Avens of the Mountain, or Mountain Avens, hath the top leaf large and dented, the other lesser by degrees towards the bottom, standing on either side of a rib with∣out any foot-stalks.

Colewort, hath a waved large round leaf at top, with lesser down the rib, all joined together with Finns, narrow and waved also, or unevenly cut.

Bastard Agrimony, hath long soft hairy leaves, on long reddish hairy foot-stalks, which are divided into ma∣ny parts or leaves 6 on a side, but little ones between, all round pointed, and set at a small distance, and small dented.

XLI. A jagged, cut, and torn leaf, or cut and di∣vided leaf finned.

Succory, see chap. 4. numb. 14.

Dandelion, the ends of each gash or jagg, on both sides the stalk are looking downward to the root; the mid∣dle rib is white, which broken yieldeth a bitter milk, eve∣ry stalk beareth a yellow flower, consisting of many rows of leaves, broad and nicked in at the tops or points, with a deep spot of yellow in the middle, which growing ripe, the green husk wherein the flower stood, turneth down to the stalk, on which riseth a head of downe, as round as a Ball.

Gum Succory, hath the like jagged leaves, from whence riseth a branched hoary stalk, with small leaves set without order, whereon are set yellow flowers like Camomill, that when ripe turn to downe.

Purple Gum Succory, hath the flowers of a purple red colour, and sometime blewish, others whitish pur∣ple.

Hawkweed, hath the same leaves with yellow flowers, having great round bulbous husks.

Mountain Hawkweed, hath the leaves hairy.

Sow-thistle, the leaf deep gashed, and much torn in the edges, set with prickles, the stalks rough, on the top are yellow flowers set in rough green husks, which turn to down as the other.

Smooth Sow-Thistle, the leaves jagged and torne of whitish green colour, branching forth at the top into diverse branches, which have on them pale yellow flow∣ers, which pass away into Downe.

Mountain Sow-thistle, the leaves rent and torne, and indented in all its parts, branched at the top with less and less divided leaves; the flowers are blew purple, standing many together in small hairy green tufts; eve∣ry one having twenty, or more leaves, broad at the end and nicked, that turns to Downe being ripe.

Nip-wort, or Nipplewort, the leaf in some places whole without any cuts or indents on the edges▪ then the lower part some few uneven cuts, like Hawkweed, the Flowers are on branches, yellow, small and Star-like in husks

Rocket, both tame and wild, the leaf broad at the end, cut in on the edges, each part rounder than other, and lesser and lesser down the rib, all jagged; the Flow∣ers are four long and round pointed leaves in bottle husks, growing on a stalk with short foot-stalks, spiked head like, one contrary to another, of a yellow co∣lour.

Winter-cresses, or Winter Rocket, leaves cut and jagged in diverse parts, the same growing less and less to the bottom, round pointed, and something wa∣ved or unevenly cut; branched on the top with flowers of four leaves apiece, growing together in tufts, of a yellow colour.

Rape, or Charlock, or Turnep, being wild, the leaf at the bottom not jagged, but the higher and higher are still larger and jagged and waved, the ends round∣ish; the flowers are four yellow pointed leaves in a small Page  106 husk, growing on a stalk with short foot-stalks, one against another spiked.

Wild Nevew, the leaf jagged and round, the flow∣ers yellow, in an umbell.

Shepherds Purse, jagged and pointed, the Flow∣ers are white, growing one above another by degrees spi∣ked, which turn to pouches or Seed-vessels, small at bot∣tom, and broad at the heads.

Wild Rape, or Tu•••p, the leaf rough, hairy and crumpled; the flower is 4 yellow pointed leaves growing both sides the branched stalk in spikes, which turn to small long ods.

Henbane, the leaf much rent and torn in the sides or edges; of a dark greyish green colour; the Flowers grow in tufts or divide themselves at the top of the stalk into small branches of a dark yellow colour, paler at the edges, with many purple veins therein; it is a hollow flower scarce appearing out of the husk, ending in 5 round points at the brim, with a purple point in the middle.

Garden-Gentle, or Bears-Breech, the leaf is parted into several deep gashes on the edges; the stalk from the middle up, is set with a spike of white hooded gaping flowers standing in brownish husks, with long sharp pointed leaves under each flower.

2. IN the speaking to these several sorts of leaves, and shewing what sorts of Herbs, Plants and Flowers they had a relation too; I have given several sorts of terms (used by Florists) thereby to set forth the many and sun∣dry ways Flowers grow in; as some in branches, some in tufts, others in spikes, &c. Now for thy better informati∣on (Courteous Reader) I have caused all these sorts of terms to be Engraven, which take as followeth.

XLII. A Panick head, or a round close spike head, or a spired head. If long and slender then term∣ed a long panick head, this is, when the Flowers grow out of a spiked head without any stalks.

XLIII. A Bulbes, or Bulbous head, are Flowers that grow round yet tend to spire, being more open than the spiked or panick head is, by reason the Blossoms have each of them a short foot-stalk.

XLIV. A tufted head, a Bunched head (a spiky head in Branches.) This is when the Flowers have pretty long stalks; and some with longer than others, by reason whereof they grow at a little distance one from a∣nother, yet all from one main stalk.

XLV. A Spiked head set at distances, or set by degrees, or set at several spaces; or a spiral head in spaces about the top. Some term it a Lavender like head, or a spiked knaped head. See numb. 59.

XLVI. Wharles of Flower, or Flowers set together in a Whorle or Coronett. When the Flower at seve∣ral distances or spaces grow round the main stalk.

The Giants Bell-Flower, or Giants Th••at-Wort, hath long leaves rough and hollovv in the mid∣dle, of an over-worn green, and a little indented about the edges; the Stalk is set with leaves, from among which the Flowers come forth Bell-fashioned, divided at the brim into five poins, which turn back, and are of a whi∣tish purple colour.

The Cardinals Flower, or the American Bell Flower, the stalks are hollow, beset with leaves, smal∣ler by degrees to the top, from the bosom whereof the Flowers come forth, consisting of 5 long narrow leaves, 3 of them stand close together hanging down-right, the other 2 are turned up with an umbone between them, of somewhat a paler colour than the leaves, which are of an excellent Crimson.

The Yellow Gentian, hath a stiff round stalk full of joints, with 2 small leaves at every joint compas∣sing the stalk, which from the middle to the top there∣of, is adorned with many rundles or coronets of flowers standing at every joint, with 2 green leaves under them, which Flowers are laid open like Stars, of a yellow co∣lour, with some thrums in the middle. Some term this the great Gentian.

XLVII. A Narrow spiked head; or, a spiked head set on either (or both) sides with distances; or a long narrow spike; or by some called a Seed sprout, chap. 5. numb. 85.

If the Flowers be but on one side along the stalk, they are termed Flowers set in thin long Spikes, or set one above another in long spikes; or a seed Sprout single flowered; if on both sides termed a Seed sprout dou∣ble flowered.

XLVIII. A spiked head thick set; or an Orchides head; this is a kind of Spire or Panick head, for the ground out of which the Flowers grow; yet the Flowers start out of the said Spire by long necks or cups; and these kind of Blossoms usually spring out first in the bot∣tom of the Spire, and are perished before the top put forth any blooms.

Such a spiked head, but more rounder on the top, set full of Red and White Rose Flowers, is the Crest of Truches Van Reinfelden, of Alsatia, a Province in Ger∣many.

XLIX. An Umbell head, or an Umbell of Flow∣ers thrust thick together, or Flowers in an umbell; that is when several Flowers grow together from one main stalk by divers foot-stalks, yet not one exceeds another in height, but are all even set in the top; of some term∣ed, a shade of Flowers.

G such a Flower slipt A Leaves V is born by Frana∣cocy of Italy.

The Candy Tufts are small Plants whose Stalks are set with long narrow notched leaves of a whitish green, at the tops stand many small single Flowers close set together, which in some are white, others purple spotted in the middle, others of a pale purple.

L. A knotted head; or round scaly heads; or clusters, or divers heads of flowers set on branches; a knop head; when the heads are in rounds or ovals.

LI. A scaly spired head; or a scaly punick, or spiked head; that is when there is no flower from the Page  107 Herb, but a spired head composed of chaffy, or scaly leaves; and such kind of scaly spires are often born in Arms, as I have observed both in French, Spanish, Ger∣man; especially Italian, and Poland Coats, and some∣times in our own home Coats as.

On a cap B turned up Er. 2 such O is the Crest of Mounsieur De la Loo.

A a Demy naked man holding in his right hand such a scally head O born by Gonzague.

B 3 such panick heads of scales O Born by Van Wind∣brg.

Out of a Coronet the like Head A is the Crest of Newenburg of Bavaria.

LII. A round chaffy head, hairy; or a scally head Aulned, or Bearded; but most generally, a chaffy head parted into many threds.

LIII. A pannicle chaffy head; or scally tufts, or pa∣nick, or spiked chaffy heads in branches; and a bush∣ing spiked head, thick below and smaller above.

Flower Gentle, of some termed Love lyes a Blee∣ding, it hath a thick and tall crested stalk; with many reddish green leaves, the stalk is divided into branches, bearing long spikes of round hairy tufts of a reddish purple colour, which are divided into several parts; of these there are some purple mixt with green, others of a whitish green, others of a murrey, others have the hair mixt, some purple, scarlet, and gold colour, or green red and yellow.

The Goldy Locks, or the Golden Flower Gen∣tle, are small stalks beset with narrow long leaves of a whitish green; bearing at the end many double small flowers of a gold colour.

LIV. A chaffy head with sparsed tufts; or tufted pa∣nicle spread; or a panickle of many sparsed tufts of chaf∣fy heads, standing on small long foot-stalks; a Rizomed or Oat-like head.

LV. Branches of Flowers, or more generally ter∣med, a stalk branched; or the tops of the stalks run in∣to short sprays, or foot-stalks, bearing every one a flower.

The Indiau Iucca, or Indian Bread, it hath a great round tuft of hard long hollow green leaves, with points as sharp as thorns, which always remain so; the stalk is strong and round divided into several branches, which bear divers flowers, something resembling the Fretillary, but narrower at the bottom, containing six leaves, the three outer veined on the backs from the bot∣tom to the middle, with a reddish blush upon white.

LVI. A stalk with four leaves, (or leafed,) couped, or cut of in the top, and sliped at the bottom.

LVII. A Garb banded, bowed in the head. This in in a Field Vert. Is born by the name of Bower.

G 2 such contrary Imbowed. Is the Coat of Van Bar∣tensleben.

LVIII. A tuft of Rushes, or a tuft of Grass with a fibrous, or Thready root; or a root composed of strings, and small fibres. Three such Vert, roots Sa∣ble, in a field Argent. Is born by the name of Rushaw.

LIX. A Spiked, or Panickle Head, with roun∣dels of flowers set at spaces; a stalk with roundels round the top in degrees. A Lavender Knap, or the stalk set with leaves at distances, and round heads of flowers. see numb. 45.

A 3 Lavender Knaps couped, proper. Born by La∣vender.

LX. A round scally husk, or head, shouting forth at the top many small threds, or thrums; or a thred∣dy flower out of a round scally head: or a bulbous scally head; or a round head, thick set with sharp bear∣ded husks.

Of these kind, are the Centory flowers, having pale blew threds, out of green heads.

The Knapweed, hath purple threds.

Saw-wort, the threds are of some white, others red and purple.

Hawk-weed, hath a small head, with a large yellow tuft of threds.

LXI. A round loose head, or knape; or scally loose head, pointed: A Bur, or rough head with crooked points; or a husky threddy head; or a tassel of threds.

Of this kind are the Flowers of the herb Loose-strife, and the yellow round headed, Willow herb.

The Herb Burnet, hath the flower purple out of the knap which is of a brownish colour.

The Burdock, hath a rough green head.

Hares-foot, is long, spiked, and hairy, of a white, or blush colour.

Bacchar flower, consists only of small threds or thrums, standing close, and round, of a dead purplish yellow colour.

LXII. A small scally head, out of which sprung a Border, or pale of leaves, set about a middle thrum, round pointed leaves, compassing a thrum.

Of this kind are the flowers of Sneesewort, the pale or border of leaves blew, and the thrum yellow.

The Blew Bottle, hath the leaves hollow, and small at bottom and open at the brims, and cut and notched deeply into divers parts, with threds in the middle.

LXIII. A round spike of shreads of leaf; a head of long slender sharp pointed leaves; a Bush or tuft of leaves▪ rising smaller at the top; a loose umbel; or a loose panicle head.

The Trefoil flower, proceeds out of these green heads, and are of divers colours, as white, red, purple, blush-colour, and the like. This is called, the ground honysuckle, the head being circle-like.

LXIV. A long husk notced on the top, with a thready flower, or a flower composed of threds.

The hoary Mountain Colts-foot, hath such a purple-flower out of a short furrowed husk.

The Bearded Creeper, hath such a hairy, or fine cut flower, of a yellow colour. Some call it the woolly plant, or Bears-wort.

LXV. A feather flower, long Plumes of Fea∣thers set in a foot-husk; or long woolly hairy threds waved; a stalk plumed with a Feather.

Page  108Of this sort is the wild Clymer, or Travellers joy, of a hoary silver colour, which when the flower is past, comes a brownish seed, thus plumed.

LXVI. A Hose, with a silken down out of it; a win∣ged seed.

LXVII. A Bottle like scaly head, out of the top or middle, riseth soft and woolly threds, with 3 chives, tipt with pendents.

The Thiffle gentle, bears such a like flower, but the colour is variable, in some white, other red, stammel, and blewish.

LXVIII. A long round scallike head; or a long round head compact of many scales.

The Cassidony, or French Lavender, have such flower; some are white, some blewish purple, and yel∣low, with green scally heads.

LXIX. The first is termed, a husk composed of leaves, out of which riseth other long and narrow leaves. See numb. 83.

Like this is Star-wort, whose Flower is yellow; and Elecampane, which is the like. These husks are also termed foot-husks of leaves.

The second is termed, a midling foot-husk, deeply dented, or cut to the middle, the top sharp pointed; with leaves standing therein round pointed, or broad pointed, and narrow bottoms, according as they are.

Of this kind is Wild flax, some having a blew flower, others yellow; in Spain white, with purple veins in the leaves.

The sweet Nigella, hath a blew Flower, and the husk cut to the bottom, as if it were small leaves; and so is the Cockle, whose flowers are some blew, others purple, but generally between both.

3. FRom the manner of the bearing of Flowers in their heads, we shall now descent to the Flowers them∣selves, and shew you how they are termed, according to their nature and kinds.

LXX. Out of a short, or small pointed husk; a gaping, or hooded Flower; There is a sort, which hath the under Lip hanging down, and round dented at the bottom.

Balm, hath the gaping flower, blewish purple, some have it pale carnation; and Turky Balm, perfect white.

Mother-wort, is purple red, out of a sharp pointed rough and hard husk.

Mint, hath the flower some a pale blush, others pur∣plish, and the Hungarian Mint, more white. Cala∣mint is purplish and of a blush colour.

Sage, have them purplish, and some milk white, o∣thers blew.

Bugle, hath a broad hanging lip, of some blew, o∣thers ash-colour, or white and blush colour.

LXXI. The first is called, a hooded gaping flower, in a pointed husk, or prickly husk; also a gaping flower hanging out its Tongue; or with its Lips hanging down.

Of this nature is the Bear breech flower; which groweth together in spikes, and are white.

The second is called, a hooded gaping flower, stan∣ding in a husk, with three long threds growing out of it, tipt at the ends.

Of this kind, is Herb-bane, or Kill-herb; of which there are divers colours, as brownish, white, yellow, blue, but most commonly they are of a purple colour.

LXXII. This first, is generally termed, a Cob-flow∣er; because there is no God-seeding flower, but they have this kind of make, to the flower, though different in the colours; as

  • The Wild Bean, have the flowers purple.
  • The French, or Kidney-bean, have scarlet flowers.
  • The Manured, or Garden-Beans, white.
  • Pease, have them white, red, and blush colour.
  • Wild Pease, are white, and some mixt of purple and ash-colour.
  • Spanish Pease, are of a pale yellow.
  • Cichlings, or Pease-Everlasting, of a pale pur∣plish red. Some are blew, and of a violet purple.
  • Wood-earth Nuts, of a purple crimson.
  • Uetches, of a pale yellow, some purple, white, and bluish purple.
  • Lentils, of a sad redish purple.
  • Tares, or wild Uetches, purple, some whitish.
  • Lupines, are white, others yellow, blue, blush, and veined.
  • Ciches, are either white, purple red, or lighter, or deeper.
  • Wood Orobus, of a pure white, others of a bluish purple.
  • Cocks head, of a pale red, with some blueness a∣mongst it.
  • Pulse, some white, and pale purple.

The second, is termed a Cod-flower, with an um∣bone, or horn, growing out of the middle of it.

Cassia flower, is of this nature which being bloomed and full open appears to be four round pointed leaves, having the four points of the husk seen behind them; with many green threds in the middle standing about a long small crooked umbone, or horn, which after turns to be the Pod, or cod.

The third sort of Cod-flowers, is called the single Cod-flower; because it consists of one leaf turned dou∣ble, within which are set in a short cut hutk, several small threds.

Of this kind is the Bean-Trefoil, whose Flower is yellow.

Rest-Harrow, the Flower is also yellow.

LXXIII. The first is termed, an open, or wild hel∣met flower, with Umbones; others call it, Larks∣heel Helmet flower; or a cut, or divided helmet-flower.

Wolf Bane flower, is of this kind, and are either, blew or purple, or white and yellow.

The second is called the Helmet-flower, or Mon••∣hood; of which there are divers colours, as blue, pur∣ple, white; which grow altogether in long spikes.

Page  109LXXIV. Is an hooded Water-flower, out of a skin∣ny two parted husk; I take this to be of the bell flow∣ers kind.

Water Milfoil flower, is of this kind; being com∣posed of a middle roundish heart pointed leaf, compas∣sed with two other in manner of a Hood, till it be blown open out of a ipointed skinny husk.

LXXV. A Monks Hood, or a close Helmet flow∣er. See numb. 73.

LXXVI. The first is a Dragon head Flower; others term it a Pulse like Flower, resembling in a sort those that are called Cod Flowers, but much les∣ser and slenderer.

Goats Rue, hath this Flower of a pale blewish pur∣ple.

The second is termed a husk of 4 points, having 4 leaves, of which two (or the lower leaves) hang down∣wards; out of the middle proceeds many small long threds pointed or tipt. An unhooded Flower, a ga∣ping flower cut into leaves.

Tree Germander, hath the Flowers of this kind, white, in a round pointed husk.

The third sort of Flower is called, a gaping Flow∣er cut into parts or leaves; out of a round point∣ed husk, with the lower leaves longer, and turning downwards, and three crooked or bending threds tipt, out of the middle.

Dittany, hath a flower of this kind white, and some reddish, consisting of 5 long leaves, 4 standing upwards and the fifth hanging down, and turning up at the end again, with a Tassel in the middle, made of five or six long purplish thred that bow down with the lower leaf▪ and turn up at the ends again, with a little Freez or Thrum at the ends of each.

LXXVII. An open Hooded Flower, an open French hood Flower, or after others, a hooded open flower with a Spur, or Tail turned down, with threds in the middle.

The second kind is also termed the Fly flower, or an open hooded flower, with a Heel or Spur behind it (without any threds in the middle) but with a round stile, or head.

Of this kind is the handed Orchis, which is of a pale purple colour: The Wasp Orchis, of a brown yel∣low.

The Gnat Flower, that is yellow and brown.

The Bird Flower, which is either White, or Pur∣ple, or both:

The Bee Flower, hath small narrow leaves, the stalk bears 3 or 4 flowers one above another, each con∣tain 4 leaves, 3 small and sharp pointed, of a blush co∣lour, and turn up towards the top of the stalk; the fourth is round, and in form and colour so like a Bee, that any one unacquainted therewith would take it for a living Bee sucking of the Flower.

The Gnat Satyrion, the Flowers grow after the same manner, only differ in the lower leaf, which in this is like a Gnat, or great long Fly.

The Fly Orchis, is in all things like the last, except the Flower, which in this the Fly hath leggs, a list of Ash-colour crossing the back; and the lower part black; others white spotted.

LXXVIII. The first a Larks Heel flower, from the Spur or Heel, turning up on the back of the flow∣er.

The Larks Heels, is both white, crimson, purple, and blew.

The second is a Fools head or Cowle, with a broad dented lip hanging down, and a broad blunt tail or horn behind, turning up.

Of this kind is Dog-stones, which are of several colours, as white, red, blew and purple spotted.

The third sort is an open round Helmet Flower, with a broad lip hanging down, with a streight heel or horn standing upwards.

All these sorts of Flowers mentioned numb. 77, 78. are generally termed Lark Heel, or Horn, or Spur-Flowers (except the Florist proceed to a further descri∣ption) and so are passed over.

LXXIX. The first is a Snap-Dragon Flower; so termed by reason of its opening and shutting its mouth upon our pressing it gently with our Fingers; it hath a long leaf jagged; the flower is in some White, others Red or Yellow; or White having the upper leaves in the inner side, striped with feathered lines of a purple colour.

The second is a round Flower, consisting of eight leafs round pointed (or broad pointed and round) set a∣bout a head or pod, having three chives tipt with pendents; a Pod paled with eight round leaves.

Upon the division score of this quarter, is placed a Trefoil Flower, it consisteth of 3 round leaves, each having a chive or thred with a pendant lying upon it.

Of this kind is the Uirginia Spider-Wort, or Day Flower, which is of a pure Blew colour, the pen∣dants black, having a thin skinny husk, of 3 leaves or points, on the back of a sullen yellowish hue, in which the Flower is closed before it bloom. See numb. 13.

LXXX. The first is a five cornered Flower, or a Flower of one entire leaf, with 5 corners, with a head or Pod, or Umbell in the middle, compassed or set about with threds.

The second is a Cinquefoil Flower, or a Flower of five round leaves sharp pointed at the ends; standing in a husk, whose long points exceed the Flower, or a fine pointed husk.

Of this kind is Mullein, which is of several colours, as white, yellow, and blush colour.

The great Corn Uiolet, the leaves round pointed, of one whole Flower, of a fair purplish blew and white at the bottom, with a round white pointed in the mid∣dle.

The Male Cistus, hath woody branches covered with a whitish Bark, the leaves are long and narrow whitish green, crumpled and hard to handle, 2 stand∣ing Page  110 at every joint; the Flower cometh forth at the end of the branches 3 or 4 together upon slender foot-stalks, each consisting of five small round leaves, like small sin∣gle Roses, of a fine reddish Purple colour, with many yellow threds in the middle, which falling away, are succeded by round hard hoary heads, with brown seeds in them.

The Gum Cistus hath the leaves of a dark green, but whiter on the back side; the stalk and leaves being be∣dewed with a clammy sweet moisture, called Gum Lan∣danum,; the Flowers are white, each leaf having at the bottom a dark purple spot, broad below, and pointed up∣wards, with some yellow threds in the middle; which is succeeded by cornered heads, and brownish seeds.

The third, is a Flower of four round pointed leaves, and a husk on the back of as many leaves, wherein stands a long Stile or Pestle▪ compassed about with many threds tipt at the ends. A four lea∣ved Flower in a long pointed husk.

Of this kind is the Caper Flower, being white, the husk green, and the stile and threds yellow.

LXXXI. The first is a Flower of 5 round pointed leaves (without any husk or green leaves under them) with a long round double pointed, or horned head, compassed with a few threds tipt. A five leafed Flower.

Of this kind is Nigella, made of 5 blue leaves laid open like a Star, with a green head and threds. Some of the Flowers are of a yellowish White, with green threds tipt with blue.

Single Peony consists of four, some five leaves, with such a stile and threds tipt about it.

The second, is a small Flower of four Leaves round pointed with some threds in the middle; called a Caterfoile, or a four leafed Flower.

LXXXII. The first is an open Scaly head, set in the middle of several long and sharp pointed leaves; out of which thrust themselves many downy Threds.

Of which kind is the Flower of Spanish Bastard Saffron; they have the threads yellow, and Saffron colour; and some white, but those are very rare.

Candy Saffron, have the scaly heads, set more closer (like a Thistle head,) and the threds thick set together.

The second is many long and narrow leaves, set as a Pale or Border, about a middle Thrum, at the bottom as a husk, is several long and slender leaves sharp pointed, spreading open by two together, like a Star-Flower.

Of this kind is Winter Wolfs-bane, having the under-leaves broad and flat pointed, cut into 2 parts.

The third is a double double pale, or border of broad and flat leaves, cut in 3 or 4 parts at the top; set about a small middle thrum, all proceeding out of a scaly head, or husk cut into leaves. From the bot∣tom of which husk, issueth round the double pale, seve∣ral foot-stalks, at the end of each is the like pale, com∣passing a thrum out of a husk.

Of this kind is the double Marygold, and the Iackanapes on Horseback, being of a gold yellow colour.

LXXXIII. The first is out of a head of many leaves (or scaly leaves) or a round head composed of small long leaves set close together; in the middle is many long narrow leaves cut into, or dented at the tops or ends; set in a Pale or Border about a Thrum.

Of this kind is the Stay-wort Flower, whose co∣lour is of some yellow, others blue, others purple, the thrum in all being yellow, and the leaves in the border sharp pointed.

Elecampane, hath the border of leaves slender and sharp, and the thrum all yellow.

The second is a ronnd close scaly head, out of which proceeds Downy threds, or a smooth scaly round head, with Downe.

Of this kind is Bacchar, of a purplish yellow, which turneth to a whitish down.

Gutworth, hath the threds or thrums white.

Woundwort, hath the threds, or downy hair yel∣low.

Knapweeds, hath five purplish threds or thrums.

The third is a round head or husk, cut or sharp pointed on the top; from whence issues a pale or bor∣der of round pointed leaves.

The fourth is the same Flower laid open, which is a pale, or border of leaves, with a thrum in the mid∣dle.

Of these kinds are the Mountain Tansie, the bor∣der white, the thrum yellow, like to Camomil Flow∣ers.

Featherfew, hath the same coloured pale and thrum.

The Corn Marygold of Candy, the border yel∣low, and the thrum a yellowish brown.

The Corn Marygold of Pern, which is that great Monster of a Flower, called the flower of the Sun, whose pale is yellow, and the thrum brownish, with Star like Flowers in the middle.

LXXXIV. The first is a Caterfoile invecked, or a four leafed invecked flower, which is broad and round pointed, with an inveck on the top of each leaf; having a dark spot at the bottom of the leaves pointing upwards; with divers tipt-threds or seeds in the mid∣dle.

Of this kind is the Male and Female, and sweet Gum Cistus. The leaves of the Male, of a fine de∣layed reddish colour, like the Eglantine, or Brier Rose, with heads or seeds also.

The Female Cistus hath the Flowers White, with a purple bottom and yellow seeds. The sweet Cistus hath the leaves of some white, with purple bottoms, and other yellow.

The second Flower, is a Bottle like husk furrok∣ed, with 5 round pointed leaves, with threds in the mid∣dle.

Of this kind is the Syrian Sage Mullein, the leaves yellow, many of the Flowers standing together, in Page  111 a kind of round, like to those of the Wild Campion, or Flower of Bristoll, called by divers None∣uch.

LXXXV. The first is a round long husk, of some called Hose Husk, with six open broad round pointed leaves.

The second is a round furrowed head, or husk, with a flower of seven round pointed leaves, about an 〈◊〉 or Pod.

Of this kind is the white tufted Wormwood, the head is a Silver green, leaves pure white, growing many together in a tuft.

LXXXVI. The first is a hole dented in the top, set in a ot-husk; (some term it a Hose in hose husk; others a long crested husk in husk, with a flower of five long sharp pointed leaves.

Of this kind is the Saxifrage or Break-stone, the husks are brownish green, and leaves White.

The second is a long cod, winged or eared, set in a foot-husk of two pointed leaves; the Flower is compo∣sed of one whole leaf, plaited into five round pointed peeping ends, a two leafed husk, with an eared round cod-husk.

Of this kind is the lesser Corn Uiolet, whose flow∣er is of a fair purplish blue colour, with a pointell in the middle, when it is bloomed, or fair open.

The third is a thick short bottle-husk, compassed in the bottom with a shoot or foot-husk, composed o two sharp pointed leaves, out of which proceeds a peeping Flower, of five or seven leaves broad and round, inveck∣ed on the top.

Of this kind is the Childing Pink, whose Flower is a faint red, the husk a grayish green; some have the Flow∣ers white, others blue.

LXXXVII. A hollow Hose Flower, divided at the brim into four round parts, set in a shoot husk, com∣posed of 4 sharp pointed ends or leaves: some call it a Bell Flower with a turned brim.

Of this kind is the sweet Mountain Rose, of a deep red on the out-side, and paler within; having some threds in the middle.

LXXXVIII. This is a Branch or Tuft of Crane∣bill seeds, and each is an umbone, cut into five parts at the top, with a Crane Bill issuing out of the mid∣dle, or small beaks pointing forth.

After this manner doth the Crane-Bill flower, or Pink-Needle, and Goats Thorn bear their seed; and Muscovy also.

Uenus Comb, or Shepherds Needle, hath the Flowers in fashion of an umbell, and the Seed Vessel like the long Bill of a Bird.

LXXXIX. These Figured 89, 90, 91, 92, 93. go all generally by the names of Bell-Flowers, but that each may perfectly be described, take this further account of them as our Florists deliver them.

The first is a Bell-Flower, or a Cup-Flower, that is, a round hollow flower, wide at top, and narrow at bottom, set in a 〈…〉.

Of this kind the Cotton Tree Plant Flower hath a resemblance, which is broad above, and small at the bottom, and is parted to the bottom into five thin leaves of yellow, with a stiff reddish middle pointell, com∣passed with 5 or 6 yellow threds.

The Daffodil hath six ••le yellow leaves, with a a Chalice, or Bole, or Cup in the middle, of a deep∣er yellow.

The second is a pend••o•• Flower like a Bell, dented at the edge, standing in a short husk, cut into four or five points.

Of this kind is, sleepy Night-shade, whose bells are in some red, others purple.

Alkanet, hath a yellow bell, set in a long cut hairy husk.

Gomfrey, have them long and hollow; of a pale whitish colour; others pale purple, and some of a sad yellowish colour.

Wild Field Bell-flower, commonly called blew bells, are dented in the edges into five sharp points; set in a long and slender leafy foot-husk.

The third is a Bell-flower, with a Lip, set in a shoot husk; or, a large long hollow flower; a little more long, and eminent at the lower edge.

Of this kind is the Field Fox-glove, of a reddish purple with white spots within, having some threds in the middle.

Sesamum, or the Oyly grain, or purging pulse; hath a like kind of whitish Flower, made of one leaf, without any division in the edge, with a few tipt threds in the bottom.

XC. The first, is a deep dented Bell-Flower, plai∣ted, or cast into Furrows, set in a long and slender leaved husk.

Of this kind, is the Rampion, or Bell-Flowers; which is blewish, with a long Stile, or pointil in the middle.

Coventry Bells, are more open than the ordinary sort, and parted into seven or eight corners, of a pale pur∣ple colour.

The great Throatwort Bells, have the long dents turned a little outward, and are of a purplish colour: these are also called Canterbury Bells.

Scamony, hath wide open tops cut into four sharp ends, which turn a little outwards, and are of a whitish colour.

Mountain Soldanella, is a bell-flower consisting of one leaf plaited into five folds, each ending in a long point; which makes the flower seem to be five leaves, of a fair blew, in some deep, and paler, and others white.

The second is an open mouth bell-flower, finely dented about the edges, having a Rose-like Husk, with plain long Barbs, exceeding in lenth the flower, or bell.

Of this kind is the Bell-flower, of the Thorny In∣dian Cotton with five Barbs, or pointed corners; or as some describe it, ending in the open in five pointed parts, being yellow with purple bottoms.

Page  112XCI. The first is a Bell-flower, with a wide open and turned brim, and narrow bottoms; without a∣ny division in them; of some only termed, a Bell-flow∣er with a Brim.

Of this kind is the flower of the great white Bind∣weed; set in a short husk, consisting of two sharp poin∣ted leaves.

The second is a Bell-flower, having the brim cut, or divided into eight points▪ or the brim round dented, or eight cornered; a Bell with an Engraled brim.

Of this kind is, the Mallow leafed Bind-weed, which Parkinson in his Herbal, describes thus, it is one whole leaf yet plaited, the brim having five corners, where it is broad like a cup, or bell; and small at the bottom, of a fine purple colour.

The Spanish blue flowered Bind-weed, is the like; being folded into five plaits, which open into so many corners in the brim, of an excellent sky coloured blew, with white bottoms pointed upwards, and yellow in the middle.

XCII. The first is a Cup, or Bell-flower, with an Inveck brim, standing in a short foot-husk.

The second is out of a short dented husk, a long hose, or hollow trunk flower, with a brim parted into five sharp points; or the brim rowel like.

Of this kind is the Bell-flower of America, which are small long and hollow, with a five pointed brim; of a bright red colour, and plaited like the bell-flower, with five clives or threads in the middle, tipt with pendants.

The white Iasmine, is a small long hollow trunk, ending in five leaves pointed, and turned up like the brim of a Bell-flower, standing in a small husk.

The spanish Iasmine, have the turn up, or brim-leaves more rounder, and fuller, growing to a point; and are white with purple edges.

The Indian sweet yellow Iasmine, have the leaves of the brim round pointed.

The Uirginian climing yellow Iasmine, have a long hollow trunk, ending in five points, but not laid open into leaves, as the former.

The blew Pipe-tree, or Lilac flower, is a long hol∣low trunk, ending in five leaves, or points, turned up; or opening into five pointed leaves.

The third, is a Bell-flower, plaited and inveckt on the upper edge, and long or more eminent dented, at the lower edge; with a double pointil in the middle; set in a hairy or threddy husk. Some term this a bell-flower with a Lip, because the lower side with it inden∣ted corners, hang down, or reach further out, then the the higher side of it, like the Bell-Lip, numb. 89.

XCIII. This is termed, a Long, or hose husk, sustained by two small and long leaves (in manner of a foot-husk) from the middle whereof shooteth forth a narrow hollow trunk, or long Hose-flower, of one entire leaf below, but ending above into five corners, or small pointed leaves, turned or laid open, like a Star. Others term this a hose Husk, eared at the bottom. Others a hose flower in hose, eared.

The Uernal Gentian, is of this kind, whose flower is perfect blue, with a white line, in the middle of each leaf.

XCIV. An Aspodil flower, that is, a round knot, with a Flower on it, or on a stalk, a round head; on the top whereof stands a flower, consisting of six long and narrow leaves, growing in form of a cup, or bell, with two chives in the middle, tipt with pendents. Some call it an Aspod-flower.

Aspodil, that is the great branched; is of this kind, which is white, some yellow; whose Flower leaves, are round at the bottom, which naturally make a round head at the stalk of themselves, without any other bulb, or head to stand on.

XCV. The first is a Bulb, or Bulbous flower; or a round head flower, consisting of four, five, or six leaves, growing (as it were) in convix, or half round.

Of this kind, is the Flowers of Sarsa parilla, which are white; and also the Lilly Com-vally.

The second is a Bulbous flower, with a round bottom, being all one flower, only divided in the top into four or five round pointed leaves.

Of this kind is the Indian Iucca, which is a pen∣dulous flower, hanging downward; consisting of six hollow, or convex leaves (or guttered leaves) which in their growing make a round bodied flower, with an Aspodil, or small rising towards the foot-stalk, white, with a blush, or reddish colour, spread on the back of the three outward leaves, from the middle to the bot∣tom.

Ladies Traces, are small round white flowers grow∣ing on spikes, which when they are extraordinary blown, turn to be sharp pointed, like bell-flowers.

XCVI. The Lady Slipper, so called from the re∣semblance the sore part of the flower, hath to a Slipper, or Pantable. Thus otherwise termed in its descripti∣on; the flower is of a long oval form, and hollow, cut in the upper part with ears like slippers; with four long narrow leaves at the setting on of the flower unto the stalks, which was as a husk to enclose the flower.

The Ladies Slipper is of this kind, and is of a 〈◊〉 pale yellow; and some browner, other purple, sme white, with red strakes through the bellis of them; the back leaves are of a dark colour. This is of some ••o∣rists, called the great wild Hellebor.

The second is five long pointed leaves set al out a Pod, or Seed-Uessel, or a round head pointed.

Of this kind, is the black Hellebor, or Christmes Flower, which is made of five round pointed white leaves; sometimes dasht with purple about the edges, and some all purple, with many pale yellow threds, or thrumes, standing about a green head with divers points.

Bastard Hellebor, or Bears-foot, have the flower of a pale green, with greenish yellow threds, or thrums, about such a like head, or seed-vessel.

XCVII. The first of these is a sprig, or spike, set or both sides, one contrary to another, with mossy or hairy buttons, or balls, or downy catlines.

Of this kind is the Oak of Capadocia.

Rose spunge, or Bryer balls; are burs growing on those twigs, made of brown and yellowish threds, 〈◊〉 soft and hairy.

Page  113The second is a spike, or twig of round pendulous bottle-like flowers, set opposite one to another, on short foot-stalks; ending in four points, or corners.

Of this kind is the Sea Housleek, the flowers grow thick without foot-stalks, of a whitish in some a yellow colour, divided at the ends into five or six parts, hang∣ing down.

Hare bells grow thus, of which there are divers co∣lours; as white, blue, light green.

These Trees and Plants I have read off, but without any certain description.

4. CErfoil, is an herb in operation, and working in a manner fiery.

Cetewale, is an herb whose root Physicians use to ga∣ther in the Summer.

Chast Lamb, or Agnus Castus, have such virtue in the flower and seed, that being digested of any person, it makes them chast.

Crowtoe of some called Uacinium: It hath a leaf like to Portate, an handful in height, in bredth it is less or more small than a Maidens finger, of a most curious green colour; his top is full of purple flow∣ers.

Dictamus, an herb which groweth in Crete, and is very wonderful (being eaten) in loosning and unbinding the straights of the body; the Hart being wounded with a Dart, in eating it, is soon cured.

Dragaunce, is an herb so called, for that it is be spotted, and is specked in his colour much like to a snake, representing the very Uiper or Dragon, which herb the Viper it self stands in dread of. Of some it is called Co∣lubine, the Flower is purple coloured, and black in the middle, it is cloven and sharp in the middle as the Ser∣pents tongue is.

Dragon, or Aron, of some called Isaron or Iaron, the Romans call it Serpentarie; it is a shrub two cu¦bits high, straight up: it groweth in hedges and sheddy place, for the Sun it cannot abide. There are two kinds of them the great and lesser, which hath white little spots.

Dwale, or sleepy Dwale, is a shrub which groweth near to the Sea, very aboundant and plentiful in young shoots. There is another kind of the same name called made Dwale. The one causeth found sleep; the o∣ther, wonders in imagination.

Esele, of some it is taken for Ey-bright, but this hath his leaf very thin and plain; it is not of so fresh a green colour, or of the like look, as many other plants be; but this it hath above them, that being prest gives a and juice like milk.

Fenkell, is an herb common both for the Field and Garden; the juice whereof quickneth the eyes; Serpents eating thereof keeps them from many sicknesses, weakness, old age.

Frankincense tree, it is plentiful in boughes; the leaves are like to our Pear-leaf, saving it is much more smaller, and in colour as green as Rue, in rind and bark as soft as Laurel, its Gum or Tears is a most sweet per∣fume being burnt.

Hares foot, of some called Hares Cummin, it is an herb growing in Garden Allies.

Iacinct, or Iacinth, is an herb having a purple flow∣er: Some are more airy, bespotted with purple and red. It hath a certain Flax, like snow. See Gentian.

Iupiters Beard, or Goldilocks: It is hairy like Isop, or Hyssop.

Kastainy, is a tree of good high growth; if it be cut down, by and by it springeth up, spreadeth abroad and beareth infinite of blossoms, of a colour, his fruit hangeth between leaf and leaf double, or by couples, in manner of a Mans stones.

Laburnum, is a Tree growing upon the Alps; whose wood is white and hard; the Flower is a cubit in length, and so noisom that no Bee will touch it.

Liricum-fancy, or as others judge May Lilly, for it resemblance is a-like; the Flower is very white.

Mary-gold of Monardus, of some called, Wood-warren; others Loose-strife, or Herb Willow, be∣cause it grows in Medows like to Broom. It beareth a red-flower; it is so bitter that no Beast will eat there∣of.

Molin, or Long-wort as some call it; the root is long, the flower white, and somwhat wan. It is a dead∣ly bane to fish.

Myrh Tree; it groweth most commonly near to the Sea-shore. It is one of the odoriferous kind or sort, which have sweet scent or smell.

Nymphs tree, it is of an exceeding great height, very soft and tender in the bark: In the fruit it is like to the Cherry, as sweet and as small also. A Nymph that was Daughter to Neptune flying from Priapus, was turned into this Tree, and thereupon it had first its name.

Papirus, or the Rush of Egypt and Siria: In length (it is reported to be) ten cubits, growing in the fen and marshy grounds; of this was paper at first made, as the name yet seemeth to testify; of this rush they make Candles and Torches (as we do of Bull-Rushes) with∣out Week or Cotton.

Pearserthnut, the Greeks call it Astragalos, the Latine Ficus Terre; the Fig of the Earth. In manner of growth it seemeth to e but a small and very short shrub; It is in leaf and bearing like to the Cicer, or Parsnep.

Phleum, is a tree of a strong stock, and as small of height, in his leaf very fertile, and in a manner fleshy. It giveth orderly leaf after leaf, as they fall away.

Plane-tree, so called from its breadth and plainess of leaf.

Oak-fern, called of some Polipodeck, is a bran∣ched herb growing generally on the tops of old Oaks and Walls.

Spichnard of India, so called, because supposed to come out of those parts, being the leaf is gathered swim∣ming aloft in the Flouds and Streams of India, without either root or stalk, which the natives pierce and prick, then lay it up to dry. Yet some say it grows in India, and Siria.

Terebul, is the name of an herb leaf in India, which swimmeth above the pools and ditches, without any root Page  114 that is seen, it is of some called Malabathium: whereof cometh a most precious and sweet Oyl.

Tragion, is a Tree of Shrub, that hath his bough, seed, and leaf like to the Mastich Tree, but not altoge∣ther so great. It floweth and distilleth that humour that is like Gum; in the harvest time the leaves smell ramish¦ly in manner like Goats. There is an herb like this, which some call Scorpion, and Tragos.

Tree of Paradice, is a Tree that beareth fruit like a cluster of Grapes, but in bigness of an Apple. It is covered with a yellow Coat, and his leaf is very long and broad, for the which it is of very short life, for in the second year his body dryeth up and waxeth bar∣ren.

Turbit, whose leaf is like the Lawrel, it groweth in Egypt.

Uervain, of some called Holy Herb; the Mages call it Iuno's Tear, or Mercuries moist Blood. The Romans Cocks Comb; it groweth only in the Waters, where Doves in Companies fly and make their food of it.

The Uirginian Periploca, or Uirginian Silk∣flower so named by some Herbalists. It rised all in stalks, set at several joints with two long broad veined round pointed leaves, at the top out of a skinny hose, comes a great tuft of Flowers thirty or forty, hanging down on long foot-stalks, each consisting of five small hollow leaves of a pale purple colour; after they are past comes long crooked Cods.

The Indian flowering Reed, it hath fair large leaves coming from the joynts of the stalk, bearing at the top one above another divers flowers like in fashion to the Corn-flag, of a bright crimson colour.

The French Hony-suckle, or the Red Sattin∣flower, hath many stalks set with winged green leaves, and at the joints come forth smaller stalks, set with ma∣ny Flowers, of a shining red colour, and in some white.

The sensible Plant, is a woody stalk, set with small winged leaves; this is respected only for that by touch∣ing the leaves, you may perceive them to shrink from you.

The Humble Plant will fall of its own accord, when you come near it.

Dodder, an herb or plant having no leaves but only strings or wires, it grows upon other Plants from whom it receiveth its nourishment, the root in the ground dy∣ing.

Codded Willow herb, or Codded Loose-strife, hath the Flower growing out from the top of the cod, and the seeds wrapt up in down.

Sauce Alone, or Iack by the Hedge, hath the tast of Garlick, or a hot bitter tast, bearing large cods, which being ripe are red.

Uervain, hath small blue Flowers growing in a spike on the top of the stalk.

Horned tree Trifoil, the body of it is very slender, covered with a whitish bark, the branches more white; the leaves stand three together, lesser, rounder and whiter than those of the Ordinary Laburnum; the Flowers are like those of Broom, of a gold yellow colour, which come forth at the end of the branches three or four toge∣ther, succeeded by crooked flat thin Cods, like Horns or half Moons.

Spirea, it is a shrub with divers woody stalks, set with leaves like those of Sally, but lesser and nicked in the edges, at the end of the stalk comes forth divers small Peach-coloured flowers thick set together in a long spike; lessening by degrees like a Pyramis.

Dwarf Bay grows in a thick bush, full of branches, set with small whitish round pointed green leaves, the flowers are small, of four leaves, set thick and close to∣gether, on the sides of the new shoots, wherewith they are on all sides covered; some of a pale blush colour, others white and Peach colour, or a deep red, whose place are succeeded with small Berries of a red colour.

Snail Flower, or rather Snail seed Uessel, is a kind of Pod, in form like a Snail house, smooth and rouled up, others prickley; others like small Buttons, some smooth, others rough, hairy and green.

Catterpillar Seed Uessels have the Plants trail on the ground, and such are supported; the Seed Vessels are like Green Worms or Catterpillars turned round.

Other terms used by Florists, about flowers only; with their signification.

5. ALlies or Walks.

Aspodill roots, cloggs, or long knotty roots joined together at the top. See Glandulous.

Aulnes, or Awnes, are Beards about Ears of Com.

Aglets, or Pendents hanging on the tip ends of chives and threds, as in Tulipa's, Roses, Spikgrass.

Aquietic Flowers, such as grow in Water, or wet and moorish grounds.

Annual Leaves. such come up in Spring, and pe∣rish in Winter.

Bud, is the first appearing of Husks in which the Flowers are.

Bloom, or Blown is when the Flower first puts forth out of the husk.

Bed in a Garden, long earth Beds, in which Flowers are set.

Brim of a Flower, the outward edges, or that part of a Flower as turns.

Baccipherous pods, such whose seeds are inclosed in a juicy pulp.

Borders in Gardens.

Borders in Flowers, are such leaves as stand aboue the middle thrum of a Flower. Palled about.

Bulbes, or Bulbous, round roots, as in Tulipa's, taken also for round, yet spired heads of Flowers.

Bearded husk, is a Rose husk, or such as are hairy in the edges. Rose Pod husk barbed.

Bunched roots, are round roots that have knobs or knots in them.

Bunched cod, is such as stand out in knobs, where the seed lieth in the cod.

Bicornered head or stile, see Umbone.

Blade, or leaf of Corn.

Bolle of a Poppy, is the round seed Pod; and also of a Flax Seed Pod.

Compost, is a mixture of Dung and Earth to enrich Gardens.

Page  115Crenated leaves, such as are jagged or notched.

Creeping flowers, are such as grow along the ground, and rise not upright.

Cells, the partitions or hollow places in husks or pods where the seed lieth.

Corimbiferous, Flowers made of thrums, without any circle of leaves.

Chives, are thick, round and sharp pointed horns that stand in the middle of flowers; which in some are more slenderer than others.

Compressed Pods, flat seed Vessels.

Chives, tipt with Pendents, is when the horn hath a seed hanging and shaking at the point of it, as in Tu∣lipa's and the like. Chives are small pointels

Campanulate Flowers, such as have the resemblance of a Bell.

Cullions or Stone-roots, round roots, whether single, double, or trebble.

Clove roots, as in Garlick and Lillies, which are of some termed Scaly Clove roots.

Compound Flowers, such as consist of leaves, and a thrum of shrt threds.

Compound leaves, such as are three or four toge∣ther.

Clogs, or knotty roots, hanging together by threds or small fibres.

Corniculate seed Vessel, such as are divided into se∣veral distinct cases.

Cone, or Pine Apple like heads.

Capsulate Pods, little short seed Vessels.

Cod, or Seed Pod, as in Pease, Vet••es, Bean.

Couped, or cut off. See Raguled.

Pentapelata, Flowers of five leaves.

Clapper, see Pointell.

Cluster, or Bunch; Flower or Fruit growing close together.

Cups, are short husks in which Flowers grow, some being pointed into 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 leaves.

Chaff, or husk which compasseth ears of Corn, and holds them together in the ear.

Delfe, or Spadegraft, a digging into the Earth as deep as a Spade can go at once.

Delve, or dig.

Dented verge, is such leaves as are nicked about the edges or brim; of which some are fine dented; others large or deep dented, or cut into the leaf.

Downy or Friesed leaf, is such leaves as are wooly.

Deciduous, leaf, a deep cut leaf.

Edges, or out-sides of leaves. See Brim.

Edged, as Flower leaves often are, especially in the Tulipa; of which there are several terms, as edged, stri∣ped or streaked, garded, feathered, agotred, marbled, flaked, spotted, or specked, powdred, variegated, vari∣ably, &c.

Eminence, or Woolly Eminence, is the outward skin or husk that covers round roots, as in Onions, Tu∣lipa's or Dog-stones, and such like. See Off-Sets.

Edgers, are the Spring, or first ripe. Tulipa's.

Ear of Corn, are many grains of Corn compassed about with a chaffy husk.

Erect Flowers, such as grow upright without hanging the head.

Echinate seed, rough, prickly urchin like seed.

Esculent seed, such as can be eaten, as Pease, Bean.

Flowers or Blossoms, are of several composures, as cap. 6. numb. 70, to 97. there are set down, these fol∣lowing shapes, forms and fashioned blooms.

  • Silken down Flower, numb. 66.
  • Woolly Flower, 67 97
  • Thready flower, 64 83
  • Feather flower 65
  • Scaly or chaffy flower 61
  • Thrum flower. 82
  • Thrum or plush bordered 82 83 79 96
  • Hose flower with turned brim 87 92 93
  • Cup flower of Bell flower 92 89
  • Gaping flower 70 71 cut 76
  • Gaping hooded flower 71 76
  • Dragon head flower 76 79.
  • Cod flower 72
  • Helmet flower 73 75 78 77
  • Fly flower 77
  • Spur or heel flower 77 78
  • Round or one leaf flower 80
  • Bifoile, or two leafed flower
  • Three leafed flower, trefoil flower 79
  • Four leafed flower 80 81,
  • a Caterfoil flower 87
  • Cinquefoil flower, 80 84
  • Cinquefoil flower barbed 80
  • Jagged leaf flower 64
  • Dented leaf Flower 83
  • Sharp pointed leaf Flower 69 86 90
  • Round pointed leaf Flower 69 84 85
  • Bell Flower 89 92
  • Bell Flower brimmed 91
  • Aspod or Aspodil Flower 94
  • Bulbe or Bulbous Flower 95
  • Bulbous Flower round bottomed 95
  • Slipper Flower 96
  • Bottle Flower dented 97

Fragrant, sweet smell.

Flaied, is a cutting of Turfs.

Freeze, or Fringe, such as is in the middle of the falling leaves of the Flower de luce. See Thrum.

Film, is that thin woody skin as separates the seed in the pod, and keeps them one from another.

Fibres are small threds or strings at roots.

Furrow, is a ridg or swelling on the sides of either Tree, Stalk, or Fruit; of some termed Ribbed.

Fruticose, is such stalks as are of an hard woolly consistence.

Florist, is a lover of Flowers and Gardens.

Floriledge, is the description of Flowers.

Fruitage, is the hanging of several sorts of Fruit to∣gether in husks with strings.

Flowerage, is the setting of sorts of Flower together, in husks, and so to hang them up with strings.

Foot-husks, or short heads, out of which Flowers grow.

Frumentaceous herbs, a Corn bearing herb.

Gramineous herbs, such as bear Corn for Mans use.

Gristly seeds, are thin skinny flat seeds.

Graniferous seed pods, bearing small seeds like grains.

Page  116Grumous or knotty kernelly roots, fastned to one head.

Glandulous, kernel like roots, fastned together with small threds or fibres.

Greens, are Trees whose leaves fade not away in Winter.

Heads or husks of Flowers, are those things, out of which Flowers grow, of which there is several shapes, forms and fashions, as

  • Panick, spike, or spired head, numb. 42.
  • Bulbes head, numb. 43.
  • Tufted head, numb. 44
  • Spike head in spaces, 45 59
  • Wharles, Wharled heads, 46
  • Seed spout head 47
  • Spike, or spired head thin set 47
  • Orchides head 48
  • Spike head thick set 48
  • Umbell head 49
  • Shade of Flowers 49
  • Knotted or scaly head 50
  • Knoppe head 50
  • Scaly, panick or spired head 51
  • Loose chaffy or scaly head 52
  • Chaffy panick head 53
  • Loose knapped head 61
  • Loose panick, or panicle head 63
  • Poppy head 18 67
  • Bole head 18 67
  • Rizome head 54
  • Chaffy spearsed head 54
  • Branched head 55
  • Knapped head 59
  • Bulbes scaly head 60
  • Scaly head 62 82 83
  • Short husk or head 65 69 70
  • Leaf foot husk 69 74 86
  • Slender leafed husk 90
  • Bottle husk or head 84 86
  • Round husk 85 83
  • Furrowed husk 84
  • Hose husk 86
  • Long husk 85 86 87
  • Cod or pod husk 86
  • Hose husk eared 93
  • Rose pod barded 90 or Seed Vessel bearbed
  • Truss head Flower.

Horned head, or biparted; see Umbone.

Heads, or buddings of Herbs, else pods in the mid∣dle of the Flowers.

Husk, is that which a Flower grows out of, of which there are several, as a bulbes or round husk, a bottle husk, a middle husk and a foot husk.

Hose husk, is a long round husk, as in Pinks, July flowers, &c. an urchin or prickly husk.

Hose in Hose, or one long husk in another.

Hollow leaves, as the Flowers of the Blew Bottle, which are small at bottom, and open at the brim, cut and notched deeply in; so is the Hony suckle and Bell-Flowers.

Husk crested or furrowed, when it rises in ridges.

Hollow stalks, when it is Straw-like, as the Daffodil.

Inoculating, see Ingrafting.

Ioynts in Stalks, are knots in the stalks of herbs.

Ingeminated, is having one Flower standing, or na∣turally growing out of another.

Inebriating leaf, such whose quality is to make fud∣dled or drunk, as Tabacco.

Knots, kernels or bulbes roots, are round or long roots.

Knots or joints in Stalks, Shoots, and Canes.

Kernels, in Nuts and Fruit Stones, or in Stone Fruit.

Knaps, or the tops of Lavender before the Flower be come forth.

Leaves belonging to Flowers have diverse names or terms according to their shape and fashion, as

  • Losing leaf, numb. 1.
  • Oval leaf pointed at the top 2
  • Heart leaf 3
  • Adders tongue leaf 4
  • Adders tongue double parted 5
  • Eared leaf 6
  • Trefoil leaf 7 27
  • Trefoil leaf eared 8
  • Winged leaf 9
  • Winged jagged leaf 10
  • Branched leaf 11
  • Winged Branched leaf 11
  • Rush leaf 11
  • Fennel leaf 12
  • Thready branched leaf 12
  • Sword, Flag, or Blade leaf 13
  • Through leaf 14 16 17
  • Pointed through leaf 14 15
  • Slit through leaf 15 16 17
  • Arrow head leaf 18
  • Round middle stalk leaf 19
  • Mushroom leaf 20
  • Bulbes leaf 21
  • Bulbes pointed and inverted 23
  • Bulbes heart leaf 23
  • Violet leaf 23
  • Barberry leaf 24
  • Crumpled leaf 25
  • Tripointed uneven leaf 25
  • Broad tripointed leaf 26
  • Triparted winged leaf 28
  • Trefoil winged 28
  • Cinque parted leaf 29
  • Five pointed leaf 29
  • Five pointed recurved leaf 29
  • Cinquefoil long pointed 31
  • Five fingered leaf 31
  • Five parted leaf triparted 32 33
  • Jagged finger leaf 33
  • Star leaf 34
  • Sepfoile or Setfoile leaf 35
  • Caterfoile double leaf 36
  • Spur-rowel leaf 36
  • Winged finned leaf 37
  • Winged finned deep cut leaf 38
  • Torne jagged finned leaf 41
  • Trefoile leaf eared and finned 40

Laying of Flowers, is the laying of Slips half cut from the main root, and covered with Earth that they may take root, and in time be separated from the main Page  117 Stock; which are termed Layers.

Leguminous, Pulse or Pease-like; any sort of Seed like Pease.

Larks heel, are such Flowers as have a Spur or Larks heel at the back of it; called also Spur-Flowers; see numb. 73, 77, 78.

Monopetala, Flowers consisting of one entire leaf.

Moves, or self coloured flowers.

Mosly, soft, or hairy, and smooth middle of Flow∣ers; see Thrum, Plush.

Membrane, or thin husk that covers Corn.

Marine herbs, such as grow in the Sea and Salt wa∣ters.

Nervous leaves, such as are full of Veins and Nerves.

Naked, is when a Stalk hath no leaves on it; a naked leaf is smooth and plain, without veins or dented edges.

Nosegay, a Posy of Flowers.

Notches, or notched leaf, of some a forked leaf, is when the leaf on the top is cut or divided into two or three or more, either round or sharp points; as in July-flowers, Marygolds, and Crowfeet, and tops of husks in which Flowers grow.

Narcotick leaf, such as stupifies, makes senseless.

Odoriferous, Odorate, a sweet smelling.

Off-sets, are the young root that springs or grows from roots that are round, tuberous, or bulbous; also the loose, outward brown skins, either in Tulipa's or Oni∣ons; &c.

Orme or husk, the thing Flowers grow out off.

Orchides, heads of Flowers set thick together Spike-wise.

Panick heads, see Spikes. Spired heads set with Flowers.

Prime, as a Flower in its Prime, not over-grown, or fading.

Plush, the middle of Roses, Anemonies, Marigolds, &c. of some termed Thrum, or Thrummy heads; of others Hairy heads, or Buttons, or Boss, Tuft or Wart.

Pod, or Cod, in which the seed groweth; the round head in middle of a Flower.

Powches or skinny husks like leather, in which are thin broad seeds.

Procumbent leaves, which ly down flat on the ground trailing on the earth.

Pappous, such as ly in Down, or have some downy part.

Pendulous heads, such Flowers as hang downward, the stalk not being able ta stand upright.

Panicle head, a dispersed tuft of Flowers.

Perenniel leaves, such leaves as last all the year.

Pointel, or Pestle, or Stile, that as stands in the middle of a Tulipa or Peony, and such like.

Popillionaceous Flowers, such as resemble Butter∣flies, as the Blossoms of Peas and Bean.

Peel, or Peeling, the out skin of Apples, or thin skin as covers the Chest-nut, or other Nut kernels.

Pory, holely, full of small holes. Spongy.

Pith, the spungy substance in the middle of Rushes.

Pendants, a kind of seed, as are on threds or chives in the middle of Tulipa's and Lillies. See Chives.

Paled Flowers are such as have leaves set about a head of thrum, as in Marigolds.

Rind, is the skin of any Fruit that may be cut off or pared. Urchin like Rind, is the outward cover of the Chest-nut, which is all set with pricks.

Raguled or couped, that is cut or sawed off, as the branch from the tree, or the Stock from the root.

Rizomes, the spearsed ears of Oats in the Straw, a Rizome head, a chaffy sparsed head.

Radiate Flower, bright shining Flowers.

Seed Vessel, or seed head, are such as the Flower seeds are in.

Seed Sprouts, a long spike with flowers thin set to it.

Seedlings, such roots of July Flowers as come from seeds sowen.

Self colour, is a flower of one entire colour, with∣out any intermixture with others.

Spongy, pory or soft, and full of small holes.

Solid Stalks, having no hollowness in them.

Shoots, young sprigs, sucklings, lances.

Siliquons seed, such as are born in husks, cods, or shells, like Pease or any such thing.

Scaly Clove roots, like Lillies, one Clove laid on another by degrees, like an Artichoke, or Thistle head.

Stamineous Flowers, which consist of threddy fila∣ments.

Spokes or Umbel Flowers set together evenly, not one jot above the other. Spoked tufts.

Spikes, flowers set thick one above another, numb. 48.

Stalk of leaves, and Flowers, of which there is seve∣ral sorts, as naked Stalk, having no leaves on, but only a flower at the top. A crested stalk that hath furrows or ridges; a striped stalk, which is of two or more colours. A winged stalk that hath leaves set on either side of it.

Serrate leaf, a winged leaf set orderly in a row one against the other, or such as are dented.

Sprayes, or divided roots, as in Carrats, &c.

Stile, see Pointell, a long head, three square or round.

Shell, the out-side or woody husk or cover of Nuts, and of Stones in Fruit, of which some are smooth, others rough, others Poty and Bark like.

Succulent herbs, such as are full of Juice.

Skinny husk, a soft sappy husk, as of Nuts and Filberts.

Segment leaves, such as are cut and divided into many shreds or slices, as Fennel, &c.

Spinous leaves or flowers, are such as will prick, and are thorny.

Siliquous seed Vessel, such as have long pods, and the flowers generally consist of 4 leaves.

Sempervirent shrubs, such as have green leaves all the year.

Sinuate leaves, such as are crooked, bent or crump∣led about the edges.

Stellate Flower, such as are Star-like, or are seeded with Stars, or full of eyes like Stars in the thrum or pen∣dals.

Squamous, rough, prickly, or scaly husks or seed Vessels.

Shade of Flowers; see Umbell.

Shutes are Rushes.

Sheaths, are thin leaves or rindy husks, which com∣pass about a Flower stalk.

Stellate leaf, so stiled from the manner of the growth, the leaf compassing the stalk at intervals, Star-like.

Stile, see Umbone.

Slip, is a renting or pulling of a sprig from a branch, or the branch from the arm of a Tree, and so a slip may have it rent double or trebble slipped, or the stalk rag∣ged.

Page  118Sprig, is somewhat more than a slip, as having more leaves and sprays with it than is in the other, being generally that as is of some growth and maturity. or Sprout, of some called Twig.

Tuberons or knobbed and knotted roots or heads, or small tubers with strings and fibres among them.

Tamis, are the pndents which are on the points of chives, which are thicker and stronger than threds. See Chives tipt.

Threddy roots, small hairy roots, Fibres.

Thrum or threds in a head in the middle of a Flow∣er. See Plush.

Tripelata, or Tetrapelata, Flowers which consist of 3 or 4 leaves.

Threds tipt with Pendents, are smaller than Chives∣as in Rses, Anemonyes, and such like.

Threds tipt with Aglets, or threds with Aglets hang∣ing at them, as in the spiked heads of Grass and Plan∣ane.

Tips, or ends of leass.

Truss o Flowers, when many 〈◊〉 together on the head of the Stalk, as the Cowsp and Auricula's do.

Uariously mixed or coloured, edged, feathered, Garded, Agotted, Marbled, Flaked, or Speckled.

Uariegated, Flowers diversely spotted, marked or striped.

Uervous leaves, such as come up in the Spring.

Umbone or horn, is any pointed stile in the middle of a Flower.

Umious leaf, an oily sappy leaf.

Umbone double pointed, or biparted, as in the Peo∣ny sometime the umbone hath 3 or 4 sharp points, then termed an umbone divided into so many heads or poin∣tels, or cut into 4 or 5 parts.

Uerricillate Flowers, such as grow about the stalk in Rundels or Whirles.

Uerge, the edge, or outside of a leaf, as a dented Verge; see Brim.

Umbell, Flowers set thick together, and all of the same height. A spearsed or thin Umbell, when they stand at a distance from one another, yet all of an equal height. Umbrell.

Umball, the middle round head of a Flower set about with threds tipped.

Winged seed, such seeds as have hairs growing at them.

Weeds, and Weeding, is the taking out of the Garden, all such things as spring of themselves, and are hurtful to Flowers.

Umbelliferous, sweet smelling umbell Flowers.

Wharles of Flovvers, are such as are set at distances about the main stalk or spike.

Things proper for Fruit Gardens and Orchards.

5. HIGH Walls either of Brick or Stone. A Fountain or Grotto.

Statues or Figures cut in Stone, set on Pedestals; to be in the quarters of the Garden.

Flower Pots to set Flovvers in, upon Rails of Wood or Ston, in Allies and Walk,.

Green Plats, even laid vvith Turfs or Sods.

Allies, or Walks vvell Gravelled.

Tarris Walks, Walks one higher than another.

Pole Hedges or Pallisadoes, or Codling Hedg∣es are set vvith Trees platted one into another, and sup∣ported vvith Poles add Stakes, Laths and Rods, vvhich as the Trees grovv, are cut and pruned even on the sides and top.

Laths and Rods to support Flovvers.

Garden part, to be divided into Beds, and them again to be cast into Ovals, Squares, Cants, Frets, Bor∣ders or Knots, according to the fancy of the Gardener.

A Summer house or Garden house, in a corner of the Garden, either square or octangular, finely painted vvith Landskips and other conceits, furnished vvith a Ta∣ble and Seats about.

A Nursery or large Bed of Earth, on vvhich Stock for Fruit, and Seedlings for Flovvers are nourished till they be removed into the Garden Platts.

A Good Gardener, that understands the nature of Fruit and Flowers; and the times for sowing, setting, grafting and transplanting.

A Conservatory, or a green house, a place to put flower pots in, to keep the Flowers from Frost and Snow.

A Repository, a kind of Seller in the Earth to pre∣serve Plants in time of Frost and cold Weather.

Instruments belonging to a Gar∣dener.

A Spade.

A Shovel.

A Mattock.

A Skreen, or Riddle, with a Wier Riddle.

A Rake with Iron teeth, and Baskets.

A Pruning Hook, and Knife.

A Grafting Knife, and a fine pointed Pen-Knife.

Watring-Pots of several sorts.

A Mallet, a Grafting Chissel, a Saw.

A pair of Garden sheers.

Trowels of several sorts, long and short.

A Dibell or setting Stick.

A Bilboquet, an Instrument made of Lines and sharp pointed Sticks or Iron Pins, to square out Beds and make rounds in Garden Knots.

Weeding Tongs, of some called a Dog, to pull up the roots of Weeds.

Weeding hook.

Bass, a thing to wind about grafted Trees before they be clayed, and after.

Loam or Clay to put about grafted Cyons.

Hand Beetle, to cleave the Stock for grafting.

Grafting Quile.

A short Ladder and Stool.

Pouch Wallet or Basket, to hang in Trees to ga∣ther Fruit in.

Page  119

Trees, Shrubs, Flowers and Herbs may be distinguished into these several Heads, according to their Fruit or Seeds, Leaves, Flowers and Pods.

First, for Seed Trees, such as are contained in a Fleshy pulp, and cover∣ed with a soft skin, which are of three sorts, as

  • 1. Pomiferous Trees, such as bear Fruit Apple like, as
    • Apple
    • Pear
    • Quince
    • Medler
    • Lazarole
    • Service
    • Figg
    • Pomegranate
    • Orange
    • Lemon
    • Citron
    • Adams Apple
    • Plantane Tree
    • Indian Fig
  • 2. Pruniferous Trees, such as bear Fruit with Stones in them, as
    • Peach
    • Nectarine
    • Apricock
    • Plum
    • Cherry
    • Cornelion
    • Olive
    • Date
    • Mirobalane
    • Sebesten
    • Jujubes
  • 3. Bacciferous Trees, such as bear Berries either single, or many together, as
    • Mulberry
    • Elder
    • Sumach
    • Quicken
    • Turpentine
    • Nettle Tree
    • Bay
    • Laurel
    • Yew
    • Holly
    • Box
    • Mastick
    • Dragon tree
    • Clove tree
    • Bede Tree
    • Sassafras
    • Indian Mole

Secondly, such as are covered with thick or thin husks, and with hard woody shells which are of three sorts, as

  • 1. Nuciferous Trees such as bear Fruit in hard husks or kernels in shells, as the
    • Walnut
    • Almond
    • Fistick Nut
    • Storax
    • Hassel
    • Filbert
  • 2. Echinate or prickly husks, as the
    • Chesnut
    • Beech
  • 3. Nudated, or smooth thin husk, bladder like, or more thicker skin, as the
    • Bladder Nut
    • Coco
    • Nutmegs
    • Chocolate
    • Coffee
    • Cotton tree
    • Anacardium

Thirdly, such Trees as bear Fruit in Cups Acorn-like, of which there are two sorts, as

  • 1. Glandiferous Trees, having ker∣nels in their husks as
    • Oak
    • Bitter Oak
    • Holm Oak
    • Cork tree
  • 2. Coniferous Trees, such as bear Cones
    • Alder
    • Larich tree
    • Cedar
    • Pine
    • Firr-tree
    • Cypress
    • Tree of Life

Fourthly, Trees whose Fruit or Seed is in single teguments or cover∣ings, of which there are three sorts, as

  • 1. Siliquous Trees, having pods thick or thin, as the
    • Carob
    • Cassia
    • Tamarind
    • Judas tree
  • 2. Membranaceous coverings, such whose seed vessel is a thin skinny husk, as the
    • Elm
    • Hornbeam
    • Ash
    • Maple
    • Sycamore
  • 3. Iuliferous Trees, such as bear Catkins, as the
    • Birch
    • Aspin
    • Poplar
    • Willow
    • Sallow
    • Lime tree
    • Plain tree

Fifthly, Trees which are esteemed for their Wood and Bark, either for Physick, of which there are several sorts, as

  • 1. Cordial Woods, as the
    • Aloe tree
    • Guajacum, or
    • Pockwood
    • Snakewood
  • 2. Astringent and cooling Woods, as the
    • Red Sanders
    • Yellow Sanders
    • Lignum Nephriti∣cum
    • Rosewood
  • 3. Mechanies Wood, such as are used in Dying, as the
    • Brasil
    • Logwood
  • 4. Fabrile Wood, such as Work∣men use, as
    • Ebony
    • Princes Wood
    • Cabbidg tree, or
    • Palmetto Royal
  • 4. Barks or Rinds, such as the
    • Cinnamon
    • Cortex Febrifugus
    • Peruvianus, or
    • Jesuits Pouder
    • Cortex Wintera∣nus

Sixthly, Trees which bring forth Gums and Rosins, which may be distinguished into two sorts, as

  • 1. Solid, or hard Gums, as
    • Gum Arabick
    • Sarcocolla
    • Myrrh
    • Gum Hydra
    • Gum Sandarak
  • 2. Liquid or more moliable, as
    • Liquidambra
    • Balsamum Peruvi∣anum,
    • Pitch
    • Rosin
    • Tar
  • 3. Suffumigatious Gums, or such as are for Perfumes, as
    • Frankincense, or
    • Olibanum
    • Gum Elemi
    • Gum Animae
    • Copal
    • Caranna
    • Benjamin
    • Storax
  • 4. Uolatile or Unctious, such as are easily made soft, as the
    • Camphir
    • Cambugium
    • Bdellium
    • Tacamahacca
    • Lake

Shrubs or Vnderwoods may be distinguished by these several heads, as

First, Spinous, or thorny shrubs whose Fruit may be eaten, as

  • 1. Rasberry, Raspis Sloe tree, or
    • Bramble
    • Blackberry
    • Rose
    • Briar
    • Goosberry
    • White thorn or
    • Hawthorn
    • Blackthorn
    • Bullas
    • Barberry
    • Purging thorn
    • Christs thorn
    • Box thorn
    • Bucks thorn
  • Page  120Secondly Shrubs which are Bacci∣ferous, or have juicy or sappy fruit, not spinous or thorny, yet esculent, or not eatable, but purging, as
    • Vine, or Grape
    • Raisin
    • anan
    • Bilberry
    • Waysaring tree
    • White beam tree
    • Dogberry tree
    • Birds Cherry
    • Rock Cherry of Austria
    • Dwarf Medler
    • Sweet Wort
    • Hony suckle or
    • Woodbine
    • Upright Wood∣bine
    • Pepper
    • Mezercon
    • Spindle tree
    • Privet
    • Shrub Cassia
    • Gelder Rose
    • Water Elder
    • Yellow Jessamine
    • Sea Grape
  • Thirdly, Sempervirent Shrubs, such as are always green and flourish∣ing, of which there are these
    • True Balsom, or
    • Balm
    • Thorny Burnet
    • Dwarf Balm
    • Phyllyrae
    • Ever green Privet
    • Strawberry tree
    • Evergreen thorn
    • Spurge Laurel
    • Spurge Olive
    • Widow Wall
    • Laurel of Alexan∣dria
    • Horse Tongue
    • Butchers Broom
    • Wild Bay
    • Juniper
    • Savin
    • Myrtle
    • Arbor Vitae
    • Myrtle Symach
    • Ivy
    • Misselto
  • Fourthly, Siliquous shrubs, such as bear pods and husks, as
    • Li••ch, or
    • Pipe-tree
    • Caper
    • Thorny Broom
    • Bean Treoil
    • Shrub Trefoil
    • Sena
    • Liquorice
    • Bean tree
    • Locust tree
    • Humble Plant
    • Broom
    • Furs
    • Goats Thorn
    • Dorycnium
  • Fifthly, Graniferous Shrubs, such as bear Corn-like seeds in their pods or husks, as
    • Chast tree
    • Spiked Willow
    • Tamarisk
    • Jessamine
    • White Pipe tree
    • Shrub Mallow
    • Galls
    • Red Sumach
    • Tree Spurge
    • Virgins Bower
    • Travellers Joy
    • Virginia climbers, or Virginian Ivy
  • Sixthly, Graniferous evergreen Shrubs, such as are always green, and have Seed and Pods like Corn, as
    • Holy Rose
    • Oleander, or
    • Rose Bay
    • Sana Munda
    • Gutwort
    • Herb terrible
    • Rosemary *
    • Sage Mullein
    • Hartwort
    • Sweet Mountain Rose
    • Sea Purslain
    • Silver Bush
    • Heath
    • Rose of Jerico

Flowers, Plants and Herbs may be distributed into these several Classis ac∣cording to their several beings, as

First, by the fashion of their leaves, as

  • 1. Such as have imperfect leaves, as
    • Mushrooms
    • Toad stool
    • Mould
    • Trubs, or
    • Trufle
    • Fuzball, or
    • Puckfist
    • Moss
    • Liverwort
    • Fearn, or
    • Brake
    • Oak Fearn
    • Maidens hair
    • Tentwort
    • Wall Rue
    • Polipodi
    • Rough Spleenwort
    • Mulfearn
    • Hartstongue
    • Moonwort
    • Adders tongue
    • Duckweed
    • Hairy riverweed
    • Spunge
    • Sea Navel-wort
    • Sea Lttice
    • Sea Eare
    • Round leaved Oi∣sterweed
    • Wrack
    • Sea fann
  • 2. Perfect Gramineous, Fru∣mentaceous Herbs or Leaves, such whose Seed is Mans Food, and grow in thin or thick Membranes, as
    • Wheat
    • Rye
    • Maize, or
    • Indian Wheat
    • Barley, or
    • Malt
    • Rice
    • Oats
    • Panic
    • Indian Millett
    • Millett
    • Bean
    • Pease
    • Vetches
  • 3. Gramineous Plants, not used for Mans Food, which may more pro∣perly be called Grasses, as
    • Canary Grass
    • Panic grass
    • Fox tail
    • Cats tail
    • Wheat Grass
    • Matweed
    • Wild Barley
    • Reeds
    • Jobs tears
    • Oat Grass
    • Finger grass
    • Pearl grass
    • Hairy grass
    • Meadow grass
    • Sweet Reed
    • Camels Hay
    • Galingal
    • Rush
    • Cane
    • Feathergrass
    • Cotton grass
    • Reed Mace
    • Burr Reed
    • Mouse tail
  • 4. Gramineous herbs of Bulbous roots, such whose roots are either round, long, scaly, or consist of diverse knots, as
    • Crown Imperial
    • Martagon, or
    • Bubous Violet
    • Bulbous Iris
    • Corn Flag
    • Saffron
    • Crocus
    • Son before Father
    • Tulip
    • Fritillary
    • Daffadile
    • Hyacinth
    • Lilly
    • Turks cap
    • Star of Bethlehem
    • Onion
    • Leeks
    • Shalot
    • Chives
    • Garlick
    • Moly
    • Ramson
    • Squill, or
    • Sea Onion
  • 5. Herbs of an Affinity to Bulbous roots, such as grow in dry places, and Water,
    • Kings Spear
    • Spider-wot
    • Dogs-tooth
    • Day lilly
    • Tuberous flower-
    • Flowering Reed
    • Jucca, or
    • Indian bread
    • Indian Hyacinth
    • Flowering Rush
    • Birds Nest
    • Brom rape
    • Toothwort
    • Dragon
    • Wake Robin
    • Frierscowle
  • 6. Herbs of round leaves, whether large or lesser, and grow in dry and wet places, as
    • Coltsfoot
    • Butter Bur
    • Sowbread
    • Asarabacca
    • Burdock
    • Violet
    • Pansy
    • Water Lilly
    • Marsh Marygold
    • Butterwort, or Sa∣nicle of Yorkshire
    • Grass of Parnassus
    • Winter green
    • Sun-dew
    • Sanicle
    • Ladies Mantle
    • White Saxifrage
    • Golden Saxifrage
    • Ground Ivy
    • Monywort
    • Indian Cress
    • Scurvy grass
    • Sea Bindweed
  • 7. Herbs of Uervous leaves, such as are full of Veins and Nerves, as
    • Hellebore
    • Neezwort
    • Helleborine
    • Plantaine
    • Buckshorn
    • Snakeweed, or
    • Bistort
    • Sopewort
    • Sea Plantaine
    • Fleawort
    • One Blade
    • Twa Blade
    • Gentian
    • Dwarf Gentian
    • Solomons Seal
    • Lilly of the Vally
    • Pondweed
    • Water Caltrope
  • 8. Such as are succulent Herbs, ha∣ving the leaves full of sap or juice, as
    • Houseleek
    • Sengreen
    • Aloe
    • Orpine
    • Rosewort
    • Purslain
    • Garden Brooklime
    • Spotted Sanicle
    • Indented Sengreen
    • Stone crop
    • Wall Pepper
    • Navelwort
    • Glasswort
    • Tangg
    • Cali
  • 9. Herbs according to their superfi∣cies may be distinguished by their leaves or manner of growing, whither rough or smooth, crumpled or plain, as
    • Burrage
    • Bugloss
    • Page  121Alkanet
    • Vipers Bugloss
    • Sage of Jerusalem
    • Honywort
    • Comfrey
    • Dogstongue
    • Grummeil
    • Heliotrope
    • Asparagus
    • Ladies Bedstraw
    • Cheeserunning
    • Horse tail
    • Horned water Mil∣foile
    • Madder
    • Crosswort
    • Bastard Madder
    • Goose grass, or
    • Cleaver
    • Woodrof
    • Spurry

Secondly, Herbs may be distinguish∣ed according to their Flowers, these seve∣ral ways, as

  • 1. Stamineous Herbs, such whose Flowers consist of thriddy Filaments, whose seeds are triangular, as
    • Rubarb
    • Dock
    • Sorrel
    • French Sorrel
    • Buck Wheat
    • Black Bindweed
    • Knotgrass
    • Hemp
    • Flax
    • Hop
    • Mercury
    • Ghilding Mercury
    • Dogs Mercury
    • Spinage
    • English Mercury
    • Orrage
    • Goosefoot
    • Beet
    • Diers Weed
    • Base Rocket
    • Meadow Rue
    • Oak of Jerusalem
    • Oak of Cappado∣cia
    • Nettle
    • Rupture-wort
    • Stinking ground∣pine
  • 2. Herbs of a compound Flower, such as have a thrum and a circle of Leaves about, as
    • Sun-Flower
    • Jerusalem Arti∣choke
    • Marigold
    • Great Daisy
    • Alecost or Costma∣ry
    • Golden Staechas
    • Cudweed, or
    • Cotton-weed
    • Ox Eye
    • Maudlin Tansy
    • Corn Marygold
    • African Marygold
    • Camomil
    • Tansy
    • Featherfew
    • Milfoil
    • Stinking May-weed
    • Southernwood
    • Lavender Cotton
    • Mugwort
    • Scabious
    • Devils Bit
    • Blew Daisy
    • Thrift or
    • Sea Gilliflower
    • Endive
    • Succory
  • 3. Pappous Herbs, such whose Seed lye in Down, or have some downy parts, as
    • Thistle
    • Artichoke
    • Blew bottle
    • Sneewort of Au∣stria
    • Sw-wort
    • Great Centory
    • Snapwood
    • Bastard Saffron
    • Bearded creeper
    • Leopards Bean
    • Elecampane
    • Groundsel
    • Ragworth
    • Dutch Agtimony
    • Golden Rod
    • Starwort
    • Fleabane
    • Sea Startwort
    • Golden flowred
    • Samphir
    • Lettice
    • Gum Succory
    • Hawkweed
    • Dandelion
    • Goat-beard
    • Mouse Ear
    • Sowthistlle
    • Nipplewort
  • 4. Umbelliferous Herbs, such whose Flowers grow in Umbels or Tufts, as
    • Fennel
    • Dill
    • Hogs Fennel
    • Samphire
    • Giant Fennel
    • Herb Frankincense
    • Spignel
    • Bishops weed
    • Water Hemlock
    • Earthnut
    • Dropwort
    • Pellitory of Spain
    • Scorching Fennel
    • Hartswort
    • Carrat
    • Wild Carrat
    • Carraway
    • Cummin
    • Alhale
    • Chervil
    • Hemlock
    • Spanish Picktooth
    • Bastard Parsley
    • Water Milfoil
    • Milky Parsly
    • Water Dropwort
  • 5. Uerticilate Herbs, are such flow∣ered Plants as grow in Wharleas a∣bout the stalks, being generally all of them Odorate, or sweet smelling, as
    • Sage
    • Germander
    • Mastick
    • Thyme
    • Goats Marjoram
    • Lavender
    • Cassidony
    • Polymountaine
    • Winter Savory
    • Hssop
    • Mint
    • Cat-Mint
    • Balm
    • Basil
    • Calamint
    • Dittany
    • Assirian Balm
    • Majoram
    • Organy
    • Ground Pine
    • Pennyroyal
    • Water Germander
    • Wood Sage
    • Clary
    • Dead Nettle
    • Black Horehound
    • Iron-wort
    • Motherwort
    • Hedge Hyssop
    • Hooded loose strife
    • Betony
    • Self-heal
    • Bugle
    • Dodder
  • 6. Spicate Herbs, such whose Flow∣ers grow in spiked, or long taper heads, as
    • Teasel
    • Eringo
    • Globe Thistle
    • Shepherds rod
    • Agrimony
    • Enchanters, or
    • Nightshade
    • Burnet
    • Hartsfoot
    • Star headed trefoil
    • Arsmart
    • Pondweed
  • 7. Herbs beating many Seeds together in a Cluster or Button, as
    • Wild Tansy
    • Cinquefoil
    • Avens
    • Tormentil
    • Anemony
    • Windflower
    • Pac flower
    • Crowfoot
    • Pilewort
    • Adonis Flower
    • Mallow
    • Hollyhok
    • Marshmallows
    • Tree Mallow
    • Vervain Mallow

Thirdly, Flowers according to their Seed Vessels may be considered under these heads, as

  • 1. Corniculate, divided, or horned, seed Vessels, as
    • Piony
    • Flaxinella
    • Larks heel
    • Cranes-bill
    • Venus comb
    • Columbine
    • Wolf Bane
    • Staves Acre
    • Shepherds Needle
  • 2. Papilionaceous climing Herbs, such whose Flowers resemble Butter∣flies, as
    • Kidney Bean
    • Ginny Bean
    • Bean of the Anci∣ents
    • Pease
    • Vetch, Wild Vetch
    • Lentill
    • Bitter Vetch
    • Chickling
    • Winged wild Pease
    • Underground
    • chickling
    • Earth Nut Pease
  • 3. Papilionaceous Herbs, not cli∣ming, as
    • Bean
    • Lupin
    • Chich Pease
    • Wild Licorice
    • Milk Vetch
    • Ladies Finger
    • Fumitory
    • French honysuckle
    • Cocks head
    • Sanfoin
    • Hatched Vetch
    • Horse-shoo
    • Grass Vetch
    • Goats Rue
    • Birds Foot
    • Land Caltrops
    • Melilot
    • Wilkwort
    • Scorpion Grass
    • Caterpiller Grass
    • Lotus
    • Foenugreek
    • Camock
    • Snail Trefoil
    • Hedghog Trefoil
  • 4. Siliquous Herbs, whose Flowers consist generally of four Leaves, as
    • Stock Gilliflower
    • Wall-Flower
    • Dames Violet
    • Double Rocket
    • Toothwort
    • Willow herb
    • Lose strife
    • Upright Dogsbane
    • Silk Grass
    • Turnip
    • Navew
    • Radish
    • Vervain
    • Brooklime
    • Speedwel
    • Cabbidge
    • Colewort
    • Colliflower
    • Codded-through Wax
    • Rocket
    • Winter Cress
    • Jack by the Hedg
    • Sauce alone
    • Ginny Pepper
    • Sea Lavender
    • Mustard
    • Pepper-wort
    • Charlock
    • Swines Crest
    • Horned Poppy
    • Great Celandine
    • Flixweed
    • Tower Mustard
    • Codded Mouse ear
    • Treacle wormseed
    • Arabian Mustard
    • Dogs-bane
    • Swallow-wort
    • Water cress
    • Woad
    • Cuckoe flower or
    • Lady-Smock
    • Gold of pleasure
    • Bulbonach
    • Madwort
    • Thlaspi
    • Shepards purse
    • Sciatica
    • Wild Germander
  • 6. Capsulate Herbs, whose Flowers consists of five Leaves, as
    • Gilliflower
    • Pink
    • Campion
    • Catchfly
    • Venus looking glass
    • Sweet John
    • Sweet William
    • London Tuft
    • Bristol None such
    • Lesser Centory
    • Cow Basil
    • Cockle
    • St Johns Wort
    • St. Peters Wort
    • Tutsan, or
    • Park Leaves
    • Stichwort
    • Common Chick∣weed
    • Page  122Pimpernel
    • Spurge
    • Tithymal
    • Flax
    • Lose strife
    • Rue or
    • Herb of Grace
    • Fennel Flower
  • 6. Capsulate Herbs, whose Flowers consist of three or four Leaves, as
    • Fresh Water soldier Scipatica
    • Arrow head
  • 7. Campanulate Herbs, such whose Flowers are of one Leaf, and re∣semble Bells, as
    • Pompeon, or quash
    • Melon, or
    • Musk Melon
    • Gourd
    • Citrul
    • Cucumer
    • Male Bason
    • Bindweed
    • Tobacco
    • Scamony
    • Coventry Bells
    • Throatwort
    • Mervail of Peru
    • Thorn Apple
    • Bell-flower
    • Rampion
    • Foxgloves
    • Purging Pulse
    • Henbane
  • 8. Capsulate Herbs, not Campanu∣late, but such as have the Flower Leaves divided into several Segments representing so many distinct Leaves, as
    • Primrose
    • Cowslip
    • Paigle
    • Bears Ear
    • Birds Eye
    • Mullein
    • Bears ear Sanicle
    • Mooth Mullein
    • Birthwort
    • Figwort
    • Eye-bright
    • Snapdragon
    • Toad Flax
    • Cocks comb
    • Cow Wheat
    • Bears Breech
    • Codded Arsmart
    • Femal Fluellin
    • Speedwell
    • Periwinkle
  • 9. Bacciferous Herbs, such whose seeds are enclosed in a juicy Pulp, as
    • Strawberry
    • Apple of Love
    • Mad Apple
    • Potato of Virginia
    • Night shade
    • Mandrake
    • Herb Christopher
    • Berry Wolves Bane
    • One Berry
    • Herb True-Love
    • White Briony
    • Wild Vine
    • Ladies Seal
    • Black Briony
    • Prickly Bindweed
    • Winter Cherry
    • Berry Chickweed
    • Danewort

Things hurtful to Gardens and Orchards.

OLD Age, for the strongest and firmest of Trees con∣tinue not always.

Want of good and timely Dressing, Weeding and Pruning, makes a pleasant Garden or Orchard, a Wil∣derness.

Long shoots in Flower branches, the more they are suffered to grow up, the less nourishment there is for Flowers.

Long Boal, or Body of a Tree, the longer it is the more sap it requireth to feed it, and the more it hath, the more it desireth and gets, and the less remains for the Fruit.

Water Boughs, or Undergrowths, are such boughs as grow low under others▪ and are by them over-grown, over-shaddowed, and dropped upon, and so pine a∣way for want of sap, and by that means in time die.

Fretters, are such when as by the neglect of the Gardi∣ner, two, three, or more parts of a Tree, or of divers Trees, as Arms, Boughs, Branches, or Twigs, grow so near and close together, that one of them by rubbing doth wound a∣nother, and the longer they grow, they will worse and worse Gall and Wound, and in the end Kill themselves.

Suckers, are long proud and disorderly Cyons, grow∣ing streight up out of any lower part of the Tree, which re∣ceives a great part of the sap, and beareth no Fruit; there∣fore are to be cut or slip off.

Principal top Boughs, one or two principal top boughs, are in a manner as evil as suckers, they rise of the same cause, and are cured by the same remedy.

Want of Foiling, that is want of manuring them with fresh soil, Dung, &c. such as are hot, fat and tender; the want whereof makes Trees become mossy, and not to thrive.

Internal Hurts.

Galls, and Wounds in Trees; See Fretters.

Canker, is the Comsumption of any part of the Tree, Bark, or Wood, through cutting off of Water-boughs, and not applying a Remedy to the middle of the wound.

Moss, is a Diseae in Trees quickly seen, and is caused through want of good foyling and poining.

Weakness of Trees, or their slow growth is from their weakness in the setting, wrong planting, want of room in good soil, or evil, or no dressing.

Back bound, is through the strength and thickness of the Bark, which groweth and thrives not it self, so hinders the Tree from growing thick & strong in the wood; which is remedied with a sharp knife in the Spring, lengthways to lanch the Bark throughout, on 3 or 4 sides of his Boal.

Worms in Trees, this is a disease discerned, for the Bark will be holed in divers places like Gall, the Wood will dry and die, and you shall see the Bark swell; some think it proceeds from a raw and evil concocted humour or sap: But I rather take it to arise from Worms, because this di∣sease is principally in Trees that brings fourth Fruit of a sweet tast.

Bark pile, when it flyeth off, and will not stick close to the Tree to nourish it; a distemper hard to be remedied.

Deadly Wounds, is when Arborist wanting skill, 〈◊〉 of Arms. Boughs, or Branches, 1 or 2 inches (or as I have seen sometimes) an hands breadth, or half a foot or more from the Body, these so cut, cannot in any time be covered with sap, and therefore die, and dying they perish the heart, and so the Trees becomes hollow.

Ants, Emmits, Bugs, Caterpillars, Snails, hurt your Trees some by creeping into them between Bark and Tree; others decay and eat the leaves all round a∣bout them.

External Hurts.

Deer, Goats, Sheep, Hares, Coneys, Cattle, Horses, &c. are sore hurts both to Gardens & Orchards, by eating the branches, peeling the Bark, and treading under feet whatsoever is in their way, all banding themselves a∣gainst the most fruitful Trees and delightsom Flowers the earth bears, against which must be provided a good ence.

Crows, Pies, Black-birds, Thrushes, 〈◊〉 Tit-mouses, Mopps, &c. do much hurt in Orchards, some devouring fruit in the bud, others when they are ripe.

Oaks, Elms, Ashes, Walnuts, Chesnuts, and such Trees, are hurtful amongst Fruit Trees, which a good Gardiner will not admit to grow in his Orchard; for a soil and sap can hardly be good to feed fruit Trees, why should others be allowed room there, especially those that shortly will become their Masters, and wrong them 〈◊〉 of their Livelyhood?

Weeds, in a fertile soil, till your Trees grow great, will be noisom and deform your Allies, Walks, Beds, & Sq•••es, which under Gardiners must labour to keep clean & hand∣som from them.

Page  123Earthworms and Moles, are very hurtful for they open the Earth, and let in the Air to the Roots of Plants and Trees, deform Squares and Walks, and feeding in the Earth draw on Barrenness.

Poisonsom Smokes, cold Frosts, Winds, &c. are all in their Kinds and Degrees, hurtful both to Flowers and Fruit.

Evil Neighbours, and Orchard Robbers, are in a great measure destructive to such places, which willful a∣noyances, must be prevented and avoided by Justice, the Love and Liberality of the Masters and Fruiterers.

General Observations and Rules of Gardiners about the Or∣dering and Increasing of the Trees and Flowers.

IT is to be noted that in the planting of Gardens and Or∣chards that the Ground below, that the Earth be a black, fat, mellow, clean, and well tempered soil, wherein Trees, Flowers, and Herbs, may gather plenty of good sap. If the soil be Barren, it is to be made better by Delving, Dunging, and other means for the manuring of grounds, at least once in six or seven Years.

If the ground be Boggy, or be in fear of Inundations, drein and secure it by Trenches, Allies, Walks, Walls, and such like.

Keep Grass that it grow not too much about roots of Trees.

If Weeds lie on the ground they will grow, but bury them and they will surely die and perish, and become ma∣nure for the ground.

Trees against a Wall soon ripen Fruit, yet it hurts the Trees more than the benefit, for into a dry Wall the Tree cannot spread it roots as natural it would, but binds it, and so stops the sap which wound the bark and causes disease in the Wood.

All Orchards & Gardens are generally made Square, because Walks are straight, at the end or corners whereof are made Summer-houses or places of pleasure.

Fences, for such places are usually made of Earth by Mounts, Ditches, or Moats; or else of wood by Quickset Hedges, or Pales, or Rails; but the Walls made of Brick or Stone is the best.

Sets for Gardens or Orchards are of some propigated from slips, but such are observed not to be durable; the most usual kind of Sets, are Plants with Roots growing from Seeds or Kernels of Apples, Pears and Crabs, or from stones of Cherries, Plums, &c. Else from fruit themselves, at Walnuts, Chesnuts, Almonds.

But next unto these, or rather equal with these Plants, are Suckers growing out of the roots of great Trees, which Cherries and Plums do seldom wants, which being taken from the Tree with its root & some Tawes of the Tree be∣ing set else-where, will soon become Trees of strength, & will bear fruit without grafting. There is another way to in∣crease Sets, by laying of the Cyons or sprigs with their tops in a heap of good & pure earth, the tops coming through ten or twelve inches: In which hill the sprig will put forth roots, and the top new cyons, and so laying from hill to hill e∣very bended Bough will put forth branches and become Trees. This is of some termed a running Plant.

Sets, if they proceed from good Seeds, needs neither re∣moving or grafting, because they are apt to bring forth their own kind in time, but not so soon as if they were grafted.

Transplant Trees any time in Winter when the Wea∣ther is open, calm and moist; but the best time is at the fall of the Leaves, in or about the change of the Moon: For a Plant set in the fall, shall gain a whole Years growth (in a manner of that which is set in the Spring after.

Grafts and Sets must be fenced till they be as big as the Arm, to preserve them from annoyances; and that is done by Stakes and Thorns.

Distance of Trees to be set in Orchards is of some held to be ten foot, others twenty foot, others ten, or twenty yards; for it must be generally observed that the distance must needs be as far as two Trees are well able to over∣spread, so as not to touch or drop one on another.

And look how far a Tree Spreds his Boughs above, far doth he put his Roots under the earth, or further if there be no stop.

Grafting time is best in the last part of February, or in March, or beginning of April, when the Sun with its heat begins to make the sap stir more rankly.

Cuttings & slips are apt to grow from these fruit Tr••Codlings, Genitings, Brets, Sweeting, 〈◊〉 Moyls, Quinces, Goose-berries, Currans, 〈◊〉 Uines, Mulberries, Tamarisk, Roses, Hony-suckles▪

Uines are pruned from December to the end of Ianuary, others only in the twelve days of Christmas.

Garden Seeds are best sown in the beginning of March, though some will venture to sow them any time from March, to the Feast day of St. Iames.

Much Roots at Plants will produce many tops or bran∣ches, which if you use to stow or cut the tops, will cause them to grow both low and slow, thick of branches slen∣der of Wood.

Great Wood, as Oaks, Elmes, Ash, &c. being conti∣nually kept down with Sheers, Knife, or Ax; neither Boal nor Root will thrive, but be as an Hedge, or Bush.

Every Young Plant (if it thrive) will recover any wound above the Earth, by good dressing, although it be to the one half, and to his very heart.

The Lying or Leaning of Trees against props or stays, hinders its growth, breeds an obstruction of sap, and wounds incurable.

Removing of Trees as great as the Arm is dangerous, and seldom take root again, if they do, yet will not conti∣nue long; for a Tree once Taunted is never good, and will hardly ever thrive.

Diseases are easily discerned in Trees, by the blackness of the boughs at the heart, when you dress or prune the Trees: Also when a Tree hath more tops than the root can nourish, the tops decaying blakens the Boughs, and the Boughs the Arms, and the Arms the Boal, or Body, and so the Heart. Also when the Bark is black, or yellow, and the Tree brings forth small hungred leaves; or when it brings forth Blossoms, and wants strength to shape its fruit, is a sure token of a Taunt, and next Year of its Death.

Dressing, of Trees, and Lopping away of superfluous boughs, is to be done in the beginning of the Year, the Moon being in the change when the sap is ready to stir, which will soon cover the wounded place.

Age of a Tree is easily known tell they come to 20 years by his Knots; reckon from his Roots up the Arm, & so to his top twig, & every years growth is distinguished from o∣ther by a knot, except lopping or removing do hinder.

Fruit is to be gathered when ripe, and not before, else it will wither & be tough & sower; & gather in the full of the Moon for keeping, & dry for fear of Rotting, & without crushes or bruising, for that causes corruption, if they be not quickly used.

Page  124

An Alphabet of Trees, Flowers, Plants and Herbs. The first Figure shewing the Chapter, and the second the Number of the Chapter, where they are Treated on.

  • All-heart, 3.52.
  • Acorn, 3.2.
  • Apple, 3.9. & 5.2. & 4.75.
  • Appricock, 3.14. & 5.2.
  • Almond, 3.15. & 5.1.
  • Aspine, 3.53.
  • Arrache, 3.61.
  • Ash, 3.65, 66. & 5.13.30.
  • Angellica, 4.17.98. & 6.9.
  • Alexander, 4.17 98.
  • Averil, 4.58
  • A••rican Marygolds, 4.68.
  • Anemone, 4.85.75.
  • Amonie, ibid.
  • Agrimony, 4.90. & 6.10.40.
  • Alderberries, 4.91. & 5.2.9.
  • American Burne, 4.93.
  • Annise, 4.98. & 6.8.
  • Avens, 4.106. several 5.71. & 6.8.40.
  • Artichoke several, 4.118.
  • Aspine, 5.3.
  • Arbor Vi••e, or Tree of Life, 5.16.
  • Adams Apple, 5.35.
  • Alloes, 5.37.
  • Alecosl, 5.70.
  • Adder-tongue, 6.4.
  • Aromatical Reed leaf, 6.4, 5.
  • Allheal, 6.9.11.
  • Asparagus, 6.12▪
  • Aspodil twice, 6.13.
  • Arrow head leaf, 6.18.
  • Arrow-head plant, ibid.
  • A••rum, or Aarabacca, 6.20.
  • Arch-Angel, ibid.
  • Alehoof, 6.23.
  • Adder-tongue leafe, 6.4.
  • Amel-corn, 3.103.
  • Aegraton, 5.67.
  • Annet, 4.98.
  • Arion, 6.13.
  • Apples of the Earth, 3.95.
  • Apple Rose, 4.33.
  • Armerius, 4.4.
  • Ariculos, 4.80.
  • Blanche, 3.102.
  • Bitter-Oak, 3.2.
  • Beech, 3.14.46. & 6.1.
  • Black-berry, 3.34. & 6, 7.
  • Bill-berry, 3.48. & 5.3.29.
  • Barberry, 3.48.
  • Black-thorn, 3.80.
  • Bullus, 3.80.
  • Billets 3.85, 86.
  • Brawn, 3.97.
  • Buck-wheat, 3.101. & 6.4.
  • Barley, 3.103.
  • Bean, 3.105.
  • Bll-rush, 3.120.
  • Betony, 4.22.
  • Bl•• bottle, 4.50.
  • Buckworth Plantane, 4.53.
  • Bulbo s Violet, 4.58.
  • Blue bell, 4.60.
  • Bell-flower, 4.60. & 6.46.
  • Bind-weed of the Sea, 4.60.
  • Batchelrs button, 4.75.
  • Birds-eye, 4.80.
  • Balsam apple-flower, 4.83. & 5.13
  • Balm several, 4.88. & 5.67. & 6.2.
  • Burnet, 4.93. & 6.9.
  • Bastard Hemp, 4.95.
  • Burrage, 4.97. & 6.2.
  • Bugloss, 4.97. & 5.81.
  • Bishops-weed, 4.98.
  • Bays, & 3.26.
  • Birch, 5.1. & 3.63, 64.
  • Bead-tree, 5.8.
  • Ben-tree, 5.9.
  • Box-tree, 5.14.
  • Bistort, 6.6.
  • Binding Bean-tree, 5.15. & 3.46.
  • Broom, 5.15. & 3.63.
  • Bladder-nut, 5.25.
  • Beza-tree, 5.36.
  • Blbed Pease-cod, 5.44.
  • Birds-foot, 5.45.
  • Bay-plumb, 5.49.
  • Brant-tree, 5.58.
  • Bannacle-tree, 5.58, 59.
  • Bastard Marjerom, 5.67.
  • Basil several, 5.67.
  • Bacchar ibid.
  • Bugle, 5.84. & 6.2.
  • Bryony, 6.4.
  • Blood-wort, 6.4.
  • Brier, 6.7.
  • Bind-weed two, 6.4.20.
  • Bramble, 6.7. & 4.75.
  • Ban-trefoil, 6.7.
  • Bitter Vetch, 6.9.
  • Birth-wort, 6.14.
  • Beets, 6.22.
  • Burr dock, 6.25.
  • Butter dock, ibid.
  • Bears foot, 6 31.
  • Bears breech, 6.41.
  • Beancod, 5.87.
  • Bulbes head, 6.43.
  • Bulbes leaf, 6.21.23.
  • Blade leaf, 6.13.
  • Branched Mushroom, 3.98.
  • Bastard Poppy, 4.47.
  • Bunch of Daisies, 4.72.
  • Basket of flowers, 4.117.
  • Bunched head, 6.44.
  • Brittannick, 4.72. & 5.4.
  • Bitter herb, 5.67.
  • Black Lingwort, 6.22.
  • Brier-rose, 4.36.
  • Bears ear, 4.80.
  • Bee-flower, 6.77.
  • Brake, 4.18.
  • Birds-nest, 3.93.
  • Cedar-Apple, 3.19. & 5.15.
  • Cork, 3.26. & 5.1.
  • Clove, & 5.1.
  • Coffe, 3.26. & 5.21.
  • Curran-tree, 3.37. & 5.7.
  • Cotton-tree, 3.49. & 5.7.39:
  • Cokar nut, 3.49. &
  • Cinnamond, 3.55. & 5.1.
  • Cassia, 3.55. & 5.57. & 6.9.
  • Cypress, 3.58.78. & 5.16.57.
  • Coral, 3.82. Crown of Thorns, 3.88, 89.
  • Carrat, 3.93. & 6.12.
  • Cats tail grass, 3.114.
  • Camels hay rush, 3.119.
  • Cyperus, or English Galina, ibid.
  • Clover-grass, 4.3.
  • Cater-foil, 4.9.12.
  • Cinquefoil, 4.10. & 6.29.31.
  • Colts-foot, 4.19. & 6.26.
  • Cuped de lis, 4.30.
  • Chaplet of Roses, 4.44.45.
  • Childing Pink, 4.49.
  • Corn-flower, 4.50.
  • Crumpled Plantan, 4.53.
  • Cabbach, 4.55.
  • Colewort, 4.55. & 6.18.40.
  • Coleflower, or Colliflower, 4.55.
  • Crown Imperial, 4.57.
  • Coventry Bell-flower, 4.60.
  • Cullumbine, 4.62, 63. & 6.28.
  • Camphir, 4.64.
  • Campian, ibid.
  • Coral-wort, 4.65.
  • Corn Mary-gold, 4.68.73. & 6.83.
  • Camomil, 4.71. & 5.70. & 6.12.
  • Cockle flower, 4.82.
  • Comfrey, 4.92.
  • Cowslip of Ieruslem, ibid.
  • Comin, 4.98.
  • Chervil, 4.98. & 6.10.
  • Chestnuts of the Earth, 4.98.
  • Caraway, ibid.
  • Coriander, ibid.
  • Capers sorts of them, 4.75.99. & 6.
  • Cittrul, or Cittern, 4.118.
  • Cucumber, 4.118. & 6.30.
  • Cotton several, 4.111.
  • Cotton weed, ibid.
  • Cud-weed, ibid.
  • Cup, 4.112.
  • Cornucopia, ibid.
  • Cherry, 5.31, 32.1. & 3.23. & 4.109.
  • Cornell-tree, 5.31.
  • Chesnut, 5.1.18. & 3.26.
  • Chast-tree, twice, 5.12. & 4.95.
  • Cucke-flower, 6.9.
  • Caterpillar grass, 5.42.
  • Cytisus, 5.48.
  • Chestnut gourd, 5.49.
  • China Cokar-trie, 5.56.
  • Calamint, 5.67.
  • Page  123Clare, or Clary several, 5 67
  • Centory, 5 67 and 6 9 14 16
  • Cassidony several, 5 69
  • Cost-Mary, 5 70
  • Carob, 5 75
  • Cockow-pintle, 5 80 and 64
  • Chich-Pease, 5 86 and 6 9
  • Cicers, 5 86 and 6 9
  • Cocks head, 5 86
  • Climing Dog-bane, 6 1
  • Campion, 6 2
  • Crane-bill, 6 9
  • Celandin, 6 9 23
  • Curled Cresses, 6 10
  • Cluster-berry All-heal, 6 10
  • Clever, 6 11
  • Cross-wort, 6 11
  • Coralline, 6 12
  • Cerinth, 6 14
  • Crow-fot, 6 28 33 and 4 74
  • Christmas flower, 6 31
  • Cin••efoil Aven, 6 31
  • Charlocke, 6 41
  • Costick, 3 101
  • Coslip, 4 80
  • Cardamom, 533
  • Catch-flie, 5 84
  • Coral-tree, 5 9
  • Cresses, 6 41
  • Chub, or block, 3 90
  • Changeable Mushrom, 3 98
  • Cut leaf, 6 12 38 39
  • Crumpled leaf, 6 25
  • Coronet head, 6 46
  • Chiols, 3 96
  • Chives, 3 96
  • Cammock, 5 76
  • Celedony, 6 9
  • Cinkfolie, 4 10
  • Cuttle-haft, 6 13
  • Cane sprout, 4 71
  • Circea, 3 95
  • Cloves of Garlick, 3 96
  • Crocus, 4 56
  • Corn flag, 4 84
  • Cistus, 6 80
  • Cardinals flower, 6 46
  • Childing Daisie, 4 72
  • Cyclamen, 4 105
  • Crace, 6 8
  • Date, 3 79 and 5 16 36
  • Dog stones, 3 100
  • Dufoil, or two leaves, 4 2
  • Double Catersoil, 4 12
  • Dutch ••ower de lis, 4 24
  • Damask Rose, 4 33
  • Daffodil, 4 58
  • Double Cullumbine, 4 62 63
  • Double Marygold, 4 68
  • Double Hony-suckle, 4 70
  • Daisie, 4 71 72 73
  • Double Crow-foot, 4 74
  • Double Larks-heel, 4 83
  • Double Fox-glove, 4 84
  • Dill, 4 98
  • Dropwort, 4 98 and 6 10
  • Dauk, 4 98
  • Dame Violet, 4 100
  • Dwale, 4 109
  • Deadly Night-shade, 4 109
  • Double flower de lis, 4 120
  • Date plumb, 5 5
  • Dwarf Cherry, 5 7
  • Dug tree, 5 11
  • Dog berry, 5 28
  • Dog bane, 5 46 and 6 23
  • Dittany, 5 67 and 6 21 76
  • Diers weed, 5 75
  • Deluce, or De-lis, 5 78 93
  • Demy lower de luce, 5 93
  • Double pointed leaf, 6 1
  • Dwarf Bay, 6 1
  • Dittander 6 2 13
  • Dead Nettle, 6 20
  • Dandelion, 6 41
  • Double Wall-flower, 4 65
  • Dragon tree, 5 16
  • Date plumb, 4 110 and 5 38
  • Dulips, 4 56
  • Dented leaf, 6 39
  • Dogs bramble, 4 75
  • Dogs Apple, 4 75
  • Dog-rose, 4 36
  • Dwarf Rose, 4 33
  • Dog Fennel, 4 98
  • Dog Tooth flower, 4 105
  • Dodder, 6 97 s 4
  • Double Rocket, 4 100
  • Elm, or Elmen, 3 52 and 5 2
  • Ewe, 3 69
  • English galina, 3 119
  • Endive, 4 22
  • Eglantine rose, 4 34
  • Elecampane, 4 73 96 and 6 1
  • Earth nuts, 4 98
  • Enanth, 4 98
  • English Saxfrage, 4 98
  • English Maiden hair, 4 103
  • Ethiopian Gourd, 5 24
  • Ey-bright, 5 84
  • Egg leaf, 6 22
  • Eared leaf, 6 40 6
  • Eight ponted leaf, 6 36
  • Elder tree, 4 91
  • English herb, 4 72 and 5 4
  • Edge Tool, 6 13
  • Earths lea, 6 22
  • Echalle, 4 96
  • Furmentrie, 3 10
  • Fir, 3 18 and 5 15
  • Fig, 3 38 and 5 33 54 6 36
  • Filerd, 3 50
  • Fa〈◊〉, wha, 3 86
  • Fly-an, 3 97
  • F••-ball, 3 97
  • Field Mshrom, 3 97 98
  • Foulding Mshrom, 3 98
  • Frenc Wheat, 3 101
  • Fitches, 6 9
  • Fox tail grss, 3 114.
  • Feather grass, 3 114
  • Fenugreek, 3 115 and 6 7 27
  • Flags, 3 119 and 6 13
  • Fern, 4 18 and 6 4 59
  • Flower de luce several, 4 23 25 26 27 29 30 31 and 5 78 93
  • Flower of Cnstantinople, 4 49 64
  • Feathered pinks, 4 49
  • Figwort, 4 51 52
  • French Marygold, 4 68
  • Field Marygold, 4 73
  • Fell-wort, 4 76
  • Fox glove, 4 84
  • Flower of the Sun, 4 86 and 6 83
  • Fetherfw, 4 90 and 5 70
  • Fennel, 4 98 and 6 12
  • Fleawort, 4 98
  • Fumitery, 4 98
  • Frittillary several, 4 104
  • Fruitage, what, 4 113 114
  • Flowerage, what, 4 113 114
  • Flower pot, 4 115 116
  • Fistick nut, 5 13 21
  • French Catchflie, 5 84
  • Flower of Bristow, 6 2
  • Friers Cal, 6 4
  • Filipendula, 6 10
  • Francking Spurry, 6 11
  • Flixweed, 6 12
  • Flax, 6 12 aud 4 81
  • Flaxweed, 6 13.
  • Fleabane, 6 13
  • Feathered leaf, 6 33
  • Fined leaf, 6 40 6
  • Fasce and Fascicle, or Bundle, 3 112
  • Fly winged leaf, 6 10
  • Fole foot, 6 26
  • Five pointed leaves, 6 29 30 31 32 33
  • Firse, 5 15
  • Flaxinella, 6 11
  • Flower gentle, 6 53
  • Fly Orchis, 6 77
  • French Lavender, 5 69
  • Grape, 3 30
  • Ginny Pepper, 3 44 57
  • Gall, 3 45
  • Grove, or Wood, 3 62
  • Ground Hartichoke, 3 92
  • Garlick, 3 96 99
  • Goats beard, 3 97 and 6 13
  • Goats Stones, 3 100
  • Ginney Wheat, 3 104
  • Garb, or Sheaf, 3 106 110
  • Garland of Wheat, 3 111
  • Grss sorts of it, 3 113 114 118 and 5 46
  • Groundsell, 4 15
  • Gentian, 4 40 76 and 6 14 46
  • Gilliflower, 4 65 67 100 48
  • Gentionella, 4 76
  • Goutwort, 4 98
  • Glasswort, 4 98
  • Gourd several, 4 108
  • Gatter tree, 5 28
  • Ginny grains, 5 33
  • Golden Hisop, 5 67
  • Golden Tyme, 5 67
  • Goats Organy, 5 67
  • Germander, 5 67
  • Green wee, 5 75
  • Gutwort, 6 1
  • Gomfrey, 6 2 and 492
  • Gromel, 5 67
  • Goose grass, 6 11
  • Ground pine, 6 11
  • Ginger, 6 13
  • Gold of Pleasure, 6 14
  • Ground Ivy, 6 23
  • Gilder Rose, 6 26
  • Gentle, 6 41
  • Gooseberry, 3 36
  • Gaul tree, 5 13
  • Great Tyme, 5 67
  • Great Sanicle, 6 36
  • Great Spurge, 6 36
  • Gristly plumb, 5 38
  • Goats wheat, 3 10
  • Gorse, 5 15
  • Gilofers: See Iuly-flowers.
  • Goats Rue, 6 9
  • Gilliflower Rose, 4 33
  • Gall of the Earth, 5 67
  • Gladiolus, 6 13
  • Gold knape, 6 8
  • Grape flower, 4 58
  • Ground Cherry, 4 109
  • Goldy Locks, 6 53
  • Golden flower gentle, 6 53
  • Gum Cistus, 6 80
  • Gnat Satyrion, 6 77
  • Page  124Gants Bell-flower, 6 46
  • Gants Throat-wort, 6 46
  • Holm Oak, 3 1 61
  • Hos, 3 40
  • Hasel, 3 49 and 5 2
  • Holly, 3 59 60 61
  • Hayhorn, 3 59 and 5 28 52 and 6 32
  • Harichoke, 3 92
  • Hony ••kle, 4 3 69 and 5 1 26
  • 〈◊〉, 4 8
  • 〈◊〉, 4 8
  • Heart Clover, 4 8
  • Helock▪ 4 98 and 6 11
  • Hollyhock, 4 59
  • H••ned Po••y, 4 61
  • Herts ease, 4 66
  • Hose in ••se, 4 80
  • Hartworh, 4 98
  • Her Garrad, 4 98
  • Hoary Pink, 4 101
  • Heath, 5 15
  • Hony sckle berries, 5 26
  • Haws▪ 5 28 52
  • Heart erry, 5 32
  • Hsop, 5 67
  • Hor ond, several, 5 67 and 6 23
  • Ho••• leek, 5 68
  • House green▪ 5 68
  • Hounds tongue, 6 2
  • Heart leaf▪ 6 3 23
  • Hearts tongue▪ 6 4
  • Harts foot▪ 6 7
  • Herb of ife▪ 6 9
  • Herb 〈◊〉▪ 6 11
  • Heath ow pine▪ 6 11
  • Hiry leaf▪ 6 12
  • Hellebor, 6 14 31
  • Hony wort, 6 14
  • Hepatica, 6 27
  • Helmet flower, 6 33
  • Hmp, 6 33 and 4 95
  • Hwkweed, 6 41
  • Henane▪ 6 41
  • Horse til▪ 6 11 and 3 114
  • Hose Radish,
  • Holy herb▪ 4 79
  • Hre ell, 6 97
  • Herb of Grace, 6 24
  • Hres hert▪ 4 75
  • Heraclea, 4 89
  • Holy Hll, 3 61
  • Hose in hose Primrose, 4 80
  • Iuniper 3 18 and 5 16
  • Iagged Filberd, 3 50
  • Ivy, 3 73 74 75
  • Indian Apple, 3 77
  • Ierusalem Hrtichoke, 3 92
  • Indan Costick, 3 101
  • Indan wheat, 3 104
  • Iuly flowers, 4 48
  • Iun ilia, 4 58
  • Iasmine, 4 87
  • Indan Iasmine, 4 84
  • Indian Date Plum, 5 1
  • Indian Cherry, 5 2
  • Iudas tree, 5 4
  • Iasmine tree, 5 9
  • India Corall tree, 5 9
  • Indian Nut, 5 20
  • Indian purging plmb, 5 23 24
  • Iuniper berry, 5 33
  • Inin Figg, 5 36 54
  • Indian Gristly plumb, 5 38
  • Iagged Hysop, 5 67
  • Ierusalem Oak, 5 70
  • Iujube, 5 77
  • Ios Tears, 5 82
  • Iron wort, 5 84
  • Indian leaf, 6 2
  • Indian Potato, 6 4
  • Iews Mallw, 6 6
  • Indian Melon, 6 30
  • Iagged leaf, 6 33 41
  • Indian resses, 4 83
  • Iagged Gras, 3 113
  • Iacinct, or Iaith, 4 58
  • Indian Cokar nut, 3 71
  • Iuniper herb, 6 22
  • Iris, 4 31
  • Iucca, 6 55
  • Indian Bread, 6 55
  • Iack by the hdge, 6 97 s 4
  • Ierusalem Sage, 4 89
  • Kidney bean, 3 105 and 67
  • Kapwed, 6 14
  • Kidey wort, 6 19
  • Kings spear, 6 13
  • Leek, 3 96
  • Laurel Oak, 3 1
  • Limoon, 3 11
  • Lemon, 3 12 and 5 8
  • Larch, 3 18
  • Laurel, 3 25 26 27 28 and 5 1
  • Luke Olive, 3 42
  • Long Pepper, 3 57 and 5 84
  • Laths, 3 86
  • Logg, 3 89 90
  • Lin••l, 3 105
  • Lupin, 3 105 and 6 34
  • Laender, 3 117 and 5 69
  • Lovae, 4 17 98 and 6 11
  • Lillyes, 4 28 32 57
  • Losenge de lis, 4 30
  • Lilly Convally, 4 57
  • Larks heel, 4 83
  • Larks spur, 4 83
  • Lilac, 4 87
  • Lay bower, 4 94
  • Ladies glove, 4 89
  • Lions foot, 4 111
  • Lignm vitae, 5 2
  • Line tree, 5 4
  • Linden tree, 5 4
  • Locus tree, 5 14
  • Laurel berry, 5 31 73 and 3 28
  • Love Apples, 5 34
  • Lavender Cotton, 5 70
  • Leopard bane, 5 79 and 6 14
  • Losene leaf, 6 1
  • Lay smock, 6 9
  • Lentils, 6 9
  • Licorice, 6 9
  • Laserwort, 6 11
  • Libstick, 6 11
  • Ladies Bedstraw, 6 11
  • Ladies slippr▪ 6 14 96
  • Liver wort, 6 27
  • Losewort, 6 31
  • Ladies Mnile, 6 36
  • Lion leaf trhep, 6 37
  • Lie: See Hemp.
  • Lingwort, 6 22
  • London Pride, 4 49
  • Love lies a Bleeding, 6 53
  • Lilly Aspdil, 6 13
  • Loose-strife, 6 97 s 4.
  • Muk Rose, 4 33 34 36
  • Moly severl sorts, 3 99
  • Mslin Crn, 3 102
  • Meler, 3 22 and 5 5
  • Mirtle, 3 25 and 5 1
  • Mlberry, 3 33 an 5 2
  • Maple, 3 41 and 5 6 7
  • Mce, 3 55
  • M••k Mallow, 6 61
  • Mandrke, 3 94 95 and 6 2
  • Mushroom, 3 97 98 and 5 89
  • Mouse-tail grass, 3 114
  • Maiden-hair, 4 18 103 and 6 9 11
  • Mercury, 4 20
  • Marble rose, 4 43
  • Mountain amson, 4 99
  • Mountain Lilly, 4 57
  • Page  125Mallows, 4 59
  • Marygold, 4 68 and 5 67 and 6 12
  • May flower, 4 80
  • March Marygold, 4 85 and 6 23
  • Marygol of Peru, 4 86
  • Motherwort, 4 88 and 5 67
  • Mountain Tnsy, 4 90
  • Mountin Scabious, 4 91 and 6 37
  • Masterwort, 4 98
  • Mountin Pik, 4 102
  • Martagn▪ 4 105
  • Mont••n Avens, 4 106 and 6 7
  • Msmillion, 4 108
  • Mellon several, 4 108 and 5 49
  • Madr, 4 119 and 6 34
  • Mullberry fig, 5 4
  • Mastick, 5 13 67
  • Mde Apple, 5 25 41
  • Mulle••, 5 38 68
  • Mother of yme, 5 67
  • Marerm, 5 67
  • Mnt several, 5 67 and 6 2
  • Maudln, 5 70 an 6 11
  • Myweed, 5 70
  • Mugwort, 5 70 and 6 39
  • Mechoaan of Peru, 6 3
  • Mle Fearn, 6 4 5
  • Mscovy, 6 9 31
  • M••k Crane bill, 6 9
  • Mustard, 6 10
  • Milfoil, 6 10
  • Miller, 6 13
  • Miltw. st, 4 18
  • Marsh Pennywort, 6 19
  • Mushroom leaf, 6 20
  • Mrsh Eldr, 6 26
  • Myarum, 6 14
  • Maly tree, 5 28
  • Mle Peum, 4 79
  • Mechoacan, 4 94
  • Meadow sweet, or Mead-sweet, 6 9
  • M••ica, 5 15
  • Marsh Buloss, 4 97
  • Muscry, 4 58
  • Mervail of Peru, 4 60
  • Nutmeg, 3 56 and 5 1
  • Nettle, 4 21
  • None-such, 4 64 and 6 2
  • Nigella, 4 94 and 6 12
  • Nut-bane, ••d, 5 47 75
  • Nepp, 5 67
  • Nesewot, 6 14
  • Navellwort, 6 36
  • Night shade, 6 8 and 4 110
  • Nevew, 6 41
  • Narrow spiked head, 6 46
  • Nicottana, 4 79
  • Narcissus, 4 58
  • Nose-bleed, 6 10
  • Naked Daisy, 4 72
  • Naked Lady, 4 56
  • Oak, 3 1
  • Oak Apple, 3 45
  • Orange, 3 13 nd 5 8
  • Open-Arse, 3 22
  • Olives, 3 42 and 5 1
  • Onion, 3 96
  • Oats, 3 116
  • One blade, 4 1 4
  • Ox-eye, 4 68 73 89 and 6 12
  • Ox-lip, 4 80
  • One bery, 4 109
  • Oleander, 5 5 48
  • Oak of Cappadot••, 5 70 and 6 97
  • Oval pointed leaf, 6 2
  • Orobus, 6 9 and 5 86
  • Orpne, 6 23
  • Oray, 5 67
  • Orchides head, 6 48
  • Origan, 5 67
  • Orchant, 4 97
  • Orchi, 6 77
  • Oak Fern, 4 18
  • Pear, 3 6 and 5 2
  • Pun Citron, 3 11
  • Pine Apple, 3 16 and 5 16
  • Pich, 3 18 and 5 16
  • Pomgranate, 3 20 and 5 1
  • Plume, 3 24 and 5 2
  • Prickwood, 3 26
  • Paradise tree, 3 43
  • Pepper, 3 57 and 5 3
  • Palm, 3 70 71 and 5 16 57
  • Potato, 3 92 and 6 8
  • Parsnip, 3 93 and 6 9
  • Puffe, 3 97
  • Priest Pintle, 3 100
  • Pease-od, 3 105 and 5 86 and 6 9
  • Pease blossom, 3 115
  • Parsley, 4 15 and 6 10 11
  • Province Rose, 4 34
  • Pink, 4 49 101
  • Pride of London, 4 49
  • Plantn, 4 53 54
  • Persian Lilly, 4 57
  • Poppy, 4 61 and 6 12
  • Pash-poles, 4 61
  • Pansie, 4 66
  • Pimpernel, 4 70
  • Prim-rose, 4 80
  • Paigle, 4 80
  • Peon, or Pinet, 4 85 and 6 37
  • Pipe tree, 4 87 and 5 2
  • Persian Iasmne, 4 87
  • Pmpion, 4 108
  • Polar, 5 2 and 3 3
  • Piet, 5 2
  • Peech, 5 2 and 3 14
  • Palma Christi, 5 22 and 6 36
  • Pliant Mely tree, 5 28
  • Privt erry, 5 29
  • Prickly Mellon, 5 49
  • Poley, 5 67
  • Polemountain, 5 67
  • Penny-Royal, 5 67 and 6 2
  • Purple Mrygold, 5 67
  • Purging Thorn, 5 76
  • Pak leaves, 5 84
  • Princes Feather, 5 85
  • Pepperwort, 6 2
  • Peito•• of the Wall, 6 2
  • Prick Madam, 6 11
  • Pa••ick, 6 13
  • Pointed thrugh leaf, 6 14
  • Pennyrt, 6 19
  • Pointed Oval leaf, 6 22
  • Plewrt, 6 23
  • Parnassus grss, 6 23
  • Puging S•••le, 6 31
  • Pnick Head, 6 42
  • Pellitory of Spain, 4 98 12
  • Puse, 5 45
  • Purging plumb, 5 23 24
  • Penny-wort, 6 19
  • Pear Ceston, 6 13
  • Purslae, 6 24
  • Purging hrb, 4 75
  • Pantheron, 4 75
  • Phillirea, 3 18
  • Quicken, or Wicken, 5 27
  • Q••en Gilliflower, 4 67 100
  • Quince, 5 2
  • Quicker tree, 5 13
  • Queen of the Meadows, 6 9
  • Reddish, 3 93 and 6 8 10
  • Ragged Mushroom, 3 98
  • Rye, 3 103
  • Reed gross, 3 114
  • Reed, 3 116 119 71
  • Rushes, 3 118 120
  • Page  126〈◊〉 Piantan, 4 53
  • Rush Dffodil, 4 58
  • Rock Rampion, 4 60
  • Rosa 〈◊〉, Rose of the World, 4 33
  • Rose slip, 4 36
  • Rose leaf, 4 37
  • Rose and Thistle conjoined, 4 42
  • Rose Garland, 4 43
  • Rose Collumbine, 4 62
  • Rose Cmpher, 4 64
  • Rose bay, 5 5 48
  • Rosemary, 5 69 and 6 11
  • Rams Cihes, 5 86 and 6 9
  • 〈◊〉, 6 12
  • Rice, 6 13
  • Rund leaf, 6 19 24
  • Ruarb, 6 25
  • Rock, 6 41 and 4 100
  • R••e, 6 41
  • Rspis, 6 7
  • Rue, 6 24
  • Rest Harrow, 5 76
  • Ran••culu, 4 74
  • Ramson, 4 99
  • Satrion, 6 77
  • Svin, 3 18 and 5 16
  • Sco••re, 3 41 and 5 7
  • S••vice tree, 3 65 and 5 13
  • Slow tree, 3 8
  • Stem, slck of a Tree, 3 81 90
  • Starved rnch, 3 82
  • Stone Mshrom, 3 98 and 5 89
  • Sags, 3 119
  • 〈◊〉, 3 119
  • 〈…〉, 4 11
  • Six-leaf, 4 11
  • Sccory, 4 14 and 6 41
  • Spinage, 4 16 and 6 5
  • Spleen-worth, 4 18
  • S••rled Rose, 4 33
  • Sre William, 4 49
  • Sultans flower, 4 50
  • Snow drop, 4 58
  • Snow-floer, 4 58
  • Steele Bell-flower, 4 60
  • Sptling Poppy, 4 61
  • Stock Gilliflower, 4 65 100
  • Starwrt, 4 68 and 5 67
  • Sun flower, 4 68 and 6 53
  • S••biu, 4 71
  • Single Crowfoot, 4 75
  • Sweet wood, 4 75
  • Saxifrage, 4 78 98 and 6 25
  • Salote, 4 96
  • Squill, 4 99
  • Shrub Tefoil, 4 87
  • Sage, 4 89 and 5 67
  • Spanish Nigell, 4 94
  • Spignell, 4 98
  • Shepards Needle, 4 98
  • Sampire, 4 98 and 6 13
  • Smallage, 4 98 and 6 10 28
  • Strawberry, 4 107 and 6 7
  • Strawberry tree, 4 107 and 5 1
  • Storax, 4 110 and 5 2 38
  • Slepy Nightshade, 4 110
  • Sallow tree, 5 5
  • Staff tree, 5 10
  • Sumack, 5 13
  • Sweet Gall tree, 5 13
  • Silver bush, 5 14
  • Spurge, 5 22 and 6 16 17 36
  • Sage Apple, 5 35
  • Sebesten, 5 40
  • Sirian plumb, 5 4
  • Scorpion grass, 5 42
  • Sena, 5 43 and 5 75 and 6 9
  • Swallo-wort, 5 45
  • Star-pulse, 5 45
  • Scorpion Pulse, 5 45
  • Scaly Mellon, 5 49
  • Stocks, several, 5 60 61 62
  • Stems seveal, 5 64 5
  • Savory, 5 67
  • Sweet Marerm, 5 67
  • Sweet Maullin, 5 70
  • Sneeewort, 5 67
  • Sotherwood, 5 70
  • Spickrro, 5 70
  • Sea spurge, 5 72 and 6 1
  • Staves-acre, 5 74 and 6 31
  • Sweet bane, 5 75
  • Scrpion Wolf-bare, 5 79
  • St. Peters wort, 5 84 and 6 16
  • St. Iohns wort, 5 84
  • Sopewort, 5 84
  • Surge Olive, 6 1
  • Sorril, 6 4 19 and 4 8 13 72
  • Scamony, 6 4
  • Snake-weed, 6 6
  • Sow Thistle, 6 6 41
  • Sensitive Plant, 6 9
  • Sea fern, 6 10
  • Sweet Cisley, 6 11
  • Sermountain, 6 11
  • Spurwort, 6 11
  • Solomons Seal, 6 11 14
  • Stone crp, 6 11
  • Sea moss, 6 12
  • Sperae, 6 12
  • Sword, or flag leaf, 6 13
  • Saes, 6 13
  • Scarewort, 6 13
  • Spiderwort, 6 13
  • Slit Thrugh leaf, 6 15
  • Sun Spurge, 6 16
  • Soldenella, 6 20
  • Scurvy grass, 6 23
  • Strks hill, 6 31
  • Settrwort, 6 31
  • Stfol, or seven pointed leaf, 6 35 36
  • Spurrowell leaf, 6 36
  • Shepards Purse, 6 41
  • Spike, or spired head, 6 42
  • Spiked head at spaces, 6 45
  • Seed sprout, 6 47
  • Shade of Flowers, 6 49
  • Spotted Gomfrey, 4 92 100
  • Swallowort, 6 2
  • Star leaf, 6 34
  • Spindle, 3 26
  • Sprig doble toped, 5 90 91 92
  • Spelt, 5 66
  • Scalion, 3 96
  • Safron, 4 56
  • Sons Brow, 3 120
  • Sword herb, 6 13
  • Sword point, 6 13
  • St. Iohns Seal, 6 11
  • St. Mary's Seal, 6 11
  • Stone Sage, 4 89
  • Scorpions Tail, 4 89
  • Stone Bugloss, 4 97
  • Sweet Iohn, 4 49
  • Son before Father, 4 56
  • Star Flower several, 4 58
  • Shrub Mallow, 4 59
  • Spanish Iasmine, 4 87
  • Sow bread, 4 105
  • Spider wort, 6 13
  • Semgreen, 5 68
  • Snapdragon, 6 79
  • Sea Onyon, 4 99
  • Stick dove, 5 69
  • Sanicle, 4 8 and 6 29 30
  • Silk Grass, 5 46
  • Sauce Alone, 6 97 s 4
  • Typh-Wheat, 3 10
  • Tobacco, 3 2 and 4 79 and 6 2
  • Tree of Paradise, 4 43
  • Turpentine, 3 72 and 5 13
  • Thercinth tree, 3 72
  • Truk of a tree, 3 81
  • Thorn, 3 87
  • Turnip, 3 91 and 6 41
  • Turky wheat, 3 104
  • Tufted grass, 3 114
  • Twy-blade, 4 2
  • Trefoil, 4 3 and 6 7 27 63
  • Three leaf grass, 4 3
  • Tulpa's, 4 28 56
  • Thistle several, 4 46 47
  • Thrist, 4 49
  • Thorny Poppy, 4 61
  • Tassel, 4 77
  • Tany, 4 90 & 5 70
  • True lowe, 4 109
  • Tree of Life, 5 2 16
  • Trefoil tree, 5 9 48
  • Thorn Cotton, 5 12
  • Thorn bane, 5 15
  • Tamarick, 5 16
  • Tme, 5 67
  • Turks Cap, 4 105
  • Tamarind, 5 75
  • Turnsole, 5 83
  • Tusan, 5 84
  • Trech Mustard, 6 4 and 5 85
  • Trefoil care, or fined, 6 8 40
  • Thread leaf, 6 12
  • Through Wax, 6 14
  • Through leaf, 6 14
  • Throgh leaf bipointed, 6 15 16
  • Trefoil three pointed, 6 28
  • Trpa••ed lef, 6 28 25
  • Tomntil, 6 36
  • Tusted head, 6 44
  • Tare, or Tarfitch, 3 105
  • Tunap, 4 105
  • Tares, 6 9
  • Toad Flax, 4 81 and 6 13
  • Tented Hysop, 5 67
  • Tripointed leaf, 6 25
  • Trick Mdam, 6 11
  • Thornholm, 3 87
  • Throat-wort, 6 46
  • Titans Blood, 4 89
  • Vine, 3 29 31 32
  • Vnifoil, 4 1 4
  • Virgin Rose, 4 35
  • Violet, 4 67 and 6 23
  • Virgin Bowe, 14 70
  • Virginia Crowfoot, 4 75
  • Vervain Gentian, 4 76
  • Virginia Date Plumb, 4 110 & 5 38
  • Virginia Cherry, 5 34
  • Virginia Potato, 5 38 and 6 8
  • Vnpleasant Balm, 5 67
  • Page  127Venemous berry, 5 79
  • Viper Bugloss, 5 81
  • Valerian, 6 5 37 and 5 7
  • Vthes, 6 9
  • Viper-grass, 6 13
  • Vmbell had, 6 49
  • Vneven cut leaf, 6 25
  • Virgins climber, 4 70
  • Virginia Spider wort, 6 13
  • Venus comb, 6 88
  • Vpright Dogs-lane, 5 46
  • White Poplar, 3 3 and 5 7
  • Wild Olive, 3 43
  • Wind berry, 3 48 and 5 3 29
  • White-thorn, 3 59 and 5 52
  • Wod, 3 62
  • Walnut, 3 76 and 5 13 17
  • Wheat, 3 101 102 and 5 66
  • Wood Sorvel, 4 8 13 and 6 19
  • Wall-flower, 4 65
  • Winter Gilliflower, 4 65
  • Wind flower, 4 68
  • Wild Disie, 4 73
  • Water Lilly, 4 74 and 6 22
  • Wild Carrot, 4 98 and 3 93
  • Water Gillovers, 4 100
  • Wild Pink, 4 101
  • Wild sig, 5 6
  • Willow or Withy, 5 14
  • Wild Ash, 5 27
  • Wicken, 5 27
  • Wharl berry, 5 29
  • Worm grass, 5 42
  • Water Yarrow, 5 56
  • Wormwood, 5 70
  • Weld, or Would, 5 75
  • Wake Robin, 5 80 and 6 4 22
  • Wood, or wild Orobus, 5 86
  • Woundworth, 6 1
  • Widow wail, 6 1
  • Wood Night shade, 6 6
  • Wolf bane, 6 6 14 33 36
  • Winged leaf, 6 9 10 37
  • Watercresses, 6 9
  • Whirled stalk, 6 11
  • Wharles of flowers, 6 11 46
  • Woodroof, 6 11 36
  • Worm-seed, 6 13
  • Wall Pennywort, 6 19
  • Wood Crowfoot, 6 33
  • Winter VVolf-bane, 6 36
  • Woodrowel, 6 36
  • Winter cresses, 6 41
  • Wild Nevew, 6 41
  • Willow herb, 6 97 s 4
  • Wallwrt, 4 97
  • VVhine, 5 76
  • VVall Sage, 4 89
  • VVild Bugloss, 4 97
  • VVild Rue, 6 23
  • VVinter-green, 6 22
  • Wolfes heart, 6 22
  • Wild Flax, 4 81
  • VVinter Cherry, 4 109.
  • Yew, 3 47 and 5 14
  • York and Lancaster Rose, 4 33
  • Yellow Rose, 4 33
  • Yarrow, 5 56 and 6 10
  • Yellow Grace, 6 8

The signification of Trees, Plants, Fruit, Flowers, and Herbs: As they are born in Arms.

TRees and Plants in general signify Fertility, and Multiplication, Peace and Concord.

Palm, the Emblem of Victory, Justice and Peace.

Lawrel, the symbol of Triumph and Victory.

Oak, the emblem of Protection and Safety, Force, Strength, and long Life.

Olive, signifies Peace, Concord and Obedience.

Myrrh, the emblem of Pleasure, Delight and Venery.

Cypress, signifies Death and Oblivion.

Pine, is also the simbol of Death, Oblivion, Barren∣ness, being used in old time to the furnishing of Funeral Pomp.


Uine, the Emblem of Fecundity and Joy.

Pomgranate, denotes Royalty and Amity.

Apples, the emblem of Fecundity and Industry.

Oranges, the simbol of Dissimulation.

Corn and Fruit, do generally denote Liberallity, Opulency, Felicity, Peace, Concord, Provision, Fertility and Prosperity.

Mulberry, the emblem of Shame-fac'dness in Wo¦men, and of Judicature in Men.

Amarinthus, or Flower of Love, is of colour pur∣ple, and born by Virgins in Garlands, it never fadeth, therefore denoteth Immortality.

Leaves also denotes our Frailty, by their falling from Trees in Autum, as well as the Trophies of our Monu∣ments.

Leaves, the emblems of Truth, as being the Tables on which the Sybils gave their Answers.

Ivy, is the simbol of the Resurrection, being always green.

Flowers in general, denoteth all kind of Pleasure and Delights.

Roses the emblem of Beauty and Comliness, 〈◊〉 token of silence, Vnder the Rose be it spoken.

White Rose, simbol of Beauty and Purity.

Red Rose, signifies Beauty and Grace.

Marygold, denoteth Piety and Devotion, 〈◊〉 and Meditation.

Lilly, the emblem of Purity and Chastity, 〈…〉 Ornament Royal of Princely Crowns, repres〈…〉 and perfect Charity.

Thorny Rose, signifies the enjoyment of 〈◊〉 though invironed on all sides with evil.

Trefoil, the emblem of Perpetuity.

Cinqnefoil, signifies one that Masters his 〈◊〉 and Conquers his Senses, and that hath overcome 〈…〉my not only by Valour but Wisdom.

Broom, the emblem of Humility.

Dock, the emblem of Health, a curer of 〈◊〉

Mirtle, denotes Love and Generation, being the Gar∣land of Venus.

Groves, the simbols of places consecrated to 〈◊〉 Deity or other, denoting an apprehension of some 〈◊〉∣ble power.

Garb, or shafe of Corn, signifies community 〈…〉∣ship Fellowship and Fortitude, and is the type of the •••surrection; it denotes in the bearer, Plenty, Abun••••• and a lover of Hospitality.

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Terms of Blazon peculiar to Trees, Flowers, and Herbs.

  • Aulned, 6 52
  • Alternately, 3 119
  • Brnch, 2 28 and 5 50
  • Bearbed, 4 33
  • Bole, or head, 4 46
  • Bud, 4
  • Blossoms, 4 107 and 5 52 75 86
  • Bunch, 5 28 30 and 3 79 113 and 4 59
  • Bloom, or Blowm, 5 75 86 and 4 72 116
  • Bowed, Imbowed, fretted, 5 91
  • Blade, lade, 3 99 103 and 4 31 32