The academy of armory, or, A storehouse of armory and blazon containing the several variety of created beings, and how born in coats of arms, both foreign and domestick : with the instruments used in all trades and sciences, together with their their terms of art : also the etymologies, definitions, and historical observations on the same, explicated and explained according to our modern language : very usefel [sic] for all gentlemen, scholars, divines, and all such as desire any knowledge in arts and sciences
Holme, Randle, 1627-1699.
Page  451
TO The Right Worshipful Sir Roger Mostyn, of Mostyn, Knight and Baronett. Thomas Mostyn, of Gloddth, Esq his Son and Heir Apparent. AND TO Sir Edward Mostyn, of Talacre, Baronett. AS Venerable Ross, in his Mystagogus Poeticus, or, The Muses Interpreter hath un∣folded many Historical Mysteries of the Greek and Latine Poets, which in them∣selves were hard to be understood; so it hath been my chief care and study in this English Academy, to bring to light and explain those various Bearings and terms used by German, French, Spanish, Dutch, Italian, English and British Heralds, and pro∣found Masters of Sciences; from whence I hope many useful, delightful, and rare Observa∣tions and Instructions may be gathered, which may content the most curious, as well as they have pleased him in the collecting, who is Your most Humble Servant Randle Holme.


SInce the accomplishment of the Plates belonging to this second Book, there hath come several other things to my Knowledg, which as they per∣tain to Ar••s, should have been set amongst them. But those being full, I have set these as additions to the former; desiring the kind Reader to accept of them in this Plate together, as well as if they had been in their right and proper Classes, or in those Chapters to which they do belong, as

I. He beareth Gules, a demy Arch-Angel issuing out of a Cloud, proper, double Winged, Or; from the lower part (of the Cloud) the Sun Beams. This is one way of Blazoning this Coar, others have it thus, a Cloud in Fesse, with the Suns resplendent Rays or Beams thereout issuing, proper, a demy Arch Angel Naissant, holding up its Hands on each side its head, Argent, crined, and double Winged, Or. But more briefly thus; out of a Cloud, a demy Angel ex∣tending of its hands, and the Sun Beams issuing cut below, all proper. Such an Angel or Arch-angel as this I have seen richly Embroidered upon a Cope, the Vestment of the Popish Priests, and is by them term∣ed a demy Cherub, or Seraphim, flying in the Clouds, because the Cherub if it be double Winged, hath two of them set on each side the head.

II. He beareth Sable, a Locust of Hell, Argent, Crowned and Winged, Or. If this were of one co∣lour or Mettle, then it were sufficient to term it either a Locust of Hell, or the hideous Monster Apollyon, who is said to be Crowned, and have the Wings of a Dragon, as St. Iohn doth describe them in Revelations, 9.2.3, &c. And there arose Smoak out of the Pit, as the Smoak of a great Furnace, and there came out of the Smoak Locusts upon the Earth, and to them was given pow∣er, as the Scorpions of the Earth have power to hurt. Now the form and shape of these Locusts he farther sets out in the 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 Verses, that they were like unto Horses prepared unto Battel, and on their Heads were as it were Crowns like unto Gold, and their faces were like the Fa∣es of Men, and they had hair as the hair of Women, Page  452

Page  453 and their teeth were as the teeth of Lions, and they had H•••ergions like to Habbergions of Iron; and the sound of their Wings was like the sound of Chariots, when many Horses run unto Battel, and they had tails like to Scorpions, and there were Stings in their tails, and the King over them, which is the Angel of the Bottomless Pit, was named Ap•••yon, and in the Herew called Abaddon.

II. He beareth Argent, a Cressant Ingrailed on the inner side Gules. It is not only born Ingrailed, but 〈◊〉, and Inveck &c: on the inner side: But for the out part, I never found it otherwise than Plaine.

A. such a Cressant G. born by Van Emoltzheim of Ba∣varia. his crest the same held by 2 hands.

G. such A. born by Iohnson.

III. He beareth Azure, a Cost Nebulated Or; be∣tween two Cressants Argent: at the Points of that in Chief the Heads of a Flower de lis; and that in Base with Estoiles, or Stars. some in stid of a Cost, term it a Ribin, or a Wyer Nebulated; Because it runs in and out in forme of the bending line, Called Nebulae, or Cloudy like.

And for the Cressants thus charged, those with the Heads of Flowers de lis at the points or Horns, are usu∣ally termed Cressants, the Horns Flory, or Cres∣•••ts at each point an Estoile. And thus it is usuall a∣mongst the Duch to have there Cressants at each point, to be 〈◊〉, Some with 3.5. or more Piles of Grasse; or with Flowers of severall sorts, or Leaves; or Else with 1.2. or 3. Feathers, and such like things, which are to be termed in Blazon as aforesaid.

A. a Cost nebulated S. by the name of Zerkinden in Switzerland.

B. a Cressant, the points adorned with feathers A. by 〈◊〉 Wrnsdore.

B. a Cressant, the Horns flory A. is the crest of Van Wi••rtur.

A Cressant S. on each horn a coronet with a Plume of Feathers in it A. is the crest of Van Hautzenberg. The C••ssant G. and Peacocks feathers out of the Crown, by Van •••hberg.

A. a cost nebulated, in the dexter chief a Mullett of 〈◊〉 points S. born by the name of Zerkinden.

On the Horns of a Cressant O. tufts of Grass, is the 〈◊〉 of Commerer, of Brunswick.

IV. He beareth Gules, a Cloud, with the Sun Beams Ascendant. This is contrary to the course or 〈◊〉 of the Bearing of the Sun Beams; for generally 〈◊〉 are made issuing or descending from the Clouds, 〈◊〉 in this it shineth upwards. This was the Badg or Cgizance of King Edward the Third of England.

V. He beareth Argent, a Chief Nebula, Sable (or a Cloud in Chief, Sable) with three Piles waved, and flamant, Gules. Some term these Piles raisie,〈◊〉Rayed, others Blazon them three flames or straines, or ••reams of Fire, issuing out of the Cloud, or de∣scending from it. This is born by the name of Doner∣sperg, in Switzerland.

S the chief B. the Flames proper, in Base a Chapour∣net, or Shapournet O. born by Donersperg.

VI. He beareth Azure, a Chief, Argent, on the lower part thereof, the Sun issuant. Others will have it to be the Sun in his Glory debrused, (or half co∣vered) with a Chief, Argent, as if it were half gone un∣der a white, bright, shining, Cloud. By the name of Halflight.

Party per Fesse A. and O. a demy Griffin issuant G. and the Sun Rays Eclipsed. Born by Bockwit.

a VI. He beareth Vert, a Rundlet, (or round shield,) Argent, Fretted, Sable, in the Rays of the Sun, Or. Some term it a Shield Rayed, or Raisie. This is the Crest of Buern, of Brunswick, in Holland.

Others V. in the Glory of the Sun, a Plate Fret∣ted S.

VII. He beareth Argent, three Incressants in chief, Gules, in base a demy Spur rowel issuant, the five points adorned each with 5 piles or Blades of Grass, Vert. Some Blazon the 3 incressants Bar∣ways, this is born by Newcote of Berham.

A. such a demy Spur rowel issuant in Base G. points adorned with Ostrich Feathers O. born by Newendeck.

S. 3 Incressants in Fesse O. born by Van Gleysbach.

VIII. He beareth Argent, the Sun Eclipsed, issuing out of the Dexter corner, the Beams, Or. Here though the 〈◊〉 hindred of its glorious light; yet we may suppose that the Body of the Moon, which is far less in quantity to the Sun (the same being in interpositi∣on) and coming betwixt us and the Body of the Sun, yet it doth not wholly divert the Beams thereof, and debar us of its Light, but something of the Glory will appear from the Beams, as in this example. The most mira∣culous Eclipse of the Sun that ever was, happened then when the Son of God was on the Cross; when all the Earth was benighted at Noon-day, Matt. 28.45. so that Dyonisius Areopagita, then a Heathen in the City of Athens, cried out either the World was at an end, or the maker of it was suffering some great Agony. This is born by Welday, of Wheelhurst.

A. such a Sun Beams G. born by Van Rainsburne, in Alsatia.

B. such a Sun in its Glory, born by Aldernam.

IX. He beareth Azure, a Cressant, Argent, on the Horns thereof, the Sun in its Glory, invironed with a Cloud, Argent. Born by Wilkinsor.

Others Blazon it, the Sun invironed with a Cloud fixed on the Horns of a Cressant.

X. He beareth Sable, the Sun, the Moon, and the Seven Stars. Gwillims hath it thus, the Sun, the Full Moon, (or Moon in her Complement) in Chief,) and Seven Stars in Orbicular form in Base Others term them the Sun in his Glory, the Noon in her full Splendor, and the Seven Stars in their Brightness. This Coat pertained to Iohannes de Fon∣tibusPage  454 (or Fountains,) sixth Bishop of Ely, who bore that after a sort, as Ioseph had in his Dream, Gen. 37.9.

Mr. Morgan Blazons it, the Sun, Moon and Se∣ven Stars, the two first in Chief, and the last circular∣ly in Base.

XI. He beareth Argent, three Rain Bows, proper. It is termed also a trebble Rain Bow, or three Rain Bows one within another, or under one another. This is Born by Rainsbourgh, in Alvatia.

A. 2 Rainbows, born by Weylheim, in the Dukedom of Brabat.

G. 3. Ranbows, born by Satiat, of Wetpoole.

XII. He beareth Sable, three Cressants endorsed in triangle,〈◊〉 above, two below, Argent. Here I say one above, &c. because these stand contrary to all tri∣angular Bearings, they generally standing two above, and one below, answering the three corners of the Esco∣chion. This is born by Iostel, in Switzerland.

G. two such above, and one below, A. born by Mo∣naw.

A. the like S. born by Van Hanstein.

A. the like O. born by Van Puchberg.

XIII. He beareth Gules, a Cressant, (or an incres∣sant, with its horns in chief) points adorned with a Cross patee, and the bottom sides set with Feathers, all Argent. Besides the several sorts of things wherewith the points are beset (as I said before, numb. 3. so on the other side, the bottom in many Dutch Coats is set thus, with Rundlets, Trefoils, Leaves, &c. also the hollow, or middle, or inward part made like a Face, or raised into small Hills, or Invecked, as in this example.

A. such a Cressant adorned with Crosses Patee and Feathers, G. born by Van Ernberg, a Dutch Family.

S. such a Cressant (sans Crosses,) born by Van Despar.

XIV. He beareth Sable, a Cressant, Argent, with an Arrow shot through it, Or, Feathered and Barbed of the second. Else thus, a Cressant pierced with an Arrow (or Dart, or Shaft) Debrused in the top. Born by Thowlight of Wigland.

G. the like Cressant pierced with a Sword, de∣brused in the bottom, all proper. Born by Monsword. If the Sword had its point down, then it should have been termed pierced with a Sword (the point in base, or reversed,) debrused, &c.

☞ For it is to be noted, that the Sword, as it is an Emblem of Majesty, Government and Justice, is ever born with the point upright, which needs no mention∣ing, if otherwise it be placed in the Shield, then to men∣tion it.

XV. He beareth Argent, between two Bars, Gules, nine semicircular Clouds issuant, viz. 3.3. and 3 Azure. By the name of Leuthorst, of Brunswick in Ger∣many.

XVI. He beareth Gules, a Wild Ass, Or, collared, Sable Some call it an Horned Wild Ass: See it farther described in c. 9. n. 31. here I only give the true shape, with this further advice, that in all parts it doth resem∣ble the Ass, save in the short Horn fixed upon his forehead between the two eyes, and another hooked Horn on his Nose, bending backward, both being smooth and sharp pointed: Besides, he hath a bunch or swelling on the middle of his back, rising into a point like a Cop, Piramid∣wise; some affirm that it is whole hoofed, and others say it hath no hoofs at all, but hath feet with Toes like a Dog. This is born by the name of Wildman.

A. such a Beast G. born by the name of Littlegood.

In the Sinister Chief, is set a Cressant reversed; others a Decressant turned downwards. Some Bla∣zon it a Cressant with a demy face in it, dejected or cast down, as if it were out of its proper being.

Party per pale, A. and G. three Cressants subverted in pale O. by the name of Schratenberg, of Tyrold.

B. a Cressant reversed O. born by Van Massenberg.

XVIII. He beareth Water in Base, and a craggy Rock extending to all parts, with the Figure of an Old Man crushed among the Clefts, pouring Wa∣ter from a Fontall or Water-pot, all proper. Others, He beareth in Base a River, at the Brink (or shore there∣of) a Craggy Rock extended throughout the Field, depressing of a Naked Man seiant, his Knees open and making Water (or Pissing) having his left hand upon a Fontall (or Water-pot,) all proper. Others Blazon it, per base Water and a Rock enclo∣sing a Naked Man with his left hand on a Scatebra. This is born by the name of Rockwater.

XIX. He beareth Argent, a Grotto (or Garden Fountain,) proper. But because Grotto's have certain devices in them, it is the most certain way to term the particulars, as thus a Grotto compassing of a Craggy Rock or Hill, spouting up Water, which falleth in three places into a Fountain made Hexagon ways, or six square. This is Born by the name of Fountain∣dale, of Fountaindale.

XX. He beareth Argent, out of the top of a Pillar, Water spouting on each side into a Cistern, made Hexagon ways, fixed on a Ground plot, issuing out of the Base, born by the name of Sinkis. Some say out of an Hexagon Cistern, a Pillar spouting Water.

G. the like A. about the Pillar a Garland O. is born by Newpruner.

XXI. He beareth Sable, a Greyhound forestretch∣ing himself, with his head to the Sinister side, Argent, see numb. 67. Born by the name of Stretch.

In the Sinister Chief is the true shape of a Bupre••is, which the French call a Fovillemerde, it is a small In∣sect, and is a Beast or Creature that lieth in Grass, which kills Cows, Oxen, or Horses, if they eat it.

XXIII. He beareth Gules, a Flame out of the loose Page  455 socket of a Candlestick, Argent. This Flame of the latter end of a Candle, is the resemblance of Old Age, for the Candle being consumed, the Socket is removed, and the glimmering Light extinguished, that a new and fresh Candle may be put in, and the Socket set again in its place; so one Generation passeth, and another cometh in his room. This is born by the name of Lightfoote.

B. three such A. on a Chief G. an Eagle displaid O. by the name of Sayler, of Switzerland.

B. three such A. born also by the said name of Sayler.

XXIV. He beareth Sable, a Lamp, Or, with a flaming Light therein, having a semicircle or refle∣tion about it, proper: This is by some termed a Lamp of the Sanctuary, and well it may be so called, both because it is of that fashion, and also to distinguish it from other kind of Lamps. This is born by the name of Holywood.

S. 3 such O. born by Proudman.

XXV. He beareth Sable, a Cresset, Argent, Flame, proper. This is another kind of Lamp light, made with combustible Stuff fit for Burning, in a hollow Stone, or ••ick, or Iron Dish, and is transported from place to place according as there is occasion to use its light. This Cot belongs to the name of Heywood, and is quartered by the Family of Bowyer of Knipersley: And in this I cannot but admire the Ignorance of some Painters, who pretend much skill in Heraldry, who in place of a Dish or round Cresset Stone, with a Concave; have ••de it a Cressant with a Flame in the hollow part of it; so taking a Cresset for a Cressant; which Er∣rour the principal of the Officers in the Heralds Office, would scarcely be convinced of.

XXVI. He beareth Azure, a Goldsmiths Lamp, Agent, Flamed, proper. This kind of Lamp goeth under several denominations; some call it a Tin Lamp, others a standing Lamp, or a Lamp with a Foot, a Cup Lamp; any of which may suffice. This is the Coat of Ileave.

An Oyl Mans Lamp, or a Hanging Lamp, hath no foot, but is generally round, or six square, with a Pipe out of the side, as this hath; or with two pipes, each side one, which is called a Lamp with two Lights, which they hang in their Shops in the Night time.

A. a Lamp of two Lights, S. Flames proper. Born by the name of Oyleman.

Party per Fesse S. and A. 3 standing Lamps counter∣changed, by Van Weisenberg. Also by the name of Bucken.

XXVII. He beareth Sable, the top of a Beacon •••ped (or cut off from its main Pole or Standard) Fied, proper. These are a kind of Lights set upon high Hills, which are usually Fired upon the incursion and invasion of Enemies to put the Country in Arms. See the whole form of the Beacon amongst Military Fire Arms, lib. 3 chap. 18. numb. 47, 48. This is the Coat of Care.

A. 3 such S. Fired proper, is born by Chetwardly.

XXVIII. He Beareth Vert, an Armadillo, Or. This is a Creature much like a Sheep for bodily shape, but in the head and feet it differeth; for it hath a sharp Nose, round set ears, resembling a Cup, or round dish; the feet are cloven into Toes like a Dog. It is from the Nose to the Feet covered with scales, only the tail is hairy, and shaped like a Fox tail, reaching to the ground. Other Authors say it is a long and slender bo∣died Creature with short legs, having only sharp claws for toes and feet; the back, sides and belly scaled with a Losenge like scales; all the rest of the Body, Legs and Tail, set (as it were) with round Stones like scaliness. This is born by the name of Armodell.

A. the head couped G. born by Stelletto.

XXIX. He beareth Azure, an Indian scaled Hedg-hog, Argent; for shape and bigness it much resembles our common Hedg-hog, only the Nose is more sharp, and the body covered with half round scales instead of pricks, and long sharp claws. This is born by Gyram, of Gyram. See chap. 10. numb. 56.

XXX. He beareth Argent, the head of a Lion Goat issuing out of the Sinister side, proper. This Beast hath the Face of a Lion with two short horns on the top of its head, bending backwards and smooth; the under chap, throat, and forepart of the neck, rough and hairy like a Goat; all the rest of the body, tail, legs, feet and hoofs like a Goat, but smoother haired. It is of a dark or dirty colour, the horns and hoofs more black∣er. This is born by the name of Nonsuch.

Argent, the whole Beast, Sable, is born by Lingate, or Liongate, alias Liongote.

O. 3 heads of Lion Goats, proper, born by Bloore.

These are of some termed the heads of Mantigers.

XXXIII. He beareth Azure, a Pyramid craggy Rock issuing out of Base, Argent, on the top a Castle with two Watch Towers, Or. By the name of Tir∣rell, alias Towerhill.

O. such a Hill and Castle G. in chief a Stags horn S. is the Town Coat of Alstenstaig, under the States of Hol∣land.

S. such a Hill, with two Candlesticks, O. with Candles in them flamant, is the Town Arms of Liech∣tenfels. Some term it on each side the middle of a Craggy Mountain two Candlesticks, &c.

XXXIV. He beareth triparted pt Fesse, Air, Wa∣ter and Earth, the two Rocks called the Streights (or the Streights Mouth) on each a Fort or Tow∣er, Gules. This is termed the Streights, being the resemblance of those two great Promontories or Rocky Necks of Land, between which Ships must Sail before they can enter the Mediterranean Sea; the one lieth on the Coast of Spain, the other on Barbary. Some term this, two Rocks in the middle of the Water, fixt to Page  456 each side of the Escochian, &c. but term them how you will, they seem to me to answer those two dangerous pla∣ces, scituated between Italy and Sicilly, the one called Scylla, opposite to it is Charybdis: the which as the Marriner endeavoured to escape one, he fell into the other. It is a happy thing to take a straight course be∣tween the two Rocks, presumption, and dispair: for by sailing too near to either of them, millions of menkind have perished. This is born by the name Carvile.

The like is also born (with a Man on Horseback Armed Cape-a-pee: carrying a Banner and shield pro∣per) by the name of Volckensdorf in Holland.

Air and Water 2 such Rocks with a Ship between, in base on Horse-fish all proper, a chife ingrailed is the Turky Marchant companies Arms.

XXXV. He beareth Argent, a Mountain in base, Vert: with a cross potence fixed on the top Gules. This is termed by St. Luke the Prince, or Patron of He∣raulds, and Painter; the Mountain of Prayer, Luke 9.28.29. which St. Peter calls the Holy Mount, 1. Pet. 1.18. It is a signification of that Rock Christ Jesus, against which the Gates of Hell shall not pre∣vail, Mat. 16.18. This is the Coat Armour of Hill.

G. the Hill A. and cross O. is the Arms of the Town of Aldendorf in Germany.

XXXVI. He beareth Argent, three Shapournets Mounted, and removed, Gules; see lib. 1. chap. 9 numb. 115, 116. These are called also three French-hoods, because they are (by reason of a back turn) Copped on the top, but I should rather term them three Mole-hills double cast up, as if the Mole had cast up a new work on the old: or according to our own Coun∣try Speech a Cop copped: for we call every little Hill, a Cop. This is born by the name of Copland.

A. on a bend, G. three such A. is born by van Hvelt in Saxony.

XXXVII. He beareth Argent, a French Escarbn∣cle, Gules. This is made after the French fashion with∣out any staves, but engrailed about, and at every other point, a Flower de lis, which to distingush it from o∣ther sorts of Escarbuncles mentioned chap. 2. numb. 44, 45. I have blazoned it, a French Escarbuncle, else term it according to the French, an Escarbuncle flourished, or set wit Flowers de lis. This is born by the name of Champagne.

XXXVIII. an Escarbuncle, the Staves, or Rays, Pommetie; adorned with Lillies, or Dulipa's: this is the Dutch way of making them, and may very well be termed the Dutch, or German Escarbuncle: and is born by Bucken.

XXXIX. He beareth Argent, an Escarbuncle, Gules; the Staves, or Rays, florette; Azure. Born by Carbuncle. There are by this, made known to you five sorts of Escarbuncles.

Paly Bendy sinister, B. and A. such an Escarbun∣cle O. is born by Hohenpogen.

A. such an other S. is born by Bothor.

Sorts of Escarbuncles.

First, an Escarbuncle (of the old fashion) avoided, as chap. 2. numb. 44.

Second, an Escarbuncle, without any other addition, as chap. 2. numb. 45.

Third, an Escarbuncle flory, or set with Flowers de lis, as numb. 37.

Four, an Escarbuncle with Staves, or Rays Floretty, as numb. 39.

Fift, an Escarbuncle with Staves Flory and Pomettey or Floretee and Pomettee, as numb. 38.

XL. He beareth Argent, a Bear-mouse, proper This is the true shape of the Creature, which you may see further described, chap. 8. numb. 45. And is born by the name of Barefoot.

The Sloth, is a Beast of this form, having a Face like an Ape or Marmoset, long, rough, shadged hair over the Body, the foremost Legs much longer then the hinder: the Feet like an Ape, — the Tail — It is termed a Piguitia.

XLI. He beareth Vert, the Head of a Wild Goat with straight Horns, issuing out of the Sinister side, proper. This Wild Creature, is haired and bodied in all parts answerabled to our Common Goat, only it is dif∣ferent in the horns, this having smooth straight sharp pointed Horns placed in the Fore-head, and little above the Eyes: it is of a more dusky dark or blacker colour, then the ame, or Country Goat. This is born by the name of Wildblood.

A. such a Head couped, S. born by Gotherd.

XLII. He beareth Argent, a Grass Garb, Vert. Some say a sheaf of Grass, or a bundle of Grass bound up in form of a Sheaf, or Garb: others a Grass Cock banded, but the most fit term is a Fasce, or Fas∣ccle of Grass, see chap. 3. numb. 112. This is born by the name of Grazer, or Grassier. The same is his Crest.

A. 3 such is born by the name of Greenal.

XLIII. He beareth Argent, two Horns of a Bull conjoyned at the bottom (or roots) in one: adorned on the sides with three Roses set on short Footestalks all proper. Some term this a Horshooe the ends reversed: others a twig (or sprig) embowed in form of an Horse∣shoo reversed Sable: each side adorned with three Roses, Gules; on short footstalks Vert. Some also I find to bla∣zon this Coat by the name of a Cressant, the Horns (or sharp points) revertant, or turning outward: a∣dorned as aforesaid, by the name of van Hogen in Hol∣land. The like is born by van Dalwick a Dutch Family the Horns Sable, each side beset with four Roses Argent and Gules, every other counterchanged.

The like among the Germans and Netherlands, is born: having the Horns beset, with several other sorts of Flowers and Leaves; Feather, and the like: some having one number, and some another; all which are to be precisely mentioned.

Page  457Per pale 2 Elephants Snouts so conjoyned each side set with 3 Roses counterchanged. Born by van Gass∣•••.

A. 2 Horns so conjoyned S. each side adorned with 4 Roses G. Born by van Dalwigk.

XLIV. He beareth Argent, a Sprig of an Apple tree 〈◊〉three shuts, each fructed, proper. Such a like bearing to this, belongs to one part of the Coat of the Fa∣mily of Putzen in Karndtische alias Carinthia in Holland, viz. Party per Fesse Gules, and Argent, in chief three Roses, in base such a Sprig of an Apple tree.

Some term it a Sprig of three ends, each having an Apple. Others Tree Apples, with their footstalks c••joyned; (and others add to it) in form of a Branch.

XLV. He beareth Argent, a Wreath (or a Withen,〈◊〉Winding, Wreathen round, in form of an An∣••let) Or: the out sides set with six Leaves treble po••ted, (else six trefoile Leaves) Vert, by the name of van Lattorf. This kind of Wreath, or Torce, or Winding, is born by other Names, being beset thus with Roes, Leaves, Feathers, Stars, and variety of other things, which are needless to express by examples; seeing by this, the ingenious reader upon sight, may easily know how to blazon such Coats.

A. the like set with 4 Heart leaves in cross, V. born by Gripswalt.

O. the like set with Oak leaves, V. born by Scho∣•••he.

Per Fesse O. and G. in chief the like Wreath set with 4 Acors and 4 Leaves contrariposed proper in base a Lyon Rampant to the Sinister, O. born by Schoneych.

XVI. He beareth Gules, a Trefoile Leaf, the Stalk imbowed at the end, and fixed to a Twig slipt, lying Fesse ways Or. Born by the name of Brommell, three such Trefoils A. is born also by Brommen.

A. such a slip with 3 Heart leaves so imbowed Vert, and fixed to a stock Fesse ways, couped at both ends, proper. Is the Coat of van Holdaw of Misnian in Ger∣many.

S. on a Bend O. an Heart leave S. slipped and stalked V. is born by van Puechhausen of Bavaria.

Per Fesse G. and A. the like with the slip to the Sini∣ster side V. is born by Schutzen: and also by van Eytingenthal.

In the dexter side of this square is placed a Craggy Rock: which besides it height doth occupy a considera∣ble part of the base: and may be thus termed: in base a Craggy Rock ascending & joyned to the Dexter〈◊〉 of the Field.

B. from the middle of such a rock, a Munky Saliant to the Sinister chained to the Dexter point A. is born by Dbekatzen.

B. the like Rock, G. a Stag tripping to the Sinister O. born by Dehem van Dehem.

S. such a Rock to the Sinister side A. with a Goat ascendant bendways A. born by van Franckenstein.

XLVII. He beareth Or, three Leaves in triangle conjoyned in the Footstalks, Vert. Born by the name Trifole. If the Leaves be smooth, they be called Leaves, or Laurel Leaves: if otherwise icked, dented, or vecked, to mention what kind of Leaves they are.

A. 3 Heart leaves so conjoyned, V. born by Me∣verlein.

XLVIII. He beareth Argent, a dented Leafe slipt, bowed in the top (or point) Vert. Three 〈◊〉 Leaves as this, is born by Fithersoil. Leaves are usuall〈…〉 with the points bending downwards, but this my 〈◊〉 hath made it rather to resemble a Feather▪ then a Leafe, by reason of the deap denting.

XLIX. He beareth Argent, tow Twigs Irradica∣ted in Salter, the tops imbowed inwards, with each a Leaf pendant, proper. Born by the name Trigge. Thus among the Dutch and German Coates, it is usual to bear Twigs in Salter with Leaves, Fruit and such like: with the tops imbowed, both inward, and outward.

O. the like with Oak Leaves at at the ends, V. is born by Ravag.

L. He beareth Or, a Uine Branch in bend sinister, with a bunch of Grapes pendant, to the dexter, the Leaves with their Footstalks fretting, the Main branch, proper. This is blazoned also more briefly, a clusters of Grapes pendant, the Leaves fretting the branch. This is born by the name Heysen, or van Heysen.

A. the like in bend bowed or pendant to the sinister proper between tw Pruning hookes endorsed, G. born by Heysen, also by the name of Twise.

LI. He beareth Argent, a Cluster of Grapes pen∣dant with a Leaf fretting the slip, with its Footstalk, proper. By the name of Zolier in Switzers-land: such a charge is born in a Field Or.

G. the like O. is born by Lant.

B. 3 such Slips pendanr O. is born by Timmys.

LII. He beareth Argent, a Flower de lis slipt, Gules. Some term is a Flower de lis the stalk or bottom part waved: but the first is best. A. three such V. is the Coat of van Hassal a German Family.

LIII. He beareth Argent, a Flower de lis timbred, Gules. Because the bottom part seem to be of a woody substance, and nature. The Dutch term it a Flower de lis the bottom duparted, and couped. Some of or English pretenders to blazoning call it a Greek Lam∣da, the top Pometee, and Floretee. Such is born by the name of Zursonnn, in Switzers-land.

G. 3 such A. is born by Ienings.

LIV. He beareth Argent, five Reed Speare heads couped in point, proper. See chap. 3. numb. 119.120. van Guttenberg hath for his Crest five of these, thus set within the Ermine turn-up, of a Cap of State.

A. on a Hill three heights or three headed Hill out of base G. 3 staves with Trefoile heads, (or Bot∣tony Page  458 heads) S. born by van Lygertz.

On a Wreath or Torce two Reed Speare heads set be∣tween, or amongst nine Star Flowers on Stalks G. is the Crest of van Schellenberg.

LV. He beareth Argent, on a Hill issuing out of base, two Piles of Grass contrary imbowed be∣tween eight more gradually bent, Vert. Others term hen, ten Piles of Grass; the half gradually grow∣ing, and bowed contrary to the other. These upon a Chepue Gules, turned up Argent, is the Crest of van Volstedt. Some Coats, and Crests, have them thus bowed, and fixed, all upon one Footstalk, as in numb. 7 59. and chap. 3. numb. 113.120.

LVI. He beareth Or, three Star Flowers Gules, on three Stalks: interposed with four Pile, or Blades of Grass, contrary, and gradually imbowed. This on a like Cap as aforesaid is the Crest of Stangen. This Interposing and seting of Flowers between Leaves, is much in use among the German Gentry in their Coat.

LVII. He beareth Argent, a Pole (or Uine Pole) Or: sustaining the Branch, and fructed, proper. Born by Wixted. Some say a Pole in base supporting a Uine branch fructed. Others call it an Endorse (because it is fixed in the chief and base) with a Uine fructed, flected and reflected about it. This is quarter∣ed by the Marquiss de Vignolls de la Hyre in France, viz. Sable, the Pole Argent, the Vine Or.

Per pale A. and B. in the first an Eagle displaid S. in the second on a mount in base a Vine pole supporting of a Vine branch fructed, O. is the Town of Winsperg Coat of Arms.

LVIII. He beareth Argent, a round Tub hooped, proper: filled with Earth, from whence springeth, or proceeds seven Dulipa's, Gules; Leaves Vert. Some more shorter say seven Dulip's growing in an Earth-tub. This belongs to van Tluck, of Silesia in Germany.

A. out of a Morter (sans Ears) O. three Rose slips, G. Leaves V. is the Coat, and the same to the Crest, by the name of van Rava.

A round Basket O. with 7 Piles of Grass imbow∣ed and gradually lessening to the Sinister. Is the Crest of van Kobitz.

LIX. He beareth Argent, an Oval Bazant (or a Plate) charged with a Rose Gules; from the middle or center of it, a Stock of a Tree Naissant, with three Arms couped Or: at each five Piles of Grass upon one Footstalk, Vert. Born by the name of van Zechau. The like is born for the Crest of van Kreutzen.

LX. He beareth Or, a Horned Beetle, proper. This is the largest sort of Beetles, it is covered on the Head with a pure shining black hard Husk, or Case: on which groweth two horns, a little above the Eye place; and a∣nother crooked horny Husk from the Mouth: the Wings are also covered with two cases; but it seldom flyeth by reason of its bulky body. The Feet are long knotty and hard, being three on a side and all joyned together in the top part of the Belly: all to be seen else of this blind Creature, is of a reddish colour. Pliny I suppose calleth them Blatta Flies, they fly or creep abroad only in the Night

LXI. He beareth Argent, an Oak Tree Vert, Pi∣led, or Staked about; the lower part Nethered, (or enwraped with Twigs) Tenne. Born by the name of Armestrong.

LXII. He beareth Argent, four Poles, or Stakes; issuing out of the base: Nethered, or fretted with Osiers, Vert. Such a Nethering in base, with a demy Bear issuant, is born by Zaunriedt of Bavaria, and in the Palatinate of Rhyne.

LXIII. He beareth Or, six Poles, or Stakes, issu∣ing out of base; Nethered, or Wrapped half way with Windings, Osiers, or Briers: the top fixed to a cross Barr, all extending to the sides of the Eschochi∣on proper. Some term these kind of bearing, thus ex∣tending to the sides of the Sheild; a fencing with ••akes, and windings; in other places, a Hayment of Stoes, or Clifts, filled with Briers, or Thorns. Some more brief, say a Hayment staked, and Nethered in base, and ra••ed in the top or chief part. Born by the name of Parkeeper.

LXIV. He beareth Argent, five Palets couped at the top; wrapped, or nethered with Osiers in Fesse, Gules; fretted in base, with a Serpent Vert. This is born with 〈◊〉 Roses in chief by the name of Anguish. In stirpe latet Anguis.

B the Pallets couped at both end and enwrapped with Osiers Fesseways, with a Lyon to the Sinister statant thereon, O. is born by Paungartner.

LXV. He beareth Gules▪ five Palets couped at the top; nethered in base, Or: and fretted in the top with two winding, or Osier Twigs, Argent. Such a Pale nethered, in a Field Argent, with a Tree Vert, is the Coat of Gartner of Nurnbrough in Germany: which name we in England call Gardner.

B. the like Nethering in base O. compassing an Hillon which is a branch of Heart Leaves G. born also by Gartner.

LXVI. He beareth Sable, a fesse of Pallets, nether∣ed, or enwrapped at the bottom with Osiers, or Twigs Or: the middle part lower, to which is joyned a plank, or footstep set upon two stayes, or supports, Argent. This is of some termed, a nethering in fesse, with a foot passage (or foot bridg) in the middle of it. Thus I have given you the several ways of Pallets, Poles, or Stakes; wound about or fretted with Osiers, Twigs, or mindings: and how they are di∣versly termed. See lib. 1. chap. 9. numb. 20 and lib. 2. chap. 2. numb. 39.

LXVII. He beareth Sable, a Spaniel stretching out himself behind, Argent. This is the usual action of Dogs, that are rising or rousing themselves from Page  459 sleep: in which they make three postures, as

  • First, the Fore-stretch, which is by standing upright in the stretch with the hinder Legs, and the Head, Neck, and Fore-feet extended out along upon the ground, which makes a hollowness between his Shoulders and Back, which is termed a cringing, or bowing of the Back, as numb. 21.
  • Secondly, the Midle Stretch; which is by standing on all his Feet, drawing them together, and so lifting up his Back: this is termed in a Dog, to Rouse or — a Cat in this posture is said to be in his Ire, or is Exaspe∣rated, or made angry, as chap. 8. numb. 56.
  • Thirdly, the Hinder stretch, which is by standing upright with the Fore-feet, and stretching out the hinder part of the Body and Feet, backwards along the ground, at which time he also lifteth up, or stretcheth out his Neck, and Head: as in this figure, numb. 67.

In the chief of this quarter, is the Head or Seed Pod of a Poppy: which Artists term a Poppy bole. A. on a bend S. 3 such is born by the name of Penky, and Penkyman.

B. 3 such O. is born by Noden, or Nodell.

LXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Cat standing upon a Mouse, or Rat, proper. Born by the name of Heris∣son. The Cat is born somtyme with is foremost Feet upon the Rat, and by some with the Mouse in its right Foot.

A. a Cat holding up his right Foot with a Mouse in its Paw, S. is born by Windson.

LXIX. He beareth Argent, a Lyons head and tail, Gules. So most terms it, but the French say, a Lyon Naissant, as if it were coming out of the Womb into the Field; but this doth not agree with our term Nais∣sant, which we use only to any kind of Beast or Bird, when it cometh out of the middle of an ordinary, and extendeth it self into part of the Field. Some again terms this a Lyons Head shagged, or maned; because it is neither couped, or erazed. This is born by Caras, a French Family: termed by them, De la Cars.

LXX. He beareth Azure, a Lions head issuing out of base, and looking upward, Or. Born by the name of Lingase, of Low-town.

LXXI▪ He beareth Or, a demy Lyon issuant in base Sable; the Neck engrailed Argent, at each point an Hawks bell. Such a Lyon out of a Crown is the Crest of Windterthur, in Bavaria: as the points of the ingrails are here adorned with Bells, so you will find them in many German Coats beset with Roundlets, Flow∣ers de lis, five Grass piles, Feathers, nay the Quils of them hung with Bells, Roses, Leaves, and seve∣ral sorts of Flowers, &c.

LXXII. He beareth Gules, a Lyons head cabosed, Or. This is termed so, because it hath some part of it hairy Mane remaining, which if it had not, it were a Leopards head, or face; and to call it a Lyons head grdant, it cannot be, except some part of the Breast were seen, as it is in all those kinds of bearings. So then the best term is to blazon it either a Lyons face, or Lyons head cabosed, or trunked. Born by the name of Lionhead, or Lionhard: the same (I belive) which we now pronounce Leonrd, or Lenard. Such an Head as this out of a Coronet O. is the Crest of Manhode.

LXXIII. He beareth Sable, a demy Lyon Or: issu∣ant out of a flame of Fire, clothed in a Monks Coole (or Coat) or a Monks-hood, Argent. There are some who term this the Evil Spirit Marbas, issuing out of Hell flames, clothed in the habit of a Fryer, or Iesuit. Such a demy Lyon as this clothed in a Monks Coole, with two stones in his Paws, is the Crest of Scoppen, a Dutch Family.

LXXIV. He beareth Vert, a Lyon Sejant in full view or aspect, Argent. Some term it a Lyon Gar∣dant Sejant, in full aspect: see chap. 7. numb. 83.94. Such a Lyon as this between two Wings is the Crest of Eissenberg of Holland. On a Torce O. and B. such a Lyon B. is the crest of Ward.

Such a Lion double queved and crowned O. between two Elephants Snouts chequey, A. and B. is the Crest of the Duke of Pfahltz, viz: the Palsgrave, or Count Pala∣tinate.

LXXV. He beareth Argent, a Lyons head, issuant in base, Gules; with a China Hat tied under his Chin, Sable: buttoned and tassed, Or. Some term this an India, or Indians Hat, or cover for their Head. The Lyons head Sable, and Hat Argent is the Crest of Marschall van Ostheim, of Francovia, in Ger∣many.

LXXVI. He beareth Argent, a Lyciske, or Wolf-Dog, rampant, with two Heads endorsed (or set back one to the other) Gules; Collered Or. Born by Ire. A Dog with two Heads after this form to the sini∣ster, Azure. Is the Coat of van Strumpfensperg, in Bavaria.

LXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Griffin headed Asker, conchant, Gules; casting fire out of his mouth. Some call it an Opinicus, sans Wings, but that kind of Beast hath no Ears. This is born by the name of van Salegast. And a demy Griffin Asker rampant, swallowing, or devouring a Mans Arm, by the Fa∣mily of Rentzen, in Germany. Some term this an Asker, or Lizard with Ears, and an Hawks or Griffins Beak.

LXXVIII. He beareth Or, a Griffin, sans Wings, holding up his right Foot, Gules. Born by the name of Mynner, or Vetter. The like Argent, and Rampant with Fire proceeding out of the Mouth and Ears, in a Sable Field, is born by Steyr.

Per Fesse G. and O. such an head with Fire pro∣ceeding out of his Mouth and Ears, counterchanged. Is born by Teufel van Pirckensee. A Devils head.

The like head G. out off a Coronet. Is the Crest of van Holtorf.

Page  460Barry of 6 O. and B. the like Rampant G. is born by Lechsegmundt.

V. a Griffin sans Wings Rampant to the Sinister A. vomiting Fire. Is the Arms of the Dukedom of Steyr, which is under the Roman Empire.

Bendy of 6 G. and A. the same to the sinister O. born by Eberwein. And a demy one is his Crest. And S. the like O. by Sigisberg.

Out of a Corronet, a Demy such O. with fire out of his Mouth and Ears. Is the Crest of Hander.

LXXIX. He beareth Gules, a Cows head, issuant from the Sinister side of the Escochion, Argent; Hornes, Or. This is called also an Irish Cows head by reason that breed in former times was very small, and their horns grew generally forwards bending after this form: and somtimes the points, or one tip of the horn meeting to the other. This is born by the name of Runtling.

LXXX. He beareth Argent, a Bonasus head, Rame horned, issuant from the Sinister side of the Shield proper, see chap. 9. numb. 12. This is born by the name of Scot. It is termed Rame horned because they grow bending like a Rams horn, and contrary to their own kind.

LXXXI. He beareth Gules, a Bonacons horn im∣bowed at the end, and erazed at the root, Or: Gor∣ged with a Chaplet, or Collar of Silver. Three of these with a Fesse between them is born by Boniman.

A. 3 such couped G. and the like out of a Coro∣net, is the Coat and Crest of Pfafenlapper.

A. such a kind of bearing smooth and turning to the Dexter, triparted in the bottom or root. S. is the Citty Arms of Basell in the Empire of Germany, also of the Bishoprick there.

LXXXII. The first Figure is Blazoned, a Probo∣scide (or trunk) of an Elephant erected, issuant out of base, reflected, Or: at a file proceeding out of the Snowt, a Lambeaux crossed, and the side with two more, the first double, the other treble, Sable. Thus by some approved Heraulds; yet others will say a Trunk of an Elephant erected and reflected, fixed in base adorned in the Snout, and side, with three Fillets, at the first one, second double, and the other treble Lam∣beaux's crossed. See chap. 8. numb. 69. and Chap. 9. numb. 43. This is born by Don de Alfontoe.

The second is Blazoned, an Elephants Proboscide erected and couped, flected and reflected Argent; with a Ston, or Ball in the Snowt, Sable. The like is born with a Pine Apple, a Pear, &c. in the Snowt.

LXXXIII. He beareth Or, a Daemon, (or a Divel, or an Evil Angel) in the shape of a demy Goat, Sable: issuing out of Flames in the Sinister point. This is the Coat of Schronesteine, and is quartered by the Earl of Falkensteine, in the Empire of Germany. The French Blazon it, an Hee-Goat issuant from flames in the Sinister point.

LXXXIV. He beareth Gules, a Colopus head issuant from the Sinister side, Argent; horned Or. This is a Beast of the shape of a Stag in all parts, saving the horns: which are two set together in the middle of the Fore-head, standing outward, having a little bending bending downwards to the Nose, the top side is Serrat, or cut in like a Saw: the rest smooth and sharp point∣ed. This is born by the name of Colupe, or Cantelupe.

A. the whole Beast G. horned O. is the Coat of Vanderben, of Francovia.

LXXXV. He beareth Argent, an Eagle degene∣rate, at gaze aloft, Wings Surgiant, holding up his left Foot, Gules. This is termed a degenerate Eagle, because it is going in a fearful manner out of the Field; not having courage to withstand the assault of its Enemy. Some term it a dastardly Eagle, with its Body in full aspect, &c. This is the Arms of Sir Iohn Coward, or Sir William Brag-much, and Doe Nothing. A Coat fit for such worthy Gentlemen.

LXXXVI. He beareth Azure, a Bustard tergiant, sergiant, Or. This is the most proper term for Birds, or Fowl rising with their Backs to sight. Yet Mr. Gwillims fol. 231. only terms it a Bustard rising. This posture cannot properly be said to be volant, al∣beit it seemeth to be (according to the opinion of some Blazoners) preparing to make its flight: besides the Feet are standing down, which were it flying, would be drawn up to its Belly. This is a kind of running posture for Birds, in which the Wing are sails, only to hasten them forwards, and end their speed. 3 Such is born by the nam•• oNvill.

A. a Fesse between 3 such G. is born by the name of Bustard.

LXXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Kettle (or Cal∣dron, by the French Armorist) Or: having the heads of three Serpents issuing out of it, Vert. 2 Such Caldrons in pale was born by Don Diego Lopez Pach∣eco, Duke de Escalona, Knight of the Golden Flecce, in time of Charles the fit in France. Some term these Swans Necks out of a Kettle.

XXXVIII. He beareth Gules, two Ostriches Fea∣thers in Salter Argent, Shaffed, Or. Some term them with their falls backwards; because the bending of the Feather is contrary to the usual way of bearing them, which is with the fall outwards.

☞ But this is to be noted that when the Ostritch Feathers are set any other way but upright, whether in bend or Fesse ways &c. The fall or doubling of the Feather, is drawn backwards; for therein it hath its own genuin and proper fall viz: Backwards, except there be several Feathers set together in triangles, quadrangles, or rounds, as in chap. 13. numb. 79, 80, 81. or with three falls in one Feather, as chap. 12. numb. 43. Two Fea∣thers in this form, were the Badge of King Henry the eight of England.

XXXIX. He beareth Azure, out of a round bodied, and Bell owide mouthed Bottle, Or: three O∣strich Feathers Argent, Shafted of the second. Some Page  461 term 〈◊〉 Bottle the head of a Limbeck, or the head of a Distillatory reversed, because they are of this form; but in this there wants the Receiver, or Pipe, by which the Water distilleth; however to give it that name (with the addition of (sans the Receiver or Distilling Pipe) 〈◊〉 pass▪ This is the Crest of Feather pot, for breviati∣on 〈◊〉.

Po Fesse G. and A. the like Pot G. 3 Feathers A. is 〈◊〉 by the Lord Van Kaitschach, in Germany.

XC. He beareth Argent, out of the top of a Bat〈◊〉 Arrow head, Sable, a Plume of five Ostrich Feathers, Gules, shafted, Or; as in this example and the precedent you have, the Bottle and Phaon, or 〈…〉 head, adorned with Feathers, so in like manner you will very often find them born with 〈◊〉, Flowers, Fruit, and the like. This is born by the name of Featherstich.

G. an Arrow or Dart on each side (where the Fea∣thers should be) three Ostrich Feathers A. the Barbe or P••on erected O. is born by Borcken, or Bocken.

XCI. He beareth Azure, out of a Coronett, Or, an I••••la, Gules, triple crowned, of the second, the top adorned with a Plume of Ostrich Feathers. Such an Infula adorned with 5 Ostrich Feathers, white and red, alternately, is the Crest of Vrsenbecken, in Bavaria.

XCII. He beareth Gules, on an Altar, Or, between two Wings Elevated, Argent, a Cross Pomell Naissant, of the second. Some term this a Diamond or Losenge Altar, because the top stands Arras wise, and the Cross to stand on the middle of the Altar, be∣ginning first with it. This is born by the name of Holy day. Some call this a flying Altar, but that is no pro∣per term, as the next example will manifest.

XCIII. He beareth Vert, a Iugg Bottle, (or a Bottle with a foot, and by some termed a Flower∣pot,) Or, with two Wings elevated fixed to its sides, Argent. This Bottle cannot be said to be between the Wings, by reason they are not at the bottom or foot of it, but at the sides, from when some have termed it a flying Iugg or Bottle, especially from the name as beareth it, which is Flybottle.

Azure, such a Bottle Or, winged Argent; by the name of Liebeck, in Switzerland.

XCIV. He beareth Argent, four Peacock Tail feathers, Fretted in a Quadrangle (or Quadrant forth) proper. Some term them each fretting or cros∣sing another, in the quill or shaft part, in form of a square. By the name of Pentzen.

XCV. He beareth Gules, a Pellican displaid, re∣••••ant or tergiant; the Wings crossing one the other. This is also Blazoned an Eagle backwards displaid, the Wings crossed. Some term it a Land Pellican, or a Pellican of the Wilderness. This is born by the name of Panton, or Van Panthon, in low∣er Germany.

XCVI. He beareth Or, an Eagle displaid, wound∣ing or pluming of his Breast, Sable. By the name of Bambell, a Family in the Dukedom of Austria, in Ger∣many.

In the Sinister side of this square, I have caused an old fashioned Wing to be Engraven, only to shew the ancient manner of Drawing the Wing, each Feather standing at a distance from is fellow, having an Hair or Filament running between them, and so fixed to the Pinion; whereas our modern Wings are all drawn close, whether they be pendant or elevated in the points.

XCVII. He beareth Gules, a demy Swan, sans Wings, issuant in Base, Argent, with a fillet or Ri∣band from its mouth, compassing the Neck (after the manner of a Bridle Rein,) Sable. Some term it a Swans Neck with the feet, some again call it a demy Asker Swan Necked, such a Creature as this, out of a Golden Coronet, is the Coat of Buckhell, a Dutch Family.

XCVIII. He beareth Sable, a Peacocks tail, pro∣per, on the top of a Scull (or a dead Mans Scull) Argent, thrust through the cavities of the Eye holes (or Osbitary Bones) and out at the Basis of the Iaw, with two Swords Salterwise) the points fixed to a Bugle or Hunters Horn in Base Or. This is the crest of Mandelslow of Brunswick in Holland.

XCIX. He beareth Vert, a Winged Scorpion, the Tail Imbowed, Or. 〈◊〉 such Scorpions is born by the name of Stinger, or Stingwall; as I find in an old Roll of Arms. Of the Scorpion you may read more, 〈◊〉hap. 9. numb. 87.

C. He beareth Argent, a Man-Lion, or Monloon, Gules. This is a Beast that hath the Face of a Man, the Mae and Body of a Lion, and the tail of a Ser∣pent, forked at the end; or by some, the tail of a corpion divided by insect lines; what colour it is I cannot be yet informed, but that it is a cruel Beast, and delights much in Mans flesh.

CI▪ He beareth Gules, a Dung fly reversed, Or. This Fly in its proper colour, is a kind of Lion tawny, being between a red and a yellow; six of these in point in fesse, with a Bezant between them is the coat of ungal▪ Yet some Blazon the Bezant to be in the Fessompassed with six Dung flies, the heads in point, (or respecting each other) that is, the heads all set toards the round, in what part of the Field soever they are placed.

CII. He beareth Argent, a Uiper in a circle, Vert, this is the Emblem of Time here, and Eternity here∣after, ut Annulus, sic Annus; s••tiam eternitas,

The Ring is round, it hath no end,
So time for Eternity spend.

The French Blazon it a Uiper biting of his Tail, and set in a Circle in a Field Or, three such Vipers, Sa∣ble, is the Coat of Monsieur de la Ane.

Page  462CIII. He beareth Argent, a Peacock head Ser∣pent (or a rised Serpent) the Body torqued (or Torgant, close Imbowed, or wrapped together in the middle, Vert, Born by Cumbach. Such a Serpent as this B. devouring a Child, is the Arms of Maylandt. Others do Blazon it a Serpent Imbowed, the mid∣dle enwrapped round, or knotted debrused torqued, else a Serpent erected, and imbowed at the head, Tuberous (or Gibbous, knotted and swelled out) in the middle, and Torqued in Tail.

O. the like Serpent Torqued S. is born by Paradey∣se.

CIV. He beareth Azure, a Serpent Torqued, Fretted with a long Cross, Or. Others Blazon it Christs Cross supporting the Brazen Serpent, because it was an Anti-type of the Passion and Death of our Saviour, for as Moses lifted up the Serpent in the Wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, Numb. 21.8.9▪ Iohn 3.14. that all that behold him by a live∣ly Faith, may not perish, but have Everlasting Life. This is the Cognizance or Crest of every true Believer.

Out of a Coronet a Staff Flory on the top, enwrapped with a Serpent B. between two Elephant Snouts G. is the Crest of Sibenburger, of Carinthia.

CV. He beareth Vert, a Serpent Bowed, Im∣bowed, Debrused, the head erected, the Tail Tor∣qued, Or. This is contrary to those mentioned chap. 9. numb. 4.77, 78. those having their heads extended, this elevated or lifted up. This is born by Bloore.

CVI. He beareth Argent, a Serpent double Now∣ed, Vert, born by Twize. This is termed double Nowed, to signifie its double fretting or winding it self over and under, more often than is used, as may be seen in the simple term Nowed or Nodee, chap. 9. numb. 73.74. and chap. 12. numb. 81. This is born by the name of Van Kobitz or Cobits. turned to the Dexter side in a Field G.

CVII. He beareth Argent, a demy Cherub, with Wings displaid, fixed upon the Leg of an Eagle Or. This I term a demy Cherub, because some part of the Body is visible, and that the Wings are in the place of the Arms. This is a common practice of the Dutch and German Heralds, to fix one thing upon another, or the half of a thing upon another species, being both of different natures. This is the Coat of Kotzaw, of Meych∣sniske, in the Netherlands.

CVIII. He beareth Argent, a Grashopper, Vert. I have spoken of the Grashopper formerly, but there I did not give the true form; in this place I shall say no more, but refer you to chap. 9. numb. 70. This upon a Torce or Wreath of his colours, is the Crest of that Worthy Gentleman, Sir Thomas Gresham, Knight, the Builder of that famous Fabrick, called the Royal Ex∣change, in Cornhill, in London.

In the sinister side of this quarter, I have set that little Vermine like Worm, called (as I suppose) a Weevile erected, see chap. 10. numb. 59. though others say it is like a Magott, and all black; see numb. 148.

CIX. He beareth Vert, a Frog, Or. By the name of Frogley, of Frogley. This is the true shape of it, con∣cerning which I have formerly written, chap. 10. numb. 15, 16. This is by some termed a Frog seiant, A. a Fesse between three of them Vert, is the coat of Paddock, a breviation from Ap Addock, a Welsh name Englified, as is very usual with them when they come to inhabit mongst the English, as Iohn ap Richard to be called Iohn Pritchard, William ap Hugh, to be called William Pugh, and the like.

CX. He beareth Sable, a Dolphin Naiant, Bow∣ed, Imbowed, Argent. This is termed also a Dol∣phin Naiant, Torqued, and Naiant flected and reflected. Three of them thus set in Pale, is the Coat Armour of Dolphinus, or Dolphin, an Italian.

CXI. He beareth Azure, a flying Fish, in Bend, Argent, the Wings expansed crosswise, Or. Some say a Salmon UUinged expanced, crossing each other. The Dutch (from the Bearer thereof) terms it a Troutling in Bend, winged Argent, in a Field Gules. By the name of Truchling.

G. the like A. Wings O. is born by Knutesford.

B. 3 such O. is the coat of Lant.

CXII. He beareth Argent, a UUolf Fish Hauriant, Imbowed, Azure.

☞ Note, That the Bowing or Imbowing of all Fish tails is ever bent inwards, which needs no other expression, but if the Bent be backwards, then to be mentioned, see chap. 16. numb. 12.13. and chap. 15. numb. 51. except in the Maremaid, &c.

CXIII. He beareth Argent, a Griffin Fish (sans Wings) Hauriant, Gules, Finned, Or. Some term these kind of Bearings Erected and Rampant, because that part belonging to the land Creature is in that po∣sture. As thus, Gules, a UUolf Fish erected, Or, Im∣bowed, Azure, by the name of Gundriphen in Saxony. The like with the Tail Imbowed erected, is his Crest.

Argent, a Griffin Fish erected sans Wings, Sable, the Tail Imbowed, Azure. These two last examples are misplaced by the Graver, which should have made them erected to the Dexter side. This is born by the name of Mestich, or Van Mestich in Silesia, a Province in Higher Germany.

Per Fesse A. and G. a Unicorn Fish erected Imbow∣ed counterchanged, is born by Niempscher.

CXIV. He beareth Gules, a Bugle or Hunters Horn, Argent, Fretted. Sable, out of the mouth a Salmons or Fish Tail, and the open end a Stags head, Or. By the name of Pogorsker in Germany. Some Blazon this a Fish imbowed with a Stags head; fret∣ted, or netted all over the Body; but I rather take it to be a Horn, mentioning that part first, which lieth next the dexter side, viz. the mouth of the Horn which hath Page  463 the Fish Tail out of it, &c. But were it taken for a Fish, then it receives another kind of Blazoning, seeing its sci∣tuation is contrary to all Naiant fish, having its head to the Sinister side, as thus, a Fish with a Stags head, the tail imbowed and erected to the dexter side, the Field Argent, is the Coat and Crest of Ruditzkie.

CXVI. He beareth Azure, a flying fish, Or. I have numb. 111. and before chap. 16. numb. 16. numb. 44. gi∣ven the figure of the flying Fish, according as Conradus Gis••ri, and Amb. Parre••s hath it; but since seeing the true Fish it self, I must relinquish that, and take to this; whose description is as followeth, some call it a Sea Bat. The cover of the head is an entire Bone curi∣ously wrought, as if it were pricked with the point of a Graver; it is depressed or flat on the top of the head, swelling out about the eyes, which are very large, and then compassing the eyes over the mouth and nose, ends in two sharp points under the roots of the Wings, on ei∣ther side the Gills in the hinder part of the head, the said Bone ends in two such like sharp points, with a round or hollow between them, like a Swallow tail; down the back and sides runs many sharp ridges, which being cut by Diamond or Losenge incision lines, make every ridge line to be divided or cut into sharp pricks, so that it cannot be stroked up the back for its sharpness, but down it may. It hath two thorny Fins on its back, one on the Belly near the tail; the tail is long, and ends in thorny shafts, the Fin between each being like a thin, clear transparent skin; at the lower part of the Throat is two crooked Bones, which ends in three long and sharp points; the Wings are like the Wings of a Bat or Rere∣mouse, the shafts are long and slender, the membrane thin and transparent, and coloured (if held between and the Light) like a Turky Feather divided into Bars, of a narrow, white, and a broader Bar, of a reddish grey, to look upon them otherwise, they are black above, and blewish under, with white shafts; they center all at the gills, and opening, are semicircular, with thorny points. From the setting on of the Wings comes forth two long and slender legs of a gristly (or Whalebone like) sub∣stance, as if four or five Sinews were all knit together, and at the end opening into so many toes or thorny points; with these feet, and the help of the two crook∣ed Bones under the Throat, it makes shift, and are as feet to creep to the Sea again, if at any time it chance to fly on the Land; all the lower part of the Belly from the mouth to the tail is white, with soft scales, made by Losenge like incision lines; the top of the head and back is of a dark earthy colour; the whole Fish is about the bigness of a large Mackarel.

CXVII. He beareth Argent, a Peruque, or Pera∣wick, (or a long Perawick, with a Pole Lock, Sa∣ble. This is the Sign or cognizance of the Perawick ma∣ker. This is by Artists called a long Curled Wig, with a Suffloplin, or with a Dildo, or Pole-lock. S. 3. such A. is born by Capper.

CXVIII. He beareth Sable, on a Perawick Block, fixed on a Stand, Or, a Peruque (or a Campaign Wig) with a Curled Foretop, and Bobs, Argent. This is a kind of Travelling Wig, having the side or bottom locks turned up into Bobs or Knots, tied up with Ribbons.

Sorts of Perawicks.

A Border of Hair, is only Locks to cover the Ears and Neck, and is fixed to a Cap, having no head of hair, chap. 17. numb. 2.

A Short Bobb, a Head of Hair, is a Wig that hath short Locks, and a hairy Crown, see chap. 17. numb. 1.

A Long Perawick with Side Hair, and a Pole Lock behind, which some term a Wig with a Suffloplin or with a Dildo, numb. 117.

A Campaign Wig, hath Knots or Bobs (or a Dil∣do on each side) with a Curled Forehead, as numb. 118. a Travelling Wig.

A Grafted Wig, is a Perawick with a turn on the top of the head, in imitation of a Mans hairy Crown.

Terms for several ways of Curling Hair.

A Curled Hair, is when a Lock of hair turns round and round in it self.

A Crisped Hair, is when it lyeth in a kind of Wave.

A Frise or Frissed Hair, is when the hair i full of small Crispings, and when one hair will not sort, or fall into order with another, but stand bunching out; yet some are more flying, others more close.

A Curle and Frise, is when the hair is neither Curle nor Frise, but both, or between both

A Snake Curle, is when the Locks turn round ma∣ny times, and hang down, as the Dildo or Pole lock doth.

A Drake, or Drake Tail Curl, when the ends of the hair only turn up, and all the rest hangs smooth.

An Open Curle, is when it turns round and wide in all the ends.

An High Curle is between both, and so keeps Curl.

Parts of a Perawick.

The Bottom Locks, are the side locks that hang down on the shoulders and back.

The side Locks, are those as cover and keep warm the ears and neck, being a degree shorter than the for∣mer.

The Crown, is that hair as compasseth about, to make the turn of the crown of the head.

The Foretop, is that as makes the forepart of the head.

The Full Front, is the frisled and curled hair of the topping or forehead, the Brow hair.

Page  464

Terms of Art used by Perawick-Makers.

A Thought of Hair, called also a Latch, a Catch, a Draft of hair, is a few hairs drown out of the knot, or bunch, or lock of hair tyed up, which is woven in the Silk.

A Waft of hair, is one of the foresaid Drafts Wo∣ven.

A Round of hair, is a length of Woven hair.

A Thread Waft, is when the hair is Woven with a single Silk Thread.

A two Thread Waft, when Woven with two Silk Threads.

A three Thread Waft, when Woven with three Silks.

A four Thread Waft, when Woven with four Silk Threads, which kind of Rounds are usually Woven to make up the crown.

Six Thread Waft, is when six Threads are used, which Weaving is beaten close with a Perawick makers Thimble.

Grafting of hair, is to make a Wigg with a Crown.

String the Frame, is to order the Silk threads in the Frame, to Weave withal.

Instruments used by Perawick Makers.

A Frame, or a Perawick Makers Frame.

A Grafting Frame, is a Frame where is used both Warp and Woof.

A Finishing Block, is a Wooden head set on a Stand, on which the rounds of hair are sowed on the Cawl.

A Silk Cawl, is a Nett Cap on which the hair is sewed, it is so ordered that it may be drawn open or clo∣ser, to fit any head.

A Perawick Thimble for Weaving.

Measures, are lengths of Paper or Parchment, with Figures on, by which the hair is Woven in the rounds, according as it is to fall in the Wig, whether long or short.

Needles, Ribbon, Silk Thread, things necessa∣ry to the making up of a Perawick.

A Curling Stick, to turn and curl the hair in its opening after the Wig is made.

A Comb for Perawicks, being wide toothed.

A Drawing Comb, a Wooden Board set full of Wy∣er Pins, like a Flax — to draw hair through, to make it lie even and smooth.

The several ways Women wear Hair about their Faces.

In Locks, when the hair lyeth on each side the Cheeks.

In Curles, when the hair swells or puffeth out from the Cheeks.

In falls or flats, when the hair hangs loose down about the shoulders, having nothing to tie it up.

In shades, when it lieth plain and streight on each side the forehead.

In cross shades, when it lieth cross the Forehead, with a Silk Thread in the middle of it.

In a short Fillet or Curl, when it lieth so all the breadth of the forehead from one side to the other.

In a Topping or fore-lock, when a Lock is laid from the foretop to the Crown of the head, as little Chil∣dren that have long hair are usually dressed.

In Taures, when the hair on the forehead is curled and standeth out.

In Bull heads, when the said curled forehead is much larger than the Taure.

CXIX. He beareth Argent, a UUomans face issu∣ant to the Shoulders, proper, Uestment, Gules, collared or lined, Or, with a Taure or Curled forehead, flaxen colour, Hooded, with the ends pen∣dant, Sable. Some term this Curled Forehead, from the French word Taure, a Bull-head, because Taure is a Bull. This was the fashion of Women to wear Bull-heads, or Bull like foreheads, Anno 1674, and a∣bout that time. This is the Coat of Taurell, a French Monsieur or Seigneur.

CXX. He beareth Or, a Womans face and shoul∣ders issuant••••er, her Neck-lace Sable: Quoiffed Argen〈…〉 with a pair of Locks and Curles, hair colou. This was a great fashion about the Year, 1670. they are false Locks set on Wyers, to make them stand at a distance from the head: as the Fardingales made their cloathes stand out about their Breeches, in Queen Elizabeths Raign.

CXXI. He beareth Or, Womans face proper, Quoiffed Argent; covered with an open set Hood, tyed under the Chin, and the end flotant (or flying a∣broad) Sable. This is born by the name of Warris.

3 Such heads, in a Field Argent, is born by the name of Modesty.

CXXII. He bearethe Argent, a Womans face issu∣ant from the base proper: Hooded (or Ualed) down to the Shoulders, Sable: after this manner the anci∣ent Nuns, and Abbasses vailed themselves, this might be termed a vailed Nuns head issuant in base, pro∣per. Three of them couped, is the Coat of Nun of Nunly.

CXXIII. The first Figure is termed a Womans face to the shoulders, issuant in base, proper; cloathed Azure, with a Fore-head cloath, and hood Argent, her hair both sides the Neck flotant, Sable: in a Field Gules. This is born by the name of Rieolrer, a German Family.

CXXIII. The second Figure is blazoned a Womans face to the shoulders issuant, proper: (or as some term it, issuant to the shoulders) with a BoongracePage  465 and a Quoif, Argent: in a Field Azure. This was a great wearing in the age, about 1594. as I have observed in Pictures, and Monuments of that time; which is by some old People, called an Head Attire, or Head-tire: which by the greater sort of Gentry, was adorned with Jewells, and Imbrauthered with Silver, and Gold. Some term it, a Frontlet.

CXXIV. He beareth Vert, a Womans face issu∣ant in base, proper: Quoiffed, Argent.

☞ Here I make mention of no more, then what is properly seen to arise out of the base, viz: the Face with a small part of the Neck. Some blazon it, a three quar∣ter face, with a close Quoife, looking to the sinister side.

CXXV. He beareth Sable, a Face issuant in base proper, Quoiffed with a Laced turn up (or dressed, attired, or adorned with a Laced turn up Quoife) Argent. Born by the name of Maidenhead, of Made∣ston.

Some term this sort of long Eared Quoif by the name of a Pinner, or Laced Pinner.

CXXVI. He beareth Sable, a Head to the Shoul∣ders issuant in base, proper: with a gathered, or 〈◊〉 Quoife, Or; turned up, Argent. This is a kind of Quoife which runneth upon strings, which may be made wider, or else closer, at the wearer pleasure; a Quoife made to fit all heads. A running Quoife: or a Cap-quoife as pertaking of both kinds. This is the Crest of Waldthurne of Haylow.

CXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Womans face, proper: crined, Or: with a flat crowned Hat, and a narrow brim, Sable. And by ancient Heraulds, called a Womans head, adorned with an old fashioned Hat. This kind of Taffaty Hat, and thick hatband was the only wear of the Gentry, about the Year, 1548.

CXXVIII. He beareth Or, a Womans face proper, 〈◊〉 Fox colour: with a Ruff about her Neck, Ar∣gent: and a Hat on her head, Sable. This is born by the name of Midwife, now curruped Midrif.

CXXIX. He beareth Or, a Dutch Womans head, to the shoulders, issuant in base, proper; Garments Gules, turning down, and the Head cloathes, Ar∣gent: with a Hat Sable, tassells and strings flotant, of the second. This I have termed, a Dutch Woman; because of the Dutch Hat, and Head cloathes, used by them, and because much born in their Coats. This belongs to the name of Vetter, of Nurns∣•••ge in Holland.

CXXX. He beareth Sable, a Iewish Womans face, 〈◊〉 in base to her shoulders, proper; the Cover of her head, Argent.

Gules, a Fesse Argent: a demy Jewish Woman Jessant, (or over all) holding her right Hand on her Fore-head, and the left upon her side proper: Garments Azure, gird∣ed about the middle (or wast) Or: her Head cover or Uail, Argent. Born by the name of Schwebell: which we pronounce, Skewbell..

CXXXI. He beareth Argent, a Womans face to her shoulders, issuant in base, proper: habited, or covered with a Monks Caule, of the Carthusian order, Sable. Some term her, a Nun, or Monks head of the Carthusians; or a Carthusian Monks head. This is born by the name of Munchaw, in Bavaria.

Such an Head below the Shoulders G. is the Crest of Schalar.

Such a Demy Monk sans Arms cloathed O. hood and shoulder cover S. is the Crest of Helgenstein.

The like Demy Monk to the Sinister clothed per Cheveron A. and G. Hood A. and Scapular (or shoul∣der part) G. is the Crest of Brunighosen.

CXXXII. He beareth Argent, a Nnus head to the shoulders, issuant out of the base, proper: habited, or the Head covered with a Benedictan Monks hood, Gules. Also termed a Benedictan Mooks head; or a Monks head of the order of St. Benett, or Benedict. Others blazon it a Head habited, or a∣dorned with a French hood, the Peak pendant, or hanging down backwards.

Such a Demy Monk to the Sinister A. is the Crest of Marschalk. The like Nuns head, barry, A. and G. is the Crest of Monchen van Wildspere.

CXXXIII. He beareth Azure, a Roman Womans face issuant in base to the shoulder, proper; cloath∣ed, Gules; turned Or: the Head attire with a Scarf or Uail flotant backwards, and revertant to the Shoulder, Or. This is the Coat of Romeshawgh.

A. a Fesse Gules, in chief two such Face couped at the Shoulders, Attire and Vails Azure. Iss the Coat of Regeldorf, of the Province of Bavaria.

CXXXIV. He beareth Argent, a Mans face to the shoulders, issuant in base, proper; cloathed Gules; collared Argent: crined (or the foretop) curled, and the Ears Metamorphosied into Bulls, or Bisons horns, Sable. Such a head as this out of a Coronet is the Crest of van Wintersteten: in lower Germany. Else you may blazon it, a Mans Head or Face, with a Bulls Scalp, horned.

The like Face and Cloaths S. collared A. horns O. is the Crest of Scheneck.

CXXXV. He beareth Argent, a Mans head (or a Mans head demy faced) with a Woodcocks Bill, or Beak, issuing out of base, to the shoulders, pro∣per: crined Sable. Rossheim beareth such a Creatures head as this, in a Golden habit, imbrouthered with a Cheveron Gules; charged with three Roses. A Mans head Metamorphosied in the Nose and Mouth into a Woodcocks bill, as it is termed by some.

CXXXVI. He beareth Gules, a Dexter and Sini∣ster Hand couped, pointing to the chief corners of the Escochion, and another of the first, in base bendways, Page  466 Argent. This is born by the name of De la Mane.

CXXXVII. He beareth Argent, two Arms flected, or bowed; issuant from the sides of the Escochion, the Hands supporting, or held up together, proper. The first the Sleeve Gules, turned up, Or; set with buttons all along the lower side, Sable: the other Armed Azure, Garnish of the fourth. Party per pale Gules & Argent, two such Arms counterchanged, is born by Spigelfield.

Per pale G. and A. such an Armed Arm, and the other with a sleeve counterchanged, is the Arms of the Lord Weltzr of Spigelfield in Germany. The same is born by Weltzer van Eberstein.

Some term them two Arms issuant in form of a Che∣veron, the Hands held together.

CXXXVIII. He beareth Or, an Arm issuant from the Dexter side, sleeved Gules, turned up, & the Hand holding, (or griping) of an Handkerchief, Argent. Some will say, the Arm with an Hand holding of an Handkerchief, issuant from the Dexter side, Argent: sleeve Gules, turning up, Or. This is born by the name of Handkey.

CXXXIX. He beareth Sable, two Hands couped above the Wrist, conjoyned in form of a Cheveron, proper: sleeves Or, turned up Argent. Born by the name of Altrue, alias Altrew. Some term it, two Hands in Hand, couped in the middle of the Arm, set in form of a Cheveron, or Cheveron-ways, &c.

Per Fesse G. and A. two such counterchange. Born also by Altreuw.

CXL. He beareth Azure, an Arm imbowed, issu∣ant from the Dexter side, sleeved Gules, turned up Or; round cufted, and Laced, Argent: from the Elbow naked, with a grippen Hand, the Fore-finger point∣ing to the Sinister chief, proper. Born by the name of van Wolfsgell: a Family in the Palatinate of Rhyne.

This is also blazoned, an Hand bear to the Elbow, pointing to the sinister chief, the Arm bowed (or reflect∣ed) issuing from the sinister side, the sleeve Gules, &c. as aforesaid.

G. an Arm from the dexter side imbowed hold∣ing of an Hammer proper sleeved A. is born by Kavs∣manner.

B. the like Arm imbowed and couped holding of a stone Ring proper Sleeve and Cuft A. Born by van Wolfsgell zu Wolckeburg.

CXLI. He beareth Sable, a Mans Leg couped in the Thigh, flected, and biparted, Argent. Others make an addition, and say; flected (or bowed in the Knee, and erazed into two parts (or erazed, and bipart∣ed) but this cannot be an crazing, because there is no sign of any renting, or tearing of the flesh, but (as it were) cut or nicked in, whereby two points, or ends are made in the couping. This is born by the name of Flescheim, in Alsatia.

B. 3 such to the dexter side A. is born by Legge.

CXLII. He beareth Argent, a demy Man naked holding up his Hands, with his Arms imbowed; and erazed at the Hips, or below the Navel, Gules. Born by Gandey. Such a demy Man holding two Swords Salterwise over his head, belongs to the name of Krell, a German, or High Dutch-man. Some say a Demy naked Man, Arms bowed, and erazed under the Na∣vel; or triparted under the Navel Avellane, see chap. 17.35.

Per pale B. and O. such a demy Man crowned, tassells and strings flotant each side: holding in his right hand a staffe flory on the top, O. resting the end on his side, the other hand at his girdle, clothes conter∣changed, is the Coat and Crest of Mayern.

CXLIII. He beareth Gules, a demy Man, sans Arms, couped below the Navel, Argent. Such a bearing with a Garland of Roses about his Temples, Or; is the Coat Armour and Crest of Schachner, or Skachner, in the Arch-Dukedom of Austria.

A. a like demy old Man with a broad beard cloath∣ed S. is the Crest of van Dachsperg.

O. is a like demy Woman couped, hair flotant G. is both Coat and Crest of van Polling.

CXLIV. He beareth Vert, a naked Man, Argent; holding of a Club in both Hands over his left Shoul∣der bendwise, Or. Some say a naked Man with a Club in both hands, sinister bendways. Born by the name of Wildman, oWoodman.

G. 3 such demy naked Men so holding their Clubs, Or. Is born by the name of Wood.

A demy Man long beard, side hair with a Club on his Shoulder O. is the Crest of Holtzhalben.

CXLV. He beareth Argent, a Negro, or Black-Moor weathed about his Temples, with a Scarf, or Ribbon fixed there at, flexed and reflexed over his Belly, and about his Arm, holding the end in the right Hand, & a Rose Garland in the left, Gules. Born by the name of Mornberganheim, a Family among the Silician▪ Some term the Scarf flexed on the Back and reflexed over the Belly, and the like about his Arm, &c.

O. on a Hill issuant V. the like Moor: the wreath about his Temples, the Scarf and the Rose Garland A. is the Coat of van Mornberg. The like demy Moor out of a Coronet is his Crest.

CXLVI. He beareth party per Fesse, Air and Water, a demy Man issuant, lifting up both his Hands, pro∣per. Born by the name of Relinger. Some term this a demy Man in the Water, preparing to Swim.

Per Fes•• O. and B. the like demy Man S. is born by Rehlinger.

Pe Fesse O. and Wavey B. and A. a demy Lyon issuant G. born by the Earl of Marggr Baden▪ as one fo his quarterings.

Per Fesse O. and Water a demy Lyon to the Si∣nister issuant S. and Crowned G. with a Scarpe in chief (or Batune) A. is the States Coat of Vilseck.

Page  467CXLVII. He beareth party per Fesse, Air and Earth, out of a Cloud in chief; two Trumpets, Or: and 〈…〉 holding up both his hands towards the dexter side, surgant out of a Grave, proper. Born by the name Riseinghome. This and the foregoing are em∣blem of the resurrection at the last day: For the Trum∣pet shall sound, and the dead shall arise, and the Sea, the Grave, Deth and Hell, gave up the dead, which were in them, &c. 1. Cor. 15.52. Rev. 20.13.

CXLVIII. The first Figure is, a Magot, or Gentle with a Tail: and that is through their age; for living in moist, washy places, they live so long that they will have thready Tailes, as long as the whole Body and little stump Feet.

The second is the Figure of a Maggot, or Gentle which is generally white, inclining to yellow. The head, or fore-part is sharp pointed, the Tail part is round and blunt, as if it were cut off. The Back is divided into se∣veral Incisures, by means whereof, it gathereth up its Body aud so orceth it self forwards. This kind of Mag∣got, in the Winter drieth up into a brown husk, or shell, and in the Summer following, turns into a black Fly, which bloweth Meat in the shambles, from whence pro∣ceeds little long Eggs, called Fly blowes: which turns to Maggot again.

The Wievell is a kind of black Maggot, which eat∣eth and devoureth Corn in the Garners. They are of some People called Bowds, and are less then a Mag∣got or Gentle, & much of the same shape, see numb. 108

CXLIX. The first is the Figure of the Blatta, or shorn Bud, or painted Beetle: this is another kind of those creeping Fly bodied Creatures, of which I have spoken formerly, chap. 10. numb. 56. and chap. 11. numb. 46. Some call this for distinction sake, the crossed or cross-bearing shorn Bud, because its Tail part hath a kind of cross upon it, of a contrary colour from the rest of the Body. Some term them earth Beetles; because they have no Wings to fly, but creep upon the Earth, and are generally found in old, decayed, and rotten Founda∣tions of Houses, and Walls.

The second, is a fruit Worm such as do breed in Apples, Pears, Nuts, and such like: which are all white generally, with either white, red, or black heads. They are full of Incisures, wrinkles, or divi∣〈◊〉 in the Body; with short stump Feet, in their craw∣ling, they often lift their heads. They are of several big∣ness according to the largness of the Fruit they breed in.

CL. He beareth Vert, a Butterfly volant, Or; 〈◊〉 with variety of colours: in base a Wood-louse, proper. These are the true shapes both of the Summer Butterfly, and the Wood-louse of which I have formerly spoken, in chap. 9. numb. 63, 66, 67, 68. and sect. 7.

The Figure of the Wood-louse, this is the true shape: It is of a dark Earthy colour, the Back and Belly is full of •••••ures, or insect lines, with a kind of fring, or hairy∣ness round about the edges of its sides. It hath ten Feet down to the middle of the Belly, which are scarce visible, but when it is going: It hath a round head, and two threedly crooked horns. If it be touched it draweth it self into a round Ball, so that nothing of it can be seen but the Back, which by drawing round, hath little of the lines, or wrinkles, discernable.

A. 3 such erected S. is born by Woodlouse, or by Woodhouse.

CLI. He beareth Argent, a rough Legged, spotted shorn Beetle erected, proper. This is a third kind of these Creatures formerly mentioned, numb 149. and chap. 11. numb. 46. It hath rough hairy horns, and legs; the body is of a darkish yellow, the tail is diversly spotted, runing in a streight line-like order.

CLII. He beareth Argent, a Hemp fly erected, pro∣per. This is a kind of insect, that is cut in the middle a Bee; whose Wings are covered with red Husks, or Cods: all the rest of the Body and Tail, is of a bright shining green; it hath four short feet, and two small hairy horns. This is born by the name Hamsley.

O. the same in bend B. is the Coat of the Bi∣shoprick of Schleswigk.

A. 3 such erected, G. is born by Walsall.

CLIII. He beareth Gules, a Scorpion fly, Argent: three of these are born by the name of Flyat. The Scorpion fly is an insect, bodied like a Butterfly, and winged like a Gad-bee, or Breeze, having four long Wings: and two slender, and long horns, like a Butterfly, and four long Feet. The Tail hath three or four incision lines, at the end is a round button, with a Mouth, or Claws like a Scorpion, or Lobster; with which he will both bite, & hold any thing. They are also generally of a whitish colour: some more dusky. It is termed a Dragon fly, see more of it in chap. 9. numb. 87.

CLIV. He beareth Argent, a Horse Breese, (or the great Horse fly) in fesse, Azure: Wings Sable. Born by the name of Horsley. This is a Fly much larger, and of a contrary make in the Tail, than the common Horse fly, in chap. 12. numb. 60. for though they be both cut wasted Flyes, yet the Tails are contrary: this having a tail of four parts, one joynt less then another, as if they were put in each to the other. The bodies of these are usually black with a gloss of green, the Wings and Feet blackish, as in other Bees: the Tail blackish.

CLV. He beareth Vert, a Hornet erected, proper. This is of the form of a Wasp, but twice as large, and of a more terrible, yet shrill Noise. The head and body is of a brown, or umber colour, inclining to a reddish yel∣low, and hairy: the Tail from the cutting in of the body, consists of six joynts, which he can draw in, and lengthen out, at pleasure: the husk of each joynt, at the top is black, and the bottom yellow; with an Umber spot on each side the joynts, under and joyning to the black. The Feet are yellowish, and hairy, the Legs are of three joynts, or bendings: the Wings are transparent, made of a Membrane or fine skin of an hair colour, with running, and side Veins in them, like a leafe of a Tree. This is born by the name of Hornet. And a Fesse Argent, between three erected, Or: in a Field Gules. Is born by the name of Formly alias Formby.