The academy of armory, or, A storehouse of armory and blazon containing the several variety of created beings, and how born in coats of arms, both foreign and domestick : with the instruments used in all trades and sciences, together with their their terms of art : also the etymologies, definitions, and historical observations on the same, explicated and explained according to our modern language : very usefel [sic] for all gentlemen, scholars, divines, and all such as desire any knowledge in arts and sciences
Holme, Randle, 1627-1699.
Page  379
TO THE Much Esteemed ALLEN PENINGTON Esq Doctor of PHYSICK: AND TO William Pennington Practitioner in Physick, his Son and Heir. IT may be thought a Presumption in me (having been brought up only in Herauldry) to Treat of things above my Sphere, and what belong more properly to Doctors, and Chy∣rurgions. It is true, et give me leave to make this Appology; that though for the Practick there may be pleaded an insufficiency; yet as a lover of Arts and Sciences, it cannot be taken amiss to have the Theorick, and be acquainted as with their Instruments (which are in Arms) so with their Terms, which is for Gentlemens discourse; therefore as it is necessary for the Ingenious to know the one, so it is much satisfaction to be acquainted in the other (for Knowledge is no great Burthen) which is here drawn up into an easie Me∣thod for the benifit of such as be Discreet. And therefore is hoped will with others be as willingly accepted by You, which is all that is desired from him who is Your Devoted Friend Ready to Serve You, Randle Holme.

CHAP. XVII.

1. I Have long insisted on the bearing of Animimals, or living Creatures unreasonable; distinguishing them according to their kinds, and forms; and as they had a similitude one too anther, which being finished; we proceed in the next place to treat of the most nobler Creature, which above all others is in dued with reason and understanding; I mean Man: whom GOD hath given a reasonable Soul, and for whose sake He created all other things: subjecting them to His Soveraignity, that they should▪ serve Man; and Man only should serve, and Glorifie his God, and Creator.

Man in the Creation of his Body is subject to a three sold Estate; to Live, to Dye, to Rise again. The first is to have a Body to live, and have a being therein: to en∣joy that outward form and lineament of the Body; which as it is in its self, is divided into several parts and members; not the least, but it hath its peculiar term, or name, by which it is distinguished from its other (whither) external, or internal parts.

We shall then in the first place give you the several terms of Art used by Anatomists, and Chirurgions; for the sundry part of the Body: and to begin with the internals.

Terms for the several parts of the Head.

Brain.

The Pericranion, is the skin that covers all the Skull.

The Dura Meninx, is the thin outward skin, or film, or membrane, or regument that covers the Brain; and enwrappeth it about, sticking to the inside of the Skull.

Page  380The Brain Tunnell, which is a thin skin between the two Brains in the middle of the Head; called the Torcular Uein of the Brain, or Sinus of the Dura Menynx.

The Cerebrum, or Brain; which is divided in the middle with a duplicated membrane.

The Cerebellum, is the little Brain which lyeth in the hinder part of the Head: the after Brain.

The Pia Mater, is the Caul or Film, or thin skin, that covers the Brain in its several fouldings, ruts, or em∣bossed knots.

The Dura Mater, is the outward Tunicles or Kells, which covers the Brain, and divides it from the Cere∣bellum.

The Uentricles, are four little Cells, or places in the Skull, in which the Brain lyeth.

The Coroides, are thin Membranes in form of Nets, that are called Plexus Choroides, the complication or thrumb Vessels of the Head. Called Rete mira∣bile.

The Conarium, is a Kernel sticking on the out side of the Brain, in form of a pine appla.

The Labyrinthes, or Meanders of the Brain; are the curious and manifest turning and twistings of the Brain, as it lyeth in the outward Film.

The Gandule, or Kernells called Penealis, being a round tuberous lump lying near the Uertricles like a Pine apple.

The Periostium, is a thin nervous Membrane or skin, which lyeth next the Skull under the Pericra∣nion, and may be severed from it by the point of a knife.

The Sinus or Canale of the Dura Menynx; see Brain Tunell.

The Crasse Menynx, the skins dividing the Brain, see the Brain Tunnell. Called also the Sythe of the Brain.

The Convolutions of the Brain, are the several breaches or division, or running of the Film in which the Brain is closed. Called also the Orbicall circumvolu∣tions of the Brain.

The Rillets, are diverse branched, or creeping Fi∣bres, or Veins which run dispersedly on both sides the Dura Menynx.

The Corpus Callosum, is the callous substance of the Brain, the marrow of the Head.

The Fornix, or arch of the Brain: is a kind of a vaulted Body which lyeth in the middle of the Brain, and is like a three footed bridge, or stool; gibbous im∣bowed and convex.

The Barke of the Brain.

The Testicles or Buttocks of the Brain, are par∣ticles of the Brain; and of the same substance, but of a little different colour.

The Pelvis, or Infundibulum, the Boson or Tun∣nel.

The Mamillary Processes, are the swelling of the Brain.

The Double Tabulature of the skull.

The Region of the Brrain, the whole compass of the Brain, as it is compassed in with the Dura Mater.

The Uermi-formes, are wormy processes diversly orbiculated or rowled up, consisting of many particles transverse (or oblique or right) but coupled together by a thin Membrane. It is nothing else but the Pia Mater corugated, or foulded togethe, or crumpled up like a Worm.

The Spinall Marrow, is that silver Cord, mention∣ed Eccles. 12.6. and is the Brain lengthened from the hinder ventricles of the Brain, down the rack bone of the Neck, and Back.

Eyes.

The Optick Nerves, are both marrowey and mem∣branous strings, which from the Brain, communicates to the Eye the sense of seeing.

The Coat of the Eye, is the cover of the Ball, or Apple of the Eye; of which there are four. The first Adnata, the second Cornea, the third Uvea, and the fourth Aranea.

The Coition of the Optick Neves; is the joyning together of the strings of the Eyes.

The Motorick Nerves, are those strings, or sinews which give motion to the Eyes; called Tendons

The Gandule of the Eye, is a Kernell in the upper part of the Eye near the outer angle, which serves as soft pillows that the Eyes be not offended in their motion, at the hardness of the bone.

The Orbicular Muscle, or Semicircular Muscle of the Eye-lids; are those Muscle which give motion to them.

The Bladder of the Eye, is the hollow of the Eye above and below, which swelleth when the Eyes are blear∣ed, or weepeth.

The Muscles of the Eyes, are Membranous tendons which compasseth the whole Eye, and grow to the horny, or glassy tunicle, or coat of the Eye; which tendons joyning together makes the Albugo, or white of the Eye, which give motion to the Eye, and are called,

  • The Attollens, or superbus Muscle; is seated a∣bove the Iris, and lifts up the Eye.
  • The Deprimens, or humilis Muscle; is that as draws the Eye downwards.
  • The Adducens, or bibitorious Muscle; is seated in the great angle, and draws the Eye inward to the Nose: this is termed, the Gleeing Muscle.
  • The Abducens, or indignatorious Muscle; it is seated on the out side, and draws the Eye to the lesser an∣gle, or temples; and is called the Scu-muscle or Dis∣dainfull muscle.
  • The Orbe, or Uessel of the Eye; is the hollow place or hole, where it is in the Skull.
  • The Membranes of the Eye; ar the Coats of the Eye: of which there are these several sorts.
  • The Adnata membrane, is the utmost Coat or cover of the apple of the Eye, and is termed the adherent, or cleauing Membrane. This is the white of the Eye; as some say, but others affirm it, to be but the cover of the white.
  • The Innominata membrane, is the true white of the Eyes, and is raised from the Nervous tendons, or Chords of the Muscles of the Eyes, determined near to the Iris, and under the Adnata, or Conjunctive mem∣brane, Coat or Ligament: whether you please to call it.
  • Page  381The Cornea membrane, is the thick or hard Coat, of a thorny substance, which is round, fast, thin, trans∣parent, bright polished, and smooth in the high part: but thick dark and obscure on the Back, or inner part.
  • The Uvea, or Grapie membrane; it lieth under the Cornea coat, is smooth on the outside, and rough within: and doth adhere to the said horny Membrane by certain surcles of Veins, and Arteries. This circle of the Eye causeth the Iris, or Rainbow, which in man is of diverse colours; and is called the Choroides.
  • The Aranea membrane, or the Cobweb coat, it is also called the Cristalloides coat, or the looking glass, because it is bright and translucid. This is a very thin skin, and contains in it the Cristalline humour, which being broken, falls flat. This is the Pupilla or the Apple of the Eye.
  • The Retina, or Reti-formis, or Net Membrane; or net like body rather: being of a Brain like substance and is inclosed in the Aranea Membrane.
  • The Foramen Uvea, is the hole in the middle of the Grapie Membrane, in which the Pupil of the Eye rest∣eth.
  • The Pupilla, or Uisio; the sight, or apple of the Eye, the little circle in the Eye, or center of the Eye.
  • The Orbiculus, the Orbe, or Ball of the Eye; is the whole Eye as it is in the Orbe, or hole in the Skull.
  • The Humours of the Eye, are those moist and li∣quid, or waterish substance, that are contained between the several Coats or Membranes of the Eye: and they are called,
    • The Tenuous, or thin Humour, and of some called Aqueus Humor, because it is fluide and transparent like water; and the Albugineous Humor, because it is like the white of an Egg: it lyes between the Aranea, and Retina Membranes.
    • The Cristalline Humour, so called because of its splendor and brightness: it is called Diaphanum Ocu∣li. It is a pure liquid substance, contained between the two Coats Aranea, and Retina; called also Uitreous or Glassy Humor.
    • The Uitreous Humour, or the Glassy Humour; it is a liquid humour, that in consistance and thickness is like to melted glass, and lyeth at the Back of the Eye, between the Adnata, and the Cornea Membranes.

Nose.

The Ethmoeides, or Spongy bone: situated in the top of the Nose at the Skull. Called also the Spongoides.

The Mammillary Processes of the Nose; are the outward parts of the inward Nose; which are the Organs of smelling. They are two small things like Nerves round & slender, & arise out of the Marrowey substance of the Brain in the basis of the Nose; and called the Nerves of smelling.

The Gristle of the Nose, called Cartilago Nasi is the pertition of the Nostrils in the middle of the Nose.

The Wing of the Nose. is the soft and bottom part of the Nose next to the joyning of the Face.

Mouth.

The Fauces, or Os; is all the void cavity which is between the Lips, and the roots of the Chaps.

The Lips are the fleshy part of the Mouth, fugous and moveable. Termed the Libra.

The Puffs of the Cheek; are the skins each side the Mouth within.

The Pallate is the upper part of the Mouth; the skin whereof is somwhat rugous, rough or wrinkled: the Roofe of the Mouth.

The Uvula, is a peece of flesh in the Roofe of the Mouth, at the top of the Throat. It is called also the Columella, and the Plectrum; the Gargareon, and Gargulio: the two last taken from the gargleing or washing of the Mouth.

The Membrane of the Mouth, is the skin that co∣vers the whole Cavity of the Mouth, and spreadeth over the Gums, and covereth the upper part of the Lips; which skin being re-duplicated, maketh the Uvula.

The Squadratus muscle, or square muscle, is one of the muscles in the puff of the Cheeks, and Lips.

The Buccinator, or the Trumpeter Muscle; is another muscle in the puff of the Cheeks and Lips, by which is the help of Speech, and sound of the voice.

The Muscles of the Lips, are the four muscles each side, two in the upper Lip, and two in the nether Lip; which cause their motion.

The Suture of the Pallate, is the Seam in the bone in the Roofe of the Mouth.

The Holes of the Pallate, or Mouth bone, called Foramen Pallati, are two holes at the end of the fore∣said Suture through which the Brain is purged, and by holding ones breath we may exspire and inspire, breath in and out by the Nose.

The Coat of the Pallate, is the skin on the Roofe of the Mouth.

The Crenas, is the Rugous, or Rugged skin on the Roofe or Pallate of the Mouth.

The Plectrum vocis, the Quill of the voice, which is that which is called the Uvula, for the said peece of flesh hanging between the Larynx, and the Cavity of the Nostrils, it makes a repercussion of the aire, and it issues out of the throttle.

The Fauces or the Chaps, of some taken for the whole Cavity of the Mouth: but generally it is taken for the Back or lower part of the Mouth, next the Throat.

The Tonsilla, or the Almons of the Throat, which are Glandules seated in both sides of the Mouth at the root of the Tongue, on either side one. Termed also Antiades and Paristhmus.

The Parotis — or the Almonds of the Ears, which are two Glandules seated in the Mouth, under the root of the Ears. Called also, the Parotick Kernells.

The — are Glandules growing at the root of the Larynx on the sides of the rough Artery.

The Istthmus is a place or space between the Larynx and Pharynx, seated in the Throat like a neck of Land between two Seas.

Page  382
Tongue.

The Lingua, or the Tongue: is the instrument both of Speech and teast.

The Connexiou of the tongue, is the tying of the tongue to the Larynx and the Bone Hyois.

Basis linguae: is the root of the tongue, the bottom of it.

The Ligament of the Tongue, is that broad and strong membranous skin, which is under the middle of tongue, and tyeth it to the lower Chap.

The Frenum, or Bridle of the Tongue; is a little chord at the end of the said Ligament & goes toward the tip of the tongue.

The Coat of the Tongue, is the thin skin where∣with it is invested, being rough on the upper side, the Scarfe skin.

The Pulpe of the Tongue, is the soft fleshy sub∣stance o the tongue, which is spongy.

The Fat of the Tongue, is the hard fat at the root of it.

The Nerves of the Tongue, are three. The one Branches, and is disseminated into the Coat of the tongue, which makes it an instrument of the sence of touching. The second Nerve, is sprinkled into the fleshy pa•• of the tongue, and makes it an instrument of tasting. The third is a hard Nerve, and is placed in the lower part of the tongue; which is the Nerve of motion.

The Arteries of the Tongue, are two: which lye on each side, one.

The Median, is the middle or diviion, or rather the white line that divides the tongue, into a right and left side, through the middle of the surface.

The Locutarij Muscle, is the Muscle that helpeth speech, or speaking.

The Gustatorij Muscle, is the Muscle of tasting.

The Civi-revolutores Muscles, are such Muscles and Nerves, which help the motion of the tongue; it is also called the Rowling Muscles.

Throat.

The Aspera Arteria, is the Wind-pipe or the Chan∣nel by which we breath: the Weazen.

The Larynx, or Throttle; which is the Organ of the voice, it is the head of the Wind-pipe, or top of the Semicircular Gristles of the Throat, which we call the Weazon-pipe. Some call it the knot of the Throat, or the Rift.

The Glottis, is the small cleft in the Throat, the Whistle, the Orifice of the Larynx.

The Epiglottis, or after tongue; it is a gristle that covers the Whistle, or hole of the Larynx: that nothing go down it when we Eat or Drink; called the Flap or Guggle.

The Arytaenoides, or the Ewre Gristle, which is double; the Thyroides Gristle, and the Crycoides, are three Gristles at the top of the Larynx, of which it is composed.

The Sheild Gristle, called Thyroides; buncheth out in the Throats of Men: and is called Adams Apple, or the Apple of the Throat.

The Hyo-thyroides, are a pair of Muscles belong∣ing to the Bone Hyois, and the Sheild Gristle of the Larynx.

The Styloides, or cerain small processes in bones, like the fashion of a small bodkin.

The Pterygoides, are four processes to the outward part of the Cuneal bone, at the foundation of the skull, where the teeth called the Grinders are fastned, that is on each side two, spreading like unto the Wings of a Bat.

The Spine▪ or idge of the ring Gristle, being a ridge.

The Myogo••y Muscle, are Muscles having their places, and dependencies about the root of the Tongue and Throat.

The Crycoides, or the Ring Gristle; is another gristle of which the Larynx is framed, it is an immoveable Gristle on whom the other rest as on a Basis, which makes the lower Basis of the Weazon or Larynx larger then the upper Orifice.

The Mmbrane of the Larynx, is that Ligament, or skin by which the Semicircular Gristle of the Weazon are connected and tyed together. The outward sides be∣ing crasle and bad, and rugous.

The inward Coat of the Larynx, is the smooth skin wherewith the hollow Caiy of the throttle is cover∣ed, which is soft stretched out and slipperie.

The Os Hyoides, is the Bn Hyois, which bear∣eth up the tongue by its Basis.

The rogossis, is the pointed end of the tongue, which 〈◊〉 against the teeth.

The Osophagus, or ullet, the Channel by which we swall•• Meat and Drink: which is a fleshy Mem∣brane.

The Pharynx, is the top part, or beginning of the Gullet.

The Internal Tunicle of the Gullet: is that part within, whose beginning or original proceeds from the Mouth.

The Thyroides, and the Arytaenoides; are the two only moveable Gristles in the Larynx.

Ear.

The Auditory Nerve, is that which is the reception of the sound.

The Drum, is a Membrane stretched out before the airy Nerve of hearing, which is supported by.

The Hammer, the Anvile, the Stirrop of the Eare, which are three bones, the smallest of the whole Body; but none formed with more curious Art.

The Membrane of the Tympane, is the Drum of the Eare.

The Cavity, is the hollowness, or pipes of the Eare.

The Canal, is the pipes of the Eare.

The Burrows, or little holes, in the Cavity of the Eare.

The Marmoratum, or Eare wax, or excrement of the Eare.

The Window of the Snaily shell, or the Window holes.

Page  383The Mammillary Processes, is a thing like the Womans dug, hanging on the bone called, the rocky Bone.

The Stploides, or Appendix.

The Knub of the Nowle bone, is that bunch or Knob bone behind the middle of the Ear, which is inarti∣culated, or joyned to the first Rack-bone of the Neck.

The Semicircles of the Ears, called Cuniculi; Conny burroughs, they are three half round bones, joyned together by their ends to the Snaily shell bone.

The Cochlea, is the turning, or winding of that part in the Ear inward, which is like the Snail shell: the interiour face of the Snaily shell; or the Cavity in the stony bone.

The Sporosity, or sponginess of the bone about the hole of hearing.

The Trumpet of the Ear, is a Cavity for the Or∣gan of hearing.

The Malleus, or Malleolus, the Mallet or Ham∣mer; is a little bone like a Hammer seated at the begin∣ning of the Cavity of the stony, or rocky bone; at the end of the hole of hearing.

The Incus, or Anvill, or Stithy: is another lit∣tle bone resembling an Anvil and is situated in the hin∣der side of the first Cavity, opposite to the Hammer bone.

The Stapes, or Stirrop bone, is like a triangular stirrop and is articulated to the bone at the Oval window: this stirrop hole is of some called the Pupilla, or Apple of the Ear: the Pupil of hearing.

The Cord, or Thred, is a slender and Nervous Ligament which runneth through the middle of a Mem∣brane, and is joyned to the joynt where the stirrop bone is articulated.

The Internal Muscle of the Ear, is scituated in the stony bone, and so runs length-wise and is determined in the Membrane of the Tympane.

The External Muscle, is situated without the Mem∣brane of the Tympane, in the upper part of the hole of hearing.

The Concha, is a Cavity or Cave in the rocky bone, which in its turning is like the shell of a Winkle, or Taber: of some called the Tympane.

The Labyrinth, is a Cavity in the rocky or stony bone, and is so called from its turnings.

The Fenestra Ovalis, or the Oval Window, is an Oval hole or like an Egg in the Concha Cavity.

The Fenestra, or Fenestella, is another Window, or hole in the said Concha Cavity: which is cleaven into a double pipe lying one on another, and are divided by a thin bony scale.

The Water course, is the lower of the said divided holes; which is called a Serpentine Still, or Saylie Pipe: because it is wrethen first forward, then back∣wards, then obliquely.

Breast.

The Pleura, is that Membranous part which incloses all the internal parts of the Chest, or Breast.

The Mediastium, is the reduplication or doubling of the Pleura Membrane at the Back and Breast.

The Cavity of the Mediastium, is the separation of the bulk of the chest, into two Cavities, and divides the Lungs one from another.

The Pericardium, is the bag or case of the Heart, which contains a Watery humor to moisten the Heart.

The Diaphragma, or Midrif; is the middle pertiti∣on between the Breast and Belly: and is made up of a fleshy and sinewy Membrane. It is called the Fan of the Belly, because of its motion, which is like that of the Heart.

Lungs.

The Pulmones, or the Lungs or lights, they are the instruments of breathing and framing the voice, and are made of a substance soft light and spongv, whitish without, and red within.

The Bronchia▪ or Pipes of the Wizand.

The Lobs, Laps, or Scallops of the Lungs; are the Wings or out sides so wrought, that if one part be corrupted and rotten, the other may remain whole and sound.

The Membrane of the Lungs, is the thin skin, by which they are covered which is porous and full of little holes.

The Cavities of the Lungs, are the holes or Cell, of which they are full, each Cavity representing the form of an Ox hoofe.

The Dyspnea, is the lesser of the Holes, which being stopped causeth pursines and difficulty of breathing.

The Spinalis, or the Spinal Marrow, or Pith of the Back-bone, it is termed also Dorsalis. or Cervicalis, and Lumbralis.

Heart.

The Cor, or the Heart, it is a triangular form and the noblest part of all the Body, it is the Fountain of Life, be∣ing the first that lives, and the last that dyes.

The Basis or bottom of the Heart, is the broad end by which it hangs and receives all its Vessels, as Ueins and Arteries.

The Auriculae Cordis, the Ears of the Heart; are the little hollow cases or covers in the Basis of the Heart placed by the Vessels which carry blood into the Heart; in grown persons the right Ear is larger then the left, in Infants the left is the larger.

The Conus, or pointed end of the Heart; called Cone.

The Uentricles of the Heart, are the Caviies or hollow places in the Heart, which are two; the right ven∣tricle which is the wider and softer, the left is harder nar∣rower and compassed with a thick wall, reaching as far as the point of the Heart, which the right doth not.

The Septum, or Septum medianum, is the mid∣dle partition in the Heart between the two Ventricles: which is porous, and full of holes.

The Ualves or Shutters, are three pointed covers set on the Orifice of the Uena Cava at the Heart which stops and hinders the going back of the Blood.

Page  384The Ualves of the Uena Arteriosa, are three shut∣ters at the Orifices of the said Vein, and are fashioned like the old Greek letter Sigma.

The Carnosity or fleshy Membrane, is the fleshy substance of the Body which lies under the fat, and is joyn∣ed inseperably to it: it is more red in the Neck, Forehead, and Codds, then else where.

The Adeps, or the fatty Membrane; It is of sub∣stance soft and Oyly: it is of colour white, except blood by reason of some laceration, is mixt with it.

The Medulla Spinalis: the Marrow of the Back∣bone, which is of the same substance of the Brain.

Belly.

The Peritoneum, is a Membrane stretched out over all the parts of the Bowels or Guts: the Paunch, or Rim of the Belly.

The Region of the Body; is all the parts of the higher Belly: all above the Navel, and contains the Omentum, the Liver, Gall, Stomach, Spleen, Sweet-bread, Bowels, Mesenterium, Uena Por∣ta, and the Caeliacal Artery.

The secod Region of the Body includes within the doubling of the Peritoneum, which comprehends the Reins, Ureters, Bladder, Genital in Men, and the Womb with the parts annexed in Women.

The Omentum, or Epiploon, or Call; is a thin Membrane indued with much fat, and covers all the parts of the Belly: it is divided into four parts.

The Intestinal, is that part of the Omentum as co∣vers, and is stretched out over the Guts.

The Hepatical, is that part which riseth from the Ca∣vities of the Liver, including the small lobs thereof.

The Lienal, is that part as lyes upon the Spleen

The Mesenterical, is that part which is produced from the Mesenterium to the external parts.

The Abdomen, or Belly.

Gutts.

The Intestina — or Bowels, or Guts; which are Organical parts and are hollow appointed to carry the Chyle, and to receive the excrements: they are pla∣ced in the Abdomen and fills its Cavitie without confu∣sion, being disposed in various turnings and divided into the thin and thick Guts. Called Intrales.

The thin Guts, is taken for the inferiour Orifice of the Stomach; and consists of thin and narrow Membrance, which is again divided into three parts or Guts: as,

  • The Duodenum is the first Gut, which lies towards the Back-bone under the Sweet-breads.
  • The Iejunum, is the second thin Gut; which begin when the first turns towards the left side, it lies alway in the Umbilical Region, and is in length about a cubit and an half.
  • The Ilium, is the third thin Gut; but in length passes all the rest of the Guts. It occupieth the Ilium and Hypogastrium, and compasseth about the Ieju∣num. In this Gut is the disease which is called the twisting of the Guts: and the Iliack passion.
  • The thick Guts, are the inferior Guts, but the supe∣rior and shorter in scituation, and more capacious or wider, and hath thicker Membranes: which is also di∣vided into three parts or Guts: as,
    • The Caecum, is the first of the thick Guts, and be∣gins at the ending of the Gut, Ilium.
    • The Gut colon, is the second of the thick Guts, and succeeds the Caecum, and begins at the right Kidney and being turned upwards, it lyes under the Liver and Stomach; no Gut is more large and capatious then this.
    • The Rectum, or the right Gut; is the third of the thick Guts, and goes from the Os Sacrum to the Fun∣dament, it is stronger then the rest, for besides the inter∣nal flesy Membrane, it hath also an external fleshy mus∣culous covering like a sheath.
    • The Mesenterium, is a double Membrane, between which is fat and a many Glandules or Kernels and a four fold kind of Vessels. It is seated in the midst of the Belly and is the bond of the Guts: keeping them in their places that they pass not into confusion.
    • The Pancreas, or Sweet-bread; vulgarly Sweet-breeds. It is a Body neither fleshy or Glandulous, but in a middle between both, yet very spungy to receive the ex∣crements of the Spleen and Liver: it lyes under the Sto∣mach, and stretcheth from the Spleen to the Liver.

Stomach.

The Stomachus, or the Stomach; is made of a pro∣per Membrane, the internal side is rugged, and hairy like a peece of Silk; the external is fleshy. also.

The Somachus, is the ingress, or the upper Ori∣fice of the Stomach; being the seat of hunger and thirst.

The Pylorus, is the second Orifice of the Sto∣mach, and is seated the lower of the two, it is for the e∣gress and going out of the Chyle, when the meat is con∣cockted in the Stomach.

The Ualvus Pylori, or the Ualve of the Orifice Pylorus; is the shutter of the hole or orifice, to hinder the Chyle that it shall not return to the Stomach.

The Basis Stomachi, is the bottom of the Stomach: which is more fleshy then any other part, because there the Meat is boiled for disgestion.

Liver.

The Iacur or the Liver; it is the instrument of making blood, and is of a substance, like congealed blood, and therefore red: It is seated in the right Hypochon∣drium, under the short Ribs.

The — or the cleft of the Liver, where the umbilical Vein creeps into the Liver.

The Gibbous part of the Liver, is the superiour or upper Region thereof: or the bunching part of the Liver.

Page  385The — or the hollow part of the Liver, is the lower or inferiour Region of it: out of the higher part springs Uena Cava; and the lower Region, Uena oa soweth it Suckers.

Gall.

The Folliculus, or Fellis, or Cystis Billiaria; the Gall bladder it is a bladder which is ordained to con∣tain the excrementious collar which flows from the Liver, it is of a Membranous substance, of two Coats; it is fixed to the Liver under the great lob, or lap thereof.

The Canalis Cysticus; is the Pipe, or Neck of the Gall bladder.

The Canalis Hepaticus; is the Pipe, or Neck of the Liver, to which the Gall pipe obliquely meets.

The Intestinum Iejunum; that is the hungry Gut, or Gut Iejunum by which the coler passeth away out of the Gall bladder. Called also Meatum Hypati∣cum, or Liver Channel.

The Meatum Cysticum, or bladder passage, or channel: by which the thinner coler is carried into the Liver, which is a porous Membrane, full of holes.

Spleen.

The Spleen, or Lien, or the Spleen, or Milt: It is a spongy soft substance sprinkled all over with very many vessels like fibres, or threds: covered with a Mem∣brane proper to it self. It is seated right against the Liver, as its Lieutenant, or a kind of bastard Liver, that when the Liver is diseaed, it may assist the same in Sanguifica∣tion, or Blood making.

The Color Lienis, or the colour of the Milt, or Spleen; is a black and blew, with an obscure red∣dish.

The Caput Splenis, or the head of the Spleen, is the upper part of it.

The Cauda Splenis, or the tail of the Spleen; is that part as hangs down the nether end: for it is of an ob∣long shape, like the sole of a Mans foot; being hollow to∣wards the Stomach, and bunched on the Back part to∣wards the Ribs.

The Uas breve, or the short way Veins, are those two or three Veins, by which the Spleen is knit to the Stomach.

The Spenical Ueins, and Arteries; are those which run from the Spleen to the Guts and Kidneys, through which it purges it self.

Kidneys.

The Ren, or Renes, or Kidneys; they are a fleshy substance, of a dark red colour, solid and proper to them∣selves: covered with a very thin Membrane, or skinny coat, and in shape like a Kidney Bean.

The Membrana Adiposa, is the fat loose Coat, or Membrane which wraps and infolds the Kidneys.

The Glandula Renalis, is a fleshy substance in shape like the Kidneys, which hangs upon the Kidneys in Chil∣dren, but by degrees is seperated from them by a partion of the fat which covers the Kidneys.

The Pelvis, or bason, is a vacuity or hollow place in the Kidney, being cut on the hollow side, which contains in it a wheyish humor.

The Carunculae Papillares, are the nine little fleshy teats, through which the wheyish humor drops in∣to the cavity of the Kidney.

The Cribrum renum, or Kidney Sieve; are the nine Pipes through which the said wheyish excrements drops.

The Uessels of the Kidneys, are the Emulgent Ueins, and Arteries, proceeding from the Trunk of the Uena Cava, and Aorta.

Bladder.

The Ureters, or Channels of the bladder; are the conduit Pipes, which convey the Urine to the Bladder.

The Piss Bladder, is the receptacle of the Urine, and is a Membranous substance consisting of two Coats; it lyeth hid (hanging like a bottle with its bottom up∣wards) in the Peritoneum, which is a duplication of its Coats.

The Musculum Detrusorem Uesicae, is the ex∣ternal or thick outward Membrane of the Bladder, which by some Authors is held to be Musculous. Some call it the Epulsorem, or expulsive Musce of the Bladder.

The Musculus Sphincter, is that as shuts the Ori∣fice of the Bladder.

The Muscle Externus Spleniatus, is a Muscle as broad as two Fingers, placed about the Neck of the Bladder, which the Kernells or Glandules rest upon, by which the Bladder is shut and opened.

The Prostatae, are the Glandules aforesaid.

Yard

The Pannaculus Carnosus, is the fleshy part of the Yard under the skin, which closely girds in the Li∣gaments, Nerves, Ueins, and Arteries.

The Pudenda, are portions of the Veins and Arte∣ries which are spread out into the external parts of the Yard.

The Erectors, are two Muscles, which arise from the tuberous part of the Huckle-bone, and are side long fast∣ned to the Ligaments of the Yard, by which it is erected and made to stand.

The Ejaculators, are two Muscles springing out of the transverse Ligaments placed between the Huckle∣bones: and serve to press the drops of water, or eed which happen to rest between the Orifice, and the Bladder.

The Urethra, is the Piss pipe, or Channel by which Urine issues forth.

Page  386The Perinaum, the Seam parting the skin of the Testicles.

The Preputium, the prepuce, the fore skin that co∣vers the Head or Nut of a Mans Yard; which the He∣bru••ed to cut off in Circumcision.

Cods.

The Edartos, is the fleshy Membrane, under the Cuticular or outmost skin which covers the Stones: and is a continuation of the Membrana Carnosa of the Belly.

The Cavities of the Cods, is the division of the said Membrane into two Cells, or Cavities, which receive the two Stones.

The Uessells of the Cods, are Veins and Arteries, which rise from the Privy parts, and Nerves from the Os Sacrum.

Stones.

The Erythrois, or Erythroides; is the first of the three proper Memranes of which the Stones are com∣pounded and made: and hath its original from an ex∣pansion, or widening of the Muscle Cremaster, which holds and draws up the Stone.

The Production of the Peritoneum, which is the second Membrane that inolds the Testicle. Called Elythrois.

The Nervea, or Nervous Membrane; is the third which immediately covers the substance of the Testicle.

The Testes, Testicles, or Stones; which is a Glandulous or Kernellish body, white and pretty firm.

The Epididymis, is a small body like a Silk-worm, which is placed upon the Testicle (the Membranes being taken away) overthwart it.

The Uas Spermaticum deferens; is the sperma∣tick, or seed vessel which enters into the substance of the Testicle at one end of it.

The Uas Ejaculatorum, or Ejaculatory Uessel; which is at the other end of the Testicle, which is in the beginning full of turnings and windings, as is the body of the Epididymis.

The Seminal Uesisa, or seed Bladder, is that which contains the seed, made pure and fit for conception. The Spermatick Bladder.

The Prostatae, or Auxiliary Testicles; are Glan∣dules which contain in them a Seminal, or seed like matter.

The Spermatick Ueins, and Arteries.

The Parastatae, are two Kernels full of seed which in a Man doth grow at the end or neck of the Bladder and serves to receive the seed brought thither by Uasa De∣ferentia.

Matrix.

The Uasa Spermatica deferentia; the Sperma∣tick or seed vessells, which proceed from the Stones to the bottom of the Womb.

The Testicles of a Woman have but one Coat, their substance is soft made up of little Bladders, which contains a wheyish matter.

The — Horns, or Trumpit of the Womb; it is a fistulous and hollowish substance in the Womb, which is jagged and torn in the lower part: it contains in it a certain hard, and round texture, with white seed within it.

The Uter, or Alvua; the Womb is the place of conception, it is seated in the lower part of the Belly; the body or substance of it is fleshy and spongy, and as thick as a Mans finger.

The Cavities of the Womb, are the Cells or par∣titions in the middle of it, which is the cause that some Women bring forth two or three or more Children at a birth.

The Placenta, or the Womb Liver; it is a mass or lump of flesh which is fixed to the side of the Womb, which doth often interpose it self between the Navel strings of the Child, and the vessells of the Mothers Womb.

The Amnion, is one of the Membranes that compas∣ses the Child in the Womb.

The Chorion, is an other Membrane that compasses the Child.

Arse.

The Intestinum Rectum, or streight Gut; the outmost end comes to, and makes up the Anus, or Arse∣hole: which is shut and pursed together by a round Muscle, termed Sphincter.

The Colos, the Tuell or Fundament; is that by which the Excrements are expelled, and thrust out of the Podex, which are more hard and solid then ordinary.

The Levatores, are four Muscles by which the Tuel is releived and raised up, when it pouches forwards, or is ready to fall out, in the expelling of excre∣ments.

Arms

The Membrana Adiposa, is the fatty Membrane in the Arm as far as the Rist; and in the Leg, from the Groin to the Anckle.

The Glandules of the Arm pits, are the Kernells under the Arm holes. They are termed the Auxilla∣ry Kernells, and the close Stools of the Chest or Heart.

The Medulla, Marrow of the bones; is the Pith, Marrow, or congealed Oyly liquor, which is contained in the hollowness and porosity of the bones, which is three fould, as being red in the large bones, white in the smaller; and in the spungy bones, there is a Marrowy liquor.

The Thuroides, are the Oval holes in the Huckle∣bone.

Page  387
Thighs

The Groyns, is the inward bendings of the Thigh, in which are the Crurall Ueins, and Arteries, and Nerves; which descend into the Thighs.

The Grons Glandules, are the Kernells both above and under the bend of the Thighs.

The Fascialata; the broad Muscle of the Thigh which compasseth it about like a swadling band: the broad swath Membrane.

The Uestigium, is the lump of flesh, which fills up the Cavity, or empty place or space of the first joynts of the toes. It is also termed Massa Carnea.

2. AS all the Senses do derive their original from the Head, the seat of all. So I shall in the next place give the Reader some Terms of Art used by the natu∣rallists in the handling of the said Senses; which say the most, are in number five: the first and cheifest place (as being the most excellent Sence) is assigned to that of touching, or feeling. Aristotle calleth it, the Sense; as if he should have said, the Sense of Senses: being the most excellent, and eminent Sense of all.

Terms of Art that the Learned use about the Sense of Touching, and Feeling.

Touching

A Tactation, or a touching; is that whereby we dis∣cern the difference of objects, and the nature of things: as by

  • A Tactation, or Digitation; which is a bare or simple touching of a thing, whereby we perceive the object touched to be either hot, cold, or luke-warm.
  • A Palption, or Palmation, or Tractation; is the handling, or gentle stroaking of a thing, by which the object is discovered to be either rough or smooth, hairy or naked.
  • A Manupulation, is a griping touch by which we know a thing, to be either wet or dry; sollid or porous or spungy.
  • A Depression, or Compression; by pressing, thusting together, we know the thing to be hard or soft.
  • An Ellevation, or Tollation; is the lifting up of a thing, which shews it to be light or heavy.

Feeling

A Sensibility or Sense of Felling; is that feeling which is in our selves, and this is communicated to us in divers manners: as,

  • A Titillation, or a Tickling; which is when we are touched with a soft fine and gentle touch.
  • A Pruriginous, or tickling Itch, is when we feel a pricking tickle, being a smart between both.
  • A Punction, or Punctious feeling; when we are pierced (as it were) with sharp pricks, or sharp pain.
  • A Uerminous feeling; is when one is gnawed and pulled in the Belly with Worms.
  • A Uerberation, or Uerberous feeling; a smart∣ing pain, as when we are beaten with rods, whips, or scourges.
  • A Flamation, or Flamatious feeling; as the pain of burning and scalding: or through hot raging di∣stempers.
  • A Dolorons feeling; is any kind of paine or grief of the Body.
  • A Torturous, or Tormenting feeling; is when pains bring horror, and amazement: and that there is a continued grief without ease. This is that which the School Men term Poena Sensus, an Intollera∣ble painful feeling which with patience cannot be un∣dergon.

The Sense of Tasting.

A Gustation is the Sence of tasting, which proceeds from the Instrument of the Tongue, and Pallate; now there are several sorts of tasts: as,

  • The Sapious, or Sapitious, or Savoury taste; is when the Sense is pleased and delighted therewith: as in eating ripe fruit.
  • The Dulceous, Luscious, or sweet tast; as in Hony.
  • The Amarous, or bitter tast; as in Galls and Worm∣wood, &c.
  • The Acerous, or Asterous tast; is a sharp sowre art tast as in Vinegar, and Verges.
  • The Flamous, Keen, smart fiery, and biting tast; as in Pepper and Ginger.
  • The Harsh, or Crabbed tast; in Crabs, and Wild fruit.

The Sense of Smelling.

An Odorous, or Order, and Odoration: the Sense of smelling which is distinguished by,

The Odorifarous, Fragrant, sweet, pleasant scent, a smell that pleaseth and refresheth the Sense.

The Aramatick, or sweet smell; is a pleasant smell.

The Foeteous, or Puteous smell; when it hath a stench and tainteth the Air.

Page  388The Aciduous, or Acid smell; a sower smell, which is troublesome and disturbeth the Sense.

The Luscious, or Fainty smell; is that which is sweet, yet it hath a faintiness in it, that hurts the Sense.

The Ranciduous, or Mouldy scent; which is a smell from things corrupted.

The Sense of Hearing.

An Audiens, or hearing of sounds; hath the Instru∣ment of the Eears, and Head to receive the same: which are several, as

  • A Sound, is any noise.
  • An Eccho, is a sound beaten Back, or the rocoyling of a sound.
  • A Song, or a Tuned Noise; a Musical, or plea∣sant sound.
  • A Crash, a noise proceeding from a breach of a house or wall.
  • A Crack, or Thunder clap; is a sound from the squeezing or pressing of airy things together.
  • A Uoice, is the noise or sound of speaking.
  • A Tinckling sound, is the sound of Mettles.
  • A Rumbling noise, is the sound that proceeds from a violent motion, or blast; as of Wind or Thunder.

The Sense of Seeing.

The Uisus, or sight; proceeds from the Instrument of the Eye, which seeth according to the several distances, as the object is placed: for,

  • The Lippeous, or Sand blind, or Pore blind; sees not the oject except it be near the Eyes.
  • The Blinkard, or he that looks Asquint; sees when the thing is at a small distance.
  • The Lusciosus, or Luscitious; a dimm sight, such as fees the object faintly, and in a mist: that sees a little by Day light, worse at Twi-light, and nothing at all in the Night.
  • The Rolling Eyed, or the Gogle Eyes; Eyes that are always in motion: which see neither near, or far off.
  • The Nocturnal sight, that sees the object in the Night.

The Sense of Generation, or Procre∣ation.

I am not the first which have termed it a Sense, but it is set down to my Hands by that title, who from its de∣light in the act, give it that name. Its pleasure exceeds the delights of all the other Senses, and is contrary to them: hear what my Author saith concerning it, Croo lib. 8. fol. 648. Nature hath endued the parts of Gene∣ration with a most exquisite Sense of tickling pleasure, for the conservation of the species, or kinds of Creatures; so that the Creatures being ravished with an incredible kind of pleasures, do more readily apply themselves to vene∣rial embracements: which otherwise is a thing filthy and abominable, and would not be done; were not the Sense of pleasure, in the case which is variable, according to its several Acts: as,

  • The Dclectation of the Senses, the fountain of plea∣sure: it is the Sense of delight, that Creatures have in the conception of their species or kinds, whose instruments are the weapons of Procreation.
  • The Aspection, or beholding and assosiation, or ac∣companying of the Creatures, each with its desired Mate.
  • The Osculation, or kissing; and the Amplectation, or embraceings of the Creatures.
  • The Surgation, or rising of the instrument of Pro∣creation.
  • The Extention, or Prostitution; the laying out of the Body, the humble of the Creature.
  • The Iungation, or Copulation; the joyning and coupling of the parts.
  • The Stupification, the dulling and besotting of all the other Senses in this act.
  • The Ejection, or Ejaculation; is the parting with of the Spermatick humour, or Semenical liquor which consummateth the action.
  • The Titillation, or tickling pleasure, in Procre∣ation.

The Sense of Ease and Rest.

If this of Procreation, from its Pleasure, Delight, and Sweetness in the Act be counted a Sense; then I may add one more, to make the number seven; it shall not (as many of our skilful Anatomists, name several Arteries and Sinews, Innominata) be a thing that goes without a name, but it shall be termed

The Quiesceous sense, or requies sensum, the resting sense; it is the pleasure of rest, and sweetness of ease after labour and trouble: Now this sense of se hath many branches in it, which makes it sweet, pleasant, and delightful; as

  • Ambulation, or Walking, it is contrary to the violent and laborious act of running, in which there is no little pleasure and delight; for when Men have oiled themselves in the ways of Sin, if after with David, they walk in the ways of Gods Commands, they will find much delight and sweetness therein, and rest to their Souls, Psal. 1.1.
  • Station, or Standing, hath an ease and rest in it; that is, to stand to the Faith, and confess the Cross, when others are weary and burthened with walking in Iniquity.
  • Sedetion, or sitting, is a sign of Rest and Pleasure for every Man that walks with God, hath that Blessing, to sit under his own Vine and Fig tree, and to eat and drink, and none to rise up against him, or make him afraid.
  • Cubation, or lying down, it is to take our rest, and ease our toiled and weary Limbs; the Bed to ly on, Page  389 is termed by Solomon and the Prophet Isaiah, the place of rest, and pleasure, and delight, to them as ly there∣on.
  • Dormation or sleeping, it is a comfortable ease, rest and repose after toil; the Sleep of a Labouring Man is (saith Solomon) sweet to him; and Blessed are those that are asleep in the Lord, for they rest from their La∣bours.

Now as Physitians say, he that is born Deaf shall ne∣ver speak; so those that do not enjoy this sense of ease and rest, have none of their other senses; so consequent∣ly without sense, senseless Creatures, stupified, infatuated, reprobated.

The various Voices of a Man.

A Suspiration, or sighing, that is, when he is sad.

A Groaning, when he is Sick.

Moans and Wailes, when outragiously grieved.

Roars, when he is tortured

Mutters, Mumbles, Whispers, when he speak Softly.

Clamours, Balls, Cryes out, when he speak∣eth loud.

Canteth, Tuneth, Singeth, when he is merry and glad.

Speaketh, Confabulates, when he discourseth, or ells his mind.

Lisps, that speaks between his teeth, and makes half words.

Stammer, Stut, when the Voice, or Words come not freely, that hth an impedment in his Speech.

Dum, is not to speak at all but to make a mut∣tering and a ••athering noise.

Hoasness, that hath lost the sound of his Voice through 〈◊〉 that speaks low, not easily to be heard.

〈…〉 acute 〈◊〉, that eard a great way off.

I. He beareth Azure, a ••••que, or Perawicke, O Born by the name of C••me. This is a counterfeit Hair which Men wear instead of their own, a thing much used in our days by the generality of Men, contrary to our forefathers, 〈◊〉 got Estaes loved their Wives, and wore their own Hair; but in these days there is no such things.

A Cheveron between 3 such S. born by Chartley.

A Cheveron G. between 3 such S. is born by VVilli∣ams, a VVelsh Family.

II. He beareth Argent, a Peruque, Sable, with the Crown or top cut off, Gules. Some term it the Bor∣der of a Peruque, or a Border of Pair, see chap. 18. numb. 118. Women usually wear such Borders, which they call Curls or Locks when they hang over their ears.

Taures, when set in Curls on the forehead.

Merkins, when set about the lower parts.

2 hands holding the like, Sleeves O. turnings up A. is the Crest of Hudleston, of Millam Castle, in Cumberland.

Colours of Hair.

White, or Light coloured Hair, as in most young Children.

White, Hoary, when it is Snow white through Age.

Grey, is to have a mixture of white and black hairs.

Carrot colour, is between a red and yellow.

Fox color, red hair, sandy colour.

Flaxen hair, whitish, with a tincture of red or yel∣low.

Brown, or hair colour.

Bright Brown, or light brown.

Black brown, or dark brown, a Mouse colour.

Black.

Coal Black, or Raven black.

Yellow colour, and a high or deep yellow, and a low or more faint, or whelmish yellow.

III. He beareth Gules, a Mans Face, proper, cri∣ned and Bearded, Or. Some term it a Mans Face, proper, and say no more.

☞ Now here note, that if the Face be full, and that both eyes are seen, then it is termed a Man, or Woman, or Childs face, and when it stands side∣ways so that half the face and but one eye is seen, then it i termed a Head of a Man, or the like, and not a Face, as numb. 6.7. &c. Some term these full faces, (having neither shoulder nor neck to be seen) a Mans fae Decollated, or Trunked, or cut off: Others 〈◊〉 Face couped, (not mentioning any place, as 〈◊〉 in the Neck or Shoulders) signifying thereby, that it was couped so close to the head, that no part was to be seen, as the small heads and faces set in the corners of this quarter, and the 7. doth also shew.

G. 3 such proper, is born by Gillimere. And them A. by Lingard.

In the Sinister Chief is set another sort of a full Face with a sharp pointed Beard, and is termed in Blazon, a Mans face with a Pick-a-devant, (or sharp pointed) Beard. And such a face A. in a field S. is born by Parth of Austria.

B. 3 such proper, is born by Kettle. These may be called middle Aged Mens Faces except they be grey; then Old Mens faces.

In the dexter Base is the figure of another kind of face, and is termed a Mans face, with a Basket hilt, (or rough) Beard. And such a face proper, crined and barbed S. in a field A. is born by Iacks. And B. 3 such proper, is born by Tue.

G. a Fesse O. between three such A. is born by High∣field.

Page  390

[illustration]

Page  391IV. He beareth Or, an Old Mans Face, with a broad Beard, proper; crined, Sable. There are seve∣ral sorts and fashions of Beards, as

  • The Broad, or Cathedral Beard, because Bishops and grave Men of the Church, antiently did wear such Beards, n. 4.
  • The Pick-a-devant Beard, when it ends in a point under the chin, and on the higher lip, chin and cheeks, as numb. 11.12.
  • The Forked Beard, is a broad Beard ending in two points, as numb. 10.
  • The British Beard, hath long Mo〈…〉 higher lip hanging down either side the chin, 〈…〉 of the face being bare.
  • The Mouse eaten Beard, when the Beard groweth scatteringly, not together, but here a tuft and there a tuft.

S an Old Mans face A is born by Bartt zu Kopenhau∣sen.

G the like proper, crowned O. is the Arms of the City of Kunigsperg, in Pressen.

V. He beareth Sable, a Childs face couped at the Shoulders, Argent, crined or haired, or his Petruque, Or, enwrapped about the Neck with a Snake or Ad∣der, Vert, Stinged, Gules. Three such is born by the name of Moreddic VVarwyn, being a person of great Account in Northwales.

S. a Cheveron A. between three such, born by Vaughan.

G. a Childs face so couped A. is born by Van Loss∣titz.

O. 3 such S. and one for the Crest is born by Van Seydewitz.

B. 3 such S. their Temples wreathed, with the end pendant, A. is born by Van Metenwill.

VI. He beareth Azure, a Youths head couped at the Shoulders, proper, crined Argent, by the name of VV••ris. Why this is termed a head, and not a Face, see numb. 3.

B. 3 such A. crined proper, born by Littlefield.

VII. He beareth Vert, a Mans head, (or a Pen∣saizes, or English Mans head,) couped at the shoul∣ders, proper, crined and bearded, Sable. In these fore∣said figures you see the difference in the faces of

A Child, which is smooth and little hair, numb. 5.

A Youth, hair on the head, but none on the face, numb. 6.26.

A Young Man, hair on the head, and little on the higher lip, a Muschatoe.

A Man, having a Beard, numb. 7.

A middle Aged Man, wish a rough or round Beard, numb. 10.3.

An Old Man, with a long broad Beard, and hoary or grey.

A very Old Man, or Detripped Age, or Bald, without any hair, and a wrinkled face, as numb. 50.

G. a Cheveron Er. between three such heads A. is 〈◊〉 by Ednevett Vichan, a Noble Man in VVales.

The several Terms given to the out∣ward part of the Head and Face.

Head.

Caput, the head, whch is the back and hairy scalp all behind the face, which hath several parts, as

  • The Sinciput, or forepart of the head, the top of the head.
  • The Uertex or Uertical part, the crown of the head, where the hair turns.
  • The Occiput, or hinder part of the head.
  • The Tempora, temples, or times of the head, are the lateral parts of sides of the head, so called because they first discover the Age of Man by their hollowness, hoariness and baldness.
  • The Hair termed Crinis, the piles or threads of hair on the head only.

In the dexter chief is set the form of an Did Mans Head, with a forked Beard, and is so termed in Bla∣zonry; and such a head couped proper, in a Field B is born by Prentice or Pentice.

B. 3 such A. is born by VViddows.

Such an Head couped at the Shoulders proper, wreath∣ed about the temples A. and S. is the Crest of Staple∣ton.

Face.

The Facies, Face, or smooth part of the head, without hair.

The Epidermis, or Scarf skin, is the outward skin of the Face, or any other part of the body.

The Frons, Frontall, or forehead, the brow.

The Palpebra, or eye brows, or hairy places over the eye-lids.

The Glabella, the space between the Eye brows.

The Eye-lids, or covers of the eyes, which are Mem∣brane skins.

The Tarsus are the extremities of the eye-lids, which is a Cartilaginous or gristle edging, in which the hair is set one by one.

The Cilia, the hairs of the eye-lids, the Brees, Pal∣pabrae

The Loca luminis, the eye hole or socket, or sight of the eye.

The Sinus, or circles of the eyes, are the joining together of the upper and neather eye-lids, called the angles or corners of the eyes.

The Mala, or Cheek Ball. And Bucca the puff of the cheek.

The Mentum, or Chin.

The Barba, the Beard; all the hair on the higher and lower lips, chin and cheeks.

Page  392The Collum or Neck, which is the Stay or Pillar of the Head.

The Truncus, the trunk or Pillar of the Neck.

The Ingulus, the hollow or hole of the Neck; the Nape of the neck.

Eyes.

The Canthus minor, or externus, is the outer angle or corner of the eyes next the temples.

The Canthus major, are corners of the eyes next the Nose, or canthus internus, the inward corners of the eyes, termed also the Fountain Angle, because Tears proceed from thence. And the Great corners of the eye.

The Puncta Lachrimalia, the holes in the corner, of the eyes, out of which the Tears proceed.

The Eon, the whole compass of the Eye; the Ball of the Eye.

The Rhea, is the little piece of red flesh in the great corner of the eye.

The Albugo, or white of the Eye; see Muscles of the Eye.

The Iris, and Irides, is the circle or circles that compass the Pupil, or black, or sight of the eye, cal∣led the Rainbow, or great Circle of the Eye.

The Pupila, or Pupile, the black or sight of the eye.

The Nictation of the Eye, is the winking and twink∣ling of the Eye-lids.

The Orbita, or socket of the eye, is the hole of the skull for the eye.

Nose.

The Nasus, Naris, or outward part of the Nose, as much as is visible, and to be seen, of which there are several sorts, as

  • The Simus, or Silus Nose, that have a Camoise Nose, whose Nose end turns upwards.
  • The Subsimus Nose, that turns somewhat up∣wards.
  • The Gryphus, or Gryphale Nose, that hath a Hawk Nose, or the end turning downward.
  • The Roman or bunched Nose, is that which hath a rise, ridg, or swelling up in the middle of the Nose.
  • The — wry or scue Nose, having a Nose standing awry either to the right or left Cheek.
  • The Nasutus, or great Nose.
  • The Nasus externus, the ridg of the Nose.
  • The Nares or Nostrils, the holes of the Nose, by which both the excrements and superfluities of the head do fall away; and is the Instrument of Smelling.
  • The Basis of the Nose, is that part which begins between the Angles or corners of the Eyes, and ends at the beginning of the lips.
  • The Dorsum, or the Bark, the spine, or ridg of the Nose, which is the upper part of the Nose towards the eyes, which is immovable.
  • The globe, or tip, or foot of the Nose, is the end of it.
  • The — or skin of the Nose.
  • The Columna, or Pillar of the Nose, which is the partition, or the rising, or prominent fleshy parti∣cle, near the top of the lip.
  • The Uibrissi, or Capitis vibratio, are the hairs that grow in the foresaid fuligous, or thick cartilage, or gristly Pillar.
  • The Muscles of the Nose, are the two outsides of the Nostrils, which are for dilatation and constriction, to open and shut, that smells may be received, or kept out.

Mouth:

The Os, or mouth, is the slit in the skin in the low∣er part of the face, made of two lips.

The Labrum, or lip, is the extremity of the slit of the Mouth, that above termed the upper, the other the under lip.

The Mustax, or hair of the upper lip; the Musta∣choes, or Mustchadoes. Mystax.

The Chin, termed Mentum, which is the utmost bound of the Face.

The Barbula, or Pick-a-divant, or the little tuft of hair just under the middle of the lower Lip.

The Barba, or the Barbe, or Beard, is all the hair of the higher and lower lips, with Cheeks and Chin.

The Bucca, or Cheeks, the fleshy part of the face, each side the Nose and Mouth.

The Dentes Lactei, the Milk Teeth, such as when Children have cast them, others grow again in their place.

The Cutters, are the sharp teeth in the forepart of the mouth, which are 8 in the whole.

The Dog teeth are next them, on each side two, called also the Shearers.

The Grinders, are the five furthermost teeth in the mouth, which have two roots or tangs.

The Cheek Teeth, are the inner teeth on both sides the upper Jaw.

The Eye Tooth, is the furthest tooth on the higher side, on each side one, which generally hath three roots

The Alveoli, or the holes of the Jaws in which the teeth are set.

The Basis of the tooth, is the external part of the Tooth, which is seen out of the Gums.

The root or internal part of the tooth, which is co∣vered in the Gums.

The Gomphosis, the skin or ligaments, by which the teeth are Articulated, or made fast to the Gums.

The Fauces, or Gingiva, the Gum or Jaw bone, in which the teeth are set.

Ear.

The Lap of the Ear, is the lower part of it; cal∣led the tip of the Ear; the handle of the Ear, in Latin Page  393〈◊〉 or An•• Auriculae; the lo of the Ear.

The Helix or circumference of the Ear, which turneth inward.

The Wing of the Ear, is the circumference of the 〈◊〉.

The Tragus, or little gristle on the out side of the hole, which in ancient Men is haired. Called Hyrcus, or Goats beard.

The Spinna, the Fin, or Gristle, or Wing of the Ear: is the whole out side of the Ear, the compass of the Ear, as being the guid to convey the sound to the Ear.

The Capreotis, is the turn of the Wing of the Ear.

The Scapha, is the inner compass of the Ear.

The Concha, is the great Cavity of the Ear, which is so compassed.

The Alvearium, is the Cavity which is next the hole of the Ear.

The Anthelix, is the interiour protuberation, or swell∣ing of the Ear near the hole.

The Anti-tragus, is the place equal in a line with the Tragus, being a lttle gristly rising over against it.

The External hole of the Ear.

The Membrane of the Tympane.

The Cuticle, or Skarse skin; is the skin which co∣vers the whole Ear, which is somwhat thicker in the Gbbeous or Back-side then in the Concavous or fore∣side of the Ear.

The Oval hole, or the Window of the Labyrinth.

The Auris Externa, the outward Ear as much as is seen.

So much for the several terms, of the visible parts of the Head and Face. We proceed now to other bear∣ing in Herauldry of this Nature, viz. Heads of Men, and Women.

VIII. He beareth Sable, the Head of St. Iohn Baptist Deccollated, proper; laid in a Dish or Platter, Argent: Others term it more briefly, the Head of St. Iohn Baptist in a Platter, proper. This in the hands of an Archangel issuing out of a Cloud is the Crest of the society or company of Tallow-Chandlers.

The like erected porper, in a Dish A. set in the Ho∣nor point between four quartered Coats, is born as part of the Town Arms of Breslaw in Germany.

S. 3 such in Platters, is born for the Coat and Crest of Platter.

IX. He beareth Argent, a Negroes head couped at the shoulders, having a Jewel or Pendant hanging in his Ear, Or. Some term it a Moores head, a Black-oores head, or an Indians head couped, proper. Which term proper may well be omitted, knowing that those kind of People are all black, as we are white. Three Negroes heads is born by the name of Troutbecke.

A. a Cheveron between three Moores heads couped, is born by Iues. Some term these Black Boyes heads.

O. on a fesse between three Black-Mores heads era∣zed: as many Cressants A. by the name of Black-Moore.

A. such an Head S. is born by Schedell.

O such an Head couped in the Neck S. with a fillet about his temples, and tied in a Bow-knot behind A. is the Coat and Crest of Spysser, and Moancop. And three such is bornn by Micho of Croscom.

O. the like sans Arms, couped in the middle; with the ends of the Fillet flying each side the Head. Is the Coat and Crest of Wildrich.

The Black-Moors head is the Crest of the Lord Coway.

X. He beareth Gules, a Sarazens head, couped at the shouldrrs, crined proper: environed about the em∣ples with a Wreath or Torce, Argent, and Sble.

☞ If the head be thus half faced, then there ap∣pears the Knot, or tying up of the Wreath behind: but if it be a full Face, then it is not seen; more over it is rare∣ly set on the side of the head, being contrary to the use, and manner of wearing with the Sarazeus.

G. such a head, born by the name, of Sowdon.

G. a Sarazens Head erazed A. wreathed about the temples A. and S. born by Sarazen.

B. the like proper, wreathed A. and G. is born by Saville.

XI. He beareth Azure, a Sarazens Face, erazed in the Neck proper: environed about the Tem∣ples with a Wreath or Torce, Or. and Gules. Some will say the head or temples adorned with a Wreath &c. which is no way blameable. This is born by VVrath.

G. such a Head, with a Torce A. and S. is born by the name of Marchudd, a great Person in Wales: and one of the fifteen Tribes, or Houses of chief account.

XII. He beareth Vert, a Sarazens face couped at the shoulders: environed about the temples with a Wreath, or Torce, Argent and Sable; his Frontal adorned with a Plume, of fall of three Feathers, of the second; shafts Or. This is the Crest of Sir Peter VVarberton of Arley in Cheshire Baronet.

XIII. He beareth Argent, a Ceasars head couped at the shoulders proper, cloathed Gules, lined and adorn∣ed, or imbrauthered, Or. This is also blazoned a Ro∣mans head, or a Roman Emperours head: for it was a custom amongst them, thus to adorn their heads with Laurel Garlands in their triumphs, and victory over their enemies, and called a Ceasars head because the said Roman Emperours, from Iulius Caesar their first Emperour, were termed Caesars.

The Romans are ever drawn with yellow Carrusters or Tunica imbrauthered with Silver; the Labels of their sleeves, and Short basis, of Watchet; the under sleeves, and long stockins, white; with a Laurel Wreath with a Silver Jewel before: and rays of Gold, issuing from the Wreath.

Such an Head I find to be the Crest of Ba••dinton.

XIV He beareth Argent, a Mans head couped at the shoulders, and crined, proper: his head adorned with a Corronet, Or.

☞ Some blazon this a Kings head, and say no more: and it is generally to be noted, that if the head (or Page  392〈1 page duplicate〉Page  393〈1 page duplicate〉Page  394 if it be the whole Man) be crowned with an Imperial crown, it is termed a King or Kings head,; although the Gar∣ments, Habit, or other coverings, (as Armour Sircoat, Gown, & the like) be contrary to the Robes of Maresty: yet in such cases they are termed Kings, though to avoid confusion, those habits are to be named, in the blazoning, as for example.

If the Head have an Imperial crown, it is termed a Kings head.

If the Head have a Duckal crown, the it is termed a Dukes head, and so according to the degrees of Crowns mentioned in lib. 3. chap. 1. numb. 1. to 11.

If it have a Treble crown, then it is blazoned a Popes head, and such an Head is the Coat of Bastan Van Bolsenheim in Holland.

If it have a four cornered Cap; a Iudges, or Do∣ctors head; and such an Head is the Crest of Van Hop∣gar.

If with a Cardinals hat, a Cardinals head; and with a Miter, a Bishops head: and so of the rest. The last of which viz. a Bishops head is born for the Crest of Van Munderspach, in the Palatinate of Rhine.

If with a Fools cap, a Fools head.

If with a Turbote, a Turks head; as the follow∣ing example will further manifest.

Quarterly A and G. 1 and 4 a Kings head issuant, the 2 and 3 a Dukes head issuant, respectant, proper. Is born by onigsfelt.

An old Mans Face blinded, couped at the shoulders proper, crowned O. is the Crest of Vfford Earl of Suffolk in time of E. the 3 Some blazon this a blind Kings head.

XV. He beareth Argent, Bacchus face, couped at the shoulders, crined: environed about the temple with a Garland of Uine leaves, and Bunches of Grapes proper; Clothed Gules. This is more briefly termed Bacchus head, and so in some blazoning I have seen it, & of other blazoned Bacchus the god of wine; who as the Poets say was the adulterous Son of Hammon, which is called Iupiter Ammon who for fear of his Wife Rhea, sent him to Nysa in Arabia where he set Vines, & made Wine: from whence he was called, the God of Wine. This Coat is born by the name of Dotrell.

A. 3 Bacchus Faces couped at the shoulder, cloathes G. is the Coat, (and one the Crest of Bromll

XVI. He beareth Or, a Wood-mans face, couped at the shoulders, adorned with an Oak Garland about his temples, all proper. A Wood-man is ever drawn with an Oak Garland, fructed on his head, and another about his middle, if he be either a Demy, or whole Man, 3 such as this, is born by the name of VVoodman.

A Demy one sans Arms cloathed S. is the Crest of Ougsperg.

XVII. He beareth Sable, a Wittals face, couped at the shoulders, proper: Horns Or. This may very well be a contented Cuckcold seeing his horns are made of Gold. Argent on a bend Sable, 3 Wittalls Faces Argent. Is born by the name of VVhittall, VVittall or VVitwell in Yorkshier.

There are three sorts of Cuckcolds: the Rame Cu••∣cold, the Goat Cuckcold, and the Ass Cuckcold. The first sees his horns and is contented with them. The second thinks he hath none, because he sees them not. And the last is jealous that his Ears are horns, when they are not.

A Mans Face proper, Horned A. couped below the shoulders cloathed per Pale A. and V. band A. is the Crest of Vtzinen.

A Childs Face having the Forehead, Ears and horns of a Bull proper; couped below the shoulders, cloathed G. is the Crest of Rosen

XVIII. He beareth Argent, a Satyrs head, couped at the shoulders, proper. This is also termed Midas head couped; who is fained by the Poets to be the Son of Gordius the Cow-heard, and King of Phrygia, who en∣tertained Bacchus in his house, obtained of him that fa∣vour, that whatsoever he touched should be turned into Gold; insomuch that by his touch the house, tables, beds, yea his meat and drink were converted into Gold: but being ready to starve desired Bacchus to take his gift a∣gain: who counselled him to wash his Body in the River Pactolus, which he did, and returned again to his former condition; and ever since that River hath had Golden sands. Afterwards being desired to be Umpeer between Apollo and Pan (or as other say Marsias) contending for superiority in Musick, Midas passed his verdict against Apollo, at which Apollo being incensed gave him Ass ears, like Pan or the Satyre; which he hid so cunningly that none knew of them but his Barbar, who would not conceal it, but proclaimed it in a Ditch, which he covered with earth, but the Canes or Reeds which grew out thereof, divulged Midas his Ass ears to all the Country.

These are also born full faced; I have seen also a Childs face after this form, which only one long ear on the right side. Born by the name of Grian-thall in Hol∣land.

O. a Childs face couped at the shoulders S. with an Ass ear on the right side A. is the Coat and Crest of Van Brechendorf of Bavaria.

A Satyrs head A. clothed, is the Crest of VValdeck.

Out of a Crownet, the like head A. cloathed S. is the Crest of Greifen of Greifenstein.

G. a Childs head to the sinister proper, with Ass ears A. cloathes ending in three parts S. is the Coat and Crest of Van Horden. Some term the clothes triparted ave∣lane-ways.

A Satyrs head (sans beard) Sable, on a Torce of his colours Or. and Sable, was the Crest of Captain de la Bouch, made a Knight of the Order of the Garter; 5. E. 3.

The like Satyrs head proper: the Garments Gules, is the Crest of Van Hesenburgh in Francovia.

Argent a Satyrs head (of some called, a young Satyre because it hath no beard) couped at the shoul∣ders proper: Garment Azure, collered Or. Is the Coat of Van Lanorinskie a Silician: and the the like out of a Crown between two Elephant Snouts A. is the Crest of the Earl of, Traumansdorf in Germany.

Page  395XIX▪ He beareth Azure, Moses Face couped at proper, the Garment purpure. In some ancient Bi∣bles, and many pictures of our modern times, Moses is described with horns (or Rays of Glory like the Sun beams) the ground of which absurdity was a mistake of the Hebrew text on Mses descending from the Mount, upon the nearness of the words Kren cora a horn; and ••ran Luco, to shine. The vulgar translation of Exodus 34.29.30.35. agrees with the former viz. Ignorabat •••cornuta esset facis ejus; He was ignorant (or wist not) that his Face was horned▪ but Iunius and Tremelius have it thus, ut ignoraret Mosche splendidum esse factam utem sacii sae. Now Moses knw not that the skin of his Face stone bright. And generally Moses was depicted by the ancients with bright hair, a very beautiful visage, with Radiant Scintillations, or sparklings up like fire in form of two Rays or horns: which in painting is called Glory.

Ater the like manner both our ancient Father, and our modern Artiss, do delineate the Heads of all Saints, and Holy Men: some with the Glory of the Sun, others with bright shining and Splendant circes: but of these I shall have more occasion to speak in the Chapter o Saints: lib 3. chap 4. to which I refer you.

He beareth B. the like Face proper. Born by the name of Fitz-Moses.

XX. He beareth Argent, a Iews head couped at the shoulders, the Cover of the Head Or, Garments Gules. Born by the name of Iewen. The Jews cover for the head, I have seen termed a Cop, and Scarffed; or a Cop Scaffed: and so both Vpton and Legh have it pag. 61.

A Jews head couped below the shoulders Cop and Scare O. Garment G. is the Crest of Zeugen of Bruns∣wicke.

B. a Jews head, Beard pointed, Cop Wreathen, Scarfe or Towell pendant A. cloaths couped at the shoulders O. is quartered by Hotz Schuher of Brunswicke.

G. 3 Jews Heads couped A. born by Thickes

G. an old Head in the Jews fashion couped at the shol∣ders O. is born by Otten.

XXI. He beareth Gules, a Turks head, couped at the shoulders proper, Cloathed Azure. The Turks head is always known by his Turbot, or Turkish Cap, which is nothing else but a length of fine white Linen, owled up in form of a round Cap like a ball, those of the better sort have them adorned with Feathers, and Jewells of Gold, and precious stones.

So you may term the heads of other Men according to their Contreys and Kingdoms, and according to the se∣veral forms and fashions of things wherewith they usually cover, or wear upon their heads: as you may see further in lib. 3. chap 5. in the habits of Men of most places. Such an head out of a Crown between two Wings per Fesse counter-coloured O. and B. is the Crest of Van Sun∣thausen.

B. 3 Turks faces, Wreathing of the Turbots O. and G. by Van Belo.

XXII. He beareth Argent, an Old Mans face, pro∣per; Caped Azure, turned up Or: couped at the shoulders with his Garment pally of six, Gules and Sable, on each two Plates. This is the Crest of Brigges Lord of Chandoys: Knight of the Garter in the Raign of Queen Mary. Mens heads are thus covered with variety of things: as Caps, Cowles, Tankes, Morious, In∣fulas, Hats and Hoods, &c.

A. an old Mans face couped below the shoulders, pro∣per: Cloathes and Cap per pale B. and G. turned up O. is the Goat and Crest of Cropf Van Flugelsperg.

S. a Mans head with Picked-devant beard proper Cloaths and Infula Cap O. turnings G. is the Coat and Crest of Dischinger.

O. the like head to the sinister, Cloathed and Caped S. turning up V. by the name of Van Murthzurg.

O. the like with the turning up of the Cap Imbatelled is the Coat and Crest of Lochinger.

XXIII. He beareth Sable, a Mans head without any hair proper, with two Bats (or Dragons) Wings each side his Head expensed, Or. Some term it a bald Head couped at the shoulders, with the Ears coverted into Bats Wings expansed: which is the most com∣pendious blazon.

G. 3 such A. Wings O. is born by Baddelegh.

B the like O. is born by Bawterley.

The like head proper, Wings G. is the Crest of Van Chorleton.

XXIV. He beareth Sable, a Sarazens head couped at the shoulders, proper: adorned about the temples with a Wreath Argent and Gules, the ends turned over his head cloathed of the third, Garnished (or faced or lin∣ed) Or. This is the Crest of VVhittington of VVhitting∣ton, in Cheshire.

XXV. He beareth Vert, a Womans face proper, with a Slop on her head, and Garment couped at the shoulders, Argent. This is of some termed a Nuns head, vailed and vested: but the attire being round at the bottom makes me judge it to be rather some kind of Slop or Maunch for the head, because they used anci∣ently such a kind of Pouch at the sleeve. Some term this a French Hood pendant, or hanging backwards, or fallen back: because the usual way of wearing them, is on the head; see numb. 34. Three such heads, as here is blazoned is the Coat of Checkley.

XXVI. He beareth Argent, a Boys face proper, crined Or: couped below the shoulders, Cloathed Gules; Garnished, Or.

☞ When the couping is below the shoulders, then some parts of the Arms, and Breast appears; but if the couping be at the shoulders then only the very top of the shoulders appears, and no more: therefore care must be taken in the term, at, or below the shoulders. This is born by the name of Boyman, alias Bowman.

B. 3 such is born by the name of VVrinchill.

XXVII. He beareth Argent, Ianus his head coup∣ed at the shoulders, proper: crowned Or. This Ianus is said to be the first King of Italy, who for his Wis∣dom and knowledge of things past, and to come: was Page  396 pictured with two Faces, one looking forward and the other backward. The first old, signifying ancient days past, the other young: shew the time to come. This Coat is born by a German Family called, Luzenweise.

XXVIII. He beareth Or, an Indian head couped below the shoulders, the Head and Body adorned with various coloured Feathers. Some term it an Indian head only, taking no notice of the Feathers, because it is the•• usual way, and custom to adorn, and cover themseves with diverse coloured Feathers. This is te Crest of Captain Smith an Indian Merchant.

XXIX. He beareth Azure, a Maidens face, coup∣ed at the shoulders, Argent: Her hair attired (or platted up) and locks Curled, Or.

☞ This is more often termed by our modern He∣raulds a Maidens head, then a Maidens face: and all the reason as I can give for their so doing, is because Maids heads are generally born full Faced, and not half Faced, or three quarter Faced, and whole Faced as men u∣sually are; as the example of Mens heads and faces doth demonstrate. If so, then let the Reader please to term them which he will either heads, or faces.

This is by some termed a Damsel, or Damosills head: that is a Wench or Girdle or Countrey Lasses head; because the hair is tyed up. The Maids hair being ever born lose, as in the next example. 3 Such is the Coat of Rigmaden.

XXX. He beareth Sable, a Maids head couped at the shoulders, proper; crined, Or. Born by the name of Rgmaidn.

G. 3 such heads A. is born by Faut-le-Rov.

Some term this, a Maidens head, hair dischenelled, others, the hair pendant, and others take no notice of the hair at all, because the Maids heads are always thus drawn with the hair loose and hanging down, if it be otherwise, then to express it.

S. a Chevern O. between 3 such A. crined, and on a chief O. 3 Roses by the name of Ellis.

XXXI. He beareth Sable, a Maids head, proper; Crind and Crowned Or: Cloathed Azure, issuing out of a Cloud.

Such a head, in a Field Gules, bordured vary, is the Coat of the company Mercers of the Famous and Loyal City of Chester.

The like head, with Beams of Gold issuing out of a Chaplet or Garland of Roses about her Forehead in a Field Gules, bordured Nebulae Argent, is the Arms of the Company of Mercers of the honourable City of London: which is by Mr. Morgan thus blazoned, lib 3. sol. 10. Gules, our Ladies head proper, with her hair discheveled and crowned with a Crown Or, with a Chaplet of red and white Roses about the Forehead; and in a Robe of crimson, Adorned with Gold, all within a border of Nebule, Argent. A great company ought to have a large train, and he hath fitted them with a long blazoning accordingly; else a more compendiou blazon makes it more honorable.

G. the like, Crowned, Robe, B. between 3 Mullets of six points A. born by the name of Gollenhofer.

XXXII. He beareth Sable, a Womans head coup∣ed, Attired with a three cornered Hood, Argent. This kind of hood, or head cover, was used by Women in the time of King Edward the third; as may be seen by many Monuments made in those days, see lib. 3. chap. 1. numb. 81.

3 Such heads in a Field S. is the Arms of Ladyvaile, now commonly termed, Ladvale.

3 Like Heads and Hoods, with a pointed Caul (or Net-work) Head-tire A. in a Field S. is the Coat of Langton. See chap. 19. numb 122.

XXXIII. He beareth Vert, a Womans head coup∣ed below the shoulders proper, the Hair discheveled (or crined pendant) Or: Hat Sable, and Cloathes Gules, collared of the second. This is the Crest (upon a Wreath of his colours) of Sir Van VVasser, of the order of the Virgin Mary.

XXXIV. He beareth Or, a French Womans head in a Ruff, all proper. This was formerly the attire for Womens heads, which were called French-hoods: they hung down behind the head, and then were turned up to the top of the Head even to the Forehead, and there ended in a round point, or Peak: and were generally black. A cheveron Gules between 3 such heads belongs to the name of Frenchome.

The like Head and Hood, and Garment couped below shoulders G. is the Crest of Oserreicher.

XXXV. He beareth Gules, a Boys face crowned, a little ••der the shoulders, Converted into folding Leaves▪ Or Born by Trailer.

Such kind of Antique foldings is much used, by Carvers, and Stone-cutters, which is termed severally: as,

  • Fruitage, when such folding leaves have pendant from them, several sorts of fruit, as it were all in a cluster,
  • Flowerage, when Flowers and Leaves hang from them, as it were a Posey of several Flowers.
  • Foldage, when these kind of Leaves have several foldings and turnings, one from another: as in mantles. Some call them Festune heads.

S. the like Head, and foldage O. is born by Van Sala.

G. the like head with two Ass ears proper, Gar∣ment ending in such fouldage S. is born by Van Horden.

XXXVI. He beareth Sable, Medusas head couped at the shoulders, proper. It is by the Poets fained, that this Medusa was a beautiful daughter of Phorchus; who comparing her fine Golden hair to Minerva's, and also for commiting adultery with Neptune god of the Sea, in Minervas Temple, had her her hair turned into Snaks, and her body into an ugly monstrous Creatures: at length she was slain by Perseus being Armed with Minervas Shield, Mercury's Helmet and Wings, and Vulcans Sword. Her head being cut off and carried into Affrica hath filled that part of the World full of Serpents ever since.

Page  397XXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Main sinister (or a left Hand) Gules. This is the token, or badge of a Knight Baronet; being placed in the Honor point of the bearers Coat: or in the chief, in an Escochion of pre∣tence, o on a Canton dexter. This is the Arms of Vlster in Ireland.

B. a Right and Left hand couped in the middle of the Arm O. born for the Coat and Crest of Lauffen. Some blazon it (because there is a part of the Arms to them) two Hands erected.

A. cheveron B. between 3 such G. is born by May∣••.

XXXVIII. He beareth Argent a Right Hand; Sa∣ble; of some only termed a Hand, if it be the right▪ if otherwise then to be named. It is also blazoned, a Main dexter, from the Latin word Manus a hand, or from the French word Main, a hand. This is the Coat of Francis Manley Esq one of the Justices for the Princi∣pality of North-Wales. And sice the writing hereof Knighted by his Sacred Majestie King Charles the Second: in the Year 1679. And born also by Manley of Lach.

Per Fesse G. and A. a Right hand coued, with the Back outwards proper, is born by Van Domisch. This is termed a Right hand dorsed, or aversant, or turned backward.

S. a Bend between two Right hands A born by Bassy.

B. a Cheveron between 3 such A. born by Hardware of Peele and Monldsworth.

A. a Right hand and Bordure engrailed S. by Mand∣ley or Manley of Manley and Polton.

G. a Right hand aversant (or dorsed) couped in the middle of the Arm, in bend sinister A. Sleeve S. born by Kundiger.

A. Fesse S. between 4 such G. born by Quater∣maine,

XXXIX. He beareth Gules, a Dexter hand Bar∣wise, Argent.

☞ Here you need not to mention couping at the Wrist, for the Hand ever hath some small part of the Wrist to it, a Sinister hand barwise hath the Fingers pointing to the sinister fide of the Escochion; but if it point to the dexter side, the thumb is then downwards. This Coat is born by the name of Baremaine

B. 3 such hand in pale is born by Trailman.

The Hand thus born on a chief, or fesse; is by Guill∣is termed, a Hand extended, or born transverse the Chief; or Fesse. Or▪ on a chief Gules, a dexter hand extended, Argent. By the name of Mainstone.

XL. He beareth Azure, a Dexter hand pendant, Or. This is born by the name of Pendelow.

☞ Note this, that the hand open is ever born in Arms with the Palm in sight; if otherwise, then to be mentioned, as in numb. 38. when the Back is outward, which is rare.

B. 3 such A. born by Charley.

G. a Fesse between two erected, and one pendant A. by Vrgate.

XLI. He beareth Sable, a Sinister Arm 〈◊〉 out of the Dexter chief, bendways, Or: 〈…〉Ears the higher foreshortned, Argent. Mr 〈…〉 blazons it a sinister Arm and Hand, issuing 〈…〉 dexter point, excending towards the sinister 〈…〉 form of a bend, all which totolagies he might 〈…〉 the Arms signifieth nothing of it self, but it i〈…〉 stood to have the hand fixed to it; except 〈…〉dismembred, of its hand, which must 〈…〉

A. such a Arm proper is born by the name 〈…〉hill.

G. the like between two Roses A. born by Doddng

V. 3 Mans ears A. bon by Coolpilot.

The Actions of the Hand.

The Hand with its Actions and Gestures, of all the Members of the Body, is best to be understood; for,

  • By the motion of the Right hand we crave silence: Acts 12.18. and 13.16.
  • By clapping the hands, we express a Ioy and Glad∣ness, and that we are well pleased at the thing done: 2. Kin. 11.12.
  • By laying the hand on the Breast, in making of a Speech, or Protestation: we shew a Truth and Earn∣nestness to be in us.
  • By striking our hand upon the Thigh, we are mov∣ed with admiration: Iere. 31.19. Eze. 21.12.
  • By extending the hand, we speak intentionally to such a person: Deut. 32.40.
  • By striking of the Breast with the Fist, is a token of Sorrow and Repentance: Luke 18.13.
  • By exalting and shaking of the right hand aloft, is usual with Military Persons, when they will notifie any prosperous success: Rev. 10.5.
  • By the beck of the hand we Call a person to us: Acts 24.8.
  • By pointing out of the Finger, we give directions: Isa. 58.9.
  • By stretching out of the hand grippen, is a token of Revenge, and of Wrath and Fury: Ezek. 16.27.
  • By the apposition of the Finger to the Mouth, is a note of silence craved: Prov. 30.32.
  • By lifting up of the hand, we Bless, or Curse; according to the Merrit, or Cause of Action: Acts 4.30. Numb. 5.21.
  • By kissing of the hand, we own Obedience and Service: Ecclesiasticus 29.4. Of this Read more in Seldens Titles of Honor, pag. 40.
  • By putting the hand under the Thigh, was an an∣cient custom of taking an Oath of the Servant, to per∣form matter of Importance for the Masters; as we may see in the case of Abraham and his Servant: Gene. 24.2, 3.
  • By laying the right hand on the Book, we oblidge our selves by a Solemn oath, to declare the Truth of a matter, wherein a controversie lieth: Heb. 6.16.
  • Page  398By laying the hand on the Head, is a token of a Blessing and the Gift of the Holy Ghost: Mark 10. 16. Act. 8.17. 2. Tim. 1.6.

The Hand as it is comely, so it is of most singular use, and the Instruments of all Arts, for by their help there is no invention of Mans wit left unattempted, and brough to perfection; and therefore it is of all other Members, the nimblest, and most universal. Yet it is no longer a part of Man, then it can perform its functions; as Aristotle Writeth.

Terms of Art used by Anatomists, for the Parts of the Arms and Hands.

Shoulder.

The Scapula, or of some called the Omoplata: is the shoulders, or shhoulder blade. Termed also Hu∣merus, and Homoplata.

The Brachium, or Arm is from the shoulder to the fingers, which is divided into three parts, the Scapula, the Cubitus, and the Manus: that is the shoulder, cubit and hand. Now, though generally Brachium signifies the whole Arm, yet in this division it is ment only for that part of the Arm, as is from the shoulder to the elbow.

The Axilla, the Arm pit, or Arm-hole; also Ala.

The Glandebala — is the hair growing in the Arm-hole.

The Axillary Kernells, are the Kernells, or Knots, which are under the Armpits.

The — is the middle of the Arm, the place in which issues are usually made.

The Gibber, is the bending, or bowt of the Arm.

The — brawny part of the Arm, the higher part next the shoulder.

Elbow.

The Cubitus, is that part of the Arm from Elbow, to the Wrist of the hand,

  • The Galliaggones, is the crookedness of the Arm, when the Cubit-bone is bent.
  • The Ulna Interior, the inner side of the lower part of the Arm.
  • The Cubitus Exterior, the out side of the lower part of the Arm.

Hand.

The Manus, or hand, which is divided into three parts; the Brachiale, the Postbrachiale, and the Digitis: that is, the Wrist, the After-wrist, and the Fingers.

The Brachiale, or the Wrist: called also Carpus.

The Postbrachiale, the after-wrist.

The Radix Manus, the root of the hand, the inside of the wrist.

The Dexter, or right hand.

The Sinister, or left hand.

The Hand shut is termed, Pugnus the Fist.

The Hand half bent, is called Condylus.

The Stethos, the fore part of the wrist, that part un∣der the Thumb joynt.

The Dorsum Manus, the back part of the hand; also Manus aversa.

The Thenar, is the space between the thumb and the four-finger.

The Hipothenar, is the brawn at the wrist, under the thumb, and little finger.

The Palma, the Palm or inside of the hand.

The Uola manus, is the hollow of the hand, when it is crooked: the Cup of the hand.

The Interstitium, the middle part or partition of the hand.

The Tubercle of the Thumb, is the swelling part of the root, or bottom of the Thumb: the fleshy part under the thumb.

The Digitus, the finger taken generally for any of the Fingers.

The Pollex, or the Thumb.

The Index, the Fore-finger, or pointing finger, that next the thumb. called, Index Digitus,

The Mevius or Famosus, the middle finger; the long finger of the hand, the fool finger.

The Annutaris, the Annulary, or ring finger; the the third finger. Called also Medicus Digitus.

The Auricularis, or minus Digitus, the ear, or little finger; because with it we cleanse our Ears.

The Internodia, the joynts of the fingers & thumbs, or knots.

The Ungues, Nails of the fingers.

The Uvia, or the Grapes; are the round ends of the fingers.

The Nodi, is the outward parts of knubby, or knotty joynts of the fingers; we call them Knuckles.

The Phallaux, is the order and ranks of the fingers.

The Radix, or Ortus; is the root of the Nails.

The Extremitas, the Extremity, or the top of the Nails; which is cut off.

The Mendacia, or the lies of the Nails; that is the white spots.

The Percussio, the Ridge, or side of the hand un∣der the little finger; the Perussion of the hand, or strik∣ing or beating place of the hand.

XLII. He beareth Argent, a Hand gripped, erazed, Gules. This is also or some Authors termed a Fist era∣zed; signifying thereby, that it is gathered together: which kind of gripping, the hand is generally termed with us a Fist. Mr. Guillims terms this a Fist clench∣ed. This is born by the name of Fistock.

B. an Hand gripped A. born by Fausten.

G. 3 Hands gripped A. born by Coolmaine.

B. a Fesse O. between 3 such A. born by Dodcote.

S. a Right hand pointing with the fore finger, the rest gripped proper, couped at the Elbow, sleeve A. is born by Glencersheim.

Page  399XLIII. He beareth Sable, a Hand proper, holding of an Escroule (or Rowse of Paper) Argent: Sleeved Gules, turning up Or. Some again term it an Hand and Arm couped (or couped near the Elbow) but to men∣tion either Arm or couping is superfliy; for by the sleve, an Arm is understood; and that it is couped is well known, otherwise it must be either issuing, or era∣ze. This is born by the name of Clark.

The like is the Crest of Smeaton.

XLIV. He beareth Vert, a Hand proper, holding of a Pen, (or a Writing Pen) Or, Feather Argent. Born by the name of Scrivener.

B. 3 such, is born by Sandfich.

XLV. He beareth Vert, a Hand proper, holding of a Trefoile, Or: sleeved Gules, turned up Argent. Some blazon this an Hand and Arm couped, This is the Coat of Try le Main.

The like hand holding 3 Trefoiles proper, Sleeve O. turning up A. is the Crest of Edgeley of Marley.

After this Exanple there are extent thousands of Coats especially Crest, of hands after this manner holding all manner of things, as Leaves, Flowers, Fruit, Ser∣pents, parts of other Animals, Working Instru∣ments &c. which were endless to describe.

XLVI. He beareth Gules, a Hand bareways, Ar∣gent: holding of a Flower de lis, Or. This is the Coat of Mainleave of Mainleave. Now corruptly and for brevity called Menla.

B. 3 such A. Flowers de lis O. born by Wade, also by Lodmore.

In the base of this square is a naked Arm barways bowed a little in the Elbow, which in a Field Gules is born by Arme.

Per Fesse G. and A. the like Arm in chief, born by Van Weiting.

B. 3 such in pale A. born by Hodgson, oHodg∣kinson.

XLVII. He beareth Sable, a Tawny Moores Arm, issuing out of base, the hand holding of a Serpent, or Adder, enwrapped about it, Vert. So blazoned by most, but I hold it better explained to say, a Tawny Mooes hand out of base holding a Serpent, the Tail enwrapped about the Arm, or a Hand holding of a Serpent enwrapped about the Arm, fixed in base. This is the Crest of Leech of Carden in Cheshire.

Such an Arm A. holding of a Rope, with a running Noose (at the higher end) the other part reflected O. is the Crest of Fadley.

XLVIII. He beareth Sable, three Dexter Arms, c••joyned at the shoulders, and flexed in triangle, Or. the turnings up Argent, with the Fists (or Hands clench∣ed, or grippen) proper: see numb. 42. Born by the name of Armstrong.

G. the like A. is born by Tremain of Colacomb in Devonshire.

G. 3 Hands in Triangle close A. born by Hanchet.

S 3 Arms in triangle reflect, (else reflected) proper; holding Mallets O by the name of Rightmale.

In the base of this square, is three Heart in triangle; in point (or point to point) Gules, which in a field Argent. Is born by Van Leschern.

B. a cross between 4 such triangled hearts A. &c. Is born by Holtzahel. See n. 54. it is otherwise blazoned.

XLIX. He beareth Sable, a Naked Arm imbowed issuant from the sinister side proper: out of a Sleeve, Or. The hand holding of a Sword, the point in chief Argent; Hilt and Pumel of the second, by the name of Armstrong. Sir Iohn Fern in his Glory of Generosity blazons it Gules, a Naked Arm Naissaunt, out of a Sleeve of a Robe, Or: holding of a Sword point in chief Argent, and is quartered by the Count de Feria of Spain.

G. a Lyon Rampant O. holding a Sword point in chief, was the banner of Pompei the Great.

G. out of a Cloud issuant from the dexter side an Arm imbowed sleeve B. holding of a fish with the Tail erect proper with an Annulet in its mouth, O. is born by Proy Van Findelstein.

O. the Arm from the sinister side sleeve B. holding of a Sword with the point reversed. Born by Degenhart.

G. the like sleeve A. holding of a Ladle O. born by Koch.

B. a Naked Arm imbowed, the Sleeve Or, turn up A. holding of the Jaw-bone of an Horse or Ass, O. born for the Coat and Crest of Crato. This may be termed Samsons Arm holding the Iaw-bone of an Ass, wherewith he slew a Thousand Philistins, Iudg. 15.15.

G. an Arm imbowed issuant from the sinister side, Sleeve A. the Hand holding of a Sone or Diamond Ring. Born by Kotsnatz.

A. the like Arm imbowed, holding of a Coopers Hat∣chet, the edge to the sinister (or to the Arm) sleeve G. Born by the name of Sigrislin. The same holding a Key O. born by Schleicher.

L. He beareth Or, two Hands conjoyned (or hand in hand) proper: Sleeves fixed to the sides of the Es∣cochion Gules, turnings up, Argent. Born by Couple. Others blazon it two Arms issuant in Fesse, with the hands joyned in hand proper: Sleeves Gules, turnings Argent

Two such hands issuant, and conjoyned on a chief O. in an Azure field. Is the Coat Armour of Truelove.

S 3 pair of hands joyned Hand in hand A. is born by the name of Purefoy.

In the base of this square I have (for want or Room) placed two head: the first termed a bald Head, or a Mans head bald of hair. 3 Such in a Sable field is born by Balder.

The second is a Mans head with a Picaed De-vant beard (or sharp pointed Beard) proper, with an Insula Cap imbowed G. botton and tasselled O. turned up A. This is the Crest of Hagenbach, and Hofsteten.

Page  400The like with Cap and Garment G. turned up O. is the Crest of Lutoldorfe, and with the Cap and Clothes O. turns up B. by Ggell; with Cap and other Clothes S. turning up A. is the Crest of Van Romerstall.

The like to the sinister; Cap, Tassel, and Clothes, O. turns up A. is the Crest of Van Vohenstein.

LI. He beareth Azure, two Hands holding of a Rose, proper: the Sleeves Wavy barry, Or and Sable; turnings up, Argent; issuing out of Clouds fixed to the dexter and sinister parts of the Escochion Fesse wie, proper. More briefly thus, out of two Clouds, in Fesse two Arms, the hands holding of a Rose. Born by the name of Royval.

The like Coat is thus blazoned by Mr Morgan: He beareth Ermine, on a bend Sable, out of two Petit Clouds radiant, as many Arms and Hands proper; renting of an Horseshooe Argent. The Arms of Doctor Edmund Burlace of Chester, Brother to Sir Iohn Burlace Barronet.

In the base of this quarter, having no other Room: I have caused the figures of Argus, and a Friers head endor∣sed, to be Graven; of which two persons take this short description.

The Poets say that Io or Isis, was beloved of Iupiter, who that his Wife might not suspect, turned her into the shape of a lowly Cow: which Iuno begged of Iupiter, and delivered her to be kept by the hundred eyed Argus; whose Eyes did half sleep by turns, when the other wak∣ed, and watched; Mercury by Iupiters command, through the Melody of his Pipe, lulled all his Eyes asleep and so killed him, and took away the Cow: but Iuno in revenge, sent a Gad-bee to sting her, which made Io run mad up and down the World, till she came to Egypt, where she recovered her own shape. Iuno turned Argus afterwards into a Peacock, in whose Tail are Argus Eyes still to be seen. He is a Man whom the ancients did Paint his Body, and Face full of Eyes. Argus Head is the Crest of Sewell alias Sawall.

The Fryer, is not properly either a Priest, or Lay-Man, in the Romish Religion: he is ever drawn in loose Garments, with a girdle about his middle, being shaven or shorn bare of his hair, both on his head, and face; only a circle or ring of hair compassing about his head like a Garland: which custom of so wearing their hair was first taken from the Idolatrous Priest of the Heatherns, see the whole form of a Frier, lib. 3. chap. 4. numb. 29.32.

G. a Cheveron between 3 Friers head couped A. is born by the name of Frier.

LII. He beareth Gules, an Eye Argent; in base a Mouth open proper. Both these are set forth as parts of Coats Armour, or Badges, and signes for habitations.

Barry Nebully of six Azure, and Argent, on a chief of the second 3 Eyes Gules. Is born by De la Hay.

There is an Inne in London whose cognizens is the Mouth. It is a great wide gaping mouth and teeth; some call it a Gyant, or Sarazens mouth. Somtime and in some places in England, the Sarazens head is drawn with a gaping and wide Mouth; which go∣eth also under the denomination of the sign of the Mouth, or the Mouth Inne: these are signs of houses of entertain∣ment for strangers, and travellers.

LIII. He beareth Sable, a Woman Dugg (or a Breast with the Pap) distilling drops of Milk, pro∣per. They are also called the Teats of a Woman.

Barry of six Or, and Sable, on a pale Gules; such a Dugg is born by the name of Dodge of Stopport, in Cheshire.

LIV. He beareth Argent, a Mans Hart Uulned (of vulnus a wound) or wounded, distilling on the sini∣ster side, drops of Blood. proper. Some call it a Heart wounded only: yet there is another Hart which is a Beast.

A. a heart proper, a chief S. born by the name of Scambler.

A. a Fesse and three such Wounded Heart, G. by the name of Tote.

G on a chief A. 3 hearts born by the name of Heart.

G. 3 Hearts reversed A. is born by Erlebecken of Bavaria.

B. 5 such reversed 3 2 A. a chief Nebulee A. by Steubling.

G. 3 hearts A chief O. born by VVachendorf.

A. 3 such G. chief O. born by Zweifeln of the Rhyme Palatine.

B. a cross between 12 hearts 3 and 3 in triangle A. in the chief of each quarter a Crown O. born by Holtzap∣fell of Alsatia.

LV. He beareth Gules, a Mans Heart between two Wings displaid, Or: Pinions Argent. Some say the Heart Uolant; or between two Wings con∣joyned, and displaid, or Points elevated. Born by Hartley.

Gules such a Heart between two Wings, Or. Born by the name of VVingham. Yet Guillims fol. 325. makes the Wings (of this Coat) come out from the sides of the heart, as if it were a flying Heart: and no other term can be given it in such a posture, but eithe a flying Heart, or two Wings conjoyned to the sides of a heart, for a heart be∣tween wings cannot properly be understood to joyne to it as you may see in the bearing of Crests.

In the base is a Demy Eye, or the half Eye, not so termed because it is cut off in the middle as in other kind of Demy bearing, but termed only a demy Eye because the one half of it is but seen.

Sable a Cheveron between two demy Eyes, respe¦ctant, Argent: and a Flame of Fire, Or. Born by the name of VVatchman.

G. 3 such Eyes A. is born by Eye.

LVI. He beareth Sable, a Mans Heart enflamed, proper; pierced with two Darts Salterwise,〈◊〉 Or. Heads and Feathers (or pheoned and feathered) Argent: distilling drops of Blood. Born by the name of Hotlove.

B. a Heart pierced with two Darts Salterwise A. crown∣ed O. by the name of Patience.

A. 3 Mens Harts, reversed, with the Uein there∣from couped, G. & for the Crest, the Heart G. with Page  401 a 〈◊〉 of Glass issuing out of it V. is born by Van Maxen. Some term them, Harts reversed with a part of the Vein issuing therefrom; see chap. 19. numb. 114.

LVII. He beareth Azure, a Mans Leg couped in the Thigh, (or middle of the Thigh) Argent. All couping above the Knee, have the Thigh part thus bend∣ing, or bowed backwards; as this is couped, so you shall have it often born erazed: as in these Coats. Yet Gllims fol. 257. draws the Legs thus couped, and era∣zed, upright: without any bending in the Knee, and holds it needless to mention the bearing thereof to be in ple, because it is natural for a Mans Leg to stand upright, but if it be born in any other sort, then to mention it.

O. such a Leg Azure; born by Haddon.

A. the like erazed S. born by the name of Prime.

And here give me leave as in other places (if Heads and Arms) to give the courteous Reader those terms of Art, which Anatomists have ascribed to the several out∣ward parts of this Member of the Body.

Terms of Art used to the Thigh, Leg, and Foot outwardly.

Thigh.

The Ischia or Ischium, the Hipps, or place where the Huckle-bone is.

The Bubo, the Groin, the Grainings, or bending between the Thigh and the Body: the bending to the privy parts.

The Coxa, or Coxendix; is the whole Thigh with∣out any distinction of parts.

The Femen, the back part of the Thigh: of some ta∣ken for the inner part of the Thigh, next the other.

The Femur, the outside, or forepart of the Thigh.

The — is the fleshy part of the Thigh.

The — is the fore part of the Thigh.

Leg.

The Genus, or the Knee.

The Genu — joynt or bent of the Knne.

The Poples, or the Ham; or hollow of the Knee.

The Tibia, or Crus; is the Leg, or shanke.

The Crea, is the skin of the Leg behind, which is the calf skin.

The Antetibia; the shin, or forepart of the Leg.

The Sura, or Calf of the Leg: the fleshy part behind the Leg.

The Leripes, Wry Leged; that goeth with the Toes outward.

The Ualgus, bow Leged; going with stradling Legs.

Foot.

The Talus, Ancle, or bending between the Leg and Foot. Called also Sura, the Pastern or Hough.

The Pes, the Foot withall its parts.

The Tarsus, or the Instep; the joynt or bending of the Foot at the bottom of the Leg.

The Malleolus externus, is the outward Ancle, or ontside Ancle.

The Malleolus internus, the Ancle on the inner side the Leg.

The Dorsum Pedis, is the top of the Foot, or back of the Foot. Pectus pedis, the Breast of the Foot.

The Subtalaris, is the place under the Ancle.

The Tarsus exterior, the outmost joynt of the Foot; the place where the Toes joyn to it. The After-wrist.

The Digitus Pedis, the Toe, the Finger of the Foot.

The Allus, or Hallux; is the great Toe.

The Pedium, or the Wrest of the Foot: the fore∣part is called the Instep.

The Calx, or Calcaneus; is the Heel, or hinder part of the Pedium.

The Planta pedis, is the Sole of the Foot: or Ball of the Foot.

The Uola Pedis, the hollow of the Foot; the mid∣dle of the Sole.

LVIII. He beareth Gules, a Leg couped below the Knee, Argent. Born by the name of Leg. There are Legs of diverse forms, and shapes: as,

  • The long Legs, or Shaks; Legs of an extraordi∣nary length.
  • The short Legs, bunting thick and short.
  • The slender Legs, such as have no Calf: Spindle Legs.
  • The crooked Legs, that are wide between the Feet and Knees outward.
  • The bow Legs: that is wide between the Feet and Knees inward, being set together. Shakle Hammed.
  • The Lame Legs, that cannot go stidfast and up∣right.

S. a Leg A. Born by Shrigley of Cheshire.

A. 3 such S. born by Harelewyn.

O. one in pale B. born by Haddon.

There are some Coats, which have rhe Foot only coup∣ed above the Ancle: as,

  • S. a Cheveron between three Mens Feet couped, A. Born by the name of Shrigley of Boristall.
  • G. on a Fesse V. 3 such to the sinister A. born by Barfuse alias Barefoot.

Feet Deformed.

The Splay footed, or broad Feet; or Pansated, whose Toes are outward.

The Crump Footed, whose Feet wants Toes: club Footed, having short Feet and Toes.

The — Footed, whose Toes turn inward.

The — Feet whose Toes turn backwards.

LIX. He beareth Gules; a Leg couped in the Thigh, erazed in the Ancle, Argent: thrust through the Calf with a Culter, proper. Born by the name of Ball, of Tussingham, and Boughton, in Cheshire. Som say that Page  402 the term thrust through the calf, should be through the Leg, because it partly enters in the forepart of the Leg: and the place entred to be the place named. But this en∣tring is through the calf, thereof is truly mentioned. Of old it was born thrust through the Knee, and the Thigh part more upright.

G. the like thrust through with a Turkish Semiter, proper. Born by Ball of Erby.

G. the like, thrust through with the shavered blade of a Fauchion A. by the name of Ball of London,

LX. He beareth Azure, three Legs conjoyned at the Thighs, and flexed in triangle, Argent. Some will have them to be termed, three naked Mens Legs, or three Legs of Man: but that needs not, for were they either cloathed, booted, or Armed, then they ought to be so termed, and their colour or mettle: others say they ought to be blazoned Mans Legs, which also needs not, for Man being the Soveraign Creature, his part need no mention of whom; but the Members of all other crea∣tures, are to be mentioned of what Genus they are. O∣thers term them three Legs with Feet, Thigh to Thigh in triangle. By the name of Trevet: derived as I suppose from the ancient name Treefeet; or three Feet.

G. the like A. born by Owen ap Edwyn: a noble Man in VVales.

LXI. He beareth Vert, a Satyrs Prick, Argent. It is termed also, the Testicles, or Stones of a Dog or Lyon: and Penis Hominis, a Mans Yard, and Testicles. But the most proper term, in relation to the name as bears it, is to call it only a Prick. For Azure, a Cheveron between three such Argent. Is born by the name of Prick.

LXII. He beareth Argent, a Man couped at the Knees, his left hand on his side, and with his right supporting or holding of a Hollyn Tree couped at the root, and Raguled on the Stock, all proper. Some do term this a demy Man Naked, but he is more than a demy Man, being couped below, or the bottom of the Thighs, when as the demy Man is cut off in the middle at the lower Belly; but to term it na∣ked or not▪ it is left to the Blazoners discretion, for ei∣ther is good Blazoning.

The Graver hath mistaken this Figure, in setting it to the Sinister side, whereas it should look to the dexter, as the foresaid Blazon is. This is born by the name of Woodville.

G. 3 demy Men A. or proper. Born by Midman, or Madman.

LXIII. He beareth Argent, a demy Man, proper, holding a Club in both hands, in Bend dexter, or bendwise, Sable; covered all behind (or on his back and head) with Oak leaves, Vert. Some Blazon it a demy Man, holding a Club (or with a Club) in both hands over the right shoulder, with a Wood at his back. By the name of VVoodman.

G. 3 such Men with Clubs (sans leaves) A. is born by the name of VVood.

LXIV. He beareth Or, a demy Man, in a W••d, or amongst Oak leaves, holding a Club over his Brest in Bend, all proper. You may take which of these Blazons you please.

LXV. He beareth Gules, a demy Maid, proper, crined and holding in each hand (with Arms ex∣tended, or stretched out) three Ears of Wheat, Or. Some say three Ears of Corn on their Stalks; but here it cannot be Judged they should want Stalks, because otherwise they cannot be held thus.

Such another demy Maid, in a Scarlet Coat, fretted Or, is the Crest of the Worshipful Company of Brew∣ers.

O. on a craggy Hill, out of Base V. a demy Maid proper, in her right hand a pair of Stags horns S. the left on her side, born by Perger zu Clamb.

A demy Maid in Scarlet, in the right hand 3 slips of Caterfoil flowers, Gules and Azure, leaved Vert; and the other hand on her Breast, is the Crest of the Lord Darcy of Chyche.

Per Fesse S. and Chequie A and B. on the first a de∣my Maid issuant, holding of an Anchor O. is quarter∣ed by Gortschacher, of Corinthia.

Out of a Crown a Naked Woman Crowned, Arms extended, holding two Fishes by the tails, B. is the Crest of Senus. Also of Van Freidenberg.

O. a demy Woman to the Sinister, Hair tied under a Fillet, the ends Flotant (or flying out behind her) holding a Staff over her head with the left hand, the right on her side, is the Coat, and the same out of a Crown, is the Crest of Mordeysen.

LXVI. He beareth Azure, a demy Maid, proper, crined, and issuing out of the Sun, Or. Others give it a more large Blazon, thus; a demy Maid hold∣ing up the right hand, with the left set on her side pro∣per, with side or long Hair, and proceeding out of the top of the Sun, Or.

LXVII. He beareth Azure, a demy Uirgin Mary, with her Babe in Swadling Cloths, proper; under a Canopy (or enthroned,) Or. This is of some term∣ed the Lady Mary, and the Blessed Lady Uirgin Mary, and our Lady with her Babe in her right Arm. This on a Chief is a part of the Coat which be∣longs to Lincoln Colledge in the University of Oxford, and to Brazen Nose Colledg in the same place.

LXVIII. He beareth Sable, on a Biere, Or, a dead Body. (or Corps) in a Shroud or Winding sheet, Argent. This is born by the name of Van Leichnam, in Lower Germany.

Sleep, the Emblem of Death.

To Stretch and Yawne, or Gape, is a Sign of Sleep.

To Twinkle with the Eys, and Nodd with the Head, is to desire a Nap.

To Slumber, is a weak and short Sleep.

To Snort and Dream, is found Sleeping.

To Sleep, is a short Death.

Page  403To Dye, is a long Sleep.

LXIX. He beareth Gules, a Deaths Head, Or, adorned with a Laurel Garland, Vert; between two Wings displaid, (or conjoined and displaid,) Ar∣gent. Some term it a Triumphant Deaths Head ••lant, this is the Emblem of Mortality, and is gene∣rally fixed on some part of the Tombs or Monuments erected for the Dead. Sometimes the Scull is fixed be∣tween two Bats Wings, and in some invironed with Laurel Branches, &c.

In the Sinister Base issuant, is the Head and Shoul∣ders of a dead Woman wound up in her Shroud〈◊〉Winding sheet, with a knot on the top of the head, and the corners flotant or opened. S. 3 such couped at the Shoulders, Argent, is the Coat of Shroud, of Shroud.

LXX. He beareth Sable, a Dead Mans Scull, (or a Deaths head,) Or. By the name of Dedman. Of the Bones of Man, and the several terms given to each parti∣cular, I shall treat in the end of this Chapter, therefore here shall say no more concerning it.

A. on a Cheveron G. 3 Sculls of the first, by the name of Bolter.

S. 3 dead Mens Sculls O. born by Dedman.

B. 3 such with a Cheveron between, A. born by Quit∣man.

LXXI. He beareth Gules, two Shin-Bones in Cross, that in Pale surmounting, Argent. There are diverse ways in Blazoning this Coat, and all superflous, as a Shin-Bone in Fesse, surmounted of another in Pale, both in form of a Cross; and another says, a Shin-bone in Fesse, debrused or surmounted of another in Cross (or in form of a Cross) And a third comes and Blazons it two Shin-bones in Cross, that in Fesse surmounted by the other in Pale; and these forms of Blazon are given hereunto, because one lieth nearer to the Field than the other doth; which makes it that they cannot be called a Cross of Bones, because they be not Incorporated, but are dividedly severed one from the other. This is born by the name of Holdman.

S. a like Cross, that in Fesse surmounting; by the name of Baines.

S. two Bones in Salter, the dexter surmounting, by the name of Newton, in Derbyshire.

B. 2 such in Salter, between 4 Mullets of 6 points O. by Van Parsow.

LXXII. He beareth Argent, an Infant, or Child in Sadling Cloths, proper; Mantle, Gules, swad∣le Band, Or. Some say the Mantle Scarlet, fretted, Or. By the name of Innocent.

Such an Infant, with an Eagle standing upon it, with its Wings expansed, Sable, in a Field Argent; is born by by Culcheth of Culcheth.

The like Infant, with such an Eagle, Or, is the Crest of the Right Honorable Earl of Derby, Lord of Man, and the Isles.

A. 3 such in Pale, the middlemost counterposed, is born by Innocent.

S. 3 such, the Swadling Clothes A. is born by Infant.

In the Base of this quarter is the figure of a demy Woman sans Arms, Blindfolded with a Scarf or Fillet, ends flotant A. in a Field B. and is the Coat of Van Assall. This kind of Bearing both of Men and Women to the middle, both naked and Clothed, sans Arms; is much used both for Coats and Crests among the German and Dutch Families, which ought to be termed demy Men or Women though they want Arms, be∣cause their couping or cutting off is below the Navel, or thereabouts. And also because the want of Arms in many Crests of theirs is supplied by Wings, Fish, Stags Horns, Elephant Snouts, Bulls horns, Branches of Flowers, which they could not, if it were not a demy Body; see chap. 16.3. and 18.143.

A demy Moor so blinded with a Scarf, the end flotant A. is the Crest of Houghan.

The like Moor so Blindfolded, out of a Coronett and Crowned, is the Crest of Budten.

LXXIII. He beareth Vert, two Naked Boys respe∣cting (or aspecting each other) holding up of an Heart, proper. By the name of Childe. These are by Mr. Boswel termed Twins, and two Naked Geminis, and so ought to be termed (saith he) if there be more then one in an Escochion. A. two Twins with an heart between their hands. This is born by the name of Chil∣derley.

Names according to a Mans Age.

An Embrio, or a shapeless Lump, when first Concei∣ved in the Womb.

An Abortive, if Born before its full time.

A Posthumus, one Born after his Fathers Death.

Agrippa, is one that is Born with his Feet forward.

An Infant, a Child new Born, and so for two years. Infancy, Anniculus.

A Babe. or Baby, a young Child, and so to 7 years old. Infantulous.

A Boy or Lad at 7 years of Age. Puerility, In∣neptula.

A Stripling, or young Boy from 7 to 14 years old. Minority.

A Youth, from 14 to 21 years of Age. Adolescens. Iuvenal.

A Young Man, at his full growth and Stature, to 30 years, Uirility.

A Man, at 30 years old to 40. Uir, Homo.

A Middle Aged Man, at 40 years.

An Elderly Man, at 50 Agerazia one growing Old.

An Old Man, at 60. Senex, Senectus.

A Drooping Old Man, in his Old Age, at 70 to 80 years. Decrepit Age. Grandaevity. Longaevi∣tas.

A Dotard, or Dote-age, or twice a Child, from Page  404 80 to 100, and so to the end of his Life. Bis Puer. Senecio.

Names according to the Ages of Women:

Of the Female from a Babe.

A Girl, or Wench, or Virgin. Uirginity, Uir∣gin-age.

A Damsel, or Lass. Puella, Adolescentula.

A Maid, or Young Maid. Uirgo,

A Young Woman. Ancilla.

A Woman at her full Age and growth. Nubilis, vel Nuptialis Etas,

A Middle Aged Woman.

An Old Woman, or an Aged Woman. An••s.

A Decrepit Aged Woman, &c. Decripita, Etas.

Several sorts of Maids.

A Uirgin, one that is free from Carnallity in Thought, Word and Deed.

A Damsel, one that is from Carnality in Word and Act.

A Maid, one that is free from the carnal act.

A Maiden-Wife-Widow, one that gave her self up to a Man that could never enjoy her Maidenhead.

A Man like Maiden, a Uirago, one that fears not what Man can do unto her.

A Chamber Maid, one that hath been in Venus School, yet is known for no other than a Maid.

An Handmaid, an Harlot, or common Woman, 1 King. 3.16.20. but in the best sense it is taken for a Wise discreet Woman, Matron, or Mother of Children, as 1 Sam. 25.24. Psal. 86.16. Luke 1.38.

Lastly, the chief of Maids, is a Good Wife, who (as the Proverb saith) is a good Maid.

LXXIV. He beareth Vert, a Naked Boy holding up his right hand, and with his left supporting a Wax Taper, Or, flaming (or fired) proper, having a Scarf or Ribbon cross his right shoulder, Gules, with a Mantle or Cloak hanging at his back, Azure. This is the Supporter of the Right Worshipful Company of Painters.

B. a Naked Boy holding an Apple in his right hand, and his left upon his side proper, is the Coat of Kiesewa∣ter, a German.

A. a Black Boy in his right hand a Stone Ring O. born by Winckler.

G. a Mount out of Base V. a demy Boy issuant, hold∣ing in his Right Hand a round Mirror or Looking Glass, and the left upon his side, A. is the Coat and Crest of Haugen.

Per Fesse B. and G. on the first a Boy holding an Ap∣ple on the right, and his lef on his side: On the second an Adder or Serpent torqued O. born by the name of Kiesewater.

Per Fesse B and Chequie A. and G. a demy Boy is∣suant, wreathed about the Temples, the ends flotant A. and G. is the Coat, and the like Boy, hands on his sides, out of a Coronet, is the Crest of Van Loben.

The like demy Boy to the Sinister S. Wreath flotant backwards A. and G. is the Crest of Saecke.

S. issuant from a Mount in Base V. a demy Boy to the Sinister, holding up his left, and his right hand on his side, born by Iungen. The Crest is five Peacocks Feathers out of a Coronet, with the like Boy issuant.

A demy Boy with his Arms (open or) extended, part∣ed per Cheveron A. and S holding two flowers de lis, and one on his Belly counterchanged. This is the Crest of Schlewiczer of Brunswick. This answereth his Coat, which is, per Cheveron A. and S. three flowers de lis counterchanged.

LXXV. He beareth Argent, a Negro, (Indian, Blackmoor, or Morocco) demy faced, proper, en∣vironed about the Temples with a Scarf or Ribbon, Argent, holding an Arrow or Dart in his right hand, and an Escochion before his Belly with his left hand, Azure, charged with an Estoile or Star, Or. By the name of Hunsterson.

G. on a Hill out of Base, a Morocco crowned, hold∣ing of a Sword upright, and his other hand behind his Back, is the Coat of Kuefsteiner.

O. a demy Moor to the Sinister, crowned, porting of an Halbert between his two hands, is born by Ritter van Vrendorf.

LXXVII. He beareth argent, a Wild Man, (or a Hairy Man, or a Wild Wood Man, or a Hairy Wood Man) proper, with Oak leaves about his Tem∣ples and middle, with a Dead Tree (or a Tree sans Leaves, or a Starved Tree) plucked up by the root, on his Shoulder, Sable. This is of some termed a Wood Man invironed about the Temple and middle, with Laurel Garlands; but a Wood man is generally made with a smooth and naked skin; but being hairy must of necessity be thus distinguished, and be termed either a Wild Man, a Hairy Man, or a Wild Wood Man; though others, to make all sure, Blazon it a Wild Hairy Wood Man; the proper colour of these are generally of a tawny or swarthy flesh colour, whether they be smooth skinned, as Wood men, or hairy, as Wild men. This is the Crest of Terwite, of Shrop∣shire, now called Terrick.

A demy Wood man, proper, holding a Launce on his right Shoulder, Or, is the Crest of the Worshipful Com∣pany of Ioyners, within the City of London and Chester.

Choromande, or Choramnai, are a people that have no Voice, but make a horrible noise; their Bodies are hairy, their eyes like Cats Eyes, and their teeth like Dogs teeth.

O. on a Mount in Base, a Woodman proper, hold∣ing an Oak tree mooted up by the root, and with his left hand holding up his left leg by the Ancle. Born by the name of Hopfer. The same is also his Crest.

B. a Wild Man to the Sinister, supporting an Oak Tree Irradicated, all prope. By the name of Van Drachs∣dorf.

Page  405O. a Wild and Hairy Man proper, supporting a rag∣ged Staff S. is the Coat of Dochroden.

A demy Woodman sans Arms, is the Crest of Oug∣sp••g, of the Province of Switzerland.

Out of a Coronet a Wildman porting a Staff Bend∣ways in his hands S. between two Elephants Snouts bow∣ed endorsed O. is the Crest of Staengell of Austria.

Out of a Coronet a demy Wild Man in full Aspect, with both hands holding (or pulling) his long forked Beard, proper; on his head an Insula Cap Imbowed G. Tasseled and turned up with an open before (or in the front or frontall) O. is the Crest of Reihing, an Ausu〈…〉

☞ Here note, that both Wood Men, and Wild Men have always Laurels about their Temples; and also about their Middles, if born whole, which need not be expressed, but some are so curious as to do it.

LXXVII. He beareth Vert, Hercules cloathed in a Lions skin, proper, holding up both his hands, and in his left a Club, Or. Born by the name of Her∣cule. Thus the Ancients ever depicted Hercules, cloath∣ed (after some) in a Horse Skin, others a Lions skin, Armed with a Club, Bow and Arrows in his Qui∣ver. He was a Man of an Heroick and undaunted Spi∣rit, and did many noble acts, the chief were these, 1. He killed two Snakes that were sent by Iuno to Kill him in his Cradle. 2. Slew the Lion in the Wood. 3. Killed the Dragon Hydra. 4. He overtook and killed the Golden Horned Stag on the Hill Menalus. 5. And the Wild Boar in Erymanthus. 6. He slew the untameable Bull in Crete. 7. And also the Dragon that kept the Golden Apples in the Gardens of the Hesperides. 8. And the great Giant Antaeus. 9. He tamed the Centaure. 10. He delivered Hesion, Laomedons Daughter from the Sea Monster. 11. He fetched the Dog Cerberus from Hell Gates. 12. He Travelled through the Torrid Zone, and Sands of Libia. 14. He cleansed Auaegus Stable. And at last he was burnt to Death by an Inchanted Shirt sent him by his Wife, who he had forsaken.

Party per Fesse G. and Losengy A. and G. a demy Hercules issuant, proper, with a Club on his Shoulder, and his left hand on his side O. is the Coat and Crest of Holz-halben.

A demy Hercules with a long forked Beard and Hair pendant to the Breast, clothed per pale G. and O. hold∣ing a Club in both hands before his Breast Bendways O. is the Crest of VVoodhouse. The same so cloathed holding his Club Bend sinister ways, is born also by VVoodhouse.

LXXVIII He beareth Azure, a Man dismembred, 〈◊〉. This is otherwise Blazoned, as a Man dis∣membred of his Arms below the Shoulders, and of his Legs below the Knees. By the name of Mem∣〈◊〉.

A demy Woman so dismembred per pale O. and B. an Hat tyed under her Chin, of the same. By the name of Van Wedell.

The Body of Man is divided into the Trunk and the Limbs.

The Trunk contains the Head, Breast and Belly.

The Members or Limbs, are the four Branches sticking out from the body, as two Arms and two Legs.

Terms given to the outward parts of the Trunk of the Body.

The Scaptila, the Scapular, or Shoulder part, that where the Trunk joins to the Arm, the Shoulder-Blade.

The Axilla, the top of the Shoulder backwards.

The Pecrus, or Chest, or middle of the Breast, where the Ribs join.

The Pectus dextrum, or right Breast.

The Papilla, or Nipples of the Breast, the Pap.

The Pecrus Sinistrum, or left Breast.

The Scrobiculus cordis, or trench of the Heart, that part between the lower Ribs, and the top of the Belly.

The Umbilicus, or Navel, or root of the Bel∣ly.

The Umbilicalis, or Region of the Navel. The Callep, or rise of the Belly round the Navel.

The Epigastirum, or upper part of the lower Belly, the Belly above the Navel.

The Praecordia, or place just before, and a little un∣der the Heart.

The Hypochondria, the same place on the right side against the Heart, to which place the outward Liver Re∣medies are applied.

The Latera, or sides equal to the Navel; called also Lumbi, and Lumbaris region, the Loins or Re∣gion of the Body or Kidneys.

The Hypogastrium, the lower part of the Belly; called also the Aqualiculus, or the Watercourse.

The Ilim, or the Flanks, the places each side, at the Huckle or Hip-Bone.

The Pubes, or the Peeten, is the place above the setting on of the Yard, the Groin.

The Inguen, or Lesk, or Grainings, or Bend∣ing of the Thighs.

The Penis, the Mans Yard or Prick, his Privity or Secrets.

The Balanus, the Nutt or Head, or end of a Mans Yard.

The Praeputium, the foreskin that covers the Head or Nut of the Yard.

The Testes, is the Stones or Testicles.

The Scrotum, or outward Skin as covers the Stones.

The Cod or Case of the Testicles.

The Pubes, is the Hair growing about the Privy parts.

The Fraenulum, the Band or Bridle which ties the foreskin to the bottom of the Nut of the Yard.

The Cervix, the Back part of the Neck; the nuke or Nape of the Neck.

The Dorsum, is the whole Back from the Neck to the Buttocks.

The Spina Dorsi, is the ridg of the Back; the middle of the Back where one may feel the Back-bone.

Page  406The Coxendix, or Coxendices, are the Hips.

The place of the Os Sacrum, or Holy Bone, is just over the clift of the Buttocks or Breech.

The Coccyx, is the place of the Rump, or clift of the Breech.

The Nates, is the Buttocks or Breech whereon we sit; the Arse.

The Anus, the Fundament, or Arse-hole; the Po∣dex.

The Cuticula, or the Epidermis, is the outward or scarf skin, which is no way porous, but sticks close to the true skin, to shut its pores, and make it smooth, and beautiful, and even; the Cuticle.

The Cutis, is the true skin which covers the body, and is very full of Pores. Spungy skin.

The Uulva, or Cunnus, the Cunny or passage by which a Woman engendreth. The Orifice of the Matrix.

The Ualves, or Labra Cunni, the Lips or Doors of the Water course.

The Cunnus, or Hair of the Matrix; this word is conceived to be derived from the Greek, Connos, a Beard, and therefore doth properly stand for the hair about a Females Privity, and not the Orifice it self; the share, or hairy part of the Cunny.

The Nymphae, are pretty firm Membranous Ex∣crescences lying within the Lips or mouth of the Sheath or Orifice of the Cunny.

The Clitoris, is a little fleshy knob covered with a thin skin, lying at the top of the Nymphae.

The Carunculae Myrtiformes, are small portions of Flesh, like Myrtle Berries, at the entrance of the Sheath or passage to the Matrix; on each side, above and below, one.

The Gollum Uteri, the Sheath, or Scabbard, or pass to the Womb; the neck of the Matrix.

The Urethra, or Piss Pipe, by which Water issues forth.

The Hymen, is a Membrane or thin skin after the Nymphes, and is drawn before the Orifice; it is the token of Virginity; and as long as it is to be seen, the Caruncula Myrtiformis appear not; but after it is vanished, they appear, and are swelled so big, that they fill the whole Orifice of the Womb.

The Tentigo, or the Womans Yard or Prick, because the same imitates a Mans Yard, as the Breasts of a Man resemble a Womans Dugs.

LXXIX. He beareth Argent, Eva in her Inno∣cency, holding an Apple in her right Hand, all proper. Or else after others, a Naked Woman with her Haix down to her Knees, in her right hand an Apple, and her left on her side. This Coat is born by the name of Freewill. The Fruiterers, alias Fructers, vulgarly Fruc∣sters, or Fruit-sellers of the City of London, have Adam and Eva on each side the Forbidden Tree, with the subtil Serpent enwrapped about it, in a Landskip of Air and Earth, all proper, for their Coat of Arms; else I have very rarely found a Naked Woman in her Inno∣cency, born for either Coat or Crest; but demy Naked Women very often are found in both and for both.

LXXX. He beareth Gules, a Woman with two Heads, Argent, crined, Or. Such a Monstrous Wo∣man as this was in Bavaria, in Italy, having two Heads and a perfect Body, which lived for 20 years, till it was Banished the Countrey, lest Wives great with Child, by often looking on her, by strength of Imagination strong∣ly moved; should make the like Impression on the Infants they should bear.

St. Austin saith in his time, in the East an Infant was born, having all the parts from the Navel upwards dou∣ble, but from thence downwards single.

LXXXI. He beareth Gules, a Cherub crined to the Knees, Or. This is Blazoned by the Dutch, a Woman Naked, crined, Or, her Arms convert∣ed or metamorphized into two Wings, and 〈◊〉, Argent; see chap. 1. numb. 27. This Blazon is born by the name of Ryos, or Ryalls.

B. 3 such demy Cherubims, O. born by Grindlesse.

Out of a Crown, a demy one Crowned A. is the Crest of Salisburg.

The like demy Cherub, with a Wreath about her head, the ends flotant A. and G. is the Crest of Sack∣erell.

As this Woman hath Wings in place of Arms, so in many Coats, especially amongst the Dutch; the said Arms shall be Fish Tails, Elephants Snouts, and Bulls Horns, with such like; which Coats by these examples, the ingenious may easily know how to express such kind of Metamorphised Creatures with due and ••t∣ting terms.

LXXXII. He beareth Argent, the Sister of Phac∣ton metamorphised into a Tree, the Body, Or, Branches, Vert. The Sisters of Phaeton, because of their immoderate Mourning for the misfortune of their Brother (who was Slain with a Thunderbolt) were by the gods all turned into Trees: And as these came to such untimely Ends, so out of the Stories of the Poets, we find divers others were Metamorphosed and changed by the Gods, for some misdemeanour or other, from their own into other Created Shapes, as for example.

Women Metamorphosed.

Daphne, the Daughter of the River Peneus, which Apollo dearly loved; but because he could not obtain his desire of her, turned her into a Laurel Tree, from whence Daphne is termed a Laurel.

Io, or Isis, was the Daughter of Inachus, whom Iu∣piter loved; and that Iuno might not suspect it, he turn∣ed Io into a Cow, which Iuno begged of Iupiter, and delivered her to be kept by Argus. See numb. 51.

Syrinx, a Nymph of the Water, whom Pan the god of Shepherds fell in Love with; who running from him, was turned into a Cane or Reed, of which he made a Pipe.

Aedon, Wife of King Zethus, who envying the Wife of Amhion, because she had six Sons, she thought in the Night to slay one of them, and by chance slew her own Son, who finding the Mis-chance, died for greif, and Page  407 was turned into a Linnet, or Thistle Finch.

Alcyone, the Daughter of Neptune, who going to the Oracle was drowned by Shipwrack, and was by the Gods turned into a Bird, called the Kings-fisher.

Antigone, the Daughter of King Lacedemon, who con∣tending for beauty with Iuno, was turned into a Stork.

Arachite, the Daughter of Idmon, was a skillful spin∣ner, who contending with Pallas, for the excellency of her Art: who having her work broken, hanged her self, and was by Pallas turned into a Spider.

Arethusa, a Nymph of Diana, who was loved of Al∣pheus; whose violence when she could not escape: Diana turned her into a Fountain.

Asteria, the Daughter of Cous; on her Iupiter begat Hercules, with whom Iupiter afterwards being angry, the Gods turned her into a Quaile.

Atalanta, she was so swift, that she made an offer, that whosoever could over run her in a race, should mar∣ry her: Hippomenes ventured to run with her, having received from Venus three golden Apples, which he threw in the way, which while she was staying to take up, he wan the race; but because he lay with her in the Temple of Cybele, they were afterwards turned into Lyons.

Calisto, Daughter of Lycaon King of Arcadia, and the companion of Diana: being fallen asleep was gotten with Child by Iupiter, at which Diana being offended, turned her into a Bear.

Eumenides, these are the three furies, the Daughters of Pluto, and Proserpina; or of Hell, Darkness, Night and Earth: In Heaven they were called Dirae, Fairies; in Earth Harpiae, Ravenous-birds; in Hell Furiae, Fiends. They had Snakes instead of hair, brazen Feet, Torches in one hand, and Whips in the other, and Wings to fly with.

Hecuba, Wife of Priamus King of Troy; dreamed she had a Firebrand in her Belly, being with Child of Paris; which caused Paris after he was born, to be ex∣posed to wild Beasts, and Hecuba cast her self off a rock into the Sea, and was turned into a Dog.

Leucothoe, she was the Daughter of Orchams King of Babylon, with whom Apollo was in love, and at length obtained his desire of her, which when her Father knew, he buried her alive: which Apollo took heavily, and be∣cause he could not restore her to life, transformed her in∣to a Frankincense Tree.

Lotis, was a fair Nymph the Daughter of Neptune, who being like to be surprized by Priapus; called upon the Gods for their assistance, who taking pitty on her, turned her into a Tree of her own name, Lotis.

Dirce, the Wife of Lycus, and step-mother of Am∣phion and Zethus; who for her cruelty to Antiopa, their Mother, whom Lycus had put away, they killed him, and tied Dirce to the Tail of a wild Horse, which being dash∣ed, dragled, and torn on the Ground, was by the Gods turned into a Fountain of her name.

Myrrah, the Daughter of Cynaras King of Cyprus, who being in love with her Father; when he was drunk did lie with him, and was got with Child: when her Father knew what a wicked Act she had made him commit, ran at her with his naked Sword, she running away, was by the Gods pittied, and turned into the Myrreh-tree.

Niobe the Daughter of Tantalus, and Wife to Am∣phion King of Thebes, who because of the multitude, and beauty of her Children preferred her self to Latina: therefore Apollo and Diana, being angry at her insolency, with their Arrows killed all her Children, and she with grief was turned into a Stone.

Nyctimene, the Daughter of Nycteus, by the help of her Nurse lay with her Father; which wicked incest be∣ing made known, she went and hid herself in the Woods, and was by Minerva who took pitty on her, turned into an Owle.

Hecate, was the Daughter of Night and, Hell; she was of a huge stature, and deformed face: having Snakes instead of Hairs, and Serpents for Feet, she had three Heads, to wit of a Horse, of a Dog, and of a Man: some think she had the Head of a Wild Boar.

Syca, and Staphilis, two Nymphs on whom Bac∣chus was enamoured, were by the Gods turned into Uines.

Philemon an old Man, and his Wife Baucis, were for entertaining Iupiter and Mercury, made Priests: and after instead of Death, were turned into Trees.

Caeis, a Thessalian Virgin, being defloured by Nep∣tune, obtained of him to be turned into a Man, and that no weapons might have power to hurt her.

Castalia, a virgin who flying from the Lecherous God Apollo, fell down headlong, and was turned into a Fountain.

Clytia, a Nymph of the Ocean, whom Apollo lusted after; who telling it to her Father, caused Apollo in an∣ger to make her burn in love with the Sun, still looking after it, till she died, and was turned into a Marygold, or Heliotropium.

Galanthis, the waiting Maid of Alemen, for telling of Iuno a lye, that her Mistris was brought to bed, when Iuno for hatred would not suffer her to be delivered, was turned into a Ferret, or Weessel.

Halcyon hearing of the Death of Cix her Husband, cast her self into the Sea, and was turned into a Sea-bird, which layeth Eggs in the middle of Winter, in fourteen days when the Sea is calm, from whence came the Pro∣verb: Dies Halcyonij, Halcion days, days of quietness.

Heliades, the sisters of Phaeton, bewailing the Death of their Brother, were turned into Poplar Trees, of whose tears gum issued out, which made Amber.

Hermione, the Daughter of Mars, and Venus; and Wife of Cadmus, who with him was turned into a Ser∣pent.

Hippe the Daughter Chiron, being got with Child, did so displease her Father, that he turned her into a Mare.

Erigo the Daughter of Icarius; she died for grief of her Father, and was made a signe in the Zodiak, called Uirgo.

Iphis the Daughter of Ligdus, and his Wife Telethu∣sa; who commanded his Wife, if she brought forth a Daughter to kill it, she pittying to destroy the Child, told him it was a Boy, and so brought it up in Boys ha∣bit, till she was marriagable, upon her prayers to the Gods on her wedding day, she was turned into a Man.

Meleagrides, the Sisters of Meleager; who are fained all to be turned into Ginnie, or Turkie Hens.

Page  408Mera Daughter of Luceo Praetus, Iove fell in love with her, and got her with Child: Diana turned her into a Dog, or Bitch.

Meta the Daughter of Erisichthon, Neptune deflowr'd her & gave her a reward that she should turn her self into any shape; and so when her Father would have Money, he would sell her for an Horse or an Ox, or the like; and she would come home in another shape.

Nectymene, the Daughter of Nycteus, who would have slain her, because she did continually come to his bed: whereupon Minerva turned her into an Owle; (which Bird as conscious of such a wicked fact) cannot in∣dure the light.

Phaethusa with her Sisters Lampetia, and Lampe∣tusa; the Daughters of Sol, and Neara: they for over much weeping and bewailing the Death of their Brother Phaeton, were all turned into Trees: see numb. 82

Phillis, Lycurgus Daughter, who was contracted to Demophoon, as he came from Troy War. He went home to set things in order, staying long, and she being impati∣ent of delays, hanged her self, and was turned into an Almond tree; but bear no leaves: Demophoon return∣ing, and seeing the mishape Imbraced the Body of the tree, and it presently shot forth leaves.

Pigmalion a cunning Painter, thinking all Wo∣men were nought, making a resolution to live solitary: but chanceing to draw a beautiful picture of a Woman, fell in love with it, and praying to Venus, she made it a Woman, so that he had Children by it.

Praetides the Daughter of Praetus King of Greece, who compared their beauty to Iu's were thereupon driven to such a franzie, that they thought themselves to be Kine.

Propontides the Daughters of Amathunta; they at first dispised venery: but after a while they became im∣pudent strumput, that the goddess Venus turned them into hard Stones.

LXXXIII. He beareth Sable, a Woman erected, laped in her Shroud, or Winding sheet; tied with a Knot, or bunch at the Head, and Feet Argent. Born by the name of Deadman. A fit emblem to shew that if the Woman be dead, the Mans succeeding is not only half, but wholy dead; except recruted.

LXXXIV. He beareth Argent, the Image of Death leaning upon the Head of a Spade: or else blazon it, the Scaleton, or Anatomy of a Man, Gules: resting upon the top of a Spade with the left Arm, the Right pendant, Or, Shooed Sable. This is born by the name of Skelliton.

LXXXV. He beareth Or. Death, or the Scaleton of a Man Sable, Winged displaid, Argent; in the right hand holding a Dart, & in the left an hour glass, Or. This is the emblem of Mortality, and may fitly be the Coat of Mort, who as his name is, so it may ever warn and teach him, and us, to be in expectation of this King of Terrours, who no sooner sees our glass run out, but presently strikes his deadly Dart; against which stroak, no flesh can Arm himself.

In a Field Sable such a Scaleton Or, Winged Argent. Is the Coat of Mortmain.

LXXXVI. He beareth Vert, Time moving with his Sythe, proper. Some term it the Image or Emblem of Time moving for Eternity: for when Time hath cut down all things, then Tyme will be no more. Others not taking notice of the Emblem, blazon it a Naked Man proper, Winged displaid Argent: with a Sythe in a moving posture Sable, being bald behind, and a long forelock of hair on his Foreheap (or a lock of hair before) Sable. Thus is Time generally painted. In like manner hath our Fore-fathers depicted several other things, being part of Time, or dependents upon Time: as

  • Moment, movement the only Time, Now.
  • Minutes, whose Emblem, or Image was depicted by a Woman holding of a Sun Dial, with a minute ballance fixed in the middle of it.
  • Houres, is emblem by a Woman holding of a Clock between her hands, on which is drawn the 12 houres of the day,
    • Day, is emblemed, by a Woman holding the Sun between her hands, shews that the Sun courses the World about in a day.
    • Night, is emblemed with the Moon in her hands with black Garments spotted with Silver or Gold Stars: or a Woman in dark clothes holding her hand before a burning Candle.
  • Mounths, emblemed, as Ianuary is depicted in the shape either of a Man or Woman, all in white Robes, Vests and Mantle; like snow or hore-frost blowing his fingers, and the sign Aquarius or the Water-man stand∣ing by his side.

February mounth, is drawn in a dark sky colour cloathes, with the sign Pisces, or Fishes in his right hand.

March mounth, is drawn tawny, with a firce look, a Helmet upon his head, leaning upon a Spade; in his Right hand the sign Aries, or the Ram (standing by him some have it) in his left hand Almond blossoms, and Scions, and upon his Arm, a Basket of Garden seeds.

April mounth, is drawn like a young Man, or Wo∣man in green, with a Garland of Mirtle, or Haw-thom∣buds; in one hand Primroses, and Violets; in the other hand or standing or lying down by him, the sign Taurus or a Bull in his proper colours.

May mounth, is drawn with a sweet and lovly aspect, in a Robe of white and green, Embrauthered with Daffa∣dils, Haw-thorn, and blew Bottle flowers; on his Head a Garland of white, red, and Damask Roses; in one hand a Lute, and upon the Fore-finger of the other a Nightin∣gal, with the sign Gemini, or two naked Boyes playing, or sitting embracing one the other at his Feet.

Iune mounth, is drawn in a Mantle of dark grass green, upon his Head a Coronet of Bents, King-cobs, and Mai∣den hair, (which are the seeds, or tops of several sorts of grass) in his left hand an Angle, in his right hand the sign Cancer, or a Crab or a Cravice fish: and upon his Arm a Basket of Summer Fruit.

Page  409Iuly mounth, is depicted in a Jacked, or short Coat of a light yellow, eating Cherries, with his Face and Bo¦som Sun burnt; on his head a Garland of Century and Tyme, on his shoulder a Sythe; with a bottle at his gir∣dle, and the sign Leo, or a Lyon carried by him, or els lying down at his Feet.

August mounth, is drawn like a young Man, of a •••rce look, in a flame coloured Robe; upon his Head a Garland of Wheat; upon his Arm a Basket of Summer Fruits, at his belt a Sickle, bearing the sign Virgo, or a Virgin at his side.

September mounth, is drawn in a purple Robe, with a chearful look, and on his Head a Coronet of white and purple Grapes; in his left hand a handful of Oates, with a Cornucopia of Pomegranates, and other Sum∣mer Fruits; and his right hand a Ballance, which is the sign Libra.

October mouth, is emblemed by a Man, or Woman in a Garment of the colour of decaying Flowers, and Leaves viz. brownish red, reddish yellow, dark green, &c. With a Garland of Oak leaves acorned, in his right hand a Scorpion, (which is the sign Scorpio) and in his left, a Basket of Services, Medlars, and Chestnuts.

November mounth, is painted in a Robe of chang∣able green and black; upon his Head a Garland of Olive leaves, with the Fruit; in his right hand, or by his side the sign Sagitarius, or the Centaur Archer couched by him: and in his left bunches of Parsneps and Turneps.

December mounth, is drawn like an old Creature, with a grim, or horrid aspect; clad in an Irish rug, or course Freeze girt about him: upon his Head three or four night Caps, and over them a Turkish Turbant: his Nose red, the beard hung with Iceikles, or dew frosts; at his back a bundle of Holly and Ivy; holding in Mittens, the sign of Capricornus, or standing by him a Goat.

The four Quarters of the Year Described.

Uer or the Spring, is emblemed, by a young Man, or a Virgin in green Robes, with a Scarf over his shoul∣ders, the Head adorned with variety of Flowers, with a Cornucopia unde his left Arm, and a Shepherds crook in his right hand.

Summer, Estas; is emblemed in light and loose Garments, naked Breasts, crowned with variety of Corn, and Graines: with a dish of Fruit in one hand, and a Sickle, or sheering hook in the other.

Autume, or the Fall, is presented by a fat well groan person representing Bacchus, with a Crown of Vine leaves, and Grapes; with a cup of Claret in his hand, and a bunch of Grapes in the other, and a Mantle cast about him carelessly.

Hyems, or Winter, emblemed by an old Man with grey long beard: with a Garland of Parsneps, Carrets, and Turneps, about his Head; standing or sitting before a Fier, with a Cat on his watch, and a Dog in his sleep∣ing posture.

The Year, is emblemed by one of a middle age, ei∣ther Male or Female in Robes of various colours, and the Mantle or Vail changable, having in one hand upon his Palm, a large Ring or Hoope, or the circle Zodiack a∣dorned with the Celestial signes.

It is also embled by a Serpent turned round with her Tail in her Mouth, to shew that the Year goes round for no sooner is December ended, but Ianuary begins. The Year is in no stay: time tarrieth for no Man.

Time, is sometime emblemed in a running posture with an hour glass in one hand, his Sythe over his shoul∣der and his fore lock of hair straight before him, which those that are wise take hold off, those that are otherwise will find post est occasio calva: when they would have time he is fled away.

☞ Note here by the way that all the Emblems of time and part of time, as Days, Months, and Years, &c. are generally drawu with Wings, either displaid, or expansed; to signifie that they stay not but fly away.

Eternity, is emblemed and expressed in the form of a fair Lady, with three Heads, signifying, time past, time present▪ and time to come; in her left hand a circle, pinting with the Fore finger of the right hand to Hea∣ven: the circle signifies she hath neither beginning or end∣ing. In the Medalls of Trajan the Emperour she was fi∣gured red, sitting upon a Sphear, with the Sun in one hand, and the Moon in the other: and in the Medalls of Faustina, she is drawn with a vail, and in the right band the Globe of the World.

Sleep, is emblemed by a slothful, and sluggish person sitting on a stoo, leaning on its hand and arm; which is seated on a table, or on its knee. Philostraus makes her a sluggish old Woman, sleeping on her hand, cloath∣ed with a white under Garment, and a black upper Gar∣ment, or Vest: holding in one of her hands, a horn pour∣ing forth seed, signifying by the seeds, rest, ease, and quiet∣ness.

Silence, emblemed by a Boy, Man, or Woman, which holds one of his Fingers close to his Lips, as a sign of secrecy. Some portraict him without any Face, but covered all over with the skin of a Wolf painted full of Eyes, and Eares: shewing it to be good to see, and hear much, but to speak little.

Fate, is drawn by a Man in a fair long white Robe, looking upwards where are two bright stars encom∣passed with thick Clouds, from whence hangs a Golden chain.

Fortune, is emblemed by a naked Woman having an ensign, or sail overshadowing her, standing upon a Globe, or Ball. Bupalus of Greece, made her in shape of a Woman, with a round Ball on her Head, and a Cornu∣copia in one of her Hands, she is called the Partial Lady, or blind Goddess, by reason of her bestowing of her un∣constant, and mutable Favours. Macrobius sets her forth with Wings. and a Rudder of a Ship by her side; stand∣ing upon a wheele, holding in her right hand a Golden Ball, and in her left a Whip.

Honor, is depicted like a Woman with two Wings, cloathed in purple, or Scarlet, with a Coronet or Wreath Page  410 of Laurel about her Head, holding Cupid by the Hand, who leads the Woman to the Godess Venus; which is de∣picted over against them.

Fame, a Lady clad in a thin light Garment, open to the middle of the Thigh, that she might run the faster: with two exceeding large Wings. The Garments are Embrauthered with Eyes, and Ears; and she blowing of a Trumpet.

Destiny, is emblemed by a vailed naked Woman, who with great fury, with an Iron Bow ready bent, and an Arrow in it, aimes to stick Fortune even at the very heart. Fortune and Destiny can never agree, and therefore as Fortune flyes from Destiny, so Destiny pursues Fortune: and where Destiny sets her Foot, there Fortune is as it were inchanted, as having no power.

Providence, is depicted like a Lady lifting up both her Hands to Heaven: with these words in an Escrowle, Providentia Deorum, or thus a Lady in a Robe; in her right hand a Scepter, in her left a Cornucopia, with a Globe at her Fet.

Uictory, is exprested by a Lady clad in Gold, in one hand a Helmet, in the other a Pomgranate, in the Me∣dals of Augustus C••sar, she was drawn with Wings ready to fly, standing upon a Globe or Ball; with a Garland of Bays in one hand; in the other a Coronet of the Empe∣rours, and in the Medalls of Octavius Caesar, she is drawn in a loose Coat with Wings, standing on a base, in one hand a Palm branch, in the other a Crown of Gold.

LXXXVII. He beareth Sable, out of a Cloud in the Dexter point, a Hand holding a flame of Fire, from whence issues a Thunderbolt, by which Death is cast into the Lake of burning Fier and Brimston, all pro∣per. This is also blazoned Ioves hand, out of a Cloud in the Dexter corner, by which he destroyed Death, and cast him into the burning Lake of fire. This may be termed Iupiters Uictory over the Prince of Ter∣rours: and Christ the Saviour of the World, his Conquest of Sin, Death, Hell, and the Grave. All which ay be understood by his saying, Hosea 13.14. O Death I will be thy Death: Reve. 21.10.14. And He cast the Devil, and Death, and Hell, into the Lake of Fire▪ So that now all the Faithful may triumph over them, and say with the Apostle. O Death where is thy Sting, O Grave where is thy Victory: Thanks be to God who hath given us the Victory, through our Lord Jesus Christ. 1. Cor. 15.55.57.

Men Punished in Hell.

Tantalus, the Son of Iupiter, and the Nymph Plota, for his revealing he secrets of the Gods, and for the inhumane Act of Massacreing his son Pelops, was judged to Hell to be punished with want, by seeing Meat, and to have none; and with fear of a falling Rock, which was placed over his head.

Ixion, the Son of Plegias, who for muthering his Fa∣ther in law, turned a vagabond on Earth: Iupiter at length pittied him, and took him to Heaven, where he fell in love with Iuno; which Iupiter perceiving present∣ed him a Cloud in shape of Iuno, of whom he beget the Centaures. Therefore Ixion was sent down to the Earth, where braging that he had lyen with Iuno, was by Iupi∣ters Thunder cast down to Hell; where being tied to a Wheel he is continually whirled about.

Orestes, the Son of Agememnon and Clytemnestra; who killed his Mother and Aegesu her Adulterer, which wick∣edness the Gods punished him for, by sending Furies to haunt him from place to place, that he could not be expiated, at last he was stung by a Serpent and dyed.

Tityus, a Great Giant, the Son of Iupiter; he is said to reach over three Acres of Ground, who attempting to ravish Latona, was struck dead by Iupiters Thunderbolt; and so sent him to Hell, where he was adjudged to have a Vulture to feed upon his Liver, that grew as it was eaten. He was said to reach over nine Acres of Ground.

Ocnus his punishment was to make Cords continual∣ly, and an Ass standing by him, bit the ends, as fast as he made it. This Labour and Punishment is fained from one that takes great pains to little purpose; or o one that would gladly grow rich, but he hath a shrewd Wie at home, that spends as fast as he gets.

Phlegyas, Father of the Nymph Ixion, whom Apllo deflowred in revenge he fired Apollos Temple in Delphos: Apollo in anger slew him, and sent him to Hell; where he was set upon a great rolling stone, ever in danger of a great fall.

Salomoneus, the Son of Aeolus, who to shew his Subjects that he was a God, made a Bridge of brass over a great part of the City, and hurried his Waggons over it, to imitate Thunder; but Iupiter being angry for his insolent attempt, slew him with a Thunderbolt, and sent him to Hell.

Sisyphus, he was slain by Theseus, and for his rob∣bing sent to Hell, and there set to rowl a great Stone to the top of the hill, which when it was on the top, would sud∣denly slide down again, and so he continually renewed his labour.

LXXXVIII. He beareth Azure, Acteon, Metamor∣phosied into the shape of a Hart. Some do blazon it a naked Man, with his quiver at his side, hung in a Scars or Ribbon Sable, with a Bow in his Right Hand Or, his Head turned into the shape or form of a Stag, proper. And some again more briefly; a Naked Man with a Stags head, proper: with a Bow in his right Hand Or, and a quiver and scarf Sable. But in the term, or name of Acteon, all these expressions are under∣stood. For this Man was a great hunter, who by mishap spied Diana washing her self, was by her (for fear of his discovering it) turned into a Stag, who was forth with set upon, and torn in peeces by his own Hounds.

☞ Here note that all Persons Metamorphosied (let the shape be what it will, whether Dog, Cat, Lyon, Wolfe, Bear, or Bull &c.) in these draughts, and depictings in History or Armory, they still retain their name and Bodily shape, to shew that they were i∣ther Men or Women: and the Head only Meta∣morphosied, or changed into that shape, that they were by the Poets fained to be in the whole Body turned to.

Page  411LXXXIX. He beareth, Gules Lycaeon Meta∣morphosied into the shape of a Wolf, proper: or a Man with a Wolves head with a Scarf over his shoul∣ders, Or. This Lycaon was King of Arcadia, whom Iupiter turned into a Wolf, because he had slain a Boy upon his Alter. But Ovid saith that Iupiter hearing an 〈◊〉 report of wickedness reigning amongst Men, came down to see, and travelling the Countrey to see the truth, one Night he came to Lycaons Pallace, and told him he was a God, the People Sacrificed to him; but Lycan derided them. In the Night he went to Iupiter his Chamber to have slain him, but being prevented; he tryed him another way, by slaying one of the pledges he had from Molossus, and dressed him and set him before Iupiter: which he seeing overthrew his Pallace with Thunder, and turned him into a Wolf.

A Canicipite, or Cynocephali; are certain People in India that have Heads like Dogs, and howle like Dogs.

XC. He beareth Sable, Cygnus Metamorpho∣sied into a Swan, Wings expansed, proper: with a Scarf over his shoulder, Gules. Or thus, a naked Man with Swans Neck and Wings expansed, with a Scarf o∣ver his right shoulder. This Cygnus was King of Lyguria a near kinsman of Phaeton, who weeping at the Tomb of Phaeton, was turned into a Swan, which hath been the name of Swan ever since.

Men Metamorphosied.

Achanthus, a Boy transformed into a Flower of his name.

Adonis the darling of Venus, a very beautiful Boy, who was after his Death turned into the Flower Adonis, or Anemone.

Aesacus the Son of Priamus, who fell in love with Hesperie, and followed her into the Woods, who running from him, was slain of a Serpent; whereupon he went mad, and cast himself into the Sea; whom Thesis turned a Didapper, or Moor-hen.

Ajax, a valiant Warriour, because he had not Achillis Armour grew mad, and slew himself, and was turned in∣to a Flower of his name.

Alectryon, a friend and one beloved of Mars, who was his watchman whilest he lay with Venus; but being heavy asleep, Sol came & espied him, & told Vulcan Hus∣band of Venus: who made a net of Chains, and cast it a∣bout them that they could not get out. The matter was known to the Gods, Mars was angry with his friend Alectryron, and turned him into a Cock: who now re∣membring his old fault, by crowing he gives warning of Sol's approach.

Amaracus, an Appothecaries Boy of Cynara, King of Cyprus, who by chance broake a Box of Oyntment, by which means it smelt more sweetly. After his Death he was turned into the Herb. Majorana, Sweet Mar∣geram.

Atys, a beautiful Boy beloved of Cybele the Mother of the Gods, she made him one of her Priests, and enjoyned him chastity, but he lay with a Nymph, she in anger made him Wood, or Mad, and then turned him into a Pine-tree.

Cadmus King of Thebes he killed a Dragon which kept a Well, the Teeth he sowed of whom came Armed Men; who by means of a stone flung amongst them, fell to quar∣reling and killed each other; after this he was turned into a Dragon and by Iupiter was sent ito the Elysian fields.

Circe, the Daughter of Sol, turned all Vlisses fellows into Swine, but over him she had no power: she could not procure the good will of Glaucus, who loved Scylla better then her; she infected the water in which Scylla was wont to wash, that touching it, she was turned into a Sea monster.

Diomedes forsaking his own Countrey, by reason his Wife had committed Adultry: went to Apulia, and helped Daunus against his Enemies, and settled him in his Kingdom: but Daunus understanding that he was not be∣love of the Gods slew him; whose companions did so much lament his Death, that they were turned into sing∣ing Swans, or rather Herons.

Hyacinthus, a beautiful youth, beloved both of Apollo and Zephyrus; but loveing Apollo better, and being one day playing with him at an exercise called, Discus; Zephyrus grew angry, and with a sudden blast of Wind, turned the Discus or Quoit, upon the youths Head, and killed him. The Earth drunk up his blood, from whence sprung the Flower Iacinth.

Lincus, or Lynx; the cruel King of Scythia, to whom Ceres sent a messenger to instruct him in Husbandrie, and the use of Corn: who out of an ambitious desire to be thought the Author of such an excellent invention, intended to murther the instructor in the Night; but Ceres being angry at his treachery, turned him into the Beast Lynx, a spotted Beast like a Panther.

Narcissus a beautiful youth, who at the age of fifteen or sixteen years; was doted upon by diverse of the Nymphs, but he slighted them all: at last being very dry and hot, he came to a Fountain of clear Water to drink, where seeing his own Face, was so much inamored with himself; that with grief, because he could not obtain his love pined away and dyed: and was turned into a Flow∣er of his own name, Daffidill.

Tithonus who for his beauty was beloved of Auro∣ra; and by her carried into Aethiopia: by her means he made immortal: but living so long till he was turned into a Grashopper, he grew weary of his life, and de∣sired to dye.

Erych-thonius was a Man begotten of Vulcans seed shed on the ground, whilest he was offering violence to Minerva, his Feet were the Feet of a Dragon.

Minotaure, a Man with a Bulls head; the Son of P•••phae, Wife of Minos King of Creta, gotten by a Bull.

Ascalaphus for discovering that Proserpina had eaten a grain or two of Pomgranate in Hell, was by Cere turned into an Owle for telling of Tails. The Owle since hath been accounted the messenger of ill news.

Celieuis one that Iupiter nourished, and loved; who because he said the Gods were Mortal, was turned into a Diamond.

Demarchus, a noble Champion who for tasting of a childs entralls offered in sacrifice, was turned into a Wolf.

Page  412Elpenor, the companion of Vlisses, who was by the enchantress Circe, turned into a Hog.

Epimetheus, Son of Iapetus; Iupiter being griev∣ed at him, turned him into an▪ Ape.

Haemon for marrying his own Daughter, the Gods turned them into Moutains.

Hermaphroditus Son of Venus and Mercury, was be∣loved of a Nymph to whom he would not hearken; she embracing him (being both naked in a Fountain washing) desired the Gods that both their Bodies might be turned into one: and so such persons as were both Man, and Woman, are called Hermaphrodites.

Hesperus the Son of Iapetus being expelled his King∣dom, went to the top of the Hill Atlas to observe the course of the Stars, and was turned into a Star; which in the Morning goeth before the Sun, and is called Luci∣fer, and i the Evening follows the Sun, and is called Hesperus.

Hippomenes, for his unthankfulness to Venus for the three Golden Apples, whereby he won Atalanta his Wife, and because he lay with her in the Temple of Mars-Cbele, transformed him into a Lyon, and her into a Lyoness.

Icarius the Father of Penelope, had a Dog called Mera; who dying was by Iupiter turned into the sign Canicula: and Icarius was made the Star, Bootes..

Nisus a King of the Magarenses, who had golden Hair, to whom it was told that as long as he did wear that Hair, he would be victorious. His Daughter Scylla fell in love with Mnos his Enemy with whom he had War, she to procure love again, cut off her Fathers Hair and gave it to Minos, who got his Kingdom. Niss for grief dyed, and was turned into a Hawk, and Scylla into a Lark: from hence the Poets do ground the antipathy between the Hawk, and the Lark.

Onophrius, a Man that lived a solitary life for sixty Years, in which space he saw no Man: he was the Man most Metamorphosied of any I have read off.

Periclimenus, Neptune granted him that he should transform himself into any shape he would; when Hercu∣les Warred against his Father, he transformed himself into a Fly; but Pallas told Hercules of it, who killed him with his Club; he was afterwards turned into an Eagle.

Atlas King of Mauritania, he was a famous Astrolo∣ger, or Astronomer, he is said to bear Heaven upon his shoulders; to wit, by maintaining of the Science; from hence he is fained to be turned into a Stone, or Moun∣tain of that name, upon the sight of Medusa's Head, for denying Perseus Son of Iupiter by Danae entertain∣ment.

Phalaus or Phalachrus, the Son of Aeolus, who for deflowring his Sister Arachne, was turned into a Ser∣pent.

Philomela King Pandions Daughter, was ravished by Tereus King of Thrace, whose Sister he had married, called Progne; which in revenge slew his Son Itys: Tere∣us in a rage would have slain the Sisters, but Progne was turned into a Swallow, Tereus into a Lapwing: Philomela for condoling the hainous fact, into a Nightin∣gale, Itys into a Pheasant.

Polydectes the Son of Magnetes, he kept Perseus and sent him to overcome the Gorgons, which done Perseus at his return with Medusa's Head, turned him into a Flynt∣stone.

Proteus the Son of Oceanus, and Thesis; he was skilful in foretelling things to come, he could change his shape into the form of any Creature, somtimes to a Bul or Serpent, or to a Flame of Fire, &c.

Sciron a notable Robber, whom Thesis slew, and cast his Bones into the Sea, which became a Rock, which from thence Rocks in the Sea are called Scironrea, which we English from the sound of the word Scaries: that is shelvey Rocks.

Tiresias seeing two Serpents engendred, killed the Female, and was himself turned into a Woman; seven Years after he came to the like gendering, and slew the Male, and was presently restored to his former shape: Iu∣piter and Iuno, arguing whether the Male or Female had the greater pleasure in Coitu, made him Judg, because he had the experience of both, who gave his award to the Woman.

Uertumnus a God among the Romans, who loving a Nymph, changed himself into all shapes to get her, but nothing at all prevailing, changed himself into a most beautiful young Man, and then offered her violence, to which she easily yeilded.

XCI. He beareth Vert, an Homo-Cane, or Man-Dog; and this is of some termed a Boy holding up his hands, naked to the Navil, from thence downwards the shape of a Spaniel Dog, Argent. Such a Mon∣ster as this was brought forth of a Woman, in the Year 1493. And was sent to the Pope that then reign∣ed.

The Homo-Sus, or Man-Sow; is such another kind of Monster, whose foreparts is like a Man, and all the rest of the Body, and hinder parts like a Sow.

The Corvocanis, or Dog with a Crows head: such a Monster as this was brought forth at Antwerpe in the Year 1571, but the Head had no Feathers on it. It is also by Physitians termed, a Corvocane, a Crow-dog.

XCII. He beareth Or, a Man holding up his Hands with a Glory about his Head, Umbrated: or sha∣dowed out. This is of some termed the Image of Man, or the Soul, or Animal part of Man, being the Soul without the Body, or shadowed without the substance. The invisible part, which ever lives, and hath a being though it hath a separation from the Body. The Soul of a Man can be no otherwise depicted, then by a shadow, being far more perfect then the Body, and nobler then the rest of that earthly mixture, and temper of the Elements; having a more divine ofspring, even from the breath of God, which is life it self; from whose life the Soul lives, and puts life into the Body by which it acts by its faculties.

A Faculty, is a certain power, and efficient cause, proceeding from the temper of parts, and perform∣ance of some action of the Body. There are three principal Faculty which govern Mans body, as long as it enjoys its integrity The Animal, Uital, and Natural.

Page  413

Of the Animal Faculties.

Animal Faculty; is seated in the proper tempera∣ment of the Brain, from whence by Nerves it distributes 〈◊〉 and motion into all parts of the Body: enduing it 〈◊〉 that principal, which comprehends reason.

Sensative Faculty; is seated or rather consists in five Senses: as seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, and feel∣ing.

Moving Faculty; remains principally in the Mus∣cles, Nerves, and Arteries; and is the chief instrument of voluntary motion: as going running, bending, or turn∣ing. The motion of the Heart, &c.

Principal Faculty; comprehends Reason, Under∣standing, Will Memory, Fancy, &c.

Emblems of the Animal Faculties: or Faculties of the Soul, depicted.

Senses.

Hearing, is depicted as a Man, or Womans, playing on the Virginal, or Lute, Violin, and any sort of musi∣cal Instrument; with a Hart, or Stag standing, by which is taken to be a Creature of a quick Ear.

Seeing is drawn like a Lady in a beautiful dress, having a looking Glass in one hand, and a prospectine Glass in the other; with an Eagle standing by her: as being the quickest sighted of any Creature on Earth.

Tasting, is emblemed by a person taking Tobacco, and in the other hand a Glass of Claret; with an Ape•••ing by eating of an Apple.

Smelling, is drawn with her Cloathes embrauthered with Flowers, and smelling at flowers in her hand, and a Basket of flowers on her Arm, and a Garland of flowers about her temples; with a Blood-Hound, or Talbot standing by.

Feeling, is depicted with a sad mourning aspect, ha∣ving a Parrot on her hand, biteing it till the Blood tric∣kle down.

Motion, is emblemed by a Man running, and a Grey-Hound after a Hare; and a Hawk after a F••l,

Action, or Imitation; by a Child doing what his Father doth: a Cockerell crowing after the Cock; or a Man drawing one picture by another, with an Ape standing by with a Pencill, or Pallet in his hand.

Salutation, is emblemed by two persons bowing to one another, or embracing one another; or the Angel Gabriel bringing the glad tiding to Mary, that of her should be born the Saviour of the World: which is the sign of the Salutation Tavern in London.

Cumbust, or Combustion; depicted by two Men wrestleing, or strive one with another.

Faculties of the Mind.

1. Understanding, is represented, by a Woman sit∣ing on the basis of a Pillar, with the Sun in her left hand; with her right hand pointing to the Hea∣vens.

Wisdom, is drawn in a white Robe, blew Mantle, set with Stars.

Prudence, is drawn with her Finger on her Mouth, and a Serpent wrapt about her Arm.

Law, is depicted with an old grave countenance, in a purple Robe, seeded or set with golden Stars; with a Mantle of Carnation fringed with Gold; the buskins purple, and yellow: holding a Scrowl, or Roul in his hand.

Government, is clad all in Armour.

Watchfulness, a person in a yellow Robe; with a sad Mantle fringed with Silver, poudered with Eyes: a Chaplet on its Head of turn-sole; in the right hand a Lamp, in the left a Bell: with a Cat, or Dog at her Feet.

2. Will, Desire, or Affection: is emblemed by a Woman holding the Moon between both her hands, in a Robe and Mantle of varions, or party colours: signi∣fying as much unconstancy in the will, as light in the Moon. So our will and affection is now to this, and anon to that, never at one stay,

3. Fancy, is emblemed by a Painter working at his Easill, with Pallet and Pencills in the left hand, and a drawing Pestle, or Pen in the right hand; framing some devise on his Cloath. But in my judgment it is not better set out, then by a Taylor, or Semster, with a peece of Cloath on his left, Arm, a Yard in his hand, and a pair of Shears in his right hand, with a Ca∣melion at his Feet.

4. Memory, is drawn like a middle aged Man, writing in a Book, upon a Table.

Animals Faculties, or the Passions of the Mind described.

Love, is depicted in the shape of a beautiful Woman, with a Laurel Garland about her Temples, her Breasts and Arms naked, with a loose Mantle flying over her shoulders, on her lef hand a pair of Turtle Doves, and in her right hand, an Olive branch fruited; at her Feet a Lamp.

Envy, is depicted with Medusa's head, the hair turn∣ed into Snakes: naked to the middle, with side hanging Breasts and Paps; in the right hand a Serpent Wrea∣then in it self, and the left a Heart held to her Mouth: at her Feet a fiery smoaking Furnice, or Founders melt∣ing Kill, or after some, an old lean Woman with a wi∣thered wrinkled Face.

Page  414Ioy, is depicted with a lixsome merry aspect, with a green Robe, and Mantle of diverse colour, embrau∣thered with Flowers; a Garland of Mirtle on her head, in her right hand a Cristal Cruise, or Cross; in her left a Cup of Gold.

Sorrow, is represented by a Woman sitting on the Ground, wringing of her hands, weeping, and her hair hanging down about her Shoulders, in a black Gar∣ment.

Audacity or Boldness, is depicted with a Man fight∣ing with a Dragon or any other terrible fiend or devilish Monster: the Lyon is the emblem of courage and bold∣ness.

Fear, is depicted by Cupid, with a visard in his Face, a bow in his left hand, his quiver by his side, & a Thunder∣bolt in his right. Or as Pansanius saith, it is best set forth by the deformity of a Womans Faces and Body. The Hare is the emblem of Fear.

Mirth and Pleasantness, is emblemed by a Woman with a cheerful aspect, yet pale and lean Faced, in purple Robes trimed with Silver.

Melancholly, is a Man foulding of his Arms toge∣ther, holding down his head, with his Hat covering a part of his Face: with an Hare at his Feet, or a Man with his back parts to sight, with the skirt of his Cloak cast over his left shoulder, his Face looking downwards. A Cat is the emblem of Melancholly.

Anger, Wrath, or Fury: is described by two Women chiding, or by a Man Armed, with a grim and stirn visage, his Mantle flying about his Shoulders, with a shield on his left Arm stretched out, and with his right hand drawing his Sword. Or by a Man in Garments, with one hand drawing, and the other hand on the Sca∣bard: with an Ireful Bear at his side. A Cock is also the emblem of Collerick and Angry persons.

Now by these and such like emblems, may diverse o∣ther Faculties be set forth, which are all but Fancies, and are drawn several other ways according to the Will and Pleasures of the devisers.

Of the Vital Faculties.

Uital Faculties, are seated in the Heart from whence heat and life is distributed, by the Arteries to the whole Body. The prime action of the Vital Faculty, is the pulsation; and that is threefold, in the continued agitation of the Heart, the Arteries, and Belly; all which the Vital Spirit doth cheerrish by the Dilatation or benefit of the Air which is drawn in, and put out.

Dilatation of the Heart, is the motion and beating, or panting of the Heart.

Pulsation, of the Arteries, is the beating of the Pulse; at the Wrists, and Temples.

Agitation of the Belly, is the working, rising, and falling of the Belly, by reason of the air drawn in, and blowne out again, by the lungs, or lights, as with bel∣lows.

Action, is the motion used in the performance of any thing: but an act, or work, is a thing done.

Motion, is the moving of any part or member by bending, or contracting, and extention, or stretching out: or else motion is said to be upwards, downwards, to the right, to the left, forwards, and backwards.

Respiration or breathing, is the motion of the Lungs; which we can at pleasure make more quick or slow.

Uoice, or Speech; is the forcing of the Air as it comes through the rift of the Wind-Pipe, which makes a sound.

Words, is the various dashing of the sound, at the Tongue, Pallate, and the shapning of the Mouth.

Of the Natural Faculties.

Natural Faculty, is seated in the Liver, which doth spread and carry nourishment over the whole Body; which is distinguished into three other Faculties, which are Generation, the Growing, and the Nourishing; which are again attended by four servant Faculties, as the Attractive, the Retentive, the Disgestive, and the Expulsive.

Generative Faculty, is the Generation, or forming of the Child in the Womb.

Growing, or the Increasing Faculty, is the flou∣rishing and thriving of the Child, from its forming, to its perfection, and perfect growth in the Womb; and af∣ter to its full groath.

Nutritive, or Nourishing Faculty; is the nourish∣ing, replenishing, and repairing, whatsoeeer is wasted or emptied: which nourishing Faculty continues from the Infants forming in the Womb, to the end of its life.

Attractive Faculty, draws that juce from the Meat eaten, which is fit to nourish the Body.

Retentive Faculty, is that which retains the nou∣rishment, untill it be fully concocted.

Disgestive Faculty, assimulates the nourishment, into the substance of that part where it is.

Expulsive Faculty, is the purging or puting away of the Excrements, that filth and dross which remains af∣ter disgestion.

Terms arising from the Faculties of the Animal, Vital, and Natural parts.

Good and Bad.

Fides, Faith, is to belive with understanding.

Intelligentia, Understanding, is the doing of a thing with reason.

Scientia, Science, Knowledge, is to do a thing by Sense, or experience.

Ratio, Reason, is the seeking out of things.

Oppugnitio, Oppugnition, or resolving against a thing.

Prascientia, a fore-knowledg, or the knowing of thing before.

Skillful, is the knowledge of things.

Experience, is the trial of things.

Page  415Practice, is the settling of knowledg, and retaining of things.

Discresion, discreet, is the knowledg how to use things right.

Sage, wise, to do a thing rightly.

Crafty, is to misapply, or abuse a thing, do a thing to a contrary end, or for another purpose.

Careless, is to minde, or look after nothing that is good.

Blockish, is to perceive, or understanding nothing.

Perswation, to credit a report heard, being likely of truth.

Assent, to credit a thing proved to be true.

Credulity, that believe any thing they hear; believe on trust.

Wonder, is not to understand the reason of things.

Ereour, to apprehend or hold a thing false, mistake of the understanding.

Opinion, is to apprehend a thing weakly.

Surmise, to hold a thing upon a guess.

Suspition, to suspect or mistrust a matter or thing.

A Doubt, or Wavering, not to be settled in a thing or matter.

A Mistake, is the doing of a thing ignorantly: doing one thing for another.

Ignorance, that knowes not how to do it: knoweth nothing of the matter.

Conscience, is the recorder of our actions, in evil things is shaketh, quivereth, and becometh informer, Witness, Judg, and Executioner against it self.

Zeal, Ielousy, an over hot love; or the fearing of a thing to be done contrary to our mind or desire.

Will, Uoluntas, Uoluntary Affection, is an ear∣nest desire, and choosing of things.

Affectio, Affection, or good Will; is the consent of an act, or likeing of a thing.

Minde, or Purpofe; is the pursuing of those things which are loved, or desired.

Power, Force, Ability; is the freeness of the Will having no restrain, free choise.

Mischance, is the doing of an act contrary to pur∣pose.

Deceipt of the Will, is when outward apperance is not real but semblances.

Dissimulation, is a shew of doing one thing, when they purpose to do another.

Fancy, Phantalia, is an inward Sense, and proceeds from the Crown: is the image of a thing conceived in the mind.

Putation, a thinking, as though, or fore-cast.

Imagination, that is to conceive a thing in the mind.

Fixtion, or faining of a thing, is to counterfeit, or conceive a thing in the mind, but not indeed.

Uision, an idle toy, the representation of a thing that is not.

Phantasme, a Vision, or imagined apperance.

Coutrivance, or Inventiod; is by and through ingenuity to do that was not done before, to find out a thing.

Inquisition, is an inquiry, or searching into a matter.

Industry, is pains taking: that is diligent, and studious in a business. Labour, and Travel carefully.

Craft, Art, Workmanship.

Common Sense, is to apprehend things taken from the outward Sense.

Dream, is the Fancy of sleep.

Ingenious, Witty, is to apprehend a thing readily, with ease.

Cunning, Shrewd, that devises or finds out a thing.

Dullard or a Dunce, that hath no Spirit, Activity, or ingenuity: but doth a thing sowly.

Inconsiderate, U••••ary, or without F••e-cast: is not to weigh, or consider of things 〈…〉 of nothing to come.

Fany or Reason depraved, is Dotage, Ex••asies, Madness, &c.

M••oria, Memory, lyeth under the hinde pa••〈◊〉 the Head, and is the remembering of things, either read off, seen, or heard.

Study, is an earnest bending of the mind to a thing, an endeavour to retain things in the mind.

Observance, is to note, take heed, or mark how a thing is done, that it may be imitated.

Remembrance, is the practice, or experience of a thing.

Reminiscion, is the remembering a thing out of mind to call a thing to mind.

Recrute, is to refresh, strengthen, or enliven, weake weary, and decayed parts.

Memory Abolished, is forgetfullness, foolishness, do∣tishness.

Sleep, is the rest of the Senses, and Animal fa∣culties.

Passion, is a disturbance, or disquieting of all the fa∣culties of the Soul.

Love, is a delight in the thing seen, or enjoyed.

Envy, is to disdain and have no affection or delight to a thing, and a trouble of the thoughts with evil de∣signs.

Ioy, Iocund, applaus, is an embracing, and glading the Heart, through the enjoyment of a thing. To be merry and pleasant.

Dolor, Sorrow, Grief, Mourning, is when we are sad for the loss of a thing, or that it is taken away; or evils on us.

Desire, Wishes, is to have, or retain a thing sought after.

Fear, is the disapointment of a thing desired, or look∣ed for.

Panick Fear, is a sudden fear wherewith one is di∣stracted, not knowing any cause.

Dread, Abhor, is the forethought or expecting of an evil to come. The Terrours of Hell make me afraid.

Astonishment, Agast, shivers, sore afraid, is when a sudden and unexpected danger, or evil is come upon us.

Lamenting, Bewailing, is out of a Sense or feeling of evils upon us.

Mirth, Iollity, Frantick; is a lightness and glad∣ness of the Heart, with the outward gesture of the Body, as Danceing, Leaping, Skiping, Talking, Jesting, Laugh∣ing, &c.

Page  416Melancholy, is a drooping of the Spirit, retiredness of Life, absenting from Company, and silence in Speech, an heaviness or sadness of the Mind.

Loathing, is to cast a thing off, when glutted and laded with it.

Wrath, Anger, Fury, is a perturbation of the Mind, and an unsettling of the Animal Faculties.

Weariness of Mind, is the dulling of the Senses and Faculties by over much Labour, Watchfulness, or expectation of a thing, when it is perceived a delay.

Despair, is the desire of a thing, and yet never to be in hopes of attaining it; or to be afflicted with Repen∣tance, and yet out of hope of the thing.

Sympathy, is a mutual agreement between things either living and dead, Love and Concord.

Antipathy, is a disagreement or hatred amongst the Creatures▪ one to or with another.

Shame, Shamefastness, is a certain affection, mixt of Anger and Fear; therefore if in that Conflict Fear prevail over Anger, the Face waeth pale; if An∣ger prevail, the Face is red.

Symptoms, are Signs and Tokens by which we may discern the passions of the mind; it is the discovery of every Change or Accident that happens to Man be∣sides his own nature.

XCIII. In this Figure I present to your view, the Ana∣tomy or Skeleton of a Man, that is (to say) the Bones contained in the same, whose several names and terms given to each particular Bone are as followeth.

Osteologia, is the description of Bones.

Bones in the Head.

The Scull is all the Bones of the Head, as they are united and knit together, the whole head termed so, as Cranium. Its upper part is double.

Calva, or Calvaria, the Scull or upper part of the Head, which by Old Age grows bald first.

Diploe, is the thin Plate or Shell of the Scull next the Brain.

The Brain Pan, is the top of the head, where there are several Bones set together by Sutures nicked one in∣to another, like the joining together of Cockle Shells.

The Coronalis Suture of the Scull, which passeth transversly from one temple to another.

The Lambdoides, is the hinder part of the head, called also Os Occipitale, knit to the Bone of the top of the Head by the Lambdois Suture.

The Os Frontis, or Frontal Bone of the Forehead called Bregma, or Pregma, which reacheth as far as the Coronal Suture: This Bone in Women is divided in the middle by the Sagittal Suture, and makes a cross on the head, by crossing of the two Sutures.

The Sagittalis Suture, is the Scheme which comes from behind the head, and goes to the top of the head to the Coronal Suture, and in Women crosseth it, and goes down the forehead even to the top of the Nose.

The Suturae, are the Scemes of the Scull, those intervals or connections, which knit and unite the Bones together.

The Lambdois Suture, is a Suture or Sceme in the hinder part of the head.

The Os Sincipitis, is the Bone on the top or fore-part of the head, which is divided into two by the Sa∣gittal Suture, the one called the right side, the other the left side of the Os Sincipitis.

The Os tempoa, the Temple Bones, each side the Head, which is divided from the Bones of the fore-part of the head, by a false or Bastard Suture.

The Os Pretrosum, is the inside of the Bones of the Temples, so called from the hardness thereof.

The Squamosa Suture, the false or Bastard Su∣ture, so called because it is not like any of the other Sutures: it joins the Bones of the Temple to the Bones on the top of the head.

The Os Sphenoides, called also Os Cuneais, and Basillare, the Cuneal Bone or Wedg Bone, which lies between the head and the upper Jaw.

The Colander Bone, is the Spongy Bone of the Nose.

The Os Ethmoides, or Spongoeides, is the Bone of the Nose.

The Os Hyoides, is the Bone that supports the La∣rynx, Epiglottis and Tongue.

The Apophyses, are the several cavities or little holes in the Bones of the Scull, all which according to their scituation, have several terms or names.

The Osbita, or Osbitary Bone, is the Bone which the Eye-hole is made of.

The Maxilla Superior, or the higher Jaw which consists of several smaller Bones all joined together by Sutures, or Harmonia.

The Melon Bone, or Os Zygomaticus, is the Bones of the Jaw just under the holes of the Eyes.

The Os Unguis, or Ossiculum lacrimale, is the hole made in the Bone of the Nose, by which the matter that makes Tears passes to the Nostrils.

The Os Maxilla superior, the upper Jaw Bone, the Bone the fore part of the Jaw, that contains the middle part of Teeth. It hath 11 Bones belonging to it, 5 on each side, and one without a fellow; others say 12, six on each side.

The Uomer, is a Bone at the Pallat, which holds up the Bridg of the Nose.

The Maxilla Inferior, or Mandibula, the Man∣dible or under Jaw Bone, which is one entire Bone; yet hath several names for its parts, as

  • The Aliformis, a Bone made like a Wing, which is fixed in the Basis of the Skull. Belenoides, is the process or shooting forth of the said Bone.
  • The Basis of the Iaw, is the middle or fore part of it, which makes the Chin.
  • The extremities of the Iaw, are the Angles or ends of the Jaw where they are fixt to the Scull.
  • The Corone, is the sharp Angle of the end of the Jaw.
  • The Condylus, is the rounder end, and is called Arti∣culatoria, because it serves for the Articulation of the Jaw; that is, for the joining or growing together of the Bones.
  • The Gingiva, is the Gum part where the Teeth be set, called the Sockets or Teeth holes in the Jaw.
  • The Dentes or Teeth, which have names accord∣ing to their being or scituation in the Jaws; the outmost are Cutters; next each side them Dog Teeth; and those in the Mouth Grinders; and the furthermost Eye Teeth, being in numbr about 30 or 32.
  • The Mammillaxy Production, is that part of the Nose where Smelling is exercised.

Page  417

Bones in the Trunk,

〈◊〉Trunk, called Truncus; contains such Bones in the Back, Breast and Loins.

〈◊〉Spondils or Uertebrae, are the Rack〈◊〉, or Back Bones, or the Chine Bones, which ex∣〈◊〉 from the Head to the Breech, or Os Coccyx; in 〈◊〉 there are generally 34 Rack Bones; of which se∣〈◊〉 in the Neck, 12 in the Back, 5 in the Loins, four 〈◊〉 Holly bone, and six in the Rump Bone.

The Rchis or Back Bone, as they are all joined 〈◊〉.

The Os Sacrum, is the Bone just under the Loins, 〈◊〉 Holly Bone.

The Os Coccyx, is the Bone at the end of the Holly 〈◊〉, called the Crupper Bone, the rump or seat, or 〈◊〉 Bone.

The Chest or Breast, called Os Pectoris, or 〈◊〉, the Breast Bone to which the Ribs are join∣〈◊〉. The Sternon.

The Clavicula, or Collar Bone, is the top part 〈◊〉 the Sternon, whose figure represents an S; these two 〈◊〉 each side one, retain the Scapula, or shoulder-ones in their proper seat; the Chanel Bones.

The Mucronata, called also Xyphoides; it is a •••tilage or gristly Bone at the lower end of the Ster∣〈◊〉 or Breast bone, called also the Sword like Carti∣•••e.

The Cartilaginous part of the Ribs, are the ends of all the Ribs that join to the Sternon.

The Crag or Neck Bone, the Uertebres.

The Ribs, called Costa, are in number 23 or 24▪ ••elve on one side, and eleven or twelve on the other; 〈◊〉 of them join to the Rack Bones of the Chin; of ••ich the seven highest join to the Breast Bone or Ster∣••n; the other five on a side are open, and are called Bastard Ribs.

The Costae Nothae, the Bastard Ribs, or short ibs.

The Share Bone, is the Bone over against the Seat r Rump Bone, the Bony Vault or Arch; which Bone Women have only, and is for a guard for their Womb, called also Os Pubis.

The Hip-Bone, called Os Illium, or Ischi∣m, is the Bones each side the Flank Bone.

The Acetabulum, is the hollow Concave in the Hip-Bone, which receiveth the head of the Thigh Bone. The ••cket of the Hip-Bone.

The Scapula or Omoplata, or shoulder Blade, which hath terms for the several parts of it, as

  • The Coracois, or Ancyroides; is the process in the Shoulder blade over the Glenois, where the Arm Bone is set, and the process over the hole. Called the ••curois, or Anchoralis.
  • The Spina Scapulae, is a process of the Bone ••ooting out from the other part like a round Bone.
  • The superiour and inferiour Angles of the Sca∣pula are the higher and lower points of the Shield or shoulder blade.
  • The Basis of the Scapula, is the edges or extremi∣ties of the Bone.
  • The Interscapulium, is the pits, or hollowness of the Shoulder blade on each side the Spina, or spinal part, one pit is above the prominence of the Spina, the o∣ther pit below it.
  • The Pterygium, or crest of the Spina, is the middle part or prominence of the Spina.
  • The Acromium, is the broad extremity of the Shoul∣der bone, the broad end.
  • The Glenoids, is the cavity of the neck of the Bone at the Coracois process, where the head of the Arm∣bone turns in.
  • The Spina Uertebrae, or Spondilis, is the spine or point, or the unch of the Spondile Bone of the back; and is used for any point or bunch, or process of any Bone, with the name of the Bone, as Spina Sca∣pulae, &c.

Bones in the Arm and Hand,

The Omoplata or Scapula, is the Shoulder Bone, which most Anatomists join to the Arm, as being a part of it; but I have joined it to the Trunk, as is before∣said.

The Brachium, or the Arm, which contains all from the Shoulder to the Wrist.

The Humeus, is the highermost Bone in the Arm, that between the Elbow and Shoulder; the Arm Bone, the Bone in the Brawn of the Arm, which hath several terms for its diverse parts.

The Head is the round top of the Bone, which go∣eth into the hole Glenois, in the Shoulder Bone.

The Neck, is the orbicular narrow place, a little be∣low the sid head.

The ••ochea is the other extremity or bottom of the 〈◊〉 bone which hath two cavities, of which the external is wider than the internal, and are termed

The odili inferior or interior, the inner or least cavitie, for receiving of the Coronal Apophyses of the Radius, one of the Cubit Bones. Condili exterior, or superior for the other.

The Cubitus is the second part of the Arm, and is from the Elbow to the Wrist, and doth consist of two Bones; the Shuttle Bones.

The Radius is the exterior and lesser Bone in the outside of the Arm, called the Wand Bone, and Focile minus.

The Ulna, and of some called Cubitus, having the name of the whole, and is the greater and inner Bone of the lower part of the Arm; the Ell or Cubit Bone, or Focile major.

The Sygmois, or Sygmoides, are the cavities at the extremity of the Ulna, which embraceth the end of the Troclea of the Arm.

The Olcranum, is the Coronal Bunch or end of the Bone, which joins to the Wrist, called Radius.

The Stylois, or Styloides, are the ends or bunch∣es at the end of the Bones Ulna.

The Ginglymus, is the String or Sinw which holds the Bones together at the Elbow.

The Carpus is the Wrist, and it consists of eight Bones set in two Orders.

The Arthrodia Diarthrodis, is the first Order of the Wrist Bones.

Page  416〈1 page duplicate〉Page  417〈1 page duplicate〉

Page  418The Anthrodia Synarthrodis, is the second Order of the Wrist Bones.

The Metacarpus, is the After Wrist, and is four bones, of which the back of the Hand is composed.

The Pollex, or the Thumb, which is composed of 3 Bones.

The Deltoides, the Joints in the Thumb or Fingers.

The Agcoon or Ancoon, is the Elbow or Bending of the Arm.

The Os Digiti, the Finger Bones, each Finger con∣sisting of three Bones.

The Articulus, the Knuckles, the joints at the back of the Hand, called also condili manus, the knots or Knuckles of the hand.

Bones in the Thighs and Feet:

The Os Coxa, or the Thigh Bone, called also Os Coxendix, it is from the Hips to the Knee.

The Rotator, is the greater outward process of the top of the Thigh Bone, called also Trochanter.

The — head, is the round Coronal that goes into the Os Ilium, or Hip-bone, the superior Appendix.

The — neck of the said Appendix.

The — Head of the inferiour Appendix, that as joins to the Leg Bone, and makes the Knee.

The Mola, or Petella, or Knee-Pan; the Whirl Bone of the Kne; the Joint Bone. Called also the Epigonatis, or Ratuli.

The Tibia, is the great Bone of the Leg; the Shin-Bone. Radius.

The Os Parastrata, or Parastracia, the Spindle Bone in the shank.

The — cavity of the Tibia, that receives the Thigh Bone into it.

The Fibia, the small Bone that lieth along the out∣side of the Shin Bone, the Brace Bone, Fibula.

The Malleolus, or the Ancle Bone; the outer termed the exterior Ancle, and the inner the interior Ancle.

The Tarsus, the Wrest, or the seven Bones joined in three Rows or Orders; the first termed Os Astraga∣li, Os calcanei, and Os Cuneiformia, or Cymbifor∣me, or Os Cubiforme, the Heel Bones; in Beasts the Pastern.

The Metatarsus, is the five Bones, of which the top and sole of the Foot is composed; the Instep Bones.

The great Toe Bones, Os Hallus, or Hallux.

The Phalanx, or row of Toe Bones.

The Toes, consisting of three Bones apeece. Pollex Pedis.

The Crus, the Leg, the Shank, that as is between the Knee and the Ancle, consisting of two Bones, Tar∣sus and Metatarsus.

The Sesamois, or Sesamoides, the great and lit∣tle Bones about the roots of the Toes; the Seed Bones of the Foot, called also Ossicula Sesamina.

The Calx or Heel, called also Calcaneus. Cal∣choidea, those Bones as succeed the Ancle.

The Talus, or Os Balistae, the Cockall Bone, the Bone just under the Ancle Bone.

The Os Naviculare, the second row of Bones, order of the Tarsus, or Wrist Bones under the 〈◊〉

The Pedium, or After-Wrist, the same as 〈◊〉tarsus.

The Metapedium, the outmost Bones in the 〈◊〉

A Bone, termed Os, or Ossean part, is the 〈…〉∣lar of the Body; they are strong and hard; some 〈◊〉 solid, others hollow, some firm Bone, others poary spongy.

A Cartilage or Gristle, is not so hard as a 〈◊〉 yet in Old Men sometimes degenerates into a Bone.

The Number of Mans Bones,

The number amongst Anatomists is very uncertai some say there is 300, others 307, others 242; but 〈◊〉 the Skeleton of a Man there are 256 necessary Bones 〈◊〉 the Structure of it, which are thus numbred.

  • Of the Skull, 8
  • In the upper Jaw, 11
  • In the neather Jaw, 1
  • In the Os Hyois, 3
  • Teeth, 32
  • In the Back Bone, 24
  • In the Os Sacrum, 3
  • In the Coccyx, 3
  • In the Clavicula, 2
  • Ribs, 24
  • In the Sternum, 3
  • In each Hand, 24
  • In the Omoplata, 2
  • In the Arms, 2
  • In the Cubits, 4
  • In the Wrists, 16
  • In both the Metacarpus, 8
  • In the Fingers, 30
  • In each Foot, 24
  • In the Illium, 2
  • In the Thighs, 2
  • In the Legs, 4
  • In the Knees, 2
  • In the Toes, 28

The Muscles of the Body.

Face.

The Muscles are certain Ropes, or Links, or Sinews that run all over the Body from Head to Foot, to tie all the parts and Limbs together; of which Anatomists rec∣kon 405 to be in every Man; they are also termed Nerves and Tendons.

The Musculus Frontalis, is the Frontal or fore∣head Muscle.

The Musculus Latus, the broad Muscle that co∣vers the neck, face, and the fore and side parts of the head.

The Musculus Ciliaris, is that as compasseth the Eye-lids.

The Orbicular Muscle, is that as draws up the Eye-lid.

Eyes.

The Musculus Ocularii, is the Muscle of the Eye, about which parts there are reckoned six, as

  • The Supernus and Attollens Oculum, is the upper, and the Eye up-lifter Muscle.
  • The Infernus and Deprimens Oculum, is the lower, and eye depresser, which causes the Eye to look downwards.
  • Page  419The Musculus Lectorius, is the reader, or students Muscle, it draws the Eye sideways.
  • The Indignatorius Musculus; is the disdaigners Muscle, and is at the small corner of the Eye, and draws the Eye outward.
  • The Musculus obliquus, or Trochleator; is a Muscle that holds the Eye stiddy.
  • The Musculus obliquus minor; is a Muscle for the same purpose.

Ear

The Musculus Auricularius; the Ear Muscle, which lodgeth at the root of the Ear.

The Musculus — is that as is fastned to the auditory passage, or hole of the Ear.

The Musculus — is that Muscle as is in the Concha, and is fastned to the Mallet.

Nose

The Musculus Nasi, or Nose Muscles; in which part there are six, whose actions are these, to dilate draw up and let down &c.

Lips

The Musculus Labri, is the Muscles of the Lip, which as they are two, so each hath its proper Muscles, as well as the common Muscles belonging to both.

Mouth

The Musculus Communis, or the common Mus∣cles of the Lips, are such as serve the Mouth, which are

  • The Zygomaticus Musculus, is that as termi∣nates in the meeting of the Lips.
  • The Musculus Buccinator, or the Trumpet Muscle; or the Cheek driver, it serves to open the Mouth.
  • The Sphincter, or Musculus Pylorus; is a Muscle as draws the Mouth together.

Jaw

The Temporal Muscle, is that as lifts up the Jaw.

The Pterygoideus internus, or Masseter in∣ternus; is an other Muscle which helpeth the tem∣poral.

The Musculus Digastricus, or the Twi-bellied Muscle; is that as draws the Jaw down.

The Musculus latus, or the broad Muscle, is also a helper to draw the Jaw down.

The Pterygoides externus, or the external wing fashioned Muscle; is that as forceth the Jaw forward, when the higher teeth stands further out then the lower.

The Masseter, or Chaw Muscles; is that as draws the Jaw this way, and that way in Chawing.

Os Hyoides

The Genio-hyoideus; is a Muscle which is in the Chin, and is fixed in the Os Hyoides, to move and lift it up.

The Mylo-hyoideus, is a Muscle that assisteth the foresaid, and comes from the grinding teeth of the under Jaw.

The Sterno-hyoideus, is a Muscle from the Breast-bone, and draws the Os Hyoides downwa••s

The Stylocera-hyoideus, is a Muscle fixed to the horns of the Os Hyoides.

Tongue

The Genyoglossus Muscle, it forceth the tongue out∣wards

The Basglossus Muscle, is that as draws the tongue backwards.

The Styloglossus Muscle, is it as moves the tongue to both sides.

Larynx

The Hyothyoideus Muscle, is it as moves the La∣rynx upwards.

The Musculus Bronchius, it moves the Larynx downwards.

The Crico-thyroideus Auticus Muscle, serves to dillate and widden, the Thyroides: which is a mov∣able gristle in the Larynx.

The Crico-thyroideus lateralis Muscle, is that as contracts, and narrows the said Thyroides.

The Thyro-Arytaenoideus Muscle, is that as opens the gristle Arytaenoides, in the Wind-pipe, or Weazen.

The Arytaenoideus Muscle, is that as shuts the same gristle, and compasses about the Glottis, to make the voice sound the better.

Gullet

The Muscles of the Pharynx, or Gullet: are se∣ven, of which three have fellows, and four are without companions.

The Spheno-Pharingeus, it draws the Gullet up∣wards.

The Cephalo-Pharingeus Muscle, covers the Gullet, and is as if it were the coat thereof.

The Stylo-Pharingeus Muscle, it widens the Gullet.

The Muscle Oesophageus, it draws up the Gullet, or closeth it.

Pallat

The Muscle Ptery-staphylinus externus; it lies, or is inserted into the side of the Uvula.

The Ptery-staphylinus internus; is a Muscle hath its original at the Pterygoides, and ends at the Uvula.

Page  420
Head

The Muscles of the Head are proper, or common: and those are many, but these are only named.

The Muscle Mastoides; it serves to bow the head, and arises from the top of the Breast bone.

The Extenders, are six Muscles which extend the Head.

The Splenius Muscle, is in the hinder part of the Neck.

The Complexus Muscle, it ends in the after part of the Head.

The Rectus Major, and Rectus Minor; are Mus∣cles that arise from the Back-bone, and run to the hinder part of the Head.

The Muscles obliquus major and minor, are those that arise from the Spine, or point of the second Vertebra, and end in the after part of the Head.

Neck

The Neck Muscles are ight, on each side four.

The Musculus Longus, or Rotundus Major: comes out of the third Vetebra, or Knucle bone of the Back, and ends in the first, which serves to bend the Neck.

The Scaenus Muscle, or the unevensided Muscle; it helpeth to bend the Nec.

The Erlenders, are Muscles to stretch out the Neck.

The Spinarus Muscle, arises from the seaven up∣permost Spondils or Vetebra's, and ends in the second of the Neck.

The Transversarius Muscle, riseth from the Back, and is planted in all the transverse eminencies in the Neck.

Shoulders

The Scapular Muscles, are four in number.

The Muscle Levator proprius, doth lift up the Shoulder blade.

The Muscle Trapezius, it causeth diverse motions, according to the direction of the Fibres.

The Muscle Serratus minor, is it that draws the Shoulder blade forwards.

The Rhomboides Muscle, draws it backwards.

The Musculus Latissimus, is said to draw the Shoulder blade downwards, although its own weight doth return it to its natural scituation.

Arms

The Muscles of the Arms are nine in Number.

The Muscle Deltoideus, and Supra Spinatus; is that as moves it upwards, called the Arm lifters Mus∣cle.

The Musculus latissimus, and Rotundus major; also called the Arm Depresers; is that as sets the Arm fall.

The Pectoralis, and Coracohyoides; this Muscle draw the Arm forwar〈…〉 let Shoulder.

The Muscles Infra-spinatus, Roundus minor, and Imersus; are three that move the Arm back∣wards.

Elbow

The Cubite, and Radius, have diverse motions, and are knit together by diverse Articulations. The Cubit guides the motion of bending, and extending,: the Ra∣dius directs the motion of Pronation and Supination.

The Muscles Biceps, and Brachieus internus; are two Muscles seated in the internal part of the Arm, and bends the Arm: termed also the Cubit Benders.

The Muscles Longus; and Brevis Brachieus externus; and Agoneus, or Cubitalis: serve to extend, or stretch out the Cubit. Called also the Cubit Extenders.

The Longus Spinator, and the Brevis Spina∣tor; are two external Muscles, which draw the Radius downwards.

Wrist

The Wrist is stretched sorth, bended, and laterally moved, by two Muscles.

The Muscles Cubitus, and Radius; bend down he Wrist, and are termed, the Wrist Benders.

The Radius exte••us, or Bicornis; and the Cubitus externus: are the extenders of the Ra∣dius.

Palm

The Palmer Muscles are two.

The long P••mr Muscle, and the short Palm Muscle; serve to make the hand hollow, or make Dio∣genes dish, to drink out of.

Fingers

The Musculus sublimis, and the Musculus pro∣fundus; are two Muscles, which bend the four Fin∣gers.

The Lumbricales, or the four Worm Muscles; are those that are carried to the first articulation of every Finger, where they unite themselves to the Inter-osse∣ans.

The Extensor magnus, the great extender of the Fingers, which also cause other motion.

The Interossean Muscle, serves to move the Fin∣gers sideways: which motion is commonly termed, ad∣duction, or a drawing to the Thumb: and abduction, a drawing from the Thumb.

The Extensor Iudicis, the Muscle that stretcheth out the Fore-finger.

The Extensor magnus Digitorum; the exten∣der of the great or long Finger.

The Extensor Auriculis, the stretcher out of the little, or ring Finger.

The Hypothenar, is a Muscle peculiar to the little Finger.

The Extentive Muscle, which is proper to the Fore-finger, to point withal.

Page  421
Thumb

The Thumb hath peculiar Muscles, by which it bends, extends, and moveth sideways: which are termed, the Extenders, Benders, and Lateral movers.

The Themar Muscle, draws the Thumb from the Fingers.

The Antithemar Muscle, is that as draws the Thumb to the Fingers.

The Hypothemar Pollicis, this Muscle draws the Thumb, to the four other Fingers.

Breast

The Chest, or Breast hath in it five Muscles, as:

The Muscles Subclavius, and Serrator Major; and the Triangularis, or the Pectoralis Internus Muscles: which three lie before, and help the Breast to widen, and lift up.

The Posticus Serratus superior; is a Muscle seated behind.

The External Intercostal Muscle; which are ele∣ven Muscles which holds the place of one.

The Sacro-Lumbus; the Intercostalis inter∣nus; and Serratus Posticus inferior: are three Muscles that contract and narrow the Breast.

The eleven internal Intercostals; are reckoned to be but one Muscle. It has Fibres contrary to those of the External, cross-wise intersected.

Midriff

The Diaphragme, or Midriff, is an admirable kind of Muscle, which is in continual action, and serv∣eth as a Wall of partition to severe the things of the Breast, from the others of the Belly.

Back, and Loins.

The Back-bone, and Loins are bowed, extended, and drawn aside, by these Muscles.

The Musculus quadratus, is that as boweth the Back.

The Semi-spinatus Muscle, extends the Loins, and therefore called the extenders of the Loins: or moves them forward.

The Musculus Sacer, moves the Loins backward, as the aforesaid moves forward, in the Genial embrace∣ments, tending to Procreation.

The Muscle Sphincter, is that as shuts up the Fundament, and contracts the Bladder.

Testicles

The Cremaster Muscle, it draws the Testicles up∣wards, and there retains them in that posture.

The Dartus Muscle, is the Membrane of the Scrotum, or Cod.

The — is the round fleshy Muscle, which being rouled back over the Prostata, doth shut the Neck of the Bladder; which being made broad it ex∣pels the Urine.

The Internal Sphincter Muscle, is the fleshy Neck of the Bladder which very exactly covers, or closes the Bladder.

Yard

The Yard hath four Muscles, which are these.

The Musculus Erector, is the Yards erector.

Te ••telerut or Muscle, it 〈…〉 the seed, and 〈…〉 the drops 〈…〉.

〈…〉 the Fundament is 〈…〉 the sacrements are forced out. 〈…〉 of these Muscles, each doing his office, yet all have but 〈…〉.

Thigh.

The Thigh Muscles, are these following.

  • The Musculus Glutei, or Glautij; that is the But∣tock Muscle, by which we stand, or extend the Thigh.
  • The Gloutius Maximus, & Extimus: the great∣est, and outmost Buttock Muscle.
  • The secundus, and medius Gloutius; the second, and middle Buttock Muscle.
  • The tertius, and intimus Gloutius; the third, and innermost Buttock Muscle, by all which the Loins stand, and are extenuated.
  • The Primus Lumbaris, or Loin Muscle, called Pions, or Pso, and the parvus Psoas: by which and the two following Muscles, the Thig is bended.
  • The Iiacus Musculus, the Iliac Muscle; is sea∣ted in the inner side of the Thigh.
  • The Pectineus Muscle, is seated on the out side, called the Comb Muscle.
  • The Muscle Triceps, or the three Headed Mus∣cle; hath three originals, and as many insertions: they are seated in the hinder part of the Thigh, and serve to move it to the inside; a drawer to, or inward.
  • The Quadrigemini, or Quadrigeminal Muscles, are four little Muscles interchangably placed upon the articulation of the Thigh, in the hinder part thereof: and serves to withdraw, or draw the Thigh to the outside, and to strengthen the Leg being stretched out.
  • The Obturator External Muscle, is that as helps the Thigh in an oblique way, to wheel about.
  • The Obturator Internus, or the internal wheeler; is a Muscle on the inner side the Thigh, whose act is to direct and govern the external wheeler; in the wheeling of the Thigh.
Leg

The Sutorius Muscle, draws the Leg inwards, or to∣ward the other Leg.

The Membranous, or broad Swath Muscle; draws it outward.

The Leg benders, are Muscles to bend, or bow the Leg, which are four in number, viz.

The Semi-Nervosus, or half sinnewed Muscle.

Page  422The Semi-Membranosus, or half Membranary Muscle, both these are seated in the inside of the Leg.

The Biceps Muscle, is seated on the outside of the Leg: having two Heads, or tendons, on the top where it proceeds from the thigh.

The Gracilis, or Posticus Gracilis; is a Muscle that arises from the Hip-bone, and goes the inside of the thigh: and is inserted or seated in the inner part of the Leg.

The Muscle Popliteus, is a bender of the Leg, and lies under the Ham; and is oblique inserted, in the hin∣der part of the Leg.

The Membranous, or Membranary Muscle; is in the forepart of the Leg, and girs in the Muscles of the Leg, like a Membranous Swath: it serves to extend, and stretch out the Leg.

The Musculus Sutorius, the crossing Muscle; taken from the Taylrs▪ sowing cross legged: the Sowers Muscle.

The Rectus Gracilis, inserted in the fore-part of the Leg.

The Uastus externus, and the Uastus internus; are two Muscles that are inserted in the inner, and out∣sides of the Leg; a little below the Patella.

The Musculus Crureus, or Crural Muscle; is in the forepart of the Leg: these are united altogether a∣bout the Knee, ad produce, but one only tendon, which is very broad and strong.

Feet

The Tibeus, or Tibeus Anticus; is one of the Foot benders Muscle, whose end is slit into two ten∣dons.

The Peroneus, or Peroneus Anticus; is a Muscle that helps to bend the Foot.

The Gemini, or Twins Muscle, or else called Ga∣stroc-nemius: which make the belly, or swelling in the calf of the Leg.

The Plantaris Musculus, is a Muscle under the Heel by the inner Ankle-bone.

The Soleus Muscle, is a broad and thick one, and is inserted by a tendon mixt with the Gemini, into the hinder part of the Heel.

The Chora magna, is an exceeding thick, and strong Tendon, and is made of the Gemini, and Soleus Muscles mixt together in their inferior parts.

The Tibeus Posticus Muscle, and the Peroneus Posticus; are two hinder Muscles, by which the Foot is extended.

The Peroneus Anticus, and the Peroneus Flex∣or; are two Peronean Muscles, whose office is to extend the part, being scituated behind.

Toes

The Musculus longus, and brevis; are two Mus∣cles, a long and short: by which the toes are stretched out. Called the Toe-stretchers.

The Pediean Muscle, or Brevis Digitum Ten∣sor; or the short toe stretcher, is that Muscle whose ten∣dons are inserted into all the joynts, or Articulations of the toes.

The Pero-Dactyleus, is a Muscle in the bottom of the Foot, whose tendons are inserted in the third joynt, of the four toes.

The Pedieus internus, or Brevis Digitum Flexor; or the short toe benders, whose office is to bend the toes.

The Inter-ossean Muscles, are eight in number, four external, and four internal; by them the toes move oblique▪ and sideways.

The Lumbrical, or Worm fashioned Muscle; has its original from the Heel.

The Extenior Pollicis, or the great Toe stretcher Muscle.

The Abducor Pollicis, is a Muscle which draws a∣side the great toe.

The Tendon, is used for a Muscle or Nerve; but the genuin and proper signification, is those Muscles which branch out into two, three, or four ends; those ends are the Tendons, of such and such a Muscle.

The Arteries of the Body.

An Arterie, is a Membranous Channel of the same Nature of a Vein, but harder and thicker.

The Coronarae, or Crown Arteries; are two springing out of the Ventricle of the Heart,; and compass the Heart like a Crown.

The Trunk of the Aorta, or Arterie; is the main Body of the Arteries: from whence others branch forth.

The Ascendant Arterie, and Descendant Arterie; are the two branches which come from the Trunk, or the Trunk is divided into, a little without the Paricar∣dium.

The Subclavia Dextra, is the Arterie on the right side, proceeding from the ascendant Arterie.

ThCarotis Sinistra, is that as issues from the ••cedent, and ascends to the left side: called the Slee∣py Arterie, or Carotick Arterie.

The Subclavia Sinistra, is another of the three Arteries, which proceeds from the ascendent Arterie, and goes upward in the left side.

The Axillaris Arterie, is near the Arm-pits.

The Arteria Crevicalis, is an Arterie near the Shoulder point.

The Inter-costal Arteries, are such as be in the Chest, or Breast.

The Lumba, or Loyn Arteries, are such as be in the Belly.

The Temporal Arteries, are them in the Fore-head, and Temples.

The Thoracica Arterie, is from the Arm-pit, to the bending of the Arm, in which progress it bestows cer∣tain twigs, upon the bordering parts.

The Ramus minoris, the Arteries on the inside of the Arm, by the Radius bone, is felt to beat at the Wrist. Called the Pulse, or Arterie of motion, which sends forthe its twigs to the Thumb, and Fin∣gers.

The Arteria Cruralis, or Crural Arterie; de∣scends the Thigh without any division to the Ham, then brancheth into two parts, one runs the outside, Page  423 the other the inside down the Heel.

The Arteria Uenosa, is an Arterie in the Breast.

The Celical Artery, is seated in the higher Region of the Belly.

The Nerves of the Body.

A Nerve, or Sinew; is a Channel made to carry animal Spirits; and because this Spirit is most subtile, therefore the Cavity is so small, that it is not discernable. It is of a substance much harder, & more fibreous then an Arterie.

A Nerve, a Tendon, and a Ligament; are im∣pertinently taken for one, and the same thing by some Chyrurgeons.

Ten pair of Nerves proceeds from the oblongated Marrow within the Scull: though the Ancients only ac∣knowledg seven therein. Below the Scull they reckon thirty pair; seven from the spinal Marrow in the Neck; twelve from the same in the Back; five from the Loins; and six from the Os Sacrum.

Belly

The Diaphragmatius, or Diaphragmatick Nerve; are two Midriff Nerves, which goes through the Neck, into the Arms.

The Recurrentes, or Recurrent Nerve, is of two branches, one bending back, where the Aorta is bowed in and the bending of the right Nerve, at the right Subclavian Arterie.

The Stomachicus, or Stomachick Nerve; are also two, and lie beneath the Heart: and from them are ten, or twelve Sprigs or twigs, drawn into the Lungs. The Stomachical Nerve.

The Nervorum mirabilis Plexus, are the Nerves or small branches of the two Stomathick Nerves: which being folded, and fettered together, makes that contex∣ture of Nerves, out of which, all the Nerves are derived, which are distributed into the lower Belly.

Head

The Odoratory Nerve, is that as preserveth the smell.

The Opthalmick or Optick Nerve, or Uisorius Nervus; is that which moves the Eyes.

The Pathetick or Gustatory Nerve, is that which perceiveth tastes, being inserted into the Tongue and Pal∣la, for that purpose.

The Timidus, or fearful Nerve; is that as serves the Organ of hearing.

The Parvagum Nerve, is that which moves the Tongue and Muscles of the Neck.

The Costales, or Costal Nerves; are two Nerves proceeding from the Brain, to the Back: where it is made stronger by adding of three small Nerves: and after that by two more.

Arms

The primus Nervus, is beneath the shoulder, and runs below the bending of the Arm.

The secundus Nervus, or second Nerve; is un¦divided, and thicker, descending below the bent of the Arm.

The tertius Nervus, or third Nerve; is carried all along the Arm to the Wrist, and so to the little Finger: at the hand it is divided into four branches and so spread into the outside, or back of the Hand, and to the Finger ends.

The quartus Nervus, or fourth Nerve▪ is the thickest of any of the other, and is carried all the Back of the Arm, and so is lost at the Wrist.

Thighs

The — are Nerves of the fore-side of the thigh distinguished in the originals but soon grow toge∣ther, & become one Cord, which runs unto the Groin; where it is distributed into five branches.

The Lumbal Nerves, are from the Loyns.

The — is a very great and thick Nerve, which glides along the hinder part of the thigh: which in its original, or beginning is made up of somtimes three, somtimes four small strings: it proceeds to the Ham.

The — are the branches of the thigh Nerve, and they run down the calf of the Leg to the Heel, dealing out little Nerves in its passage: and at the sole of the Foot runs into as many branches, as there are toes.

The — is a Nerve which is carried in∣to the fore-part of the foot, and there brancheth to all the toes.

The Contexture of Nerves, or Intertexture of Nerves; which are Nerves woven together of the Sto∣machick, and Costal Nerves: concurring on both sides the lower Belly, from whence are derived all the Nerves, which are distributed into the several parts of the lower belly.

The Veins of the Body.

Breast

A Vein, is a Membranous Vessel, round and hollow, alotted to contain Blood, and to distribute it, for the nourishment of the Body and Vital parts.

The Uena Cava, the trunk Vein, or hollow Vein, is the great Vein in the Breast, which hath many little Veins branching from it into all the parts of the Body.

The Hepatica, or Hepatick Uein; is a branch that riseth from the top of the Liver, and carries the Blood to the Cava.

The Coronaria, or Crown Uein; runs from the Trunk to the heart.

The Uena Porta, the Liver Vein; some say it hath no circulation: but extendeth its roots to the Liver, Spleen, Ventricle, Mesentery, Pancras, Cawl, &c.

The Azygos, or Solitary Uein; a Vein without a fellow which nourisheth the Ribs.

The Ualves, or Shutters of the solitary Vein; which resists the blood slowing in abundantly.

Page  424The Intercostales Uenae, or intercostal Veins, are two, each side one, proceeding from the Uena Cava.

The Mammaria, or Dug Ueins; which are twofold▪ ••ese run through the Breast to the Dugs.

The Gastro Epiploon Uein, is a branch from the Uena Porta, or Gate Vein, and runs into the Stomach.

The Intestinal Uein, is another branch which runs to the Duodenum, and from thence sends it to the Gall Bladder.

The Splenical Uein, and the Mesenterical Uein; are the two famous branches, which Uena Porta is di∣vided into.

The Hemorrhoida Uein, is a branch of the Mesen∣terical, and passes to the right Gut.

The Cecalis Uein, passes to the Gut Cecum.

The Gastrica Major Uein, is a branch of the Sple∣nical Uein, and passes to the left side of the Stomach.

The Epipioica Uein, and the left Epiploica Uena; is distributed into the Omentus.

The Coronaria, or Crown Uein; runs into the Stomach.

The Uena Thoracica, is a Vein that compasseth the Breast.

The Capillary Uein, is in the Head, and runs from the Eyes, to the Adnata.

The Aorta Uein, spring out of the Heart, and divids it self within the lower belly

The Umbilicar Uein, passes to the Liver.

The Uena Lactea, or the Milky Uein; it is a white Vein and carrieth Chyle in it.

The Uena Arterosa, an Artery Uein; which carries Blood from the Heart to the Lungs.

The Uena Cystica, or the Gall Bladder Vein.

The Plumonary Ueins, is a branch from the Uena Cava running into the Lungs.

The Emulgent Ueins, are such as run in the Reins from the Uena Cava.

The Lymphaticae or Lymphatick Ueins; those that discharge themselves either into the Sanguinary Veins or into the receptacle of the Chyle.

Arms

The Cervicalis, or Crevical Uein; is the Neck and Chin Vein.

The internal Iugular Uein, it ascends the Neck, and Head; and enters the Brain where it ends.

The external Iugular Uein; called externa Iu∣gularis: which at the Head sends forth two twigs, one passeth under the Shoulder point, & is united to the Uena Cephalica. The other runs to the Jaws, where it is di∣vided into two.

The Uena Arilliaris, a Vein by the Arm-pits.

The Cephalica, or Cephalick Uein, or Head Vein; it hath its course through the whole Radius.

The Thoracica, runs from the Cephalick Uein, to the external parts of the Chest. The Breast Vein.

The Basilica, or Basilick Uein; is the Vein which in the bending of the Arm, branches into two parts, the one on the inside the Cubitus, the other externally de∣scends to the Hand.

The Ramus Internus, or Inner Branch Uein, called also Mediana Uena, or middle Vein; runs ex∣ternal to the Palm of the Hand.

The Salvetalla, or Salvatell Uein; is a Vein betwen the Ring Finger, and the little Finger.

The Uena Pollicis, or the Thumb Vein; is be∣tween the Thumb, and the Fore-finger-

Thighs

The Crural Uein, it doth in the Groin produce a remarkable branch, which descends to the Ham.

The Saphena Uein, is the branch of the Crural Vein, which runs from the Ham to the Ancles; and branches to the Feet.

The Uena Poplitea, is the Vein that goes to the Ancles; before which it is divided into two parts, and slips to the two Ancles.

The Ramus tertius, called also Ischiadicus, is in the outward parts of the Ancle. Called the Sciatica, or Sciatick Uein.

The Muscularis Uein, runs to the Knee, all these Veins have twigs, and branches growing from them; which they contribute to their neighbouring parts, which in the whole amounts to three.

The Urin Tunells, the Veins of the Bladder, the white Veins. Called also Ureters.

The Emulgent Ueins, such as convey nourishment from the Liver to the Kidneys.

The Suralis, or Sural Uein, runs to the calf, and inside of the Leg.

The Ischias major, or great Ischiadick Uein; hath two parts, one runs through the Muscles of the calf, spending it self into ten shootes, two to each Toe.

Veins for Bleeding.

There are 41 Veins chiefly for bleeding, viz. 17 in the Head, 3 in each Arm, 3 in each Hand, 4 in the Fundament, and 4 in each Leg.

Head

1. Uena Frontis, or Preparata, or Recca; it lyes in the middle of the Fore-head.

2. Uena Puppis, or after ship Vein; it lies in the hin∣der part of the Head.

3. Uena Temp-moralis, or Sterilis; is the tem∣poral, or the Temple Vein.

4. Uena Auricularis, or Auricular Uein; it lies be∣hind the Ears.

5. Uena Ocularis, or Ocular Uein; it lies between the Eyes, and Nose.

6. Uena Nasalis, or Nasall Uein; the Nose Vein, which is in the middle of the Nose.

7. Uena Ranalis or Ranal, or Ranular Uein; it lies just under the Tongue.

8. Uena Labieis, the Labal, or Lip Uein; it lyeth on the inside of the Lip.

9. Uena Iugularis, or Iugular Uein; it lies in the Neck, and takes its original from the Ascendent Vein, of Uena cava.

Page  425
Arms

1. Uena Cephelica, or Cephalick, or Head Uein; lyeth in the bent of the Arm, on the outer side.

2. Uena Mediana, or Uena Matricis, the middle Vein; it lyeth in the same place betweem the Cepha∣lick, and Basilick.

3. Uena Basilica, or Basilick Uein; it lies in the bent of the Arm on the inner side. It is called Uena Hepatica, the Hepatick Uein, and Uena inter∣na, the inward Vein.

Hands

1. Cephalica Uena, or Ocularis; is the Vein scitu∣ated between the Ring Finger, and the little Finger.

2. Uena Salvatella, or Titularis, or Assellaris; Veins between the Thumb and the Fore-finger

3. Uena funus Brachii, the Vein between the middle Fingers.

Back

Uena Uertebra, a Vein elevated above the top of the Back-bone, running down to the Os Sacrum.

Uenae Hemor-roidales, or the Hemoroidal Ueins of the Fundament, which ly on each side the Anus, or Arse-hole.

Uenae Uarices, the Varick or black swollen Veins of the Thigh; but these are now rarely Blooded.

Legs.

1. Uena Poplatica, or Poplatick Uein, it lies in the ply or bent of the Ham, and comes from the Uena Femoralis, or Femoral Vein.

2. Uena Saphena, or Saphenack Uein, it lies above the Ancle, on the inside.

3. Uena Sciatica, or Sciatick Uein, it lies above the Ancle on the out-side.

4. Uena Renallis, or Medium, the Renall, or Mid∣dle Uein, it lies in the Sole of the Foot under the bending.

That Mans Life may vain appear,
He hath a Vein for each day in the Year.

The Conjunction of the Bones.

A Iuncture, or Iunction, or Ioint, is the setting of the Bones, and joining of them together by Ligaments and Ties.

Articulus, or Articulation, is the joining of Bones together, which are divided amongst themselves; and that is defined three ways.

Synchandrosis, or Synarthrosis, is when the Joints are set together by obscure and no motion, which are all immovable, as in the Sutures of the Skull, Harmo∣nia, and Gomphosis: or else the joyning of bones by a Gristle.

Diarthrosis, is when the Joints have manifest mo∣tion.

Amphiar-throsis, is a neutral Articulation, and it is so hidden that one cannot discern the motion; as is manifest is the joint of the Ischium, and the Ancle with the Scaphois.

Enarthrosis, is a kind of Joint when a large long head goes into a deep cavity.

Arthrodia, is when a depressed plain head, is put into a shallow and superficial cavity; as the Jaw Bone, with the Bone of the Temples.

Enarthrosis Diarthrodes, is when a Joint is large and deep, yet the motion is manifest, as in the joint of the Ischium or Shoulder.

Arthon, Arthron, is a joint or connection of Bones proper for the performance of motion.

Enarthrosis Synarthrosis, is when the joint hath a large head and deep Socket, yet the motion obscure, as in the Articulation of the Ancle with the Scaphois.

Arthrodia Diarthrodes, is a term shewing that the Joint is eb, depressed and shallow, yet hath a quick and known motion, as in the conjunction of the Shoulder with the Omoplata.

Arthrodia Synarthrodes, is a shallow Join, with an obscure motion; as in the Wrist with the Metacar∣pus.

Ginglymus, is a mutual ingress of the Bones, that as circles, and that as enters in, have a like reception; and this is seen in several joints, termed either simple or compound, as

  • Simple Ginglymus, is when it is made but of one only Articulation in the same part, as in the joint of the Elbow and Arm.
  • Compound Ginglymus, is when the Joint consists of a double Articulation in the same extrmities, or in places distant of two r three Bones; the first is seen in the Uertebrae of the Neck; and the latter in the Cubi∣tus and Radius, and of three in the Uerebrae o the Back and Loins.

Ginglymns Diarthrodes, is an even junction of even parts▪ with a motion, as in the Elbow.

Ginglymus Synarthrodes, is a joint of even parts, with an obscure or no motion, as in the Ancle to the Heel.

Trochois, or Ginglymus Trochois, is when the joints are even, yet the motion of conversion, or turning aside is apparent, as in joining of the first Vertebra of the Neck to the second; but this is referred to Arthro∣dia.

Harmonia, is a conjunction of Bones by simple touch∣in, without mutual ingress, as the Cubitus and Ra∣dius.

Sutura, is the joining of Bones, as if the teeth of two Saws or two Combs were thrust one within another, and is altogether of one bigness and the same form, as in the sceams of the Scull.

Gomphosis, is when one Bone sticks fast and immo∣vable in another, like a Nail in a Post.

Symphysis, is an Immovable conjunction▪ Bones, as though the were united, which nature brinorth at first divided, yet afterwards they grow together; some are united without any discernable Medium, others with a Medium interposed.

Page  426Syssarcoss or Syssarodis, is an immovable con∣junction of the Bones, with a Nerve-medium, having a Nerve between the Bones.

Syneurosis, is a Symphysis, or immovable conjun∣ction of Bones, with a fleshy medium, or flesh between them.

Anchyle, is a contraction of a Joint.

Synchondrosis, this is when the Cartilage gristle is the medium of the union, or immovable conjunction in the Symphysis aforesaid.

Neurochondrosis, is a mixt or compound Sym∣physis; and it is only one, of the conjunction of a Nerve, and Cartilage to the Bones.

Anatripsis, is the bruising or comminution of a Bone, or the Stone.

Exarthrema, is a Laxation or disjointing of the Bones, as when the head of the Bone is slipt out of its Socket.

Pararthrema, is an incompleat disjointing, when the Bone is in some measure only removed. an imper∣fect disjoining.

Anchylosis, is a fault in the Articulation of Bones, the cavity of the Bone which should receive the head of another Bone being filled up, thrusts out the Bone by little and little; this causeth a lameness either by bow∣ing the joint, or holding it streight out.

Ligament, is a Bond or tye, fastned to the head of the Bone, and middle of the socket, to hold them fast in together, it is of a middle substance, between a Carti∣lage and a Membrane, softer than a Cartilage, and har∣der than a Membrane.

Membrane, a tough skin or Coat, yet soft and sub∣ject to dilatation, it is the covering of joints to keep them close in their place.

Fibra, is a thread or string stretched over a Mem∣brane, or else interwoven therewith, to strengthen it, and help the motion of the Joints.

The four Humours of the Body.

A Humour, is the moisture of the Body.

Phlegm or Spittle, is a white moisture proceed∣ing from the Stomach and Brain, which is without taste.

Choller, or hot humour, is yellow and bitter.

Melancholy, or black Choler, is a black and sower humour.

Sanguis, or Sanguine, or Blood, is a red and sweet moisture, running through all the parts of the Body.

The four Complexions of the Body.

The Sangnine Complexion, is cheerful, being hot and moist.

The Cholerick Complexion, is fierce and testy, being hot and dry.

The Phlegmatick Complexion, is sluggish and dull, being hot and moist.

The Melancholy Complexion, is sad and heavy, being cold and dry.

Outward shapes of the Body.

Complexion, is the outward shew or appearance of the Face, whether fair or not.

Ill, or Evilly Complexioned, is foul, ill favour∣ed.

Good, or Well Complexioned, is Fair and Beautiful Faced.

Gross, or Pursy, or Plump Bodied, is to be fat and full Bodied.

Slender, Slank, or Lank, Meager, Starve∣ling, is a lean and slender Body, only Skin and Bones.

Features, is the shape and proportion of the Face and Body, as

  • Well Featured, a handsome made Face, and pro∣portioned Body.
  • Ill Featured, ill favoured, ill formed, or sha∣ped.

Pale or Bleak, is when the Face is white, whitely coloured.

Ruddy, Well coloured, when the Face is White and red.

Meager, or thin faced, when it is thin, poor, and hollow.

Head

Wry Necked, when the Head stands crooked either to the right or left side.

Ioult Headed, is to have a great head, of some term∣ed a Ioller, Nould, a Logger head, or Block∣head.

Coppe headed, or copped Crowned, is to have a high head.

Forehead

Peak Forehead, is when the Hair groweth down in a point.

High Foreheaded, when void of Hair.

Low Foreheaded, when the Hair groweth low down almost to the Eyes.

Beckle, or Bettle Browed, when Hair grows be∣tween the Eye-brows.

Nose.

Roman Nosed, to have the middle of the Nose Bunched, swelling up.

Hook Nosed, to be crooked, bending down at the end.

Bottle Nosed, to have it round at the end.

Flat Nosed, to have the Nose fallen down, or sunk in.

Sharp Nosed, to have a thin slender Nose, pointed at the end.

Saddle Nosed, to have the Nose crooked or boed inwards.

Page  427
Cheeks

Chuffe, or puff Cheeks, blob Cheeks; great and swelling out.

Hollow Cheeked, they have them sung in, are slen∣der and thin.

Dimple Cheeks, to have a certain kind of hole in the Cheeks.

Eyes.

Blind, is not to have Eyes, or not see.

Single Eyed, to have one Eye, or to see but with one Eye.

Goggle Eyed, is to have the Eyes rouling, or turn∣ing, and always to be moving.

Squint Eyed, to sken or look awry, to see askew, or asslent.

Pink Eyed, is little small Eyes.

Sand blind, or purblind; that cannot see, or dis∣cern things, but near at hand.

Blinkard, or Blinking; is to have the Eye-lids ever moving: so that there is no perfect sight.

Bleere Eyed, whose Eye-lids are always red, and Eyes running water.

Down looked, is to have the brows hang over the Eyes.

Out Eyed, when they stand out of the sockets: stare∣ing Eyes.

Lips

Blopper Lips, is to have Lips standing out, and hanging down.

Thin Lips, to have little or no Lips.

Wry Mouth, whose Mouth is turned to one side of the Face, or the other; not to be streight, is Wry and crooked.

Teeth

Gubber Tushed, is when teeth stands out, and not in order.

Snaggle, or Rake toothed; is when the the teeth stands at a distance, one from the other.

Butter Toothed, is to have broad and great teeth before.

Chin

Crooked Chinned, is to have the Chin stand to the right or left side.

Long Chinned, to have a long & sharp pointed Chin.

Flat, or broad Chinned.

Short Chinned, when the Mouth and Chin is near together.

Dimple Chinned, is to have a kind of hollow in the middle of the Chin, in the lower part.

Ears

Loll Eared, that hath great slouch Ears, of some Lob Eared.

Prick Eared, whose Ears stand up, or are high above, and little below.

Flance, or Lap Eared; contrary to what is above∣said.

Prin Eared, or Prinified; is to have no Ears, to have them cut off.

Back

Crook, or Camel backed; is to have the Back bunch, or stand out.

Arm

Dismembred, is to have any Member or part of the Body cut away.

Maimed, is to want the use of any Limb.

Withered, dryed up, having no moisture in that part.

Shortned, when they are not proportionable to the rest of the Body.

Hand

Withered Hand, whose Hand, and Fingers, are so bowed as the same cannot be stretched out.

Bunch Fingered, when the joynts stand out in knots: knotted Fingers.

Crook Fingered, that cannot bend the joynts of the Fingers; or any one of them.

Legs

Lame, is to want the use of the Legs or Feet.

Halt, or Limp; is not to go upright.

Long Shanked, is to have Legs longer then na∣turally, and what the proportion of the Body requires: of an extraordinary length.

Bow Legged, or Shackle Hammed; crooked Legs, bending outward.

Bow Legged, bending inward.

Feet

Crump Footed, that wants Feet, or Toes, or that they are not long stretched forth, as naturally they ought to be.

Splay Footed, to have great broad Feet.

Shammoe, to cast the toes outward in going.

Outward Diseases, and Distempers of the Body.

Kings Evil, is a running Ulcer, or Boil.

Ulcer, is a gathering of corruption, under the skin.

Page  428Scab, is a dry sore, proceeding from a Pouk, or wa∣terish Blister.

Blister, is the parting of the skin from the flesh, through some Water, or corrupt Humor gotten between.

Wrench, or Stram; is the removing of a joynt bone either in the hollow socker, or out of it; more then nature will suffer it.

Bruise, is the receipt of a wound in the flesh, when no skin is broken, which happens by crushing, or a blow.

Wound, when the skin and flesh is cut, or slashed, stabbed, or bitten.

Wheale, is the mark of a strip in the flesh, made by the lash of a rod, skuch, or whip.

Skar, a mark in the skin, and flesh, remaining after the wound is healed.

Impostume, a large gathering together of corruption out of the Body, or in the Body.

Ringworm, a Tatter, or a Wolf; are little, and great Wormes in the flesh, that eats from place to place.

Canker, and French-Pox; a kind of sore that eats the flesh all round about it.

Gangreen, is the deadness of the flesh, which makes it past feeling.

Meazles, Swine-Pox, and Small-Pox; fores like Blisters rising in any (or thronghout) all the parts of the Body.

Rupture, is a gathering, or swelling of the Belly, or Cods; It is taken for the falling down of the Guts.

Scald, or Scurf; is a kind of dry scab in the Head.

Leprosie, a dry Scab, or Scurf, dispersing it self all o∣ver the Body: if not presented, yet not easily cured.

Munips, a swelling in the Jaw, and Cheeks.

Itch, Mange, Scurf; a breaking out which cau∣seth scratching.

Gout, a pain in the joynts, with a lameness of the Hands, and Feet: if the pain take there.

Sciatica, the Hip Gout, a pain in the Hips, causing lameness.

Cramp, a drawing together of the Nerves, and Sinews; a stiffness of the part grieved, with great pain.

Immoderate Fatness, which makes unweldy, and unapt to go, or stand.

Leanness, Meager; proceeding from bad disgesti∣on: a leaness of Body.

Dropsie, a waterish Humor between the flesh and skin.

Defect in sweating, which is a kind of faintiness; by reason of the openness, or closness of the Pores.

Morphew, is a disease that dyeth the skin yellow, e∣specially about the Mouth, and under the Eyes.

Water Bladders, and yellow Blisters; are Powks, or Tumors: the first containing Water, the o∣ther a kind of yellow Matter.

Carbunkle, or Blain; is the Boil, or breaking out of the Plague sore, or the Pestilence.

Elephantiasis, a swelling and cancerous tumor, over the whole Body.

Tissick, is a Haughing, and Choughing much toge∣ther, a Cough without ceasing.

Suffocation, is a stoppage of the breath, difficulty of breathing.

Stich, or Plurisie; is a pricking of the sides.

Inward Deseases, and Distempers in the Body.

Breast

The Empyema, a disease in the Cavity of a Womans Breast, by the collection of quitter.

The Scirrhus, is the knobbedness of a Womans Breast, as it were with the Kings-evil, by reason of the Kernels.

The Cancer in the Breast, which proceeds from the infection of the said Kernels.

The Inflamation, Ulcers, and Tumors of the Breast, proceeds from the crudling of the milk in the Breast.

The Peripneumonia, and inflamation of the Lugs, or pain on both sides.

The Mediastium, and Pericardium; are subject to inflamations which causeth swouning, quickning the Pulse, strong Feavors, and vehement thirsts. They are often filled with abundance of Humors, which causes Suffocations, and overwhelms the Heart.

The Diaphragma, or Midriff inflamation; causeth Franzies, and a slow Consumption.

The Fluxions of the Lungs; infect them, which causeth the Consumption.

The Uomica, is an Impostume of the Lungs: a Push.

The Asthma, is difficulty of breathing, by obstructi∣ons of the Lungs.

The Dyspnea, the lesser disease of difficult breath∣ing.

The Orthopnea, the greater disease of difficult breath∣ing

The Cough, either moderate, vehement, or weez∣ing, by reason of the sudden shaking of the Lungs, and a Defluxion.

The Catarrh, is a sudden Defluxion, fierce, and cruel; which causeth a vehement Cough.

The Ulcers of the Lungs; happen through a fierce Cough.

The Fevor, is through the inflaming of the Heart; it is a hot, and burning disease: of which there is three kinds.

The Spirituosa, or Spiritual Fever; is the in∣flamations of the Vital Spirits. It is termed Ephemera, a days Fever.

The Humoralis, or Humoral Fever; is from the four humors.

The Hectica, or Hectick Fever, is an hot disease proceeding from the fixed Humors. But when they are all exhausted it is called Hectica Marasmodes.

The Putrid Fever, is when the humors are putrifi∣ed.

The Malignant Fever, is through extream putri∣faction.

The Invasio, the invasion, or beginning of the fit of a Fever.

The Exacerbatio, is the more then ordinary vio∣lence of continual Fevers.

Page  429The Periodus, or Circuitus; the Period, or Cir∣cuit of the Fever: it is the intermission, and accession, or space between fits, which are various: as,

  • The Tertian Fever, or Ague; is when the fit comes every third day, that is every other day.
  • The Quartan Fever, or Ague; is every fourth day, or every third day from the fit day.
  • The Quotidian Ague, is a fit every day.
  • The Erratick Fever; is when one fit is gone, ano¦ther immediately follows, yet keep no certain course there∣ore called, the wandring giddy Agues.
  • The Epiala Ague, is both heat and cold.
  • The Leipyria Ague, the inward parts are hot, and outward cold.
  • The Typhodes, or Eleodis; is a sweating Ague.
  • The Pestilential Fever, or Spotted Fever; is a hot burning disease, through extream putrification: and causeth spots.
  • The Epostosis, is a swelling knot upon a bone, which rises from the Uenerial Pox.
  • The Caries, are the rottenness, and putrifaction of the bones, which is from the same extraordinary cause.
  • The Kedmata, is a Defluction in the joynts, but e∣specially infesting the Hip-bone.
  • The Hydarthrosis, and Synovia; is a continual Flux of a wheyish or bloody watry humor, out of exulce∣tated joynts. It is of some termed Meliceria.

Belly

The Uentrosus, or fat Guts; or Collatibus Uenter, an Aldermans Belly: is a grose, full standing out of the Belly.

The Aposthemes, are swellings in the Abdomen, through the Liver, by the Umbilicar Uein.

The Caesariam dissection, is to cut out the left side towards the Hypogastrium, to draw out a Child in difficult labour.

The Lithotomia, a Cutting for the Stone; out of the Bladder.

The Asswage of Urine, is the cutting, or pricking near the Os Pubis; by which it is drawn out, when a Cathet er cannot be put in.

The Ascites, is the water of a Dropsie.

The Paracentesis, is the operation of peircing the bottom of the Hypogastrium near the Navel, to draw out the Dropsical water.

The Cutaneous diseases, are such as belong to the skin, which if they continue long; they will have their foundation in the Bell, and fatty Membrane, which cau∣seth shivering, shaking, and trembling.

The Inflamations, and Impostumes of the Mus∣cles; are pains arising by Winds.

The Bastard Collick, is the Serosus, & sharp Col∣lerick humors, which get amongst the doubling of the Pe∣itoneum, but have no foundation at all within the Guts.

The Collick, is a Wind in the Belly and small Guts; which disease is bitter, and of long continuance. Called the Iliack Passion.

The Entero-cele, is the smelling in the Groin; also called Epiplocele.

The Entero-Epiplo-Cele, is a kind of swelling, or Rupture in which both the Gut, and the Call do fall down.

The Omphalocele, is the Rupture, by which the Pe∣ritonemn being loose and broken towards the Navel, causeth the Ieunum to slip down.

The Colon Collick, is through sharp humors, or wind; in it Worms are bread, which creep into the Sto∣mach, and are vomited out.

The Tenasm us, or right Gut; is subject to Ulcers, In∣flamations, Impostumes, and Fstulas.

The Peristatick motion of the Guts; is the per∣verting of the Guts that glisters, and Dung flows upward ard are cast out of the Mouth.

The Laxation of the Belly, is to be Laxative, loose in the Belly, easily parting with the Excrements.

The Costiveness of the Belly, is the hard binding of the Belly, not to part with the Excrements, but with diffi∣culty and pain.

The Diarrhea, or the Flux; is an extraordinary loosness, the Excrements are thin.

The Ulceratious Flux, is the Bloody-Flux; which comes with pain, and much Blood with the Excre∣ments.

The Hepetica, or Hepetick Flux; is a kind of red, or Bloody water, and comes from the Liver without pain

The Lienteria Flux, is when it comes through the smoothness of the Guts.

The Mesenterical Flux, is when the Excrements come with quitter.

The Tania, or Gut-worm; is supposed to be the in∣ternal tunicle of the Guts, which is somtimes severed and lost, and is thought to be turned into a long Worm, two or three Cubits long.

The Morbus Rustuosus, is the beltching disease, it proceeds from an ostruction in the Stomach. It is called Cholera sicca.

The Morbus Siccatorius, a disease which dries up, or consumes all the humors and moisture of the Body. A Consumption.

The Chylous Flux, is a disease rising from the ob∣struction of the passage in the Milky Vein.

Stomach

The Crudity and weakness of the Stomach; is the over burthening it with meats and drinks, so as it can∣not contract, or imbrace meat to turn it into a good Chyle.

The Morbus Materiae, is a great Laxity or loosness of the Stomach.

The Lienteria, is a loosness in the Belly, that the meat comes away unchanged, just as it was eaten: which through the extention of the Stomach, making it there∣by smooth, which is naturally wrinkled.

The Malacia, or Citta; is the depraved Stomach, which cannot be satisfied, or desires evil things.

The Apepsia, is Corruptio Chyli; the corruption of the Chyle in concoction, or chilification abolished.

The Bradu-pepsia, is when meat is long in disgest∣ing.

The Depepsia, is ill disgestion, when the meat is cor∣rupted.

The Cardiogmos, or Cardialgia; is the Heart burning.

Page  430The Syncope Stomachica; the Stomach swound∣ing.

The Anxiety of the Stomach, is the unquiet tumb∣ling, and tossing, though pain of the Stomach; which is also called,

  • The Riptasmos, or Ass, and Assodes; the name of a Fever which hath much unquietness to the sick person.
  • The Hiccup, is a distemper rising through the foul∣ness of the Stomach: called Hicchoc.
  • The Uomiting disease, is the obstruction of the up∣per, or lower orifice of the Stomach.
  • The Cholera Sicca, is the frequent breaking up of Wind, and Belching.
  • The Cholera Humida, this is a plentiful, and vio∣lent voiding of choller upwards, or downwards, which kills in four days.
  • The Morbus Cardiacus, is an extream faintness of the Stomach, joyned with much sweating.
  • The Ruminatio Stomachi, the Rumination of the Stomach, is an inversion, or turning of it, as it were inside out.
  • The Stomach distempers, are also Inflamations, Impostumes, Ulcerations.
  • The Hepatici, is a similary disease of the Liver, and is a Laxity thereof, by voiding Excrementious Blood.

Liver

The Diarrhea Hepatica, is the Liver loosness, in which the Chyle is avoided.

The Atrophia, or the Dropsie; is the smelling of the Legs, and other parts of the Body, by the frustration of sanguination in the Liver, when insted of Blood, it pro∣duceth nothing but Water and Wind.

The Ascites and Tympanites, the Timpany or Bottle bellied, or the Drum bellied Dropsie; is the swelling of the Belly, which is by having the foresaid Water, and Wind emptied out of the Liver, into the Belly.

The Anasarta, or Empneum-atofis; a swelling in the Face, the Bloat-faced, Puff-cheeked Dropsie: which is by conveying the said Water, and Wind out of the Liver into the habit of the Body.

The Atrophia, is the falling away of the flesh; the Atrophy is the hinderance of the Bodies nourishment, through badness of Blood, of some termed Tabes.

The Cachexia, or Cachexy; is the evil colour through the habit of the Body, by reason of the bad∣ness of the Blood: as the skin to be blew, or white, or yel∣low.

The Iaundice, or Yellow-Iaundice; is a disease causeth weakness in the Limbs: the Head and Body skin to be dyed yellow, is from the simpathiseing of those part with the Gall and Liver.

The Black-Iaundice, is the colouring of the skin in the habit of the Body, with a black swarfy colour, which is by reason of the obstructions of the Spleen.

The Spleen fallen, is the Ligament of the Spleen be∣ing slakned, its weight bears it downward; or else being broke it falls into the Belly: where it is taken by un∣skillful Physitians for a Mole, or a Scirrhus tumor in the Womb of a Woman: or for a sort of Glandulons tumor, in a Man.

The Hypochondriacal Melancholly, a windy me∣lancholly, which is bread of ach and soreness about the short Ribs; from whence a black Flegm arising doth hurt and trouble the Mind: a Dotage joyned with sad∣ness.

The Scorbus, or Scurvy, or Corbutick Dis∣tempers; is the ill colour of Virgins, or others accasion∣ed by the Malignant wheyish Humor that flows out of the Spleen; which hath other terms, as it spreads into divers parts of the Body.

The Stomacace, or Oscedo; is the flowing of the said wheyish humor into the Gums, and Mouth: which causeth sadness with loosness of the Teeth. The Mouth Scurvy.

The Scelotyrbe, is the Scurvy in the thigh, which is painful, sore, and spotted; or rising like blisters, red and Itching.

The Rheumatismes, is the Scurvy, as it is either fixed, or wandring through the Body; which is by the spreading of the said wheyish humor, into the said parts.

The Cacochymia, is the distemper of Body raised through the 〈◊〉 quality of Blood.

The Plethora, is a distemper of the Body, through the great quantity of Blood.

The Uarices, are the swellings of the Veins, which happen most in the Thighs aud Legs.

The Atonia, is the want of the wonted Vigor of the Kidneys it is an inpotency so that it cannot contract it self, from whence cones a Laxity or loosness in the sub∣stance of the Kidneys.

The D••betes, is the Pissing sickness, a kind of disease, that one cannot hold his Water.

The Ischuria, or the Stone in the Kidney; it is a distemper that a Man or Woman cannot piss; a total suppression of Urine.

The Strangullion, or Strangury; a pissing of Blood.

The Stone in the Bladder, it is the evacuation of the Urin stopt, by the lying hid of some Stone in the Bladder, difficulty of pissing.

The Hypersarcoses, or the Inflamations, or Ob∣structions of the Bladder; is by a fungous Body, or spungy carnosities, that do arise either in the Bladder, or at the Neck thereof.

Yard

The Priapismus, is the disease of having the Yard continually to stand.

The — is the weakness, or defect of erecti∣on of the Yard, the Imbecility of the whole Yard, it ari∣ses from the weakness, or Paralytick disposition of the Muscles, or Nerves of the Yard.

The Contersion, or Crookedness of the Yard; is the bowing of the Yard, either upwards or downwards, on this side or the other, which is from a Convulsion of one of its Muscles.

The Yard is also subject to Inflamations, Tumors, Ulcers, and to be eaten with the Noli me tangere, or French-pox.

Page  431The Phymosis, is to have the fore-skin so streight, and close, that it cannot be drawn from the Nut of the Yard, backwards.

The Paraphymosis, is when the fore-skin is de∣pressed to the root of the Nut, that it cannot be drawn upwards.

The Gonorrhaea Chordata, the corded, or robe-stretched running of the Reins.

Fundament

The Tenesmus, is a hot distemper in the Fundament, with a great Itching, which causeth a continual desire of going to the stoole.

The Falling of the Tuel, is the coming out of the Tuell at the Fundaments, in the expulsion of the Dung.

The Palsie of the Fundament, is when the Excre∣ments come out, whether the patient will or not: and somtime so strait that he cannot void them.

The Haemor-rhoides, is the swelling of the Veins, and their being knobbed, both within and without the Fundaments. This disease is more generally known by the name of the Piles, and Emerades.

The Fistula Am, is an inflamation with an Ulcer, or Impostumation in the Fundament.

The Rondylomata, or Muriscae; is when the Fundament is made rough with Warts.

The Rhagades, is when the Fundament is exul∣cerated with small clifts.

The Scurrhous Tumor of the Fundament, which shuts up the passage of the Excrements, so that nothing is evacuated but at the Mouth. This proceeds from the twist∣ing of the small Guts, or the closing up of the Funda∣ment; which disease is termed Meserere mei Deus: for therein, there is no way but Death.

Cods and Womb

The Hydrocele, or the Pneumatocele; are Rup∣tures, or swellings in the Cods, by reason of Water and Wind flowing from the Cavity of the Belly.

The Oscheocele, it is a Rupture in the Cods, through falling of the Guts thereunto: swelling of the Cods.

The Circocele, is a tumor of thick Blood, that is intercepted in the Spermatick vessels; both deferent, and Jaculatory.

The Sarcocele, is a spongy flesh breed, and grown to the Membrane. called Dartos: and if the Testicle hang to the same spongy flesh, it is also so termed Sar∣cocele.

The Rhagosis, is the Laxity, or loosness, or hanging down of the Cods.

The Triorches, is such a one which hath three Stones.

The Eunuches, are gelded Men, such as have their Stones cut away.

The Hermaphrodites, are Men that have the secrets of Women: it is to be both a Man, and a Woman.

The Gonorrhea, is a venemous running of the Reins, occasioned by an unseasonable stopping of the seed Blad∣der. The Virulency or venom thereof is communica∣ted to the whole Body, or flows back into the Stones, and causes a tumor there, it is termed Gonorrhea Ui∣rulenta; the Venemous, poysonous, deadly, infectious running of the Reins.

The Gonorhea Laxite, or Simplex; is the sim∣ple or single or Laxitive Gonorrhea, is the volentary shedding of the seed, through the Laxity, or loosness of the seed Bladder.

The Oxynor-Rigmos, or Nocturnal polution; is the Flux of seed which comes away in time of sleep: and is from the abundance of hot, and spirituous seed.

The Whores-Pox, is an Inflamation or swelling Ulcer, in the Lips of the Matrix of Whores and Bands; proceeding from an extraordinary heat: and sore la∣bour.

The Thymi, are Warts or Pushes, growing in the in∣ner parts of the Labra Matricis, resembling the flowers of time.

The Condylomata, are certain tumors therein, re∣sembing the joynt of a Mans finger.

The Distemper called the Mother, is a kind of choak∣ing, strangling, and raiseth terrible and violent motions, and Convulsions in the Body: which is caused through the drawing a side of the Womb out of its place, which is carried this and that way, as far as the Ligaments, and connexions of the Womb will give leave.

The Womans Flux, generally called Ternies, or Flowers, or Courses: it is the avoiding of the men∣strual Blood, which is over and above what is necessary to nourish a Woman for a Months time.

The Barrenness of the Womb; is not concepti∣on, or misconception, and that by reason of its abolishing, o its distempers: as ill shape, hardness, distortion of the Orifice, &c.

The Conception Depraved, is a false conception; as Wind, a Mole, or an efflax of seed, or an abortion, which is an untimely birth.

The Osphualgia, or Lumbago; is the pain of the Loins.

The Elumbis, or Elumbatus; is he that is made weak through the pain of the Loins.

The Rheumatism, or Flux of the Loins; is an internal pain, and lieth between the skin, being a humor which flows from the Head.

Head

The Ophiasis, is a disease that causeth the hair to fall off.

The Calvus, or Calvosity, or baldness; is the want of hair, through an Hectical dry distemper, or the defect of Nutriment, or from a dry skin.

The Daddruff, is those little scales, or scurf in the Head, which is from a dry and invisible Ulcer in the skin. Some call it Dandrife.

The Achor, is a disease on the skin, between an Ulcer, and a Tumor.

The Hydro-Cephalus, or the Water head Drop∣sie.

The Pthiriasis, or Louzie Evil; a distemper that breed Lice, through a hot, and moist disease.

Page  432
Brain

The Obstructions of the Cavities; is the stopping of the pa•••ges of the Brain so as the Blood cannot take its course, which is very oft the cause of an Apoplexie: and many deadly diseases.

The Meagrom, is a giddiness, or dizziness in the Head, and Brain, it obstructs, and hinders the sight.

The Apopexy, is the striking lame of all the Body: a Dead Posie.

The Siriasis, or Phransy, or Dog day Mad∣ness: is a distemper from the inflaming of the Brain, with no Meninges, and oats.

The Ecplexis, is the stupidity of the Head, after a blow.

The Sphacelisme, is the Putrifaction of the Brain, after a blow.

The Distempers of the Brain, is the cause of depraving the faculties, which brings Dotage, Melancholly, Ecstasies, Madness; or else on the other side, it cau∣ses Forgetfullness, Foolishness, Dotishness, and Blockishness: as for example,

  • The Cephalalgia, is the Head ach; it is when the whole head is pained, and grieved.
  • The Lyncanthropy, a kind of madness, with a shout∣ing, and aveing.
  • The Hemicrania, if only half the Head is pained.
  • The Clavus or Ovimi; is the Head ach in one part, as if a Nail were driven there.
  • The Cephalea, is the Head ach of a long conti∣nuance.
  • The Deprivation, of the fansie, and reason, is Ra∣ving.
  • The Imminution, of reason, is foolishness.
  • The Oblivion, or decay of Memory; is from the di∣stemper of the Brain.
  • The Dotage, or Raving; is known by absurd thoughts, words and actions: the thoughts ridiculous, and Chymerical: the words of such as rave are estranged from truth and reason, and not to the point in hand: and their actions are either unusual or undecent.
  • The Melancholly, or the Dellrium; is a raving with deprivation of the fancy; which is a false opinion of things past, present, or to come. The Alienation of the Mind.
  • The Hypochondriaca Melancolia, is that as pro∣ceeds out of the Hypochondriacal parts; which is either humoral, or flatulent: the former brings madness, and outragiousness.
  • The Melancholly Ecstasie, is an excess of Melan∣cholly which is three fould.
  • The Ecstasie, so simply called, an Ecstasie with si∣lence; and an Estasie with a frency.
  • The Coma or Carus; is a profounded, deep, dead sleep.
  • The Coma Uigilans, is a drawzy watch.
  • The Typhomania, is a sleepy disease, which hath a raving and idle talk, when he wakens.
  • The Incubus, or Night Mare; is an oppression of the Blood, it is a stiff lying on the back with the Eyes open, which when he comes to himself, remembers what was done to him.
  • The Catalepsis, is the abolishing of all the senses, save respiration, or breaching called also Catoche, a frosen sleepy disease.
  • The Lethargy, is an imminuation of sense, and mo∣tion: and also of memory concerning necessary things: those that are in a Lethargick sleep, at last become Apoplectick.
  • The Palsie, is an obolation of sense, and motion.
  • The Hemiplegia, is the striking of half the Body with a dead Palsie.
  • The Paraplegia, is when only a part of the Body hath the Palsie.
  • The Stupor, or Nothrotis; is an imperfect Palsie, when sense and motion are only dulled.
  • The Uertigo, is a depravation of sense and motion, and makes the patient think as things go round.
  • The Uertigo Tenebricosa, or Scotodinos; it puts a darkness before the patients Eyes.
  • The Convulsion, is a violent pulling back of the Mus∣cles toward the Head; which causeth loss of sense, and a drawing crooked a part of the Body, as Eyes, Mouth, Cheeks, &c.
  • The Eprosthotonos, is when the Convulsion makes the Body to bend forward.
  • The Opisthotonos, is when the Body is draw back∣ward.
  • The Tetanos, when both sids by the Convulsion, re∣mains stiff.
  • The Falling Sickness, called an Epilepsie; it is a Convulsion of the Body by fits, hurting the Mind, and Senses.
  • The Sasn•• troos, is a trembling, and Is a de∣pr••ation o the motion through weakness.
  • The Auxiety, unquietness, or tumbling, and tossing, this and that way; it is a disease, that make a sick person that he cannot 〈◊〉 in any place.
  • The Sleep Walkers, it is a disease of motion, and sense depraved, because it is not performed by judgment, and reason, called Noctambuius.
  • The Catarrh, is a distilation of humors, from the Head to other parts, from which it receives diverse appel∣lations.
  • The Coryza, or Gravedo; if the humors fall into the Nostrils.
  • The Branchos, or Hoarseness, if it fall in the Throat.
  • ThPtyelismos, or the Spawle; if the humor fall into the Mouth, or Pallat, which sorts of Catarrh, are vulgarly comprehended under the name of Rheu•••.
  • The Rheumatismus, or Rheumaticus; is a Catarrh, or Rume fallen upon any outward part, called the Rheumatick pain. If it fall upon the joynt, it re∣sembles the Gout.

Eyes

The Ecpiesmos, is the disease as makes the Eye fall, or swell without the hole, or socket.

The Monoculus, is a disease in the number, such a person having but one Eye.

The Rhinptis, is the turning of the Eye, to one side or other; as in Squint eyed People.

Page  433The Hypopyon, is the inflamation of the whole Eye, which turns to a suppuration, or an Impostume, or gathering to a matter.

Eye-lids

The Emphysema, is a moist distemper of the Eye-lids, with wind.

The Hydatis, is a wheyish humor, in the Eye-lid, which doth so depress it, that it cannot be lifted up.

The Scleroph-thalmia, is hard Eyedness, and hot distemper in the lid.

The Xeroph-thalmia, is a dry distemper without humor in the Eye-lid.

The Psorop-thalmia, is a dry Itching of the Eye-lid.

The Phthiriasis, or Lonsie evil of the Eye-lid.

The Prilosis, is a hot distemper with a sharp humor. which causeth a redness, and pain, and falling of the hair: it is termed also Milphosis, or Madarrhosis.

The Tracoma, is the roughness of the inside of the Eye-lid.

The Sycosis, is when the roughness resembles small seeds.

The Tulosis, is if this disease be of of long continu∣ance.

The Crithe, or Barly Corn; is a little tumor, or fleshy pimple on the Eye-lid, springing from a thick humor.

The Chalasion, or Hail-stone; is the same pimple be great, and moveable.

The Anchiloble-pharo, is a disease causing the Eye-lid, to stick to the Coat of the Eye, by a hot distemper, and dry sharp humor.

The Lagoph-thalmia, is the Convulsion of the Eye-lid, or the drawing of it back by reason of a Cicatrice, or some Seam.

The Ippos, is the trembling of the Eye-lid.

The Ectropion, is the inverson of the lower Eye-lid, caused by a scar without, or some excresence of flesh within.

The Chalasis, is the loosness of the Eye-lids, caused by a Palsie.

The Trichiasis, is the depravation of the hair of the Eye-lids

The Dystichiasis, is when there is more hair on the Eye-lids, then is ordinary: as two rows.

The Phalangosis, is when the hair is long, and in∣verted, which pricks the Eyes.

Kernels in the Eye.

The Eucanthis, a Caruncle, or little bit of flesh in the great corner of the Eye.

The Rhyas, is the diminution of the said Caruncle, which causeth a drooping of moisture from the Eye.

The Anchilops, is an Impostume, though inflamation in the said corner.

The Aegylops, is when the said Impostume is bro∣ken, and it is turned into a Fistula.

Coat of the Eye.

The Taraxis, is a hot distemper of the conjunctive Coat, with a humor of Blood, and Choler.

The Epiphora, is the beginning of an Inflamation.

The Opth-thalmia, or Oph-thalmia; is the conti∣nuance of the same inflamation, being from an internal cause.

The Chemosis, is when the Inflamation is so great, that it hinders the coming together of the Eye-lids: term∣ed also Hiatus Occili.

The Hypos-phagma, is a collection of Blood, pro∣ceeding from a blow, or bruise.

The Pterygium, is a membranous eminency, reach∣ing from the greater corner of the Eye to the Pupil, or sight of the Eye.

The Phlyctena, is a small tumor, or Pustle in the Adnata, or Cornea, which ends in the Ulcer.

The Botrion, is when the said Pustle is hollow, call∣ed also Fossuia.

The Epicauma, is when the said Pustle, or tumor becomes crusty.

The Cheloma, is a broad Ulcer of the Cornea; about the circle, or Iris of the Eye.

The Argemon, is when the said Ulcer is whitish.

The Leucoma, or Albugo; are the large Scars in the black of the Eye: and are so called beceuse of it whit∣ness.

The Nephelion, or Nebula; the Cloud in the Eye, is when the Scar is but small.

The Achlys, or Caligo; is a mist, or darkness; that is when the Scar is thin.

The Proprosis, is the Rupture, or exulceration of the Cornea.

The Providentia, is when the Coat of the Eye Uvea; striks above the other, called Cornea.

The Myocephalon, or fly Head; is when the extur∣berance of the Uvea is small, it resembles a Fly's head.

The Staphyloma, so called when the said Fly head is great; because it resembles a grap stone: it is termed also Melon, as being like a Apple.

The Elos, Clavus, or Nail; is when there is any inveterate Ulcer on the Cornea, through which the Uvea falls out.

The Cacinomata, is the term for all malignant Ul∣cers in the Cornea, or Adnata.

Ball of the Eye.

The Zinificis, is a dry distemper which consumes the watry humor, and dissipates the spirits of the Eye sight.

The Hypopium, is an obstruction from a corrupted Flegmatick, or purulent Humor.

The Hypochyma suffusio, is an obstruction from Flegm: or concreation of a thick humor.

The Phthisis, or Corrugatio; is when the Pupil, or circle of the Eye, is very narrow, from a dry distem∣per.

The Mydriasis, or Platu-Corie; is the dilatati∣on of the Pupil, being stretched out, or made broad by a moist Humor, or from a Rupture.

The Glaucosis, or Glaucoma; is the thickness, or hardness of the christallin Humor; which causeth dim∣ness of sight, and proceeds from a cold and dry distemper: it is familiar to aged persons.

The Uisive, or seeing spirit becoming thick, surrounds the christillan humor; with darkness and obscurity.

Page  434

The Gutta Sarena, or Amaurosis, is the Obstru∣ction of the Optick Nerve, which causeth sudden blind∣ness.

Sight

The Caecitas, is sight extinct, blindness, or sight abolished.

The Amblyopia, is sight diminished only.

The Myopsis is the Purblind sight, that must look close to the object, and half shut his eyes.

The Nyctalops, is to see only by day, and little or nothing by Night.

The Parorasis, or Hallucinalion, is Sight depra∣ved, having a false reception before the Eyes: termed also Amalops; for so all things appear yellow to them as have the Jaundice.

The Quittor, is a watery humour over the eye, hin∣dring the Sight.

Ear

The Parotis, is the swelling and inflamation of the Kernels beside the Ears, which happens in an Acute Fea∣ver; of some it is termed Dioscouros, and of others Castor and Pollax.

The Diseases of the Ears ars chiefly these, Obstru∣ctions by a tumor; by a Caruncle or bit of Flesh growing up in the Ear; Quittor issuing out, or by filth; it is Inflamed and Impostumated, and exulcerated or hurt by some eating Medicine poured into the Ear, or by a Chollerick humor.

The Sturditas, is Hearing Abolished, Deafness.

The Barucoia, or thickness of Hearing, is Hearing diminished.

The Paracousis, is Hearing depraved, and con∣sists in a noise, and ringing, or buzzing in the Ear.

The Eblai, are Ear Worms, which are voided from the Ears.

Face.

The Freckles of the Face, are Spots caused through Choller stuck in the Pores of the skin.

The Ephelis, is to have the Face burnt in the Sun. Sun-burnt.

The Gutta Rosacea, is the setled redness in the Face.

The Antirohei, is to have the Face spotted or flect with red.

The Palenes, or Green-sickness, is to look pale and wan.

The Liphaemoi, or Bloodless, is such as look wheyish and sickly.

The Caco-chroia, is any bad colour in the Face, either of Sick persons, or of such as are well.

The Ionthos, is a hard push in the Face.

The Uarus, is an harder knob, yet not so red as the Ionthos.

The Ficus, is a certain Wart, resembling a Fig; a Mole.

The Lichen, or Impertigo, or the Darta, are rough or scaly eminences, Warts, or Pimples in the Face, if they be dry, but if they be moist, they are Exulce∣rations, and run.

The Naevi, are Warts or smooth knobs, white or blewish.

The Hypopium, is the black and blew colour of the skin of the Face proceeding from a blow or bruise.

The Spilloi, are sooty Excrements of the skin, in∣truded into the pores thereof.

The Pam, are scars in the Face.

The Mentagra, or Impetigo, or dry Scab of the Chin, a Disease that troubled the Romans in Plinies time.

The Cynicus Spasmns, the action of the skin of the mouth, when it was drawn aside by the Palsy or Convulsion fits.

The Commotice, is the Painting or Plastering of the Face with Fucus's and such like; used by Panders, Bawds and Whores.

The Cosmetice, is the natural Beautifying and adorning of the Face, without laying any thing on.

Lips.

The Rhagades, are the chops of the Lips, or tu∣mors, or little Bladders, which break out upon the lips, especially in Feavers.

The trembling of the lips, called Seismos, is from the badness of the Stomach, and when one is about to Vomit.

The bad colour of the Lips, it argues a fault in the Lungs or Blood.

The Labeones, is to have great Lips stretched.

The Hare Lip, is such as have, or are born with an imperfect cloven Lip.

The Brochus, is to have the inside of the Lip turn∣ed outwards.

The Cheilo, is to have great swelling Lips.

The Meutones, is to have a Chin sticking out.

The Lip Distempers are Inflamations, Swelling, Ulcers, the loss of them, which makes a Man look like a snarling Dog.

Nose

The Ozaena, is a filthy stinking Ulcer in the Nose.

The Polypus, is a Caruncle in the Nose, swelled, which falls into the Nostrils or Pallat of the Mouth.

The Cancerous Polypus, is a Caruncle, which when it is cut or cauterized, ats and devours the whole Face.

The Obstruction of the inward passages of the Co∣lander Bone, is the cause of Smelling abolished and di∣minished.

The Putrifying of the Humor in the cavities of the Colander Bone and mammillary productions; is the depraving of the Smell, which smell is not discerned by the Patient, but by such as converse with him.

The Coryza, or Gravedo, is the Irregularity of excretions, and a Flux of Serosities; which is the Bleeding at the Nose, or a continual Nose Dropping.

Page  435The Sneezing of the Nose is done by vexing the Nostrils, and is a momentary concussion or convulsion of the Brain.

The Distempers of the Nose are Inflamations, Bruises, Ulcerated and troubled with other Sores, proceeding from Organick Diseases, springing from bad conformations.

Teeth.

The Odaxismos, is the first sprouts of the teeth in Children, which causes the Gums to swell and be infla∣med.

The Odontophua, is the breaking out of the teeth of Children.

The Haemodia, is the setting of the teeth on edge, so as they cannot chew any thing.

The Odontagra, or Odontalgia, is the Tooth∣ach, the shuting and pain of the teeth.

The Diseases of the teeth besides are scaly, rotten, or moulder away, broken, blackness, rustiness, stiking teeth by excrescence of Worms, Flux of Blood, Rheums, also dryness, loosness, when troubled with Organick Diseases; also by being too long, too short, more than ought to be, having two or three rows, in magni∣tude being too great, as when long gag teeth go out of their rank; else too little and worn away, or do not stand close; and that the upper and lower do not just meet; or to have but one Bone in place of so many teeth, &c.

The Proud Flesh of the Gums, is when the flesh of the Gums do cover the teeth.

The Parulis, is the inflamation of the Gums.

The Epulis, is if the swelling and inflamation grows to an Ulcer.

The Cancerated Gums, is when infected or eaten by the Cancer.

The Aphthae, is the eating of the Gums with Ul∣cers.

The Stomachache, or Oscedo, the Scurvy in the teeth, which is cause of looseness, and immoderate bleeding.

Palate

The Morbus Gallicus, or Noli me tangere, is a tottenness of the Palate Bone by the Whores Pox.

The Staphyle, is when the Uvula is inflamed, it represents a Grape.

The Columella or Chion, when the Uvula resem∣bles a Pillar.

The Chalasis Gargareonis, is when the Uvula grows loose and slap by reason of Rheum.

The Imantis, is when the Uvula hangs down too much.

The Gargareon, or Squeenizie, is the swelling of it, and the throat.

The Antiades, and the Paristhmia, are the swel∣lings, and also the names of the Kernels by the Isth∣mus.

The Tonsills, are swelling of the Throat Kernels, which swell so much that they descend into the Throat, and hinder the Patient from swallowing.

Tongue

The Batrachium, is a tumour under the Tongue, which causeth its inflamation.

The Ulcer of the Tongue, doth infect the Tongue, and is often malignantly putrified, eaten and consumed by those like distempers.

The Anaudia, is the abolition of Speech, Speechless, Dumb.

The Traulotis, is when some one Letter cannot be truly pronounced.

The Psallotis, or Psellismos, is when divers let∣ters and words cannot be pronounced.

The Ichnophonia, or Stammering, is a stoppage of the tongue, so as the Discourse cannot be proceeded in.

The Anchylo-glossois, and Mogilalia, is when the tongue is tyed either too strait or too loose.

The Uitiated taste, is when there is no taste, being filled with some evil humor.

The Paisy of the Tongue, which takes away all motion; and diminished, when half the tongue is Pal∣sied.

The Trembling of the Tongue, is a fore-runner of a Phrensie.

The Squinsy, is the swelling of the Larynx, which hinders Speech and Breathing, and strangles the Pa∣tient.

The Aphonia, is privation or abolishing of Speech.

The Raucedo, or Hoarsness, is the depravation of Speech.

The Ischmo-phonia, is the Imminution or diminish∣ing of Speech.

The Apnoia, is the interception or respiration, or hindrance of Breathing.

The Dispnoia, is a diminishing of Breathing, so that Breath comes and goes, not freely but with pain.

The Obstruction of the Gullet, is the hard de∣scent of solid meat into the Stomach.

Neck

The Bronchocele, is a swelling in the Neck near the Larynx.

The Kings Evil, is a swelling which proceeds from a flegmatick clammy matter, which drenches the Ker∣nels, and make them swell; and therefore where the Kernels are the swellings arise.

The Scirrhous Tumor, is something of the na∣ture of the Kings-evil; they happen in the Jaws, in the Groins, behind the Ears, and in all parts of the Body where there are Glandules or Kernels.

The Gongroni, it is a tumor among the external swellings of the Neck.

The Angina or Squinsie, is a tumor of the Neck, either external or internal.

The Synanche, is the external Squinsie, which is an inflamation of the Neck.

The Cynanche, is the internal swelling, in which the Patient can hardly fetch his Breath.

The Neck Distemper are many, as Dislocation of Page  436 the Vertebra's, and similar Diseases, arising from tumors and Humors Organical, consisting in bad con∣formations.

Arms

The Dislocation or Fraction of the Scapula, is the putting out of Joint, or the breaking of the Shoul∣der Bone.

The Galliaggones, is the crookedness of the Cubit, after a disjointing of it by the retraction of the Mus∣cles.

The Rheumatisme, the Gout, and the tumor ganglium, with flegmatick Knobs, are often affli∣cters of the Arm, from the Elbow to the Wrist.

The Arm-pits have the Kernel there to smell strong, or they cause the Arms to smell; It is often vexed in the Joint by the Gout, Rhumatism, and other fluxions.

Hands

The Hand is much subject to the distemper aforesaid.

The Finger Blaine, swelling of the Fingers be∣tween the joints in col seasons.

The Natis have a distemper called the White louse or Felon.

The Reduvia is a sore in the Nails.

The Sappy ends of the Fingers are often corrupted and putrified, and sometime loose a joint by reason of a Sphacelation.

The Paronychia, is the opening of the skin at the corners of the Nails.

The Whitley, or Bustion, are swelling in the joints of the Fingers, which often cause the loss of the Finger.

Thighs.

The Euboes, are Diseases in the Kernels about the Loins, which are Pestilential and Uenerial.

The Sciatica, or Hip Gout, is a pain in the joint of the Thigh, about the cavity of the Huckle Bone.

The Phthisis Coxaria, or the Hip Consumpti∣on, is by a sharp putrid humor, which corrodes and brings corruption into the Hip joint.

The Notha Ischias, or Bastard Sciatica, is the flowing in of a Humor into that part of the Thigh where the great Nerves arise.

Legs

The Sweiling of the Knees, are from flegmatick humor, or from inflamations, which are dangerous, and of long continuance, and at last Kill the Patient.

The Dolor Genus, or the pain of the Knees, whe∣ther by Cold, Rheum, or Gout, are extream bitter, and make stout Men cry out.

The Elephantiasis, or Elephants Leg; it is the swelling of the whole Leg from the bending of the Groin unto the Toes, because it makes the Leg resemble an Elephants.

The defluxions of the Shank and Foot, is caused through Humors falling down, which are either Wind, Water, or a clammy flegmatick Rheum, and produ∣ceth the swelling called Oedema.

Feet

The Fluxions of the Ancle, are Rheums there, and are dangerous and hard to be cured.

The Permo or Kibe, is a swelling in the Heel, pro∣ceeding from cold or fluxion.

The Corns of the Toes are hard Kernels seated in the several places of the Toes, sides of the Feet, and Soles.

The Bones are subject to Fractures, Dryness, Dis∣jointing and Rottenness.

In the dexter corner of this long square numb. 93. I have caused (for want of other room) a demy Man to placed, having an upper part of the Body, but no Arms: a kind of Bearing it is which the Germans and Netherland Gentry much use in their Coats and Crests (and is ge∣nerally whether clothed or naked, if the cutting off end in three parts, and those again turned or wrought into leaves solding this way and that way) It is termed a demy Man, (or Woman, or Boy) sans Arms, Triparted or Folded Avellane (as much as to say) the three parting are cut or carved into leaves turned af∣ter the manner of the Shull or cover of an Hasel Nut when growing on the Tree, which turns and bends seve∣ral ways, and is called in Heraldry Avellana, that is a Philbert Nut, from whence the term is borrowed, be∣cause of its resemblance to it. Some term it more shor∣ter, a demy Man parted Avellane, others only a demy Man Avellane: others a demy Man ending in foldages, as numb. 35.

G. the like A. is born by Marlay.

B. 3 such O. is born by Horsall.

G. one such to the Sinister S. face proper, born by Horden, alias Morden.

In the dexter base corner, is likewise set the figure of a Naked Man, Kneeling upon a hill with his left Knee, holding an Apple in his right, and his left on his side; and such a Bearing is the Crest of Don Montralow.

An Ape in the like posture, looking his Face in a round Glass O. is the Crest of Thann in Rhine Palatinate.

XCIV. I have caused this Hand to be set here, there∣by to give the Reader some Account of the Order and Rules of Chiromancy, as much as consists in the rati∣onal demonstration of the Lines in the Hand, with their Names both appropriated to them, as also all the other parts thereof.

The Names of the several parts of the Hand according to the Rules of Chiromancy or Palmestry.

Mons Ueneris, is the root or Mount of the Thumb, at the first Joint next the hand, which the An∣cients Page  437 have dedicated to Venus, and call it the Root, or Mount of Uenus, the Tubercle or Mount of the Thumb.

Mons Iovis, the Mount of Iupiter, it is the root of the Fore-finger.

Mons Saturni, the Mount of Saturn, is the root of the middle or long Finger.

Mons Solis, the Mount of the Sun, the root of the Ring Finger.

Mons Mercurii, the Mount of Mercury, is the root of the little Finger.

Mons Lunae, the Mount of the Moon, is the brawn of the Hand, near the Wrist, opposite to the Hill of the Thumb.

Locus Martis, the place assigned to Mars, is the hollow of the Hand, called also Cavea Martis, the Cave of Mars.

Yet some have written, that these places are other∣wise assigned, as the Thumb to Mars, the Forefinger to Iupiter, the middle Finger to Saturn, the Ring Finger to Sol, the little Finger to Uenus, the The∣mar, that is the space between the Thumb and fore fin∣ger, to Mercury; and the Brawn of the Hand, near the Wrist, to the Moon.

The Lines of the Hand.

They are said to be fourteen, but three are principal, which are these; the other follow.

  • A. Linea Uitae, or Uitalis, or Linea Uitafera, the Line of Life, it is that Line as compasses the Hill, Mount, or Ball of the Thumb; it begins in the place between the Fore-Finger and Thumb, and ends at the Wrist; it is of some termed Linea Temporalis, the Line of Time, and others Linea Iovis, the Line of Iupiter. the Cordiaca.
  • C. Linea Mensalis, the Mensall or Table Line, is that Line as takes its beginning under the Hill of Mer∣cury, or little Finger, and runs overthwart the hand, through the middle of the Uola, or Cup, and ends at the Mount of Jupiter, and sometimes shorter, at the Mount of Saturn. Others call it Linea Lunaris, the Moon Line; and Linea Stellata, the Line of Fortune.
  • b. Linea Media Naturalis, the Natural Line, or Line of the Head, the Cephalick Line or Uein Line, which Line takes its beginning at the middle space be∣tween the Thumb and fore Finger, sometimes joining to the the top of the Line of Life (and sometimes dis∣joint, and at a distance from it) and so running over∣thwart the hand, to the Hill of the Moon, its higher part; it is called Linea Ueneris, the Table, or Bed Line of Uenus.

{sal armoniac} Mensa, the Table, is the space of the Hand be∣tween the Table Line, and the Natural Line.

Linea Saturnalis, the Line of Saturn, is the upright Line, that riseth from the Wrist, and cros∣seth the Lines of the Liver and the Table, and is deter∣mined or ended at the root, mount, or hill of Saturn.

Linea Solaris, the Line of the Sun, is the fore∣said Line rising from the Wrist, which is called the Line of the Sun if it end under the hill or root of the Ring Finger.

Linea Mercuralis, the Line of Mercury, if the said line end or point to the root of the little Finger, then it is so called.

Uia Combusta, is the term of the Saturnal Line, when it is cut and parted, and not an intire 〈◊〉.

x. Linea Epatica, or the Liver Line, is that Line as ariseth from the Hill of the Moon at the 〈…〉 compassing it, ends at the Mount of Mercury.

Uia Lacrea, the Milky Way, or Milky 〈◊〉, is a Line arising from the Wrist, at the foot 〈…〉 of Life, and goes over to the Mount of the Moon.

B. Soror Martis, or the Sister of Mars, is a circular Line, running Parallel with the Line of Life on the inside to the higher part of the Mount of Venus, cal∣led the Sister of the Line of Life.

☉ ♄ Cingulum Ueneris, or the Girdle of Ue∣nus, is a piece or segment of a Circle, drawn from the interval or space between the first and middle Finger, and 〈◊〉 to the same place between the little and Ring Finger.

. Restricta, or Cauda Draconis, the restraint Line, or Dragons Tail Line, or of some called the discriminical Line, is that Line which divides the Hand from the Arm, either by a single, double, or tri∣ple transcursion.

The several ways by which Fortunes are foretold.

Chiromantickes, are such as take upon them to tell Fortunes by the Lines of the hand. Chiroman∣cer.

Chiromancy, is the Art of telling Fortune by such Lines.

Palmestry, is the Art of telling Fortunes by the Lines in the Hand.

Prognosticator, a Fortune Teller, one that declares things to come.

Prognosticate, or Prognostication, is a foretel∣ling of what shall be and happen, or things before they come to pass.

Divination, a telling of things past, or to come, to predict, foretel, conjecture, or have the fore-know∣ledg of future things by a Divine Spirit or Revela∣tion.

Physiognomy, the Art of Judging or conjecturing the Fortune of a Man, by the Lineaments of his Face and Body.

Diagnosticate. Diagnostick, a foreshew of For∣tune, and things to come to pass, by the scituation of Moles on the Face, or other parts of the Body.

Physnomists, is the telling of Fortune by the Line in the Forehead. A contraction from Physiognomy.

Hieroglyphica, a pretence or vain curiosity or pre∣dicting things by the foldings or wrinkles in the hand, or Engraving or Drawing in Pictures before hand, Emblems of things that shall come afterwards to pass.

Page  438Dreamer, or Dreams, is a foretelling of things by Dreams, an Interpreter of the signification of Dreams, and what events will follow.

Astronomy, and Astronomer, is the Art of, and the foreteller of things done and past, and what shall hap∣pen to any person; a Prediction from Birth and Na∣tivities, by the ruling of the Planets, when such and such things happened.

Cabalistical, or Pythagorean, or Apollonian Invention of numbers, by which the future event of things are and may be predicted.

Astrology, the Science of telling of things through the motion of the Stars and Planets; an Astrologician, Astrologier.

Constellator, and Constellation, is the teller, and the Art of telling of Fortune by Nativities; as whether the party born under such and such Constellations, shall have Health or Diseases, live long or die shortly; also what fortune or misfortune doth attend him, &c.

Auspicium, or Soothsaying, is the telling of good and bad Fortune by the flying of Birds.

Augury, is divination or Fortune telling by their Singing or Chirping or Crowing.

Atuspicana, is a kind of Southsaying, from the things that happen at Sacrifices, and by the things on the Altar.

Etispicium, a foretelling of the event of things, by the inspection of the intrails of Beasts Sacrificed.

Sorcilegium or Lottery, is a telling of Fortune by casting of Lots or Dice, a Lottery or Fortune by Lots.

Oracles, are the telling of things to come, out of the mouth of dumb Images and Idols, by help of the Devil and Idolatrous Priests.

Magick, Witchcraft, Inchanting, Conjura∣tion, is the doing or telling of the Fortune, and trans∣forming the Body by the help of the Devil and Evil Spirits.

Prophecy, is the telling of things to come through the Gift of God, and Inspiration of his Spirit.

Tripudium, is a kind of conjecturing of things by Crums cast to Chicken in a Coop or Pen, which by their eating or not, they make their observation of good or bad luck: These are called also Auspicium coactum, or Pullarius, or Tripudum Solistivum.

Capnomantis, or Smoak Augurers, such as conjectured from the Flame and Smoak of the Altar, whether it rolled or tumbled in the Air, or continued long, which were unfortunate tokens, as the contrary were good. These kind of Augurers were called Cap∣nomentes.

Hydromantia, is a Divination by Water, which is by calling of Spirits to appear in the Water.

Urim and Thummim, it was a Jewish kind of Re∣velation, by which God oft shewed the event of things; some write that they were two Ornaments in the High Priests Breast plate, but of what manner, or how they gave Answer is hard to resolve, Exod. 28.30. 1 Sam. 28.6.

Ephod, and Teraphim, were things also, by which the Jews and other Idolatrous People, as from an Ora∣cle, sometimes received Answers to what was proposed Of these you may read Iudg. 17.5, and 18.5.6. 1 Sam. 30.7, 8. Zech. 10.2.

Observer of Times, one that distinguisheth Times and Seasons, saying such a day is good, such a day is nought, such an hour, such a week, such a month, such a year is lucky, such is unlucky for such and such busi∣nesses.

Inchanter, Sorcery, is a bewitching the senses and minds of Men, by changing the form of things, ma∣king them appear otherwise than indeed they are; these were such as resisted Moses, Exod. 7.11.

Charmers, is a muttering, soft speaking, or writing of some Spell or Charm, that shall either suffer such and such a thing to be done, or not be done; as one by speaking some Words in a strange Language or otherwise, shall cure the Ague.

Witchcraft, or consulter with Devils, or Fa∣miliar Spirits, as Witches and Wizards do, or being possessed by such Evil Spirits, have them speak out of their Bellies, as out of a Bottle; such a Diviner was the Damsel, Act. 16.16. as is thought by St. Augustin, and most Expositors.

Necromancy, is such Divination, as to consult with the Devil and Satan in the shape of a dead Man or Wo∣man, as the Witch of Endor, who raised the Devil in the likeness of Samuel, to tell Saul the event of the ensu∣ing Battel. 1 Sam. 28.7.8. &c.

Consulters by Staves, Rods, or Arrows, this is a do∣ing of a thing by Lots; or else by measuring a Staff by the Thumb breadth, saying I will do so, and I will not do so, and as the last Thumb breadth falls out, so he determineth.

Uisions or Apparitions, this is an extraordinary way by which things have been revealed, and made known to us, as by good Angels from God, and evil An∣gels also as Tempters, of which see the Scripture, Exod. 3.2. Iosh. 5.13.14. Mat. 4.1.3. and 2 Maccab. 3.25.33.

Uoices or Ecchoes, by it is meant a Voice from Heaven, declaring the Will of God, this took place in the giving of the Law, Exod. 20 4. and took place in the second Temple, 2 Macab. 2.21. Mat. 3.17. when Visi∣ons and Inspirations were not.

Inspirations of the Holy Ghost, whereby the per∣sons were enabled to Prophesy, and to speak with un∣known Tongues, and Interpret, Act. 2.3.4.

Aeromantia, is a Divination, or telling of Fortune by the Air.

Aleuromantia, is a Divination by Corn, as Barley and Wheat mixed together.

Gastromantia, is a Divination sounding out of the Belly; the Devil speaking in a person possessed.

Oscinum, a South-saying by Singing, or Singing Birds.

Alectryomantia, Divination by the Crowing of a Cock, or from a Cock Stone, or a Stone found in the Maw or Gizard of a Cock, of the bigness of a Bean, and in colour like Christal.

Geomantia, is a kind of Fortune telling, by making of circles or pricks on Paper, or on the Earth, and so by their numbers conjecture the event of things, which is Englished Geomancy, viz. a Sorcerer, Enchanter, a Conjurer or Diviner by Pricks.

Pyromantia, is a Divination by Fire.

Page  439Uromantis, is one that can divine somthing from the sight of Urines, a Urine Gaser, a Caster of Waters.

Prognosis, or Signa Prognostica; are signs and tokens in a patient whereby it is known what will become of him, whether for life or death. Prophasis is also a fore knowledg of Diseases, and in Diseases by antecedent and succeeding causes, to fore-tell the Event of things and what will undoubtedly happen to the sick party.

Terms of Art used by Anatamists, concerning the several Parts of the Body.

Alphebetically.

Anatomist, is one that diffects, and cut up dead Bodies, to make observations upon the several parts thereof.

Anatomy, is the Sceleton or Bones of a dead Body: the Carkas.

Anastomosis of the Ueins, and Arteries; is the communitie, and fellowship between the Veins, and Arte∣ries.

Adnascentia, and Additamenta; see Epiphisis.

Aeurisma, is the Delation, or Section of an Artery in the external parts. The openning of the Arterie.

Auriety, unquietness, trouble, and painful tumblings, and tossing.

Appetite, a desire of Meat.

Ation of the Stomach, is the Coction of the Meat therein, by melting and dissolving it into Chyle.

Aphithedon, is a fraction, or breaking of a Bone all to Shivers.

Apophysis, is a bone standing out, or Processes, and Knots in bones.

Apophyades, are certain things hanging to the interi∣als, or other parts, as Warts, Lobs &c.

Appendix, is an addition to a thing: a Dependences.

Aphorisme, a definition, a determination, the general rules of Physick, or Physitians.

Attract, or drawn unto.

Arterial Blood, the blood of the Arteries.

Auctio, is a Nutrition, whereby more soundness is resto∣red then was lost by any disease or distemper.

Analysis, is the reduction of a Body into its first prin∣ciple; also it is an Anatomical demonstration of the parts of Mans body, insisting upon the parts severally.

Aoginus, is one that hath both Man and Womans Members: also one that hath had his Members cut out.

Antagonista, is the opposite situation of Muscles, as between the Adductor, and the Abductor; that which con∣tracts and expands any Member.

Apigma, is the thrusting of a bone, or other part out of its proper place.

Apanthismus, is the obliteration of a part of the body, that it cannot afterwards be found.

Apocope, is the cutting off of a part of the Body.

Ap••urma, is the shaving away of the Skin, or Bone.

Artus, are Members growing to Cavities in the Body, and distinguished by joynts.

Atlas, is the first Vertebre under the head; so called because it seems to hold up the head.

Atomus, an Atome; is a Body so small, that it is not capable of being divided into lesser parts.

Atta bilis, is a Sulphureous, and Saline, earthly and black Blood which is bread in the Body, and gathered in the Spleen.

Blood, a red liquor, running in the Veins, and Arte∣ries: see Sanguis.

Blood Congealled, is when the Blood is thick, and caked.

Buboes, or swelling, or other Tumors: which are not malignant.

Bosomes, or Cavities; are hollow places in bones.

Belenoides, is the process or shooting forth of a Bone, called Aliformis, made like a wing,, which is fix∣ed in the basis of the Scull.

Biclychnion, is natural heat which is communicated from the parent to the Faetus, or Child in the Womb: but when it is brought forth the heat gradually decays, after the Blood and Spirit of the Child is altered by nou∣rishment and nitrous Air.

Blenna, is a thick Snot, or corrupt humor which di∣stills through the little hole of the Pallat, and No∣strils.

Bothor, are little Pimples in the Face which do not spread, but are easily suppurated and vanish. It is a general appalation for Pimples in any part of the Body.

Bregma, or Pregma; is the bone of the Fore-head.

Bucca, is the inferiour Lax part of the Face, which may be puft up: as in Trumpeters Cheeks.

Buccula, is the fleshy part under the Chin.

Concavons, made hollow, a hollow place.

Corrugated, wrinkled, made, unequal, or uneven.

Convex, or Gibbous, Hollowness, bending down on each side.

Concur, Concurrence; an agreement, a running together.

Condensed Humor, is a thick, or clammy, and dry∣ed Humor.

Concretion, a congealing, waxing hard: growing together.

Congestion, is a heaping, or gathering together.

Compression, a pressing, or weighing down.

Contraction, a drawing or shutting up of a part. Drawn together.

Coarctation, is the shuting up of the Stomach after Meat.

Coctio, or Concoctio, is the Disgestion of the Meat in the Stomach.

Chyle, is the melted, and dissolved Meat, being turn∣ed into a substance like Cream, through the heat of the Stomach.

Cavitie, is any hollow place in the Bones, or Holes in the Body, or void, and empty place in the parts of the Body.

Cronical Diseases, are such as proceed from De∣fluctions.

Constitution, is the complexion, or temperament of the Body.

Connex, knit or joyned together.

Page  440Connection, sticking, or joyning gast together.

Capacious, large, big, great both for height, and breadth.

Contusio Ossis, a Conusion a beating, or bruising.

Costive, hard bound, not apt, or often to go to the Close-stool.

Convolutions, wrapped together, wound about, com∣passed.

Callus, is a kind of swelling without plain, like skin contracted by too much labour.

Calva, is the Scull, or the upper hairy part of the Head, which either by disease or old age grows bald first. Called also Calvaria, or Calvitium.

Canales, are passages by which the Juices of the Body flow: as those that serve for the spittle, the Bile &c.

Canaliculus Arteriosus, is a vessel between the Ar∣terious Veins of the Lungs and the great Artery in Faetus's or new born Children: which is obliterated in Adult persons.

Canities, is an Hoaryness in the Head before the time.

Caries, is the corrupsion of a bone, through vitious humor, or bruise, or from some other cause.

Caro, Flesh, is a Firous, bloody, soft, thick similar part, which besides the bones, and that which covers the Spermaticks it is fivefold. 1. Musculous, Fistu∣losus, or Fibrous, as in the Muscles. 2. Parenchy∣mous, as in Intrails, as Heart, Lungs, Liver, Spleen, &c. 3. Uiscerous, as in the Guts and Puddings. 4. Glandulous,, as in the Pancreas, Sweet-breeds and car∣nels of the Breast. 5. Spurious, as those for spitting and avacuations, as the Gums, Lips, Nut, of the Yard, &c.

Catamenia, Womens courses or Monthly terms.

Catagma, is a breaking of Bones, or separation of the Continuun in the hard parts of the Body.

Causedon, is the breaking of Bones a cross, when they are so seperated that they will not be laid direct.

Cartilago, is a white part, dryer and harder then a Ligament, and softer then a Bone. It is taken of some to be Similar, and Spermatick.

Caruncula Myrtiformes, are the wrinklings of the Orifice of a Womans Vagina, or Membranous inequalities; which in Women with Child, and after Childbirth are obliterated and inperceivable.

Cataschesis, is a good state of Body, opposite to an Hetick.

Catatasis, is an extention of the Body towards the lower parts.

Cavitates majores, are the greatest Cavities in the Body, wherein some principal part is contained, as the Brains in the Head; in the Chest or Breast, the Lungs, Heart, &c. In the Abdomen, the Live, Spleen, Reins, Stomach, &c. so that the three great Cavities are the Head, the Breast, and the Belly.

Cavitates minores, are the Ventricles of the Heart, and Brain.

Cellula Intestini Coli; the little Cavities of the Gut Colon, where the Excrements lodge some while, and then are Ejected.

Ceneangia, is an evacuation of the Blood vessels, by opening a Vein.

Centrum, is the middle of the Body, not Mathema∣tically, but Physically; and that they say is the Heart, from which as from a Center, the blood continually Cir∣culates round the most distant parts of the Body.

Cerumina, Ear wax, or the sweat and filth of the Ears, it is good to hinder Dust, Motes or little Animals from getting into the Ears.

Chyrurgia, Chyrurgery; it is an Art wherein by the help of our hands and instruments, is endeavoured the cure of hurts and diseases of the Body. It is a part of the Art Theraputicus, wherein diseases are cured by incision, burning and seting of joynts: it is a fivefold Art. 1. Syn∣thesis, a setting together of things separate. 2. Diaere∣sis, a separation of things that were continued before. 3. Diorthosis, a correcting of things contorted and squees∣ed together. 4. Exeresis, a taking away of superflui∣ties. 5. Anaplerosis, a restoring of that which was de∣ficient.

Chyrurgas, a Chyrurgeon, one skilful in Anatomy, and Chyrurgery.

Choana, is a sort of Cavitie or Tunnel in the Basis of the Brain.

Choledochus, or Ductus Bilarius, or passage of the Bile or Gall; it is called Common: It is that where∣in the Gall from its Bladder and the Liver is carried to the Gut Duodenum.

Chromatismus, is the natural colour or tincture, as of Vrine, Spittle, Blood, and Excrements.

Chylificatio, is a natural action which makes Chyle.

Cicatrix, is a scar or mark left after great wounds or Uulers: some are Simple, others accompanied with a Cavitie, Diminutions, or Excrescence in the part affect∣ed.

Circulatio Sanguinis, is a continued Circulation of the Blood through the Body, like the ebbing aad flowing of the Sea.

Clitoris, is a part in a Woman resembling the Yard of a Man; its use is for Titillation it hath a Nut, and a Prepue, and is capable of Increase, and relaxation, but is not Perforated. as in Men.

Colon, is the second of the great Guts.

Coarticulation, is a growing of bones together, so as to form a joynt, yet have no motion in them.

Condyloma, is the kniting or joyning of bones.

Condyle, are the joynts or knuckles, of the fingers, when thicker there, then in other place.

Corpns, the Body, is the whole frame of Man with all its Limbs, and Members, whether alive or dead.

Crisima, are signs by which one may discern or judge of a matter.

Cruor, is the Blood in the Veins, Sanguis being the Blood in the Arteries, as some distinguish them.

Cutis, is the skin in a living Man; but Pellid is the skin being flead off.

Cyllum, a Leg put out of joynt outwardly.

Dissipation, a scattering a wasting of the Spirits.

Disgestion, is the disolving of the Meat in the Sto∣mach.

Dilatation, is the stretching, or widening of any part.

Dislocatio, or Dislocation, is any bones out of joynt; or romoved out of its place.

Page  441Dissection, is the collecting, and ordering the Bones, 〈…〉.

Demensions of the Body, its magnitude, or big∣nes

D•••••ion, a pulling in peeces, or asunder, a divid∣••.

Dystole, is the Dilatation, or widening of the moti∣•••• the Heart, when it takes the blood into it.

Deprivation, a hinderance, a keeping back, with 〈◊〉 of a thing.

Defluxions, is the falling down of Humors into any part lower, 〈◊〉 flowing down of humors, a Loosness.

〈◊〉ted, made weak, Disenabled to perform an 〈◊〉.

Di••orsion, or Wrenching a Member.

Deligatio, is a part of Chyrurgery, that concerns the 〈◊〉 up of Wounds, and broken Bones, &c▪

Dejectio, is an evacuation of the Excrements by the Peristltick motion of the Guts.

De••catio, is an evaporation of superfluous moistures by heat.

Diapedesis, is an eruption of blood.

Diaphanum, is that which is transparent, as the Eye.

Diarthrosis, is a good constitution of the Bones, whereby they move easily and strongly.

Dicrotus, is a Pulse that beats twice.

Digestio, is digestion of meat in the Stomach.

Dispositio, is an habit whereby we are well 〈…〉 disposed to do an action.

Dissimulares partes, dissimular parts, are such as can be divided one from another into different parts, as the hand into Veins, Muscles, Bones.

Dissentio, is when parts are puffed up, Dilated or Re∣laxed by any thing, as the Guts by wind.

Distorsio, is when parts are ill placed, or ill figur∣ed.

Ditrichealis, is a double row of hair on the Eye-lids.

Ductus, are little passages or Channels, which arise in one part of the Body or Intrels, and run to another, of which there are these principally. Ductus Pancrea∣ticus, channel, which run from the Sweet-breads to the Guts. Ductus Roriferus or Chyliferus, which convey the Chyle and Lympha from the lower parts to the Heart. Ductus Bilarius, or Porus Bilarius, or Hepaticus, the passage of the Gall from the Liver to the Gut Duodenum. Ductus Salivares, passage for the Spittle. Ductus Umbelicalis, or Intestinum, or Laqueus, the Navel string, by which passage a Faetus is nourished in the Womb, &c.

Dodecadactilum, is the first of the small Guts, be∣ginning at the Pylorus of the Stomach and end at the Gut Iejunum.

Dyscrasia, is an unequal mixture of Elements in the Blood, or Nervous Iuice.

Dysodes, is any thing that smells ill, as Excrements.

Dystocia, is a difficulty of bringing forth, or a preter∣natural birth: as whem the Child comes forth obliquely, transverse, or with its Feet foremost, or being very large, weast, fat, or dead: or when the passages are straitned by inflamation or otherwise.

Excretion, or Excrements of the Body, is any Superfluous thing which proceeds from, or is cast out of the Body, as Chollorick, and Wheyish humors, Blood, Qi∣ter, &c. Dung.

Epiphora, the droping of the Eyes, by reason of Rhame.

Epipius, and Appendance, or addition to a Bone.

Epiphysis, an appendance, or addition to a bone, or one bone that grows to another, or in the Caiie of a∣nother, but without any Motion in them.

Enata, the end, or Extremitie of a bone, the round head of a Bone.

External parts, the outward, and visible part of the Body.

Exolution, a slackness or loosness of a part, or Mem∣ber.

Evacuation, Evacuated; cast out, purged from.

Expulsion, expel, or drive away.

Eradication, a destroying, or pulling up.

Expiration, is the puting out of the air, or breath.

E•••nsion, stretching, or drawing out, pulling a Mem•••.

Ecavated, hollowed, made like a cave.

E•••acion, or boyling of any part.

Ephisis, is a process that coheres to a Bone.

Ephisesis, is a breathing thick and short.

Ecrithmus, is a Pulse which observes no method, or number incident to any age.

Embryatomia, is an Anatomical dissection of a Faetus or Child.

Empneumatosis, is an alternate dilatation or moti∣on of the Chest, Lungs and Belly.

Emunctoria, are cavities into which somthing is emptied, as the Pituitous humours of the Brain into the Nostrils; Ear-wax into the Ears, Excrements into the Bowels, and Urine into the Bladder.

Encheiresis Anatomica, is a readiness in dissection; when an Anatomist shews the parts of a Carcase dexteri∣ously.

Encope, is an incision of any part, as in a Gan∣green.

Engonios, is the bending of the Arm or Leg.

Entera, are long Membraceous winding Pipes or Guts annexed to the Mesenterie; that they be not con∣founded one with another: and they are six, the Gut Duodenum, Iejunum, Ileum, Caecum, Colon, and Rectum; the three uppermost are called small Guts, the lower, great Guts.

Enterocele, or Hernia Intestinalis; is the fall of the Intestines, especially of the Ileum through the Perito∣neum dilated, into the Groins or Skin that covers the Cods.

Ephelis, are dewy spots, or freckles in the Face, which proceeds from Sun burning.

Epididymus or Paristata, or Supergeminalis; it is a winding vessel, fixed to the back of the Testicles, a∣bout five ells long.

Epision, or Aqualiculus, is the place of the secret parts, or lowest part of the Belly.

Evacuatio, Evacuation, is either in blood when it abounds too much, where opening a Vein is requisite, or ill humors, which are drawn away by purging or Vomiting.

Page  442Euchroa, is a good colour, and temper of the skin.

Euchymia, is an excellent temper of the blood.

Eucrasia, is an excellent temper and constitution of the Body.

Evodes, is a sweet smell in Excrements.

Eupucea, is a right natural respiration or breathing.

Eurythmus, is an excellent natural Pulse.

Eusarcus, is one that is well fleshed.

Excramanta, Excrements; are whatsoever is cast out of the Body after digestion and concoction, as Spittle, Snot, Milk, Bile, Sweat, Ear-wax, Dung, and Urine.

Excercitium, is motion or exercise whereby the Body is agitated in order to health.

Exomphalos, is a protuberance of the Navel com∣mon to Infants.

Exophthalmia, is a protuberance of the Eye, out of its natural place.

Eppiratio, is an expiration or breathing in and out.

Exterpatio, is the cutting off of a part, by reason of a Canker or blasting.

Exelcisinus, is a bringing of the Bones from the sur∣face downwards.

Exostosis, is a protuberance of the Bones out of their natural place.

Exuvia, a dead Body, a stinking Carcase, a thing cast away or forsaken.

Fracture of a bone, is a division of a bone, made by some External cause, as Cuting, Breaking, Bruising of the same.

Flagginess, a loose hanging down.

Fluxing, is anointing the Body with Quick-Silver.

Faculty, the nature disposition, power, promptness to do a thing.

Ferment, is the retaining the seed in the Womb there∣by to proceed to conception, a borrowed word from the use of Leavened Meal.

Fuliginous Uapours, sootie smoakie, black Va∣pours.

Flux, and reflux; is a flowing, and returning again.

Fungous, or Fungus, or spungy substance.

Fluxions, the runnings of a sore: loosings of the Belly.

Flegmatism, Flegmatick, flemish, full of Flegm.

Fissura Ossis, is a Fracture of a Bone longways.

Facies Hyppocratia, is a Face that hath Nostrils sharp, Eyes hollow, Temples low, the Lips of the Ears contracted, and the Lobs inverted, the Skin hard and dry, the complexion pale, livid, Lead colour or black.

Falx, is a doubling of the Dura Mater like a Sickle, by which the Brain is divided into the right and left Hemi∣sphere.

Fasciation, is the binding of swaths about a Limb that is to be cured.

Fodina, is the less Labyrinth in the bone of the Ears.

Glutinous Humour, is a thick, tough, clammy humor.

Gilbous, round, bunched or bossed.

Gustus, Gustatiou, a tasting.

Gyratious, turnings about, Gyre a turne about.

Gena Mala, is part of the Face from the Nose to the Ears.

Generatio, is a natural action, whereby an Animal begets another like it of the same species, in Generation the first thing we see, is a Red Speck, which is cloathed with a little Bladder; next a little Heart, whence flow Veins and Arteries, at the extremitie whereof you see a Vis••••, the Bowels &c. afterwards the whole Faetus is formed and cloathed with Membranes and Skin.

Gynaecomystax, is a tuft of hair at the upper part of a Womans secrets.

Glene, the Cavitie of a bone which receives another into it, it is the same to Pupilla.

Hermaphrodites, Monsters in nature such as have the Privities both of Man, and Women: called also Will Gills.

Humidities, moistures, waterishness.

Habitus, or Hexis; is a habitude or habit of the Body, is ment all the internal parts thereof, into which either Veins, Arteries, or Nerves run.

Halo, is a red spot in the flesh that surrounds each Nipple in the Breast.

Hemeralopia, or Acies Nocturana; is when one sees better in the Night than in the Day.

Hidroa, are Pimples or excrescences about the Privy parts.

Humidum Primogenium, may be properly called the Blood, which is seen in Generation before any thing else.

Humores, Humours, of which there are four in the Blood, the Bilious, or Gallick humor; the Pitui∣tus, or Phlegmatick humor; the Melancholicous, or Melanchlick humor; and the Sanguinous, or Bloody humor.

Hymen is a Membrane, it is taken for the Privy Membrane of a Virgin, in the lower part of the Vagina.

Hystero-tomotocia, or Sectio Cesaria; is a cut∣ing of a Child out of the Womb.

Hysterotomia, is an Anatomical dissection of the Womb.

Indisgestion, Illdisgestion, or slow disgestion, is when the Meat eaten, is long before it be cast out of the Stomach into the Belly.

Infantes or Infants, are the issue (or ofspring of Parents) Husband, and Wife.

Internex, knit, or tyed between.

Insertion, a puting of things together: adding one thing to another.

Internal part, the inward part of the Body, such as are not seen.

Intertexture, a weaving together.

Incisio, Incision, a cutting into the flesh, a Lancing the Skin, or Veins, or the like.

Impostumatio, Impostumation, the gathering to∣gether of matter, corruption, or noughty humor.

Influx, Influence, a running, or flowing into.

Irradiation, a casting out of light, an enlightning.

Intermediate, having somthing between, or in the middle between; a coming between two.

Inarticulated, joyned, or set together.

Inspection, the looking into a part, or thing.

Ile, is the Cavity from the Thorax to the bones of the Thighs: some hold that the Intestines in all Animals, except Page  443 a Man and a Sheep are called Ile.

I••a, are the lower parts between the Abdomen or left Rib, and the secret parts.

Infundibulum Renum, is the Pelvis or bason through which the Urine passes to the Vreters, and the ldder.

Inspiratio, is a breathing, or an Alternate dilatation of the Chest.

Isthmus, is that part as lies between the Mouth, and Gllet: also the Ridg that seperates the Nostrils.

Luxatio, or a Luxation, or disjoyning; removed 〈◊〉 of its place: a displacing of a bone, so as to hinder Vo∣l•••••y motion.

Laceration, a tearing, or pulling asunder; renting.

Laxitive, loose in the Belly, purging; apt to go to the close-stool: Laxity a loosness, in a Vacuating condi∣tion.

La, Milk, the seed of nourishment, which after the Child is born, drops out of the Dugs, in the form of Milk, o a wheyish matter.

Loches, are Child-bed purgations; which is the squeezing out of that blood, which was shut up in the spongy sides of the Womb.

Labia Leprina, or Rostra Leporina; are such Lips as by reason of their ill make, will not come together. Lgochylus, Cloven Lips, or Hare Lips.

Labyrinthus, Laborinth; a part of the Body which is full of windings and turnings, as may be seen in the inner part of the Ear, and the outer surface of the Brain..

Lachrymale punctum, is the hole in the bone of the Nose, by which the matter as makes tears passes to the Nostrils.

Lachrymae, are tears, or a moisture which moistens the Eyes.

Launa, are little pores in the Pores or passages in the Vagina of the Womb, through which flows a certain erous Pituitous matter, which flows out in the act of Coion.

Leutigines, Freckles or little spots in the Faces of Women, or any other parts exposed to the Sun or Air.

Leno, or Lenon, or Torcular Herophili; that part of the Brain where the third cavity is joyned to the Meninx.

Lepidoides, or Mendosa Sarura, or Squam∣••••; scaly Sutures of the Scull, as may be seen in the bones of the Temple, and forepart of the Head.

Ligamentum, a Ligament is a solid and Fibrous part, proceeding for matter almost like a Cartilage, and desig∣ned by nature for the connecting part, especially bones to perform their motion.

Linea Alba, is a concourse of the Tendons of the Mus∣cles of the Abdomen, excepting the Tendons of the straight ones.

Lithotomus, is a Chyrurgion that is skillful in cut∣ting out the Stone.

Lochia, are those things that are evacuated by Wo∣men in Child-bed, after the birth of the Faetus, and the Secundinae Membranes.

Longanon, or Intestinum Rectum, the last Gut.

Lordosis, is the bending of the Back-bone forward.

Morbisick Matex, a matter, or humor that causeth sores, or diseases.

Meanders, turning, and winding in any parts.

Mastication, a chewing.

Macula Epatica, is a spot of brown or of a sad red or yellow on any part, somtimes over the whole Body, which somtimes disappear, and then break out again.

Macula Matricalis, is a red or purple spot in the skin from the Birth.

Madarosis, is a baldness of the Head.

Mamma, or Mammilla; the Breast Dugs, the in∣ner part of the Breast, the Latins call Vber, and Vbera, and the outward part Mamma.

Mammiformes processus, are two Apophyses or ri∣sings of the bone on the back part of the Scull.

Marmarygae, are the glistering and Corruscations of the Eyes.

Marmorata Aurium, Ear-wax, or a certain excre∣ments of the Ears.

Meatus auditorius, the auditory passage of the Ear, which begins at the Cavity or inner part, and is cloathed with a thick skin to the brim of the Tympanum.

Meatus Urinarius, or Urethra, or Fistula; is the Vrinary passage whereby both Vrine and the Seed is dis∣charged at the Yard in Man, and in the like manner in Women.

Mediastium, is a doubling of the Membrane, of the sides, which divides the Lungs and other Visera of the Breast into two parts.

Medula Cerebi, is a soft substance, covered over on the outside with a barky substance: some assert that it consists of Innumerable threds or Filaments.

Medula oblongata, is the beginning of the Spinal Marrow, whence arise the Nerves of the Scull. It is call∣ed also the common Sensory, because it is the original of the Nerves.

Medulla Ossium, the Marrow in the Bones, it is kept in a thin Membrane, and is Red in the greater Cavities of the bones; White in the less, and soft and Succulent in spungy bones.

Medulla Spinalis, the spinal Marrow, or the tail of the Brain, is that part as goes down the middle of the Back by the Vertebres, and is terminated at the Os Sacrum.

Membrana, a Membran, is a Nervous, Fibrous, broad, plain, white, and delatable Substance which covers the Bowels and great Cavities of the Body, &c.

Membrana Carnosa, or Paniculus Carnosus; is a fat sort of Membrane, in some part thick, in some thin, it covers the whole Body.

Membrana Urinaria, or Allantois vel Allantoi∣des, is the Vrinary Membrane, or Tunic that received the Urine that comes out of the Bladder, it is round and like a thin soft skin which wrappeth the Child in the Womb.

Membrum, a Member, or part of the Body, designed fot Voluntary Actions.

Meningophylax, is that which preserves the Meninx or Membrane of the Head, as thin Gold or Silver Plates, which are applyed when the Scull is opened.

Mensa, is the broader part of the Teeth called Grin∣ders, which chaw and mince the Meat.

Menses, the courses of Women, are excretions of Blood every month from the Womb: and not from its Neck or passage called Vagina.

Menseraeum, or Mensenterium, and Mesaraica Uasa; is the Membrane of the Peritoneum doubled, en∣riched Page  444 with Glandles, Nerves, Arteries, Veins, Chylifeous and Lymphatick vessels: from whence▪ these are called Mearick and Mese•••rick vessels.

Mesocolon, is that part of the Mesentery that conti∣nues to the great Gut.

Melopeurii, are the Intercostal Muscles, twenty two on each side, eleven external, as many internal.

Metalepticus, is a Mitaliptick or contrary motion of the Muscles.

Metaphrenum, is that part of the back which comes after the Diaphragma.

Metopum, is the Fore-head.

Microcosmus, Man is called the little World, as a compendium of the greater.

Microphthalmus, is one who hath little Eyes from his birth.

Mola Carnea, is a fleshy, or spungy substance, with∣out Bones or Bowels, preternaturally brought into the World instead of a Faetus.

Mola Patella, or Rotula, or Mola Genu, is a round and broad Bone at the joynting of the Knee, which of all other Bones is not begirt with a Membranous Liga∣ment.

Monocolum, is the Gut Cecum.

Mo•• Ueneris, is the upper part of a Womans se∣crets, somtimes higher then the rest.

Mortariola, are the Caverns wherein the Teeth are lodged.

Muccus, or Mucus, we call it snot, or a thick, liquid, Viscous excrement, which flows from the Processus Popilla∣res to the Nostrils and Pallat.

Mucro Cordis, or Apex; is the lower pointed end of the Heart.

Muliebria, or Cunnus; is a Womans Privy parts, consisting of a Clytoris, Nymphae, &c.

Muscae Capnt, or Myocephalum, is the falling of the Tunica Vvea.

Myodes Playsma, is a broad Musculous Expansion in the Neck, proceeding from a fat Membrane.

Myologia, is a description of the Muscles.

Mycteres, are the Nostrils, or Receptacles of Pitui∣tous humor that distills from the Brain.

Midr••sis, is a too great dilatation of the Pupil of the Eyes, which makes the sight dim.

Myelos, is the Marrow of the bones, or of the Spinal Marrow.

Myloglossum, a pair of Muscles that goe about the grinding Teeth, and fixed to the Ligament of the Tongue, and turns the Tongue upwards.

Myops, is one that is purblind; from Myopia or Myopiasis, a certain dimness of sight in distant objects, and yet a perspicacity in things near at Hand.

Myrmecia, is a sort of Wart, they are harder, lower, and take deeper root, and occasion greater pain, than those fleshy tumors called Thymus; they breed in the Palms of the Hands or Soles of the Feet, some call them Corns.

Myrtum, is a little peece of flesh in a Womans secrets about the cleft, proceeding from a Corrugation of the Vagina.

Mystax, is the upper lip and the hair upon it, called Muschato.

Myurus, is a Mutilaed Pulse, increasing and decrea∣sing gradually.

Myxa, see Mucus.

Nervosus, or Nervous, like a Nerve, Senewy: that may be drawn into strings.

Nauseant, loathing, disposed to vomit, inclined to spew.

Navi, or Notae Maternae, Moles or certain Native spots, some are plain, others Protuberant, and differ much in shape and colours.

Nates Cerebri, are two round Prominences behind the beds of the Optick Nerves.

Nephela, are white spots or clouds upon the Eyes, and on the surface of the Nails.

Neu••logia, is an elegant description of the Nerves.

Nervus or Neuron, a Nerve, it is a fibrous, round, long, white, porous substance. like an Indian Cane, they make the Animal spirits moveable and sensible.

Neurotomia, is an Anatomical Section of the Nerves, and a pricking of them.

Neurotomus, is a dissecter of the Nerve Anatomi∣cally.

Noctambulus, or Noctambulo; is one who walks in his sleep, opens doors and windows and goes over the highest and most dangerous places without perceiving it.

Nucha or Cervix, is the hinder part or nape of the Neck.

Nuciositas, see Myopia.

Nutrimentum, Alimentum, Nutriment or Nou∣rishment, Meat and Drink well digested, which begets blood, and at last is assimilated into the nature of the Body. Nutrition, a natural increase and repair of cor∣poral substance, by convenient nourishment.

Nyctalopia, a dimness of sight which is two-fold; the first is a dimness in the Night, or dark place, and no impe∣diment in the light: the other is a dimness in the light, and a clear sight in the Night, or in shades.

Nymphae, are little peeces of flesh in a Womans se∣crets; so called because the stand near the Water that comes out of the Bladder.

Nymphotomia, is the cutting off the Nymphae, the too great Protuberance whereof hinders Marriage enjoy∣ments, or renders it difficult.

Osteologia, or Osteology; it is the History, or way of dissecting, or Anatomizing of Bones: or description of Bones.

Organicus, or Organical parts of the Body; is the uniting, and concurring of parts together, that they may perform those various offices in which they act: and so all may be taken for the instrumental parts of the Body, because one helps and assists another, and every movable action belongs truly, and properly to an Organ part.

Obstructio, Obstruction; is a hindering in the way or passage: Stoppage.

Organum, the Organs of the Body, are the Animal Spirits, and the Nerves by which all actions and motions are performed.

Ocular inspections, is the seeing of a thing with ones Eye.

Orifice, the outward hole of a wound; the Mouth, or Lips of a cut, or wound. The Mouth of any thing▪

Obelea, is the Sagittalis Suture in the Scull.

Ochthodes, are Ulcers whose sides are Callons, or of the nature of Warts but not malignant.

Oculares Dentes, the Eye teeth.

Page  445Oculus, the Eye, it is the external Organ of fight.

Odoxismus, is an Itching of the Gums, when Chil∣dren breeds Teeth.

Odoutoides, that which is like a Tooth, as the Tooth of the second Vertebre, and of other Bones.

Oesophagaeus, or Sphincter; is a Muscle that co∣vers the Gullet.

Oesophagus, the Gullet, it is a Membranaceous pipe reaching from the Pallat to the Stomach. It hath three Tanicks, the outmost is Membranous, the innermost is Musculous; and the third is Nervous.

••erramim, is the great process of the first bone of the C••ite called Vlva, also of the upper part of the Shoul∣der: It is also named Ancon.

Omentum, or Reticulum; the Cawl, it is a double Membrane spread upon the Intestines, Interwoven with fat and vessels like fishers Net.

Omoplata, or Homoplata or Scapula, the Shoul∣der blade, it is a broad triangular Bone, of some termed Spatula, and Scoptula Aperta.

Opticus Nervus, or Uisorius; is the optick Nerve, which carries the visible Species, from the Eye to the Sensory.

Orchis, is a Testicle, whose substance in Men is a contexture of very little vessels, which makes the Seed: but the Testicles in Women are Membranes, and little fibres which breed Eggs, or little white bodies: therefore they are rightly called Ovaria, and Testes.

Orchotomus, a Gelder, one who takes away Testicles of Animals, that they cannot copulate.

Orasmus, is an Impetus and quick motion of blood and spirits.

Or••••des, are the subsiding or sedements in Vrine, like to a kind of Pulse called Vetches.

Orthocolon, is the preternatural rectitude of a joint.

O, or Osteon, a Bone; is a hard dry and cold sub∣stance consisting of Earthy and Saline Particles, designed for the upholding of the Body, and to render its motions easie.

Osculum Uteri, is the Cavity where the coxception is made, and the Mans Yard enters.

O••ductus; see Tuba Fallopiana.

Profrosities, holeliness, full of holes.

Particles, small things of the same substance: seve∣ral parts.

Preternatural, above, or besides nature, more then nature.

Porey, holely, or full of holes: Porous.

Plethorick Body, a Body sick, (or full) with fulness: a Body full of superfluous humors.

Pathological discourse, is a treating, or speaking of that part of Physick, which concerns causes, and Symp∣•••s of diseases.

Pathology, a discourse of passion.

Perforated, pierced, bored through, an Hole made in a part of the Body.

Prolifick, is to afford Seed, or have sufficient matter to beget Children.

Palpitation, or panting of the Heart, or Pulse.

Perspiration, is an Evacuation of spirit, or air, by the Arteries: which are dispersed into the habit of the Body: by receiving in of air, and expelling fuliginous Vapours.

Pulsation, is the action and motion of the Heart, and Pulse, and Nerves.

Peri-sistole, is the Pause, or resting time of the Hearts motion, between its contraction & dilatation of the Blood.

Parulent humor, a corrupt filthy humor, a sore full of corrupt matter.

Prone, or bending.

Palatum, the Pallat, or upper part of the Mouth; the roof of the Mouth.

Palpebrae, are the coverings of the Eyes: they are the upper, or under Eye-lids.

Palpitatio Cordis Naturalis, the natural Palpi∣tation or beating of the Heart.

Pancreas, Callicreas, Pancreon, and Lactes; are all Synonimous terms for the Sweet-breads; it is a Conglomerated Gladule in the Abdomen.

Panniculus Carnosus, is a fat sort of Membrane, in some parts thick and Musculous, in other parts thin.

Papillae Intestinorum, are little Glandules where∣with the innermost Tunick of Intrails are full.

Paplla, is a red Exerscency in the middle of the Breast.

Papillarum processus, are the extremities of the Olfactory Nerves.

Paristhmia, or Amygdalae, or Tonsillae; are two Glandules tied together by a broad and slender pro∣duction, they have a large Cavity opening to the Mouth.

Parotides, are Glandules or Kernals behind the Ear.

Pars, a part, is the peece of a whole.

Partus, is the bringing forth, of a Mature Faetus, or young Child, in natural births.

Partus Cesarus, is when Children are forced for want of passage to be cut out: called also, Partus difficilis, see Distotia.

Patella, see Mola Genu.

Pathema, is all preternatural Proturbations, where∣with our Bodies are disturbed: Pathos the same.

Patheticus, is a Nerve of the fourth pair (some say the eight) within the Scull.

Pectus, is the fore-most part of the Thorax reaching from the Neck-bone to the Midriff.

Pelidnus, is a black and blew colour in the Face, fre∣quent in Melancholly Men.

Pelvis, is the place of the bottom of the Belly, where∣in the Bladder and Womb are contained.

Pelvis Aurium, or Cochlea, is the Cavity of the inner part of the Ear.

Pelvis Cerebri, or Choana; is the Cavity or Tun∣nel in the Basis of the Brain: by which its Excrements are Evacuated.

Penis Muliebris, see Clytoris.

Pepsis, is the Concoction and Fermentation of Humors and Meat, in a Mans natural constitution.

Pericardium, is a Membrane that surrounds the Heart, and contains a liquor in it to Refrigarate the Heart.

Periodus Sanguinis, see Circulatio.

Periosteum, is a Membrane that incloses all the bones, except some few.

Peripheria, is the Circumference of the Body, or any Entrail thereof.

Peritoneum, is a Membrane that covers the inside of the Abdomen, and the out side of all its Intrails: it consists of two Tunicks.

Page  446Perona, or Fibula, is the outer, less or slender Bone in the Leg; whence the first & second Muscles of the Leg are called Peroneus.

Pili, the hair, are round, oblong, slnder, hollow Bodies, and of a different colours according to the diffe∣rence of the Constitutions. They grow out of the Pores of the skin, and have several terms or names according to the places of the Body they grow in.

Pneumatodes, is a short breathing.

Pneumatosis, is the Generation of Animal Spirits, which is performed by the Brain.

Pollinctor, or Pollictor, an Embalmer or an Anoin∣ter of dead Bodies.

Pollutio Nocturna, is an Involuntary Pollution in the Night, caused by Lecherous Dreams.

Politea Uena, a double Crural Vein, down the Back of the Leg to the Heel.

Pori, Pores, are little unperceivable holes in the skin, through which heat comes and hair grows.

Praecordia, are all the Intrails in the Chest, and Thorax.

Proparantia Uassa, preparing vessels, that go to the Testicles and Epididymes to prepare the seed.

Presbytia, a dimness of sight in things near, and tollerably well things at a distance: usual with old Men.

Priapismus, is a continual erection of the Yard with∣out lust. And the Yard it self.

Primores Dentes, the Fore-teeth, by which we bite, and which we shew in laughing.

Procidentia Ani, is the falling of the Gut Rectum, by reason of its loosness.

Procidentia Uteri, is a Relaxing of the inner Tunick of the Vagina of the Womb, which falls through the privi∣ties.

Prolabia, the outward prominent parts of the Lips.

Prosphysis, is a Coalition, as growing together, as when two Fingers are Connected to each other.

Phacia, or Phacos, a spot in the Face like a Nite, called also Lenticula and Lentigo.

Phevomena, are preternatural appearances in the Body, any thing above nature.

Phlalacrosis, is a falling off of the hair.

Phalangosis, is a fault in the Eye-lids when they are double Haired.

Phalanx, is the order and rank observed in the Finger bones.

Pharingetrum, is somtimes used for Pharinx, som∣times for Os Hyodes.

Pharinx, the upper part of the Gullet, consisting of three pair of Muscles.

Philtrum, is the hollow dividing the upper Lip.

Phlegma, is a slimy Excrements of the Blood.

Physiognomia, is the Art of knowing Natures by the Face.

Pinguedo, or Adeps, Fat, is a similar part to flesh and blood, yet white, soft, insensible, apt to preserve na∣tural heat, and nourish the Body in time of need. The round Adeps flows from the blood, & is thicker, harder, and more firm substance. The fat Pinguedo be the quite contrary.

Placenta Uternia, is a red substance like the Li∣ver, full of Glandulous Kernals, and outwardly stick to the Womb.

Pleura, is a Membrane that incloses the Breast and its Intrails.

Plexus Choroydes, is a texture of small Arteries in the Brain like a Net. Keticularis.

Polytarcia, is corpulency or Fatness of Body.

Pomum Adami, is a protuberance in the fore-side of the Throat, so called, being thought a peece of the Apple stuck in his Throat as part of his punishment, and hence derived to his posterity.

Poromphalus, is a brawny peece of flesh or a Stone protuberant in the Navel.

Porus, Bilerius, or Hepaticus, is a Channel that transmits the Chyle from the Liver, by the common passage to the Gut Duodenum.

Praesepia, the holes in either Jaw, wherein are con∣tained the Teeth.

Prostethis, is the fore-side of the Breast, also the fle∣shy part in the Feet and Hands, and between the ingers.

Prostesis, a part of Surgery which fills up what is wanting in the Flesh made by Wounds and Vlcers.

Pretuberantia, see Apophysis: is any thing in the Body or on Bones, and continues there, making the place (or stretching it self) beyond a plain surface. It is also called Probole, Processus, Productio, Projectura, Eh. physis.

Psoas, are Muscles of the Loyns which proceed from the Vertebres of the Thorax.

Psydraces, are little Pimples in the flesh by reason of cold Winter.

Pterygium, the Wing or round rising of the Nose or Eye: the Process of the Bone Sphenoides, also a Membranous excrescence above the Tunick of the Eye, call∣ed Unguis, or Ungula; also the Nymphae of a Wo∣mans secret parts.

Pterygoides, are the Process and Muscles of the Wing-like bone.

Ptylosis, when the lids grow thick, the hair of the Eye-brow falls off.

Ptyalon, or Ptysma, is Spit, or that matter which is brought up from the Lungs by coughing.

Pulmones, the Lungs, or Organs of Respiration.

Pulsus, the Pulse, or the immediate Index of the Heart, and tells the state and condition thereof, whither natural or preternatural, by it beating either Strong, Weak, Swift, Slow, Equal, Vnequal Intermittent, &c.

Punctum Saliens, the growth of an Egg, first from a little Speck, called Amnios, grows a slimy matter, wherein is a speck that seems to leap (called Puntum Saliens) which after comes to an Embrio, just like a Magot, which tends every day to perfection.

Pupilla, or Pupula, is the opening of the Tunick of the Eye, called, Uvea.

Pustula, Pimples, they are the recrements of ill blood that shoot forth in the skin: of some termed Pus, and Pyon.

Pylorus, or Ianitor, is the right Orifice of the Ven∣tricle that sends the meat out of the Stomach.

Pyramideles Musculus, Muscles placed in the Abdomen, and lies upon the lower Tendon of the right Muscle.

Page  447P••amdelia, Vessels which prepare the seed for Cotion.

Pyxis, or Acetabulum, is the Cavity of the Hip-bone.

Ouittor, a Whitish Whey like Humor, bred in the 〈◊〉.

Qualitas, Quality is a Disposition, or Contexture of little Particles, from whence our Bodies may be any way denominated of such a Quality.

Retentio, or Retentive, is to hold and keep fast▪ as the Retentive facultie of the Veine, is to hold the Blood: or the Stomach, Meate.

Reduplicated, Doubled againe, Foulded many tyms

Ruddyness, is the Redness of the Cheeks, or Face.

Rhumatisme, Rumes, or like Waterish rhumes, as causeth diseases and Infirmities.

Retractio, or a Retraction of Rhumes, is a drawing back of Rhumes.

Repletio, a filling, or fullness of any hollow Cavity.

Recurved, Recurverated: bowed, made Crooked.

Rabdoides, see Sagitalis Suture.

Rachitae, or Rachiaei, are Muscles belonging to the Back.

Reduvia, a light Cleft or Chap in the skin at the Root of the Nail.

Relaxatio, a dilatation of parts or vessels, or a loosness or want of shuting the Stomach after eating of Meat, which hinders disgestion.

Respiratio, is a breathing, which is an alternate dila∣tation and contraction of the Chest.

Renes the Reins, or Kidneys.

Res Naturales, natural things are three, Health, the Causes of it, and the Effects. Others reckon seven, as the Elements, Temperaments, Humors, Spirits, Parts, Faculties, Actions.

Res non Naturalis, things that are not Natural, are six: Air, Meat, and Drink, Motion, and Rest, Sleep, and Waking, the Affections of the mind, things let out off and things retained in the Body; they are so called, be∣cause that if they exceed their due bound, they often oc∣casion diseases.

Res preter Naturam, things besids Nature, are Di∣seases, their Causes, their Symptoms and Effects.

Rete mirabile, the wonderful net in the Brain, is so called by reason of its admirable Structure.

Retiformis Tunica, is a certain Expansion of the iner substance of the optick Nerve in the Eye. Called also Retina Tunica, and Amphiblestroides.

Rachitis or Medulla Spinalis; Spinal Marrow.

Rhagades, or Scissura, or Fissura, and Rima; is a chink, cleft, or chone, which often happen in the Hands, Feet, Lips and other parts of the Body.

Rhegma, is the breaking or bursting of any part, as of a Bone, the Rine of the Belly, or the Eye. Called also Rhexis.

Rhomboides, a pair of Muscles proceeding from the three lowermost Vertebres of the Neck.

Rhythidosis, is a wrinkling of any part in the Body.

Rima pudendi, or Fissura magna, what it is you may know from its use, which is Generatio, Excretion of Urine, and bearing of Children, which by frequent Coition grows larger.

Ros, is the moisture of Bodies, whereby the parts are nourished, being contained in all places like a dew sprink∣led on them.

Rotator major, and minor, are two Protuberances in the upper part of the Thigh bone called also Trichan∣teres, in which the Tendons of many Muscles are termi∣nated.

Ructus, Ructatio, or Bombus, a Beltching, which is a depraved motion of the Stomach.

Rugitus, is an Effervescence of Chyle and Excrements in the Blood.

Ryas, is a too plentiful and preternatural falling of Tears.

Sapour, the tast of things, Savour, the Sense of tasting.

Stimulated, moved, or stirred up.

Suffusio, a Suffusion, a spreading abroad, or power∣ing upon; also a Pin or Web, covering the sight of the Eye.

Sudation of Blood, is bloody Sweats, a Sweating of Blood.

Spitting, and Spawling, or Salivation; is a superfluous humor, proceeding from the Brain, and fall∣ing into the Stomach causeth Spawling and Spitting.

Sterilis, or Sterility, Barrenness, unfruitfulness.

Structur, the manner, or form; frame or order, the building.

Symptoms, are sign, and tokens of a thing.

Superfluities of humors, an overflow, or abun∣dance thereof.

Speculation, a seeing into a thing.

Sympathy, and Sympathise, an agreement in passion, whose nature agrees with another.

Serosity, a wheyishness, or Whey like Choler, which being shed into the habit of the Body, makes the Face look pale.

Saguification, a making, or renewing, or purging the Blood.

Suppuration, a gathering of matter, or an Impo∣stume.

Separation, a evering, parting, putting asunder.

Subluxation, is an unperfect disjoyning of a joynt, as when the bone is removed, or lengthned; yet out of the Socket.

Sacculus, Chyliferus, or Roriferus, is the lower part of the passage of the Chyle.

Sacculus Cordis, see Pericardium.

Sacrum Os, the holy Bone, consisting of the six lower Vertebres.

Saliva or Salivum, spittle, an insipid liquor that moistens the Mouth and Gullet.

Salvatella, a Vein that terminates in the little Fin∣ger.

Sanguis, Blood, is a Red Florid Liquor contain∣ed in the Veins and Arteries; it is that which gives nourish∣ment, life and strength to all the parts of the Body.

Satyriasis, or Priapismus, is an immoderate desire of venery, which upon Coition vanishes.

Scalenum, those Muscles which extend the Neck.

Scarificatio, a Scarification or an Incision made into the skin with a Lancet or Penknife.

Page  448Sceletum, a Skeleton, is when the Bones are dried and put together according to Art in their natural order and position.

Schesis, is the disposition of the Body.

Schisma, is a cut in any part of the Body, either hard or soft.

Scoliasis, is a Distortion of the Back-bone to one or the other side.

Scobiculus Cordis, or Anticardium, is a Cavity of the Breast above the Region or place of the Heart. Hollow Chested.

Scotum, the Cod or Bag which contains the Testicles of the Male kind: in the middle is a line extended in the length which divides the right part from the left.

Scutum, Scutiforme, see Mola.

Scroptula, are preternatural Glandules, or swelling of them in the Neck, or Ears.

Secundina, the Secundine, or after birth, are the three Membranes, Chorion, Alantois, and Amnion, which with the Placenta are excluded after birth.

Semen, seed, is a White, Hot, Spirituous, Thick, Clam∣my, Saltish Humor, which is made out of the purest blood; and by proper passages is dijected into the Womb of the Femal. There is also in the Female a matter is called Seed, which frequently in their Act of venery is emmitted forth: the use of this, is to raise Titillation, and render the Coition more pleasant.

Sensus, Sense; that by which we See, Hear, Feel, Tast, or Smell any thing: Coition, and Rest.

Septum Lucidum, is a partition, upon the account of thinness of the Diaphanous, which distinguishes the Ventri∣cles of the Brain: Speculum Lucidum the same.

Serum, is a watery, thin, yellowish and Salt Humor, which Vehicles or bears up the Blood.

Sesamorden Ossa, are a quantity of loose small bones found in the joynts of the Hands and Toes.

Similares partes, Similar parts are such as are throughout of the same nature and texture.

Sinus Menings, are those Cavities which are called the Ventricles of the thick Membrane: they supply the place of Veins, for they convey the blood from the Brain and Cerebellum, to the Iugular Veins, &c.

Sinus Ossium, are those cavities of the bones which receive rhe heads of other bones.

Sitis, thirst, or a desire of Drink.

Somnus, Sleep, it is a streightning of the Pores of the Brain, which causeth the rest of the Animal Spirits, from their Operations.

Somnolentia continua, is a constant Drowsiness and inclination to sleep.

Sarganosis, is a distention of the Breast occasioned by too much Milk.

Spematicae partes, are those Arteries and Veins which bring to, and convey it from the Testicles: also those Vessels through which the Seed passes.

Sphagitiges, are the Iugular Veins in the Neck.

Sphincter, is a Muscle that contracts the Gullet, Annus, Bladder &c.

Spina Dorsi, are the hinder prominences of the Vertebres.

Spiritus, the Spirit or Life, which are reckoned of three sorts: the Animal Spirits in the Brain, the Vital in the Heart, the Natural in the Liver▪ but late Authors make only two, the Animal in the Brain, the Vital and Natural in the Mass of Blood.

Splen, or Lien, the Spleen, a receptable for the Ex∣crements of the Blood.

Splenii Musculi, Muscles that arise partly from the lower Vertebres of the Neck.

Sputum, a Liquor thicker then ordinary Sputle; Phlegme.

Stegnosis, is a constriction and stopping up of the Pores.

Stercus, is that excrements which is voided by Stool.

Sternum Os, the Breast-bone, that is joyned to the Ribs, in the foremost part of the Breast, it consists of three or four Bones: but at riper Years they grow into one. The lower part of it, is called Cartisago Ensiformis.

Sternohyoides, is that pair of Muscles, which goes from the Breast-bone, to Os Hyoides.

Sterilitas, or Agonia, is fear and sadness of Mind: also Barreness.

Sternothuroides, is a pair of Muscle of the Carti∣lago Scutiformis and draws it downwards.

Sternutatio, Sneezing.

Stigma, a Scar.

Stomachus, is properly the left orifice of the Ventri∣cle, or Stomach, by which meats are received into it.

Strabismus, a squinting, is through the relaxation, Contraction, Distorsion, or too great length, or shortness of the Muscles which move the Eye. Strabilismus.

Stylocera-thoides, are the Muscles of the Os Hy∣oides which draw upwards.

Styloglassum, Muscles that lift up the Tongue.

Styloeides, are processes of bone fashioned backwards into the Basis of the Scull.

Stylopharyngeus, Muscles that dilate the Gullet.

Sublaxation, a dislocation, or putting out of joynt.

Sudamina, are little Pimples in the skin, Sudatio∣nes.

Sudor, Sweat, a watry Humor driven through Pores of the skin by heat, or Weakness.

Superfaetatio, is when after one Conception, another Succeeds so that both are in the Womb together.

Sutura Ossium, a Suture in the Juncture of bones, as in the Scull.

Satura, is a Connection of the sides or lips of a Wound, which is by stitching or sewing it up with Needle and waxed Silk.

Symptoma, is a preternatural disposition of Body occasioned by some disease.

Synthesis, is either the frame and structure of the whole Body; or more strictly the composure of the Bones. Systema, is the same.

Sysarcosis, is the Connection of Bones by flesh.

Sistole, is the Contraction of the Ventricles of the Heart, whereby the Blood is driven into the Arteries, a drawing together the Hearts motion.

Temper, or Constitution; it is taken for a Health∣ful being, or for a Sickly, and Weak inclination.

Tuberosity, or Bunchiness▪ the buntching out of any part of a Bone.

Tactus, a Touch, is a sense whereby the Tactile qua∣lites of the Body are offered to the common Sensory, or Page  449 it is the Sense of a thing touching.

Tarsus, is a Cartilaginous extremity of the Eye-lids, whence the hair springs, called also Cilium.

Temperamentum, Temperament, is a quality that ariseth from the Vnion and mixture of the Elements in Mans body. So Crasis is the same.

Tempus, the Temple, the place between the Eyes and Ears.

Tendon, a Tendon, is a similar Nervous part annex∣ed to Muscles and Bones, by which motion of the Mem∣bers is performed.

Testes Muliebris, see Orchis.

Testes Uiriles, Mans Testicles, consists of several small Vessels, wherein the Seed is generated.

Testes Cerebri, are two backward Prominences of the Brain; called so from their likness to Testicles.

Testudo Cerebri, or Fornix, is the Callous substance of the Brain.

Tetanus, is a constant contraction, whereby a Limb grows Rigid and Inflexible. It is usually distinguished in∣to Particular, which respects a certain Member, or parti∣cular Joynt; or Vniversal of which there are three sorts, as Emprosthotonos, which is a contraction of the Mus∣cles of the Neck towards the fore-parts; Opisthotonos, which is a kind of Cramp or stretching of the Muscles backwards: and Tetanos a kind of seizing on the whole Body, either by Cramp, Gout, or Palsie, &c. Called also Tonicus.

Thermomethron, is a natural Heat, which is per∣ceived by the Pulses.

Thlipsis, is a compression of Vessels.

Thorax, or Medius Uenter, the Chest or Breast, is all the Cavity, which is circumscribed or compassed a∣bout, above by the Neck, below by the Diaphragme, before by the Breast-bone, behind by the Back-bone, on the sides by the Ribs. The Membrane with which it is covered within, is called Pleura.

Thrombus, is the coagulation of Blood or Milk, in∣to clots or clusters. Trombosis the same.

Thymus, is a Glandule in the Throat, that separates the clear watry Humor called Lympha from the Blood. It is also taken for any fleshy tumor that hangs upon the Body like a Wart.

Thyroary-taenoides, are a pair of Muscles, which serves to contract and close the Larynx.

Thyroideae Glandulae, are two Kernels of a viscous solid substance, almost as big as an Egg, situate about the lower seat of the Larynx.

Thyroides, is the Cartilage called Scutiformis; also the hole of the Os Pubis.

Tinnitus Aurum, is a certain Buzzing, tingling or noise in the Ears.

Tophus, is a stony or hard concretion in any part.

Torcular Herophili, is that place where the four Ca∣vities of the thick skin of the Brain is joyned.

Tragus, is the extream brim of the Ear.

Traulus, or Traulotes, is a stammering or fault in pronouncing the Letters L and R.

Trismus, is the grinding of the Teeth, or the Teeth gnashing, whether one will or no.

Trochlearis, is the upper and greater oblique Muscle of the Eye.

Tromos, is a trembling, or a Depravation of the vo∣luntary motion of Members

Tubae Fallopianae, are two slender passages pro∣ceeding from the Womb, which from it grow gradually wider.

Tumor, Tumour, or swelling, is when the parts of Humane bodies are enlarged and extended beyond their due proportion, through any disease or distemper.

Tunica, see Membrana.

Timpanum, the Drum of the Ear, is a small thin, Orbicular, Transparent Membrane, stretched over the Ca∣vity of the inner part of the Ear.

Tyrosis, is when Milk that is eated Curdles into a substance like Cheese.

Uitiated, hurt, made nought, spoiled.

Uirulent, poysonous, full of poyson, and deadly matter.

Uitalitas, Vitality, a lively force of all the parts: of Vital living.

Uiscous, tough, or clammy, like Bird-lyme.

Uagina Uteri, called also Matrix, Vteri Ostium, and Vteri Cervix: is that passage in which a Mans yard is sheathed as it were in Coition: It is of an oblong figure, and of different magnituds, according to the age of the Woman, and her use of Men.

Ualetudo, is either a good or ill disposition of the parts of the Body.

Ualvulae, Ualves, are little thin Membranes in Vessels or Fibres, like folding doores as it were; they are found also in Veins, Arteries, Lymphatick and Lacteal Vessels. They are also in the Intestines, and in the small and great uts.

Uaricosum Corpus, is the Contextures, or joyning together of the Spermatick vessels which enters the Testi∣cles.

Uasa, the vessels, are Cavities through which the li∣quors of the Body passes, as a Vein, an Artery, Lympha∣tick vessells, the Ductus that conveys the Chyle, and those of the Spittle.

Uasa Lactea, the Milky vessels.

Uasa Lymphae, or Lymphatica; are the vessels that receive the Lympha, or clear Limpide humor, consist∣ing of Nervous Juice and Blood, from the Conglobated Glandules, which discharge themselves into the Sanguinary Vains, or the Receptacle of the Chyle.

Uena, a Vein, the species of them in brief: are thus termed, the Vena Cava, the Vena Porta, the Lymbatick and Milkie Veins. Arteries, are sometimes taken for Veins. The branches of the Uena Cava above the Heart are called Iugular Viens, which go towards the Head: those to the Arms, are called Axillary Veins, that about the Heart, the Coronary Veins; those in the Lungs, Pulmonary Veins; in the Liver, the Hepatick or Liver Veins; in the Diaphragme, the Phrerica Veins; in the Thighs, the Cru∣ral Veins; in the Reins, the Emulgent Veins; and so from its various Ramifications or spreading branches the others are variously denominated, as I have shewed before in the Veins of Mans Body, fol. 423. The Uena Portae, is only in the Abdomen and extends its roots or branches to the Liver, Spleen, Ventricles, Mesentary, Intestines, Pan∣creas, Cawl, &c.

Uena Sectio, is the opening of a Vein.

Uentriculus, the Stomath, it is a Membranous BowelPage  450 in the Abdomen. It is called Stomacus and Aquali∣culus: It hath two Orifices on the right Hand, called Pylorus or Ianitor, whereat the Meat is sent into the Guts: and another on the left Hand, at which the Meat enters.

Uentriculus Cerebri, the Ventricles of the Brain.

Uentriculus Cordis, the Ventricles of the Heart, are two, one receives the Blood, and sends it to the Lungs; the other receives it from the Lungs and sends it through the whole Body. In the Systole. or contraction of the Ventricles, the Blood is sent out: In the Dyastole or Dila∣tation it is let into the Heart.

Uerrucae, or Tubercula, or Porri, Warts, they are an hard high Callous swelling, which break out of the skin in any part of the Body, and remains there.

Uesica, the Bladder, it is an hollow Membranous part, and holds any liquor, as Vrine, Gall, and the Seed.

Ueruculata▪ the same as Sagittalis Sutura.

Uespertilionum Alae, Bats Wings, are two broad Membranous Ligaments, wherewith the bottom of the Womb is tied to the Flank-bones

Uigilia, Waking or Watchfulness.

Uirginale Claustrum, see Hymen.

Uiscera, are Organs contained in the three great Cavi∣ties of the Body: they are called also Extra and Inter∣ranea.

Uisus, sight, is a sense whereby light and colours are perceived.

Uitalis Facultas, the Vical faculty, is an action whereby a Man lives, such are the motions of the Heart, Respiration, &c. It is the same with Natural Faculty.

Ulomelia, is the soundness of the Body.

Uitalis Iudicatio, is a way whereby strength and vi∣gor are continually renewed and preserved.

Umbilicus, the Navel, is a boss in the middle of the Abdomen or Belly, to which the Navel-string is joyned, by it the Child is nourished in the Womb.

Unguis, the Nail, it is a similar, Flexible, White and Hard part, which defends the Fingers from external inju∣ries. The several parts are thus distinguished, Apices or tops of the Nail, are they which grow beyond the flesh; Sigmina the parings of the Nails, — the part under the Nails, the hidden parts; the Rise of the Nail, the white semilunar part next the Root; the Root of the Nail, is the first beginning that grows into the skin; the Clefts, the sides of the Nails; Nubecula, the little clouds or white spots in the Nails.

Urachus, is the Vrinary passage of a Child in the Womb.

Ureter, is a Fistulous Membranaceous vessel, by which the Vrine passes from the Reins to the Bladder.

Urethra, or Fistula, is the Vrinary passage, whereby Vrine is discharged at the Yard in Men, and in Women: It serves also for the ejection of seed. It is called Urina∣ria,

Uron, Urina, Lotium, is a Serous Excrements con∣weyed from the Blood.

Uterus, the Womb, it is an Organical part placed in a Womans Abdomen, which is divided into the Bottom, the Neck, and the Sheath: at the bottom there is a Cavitie whence the Courses flow, and Generation and Conception are made.

Xerophthalmia, is a dry Bleardnes or Blood-shot of the Eyes.

Xerotes, is a dry disposition of Body.

Xiphoides, is the pointed Cartilage of the Breast.

Zone, is that part of the Body where we are Begirt.

Zoogonia, is a Generation of perfect Animals born alive.

Zootomia, is an Artificial Dissection of Animals.

Zygoma, is the Iu••l-bone about the Temples.

Zymoma, is a Ferment, as the Nitrous or moist Air, a Watery Iuice in the Mouth, the Acide Liquor in the Sto∣mach, the Blood in the Spleen, &c.

Whosoever desires further instruction in the Art of Anatomy, may peruse these Authors.

Iohannes Riolanus Junior; his Anatomical description of the whole Body of Man, with their Diseases.

Helkiah Crook D. P. Professor in Anatomy and Ch∣rurgery.

Ambrosius Pareus, and the same Author translated by Tho: Iohnson, Printed 1634.

Stephen Blancard M. D. Professor of Physick, his Physical Dictionary, Printed 1684.