I. HE beareth Azure, a Sareet Overture Argent, Beaked and Membred, Or. This Bird I find by Boswell, termed a Sar∣ret, a name not to be found for any Bird in these parts of Europe in any Language, but I suppose it to be a Satret, the Male of a Saker, a kind of a Hawk, had it not the tuft behind its Head. However seeing antiquity hath fixt the name, we will let it pass as a Fictious Bird, as many others born in Armory are, as:
- The Kalader, or Kaladre, which is said to be all white, without any other colour; it is by Boswells figure, pag. 70. much after the form and shape of a Hawk or Kite, and is said to prognosticate life, or death to a sick person, by his looking, or not looking on them, see numb. 31.
- The Ossifrage, or Dispised Eagle, which being brought up by the Bird Cebar, looseth is name and pa∣rents, and natural sight: it is of greater Body, yet of dif∣ferent colour, from the Eagle; being of a whitish cine∣reous, or brown.
- The Gripe, in Latin called Uultur, others a Gree•, It is a Ravenous Bird, shaped like a Hawk, they are fabled to be the fore-tellers, who shall be slaine in Battle, and where, for which end he fleeth to such places, waiting the issue, that thereby from the slaine, he may fill him∣self. It is said that the she conceiveth without the help of the Male, and is of a dusky black-colour.
- The Chalcelet, this is a long, and black Bird, seldom seen, but like the Ptynx, or Ptynge flyeth most part of the night, and taketh his Prey: it fights so cruelly with the Eagle, that they fall down to the ground together wounded, and so are taken of Shepards alive.
S a Sarret Wings overture A born by Sarrat.
B a Calader O born by Chaldorf.
O a Gripe S born by Mort.
II. He beareth Argent, a Bird of Paradice, proper, It is but a small Bird in Body not bigger the a Swal∣low, the head is of a bright yellow, shineing like to burnished Gold. The Chin of a blewish green, the Bill long and crooked, and dusky: the Wings of a shining dusky colour, between black and red. The smaller Fea∣thers are half red, or Scarlet, and half Saffron or Gold colour: inclining to red: the Belly and Breast f•lvous, or more Liver colour, but very bright and resplendent. The Tail a blackish red.
Page 258There is another sort of Bird of Paradice, that hath a white Head, spotted with yellow, Eyes yellow, the hair of the Eye-lids red: Bill between yellow and green, the upper part a little crooked. Breast red, Belly, Back and Wings white, tipt with a red, or ferrugineous co∣lour. The Tail Feathers, are of a reddish yellow.
The Cristed Bird of Paradice, the Bill black long, and crooked, the Head, Neck and Wings black, at the joyning of the Bill yellow; it hath a Crest or Cop near the Neck, almost 3 inches long ridged and of a yel∣low colour; which seemed to be rather bristles, then Feathers.
The King of Birds of Paradice, it hath Legs and Feet as all other Bird, of Paradice have, with four Toes, three forward and one backward, with crooked Claws made for Preying. The whole Back, lower Belly, Wings and Tail, are of a shining brown: about the Bill Velvet hairs, black mixt with a green and a dusky colour: the Neck about of a Gold yellow, shining with a green gloss; the Breast a deep brown: from the Feathers of the Tail are two strings, two foot long, of a yellow or Gold colour; crooked at the ends, and of a dark brown. The Legs dusky, the Claws whiter, the Bill between green and blew, yet whitish at the point.
B 3 Birds of Paradice O born by Restless.
A 3 such G is the Coot of Slingsby.
III. He beareth Argent, an Affrican Cock, or a Guiny Cock, or Hen, proper. It is called a Mau∣ritanian Cock: it is of an ash colour all over, chequer∣ed with white spots, a black ring compasses the Neck: the Head is reddish; on the Crown, or top of the Head grows a hard horny Cap, of a dusky red colour; the Cheeks under the Eyes blew, and bare of Feathers, under which is a red gill; compassing the Chaule; the Bill yellowish, Feet blew. Gesner fol. 772. gives it this further descrip∣tion that the horny Crown is steep behind, and of a gentle a•cent before, being fastned on (as it were) by Labells or slips, proceeding from it, which are fixed between the Eyes and Eares, on both sides, and on the Fore-head: at the hinder part of the Head grows certain erect hairs all of a dusky yellow colour; the Eyes, and Eye-brows black: between the Head and Bill, is a kind of fleshy substance of a sanguine colour, which that it might not turn down like Gills, or Wattles, it is turned up again in an acute angle, just under the Eyes upon the Cheeks. The Bill is pale yellowish, the colour under the Jaws and Throat, is pur∣ple; the Neck dark purple, the rest of the Body is black or dusky, being (as it were) black finely poudered, which make if a dusky ash colour: in which colour are dispers∣ed all over the Back, and Wings, ovall and round white spots, each contained in the intervals of oblique lines inter∣secting one another, after the manner of Honey Combs, or Nets. The lower parts of the Body, as Breast, and Belly, and Tail have the spots set in rows, without such lines interposeing. There is another sort of them which have the Neck to the Breast hairy; aud of a blew ash colour, with a round and double Tuft, or Crest on the Head, consisting of elegant black Feathers, the rest of the Body as afore described, save the spots are variegated, or shaded.
O 3 such Cocks I find born by the name of VVyncock.
A 3 such Cocks Heads couped B Comb and Wat∣tles G by the name of Nackthem.
IV. He beareth Azure, a Swan, proper. It is Rare avis, to see a Swan any other colour then white with a red Beak, with a black Membrane about 〈◊〉 Nostrils, to the Eyes, with black or dus•y Feet. Yet in Heraul∣dry they are often Painted in contrary colours, especially black. This is born by Swanley.
The Swan is covered with a soft delicate Plumage, in old ones purely white, in young ones grey, the Bill in the young, is Leadicolour, but the old have them Red; the Hook or Nail, at the end or tip of the Beak, is black, and above at the base of the Bill, grows a great lobe of tuberous Flesh, of a black colour •ending downwards to the Nostrils, from the Eyes to the Bill is a triangular space, bare of Feathers, the Feet of a Lead colour, 〈◊〉 a little above the Knees, the inmost and outmost Toes have lateral Membranes appendant to them, Claws are black. It hath a long Neck, which 〈◊〉 generally bears bending, and long Wings which being closed to the Body, foulds two double.
The Wild Swan, called also an Elke▪ and in some places a Hooper; the Bill towards the tip, as far as the Nostrils is black; thence to the head covered with a yellow Membrane, under the chin yellow; the whole body is white, yet not so pure 〈◊〉 white as the ••me Swan, for the middle of the back, and 〈◊〉 smaller covert fea∣thers of the wings are cinereous▪ sometimes a brown fea∣ther here and there is mixt with the white on the back; the legs and feet are of a dusky yellow, being bare of fea∣thers a little above the Knees.
The Swan-Goose, is betweeu a Swan and a Goose; it hath the back of a dark grey, Belly white, breast and throat of a reddish brown; a line or list of dark brown runs all along the ridg of the neck from the head to the back, •he tail and wings of the same, the Bill black, a line of white is between the eyes and Bill; the feet red, and in some the Bill too, it walks with its neck erected.
G a Fesse between 3 Swans A born by Phillip ap Rys of VVales.
A demy Swan to the Sinister, the Wings expansed, is the crest of VVildberg.
A 3 Swans, wings disclosed S born by Folgnardby.
G a Swan A membred S born by Guilter.
G a Swan A born by Leigham, and by Randolph.
G 3 Swans A born by Baw•rip.
B 3 such, wings disclosed proper, born by Swan.
B a Swan to the Sinister A Billettee O born by Riet.
G the like, Wings expansed A is the coat and crest of Trathingen.
B a Swan A a Bordure O by Mansen van Mansen∣burg, of Alsatia.
O a Swan sans feet A quartered by Fortenbach.
G on a Mount in Base V a Swan sans legs, Wings sepurture O with a stone Ring in his Beak B by the name of Grempen.
☞ All Water Fowl have short tails, wherein Natures Provider hath ordered it so, that their Tails shall not be any Impediment to them in their Swim∣ming, Diving or running. And that all Fowl that have Page 259 long Legs, do in their flying stretch forth their Legs at length to their Tails; but such as have short legs do truss their feet to the middle of their bodies.
V. He beareth Sable, a Swans Neck erazed, Ar∣gent. All Erazings of Birds heads are generally from the lower part of the Neck, with a part of the Breast to it, and so it is in the heads couped.
☞ All other Birds save the Swan, are Blazoned such or such a head erazed or couped; but the Swan by reason of his long Neck is termed a Swans Neck (not Head) erazed or couped.
S 3 such couped, born by the name of Squire.
A Swans Neck A is the crest of Otmarshalk of Ba∣varia.
B 3 Swans Necks erazed, is born by Baker.
S 3 such erazed A is born by Colley.
B 2 Swans necks couped at the Brest respectant A born by Van Niebelsc•i•z.
a Swans Neck A Gutte de sang was the ancient crest of Leicester of Tabley.
VI. He beareth Vert, a Truon overture, Argent, Beaked and Membred, Gules. This is a Bird like a Swan, and Braye•h with his head in the Water like an Ass. It is also called an Onocrotulus, from the voice of an Ass. This Figure is given me by Mr. Bos∣well, pag. 24. but the true shape and description; see numb. 24.25.
G a Truon A born by Truon.
G the like, Wings disclosed A born by Van Lappi∣ter.
G per Base Barry of 4 A and G on a Coronett, a Truon gorged and crowned with the same O born by Van Lappitz.
VII. He beareth Argent, a Pen-Gwin, Azure. Born by Pengwin. It is said to be half a Bird, and a tail like a Fish; it hath no Wings, but two small skinny Fins hanging down by their sides like two little Arms, the up∣per side of the Body is covered with black Feathers, and the under side with white; the neck hath a ring or collar of white Feathers, the Bill and Feet flat and black, ha∣ving no back Toe: See another description of this Bird, chap. 13. numb. 45.
VIII. He beareth Sable, a Stork, Argent, Beak and Legs, Gules. The natural colour of the common or white Stork; the head, neck and fore part is white, the rump and out-side of the Wings is black, the Belly white; the quill Feathers of the Wing black, the tail short and white, the bill long and sharp pointed, red; the legs long, and bare above the knees, and red; the Toes from the divarication to the first joint, connected or joined together by an intervening Membrane, the claws are broad like the Nails of a Mans hand; the Ver∣tebres or joints in the Neck are fourteen.
The Black Stork hath its head, neck, back, and wings all black, with a certain glose of Blew or Purple, and Green; Breast, Belly and Sides are White, the Bill green, the legs and feet green; yet some have the orbits of the eyes, the whole Bill, Legs and Feet, red, or scar∣let colour.
The American Stork, or Brisilian Maguari; it is like a Stork in figure, the Bill half, next to the Head, is of a yellowish green, the other half to the tip, of ash colour; white Eyes, with black pupil; and about them a Scarlet coloured naked skin, the like also near the rise of the Bill, or between the Bill and the Throat, which when it is angry, it lets fall like a Gill, or Watle. The Body all white, and at the lower part of the Neck, above the Breast, the Feathers are longer than the rest: the Tail is black, so are the Wings, near the Back; which hath a gloss of green: the Legs and Feet red, like other Storks.
A a Stork S Beaked, and Leged, G born by Starky.
G a Stork regardant A Membred, G born by Storke.
G a Storke to the sinister Wings disclosed, A Membred. G the same on a Coronet, is the Coat and Crest of Regall.
S 3 Storks heads erazed A born by Warring.
IX. He beareth Argent, a Storke rising, (or sur∣giant) Sable; Beak and Legs, Gules. This might be blazoned a Storke proper, from the description of the Black Storke, mentioned in the fore-going ex∣ample, numb. 8.
Antiquity hath drawn the Sork, with a tuft behind the Head, but it is most properly thus without it, either on the Head or Breast. Again it hath anciently been depicted, with a bush Tail, like to the Ostrige, when it naturally hath but a short bunting Tail, so short that the Wings being closed, or gathered up they covered all Tail.
B 3 Storks rising, proper. Born by Gibson.
V in the base Watery, a Stork by the brink there∣of rising A by the name of Storkwater.
X. He beareth Or, an Ibis head, couped; Eras∣sing, or Iessant a Serpent, proper. It is like to the Storke in shape, and is a Bird that eateth and devoureth Serpents, and therefore ever drawn in Herauldry, with a Serpent in its Beak. It hath a thick Bill, where it is joyned to the Head, but pointed at the end, and a little crooked, or arched, and wholly red: as are also the Legs which are long, and are little naked about the Knees. The Plumage is all over black. This is born by the name of Carall.
A 3 such proper. Born by Meerthig.
XI. He beareth Azure, a Crane, proper. Born by the name of Crane. Antiquity hath made this a bush Tail, like to a Capon, whose draught I have too much followed, though naturally it hath a short Pendant, or Dropping tail: much like the Storke. Whose description take thus: the Bill is straight sharp pointed, and of a dark greenish colour; the top of the Head black, being from the Bill to the hinder part of the Head, covered with black hairs, or bristles, rather then Feathers. On the back of the Head it hath a space, or bed, of the figure of a Cressant, bare or thin set with hairs, and of a Page 260 red colour. Below which on the upper part of the Neck is a triangular spot, of ash-colour Feathers. Two white lines, or stroaks, from each Eye, descends down the sides of the Neck, and meet behind, the fore-mentioned white triangle spot, and thence continues all the back part of the Neck. The Throat, and part of the fore-most part of the Neck, of the same black hue. The Quill fea∣thers, and utmost pinion Feathers are black, all the rest rest of the Body is ash-colour: the Tail is small and short, hanging down all of a brown, or cinereous co∣lour, with black tips: the Legs are black, bare of Fea∣thers above the Knees. The Toes black and very long, joyned together at the first joynt, by a thick Mem∣brane.
The Indian Crane, is in all respects and colours, like the common Crane, only that in this, the top of the Head from the Bill to the Crown is bare of Feathers, and of a red colour.
The Himantopus, or Loripes, is of the form of a Crane, having long Legs and Bill, and a short Tail: its Belly, and Breast, and under side of the Neck white; the Head about the Eyes is black, and under white: the Back and Wings, black; the Tail above, ash-colour, and under white; the Bill black, the Legs and Feet of a Sanguine colo•r, bare about the Knees. The Toes of an equall length and short, wanting a hinder Toe, therefore unfit to stand upright, but with a cringing or bending in the Knees; Claws black.
The Sea Pye, or Hematopus, hath a long straight Bill sharp at the end, red: Eyes and Eye-lids of a curious red, Legs and Feet long and red; it wants a Back-toe. The Toes half way joyned by a Membrane or Skin: Claws black. The Head, Neck, Back and to the middle of the Breast, black; the rest of the Breast, Belly and Rump white, Tail the lower half white, the upper black: Wings black, with a white cross bare, made by the covert Feathers,
S 3 Sea Pyes proper. Born by Atcliff.
A on a Hill in base out of Saggs V a Crane to the sinister, with a Fish in its Bill, proper. By Van Eicke.
B a Crane A born by Dobrinskie. Holding up its right Foot. By Schilwatz.
G the like A by Cranigperg.
B a on a Hill out of the base V the like to the sinister A by Westendorf.
V a Crane pointing his Beak to the dexter side, A by Vtzlingen.
A a Crane G born by Vfheim. Whose Crest is a Crans Head, both to the sinister.
V a Crane A with a stone Ring in his Beak O by Crenchel.
A Crane standing in Saggs with Spear heads, proper. Is the Crest of Barnston, alias Barnardston.
XII. He beareth Argent, a Falcinellus head coup∣ed, proper. This may be in English called a Sith-Bill from the bending of its Bill after the manner of a Sithe: its shape is in all respects like a Crane, or Cur∣lew; the whole Body is of a spadiceous colour, tending to dusky, but the Neck and Breast are spotted, with cer∣tain oblong dusky spots. In the middle of the Back, Wings, and Tail is a kind of glossie green dark colour; the Bill is black, so is the Thighs as far as bare, with the Legs and Feet, which are of a good length. This is born by the name of Crook.
The Brisilian Curicaca, the Bill is crooked and sharp pointed, and of a dusky fiery colour; the Feet and Legs long and cloven, red; Claws black. The Plumage of Head and Neck white, mixt with yellow; in the upper side of the Neck the Feathers long; the circle of the Eyes yellow, Pupil black: about the Eyes and Throat there is a black skin. The Back and Belly ash colour, and mid∣dle of the Wings white, mixt with grey; all the rest of the Body and Tail, black. The Thighs are but half Feathered: there is another sort of these called Ma∣tuitui.
The Guara, it hath the like crooked Bill, long and of a whitish ash colour; black Eyes, a long crooked Neck and Head, and whole Body covered with Feathers of an elegant Scarlet colour, onely the ends of the Quill Fea∣thers are black. The Tail long, the Thighs half bare, without Feathers, and of a light grey. It is by some Au∣thors called an Indian Curlew.
The Water Raven, or Acacalot: the Bill bends like a bow, and is blew: the Legs long, Feet cloved into four Toes, and blackish; the Claws blacker: the Eyes black, the circle about Sanguine, from the Eyes to the Bill bare of Feathers and reddish: the Head and Neck of a dusky white and green Feathers, and some yellowish: the Wings are also of a shineing changeable colour, which va∣ries according to the reflection of the Sun-beams: the Breast, Belly, and Tail, are dusky with red interming∣led.
The Crex, hath a long crooked Bill black, also black Legs and Head; but the Neck, Back, and Breast, are white, the rest of the uppe parts ash colour: the Wings are blackish, crossed on both sides by a white line, near the ponion, or ridges: his voice is like the sound, Crex, Crex.
A 3 Sythe Bill Heads couped S born by Moor∣burg.
A a Water Raven, proper. Born by Norton.
O 3 such Heads couped. Born by Leighby.
XIII. He beareth Azure, the Head of an Avosetta proper, it is from the reflectedness of its Bill, termed a Recurvirostra; Which we may very well English, a Turnbill. It turns upwards, and ends in a slender weak point, and black: the Head round as a Ball, black; with the fore-part grey. The hinder half of the Neck is black, the Throat and fore-part of the Neck, Breast and Belly, white; the Back partly white, partly black: the Quill Feathers are at the ends, half way black, the rest white; as also the Feathers of the second row; the rest of the co∣vert Feathers to the ridg, are black: which makes in the Wing a broad bed of white, not directly cross the Wing but oblique. On the Back it hath two black stroakes, begining at the Shoulders, and meet at the middle of the Back, and from thence they run in one to the Tail: the Tail is all white, the Legs are long, of a fair blew colour; bare of Feathers above the Knees; Claws black, with a very sma•l Back-toe, the fore-most Toes are long and joyned together with a skinny Membrane, to the out∣most joynts; the Skin being cut in (as it were) between the Toes. Three such is born by the name of Binder, or Bender.
Page 261XIV. He beareth Sable, an Heron (or an Ardea) or Hearn proper. This is called also, an Heronshaw: it hath a long straight Bill and sharp pointed, of a yellow∣ish green colour: the Eye-lids, and the space between the Eyes and Bill green: the Legs and Feet are green, the Toes long and open, the out-most being joyned to the middle Toe, by a Membrane below. The fore-part of the Head white, from the Crown succeeded a black par∣cell of Feathers, hanging backwards; The Chin white, the Neck long ash colour behind, and white before, tin∣ctured with red, and dilicately painted with black spots. On the lower part of the Neck grew small long narrow white Feathers, which covered the Back and are varie∣gated with long whitish lines tending downwards; the lower part of the Breast and Rump yellowish. The prime Feathers of the Wings are ash colour, the Bastard wing black, which are covered at the root with white Fea∣thers. Then the second row of Wing Feathers are black: and the Basis, or Ridge of the Wing, white: the Tail is ash-colour, being round at the end, reaching but little behind the points of the Wings. 3 such born by Heron.
The Ash-coloured Heron, hath the Bill of a Rose colour, and white; Eye yellow; the Head, Neck, Back and Wings of a dusky ash colour, all the ends tipt with red; the Wing feathers have white tips, so hath the Tail: the Breast besprinkled with long red, black and white spots, the Belly white, the Thighs reddish: the Legs and Feet greenish.
The Great white Heron, is white all over the Body, it hath no Crest or Tuft as the common Heron, the Bill yellowish, the naked place between the Eyes and Bill, green: Legs bare above the Knees, with the Feet and Talons are black.
The Garzetta, is the lesser White Heron. It is all over pure white, having from the hinder part of the Head, a short Crest or Tuft, hanging down: the Bill black, Eyes yellow, Legs green and scally.
The Cirris, or Red Leged Heron, it is between a Saffron, and Chesnut colour, deeper on the Breast and Belly, then on the Back; a very short Tail: the Pupil of the Eye compassed with a yellow, and that with ano∣ther Scarlet circle. The Bill at the joyning to the Head green, then blew to the middle, from thence to the tip, black. The Legs and Feet of a deep red, Claws black, see its figure chap. 13. numb. 34.
The Black Heron, the shape in all respects answer∣eth the Heron, only the colour of the Body all over is blackish, with a white Ring about its Neck, the Bill is yellow in the middle, and at the end, as well above as below.
The Brisilian Heron, hath the Bill serrat, or tooth∣ed, above and below; dusky at the point, and of a yellow∣ish green towards the rise; the Head and upper side of the Neck hath long Feathers, of a pale yellow, waved with black; the Throat and Neck before, white; the Breast and Belly is waved with brown, the Back and Wings dusky, waved with yellow: the Quill Feathers are mixt in equal parts of black and green, the tips white, the Tail the same: the Legs as other Herons.
G 3 such A born also by Heron of Northumber∣land.
G a Cheveron Er: between 3 such A is also born by Heron of Godmanchester in Hunti•gtonshire.
S a Cheveron Er: between 3 such A by Hern of London.
S an Heron A. Born by Heron.
S 3 such A by Heron.
A 3 Herons heads erased S born by Hernway.
B 3 such Heads A born by Hernsich.
XV. He beareth Azure, an Heron Uolant Over∣ture Argent, Beak and Legs, Gules. It is of some He∣ra••ds termed Uolant in Fesse. This is born by Herndale
☞ Here note that all long Legged Fowl in flying thrust out their Legs to their Tail; but all short Leged Birds, draw them up to their Belly.
A such a Heron •olant in Fesse, B Membred, O between 3 Escallops S. Born by Herondon.
XVI. He beareth Gules, a Heron Sorant a loft, in bend, Argent. Of others termed Uolant Overture in bend. Born by Hernlost.
The Small Brisilian Heron, of some travellers, called a Garza: the Bill is dusky above, and of a yel∣lowish white beneath; a yellow Eye, with a black Pupil, between the Eyes and Bill the skin is yellow, the Head is of a •eel colour, mixed with pale brown, the whole Neck, Breast and Belly, are white mixt with cinereous or pale Feathers. The Back is black and partly of a steel colour, mixt with pale brown Feathers; the Wing Fea∣thers are greenish, with white tips, the rest of the Wing is elegantly variegated with brown, steel colour, yellow or Wax colour, and ash colour: the Tail is covered with the ends of the Wings. The Legs are mingled with ash colour, and yellow, Claws brown. This Bird walks erect and stately. The Brasilians calls this Bird in their Language, a Guira-tinga.
XVII. He beareth Argent, a Cormorant, Sable. The proper description of its Body and colour is thus: The Bill is straight, hooked only in the tip of the higher mandable, having sharp dented edges, and black: the Legs are thick and strong, Feet and Claws black; it hath four Toes in each Foot all webbed together by a broad black Membrane, all standing forwards, the outwarmost longest, the rest in order shorter (which in Herauldry we have observed, quite contrary, by making the inner Toes longest, and the outward by degrees shorter) the Eyes brown, the Pupil black, the colour of the upper side is dus∣ky, shining with an obscure tincture of green, the Breast and Belly white. The Quill Feathers, the tips of them and of the second row, are ash coloured. It hath a naked place round the Eye, from the Bill runing under the Throat, in form of a triangle, being partly Flesh co∣lour, and part yellow. A Cheveron between 3 such is born by Warberton.
The Shagge, Graculus Palmipes, the Palm-Footed Crow, or Chough; made in all respects like the Cormorant, the Bill black, the neither mandable be∣tween green and yellow: all the higher side is of a black purple colour, or black with a dark tincture of green, shining like Silk. The under side is dusky, rhe middle of the Belly inclning to ash colour, the Chin white: the Wings reach but to the Basis of the Tail, the Feet and Legs as the Cormorants, the Skin of the Legs be∣ing cancellated, not scally, the Soles and backsides of Page 262 the Legs black, Claws black.
The Soland Goose, hath not so long a Neck as the Cormorant, but in all other parts resembles it: for the Bill is long, straight, and a little crooked at the point, of an ash colour; behind the Eyes, the skin is bare of F•a•thers the Mouth wide behind the Eyes; it hath no No∣strils, but instead thereof a furrow, or cranny, extended on each side all the length of the Bill; all the four Toes are webed together, and stand forward, Legs Feathered down to the Knees, Legs and Feet black: they are generally coloured as a Goose, all over white, except the Qui•l Feathers, which are black. And the top of the Head, which with Age grows yellow. The Tail as short as the points of the Wings.
The Sula, is like the Soland Goose for Bodily shape: the Bill only sharp pointed, and that about the Eyes it was black, it hath also shorter Legs and black: the Prime Feathers of the Wings black, so were the Covert, or top Feathers of the Tail. All the rest white, only the Back a little yellowish.
B a Cormorant A born by the name of Cormoran.
B 3 Cormorants O born by Sen•us.
B a Cheveron between 3 such Heads erazed, A by Lashfield.
A a Soland Goose proper. Born by Goose.
XVIII. He beareth Argent, an Alcian, or a Kings-Fisher, with an Ele in his Beak, all proper. Some term it a Kings-Fisher Iessant an Ele, proper. O∣ther Erassing an Ele, proper. The Kings-Fisher is a fine lovely coloured Bird, it hath a black strong, long straight sharp pointed Bill; yet whitish in the Angles. The Chin white, with a mixture of red, the Breast and Belly the same; the lower Belly under the Tail is a deep red: with the sides under the Wings. From the Bill to the Eyes, and behind the Eyes, is a red Spot; to which succeeds a white mark, the Crown of the Head if of a black green, with cross lines of blew. From the Neck, through the Back, to the Tail, is a bright pale blew, very splenderous, which is crossed with obscure dark lines. The Quill Feathers are blew, the next row to them tipt with blew, the Basis of the Wing dusky; the Tail short and of a dark blew, the Legs and Toes before black, behind with the Back-toes red. The Toes stand two forwards and two backwards, as I have observed in the Bird, though other Authors mention it not.
The Merops, or Bee-eater, is like the Kings-Fisher in shape, the Bill black, the Irides of the eyes of a lovely red, the head great and oblong, the crown red, in some Birds having a mixture of green, the forehead next the Bill is a greenish blew, but in the middle between the nostrils white; from the corner of the mouth through the eyes is a black stroak; under the chin is bright pale yellow feathers, the neck and shoulders are green, with a certain mixture of red, the whole Belly and Brest are blew, which is deeper near the chin, and paler lower; the Wing feathers are the first ten blue tipt with black; the next ten are orange colour tipt with black; the covert wings are orange, those next the ridg or pinion of a blu∣ish green, the long feathers springing from the shoulders of a pale yellow; the Tail longer than the Wings, the top feathers Blue, the under of a Dun colour, with the exteriour Webs of a green, intermixt with Blue, the legs and feet of a dusky red, the claws black; all the foremost toes are joined together to the first joint, as if they were but one toe.
The Green Merops, or the other King of Bee-Eaters, is somet•ing longer than the precedent; the 〈◊〉 like it, but more Sith like and black; the head, 〈◊〉, br•ast, and almost the wh•le body yellow, from the Bill through the eyes is a great black spot or line; the •ack is ch•snut colour mixt with green and yellow; the Wing fea••ers are painted with diverse colours, for the first or uppermost part next the ridg is blue; the second row of blue and yellow mixt; the third altogether yel∣low; the fourth or prime feathers black with red tips; the upper part of the tail a bright green, the lower yel∣low, so that the tail is half one and half the other colour, the feet yellow, and the claws black.
The Water Owzell, or Water Crake, the Bill is a little shorter and streighter than the precedent, it is sharp pointed and black; head and upper part of the neck of a dark d•sky colour or black; a red eye, all the back and Quill Feathers, and covert feathers of the Wings are pa•ti-coloured, of brown, black and blue, the middle parts of the Feathers being black, the edges blue; the forepart of the breast, and under side of the neck are white, the rump black; the eye-lids round a∣bout white, the tail a little longer than the Wings, which it will now and then flirt up; the legs, feet and claws black. It is in some places called a Wasser-Amzell.
A such a Kings Fisher, Jessant and Elle proper, born by Hallum.
A 3 such proper, born by V•n Buss•cker.
O 3 such with a Fesse between B is born by K••k∣wick.
XIX. He beareth Argent, a Sea-Mew, proper, Legs and Beak, Gules. Some term it a Sea-Gull, and some a Sea-Pie; but there is much difference in the colours, though little in the shape.
The Sea-Mew, hath a red Bill and red Legs, in some more blackish; the top of the head black, the up∣per side of the neck, back, tail, and lesser quill-feathers are ash-colour or bluish; the great quill-feathers are black, the Wings very long, reaching behind the tail, they are whole footed, having little or no hinder Toe.
The Winter-Mew, called also the Coddy-Moddy, the Bill is whitish, the eyes Hazel colour; the head white, spotted with brown, the Neck brown, back cinereous, the long scapular feathers, varied with brown spots, rump white, the tail hath the tips white, then suc∣ceeds a black Bar, the rest of the tail white; the throat and under side of the body white; the quill feathers have the outmost black, the other white only tipt with black; the lesser covert feathers are brown and black mixt; the legs and feet dusky green, the back toe little, armed with a very small claw and black.
The Sea Mall, the Bill white, but yellow to∣wards the tip, bending towards the point; the feet of a pale green, claws black; the Membranes connecting the toes reach as far as the claws; the head and upper part of the neck are clouded with brown spots; the back ash-co∣lour, the tail white, the throat and whole under side of Page 263 the body white; the shoulders and upper coverts of the wings ash colour; the quill feathers are partly white and black in Bars, tipt with ash-colour, but them next the body were all ash-colour tipt with white.
The Winter Meb, is another kind of Sea-Mew▪ whose Bill is yellow with a black tip; the eye black com∣passed with a gold yellow circle, and it with a circle of black, and the black with a circle of white, and it with one of grey or ash colour; the head and breast cinereous and white particoloured; the belly more dusky; the wings and back are of mingled colours, as white, grey, brown; the quill feathers are dusky or blackish, and ex∣ceed the length of the tail, which is cinereous, except a cross bar of an Inch near the end; the thighs cinereous; the legs and feet a pale yellow, claws black and crook∣ed.
The Brown Tern, or Ash coloured Mew, is the least of the kinds of Sea Mews; its Bill is a little bending and black; the back and wings of a deep ash colour or blue, the quill feathers brown, tipt at the ends white; the crown of the head in the hinder part black, all the rest of the body pure white, the legs, feet and membranes of a Saffron colour, claws black.
The Great Gull, or the Black and White Gull, or the Sea Gull; the Bill is something bending at the end, and yellow; the lower mandable buncheth out in∣to a knob, marked on each side with a double spot, the lower red, the upper black; the edges of the eye lids round about are of a Saffron colour; the head great, and flat crowned; the neck short, brest, belly and tail white; the hinder part of the head, back and wings black; the quill feathers are tipt with white, the legs and feet white, it hath a whole foot, and a very small back toe, claws black; this is in some places called a Huge Sea Gull, and a Swarth-back; the wings exceed the length of the tail.
The Herring-Gull, hath a yellow bill, with a red spot on the side of the Knob, on the lower mandable; the eye-lids round in some yellow, others red; its head, neck and whole under side, with the tail white; the back and wings (except the outward quill feathers) are of a dark ash-colour; which out quill feathers had white tips; in some the quill feathers are particoloured of white, black and cinereous; the Wings when closed exceed the length of the tail and cross each other.
The Pewit, or Black Cap, called also the Sea Crow, or Mire Crow; it is a kind of cinereous or Brown Gull; the bill bending a little, of a Sanguine colour, eyes yellow, eye lids red above and below com∣passed with white; the head and throat of a dilute black; the middle of the back ash-coloured; the neck to tail white, the first quill feathers of the wing had the tips and edges white, the rest of the feathers black tips, all the rest of the wing ash-colour, which gathered together reach behind the tail, that is all Snow white; the Legs of a dark sanguine colour, the back toe small, the feet whole, claws little and black.
The White Gull, it is all over as white as Snow, yet the Wings have somewhat of ash colour; the eyes are great, compassed with a black circle, near the region of the ears is a black spot, its wings are longer than the tail, the legs, and feet and bill are all red; the ends of the wings are black.
The Cornish Gannet, called also a Skua; and the great Grey Gull; the Bill is black, bending at the point, and is covered with a Skin from the basis of the bill to the Nostrils, as in Falcons or Land Birds of Prey; the Legs and Feet black, whole footed, without a heel or back toe, save a little stump, the claws crooked; the back is cinereous or brown like that of Buzzards, the Belly and under side paler; the quill feathers and the tail are black, all tipt in both with white; see chap. 13. numb. 71.
The Catarracta, or Spotted Gull; it is on the back variegated like a Goshawk, with brown, white and yellow mingled, on the under side it is all white, spotted with brown; the Bill is black and hooked; the wings even with the tail which is black; the hips covered with feathers to the Knees, the Legs, Feet and intervening Membranes cinereous; claws black and crooked.
The Cornish Wagell, or the Grey Gull; the co∣lour as well upper as lower parts is all grey (as in the back of a Curlew) being mixed with whitish and brown and ash-colour in the back and wings; the rump white, spotted with brown; chin white, the quill feathers all black; the tail is tipt with white, then succeeds a cross bar or black, two inches broad, the rest of the tail fea∣thers are varied with transverse bars of white and black; the Bill is black, a little bending, the head great, the neck short, as in all Gulls, legs and feet white, the hin∣der toe small.
The Cepphus, or spotted Sea Gull, or Mew; the Bill is of a whitish colour, the edges red, at the top (which is hooded) black; the eyes red, encompassed with a white circle; the head, neck, brest, belly, thighs and rump are variegated with white and brown spots, with a mixture of bay or yellow; the wings black, tipt with yellow, the tail all black; the Legs and Shanks greenish, the feet and membranes connecting the toes dusky.
B three Sea Mews A born by Floyd, alias Lloyd.
A 3 Bars B on the middle 3 Sea-Mews, born by Pen∣nant.
The same is the coat of Iswytton Wyddell of Wales.
O 3 Sea Gulls proper, born by •ull.
A a Sea Crow proper, born by Crownester.
XX. He beareth a Drake proper, in a Field Ar∣gent. This is termed also a Duck, a Wild Drake, or a Shell-Drake, or Mallard. They have their feet scituate more backwards than other Water-fowl, which makes them go wadling; they have generally a broad and flat bill, and a short sharp pointed tail, the male of this kind having a feather turning up in the tail near the Rump; of these shape of Fowl there is several colours and much variety, as
The Eider, or Ferroyer Duck hath a black Bill, with oblong Nostrils, from the Nostrils through the crown of the head, above the eyes, are two very black spots or stroaks tending to the hinder part of the head, which have a white line between them, ending in the upper part of the neck; the whole neck, lower part of the head, the back and wings all white; the quill feather•, the breast, rump and tail all black; the legs short and black, whole footed, with a back toe, which hath a skin∣ny membrane also, the claws share and crooked. The Hen of this kind is all brown, speckled here and there with black spots; this is in some places called St. Cuthberts Duck.
Page 264The Wild Duck, and Mallard; the first is the Female, the later the Male: the Bill of the Male is green∣ish yellow, the upper Mandable hath at the end, a tip or nail, downwards: the Head, and upper part of the Neck, are of a delicate shining green, then follows a Ring of white, almost round the Neck: from the white Ring, the Throat is of Chesnut colour, down to the Breast: the Breast and Belly are of a white ash colour, bedewed or sprinkled, with innumerable dark specks: the under Tail is black, the upper side of the Neck, is cinereous or red, sprinkled with small spots: the Back red, the lower part still deeper colour to the Rump, which is black, with a gloss of purple: the lesser row of Wing Feathers are red, the long Scapular Feathers Silver coloured, the Quill Fea∣thers the outmost ten, of a dusky or dark brown, the next ten have white tips, being of a shining purple blew co∣lour, with a border of black, between the white and blew. The covert Feathers have (as it were) cross bars or lines over them, first black, and above that white: the Tail is white, mixt with brown; the reflected Feathers in the middle of the Tail, are black with a gloss of purple. They have a white lower Eye-lid: the Feet and Legs of a Saf∣fron colour, Claws brown.
The Duck, or the Female to the Mallard, or Drake: hath neither green Head, or white Ring on the Neck, or red Breast; but the Back, Neck, and Head, are party c•loured, or white brown, and dark red: the middle of the Back the Feathers are dark brown, the edges pale red. The Breast and Belly lighter, spotted.
The Gadwall, or Gray: it is a kind of Duck, and Mallard, of a middle size: of some Authors called a Mitelenten. It is long Bodied, the Head inclines from blew to black, in the Throat the Feathers edged with ash colour, and a whitish red near the Breast: the lower part of the Neck, and upper part of the Breast and Shoulders party coloured of black and white and red: that is to say, the edges or fringes of the Feathers reddish, then a black line of a Semicircular figure next it, within which is in∣cluded another Semicircular white line, parallel to it, and in the white again a black: the Breast white, the Belly darker, with transverse black spots. The Back brown, the edges of the Feathers of a whitish red: its Chin and Cheeks white, speckled with brown: its Rump and Tail black, white underneath: the sides are curiously variegat∣ed with alternate black and white lines. The Quill Fea∣thers have the first outward ten brown, the three next the tipt with white, the four following have the outward webs black, tipt with white: those next the Body are cinereous: the covert Feathers, are of a black purple shining colour: in the third row are spots, or red scattered. The Bill of a Saffron colour, with the middle part black: the Legs Fea∣thered to the Knees, the Feet whitish, the hinder Toe small. The Membrane connecting the Toes, black.
The Muggent, hath a Bill and Legs and Feet of a Saffron colour, with the Membrane black: the Crown of the Head blackish, and so are the Wings which are shorter then the Tail: the rest of the Plumage all over, the Body is party coloured, of a blackish fiery colour, and white, and Weasle colour; almost like that of the Partridge, that is testaceous.
The Wigeon or Whewer: the Bill is of a Lead co∣lour, with a black tip: the Feet of a dusky white, Claws black, short Back-toe. The Crown towards the Bill of a dilute colour, Head and end of the Neck red upper part of the Breast to the Wings deep red, with small black trans∣verse lines; Back brown, edged Cinereous; Rump above black: Tail black, edges or sides whitish. Breast and Belly white, mixt with yellow: Thighs spotted with a reddish brown: the Quill Feathers, the first ten brown, next ten white tips, the rest purple blew: the covert Fea∣thers next the Quills party coloured, brown and white: the small Coverts are brown, or dark ash colour.
The Craker, or Sea-Pheasant; the Bill between a blew and black; the Head brown, behind the Eyes is a line of white, which passed down the side of the Neck to the Throat, all the Feathers between and adjoyning to this stroak is black: under the black, the Neck and Back is ash-colour, varied with transverse lines of black and white; the scapular feathers are black, the nether part of the neck, breast, belly and rump, white; the quill feathers are for the first ten cinereous, the second decade, or ten quill feathers are particoloured, the tips white, then red, then black; the rest as remain or appear be∣yond the incumbent feathers are of a glittering purple and blue colour; the covert of the first row cinereous, of the second row, incumbent on the second decade of quill feathers, are tipt with a yellowish red or Lion colour; the Thighs have long feathers, which are elegantly varied with black and white transverse lines; the tail is forked, by reason the two middlemost run out in two points long∣er than all the rest, and are ash coloured edged with white.
The Brasilian Ipeca-Guacu, is in shape and form a Duck, the Bill from the end to the middle yellow; rest darker, the middle of the head curiously tinctured with red, the whole body else is pure white, it hath Ducks feet, of a yellowish red.
The Sheldrake, or Burrough Duck, called by some, a Bergander; its Bill is like a Duck, but turn∣eth upward more at the end, is red all but the Nostrils, and the nail or hook at the end, which are black; at the base of the upper mandable near the head is a carneous or fleshy bunch or knob; the head and upper part of the neck are black, with a shining dark green, the rest of the neck and region of the craw milk white; the upper part of the breast and shoulders are of a fair Orange or bright Bay colour (the forepart of the body is encompassed with a broad ring or swath of this colour) the rest of the breast and belly is white, having a black line running through the middle of the white to the vent or rump; the middle of the back is white, the shoulder feathers black; the Wing feathers are all white; the Pinion or joint feathers have black edges; and the ten first quill feathers are black; and those on the second row incum∣bent on them, tinctured with a dark shining green; the tail is white, tipt with black; the legs and feet of a pale red or flesh colour.
The Island Duck, called by the Islanders Ha••∣da, or the sharp tailed Duck; the head is small, ha∣ving white feathers about the eyes; the crown is black, inclining to brown; the neck and back to the rump black, with a mixture of Isabella colour; the rump is mingled black and white, the tail ends in a sharp point made by two feathers of a good length of the same co∣lour; the under side of the Neck and Belly half way black, the rest white; the feathers of the upper surface of the Wings are of a shining purple black; the Bill is like the common Duck, toothed; the tip and part next Page 265 the Head, black, the middle red: the Feet brown, Claws and Membranes between the Toes black.
The Scoter, or Black Diver, it is all over of a black, or Sable colour, in the Chin and middle of the Breast, some ash coloured, or whitish Feathers, mingled with the black. The Bill is black, with yellow about the Nostrils, as is in all Ducks kind, pectinated about the sides, and without any bunch in the upper mandable: the Feet black, the Male of the Diver, hath yellow Eye-lids, the Bill is broad and blunt, having no appendix or nail at the tip: the upper mandable above the Nostrils, bunches out into a notable protuberance, or swelling, be∣ing so divided in the middle, as it resembles Buttocks: distinguished by a yellow intercurrent line. The upper mandable is black about the sides, or edges, and yellow down the middle, so broad as to contain the Nostrils, and the Feet dusky, the outer Toes having also membra∣nous borders on the out sides; so that its Oares are broad and large.
The Pochard, or Poker; of some termed the great Red Headed Wigeon. The Bill is Lead colour, tipt with black; lower Chap black: the Feathers of the Fore-head lie on the top of the Bill like a Peak, or Acute angle: the circle of the Eyes a flame colour: the Head and Neck of a deep red, or fulvous colour, the middle part of the Breast white; the sides and lower part of the Belly, as the Back, varied with transverse undulated lines, but paler: the lower part of the Neck is encircled with a ring or swath of black: the Tail is short, covered with the Wings and is of a dark grey. The Quill feathers are all cinereous tipt with black, and the middle ones with white; the Covert feathers are varied as on the Back, with dark brown & cinereous waved lines (or ash colour, with very narrow waved cross dusky lines) The Rump both above and below is black: so that the Tail is circled round with black. The Feet are lead colour, the mem∣branes joyning the Toes, black. The inmost Toe, and the Back Toe, which is very small, have borders, or fins annexed to them.
The Morillon, or lesser Red Headed Duck: the Bill dark blew, paler about the edges, and tipt: the tip or nail round and black; the Nostrils long, almost scitu∣ate in the middle of the Bill. Eyes white, Pupil black, Head all red: in the angle of the lower mandable is a white spot, the Neck encompassed in the middle with a ring of brown; the whole Back, and Covert feathers of the Wing, of a dark brown, all the Quill feathers are white, with brown tips: except the four outmost, and the four inmost: the Tail is short, and ends in a point, is of a brown or dusky colour. The Breast below the ring is red, the rest of the Breast and Belly is white; towards the Vent or Rump, dusky or dark grey: under the Tail white. The Legs, Feet, and Membranes black, the back Toe hath a broad appendant Membrane or Fin, as in the rest of this kind. Yet Bellonius describes the Morillon, or Glaucium, thus. It hath its Bill cut in the edge like a Saw, its Legs and Feet, red on the middle, dusky on the out side; the whole Head to the middle of the Neck▪ of a deep ferrugineous, or red: under it a broad Ring of white, round the Neck: the Breast ash colour, Belly white, Back and Wings black, the Wing stretched out hath white Feathers appears in it, like to the Pye. The Tail is black.
The Golden Eye, it hath a great round Head and high Fore-head, a short and broad Bill not so much ele∣vated, as in other Ducks: all black to the angles of the Mouth. The Head is dark green or changable co∣lour, of black purple and green. At the corner of the Mouth is a white spot, round, as big as three pence. Iris of the Eye yellow, or Gold colour. The whole Neck, Shoulders, Breast and Belly, all white; and space between the Shoulders, all the Back, and Tail, are black. The Ridge of the Wings, and the Quill feathers all black: and the second and third row of Covert feathers all white. The Legs and Feet of a Saffron colour, or reddish yellow, the Membrane black.
B 3 Ducks A born by David Llwch a Brittain.
A on Cheveron B 3 cross Patees, O between 3 Ducks G born by the name of Duckworth or Ducker.
A 2 Cheveronells S between 3 Sheldrakes proper. By Eully.
A a Cheveron per Pale, G and O between 3 such proper. By Maddock Goch.
A a Cheveron between 3 Draks heads erazed pro∣per. By Draklowe.
A a Craker or Sea Pheasant proper. Born by Van Cracer.
A a Sheldrake B. Born by Sheldrake.
G the like A is the Coat and Crest of Mittel∣berg.
S a Fesse between 3 such A is the Coat and Crest of Sheldon.
XXI. He beareth Azure, a Wild Duck, or Drake, in Fesse Tergiant volant, Argent. Three of these thus flying in pale, are of some blazoned, three Ducks volant in pale, barwise: and 3 Ducks in pale volant Barwise; when as three Ducks volant in pale, is as suffici∣ent to express the same, yet let the Reader take his choice, there being no breach of good manners, see chap. 11. numb. 37.
But if there be an ordinarie between several of these, or any other Birds, thus volant: then the only word (volant) will be sufficient. G 3 such with a Che∣veron between, born by Wolri•h.
XXII. He beareth Gules, a Shoveller Argent, born by Lan•ford. In Herauldry, antiquity hath drawn this Fowl with a hairy tuft behind its head, and a like tuft hanging down from the middle of the Breast, with a loose droping and falling Tail; which proportion we do keep for a Shoveller to this day: though I do confess naturally they have none of the foresaid things: but do in shape, and proportion, very much resemble the com∣mon Duck, whose description further take thus: the Bill is coal black, much broader at the tip end, then at the base, being of a round form and flat; at the end it hath a small crooked hook or nail, each mandible is pectinated, or toothed, like a Comb, with rays, or thin Plates, falling mutually one into another when the Mouth is shut; the Eyes yellow, Feet and Legs of a Ver∣milion colour, Claws black, hinder Toe little, the Mem∣brane connecting the Toes, are Serrate or Toothed about the edges: the Head and the Neck half way are of a fair blew, (in some more dark or black, having a tincture Page 266 of a deep shining green) the lower part of the Neck, and region of the Craw, are white: the rest of the Breast, Belly and Vent, are red: the under Tail black. The upper side as Shoulders, party coloured of white and brown, the Back brown, with a light dash of a shining green, blew, or purple. The Feathers on the Thighs are adorned with transverse dusky lines. The ten first Quill Feathers are brown, the next ten a deep shining green, those next the Body white: the Feathers on the second row have white tips; the lesser covert Feathers are of a pleasant pale blew. The Tail is black edged on each side with white Feathers.
S the like A born by Popeler.
S 3 such in Pale A born by Peplesham.
B 3 Shovellers heads erazed A born by Lacy.
A a Shoveller B Beak and Legs G born by Lever or Leverpole.
XXIII. He beareth Argent, an Emew, or Emy, Sable. Crested, Yalloped, and Legged Gules. This is a Fowl like to an Ostrich, of most Authors, named a Cassowary: it hath a horny Crown on the top of the Head, the Head and Neck bare of Feathers, only thin set with a hairy down, the skin is of a purplish blew co∣lour, except the lower part of the Back of the Neck which is red, or Vermillion colour: in the lower part of the Neck hangs down two Wattles, or Lobs of flesh as low as the Breast, the Bill is straight, and sharp pointed, the Legs are thick and strong; with three Toes on each Foot, wanting a back Toe, the Claws long. It hath some rudiment of Wings, reather then Wings, consisting only of the naked shafts of Feathers, like Porcupi•es quills, having either no Webs, or else as if the Feathers were fretted away. It hath no Tail, but a great Body invested with blackish or dusky Feathers, of a rare texture which to one that beholds them at a little distance, they seem ra∣ther to be hairs then Feathers. Rough or Shagged like a Bears skin. This is born by Emew.
B 3 such head erazed A Crested and Wattled G. Born by Emewshall.
XXIV. He beareth Argent, the Head of a Crested Indian Bitterne, proper. The Crested Bitterne hath a long sharp pointed yellowish Bill, with a Comb like a Cock, on his Head red, this is a Water Fowl, in all parts of the Body, and feet like a Goose, with a little longer Neck, all over white, here and there spotted with ash colour: under the lower part of the Beak doth hang a kind of Pouch, or Bag, of a skinny substance in which they keep their provision, it is of a yellowish, and red colour. This is the Coate and Crest of Van Bitterstein, in Germany.
XXV. He beareth Azure, the Head of an Indian Bittern, Argent. This is the greater sort of Bittern that have Bags, or loose skinny Pouches under their Bill, whose description and colour is as followeth. The Bill is long and sharp pointed, with a hook at the end of the upper mandable, like a Birds Claw: the Eyes having a space between them and the Bill, naked or bare of Fea∣thers; the Bill is of a Lead colour, yet yellowish at the end: the bagg which hangs at the lower Bill is skinny, which at its pleasure can contract and draw up, so to the Bill, that it is scarce conspicuous, other times it suffers the same to be so dilated as to receive and contain much Water and Fish; when this membranous skin is stretch•, it appears transparent, so that many Fibres, and Veins may be seen running up and down through it; and are of a reddish yellow colour. Its Feathers are all white, ye• those on the top of the Head, and behind off the Neck are longer then the rest, standing out like a Crest, and are of a yellowish colour. The Tail is short and sharp point∣ed, which with the Wings are of an ash colour, as in Geese. The Legs and Feet are of a Lead colour, the Shanks bare above the Knees, all the Toes are web'd to∣gether by a membrane, having no back Toe, see more of this numb. 65. The whole Bird is born by Bit∣tern.
G 3 heads couped. Born by Scheckenale of Germany.
XXVI. He beareth Azure, the Head of a Lever couped proper: of some termed a Shovellers head: this fowl is by Conradu• Gesner, fol. 641. called in Latin Pla∣tea, which he takes to be the Water Pellecan, or Shoveller in England: but in Low Dutch Lepler, or Lepelner, or Lefler; from the Germane termed Lof∣fler,, which we more finely pronounce Lever: Yet Mr. Ray in the translation of the Ornithology terms this Bird, a Spoon Bill: and Onocrotalus to be the Pellecan, whose figure I have set down, numb. 65. which may be taken rather for the Indian Bittern: set down numb. 24. Upon this account, then to term it either a Lever, Spoon Bill, or a Pellecan, it may pass in Herauldry but no otherwise: whose description take thus: the Bill is long plain and broad, growing smaller from the Head till it came near the point, or end, and then dilated into an all most circular figure of the likeness of a Spoon, the broad part of the Bill grav•• with lines, or crevises, but smooth in the Mouth; and is black in an old Bird, though a young Bill is white, or of a Flesh colour: the Legs and Feet ash colour, and bare of Feathers half the Thighs, the Toes are joyned by a Membrane, that is to say, the outward and middle Toes, joyned to the second joynt; the middle and in∣ward Toes to the first joynt: the Claws black. It is snow white all over the Body, only the Quill feathers are black; the Tail short. The Body in all parts and shape answere•h that of the Crane, and the Tail of a Stork.
The Mexican Spoon Bill, its shape of Body is like the Lever, or Spoon Bill. The Bill of an ash colour, red Eyes: its Fore-head like that of a Turky, or Aura: the Head, and almost the whole Neck void of Feathers, and white, with a broad black Ring compassing the Head from the Neck: all the Plu∣mage of the Body and Wings are of a most beautiful Scarlet, or pale red.
The Brisillan Spoon Bill, is the same in Body, but the Bill is white: Neck long, and is white all over, save the Back and Wings are of a pale carnation co∣lour.
A a Lever B the Coat of the Town of Lever∣pole.
B 3 such heads couped. Born by Lever.
Page 267XXVII. He beareth Gules, a Sea Pye, proper. Born by the name of Pye This is called also a Turky Sea Pye: and a whole Footed Sea Pye. The Bill is dusky, the Head and about the Eyes bare of Fea∣thers and red, with a white tuft of Feathers, from the Ba∣sis of the Bill to the hinder part of the Head, like the Crest of an Helmet; the Neck, Breast, Belly, and Wings all white, a broad Ring compassing the lower part of the Neck; the Back and Tail of a dark dusky colour. The Legs Feet, and Membrane connecting the Toes, ash co∣lour: it wants a hinder Toe.
S 3 Sea Pyes proper. Born by Arcliffe.
B 3 Sea Pyes heads couped. Born by Sapy, also by Pisden.
XXVIII. He beareth Or, a Toucan, or a Brisilian Pye, proper. It is a Bird in the New found World, whose Bill is as large as all the Body: having two Claws before (though some Authors describe it irronionsly, with three) and one behind: It is called by the Natives Tou∣can, or Toucam; see it further described chap. 11. numb. 80. By the name of Brisilian Pye.
A a Toucan, proper. Born by Brodbeak.
XXIX. He beareth Sable, an Owle Or. Born by the name of Owler. There are several sort of Owls of this shape, which are distinguished only by the bigness and colours, so that being born in Arms in their proper co∣lours ought to be termed by such names; as,
- The Ivy Owle: of some termed the Screech Owle: this is the common Brown Owle, which in Latin is called Strix. The Bill is bending like a Hawks: and is of a horn colour or light blue, the Eyes black and great, the borders of the Eyes have red edges, a white circle of feathers compasses the Eyes and Chin, the exteriour edges whereof are variegated with white, black and red. The back part of the Head, brown and dark. From the base of the Bill grows bristly Feathers with black shafts. All the Back part is party coloured of ferrugineous and dark brown; that is, Waved with transverse lines succeeding one another, the Belly is the same, but more whitish. The Feet are covered down almost to the Claws, with durty white Plumage, speck∣led with small dark specks, or Waved lines: the Wing feathers, and Tail, are marked with cross bars of a dirty white, and brown, or ferrugineous colour. The annula∣ry scales of the Legs a little bare at the parting of the Toes, which are of a blackish colour: they have two Toes standing forward, and two backward, as all Owls have.
- The Grey Owle, hath the same description only use∣ing ash colour, for brown; and it hath long spots on the Breast, black: Feet •ellowish.
- The Church Owle, or Barn Owle, or White Owle, the Bill white, hooked at the end: a circle or wreath of white compassing the Eyes encompassed with yellow, begining from the Nostrils on each side, passing round the Eyes, and under the Chin, resembling a Hood about a Womans face as they use to wear. The Eyes are covered with a Valve, which arises near the Eyes, and falls backwards. The Breast, and Belly, and under the Wings white, marked with a few quadrangular dark spots. The Head, Neck, and Back Waved with small whitish and blackish lines; the Wings and Tail, (for the Field or Ground seems to be) of a dilute tawny, or O∣renge colour, having transverse blackish bars: the Wings closed are as long as the Tail: the Legs covered with a thick whitish down, the Feet only hairy: it hath but one Toe that stands backwards, yet the outmost Toe may be turned either way. It is in Latin called Aluco, which Margr•vius terms the Brisilian Tuidara.
- The Ulula, or Grey Owle; the Bill greenish, the Eyes great and black, covered over with an ash coloured nictating membrane: encompassed with white Feathers, within which Ring or Ambit, the borders of the Eye-lids was a red circle: the Head, Back, Wings, Tail, were ash colour, speckled with whitish and black spots: the Belly white with blackish spots. The Legs ash colour be∣ing hairy down to the Claws. It is in most places with us termed the Owle, or Howlett, vulgarly an Hullert.
- The Ttone Owle, or Little Owle; it is no bigger then a Black Bird, yet carieth the same shape of Body as other Noctural Birds: the Bill white. The Hood about the Face much less to be discernable; the upper parts of a dark brown, having transverse whitish spots: the Tail with white bars: the Chin and Breast white, the Belly marked with long dusky spots. The Wings marked with round white spots. The Legs hairy to the Feet, which are yellowish, and Claws black. Betvveen the Eyes and the Bill grevv certain Feathers like bristles, its called in Latin, Noctua.
- The Brisilian Owle, called by them Cabure; hath a yellovvish Bill, and Eyes, vvith a black Pupil: with dusky hairs about the Bill: the Legs and Feet wholly covered with yellow Feathers: the Head, Back, & Wings, of a dilute umber colour, variegated with white spots: the Tail Waved with white bars, the Breast and Belly white with dilute umber spots. It is a very tame∣able Bird, and plays with Men like an Ape, and maketh Mouthes, and Antique mimical Faces, and snapeth with its Bill: also it can set up the Feathers on each side its Head as if it were Ears.
- The Aluco, or Tuidara of Brasil, it is a kind of Owle, not unlike ours in shape, only a little differing in colour: the Bill and Claws white, Eyes black. The prone side, viz. the Breast and Belly spotted with great black spots: Head and Back, and Wings, and Tail va∣riegated with whitish specks, the Legs feathered to the Feet, white; but the Feet with hair.
- The American Owle, or Goat-sucker, called by them Ibijau: it is no bigger then our Swallow; black Eyes, the circle about of a yellowish white; a little small Bill, slit up to the Eyes: short white Legs, with three Toes forward, and one backward. The Breast and Belly specked with white and black, like to a Sparrow-Hawk: the Head and Back, Wings and Tail black, specked here and there with white. See chap. 13. numb. 5.
S 3 Owls A armed O. Born by Boughton.
S Cheveron between 3 such A born by Wood. The like by Griffith ap Ienkin. Also the same is born by Prescot; and Madock de la Holme.
S Cheveron engraled between 3 such A. Born by Hewitt.
A a Cheveron between 3 such B. Born by Hwx, or Hooxe, now Hookes.
Page 268S an Escochion within an Orle of Owles A. Born by Calverley.
A an Owle G. Born by Harwart.
B an Owle crowned, standing on a ragged staff, O. Born by Van Gunterod.
XXX. He beareth Argent, an Horned Owle proper, born by Ouldbruex. It is called a Horned, or Eared Owle, in Latin Otus, or Asio, from certain small Fea∣thers standing out on each side the Head in form of horns, or ears. This is termed also the Eagle Owle, and of this shape and form there is several species: as,
- The Great Horne Owle, or Eagle-Owle, called in Latin Bubo; of the French called a Cat-Owle, be∣cause it resembles a Cats Face. The Bill short, black and hooked; the sides of the Nostrils have bristly hairs like beards: the colour all over the Body is various, of whitish, black, and reddish spots. The Legs hairy down to the Claws, of a pale red. The Breast more ash co∣loured, and marked with blackish spots. The Tail and Wing, Feathers divided into bars.
- The Brisilian Eagle-Owle; called by them a Ia∣curutu, is as large as an Eagle, the least of the kind, as a Goose: hath a round Head like a Cat, the Bill hooked, and black: great round black Eyes, compassed with a yellow circle, the Feathers like Ears, are black: the Legs and Feet, hairy: three Toes forward, and one backward, yet -he outmost Toe stands so as it may be removed back, as in other Owls. The Feathers of the whole body are elegantly variegated of yellow white, and black; the Wings and Tail divided into bars.
- The Horned Owle, or Horn-Owle; called in Latin Otus, or Asio. The Bill is black, Irides of the Eyes yellow, the Ring of Feathers compassing the Face is of a double row, the exteriour variegated with white, black, and red lines; the interiour under the Eyes red: the Fore-head or end of the two Wreaths, more cinereous. The Breast, Belly, and Thighs, and Legs, reddish; speckled with white, black, and yellow. The Quill fea∣thers of the Wing, with those of the Tail are crossed with black bars, ash colour and yellow. The Feet, and Claws black.
- The little Horn-Owle, in Latin Scops: It is in form like the other Owls, but no bigger then a Thrush. The Bill black, the whole colour of the Body is a brown-red curiously speckled with Lead colour, and white spots. The Wing feathers, and Tail are crossed with transverse white spots: the Neck, and beginning of the Wings, are besprinkled with a lovly tincture of red: and the Belly is whiter then elsewhere, tipt with black. The Legs Fea∣thered with a reddish ash colour: the Feet of a dark lead colour, Claws dusky. These kinds of Owls are termed, Lich Owls, Lich Fowls, or Like-Fowls, because Prognosticaters of Peoples death, when they scrietch a∣bout their Houses.
G 3 such Heads erazed O born by Mousley. Some take these for Cats Heads, or Faces.
A 3 such Owls S born by Brigg.
☞ The Owle is ever born Gardant or full Faced, and never mentioned to be so: because it hath no Face to be see sideways.
XXXI. He beareth Aure, a Kalader Gardant, with Wings disclosed, Argent. This is a kind of Hawk like Bird, (by Mr. Boswells figure and description; pag. 70.) that is all white, without any mixture; and is of that marvellous Nature, that if it looked on a sick Person steadfastly, that Person will not then dye; but if he turn his countenance from him, then that sickness will surely kill him. Calidris is a kind of Hern, and Calandra a kind of Lark, but the Kaladre, I could never in any History of Birds find: therefore I take it, and its story to be ficticious, see numb. 1.
The Caladrus, or Chaladrius, is a kind of Bird whose dung cureth the dimness of the Eyes, but of what form and shape it is I have not yet read, except that of Boswills above said.
XXXII. He beareth Or, a Bat (or Reremouse, or a Flittermouse) displaid, proper. This is of some termed a Bat volant: but to blazon it either Displaid or Uolant, are but words of superfluity, by reason I ne∣ver saw the Bat born in Arms otherwise then in this posture; neither indeed can it be drawn other∣wise: therefore to name it a Bat, is sufficient.
The Bat is a Night Bird all hairy on the Body, with the Head of a Mouse, and toothed, of a Mouse colour the Wings are a kind of leather, or skinny membrane, of a dark dusky colour. It may with reason be question∣ed, whether this kind be Bird, or Beast; seeing it par∣takes of both. For according to Pliny this Bird alone brings forth her young ones alive, and none but she hath Wings made of Panicles, or thin skins: and sucketh her young with her Paps, and giveth them Milk. This is born by Stanings.
A the like S born by Baxter.
A 3 such S born by Colira, or Collire.
O the like three S born by Bate.
XXXIII. He beareth Or, a Bats Wing Gules, Surmounted of an other, Azure. These Wings if they had been of one colour, were best termed two Wings expenced and joyned in the Basis. These are also as properly termed Dragons Wings, Weverns: or Cockatrice Wings. This is born by the name of Alden.
A 3 Bats Wings S born by Baston.
XXXIV. He beareth Azure, a Demy Phenix Or, in its Flames proper. This is the Crest of the Worshipful company of Painters.
XXXV. He beareth Sable, a Phenix proper in its Flames. This some term a Burning Phenix.
The Phenix in her Flames, is ever drawn in Arms with her Wings Overture, and therefore doth not need an expression thereof: but if they be other∣wise, as Expenced, or Close, then to be mention∣ed.
The Phenix with its story of Burning its self when it is old, out of whose ashes riseth a Worm, which grows to another Phenix, is looked upon by some Authors to be fabulous, and therefore omitted in Ray his English Or∣thonology: yet Gesner fol. 663. in his History of Birds hath discoursed several things concerning it: see Mr. Boswell his Armory of Honour, pag. 69.76. what is there said of it.
Page 269This is the Crest of Robert Needham, Viscount Kilmory, in Ireland; farther of that worthy and noble Gentleman Thomas Needham, of Dutton in Cheshire, Esquire; one of the Deputy Lieutenants, and Captain of the Horse, with∣in the said County.
The like Gorged, with a Crown and Chain, is the Crest of the Company of Smiths.
XXXVI. He beareth Vert, a Pellican, Or. By the name of Pellican. This is the shape and form of the Pellican used in Coats of Arms; and this is also the standing posture that it is drawn in, viz. always with a wounded Breast. For if it were otherwise, it might as well be taken for an Eagle, or a Phenix, as a Pelli∣can. There are two sorts of Pellicans, the one, the Water-Pellican, Deut. 14.17. which I have spoken of before, numb. 26. and the Land-Pellican, to be this, with divided feet.
The Land-Pellican, the Kingly Prophet David in his Psalms maketh mention of; I am (saith he) like a Pellican of the Wilderness, and an Owl of the Desart; which places are not for Water-Fowl to abide, and live in. This kind of Pellican, according to Gesner his Picture, is of the figure of a yellowish earthy colour on the upper parts; and the Cheeks, Neck, Breast, Belly, and under the Tail, of a more dilute, or brighter yel∣low.
B the like O. born by Fox.
B 3 such O vulned. Born by Pelham.
B a Pellican with Wings disclosed O vulned, proper. by Wakering.
XXXVII. H beareth Argent, a Pellican in her Nest, feeding of her young ones, Sable. Here I do not say vulned, or wounded in the Breast, proper. Be∣cause (as I said before) it is always drawn so, more espe∣cially when it is feeding its young. This is born by Chan∣trell; also by Cantrell.
G the like O born by the name of Carn, and Mor∣gan.
S the like A Nest O born by Linde.
B the like A Sans Nest. Born by Pilaren. The like is the Crest of Hartmaner, turned to the sinister.
The like A Nest O is the Crest of the Lord Lum∣ley.
XXXVIII. He beareth Gules, a Pellican displayed, Or. This is termed here a Pellican, for two causes: First, because it is Wounded on the Breast, which all are; which as Authors observe, it wounds it self for the revi∣ving and feeding of its young, with its own blood (an Emblem of our Saviour Jesus Christ) else this might as well be termed any other kind of Bird that hath a tufted head. Secondly, from the spreading of the Tail, which is whole, and Tail-like; which in the Eagle displayed, is set out jagged and torn, as it were; also the Eagle hath the points of its Wings upwards, and these tend down∣wards; which is (as some Heraulds affirm) peculiar onely to the Pellican, thus to be displayed. This is born by the name of Winckley.
B the like O born by Bawdriffe.
A the like B born by Ayer; also by Henfeld.
G 3 such O born by Pellinor.
O the like wounding her self S born by Bambell. the same is his Crest on a Crownet O
XXXIX. He beareth Argent, an Ostrige, proper: holding in his Beak, an Horse-shoo, Azure. This is also called a Struthion; from its Latine name Struthio, and Struthius. It is the biggest of Birds, which by reason of his greatness cannot fly, but useth his Wings, as Sails onely to help him forward in running. The bill is com∣pressed, or flat like a Goose, triangular of a horn colour, with a black tip; the Eyes hazle colour; Neck, Head and Thighs bare of Feathers, covered with a certain down, or thin set hairs, of a fleshy colour; the feathers on the breast pure white; the back is cole-black, or dus∣ky black, the wing feathers the same; all the rest of the covert feathers purely white; the tail is thick, bushy, and round, curled, not to be spread as other Birds do; the component feathers are white: (In a Hen they are dusky with white tips.) Its neck and leggs are very long, it hath but two Toes, which with the Legs are covered with annulary disjoyned scales, of a dusky tawney colour, claws black; the Toes are connected together by a thick strong Membrane as far as the first joint. This is the Affrican Ostridge, which some write, Ostritch, or E∣stritch.
The American Ostridge, or Struthion, is much less than the other, they carry their Necks which are long, like a Swan bending; flat Bill, black Eyes, the whole body is covered with grey feathers; they have not such bushy tails made up of crested, or curled feathers, as in other Ostridges, but the feathers are stretched forth along the back, past the vent, so that the body appears almost round; they have three Toes on each foot, two forward, and the back Toe being round and gross, are armed with thick black claws.
This is the Crest of Sir Thomas Smith of Chester, Knight.
G the like A is both Coat and Crest of Eder Tollinger of Bavaria.
XL. He beareth Gules, an Ostridge regardant, Argent, Iessant, (or holding) a Key in his Beak, Or. This is another way or form, of drawing the O∣stridge in Arms, and that very ancient, viz. with a sharp Bill, and Ears standing at a distance from the head, of a circular form. This is the Crest of the Family of Keyes.
XLI. He beareth Azure, an Ostridge feather, Ar∣gent: the Shaft, Or, passing through a Scrowl of the second, turned of the third. Others Blazon it, an Ostridge feather transpeircing a Scrowl, Argent: penned, and folding of the Scrowl, Or. Others more briefly, and that is best, an Ostridge feather, the quill pierced through an Escrowl, proper; or an Ostridge feather perforating an Escrowl, debrused in the lower side, all proper: See the way and terms for such kind of Piercings, lib. 1. cap. 8. numb. 18.104.22.168.92.93.94.
☞ The gentle Reader is to observe, that all O∣stridge feathers, have a turning down in the top, or head of it: Whereas all other Feathers are born streight, or bending in the shaft, and therefore in this of the O∣stridge, needs not to be mentioned. Also when the Fea∣ther Page 270 is white, and the Shaft, Or: it is in your choice, whether you will term them proper, or omit it: But if they be of any other colours, or mettle, then they ought to be nominated.
Also the Escrowl may be so Blazoned, proper, or not; for by Escrowl, we understand it to be only a long rowl of paper, turned, or folded up at each end, be∣ing white on one side, and gold on the other.
O on a Bend S 3 such Feathers and Scrowles A was born by Roger Clarendon, base Son to the puissant Edward, called the Black Prince.
A 6 Ostritch Feathers, 3.2.1. S born by Iervis.
XLII. He beareth Sable, a Plume of Ostritch Fea∣thers: three Feathers makes a Plume, if they exceed that number, then they are to be named, how many they are; as,
He beareth a plume of five Feathers, Argent, Azure, Or, Gules, and Vert: penned of the third: This is the Crest of Dutton of Dutton.
☞ When each Feather is of a contrary colour; some will say, the first Argent, the second Azure, the third Or, &c. but that is superfluity, for by naming the colours; it is, or may be sufficiently understood; that every Feather is of those named colours, or metal, as they stand successively in the Plume, be they more or less; for in Arms I never yet saw a Feather born either parti-coloured, or commixt; but if any will make a va∣riety in a Feather, it must be termed a Feather tipt, or edged, with such or such a colour.
S 9 Ostritch Feathers conjoyned three and three toge∣ther A (so Morgan hath it, fol. 65.) by the name of Tuffley.
B 3 such A in a Crown O born by Schecken of Ger∣many.
3 such A is the Crest of Rothen; and B the Crest of Van Strackwitz.
Out of a Crown O a Plume of Feathers, one white between two red, is the Crest of Blancken-Steiner.
Out of a Crown a Plume of five Feathers one white, another red counterchangeably Is the Crest of Van Plav∣sig. Some Blazon it a Plume of three white and two red set inter-changed; or else two red between three white.
A Plume A. B. G. the Crest of Durchnabel. And the ••ke O. B. G. by Daliber. The like G. A. B. banded with a Garland of Roses A. is the Crest of Van Lest.
Out of a Crown, a Plum O. A. B. is the Crest of Van Eckers•erg.
• Plume of six Feathers, G. and O. one contrary to the other. by Bremer.
Out of a Crown O. a Plume of ten Feathers in falls, 22.214.171.124. B. is the Crest of the Lord Scroope.
Out of a Crown O. seven Feathers A. tipped G. was the ancient Crest of Ardern, of Ardern in Cheshire.
Out of a Lamp G. within a Crown O. five Feathers A. is the now Crest belonging to the Family aforesaid. I have seen it born sometimes with two Feathers onely.
Out of a Pye, or Custard Case, a Plume of five Fea∣thers, each shorter then the other from the last to the first, G. A. B. A. G. is the Crest of Millentz.
XLIII He beareth Gules, a Feather in Bend, of (or with) three falls. This is but one Feather in the Pen, or Quill; yet hath three turns in the head, one above the other; as if it were supernatural, like a Crea∣ture with three heads. This is born by Van Nobeckall.
Two such out of a Crown O. S. by Golditz.
XLIV. He beareth Azure, a Plume of fifteen Fea∣thers, in three heights or falls: Or else thus, a Plume of Feathers, of three heights, containing five in each fall. Some will term them a fall of Fea∣thers (instead of a Plume) of three heights; naming the number in each, as a fall of Feathers in the first height five, in the second four, and in the third three. This is also in a Field G. born by the name of Worcken∣fotz.
Out of a Crown a plume of Feathers of two heights O. and S. each counterposed. For the Crest of Brockhen.
A Plume of two heights, each containing eight Fea∣thers, half falling to the dexter, the other to the sinister, gradually A. by Otterwolfe.
Out of a Crown a Plume of 4 heights containing 4, 3, 2, and one Feather at the top A. by Van Freyberg. Also by Zur Aschaw.
XLIV. He beareth Sable, a Lagopus, Argent. This is a bird known by divers names, it is all white, as some Authors affirm; and therefore called the white-Game, or white Partridge, yet these are but erroneous names. It is called in the Latine Tongue Lagopus; that is, the Hare-bird, and Hare-foot Bird, after Pliny, & Bos. pa. 25. because it hath Legs and Feet all hairy, and like a Hare, or Dogs-foot, having no hinder Toe. This is born by Harefoot.
The Lagopus, or Hare-foot Bird, hath a black bill, the Nostrils being covered with Feathers, coming out of a skin on the lower side of the holes; above the Eyes in the place of the Eye-brows is a naked skin, of a scarlet colour, and of the figure of a cressant. It hath in the Cock-bird a black line, drawn from the upper chap be∣hind the Eyes to the Ears; in the Hen this is wanting: all the rest of the body white, except the Tail, which hath the two middle feathers white, all the rest on either-side, black; the Claws of a lead-colour.
The Lagopus particoloured, hath its head, neck behind, and back, dusky and spotted. above each Eye, a semi-circular skin of a red colour; all the rest of the body white, but the Tail black; the Bill and Claws black. This is called in some Countreys, the Stone-hen, and the great Colmestre.
The Red Game, or Gorcock, or More-cock, or the Red Lagopus: the Bill is black, the Nostrils covered with feathers; skin above the Eyes of a scarlet colour; the Head, Neck, Back, and Covert Feathers of the Wings are particoloured, of red and black transverse waved lines; with two great black spots on the Shoul∣ders; the Throat and Breast red without any mix∣ture; the Belly is like the Back; the Quill feathers all dusky; the Legs and Feet downy to the Claws; the Tail black, except the two middle Feathers which are red, va∣ried.
The Damascus Partridge, in the Back and Neck, it resembles a Wood-cock, the quill-feathers are cine∣reous; the covert feathers, and those joyning next the body are white, dusky, and fulvous; Belly white, it hath Page 271 a collar-like mark on the Breast (like the ring Ouzel,) consisting of red, fulvous, and yellow colours: Head, Neck, Bill, and Eyes, like a Partridge; with rough or hairy Legs and Feet, like the Lagopus.
G. a Lagopus O. is born by Don Lagop, a Spanish Fa∣mily.
A. a Red-Game proper. Born by Van Gargame.
XLVI. He beareth Argent, a crested Lark, proper. Born by Larcal. It is bigger than the common Lark, and hath a tuft on his head, pointing backwards; yet the feathers are so scituate transversly, or a cross the Head, that they may be erected, or lowred, spread, or contra∣cted at pleasure: The Bill is dusky; Head blackish, the Back is cinereous; the quill-feather of a dirty white, in∣clining to red, the Breast and Belly white, with a dash of yellow; the Throat spotted; Tail black, having the ex∣teriour borders white; it hath a long Heel or Claw on the hinder Toe: The Legs and Feet reddish. A. 3 such pro∣per. Born by Crestall.
The crested Tit-mouse, or copped Tit-mouse: The Bill is blackish; the Crown of the Head, and tuft, is black with the edges of the feathers white; at the hin∣der part of the Head is a black line, which like a wreath or collar compasses the Neck; from the lower mandible to the said collar is a black line; beyond the Ears is a great spot of black; all the rest of the Head and Face, and about the Eyes white; the Breast is white in the mid∣dle, and reddish on the sides; the Back from the red in∣clining to a green; the Wings and Tail are dusky, onely the exteriour edges somewhat green, the Feet and Leggs lead-colour.
The Garrulus, or Bohemian Chatterer: the Bill is a deep black; the Nostrils are encompassed with hairs of the same colour, which makes as it were a trans∣verse black spot, the Eyes red; the Head is of a chesnut, or ferrugineous colour, adorned with a crest, or tuft, bending backwards; the Neck is black, in the fore and hinder parts, red on the sides; the Breast is a dilute Ches∣nut, or ferrugineous; the Belly ash-colour, vent white; the Back chesnut, or bay; the Rump, cinereous, or dun; the Feathers of the Wing are black, marked with white; their appendices, or coverts, red; tipt with white and a pale yellow. The Tail is yellow at the end, the middle wholly black, and the rump part, of a dark cinereous, or Mouse-dun; the Legs and Feet dusky inclining to blue; Claws black.
The Brasilian Wood-pecker, called by them Ipe∣cu: the Bill is long and streight, and sharp pointed, ash-colour: the Head is covered with vermilion feathers, on which it hath a tuft, or crest standing backwards, yet the end or point thereof standing up; Neck black behind and before, white on both sides, produced towards the back; the Wings and Tail all black; Belly and Thighs, white and black. It hath short Leggs with four Toes, two stan∣ding forward, and two backwards (like Parrots,) of a lead colour.
The Brasilian King-fisher, or Iaguacati-guacu: It hath a long streight, sharp Bill, and short black Leggs, with four Toes, as in other Birds; Claws black; the su∣periour feathers of the whole Body, as Head, Neck, Wings, and Tail, of a rusty, but shining colour; about the Neck, a ring of pure white; the Throat, underside of the Neck, Breast and Belly, are white; near both Eyes, it hath a spot of white; it hath a tuft in its head, like that of Ipecu, aforesaid: See chap. 13. numb. 15.
The Rose-Ouzel, or Carnation Ouzel, of some called the Sea-Starling; it is less than a Black-bird, with a tuft on its Head; the Bill next the Head black, the rest flesh-colour; the Feet yellow; the Back, Breast, and Wings, of a Rose, or Carnation colour; its Wings and Tail black; the prime feathers being near a chesnut co∣lour.
In the Chief is the figure of a Brise-Fly.
XLVII. He beareth Argent, a Teal, proper. It is the least of the Duck kind, and is in all parts shaped like the Duck, or Drake: It hath a broad flat bill something reflected upwards, black at the end; Eyes ha∣zle colour; the top of the Head, Throat, and upper part of the Neck, of a dark bay or spadiceous colour; from the Eyes on each side to the back of the Head, is a line of shining green; between these lines on the back of the head, a black spot intervenes; under the Eyes is a white line that seperates the black from the red, or bay; the Feathers on the lower part of the Neck, Back, and Sides, are curiou∣sly varied with transverse waved lines of white and black; the region of the Craw, is yellowish, spotted elegantly, as if they resembled scales, with black; the Breast and Belly are of a sordid white, or grey colour; under the Rump is a black spot, encompassed with a yellowish co∣lour; the quill feathers are brown, tipt with white; the covert feathers are brown, with white and some reddish yellow tips, else the Wings are all over brown; the Tail sharp pointed and short, of a brown and dusky colour; the Leggs and Feet of a pale dusky colour, the membranes connecting the Toes together, black.
The Garganey, and of some called a Kernel; is a∣nother sort of Teal, its Bill black; its Leggs and Feet li∣vid, with a certain mixture of green, the back Toe small; the crown of the Head black; the Bill spotted with red∣dish white spots; from the middle of the Eyes, begins a broad white line, which passing backwards under the Ears, almost met in the hinder part of the Head; the Cheeks and Throat below these white stroaks, were a love∣ly red, spotted with small white spots; the Breast is cu∣riously varied with dusky and black transverse arcuat• waved lines; the Belly white, or yellowish white; vent brown; the Back is brown with a purple gloss: the scapu∣lar feathers, ash colour; the Thighs varied with black and white transverse lines; the quill feathers, the ten out∣most brown, the rest have white tips, with shining green webs; the lesser rows of the Wing-feathers, are all ash-coloured, some having white tips; the Tail short and sharp, of a brown and dusky colour, the outmost varied with spots, of a pale whitish red.
The Summer Teal, it is the smallest of this kind, shaped like the Duck; yet varieth in the colours; the Bill broad and brown, dusky coloured Leggs and Feet; the upper side of a dark grey, or light brown; the ex∣treams of the edges of the feathers on the back are white; in the Wings, is a line, or broad spot, partly black, partly of a shining green, terminated on both sides with white; the Tail is sharp pointed. The whole under side is white with a tincture of yellow, the Belly hath great black spots; the Legs and Feet of a pale blue; the membranes between the Toes, black.
Page 272The Brasilian wild Duck, called Mareca: the Bill is brown, at the rise thereof on each side is a red spot; the top of the Head, grey; the sides of the head under the Eyes, all white; the Breast and Belly a whitish yel∣low, varied with black points, or specks; Tail, grey; Legs and Feet, black; Wings of a dark grey colour; but the Quill feather of a pale brown, in the middle of a shi∣ning green, with a border of black.
The lesser Mareca, or Brasilian Teal: it hath a black shining Bill; the top of the Head, Neck, and Back, of an umber colour, mixt with brown; under the Throat white; Eyes black; the Breast and Belly a dark grey, with a mixture of gold yellow the Wings d•sky with a: gloss of shining green and blew, with a waved line of black the Quill feathers are all tipt with white. The Legs, and Feet are of a bright red.
XLVIII. He beareth Azure, a Barnacle, or a Goose Arborie: or a Tree Goose, proper. Born by Glei•k There are Trees in the •rcha•es Isles, in the North of Sco••and; which bringeth forth a kind of a shelly fruit hanging in clusters like ash Keys; which coming to per∣fection droop down; those as fall on the Earth perish, such as fall into the Water quicken, and become living Creatures, after the form of Geese, but much less. The Inhabitants of these Isles call them Clakis, and Glaik-Geese, from them (saith Mr. Boswell p•g. 118.) we may fitly term them Orchadie Geese. Whose shape he sets down like a Goose, with a short pointed Tail turning up above the points of the Wings. But Ges•er fol. 108. in •his History of Birds make it, as I have here done.
The Barnacle, hath a Goose Bill, flat and broad, with a ho•ked point, black: all the fore part of the Head, Chin and Cheeks are white, with a line or bed of black ••tween the Eyes and Bill: the Neck and fore part of the Breast is black, the Belly white, mixt with cinereous: the Thighs blackish. The Back is party coloured, of black and cinereous; Tail black. The Quill feathers are brown, the lesser row of Covert feathers, have white ed∣ges, the rest black, and ash colour. The Legs and Feet brown, the hinder Toe very small, Claws blakish.
B 3 such A born by Bar••cle.
S a Barnacle A born by Barnacle.
G the like A born by Barner.
XLIX. He beareth Argent, a Coote, or Cote, pro∣per. Born by Coote. It is all black, from whence comes the Proverb, as black as the Coot: it is less then a Duck, but sharp pointed in the Bill, having a red spot on its Fore-head from the Beak to the top of the Head: or an excrescency, or lobe of flesh, bare of Feathers: it is cloven footed, yet each Toe hath a Membrane, on the sides of them scalloped: the inder Toe, with two scallops aside the middle Toe, with three, and the outer, with four; of a blewish or dusky green: the Back-toe very little.
The Coot, or Fulica: is in the Ornithology thus described: the Bill is white, with a light tincture of blue; the Legs and Feet long, and blewish or of a dusky green, about the joynts of the Toes are semicircular Membranes appendant. From the Bill to the Crown of the Head, a lobe of flesh without Feathers, red: the colour of all the Body is black, but deeper on the Head. The Breast and Belly of a Lead colour. The ten first Quill feathers, are dusky dark, or black. The next lighter with white tips; the Tail short, and sharp, black.
The Great Coat, is so exquisitely black, as if it were laid on with a pencil: the bald spot on the Head, is large, and white; the Bill is blackish, with a white tip at the end; from the back of the Head it hath a kind of falling tu•t scarce obvious, except well noted (from hence it is that some time our Herauld-painters draw the Coot with a tuft, but they ought not so to do) the Legs, and Toes are as the Common Coot.
The Porphyrio, or Purple Water Hen: it is of the Coot kind, the Bill and Legs, of a shining purple; its Body is all over of a blue colour, the extream half of the Tail, of a whitish ash colour.
The American Porphyrio, is of a dark purple co∣lour, with some white Feathers intermixt, the Bill is pale at the beginning, Legs yellow: the bald place at the rise of the Bill is red. The Eyes are black, with a fulvous circle about the Pupil. It is like the com∣mon Coot.
The Water Hen, in shape of Body it is like a Coot, the Bill is yellow, the bald part on the Fore-head is red: the Eyes red, the Body all over blackish, save from the Shoulders, or seting on of the Wings, all along the base, or ridge to the ends of the Feathers, runs a white line: the Breast and Belly of a Lead colour, under the Tail white: the Back and lesser row of Wing feathers, are ferrugineous: the Legs green, Claws near black. The Toes have no lateral Membranes, but broad, and plain below.
The Water Rail, Bilcock, or Brook-owzel, hath a red Bill, with the point black: it hath a round black bald spot, or naked skin, in the Fore-head; the Head, Neck, Back, and all the upper side is various of black, or dark brown and olive colour; each Feather be∣ing black with olive edges. The Chin white, Throat red, the Breast is blue, the Belly, russet, Vent white: the Quill feathers black, along the base, or ridge of the Wing, is a line of white; the Tail short and black. Legs and Feet of a dark flesh colour, the Toes long divided from the very rise; Claws brown.
The Uelvet Runner; is party coloured all over the Body of black and red, except the Belly white: the Legs and Feet are long and dark coloured.
The Grinetta, or Small Water-hen; or Mo•∣hen, the Legs and Feet green; the Bill yellow, darker towards the tip: a crust of yellow plaster, above the No∣strils; the Crown black, from the Bill above the Eyes, is a line of ash colour; the Back and Shoulders, the Fea∣thers black, tipt with a sordid red, and edged white: the Throat ash colour, Breast white: the Quill feathers of a dark brown, the Coverts red, with transverse waved lines of white, at intervals. The Tail short and brown.
The Brasilian Water-hen; called •Iacana: its Bill is red at the top, and yellow at the end; the Legs long, and bare above the Knees; Toes very long and open, of a yellowish green, Claws yellow: the Head, Back, Wings, and Belly, mixed with green and black; the Neck and Breast, of a shining bluish green, as is in the Necks of Peacocks. The Fore-head is covered with a round Membranous skin of a red colour, and in some of a Turcois, stone colour.
Page [unnumbered]The Italian Rail, answers our Coot: the Bill is black, Legs greenish (but it hath no such diflected or scalloped Membrane between the Toes, nor baldness on the Head, as the Common Coot.) Yet this hath more white in the Wings, and about the Eyes then it.
A 3 Coots proper. Born by Sir Charles Coot, Gene∣ral of the English Forces in Ireland, in the late Rebelli∣on, 1639.
L. He beareth Vert, a Gander, or a Goose Argent, Membred and Beaked, Gules. The colour of tame Geese, (as in all other tame Birds) are various, in some brown, in some grey, in some white, in some Hodded, or Flecked, or party coloured, of white and grey, or brown: the Bills and Legs in young ones are yellow; in older red. This is born by the name of Goosely.
The Wild Goose, doth not much differ in colour from the tame Its Head, Neck, and Back, generally the whole upper side is of a dark grey, or brown: the upper Covert feathers of the Wings are paler, the second, third, and fourth row of Wing feathers, have white edges and tips: the Quill feathers are of a dark brown, almost black: the Breast is a light grey, the Belly whiter, Vent white: the Tail above black, tipt and edged with white; the Bill half way from the Head black, then Saffron co∣lour, the tip black: toothed, or indented, in both Man∣dables. Legs and Feet, of a Saffron colour, Claws black: under each Eye is a white line.
The Brent Goose; the Head, Neck, and upper part of the Breast, are black: a line of white about its Neck: the Back a dark grey; the Tail and the great Quill feathers black; the lesser grey: the Breast a dark grey, the Belly white; the Bill black, Eyes of an hazle colour, Feet black.
The Rat-Goose, or Road-Goose; the Bill and Feet black: the top of the Head, and Neck black; Throat and Breast brown, the rest of the under side white. The upper side grey, but the ends of the Feathers whitish: the Quills, and the Tail black, with white on each side.
The Gambo Goose, or Spurwinged Goose; it hath long red Legs: a white Belly; the Back of a dark shining purple colour; its Bill red, Cheeks and Chin, white: its Head hath a red caruncle, or fleshy pro•ube∣rance, between the Bill and Fore-head: it hath no hinder Toe. But that as is most remarkable in this Bird, is a strong spur proceeding from the first joynt of the Wings, like to three or four sorts of Brasilian Birds, mention∣ed chap. 13. numb. 31. But no Europian Fowl as I know hath such.
The Canada Goose; the Bill is black, having a small hooke at the tip: the Eyes hazle colour: the Head, and half the Neck round, black: the lower part of the Neck white; it hath a kind of white stay, or muffler like, under the Chin, continuing on each side below the Eyes, to the back of the Head: the Back of a dark grey, the Rump white; Tail black; and so is the Quill feathers: but the Coverts, are of a dark grey; the Belly and Vent, white; the Feet, and Membrane, black; having a hinder Toe.
B 3 Geese A by the name of Hawdrip.
G a Gander to the sinister A Bill and Legs, 〈◊〉 th• Coat and Crest of Van Entzesdorf.
G the same A Crowned, O born to the sinister. By Gansen.
A Goose to the sinister, A is the Crest of Van Mi∣chelsdorf.
An Hodded Goose (that is party coloured) is the Crest of Gazeling.
LI. He beareth Gules, a Swan-Eagle, Argent; Beak and Legs, Or. This is a bastard kind of Ea∣gle, which in Latin is called Oripelargus, or Gypae∣etus: it hath its Feathers standing about its Face, like a white Hood; the Neck short; Shoulders, and Covert feathers of the Wings, Breast, Belly, Back, and Tail, all over white: the Quill feathers, of a light umber colour; the Bill and Face yellow, blew Eyes, and flesh colour Legs and Feet. This is from its colour termed the White Eagle; or Buzzard Eagle. This is born by the name of Buzby.
LII. He beareth Argent; a Bittern, proper. Born by Bittour. It is called a Bittour, or Bittern, or Miredrum. The top of the Head black; at the angles of the Mouth is a black spot; Throat and sides of the Neck red, with narrow transverse black lines: the Breast have the Feathers black in the middle; the Belly white, the Thighs have a light tincture of red, variegated 〈◊〉 black spots. The Back red, with large black spots: the Quill feathers variegated with red, and black, all tipt with black. The lesser rows of the Coverts, a pale red; the Tail short, varied with red and black, as the Wings: the Bill long growing slenderer to the point, of a green∣ish colour: Eyes yellow, under the Eyes the skin is bare of Feathers, and of a green colour. Legs bare about the Knees, which are very long, and greenish; the Toes long, and armed with long Claws. It is of late writers called Botaurus, and Butorius.
B the like O born by the name of Bittersham.
G 3 such A born by Bitterer, or Bitt•neck.
LIII. He beareth Argent, a Herons head erazed, Gules. By the name of Herley. There is two sorts of Herons, the one hath the Neck beset with a kind of rough sharp pointed feathers, standing out.
The Brasilian Coco hath a head and long neck after this form; the Bill streight, black and sharp point∣ed; black eyes in a golden circle; wings and tail all of a length; legs long, bare above the Knees, covered with a dusky skin; head and neck brown, variegated with small specks; a white stroak down the lower side of the neck; the back and wings black, powdred with very small yellow specks or spots; the Belly is the same.
A 3 such S born by Hernway.
LIV. He beareth Azure, a Herons head couped, Argent. By the name of Herlowe. This is the true form of the Ardea, or Herons head, and is that other sort mentioned before; whose further description see numb. 14.
B. 3 such born by Hernhead.
LV. He beareth Vert, a Curlew, proper. Born by Corlews. It hath a long Bill, narrow and something bow∣ed Page 274 with broad, depressed, or flat points, both in the upper and lower mandable; of a dark brown, or black colour; the legs long, bare of feathers half up the second joint, the toes long, and of a dusky blue colour; all the toes connected together by a Membrane to the first joints from the divarication; the head, neck, and back are black, each feather edged with ash colour, with a mix∣ture of red; in the throat, and forepart of the neck and breast, the feathers are black in the shafts, the edges white, with a tincture of red; the belly, thighs and rump white; the first or outmost quill feathers are all black, all the rest are spotted with white; the first feather of the second row is black; all the rest of the covert feathers are tipt with white.
The Whimbrel, or Taraniolo, or the lesser Cur∣lew, it hath a long Bill moderately crooked, of a yel∣lowish dun colour; the legs greenish; the crown a deep brown, without any spots; the back parts dusky or more bull than in the Curlew; the quill feathers black, with semicircular white spots; the lesser rows of covert fea∣thers are of a reddish black, with white edges; the belly and thighs are white.
The Phaeopus, or Rain-fowl, called also Taran∣golo, it is like the precedent Whimbrell; the upper body is black, speckled with red and yellowish spots; slen∣der long black Bill, a little bending; the neck and under side tend to a yellow or red; the Belly white, with dus∣ky or ash colour legs.
The Curlott, or Stone-Curlew, the Bill is short and thick; in all other things it resembles the Cur∣lew, yellow legs, long and bare above the Knees; under the eyes is a bare space of a yellowish green; chin, breast and thighs white, the head, neck, back and throat of a reddish ash colour, spotted with black; the quill feathers black, each having a white spot; those next the body black; the first covert row black, the rest tipt with white; the tail brown, and white bars; the tips brown.
LVI. He beareth Argent, a Sea Crow, proper. It is all black, the Bill long and sharp pointed, of a dusky red colour, the legs and feet dark brown, near to a black; with a tuft of Feathers standing backwards. It hath several denominations: Some term it a Wild or Savage Crow; others a Scheller; others a Sea Crow or Raven, being a kind of Cormo∣rant.
In the Dexter side is the form and proportion of a Shath Fly, whose colour is variable, as red, blew, green and black with a shining gloss, or a various co∣lour.
LVII. He beareth Argent, two Angels Wings elevated, Gules, the Ponions, Or. The term ele∣vating is used when the points stand upwards, see chap. 11. numb. 4. Some term these two Wings inverted and elevated; if they had touched in the bottom, then inverted, elevated and conjoined; and others Bla∣zon them two Wings displaid and elevated.
LVIII. He beareth Argent, a Cocoe, proper. This is so named from its cry, which is Cocoe, or Cuckow; of these there is two kinds, the one differing in colour very much from the other; the upper Bill is a little hooked, and a dark or blackish colour; the nether of a pale or whitish yellow; the eyes yellow or Hasel colour, the edges of the eye lids yellow; the throat, breast and belly are white, with transverse dark lines, which are entire and not interrupted; the feathers on the head are a dark brown with white edges; in some cinereous, tend∣ing to a chesnut colour; the feathers on the middle of the neck, and back, and shoulders, are brown with a tincture of red, having the edges whitish; the Rump ash colour; the Beam feathers are blackish, having from the two out∣most all their exteriour veins spotted with red, the tip ends white; the covert feathers are like those on the back the tail is black, each spotted with white spots; the feet and claws are yellow, having tvvo toes standing for∣vvards, and as many backvvards. The Cuckovv is in some parts of England called a Gouke, from its Ger∣man name Gucker. Gesner describes it to have three toes before, and a small tuft hanging behind the head, vvhom I have through a mistake follovved.
The other Cocoe hath the transverse lines on the Breast, not continued but interrupted, there being here and there one; the neck, back and coverts are partico∣loured of black and ferrugineous; the Remiges else where black, are in the middle and edges vvhite; the tail va∣riegated vvith three colours, black, vvhite, and ferrugi∣neous, each colour concurring in the middle of the fea∣thers in an acute Angle, like so many particoloured Cheverons.
The abovesaid Blazon is the Coat Armour of Coe, or Cocoe.
In this quarter is the Figure of a Svvans Neck out of a Cloud, vvhich Bearing is quartered by Romer, of Brunswick; Viz. Or, out of a Cloud, circled in form of a Torce or Wreath, a Svvans neck Sable, vvith an Horse-shooe in its Beak, Azure
LIX. He beareth Vert, a Bustard, or Bistard, proper. Born by the name of Bistard. It is by the Germans termed a Trappe, or Trap-Gause; it is of the bigness and shape of the Turkey-Hen; its Bill like a Hen, something crooked; the head and neck ash-co∣lour, Belly white; the back variegated with red and black transverse lines; the feet are dusky white; it wants the back toe; the neck and legs indifferent long; the tail long and broad at the end, having cross bars over it of red and ash-colour, the end white.
In the chief of this quarter, is the figure of the creep∣ing Worm Beetle, which is of diverse colours, as Black, a dusky red, or dark blew and green. It is co∣vered with two shaths, husks or cods, without any wings; the first from the head to the shoulders ending in an Angle; the other husk to the end of the body being twice the length of the former; from the bottom of it hangs out a Worm like tail, cut into incisures. It hath six long Legs like a Bee.
LX. He beareth Argent, a Brome-Hen, proper. This is termed the Spilhen, the Orhen, or the La••∣hen and Grigel-Hen. The Male is generally known by the name of Moore-cock, or Heath-cock, or Black Game and Grows: This I have in chap. 11. Page 275numb. 69. described, therefore say no more of it here. This is born by Grizzel.
In this quarter I have set forth the figure and bigness of a Horse-Fly, so called because they sting and bite Horses in the Summer; and will draw Blood out of them though their Hides be never so thick. Some call it a Gad-Bee, see chap. 18. numb. 154.
LXI. He beareth Azure, a Daker-Hen, or Schryke, proper. It is in some places called a Wasserhen, or Waterhen. It is thick and short bo∣died, sharp pointed Bill of a brown colour; the legs bare above the Knees, of an indifferent length, the toes very long for its bigness, of a greenish colour; the back and wings incline to a reddish brown; the rest of the body, as head, neck, breast, ash-colour, the Belly white, tail short, standing a little up between the points of the wings, of a dark ash-colour. It is disputed between some Authors, whither this be not the Land-Hen, or Land Raile.
This Blazoned as aforesaid, is the coat of Schoodell.
O. 3 such proper, is born by Van Skryck.
LXII. He beareth Or, a Snipe, proper. By the name of Sni•e. This Fowl I have before described un∣der the name of Snipe, or Snite, chap. 11. numb. 77. only here give you the true shape and form of it, which the Germans call a Schnepff, those of Flanders a Sneppe.
LXIII. He beareth Argent, a Loxia, or Cross Bill, proper. The Germans call this Bird in their Lan∣guage Crooked-Bill, or Crooked-Nose, but by us Shell-Apple or Cross-Bill; because contrary to the manner of all other Birds, the mandables near the tips cross one the other, by bending one up and the other down, and is black; the feet and legs dusky, claws black; the middle part of the head and back, the feathers are black edged with green; the rump green; the chin ash-colour, something of a cinereous mixt with it; the breast green, belly white; vent is black or dusky; quill fea∣thers all black, the foremost are edged with green; the tail black with green edges. It is reported of this Bird, that it changes colour thrice in the year; that it is green in Autumn, yellow in Winter, and red in the Spring; and is a great destroyer of Apples, for the Kernels. This is the Coat Armour of Crosfeil.
A. the like proper, and a chief B. born by Hober∣ger.
LXIV. He beareth Argent, a Nightingale, proper. Some call it Nachtgall, and Slawik. It is a long slender Bird, almost as large as a Goldfinch, the Bill slender and streight, of a dusky colour; the head and back of a pale fulvous, with a mixture of green; the tail is deeper or more red; its Belly is white; the throat and breast are of a darker colour, with a tincture of green; the quill feathers, with the coverts are of a livid or fulvous colour; the tail long, not forked; the legs and feet and claws, a deep Flesh colour.
This is the Crest belonging to the name of Field∣ing.
A. a Fesse B. between 3 such proper, is born by Nightingale.
LXV. He beareth Vert, an Onocrotalus, proper. Born by Crotolus. It is also termed an Indian Bit∣terne, or Pelecan of the Sea; this is the true shape of the Bird, which I have formerly described, numb. 25, 26.
The Onocrotalus, as Mr. Ray describeth it, hath a space between the Bill and about the eyes, naked and bare of Feathers, the Bill towards the head is lead co∣lour, the end yellowish, the upper mandable broad and flat, the nether (as it were) two long ribs or spars join∣ed at the end, with a thick yellow skin interceeding, which reaches backwards to the throat behind the Bill; at the end of the Bill it is hooked, the top having a cranny or furrow running all the length of the Bill; the eyes are yellowish ash colour; the feathers on the top of the head longer than the rest, standing up like a Crest, yellowish as the Neck is; the colour of the whole body is white, the shafts of the back feathers are black; the tail and covert feathers of the wings are of a dusky ash colour, the ends of the quill feathers black; the legs and feet of a lead colour, the shanks bare above the Knees; all the four toes stand forward and are webb'd together having no heel behind.
B. the like O. is born by Homgall.
B. 3 such O. is born by Letscherg.
G. 3 such heads couped A. is born by Van Ho∣mill.
LXVI. He beareth Argent, a Partridge proper. The Bill and Legs, and Feet white; the Eyes yellowish, under the Eyes are certain excrescencies, the Chin and side of the Head are of a deep yellow, or Saffron colour; the Cock hath on his Breast a red mark, of a Semicircu∣lar figure (the Hen hath no such red mark) from the Chin to this red Horse-shooe mark, is blue cinereous, a∣dorned with black transverse lines: beneath the mark on the Belly, the colour fades into a dirty or yellowish cine∣reous. The upper part of the Body is testaceous, or potsheard colour: the Prime feathers of the Wing are dusky, with transverse yellowish white spots. The co∣vert Feathers have the shafts of a yellowish white. The Tail as the rest of the Body of a sordid yellow, with cinereous tips. Three such are the Arms of Par∣tridge.
The Brisilian Partridge, called Iambu, is the same for shape and bulk of Body, and are all over of a dark fulvuos colour,, mingled and spotted with a dusky colour.
The Damascus Partridge, is the same in shape, but much less in Body; and is in colour like to our English Partridge, save that it hath yellow Feet.
The Pernice, or Red Partridge; the Eyes Bill and Legs are red, Claws dusky: the Toes to the first joynt connected by a Membrane intervening, it hath small spurs, whereas others have none: the Head, Neck, Back, and Rump, are ash colour, as also the out parts of the Thighs: the Cheeks, Chin, and Throat white; low∣er part of the Neck tinctured with a vinaceous colour: a black border, from the Nostrils over the Eyes encom∣passes the said white. The Breast of a dilute red: inclin∣ing Page 276 to a yellow, the tips of the Feathers black; with a transverse line over them, of a whitish colour. The quill Feathers dusky, edged with white, tinctured with red: the Tail hath the middle Feathers cinereous, and the out side Feathers have the upper half red, and the lower cinereous.
A the like proper, is the Coat and Crest of Par∣tridge.
A 3 such proper, is also by the same name.
A Falcon on a Partrich, I have formerly shewed that it is the Crest of Glegge of Gayton in Wirrall.
The Terms given to a young Partridg are these.
- First, a Pecked, or Peckled head.
- Then a Chicken tail.
- Then a Partridg of the 126.96.36.199. Feathers. This is when they cast the 1.2. &c. Feathers of the Wing which is about six Weeks old.
- Then a Ronnd set Partridg, is when it is as large as old one.
- A Cock Partridg, is known by an Horse-shooe of red Feathers on its Breast. The Hen by some stragling red Feathers there.
LXVII. He beareth Argent, a Bohemian Chatte∣rer, proper. This Bird I have described before, numb. 46. therefore shall say no more of it in this place, only shewing you the true shape of it.
LXVIII. He beareth Argent, a Wood pecker Sable, Crested, Gules. This for the distinguishing of the seve∣ral sorts of Wood peckers, may be termed, the Crest∣ed Wood pecker. The Bill above the Nostrils is black, the rest is white: the Nostrils are round covered with reflexed hair, the Eyes yellow, the colour of the whole Body is black, except the Crown on the Head, which down to the Bill is of a lovely red, or vermillion colour. The Legs are feathered down half way, the Feet are of a Lead colour; it hath two Toes backward, and two forward: as all Birds of this kind have, Claws black∣ish. This is born by the name of VVoodvile.
A 3 such S Crested G born by Peckerall.
O 3 such Heads couped S. Crested G. is born by Pick•rvile.
LXIX. He beareth Argent, a Wood-pecker, Vert. Born by the name of Langiner. This Bird hath several names with us, the general is Wood-pecker, or Wood, spite, others term it a Rain-fowl, some an High-hoe-and in the North of England Pickatrees. The Bill is long and sharp at the end, and black; the Pupil of the Eyes is compassed with a reddish dusky circle, and that with another of white; the tongue, these kind can dart out of their mouths a great way, which ends in a sharp bony substance; wherewith it striks, and catcheth insects, which it feeds upon. The top of the Head is a crimson or vermilion colour, spotted with black. The Eyes are compassed with black, under is a vermilion spot, the Throat, & Breast, of a pale green; Belly whiter; the Back and Neck, and lesser row of Covert feathers of the Wings green; (the young Birds are spotted on the Back with & white, Throat, & Belly, with blackish.) The Rump of a pale yellow, the Tail green, th• tips of the Tail black. The Wing feathers are dusky, with Semicircular white spots, the Covert feathers are green, with transverse white dusky lines: the Feet are greenish and something of a Lead colour, Claws dusky. The Toes stand two for∣ward, and two backward.
The Witwall, or Spotted Wood-pecker, it is as a Black-Bird, the Bill is long and slender, thick at the root, but ending in a sharp point, of a triangular figure, and channelled with a furrow or two, the Nostrils covered with black hairs, as the Bill is black. Eyes red, hinder part of the Head red; Head •lack, shining with green; about the Eyes and Ears white, the Back black; at the insertion of the Wings is a great white spot. From the corners of the Mouth, a black stroak reacheth down to the Back, just below th• Head another stroak crosses it. The flag Feathers of the Wings are black, marked with semicircular white spots. The Covert feathers are white, the middle black; the Ridg or base of the Wing white; the Tail have the middle Feathers all black, the side Fea∣thers being party black, party white, tipt with a reddish white. The Feet of a Lead colour, the Toes two for∣ward, two backward.
The Hickwas•, is a lesser kind of Spotted Wood-pecker, the Bill black, Eyes red, t•p of Head white, the hinder part black; Throat, Breast, and Belly, of a •orded white; Back and upper Covert feathers of the Wing, black: from the Eyes to the middle of the Neck, two broad white lines, the Prime feathers, and their cove••s are all spotted with white and black Semicircularly: the Rump and lower part of the Back white; the Tail black, the outward Feathers being transverse bars of white, and black; tipt with white. Legs feathered half way, Feet and Toes as the foresaid. The Hen of this kind, hath a red spot on the top of the Head, instead of the white.
The Brasilian Iacamaciri, or American Wood-pecker, hath the same shape and form of Body and Feet; it is as big as a Lark, hath a straight and sharp pointed black Bill; blue Eyes, the Head, upper part of the Neck, Back, Wings, and Tail, are of a green mingled with a Golden colour; a Ring of the same about its Neck; Throat, Breast, and all the lower parts of a dark yel∣low colour. The Legs and Feet of a yellowish green.
The American Hang-nest, called by the Brasili∣ans Guira-tangeima. It is as big as a Lark, the Bill a little arcuate, or bending, slender and sharp pointed, black; Head and Neck, to the Breast, black: back part of the Neck of a sky colour, so is the Breast and Belly: the Back hath transverse black spots: the Wings black, with a white spot in the middle, scituate long ways the Feathers. The Tail all black: Legs blewish, the Toes standing three forward, and one behind.
The Brasilian Iupu-juba, or Iapu; is of the same figure with the precedent, the whole Body is invested with very black Feathers, in the middle of the Wings, it hath a yellow long spot: bottom of the Back is yellow; the Tail half black at the Rump, the other yellow: Legs and Feet black, the Bill a pale yellow, Eyes of a Saphire colour. This Bird is of some called the Hang-nest Wood-pecker, it hanging its nest at the twig of a Tree, as the foregoing Bird doth.
The Nutjobber, or Nuthatch: is a kind of Wood-pecker, the Bill is black, and very sharp, pointed; the Head, Neck and Breast, ash colour; sides red, Throat and Breast, of a pale yellow, or chesnut red; Belly and Page 277 Vent red: there goes from the Bill and through the Eyes to the Neck, a black stroak; Chin is white. The Quill feathers dusky; the interiour or those next the Body cinereous, the shafts of all black. The Tail is short, not much longer then the ends of the Wings, round in form, cinereous: the out side Feathers black, with ash colour tips. Legs and Feet, of a dark∣ish colour; Claws dusky. It is called in Latin Si••a.
The Wall-creeper, or Spider-catcher: it hath a long slender Bill, black; the Head, Neck, and Back, cinereous; the Breast white: the Wings party cinere∣ous, and party red; the Tail short and black: the low∣er part of the Back, the long feathers of the Wings▪ Belly and Legs, all black. The Toes, three stands forwards, and one backwards; Claws dusky.
The Red Sparrow, hath a long arcute sharp point∣ed Bill, the upper Chap dusky, the lower white: Eyes of a red hazle, not far from the angles of the Mouth, grows in the upper Mandable four or five black hairs: the upper side of the Body is of a dusky yellow colour, above each Eye is a whitish line. The Throat, Belly, and Breast are white, with a kind of yellowish tincture, more yellow about the Vent. The Legs are of a green∣ish yellow,
The Reed-creeper, or lesser Reed Sparrow, hath the lower Chap of the Bill white, the upper blackish: Eyes hazle colour, the Back towards the Rump is of a dark Olive, or dusky green, towards the Head more cine∣reous; the Breast white, the Throat and Belly, have a mixture of yellow; the sides of a dirty greenish colour The Quill feathers are of a dark brown, or dusky colour. Legs long and of a light blew; the soles of the Feet yellow.
The Oxe-Eye, or Creeper; it is as small as the Wren. It hath a long sl•nder sharp Bill, bending downwards like a bow, the upper Chap dark colour, the nether white at the base, and •lack at the tip: Eyes hazle colour; the H•ad, Back, and Wings, inclining to a Fox colour, the middle of the Feathers being whitish: about the Eyes is a white spot; the Beam feathers of the Wings, the outmost are dusky, the rest have white tips, and a broad line of white in the middle of them, inclin∣ing to fulvous; the Coverts are all black, fulvous in the middle, and white tips. The Tail is of a dusky red, or reddish dun colour. The Legs are of a light brown, Claws white, the Back-toe having a long Claw, like a Lark.
A 3 Wood-peckers V born by Morthwait.
A a Wall-creepe• proper. By the name of Hallumag.
O 3 Oxe-eyes, or Oxe-creepers proper. Born by Marley.
LXX. He beareth Azure, a Wittwall, (Wood∣wall, or Widwoll) proper. Born by that name. There are two Birds of this name, one of the Wood-peckers kind, which I have there described; and of the Thrush kind, having three Toes before, and one back∣ward; which in Latin some term Oriolus, and Galbu∣la, others Chloreus, and I••erus. Its Bill and Legs are red as Scarlet, Eyes the same: the whole Body and Tail is of a pure yellow, only the Quill feathers are black, the tips of those next the Body yellow, the fore∣most Feather of the first row of Coverts, are also yellow; else the whole Wing is black. From the Eyes to∣wards the Nostrils there goes a black spot. This is by the Dutch called a Goutmerie, that is Goulden Ouzel.
The Guira-punga, is an American Bird almost as big as a Pigeon, hath a Bill broad, and sharp pointed, black; Eyes between black and blew; the Head is dark brown, the Neck, Breast, Belly, Back, and Thighs are ash colour, mixt in the Back with some black Feathers; the Tail is mingled with ash colour, and black Feathers, and some of green; the Legs and Feet are black, the Toes, as in other common Birds. Under the Throat, it hath to the lower part of the Neck many black fleshy Wattles, hanging down before, of the figure of a spear point.
LXXI. He beareth Argent, a Green Plover, proper. Born by Plover. Though we call this a Green Plo∣ver, it is not so named from its colour, but for some o∣ther cause: for the Bill is black, or a dark dusky colour; all the whole upper part is black, thick set with yellowish green spots; and if you heed each single Feathers you will find the middle part to be black, and the borders, or edges round about, spotted with a yellowish green. The Breast brown, spotted with the same, the Belly white; the Quill feathers, and their Coverts are brown, or dusky, with white tips; those next the Back of the colours of the Back. The Tail is short and round, no longer then the ends of the Wings. Feet and Claws black, no Back toe.
The Grey Plover, the Bill black: Head, Back and lesser Covert of the Wings black, with tips of a greenish grey. The Chin white, the Throat is spotted with ob∣long brown, or dusky spots. The Breast, Belly, and Thighs, white. The Quill feathers black, those next the Body edged with white, the second row, the exteriour are black; the interiour, next the Body, are tipt and edged white. The third row of Covert feathers, the outward are black, with white tips; the Tail is short varied with transverse bars, or beds of white and black, the Feet of a sordid green, Claws little, and black: a very small Back-toe, the Fore-toes joyned to the first joynt, by a Membrane.
The Dottrell, it is of the shape of a Plover, the Bill is black, the Head variegated with black and white spots: a white line about the Eyes. The Chi• whitish, Throat of a pale ash, with oblong brown spots: The Breast of a dirty yellow, Belly white, the Back brown, with yellowish white tips; the Quill feathers are of a dusky brown, with the edges and tips whitish; the lesser rows of Covert feathers are brown, with yellowish white tips. The Rump and Tail are cinereous, tips white: the Legs are bare above the Knees, and are of a sordid greenish yellow; Toes and Claws darker, it hath no Back-toe. It is a foolish dull Bird, from whence we call a dull fellow, by way of a Proverb, a Dotterel, or Dottill.
The Sea Lark, is something bigger then the Com∣mon Lark, it hath a straight Bill, at the Head it is deep yellow, towards the point black. Eyes hazle colour, a line of black compasses the base of the upper Bill, which goes from the Mouth through the Eyes to the Ears, and then turns up, and passes cross the middle of the Head, and encompasses a bed of white about the Eyes. The Page 278 hinder part of the Head, ash colour; Chin white, the Back, and lesser Covert feathers of the Wings, grey or ash colour; Breast, and Belly, white; there runs two rings, or collars about the Neck, one white, and the low∣er black. The Quill feathers are black, the middle of the shaft, spotted with white. Those next the Body of the same colour with the Back: the second row, makes a transverse line in the Wing. The Tail is ash colour, the out side Feathers being white. The Legs and Feet, of a pale yellow, Claws black; it wants a Back-toe.
The Turn-stone, or Sea Dottrell, is in shape like the Plover, a straight black Bill, the Head, Neck, Shoulders, Wings and upper part of the Breast is brown (some say black, or purplish black) with white edges; Belly and Thighs, snow white, the middle of the Back white, with a great black spot on the Rump: the Quill feathers are a brown, or dusky colour, from the out∣most three, all tipt with white, the second row are black, the tips of them making a white line cross the Wing. The edges of the lesser row are red, near the second joynt of the Wing is a white spot. Tail is of half black, and the lower part white. Legs and Feet, a Saffron, or Oreng colour, Claws black: it has a Back-toe.
The Glottis, or Totanus, it is a kind of great Plover: the Bill is black, long and slender, at the angle of the lower Mandable, red: the upper side, of the Body is grey, a line of white compasses the Eyes, the under side is all white; th• Quill Feathers dusky, or dark brown, the inner Quill Feathers are speckled with white, the Tail short▪ waved with cross lines, or bars of brown and white alternately; Legs very long, bare above the Knees, of a Lead colour, or between a green, and livid, Claws black; a small or no Back-toe.
The Redshanke, or Pool-Snipe, it is between a Lapwing and a Snipe: the Bill is long and slender, red; or of a dark red at the base, and black towards the point. Eyes hazle colour, Nostrils oblong: the Head and Back of a dusky ash colour, spotted with black, (in some with dusky, or brown, inclining to green) the Neck more cinereous, the Throat parti-coloured, of white and black, in lines longways the Feathers; the Breast whiter, with fewer transverse lines: the Tail is no longer then the ends of the Wings, and is variegated with transverse waved lines of white, and black alternately: the Quill feathers of a black brown, sprinkled or powdered with white; the interiour next the Body, are tipt with white, with one or two transverse black lines on them; the foremost of the Coverts being the two first rows are black, varied with white lines: the other rows, are dark ash colour. The Legs of a fair pale red, Claws small and black. This Fowl hath a very small Back-toe, and long Legs, bare above the Knees. It hath several Latin names, as Haematopus, Gallinula Erythropus, and Parda∣lus, from its being spotted like a Leoparde.
The Gambetta, is a Fowl near of kind, and shape to the Redshank, but lesser, the Bill near the Head of a flesh colour, the rest black; Eyes yellow, compassed with an other black circle: the upper surface of its Body is grey, or cinereous, all over besprinkled with brown spots; the Prime feathers of the Wing black, Belly white, Tail black, the Legs and Feet are long and yel∣low, inclining to red, Claws black.
The Tringa or Steingall•l: it is of the Plover kind, though it exceeds not the bigness of a Black∣bird, or Ouzel: the Bill is straight and slender, and long, of a dark green, black at the point; Eyes hazle colour. The upper side of the Body is a dusky green, shining like Silk; or brown, with a tincture of green; save the Head and upper side of the Neck, all spotted with many white spots: the circumference of the Eye, and Chin, white: the Throat white, spotted with brown: the Breast and Belly all white. The Tail is short have∣ing white tips, and transverse lines of white. The Legs and Feet long, naked about the Knees, of a Lead colour, with a tincture of green. Back-toe small, Claws black.
The Sandpiper, or Psisterlein, of the Germans so called. It is of kind and shape to the Tringa aforesaid, only of a lesser size: it is also as the others are, Water Birds, and feed about Pools, Laks, and Rivers. The Bill is dusky and blackish, bottom whi∣tish, the tip a little bent downwards. Eyes hazle co∣lour: middle of the Neck ash colour; or else the whole upper surface of the Body, Wings, and Tail, is of a dusky sordid green, elegantly variegated with dark transverse lines: only somthing of red mingled in the Feathers. About the Eyes, a white line; the Throat of a sordid white; Breast and Belly, white; the ends of the Wings tipt with white, the Covert feathers all tipt, and the ridg, or base of the Wing white. The Tail hath the out side Feathers white. The Feet are of a pale green, Claws black; Back-toe small.
The Knot, or Canut; in Latin Callidris. It is of the same shape with the other, but the Bill not so long yet straight and slender, black; some have their Eyes hazle colour, and others yellow: the Head and Back of a dusky ash colour, or dark grey. The Rump and Tail varied with black and white lines, the out-most Feathers all white. The Breast and Belly white, a white lines in some Birds between the Eyes and Bill. The Quill feathers black, the Shaft white. The Covert feathers were tipt with white: the Legs and Feet greenish, the Fore-toes are divided from the beginning of the diva∣rication, no Membrane intervening, as in most Birds there is.
The Sanderling, called in Cornwall a Curwillet; it is of the same make and shape, to the Plover, and is bigger then the Sandpiper. The Bill is straight, long, slender, and black; the Neck cinereous, the Back and Shoulders, various of black and white (or black and ash colour) the Quill feathers a dark brown, or a dusky colour, them next the Body white; the first row of Coverts have their tips white, which makes a transverse white line through the Wing: them at the ridges of the Wings are dusky. The Wings closed reach behind the Tail, which is black or a dark ash, them on the Sides, cinereous. The Legs, Feet, and Claws black, it wants a Back-toe. The Fore-toes disjoyned from the very rise.
The Rot-Knussel, which the Germans term Rot•∣millis: and by some Fowlers called Giarola. It is shaped after the manner of these examples, the Bill long, and a little bending black. The Head, Neck, Breast, to the middle of the Belly is red or dusky, with some spots of a sordid, or dark colour: the Belly white, with a tin∣cture Page 279 of red, curiously spotted with black: the Tail is white, but black at the end: the Legs and Feet are cole black: from whence some Authors term it Melampus, that is Black-feet.
The Matkern, is a Bird that much in figure, and magnitude resembles the Reeve, the Female of the Ruffe. The Bill is black, with something of red at the end, the whole Plumage is red, specked with white on the Neck and Back; the Belly is only whitish, with a faint tincture of red. The Legs and Feet are a pale red, in∣clining to ash colour.
The Dunlin, so called in the North Country. It is of the bigness of a Iack-Snipe, it hath a straight chan∣nelled black Bill, a little broader at the end. The Throat and Breast white, spotted with black: the Belly black∣ish, waved with white lines, Vent white: all the upper side is red, spotted every where with pretty great black spots, with a little white. The Wings are grey, inclin∣ing to a brown, or dusky colour. The Legs and Feet, of a competent length, and black: the Back-toe short; the Tail middle Feathers are dusky brown, with one or two red spots, the Side feathers inclining to white.
The Stint, or Iunco; it is a kind of a Sea Lark, with a straight, long, slender Bill, and black; the Legs long of a dusky or blackish colour, with a tincture of green; the Back-toe small: the upper side of the Body is grey, or cinereous, with spots or lines of black in the middle of each Feather; but the Quill feathers, and first row of Covert feathers, are dusky, those next the Body, white edges, with a white line cross the Wing: the Tail middle Feathers, dark ash colour; all the rest paler. all the under side of the Body is white, the Throat and Breast clouded with dark colour spots. These Birds in Ch•ster we call Purres; they fly together by the Sea, and Water side, in great flocks.
A 3 Plovers proper. Born by Plover.
A a Dottrill proper. Born by the name of Dotterill
B a Red-shanke O Legs and Beak G born by Pooller.
A a Dunlin, or Jack-snipe, proper. By the name of Dunline.
LXXII. He beareth Argent, a Stare (or a Starl∣•ng) proper. Born by Starling. It is of the shape and bigness of an Ouzel: the Bill is straight, and sharp point∣ed, of a pale yellow; the Eyes of an hazle colour; the tips of the Feathers of the Neck and Back are yellow, else all the Body over, it is black with a certain blew, or pur∣ple gloss, varying as it is variously exposed to the light. (In the Hen Stare, the tips of the Feathers on the Breast and Belly to the very Throat are white) the Belly is more spotted. The Quill feathers are dusky and dark, the Covert feathers glister, the tips of the less covert, yellow: the Tail dusky, with pale yellow edges: they are a gregarious Bird, living and flying together in great flocks, and being brought up tame, is a very nota∣ble Bird at Imitation of mans voice, speaking a•ticulately.
The Redstart, or Rock-Ouzell; and of some call∣ed the Sea-Thrush; it is of kind and figure like the Stare, and of the same bigness: the Bill is broad and flat, yet sharp pointed, not rising in a ridg as in Black-birds, black of colour, higher Bill a little bent in the point: the Head, and Back brown, tipt cinereous. The Chin whitish, the tips of the Breast feathers cinereous, below the Breast is a transverse black line, below which the Plumage is of a red, or Orange tawny colour: the Quill feathers of a black brown, with reddish tips. The Tail is of a red tawny colour, with white tips: the Feet and Legs of a Lead colour, Claws black.
The Solitary Sparrow; it is of the bigness of a Black-bird. The Head and Neck were thicker then to answer the proportion of the Body: the Bill straight, and blackish; top of the Head dark ash colour. Back deep blew, almost black; the edges of the Feathers whitish: Shoulder and Covert feathers, the same. The Quill feathers, dusky, with white tips; Tail black. The Breast, Belly and Thighs, were all variegated with black, cinereous and whitish transverse waved lines; the Throat, reddish and white lines. The Legs and Feet black.
B a Stare proper. Born by Starne.
O 3 Stares proper. Born by Sternhill.
G 3 Stares O spotted S. Born by the name of Starlinger.
LXXIII. He beareth Argent, a Feldfare, proper. Born by Felfare. This Bird is somthing larger then the Black-bird, or Thrush. It hath a straight Bill yellow, but the tip is black. The Head, Neck, and Rump, ash colour, the Crown sprinkled with black spots. The Back and Covert feathers, of a dark red or chestnut colour, spotted with black; the Throat, and upper Breast, yellow, spotted with long black spots, tending downwards; bottom of the Breast, and Belly white: the Quill Feathers are black with white edges, the inner are something redder. The first Covert row are white, thence a red or yellow line, seperates the white and black: it hath a black stroake from the Bill to the Eye, and the edges of the Eye-lids makes a yellow circle round the Eyes: at the bottom of the Neck a black spot. The Tail is a dark blew, or blackish colour, the edges of the middle Feathers, ash colour, and the tips of the outer white. The Legs and Feet blackish, the Claws more black.
The Thrush, or Missell Bird, or Shrit; its Bill is straight and dusky, Eyes hazle colour, the Head is a dusky cinereous, or Lead colour, spotted with black; the Back, Tail and Rump, are the same having some mixture of yellow, or Olive co∣lour; the under side from Bill to Tail, is speckled with pretty great long spots of black; the Throat being reddish, the Breast yellow, the Belly white; the Covert feathers next incumbent on the Quills, are white; the Legs and Feet yellowish, Claws black.
The Throstle, Mavis, or Singing Thrush: the Bill is of a dusky colour, the Eyes hazle co∣lour: in the colour of the spots on the Breast, and Belly, it agrees with the Thrush, or Missell-bird; for the spots are dusky, the Breast yellow, and Belly white; the upper surface of the Body is dusky, with Page 280 a mixture of yellow in the Wings, which is very like an Olive colour: the lower Covert feathers have yellow tips. The Legs and Feet are of a light brown, or dusky, the soles of the Feet yel∣low.
The Swine-Pipe, Wind-Thrush, or Redwing: it is rather less then the Mavis, or Throstle, yet it is for outward shape and colour so like it, that they are hard to be distinguished, the under side of the Wings in the Mavis, is yellow: and in this kind it is of a red Orange colour; by which mark, they are one known from the other. But if a Man do diligently observe, this Bird hath some other outward marks which the other hath not; as the lower Mandable is partly dusky, partly yellow: the Legs and Feet pale: and the spots are less, and thicker set, then in the Ma∣vis: about the Eyes is a long spot, or line of a clay colour, reaching from the Eyes to the hinder part of the Head. The Germans call this Bird, a Wine-Thrnsh.
A 3 Fieldfares proper. Born by the name of Stockham.
A a Fesse B between 3 Thrushes, proper. Born by Mavis.
A a Cheveron G between 2 Throstles proper, and a Rose. By Throstle.
A 3 Throstles proper. Also by the name of Thro∣stle.
LXXIV. He beareth Argent, a Uulture, proper. Born by Stretton. It is observable that all kinds of Uul∣tures have their Heads, and Necks, bare of Feathers, only covered with down: there are several coloured Uultures; as,
- The Cinereous, or Ash coloured Uulture.
- The Black Uulture.
- The White Uulture, but it is very rare to be seen.
- The Chesnut Uulture, hath a short Tail, and long Wings with Feathers on the Legs down to the Feet.
- The Hare Uulture, so called from Preying on Hares, Conyes, Foxes, and Fawns: hath a black hooked Bill, foul Eyes, a long straight Train, or Tail, of a dark red colour; and yellow scally Feet. Standing or sitting, it rears up a Crest upon its Head, as if it were horned. See chap. 13. numb. 2.
- The Golden Uulture, of which this example is the true shape; the Breast, Belly, and Feet, were of a red colour; more dilute towards the Tail, the Toes of a dusky or horn colour; all the Wings blackish, and dusky, but the ridg of the Wings more blacker, and some of them marked with transverse reddish spots, cross the middle, others with whitish ones, near the bottom: the Back, black shining; the Feather shafts white, but in the Neck pale red: the Tail as the Wings, dusky.
B 2 Vultures O born for the Coat, and one for the Crest of Vulture.
G a Cheveron between 3 such O. Born by R•n∣corne.
A 3 such S. Born by Grimsby, or Grimsford.
LXXV. He beareth Argent, a Basilice, or Cocka∣trice, Sable; Crested, Yellopped, and Membred, Gules.
☞ The Cockatrice is generally born in this posture, wth the Wings expenced, and therefore I have observed that all Heraulds in their blazoning, have only termed it a Cockatrice, without any other ad¦dition: but if the Wings, or Tail were drawn in any other posture, then it hath been mentioned, whether the Wings were Complicated, or Trussed up, or else Overture, or Uolant, and the like: and again if the Tail be Extended, Erected, Embowed, or Torgant, and such like, as you have many exam∣ple of the turning and winding of Serpents Tails, chap. 9. numb. 88. in such cases I say the Basilicke is to be expressed, in what posture it is, but never in this; so the Dragon, or Wiverne, are to have the same Rule observed in them, as numb. 79.
B the like O. Born by the name of Lingam.
A the like S Membred, Crested, &c. G born by Langley, and Lingley.
S a Cockatrice displaid, A Crested, Membred, and Jallopped, O. Is born by the name of Bug∣gine.
LXXVI. He beareth Or, a Basilicke, having the point of his Tail converted (or turned) into a Serpents Head, Gules. By the name of Gar∣graine.
This is termed the Amphisiben-Cockatrice, hav∣ing a Head before and also at the Tail: after the same manner both the Dragon, and Wiverne at drawn thus with Heads at the ends of their Tailes; which are called Amphisiben-Dragons, and Amphisiben-Wiverne: which is as much as to say, a Wiverne with a Head behind and before. Which is borrowed from the Serpent Amphisiben, which hath two Heads, and goeth backwards, and forwards.
LXXVII. He beareth Gules, an Harpey, Overture, or with Wings disclosed, Or. This is a kind of ficti∣ous monstruous Bird, having the Head and Face of a Woman, and the Wings and Body of an Eagle. Gwillims, fol. 264. terms it thus, an Harpey with Wings disclosed, and her haire, flotant: This Coat stands in Huntington Church. And is Born by the name of Harpey.
G. three Harpeys A. born by the name of Harp∣field.
B. such an Harpey Overture, and a Chief O. by Marshgate.
LXXVIII. He beareth Azure, an Harpey displayed, Argent; Crowned and Crined, Or. I have seen draughts of old, and the Dutch and French He∣raulds, do draw their Eagles (to this day) displayed, with Thighs after this manner, as if they were the thighs Page 281 of a Man, more like than them of a Bird: which to me seems very improper either for the Eagle, or this Harpey; But Mr. Gwillims, is my Master in this shape, which here I have followed; though I would advise, that all sorts of Fowl that is born in Arms (displayed,) might be done in imitation, and according to the Pattern, set down in the examples of Eagles, and Pellicans. numb. 38. and chap. 11. numb. 51.53. This is born (Sans crown) by the name of Harpell.
B. the like Crined, Crowned, and Armed O. is the City Arms of Norenberga, in the middle of Germany.
B. the like A. Crowned and Crined O. Face proper a Cheif A. is born by the name of Thalwall.
B. the like O. is born by Erlin Van Rorberg.
LXXIX. He beareth Vert, a Wivern, Argent: This is the proper posture for this kind of Serpentine Creature, if it be in any other kind, then to be men∣tioned as in the example, numb. 75. This is of some old Heraulds termed, a Dragon-Wivern, or a Dragon-Serpent, aud the Serpent Pithon; which some a∣gain, draw with four Feet, and no Wings. This is the Coat and Crest of Wivell.
G. the like to the sinister A. by Trachenfels.
The like A. devouring a Child proper, is the Crest of Venables, Baron of Kinderton.
V. a Wivern A. born by Moston of Moston in Cheshire.
A. the like to the sinister G. by Van Breidenstein.
LXXX. He beareth Argent, a Wivern, with the Tail torqued, (or Torgant,) Azure. This is thus born by the name of Warmingham, vulgarly termed Warminsham, and Warmisham.
S. the like O. by VVarmingham of Chester.
A. the like holding up his right foot V. by Burchenshaw.
A. the like to the sinister V. born by Burgchausen of Bavaria.
A. the like to the sinister, the Tail between his Legs B. born by Warmblingen.
LXXXr. He beareth Gules, a Wivern, with the Tail Nowed under his Feet, Or. Gwillims, fol. 262. terms this, a Wivern, his Wings displayed, and Tail Nowed. But I suppose he meant the Wings Se∣purture, or Oventure, or Uolant; but never dis∣played, except the Wings are open on either side the Head. The Tail is also termed fretted, in form of a True Loves Knot. For this is contrary to the com∣mon way of Nowing, or Nodeeing of Serpents Tails, as having a fret, or crossing, more than usually; this four, the other but three. This is Born by Knott.
A. the like G. born by the name of Drakes.
LXXXII. He beareth Azure, a Harpey, with Wings complicated: (or else term it thus,) a Duck, Argent, with a Maids Face, proper, the Hair trussed up: on the back part of the Head, an Infula Gules, Fretted, Or. This is born by the name of Van Michelsach.
G. 3 such O. Faces proper. Born by VValtonwood.
B. the like with Wings disclosed A. born by Homhouse.
LXXXIII. He beareth Or, a Ram-Basilice, Gules Born by Scorcogull of Holland. This is also termed an Arietobasilaquill: or Ram-Eagle-Serpent. Be∣cause it pertakes of three Natures; the Head of a Ram, the Body and Tail of the Cockatrice, and the Arms and Pounces of an Eagle.
☞ But to avoid Confusion, let such kind of Crea∣tures be termed according to their order and make, and then laying a-side all difficult names, I should term this a Cockatrice, or Basilice Ram-headed; and why not, a Ram-Cockatrice: deriving its name from the head, as well as the Cockatrice from his; and so of the like commixture of Creatures, a Ram-Wivern.
B. 3 such Wings expansed O. Born by Van Ramlisch.
A. a Goat-Cock, G. Born by Van B•ckorschen. This is a Creature having a Goats Head and Feet, and a Cocks Body and Tail; a fancy of the Bearer (as I sup∣pose) in answer to the name: For this is by the Dutch ter∣med, a Bockhean, Bock; and Boct, a Goat: and Han, and Hean, a Cock. O. the like Bockhean, S. is Born by Kockorsch.
Per Fesse A. and B. the like counterchanged is the Arms of the States of Zigenhan.
O. a Goat: Eagle displayed S. is the Town Arms of Treiss in Germany.
The like rule must be observed in giving names to all these kind of double or compounded fictious Creatures.
LXXXIV. He beareth Argent, a demy Aroponade, Sable: Wings displayed, (or Overture,) Gules. This is called also the Ram-Eagle by some; but that is a mi∣stake, for then it should have the entire Head of a Ram, whereas it hath but the Horns. It may therefore be Bla∣zoned, a demy Eagle displayed, adorned with a pair of Rams Horns; and so it is Born by the name of Van Egelhornen, a Dutch Family.
The Tragoponades, are Birds in Ethiopia, as big as Eagles, and have Horns like a Goat.
The Indian Horned Bird, called by them Yoh∣valcuachili: See it described, chap. 13. numb. 58. sect 2.
LXXXV. He beareth Sable, an Asnocratalus, or Ass-Bittern, Argent. This name is ascribed to this fictious Bird, onely from the cry of a Bittern in the wa∣ter, which resembleth the harsh, or humping, or bump∣ing cry, which we term the Braying of an Ass; the•e∣fore they ascribe it an Ass-head, and a Birterns Neck, Body, and Feet. Some term this an Onocrotalus, which is the Greek for a Bird that makes a noise like an Ass, or a Bittern, having an Asses Voice. This is Born by the name of Asbitter.
A. 3 such G. is born by Antrobus.
B. one such aad a Canton A. is Born by Shawbro•ke.
G. a Serpent-Goose, A. Born by the name of Weinting of Bavaria. This is a Fowl with a Serpentine Head and Neck casting out a sting, with the Body and Feet of a Duck, or Goose.
LXXXVI. He beareth Argent, a Parrot, or Po∣pinjae, Vert. Born by Parrot. The Parrot alone (with the Crocodile) moves the upper Jaw, as all other Animals do the lower. The Bill is hooked, or crooked, of a semi-circular figure, by which it climes Walls or Trees, it is of a whitish colour; the Feet is after the manner of an Owl, two Toes standing forward, and two backwards, whitish; with crooked Claws, wherewith it holds its Meat, and brings it to its Mouth after the man∣ner of Men. 3 such is born by Neuton.
Parrots in respect of their bigness may be divided into three kinds; the greatest sort of them, are equal •o our common Raven, or a well fed Capon, of which kind in English they are called, Maccaws, or Ma•a•s, and Cockatoons, these have generally long Tails. The Page 282 middle, or meanest sized Parrots, are as big, or big∣ger then a Pigeon, and have short Tails; these we call in English Parrots, and Poppiniayes. The least sort are of the bulk of a Black-bird, or Thrush: having very long Tails, and are called in English Para∣keeto's, or Parrotkeeto's.
The Maccaw, or Macao, or Cockatoon, hath a long crooked upper Bill, much longer than the neather mandible, black: the Eyes white and black, three black lines branched, goes from the bill, compassing the Eyes underneath; the crown of the head green, the Throat adorned with a kind of black ringe; the Breast, Belly, Rump, and Tail underneath of a Saffron-colour; the Neck above, Back, Wings, and upper side of the Tail, of a very pleasant blue, or azure colour; the Legs very short, thick, and of a dark dusky colour, armed with great crooked black Talons.
The Arara canga, or the Brasilian Cockatoon, hath the upper mandible wholly white▪ and the lower black; a white membrane, or kin, about the Eyes bare of Feathers, and rough or rugged; Grey-eyes with a black pupil; the Head, Neck, Breast, Belly, Thighs, and Tail underneath, and the ponions of the Wings, are of a most lovely and elegant red, the middle part of the Wings green, and the lower half of them, from the middle to the end blue; the Rump and lower part of the Back, and Tail blue; the Leggs are short; the Feet divided into long Toes, armed with crooked Claws, both of a dusky, or dark ash-colour.
The Brasilian Macao, called by them Ararauna: It is the same in shape to the Parrot, but of a different colour, its Bill is black, Eyes grey, with a black pupil: the naked skin abo•t the Eyes white, variegated with black, as if it were wrought with a needle; the Legs and Feet dusky; about the Bill is a couple, or tuft of green feathers, the Throat black; the sides of the Neck, Brest, and Belly yellow; the hinder part of the Head, Back-side of the Neck, the Back and out-sides of the Wings blue; the ends of the Wings have yellow Feathers min∣gled with the blue: the Tail is blue, with some yellow Feathers intermingled. There is some kinds of these Birds that have their Wings and Tail parti-coloured of red and yellow and blue; have the Tail of a great length, especially the two middlemost feathers, which do much exceed the rest, and are blue.
The Maracana of Brasil, called also of them A∣rara: Is of the Parrot kind, and is all over of a blu∣ish grey; the Bill black, the skin about the Eyes white, speckled with black; Eyes yellowish, pupil black. There is another sort of these Arara, which the Brasilians term Amuru curica; which have the whole Head, Neck, and Wings, green; the top of the head more dilute, and in a manner turning to blue; the Wings are likewise green, with their ends blue: and at the rise of each Wing, a red spot; the Leggs and Feet, dusky.
The common Parrot, hath the upper chap of the Bill, at the point black, then bluish, the remainder be∣ing red: the under chap white, the Eyes yellow, or red, with a black pupil, the Crown of the head yellow, all the rest of the body green, the under side more dilute and yellowish, the Back, and Wings darker, onely the up∣permost ridge of the Wing is red, the rest of the pinion, inclining to blue; the Tail is red, which is but short; the Legs and feet ash-colour, Claws black.
The parti-coloured Parrot, hath the Bill white, Eyes ferrugineous, pupil black; the Fore-head and Crown white, variegated with black spots; hinder part of the Head, Neck, Back, Wings, Rump above, are of a dark green; the Throat and Ridges of the Wings, with a ver∣milion red; the Breast and Thighs, green; the Belly, and Rump, of a dusky red; the covert Feathers of the Wings blue, with a mixture of white; the Tail is red in the middle, the out-side of the Feathers being variega∣ted with red yellow and blue, else are green; the Legs and Feet cinereous.
The Blue, Parrot, hath a blackish Bill, the Head, Neck, and Breast are blue, the top of the crown hath a yellow spot, the region of the Eyes white; the circle dus∣ky, and the pupil black; the Belly green, the Thighs white, rump yellow; the top of the back blue; the co∣vert feathers of the Wings, parti-coloured of green yel∣low and rosie; the end of the Back, or region of the Lovns, yellowish; the Leggs and Feet, ash-colour.
The Ash-coloured Parrot, the Bill is black, having a naked white skin in the upper part of the Bill next the head; the whole body is of a dark cinereous, or ash-co∣lour; yet the lower part of the Back, Belly, and Rump, are paler, almost white; the Tail is red, and very short, scarce reaching further than the ends of the Wings. The Region of the Eyes (or sides of the head round the Eyes) are bare of feathers, and white. This is otherwise ter∣med a Mina Parrot, being onely brought from Mina, an Indian City, of St. Georges.
The white Parrot, the Bill is black, the whole bo∣dy white, but moderately shaded with dusdy, so that it seems, to be pale ash-coloured; the hinder part of the Back, Rump, whole Tail, and prime Feathers of the Wing, are of a scarlet colour; the Feet, blackish.
The Paragua, is a Parrot-kind, the Bill is dark ash-colour, the Body black; the Breast, Back, and ante∣riour, or fore-part of the Belly, red: the Eyes black, with the circle red.
The Tarabe of the Brasilians; is a green Parrot, with a red Head and Breast; and the ridges or pinions of the Wings; the Beak and Feet, of a dark ash-colour.
The Brasilian Ajurucatinga, is a Parrot of the bigness of a handsome Pullet, all green, with red Eyes, and the skin about the Eyes white; the Bill and Legs white; it hath a long green Tail.
The Ajurupara, is a kind of Popinjay, agreeing in all respect with the precedent; as shape, and colours, only it is of a less body; therefore may be ranked a∣mongst the lesser Parrots, called Parakeets.
The Parrakeet, the Bill all red, yellow Eyes, with a black pupil, it is all green, but the Neck, Breast, and all the under•side, more dilute, or pale; under the Chin a black line is drawn downwards, as far as the beginning of the Breast, which then divides, and goes to each side of the Neck, till it meets with that red circle, or ring, which compasses the back-side of the Neck. The Belly, and Tail, of a yellowish green; Legs and Feet, ash-colour.
The Ring-parrakeet, the Bill all red; yellow Eyes, with a black pupil, it is all green; but the Neck, Breast, and all the under side, more dilute, or pale; under the Chin a black line is drawn downwards, as far as the beginning of the Breast, which then divides, and goes to each side of the Neck, till it meets with that red circle, or ring, which compasses the back side of the Neck. The Belly, and Tail, of a yellowish green; Legs and Feet, ash colour.
The Scarlet Parakeeto, is no larger than a Black bird: The whole Body is of a vermilion colour; the co∣vert Feathers of the Wings yellow, the Tail hath the Page 283 lower half red, and the upper green, or yellow; the Eyes yellow, the skin bare about the Eyes, of an ash-colour, Leggs short and black; a ring of green Feathers, com∣passes the Leggs above the Knees.
The Tui of the Brasilians, is of the bigness of a Swallow; all over green, having a very long Tail and a black hooked bill.
The Tuiapute-juba, is all over green, the Wings darker, the lower Breast and Belly, paler almost yellow; the Tail very long, it is of the bigness of a Swallow; it hath black Eyes, and a circle of yellow feathers, about the Eyes, and about the Bill, which is black and hooked; on the Head, it hath a great spot of orange-colour fea∣thers.
The Tui•tirica of Brasil, is a kind of Parrakeeto, something larger then those of Guiny, all over of a green colour; deeper on the Back, and Wings; paler on the Breast, and Belly; Bill crooked, of a carnation colour, Eyes black, Feet bluish, the Tail not much longer than the points of the Wings.
The Iendaya of the Brasilians, is as big as a Throstle; hath a black Bill and Legs; black Eyes, with golden iri∣des, or circle encompassing the pupil, outwardly white; the Back, Wings, Tail, and lower Belly, green, enclining to a sea-colour, the ends of the Wings black; the Head, Neck, and Breast, are of a yellow colour.
The Tuiete, is of the bigness of a Lark, the whole body of a light; but the beginning of the Wings, of a bright blue; the borders also of all the wing-feathers, are blue; on the Back, at the rise of the Tail, is a blue spot, the Tail is short; the Bill hooked, and of a carnation co∣lour; the Legs and Feet, cinereous.
The Tuipara, is of the bigness of a Lark, all over pale green; Tail short, as the Wings; the Bill of a car∣nation colour; the Leggs, grey, or grisled; near the rise of the Bill, in the fore-head is a semi-lunar fi∣gure, or spot, as it were a crown, of a scarlet colour.
The Anaca of the Brasilians, is of the bigness of a Lark; its Bill hooked and dusky; the Feathers on the top of the head, of a Liver-colour; on the sides of the Head, and about the Eyes, of a brown; the Throat is ash-colour; the Neck behind, and the sides, green; Back green, with a spot of light brown; the Belly is of a red∣dish brown; the Tail is of a dilute brown; the begin∣ning, or Pinions of the Wings, hath a crimson spot, or border, the rest of the Wings green, the ends of a sea∣water colour; the Leggs above, covered with green feathers, below bare and of an ash-colour, with black claws.
The Quijuba-Tui, is all yellow, of the bigness of the Tuiapara, aforesaid; with a hooked grey Bill, and black Eyes; the ends of the Wings are of a dark green, the Tail long and yellow.
The Ajurucuruca, hath a tuft on the Head of blue and black, with a yellow spot in the middle of it; below the Eyes, is a yellow, and on the Throat, a blue spot; the Breast, Back, and Wings, green; the end of the Wings and Tail are more dilute; the tips of the Wing feathers are yellow, and red, mingled with blue; the Leggs of a bluish ash-colour, claws black; the Bill above cinereous, in the extremities black.
A. a Cheveron S. between three Popinjaes V. collered beaked, and legged G. by the name of Newton of Pow∣nall.
Per bend sinister A. and G. a Parrot V. collered G. by Maiser Van Perg.
G. two such respectant O. collered V. born by Van Vttershavsen.
A. Fesse G. between 3 such V. Beaks and Leggs G by Lumley Lord Lumley.
LXXXVII. He beareth Argent, a Parrot, or Po∣pinjae, enraged (or in his Ire) Gules. The Parrot above all other Birds, have in their delight, and when pleased; or on the contrary, when moved to anger; the most fantastick, or antick tricks and postures of Body, tur∣ning and winding so as no other Birds can. Of which this and the two following examples are some parts of such postures, which may properly be termed antick Par∣rots, or Parrots in Antick postures. This I term en∣raged, because here he is ready to pick, or bite, at any that shall annoy him. This is Born by Parrire.
The Ajurucurau, is a very elegant Bird, of the Parrot-kind, being a Brasilian Bird, having above the Bill, on the top of the head, a tuft or cop of a lively blue; the Throat, Sides, and upper part of the head, yel∣low; the whole body of a pleasant green; the Tail ed∣ged with black, red, and blue. The Bill dusky, Legs and Feet, ash-colour.
A. three such V. born by Wildung; and them G. by Dungen.
LXXXVIII. He beareth Or, a Popin•ae in his de∣light, Azure. This kind of posture the Parrot will o•t be in, when he is delighted in any thing he heareth tur∣ning and winding his head, as if he gave attention to the thing in action.
LXXXIX. He beareth Vert, a Cockatoon Par∣rot in a volant antick posture, Or. Or if you please take it thus, a Parrot regardant, Wings disclosed, holding up his left foot. This is born by the name of Antick.
G. three the like A. born by Birtles, or Birchels.
O. the like V. Beak and Legs A. born by Bollinger.