In this Vice, Wit, Ʋnderstanding, Wisdom, and all honest endeavours are buried, as it were in a grave, from which ariseth the loathsome stench of corrupt maners and disordered life, making of men women, of women beasts, of beasts monsters.
ALexander, an Emperor of the East, given to to great idleness, demanded if he had long to live, they answered him, Yea, If he could take a∣way the teeth of a brazen Boar that stood in the Market-place; meaning thereby, that he should shorten his days, except he gave over his idleness. Zonarus.
A Senator of Rome, who was falured by an o∣ther, riding in his Chariot, answered, I will not say God save you, since in going thus at your ease, you shew you have no desire to live long.
Epaminondas, discharged all his Souldiers that grew fat, saying, That as a woman too fat doth not easily conceave, so doth fat hinder a man from doing his charge, as Arms which are too heavy.
Scipio, being arrived at his Camp, banished all Souldiers slaves, and Pages, and all unprofita∣ble people, and made each one to carry his own Armour.
The Sabies, having abundance of all kind of Riches, spent their times slothfully.
The Nabathies, having nothing but what they get by their virtue and labour, are good husbands, and abandon all idleness,
Metellus, when he was arrived in Africa, he took away whatsoever might seem to no•ri•h slothful∣ness, and caused Proclamation to be made, that Page [unnumbered]none should presume to sell either bread or any o∣ther food dressed; that the Carriers of water should not follow the Camp, that the Souldiers should have no Pages, no Beasts of Carriage, that each one should keep his rank, cast his Trench, and carry his Victuals together with his Furniture. Salust.
In the Islands named Bal•ares in Spain the Children might not eat, untill they with their slings they had strucken down their meat, which their Parents used •o set for them upon an high beam or pool. Pliny.
Epaminondas killed one of his Souldiers being asleep, that was set to watch, saying, that he left him in the same estate that he found him.
The Kings of Persia and Macedonia, were every morning awaked, to put them in mind to take care of that which God had committed to their charge. Herodo•.
At certain Games of Olympus, there came a Philosopher of Thebes, which had made all the apparel he wore himself; the Assem∣bly marvelling that one could do all this; he an∣swered, The sloth of man is the cause that one Art is divided into divers; for •e that knoweth all Arts to∣gether, must needs know one alone. He was reputed a valn glorious Phil•sopher.
More hurtful was the City of Carthage to Rome after her destruction, than during the whole course and season of Wars which the Romans had with her; for that whilest they had enemies in Africk, they knew not what vices meant in Rome. Gue¦vara.
The great Numantia in Spain could never be won (notwithstanding fourteen years siege of the Romans) till Scipio purged his Camp of loyte∣rers, Page [unnumbered]perfumers, and Harlots.
Darius plunged the Babylonis in all manner of idlenes, that they might not have the heart after∣ward to rebel.
The same policie used Cimon to diminish the force of his Allies, by granting them whatsoever they required.
The carelesness and negligence of Dionysius the Younger, getting the upper-hand of him, carried him to women and lechery, and at length did break in sunder his Adamant chains; that is, the great∣number of his warlike Souldiers, and his store of Gallies, of whom his Father had boasted that he left his Kingdom fast chained to his Son.
Sardanapalus through his slothfulnes was over∣come by Artabactus, and lost the Monarchy of Assyria.
The Pheacons counted it the greatest felicity that might be, to do nothing, 〈◊〉.
The Romans used to punish idleness so sharply, that the husbandman whose ground was found bar∣ren, and his pastures unoccupied, was presently put from the place, and his ground given to ano∣ther man.
Macarius and Diogenes, for that they would not be accounted idle persons, the one would remove heaps of sand from place to place, and the other would tumble his tub up and down.
Augustus did win the Souldiers unto him with rewards, the common sort with plenty of Victuals, and all generally with the pleasure of ease. Tacitus.
When Augustus reproached a certain Player be∣cayse through his occasion there was a tumult a∣mong the people, he answered, It is good for thee, O Casar, that the people be with held by our idle exer∣cises, from busying their brains about other matters.