Natural and political observations mentioned in a following index, and made upon the bills of mortality by John Graunt ... ; with reference to the government, religion, trade, growth, ayre, diseases, and the several changes of the said city.
Graunt, John, 1620-1674., Petty, William, Sir, 1623-1687.
Page  4

CHAP. I. Of the Bills of Mortality, their beginning, and progress.

THe first of the continued weekly Bills of Mortality extant at the Parish-Clerks Hall, begins the 29. of December, 1603, being the first year of King James his Reign; since when, a weekly Accompt hath been kept there of Burials and Christnings. It is true, There were Bills before, viz. for the years 1592, -93, -94. but so interrupted since, that I could not depend upon the sufficiencie of them, rather relying upon those Accompts which have been kept since, in order, as to all the uses I shall make of them.

2. I believe, that the rise of keeping these Ac∣compts, was taken from the Plague: for the said Bills (for ought appears) first began in the said year 1592. being a time of great Mortality; And after some dis∣use, were resumed again in the year 1603, after the great Plague then happening likewise.

3. These Bills were Printed and published, not onely every week on Thursdays, but also a general Accompt of the whole Year was given in, upon the Thursday before Christmas Day: which said general Ac∣compts have been presented in the several manners following, viz. from the Year 1603, to the Year 1624, inclusivè, according to the Pattern here inserted.

Page  5

1623. 1624.

The generall Bill for the whole Year, of all the Burials and Christnings, as well within the City of London, and the Liberties thereof, as in the Nine out-Parishes adjoyning to the City, with the Pest-house belonging to the same: From Thursday the 18. of December. 1623. to Thursday the 16. of December, 1624. According to the Report made to the King's most Excellent Majesty, by the Company of the Parish-Clerks of London.

BUried this Year in the fourscore and seventeen Parishes of London within the walls. 3386.
Whereof, of the Plague, 1.
Buried this Year in the sixteen Parishes of London, and the Pest-house, being within the Liberties, and without the walls, 5924.
Whereof, of the Plague. 5.
The whole summ of all the Burials in London, and the Liberties thereof, is this Year, 9310.
Whereof, of the Plague, 6.
Buried of the Plague without the Liberties, in Middlesex, and Surrey this whole Year, 0.
Christned in London, and the Liberties thereof, this Year, 6368.
Buried this Year in the Nine out-Parishes, adjoyning to London, and out of the Freedom, 2900.
Whereof, of the Plague. 5.
The Total of all the Burials in the places aforesaid, is 12210.
Whereof, of the Plague. 11.
Christned in all the aforesaid places this Year 8299.
Parishes clear of the Plague, 116.
Parishes that have been Infected this Year. 6.

4 In the Year 1625, every Parish was particulari∣zed, as in this following Bill: where note, That this next year of Plague caused the Augmentation, and Correction of the Bills; as the former year of Plague, did the very being of them.

Page  6

1624. 1625.

A general, or great Bill for this Year, of the whole number of Buria's, which have been buried of all Diseases, and also of the Plague in every Parish within the City of London, and the Liberties thereof; as also in the nine out-Parishes ad∣joyning to the said City; with the Pest-houfe belonging to the same. From Thursday the 16. day of December, 1624. to Thursday the 15. day of December, 1625. According to the Report, made to the king's most Excellent Majesty, by the Company of Parish-Clerks of London.

Page  7
LONDON, Bur. Plag.
Albanes in Woodstreet 188 78
Alhallows Barking 397 263
Alhallows Breadstreet 34 14
Alhallows the Great 442 302
Alhallows Hony-lane 18 8
Alhallows the less 259 205
Alhal in Lumberdstreet 86 44
Alhallows Stainings 183 138
Alhallows the Wall 301 155
Alphage Cripple-gate 240 190
Andrew-Hubbard 146 101
Andrews Undershaft 219 149
Andrews by Wardrobe 373 191
Annes at Aldersgate 196 128
Annes Black Friers 336 215
Antholins Parish 62 31
Austins Parish 72 40
Barthol at the Exchange 52 24
Bennets Fink 108 57
Bennets Grace-Church 48 14
Bennets at Pauls Wharf 226 131
Bennets Sherehog 24 8
Botolps Billings-gate 99 66
Christ's Church Parish 611 371
Christopher's Parish 48 28
Clements by Eastcheap 87 72
Dyonis Black-Church 99 59
Dunstans in the East 335 225
Edmunds Lumberdstreet 78 49
Ethelborow in Bishopsg 205 101
St. Faiths 89 45
St. Fosters in Foster-lane 149 102
Gabriel Fen-church 71 54
George Botolphs-lane 30 19
Gregories by Pauls 296 196
Hellens in Bishopsgatest. 130 71
James by Garlickhithe 180 109
John Baptist 122 79
John Evangelist 7 0
John Zacharies 143 97
James Duks place 310 254
Katherine Coleman 263 175
Ratherine Cree-church 886 373
Lawrence in the Jewrie 91 55
Lawrence Pountney 206 127
Leonards Eastcheap 55 26
Leonards Fosterlane 292 209
Magnus Parish by Bridge 137 85
Margarets Lothbury 114 64
Margarets Moses 37 25
Margarets new Fishstreet 123 82
Margarets Pattons 77 50
Mary Ab-church 98 58
Mary Aldermanbury 126 79
Mary Aldermary 92 54
Mary le Bow 35 19
Mary Bothw 22 14
Mary Colechurch 26 11
Mary at the Hill 152 84
Mary Mounthaw 76 58
Mary Sommerset 270 192
Mary Stainings 70 44
Mary Woolchurch 58 35
Mary Woolnoth 82 50
Martins Ironmonger-lane 25 18
Martins at Ludgate 254 164
Martins Orgars 88 47
Martins Outwich 60 30
Martins in the Vintry 339 208
Matthew Fridaystreet 24 11
Maudlins in Milkstreet 401 23
Maudlins Oldfish-street 225 142
Michael Bassishaw 199 139
Michael Corn-Hill 159 79
Michael Crooked-lane 144 91
Michael Queenhithe 215 157
Michael in the Quern 53 30
Michael in the Ryal 111 61
Michael in Woodstreet 189 68
Mildreds Breadstreet 60 44
Mildreds Poultrey 94 45
Nicholas Acons 33 13
Nicholas Cole-Abby 87 67
Nicholas Olaves 70 43
Olaves in Hartstreet 266 195
Olaves in the Jewry 43 25
Olaves in Silverstreet 174 103
Pancras by Soperlane 17 8
Peter in Cheap 68 44
Peters in Corn-hill 318 78
Peters at Pauls Wharf 97 68
Peters poor in Broadstreet 52 27
Stevens in Colemanstreet 506 350
Stevens in Walbrook 25 13
Swithins at Londonstone 99 60
Thomas Apostles 141 107
Trinity Parish 148 87
Buried within the 97. Parishes within the Walls of, all Diseases. 14340.  
Where of, of the Plague.   9197.
Andrews in Holborn 2190 1636
Bartholmew the Great 516 360
Bartholmew the less 111 65
Brides Parish 1481 1031
Botolph Algate 2573 1653
Bridewel Precinct 213 152
Bottolph Bishopgate 2334 714
Botolph Aldersgate 578 397
Dunstanes the West 860 642
Georges Southwark 1608 912
Giles Cripplegate 3988 2338
Olaves in Southwark 3689 2609
Saviours in Southwark 2746 1671
Sepulchres Parish 3425 2420
Thomas in Southwark 335 277
Trinity in the Minories 131 87
At the Pesthouse 194 189
Buried in the 16 Parishes without the Walls, standing part within the Liberties, and part without: in Middlesex, and Surrey, and at the Pesthouse. 26972  
Whereof, of the Plague   17153
Buried in the nine out-Parishes.
Clements Templebar 1284 755
Giles in the Fields 1333 947
James at Clarkenwell 1191 903
Katherins by the Tower 998 744
Leonards in Shorditoh 1995 1407
Martins in the Fields 1470 973
Mary White-chappel 3305 2272
Magdalens Bermondsey 1127 889
Savoy Parish 250 176
Buried in the nine out Parishes, in Middlesex, and Surrey 12953  
Whereof, of the Plague   9067
Page  8
The Total of all the Burials of all Diseases, within the Walls, without the Walls, in the Liberties, in Middlesex and Surrey: with the nine Out Parishes and the Pest-house. 54265.
Whereof, Buried of the Plague, this present year, is 35417
Christnings this present year, is 6983
Parishes clear this year, is 1
Parishes infected this year, is 121

5. In the Year 1626. the City of Westminster in imitation of London, was inserted. The grosse ac∣compt of the Burials, and Christnings, with distinction of the Plague being only taken notice of therein; the fifth, or last Canton, or Lined-space, of the said Bill, being varyed into the form following, viz.

In Westminster this Year, Buried 471
Plague 13
Christenings 361

6. In the Year 1629. An accompt of the Diseases, and Casualties whereof any dyed, together with the distinction of Males and Females, making the sixth Canton of the Bill, was added in manner follow∣ing.

The Canton of Casualties, and of the Bill for the Year 1639. being of the some forme with that of 1629.

Page  9

The Diseases, and Casualties this year being 1632.
ABortive, and Stilborn 445
Affrighted 1
Aged 628
Ague 43
Apoplex, and Meagrom 17
Bit with a mad dog 1
Bleeding 3
Bloody flux, scowring, and flux 348
Brused, Issues, sores, and ulcers, 28
Burnt, and Scalded 5
Burst, and Rupture 9
Cancer, and Wolf 10
Canker 1
Childbed 171
Chrisomes, and Infants 2268
Cold, and Cough 55
Colick, Stone, and Strangury 56
Consumption 1797
Convulsion 241
Cut of the Stone 5
Dead in the street, and starved 6
Dropsie, and Swelling 267
Drowned 34
Executed, and prest to death 18
Falling Sickness 7
Fever 1108
Fistula 13
Flocks, and small Pox 531
French Pox 12
Gangrene 5
Gout 4
Grief 11
Jaundies 43
Jawfaln 8
Impostume 74
Kil'd by several accidents 46
King's Evil 38
Lethargie 2
Livergrown 87
Lunatique 5
Made away themselves 15
Measles 80
Murthered 7
Over-laid, and starved at nurse 7
Palsie 25
Piles 1
Plague 8
Planet 13
Pleurisie, and Spleen 36
Purples, and spotted Feaver 38
Quinsie 7
Rising of the Lights 98
Sciatica 1
Scurvey, and Itch 9
Suddenly 62
Surfet 86
Swine Pox 6
Teeth 470
Thrush, and Sore mouth 40
Tympany 13
Tissick 34
Vomiting 1
Worms 27
Christened Males 4994 Buried Males 4932 Whereof, of the Plague-8
Females 4590 Females 4603
In all 9584 In all 9535
Increased in the Burials in the 122 Parishes, and at the Pesthouse this year 993
Decreased of the Plague in the 122 Parishes, and at the Pesthouse this year, 266

Page  10 7. In the year 1636, the Accompt of the Burials, and Christnings in the Parishes of Islington, Lambeth, Stepney, Newington, Hackney, and Redriff, were added in the manner following, making a seventh Can∣ton, viz.

In Margaret Westminster Christned 440
Buried 890
Plague 0
Islington Christned 36
Buried 113
Plague 0
Lambeth Christned 132
Buried 220
Plague 0
Stepney Christned 892
Buried 1486
Plague 0
Newington Christned 99
Buried 181
Plague 0
Hackney Christned 30
Buried 91
Plague 0
Redriff Christned 16
Buried 48
Plague 0
The total of all the Burials in the seven last Parishes this Year 2958
Whereof of the Plague 0
The total of all the Christnings 1645

8. Covent Garden being made a Parish, the nine out-Parishes were called the ten out-Parishes, the which in former years were but eight.

9. In the year 1660. the last-mentioned ten Parishes, with Westminster, Islington, Lambeth, Stepney, Newington, Hackney, and Redriff, are entered under two Divisions, viz. the one containing the twelve Parishes lying in Middlesex, and Surrey, and the other the five Parishes within the City, and Liberties of Westminster, viz. St. Clement-Danes, St. Paul's-Covent-Gar∣den, St. Martin's in the Fields, St. Mary-Savoy, and St. Margaret's Westminster.

10. We have hitherto described the several steps, Page  11 whereby the Bills of Mortality are come up to their present state; we come next to shew how they are made, and composed, which is in this manner, viz. When any one dies, then, either by tolling, or ringing of a Bell, or by bespeaking of a Grave of the Sexton, the same is known to the Searchers, corresponding with the said Sexton.

11. The Searchers hereupon (who are antient Matrons, sworn to their Office) repair to the place, where the dead Corps lies, and by view of the same, and by other enquiries, they examine by what Disease, or Casualty the Corps died. Hereupon they make their Report to the Parish-Clerk, and he, every Tues∣day night, carries in an Accompt of all the Burials, and Christnings, hapning that Week, to the Clerk of the Hall. On Wednesday the general Accompt is made up, and Printed, and on Thursdays published, and disper∣sed to the several Families, who will pay four shillings per Annum for them.

12. Memorandum, That although the general yearly Bills have been set out in the several varieties afore∣mentioned, yet the Original Entries in the Hall∣books were as exact in the very first Year as to all particulars, as now; and the specifying of Casualties and Diseases, was probably more.