CHAP. I. Of the Bills of Mortality, their beginning, and progress.
THe first of the continued weekly Bills of Mortality extant at the Parish-Clerks Hall, begins the 29. of December, 1603, being the first year of King James his Reign; since when, a weekly Accompt hath been kept there of Burials and Christnings. It is true, There were Bills before, viz. for the years 1592, -93, -94. but so interrupted since, that I could not depend upon the sufficiencie of them, rather relying upon those Accompts which have been kept since, in order, as to all the uses I shall make of them.
2. I believe, that the rise of keeping these Ac∣compts, was taken from the Plague: for the said Bills (for ought appears) first began in the said year 1592. being a time of great Mortality; And after some dis∣use, were resumed again in the year 1603, after the great Plague then happening likewise.
3. These Bills were Printed and published, not onely every week on Thursdays, but also a general Accompt of the whole Year was given in, upon the Thursday before Christmas Day: which said general Ac∣compts have been presented in the several manners following, viz. from the Year 1603, to the Year 1624, inclusivè, according to the Pattern here inserted.
The generall Bill for the whole Year, of all the Burials and Christnings, as well within the City of London, and the Liberties thereof, as in the Nine out-Parishes adjoyning to the City, with the Pest-house belonging to the same: From Thursday the 18. of December. 1623. to Thursday the 16. of December, 1624. According to the Report made to the King's most Excellent Majesty, by the Company of the Parish-Clerks of London.
|BUried this Year in the fourscore and seventeen Parishes of London within the walls.||3386.|
|Whereof, of the Plague,||1.|
|Buried this Year in the sixteen Parishes of London, and the Pest-house, being within the Liberties, and without the walls,||5924.|
|Whereof, of the Plague.||5.|
|The whole summ of all the Burials in London, and the Liberties thereof, is this Year,||9310.|
|Whereof, of the Plague,||6.|
|Buried of the Plague without the Liberties, in Middlesex, and Surrey this whole Year,||0.|
|Christned in London, and the Liberties thereof, this Year,||6368.|
|Buried this Year in the Nine out-Parishes, adjoyning to London, and out of the Freedom,||2900.|
|Whereof, of the Plague.||5.|
|The Total of all the Burials in the places aforesaid, is||12210.|
|Whereof, of the Plague.||11.|
|Christned in all the aforesaid places this Year||8299.|
|Parishes clear of the Plague,||116.|
|Parishes that have been Infected this Year.||6.|
4 In the Year 1625, every Parish was particulari∣zed, as in this following Bill: where note, That this next year of Plague caused the Augmentation, and Correction of the Bills; as the former year of Plague, did the very being of them.
A general, or great Bill for this Year, of the whole number of Buria's, which have been buried of all Diseases, and also of the Plague in every Parish within the City of London, and the Liberties thereof; as also in the nine out-Parishes ad∣joyning to the said City; with the Pest-houfe belonging to the same. From Thursday the 16. day of December, 1624. to Thursday the 15. day of December, 1625. According to the Report, made to the king's most Excellent Majesty, by the Company of Parish-Clerks of London.
|Albanes in Woodstreet||188||78|
|Alhallows the Great||442||302|
|Alhallows the less||259||205|
|Alhal in Lumberdstreet||86||44|
|Alhallows the Wall||301||155|
|Andrews by Wardrobe||373||191|
|Annes at Aldersgate||196||128|
|Annes Black Friers||336||215|
|Barthol at the Exchange||52||24|
|Bennets at Pauls Wharf||226||131|
|Christ's Church Parish||611||371|
|Clements by Eastcheap||87||72|
|Dunstans in the East||335||225|
|Ethelborow in Bishopsg||205||101|
|St. Fosters in Foster-lane||149||102|
|Gregories by Pauls||296||196|
|Hellens in Bishopsgatest.||130||71|
|James by Garlickhithe||180||109|
|James Duks place||310||254|
|Lawrence in the Jewrie||91||55|
|Magnus Parish by Bridge||137||85|
|Margarets new Fishstreet||123||82|
|Mary le Bow||35||19|
|Mary at the Hill||152||84|
|Martins at Ludgate||254||164|
|Martins in the Vintry||339||208|
|Maudlins in Milkstreet||401||23|
|Michael in the Quern||53||30|
|Michael in the Ryal||111||61|
|Michael in Woodstreet||189||68|
|Olaves in Hartstreet||266||195|
|Olaves in the Jewry||43||25|
|Olaves in Silverstreet||174||103|
|Pancras by Soperlane||17||8|
|Peter in Cheap||68||44|
|Peters in Corn-hill||318||78|
|Peters at Pauls Wharf||97||68|
|Peters poor in Broadstreet||52||27|
|Stevens in Colemanstreet||506||350|
|Stevens in Walbrook||25||13|
|Swithins at Londonstone||99||60|
|Buried within the 97. Parishes within the Walls of, all Diseases.||14340.|
|Where of, of the Plague.||9197.|
|Andrews in Holborn||2190||1636|
|Bartholmew the Great||516||360|
|Bartholmew the less||111||65|
|Dunstanes the West||860||642|
|Olaves in Southwark||3689||2609|
|Saviours in Southwark||2746||1671|
|Thomas in Southwark||335||277|
|Trinity in the Minories||131||87|
|At the Pesthouse||194||189|
|Buried in the 16 Parishes without the Walls, standing part within the Liberties, and part without: in Middlesex, and Surrey, and at the Pesthouse.||26972|
|Whereof, of the Plague||17153|
|Giles in the Fields||1333||947|
|James at Clarkenwell||1191||903|
|Katherins by the Tower||998||744|
|Leonards in Shorditoh||1995||1407|
|Martins in the Fields||1470||973|
|Buried in the nine out Parishes, in Middlesex, and Surrey||12953|
|Whereof, of the Plague||9067|
|The Total of all the Burials of all Diseases, within the Walls, without the Walls, in the Liberties, in Middlesex and Surrey: with the nine Out Parishes and the Pest-house.||54265.|
|Whereof, Buried of the Plague, this present year, is||35417|
|Christnings this present year, is||6983|
|Parishes clear this year, is||1|
|Parishes infected this year, is||121|
5. In the Year 1626. the City of Westminster in imitation of London, was inserted. The grosse ac∣compt of the Burials, and Christnings, with distinction of the Plague being only taken notice of therein; the fifth, or last Canton, or Lined-space, of the said Bill, being varyed into the form following, viz.
|In Westminster this Year,||Buried||471|
6. In the Year 1629. An accompt of the Diseases, and Casualties whereof any dyed, together with the distinction of Males and Females, making the sixth Canton of the Bill, was added in manner follow∣ing.
The Canton of Casualties, and of the Bill for the Year 1639. being of the some forme with that of 1629.
|ABortive, and Stilborn||445|
|Apoplex, and Meagrom||17|
|Bit with a mad dog||1|
|Bloody flux, scowring, and flux||348|
|Brused, Issues, sores, and ulcers,||28|
|Burnt, and Scalded||5|
|Burst, and Rupture||9|
|Cancer, and Wolf||10|
|Chrisomes, and Infants||2268|
|Cold, and Cough||55|
|Colick, Stone, and Strangury||56|
|Cut of the Stone||5|
|Dead in the street, and starved||6|
|Dropsie, and Swelling||267|
|Executed, and prest to death||18|
|Flocks, and small Pox||531|
|Kil'd by several accidents||46|
|Made away themselves||15|
|Over-laid, and starved at nurse||7|
|Pleurisie, and Spleen||36|
|Purples, and spotted Feaver||38|
|Rising of the Lights||98|
|Scurvey, and Itch||9|
|Thrush, and Sore mouth||40|
|Christened||Males||4994||Buried||Males||4932||Whereof, of the Plague-8|
|In all||9584||In all||9535|
|Increased in the Burials in the 122 Parishes, and at the Pesthouse this year||993|
|Decreased of the Plague in the 122 Parishes, and at the Pesthouse this year,||266|
Page 10 7. In the year 1636, the Accompt of the Burials, and Christnings in the Parishes of Islington, Lambeth, Stepney, Newington, Hackney, and Redriff, were added in the manner following, making a seventh Can∣ton, viz.
|In Margaret Westminster||Christned||440|
|The total of all the Burials in the seven last Parishes this Year||2958|
|Whereof of the Plague||0|
|The total of all the Christnings||1645|
8. Covent Garden being made a Parish, the nine out-Parishes were called the ten out-Parishes, the which in former years were but eight.
9. In the year 1660. the last-mentioned ten Parishes, with Westminster, Islington, Lambeth, Stepney, Newington, Hackney, and Redriff, are entered under two Divisions, viz. the one containing the twelve Parishes lying in Middlesex, and Surrey, and the other the five Parishes within the City, and Liberties of Westminster, viz. St. Clement-Danes, St. Paul's-Covent-Gar∣den, St. Martin's in the Fields, St. Mary-Savoy, and St. Margaret's Westminster.
10. We have hitherto described the several steps, Page 11 whereby the Bills of Mortality are come up to their present state; we come next to shew how they are made, and composed, which is in this manner, viz. When any one dies, then, either by tolling, or ringing of a Bell, or by bespeaking of a Grave of the Sexton, the same is known to the Searchers, corresponding with the said Sexton.
11. The Searchers hereupon (who are antient Matrons, sworn to their Office) repair to the place, where the dead Corps lies, and by view of the same, and by other enquiries, they examine by what Disease, or Casualty the Corps died. Hereupon they make their Report to the Parish-Clerk, and he, every Tues∣day night, carries in an Accompt of all the Burials, and Christnings, hapning that Week, to the Clerk of the Hall. On Wednesday the general Accompt is made up, and Printed, and on Thursdays published, and disper∣sed to the several Families, who will pay four shillings per Annum for them.
12. Memorandum, That although the general yearly Bills have been set out in the several varieties afore∣mentioned, yet the Original Entries in the Hall∣books were as exact in the very first Year as to all particulars, as now; and the specifying of Casualties and Diseases, was probably more.