Bucaniers of America, or, A true account of the most remarkable assaults committed of late years upon the coasts of the West-Indies by the bucaniers of Jamaica and Tortuga, both English and French wherein are contained more especially the unparallel'd exploits of Sir Henry Morgan, our English Jamaican hero who sack'd Puerto Velo, burnt Panama, &c.
Exquemelin, A. O. (Alexandre Olivier)., Bonne-Maison, Alonso de.
Page  104


Captain Morgan taketh the City of Ma∣racaibo on the Coast of Nueva Ve∣nezuela. Piracies committed in those Seas. Ruine of three Spanish Ships, that were set forth to hinder the Robberies of the Pirats.

NOt long after the arrival of the Pirats at Iamaica, being precisely that short time * they needed to lavish away all the Riches above∣mentioned, they concluded upon another Enter∣prize whereby to seek new fortunes. Unto this effect, Captain Morgan gave orders to all the Commanders of his Ships to meet together at the Island called de la Vaca, or Cow-Isle, seated on the South-side of the Isle of Hispaniola; as hath been mentioned above. As soon as they came to this place, there flocked unto them great numbers of other Pirats, both French and English, by reason the name of Captain Morgan was now rendred fa∣mous in all the neighbouring Countries, for the great Enterprizes he had perform'd. There was at that present at Iamaica, an English Ship newly Page  105 come from New England, well mounted with thirty six Guns. This Vessel likewise, by order of the Governour of Iamaica, came to joyn with Captain Morgan to strengthen his Fleet, and give him greater courage to attempt things of huge consequence. With this supply Captain Mor∣gan judged himself sufficiently strong, as having a Ship of such port, being the greatest of his Fleet, in his Company. Notwithstanding, there being in the same place another great Vessel that carried twenty four iron Guns, and twelve of brass, belonging unto the French, Captain Mor∣gan endeavoured as much as he could to joyn this Ship in like manner unto his own. But the French not daring to repose any trust in the En∣glish, of whose actions they were not a little jea∣lous, denied absolutely to consent unto any such thing.

The French Pirats belonging to this great Ship had accidentally met at Sea an English Vessel: And being then under an extream necessity of Victuals, they had taken some provisions out of the English Ship, without paying for them, as having peradventure no ready money on board. Onely they had given them Bills of Exchange, for Iamaica and Tortuga, to receive money there for what they had taken. Captain Morgan ha∣ving notice of this Accident, and perceiving he could not prevail with the French Captain to Page  106 follow him in that Expedition, resolved to lay hold on this occasion, as a pretext to ruine the French, and seek his own revenge. Hereupon he invited, with dissimulation, the French Com∣mander and several of his men to dine with him on board the great Ship that was come from Ia∣maica, as was said before. Being come thither, he made them all Prisoners, pretending the inju∣ry aforementioned done to the English Vessel, in taking away some few provisions without pay.

This unjust action of Captain Morgan was soon followed by divine punishment, as we may very rationally conceive. The manner I shall instant∣ly relate. Captain Morgan, presently after he had taken the French prisoners abovesaid, called a Council to deliberate what place they should first pitch upon, in the course of this new Expe∣dition. At this Council it was determined to go to the Isle of Savona; there to wait for the Flota which was then expected from Spain, and take any of the Spanish Vessels that might chance to straggle from the rest. This resolution being taken, they began on board the great Ship to feast one another for joy of their new Voyage and happy Council, as they hoped it would prove. In testimony hereof, they drank many Healths, and discharged many Guns, as the com∣mon signe of mirth among Seamen used to be. Most of the men being drunk, by what accident Page  107 is not known, the Ship suddenly was blown up into the air, with three hundred and fifty English-men, * besides the French prisoners abovemention∣ed that were in the Hold. Of all which num∣ber, there escaped onely thirty men, who were in the great Cabin, at some distance from the main force of the powder. Many more, 'tis thought, might have escaped, had they not been so much overtaken with Wine.

The loss of such a great Ship brought much consternation and conflict of mind upon the En∣glish. They knew not whom to blame; but at last the accusation was laid upon the French * prisoners, whom they suspected to have fired the powder of the Ship wherein they were, out of designe to revenge themselves, though with the loss of their own lives. Hereupon they sought to be revenged on the French anew, and accumu∣late new accusations unto the former, whereby to seize the Ship and all that was in it. With this designe they forged another pretext against the said Ship, by saying the French designed to commit piracy upon the English. The grounds of this Accusation were given them by a Commis∣sion from the Governour of Barracoa, found on board the French Vessel, wherein were these words: That the said Governour did permit the French to trade in all Spanish Ports, &c.—As also to cruze upon the English Pirats in what Page  108 place soever they could find them, because of the multitude of Hostilities which they had committed against the Subjects of his Catholick Majesty, in time of Peace betwixt the two Crowns. This Com∣mission for Trade was interpreted by the English as an express Order to exercise Piracy and War against them, notwithstanding it was onely a bare License for coming into the Spanish Ports; the cloak of which permission, were those words in∣serted, That they should cruze upon the English. And although the French did sufficiently ex∣pound the true sence of the said Commission, yet they could not clear themselves unto Captain Morgan, nor his Council. But in lieu hereof, the Ship and men were seized and sent unto Iamaica. Here they also endeavoured to obtain Justice, and the restitution of their Ship, by all the means possible. But all was in vain: for instead of Ju∣stice, they were long time detained in Prison, and threatned with hanging.

Eight days after the loss of the said Ship, Cap∣tain Morgan commanded the bodies of the mise∣rable wretches who were blown up, to be sear∣ched for, as they floated upon the waters of the Sea. This he did, not out of any designe of af∣fording them Christian burial, but onely to ob∣tain the spoil of their Cloaths and other Attire. And if any had golden Rings on their fingers, these were cut off for purchase, leaving them in Page  109 that condition exposed to the voracity of the Monsters of the Sea. At last they set sail for the Isle of Savona, being the place of their assigna∣tion. * They were in all fifteen Vessels, Captain Morgan commanding the biggest, which carried onely fourteen small Guns. The number of men belonging to this Fleet, were nine hundred and threescore. In few days after, they arrived at the Cape called Cabo de Lobos, on the South-side of the Isle of Hispaniola, between Cape Tibu∣ren and Cape Punta de Espada. From hence they could not pass, by reason of contrary winds that continued the space of three weeks, notwith∣standing all the endeavours Captain Morgan used to get forth, leaving no means unattempted there∣unto. At the end of this time they doubled the Cape, and presently after spied an English Ves∣sel at a distance. Having spoken with her, they found she came from England, and bought of her, for ready money, some Provisions they stood in need of.

Captain Morgan proceeded in the course of his Voyage, till he came unto the Port of Ocoa.* Here he landed some of his men, sending them into the Woods to seek water, and what Provi∣sions they could find; the better to spare such as he had already on board his Fleet. They killed many Beasts, and among other Animals some Horses. But the Spaniards being not well satis∣fied Page  110 at their hunting, attempted to lay a Strata∣gem for the Pirats. Unto this purpose, they or∣der'd * three or four hundred men to come from the City of Santo Domingo, not far distant from this Port, and desired them to hunt in all the parts thereabouts adjoyning to the Sea, to the in∣tent that if any Pirats should return, they might find no subsistance. Within a few days the same Pirats returned, with designe to hunt. But finding nothing to kill, a party of them, being a∣bout fifty in number, straggled farther on into the Woods. The Spaniards, who watched all their motions, gathered a great Herd of Cows, and set two or three men to keep them. The Pirats having spied this Herd, killed a sufficient number thereof; and although the Spaniards could see them at a distance, yet they would not hinder their work for the present. But as soon as they attempted to carry them away, they set upon them with all fury imaginable, crying, Ma∣ta, mata; that is, Kill, kill. Thus the Pirats were soon compell'd to quit the prey, and re∣treat towards their Ships as well as they could. This they performed notwithstanding, in good order, retiring from time to time by degrees; and when they had any good opportunity, dis∣charging full Vollies of shot upon the Spaniards.* By this means the Pirats killed many of the Ene∣mies, though with some loss on their own side.

Page  111 The rest of the Spaniards seeing what damage they had sustained, endeavoured to save them∣selves by flight, and carry off the dead bodies and wounded of their Companions. The Pirats perceiving them to flie, could not content them∣selves with what hurt they had already done, but pursued them speedily into the Woods, and kil∣led the greatest part of those that were remain∣ing. The next day Captain Morgan being ex∣treamly offended at what had passed, went him∣self with two hundred men, into the Woods, to seek for the rest of the Spaniards. But finding no body there, he revenged his wrath upon the houses of the poor and miserable Rusticks that inhabit scatteringly those Fields and Woods; of which he burnt a great number. With this he returned unto his Ships, something more satisfied in his mind, for having done some considerable damage unto the Enemy; which was always his most ardent desire.

The huge impatience wherewith Captain Mor∣gan had waited now this long while for some of his Ships, which were not yet arrived, made him resolve to set sail without them, and steer his course for the Isle of Savona, the place he had * always designed. Being arrived there, and not finding any of his Ships as yet come, he was more impatient and concerned than before, as fearing their loss, or that he must proceed with∣out Page  112 them. Notwithstanding, he waited for their arrival some few days longer. In the mean while, having no great plenty of Provisions, he sent a crew of one hundred and fifty men unto the Isle of Hispaniola, to pillage some Towns that were nigh unto the City of Santo Domingo. But the Spaniards having had intelligence of their coming, were now so vigilant, and in such good posture of defence, as the Pirats thought it not convenient to assault them; chusing rather to re∣turn empty-handed unto Captain Morgan's pre∣sence, than to perish in that desperate Enter∣prize.

At last, Captain Morgan seeing the other Ships did not come, made a review of his People, and found onely five hundred men, more or less. The Ships that were wanting were seven, he ha∣ving onely eight in his company, of which, the greatest part were very small. Thus having hi∣therto resolved to cruze upon the coasts of Cara∣cas, and plunder all the Towns and Villages he could meet, finding himself at present with such small Forces, he changed his resolution, by the advice of a French Captain that belonged to his * Fleet. This French-man had served Lolonois in like Enterprizes, and was at the taking of Mara∣caibo; whereby he knew all the entries, passages, forces, and means how to put in execution the same again in the company of Captain Morgan.Page  113 Unto whom having made a full relation of all, he concluded to sack it again the second time, as being himself perswaded, with all his men, of the facility the French-man propounded. Hereupon they weighed Anchor, and steered their course towards Curasao. Being come within sight of that Island, they landed at another, which is nigh unto it, and is called Ruba, seated about twelve * leagues from Curasao, towards the West. This Island is defended but by a slender Garison, and is inhabited by Indians, who are subject to the Crown of Spain, and speak Spanish, by reason of the Roman Catholick Religion, which is here cultivated by some few Priests that are sent from time to time from the neighbouring Continent.

The Inhabitants of this Isle exercise a certain Commerce or Trade with the Pirats that go and * come this way. These buy of the Islanders Sheep, Lambs, and Kids; which they exchange unto them for Linnen, Thread, and other things of this kind. The Country is very dry and bar∣ren, the whole substance thereof consisting in those three things abovementioned; and in a small quantity of Wheat, which is of no bad quality. This Isle produceth a great number of venomous Insects, as Vipers, Spiders, and others. These last are so pernicious here, that if any man is bitten by them, he dieth mad. And the man∣ner of recovering such persons, is to tye them Page  114 very fast both hands and feet, and in this condi∣tion▪ to leave them for the space of four and twenty hours, without eating or drinking the least thing imaginable. Captain Morgan, as was said having cast Anchor before this Island, bought of the Inhabitants many Sheep, Lambs, and also Wood, which he needed for all his Fleet. Ha∣ving been there two days, he set sail again, in the time of the night, to the intent they might not see what course he steered.

The next day they arrived at the Sea of Ma∣racaibo,* having always great care of not being seen from Vigilia: for which reason they anchor'd out of sight of the Watch-tower. Night being come, they set sail again towards the Land, and the next morning by break of day found them∣selves directly over against the Bar of the Lake abovementioned. The Spaniards had built a∣nother Fort, since the action of Lolonois; from whence they did now fire continually against the Pirats, while they were putting their men into Boats for to land. The Dispute continued very * hot on both sides, being managed with huge courage and valour from morning till dark night. This being come, Captain Morgan, in the obscu∣rity thereof, drew nigh unto the Fort. Which having examined, he found no body in it; the Spa∣niards having deserted it not long before. They * left behind them a Match kindled nigh unto a Page  115 train of powder, wherewith they designed to blow up the Pirats, and the whole Fortress, as soon as they were in it. This designe had ta∣ken effect, had the Pirats failed to discover it the space of one quarter of an hour. But Captain Morgan prevented the mischief, by snatching away the Match with all speed, whereby he saved both his own and his Companions lives. They found here great quantity of Powder, whereof he pro∣vided his Fleet; and afterwards demolished part of the Walls, nailing sixteen pieces of Ordnance, which carried from twelve to four and twenty pound of Bullet. Here they found also great number of Muskets, and other Military provi∣sions.

The next day they commanded the Ships to enter the Bar. Among which, they divided the Powder, Muskets, and other things they found in the Fort. These things being done, they im∣barked * again, to continue their course towards Maracaibo. But the Waters were very low, whereby they could not pass a certain Bank that lieth at the entry of the Lake. Hereupon they were compelled to put themselves into Canows and small Boats, with which they arrived the next day before Maracaibo, having no other defence * but some small pieces which they could carry in the said Boats. Being landed, they ran imme∣diately to the Fort called de la Barra; which Page  116 they found in like manner as the precedent, with∣out any person in it: For all were fled before them into the Woods, leaving also the Town without any people, unless a few miserable poor folk, who had nothing to lose.

As soon as they had entred the Town, the Pi∣rats searched every corner thereof, to see if they * could find any people that were hidden, who might offend them at unawares. Not finding any body, every party, according as they came out of their several Ships, chose what houses they pleased to themselves, the best they could find. The Church was deputed for the common Corps de Garde, where they lived after their Military manner, committing many insolent actions. The next day after their arrival, they sent a Troop of one hundred men to seek for the Inhabitants and their Goods. These returned the next day following, bringing with them to the number of thirty persons between men, women, and chil∣dren; and fifty Mules loaden with several good * Merchandize. All these miserable prisoners were put to the Rack to make them confess where the rest of the Inhabitants were, and their Goods. Amongst other tortures then used, one was to stretch their limbs with Cords, and at the same * time beat them with Sticks and other Instruments. Others had burning Matches placed betwixt their fingers, which were thus burnt alive. Others Page  117 had slender Cords or Matches twisted about their heads, till their eyes bursted out of the skull. Thus all sort of inhumane Cruelties were execu∣ted upon those innocent people. Those who would not confess, or who had nothing to de∣clare, died under the hands of those tyrannical men. These Tortures and Racks continued for the space of three whole weeks. In which time they ceased not to send out, dayly, parties of men to seek for more people to torment and rob; they never returning home without Booty and new Riches.

Captain Morgan having now gotten by de∣grees into his hands about one hundred of the chiefest Families, with all their Goods, at last re∣solved * to go to Gibraltar, even as Lolonois had done before. With this designe he equipped his Fleet, providing it very sufficiently with all necessary things. He put likewise on board all the prisoners; and thus weighing Anchor, set sail for the said place, with resolution to hazard the Battel. They had sent before them some prisoners unto Gibraltar, to denounce unto the Inhabitants, they should surrender: otherwise Captain Morgan would certainly put them all to the sword, without giving quarter to any per∣son he should find alive. Not long after, he ar∣rived * with his Fleet before Gibraltar, whose In∣habitants received him with continual shooting Page  118 of great Cannon-bullets. But the Pirats, in∣stead of fainting hereat, ceased not to encourage one another, saying, We must make one meal upon bitter things, before we come to taste the sweetness of the Sugar this place affordeth.

The next day, very early in the morning, they * landed all their men. And being guided by the French-man abovementioned, they marched to∣wards the Town, not by the common way, but crossing through the Woods; which way the Spaniards scarce thought they would have come. For at the beginning of their march, they made appearance as if they intended to come the next and open way that led unto the Town, hereby the better to deceive the Spaniards. But these remembring, as yet, full well what Hostilities Lolonois had committed upon them but two years before, thought it not safe to expect the second Brunt; and hereupon were all fled out of the * Town as fast as they could, carrying with them all their Goods and Riches, as also all the Powder, and having nailed all the great Guns. Insomuch as the Pirats found not one person in the whole City, excepting one onely poor and innocent man who was born a fool. This man they asked whither the Inhabitants were fled, and where they had absconded their Goods. Unto all which Questions and the like, he constantly made answer, I know nothing, I know nothing. But Page  119 they presently put him to the Wrack, and tor∣tur'd him with Cords; which torments forced * him to cry out, Do not torture me any more, but come with me and I will shew you my Goods and my Riches. They were perswaded as it should seem, he was some rich person who had disguised himself under those cloaths so poor, as also that innocent tongue. Hereupon they went along with him; and he conducted them to a poor and miserable Cottage, wherein he had a few Earthen∣dishes, and other things of little or no value; and amongst these, three Pieces o•… Eight, which he had concealed with some other Trumpery under ground. After this, they asked him his name; and he readily made answer, My name is Don Sebastian Sanchez, and I am Brother unto the Governour of Maracaibo. This foolish Answer, it must be conceived, these men, though never so inhumane, took for a certain truth. For no sooner had they heard it, but they put him again upon the Rack, lifting him up on high with Cords, and tying huge weights unto his feet and neck. Besides which cruel and stretching tor∣ment, they burnt him alive, applying Palm-leaves burning unto his face. Under which miseries he * died in half an hour. After his death they cut the Cords wherewith they had stretcht him, and drag'd him forth into the adjoyning Woods, where they left him without burial.

Page  120 The same day they sent out a party of Pirats to seek for the Inhabitants, upon whom they might employ their inhumane Cruelties. These brought back with them an honest Peasant with * two Daughters of his, whom they had taken pri∣soners, and whom they intended to torture as they used to do with others, in case they shewed not the places where the Inhabitants had ab∣sconded themselves. The Peasant knew some of the said places, and hereupon seeing himself threatned with the Rack, went with the Pirats to shew them. But the Spaniards perceiving their Enemies to range every-where up and down the Woods, were already fled from thence much far∣ther off into the thickest parts of the said Woods, where they built themselves Huts, to preserve from the violence of the weather those few Goods they had carried with them. The Pirats judged themselves to be deceived by the said Peasant; and hereupon, to revenge their wrath upon him, notwithstanding all the excuses he could make, and his humble supplications for his life, they hanged him upon a Tree. *

After this, they divided into several parties, and went to search the Plantations. For they knew the Spaniards that were absconded could not live upon what they found in the Woods, without coming now and then to seek provisions at their own Country-houses. Here they found Page  121 a certain Slave, unto whom they promised moun∣tains * of Gold, and that they would give him his liberty by transporting him unto Iamaica, in case he would shew them the places where the Inha∣bitants of Gibraltar lay hidden. This fellow conducted them unto a party of Spaniards, whom they instantly made all Prisoners, commanding the said Slave to kill some of them before the eyes of the rest; to the intent that by this per∣petr•…ted crime, he might never be able to leave their wicked company. The Negro, according * to their orders, committed many murthers and insolent actions upon the Spaniards, and followed the unfortunate traces of the Pirats. Who after the space of eight days, returned unto Gibraltar with many prisoners, and some Mules laden with Riches. They examined every prisoner by him∣self (who were in all about two hundred and fifty persons) where they had absconded the rest of their Goods, and if they knew of their fellow-Townsmen. Such as would not confess, were tormented after a most cruel and inhumane man∣ner. Among the rest, there happened to be a certain Portuguese, who by the information of a Negro was reported, though falsly, to be very * rich. This man was commanded to produce his Riches. But his answer was, he had no more than one hundred Pieces of Eight in the whole world, and that these had been stolen from him Page  122 two days before, by a Servant of his. Which words, although he sealed with many Oaths and Protestations, yet they would not believe him. But dragging him unto the Rack, without any regard unto his age, as being threescore years old, they stretcht him with Cords, breaking both his arms behind his shoulders.

This cruelty went not alone. For he not be∣ing able or willing to make any other declara∣tion * than the abovesaid, they put him to another sort of torment that was worser, and more barba∣rous than the precedent. They tyed him with small Cords by his two thumbs and great toes unto four stakes that were fixt in the ground at a convenient distance, the whole weight of his body being pendent in the air upon those Cords. Then they thrasht upon the Cords with great Sticks and all their strength, so that the body of this miserable man was ready to perish at every stroke, under the severity of those horrible pains. Not satisfied, as yet, with this cruel torture, they took a stone which weighed above two hundred pound, and laid it upon his belly, as if they in∣tended to press him to death. At which time they also kindled Palm-leaves, and applied the * flame unto the face of this unfortunate Portu∣guese, burning with them the whole skin, beard, and hair At last these cruel Tyrants seeing that neither with these tortures nor others they could Page  123 get any thing out of him, they untyed the Cords, and carried him, being almost half dead, unto the Church, where was their Corps du Garde. Here they tyed him anew unto one of the pillats there∣of, leaving him in that condition, without giving him either to eat or drink, unless very sparingly, and so little as would scarce sustain life, for some days. Four or five being past, he desired that one of the prisoners might have the liberty to come unto him, by whose means he promised he would endeavour to raise some money to satisfie their demands. The prisonér whom he required, was brought unto him; and he order'd him to promise the Pirats five hundred Pieces of Eight for his ransom. But they were both deaf and obstinate at such a small sum, and instead of ac∣cepting it, did beat him cruelly with Cudgels, saying unto him, Old fellow, instead of five hun∣dred, you must say, five hundred thousand Pieces of Eight; otherwise you shall here end your life. Fi∣nally, after a thousand Protestations that he was but a miserable man, and kept a poor Tavern for his living, he agreed with them for the sum of one thousand Pieces of Eight. These he raised in few days, and having paid them unto the Pi∣rats, got his liberty; although so horribly maim∣ed in his body, that 'tis scarce to be believed he could supervive many weeks after.

Several other tortures besides these, were exer∣cised Page  124 upon others, which this Portuguese endured not. Some were hang'd up by the Testicles, or * by their privy Members, and left in that condi∣tion till they fell unto the ground, those private parts being torn from their bodies. If with this they were minded to shew themselves merciful to those wretches, thus lacerated in the most tender parts of their bodies, their mercy was to run them through and through with their Swords; and by this means rid them soon of their pains and lives. Otherwise, if this were not done, they used to lie four or five days under the agonies of death, before dying. Others were crucified by these * Tyrants, and with kindled Matches were burnt between the joynts of their fingers and toes. O∣thers had their feet put into the fire, and thus were left to be roasted alive. At last, having u∣sed both these and other Cruelties with the White men, they began to practise the same over again with the Negro's their Slaves; who were treated with no less inhumanity than their Masters.

Among these Slaves was found one who pro∣mised Captain Morgan to conduct him unto a * certain River belonging to the Lake, where he should find a Ship and four Boats richly laden with Goods that belonged unto the Inhabitants of Maraicabo. The same Slave discovered like∣wise the place where the Governour of Gibral∣tar lay hidden, together with the greatest part of Page  125 the women of the Town. But all this he revea∣led, through great menaces wherewith they threatned to hang him, in case he told not what he knew. Captain Morgan sent away presently two hundred men in two Saëties, or great Boats, towards the River abovementioned, to seek for what the Slave had discovered. But he himself, with two hundred and fifty more, undertook to go and take the Governour. This Gentleman * was retired unto a small Island seated in the mid∣dle of the River, where he had built a little Fort, after the best manner he could, for his defence. But hearing that Captain Morgan came in person * with great Forces to seek him, he retired farther off unto the top of a Mountain not much distant from that place; unto which there was no as∣cent, but by a very narrow passage. Yea, this was so streight, that whosoever did pretend to gain the ascent, must of necessity cause his men to pass one by one. Captain Morgan spent two days be∣fore he could arrive at the little Island abovemen∣tioned. From thence he designed to proceed unto the Mountain where the Governour was posted, had he not been told of the impossibility he should find in the ascent; not onely for the narrowness of the path that led to the top, but also because the Governour was very well provi∣ded with all sorts of Ammunition above. Be∣sides that, there was fallen an huge Rain, where∣by Page  126 all the Baggage belonging to the Pirats, and their Powder, was wet. By this Rain also they had lost many of their men at the passage over a River that was overflown. Here perished likewise some women and children, and many Mules laden with Plate and other Goods; all which they had taken in the Fields from the fu∣gitive Inhabitants. So that all things were in a very bad condition with Captain Morgan, and the bodies of his men as much harrassed, as ought to be inferr'd from this relation. Whereby, if the Spaniards in that juncture of time had had but a Troop of fifty men well arm'd with Pikes or Spears, they might have entirely destroyed the Pirats, without any possible resistance on their * sides. But the fears which the Spaniards had conceived from the beginning, were so great, that onely hearing the leaves on the Trees to stir, they often fancied them to be Pirats. Finally, Cap∣tain Morgan and his People having upon this march sometimes waded up to their middles in water for the space of half or whole miles toge∣ther, they at last escaped for the greatest part. But of the women and children that they brought home prisoners, the major part died.

Thus 12 days after they set forth to seek theGo∣vernour, * they returned unto Gibraltar with a great number of prisoners. Two days after, arrived also the two Saëties that went unto the River, bringing Page  127 with them four Boats and some prisoners. But as to the greatest part of the Merchandize that were in the said Boats, they found them not, the Spaniards having unladed and secured them, as having intelligence before-hand of the coming of the Pirats. Whereupon they designed also, when the Merchandize were all taken out, to burn the Boats. Yet the Spaniards made not so much haste as was requisite to unlade the said Vessels, but that they left both in the Ship and * Boats great parcels of Goods, which, they being fled from thence, the Pirats seized, and brought thereof a considerable Booty unto Gibraltar. Thus after they had been in possession of the place five entire weeks, and committed there in∣finite number of Murthers, Robberies, Rapes, and such-like Insolencies, they concluded upon their departure. But before this could be per∣formed, for the last proof of their tyranny they gave orders unto some prisoners to go forth into the Woods and Fields, and collect a Ransom for * the Town; otherwise they would certainly burn every house down to the ground. Those poor afflicted men went forth as they were sent. And after they had searched every corner of the ad∣joyning Fields and Woods, they returned unto Captain Morgan, telling him, they had scarce been able to find any body. But that unto such as they had found, they had proposed his de∣mands; Page  128 to which they had made answer, that the Governour had prohibited them to give any Ransom for not burning the Town. But not∣withstanding any prohibition to the contrary, they beseeched him to have a little patience, and among themselves they would collect to the sum of five thousand Pieces of Eight. And for the * rest, they would give him some of their own Townsmen as Hostages, whom he might carry with him to Maracaibo, till such time as he had received full satisfaction.

Captain Morgan having now been long time * absent from Maracaibo, and knowing the Spani∣ards had had sufficient time wherein to fortifie themselves, and hinder his departure out of the Lake, granted them their Proposition abovemen∣tioned; and withal, made as much haste as he could to set things in order for his departure. He gave liberty to all the prisoners, having be∣fore-hand put them every one to the ransom; yet he detained all the Slaves with him. They delivered unto him four persons that were agreed upon for Hostages of what sums of money more he was to receive from them: and they desired to have the Slave of whom we made mention a∣bove, intending to punish him according to his deserts. But Captain Morgan would not deliver him, being perswaded they would burn him a∣live. At last they weighed Anchor, and set sail Page  129 with all the haste they could, directing their course towards Maracaibo. Here they arrived in four days, and found all things in the same po∣sture they had left them when they departed. Yet here they received news, from the informa∣tion of a poor distressed old man, who was sick, and whom alone they found in the Town, That three Spanish Men of War were arrived at the * entry of the Lake, and there waited for the re∣turn of the Pirats out of those parts. Moreover, that the Castle at the entry thereof, was again put into a good posture of defence, being well provided with great Guns and men, and all sorts of Ammunition.

This relation of the old man could not chuse * but cause some disturbance in the mind of Cap∣tain Morgan, who now was careful how to get a∣way through those narrow passages of the entry of the Lake. Hereupon he sent one of his Boats, the swiftest he had, to view the entry, and see if things were as they had been related. The next day the Boat came back, confirming what was said, and assuring, they had viewed the Ships so nigh, that they had been in great danger of the shot they had made at them. Hereunto they added, that the biggest Ship was mounted with forty Guns, the second with thirty, and the smal∣lest with four and twenty. These Forces were much beyond those of Captain Morgan; and Page  130 hence they caused a general consternation in all the Pirats, whose biggest Vessel had not above fourteen small Guns. Every one judged Cap∣tain Morgan to despond in his mind, and be de∣stitute of all manner of hopes, considering the difficulty either of passing safely with his little Fleet amidst those great Ships and the Fort, or * that he must perish. How to escape any other way by Sea or by Land, they saw no opportuni∣ty nor convenience. Onely they could have wished that those three Ships had rather come o∣ver the Lake to seek them at Maracaibo, than to remain at the mouth of the Streight where they were. For at that passage they must of necessi∣ty fear the ruine of their Fleet, which consisted onely for the greatest part of Boats.

Hereupon, being necessitated to act as well as he could, Captain Morgan resumed new courage, * and resolved to shew himself, as yet, undaunted with these terrours. To this intent he boldly sent a Spaniard unto the Admiral of those three Ships, demanding of him a considerable Tribute or Ransom for not putting the City of Mara∣caibo to the flame. This man (who doubtless was received by the Spaniards with great admira∣tion of the confidence and boldness of those Pi∣rats) returned two days after, bringing unto Captain Morgan a Letter from the said Admiral, whose Contents were as followeth.

Page  131

Letter of Don Alonso del Campo and Espinosa, Ad∣miral of the Spanish Fleet, unto Captain Mor∣gan Commander of the Pirats.

HAving understood by all our Friends and*Neighbours, the unexpected news, that you have dared to attempt and commit Hostilities in the Countries, Cities, Towns, and Villages belonging un∣to the Dominions of his Catholick Majesty, my sove∣raign Lord and Master; I let you understand by these lines, that I am come unto this place, according to my obligation, nigh unto that Castle which you took out of the hands of a parcel of Cowards; where I have put things into a very good posture of de∣fence, and mounted again the Artillery which you had nailed and dismounted. My intent is to dis∣pute with you your passage out of the Lake, and fol∣low and pursue you every-where, to the end you may see the performance of my duty. Notwithstanding, if you be contented to surrender with humility all that you have taken, together with the Slaves and all other prisoners, I will let you freely pass, with∣out trouble or molestation; upon condition that you retire home presently unto your own Country. But in case that you make any resistance or opposition un∣these things that I proffer unto you, I do assure you I will command Boats to come from Caracas, where∣in I will put my Troops, and coming to Maracaibo, Page  132will cause you utterly to perish, by putting you every man to the sword. This is my last and absolute re∣solution. Be prudent therefore, and do not abuse my bounty with ingratitude. I have with me very good Souldiers, who desire nothing more ardently, than to revenge on you and your People, all the cru∣elties and base infamous actions you have committed upon the Spanish Nation in America. Dated on board the Royal Ship named the Magdalen, lying at Anchor at the entry of the Lake of Maracaibo, this 24th day of April, 1669.

Don Alonso del Campo y Espinosa.

As soon as Captain Morgan had received this Letter, he called all his men together in the Market-place of Maracaibo; and after reading the * Contents thereof, both in French and English, he asked their advice and resolutions upon the whole matter, and whether they had rather sur∣render all they had purchased, to obtain their li∣berty, than fight for it?

They answered all unanimously, They had rather fight, and spill the very last drop of bloud they had in their veins, than surrender so easily the Booty they had gotten with so much danger of their lives. Among the rest, one was found * who said unto Captain Morgan, Take you care for Page  133 the rest, and I will undertake to destroy the biggest of those Ships with onely twelve men. The manner shall be, by making a Brulot or Fire-ship of that Vessel we took in the River of Gibraltar. Which, to the intent she may not be known for a Fire-ship, we will fill her Decks with logs of wood, standing with Hats and Montera-caps, to deceive their sight with the representation of men. The same we will do at the Port-holes that serve for the Guns, which shall be filled with counterfeit Cannon. At the Stern we will hang out the English Colours, and perswade the Enemy she is one of our best Men of War that goeth to fight them. This Proposition being heard by the Iunta, was admitted and ap∣proved * of by every one; howbeit their fears were not quite dispersed.

For notwithstanding what had been conclu∣ded there, they endeavoured the next day to see if they could come to an accommodation with Don Alonso. Unto this effect Captain Morgan* sent him two persons, with these following Pro∣positions. First, That he would quit Maracaibo, without doing any damage to the Town, nor exacting any Ransom for the firing thereof. Secondly, That he would set at liberty the one half of the Slaves, and likewise all other Prisoners, without Ransom. Thirdly, That he would send home freely the four chief Inhabitants of Gibraltar, which he had in his custody as Hostages for the Contributions those people Page  134 had promised to pay. These Propositions from the Pirats being understood by Don Alonso, were instantly rejected every one, as being dishonou∣rable for him to grant. Neither would he hear * any word more of any other accommodation; but sent back this Message: That in case they surrendred not themselves voluntarily into his hands, within the space of two days, under the Conditions which he had offered them by his Letter, he would immediately come and force them to do it.

No sooner had Captain Morgan received this Message from Don Alonso, than he put all things * in order to fight, resolving to get out of the Lake by main force, and without surrendring any thing. In the first place, he commanded all the Slaves and Prisoners to be tyed and guarded very well. After this, they gathered all the Pitch, Tar, and Brimstone they could find in the whole Town, therewith to prepare the Fire-ship above∣mentioned. * Likewise they made several inven∣tions of Powder and Brimstone, with great quan∣tity of Palm-leaves, very well ointed with Tar. They covered very well their counterfeit Can∣non, laying under every piece thereof, many pounds of Powder. Besides which, they cut down many out-works belonging to the Ship, to the end the Powder might exert its strength the better. Thus they broke open also new Port∣holes; where, instead of Guns they placed little Page  135 Drums, of which the Negro's make use. Final∣ly, the Decks were handsomly beset with many pieces of wood dressed up in the shape of men with Hats, or Montera's, and likewise armed with Swords, Muskets, and Bandeleers.

The Brulot or Fire-ship being thus sitted to their purpose, they prepared themselves to go to * the entry of the Port. All the prisoners were put into one great Boat, and in another of the biggest they placed all the Women, Plate, Jew∣els, and other rich things which they had. Into others they put all the bales of Goods and Mer∣chandize, and other things of greatest bulk. Each of these Boats had twelve men on board, very well armed. The Brulot had orders to go before the rest of the Vessels, and presently to fall foul with the great Ship. All things being in a readiness, Captain Morgan exacted an Oath * of all his Comrades, whereby they protested to defend themselves against the Spaniards, even to the last drop of bloud, without demanding quar∣ter at any rate: promising them withal, that whosoever thus behaved himself, should be very well rewarded.

With this disposition of mind, and couragious resolution, they set sail to seek the Spaniards, on the 30th day of April 1669. They found the Spanish Fleet riding at Anchor in the middle of the entry of the Lake. Captain Morgan, it being Page  136 now late, and almost dark, commanded all his Vessels to come to an Anchor; with designe to * fight from thence even all night, if they should provoke him thereunto. He gave orders that a careful and vigilant Watch should be kept on board every Vessel till the morning, they being almost within shot, as well as within sight of the Enemy. The dawning of the day being come, they weighed Anchors, and set sail again, stee∣ring their course directly towards the Spaniards; who observing them to move, did instantly the same. The Fire-ship sailing before the rest, fell presently upon the great Ship, and grappled to * her sides in a short while. Which by the Spa∣niards being perceived to be a Fire-ship, they at∣tempted to escape the danger by putting her off; but in vain, and too late. For the flame sud∣denly seized her Timber and Tackling, and in a short space consumed all the Stern, the forepart sinking into the Sea, whereby she perished. The second Spanish Ship perceiving the Admiral to burn, not by accident, but by industry of the E∣nemy, escaped towards the Castle, where the Spaniards themselves caused her to sink; chu∣sing this way of losing their Ship, rather than to fall into the hands of those Pirats, which they held for inevitable. The third, as having no oppor∣tunity nor time to escape, was taken by the Pi∣rats. The Sea-men that sank the second Ship Page  [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page  [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page  [unnumbered]

The Spanish Armada destroyed by Captaine Morgan Part. 2. Page. 13•…
Page  [unnumbered]Page  137 nigh unto the Castle, perceiving the Pirats to come towards them to take what remains they could find of their Shipwrack, (for some part of the Bulk was extant above water) set fire in like manner unto this Vessel, to the end the Pi∣rats might enjoy nothing of that spoil. The first Ship being set on fire, some of the persons that were in her swam towards the shore. These the Pirats would have taken up in their Boats; but they would neither ask nor admit of any quarter, chusing rather to lose their lives, than receive them from the hands of their Persecu∣tors, for such reasons as I shall relate hereaf∣ter.

The Pirats were extreamly gladded at this signal Victory obtained in so short a time, and with so great inequality of Forces; whereby they conceived greater pride in their minds than they had before. Hereupon they all presently * ran ashore, intending to take the Castle. This they found very well provided both with men, great Cannon and Ammunition; they having no other Arms than Muskets, and a few Fire-balls in their hands. Their own Artillery they thought incapable, for its smalness, of making any consi∣derable breach in the Walls. Thus they spent the rest of that day, firing at the Garison with their Muskets, till the dusk of the evening; at * which time they attempted to advance nigher Page  138 unto the Walls, with intent to throw in the Fire-balls. But the Spaniards resolving to sell their lives as dear as they could, continued firing so furiously at them, as they thought it not con∣venient to approach any nearer, nor persist any longer in that dispute. Thus having experi∣mented the obstinacy of the Enemy, and seeing thirty of their own men already dead, and as many more wounded, they retired unto their Ships.

The Spaniards believing the Pirats would re∣turn * the next day to renew the attack, as also make use of their own Cannon against the Ca∣stle, laboured very hard all night, to put all things in order for their coming. But more par∣ticularly they employed themselves that night in digging down and making plain some little hills and eminent places, from whence possibly the Castle might be offended.

But Captain Morgan intended not to come a∣shore again, busying himself the next day in ta∣king prisoners some of the men who still swam * alive upon the Waters, and hoping to get part of the Riches that were lost in the two Ships that perished. Among the rest he took a certain Pilot, who was a stranger, and who belonged unto the lesser Ship of the two, with whom he held much discourse, enquiring of him several things. Such questions were, What number of people those Page  139 three Ships had had in them? Whether they ex∣pected any more Ships to come? From what Port they set forth the last time, when they came to seek them out? His answer unto all these que∣stions, was as followeth; which he delivered in the Spanish Tongue:

Noble Sir, be pleased to pardon and spare me, that no evil be done unto * me, as being a stranger unto this Nation I have served, and I shall sincerely inform you of all that passed till our arrival at this Lake. We were sent by orders from the Supreme Council of State in Spain, being six Men of War well equipped, into these Seas, with instructions to cruze upon the English Pirats, and root them out from these parts by destroying as many of them as we could.

These Orders were given, by reason of the news brought unto the Court of Spain of the loss and ruine of Puerto Velo, and other places. Of all which Damages and Hostilities commit∣ted here by the English, very dismal lamenta∣tions have often-times penetrated the ears both of the Catholick King and Council, unto whom belongeth the care and preservation of this new World. And although the Spanish Court hath many times by their Embassadours sent Com∣plaints hereof unto the King of England; yet it hath been the constant answer of his Majesty of Great Britain, That he never gave any Let∣ters-patents Page  140 nor Commissions for the acting any Hostility whatsoever, against the Subjects of the King of Spain. Hereupon the Catholick King, being resolved to revenge his Subjects, and pu∣nish these proceedings, commanded six Men of War to be equipped; which he sent into these parts under the command of Don Augustin de Bustos, who was constituted Admiral of the said Fleet. He commanded the biggest Ship there∣of, named Na Sa de la Soledad, mounted with eight and forty great Guns, and eight small ones: The Vice-Admiral was Don Alonso del Campo y Espinosa, who commanded the second Ship cal∣led la Concepcion, which carried forty four great Guns, and eight small ones. Besides which Vessels, there were also four more; whereof the first was named the Magdalen, and was mounted with thirty six great Guns, and twelve small ones, having on board two hun∣dred and fifty men. The second was called St. Lewis, with twenty six great Guns, twelve small ones, and two hundred men. The third was called la Marquesa, which carried sixteen great Guns, eight small ones, and one hundred and fifty men. The fourth and last, Na Sa del Carmen, with eighteen great Guns, eight small ones, and likewise one hundred and fifty men.

We were now arrived at Cartagena, when the Page  141 two greatest Ships received orders to return in∣to Spain, as being judged too big for cruzing upon these Coasts. With the four Ships re∣maining, Don Alonso del Campo y Espinosa de∣parted from thence towards Campeche, to seek out the English. We arrived at the Port of the said City, where being surprized by a huge Storm that blew from the North, we lost one of our four Ships; being that which I named in the last place among the rest. From hence we set fail for the Isle of Hispaniola; in sight of which we came within few days, and directed our course unto the Port of Santo Domingo. Here we received intelligence there had passed that way a Fleet from Iamaica, and that some men thereof having landed at a place called Al∣ta Gracia, the Inhabitants had taken one of them prisoner, who confessed their whole de∣signe was to go and pillage the City of Caracas. With these news Don Alonso instantly weighed Anchor, and set sail from thence, crossing over unto the Continent, till we came in sight of Ca∣racas. Here we found not the English; but happened to meet with a Boat which certified us they were in the Lake of Maracaibo, and that the Fleet consisted of seven small Ships and one Boat.

Upon this intelligence we arrived here; and coming nigh unto the entry of the Lake, we Page  142 shot off a Gun to demand a Pilot from the shore. Those on land perceiving that we were Spaniards, came willingly unto us with a Pilot, and told us that the English had taken the City of Maracai∣bo, and that they were at present at the pillage of Gibraltar. Don Alonso having understood this news, made a handsom Speech unto all his Soul∣diers and Mariners, encouraging them to per∣form their duty, and withal promising to divide among them all they should take from the En∣glish. After this, he gave order that the Guns which we had taken out of the Ship that was lost, should be put into the Castle, and there mounted for its defence, with two pieces more out of his own Ship, of eighteen pounds port each. The Pilots conducted us into the Port, and Don Alonso commanded the people that were on shore to come unto his presence, unto whom he gave orders to repossess the Castle, and re-enforce it with one hundred men more than it had before its being taken by the English. Not long after, we received news that you were returned from Gibraltar unto Maracaibo; unto which place Don Alonso wrote you a Letter, giving you account of his arrival and designe, and withal exhorting you to restore all that you had taken. This you refused to do; whereupon he renewed his promises and intentions unto his Souldiers and Sea-men. And Page  143 having given a very good Supper unto all his People, he perswaded them neither to take nor give any quarter unto the English that should fall into their hands. This was the occasion of so many being drowned, who dared not to crave any quarter for their lives, as knowing their own intentions of giving none. Two days before you came against us, a certain Negro came on board Don Alonso's Ship, telling him, Sir, be pleased to have great care of your self; for the English have prepared a Fire-ship with designe to burn your Fleet. But Don Alonso would not be∣lieve this intelligence, his answer being, How can that be? Have they, peradventure, wit e∣nough to build a Fire-ship? or what Instruments have they to do it withal?

The Pilot abovementioned having related so distinctly all the aforesaid things unto Captain *Morgan, was very well used by him, and after some kind proffers made unto him, remained in his service. He discovered moreover unto Capt. Morgan, that in the Ship which was sunk, there was a great quantity of Plate, even to the value of forty thousand Pieces of Eight. And that this was certainly the occasion they had oftentimes seen * the Spaniards in Boats about the said Ship. Here∣upon Capt. Morgan ordered that one of his Ships should remain there to watch all occasions of get∣ting out of the said Vessel what Plate they could. Page  144 In the mean while he himself, with all his Fleet, returned unto Maracaibo, where he refitted the great Ship he had taken of the three aforemen∣tioned. * And now being well accommodated, he chose it for himself; giving his own bottom to one of his Captains.

After this he sent again a Messenger unto the * Admiral, who was escaped on shore and got into the Castle, demanding of him a Tribute or Ran∣som of fire for the Town of Maracaibo; which being denied, he threatned he would entirely consume and destroy it. The Spaniards consi∣dering how unfortunate they had been all along with those Pirats, and not knowing after what manner to get rid of them, concluded among themselves to pay the said Ransom, although Don Alonso would not consent unto it.

Hereupon they sent unto Captain Morgan to ask what sum he demanded. He answered them, he would have thirty thousand Pieces of Eight, and five hundred Beeves, to the intent his Fleet might be well victualled with flesh. This Ran∣som being paid, he promised in such case he would give no farther trouble unto the prisoners, nor cause any ruine or damage unto the Town. Finally, they agreed with him upon the sum of twenty thousand Pieces of Eight, besides the five * hundred Beeves. The Cattel the Spaniards brought in the next day, together with one part Page  145 of the money. And while the Pirats were busi∣ed in salting the Flesh, they returned with the rest of the whole sum of twenty thousand Pieces of Eight, for which they had agreed.

But Captain Morgan would not deliver, for that present, the prisoners, as he had promised to do, by reason he feared the shot of the Artille∣ry of the Castle at his going forth of the Lake. Hereupon he told them he intended not to deli∣ver them, till such time as he was out of that dan∣ger; hoping by this means to obtain a free pas∣sage. Thus he set sail with all his Fleet in quest of that Ship which he had lest behind, to seek for the Plate of the Vessel that was burnt. He found her upon the place, with the sum of fifteen thou∣sand * Pieces of Eight, which they had purchased out of the wrack; besides many other pieces of Plate, as hilts of Swords, and other things of this kind. Also great quantity of Pieces of Eight that were melted and run together by the force of the fire of the said Ship.

Captain Morgan scarce thought himself secure, neither could he contrive how to evite the dama∣ges the said Castle might cause unto his Fleet. Hereupon he told the prisoners it was necessary they should agree with the Governour to open the passage with security for his Fleet. Unto which point if he should not consent, he would certainly hang them all up in his Ships. After Page  146 this warning, the prisoners met together to con∣fer upon the persons they should depute unto the said Governour Don Alonso; and they assign'd some few among them for that Embassie. These went * unto him, beseeching and supplicating the Admi∣ral he would have compassion and pity on those afflicted prisoners who were as yet, together with their Wives and Children, in the hands of Cap∣tain Morgan. And that unto this effect he would be pleased to give his word to let the whole Fleet of Pirats freely pass, without any molestation. Forasmuch as this would be the onely remedy of faving both the lives of them that came with this Petition, as also of those who remained behind in captivity; all being equally menaced with the Sword and gallows, in case he granted not this humble Request. But Don Alonso gave them for answer a sharp reprehension of their cowardize, telling them, If you had been as loyal unto your King in hindring the entry of these Pirats, as I shall*do their going out, you had never caused these trou∣bles neither unto your selves, nor unto our whole Na∣tion; which hath suffered so much through your pusillanimity. In a word, I shall never grant your Request; but shall endeavour to maintain that re∣spect which is due unto my King, according to my duty.

Thus the Spaniards returned unto their fel∣low-prisoners, with much consternation of mind, Page  147 and no hopes of obtaining their Request; tel∣ling unto Captain Morgan what answer they had received. His reply was. If Don Alonso will not let me pass, I will find means how to do it with∣out*him. Hereupon he began presently to make a Dividend of all the Booty they had taken in that Voyage, fearing left he might not have an opportunity of doing it in another place; if a∣ny Tempest should arise and separate the Ships. As also being jealous that any of the Comman∣ders might run away with the best part of the Spoil; which then did lie much more in one Vessel than another. Thus they all brought in, according to their Laws, and declared what they had; having before-hand made an Oath not to conceal the least thing from the publick. The accounts being cast up, they found to the value * of two hundred and fifty thousand Pieces of Eight in Money and Jewels, besides the huge quantity of Merchandize and Slaves. All which Purchase was divided unto every Ship or Boat, ac∣cording to their share.

The Dividend being made, the Question still remained on foot, how they should pass the Ca∣stle, and get out of the Lake. Unto this effect they made use of a Stratagem, of no ill invention, which was as followeth. On the day that pre∣ceded the night wherein they determined to get * forth, they embarked many of their men in Ca∣nows, Page  148 and rowed towards the shore, as if they designed to land them. Here they concealed themselves under the branches of Trees that hang over the coast, for a while, till they had laid themselves down along in the Boats. Then the Canows returned unto the Ships, with the onely appearance of two or three men rowing them back, all the rest being concealed at the bottom of the Canows. Thus much onely could be perceived from the Castle; and this action of false-landing of men, for so we may call it, was repeated that day several times. Hereby the Spaniards were brought into perswasion the Pi∣rats intended to force the Castle by scaling it, as soon as night should come. This fear caused them to place most of their great Guns on that side which looketh towards the Land, together with the main force of their Arms, leaving the contrary side belonging to the Sea, almost desti∣tute of strength and defence.

Night being come, they weighed Anchor, and by the light of the Moon, without setting sail, * committed themselves to the ebbing Tyde, which gently brought them down the River, till they were nigh unto the Castle. Being now almost over against it, they spread their Sails with all * the haste they could possibly make. The Spa∣niards perceiving them to escape, transported with all speed their Guns from the other side of Page  149 the Castle, and began to fire very furiously at the Pirats. But these having a favourable wind, were almost past the danger, before those of the Castle could put things into convenient order of offence. So that the Pirats lost not many of their men, nor received any considerable damage in their Ships. Being now out of the reach of the Guns, Captain Morgan sent a Canow unto the Castle with some of the prisoners; and the Go∣vernour thereof gave them a Boat that every one * might return to his own home. Notwithstand∣ing, he detained the Hostages he had from Gi∣braltar,* by reason, those of that Town were not as yet come to pay the rest of the Ransom for not firing the place. Just as he departed, Captain Morgan ordered seven great Guns with Bullets to be fired against the Castle, as it were to take his leave of them. But they answered not so much as with a Musket-shot.

The next day after their departure, they were surprized with a great Tempest, which forced them to cast Anchor in the depth of five or six * fathom water. But the Storm increased so much, that they were compelled to weigh again, and put out to Sea, where they were in great danger of being lost. For if on either side they should have been cast on shore, either to fall into the hands of the Spaniards, or of the Indians, they would certainly have obtained no mercy. At Page  150 last the Tempest being spent, the Wind ceased; which caused much content and joy in the whole Fleet.

Mean while Captain Morgan made his fortune by pillaging the Towns abovementioned, the rest of his Companions, who separated from his Fleet * at the Cape de Lo•…s for to take the Ship of which was spoken before, endured much misery, and were very unfortunate in all their attempts. For being arrived at the Isle of Savona, they found not Captain Morgan there, nor any one of their Companions. Neither had they the good for∣tune to finde a Letter which Captain Morgan at his departure left behind him in a certain place, where in all probability they would meet with it. Thus, not knowing what course to steer, they at last concluded to pillage some Town or other, whereby to seek their fortune. They were in all four hundred men, more or less; who were divided into four Ships and one Boat. Being ready to set forth, they constituted an Admiral among themselves, by whom they might be di∣rected in the whole affair. Unto this effect they chose a certain person who had behaved himself very couragiously at the taking of Puerto Velo, and whose name was Captain Hansel. This Com∣mander resolved to attempt the taking of the Town of Commana, seated upon the Continent of Caracas, nigh threescore leagues from the West∣side Page  151 of the Isle de la Trinidad. Being arrived there, they landed their men, and killed some few Indians that were near unto the coast. But approaching unto the Town, the Spaniards, ha∣ving in their company many Indians, disputed * them the entry so briskly, that with great loss, and in great confusion, they were forced to retire to∣wards their Ships. At last they arrived at Ia∣maica, where the rest of their Companions who came with Captain Morgan, ceased not to mock and •…ear them for their ill success at C•…a, often telling them, Let us see what money you brought from Commana, and if it be as good Sil∣ver as that which we bring from Maracaibo.