The reformed school by John Dury.

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The reformed school by John Dury.
Dury, John, 1596-1680.
London :: Printed by R.D. for Richard Wodnothe ...,

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Subject terms
Education -- Early works to 1800.
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"The reformed school by John Dury." In the digital collection Early English Books Online. University of Michigan Library Digital Collections. Accessed May 20, 2024.


Concerning the Taskes what and when every thing is to be done.

Salomon tels us, that There is a season to every thing, and a time to every purpose under the heaven; Eccles. c. 3. v. 1. and v. 11. and that God hath made every thing beautifull and consequently, delightfull and acceptable, in its proper time. If then we can discerne this time, and determine the work to be done in it we shall find successe in it, and that with ease.

In the first Period, from five till nine; an Order of taskes must be observed in the pre∣paratorie School, aswell as in the other fol∣lowing.

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but now we shall not speak thereof, because we suppose that such a School cannot be had speedily; and that we must take such Scholars at first as can be had, till Schoolma∣sters be trained up who shall be able to follow the Directions which may be given for the training up of Children in such a Nursery.

In the second Period, from eight or nine, till thirteen or fourteen, we have five years, to be∣stow upon the Objects of Learning which are proper to that Age and Capacity, whereof the Perfection is nothing else but Memory. These five years shall be divided into three parts, whereof the first and second shall each comprehend two years; and the third, one.

In the first part (that is in the two first years of this period) they shall be led through all the Objects of Fancy and Memory be∣longing to that Period in the Method; which shall be prescribed unto the Ushers: and to every thing which shall be shewed them by their Ushers; the Latin and Greek names shall be added and commended unto their Remembrance. so that here, in these two first years they shall be obliged to runne over all the taskes of the whole period, to take up the Ideas thereof, and keep them in memory with their two Learned names only. And to that effect, in the first quarter of the first year, they shall be diligently exercised in writing the La∣tin

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and Greek characters faire and readily; and in copying out some Pictures, and the Fi∣gures of Models of Things.

Then in the last quarter of that year, when they are stored with almost the half of the words of those two Tongues; the Rudiments of the Grammaticall Rules of both Tongues are to be taught them, so farre as to help them, to make use of their Janua's therin; which from that time forward they shall be made to ply diligently, till towards the end of the sccond year; then about the last quarter thereof, they shall be taught to write Hebrew faire and readily. and when they have attained to some perfection heerin, the Rudiments of the Hebrew Grammar also shall be taught them, so farre as it doth agree with that which they formerly learned of the Latin and Greek Grammars.

In the second part of this period (that is in the third and fourth years thereof) the same taskes which formerly were taken in hand and prosecuted shall be renewed by the same Me∣thod of leading them through all the Objects belonging to the whole period the second time, only with a twofold difference: first, that to the Latin and Greek names of Things which were formerly taught and now are to be repeated, the Hebrew shall be added. Se∣condly, that in this second course of observa∣ion

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they shall descend to some things more articularly in every Object, then they did in he first course; and in a way more exact and istinct: wherby they shall be taught to look pon every thing so, as to take up the notion hereof orderly in four things when they once ave gotten the Generall shape thereof in their mindes. The First is, to look upon the parts hereof, and know their distinct names in the earned ongues. The second is, to look pon the properties of those parts and he forme o frame of the whole arising rom thence. The third is, to look upon the Action or Passion or fitness to Action or Passion which ariseth from that frame and properties of the whole and parts. And the Fourth, is to look upon the usefulness which he thing, with the parts, properties and ctions thereof, hath towards man. When very Object formerly observed in the bulk hall be thus reviewed in these particulars, and the chief names formerly not mentioned ad∣ded therunto; the second course of this period will be also finished: whereof at this time, this only is further to be added; that, at the latter nd of the third year, and the beginning of the fourth, the Grammaticall precepts are ully to be delivered in each Tongue in respect of their differentiall properties, which thence∣forth are to be taken notice of in the Use of their Janua's.

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In the third and last part of this Perio (that is in the fifth year thereof) they shall r••••peat all what in the four former years the have learned: but Chiefly the Addition•••• part of Learning, which the second Cou•••• had, more then the first; that is, their Hebrew Janua; the particularities, to be take notice of, in the Observation of all Sensu•••• objects, and the Grammaticall differen•••• in the Constructions of the three Tongues.

In the third Period of Learning, from thi••••teen or fourteen, till nineteen or twentie; 〈◊〉〈◊〉 have six years to bestow upon the Traditio∣nall and Rationall wayes of Teaching 〈◊〉〈◊〉 Sciences: those years also shall be divided in•••• three courses, and to each course two year shall be allotted.

In the first course of this third Period, a the Sciences belonging therunto are to be delivered Historically, which may be done thr•••• wayes. First, by way of ocular Demonstration in things that can be shewed unto Sen•••• in every Science, whose subject hath any thin of Sense in it. secondly, by way of Schemes a•••• Pictures to represent Hieroglyphically the things that have no visible shape; and fo••••mally those things which have a reall shape but are not at hand to be seen and shewe unto sense. And thirdly, by way of Narra∣tives and Relations, expounding both tha

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which is shewed unto Sense, and that which is offered unto it in Pictures and Schemes, whe∣ther Hieroglyphically or Formally.

In this Course (besides their Janua's which are to be repeated) the easiest of the Latin and Greek Authors which handle the Scien∣ces (whereof the Ideas have been offered unto them) are to be read by them according to the Directions which shall be given: and after the first year of this course (or sooner as upon triall shall be found expedient) their speech shall be wholly Latin▪ and to beginne to tran∣slate some remarkable passages of Greek Au∣thors into Latin, and of Latin Authors into Greek; shall be one of their exercises.

In the last quarter of this course (or in the last half year as experience shall direct) the grounds of Logick shall be taught them so farre as to let them see. 1. What the faculty of Reason is in man, and wherin it doth differ from Imagination and Memory. 2. What the Use thereof is in all Sciences. 3. What the Acts thereof are, in making up many single thoughts into Propositions; and of many Propositions said together to draw thence Consequences. 4. How that these Acts are to be taken notice of, and observed in the Au∣thors which they have read who write of Sciences; in whom they shall be taught to Analyse some of their Rationall Propositions

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and consequences. Thus the first course of thi period shall be ended.

In the second course (that is, in the third and fourth year) of this Period, all the Scien∣ces belonging to the whole Period shall b taught Dogmatically; that is, the Rules and Precepts thereof shall be delivered, according to that Order wherin they are subservient unto the Necessities of Man, and branch them∣selves out one upon another; the latter grow∣ing up from the Principls of the former; an all tending to make the Creatures serviceable unto Mankind; or to rectifie his disorders within himself. In this Dogmaticall course of Sciences, towards the latter end of the first year thereof (that is, in the last quarter of the third year of this period of Education) the Precepts of Logick shall be fully taught, first the Analyticall, and then the Geneticall way of Reasoning, to find out Truths which are doubtfull, and towards the latter end or the middle of the second year thereof, the Precepts of Oratory and Poetry shall be taught them; and they directed to observe in the Authors which they have alreadie perused, how those Precepts have been put in Use by them, that they may learne to imitate their practise.

In the third course of this period, that is, in the two last years thereof; all the Sciences belonging to the period shall be taught Pra∣ctically,

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that is they shall be exercised in the practise of all that which they have been aught, in the whole former Course of their education: and they shall be put upon the occasions of making Use of their skill in every Science for their own and others advantage, and the improvement of the wayes of lear∣ning: and here as their Genius shall lead them, they shall be left a little larger scope to follow it: either in wayes of Action, or of Theorie, or of Utterance: in the first year of this course they should be exercised and put upon the practise of all; but in the last year, according as their Faculty should be found most eminent (with some few Directions and Manuductions to Improve it) they should be suffered to apply it to the subject which amongst all the Sciences they should like best to exercise themselves in. And in the latter end of this year, that is, in the last quarter thereof, having received such Directions for the future Government of their life as will be found necessary to order it Judiciously and Prudently; they may be dismissed to take some Publick Service in hand; or follow some private Calling which the Comman∣wealth doth stand in need of.

And thus I have reckoned up the main and generall Taskes, as they are to ans∣wer the years; the subdivision thereof

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into moneths, weeks, dayes and hours will not be difficult; and needeth not now to be in∣sisted upon, but must be delineated before we set upon the work it self. We come now to speake in brief of the way of proposing those Taskes unto the Scholars, and of their way of entertaining their thoughts about them.

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