The reformed school by John Dury.

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The reformed school by John Dury.
Dury, John, 1596-1680.
London :: Printed by R.D. for Richard Wodnothe ...,

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Education -- Early works to 1800.
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"The reformed school by John Dury." In the digital collection Early English Books Online. University of Michigan Library Digital Collections. Accessed May 30, 2024.


Concerning the Things to be taught to each degree of Capacity.

First, while a Child is capable of nothi•••• but what he receiveth by Sense and upon t•••• similitudes of sensuall Objects, by Imagina∣tion; nothing is to be offered unto his Memo but what can enter in, by those dores. Here t•••• he is to be taught.

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1. To speake his Mother-Tongue, di∣tinctly.

2. To read his Mother-Tongue readily, telligibly, and without any affectat Chil∣ish tone, with his owne naturall sound of peech.

3. To write his owne Mother-Tongue le∣bly; or any other Tongue what soever, s to the forming of any Letters after a Copye.

4. To draw all manner of Lines and Ma∣hematicall Figures with a Ruler and com∣asses; and other Lines and Figures, which re the Rudiments of Painting to represent he lineaments and features of things.

5. To know the signification of all Nu∣mericall Figures; and to observe by the eye, are and hand, the differences of Things in re∣••••ect of their number, their parts, their quan∣••••ties, their measures, their proportions and isproportions, and the like.

6. To take notice of all Things offered to is Senses; to know their proper names, to bserve their shapes; and to make circum∣antiall descriptions thereof by word of outh, and painting in black and white.

7. To mind, and repeate the things which re to be related unto him; which should be he Generall Heads of the History of the orld; whereof the ground work should be

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the Historicall Cathechisme of the Bibl and the superstructure, a description of t Parts of the world; of the Things that 〈◊〉〈◊〉 therin; and especially of the Nations of 〈◊〉〈◊〉 earth; and the Chiefest Revolutions a Changes which are befallen to his owne N••••tion since the beginning thereof.

These things ought to be taught unto Ch••••••dren before they come to any of the Ushe belonging to the Association; for (none un eight or nine) ought to be brought unto the except they be sufficiently qualified before th•••• age with these endowments: and that th things may be taught sufficiently, as a prepa••••••tive for their future education in Sciences; peculiar School should be appointed as a N••••••sery not farre from the place of the Soce•••• wherin Children of this Age should be train•••• up according to the Directions which may 〈◊〉〈◊〉 given to that effect: and although the Gove••••nour should not be charged with any peculi•••• inspection over them; yet he might be oblig to repaire thither at certain convenient ti•••• to helpe with Counsell, by conferring wi those that should teach them these things, a•••• to oversee their way, and direct them chie in point of Manners; how to prevent e•••• Habits, and the Customes of perverse incl••••nations, which then beginne to take head an discover themselves: and for want of dprevention

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become ordinarily a great preju∣dice to their Education in after times.

Secondly, from eight or nine, till thirteen or fourteen, a Childs Imagination and Memory is throughly to be cultivated and exercised; supposing then, that a Child can speake his Mother-Tongue distinctly and readily, can read and write, and hath gotten a generall view of all things, and is able to name that which is obvious to his Sense by its proper name in his Mother-Tongue: yet these im∣pressions and shapes of Things are like a Chaos or confused masse of notions in his head. These now in the second Period of his Education are to be Ordered, and his Memory so exercised about them, as to pre∣pare him to entertaine the Traditionall and Rationall Learning which in the third and last period of his education is to be delivered concerning them. Heer then the Children shall be exercised.

1. In writing faire and readily; and in drawing the pictures of Things whereof the Impressions are to be fixed in their Me∣mories.

2. In observing all Things Naturall and Artificiall extant in the world, wherunto their Imagination shall be ledd in a certain Method; to cause them reflect orderly upon them, and observe in them their severall

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kindes, coherences, differences, parts, actions▪ properties, uses, and references unto Man by Trades and Manufactures.

3. In Learning all the Names of the Things themselves and of that which doth be∣long unto them in Latin, in Greek and in Hebrew; which Tongues they shall withal Learne to Reade and write; and to Interpre so farre, as their experience in the observation of Things doth go, and no further: For so farre their Janua's in each Tongue shall go and be offered to them pari passu, with that which they have been taught to observe in the Things themselves.

4. In the Practicall Parts of the Mathema∣ticks; wherin they shall be taught (togethe with their Latin, Greek, and Hebrew names.)

1. The Geographicall Descriptions of the world, and of the Kingdoms thereof in Globes and in plain Tables.

2. The Astronomicall descriptions of the Heavens, in Models, Globes and plain Tables.

3. The Arithmeticall Rules of Addition, Substraction, Multiplication, Division, the Reduction of Fractions, and the Rule of Proportions called the Golden Rule, and no further.

4. The Geometricall Doctrine of Lines, Surfaces, Bodyes, and the Rules of Measuring the same, and shewing their proportions, to∣gether

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with the experimentall way of Measu∣ing Land, and the use of the Instruments be∣onging to that part of Mathematicall studies.

5. In the observation of Husbandry and Gardening; of Fishing and Fouling; and the generall Rules thereof.

6. In the Anatomy of Mans Body by a Model and Picture of all his parts, with their names in the Learned Tongues.

7. In the Summary knowledge of the Hi∣story of the four Monarchies of the world, nd of their own Nation: together with a Brief of the History of the Church since Christs dayes.

8. In the Rudiments and necessary Rules of Grammaticall constructions; so farre as may inable them to interpret their Janua's whereof they shall have Learned the Single words with the observation of the Things hemselves: and these Rules in all the three Languages are to be given, first in that wherin they agree; and afterward in that wherin they differ: and exercised in the reciprocal Translations of their Janua's.

Thirdly from thirteen or fourteen, till ninteen or twentie; the things which are to be taught them, and wherin they shall be exercised, are all the Usefull Arts and Scien∣ces, which may fitt them for any employment in Church and Common wealth. Here then

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all the Meanes of Traditionall and Rationall Learning are to be set a foot; and to this effect they shall be taught their Gramma Rules more exactly and fully then formerly▪ and brought to read Authors in all the Scien∣ces whereof they have gained the foundations; with directions how to observe the Marrow, and Method of them; and out of them to gather to themselves an Encyclopoedia. To this effect.

1. The Latine Authors of Agriculture Cato, Varro, Columella, may be put into their hands by parcels, to be an enlargement unto that which they have alreadie been taugh concerning Husbandy

2. The Naturall History of Pliny an Others, by choice parcels are also to be per∣used by them; and brought home to wha they have formerly seen; together which the Histories of Meteors, Minerals, &c.

3. In like manner some Models and book of Architecture, Enginry, Fortification, Fire-works, Weapons, Military Discipline▪ and Navigation are to be lookt upon.

4. The Greek Authors of Morall Philoso∣phie, Epictetus, ebes, Arrianus, Plato, Xenophon, Plutarch; and some Latin Tract in this kind should be read by them; and a account taken of their proficiencie therby.

5. The Doctrine of Oeconomicks, of Civill

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Government, and Naturall Justice and Equitie in the Laws of Nations should be offered unto them; as the grounds of that Jurisprudentia whereof the summe is to be given out of the Institutions of Justinian and Regulae Juris.

6. The Theorie of all the Mathematicks, with the full Practise of that which was defi∣cient in their former Institution; where the Opticks with the Instruments belonging ther∣unto, and the Art of Dialing is to be enter∣tained; and in Arithmetick the way of keep∣ing Accounts.

7. The Principles of Naturall Philosophie and the main Grounds of Medicin, with the Instruments of Distilling and other Chimicall Operations, and the Art of Apothecaries, are to be offered unto them partly in books, partly in the Operations themselves by an ocular inspection thereof, and of their drugges.

8. The Art of Chirurgery described in books, with an ocular inspection of all their tooles, and Compositions of plaisters and ointments, and the use thereof.

9. The Rules of Logick, Rhetorick and Poesie; shewing them first how to Analyse Authors, and observe their Art of Reason and Utterance to perswade: and then how to or∣der their owne thoughts and expression, to

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search out Truths and to declare the same; Historically, Philosophically, Oratorically, Poetically.

10. Directions for the studye of all Hu∣mane Histories and what to observe in them, for the attainement of Wisdome and Pru∣dencie in the Government of a mans owne life; where with the Directions to observe the wayes of others; the Rules of Judgement, Discretion, Prudencie and Civill Conversa∣tion to order their owne wayes aright towards all, are to be given unto them which is to be concluded with a speciall recognition and in∣sight into Salomons Proverbs, and Ecclesia∣stes. And so they are to be sent into the world to apply themselves to any employ∣ment, or more particular study wherunto God shall call them. For now they will be fitted therunto so farre as Humane Industry can advance them.

Amongst all these, I have not mentioned Musick▪ Vocall and Instrumentall, by it self, because it is a part of the Mathematicks and the Practise thereof is to be insensibly at spare times brought in use amongst them as a part of their Recreations. Nor have I mentioned any Hebrew books which they should read; because their daily reading of the Scriptures should be in Greek and in Hebrew: and their Analyticall exercises should be employed for

Page 61

the most part in resolving the Rationality of the Scripture about the most Materiall Do∣ctrines of Divinity. Nor have I mentioned any particular Body of Divinity to be put into their hands; because I speak only of the Method of Humane Learning, how it should be delivered; and no Divinity is to be taken up from the teaching of men: it is to be re∣ceived from the Holy Scriptures alone: and the daily Catecheticall exercises and confe∣rences which will be appointed for these of this third period; will sufficiently by Gods blessing enable them in all the Truths of Divinity both Theoreticall and Practicall; so that there will be no need of any other In∣stitution in that kind.

Thus I have done with all the Matters which are to be taught to each degree of Capa∣city within the period of the years appointed for their education: now followeth the Last point of this Method; how all this is to be taught and expedited within the time appoint∣ed with ease and delight.

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