A Younger Son of this Ancient and Noble Family, was Hugh de Hastings,* who mar∣ried aHelen the Daughter and Heir of Alan de Alvestan, Sonb of Theophine de Alvestan, of Alvestan (vulg. Allerstan) in Pickering-lithe, in Com. Ebor. This Hugh, for the health of his Soul, and the Soul of Helene his Wife, confirm'dc to the Ho∣spital of St. Peter, at York, all those Lands which Theophine de Alvastan, and Alan his Son, had given thereto; and diedd in 9 Ioh. leaving Issue Thomas his Sone and Heir.
Which Thomas* ratifiedf to the Canons of Egle∣ston, in the Bishoprick of Durham, the Patronage of the Church of Stratford, bestow'd on them by Helene his Mother: As also, tog the Monks of Whi•by, all those Grants which had been made unto them by Theophine de Alvestan, and Alan de Alvastan, his Grandfather, Son to the same Theo∣phine: And left Issue Nicholas* his Son and Heir; who, being a Knight in 5 E. 2. was by Indenture h retain'd with Sir Raufe the Son of William Lord Greistoke, to serve him, during his Life, as well in the times of Peace, as War; viz. in the time of War, with two Yeomen, well mounted and array∣ed; and in time of Peace, with two Yeomen and four Grooms. In consideration of which Ser∣vice, he was to have all Accoutrements for his own Body; as also two Robes yearly, and one Saddle, according to the Dignity of a Knight; and in case he should lose any Great Horse in the War, to have Recompence therefore, according to the Estimati∣on of two Men. Moreover, That at what place soever he the said Raphe should reside in the County of York, this Nicholas should repair to him, upon notice, with allowance of his reasonable Charges, and Wages for his Servants, both in War and Peace. Which Indenture bears date at Hilderskelf, upon Saturday next ensuing the Feast of the Assumption of our Lady, in the year before-specified.
But all that I have farther to observe of this Sir Nicholas, is, That he obtain'd a Granti from the same Raphe Lord Greistoke, of the Mannor of Thorpe-Basset, paying viii l. per Annum Rent: and, That having marriedkEmeline the Daughter of Walter de Heron, he left Issue Raphe de Hastings, his Son and Heir. Which Raphe,* in 3 E. 3. obtain'd a Charterl for Free-warren in all his Demesn-Lands at Allerstan, in Com. Ebor. and W•stow, in Com. Leic. as also at Gissing, in Com. Norff. And in 11 E. 3. was constituted Sheriffm of York-shire, and Governour of the Castle at York. So likewise inn 14 E. 3. And in 18 E. 3. had Licenceo to make a Castle of his House at Slingesby, in Com. Ebor. and to Impark his Woods of Slingesby∣frith, Colton, and Surkilwode, with his other Lands there. But, beingp in the second Bataglia of that Northern Army, which vanquished the Scots near Durham, in 20 E. 3. was there mortally woundedq, and diedr of his Hurts: Whereupon he had Burial in the Abby of Sulby, in Com. Northampt. as by his Testaments he had directed. By which he disposedt of that Prisoner he took in War, unto his Nephew Edmund Hastings of Rouce∣by, and Iohn de Kirkeby, to be shared betwixt them. Leaving Issue by Margaretu his Wife, Daughter to William de Herle (one of the Justices of the Court of Common-Pleas) Sisterx and Heir to Robert, her Brother, Raphe, his Son and Heir.
Which Raphe, beingy afterwards a Knight, was retainedz by Henry Duke of Lancaster, to serve him, as well in Peace as War, for the Wages of Forty Marks per Annum, to be paid at the Feast of S. Mi∣chael th' Archangel, and the Annunciation of our Lady, by equal Portions, out of the Revenues of his Mannor of Pickering, in Com. Ebor. by his Bay∣liffs there. Which Annuity, after the death of that Duke, was confirm'd to them by Iohn of Gant Earl of Lancaster, Richmond, Derby, and Lincoln, (who had married one of the Daughters and Heirs of that Duke) at his Castle of Hertford, ult. Mariii, 36 E. 3.
After which, viz. 14 Iulii next ensuing, this Sir Raphe Hastings did by Indenturea retain Iohn de Kirkby of Wigginthorp (a Gentleman of an an∣cient Family) to be his Servant for term of Life, and not to be displaced, without good cause; whereof Sir Brian Stapelton Knight, Richard de Aske, and some other Persons of Quality in that Country, (whose Names are therein mentioned) were to be Judges. And, in 45 E. 3. was joyn'd in Commissionb with Thomas Lord Bishop of Dur∣ham, Gilbert de Vmfraville, Earl of Anegos, and some others, for defending the Marches of Nor∣thumberland, toward Scotland. Also,c in 49 E. 3. with Thomas Earl of Warwick, and others, to re∣ctifie all Abuses contrary to the Truce made betwixt King Edward, and those of that Nation. More∣over, in 1 R. 2. he was constituted Sheriffd of Yorkshire, and Governour of the Castle at York. So likewise ine 4 R. 2.
He married two Wives; first, Isabellf the Daughter and Coheir of Sir Robert de Sadington Knight; and afterwards Maud, Daughterg and Coheir to Thomas de Sutton of Sutton in Holder∣ness. And, having by his Testamenth, bearing date in Anno 1397. (21 R. 2.) bequeath'd his Bo∣dy to be buried in the before-specified Abby of Sulby, departed this Life, leaving Issuei three Sons, viz. Raphe, Richard, and Leonard. Which Raphe,* being by Judgement in Parliament, 28 Iulii, 11 H. 4. attaintedk of Treason, and beheaded (having taken part with Owen Glendour, as 'tis like) Richard* his Brother obtain'd a Restoration l to his Lands; and in 4 H. 6. being a Knight, was made Sheriffm of Yorkshire. So likewise, inn 12 H. 6. He was also Sheriff of the Counties of War∣wickPage 580 and Leicester; in 2 H. 5. 1, 5, & 11 H. 6. and diedo on Monday next after the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, in 15 H. 6. without Issue; leaving Leonard Hastings of Kirby, in Com. Leic. hisp Brother and Heir.
This Leonard,* being a Servant in great esteem with Richard Duke of Yorke, in 20 H. 6. obtain'd from him a Grantq of the Office of Chief-Ranger of his Forest of Uere, in Com. Salop. bearing date at Roan (in Normandy) 30 Oct. In which Grant he is called his Beloved Esquire. And of the same date, in consideration of the Surrender of two An∣nuities, another Grantr of the Mannor of Co∣tingham, in Com. Ebor. for life; paying xv s. year∣ly Rent. In which Grant that Duke terms him his Beloved Counsellor. By his last Wills, bearing date 8 Oct. Anno MCCCCLV. (34 H. 6.) this Leo∣nard, being then a Knight, declar'd, That whereas he had Enfeoffed the Right High and Mighty Prince, his gracious and special Lord (for so he calls him) Richard Duke of York, Henry Grey, and others, of and in the Mannors of Wystewe, Flek∣ney, and Newton-Harcourt, with the Appurte∣nances, in the Shire of Leicester, and all other his Lands, lying in the Counties of Leic. Warw. Northampt, and Yorke; he did, in most humble wise, beseech his said Lord, and pray and require the said Henry Grey (and the rest) to make an Estate after his Decease of all those Lands situate in Burton-Hastings, in Com. Warw. to Alice Hastings his Wife, for term of her Life; the Remainder to his Right Heirs. Also to his Son Richard, of his Lands in Brantingthorp, and Appulby, with the Advowson of the Church of Brantyngthorp, for term of his Life; the Remainder to his Right Heirs. Like∣wise to his Son Raphe, of the Lands in Wald-Neuton, in Com. Ebor. for Life; with Remainder to his Right Heirs. And to his Son Thomas, of his Lands in Little-Ashby, in Com. Leic. and Drakenage, in Com. Warr. for term of Life, &c. But all that I have else seen of him, is, That he left Issue by the said Alice his Wife, Daughtert of the Lord Ca∣moys, William his Son and Heir, and Anne a Daugh∣ter, marriedu to Thomas Ferrers of Tamworth- Castle, in Com. Warr. Esq
Which William* became a Person of extraordina∣ry Note, in his days, as by his eminent Imploy∣ments, and singular Trusts, will appear; of which I shall make some brief mention, in order of time.
And the next year following, obtain'd from that great Duke, in considerationz of his good and faithful Service, done, and to be done, the Granta of an Annuity of Ten pounds per Annum, to the end he should serve him, before all others, and at∣tend him at all times required (his Allegiance to the King excepted.) In which Grant, bearing date at the Castle of Fodringhey, 23 Apr. that Duke calls him his Beloved Servant William Hastings Esq
But, after this, er• long, upon the death of Robert Pierpont, Brother of Henry Pierpont Esq which Robert had been slain by Thomas Hastings (Brother of this William) and Henry Ferrers: whereupon the said Thomas, & Henry Ferrers, were question'd by the said Henry Pierpont, and other of the Kindred of the same Robert; this William became one of the Par∣ties for a Reference of that Controversie to the Ar∣bitrement of Richard Duke of York. Which Duke, by his Award*▪ bearing date 17 Oct. 37 H. 6. did there∣upon Order and Decree, That thenceforth all the Parties should keep the Peace to each other; and, That this William de Hastings, or his Executors, should pay to the said Henry Pierpont, his Heirs or Executors, in the Church of St. Thomas of Acres in London, within one Month next after the Feast of the Nativity of our Lady, next ensuing, Six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence, as also other Six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence, in the same Church, within one Month after the Nativity of St. Iohn Baptist; and, That therewith the said Henry Pierpont should find a Priest to sing Divine Service, for the Soul of the said Robert Pierpont, by the space of two years next following the Feast of the Purification of our Lady, next coming; and likewise pay to the said Henry Pierpont, his Heirs or Executors, in the said Church, Ten pounds, on the Feast of St. Michael th' Archangel, Anno 1460. or within a Month after; and other Ten pounds on the Feast of St. Michael then next following: Also Six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence more, in the Feast of St. Michael th' Archangel, Anno 1462. or within a Month following, in re∣compence of all manner of Offences and Trespasses done by them the said William, Thomas, and Henry Ferrers, to the said Henry Pierpont, his Uncle, and Brethren.
As this William had been a trusty Servant to that Duke, he approved himself no less to Edward his Son and Heir (afterwards King, by the Name of Edward the Fourth) in whose Esteem he stood so high, that in the first year of his Reign, sundry Persons of Honour taking notice thereof, bestow'd their Favours on him. Amongst which, Iohn Moubray Duke of Norfolk gaveb him the Steward∣ship of his Mannors of Melton-Moubray, Segrave, and other, in Com. Leic. with the Fee of x l. per Annum during his Life: Anne Dutchess of Buck∣ingham, the Stewardshipc of the Mannor of Oke∣ham, in Com. Rutl. and Constablewick of the Castle there, for Life: Iohn Lord Lovell, the Steward∣ship d of the Mannors of Bagworth, and Thorn∣ton, in Com. Leic. with the yearly Fee of x l. for Life: Sir Henry Stafford Knight, Son and Heir to Humphrey Duke of Buckingham, an Annuitye of xx l. per Annum, out of his Mannor of Billing, in Com. Northampt. for Life: Richard Widvill Lord Rivers, and Iaquet of Luxemburgh, Dutchess of Bedford, an Annuityf of xxvi l. xiii s. iv d. to be paid out of the Issues and Customs due to the said Lady Iaquet out of the Dutchy of Cornwall; to continue so long as this William should be Receiver of the Revenues of that Dutchy for the King.
And of the King's peculiar Munificence, the same year, he had first a Grantg of the Office of Master of his Mint, in the Tower of London, and Town of Calais, for twelve years. Next, of the Stewardshiph of the Honour of Leicester; as alsoi of the Mannor and Castle of Donington, in Com. Leic. ofk the Mannors of Higham-Ferrers, and Daventre, in Com. Northampt. and of all other Mannors within the Counties of Warw. Leic. Nott. Northampt. and Hunt. parcel of the Dutchy of Lancaster: Likewise, of the Constableship of the Castles at Leicester, Higham-Ferrers, and Doning∣ton; and of the chief Rangership of Leicester Forest, with the Parks called Leycester-Fryth, Barrow-Park, Tooley-Park, and those adjoyn∣ing, for Life.
Furthermore, being then made Lord Chamber∣lain l of the Houshold to that King, as also Cham∣berlain m of North-Wales, in consideration Page 581n of his signal Adventures in divers Battels against King Henry the Sixth, and his Party; as also againstoIasper Earl of Pembroke, Iames Earl of Wiltshire, and others, who had been stout Assert∣ers of the Lancastrian Interest; he was the same year advanc'dp to the Degree and Dignity of a Ba∣ron of this Realm; and obtain'd a Grantq of the Castle and Lordship of Folkyngham, in Com. Linc. Likewise of the Mannors of Lavyngton, Sapir∣ton, Awethorp, As•akby, Birhorp, Repingbale; the moity of the Mannor of Bykere, and Man∣nor of Welbourne, in the same County: Of the Mannors of Loughborough, and Shepeshed, in Com. Leic. Of the Forestership of Rutland, and Man∣nor of Leyseld, in that County: Of the House called Beaumond's-Inne, situate in the Parish of St. Benedict, in the Ward of Baynard's-Castle, within the City of London, late part of the Pos∣sessions of Sir William Beaumont Knight, Viscount Beaumont; as also of all that Purparty late belong∣ing to the same William Viscount Beaumont; of the Honour called Winchester-Fee, with the Appurte∣nances, in the said County of Leicester: And of all the Lands and Lordships which were the said Wil∣liam Viscount Beaumont's, in Folkingham, and else∣where in the County of Linc. and in Edmynton, in Com. Midd. which, by his Attainder in the Par∣liament held at Westminster, the fourth day of Novem•er, in the first year of that King's Reign, came to the Crown.
At the same time he likewise obtain'd a Grant r of the Mannors of Ashby la Zouch, with its Ap∣purtenances, in the before-specified County of Leic. lately belonging to Iames Earl of Wiltshire, then also Attainted. As also,s of the Mannors and Lordships of Beaumaner, Whytewyk, Stocha∣ston, Neuton, Hokelescote, Donington, Marke∣feild, and Erneshy, with their Appurtenances, in that County; and Mannor of Hekynton, in Com. Linc. which Katherine Dutchess of Norfolke held for term of her life, with Remainder to the said William Viscount Beaumont.
Furthermore, in regard of the near Alliancet in Bloud of Katherine his Wife, Daughter to Richard Nevill late Earl of Salisbury (Widow of William Lord Bonvile) he obtain'd a further Grantu to himself, and her, of the Mannor of Bolton-Perci, in Com. Ebor. as alsox of the Mannors and Lord∣ships of Plompton, Bercombe, and Birlyn•, in Com. Suss. part of the Possessions of the same Wil∣liam Viscount Beaumont: Likewisey of the Ho∣nour, Castle, and Lordship of Belvoir, with the Park, and all its Members, viz. Wollesthorp, in Com. Linc. Barkeston, Plumgarthe, Redmyld, and Hardeby, in Com. Leic. with the Advowson of the Priory of Belvoir; and Advowson of the Churches of Hardeby, Wollesthorpe, and Redmyld: And of the Rent called Castle-Guard, wheresoever, through∣out England, appertaining to that Castle. Also of the Mannor of Botesford, with the Hamlets of Nor∣manton, and Esthorpe; & Advowson of the Church of Botes•ord, in Com. Leic. And,z of the Mannor of Stoke-D'aubeny, with the Hamlets of Wilba∣ston, Sutton, and Asheley, in Com. Northampt. All which were part of the Possessions of Thomas Lord Roos, and, by reason of his Attainder, came to the Crown; to hold to him the said William and Katherine, and the Heirs Males of their two Bodies, lawfully begotten; and for want of such Issue, to his Right Heirs. The like Granta he also obtain'd of the Castle and Rape of Hastings, in Com. Suss.
The next year following, viz. 2 E. 4. being In∣stall'd b Knight of the most Noble Order of the Garter, he had a Grantc from Anne Dutch•ss of Suffolk, of xx l. per Annum▪ out of the Mannor of Langbar, in Com. Essex. And, the same year, the Lancastrians endeavouring to make Head again, having possess'd themselves of the Castles of Bam∣borough, Dunstanburgh, and Alnwich, in Com. Northumbr. he assistedd at the Siege of •unstan∣burgh: And, in 3 E. 4. was joyn'd in Commission e with Richard Nevill Earl of Warwick, Iohn Earl of Northumb. and others, to Treat with certain Commissioners, and others, from Iames, the Third, King of Scotland, for a Truce betwixt both Realms.
In 4 E. 4. he obtain'd a Grantf for Life, of the Honours of Peverel, Boloin, and H•genet, with their Appurtenances, lying in the Counties of Buck-Northampt. and Leic. as alsog of the Honour of Huntendon, with its Members, in the Counties of Hunt. Cambr. Bedf. Buck. and Northampt. (part of the Possessions of Iohn Hastings late Earl of Pembroke.) And the same year had the Gifth of x l. per Annum from the Lord Berkley, to be paid out of his Mannor of Hamme-juxta Berkley.
In 5 E. 4. he was again joyn'd in another Com∣mission i with Richard Earl of Warwick, so treat and conclude with Iames Luxemburgh Lord of Richburgh, upon a firm League of Amity, betwixt King Edward, and Charles of Burgundy, Earl of Charoloys: And the same year (being still Master k of the Mint) undertookl the Coyning of Gold; viz. a Piece of viii s. 4 d. Sterling, call'd a Noble; of which there should be fifty such Pieces in the Pound-weight of the Tower: Another Piece of iv s. ii d. Sterling; and a third, of the fourth part of the first, for ii s. i d. Sterling.
In 6 E. 4. he was again joyn'dm with Richard Earl of Warwick, to Treat of Peace with the Em∣bassador of Lewes the Eleventh, then King of France; as alson to Confer with Charles of Bur∣gundy, Earl of Charoloys, or his Embassadors, for a Marriage betwixt him the said Charles, and Mar∣garet Sister to the King of England. And soon after that, was Commissionedo with Richard Earl Rivers, and others, to Treat with the Commissio∣ners of Philip Duke of Burgundy, upon a League of Amity betwixt that Duke and King Edward. In the same year he was again constitutedp Steward of the Honour of Leycester, and Constable of the Castle there; as also Wardenq of all the Parks, Chaces, and Mannors, belonging to that Honour. And in considerationr of his good Services, and of the good Services of Raphe Hastings Esq had a Grants from Queen Elizabeth (Wife of King Ed∣ward the Fourth) for the Custody of the Forest of Rokyngham, in Com. Northampt.
Moreover, the next ensuing year, aftert King Edward's Surprisal by the Earl of Warwick, and Escapeu from Middleham-Castle, in Lancashire, he metx him there, and assistedy him in raising new Forces, whereby he got safe to London.
Soon after which, viz. within the compass of that year, he was sentz Embassador, with Anthony Widvile, Lord Scales, and others, to Treat again with Charles Duke of Burgundy, for a Marriage betwixt that Duke, and Margaret Sister to King Edward the Fourth. And in 8 E. 4. by Richard Earl of Warwick (who calls him his dear Brother) had a Grant of thea Stewardship of all his Lord∣ships and Revenues lying within the Counties of Leic. Rutl. and Northampt. during Life, with the Fees accustomed;
Page 582 So likewise fromb the Abbot and Covent of St. Werburge, in the City of Chester, to be general Steward of all the Revenues belonging to that Mo∣nastery, lying in the County of Pembroke, for Life; with a Pensionc of six Marks, yearly paya∣ble to him out of the Mannor of Weston upon Trent, in Com. Leic.
In 9 E. 4. he was again constitutedd Chamber∣lain of all North-Wales, and Counties of Carnar∣von, Anglesey, and Mereoneth; as also Constable e of the Castle of Beaumares, and Captain of that Town, during Life, with the Fees accustomed. And, the same year, had a Grantf from Iohn Bi∣shop of Exeter, of the Stewardship of all his Man∣nors belonging to that Bishoprick, with the Fee of xx l. per Annum, issuing out of the Mannor of Peyi•gton.
Moreover, in 10 E. 4. when, through the dan∣ger g wherein King Edward then stood, by reason that the Earl of Warwick, and others, had put themselves in Arms against him, so that he was ne∣cessitated h to quit the Realm, and flee to the Duke of Burgundy; (being stilli Lord Chamberlain) he Embarquingk with him at Lynne, in a small Ves∣sel, Landedl in Holand, 9 Oct. and, upon his suc∣cessful Return, arrivedm with him again in Eng∣land, at Ravenspur. And whenn News was brought to King Edward (being at Dinner) that the Marquess Mountague (Brother to the Earl of Warwick) who had promis'd and sworn to serve him, against his Brother, was mounted on Horse∣back, with certain other, and caus'd all their Men to cry, God save King Henry, he stood firm to King Edward, and Commandedo three thousand Horse in that successful Battel near Barnet; wherein that stout Earl of Warwick being slain, and his whole Army defeated, King Edward re-obtain'dp the Crown of this Realm.
And, shortly after that, (viz. the next ensuing year) being oneq of the Lords who in the Parlia∣ment-Chamber swore Fealty to Prince Edward (the King's eldest Son) was thereupon constituted Lieutenantr of Calais, and of the Castle there; as also of the Tower of Risebanke, and the Mar∣ches; havings fifteen hundred Men under his Com∣mand, for that Service. The same year, also, he ob∣tain'd the King's Licencet to make Castles of his Houses at Ashby de la Zouche, Bagworth, Thorn∣ten and Kirkby, in Com Leic. as also at Slingesby, in Com. Ebor. He had likewise, by the same Char∣ter, a Grant for Free-warren throughout all his Lands and Woods in Com. Leic. Linc. Warr. Northampt. and Staff. Likewise,u for two Fairs yearly, at As•by de la Zouche; the one, on Whit∣son Eve, and four days after; the other, on Simon and Iude's Eve, and four days after.
It is saidx, That having got Belvoir-Castle (as before is observ'd) and coming on a time thither, he was suddenly driven thence by one Mr. Haring∣ton (a Man of Power in those Parts) a Friend to the Lord Roos: Andy, that afterwards he came again, with a strong Party, and spoil'd that Castle, carrying away the Lead to Ashby de la Zouch, where he builded; so that Belvoir, by that means, fell to ruine, through the rotting of the Timber.
In 12 E. 4. he was madez Constable of the Castle at Notingham, and Keeper of the Gate there; as also Wardena of the Forest of Shire∣woo•, with the Parks of Bestwood, and Clipston, and Woods of Billow, Berkland, Rumwood, Ous∣land, and Fullwood. Likewiseb of the Mills at No••ngham, call'd the Castle-Mills, and Water of Trent, for Life: As also Chamberlainc of the Re∣ceipt of the King's Exchequer, (which Office Hum∣phery Bourchier formerly enjoy'd) to hold for Life. And the same year was constitutedd Chief Stew∣ard of the Honour of the High Peak; as also of Tutbury, by George Duke of Clarence; and Chief Ranger of all the Parks and Chases belonging thereto, with the Fee of xx l. per Annum for Life. About this time, likewise, (together with Sir Raphe Hastings Knight) he obtain'd Licencee to erect a Guild or Fraternity of the Holy Rood, in the Wall, within the Parish-Church of St. Gregory at Northampton.
The next ensuing year, uponf King Edward's Victory at Tewksbury, where Prince Edward (Son to King Henry the Sixth) was taken, and brought to the King; it is saidg, That King Edward de∣manding of that Prince, Why he durst thus Invade the Realm, and disturb the Peace thereof? And he answering, To recover his ancient Right: The King thereupon thrusting him back, this William, with George Duke of Clarence, and Richard Duke of Gloucester, most barbarously murthered him in the Place.
The same year he was (with others) a Commis∣sioner h to Treat with Charles Duke of Burgundy, or his Agents, at Bruges in Flanders, touching some Differences between the King's Subjects, and those of that Duke. In this year, he had a Grant i from Constance Countess of Wiltshire, of xx l. An∣nuity, during his Life, payable out of the Mannor of Navesby, in Com. Northampt.
And in 14 E. 4. was retain'd by Indenturek, to serve the King in Normandy, and other Parts of France, for one whole year, with xl Men at Arms, CCC Archers, and Lxxx more from Calais. And obtain'd a Grantl of the Stewardship of the High Peak, and Rangership of that Forest; being then likewise constitutedm Constable of that Castle for Life: Likewise Stewardn of the Honour of Tutbury, in Com. Derb. & Staff. Alsoo of the Town and Lordship of Newcastle under Lime, Werks∣worth, Ashburne, and all the Castles in those Coun∣ties. Moreover, he was then made Constablep of Tutbury-Castle, Chief Forester of Needwood and Duffeild, andq Surveyour of that Honour; having for that Service the Fee of xl l. per Annum for his Life. And the same year was constituted Steward r of Derby, by that Corporation.
In 15 E. 4. upons Peace concluded betwixt the English and French, and that the two Kings should meet; there being a Pension of Sixteen thousand Crowns promisedt by the King of France, to the Principal Servants of King Edward, this William Lord Hastings hadu Two thousand Crowns thereof, Soon after which, he attendedx the King Edward at Picquigni, where that famous Enterview was made betwixt him and Lewes the Eleventh, King of France.
In 16 E. 4. he was constitutedy Steward of the Mannor of Kederminster, in Com. Wigorn. by George Nevill Lord Bergavenny; and of all other the Lands lying in that County, belonging to the said George; as alsoz Master of his Game, for Life, with an An∣nuity of xxx Marks per Annum.
And, in 17 E. 4. was made Stewarda, by the Abbot and Covent of Welbeck, in Com. Nott. of all the Lordships and Lands belonging to that Mona∣stery, during life; with the Fee of Five Marks per Annum.
In 18 E. 4. he was again made Lieutenantb of Calais, and of the Castle there; as alsoc Cap∣tain-General Page 583 of the Marches adjoyning, and Castle of Ghisnes, for the space of ten years. In this year he had the Grantd of ten Pounds per Annum, made unto him by Thomas Chaworth Esq payable out of the Mannors of Medburne and Weland, in Com. Leic. And in 20 E. 4. a Grante from Sir Walter Griffith Knight, of the Stewardship of all his Mannors in the Counties of Staff. and Derb. In 21 E. 4. he had the like Grantf from Iohn Bi∣shop of Coventry and Lichfield, of the Stewardship of all his Mannors within the County of Staff. with the Fee of xx Marks per Annum. And in 22 E. 4. the likeg from the Abbot and Covent of Merevale, in Com. Warr. of all their Lordships and Lands, with the Fee of xx Marks per Annum.
Comines (who knew him well) reportethh, That he was a Person of singular Wisdom and Virtue; in great Authority with his Master, and not with∣out cause, having ever serv'd him faithfully. And, making mention of the Bounty of the then King of France, to King Edward the Fourth's Officers, saithi, That he gave to this Lord Hastings, at one time, a Present of Plate, to the value of Ten thou∣sand Marks. Moreover, he saithk, That this Lord Hastings was long laboured, ere he could be won to be the King of France his Pensioner; and that he himself was the onely Man that wrought him thereto. Instancing, That he first wo• him to the Friendship of the Duke of Burgundy (whom he served) and that he advertised the King of France thereof, saying, That he would in like manner make him his Friend and Pensioner. Adding,l That he thereupon began his Friendship by Letters: Where∣upon that King gave him a Pension of Two thou∣sand Crowns per Annum, which was double to what he had from the Duke of Burgundy: And that, upon the Payment thereof, he not onely refused to give any Acquittance, but to give him three Lines in Writing, to testifie the Receipt of the Money; saying, Put it here (it being in Gold) into my Sleeve; for other Testimonial you get none of me: for no Man shall say, That King Edward's Lord Chamberlain hath been Pensioner to the French King; nor that my Acquittances be found in his Chamber of Accompts. He further saithm, That the King of France more esteem'd him, than all the King of Englands other Servants; and that his Pension was ever paid with∣out Acquittance.
And now, besides all this, to make a farther ma∣nifestation of his Greatness in that King's time, I shall here exhibit a Catalogue of the Names of such Persons of Note, as were retain'd to serve him, both in Peace and War, during their respe∣ctive Lives; as I find them extracted from the very Indentures themselves, in an ancient Roll, in the Custody of this present Earl of Huntington, his Lineal Descendent.
¶The Names of such Persons as by Indenture,* of their own Free Wills, and mere Motions, Covenanted, Belafte, and faithfully Promised, to Aid and Assist the Right Honourable William Lord Hastings, and his Part to take against all Per∣sons, within this Realm of England, during their Lives, as well in Peace as Wars; their Allegiance to the King's Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, onely reserved and excepted; with so many able Persons as every of them might well make, to be Furnished and Arrayed at the Costs and Charges of the said Lord: For the which the said Lord promised them to be their good and true Lord, in all things reasonable; and them to Aid and Succour in all their Rightful Causes, so far forth as Law, Equity, and Conscience required: Anno Edward• Quarti decimo quarto.
- Iohn Blount Lord Mountjoye.
- Henry Lord Grey of Codnor.
- William Trussell Knight.
- Bryan Stapleton Knight.
- Walter Gryffith Knight.
- Robert Tailboys Knight.
- Iohn Gryselye Knight.
- Simon Mountfort Knight.
- Thomas Stathom Knight.
- Nicholas Longford Knight.
- Robert Harecourt Knight.
- Thomas Chaworth Esq
- Iohn Harecourt Esq
- Iohn Aston Esq
- Iohn Bonington Esq
- Rauffe Longforth Esq
- William Langhton Esq
- Iohn Thyrley Esq
- Thomas Cokyn, Son and Heir of Iohn Cokyn Esq
- Iohn Danvers Esq
- Thomas Greene Esq
- Richard Boughton Esq
- Philip Leche Esq
- Iohn Sacheverell, Son of Raufe Sa∣cheverell Esq
- Hugh Perchall Esq
- Maurice Barkley Esq
- Iohn Curson, Son and Heir of Tho∣mas Curson Esq
- Iohn Stanley Esq
- Nicholas Knevington Esq
- William Nevill of Rolston, Esq
- William Palmer Esq
- William Moton Esq
- Thomas Entwisell Esq
- Nicholas Kniveton Esq
- Thomas Staunton Esq
- Raufe Vernon Esq
- Henry Longeford Esq
- Thomas Meverell the Elder, Esq
- Thomas Meverell junior, Esq
- Nicholas Meverell Esq
- Rauf Shirley Esq
- Richard Savile Esq
- Thomas Curson of Croxall, Esq
- Iames Blount Esq
- William Gryffith of North-Wales, Esq
- Raufe Delves Esq
- Iohn Babington Esq
- Iohn Staunton Esq
- Iohn Cokeyn of Ashburne, Esq
- Thomas Danvers Esq
- Iohn Gryffin Esq
- Humfrey Bradburne Esq
- Henry Columbell Esq
- Gerves Clifton Esq
- William Basset Esabque;
- Nich. Montgomerie Esq
- Robert Leigh of Adlington, Esq
- Raufe Poole of Radborne, Esq
- Robert Slyngesby Esq
- Robert Eyre of Peelye, Esq
- Thomas Greslye Esq
- Iohn Wistoe, Esq
- Henry Vernon Esq Son and Heir of William Vernon Knight.
- Raufe Sacheverell Esq
- Roger Draycote Esq
- Iohn Turvile Esq
- Iohn Miners Esq
- Henry Will•ghby Esq
- ¶Nich. Agard Gent.
- Henry Columbell of Darley, Gent.
- Raufe Agard, Son and Heir of Iohn Agard, Gent.
- Roger Brabason Gent.
- Robert Bradshaw Gent.
- Richard Eyre Gent.
- Iohn Agard Gent.
- Iohn Thyrkild Gent.
- Page 584 Henry Eyre Gent.
- William Staunton Gent.
- William Dethick Gent.
- Laurence Loe Gent.
- Humphrey Stanley Gent.
- Iohn Knyveton of Vnderwood, in Com. Derb. Gent.
- Iasper Rostyn Gent.
- Reinold Leigh, Son of Robert Leigh of Adlington.
- Raufe Fitz-Herbert Gent.
- William Woodford Gent.
- Nicholas Ruggeley Gent.
- Thomas Ruggeley Gent.
But King Edward's Death (which hapned with∣in few years after) altered the Scene: For, having then a new Game to play, wherein the Duke of Gloucester had the chief Hand; though he was the first who gave that Duke advertisementr of King Edward's Death (Gloucester being then in Yorkshire) yet not complying with him in the destruction of his Nephews, (as the Duke of Buckingham and some others did) he was soon destroy'd himself by that Monster, whose sole aim was his own Ad∣vancement to the Throne.
Certain it is, that the Queen (I mean the Wise of King Edward) bore a private grudges towards this Lord Hastings, in regard she saw he was so powerful with the King; but chiefly, for that she suspected him to be a Favourer and Furtherer of his wanton doings with light Women. Nor did her Kindred at all brook him, by reason he got the Office of Captain of Calais, which had been for∣merly promised to the Lord Rivers, (the Queen's Brother:) And therefore, upon the death of King Edward, he joyn'd with the Duke of Buckingham, in the removal of all those of that Kindred from the young King, Edward the Fifth, and in his Jour∣ney towards London, at Northampton, was of Coun∣sel with the Duke of Gloucester, in his taking away the Lord Rivers (the Queens Brother) and Sir Ri∣chard Grey (the Queens Son) and sending them to Pontfract Castle, where shortly after they were basely murthered.
And so little did he doubt of the Duke of Glou∣cester's Favour towards himself, as that, upon the meeting of the Lords, when the King got to Lon∣don, he assured them of the Duke of Gloucester's Fidelity, affirming, That Rivers and Grey were under Arrest for Matters attempted against the Dukes of Gloucester and Buckingham.
And, when the Lord Stanley began to distrust the Duke of Gloucester, he used all the Arguments he could, to satisfie him, that all would be well, presuming wholly upon Catesby (a Lawyer of his Councel, and chief Confident of Gloucester's) that, were there any danger, he would discover it. For the Duke of Gloucester made all shew of kindness to him; yet did privately set on Catesby to sound him, and to win him to his Party: but having so done, and discerning that he could not be wrought on, it was resolv'd by Gloucester, that he must be dispatch'd out of the way.
Upon Fryday, therefore, the thirteenth of Iune about nine of the Clock in the Morning, many of the Lords being met at the Tower, to consult about the young King's Coronation, the Protector came to them (for so was the Duke of Gloucester then call'd,) but after some little stay, desired them to spare him a while: And, upon his return (about an hour after) with an angry Countenance, and biting his Lips, after a little pause, demanded, What did those deserve who had conspir'd his destru∣ction, considering his near Alliance to the King, and that •e was Protector of the Realm?
Whereat the Lords being much astonish'd, and musing what this should mean, this Lord Hastings (by reason of the great intimacy formerly had be∣tween them) stood up, and said, That they were worthy to be punished as heinous Traytors, whoever they were. Whereat the Protector replying, That he meant his Brothers Wife, viz. the Queen, that Sorceress (for so he call'd her) and others with her: Wherewith Hastings seemed well enough con∣tent; yet was not satisfied, that he knew nothing of this Matter before, as he did in that touching Rivers and Grey, being privy to the intended Mur∣ther of them that very day at Pontfract Castle.
Then (quoth the Protector) you shall all see how this Sorceress, and that Witch (of her Counsel) Shore's Wife, with their Affinity, have by their Sorcery and Witchcraft wasted my Body: And there∣upon pulling up his Sleeve, shew'd his withered Arm (which in truth had been so from his In∣fancy.) Whereunto Hastings reply'd, Certainly, my Lord, if they have so done, they deserve hainous Punishment.
What (quoth the Protector) thou servest me, I ween, with If's and And's; I tell thee they have so done, and that I will make good on thy Body, thou Traytor; giving a great knock on the Table with his Fist. At which, one without crying Treason, there rushed in divers Men in Harness. Where∣upon the Protector said to this Hastings, I arrest thee Traytor, and added, Make speed, and shrive him quickly; for, by St. Paul, I will not go to Dinner, till I see thy Head off. And so, taking a Priest at adventure, caused him immediately to be brought out, upon the Green before the Chappel, within the Tower, and his Head cut off upon a Log of Timber lying there. Which being done, his Corps was carried to Windsore, and buried in St. George's Chappel, near to King Edward the Fourth's Grave.
Being thus barbarously destroy'd, there are two things which I find were then observedt The one is, That shortly after Midnight preceding that fatal Day, the Lord Stanley sent a trusty Messenger to this Lord Hasting's House, to advertise him of a Dream he had that very Night, viz. That a Boar with his Tusks so razed both their Heads, that the Blood ran about their Shoulders; which made so great an Impression upon himself, considering the Protector gave the Boar for his Cognizance, that he caus'd his Horse to be made ready, resol∣ving to have rid away that Night, if Hastings would have gone with him. But this the Lord Hastings slighted, as a vain Conceit; though the next day it was wofully fulfill'd upon himself, and likewise on Stanley, though not so severely. For when the Soldiers rush'd in, and took away Ha∣stings, they smote the Lord Stanley on the Head, so that the Blood ran about his Ears; and had he not stoop'd under the Table, might have beaten out his Brains.
The other Observationu is, That this Lord Ha∣stings, coming that day towards the Tower, and meeting with one Hastings a Pursivant, on the Tower-wharf, he put him in mind, that when he met him last in that place, he was in some danger of the King's displeasure (viz. King Edward the Fourth) having had some ill Office done him by Page 585 the Lord Rivers (the Queens Brother) saying, When I met thee here before, it was with an heavy heart. Yea, (quoth the Pursivant) but, thanked be God, they got no good, nor you no harm. Thou wouldst say so (quoth the Lord Hastings) if thou knewest what I know; which few else know yet, and more shall shortly: Meaning, That those Lords of the Queens Kindred, viz. Rivers her Brother, and Grey her Son, should that very day be Beheaded at Pontfract: Little dreamingof God Almighty's Justice, at that time so signally to fall upon himself. For as they, without any Tryal, lost their Lives up∣on that Day (and, as some think, the same Hour) by his Privity and Counsel; his own was taken away by the Tyranny of the same Person, with whom he had so unworthily complied in that foul Contrivance.
By the Testamentx of this murthered Lord, bearing date 21 Iunii, 21 E. 4. he bequeath'd his Body to be buried in the College or Chappel of St. George at Windsore, in the place where the King did assign, near to that where he himself did ordain his Burial; appointing C Marks to be be∣stow'd on his Tomb there: and gave to the Dean and Canons of that College, a Jewel of Gold or Silver, of xx l. value, there to remain perpetually, to the Honour of God, as a Memorial for him. Moreover, he ordained, That his Feoffees should amortize Lands, to the yearly value of xx l. to the Dean and Canons aforesaid, to the end that they should perpetually find a Priest, to say daily Mass and Divine Service at the Auler next to the place where his Body should be buried, in the said Chap∣pel, or College; and there to pray daily for the King's prosperous Estate, during his Life; and af∣ter his Death, for his Soul; as also for the Souls of him the said Lord Hastings, and his Wife, and all Christen-Souls: and that the same Priest, for the time being, should have viii l. yearly of the said xx l. (which was accordingly performed*.) Like∣wise, That his Executors should give unto the Ab∣bot and Covent of Sulby, in Com. Northampt. xl l. of Lawful Money, to the Relief and Increase of the said House and Abby; as also Lands and Te∣nements, to the value of Five Marks, with the two Churches of Wystow and Lubenham, to be law∣fully appropriated for ever to the same Abbot and Covent, and their Successors; for the which the same Abbot and Covent were to appoint Placebo and Dirige to be solemnly done with Note, and the Morrow Mass of Requiem, with Note, in the Quire of the same Abby, for the Souls of him and his Wife; his Ancestors there lying especially, with all other his Ancestors, and all Christen-Souls: and at his Obit, to give in Alms amongst Poor People, xx s. in Money. Also, That a Priest, being one of that Covent, should daily say a Mass of Requiem, at an Altar to be ordained in the said Abby, for his Soul, and the Souls before rehearsed.
Moreover, That his Executors, at the time of his Burial, or before, so soon as notice might come to them of his D•ath, in all haste should procure a thousand Priests to say a thousand Placebo's and Dirges, as also a thousand Masses for his Soul; •v•ry Priest to have for so doing vi d. And that all that Service be done on one day, if reasonably possible. Likewise, That C l. should be disposed to Poor Folk after his Decease, and to the Freres of Notingham, Northampton, Leicester, and Derby.
Furthermore, Whereas George Earl of Shrews∣bury, whose Wardship and Marriage he had ob∣tained by the King's L•tters Patents, had married Anne his Daughter; he willed, That if the said Earl should die before any Carnal knowledge be∣twixt him and her had, that then Thomas, Brother to the same Earl, should take her to Wife, in case the Law of the Church would allow it. And like∣wise ordained, That his Feoffees should make an Estate, immediately after his Decease, un•o K•the∣rine his Wife, of the Mannors of Stok•D'aubeney, Wilberston, and Sutton, in Com. Northampt. Ed∣monton in Totenham, in Com. Midd. Ki•k•y Lubbesthorpe, Braunston, Bagw•rth, Thornton, and the Parks of Bagworth, and Kirby, in Com. Leic. and of the Mannors of Welborne, and Assak∣by, in Com. Linc. for term of her Life; so that she release her Dowrie in the Mannors of Bewyke, Thurkilby, Barow, Bolton-Percy, Fyncheley, the Rape of Hastings, Everi•gham-Fee, the Hun∣dred of Framland, and all other Lands, before as∣signed to perform his Will.
This his untimely Death hapned on Fryday 13 Iunii, 1 Edw. 5. the Bastard, (for so the Inquisi∣tion calls him) he dying then seisedz of the Ca∣stle, Lordship, and Rape of Hastings, in Com. Suss. of the Mannors of Burton-Hastings, and Draken∣age, in Com. Warr. of the Mannor and Lordship of Bewmaner, with the Mannors of Barowe, Querndon, Whitwyke, Rotby, St•chaston, Hew∣ton, Dokelscote, Donyngton, Merkseld, and Whi∣tington; of the Office of Steward of the Honour of Leicester; of the Mannors of Shepeshed, Bo∣tisford, Ash•y l• Zouche, Bag•or•h, Thornton, Kirby, Lubbesthorpe, Fleckne•, 〈◊〉, New∣ton-Harcourt, Braundston, Ashb•-parva, and the Hundred of Framland, all in Com. Leic. of the Mannor of Lyghe, and Office of Chief Forester in the County of Rutland: Of the Mannors of Welford, Stoke-D'aubency, and Sutton, in Com. Northampt. Of the Mannors of Hekyn on, Fol∣kyngham, the Castle and Lordship of Belvoir, with the Mannors of Welborne, Lavington, Sa∣perton, Avelthorpe, As•ake by, Birthorpe, Reping∣hale, Kirkby, Walcote, Graby, Hadyngton, and the third part of the Mannor of Bicar, in Com. Linc. Of the Castle and Mannor of Slinges•y, with the Mannors of Bew•ke, Formonby, Aller∣stane, and Wodehaue, in Com. Ebor. Of the Man∣nors of Dronefelde, in Com. Derb. and of the Man∣nors of Lameley, Bleseby, ••rrone, Giopesmore, Arnall, and Everyngham-Fee, in Com. Nott. lea∣ving Issue by Katherinea his Wife, Daughterb of Richard Nevill Earl of Salisbury (Widowc of Wil∣liam Lord Bonvile) Edwardd his Son and Heir, at that time xvii years of age, and upwards; as also eRichard, and William, (two younger Sons) and Anne, a Daughter, marriedf to George Earl of Shrewsbury.
No sooner was this Lord Hastings thus destroy'd, than that the Prot•ctor, to countenanceg the Fact, senth speedily for divers eminent Citizens; and at their coming appear•di to them, accompanied with the Duke of •uckingham, in old Harness, and toldk them, That the Lord Hastings, with others of his Party, having conspired to murther him and that Duke, upon that very day, as they sate in Coun∣cil, he was advertised thereof before ten of the clock that Morning; and therefore became neces∣sitated, in that exigent, to put on what Harness was next at hand. And, the better to satisfie the People therein, he forthwith sentl an Herald at Arms, to declare through the City of London the Tenor of that Conspiracy; and that the Lord Ha∣stingsPage 586 had a purpose, after the accomplishment of that his designed Murther of him, and the Duke, to take upon him the Government of the young King, and the Realm. Moreoverm, That he had been an evil Counsellor to the late King Edward the Fourth; and that he had, also, lived Adulte∣rously with Shore's Wife. Alson, That she was one of the Persons in that Plot with him; and, That he lay with her the very preceding Night. Addingo, That in case his Execution should have been delay'd, some Commotion might have hapned for his Rescue.
But this Proclamation, beingp so plausibly Penn'd, fair Engrossed, and Publish'd within two hours after his Death; made it clearly manifestq, that the Design, for thus cutting him off, was privi∣ly laid before-hand.
It is said by somer, That the real cause of the Protector's thus dealing with him, was, That, know∣ing him to be an Enemy to the Queen, and all her Kindred, (as Buckingham also was) he easily allur'd him to condescend, that Rivers, the young King's Maternal Uncle, and Grey, his half Brother, should first be severed from him, then Imprison'd, and lastly, to avoid future inconvenience, wrought his consent to cut off their Heads. And, having gone thus far, urg'd that Argument so far, viz. To depress those whom they had injur'd, and destroy those wh•m they had depress'd, as nothing but the Death of the young King himself could fashion the Conclusion. And, though he had satisfied Buckingham, That whensoever the King and his Brother should arrive to able years, they would take a most severe Re∣venge of that unpardonable Wrong thus done to their Uncle and Brother; yet, with this Lord Ha∣stings, whose Fidelity to his Masters Sons was with∣out suspicion, he took another course; which was, by Catesby, to sound him; and, in case he found him not plyable, then to kill him sitting in Coun∣cil; and, if that failed, to make use of the Hang∣man, in cutting off his Head.
Besides all this, I am further to observe, That in Anno 1477. (17 E. 4.) the Dean and Chapter of the Collegiate Church of our Lady at Leicester, by their Instruments, bearing date 12 Febr. where∣unto their Common Seal is affix'd, covenanted▪ That whensoever he should fortune to depart this Life, they would keep a special Obit for him, in their Church, upon the day of his Funeral. As also, every year to celebrate his Anniversary, for the health of his Soul, and the Soul of the Lady Ca∣therine his Wife: And, that the Provost of that Collegiate Church, should yearly upon that day, at the end of Mass, pay to the Dean iii s. iv d. and to every Canon, then present, ii s. To every Vicar of that Quire, then also present, xii d. To every Clerk, vi d. To every Chorister, iv d. Likewise, to the Virger, iv d. And to every poor Man and Wo∣man, then being in the Almshouse within that Col∣lege, a Peny, our of the Issues and Profits of the Hospital of St. Leonard, situate near the Abby of Leicester, by reason that this Lord Hastings had ob∣tain'd that Hospital from the King, and given it unto that College for ever.
And lastly, That according to the appointment of his Testament, he was buried in the North-Isle of the Royal Chappel of St. George, within the Castle of Windsore, near to the Tomb of King Edward the Fourth, where his Monument is still to be seen.
I come now to Edward,* his Son and Heir.
In 15 E. 4. this Edward was made a Knightt of the Bathe, with Edward then Prince of Wales: And when King Henry the Seventh obtain'd the Crown, had such respect from him (considering u the Sufferings of his Noble Father) that he forth∣with restoredx unto him all his Lands; as by his Letters Patents, bearing date 22 Nov. 1 H. 7. ap∣peareth: as alsoy all the Lands of Sir Thomas Hun∣gerford Knight, his Wifes Father; reversingz his Attainder, which was at Salisbury, on Munday next after the Feast of St. Hillary, 8 E. 4.
This Edward Lord Hastings, therefore, to mani∣fest his Gratitude for so high a Favour, upona that Insurrection of Iohn Earl of Lincoln, in 2 H. 7. foughtb stoutly against him, and his Fellow-Re∣bels, in the Battel of Stoke, near Newarke upon Trent; and worthily shared in the Honour of that Victory there obtained. Shortly after which, he was sentc into Flanders by King Henry, in Aid of Maximilian the Emperor, against the French. In 3 H. 7. (beingd then of full Age) he had Livery e of all the Lands whereof William his Father died seised, bearing then the Titlef of Lord Ha∣stings and Hungerford.
In 7 H. 7. he was by Indentureg retain'd to serve the King in his Wars beyond the Seas, for one whole year, with five Men at Arms, each of them having his Custrel and Page, fifteen Demilances, sixteen Archers on Horseback, forty Arches on Foot, and two hundred Bills. In 11 H. 7. I find him stiledhEdward Lord Hastings, Hungerford, Bo∣treaux, Molins, Moels, and de Homet.
His first Summonsi to Parliament was in 22 E. 4. the Writ being thus directed; viz. Edwardo Ha∣stings de Hungerford Chivalier. So likewisek in the time of King Richard the Third, and King Henry the Seventh.
By his Testamentl, bearing date 4 Nov. 22 H. 7. he bequeath his Body to be buried in the College of Windosore, near to his Father's Tomb: ap∣pointing, That an honest Priest should be provided, to pray for his Soul, and for the Souls of his Father and Mother, in the Chappel or Church where his Body should be Interred, by the space of seven years next after his Decease; and that his Feoffees should make sale of his Mannors of Welford, in Com. Northampt. Lubbesthorpe, Wistow, and Braunston, in Com. Leic. Bewyk, Alacborough, and Slingsy, in Com. Ebor. to pay his Debts, and to perform his Will. And departingm this Life upon the eighth day of the same Month of No∣vember, was buriedn in the Church of the Friers-Preachers (commonly called the Black-Friers) in the City of London; leaving Issue, by Mary his Wife, Daughtero and sole Heir to Sir Thomas Hun∣gerford Knight, (Son of Robert, Son of Walter Lord Hungerford) George his Son and Heir, and Anne, a Daughter, marriedp to Thomas Earl of Derby. Which Mary, surviving him, afterwards became the Wifeq of Sir Richard Sacheverell Knight.
This George,* the next ensuing year (viz. 23 H. 7.) had a special Liveryr of all the Lands of his Inhe∣ritance: and in 5 H. 8. wass in that Expedition made by King Henry into France, at which time Therouene, and T•urnay were won. In 19 H. 8. by the Favour of that King, he obtain'd a Grant t to himself and the Heirs male of his Body, of the Mannor of Evington, in Com. Leic. which came to the Crown by the Forfeiture of Sir William Stan∣ley Knight. And upon the eighth of December, in 21 H. 8. at York-Place, (now White-Hall) was advancedu to the Title of Earl of Huntington.Page 587 Moreover, in 22 H. 8. he was one of the Peers who subscribedx that Letter to Pope Clement the Seventh, intimating to him, That in case he did not comply with King Henry, in that Business of the Divorce betwixt him and Katherine of Spain, (then his Queen) he must expect that they would shake off his Supremacy. And, in 28 H. 8. upony that Insur∣rection in the North, call'd the Pilgrimage of Grace, (occasion'd by the Dissolution of the Monasteries) he offeredz his Service to the King, against those Rebels.
By his Testamenta, bearing date 13 Iunii, 26 H. 8. (which was many years before his death) wherein he stiles himself Earl of Huntington, Lord Hastings, Hungerford, Botreaux, and Molines, he be∣queath'd his Body to be buried in the Parish Church of St. Elyne, in Ashby de la Zouche, in Com. Leic. and gave to that Church his best Pair of Altar-Clothes, of Crimson-Velvet, which were Embroy∣dered with the Blessed Name of IESVS; as al∣so the Copes and whole Sute of Vestments belong∣ing thereto: Likewise, one Pair of Candlesticks of Silver, gilt; a Pair of Basins, Silver, gilt; a Pair of Censers of Silver; a Cross of Silver, and gilt, with a Flower-de-Luce on the top, and a Flower∣de-Luce on either side: Also, one flat Ship of Sil∣ver, and gilt; and his best Chalice of Silver, gilt: Likewise, his Water-stock of Silver, gilt; with the Sprinkle belonging thereto: His best Pax of Silver, and gilt; with a Crucifix, whereon were Mary and Iohn, a Pair of Cruets of Silver, gilt; and a Sepulchre-Cloth, of Crimson-Velvet, Embroyder'd with Drops of Gold: Likewise, another Sute of Vestments, of White Tinsell, with two Copes of the same; as al∣so a Sute of Vestments of Crimson-Velvet, which had the Cross thereof Embroyder'd with Acorns.
To the Abbot and Covent of Repyndon, in Com. Derb. he bequeath'd the Vestment with the Tunicles, and Stuff thereto belonging, of Black Tinsell. And to the Chappel of St. Bartholomew at Kirby, in Com. Leic. he gave another Vestment.
To every Gentlewoman unmarried, that had done Service in the Houshold to his Wife, within the space of six years before his Decease, he be∣queath'd six Pounds Sterling; and ordain'd, That his Executors should cause a thousand Masses to be said or sung, in as short a time as might be after his Decease, by Secular Priests, and others, in Com. Leic. and other Places adjoyning.
To Francis, his eldest Son, he bequeathed all his Furrs of Sables: And appointed, That all the out∣sides of his Gowns and Apparel, fit for that pur∣pose, should be made in Vestments, and deliver'd to poor Churches within his Lordships.
To his Daughter Dorothy he bequeath'd a thou∣sand Pounds to her Marriage: To his Daughter Catherine, the like Sum. And ordained, That his Executors, out of the Revenues of his Lands in Wodcote, and Burton-Hastings, in Com. Warr. should provide two Priests, to sing in the Parish-Church of Ashby, for the space of xx years, for all Christen-Souls, having vi l. xiii s. iv d. per An∣num Salary.
This George Earl of Huntington took to Wife bAnne Daughter to Henry Duke of Buckingham, (Widow of Sir Walter Herbert Knight) and de∣parting c this Life 24 Martii, 35 H. 8. was buried † in the Chancel at Stoke-Pogeys, in Com. Buck. leaving Issue five Sons, viz.dFrancis, who succeed∣ed him in his Honours, Edward, Thomas, Henry, and William; and three Daughters, viz. Dorothy, Wife of Sir Richard Deverenx Knight, Son and Heir to Walter Viscount Hereford; Mary, and Ca∣therine. Of which Francis before I proceed to speak, I shall take leave to say something of his two Brothers, Thomas, and Edward.
This Thomas, in 1 & 2 Ph. & M. beingf a Knight, wasg one of the Knights for the County of L•ice∣ster, in the Parliament then held; and married *Winifride, one of the Daughters and Heirs of Henry Pole Lord Montacute. Moreover, by his Testament,† bearing date 28 Martii, Anno 1558. (4 & 5 Ph. & M▪) he bequeath'd his Body to be buried in the Church of Stoke-Pogeys, in Com. Buck. or in the Chappel adjoyning, built by his Brother Edward.
Which Edward, in 36 H. 8. by the Name of Ed∣ward Hastings, Esq obtain'd a Granth from the King of the Alnage of Wiltshire, for xxi years from the Feast of Easter, and after that, for the term of xl years; paying Lxxvi l. xix s. Rent per Annum, and i s. for increase. In 4 E. 6. he was made She∣riff i for the Counties of Warw. and Leic. And the same year, sent*, with Francis Earl of Hunting∣ton (his elder Brother) with considerable Forces, to dislodge the French, then planted betwixt Boloin and Calais; both which Places were then in the Hands of the English. And in 1 Mariae, was con∣stituted Receiverk of the Honour of Leicester, Parcel of the Dutchy of Lancaster, in the Counties of Leicester, Warw. Northampt. and Nott. And being the same year made al Privy Counsellor to that Queen, and Masterm of her Horse, was consti∣tuted n Collector-General of all her Revenues with∣in the City of London, Midd. Essex, and Hertfordsh. being accountable for the Arrearages, in the Court of Augmentation; and likewise obtain'do from her the Mannor of Boswerth, in Com. Leic. and Michelcrech, in Com. Somerset. to himself and his Heirs. He was also electedp one of the Compani∣ons of the most Noble Order of the Garter.
In Anno 1556. (2 & 3 Ph. & M.) 10 Maii, be∣ing then Knight of the most Noble Order of the Garter, and Master of the Horse to that Queen, he declared his Testamentq; and thereby appointed, That his Body should be buried in the Parish-Church of Stoke-Pogeys. To the Poor at his Bu∣rial, he bequeath'd xx l. To a Preacher, to preach three Sundays after his Funeral, xl s. To the Parish-Church of Stoke-Pogeys, a Pair of Altar-clothes, a Cope, and a Vestment, with his Arms wrought upon each of them. He likewise ordained, That upon every Good Friday, for the space of three years after his death, four Marks should be distri∣buted amongst Poor People of the Parish of Stoke-Pogeys.
To the Poor of the Parish of Harfeild (within which he then dwelt) he bequeath'd x l. xx l. to be bestow'd upon the High-ways in the same Pa∣rish. To poor Scholars in Cambridge, xx l. To poor Scholars in Oxford, xx l. To the New Ho∣spital in London, xx l. To the Observant Fryers, at Grenewich, xx l. To every Prison in London, Westminster, and Southwark, viz. Newgate, Ludgate, Bethlem, the Flee•, the Marshalspe, the King's Bench, both the Counters, and the Gate-house, five Pounds, to be bestow'd on such as liv'd of Alms. Moreover, he appointed, That his Executors should build a Chappel of Stone, with an Altar therein, adjoyning to the Church or Chancel of Stoke-Pogeys, where the late Earl of Huntington, and the Lady his Wife, (his Father and Mother) lay Buri•d; and that they should cause a Tomb to be made in the said Chappel, with Page 588 with the Images of his said Father and Mother, of Stone; as also their Arms placed thereon, and a Vault under it, for their Bodies, and for the Body of his Brother William Hastings; in which Vault he purposed that his own Body should lie: Appoint∣ing, That a Plate of Copper, double gilt, should be made, to represent his Image, in Harness, with the Garter; and a Memorial in Writing, of him, with his Arms, to be placed upright, on the Wall of that Chappel, without any other Tomb for him. Also, That his Executors should cause to be built, at Stoke aforesaid, five convenient Chambers, with Chimneys in each of them, for one Chantry-Priest, and •our poor Bead-men. And bequeathed his Mannor of Bosworth, in Com. Leic. unto his Nephew, Henry Lord Hastings, and his Heirs, to maintain a Priest at Stoke aforesaid, in the Lodg∣ing before appointed, to sing and say Mass, &c. for the Souls of his Father and Mother, his own, and his Ancestors Souls, in the same Chappel; and to help the Curate there, in time of necessity: which Priest to have an yearly Stipend of x l. as also five Loads of good Fire-wood. Likewise, to the four poor Men, xx l. yearly, and every of them four Loads of Fire-wood, with a Blue Gown of Broad-cloth, of four Yards, and a Bull-head on the Sleeve, once in two Years: which poor Men, to be chosen by his Executors, out of the Parish of Stoke, afore∣said; but afterwards, by the Vicar of Stoke, and the Chantry-Priest, for the time being, with five of the most substantial Men of that Parish; and to repair daily to the same Church, to hear God's Service, as also to pray for the Souls aforesaid, and all Christen-Souls. Furthermore, That the said Lord Hastings should pay five Pounds per Annum to some Learned Man, or Men, for ten Sermons eve∣ry year, in perpetuity, in the same Church of Stoke: viz. for every Sermon, ten Shillings.
Lastly, he bequeath'd the Profits of all his Man∣nor of Michel•reche, in Com. Somerset. unto his Executors, till Edward, his Base Son, should come to the age of xviii years, for his Education; the Re∣version to him the said Edward, and the Heirs male of his Body; and for want of such Issue, to his Nephew George Hastings, and the Heirs male of his Body.
After this, viz. in 4 & 5 Ph. & M. he was con∣stituted r Deputy-General to Thomas Earl of Sus∣sex, for the Office of Justice in Eyre, throughout all the Forests North of •rent. And the same year, being alsos Lord Chamberlain of that Queens Houshold, upon the nineteenth day of Ianuary, was advancedt to the Degree of a Baron of this Realm, by the Title of Lord Hastings of Loughborough.
But after the death of that Queen, having foun∣ded u an Hospital at Stocke-Pogeys, for a Master (viz a Priest) and four poor Men, and two poor Women, by the Title of The Hospital of Stoke-Pogeys, of the Foundation of the Lord Hastings of Loughb•rough: Which by Act of Parliament, in Ann. 4 & 5 Ph. & M. was endowed with a Rent of Liii l. ix. s. issuing out of the Mannor of Michel∣crech, in Com. Somerset. he retiredx thither; and there betakingy himself to his Devotions, ended z his days without Issue. Whereupon he had Bu∣rial in the Chappel belonging thereto, as may seem by his-Atchievements, which till of late hung up there, at the upper end thereof.
But I return to Francis, the next succeeding Earl.
This Francis,* in his Father's Life-time, viz. in 25 H. 8. two days before the Coronation of Queen Anne Bullen, wase one of the Knights of the Bath then made; and in 3 E. 6. electedf Knight of the most Noble Order of the Garter. In 4 E. 6. he obtain'd Licenceg to retain a hundred Servants, Gentlemen and Yeomen, over and above those of his Family, or in any Office or Employment under him: And was the same year senth into France, with considerable Forces, to dislodge the French, then planted betwixt Boloin and Calais, (which Places were in the Possession of the English.) In 5 E. 6. he wasi one of the Peers, upon the Trial of Edward Duke of Somerset: And onek of the Privy-Council to that King; as may seem by cer∣tain Letters sent by the Lords to Queen Mary. In 1 Mariae, being Lieutenantl of Leicestershire, upon the Insurrection of Henry Duke of Suffolk, he rai∣sed m Forces against him; and afterwards brought n him Prisoner from Coventre, to the Tower of London. By his Testament,o, bearing date 20 Apr. 2 Eliz. he bequeath'd his Body to be buried in the Church of As•by de la Zouche, in Com. Leic. in the Chappel, on the South-side of the Chancel; ap∣pointing a convenient Tomb to be made there, over his Grave. And, having marriedpCathe∣rine, one of the Daughters and Coheirs of Henry Pole Lord Monta••te (Son of Sir Richard Pole Knight of the Garter, and Margaret Countess of Salisbury, Daughter to George Duke of Clarence) departedq this Life 20 Iunii, in the same second year of Queen Eliz. and was buried at Ashby de la Zouche, under a fair Tomb, there Erected to his Memory, with this Epitaph.
Here lieth the Corps of Francis Earl of Huntington, Lord Hastings, Hungerford, Botreaux, Molins, and Moels, Knight of the most Noble Order of the Garter; who Deceased 20 Iunii, Anno 1561.
By the said Catherine his Wife he had Issuer six Sons; viz. first Henry his eldest Son, and Succes∣sor in his Honours: 2. Sir George Hastings Knight: 3. William, who died Issueless: 4. Edward, Knighteds by the Earl of Sussex, for his Service in Scotland, upon that Expedition made thither in 13 Eliz. which Sir Edward marriedtBarbara the Daughter of Sir William Devereux Knight, Wi∣dow of ... Cave: 5. Francis, who married uMaud Daughter of Sir Raphe Longford Knight, Widow of Sir George Vernon of Haddon, in Com. Derb. Knight; and died without Issue: and, 6 Wal∣ter, who marriedxIoyce Daughter to William Ro∣per of ... in Com. Cantii.
He had also Issue five Daughters; viz.yCathe∣rine, Wife of Henry Earl of Lincoln; Frances, of Henry Lord Compton; Anne, who died unmarried; Elizabeth, Wife of Edward Earl of Worcester; and Mary, who likewise died unmarried.
I come now to Henry,* the eldest Son, and Suc∣cessor to Earl Francis.
In 12 Eliz. he was Install'db Knight of the Garter, and constituted Lieutenant of the Counties of Leic. and Rutl. And the same year, with George Earl of Shrews•ury, and Walter Viscount Hereford,Page 589 hadc the Charge of Mary Queen of Scotland, then Prisoner in England. In 15 Eliz. he wasd one of the Peers, who sate upon the Trial of the Duke of Norff. and in 17 Eliz. was madee Lord President of the North, and again constituted Lieutenant of the Counties of Leic. and Rutl. as also of the Counties of York, Northumb. Cumbr, Westmorl. and the Bishoprick of Durham.
He was also onef of the Lords of the Council to that Queen. But being a Person ofg a gentle Dis∣position, was so wrought upon by the Puritan∣party, as that he did not a little diminishh his Estate in cherishing that sort of People. This Earl married†Catherine Daughter to Iohn Duke of Northumberland; but had no* Issue by her: And departingi this Life at York, 14 Dec. Anno 1595. (38 Eliz.) was Interredk at Ashby de la Zouch, 28 Apr. next ensuing; the Chargesl of whose Fu∣neral (which was solemnizedm by the Queens com∣mand) amounted to 1342 l. 19 s. oo d.
To whom succeeded George* his second Brother, who was constitutedn Lieutenant for the Counties of Leic. and Rutl. 2 Oct. 38 Eliz. So likewiseo 19 Apr. 1 Iac. This George marriedpDorothy, one of the Daughters and Coheirs to Sir Iohn Port of Etwall, in Com. Derb. Knight; by whom he had Issue three Sons, viz.qFrancis, who died in his Life-time: Henry, who married Dorothy, one of the Daughters and Coheirs to Sir Francis Willoughby of Wollaton, in Com. Nott. Knight: thirdly, Sir Edward Hastings Knight, who died at Uienna in Austria: and two Daughters; viz. Catherine, Wife r of Sir Edward Vnton of Wadley, in Com. Berks. Knight, and afterwards of Sir Walter Chetwind of Engeskey, in Com. Staff. Knight; and Dorothy, first marrieds to Sir Iames Steward Knight (a Scotch-man) and afterwards totRobert Earl of Roscomon, in Ireland.
But I return to Francis Lord Hastings (the eldest Son to this last Earl George) who so died in his Fa∣ther's Life-time, as hath been observed. This Fran∣cis marriedySarah Daughter of Sir Iames Haring∣ton Knight, Sister to Iohn Lord Harington of Ex∣ton; and by her had Issue four Sons, viz.zHenry, who succeeded his Grandfather George in his Ho∣nours; Sir George Hastings Knight, who marri∣ed aSeamour, Daughter and Coheir to Sir Gilbert Prynne of Chippenham, in Com. Wilts. Knight: Edward,b a Captain in Sir Walter Raleigh's Voy∣age to Guina, in which he died: and Francis, who diedc in his Infancy. He had also two Daughters; viz. Catherine, Wifed to Philip Earl of Chesterfield; and Theodosia, marriede to Sir Francis Bodenham of Kyale, in Com. Rutl. Knight: and departedf this Life at London, ... Dec. Anno 1595. (37 Eliz.) and was buriedg at Ashby de la Zouch, 28 Apr. en∣suing, with his Uncle, Earl Henry.
I come now to Henry,* eldest Son to this Francis, Grandson and Successor to Earl George. This Hen∣ry was made Lieutenanth of Leicestersh. 16 Maii, 5 Iac. andi 18 Iulii, 12 Iac. of the Counties of Leicester, and •utland. So likewisek by King Charles the First, 1 Apr. 1 Car. 1. He was also lCustos Rotulorum for the same County of Leicester, and Stewardm of the Dutchy of Lancaster. More∣over, he wasn one of the Peers upon the Trial of the Earl and Countess of Somerset,o 15 Maii, 1616. (14 Iac.) for poysoning Sir Thomas Overbury. He marriedpElizabeth third Daughter and Coheir to Ferdinand• Earl of Derby; and departingq this Life at Ashby de la Zouch, 14 Nov. Anno 1643. (19 Car. 1.) lieth buriedr there, with his Ance∣stors; leaving Issues two Sons, Ferdinands, and Henry; and two Daughters, viz. Alice, marriedt to Sir Gervase Clifton of Clifton, in Com. Nott. Ba∣ronet; and Elizabeth, touSir Hugh Calveley of Lea, in Com. Cestr. Knight.
Which Henry (the younger Son to Earl Henry) being a Person of great Valour and Military Con∣duct, as also the first that appeared in Arms on the behalf of King Charles the First of Blessed Memo∣ry, in the time of the late Rebellion; having con∣ducted the Queen, with safety, out of the North (where she Landed) unto Oxford, notwithstanding the Power of the Enemy, at that time, in sundry Places, and planted divers Garrisons with his own Forces, especially at Ashby de la Zouch, the Noble Seat of his Ancestors, (since much demolished by those unhappy Troubles) was, by Letters Patents, bearing date 23 Oct. 19 Car. 1. worthily advanced x to the dignity of a Baron, by the Title of Lord Loughborough: And departing this Life at Lon∣don, ... was buried in the Collegiate Chappel-Royal of St. George, within the Castle at Windsore, in the Isle on the North-side the Quire, not far from the Tomb of William Lord Hastings his An∣cestor.
But I return to Ferdinand,* his elder Brother, and Successor to the last Earl Henry (his Father) in his Honours. This Ferdinand was borny〈◊〉Ashby de la Zouch, 18 Ian. Anno 1608. In 14 Car. 1. he was joyn'd in the Lieutenancyz of the Counties of Leic. and Rutl. with his Father: and 13 Nov. 16 Car. 1. summon'd to Parliament amongst the Barons of this Realm, during the Life of his Fa∣ther, by the Title of Lord Hastings. Having mar∣ried Lucie, Daughter and sole Heir to Sir Iohn Da∣vies of Englefeild, in Com. Berks, Knight, Primier Serjeant at Law to King Iames, and King Charles the First, as also Sollicitor, and afterwards Attor∣ney-General in Ireland, by the Lady Elianore his Wife, youngest Daughter to George Lord Audley, Earl of Castle-Haven; had Issue by her four Sons, viz. Henry, Ihon, Ferdinand, who all died unmar∣ried, and Theophilus. Likewise, six Daughters, viz. Alice, and Alianore, who died young; Eliza∣beth, married to Sir Iames Langham of Cores∣br•ke, in Com. Northampt. Knight and Baronet; Lucie, died unmarried; Mary, and Christian, now living.
He died 13 Febr. Anno 1655. and was buried with his Ancestors, at Ashby de la Zouch; leaving the said Theophilus* his Successor in his Honours: Who being born at •enington-Park ▪in Com. Leic. 10 Dec. Anno 1650. marri•d Elizabeth Daughter and Coheir to Sir Iohn Lewes of L•ds•on, in Com. Ebor. Knight, 19 Febr. Anno 1671.