The baronage of England, or, An historical account of the lives and most memorable actions of our English nobility in the Saxons time to the Norman conquest, and from thence, of those who had their rise before the end of King Henry the Third's reign deduced from publick records, antient historians, and other authorities
Dugdale, William, Sir, 1605-1686.
Page  574

Hastings.

THe first of this Family of whom I find men∣tion,* is William de Hastings, Stewarda to King Henry the First. Which Office he heldb by Serjeantie, in respect of his Tenure of the Mannor of Ashele, in Com. Norff. viz. by the Ser∣vice of taking charge of the Naperie (id est, the Table-clothes and Linen) at the Solemn Coronati∣ons of the Kings of this Realm.

To whom succeeded Hugh* his Son and Heir. Which Hugh obtain'd, by the Giftc of that King, all the Lands of Robert de Flamenvill, with Erne∣burgh Daughter of Hugh Flamenvill, Niece to the same Robert.

This Hugh had IssuedWilliam* his Son and Heir, Stewarde also to King Henry the Second; from whom he obtain'd a Confirmationf of all the Lands which William de Hastings his Grandfather (Steward to King Henry the First) and Hugh his Father had enjoy'd in the time of that King. As also ofg all the Lands which Robert de Limesi Bi∣shop of Coventre, by the Consent of the Chapter, and Approbation of King Henry the First, gave to the before-specified Robert de Flamenvill; viz. Bur∣bache, Barewell, and Birdingburie, with their Appurtenances, viz. Scetescleve (now Sketch∣ley) and Eston (now Aston-Flamvill) and Sta∣pelton. Likewiseh his Houses in Coventre, with one Burgess there, and one Croft in Wilie, to hold by the Service of two Knights Fees, as freely as King Henry the First gave them to Hugh de Hastings, his Father, with Erneburgh Daughter of the said Hugh de Flamenvill.

This last-mentioned William took to Wife iMargerie the Daughter of Roger Bigod Earl of Norff. with whom he hadk in Marriage the Lord∣ship of Little Bradley, to enjoy after the death of Gundred Stepmother to him the said Roger; and left Issue by her two Sons, viz.lHenry, and Willi∣am. Which Henry dyingm Issueless, William* his Brother, in 6 R. 1. gaven C Marks for his Relief of those Lands held in Srjeanty, so descended to him: As alsoo C Marks more, to obtain the King's Fa∣vour, in regard he did not at that time attend him into Normandy.

This William, in 1 Ioh. wasp one of the Peers in the Parliament then held at Lincoln, where Wil∣liam King of Scotland did Homage to King Iohn. And in 15 Ioh. attendedq the King into Poictou. After which, viz. in 18 Ioh. he took part with the rebellious Barons, as it seems; for it appearsr that his Lands were then given by the King to William de Roeley, and Elias his Uncle, for their support in his Service. But, making his Peace with King H. 3. (as most did) he was, on his behalf, at the Sieges of Bitham-Castle, in Com. Linc. in 5 H. 3. and diedt in 10 H. 3. Whereupon Henry his Son and Heir, giving fifty Marks Fine, and doing his Homage, had Liveryu of his Lands, lying in the Counties of Warr. Leic. Salop. Bedf. Norff. and Suff.

Which Henry* taking to WifexAda the fourth Daughter to David Earl of Huntendon, and of Maud one of the Sisters and Coheirs to Ranulph the last of that Name, Earl of Chester; after the death of Iohn sirnamed Scott, his Wifes Brother (the last Earl of that Family) shared in that great Inheritance of the Earl of Chester's Lands: and for the present, in lieu of her Purpartie, hady the Mannors of Whitefeld, Stratton, and Cundover, in Com. Salop. Wigginton, and Wulverhampton, in Com. Staff. and Bromesgrove, in Com. Wigorn. LikewisezBolesover Castle, in Com. Derb. as also aOswardbec, and Manneseld, in Com. Not. Af∣ter this, viz. in 26 H. 3. attendingb the King into France, he was taken Prisonerc at that great De∣feat which the English Army had near Xante; but soon releasedd by exchange: And in 29 H. 3. had for the full Purpartie of the said Ada his Wife, an Assignation* of the Mannors of Leyrton, Osward∣bek, Cundover, Wrfeild, Wulverhampton, and Wiginton.

In 34 H. 3. he accompaniedeRichard Earl of Cornwall, in his Journey to Lyons in France, where the Pope then was; passingf that Country with a pompous Retinue: but departedg this Life before the end of that year. Whereupon the tui∣tion h of Margery and Illaria his Daughters, then i in the Nunnery of Alnestow, was committedk to William de Cantilupe; Henry his Son and Heir be∣ing l at that time in Minority: of whose Wardship Guy de Luzignian, Half-Brother to the King, had (as it seems) a Grant: for in 36 H. 3. he pastm it over to William de Cantilupe, the King ratifyingn it. Which William thereupon gave his Daughter Ioane in Marriageo to him, as I shall further shew anon.

This last-mention'd Henry, in 44 H. 3. had Sum∣mons p, amongst other of the Great Nobility, to be at Shrewsbury, upon the Feast-day of the Nati∣vity of the Blessed Virgin, well furnisht with Horse and Arms, to march into Wales, against Lewelin and his Complices, then in Rebellion: And the next ensuing year had the like Summonsq, to be at Lon∣don on the morrow after the Feast-day of the Apo∣stles Simon and Iude. Shortly after which (viz. in 46 H. 3.) divers of the Barons began to be very bold with the King, under colour of asserting the Laws of the Land, and the Subjects Liberties: but the King stooping to a fair Composure with them, an Instrumentr importing the Tenor of that Agree∣ment was Personally Sealed by some of them; the rest, who came not, being required to sends their Seals for the Ratifying thereof: amongst which, this Henry (then of that Party) wast one. And thereupon being well confided in by the King, had Summonsu, amongst others, in 47 H. 3. (viz. the next ensuing year) to be at Worcester on the Feast∣day of S. Peter ad Vincula (commonly called Lam∣mas) sufficiently accoutred with Horse and Arms, to restrain the Hostilities of the Welch: But with what affection he came thither, is no hard matter to guess; for about that time, being seduced by those turbulent-spirited Barons, who soon after manifest∣ed what good Subjects they were, he joyned with them in committingx many great Outrages upon the Church, and Clergie; for which (together with yHenry and Simon, Sons to that Arch-rebell Simon Montfort Earl of Leicester, and many more of their Party) he was Excommunicatedz by the Arch∣bishop of Canterbury.

After which, no Man was more active against the King than he, being one of those who, on the Barons part, submitteda to such a Determination as the King of France should make (unto whom the Differences touching those Ordinances called The Provisions of Oxford, so prejudicial to the King's Royal Authority, were referred.) Whereupon he putb himself in Arms with the rest, under pretence of asserting the Laws of the Land, and the Peoples just Liberties; holdingc out Northampton, ho∣stilely, Page  575 against the King: and being a Person so eminently active for them, after their Victory at Lews in Sussex, in 48 H. 3. (where the King was made Prisoner) he received* the Honour of Knighthood at the Hands of Montfort, and was constituted Governourd of Scardeburgh-Castle, in Com. Ebor. by those Rebels; and thortly after, ofe the Castle at Winchester. Moreover, after that famous Battel at Evesham, in 49 H. 3. (where the King was redeem'd out of the barbarous Hands of those great Rebels, ad their whole Army to∣tally destory'd) being then constituted Governour f of that strong Castle of Kenilworth, by young Simon Montfort (whilst Montfort endevoured to get fresh Forces from France for their Aid) he held g it out stoutly, against that Victorious Army (which had subdued all their Field-Forces at Evesham) for the full space of six Months: and when the King sent his Messenger to him, with gracious Offers, in case he would yield it, he most inhumanely maimed h him; and castingi forth huge Stones with their Engines, made frequent bold Salliesk upon the Besiegers, to do all the mischief they could devise against them; not being at all dauntedl with the Sentence of Ottobon, the Pope's Legate, then there, and thundred out against them; nor all the Power wherewith they were begirt.

But at the length, finding no hopes of help (not∣withstanding the Encouragement he had receiv'd from young Montfort) he was constrain'd to sub∣mit: yet upon Honourable Termsm; viz. To march thence with Bag and Baggage: Which he didn upon the Eve of St. Thomas the Apostle. Whereupon, though others, though the King's great Clemency, were admitted to ravourable Com∣positions, by virtue of that signal Decree called Dictum de Keilworth, made in the Camp, during that notable Siege; and he exceptedo, being re∣ferr'd p to a full seven years Imprisonment, or sub∣mission to the King's Mercy: Nevertheless, such was the King's Goodness towards him, that in the first place, even in the height of those his most violent Actings (viz. in the Month of September, during that Siege) he affordedq unto his Lady, for her present Support, the Lorships of Fil∣longley, Allesle, and 〈◊〉, in Com. Warr. with Barwell, and 〈◊〉in Com. Leic. all which were then valud at C l. per nnum; and in Ianuary next following, added the Lordships of Ierd••ey, 〈◊〉, and 〈◊〉. And with∣in two years after, through the Mediations of Prince Edward, admittedt him to take the Benefit of that D••r••, called Dictum de 〈◊〉 (from which he was so exceped as is before observed.) Whereupon, by a formal Instrumentu under his Seal, dated at Ely, 13 Iulii, 51 H. 3. (that Isle beingx the Place where•••• young Simon Mont∣fort, and other the most dsprat. Rebels fld, of whom he was made Capain*he obliged himself to be an Obedient and Loyal Subject for the furture; and for farther confirmation thereof, added his so∣lemn y Oath.z Whereupon, the 〈◊〉 of his Com∣position being assigned to Rger le Strange, in con∣sideration of his faihful Services, commanda was given, That the Lordships o〈◊〉, Wor∣feild, and Wulverhampo (which had been sei∣sed into the King's Hands by reason of his Rebel∣lion) should not be restored to him, until the said Roger were fully satisfied. W••ch being done, he had Lettersb of Safe-conduct, to go to his own Houses, or any other Part of the Realm.

When he died, I do not find: but he had Issue cHenry* his Son and Heir. Which Henry took to WifedIoane the Sister and at length Hir to George de Cantilupe, Baron of Bergaven. y, but departed e this World in 53 H. 3. as it seems: for in that year, she being then his Widow, had an Allotment of divers Knights Fees, and parts of Fees, lying in sundry Places, for her Dowrie; in the whole a∣mounting to xxiv: leaving Iohn* his Son and Hir inf minority: As alsom another Son, called Ed∣mund; with threen Daughters, Auda, Lora, and Ioane. Which Iohn, upon the death of his Uncle George de Cantilupe, in 1 E. 1. beingg then of full age, had Liveryh of the Lands of his Mothers In∣heritance; viz. the Castle and Honour of Berga∣henny, and Castle of Ki garan in Wales; the Mannor of Aston (commonly called Aston-Cante∣lupe, in Com. Warr.) the Mannors of Berew K∣parva, Merston, and Stotord, in Com. Somerset. as also of the Mannor of Badmundeseld, in Com. Suff. which, upon the Partition then made of them, were allottedi to him for his Purpartie.

In 12 E. 1. this Iohn wask in that Expedition then made into Scotland; and in 15 E. 1. attend∣ed lEdmond Earl of Cornwall (unto whom the King▪ then in Gascoine, had committedm the Custody of the Realm) into Wales. Moreover, in 21 E. 1. accompaniednGilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hereford, into Ireland; and in 22 E. 1. had summonso (amongst others) to be at Portsmouth, on the first of September, well fit∣ted with Horse and Arms, thence to attend the King in his Voyage into France. The like Sum∣mons p he had in 25 E. 1. (amongst others) to be at London, on Sunday next after the Octaves of St. Iohn Bapt. to attend him again into those Parts. As alsoq the next ensuing year, to be at Carlise, on Whitson-Eve, to march against the Scots.

In 28 E. 1. he attendedr the King again into Scotland, and there performeds Military Service for five Knights Fes: and in 29 E. 1. was again t in the Scottih Wars, beingu then of the Retinue with Edward Prince of Wales. In 30 E. 1. he was constituted the King's Lieutenantx in the Dutchy of Aquitane; and in 31 E. 1. wasy with the King at that memorable Siege of aerlaberk in Scot∣land. The same year also he was againz in Ga∣scoine: And in 34 E. 1. had special Summonsa, amongst the rest of the Peers, to be at Westininster on the morrow after Trinity Sunday, there to con∣sult and take order touching an Aid for the making of Prince Edward Knight. In wch year he obtain'd a Grantb from the King▪ of the whole County of Mentethe in Scotland, with the Isles; as also c of all other the Mannors and Lands of Alan late Earl of Menteth, thend declared an Enemy and Rebel to the King.

In 3 E. 2. being constitutede Seneschal of the Dutchy of Aquitane, he obtain'd the King's Pre∣cept f to the Constable of Dobor-Castle, for Liber∣ty to Transport himself and his Family, Plate, Mo∣ney, &c. as also the King's Lettersg to Philip, then King of France, for Safe-conduct into Aquitane throught his Territories; and in 4 E. 2. wash again in the Wars of Scotland.

This Iohn had Summonsi to Parliament, amongst the Barons of this Realm, from 23 E. 1. till his death, which hapnedk in 6 E. 2. he being then seisedl of the Mannor of Wigginton, in Com. Staff. half a Knights Fee in Tibenham, in Com. Norff. Cx Acres of Wood in Toenham, in Com. Midd. of the Mannor of Blancham, in Com. Bedf.Page  576 Burbache, and Nayleston, in Com. Leic. Ierdele, in Com. Northampt. Badmundesfeild, in Com. Suff. Allesep, and Fillongley, in Com. Warr. Worfeild, in Com. Salop. Bamton, in Com. Hunt. Moreo∣ver, of Lxix s. Rent, issuing out of the Towns of Beltesfeld, Golkesley, and Donyngton, in Com. Linc. in exchange for his Purpartie of the Earldom of Chester: as also of the Castle and Lordship of Berabenny, with the Territory of Over-Went, in the Marches of Wales: leaving Iohn his Son and Heir, at that time xxvi yearsm of age; and Isabell his Wife, Daughtern of William, Sister and at length Coheiro to Adomare de Valence Earl of Pembroke, surviving; by whom he had likewise Issuep two other Sons, viz. William, and Henry, who diedq Issueless; and three Daughters, viz.rIoane, Elizabeth, and Margaret. Which Isabell had for her Dowries an Assignation of the Man∣nors of Lydgate, and Badmundesfeld, in Com. Suff. Brampton, in Com. Hunt. Burbach, and Barwell, in Com. Leic. Wiginton, with its Members, and a sixth part of Tamworth, in Com. Staff. Saving t to her, her reasonable Dowrie in the Mannors of Nayleston, Berewyk, and Aston-Cantelupe; as also in all the Knights Fees and Advowsons of Churches, whereof Iohn de Hastings, her Husband, died seised.

I come now to Iohn de Hastings,* Son and Heir to the before-specified Iohn and Isabell.

This Iohn, in 34 E. 1. (his Father then living) attendedu Queen Margaret into Scotland; and in 4 E. 2. wasx in that Expedition then made thi∣ther.

Being of fully age at his Father's death, (viz. in in 6 E. 2.) and doing his Homagez, he had Live∣ry a of his Lands: and in 7 E. 2. was againb in the Wars of Scotland. So likewise inc 8 E. 2. being then of the Retinue of Adomare de Valence (his Uncle) Earl of Pembroke. As also ind 10 E. 2. And in in 11 E. 2. was charg'd with CC Foot, for his Lands of Went, to the Wars of Scotland.

In 12 E. 2. he was again in the Scottish Wars; and in 13 E. 2. upone that Insurrection of the Lords (when they banish'd the two Spensers) being f then one of their Adherents, the King hasting g towards Gloucester (whereof the Lords had pos∣sess'd h themselves) he fell off from them, and came i to the King at Cirencester.

Moreover, he was the same year, againk, in the Scottish Wars; and in 16 E. 2. made Governourl of Keniworth-Castle. Shortly after which, viz. in 18 E. 2. he departedm this Life, leaving Issue, by Iulian his Wife, Daughtern and Heir of Thomas de Leyburne, Laurenceo his Son and Heir, at that time aboutp five years of age.

Which Iulian, within one year after, took to HusbandqThomas le Blount; and had for her Dowrier, of the Lands of the said Iohn de Hastings (her Husband) an Assignation of the third part of the Mannor of St. Clere; as also the Castle of Kilgaran, with the Towns of Kilgaran, May∣naurd, and Commot of Emelyn, in Wales: Likewise the Mannor of Worfeild, in Com. Salop. the Mannors of Fulbroke, Burthingbury, Allesey, the Castle of Fillongley, with two parts of the Mannor of Aston-Cantlow, in Com. Warr. the Man∣nor of Lutteton-Paynell, in Com. Wiltes. Otte∣ley, in Com. Suff. and Abele, in Com. Norff. And int regard this Assignation was not so soon made as it ought to have been, she obtain'd from the King a Grantu of all the Goods and Chattels at that time being upon those Lands and Lordships so as∣signed unto her. But not long after this, surviving her Husband Blount, she lastly marriedx to William de Clinton Earl of Huntingdon (as I shall farther shew in due place.)

But I return to Laurence,* Son and Heir to the last mention'd Iohn. This Laurence, in 11 E. 3. (being stillz in Minority) was committeda to the tuition of William de Clinton, the Earl of Hunting∣don (who had so married Iulian his Mother) to be educated with him, till he should arrive unto his full age; having an allowanceb of CC Marks out of the Exchequer yearly, for his Support and Main∣tenance, during that time. Of whom I find, that the King, when he was at New-Castle upon Tine, about four years before, had so much care, that having sentc for the Queen to come thither to him, and consideringd that so long a Journey might be dangerous to the Child (he beinge bred up in her Court) he directed his especial Lettersf to the be∣fore-specified Iulian, his Mother, (as a Person most proper to undergo that Trust) to take him into her Charge; promisingg satisfaction for all Costs and Expences which she should be at therein.

And still continuing his Royal Favour to him, by his Lettersh Patents, bearing date 13 Octob. in the thirteenth year of his Reign (which was as soon as he arrived to his full age) declaredi him Earl of embroke, by reasonk of his Descent from Isabell the eldest Sister and Coheir unto Aymere de Valence Earl of Pembroke; having beenl the same year in that Expedition then made into Flanders. And being thus honoured, the next year following, viz. 14 E. 3. he attendedm the King in that notable Adventure at Sea against the French, where he wor∣thily sharedn in the Glory of that Victory obtain'd against them near Sluse in Flanders.

Moreover, in 15 E. 3. he waso at that great Feast and Justing at London, made by King Ed∣ward, for love of the Countess of Salisbury, as 'tis said. And in 16 E. 3. attendingp the King into Brittanny, with Lx Men at Arms (himself accounted) two Banerets, twelve Knights, forty five Esquires, and an hundred Archers on Horse∣back, continuedq there till the next ensuing year.

In 18 E. 3. he accompaniedr the Earl of Derby (viz. Henry of Lancaster) into Gascoine; and wass at the Siege and Render of Bergerath. In 19 E. 3. he still continuedt in those Parts; and in 21 E. 3. was againu in those Wars: But the next year following, viz. 22 E. 3. on Saturday the mor∣row after the Decollation of St. Iohn Baptist, he de∣parted x this Life, being then seisedy of the Man∣nor of Wigginton, in Com. Staff. of the Mannor of Blounham, with the Advowson of the Church, and third part of the Mannor of Kempston, in Com. Bedf. of two parts of the Mannor of Westcote, in Com. Surr. of the Mannor of Brampton, in Com. Hunt. Est-Hannyngfeld, in Com. Essex. Yerdle-Hastings. in Com. Northton. Sutton-Valence, and Cleyndon, in Com. Kanc. of the third part of the Mannors of Totenham, in Com. Midd. and Aston-Cantelow, in Com. Warr. of the Mannor of Nayle∣ston, in Com. Leic. and Bnham-Valence, in Com. Berks: As alsoz of the Castle, Lordship, and Bo∣rough of Bergabenny, with the Mannor of Pen∣ros, and divers other Lordships in the Marches of Wales; leaving Issue by Agnes his Wife, Daugh∣ter a to Roger Mortimer Earl of March, Iohn his Son and Heir, at that time oneb year old and up∣wards. Which Agnes shortly afterwards became the Wifec of Iohn de Hakelut: Who, in 29 E. 3. obtain'd from the King a Grantd of the Custody of Page  577 the Castle and Town of Pembroke, with its Mem∣bers, and divers other Lands in Wales, to him∣self, and the said Agnes his Wife, during the Mi∣nority of Iohn de Hastings Earl of Pembroke, her Son by the before-specified Laurence.

This Agnes, by her Testamente, bearing date in her House at London, upon the Morrow after the Festival of St. Dionyse, Anno 1367. (41 E. 3.) bequeath'd her Body to be buried in the Church of the Minoresses, without Algate, in the Suburbs of London, within two days after her Death; with∣out any other Cot than a Blue Cloth, and two Ta∣pers of ten pound weight. To which Covent she gave a Pair of Silver Candlesticks, and xx Marks. Moreover, she gave to the Cathedral of St. Davids, one entire Sute of Vestments, of Velvet checquer'd. Also to the Priory of Bergavenny (where her Husband lay Interred) a Sute of Vestments of Green Cloth of Gold. To Iohn de Hastings her Son, a whole Sute of Vestments, red, of Cloth of Gold. To Ioane her Daughter, the benefit of the Wardship of Raph de Greistoke; as also a Bed, with the Fur∣niture, of her Fathers Arms. And for her Execu∣tors, constitutingf (amongst others) Iohn de Ha∣stings her Son, and Catherine Countess of Warwick, her Sister, died 25 Iuly, 42 E. 3.

Which Iohn* (the succeeding Earl of Pembroke) in 42 E. 3. contractingg Matrimony with Anne the Daughter of Sir Walter Manney Knight (and at length Heir) was necessitated to obtain a special Dispensationh from the Pope, for the same; by reasoni that he had formerly married Margaret the Daughter of King Edward, unto whom she the said Anne stood allied in the third and fourth Degrees of Consanguinity; for which Dispensation he gave k a thousand Florens of Gold, to the Repair of the Church of the Monastery of St. Paul at Urbine; and the same year attendedl Prince Edward, in that Expedition then made into Aquitane: Where, af∣ter m the Conquest of Burdeyll, he marchtn with the Earl of Cambridge, to the Castle of Roche sur-Yone. Then passingo through Poictou, was be∣sieg'd p in an House, by Sr Loyes of Sanxiere: but after this, he went intoqAnjou, and there fell to wastingr that Country.

In 43 E. 3. he continueds still in those Parts, being of the Retinuet with Prince Edward. So likewise inu 44 E. 3. And in 46 E. 3. the Gascoins and Poictovins, having hadx large experience of his Valour and Goodness, causedy Sr Guischard de Angolesme to move the King that he might be sent thither: Whereunto the King assenting, he was forthwith made Lieutenantz of Aquitane, and came to the Port of Rochela the day preceding the Eve of St. Iohn Baptist, beingb then about xxv years of age, and that Place then Beleaguer'dc by the French: but was attended with very unhappy success, for no sooner was he got with his Ships into that Haven, but the Spanish Fleet felld sudden∣ly upon him, before he could put his Men in Order to fight; so that few of them escapede Death, Wounds, or Imprisonment: and yet withoutf any considerable loss to the Enemy; who forthwith set fireg on all the English Ships, carryingh away this Earl, with many other gallant Men, with no less than twenty thousand Marks in Money, sent over by King Edward to maintain the War. Which unhappy Accident falling outi upon the Festival of St. Aetelred the Virgin (which was the Eve of St. Iohn Baptist's Nativity) occasion'dk many to censure, That God's Judgment so followed him, for the injury he had done to the Church of that holy Virgin (sc. Ely) in a Cause betwixt the Church of S. Edmundsbury and it, before his last depar∣ture out of England; and that the Money so lost, had no better luck, forasmuch as it had been got from the Religious Houses and Clergy. But others attributedl it to his living an Adulterous life, being a Married Man: also,m that he had, in Parliament, attempted an Infringement of the Churches Liber∣ties; and that he had perswaded the King to lay greater Taxes upon the Clergy, than Laiety, for support of his Wars. Which practice of pilling and poling the Church, however the Temporal Lords (saith my Author) were pleased; yet what success they had, not onely England, but the whole World hath sufficiently found.

I now come to speak of his Death, the Circum∣stances whereof were as followeth; viz.n That shaving undergone four years Imprisonment in Spaine, with most inhumane Usage, he sent to Bertrand Clekyn, Constable of France, desiring that he would use some means for his Enlargement; who thereupon interceding for him to the Bastard of Spaine, then calling himself King, obtain'd his Liberty, in consideration of part of that Mo∣ney due to himself; which being agreed on, he was brought to Paris. But after his coming thither, it was not long ere he fello mortally sick, of Poyson, as some thought, given him by the Spaniards, who were reputed to have such a special Faculty in that Art, as that the Potion should kill at what distance of time they pleased. The French therefore seeing p his death approaching, beingq eager to get his Ransom before he died, made haster to remove him to Calais: but on his Journey thither-ward, he departeds this Life, upon the xvith of April, Iohn his Son and Heir being at that time butt two years old and an half; and was buriedu in the Quire of the Friers-Preachers at Hereford: but after∣wards, for the Sum of C l. translated* to the Grey-Friers (near Newgate) in London; being then seisedx of the Mannors of Brampton, and Lym∣mings, in Com. Hunt. Benham, in Com. Berks. Shelford-magna, in Com. Cantabr. Blounham, and Kempeston, in Com. Beds. Berewyke, Stoforde, Odecombe, Mulverton, and Littel-Mershton, in Com. Somerset. Yerdele. Hastings, Touceter, and Wutton, in Com. Northampt. Wigginton, in Com. Staff. Woreild, in Com. Salop. Oteley, Reyden, Badmunsfeld, Lidgate, and Wridlington, in Com. Suff. Sutton, Fornesete, Winferthing, and Ayshele, in Com. Norff. Sutton-Valence, Est-Sut∣ton, Claydon, Saurers, Godewiston, and Lucy, in Com. Kanc. Totenham, in Com. Midd. Pading∣ton, and Westcote, in Com. Surr. Nayleston, Barwell, and Burbache, in Com. Leic. Aston-Cantlow, Fulbroke, Burthingbury, Allesley, Fi∣longley, and Pilardington, in Com. Warr. and Intebergh, in Com. Wigorn. As also of the Castle of Striguil, with the Town of Chepstow, and Mannor of Todenham, in Com. Glouc. and Marches of Wales: and likewise of the Castle and Lord∣ship of Bergavenny, the Castle and Lordship of Pembroke, the Castles of Tinby and Kilgaran, with the Commot of Oysterlow, in the County of Hereford, and Precinct of those Marches: and moreover of certain Tenements in the Town of Calais; likewise of the Dominion of Wysford, and divers other Lordships and Lands within the Realm of Ireland.

But here, before I proceed farther, I shall ob∣serve, That this Iohn Earl of Pembroke, in 43 E. 3. (obtaining Licencez for that purpose from the Page  578 King) made a Feoffmenta unto Walter Amyas, and others, of all his Castles, Lordships, Mannors, &c. in England and Wales, to certain Uses. Which Feoffment being left sealed up in the Hands of his Feoffees, to be kept till his Return from beyond Sea, was, upon his death, delivered to the King's Coun∣sel at Westminster; who then opening it, found, That, in case he died without Issue of his Body, the Town and Castle of Pembroke should come to the King, his Heirs, and Successors; and the Castle and Lordship of Bergavenny, and other his Lands in England and Wales, to his Cousin William de Beauchamp (viz. his Mothers Sisters Son) in Fee; provided he should bear his Arms, and endeavour to obtain the Title of Earl of Pembroke: And in case he should decline so to do, then his Kinsman William de Clinton to have them, upon the same Conditions.

Upon the death of this last Earl, Anne his Wife surviving, had thereupon, for her Dowrie, an Assig∣nation b of the Mannors of Sutton, Wynferthing, and Asshele, in Com. Norff. Lydgate, Badmondes∣feild, Otteleye, and Wridlyngton, with three Bur∣gages within the Town of St. Edmundsbury in Suffolk; the Mannors of Thoryton, Est-Han∣nyngfeld, South-Hannyngfeld, with certain Lands in West-Hannyngfeld, and Fanges, in Com. Es∣sex. the Mannor of Totenham, in Com. Midd. Po∣dyngton, and West••te, with certain Lands in Southwarke, in Com. Surr. the Mannor of Ben∣ham, in Com. Bers. with certain Lands in Fitel∣ton, in Com. Wiltes. the Mannors of Brampton, and Lyming, in Com. Hunt. Shelford, in Com. Cantabr. Blounham, and Kempston, in Com. Bedf. certain Lands in Repyngdon, in Com. Derb. the Mannors of Allefley, Filogley, Aston-Cantlow, and Pillrdyngton, in Com. Warr. and Mannor of Nalesten, in Com. Leic. Which Anne departed c this Life upon Palm-sunday, in 7 R. 2. Iohn her Son and Heir being then eleven years of age.

Of which Iohn* I findd, that at the Coronation of King Richard the Second (being then not five years of age) he claimed to carry the great Golden Spurs; and shewing sufficient Evidence of his Right to do that Service, it was adjudgede, That by rea∣son of his Minority, another should be appointed to perform the same on his behalf, viz.fEdmund Mortimer Earl of March, whose Daughter Philippa he marriedg, though very young; but had no Is∣sue by her: for so it hapnedh, that in 13 R. 2. the King keeping his Christmass at Wodstoke, and there holding a Tournament (being then but se∣venteen years of age) he adventured to Tilt with Sir Iohn St Iohn; and that by an unluckie slip of St. Iohn's Lance, he was run into the bottom of his Belly, so that his Bowels breaking out, he sud∣denly died, to the great grief of many, in regard i he was a Person of so Noble a Disposition, that in Bounty and Courtesie he exceeded most of his De∣gree. Which untimely death of his, was then thoughtk by many to be a Judgment upon the Fa∣mily, in regard that Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pem∣broke, (his Ancestor) was one of those who gave Sentence of Death upon Thomas Earl of Lancaster, at Pontfract: for it was observ'd,* that after that Judgment so given, none of the succeeding Earls of Pembroke ever saw his Father, nor any Fa∣ther of them took delight in seeing his Child.

His Death thus hapningl upon the thirtieth of December, 13 R. 2. he was buriedm in the Church of the Grey-Fryers, without New-gate, in the Sub∣urbs of London, where he had a Noble Monu∣ment; which, at the general Dissolution of the Re∣ligious Houses, by King Henry the Eighth, was (with the rest) utterly defaced.

Dying thus without Issue, Reginald Lord Grey of Ruthyn was by somen Inquisitions found to be his Cousin, and next Heir of the whole Bloud, as descended Lineally from Elizabeth Sister to Iohn de Hastings, Father of Iohn, Great-grandfather of this Earl. And by othero Inquisitions, Hugh de Hastings, Son of Hugh, Son of Hugh, Son of the same Iohn de Hastings, by Isabell the Daughter of Hugh le Despenser, his second Wife, also found to be his Heir-male, but of the half Blood.

This Hugh, in 14 E. 3. wasp in that Expedition then made into Flanders; and in 16 E. 3. sum∣mon'd q to Parliament amongst the Barons of this Realm. In 20 E. 3. (being call'drConsanguineus Regis, The King's Cousin) he was constituteds his Lieutenant in Flanders, and Commander of all his Military Forces there against the French; where they tookt above CCC Prisoners, and brought them into England. And in 20 E. 3. was in that Expe∣dition then made into Britanny, being of the Re∣tinue to Henry Duke of Lancaster. Moreover, in 33 E. 3. he was in the Warsu of Gascoine; and in 40 E. 3. attendedxIohn Duke of Laneaster into Spain. After which, viz. in 43 E. 3. he was in y that Expedition then made into France, and of the Retinue with the same Duke of Lancaster.

This is all of moment that I have seen of him. I should now proceed to his Descendents: But for∣asmuch as they never had Summons to Parliament, I am not concern'd to speak of them. Neverthe∣less, forasmuch as Edward Hastings, Great-grand∣son to this Hugh, had a long Contest with Reginald Lord Grey of Rutbyn, for bearing the Arms of this Family, it will not (I hope) be deemed im∣pertinent to take notice, that so little did Iohn Earl of Pembroke (Father to the last Iohn) regard his next Heir-male, and so much dislike Reginald Grey, Father to the last Reginald, as that he Entailed the greatest part of his Lands upon William de Beau∣champ, before-mentioned.

Notwithstanding which Settlement, the Right of Bearing the Arms was in those days of such esteem, that the Contestz for them (sc. Or a Manch Gules) betwixt Reginald Lord Grey, Son to the before-mention'd Reginald, and Edward Hastings, Brother and Heir to the last-mention'd Hugh, lasted little less than xx years, in the Court-Military, be∣fore the Constable and Marshal of England. Wherein, after much Money spent, Edward Ha∣stings, who so challenged them, as Heir-male of the Family, was not onely condemneda in 970 l. 17 s. 10 d. ob. q. Costs, (Grey swearing that he had spent a thousand Marks more) and the Arms adjudged to Grey; but imprisonedb sixteen years, for disobeying that Sentence. The particular Pro∣ceedings in which Business, with the hard measure which Edward Hastings had, for brevity I pass by.

But one thing farther I shall observe; viz.c That Edward Hastings questioning William de Beauchamp for those Lordships and Lands (whereof Iohn the last Earl of Pembroke died seised, and which had been so setled upon Beauchamp by that Entail be∣fore mention'd) Beuchamp invitedd his Learned Counsel to his House in Pater-noster-row, in the City of London; amongst whom wereeRobert Ch••lton (then a Judge) William Pincebek, Wil∣liam Brenchsley, and Iohn Catesby, (all Leared Lawyers:) and after Dinner, coming out of his Chappel, in an angry mood, threwf to each of Page  579 them a Piece of Gold, and said,gSirs, I desire you forthwith to tell me, whether I have any Right and Title to Hastings Lordships and Lands? Whereupon Pinchbek stood up (the rest being silent, fearing that he suspected them) and said,hNo man here, nor in England, dare say, that you have any Right in them, except Hastings do quit his Claim therein; and should he do it, being now under Age, it would be of no validitie.

Perhaps there had been some former Entail, to settle them upon the Heir-male of the Family: But whatever it was, Hastings apprehended the Injury thereby done to him, to be so great, that with ex∣treme anguish of mind, at his latter end, he left iGod's Curse, and his own, upon his Descendents, if they did not attempt the Vindication thereof.

This Edward assum'd the Title of Lord Hastings and Stotevile, as by a Deed,k under his Seal of Arms, bearing date 4 Nov. 8 H. 4. appeareth; but by what Right, I discern not: for there is no Te∣stimony that ever he was so created, or had any Summons to Parliament.