The baronage of England, or, An historical account of the lives and most memorable actions of our English nobility in the Saxons time to the Norman conquest, and from thence, of those who had their rise before the end of King Henry the Third's reign deduced from publick records, antient historians, and other authorities
Dugdale, William, Sir, 1605-1686.

Abrincis, sive Averenches.

THe first mention I find of this name; is of William de Abrincis* (Son of Wit∣mund) who dieda in Normandy, the self same year, that the famous King Wil∣liam the Conqueror departed this life.

The next is of Rualo*bde Abrincis (Son to William I presume) whom King Henry the first in Ann. 1119. (20 Hen. 1.) upon the return of the French Forces into Normandy, sentc to the id of his Son Richard. Which Rualo, be∣ing d a valiant and Skilful Officer, did no little servicee in that defeat their given to them.

This Rualo, upon the death of Nigell de Mun∣devill Lord of Folkeston in Kent, without issue male, hadfMaud his Daughter and Heir, with all her Lands and Honor giveng unto him in marriage by King Henry the first. Which Nigel in Ann. 1095. (2 W. Rufi) with the as∣sent h and License of Anselme, then Archbishop of Canterbury, fori th health of his own Soul, and the Soul of Emme his Wife; as also of the Souls of William de Archis, and Beatrie his Wife (their Ancestors) conferredk on the Monks of Lonlei in Normandy▪ the Church of our Lady and St. Eanswythe of Folkeson; and all other the Churches belonging to that his Honor of Folkeston, with divers other Lands: whereupon those Monks of Lonley, sending over part of their Covent, made here, at Folkeston, a Cell to their own Abby: which Grant Rualo confirmedl

Moreover, in 5 Steph. he gavem to the King sixty marks of Silver, and a Horse for the great, Saddle, upon that suit which was betwixt him and Hasculf de Taney: and left issuenWilliam de Abrincis,* who in Ann. 1147. (12 Steph.) ratifiedo the Grant of the whole Lordship of Siwelle in Northamptonshire, which Maud his Mother had formerly made to the Abby of St. Andrews in Northampton; excepting only four Yard-land, and half, which she had given p to the Nunnery of Elnestow, in Berkshire, with her Daughter.

In 11 H. 2. this William paidq thirty pounds te shillings upon levying the Scutage of Wales. In 12 Hen. 2. upon the Aid for marrying of the Kings Daughter, he certifiedr that he then held twenty four Knights Fees in Kent, whereof fifteen and an half were de Veteri Feoffamento (id est, temp. Hen. 1. or before) and in 14 H. 2. paids fourteen pounds six shillings four pence for those which were de Veteri Feoffamento, and thirty three shillings four pence, for his Fees de Novo Feoffamento.

In Ann. 1170. (16 Hen. 2.) the King then sendingt Commissioners throughout England. called Barons Itinerant, to enquire into the de∣meanor of all Sheriffs, Bailiffs, Foresters, and other his Officers, according to the tenor of certain Articles which they had then in charge; this William, together with the Abbot of St. Augustines in Canterbury, the Abbot of Cher∣sey, the Earl of Clare, and others, was dis∣patched u into the Counties of Kent, Surrey, Middlesex, Berks, Oxford, Buckingham, and Bedford, upon that service.

All that I find farther of him is, that he gave * to the Church of our Lady at Merton, two sheaves of his whole Lordship; with the Tithes of his Mill, Paunage, Cheese, Calves, Colts, Lambs, Apples, and Nuts, in pure Almes. And tox the Monks of Essay, in Norman∣dy, the fourth part of the Church of St. Savi∣ours, with the Tithe of the Chapelrye of his own House: as also twenty six Yard-land; half the Tithe of his Mill, and other small Tithes.

To this William, succeeded Simon de Abrincis;* who, in 2 Ric. 1. gavey an hundred marks to have a trial at Law, for certain Lands, whereof he was disseised by the Earl of Ghisenes. In the same year, upon that great difference, which was then here in England, betwixt Iohn Earl of Moreton, and William de Longchamp Bishop of Ely, the Kings Chancellor (the King him∣self being in the holy-Land) this Simon, with some other of the Barons, that adhered to the Earl of Mereton, against the Bishop, was Ex∣communicated * by the Pope. In 6 R. 1. upon levying the Sutage for that Kings Redemption. he paidz twenty one pounds ten shillings. Also a no less in 8 Ric. 1. for the second Scutage of Normandy: and diedb in 5 Ioh. or before, Page  468Cecilie his Widdow then giving an hundred marks and two Palfreys, that she might not be compelled to marry again.

To which Simon succeeded another William;* who in 13 Ioh. upon levying the Scutage of Wales, paidc forty three pounds for twenty one Knights Fees and an half de Veteri Feoffa∣mento, and five marks for eleven Fees and an half de novo Feoffamento.

In 16 Ioh. he had a Grantd from the King, of a Market once every week, and a Fair yearly at his Lordship of Fokeston. But soon after, beinge one of those rebellious Barons, who held the Castle of Rochester against King Iohn; was (with divers others) taken prisonerf there, in 17 Ioh. and committed to the custodyg of Peter de Mauley,h who conveyed him thence to Corff Castle; unto which place, Cecilie his Mother had, ere long, Lettersi of safe conduct to go: yet, within a short space, he received a gracious messagek from the King, then at Do∣vor, intimating, that if he would come in per∣son thither, he should find favor at his hands. Whereupon he obtained liberty, as it seems: for I find, that the next ensuing year, he had Let∣ters l of safe Conduct to go throughout the Kings whole Dominions, to make means for his own redemption: but that work was not suddainly accomplished; for it is evident, that he gave up Maud his Daughter in Hostage to the King; which Maud in 5 Hen. 3. was redeliveredm to him, putting another in her stead. And that at last Cecilie his Mother sold* the Lordship of Sutton, in Sussex, to the Monks of Ro∣bertsbrigg, to satisfie the King for the same.

This William marriednMaud one of the Daugh∣ters and Coheirs of Hawyse the Wife of Iohn de Bovill; whose estate lay* in the Counties of Oxon, Essex, hertford, and Bedford: and diedo in 15 Hen. 3. as it seems; for Hubert de Burgo had then a grantp of the custody of his Heir: Howbeit, within three years after, William Bishop of Exeter, for a Fine of two thousand marks, obtainedq his Wardship with purpose r to marry him to his Kinswoman; one of the Daughters of Richard de Chilham, and Roese de Dovor his Wife. But this Heir whose names was also William, diedt soon after, Maudu his Sister (Heir to the whole estate) being weddedx to Hamon Crevequer (a great Baron in Kent) which Hamon, in 20 Hen. 3. payingy an hun∣dred pounds for the Relief of her Lands, had the Kings Preceptz to the Sheriffs of Kent, Berks, Bedford, and hertford, for livery of them accordingly.