The baronage of England, or, An historical account of the lives and most memorable actions of our English nobility in the Saxons time to the Norman conquest, and from thence, of those who had their rise before the end of King Henry the Third's reign deduced from publick records, antient historians, and other authorities
Dugdale, William, Sir, 1605-1686.

Badlesmere.

[3 Edw. 2.]

THe first mention I find of this Family, is in 16 H. 2. at which time Bartholomew de Badlesmere* was in sutea with William de Cheney, for certain Lands in Kent: and after∣wards, scilicet, in 22 H. 2. amerc'tb at Twenty Marks, for trespassing in the King's Forests.

To him succeeded William de Badlesmere. Which William,* adheringc to the Rebellious Barons, a∣bout the latter end of King Iohn's Reign, was ta∣ken Prisoner,d with some others, their Compli∣ces, in the Castle of Rochester; and not re∣leased tille 6 Hen. 3.

After him I meet with Giles de Badlesmere;* who, in An. 1248. (32 Hen. 3.) was slainf in a Skirmish betwixt the English and Welsh. And, next to him, Gunceline de Badlesmere,* a Great Re∣bel g to King Henry the Third, for which cause, he was (amongst others) Excommunicatedh by the Archbishop of Canterbury: but afterwards returning to obedience, was Constituted Justice i of Chester; in which Office he continued k till 9 Edw. 1.

In 10 Edw. 1. this Gunceline wasl in that Ex∣pedition then made into Wales: and, in 25 E. 1. in thatm into Gascoine: but diedn in 29 E. 1. being seisedo of the Mannor of Badlesinere, which he held of the King in Capite, as of the Barony of Crevequer, by the service of one Knights Fee; leaving Bartholomew his son Twen∣ty six yeares of age.

Which Bartholomew,* in 22 Edw. 2. (his father then living) received commandp to attend the King at Portsmouth, upon the first day of September, well fitted with Horse and Arms to saile with him into Gascoine. And, in 29 E. 1. doingq his Homage, had Liveryr of his Lands. Whereupon (the same year) he wents to the Wars of Scotland. In 31 Edw. 1. he was im∣ploy'd againt in the Scotish Wars. So likewise in u 32 Edw. 1. As also* in 34 Edw. 1. being then ofy the retinue of Robert de Clifford. In 1 Edw. 2. he was constitutedz Governor of the Castle at Bristoll. So likewise ina 3 Edw. 2. having then also the charge of the Town and Berton. In which year, through the especial instanceb of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Glocester and Hert∣ford, and Henry de Lact Earl of Linco, he ob∣tained from the King a Grantc of the Castle and Mannor of Chilham in Kent; to hold for the term of his life, and for the life of Margaret his Wife, which Castle Alexander de Baillol possess'd in right of Isabel his Wife (it being of her Inheritance:) and which, by reason of the Felony of Iohn late Earl of Asceles, son and heir of the said Isabe••, (for which he suffered death) ought to have eschacted to the Crown, after the death of Alexander. The like Grantd he had of the Mannors of Kyngeston, Whitstaple, Riglyngweld, and Hatfelde. And wase the same year again in the Scotish Wars.

In 5 Edw. 2. he was constituted Governor f of the Castle of Ledes: and obtain'd from the King a Grantg in Fee, of the before-specified Castle and Mannor of Chisham; as also of the Mannors of Redelyngweld, Kingston, Hat∣felde, and Whitstaple; and Forty three pounds ten shillings three farthings Rent in Bagles∣ford and Davor, in Com. Cantii. in exchangeh for the Mannors of Heghtredebury, Coletne, and Stourte, in Com Wiltes. In 6 E. 2. he was again madei Governor of the Castle, Town, and Berton of Bristoll: and, in 7 Edw. 2. (with Otto de Grandison, and others) sent Embassador k to the Court of Rome. In 8 Edw. 2. upon the death of Robert de Clifford, he obtain'd a Grantl for the custody of the Castle of Skyp∣ton, in Com. Ebor. as also of all the rest of the Castles in that County, and Westmorland, whereof the said Robert died seised; to hold, du∣ring the Minoritie of Roger his son and heir. And the same year receiv'd commandm to repair to Newcastle upon Tine, on the Festival of the blessed Virgin, to restrain the Incursions of the Scots.

In 9 E. 2. he was againn in the Scotish Wars; where he merited so well, as that he got an As∣signtion o of a Thousand pounds for his servi∣ces there; to be received out of the Profits of the Kings Lands of Glamorgan and Morga∣nok. And likewise, obtain'd a special Charter * for divers Markets, and Faires, in sundry of his Lordships; viz. one Market every week upon the Tuesday, at his Mannor of Chileham: and a Faire every year, upon the Eve, Day, and Mor∣row, after the Feast of the Assumption of the bles∣sed Virgin. Likewise, for a Market every week upon the Tuesday, at his Mannor of Radeling∣wold:Page  58 and a Faire there, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow after the Festival of St. Nicholas. One Market every week upon the Thursday, at Ere∣hithe; and two Faires every year; one on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of the Invention of the Holy Cross; the other, on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, in Whitson-week. Also, for a Mar∣ket on the Thursday every week, at Lesnes; and two Faries yearly, on the same dayes as those at Erithe.

Moreover, for one Faire yearly at Tonge, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow, after the Feast of St. Giles the Abbot: And another at Kingeston, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of S. Leonard the Abbot. Likewise, for two Markets every week at Bourne; the one on the Thursday, the other on Monday, and a Fair on the Feast-day of S. Mathew the Apostle. Furthermore, for two Faires at Shef∣fenhale, in Com. Salop. the one on the Eve, Day, and Morrow after the Festival of the Holy Trini∣ty; and the other, on the Eve, Day, and Mor∣row after the Feast of St. Mathew the Apostle. Al∣so, for a Market every week, at Aderey, upon the Thursday; and a Faire, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow, of the Apostles Peter and Paul. For another Market every week, upon the Mon∣day, at Castecombe; and a Faire, yearly, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of St. George the Martyr: for a Market every week, upon the Fry∣day, at Colere; and a Fair yearly, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow after the Decollation of St. Iohn Baptist. For a Market every week, upon the Wednesday, at Heghtredebury; and two Faires yearly; one on the Eve, Day, and Mor∣row, after the Invention of the Holy Cross; and the other, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow after its Exaltation. One Market every week, upon the Monday, at Hamelden; and a Faire there year∣ly, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of St. Bartholo∣mew the Apostle. One Market, every week, up∣on the Friday, at Sonyndon; and a Fair year∣ly, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow after the An∣nunciation of the blessed Virgin: One Market every week upon the Tuesday, at Market-Overton, in Com. Rutl. and two Faires; one on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of St. Iohn Port-Latine; the other on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of St. Luke the Evangelist. One Fair at Thack∣sted, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of St. Luke: and one Market every week at As∣senden, upon the Friday; with a Faire yearly, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of St. Nicholas.

As also for Free-warren in all his Demesn∣lands within his Lordships of Chtleham, Hel∣tesche, Kingeston, Ridlingwold, Whit∣stable, Hatteld, Badlesmere, Levelond, Woirington, Selling, Shelwich, Trou∣legh, Bleene, Kingesdowne, Tong, Bo∣kingfeld, Sibeton, Snodhurst, Levesland, Chetham, Eldings, Herderne, Brinche∣ste, Erhethe, and Lesnes, in Com. Cantii. Bourne, in Com. Suss. Idesdaie, Aderley, Sponley, Calverbale, and Shaumton, in Com. Salop. Castlecombe, Colerne, Hegh∣tredebury, Sterte, and Herdecote, in Com. Wiltes. Hamelden, and Tirefeld, in Com. Buck. Sonyndon, in Com. Bedf. Dverton, and Hameldon, in Com. Rutl. Thacksted, Canewedon, Hockle, Assendon, and Little-Sanebregge, in Com. Essex. And, in 10 E. 2. was againp in those Wars of Scotland. So likewise inq 11 E. 2. In which year he was once more made Governorr of the Castle at Bri∣stoll: as alsos of the Castle of Ledes in Kent.

In 13 Edw. 2. he was imploy'dt into Gas∣coine, with Hugh le Despenser the younger, to rectifie what was amiss in those parts; and to re∣move all such Officers, as they should deem un∣fit to continue in their trusts. About which time he foundedu a Priorie at his Lordship of Bad∣lesmere in Kent, for Canons-Regular of St. Au∣gustine; endowing it with that his Mannor of Badlesmere. And, in 14 Edw. 2. was consti∣tuted Governorx of Tonebrug-Castle in Kent, part of the possessions of Hugh de Audelegh.

Likewise, having been the King's Steward y for a long time, he obtain'd a Grantz of the Castle of Ledes, in exchange for certain Lands which he had purchased: and, was summon'da to Parliament, amongst the Barons of this Realm, from 3 E. 2. till 14 of that King's Reign inclu∣sive. But, about this time, adheringb to Thomas Earl of Lancaster, and other the discontented Barons of that age, he wentc from Tilbury in Essex, to Henghan▪ in Kent, contrary to the King's Inhibition. Where, being receivedd by some of his own party, he tooke divers Soldiers out of his Castle at Ledes, and thence Marcht f to Chilham; and so togCanterbury, with Nineteen Knights; having Linnen Jacks under their Surcotes; all his Esquiers being in Plate∣armor: and so wenth to the Shrine of St Thomas, to the great amazementi of the Townsmen. Be∣ing thus at Canterbury, Iohn de Crumwell and his Wife, repairingk thither, and desiringl his aide; he made them promisem to do all that he could; and thereupon hasted tonOxford, where the rest of those Barons of his party were. Of which the King having advertisement, he sento the Queen to Ledes. Where, being denyedp en∣trance, from those, whom he had left in trust with the Guard of that Castle, by a particular Message,q (being then at Whitney, near Ox∣ford, with the rest of those Barons) Adomare de Valenc Earl of Pembroke, and Iohn de Bri∣tannia Earl of Richmond, with many others, had commandr to go thither; and there to stay till the King should come in person to them.

Hearing therefore, that his Castle of Ledes was thus besieg'd, he prevaileds with the Barons, to endeavour its relief. Whereupon they ad∣vanc'd totKingston upon Thames; but no farther. So that, those which kept it, despairing of help, gaveu it up; Margaret his Wife (Aunt and coheirx to Thomas the son of Richard de Clare) with Giles de Badlesmere her young son, and all the daughters being in it; who were thereupon senty to the Tower of London.

Upon this opposition there made, some of the Queens servants hapning to be slain;zEdmund Earl of Kent, and Iohn de Warren Earl of Sur∣rey, were senta with a strong Power to Arrest and take this Bartholmew, and all his Complices; and to that end to besiege the Castle of Pontfract, whereunto they were fled. But thence marching Northwards, and being overtakenb at Burrow∣brigg, they received an absolute defeat;c where∣in, amongst the rest, this Bartholmew was taken, and sentd to Canterbury, to be Drawn and Hang'd. Which Execution being perform'de at the Gallows of Bleen, his Head was cutf off, and setg on a Pole at Burgate: others suffer∣ing in likeh sort, in several places.

After which, Margaret his Wife continued Page  59i prisoner in the Tower of London; till, through the Mediationk of William Lord Roos of am∣lake, and others (who undertook,l that she should be forth-coming at three weeks warning) she obtain'd her enlargement. Whereupon, be∣taking m her self to that Covent of Nuns, called Minoresses, without Aldgate (in the Suburbs of London) she had Two shillings per diem al∣low'd, n for her maintenance, to be paid by the Sheriff of Essex.

The Lands whereof this Bartholmew died sei∣sed (as by Inquisitiono taken in 2 Edw. 3. ap∣peareth) were these; viz. The Castle and Man∣nor of Ledes, the Mannors of Bokingfeld, Tonge, Lesnes, and Badlesmere, in Kent; Pesehale, in Com. Salop. Hameldene, in Com. Buck. Sonyngdene, in Com. Bedf. with Bo∣cland, and Plessiz, in Com. Hertf. And joynt∣ly, with Margaret his Wife, of the Mannor of Barewe, in Com. Suff. with the Advouson of the Church: Likewise, of the reversion of the Mannor of Drayton, in Com. Suff. after the death of Iohn le Strange; and of the Mannor of Estbourne in the same County: Of the Man∣nor of Fanbrigge, in Com. Essex, with the Ad∣vouson of the Church; as also of the Mannor of Laceley, with the Advouson of the Chapel there, and of the Mannor of Clynge, with the Advouson of the Church, all in the same County of Essex. Of the Mannors of Castelcombe, and Heytredesbury, in Com. Wiltes. and Al∣derley, with the Advouson of the Church, in Com. Salop. Of the Mannor and Castle of Len∣hales, in Com. Heref. and of the Mannors of Oxindon, in Com. Gloc. Fynemere, in Com. Oxon, Preston and Covele, in Com. Buck, and Etton, in Com. Nott. with the Advouson of the Church; Giles his son and heir, beingp then Fourteen yeares of age.

Not long after which, Margaret his Widow, had, for her Dowrie, an Assignationq of the Man∣nors of Castlecombe, in Com. Wiltes. Ide∣shale, in Com. Salop. Fynmere, in Com. Oxon. Knouke, with certain Lands in Heghtredbu∣ry, in Com. Wiltes. and Forty Acres of Land in Bablesmere, in Com. Cantii.

To this Bartholmew succeeded the said Giles* his son and heir; who found such favour from the King, as that he had a special Preceptr to the Keeper of the Wardrobe, in the Tower of London, to deliver unto him all his Father's Harneys; as well Coat-Armours, as other: And, in 7 Edw. 3. thoughs he had not then accom∣plish'd his full age; yet, doingt his Homage, he had Liveryu of his Lands. Soon after which, (viz. the next ensuing year) he attendedx the King in that Expedition then made into Scot∣land: and continued there iny 9 Edw. 3. and z 10 Edw. 3. And, in 11 Edw. 3. was again a imploy'd in those Scotish Wars.

Also, in that year, beingb in that Expedition made into Gascoigne, he had respitec for the payment of such Debts, as were then due from him to the King's Exchequer. And, having been summon'dd to Parliament, from 9 Edw. 3. till 12 Edw. 3. inclusive, departede this life in the same Twelfth year, being seisedf of the Moe∣ty of the Hundred of Cotkesdich; of the Moietie of the Mannor of Tarente-Russeaux∣ton, with certain Lands in Stourminster-Marshall, and Noteford, in Com. Dors. Of the Mannor of Hilton, and certain Lands in Pa∣ston, in Com. North. Of the Mannors of He∣meldon, and Market-Overton, in Com. Rotel. Barewe, in Com. Suff. Chyngford, and Lachelegh, with the Bayliwick of the Steward∣ship of the Forest of Essex, in Com. Essex; of the Mannors of Pessis, and Nerdee, in Com. Hertf. Sonyndon, in Com. Bedf. of the Castle and Mannor of Lenhales, in Com. He∣ref. of the Mannors of Hameldon and Pre∣ston, in Com. Buck. Fyneme, in Com. Oxon. Ideshale and Adderle, in Com. Salop. Oxyn∣don, in Com. Gloc. Wylrinton, Whitstaple, Kyngeston, Blen, Silketon, Tonge, Hothfelde, Redelyngwelde, Erehethe, Bokyngfelde, Chetham, Badlesmere, with the Castle and Mannor of Chilham, in Com. Cantii; Of the Mannor of Castlecombe, in Com. Wiltes. as also of the Mannors of Hur∣dicote, and Heghtredebury, in Com. Gloc. leaving his four sisters his heirs; viz. Maude the Wife of Iohn de Vere Earl of Oxford; Eliza∣beth of William de Bahun Earl of Northamp∣ton (but formerly of Edmund de Mortimer) Nar∣garet of Sir Iohn Tipetot; and Margerie of Willi∣am Lord Roo; Elizabeth his Wife, daughterg to William de Montacute Earl of Salisbury, sur∣viving; who had, for her Dowrie, an Assignati∣on h of the Mannors of Crethe, Kyngeston, Rydelingweld, and Sbbeton; as also a Wa∣ter-mill, with the Rent of Three pounds of Pep∣per, ... Hens, and Two thousand Herrings in Dover, all in Com. Cantii. of the Mannors of Bourne, Langhton, Heyghinton, and Drayou, in Com. Suff. two prts of the Man∣nor of Preston, in Com. Buck. Barewe, in Com. Suff. Plessis, Bkland, and Hardele, in Com. Hertf. two parts of the Mannor of Fyn∣mece, in Com. Oxon. one Tenement and Thir∣teen shops in Dovor; and Seventy three shil∣lings five pence Rent in Cherleron, in Com. Cantii. Which Elizabeth aftewards Marriedi to Hugh•• Despenser.

Upon Partitionk made betwixt these sisters and heirs, Margerie the Wife of William Lord Roos of Hamelake, had, for her Purpartie, an Assignationl of the Castle and Mannor of Chil∣ham, with the Mannors of Hothfeld, Blen, and Wultrinton; as also of Forty Acres of Pa∣sture in Denne, and Six Acres in Blen, all in Com. Cantii. Likewise of the Mannor of Chin∣geford, in Com. Essex. Est-Heghtredebury, in Com. Wiltes. Adderley, in Com. Salop. and the moieie of the Mannor of Tarent-Russeauxton, in Com. Dorset.

To Made, the Wife of Iohn de Vere Earl of Oxford, was, for her Purpartie, assign'dm, the Mannors of Badlesmere and Bokyngeld, in Com. Canti. with Fifty Acres of Wood be∣longing to the said Mannor of Bokyngfeld. TonElizabeth, the Wife of William de Bohnn Earl of Northampton, the Mannor of Tonge, one Messuage, one hundred Acres of Land, Four∣score Acres of Pasture, and Twelve Acres of Wood in Sodhurst, and one Messuage, Twen∣ty eight Acres of Land, Thirty two Acres of Meadow, and Nine shillings Rent in Grene∣wiche, all in Com. Cantii. the Mannor of Lache-legh, in. Com. Essex. Hameldon, in Com. Rotel. and Ideshale, in Com. Salop. Ando to Margaret the Wife of Iohn de Tybetot, the Mannors of Chetham, in Com. Cantii. Hmeldon, in Com. Buck. Snyndon, in Com. Bedf. Oxinden, in Page  60 Com. Gloc. Castlecombe in Com. Wiltes. A Te∣nement with a Garden in Lynstrete, and four Shops within Aldgate, in the City of London: as also Fifty Acres of Wood, belonging to the Mannor of Bokyngfeld, in Com. Canc.

But afterwards, scilicet, in 15 Edw. 3. upon the deathp of Elizabeth, the Wife of the before-spe∣cified Giles, there being a farther partitionq made; the said Margerie had,r for her Purpartie, the Man∣nors of Bourn, Heyghinton, & the Wood called Waldern, in Laghton, in Com. Suff. two parts of the Mannor of Preston, in Com. Buck. the Man∣nors of Knouk, in Com. Wiltes. Brand-Brad∣feld, in Com. Suff. certain Tenements in Bok∣land, in Com. Hertf. and he fourth part of the Mannor of Thaxsted, in Com. Essex.

To Maude the Wife of Iohn de Vere Earl of Oxford, was then likewise assign'ds the Mannor of Ryglingweld, in Com. Cantii. the Man∣nor of Laghton, excepting the Wood cal∣led Waldern; as also the Mannor of West∣dene, in Com. Suff. the Mannor of Welles, in Com. Hertf. and he fourth part of the Mannor of Thaxsted, in Com. Essex.

TotMargaret the VVife of Iohn de Tybetot, the Mannor of Kyngeston, and Sibbeton, in Com. Cantii. Barewe, in Com. Suff. Mardeleye, in Com. Hertf. Orcheston, in Com▪ Wiltes. Par∣va-Stanbrigg, and the fourth part of the Man∣nor of Thaxsted, in Com. Essex. with the Man∣nor of UUelles, in Com. Hertf.

And, touElizabeth the VVife of William de Bohun Earl of Northampou, the Mannor of Drayton, in Com. Suff. two parts of the Mannor of Fymnere, in Com Oxon. a certain Inne with∣in Aldgate in the City of London; the Man∣nor of Plessy, in Com. Hertf. the Mannors of Erithe, Langport, and Romeneye, in Com. Cantii. and the fourth part of the Mannor of Thaxsted, in Com. Essex.

VVhich Elizabeth departedx this life 5 Ides Iunii, An. 1378. (1 R. 2.) and was buriedy be∣fore the high Altar, in the Black-Friers Church at London.