[1 Edw. 2.]
THe first mention I have seen of this name, is in 6 Ioh. where, by reasona of the forfeiture of Walter de Tibetot,* for ad∣hering to the Kings Enemies, his Lands in Lei∣ceste•••ire, were givenb to the Earl of 〈◊〉 of whom they were held.
The next is, of Henry de Tibetot,* who in 1 H. 3. being inc Arms for the King, with Tho∣mas Botterel for their support in his Service, had a Grantd of those possessions, lying in the Counties of York, and Lincolne, which did belong to Adam Painel, who took part with the Rebellious Barons of that time. Which Henry departed this life, in 34 H. 3. as it seems; for Robert his Son, then doing his Homage, had Liverye of his Lands, and in 50 H. 3. was made Governor* of the Castle at Porchester, in com. South. Which Robert,* having been a trusty ser∣vant f to Prince Edward, for divers years; and attendingg him into the Holy-Land, in con∣siderationh thereof, in 54 H. 3. obtained a Granti from the King, that in case he departed this life before his return; his Executors should have the Wardship and Marriage of his Heir, and in 3 E. 1. was made Governork of Notting∣ham-Castle.
In 5 E. 1. he wasl one of the Commissioners appointed to make Peace betwixt King Edward, and Lewelin up Griffith Prince of 〈◊〉, and in 6 E. 1. procured Licensem to hold a Market every week, upon the Wednesday at his Man∣nor of Burwell, in Com. Cantabr. As also to keep a Fair there yearly, to begin on Munday in Whitson-week, and to continue fourteen days after. In 8 E. 1. he was againn made Gover∣nor of Nottingham-Castle: and ino 9 E. 1. Justice of South-Wales, as also Governorp of the Castles of Caermarthin, and Car∣digan.
In 13 E. 1. he had a Grantq from Iohn the Son of Gerard de Rodes, to himself, and Eve his Wife, (Daughter of Pain de Chaworth,) and to Pain de Tibetot his Son and Heir, in Fee of the Mannors of Langar, and Berneston, in Com. Nott. with the Advouson of the Church of Lan∣gar, and Chapels thereto belonging. As also of the Homage and Services of Gervase de Wiles∣ford and his Heirs, for the Mannors of Clifton, and Wilesford; the like Homage and Servi∣ces of Henry de Perpount and his Heirs, for the Mannor of Barton; of Robert Luterell and his Heirs, for the Mannors of Brugeford and Ga∣meston;Page 39 of the Bishop of Carlisle, and his Successors, for the Mannor of Horncastre, and of the Homage and Services of Edmund Dein∣court, and his Heirs.
And in 17 E. 1. had a special Releaser of all the premises, bearing date at Canterbury, on Tuesday next after the Feast of the Assump∣tion of our Lady, as also of an annual Rent, payable by him the said Robert, unto the before specified Iohn, and his Heirs.
In 18 E. 1. this Robert de Tibetot had a Char∣ter s for Free-Warren, in all his Demesn-Lands at Bentley, in Com. Ebor. Likewise in those at Langar, and Berneston, in Com. Nett. And in 19 E. 1. upon the Death of William de Breouse, of Gomer, got the Wardshipt of his Lands. In 20 E. 1. beingu the Kings Lieutenant for Wales, EncountringxRees ap Meredeth in Bat∣tle, he slewy four thousand of his Men, and tookzRees himself Prisoner. Whereupon that Welsh Prince was carried to York, and there suffereda death.
Some say,b that Rees rebelled, by reason of Injuries done to him by this Robert.
In 22 E. 1. he obtained a Charterc for Free-Warren at Braundeford, in Com. Suff. And the same year, beingd to attend the King in that Expedition then made into Gascoigne, received Commande to repair to him a Ports∣mouth, upon the first of September, well fitted with Horse and Arms for that service; and be∣ing in those parts, was associatedf with Iohn de Britannia, Lieutenant of Aquitane, to Treat and Conclude with the King of Castile, upon a firm League of Friendship, betwixt King Ed∣ward and him. About which time Charles, Bro∣ther to the King of France, invadingg the Coun∣try, with a great Army, and laying Siegeh to Risune, this Robert being too weak to deal with him, fledi thence; whereupon it was easily ta∣ken.
In 25 E. 1. he was againk in the Scotish Wars; but the next ensuing year, upon Thurs∣day following the Feast of St. Dunstan, departed l this life, at Nettlestede; being seised of the Mannor of Bentley,, in Com. Ebor. Langar, in Com. Nott. Sttattehale, in Com. Essex. Hardleston, and Borewell, in Com. Cantabr. and Nettelstede, in Com. Suff. leavingmPain Tibetot, his Son and Heir, nineteen years of age; as also two Daughters, viz. Hawyse the Wife n of Iohn, the Son of Robert Fitz Roger (a great Baron in Northumberland) and Eve ofoRo∣bert the Son of Robert de Tatshall, with which Eve he gave six hundred Marks portion.
Which Pain,* in 27 E. 1. doing his Homage, had Liveryp of his Lands, and in 31 E. 1. was q in that Expedition then made into Scotland, so likewise inr 32 E. 1. ands 34 E. 1. but going thence without the Kings leave, his Lands were seised.t In 1 E. 2. this Pain, by a special In∣strument, u bearing date at Boloine, ult. Ian. An. 1307. (1 E. 2.) joyned with Anthony Bec, Bishop of Durham, Henry de Laci Earl of Lincoln, and divers other great Men of that time, to stand to the King, in support of his Re∣gal Authorities and Rights, and for the advantage of his Subjects. And the same year, being then Justicex of the Forrests beyond Trent, was constituted Governory of the Castle of Narth∣hampton. In 3 E. 2. he wasz in that expe∣dition then made into Scotland; so likewise ina 4 E. 2. having Summonsb to repair to Rokesburgh, upon the Festival of St Peter ad vincula well fitted with Horse and Arms, to march against the Scots. About which time, he obtain'd a Charterc for Free-Warren, in all his Demesn-Lands at Epreston, in Com. Nott. with a Market there every week upon the Tuesday, and a Fair on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of the Exaltation of the Holy-Cross. So likewise in 5 E. 2. another Charter,d to himself and Agnes his Wife, Daughter to William de Ros of Hamlake, (with whom he hade in Marriage, the Mannor of Wighton on the Woulds, in Com. Ebor.) for a Market, every week, upon the Tuesday at Wighton aforesaid, and a Fair, yearly, on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of St. Mary Magdalen.
In 7 E. 2. he was againf in the Scotish Wars, and having been summonedg to Parlia∣ment, amongst the Barons of this Realm, from 1 E. 2. till 7 of that Kings Reign inclusive, lost h his life, in that fatal Battel of Strivelin, the same year; being then seisedi of the Mannor of Wighton, in Com. Ebor. Eperston, and Langar, with the Advouson of the Churches, in Com. Nott. Nettlestede, in Com. Suff. with the Advouson of the Church; Bardeston, and Thorpe-Edmer, in Com. Lei•. Strathale, in Com. Essex. and Borewell, and Hardleston, in Com. Cantabr. leavingkIohn his Son and Heir, at that time of the age of one year, and two Months; and Agnes his Wife surviving, who soon after, Marriedl to Thomas de Vere.
Which Iohn, in 8 E. 3. making proof of his age, and doing his Homage, had Liverym of his Lands; and the same year wasn in that Ex∣pedition then made into Scotland. So like∣wise ino 9 E. 3. And in 12 E. 3. inp that into Flanders.q In which year having Mar∣ried rMargaret, the youngest of the Sisters and Co-heirs to Giles de Badlesmere (an eminent Ba∣ron of that time) upon partitions of the Lands of their Inheritance, he had, in right of her the said Margaret, an assignationt of the Mannors of Chetham, in Com. Cantii, Hameldon, in Com. Buck. Sonyndon, in Com. Bedf. Oxin∣den, in Com. Glouc. Castlecombe, in Com. Wiltes. as also certain Tenements, with a Gar∣den in Lynstreete, within the City of London. Likewise four Shops within Algate: and fifty Acres of Wood lying in Bokynfeld-Woods, in Com. Cantii. And in 15 E. 3. uponu the Death of Elizabeth, the Widow of the before mentioned Giles Badlesmere, had a farther assig∣nation x of divers other Lordships, viz. of the Mannors of Kyngeston and Sibbeton, in Com. Cantii, Bareue, in Com. Suff. Marde∣leye, in Com. Hertf. Orcheston, in Com Wiltes. Little-Stubbyng, and the fourth part of the Mannor of Thaxsted, in Com. Essex, and cer∣tain Tenements in Overton, in Com. Rotel. which during her life she held in Dower.
In which year, this Iohn was againy in the Wars of Flanders, and in 16 E. 3. being in that grand expedition, then made into France, was in the Retinuez with Iohn de Vere, Earl of Oxford. In 20 E. 3. he was Governora of Barwic upon Twede,; and inb 33 E. 3. in the Wars of Gascoigne. So likewisec in 34 E. 3. And having been summonedd to Parlia∣ment, from 9 E. 3. till 39. E. 3. inclusive, de∣parted e this life 13 Apr. 41 E. 3. being at that Page 40 time seisedf of the Mannor of Lyndesels, in com. Essex in right of Margaret his first Wife, (before mentioned) of the Mannors of Hardle∣ston, and Burghwell, in Com. Cantabr. Net∣telstede, in com. Suff. Oxindon, in com. Glo•c. Eastlecombe, in com Wilts. Sonen∣den, in com. Bedf. Hameldon, in com. Buck. Langar, and Epirston, in com. Nott. and Chatham, juxta Rochester, in com. Cantii, leavinggRobert his Son and Heir, twenty six years of age, (for Iohn his eldest Son, died in his life time.) Which Robert doing his Homage, had Liveryh of his Lands, and in 43 E. 3. was i in the Wars of Gascoine.
This Robert* MarriedkMargaret, the Daugh∣ter of William Deincourt, and having been sum∣moned l to Parliament, in 42 and 44 E. 3. de∣parted m this life 13 Apr. 46 E. 3. being then seisedn of the Manors of Hameldon, in com. Buck Bareme, in com. Suff. Lyndesel, Stanbrilg, Podesele-parva, and the fourth part of the Mannor of Thaxstede, in com. Essex; Market-Overton, in com. Rotel. Eston, in com. Linc. Castlecombe, in com. Wilts. Ed∣merthorpe, in com. Leic. Bentley, Hanu∣thwayt, and Wighton, in com. Ebor. Oxin∣don, in com. Glouc. Langare, in com. Nott. Nettelstede, and Barewe, in com. Suff. Cha∣tham juxta Rochester, Kingeston, and Sib∣beton, in com. Cantii, leavingo his three Daugh∣ters, his Heirs; viz. Margaret six years of age; Milisent four, and Elizabeth two: and Marga∣ret his Wife surviving. Which Margaret had, for her Dowrie, an assignationp of the Mannor of Langar, in com. Nott. and Oxindon, in com. Glouc. with the Advousons of the Churches of Barowe and Langar.
Of these Daughters thus in minorities, Rich∣ard le Scrope (then Lord Treasurer of England) hadq the Wardship; and disposedr of Mar∣garet (the eldest of them) to Roger le Scrope, his eldest Son, in Marriage; Milisent tosStephen his third Son; and Elizabeth totPhilip le Despen∣ser the younger.
Which Daughters, in 9 R. 2. making proof of their respective ages, had Livery of their Lands.
The Issue Male of this chief Branch being thus extinct, I now come to Sir Iohn Tiptot Knight, Sonu and Heir to Sir Pain Tiptot, (a younger Brotherx to the last Robert) by Agnes his Wife, y Sister to Sir Iohn Wrothe Knight.
This Sir Iohn Tiptot in 1 H. 4.* being reteined z in the Service of that King, during his life, had in consideration thereof, a Granta of one hundred Marks per annum, payable out of the Is∣sues of Cambridgeshire. And in 6 H. 4. upon the attainderb of Thomas Moubray Earl Marshal and Nottingham, (had together with Raphe de Rochefort) a Grantc from the King, of all the Apparel pertaining to the Body of that Earl, and all his Harness, for Peace and War, as well for great Horses called Coursers, as Saddles for Tilts and Tourneaments.
In 8 H. 4. upond the Rebellion, and For∣feiture of Owen Glendowr, he obtainede all the Lands of Rhese ap Griffith (an adherent to Owen) lying in the Counties of Caermarden, Cat∣digan, and elsewhere, within the Principality of South-Wales; and the same year was con∣stituted f chief Butler of England. In 9 H. 4. being Treasurerg of the Kings Houshold, he was madeh Seneschal of Landar, in the Dutchy of Aquitane,, and Governor of the Castle of Ax, in 3 H. 5. Seneschali of Aquitane, and in 4 H. 5. being employed as Ambassadork to the King of the Romans, continuedl for some time in his Court In the same year he was like∣wise reteined,m by Indenture, to serve the King with thirty men at Arms, whereof himself and two other Knights, to be part of the number, the rest Esquires, and ninety Archers.
In 5 H. 5. (then residingn at Burwell, in com. Cantabr.) he attendedo the King in his Wars against the French. And being still Se∣neschal p of Aquitane, was constituted q President of the Kings Exchequer in Norman∣dy, as also in all other judicial Courts, with∣in that Dutchy. Likewiser Treasurer of Nor∣mandy. And in 3 H. 6. chief Stewards of the Kings Castles and Lordships throughout all Wales and the Marches, which lately did be∣long to Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, and which (by reason of the Minority of Richard Duke of Yorke, Cousin and Heir to that Earl) were in the Kings hands.
This Sir Iohn Tiptot, MarriedtIoyce, the Sister and Co-heir to Sir Edward Charlton Knight, Lord Powys, and in 20 H. 6. had, by reason thereof, summonsu to Parliament, amongst the Barons of this Realm. In 8 H. 6. bearing the Titlex of Lord Tiptot and Pouys, he was retein∣ed y to serve the King in his Wars of France, with twelve Men at Arms, whereof himself to be one; one other Knight, and fifty six Archers on Horseback. Whereupon he took Shipingz with the King at Dovor, upon the 27th of April, and in 10 H. 6. was madea Governor of the Castle of Merk, in the Marches of Picardy, for five years. And in 11 H. 6. had an assigna∣tion b of the Mannor of Ryhall, in com. Rotel. for the purpartie of Ioyce his Wife, of those Lands which Anne the Widow of Edmund Mor∣timer, Earl of March held in Dower, she being then dead.
In 22 H. 6. he was again reteinedc to serve the King in his Wars of France, with sixteen Men at Arms, and sixty nine Archers. And having been summonedd to Parliament, from 4 H. 6. to 15 H. 6. inclusive, departede this life, on Thursday preceding the Purification of our Lady, 21 H. 6. being then seisedf of the Mannors of Burwell, (called Tiptot Mannor) in com. Cantabr. Puk-Shepon, in Bychingstoke, Berford, and Radelynche, in com. Wilts. Enfeild, and Sheperton, in com. Midd. Bro∣keley, in New-Forest, Over-VVallop, Ne∣ther-VVallop, Broughton, with the Moiety of the Mannor of Aulton, in com. Southampt. Of the Mannor of Fastolfe, the third part of the Mannor of Leyham, with the Mannor and Hundred of Mulford, in com. Suff. of the Fo∣restership of VVavebrig, and Sapele, in com. Hunt. Of the Mannors of Harston, Everston, Chadworth, Butlers in Harston, Badling∣ham, and Dulingham in Borwell, in com. Cantabr. Langton-Hering, in com. Dors. Stoke under Hamden, Mylton, Midsomer-Norton; Faryngton-Gurnay, Welton, Inglestone. Widecombe, Laverton, Cory-Malet, Stowell, West-Harpetre, and Moiety of the Mannor of Shepton-Malet, in com. Somers. and in right of Ioyce his Wife, of the Mannor of Welley, in com. Hunt. leaving Iohn his Son and Heir, sixteen years of age.
Page 41Which Iohn, being advancedg to the Title of Earl of Worcester, 16 Iulii 27 H. 6. in 29 H. 6. obtain'd a Granth from the King; importing, That whereas Iohn Lord Tiptot his Father, was seised of the Lordships of Goos, Sey∣nax, Marempne, Marynsyn, Borne, Me∣mysane, and divers other, lying in the Dut∣chy of Aquitane, which by Descent did of right belong to him, but were at that time pos∣sessed by the French; that so soon as they could by Conquest be recovered out of the Enemies hand, he should freely and peaceably have pos∣session of them: And, in 32 H. 6. wasi one of the Nobles, who undertook to Guard the Seas, having allowancek of the Tonnage and Pound∣age payable for that Service.
In An. 1457 (35 Hen. 6.) beingl Lord De∣puty of Ireland, he landedm at Nouth 9 Oct. And, in 1 Edw. 4. was constitutedn Justice of North-Wales, for life: Also, soon after that, Constableo of the Tower of London for life.
In 2 Edw. 4. being made Treasurerp of the King's Exchequer, he wasq with him in that Expedition into the North, and at the Siege of Bamourgh-Castle, then held out by the Duke of Somerset, and others of the Lan∣castrians, who had made head in those parts. In 3 Hen. 4. he was mades Chancelour of Ireland for life: and retein'dt to serve the King, in his Fleet at Sea, for a certain term of years. In 4 Edw. 4. being Stewardu of the King's Houshold, he was joyn'd in Commissi∣on x with the Lord Audley, and others, to Treat with the Ambassadors of the Duke of Britanny, touching a Truce. And, in 7 E. 4. upony the forfeiture of Thomas Lord Roos, for his adherence to the Lancastrians (then totally subdued) obtain'd a Grantz from the King, on the behalf of Philippa, his Sister, wife of that Lord, of the Mannors of Ussyngton, Wrag∣by, and Esteryngton, in Com. Linc. Orston, Warcop, and Ekeryng, with the Advou∣son of the Churches of Warsop, and Eke∣ryng, in Com. Nott. Of the Mannor of Se∣ton, in Com. Ebor. Of a certain Annuity of Twenty pounds issuing out of the Priory of Wartre, in Com. Ebor. Of the Mannor of Adderley, which extendeth it self into Spone∣ley, with the Advouson of the Church of Ad∣derley, in Com. Salop. and of the Mannor of Estbourne, in Com. Suss.
In this year, beinga Deputy of Ireland to George Duke of Clarence (the King's Lieute∣nant there) he residedb in that Realm, for the defence thereof. And, in 10 E. 4. was consti∣tuted c Lieutenant of Ireland; As also Con∣stable d of England, and again Treasurere of the Exchequer. Soon after which, comingf to Southampton, the King causedg him to fit in Judgment upon divers Gentlemen, and o∣thers, then taken, in some Ships, upon a Skirmish. Whereupon, to the number of Twen∣ty of them, wereh Drawn, Hang'd, and Be∣headed.
But, besides all this, it is farther memora∣ble † of him; that, having been bred a Stu∣dent in Ballol-Colledg Oxon: and attained to an high degree of Learning, he went to Hierusalem, and there made his abode for some time. Thence Travelling into other Countryes, he came to Venice and Padua; As also to Rome, out of great affection he had to see the famous Vatican-Library. Where he made such an elegant Oration to Pope Pius the Second, that it drew Teares from the Eyes of his Holiness. Likewise, that he Translated in∣to English, the Orations of Publius Cornelius, and Caius Flaminius; and Wrote divers Learn∣ed Tracts, whereof Bale* maketh mention.
Moreover, that he Foundedi a Fraternitie in All-Hallows-Church at Berkyng (near the Tower of London.) Likewise, that, having been a firm adherer to the House of York; and the Scene changing through the potency of Nevill Earl of Warwick (King Edward being forc't to flee beyond-Sea, and King Henry re∣stored) he was necessitated to shift for himself; so that, being foundk on the top of an high Tree, in the Forest of Waybrigg, (in Com. Hunt. he was broughtl to London, and judg'dm to suffer death, by Iohn Earl of Ox∣ford: whereuponn he lost his head, on Tower∣hill; and was buried at Black-Friers, in that Ci∣ty.
Furthermore, that he had two Wives: First oElizabeth, the daughter to Robert Greyndour; and by her a sonp, called Iohn, who died young. SecondlyqElizabeth, daughter of Thomas Hop∣ton Esquire, sister of Sir Walter Hopton Knight, (Widowr of Sir Roger Corbet of Morton-Corbet, in Com. Salop. Knight) on whom he begot a son called Edward,* who wass but little more than two yeares of age, at his death. Which Ed∣ward being restoredt in blood by King Edward the Fourth, diedu without issue 12 Aug. 3 R. 3. Whereupon his three Aunts became his heires; viz.xPhilippa, Wife of Thomas Lord Roos of Hamlake; Ioane, Married to Sir Edmund In∣glethorpe Knight; and Ioyce to Edmund, son and heir to Iohn Lord Dudley.