A sermon preached to the renowned company of the artillery, 1 September, 1640 designed to compose the present troubles by discovering the enemies of the peace of the church and state
Downing, Calybute, 1606-1644.
Page  [unnumbered]Page  1

DEVT. 25. 17.

Remember what Amaleck did unto thee by the way when you were come out of Egypt.

IT is no mans wise∣dome, nor businesse, to provoke a quiet e∣nemie; but it is eve∣ry wise mans worke (especially if trusted in any publique way) to consider, discover, and represent their foes as they finde them affe∣cted, which is most assured by their actions. So that, though the ordinary motions of prudent Chri∣stians are moderate, even, and equall, and required to be so (as these Israelites were not to first of∣fend or invade the children of E∣sau) yet when wee have to deale Page  2 with men, whose counsels and practises are like their ends, dare∣ing and driving in destructive waies, and can conclude no better upon us, if they keep close to their owne fundamentall principles; we have reason, and it is religon, safe, and therefore seasonable, to change our temper and constituti∣ons of our counsels, and that be∣fore dangers and difficulties grow too great, and the worke prove an impossible pull. For if when the face of affaires is so altered, we keepe our sober, solemne, passive pace, and in a suffering modestie, or confident security, invite an am∣bitious incroaching adversary, to advance and make imbracements upon us, we may thanke our owne folly and weakenesse, that would not prevent pregnant feares while they were future, but onely hope to play an after-game, when they are turned into pressing, great, and Page  3 growing grievances, of a disabling destructive nature, when there is no way left of reliefe, but by their mercie, or mistaking, both which it should much trouble any judi∣cious rationall man to trust, as if it were not a most irrecoverable error, to cast our selves into our old sworne enemies armes, to be embraced, or crusht as they see occasion.

These words therefore that I now read unto you, are laid in by meeke Moses, a man of no cruell counsels, whose naturall temper carried him to peace and pardon, yet you see here hee crosses and condemnes his nature, commends and commands those counsels that presse and put on to armes and action, and with such full force and freedome, that in coole blood, as a businesse not to be for∣gotten, hee goes out of his way, with an inconsequence, to bring it Page  4 in, for you shall finde no depen∣dance of these words, nor any suit∣ablenesse in their subject, but very dissonant, being the former passa∣ges of the chapter tending to en∣ding of controversies by arbitrati∣on and relaxation by common e∣quity mitigation of corporall pu∣nishments, that no brother should have above forty stripes, but here tis commanded to be laid on with∣out limits.

So that if you will survey and consider this Scripture, you will finde it of great occasionall con∣cernment, and uttered to the chiefe Commanders of the Campe and Common-wealth of Israel: and being of an historicall nature, and not the originall, but the repeti∣tion of a record▪ entered as an act of State, upon a Counsell of warre, to revive, and rivet it home hot unto the heart (as you may finde the rite and reason of it,*Exod. 17. with an Page  5 expresse command for the rehear∣sing of it in the eares of Ioshua and the victors some few daies after the discomfiture of Amalecke.

Now for the discoursing upon this historicall relation, that was laid in, as a law to be executed by succeeding generations, we cōceive it convenient being point of fact, to open the termes, to consider the fundamentall right, in the reasons of it, and so put it home in a par∣ticular practicke parallel, as wee have the like occasion for reflexive worke. [ 1] First, consider who these men were, what nation, what par∣tie, that are thus to be remembred in way of distance and defiance. Now Amalecke was a people that descended of Esaus line,* by his first wife of the three, which he took to vex his father Isaack,* borne of a concubine to Eliphaz, Esaus el∣dest sonne who was begotten in the height of his hatred to his bro∣ther Page  6Iacob,* and so all proceeded, as revenge from an old hatred, and yet of the seed of Abraham (you see) by extraction, and upon that ground, Israel inhibited to invade them. What is meant here by re∣membring, It is to be be interpreted by action and occasion; [ 2] The event did best lead the use of the intent. It is not onely said, remember with joy and pity, what you did, and they suffered in the day of bat∣tell till the going downe of the sunne, but what they did to you, or attempted, and intended to have done. Remember that with all the grieving, galling aggravati∣ons of it, Clemencie will come in time enough, when you are safe setled in Canaan, and they past do∣ing of mischiefe. Remember them Cum effectu, so soone as you have peace abroad, remember to warre with them. Let them not rest, nor roost among you; but disquiet, Page  7 distresse, and vex the Amalekites, recompence tribulation to them that thus troubled you, as farre as the sword can reach, cut them off that trouble you. The rest of the meaning we shall worke in occa∣sionally.

The nature of this Scripture fals into two considerations, A judicial law of that Nation, Remember A. maleck, and the ground of it in a particular grievance, what he did to you when you came out of Egypt: winde them up together, and they amount to this conclusion, That this penall Proviso, this Law of diffi∣dation or defiance concerning Amaleck, was most reasonably made.

The Jesuites, that are the Novell Colledge of Austrian Augurs, but too perfidious to be Feciales, and yet have given to themselves a fa∣culty to determine all cases in or∣dine ad spiritualia; never measu∣ring truths or titles by the line of Page  8 equity, but the last of ambition; these creatures that have more of the diviners in them than of the di∣vine, will be content to hold Ama∣leck a type of Antichrist, and so this proceeding plausible, if we will but hold the great Turke, or the Puritans to be the Antichrist,* but they must excuse us, and Ar∣minius shall judge for mee (in his publique determinations) before he went to Rome who is cleare and conclusive, that the Pope is that man of sinne, that servant of ser∣vants that began to beate his fel∣low servants: But whether these men and their politike party conceive it reason or not, none but an Amalekite would re∣quire the disusage or repealing of it, or charge it as a bloody Law.

Moses did conceive it justifia∣ble, who was no cruell Law-giver, and yet hee sets it home by all Page  9 meanes to preserve the memory (as see the originall relation at large,*Exod. 17.) which he drew up not by private or onely ordi∣nary discretion or assistance; but by the cleare immediate word and warrant of the Lord of hoasts, as the expresse was to write it in a Booke, not to trust tradition in the case, but it was a Bookt record past in terminis to posterity; and further he built an Altar upon the place of victory, with the Lords name and power exercised in the cause that it might be a remem∣brancer, and the times to come admonished by this monument of Gods mercy, and the Amalekites cruelty, and here laies it fully and close home in a most pat parti∣cular precept, as a manifest of the Lords mind for the future in this businesse.

First, consider it must needs be without peradventure right, be∣cause Page  10 the Judge of all the World hath so declared it, and that in most expresse words, leaving no roome for any mitigation, restri∣ction, limitation or interpretation favourable, gave no ground for quarter: that the Lord of grace, mercy, peace, should thus bind up this businesse of a perpetuall warre, you must needs conceive, and conclude there was great rea∣son for it, and that will appeare, if you doe but consider the grievance that gave ground for it.

There is in their injurious usage all the justifiable causes of a legall warre. I doe not say that it was just or reasonable for a private Is∣raelite upon home bred hatred to prosecute a private Amalekite to the death, or to reserve revenge up∣on personall injuries, but to use particular men as David did the single cashiered servant of an Ama∣lekite, fed him well to discover Page  11 his master.* No the Lord is not like Molech that loves to have blood in the unsavory sacrifices of cruell pri∣vate duels; let them singly subsist as civill men according to the lawes of nature, and humanity, Non obstante the Nationall quarrell. This I propose not either as justifiable, or plausible to bee practised, but this is the point that wee shall speake to, That states that move not neither upon anger nor ha∣upon hatred but upon judgement and interest, necessity, publique uti∣lity, universall safety may move for ever to those points, and cannot be mistaken in those affaires: Consider to what the wisest statists, politicks and Civillians, reduce the reasons of a justifiable war, and you will finde them all in this cause.

A war in it selfe is an appeale to heaven, by asword, when otherwaies of justice upon earth, either by wit∣nesses, oaths or leagus are made void Page  12 and invalid, that being forelaid we wil reduce these grounds to 3. heads.

[ 1] The first ground of a lawfull war is in a way of just defence, which may lawfully in the progresse and processe of the worke be driven into an offensive, yea so farre that so they may satisfie and quiet future feares of being offended, and have active e∣nemies bound to good behaviour, and give sufficient caution that they will not injue; and where this is not to be had or is not truely tende∣red, but all truces, treaties, and pa∣cifications, have treachery under them, force is the safest way to assure it; but these Israelites had this rea∣son: For they did purposely passe by without any shew of hostility, and exprest a command for their resolu∣tion. Therefore their first war was a defensive, driven the next day into an offensive, when they were not to let their just anger set with the sun, without they meant to give place to Page  13 these divellish men, for they would have fallen in with any side to molest them (as after they did in the lives of the Judges) so that it was not wisdome to forget them,* that were resolved to make the name of Israel no more in re∣membrance. If they were aware of such deepe designes fixt as foundations of their ruine, they had reason by way of prevention, to anticipate future ruine by present revenge, for feare of a great neighbour, a just ground of war, if it be a legal feare, wch may fall in constantem Societatem & senatum, raised not onely from present preparations, but also from pregnant intentions and preten∣tions, as well assured as a morall matter may be, of a profest protested enemy, whose minde and will is to injure for ever, and has begun to doe it, and not from a floating resolution that may be conjectured to be better towards us, but from malignant malice: but this was the case of the Israelites having to doe with these enemies, therefore they had Page  14 reason to provide for future security wch could not be had so long as these men subsisted in any strength to hurt.

[ 2] The second ground of a lawful war is, for reparation of losse and dammage either in person or goods, & that with relation to damnum emergens, in prose∣cution, or lucrum Cessans, if they had not bin molested. But these Amalekites cut off those persons, that the Lord valued at a great rate and ransome, and they could not recompence the Lord his dammage by one daies victory. And it may be they being the hindmost whō they smote in the reare, were laden with the riches of Egypt. So that the succee∣ding generation of Amalekites were to make satisfaction: especially cōsidering that their posterity would inherit their bloody hearts, and thirst to destroy & vex Israel upon old grounds and grud∣ges, as see an instance in the last of that cursed,* devoted stocke, hauty Haman the Agagite; his anger upon a fancie, soone rankled into a nationall hatred, and broke out into an universall pra∣ctise Page  15 of his resolution of revenge,* the reserving of Agags race had like to have cost deere; and therefore Mordecai did wisely to follow the blow, to ruine and root out all the faction that were his dependants, distributed into all Provinces, & to trouble Israel, had got all trust into their owne hands, for the execution of his cruell conspiracy a∣gainst the Jewish Nation, and his wife well foretold him when hee began to fall, that he should fall flat, being Mor∣decai was a Jew, and the quarrell ad∣mitted no medium worke: Mordecai did well to heave him high, and lay him low, because all must downe, be∣cause not bowe, and be so base as to fall flat in a Persian prostituting prostrati∣on, * with his hands behind him to ex∣ecution. He would not so far forget himselfe, who was of the Jewish seed ovall, whose place was to stand, not to fall in the Kings gate, to bow before the base remaines of a conquered peo∣ple and a perfidious Traitor to the Per∣sians Monarchy.

Page  16 [ 3] The third reason of a just warre, al∣lowed by the laws of Nature, Nations, Armes & leagues is in a way of just re∣venge, that they may be proportiona∣bly punisht to their prodigious perfi∣dious injustice, yea it was such an in∣tollerable, * illegall irregularity to per∣secute the poore and needy man, that they might even slay the broken in heart, that if Israel had not beene able and resolved to revenge and make this people passive in a penall way, their neighbour Nations (specially had it been in these or the times of the Greci∣an or Roman Monarchs) had been in∣gaged, though not cald for by the tacit, common consent of Nations, concur∣ring for the good of mankind, as a so∣ciable creature, they had been bound I say, to come in and assist to their utter∣most. For it is in the power and is the worke of supreame States and Princes, not onely to defend and revenge inju∣ries done to their owne subjects, but even to resist those that violate the Page  17 Laws of Nature, or Nations, & that not as they are over others, but as they are under none, and it seemes, and sounds better, to vindicate others injuries then their own. Now they did come upon them against the Laws of Nations, being they fell upon such as were weake, sick, stran∣gers, unarmed, unable, men that were newly delivered out of cruell bondage, almost famished before Manna came, and if it had not beene miraculously sutable, it may be ac∣cidentally weakned with a new kind of diet,* paid for all as they past, and professed they meant it.

These and such like, as deal inju∣riously, against the law, and light of Nature, and the common good of Nations, are out-lawed, and de jure proscribed, by these Laws, especial∣ly these men that were the Banditi of the God of Heaven, that had bani∣shed his feare, and so they were to be punished for a manifest Nationall Page  18 contempt of God, as those that teach treachery, perfidiously practised perjury, permit piracy to the de∣stroying of Civill society, and such like Enemies of Mankinde, a pro∣cesse punitive is to bee executed upon them. Bellum cum belluis bo∣num est. Yea, when the Lord him∣selfe commanded Saul upon this ser∣vice, 1 Sam. 15. Hee does not barely say,* Do you remember what Amalek did, but I remember what Amaleck did; therefore doe you execute to the ut∣termost and destroy and spare not: and the revenge of this wrong may most rightly be proportioned, not only to what they did, but what they would, intended, and were prepared to doe, and drive upon designe, that is to be considered, future, possible, probable mischiefe, to prevent a pernicious un∣pleasing president. For if these men, had bin flesht with successe, that first invaded Israel, or had procured, past, and paid, for their peace at an easie Page  19 rate, it would have invited others to invasive violence, yet what they did made such an impression of fear, that the Spies used the name of Amaleck, as an argument that they dwelt in the South, when they aimed to dispa∣rage the Land of Promise, and discourage them from entring. And therefore the Lord by Moses had reason to raise their spirits,* by hopes of their ruine, who had shaken their confidence, by feare of being ruined by them. See what it cost the Israelites in hard mea∣sure, whensoever they faild in the execution of this command; God was reveng'd upon them, when ever they faild to take his vengeance. See what Saul lost by saving some of Amaleck, upon pious, peaceable, pretentions, as if hee so long after as a King had power to give pardon and relaxation from that penall Law; hee that would not cut off their posterity from the Earth, deprived his own of successi∣on, Page  20 though he was not put out of personall possession; that forgetting, neglecting, cast him out, and cut him off,* and an Amalekite had a hand in his death, or hee braggingly belyed himselfe: yea, if he had done it ful∣ly, he had saved the burning of Zig∣lag, avoided much mischief and mi∣sery, * spared Davids pains in the Case, and what hee faild in is recorded as a good worke, of the sons of Simeon, that they kild the rest of the Amale∣kites, and dwelt in their rooms, and fat pastures, did not leave a good land to them, and seek subsistence in the Wildernesse, but beat them out as intrenching, incroching intruders. Well,* the Prophet Samuel from God, and the Witch of Endor from the De∣vil, did both tell Saul that this was his ruine.

The advice and Counsell that I would give to you upon this practick Conclusion is,* that being you ex pro∣fesso are the guard of good Laws, Page  21 have the permission and approbati∣on of the State, for a school of war, are the Chief Legionaries of this royall City, have or ought to have all privi∣leges and accommodations, for ex∣ercise of arms,* as the old ruling Ro∣mans, when they were in statu pacato, their Empire at the highest pitch, and had done with enlargment of Do∣minion, they gave more privileges to the armed schools, then to the schools of Peace: Let me desire you to make these inquiries.

First, see if you have not such condition'd Enemies.

Secondly, Whether there be not such Records, and Acts of State en∣tred against them.

Thirdly, if there be not reason to petition the execution of them.

Fourthly, whether you be not to be blamed for forgetting Amaleck. Deal clearly, and lay these conside∣rations close, it will be your wisdom and your safety.

Page  22 First consider if you, and all that are Israelites, in whom is no guile, have not such blood-thirsty, and de∣ceitfull Enemies, that should not live out halfe their dayes; Let us speake out, they are the Iesuites, and the Ie∣suited faction, with their adherents, for they are of our kindred in Religi∣on, by extraction a Bastard brood, that when wee came out of Egypt mysticall, they smote the hindmost, yea they have tryed all wayes to ru∣ine Church and State, by Treasons, Rebellions, Invasions, Divisions, Civill wars at this time, are a fruit of their faction, fomēted from cunning and mysticall hatred, they have been the Abettors and plotters, the great Sticklers in all the Disturbances of the Westerne World. Ever since the Spanish sword-man Loiola left the Leaguer, clapt himselfe up in a Cloyster, lapt in a gowne, all the destructive designes that have cast Christendome into confusion, have Page  23 bin hatcht under the covert and cun∣ning of a Canonick weed; These men love alwayes to fish in trou∣bled waters, and have blotted out Beati pacifici out of their Latine Li∣turgie: where they set their foote, and settle their society, Commonly they shake the peace, the Liberty and the Religion of the Countrey; honest men come thin, all their actions pub∣like merit to be writ in Rubrick, not as of Saints, but as of sanguinary men who worke any way, by a Sicilian Vespers, or Parisian Matins, and in the name of Iesus doe the worke of Iudas; so that a man cannot tell whe∣ther their Trentish tyranny, and trea∣chery, taste more of the new Roman Catholike or the old Roman Politick, sure they conclude of us, that the su∣rest and shortest way to make us of their new Religion is first to make us of none, and so pitch downe principles of Atheisme, as men mad with reason, in stead of being Ma∣sters Page  24 of it, and as they are Enemies of Grace, so they are Haters of peace, and worke against conscience as the Enemies of mankind.

Secondly consider if we have not Ordinances of State and Penall Pro∣viso's, against this factious fraternity, which were good and wholsome, and a work of necessity, which were not made against them for their meere Religion, as it rests in opinion, but as their doctrine doth ingage them to Antichristian, Rebellious practises, that ruine by undermining Church and State if they keepe close to the practicke Principles of their moderne Monkery: as to in∣stance, was it not a necessary Law and full of reason, to deny those men the freedome of their countrey, that plead exemption from the Lawes, and condemne them, that they may serve a forrein false friend, and live in these Dominions, and yet his subjects. Yea it wel deserved to be Page  25 Capitall punishment, if they offered to enter against this Proscription, and indeed, they have met with this measure, in all well tempered states in times when they were well a∣wake, and aware; as consider in France, the Ordinances, Arrests, Re∣quests, Decrees, Remonstrances, Ad∣vertisements, Defences, and Resolu∣tions of the Councell of State, the Parliaments, Vniversities, and the whole Clergy. See the Protests, and State-Edicts of Polonia, the Restricti∣ons, Deliberations, Proscriptions, and Clauses Conservative of the state of Venice, and Vniversity of Padua; Now if this Society was upon judg∣ment discarded in these States, of their own religion, (when they were not ruled by their Papaline faction) as common Enemies of humane socie∣ty, sure our Laws have much more reason to be laid on with more load to assure our safety being in greater danger.

Page  26 [ 3] Thirdly, passe and consider, whe∣ther there be not the same, and much more reason to continue, and petiti∣on the execution of them, tot vigiliis concessa & promulgata, we should be tender of disparaging, or disusage. If they be not to be executed, then wee are not the same Christian men, or they are not the same Instruments, and Enemies: But wee professe our selves Protestants, and they Protest us for Hereticks, and therefore we are no further safe, then they are cut short in power, or follow and fall in with their admonitions: which are to tolerate them so far to advance, as that they will not at last suffer us to subsist.* See Bellarmines advise to King Iames of peaceable memory. Si secu∣rus vitae suae velit regnare smat Catholi∣cos frui religione. If this be their coun∣sell, the doing otherwise is dange∣rous: and therefore all that conceive mitigation, or connivence, safe or seasonable, are very much, miserably, Page  27 and mischievously mistaken. Let us keep our selves as far as we can from Popery; for they are resolved, upon reasons of state, never to come near us: they have always the same Ends, but go severall ways to work. Com∣plying is of a Confounding nature with these men whose Counsels ad∣mit no medium, nor moderation; they are resolved to make good a defecti∣on by a faction, expect not their fa∣vour, trust not their Faith, if they can but change their Fortune; yet they will be so wise, not to offend, till they can confound. Let us take a tran∣sitory view what they and their adhe∣rents work at this time, and you will say, not only old Laws, but even new ones, need be made, and executed upon them. Look not about you in these Cases, but above you; It is a bet∣ter bargain to be eaten by a Lion, then by Vermin. Enquire who they be, that breed ill bloud betwixt the King and his people, that have puld so hard, to Page  28 draw a Civill sword to the breaking of the happy Vnion of these King∣domes, which hitherto have beene able to bid the World doe, as they would be done to. Believe it they go Antichristian ways by the Empe∣rours favour to ruine the Empire; And King IAMES wishes woe to them that durst divide the weale of the King,*from the weale of the King∣dome.

Where they cannot move sediti∣on among the people, against their Prince, to make Conquests easie, there they will work any way, to provoke the Prince against the peo∣ple, they will joyne with any party, to ruine the whole; set Kingdomes together, and beat them single, when they are poore, and passive; they deal with us, yea, with the best in the State,* as Haman the Amalekite did with Mordecay, suppresse all their good service, tho it be upon record; Page  29 they will be the only good subjects and seeke to cast all into an ill case, that they may make themselves ne∣cessary by engaging the publike power, to serve their ends and inte∣rests; Call other men Traitors, when they themselves are the rankest Re∣bels; render religious Christians as ill affected civill subjects: and revile the wisdome, conscience, and repre∣sentation of a State in Parliament, as a Faction, a Combination, a pack of Puritans; but wee hope before long, the word Puritan shall prove a good name, when some of theirs may de∣generate. This party are they that have taught the Princes of Christen∣dome Principles of tyranny and then accuse Religion for breeding seeds of Rebellion.

Fourthly, Consider, whether we be not to be blamed, for forgetting Amaleck. Take these severall subordi∣nate wayes, to consider whether you Page  30 remember them or not: and let no man say, I might have shewed more moderation & discretion to come off at large, fair, and afar off; active cir∣cumspection is to be praid for in the Case; but for this omissive, dimme, dissembling Neuter, negative good manners, I understand it not, but as the fault, and folly of the times: and yet I shall keep within my bounds; though these Iesuits statizing would call us out of our station, to studie Politicks, if it be but to countermine them, who are so devoted to Court, with such secular solicitude; as if they were able to prove, there were no other Heaven; and I shall plead for peace, if it be but because some of the Clergy are charged, as the Au∣thors of the War.

First, Consider if you have re∣membred to pray against Amaleck, and so hold up the Magistrates hands that they may fall under a Civill sword; these men would surely hold Page  31 you off from comming to God, that urge it so odiously, as an intolerable insolency, to petition the King against those grievances, that arise from their false suggestions: whereby the wisest of Princes may be misinformed, though they cannot be mistaken; (as I heard his Majesty say in the Case) who graciously invites to petition. Tis a most prodigious course, to de∣ny that to the best, which was never denied to the worst of men, in the worst times, which is leave to peti∣tion. That wee should undergo the worst of government, under the best of Princes, is the depth of misery, and therefore pray that God would remember their iniquities that have thus reacht to Heaven.*

Secondly, Consider if you doe not contradict, and crosse your own prayers, by presuming to save, some of the fattest for a sacrifice, to comply withall; Mercy to these upon affecti∣on, is cruelty to your selves upon Page  32 judgment. David gave a command, upon private, paternall affection, to spare Absolom; and grieved beyond measure, upon the same grounds, when he was cut off; and therefore Ioab did well and wisely (and David had reason to take it well in coole blood) as to take off an evill instru∣ment, so also respectively to remem∣ber the King, that he was mistaken in his passion, when the State had lost so great an Enemy. Samuel was no cruell man, and yet he was resol∣ved, to hew Agag in pieces: If wee shew pity because they come with halters about their necks, they will soon shift them, and strangle us.

Thirdly, Consider what you po∣sitively performe against them, to se∣cond, and give successe to your pray∣ers: I speake not that meere private men, should upon meer personall malice, prosecute the particular per∣sons of any Romish Recusants, that are otherwise Civill subjects, and di∣sturbe Page  33 not the State: or that a Prince should publikely, and solemnly in∣vade, only to settle Religion, or ex∣tirpate Heresie, without the mixture of Civill Titles; that is the Iesuits Di∣vinity, and I wish them enough of it: but this is it I would have you doe, Take care that Apostates be severely punished, & those that seduce them, or lay grounds for it: for if these A∣malekites, that were external Enemies, far from home, were to be remem∣bred, and ruined, how are ours to be regarded, that are in the Common-wealth, but not of it, but fully and fouly against it, knotted into a great party, tied in dependance to the greatest forrein Enemy. These men strike at Church and State at a blow, being the anchor of the State is Reli∣gion, which if shaken, the State will float; and for fundamentall Laws they pull them up, that they may pull us down; and that against the origi∣nall of all Civill government. For Page  28 when by common consent, men fell upon a Regiment, and at first permit∣ted all, to the wisdome and discreti∣on of Governours, chosen by them∣selves, * and after by experience found, the remedy in this Course,* worse then the disease; they saw, I say, to live by one mans will, was the ground of all mens misery: then they were constrained to Come to Laws, (not only admit a Councell for assistance:) and whosoever in∣fringes such Laws, is an absolute, in∣solent Enemy of the Common good. But you will still demand of me what you must doe? I can better tell you what you must not suffer, them to do.

And let no insolent, obnoxious Disturber, or Innovatour in Church or State, say that these Discourses must not be brookt. I must tell them, tis true, that in peaceable times, when all passe calmely along, the Locrians Law was of force: but in statu per∣turbato, Page  25 & quasi in maligno posito, in a Common and Calling Calamity (as Religion is a Calling Cause) advice is welcome from any hand, being there is a tacit consent of States, in extraor∣dinary times, to allow extraordinary undertakings; witness on the wrong side, their Quotidian, double-tertian, distemperd projects, which depend, like sickmens Dreams: they that like not this, I wish they mean no worse; for that State that can bear a Civill War, may very well away with Ci∣vill Memento's, to prevent it. Take therefore these Considerations, which I desire to lay down, with Cautions restrictive, and directive, to keep within the compasse of obedi∣ence, and the peace of Church and State, which I leave to wise and a∣ctive men to accommodate.

*First, consider, that in an Exigent, and unexpected turn of State, per∣niciously procured by these British Page  36 malekites: there are Certain ways to come to the King for relief and re∣dress, which at other times are not allowable, see it in Hesters Case, Though it be not according to Law (says shee) yet if you will fast and pray, I will go to the King, whatever come of it. Indicious Bishop Bilson speaks close in the Case, and I dare not condemne him, neither need I, being allowed by the State, when this Monarchie was in a most Maje∣stick height.

Secondly, consider that when a par∣ty by power breaks the Laws of the Land, that they may break the Laws of God, and thereby force you to goe along as their friends, or put you to make a stand, and so conclude you the States Enemies, where the Laws of the Land are thus by them made too short for your security, the Laws of Nations come in for reliefe, till it can be otherwise provided: for twas never intended by Law-makers, to Page  37 lay them on, with so rigid a will, but that still, salus populi should be sola, & suprema lex; and no State did ever intend, to cast it selfe into a desperate Case, by good Laws; so that as for the good of the person of a Prince, there are not only allowed, jura do∣minationis, but also arcana dominatio∣nis: so for the safety of the body of the State, there are arcana, Latitudes allowed for security; especially when the Enemies (who are not true In∣struments but Tools of State, Domi∣nationum Provisores, Purveyers of usur∣pation, that worke through Alps, or Conscience) have concluded, they lose not reputation, nor abuse Reli∣gion, if they get their Ends: In such a Case Rationall Grotius is cleer,* that in gravissimo & certissimo discrimine, lex de non resistendo, non obligat; but I hope he meant it tenderly.

Thirdly, consider that the States of a Kingdome, either actually assem∣bled in a representative body, or vir∣tually Page  32 concurring in a common reso∣lution, * for the common good, and only hindred from assembling by the common Enemy; it is affirmed, by the greatest Assertors of Regall Roy∣alty, that they may goe very far, be∣fore they can be counted Rebels, or be mistaken. 'Twas foolish, churlish Nabals judgment,* that cald David, & his Company Runnagates, when wise Abigail, tho shee submitted to Saul, as her King, yet acknowledged David to fight the Lords battails.

Fourthly, Consider, and make a reall difference betwixt the Christi∣ans suffering with prayers and tears in the Primitive Church, under Hea∣thenish Emperours, when their Reli∣gion was not so much as tolerated, but condemned by the Laws of the Empire,* and the sufferings of State, where the Religion is Lex terrae, set∣led and protected by the Civil Laws and power, and all caution, that can Page  29 be given to assure it, and affronted by a schismatical faction, not so much tolerated, but protested, and con∣demned, Idolatrous and Antichri∣stian, and cannot consist, with the standing of the state. The thus appea∣ring not for a popular but a politick liberty, must be interpreted by cle∣mencie, (a vertue of as much policie as piety in a Prince) as serious Seneca,*Clementia hostes dimittit salvos, aliquan∣do laudatos, si honestis causis, pro fide, pro foedere vel pro libertate: Be wise, be resolute for you have Amalekites a∣mongst you.

At a Committee of the Honourable the Commons House of Parliament, It is or∣dered that this Sermon be published in print.

Sir Edward Dering Knight and Baronet.