An essay on the state of England in relation to its trade, its poor, and its taxes, for carrying on the present war against France by John Cary, merchant in Bristoll.
Cary, John, d. 1720?
Page  [unnumbered]

TO THE HONOURABLE THE Commons of England IN Parliament Assembled.

May it please Your Honours,

IT is the greatest Happiness of the People of England that the Laws by which they are go∣vern'd cannot be made without the Consent of their Representatives, who as they obtain good Ones from the Favour of their Prince, so 'tis their own fault if they pass such as are bad.

Amongst all our Laws none tend Page  [unnumbered] more to the promoting the Wealth of this Nation than those which ad∣vance its Trade and Manufactures, by the latter we not only imploy our Poor, and so take off that Bur∣then which must otherwise lie heavy on our Lands, but also grow Rich in our Commerce with Foreign Na∣tions, to whom we thereby sell our Product at greater Prices than it would otherwise yield, and return them their own Materials when wrought up here, and encreased in their Value by the Labour of our People.

This little Tract I humbly offer to this Honourable House, not to di∣rect, but with all Humility to lay before Your Honours an Anatomy of the Trade of England, dissected and laid open so as to discover its Vitals, which have seemed to be struck through by some late Acts.

Page  [unnumbered] Whatever doth Prejudice to our Manufactures, or burthens our Fo∣reign Trade above what it is well able to bear, stabs them to the Heart, and where Taxes are thus laid, they disable the Subject, and conse∣quently are so much more burthen∣some as they make him less able to pay them; But when our Manu∣factures are encouraged, and our Foreign Trade made easie, and well secured, the Lands of England will be advanced, and Taxes paid with∣out Discontent, because they will scarce be felt, especially when equally laid; and in such a Man∣ner, that every Man shall pay his Proportion in a Regular way.

If what I have written may be serviceable to this Honourable House, I shall think my Time and Labour well imployed.

Page  [unnumbered] That God will direct your Coun∣cels, to the Advancement of his Glory, and the Welfare of this Nation, shall ever be the Prayer of

Your Honours most truly Devoted Servant, John Cary.