The five days debate at Cicero's house in Tusculum between master and sophister.
Cicero, Marcus Tullius., Wase, Christopher, 1625?-1690.
Page  294

SECT. XV. That only what is Honest is Good.

NOW since the Disturbances of the Soul ren∣der the Life miserable, but the composure of them happy; and there is a double rank of Passions; in that, Discontent and Fear are termi∣nated on Evils conceiv'd; but excessive Mirth and Lust arise from the misapprehension of good things, since all are inconsistent with Advice and Reason, if you shall see any one clear, emanci∣pated, free from these emotions so vehement, so discordant one with the other, and so distracting, can you make any question of calling him Happy? But the Wise man is always so dispos'd, therefore the Wise man is always Happy. Further every thing that is good is joyous, and what is joyous, is to be proclaim'd and avow'd; and what is so, is also to be glory'd in; but if it be glorious, to be sure it must be praise-worthy; but what is praise-worthy, is also truly honourable; what therefore is good is honourable. But what those men reckon for Goods, they do not themselves say they are honourable. That only therefore is good which is honourable, from whence is concluded, that Happiness of Life consists in Honesty only; which is, the true Honour. Those things are therefore not to be call'd nor counted good things, in which a man may abound, and yet be most miserable. Do you make any question, but that one exceeding in Health, Strength, Beauty, sound and quick Senses; Page  295 add further if you please, Activity, and Swiftness; throw in Riches, Honours, Commands, Interest, Glory; if the Possessor of all this be unjust, intem∣perate, timorous, stupid and senseless, will you make any question of calling him miserable? what sort of Goods then are they which a man may have, and yet be most miserable? Let us consider therefore, whether, as an Heap must consist of single Corns of the same Grain, so an Happy Life must not of parts similar to it self. If this be so, then is Happiness to be an Aggregation of those Goods only which are Honest, if there be any mixture of Dissimilars, Honesty can never deno∣minate the Sum total; which being substracted, what Happiness can be understood remaining? for whatever that be, which is good, that is de∣sirable; and what is desirable, is to be sure to be approv'd; and what you approve, is to be ac∣counted agreeable and welcome; therefore also is respect to be born to it, which being so, it must needs be commendable; therefore all good is commendable; from whence is concluded, that what is honourable, that only is good. Which unless we maintain, there will be many things which will pretend to the title of Good.