Spiritual refining: or A treatise of grace and assurance Wherein are handled, the doctrine of assurance. The use of signs in self-examination. How true graces may be distinguished from counterfeit. Several true signs of grace, and many false ones. The nature of grace under divers Scripture notions or titles, as regeneration, the new-creature, the heart of flesh, vocation, sanctification, &c. Many chief questions (occasionally) controverted between the orthodox and the Arminians. As also many cases of conscience. Tending to comfort and confirm saints. Undeceive and convert sinners. Being CXX sermons preached and now published by Anthony Burgess sometime fellow of Emanuel Colledge in Cambridge, and now pastor of the church of Sutton-Coldfield in Warwickshire.
Burgess, Anthony, d. 1664.
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AN ALPHABETICAL TABLE.
- ABortives as to the new-birth, Pag. 234
Acting grace is requisite as well as converting, 550
- Following upon the prin∣ciples of grace, make happy, 552
- Adoption, what of duty, and what of priviledge in it, 237
Affections and sweet motions of heart in holy things, consistent with an unregenerate 〈◊〉, 117
- Several grounds of such temporary affections, 119
- Why apt to be relied on, 120
- Their insufficiency, 121
- Sometimes not the work of the Spirit when thought to be, 129
- Several grounds of such temporary affections, 119
Afflictions, Gods framing this evil, what it means 443
- Why called evil, 446
- Of three sorts: Exploratory, 448
- For sin, but medicinal, ibid.
- For sin, and destructive, 449
- Difference between medicinal and penal, ib.
- How operative to means conversion, 450
Assurance, To seek it a duty, 2
- The benefits or advantage of it, 5
- Hinderances of it, 9
- Attainable by signs, &c. with propositions about it. 17
- Its adjuncts, viz. Possibility, 23, 675
- Necessity, 24
- Difficulty, 25
- Excellency, 26
- How differenced from presumption, 27
- What we must do when we want it, 34, 673
- Why God denieth it to those that have true grace, 35.
- Justification and Sanctification ought to be sought from their fruits, 43
- From Signs no argument of weakness and unbelief, 50
- From graces no relying upon a humane testi∣mony, 51
- Got by Signs, not useless, 52
- From an immediate voice from the Spirit questioned, ib.
- By Signs, freed from absurdity, Impossibility and Difficulty, 53
- Consisting of a practical Syllogism, is not by meer humane reason, 54
- In obtaining it by way of Signs, much skill and care is required, 55
- ALl are not called with a saving Call, 684
Change from wickednesse and prophaneness, not enough, 278
- That grace makes a man great, 373
- Its qualities,
- 1. Necessary.
- 2. Rational.
- 3. Profitable. 373
- 4. Honourable, 374
Christians of three sorts, 1•
- If true are so universally and exactly, 638, 639, 640
- Why some are not so, 641
Church Priviledges and visible signs and duties therein no sign of grace, 104
- Why apt to be rested on, 106
- Proof that they are not signs, 107
Company, when wicked, retards the work of con∣version, 9, 431 &c.
- How to be thrown off, 433
- Page [unnumbered] Carnal-confidence, vide Presumption.
Conscience, why something of it in the worst, p. 336
- Whence so silent and stupid in some, 339
Conversion, vide Grace Sanctifying, and Turning to God.
- Is wrought by the omnipotent and irresi∣stible power of God, 569
- Is absolutely promised to the converted, 776
- In what sense absolutely promised, and what not, 779
Corruption of nature set forth, 218
- Shows a necessity of Regeneration, 222
Counterfeits of Regeneration, 230
- Of the New-Creature, 276
- Of inherent grace, viz. Moral honesty, 334
- Of Sanctification, 391
- Of the heart of flesh, 523
Covenant External sanctifies not, 393
- Distinguished into External and Internal as being variously administred, ib.
- External denominates men holy in oppo∣sition to Heathens, 594
- Requires a visible acceptance, 395
- Holiness availeth not alone, ib.
Creation, vide New-creature.
Creation, The New in man surpasseth the Old in man, 287
- The great work of God in the New-crea∣tion set out, 290
- Gods end in chusing subjects indisposed, 293
- It is unto good works, 296
- MEn apt to Deceive themselves that after a wicked life may follow a happy death, 364
- The ground of this Deceit, 365
- Motives to beware this self-deceiving, 367
Delayes of turning to God, whence men are prone to it, 453
- Arguments against, and the danger of it, 454, 455, &c.
- Directions to the getting of the New-creature, 280
Vain Disputations how to be prevented, 7
Disputes and opinions in Religion no evi∣dence of grace, 124
- VVhen lawful, 125
- Their insufficiency as evidence, 127
- Disputes and opinions in Religion no evi∣dence of grace, 124
Vain-Disputes establish not the heart as grace doth, 316
- May be several wayes abused, 317
- How they may be rightly used, 320
- Duties. Spiritual performance of them a sign of grace, 90
Duty of a son of God, 239
- Signs of men performing Duties from a new Spirit within, 542
- ILl Education a cause of stupidity of conscience 339
Election. Not of all that are called, 6, 12, 643
- This Doctrine no ground of despair, 644
- Evidences of the paucity of elected ones, even of the called, 647
- What to be done by him who is in fea• about his Election, 649
- Effects of Election, ib.
- Embryoes as to the New-birth, having only ini∣tial workings, 232
- Ends in actions to be looked to, 10
Establishment of the heart by grace, 309
- How the heart becomes established, 311
- It is better then all disputes and notions, &c. 316
- Evidences, vide Assurance and Signs.
- Experimental Knowledge, vid. Knowledge.
- FAith, when only a perswasion of the truths in Religion not enough for salvation, 167
False Signs of Grace, vid. Signs. Fleshly Heart, vid. Heart.
- Form and outward shape of godlines not enough 276
- Forsaking of grosse sins no sure sign of conversi∣on, 187
- Fruits of Justification and Sanctification argue the graces themselves, 43, &c.
GIfts: Parts and abilities in Religion, no sign of grace, 111
- Explicatory considerations, ib.
- Why men are prone to relie on them: 112
- Their insufficiency as signs, 114
- Page [unnumbered] Common Gifts of the Spirit are not sanctifica∣tion, 397
Gods unwillingness to damn men proved, and Objections answered, 404
- Dominion over mens hearts asserted, 506
- Seen in the way of Providence, 507
- Justice, 508
- Grace, 509
- God in conversion works after an omnipotent, efficacious and irresistible manner, 570
- Godly men are careful and tender about Gods worship, and why, 559, 562
- Conscientious in all duties of equity and righteousness, 564
Gospel cals are a feast, 629
- Yet refused by many, 631
- Government of the world misunderstood, a cause of senslesness of conscience, 341
- A being in the state of Grace may by signs be evidenced, 17
- Concerning inherent Grace, 37
Signs or Marks of Grace, vid. Signs.
- Of divers sorts, 38
- Its Effects or Properties considered Absolute∣ly or Relatively, 40
- To be known and evidenced by its fruits, 43, &c.
- Assurance received from it depends not upon humane testimony, 51
- Infallibly evidenced by a respect to Gods
- Commandments, 61, &c.
- With many other Signs, vide Signs.
- How it establisheth the heart, 311
- That there is such a work of God upon mans heart, 322
- It cannot justifie, 323
- The reason of the name Grace given to in∣ward holiness. 324
- How it opposeth sin, 326
- Its effects in a man, 328
- Some excellent properties of it, 332
- The counterfeit of it, viz. Moral Vertue, 334
- Vouchsafed sometimes to the greatest sinners 369
- Gods ends in it, ibid.
- Makes a great change, 372
- Is an inward and deep work, 533
- What reacheth not to it, 534
- What this inward work is, 535
- Signs and Effects of it, 537
- First brings in inward principles, and then causeth holy actings, 538
- Why God takes this method, 540
- Inward principles of grace will appear in the life, 543
- Exciting and actuating is necessary after con∣verting, 549
- Great men of the world often rejected by God, and why, 622, &c.
- Growth in grace a sign of grace, 84
- The nature of it in its necessity, from an inward principle of life, &c. 86
- How evidenced, 88
- False Growth, 90
- HEart: To turn to God with the whole of it, what it means, 479, &c.
- Rending of the Heart requisite to conversion, with the meaning of this phrase, and others equivalent, 489, &c.
- A rent one preferred by God above all out∣ward signs of humiliation, 493
- Of man under Gods dominion, 506
- Of stone in all men naturally, and what it signifies, 511, &c.
- Of flesh bestowed in coversion, 516
- What it implies, 517
- Its effects and consequents, 518
- Inducements to labour for it, 521
- Its counterfeits, 523
Heathens, Natural principles appeared in their
- Books, 346
- Laws, 347
- Worship and terrours of minde, 348
- Commendable improvements, 349
- with the concernment of this Do∣ctrine, 352
- Natural Excellencies reach not to grace, 353
- Natural honesty and righteousness, not grace, ib.
Heaven or Glory, the nature of it, 665
- Adjuncts and Properties of it, 668
Holiness, vid. Sanctification. Federal Holiness, vid. Covenant.
- They that are called should be holy as God is, 659, 663
- Wherein true Holiness consists, 660
- The extent of the duty of being holy in all man∣ner of conversation, 662
Hypocrites, Whether they may attain to an ex∣perimental knowledge, 12
- How far they may go in it, 131
- Wherein as to this knowledge they differ from the true Christian, 15
- IGnorance a cause of mens living in sin, 470
- Impediments of turning to God, 414, &c.
Indisposition of men to the work of grace, or the
- New-Creation, 290
- It advanceth Gods ends in the great chan∣ing work, 293
- New-Creation, 290
- Judgement well inform'd no sign of grace, 127
- Justification, It may be evidenced by inherent Page [unnumbered] gracious qualifications,
KEeping the Commandments, vid. Obedience.
- Mens fond perswasions of their doing it, with the causes, 142, &c.
Experimental Knowledge of our selves Difficult, 5
- Advantagious, ib.
- The best, ib.
- The end of all other Knowledge, 8
- Establisheth the soul, ibid.
- Its impediments, 9
- Whether in hypotrites, 12
- How it differs in hypocrites & regenerate, 15
Knowledge of our state of grace to be attained by marks and signs, 17
- Establisheth not the heart as grace doth, 316
- LEarning requisite in a Minister, 620
- Lise and conversation of men evil give testi∣mony to true grace within, 543
Love to the people of God a sign of grace, 96
- The Act it self, the Object, the Effects, 97 98, 99
- MArks, vid. Signs.
Ministry of the word the way to turn men from their sins, 495
- Of Gods appointment, ib.
- For a supernatural end, 496
- Gods wisdom in raising such low means for so high ends, 497
- Not alwaies successful, and why, ib.
- That it may be effectual, what to be done by Ministers, 498
- Though not corrupt, yet may be without success, 500
- The reasons both from God, Ministers and people, 501, 502, 503
- Though corrupt may prove successful, 503
- Of Gods appointment, ib.
- Mistakes in experimental knowledge easie, 4 Dangerous, ibid.
Moral vertue, the counterfeit of saving grace, 334 Philosophy, vid. Heathens,
- Verrues, as Temperance, Fortitude, &c. no graces, Because 359
- 1. Not built upon a good foundation, ib.
- 2. Not rightly obtained, ibid.
- 3. Not gui•ed by a sure rule, 360
- 4. Not referred to God, ibid.
- 5. Not of faith, 361
- 6. Nothing of Christ in it, ib.
- 7. Often an enemy to grace, 362
- Verrues, as Temperance, Fortitude, &c. no graces, Because 359
Mousters as to the New-birth, 235
- Motions of ••art, vid. Affections.
Motives to sanctification, 389
- Conversion or turning to God, 420
NAture: Its corruptions set forth, 212
- Its principles, &c. vid. Heathen.
New Birth, vid. Regeneration. New-Creature.
New-creature. The nature of grace set out by it: Its Necessity, 245
- Is produced only by God, 251
- His glorious Attributes appear in it, 255
- What it doth not imply, and to what it is opposed, 258, &c.
- Its supernaturality and excellency set out, 264
- Objections against it answered, 270
- Counterfeits of it, an outward form of god∣liness, &c. 276
- Helps and directions to the attainment of it, 280
- Gods workmanship, 283
- Created unto good works, 296
- Is produced only by God, 251
OBedience unto Gods commands, A sure sign of grace, 61, &c.
- How impossible, 62
- How possible, 63
- When true and universal, 64, &c.
- External only not sufficient, 161
Opinions, vid. Disputes.
- Opposition against sin by grace, 326
- Order of God in conversion; First he works in∣ward principles, then from them men act ho∣lily, 538
- Why God takes this Order, 540
Ordinances, to whom sweet and beneficial, 6
- Sanctifie not, 393
- PArts, vid. Gifts.
- Peaceable frame of heart, no evidence of grace, 174
Performance, vid. Duties.
Perswasion of the truths in Religion, no evi∣dence for salvation, 167
- Gods love no sign of grace, 174
Practical Knowledge, viz. Knowledge.
Presumption, How differenced from assurance, 27
- Remedies against it, 3•
Principles as well as actions to be regarded, 10
- Grace within will appear in the life, 543 followed by acting grace, makes happy, 552
- Priviledges, vid. Church.
- Of a childe of God, 242
- Prosperity no sign of grace within, 180
- Page [unnumbered]Promise of conversion an absolute free promise, 574
- Purposes and resolutions of turning to God, sometimes unsuccessfull with the account of it, 437
REgeneration Absolutely necessary to salvati∣on, 201
- What it is not, wherein it lieth, and its re∣semblance to natural birth, ib, &c.
- Unknown often to learned, and outwardly righteous men, 210
- Grounds of the ignorance and excellency of the knowledge of it, 212, &c.
- Absolutely necessary, because of mans cor∣ruption by nature, 217
- Its unexpressible nature, 224
- The counterfeits of it, 230
- Rightcousness and equity conscientiously follow∣ed by the people of God, 364, &c.
SAlvation difficult, and in some sense impossi∣ble, 194
- Why fancied so easie, 196
Sanctification, It evidenceth Justification, 43
- Divers waies set out, vid. Grace.
- The several meanings of sanctifying, 380
- How the people of God are sanctified, 381
- By being,
- 1. Segregated from the world, 381
- 2. Dedicated to God, ibid.
- 3. Prepared for good works, &c. 382
- Its efficient and instrument, 383
- Meritorious cause and extent, 384
- Signs of true Sanctification,
- 1. The Spirits dwelling in the soul, 386
- 2. Ready Obedience to the truth, ib.
- 3. Delight in sanctifying Ordinances, 387
- 4. Preparation to holy Duties, &c. ib.
- Motives to it, 389
- Counterfeits of it, 391
- 1. Zeal in superstitious customs, ib.
- 2. Duties and Ordinances, 393
- 3. External Covenant with God, ib.
- 4. Gifts of the Spirit, 397
- When evidences of it are wanting, what a sanctified person should do, 398
- When it is but in a low degree, what to be done, 401
Searching, vid. Trial.
- Self-love an impediment as to experimental knowledge of our selves, 9
Senslesness and stupidity of conscience caused by
- 1. Ill education, 339
- 2. A misunderstanding of the government of the world, 341
- 3. Cares and pleasures of the world. 342
- Settlement in the truth, whence it proceeds, 8
Signs of Grace are different, 38
- Evidencing to our selves or others, 39
- Proper to the godly only, ib.
- Positive and Negative, 40
- Of a mixed nature as to natural and voluntary Signs, 41
- To be used, 43, 44, &c.
- Proceeding by them, Argueth not weaknesse and unbelief, 50
- Is not to rely upon a humane testimony, 51
- Not useless, 52
- Not absurd, impossible or difficult, 53
- To the making up of a Practical Syllogism is not by meer humane reason, 54
- 1. Obedience, 61, &c.
- 2. Sincerity, 67
- 3. Opposition against, and abstinence from sin, 73
- 4. To be willing to be tried by God, 78
- 5. Growth in Grace, 84
- 6. Spiritual performance of holy duties, 90
- 7. Love to the Brethren, 96
- 1. Church-Priviledges, 104
- 2. Gifts and parts in matters of religion, 114
- 3. Affections and sweet motions of heart, 110
- 4. Opinions, judgements and disputes, 123
- 5. Strong workings move the heart not being from the Spirit, 129
- 6. Great sufferings for Christ, 135
- 7. Perswasions of an exact keeping the Commandments, 142
- 8. A strict way of religion, 148
- 9. Diligence in the worship of God, though not commanded, 155
- 10. External moral Obedience, 161
- 11. A divine faith, or perswasions of the truths in religion, 167
- 12. A peaceable frame of heart, or perswasi∣on of Gods love, 174
- 13. Success and prosperity, 180
- 14. Forsaking gross sins, 187
Of Sanctification, 386
- When wanting, what should be done to obtain it, 398
- Abstinence from, and opposition against it, 〈◊〉 sure sign of grace, 73
- How a sign, ib.
- A forsaking gross sins, no sure sign of con∣version, 187
- May be upon divers grounds, is a mer∣cy, &c. ibid. &c.
- Aggravations of the sins of Christians above those of Heathens, 350
Great sinners God makes subjects sometimes of sanctifying grace, and why, 369
- With its profit, pleasure and customariness objections against turning to God, 426. to 431
- Sins greatness helps against discouragement hence as to turning to God, 441
Page [unnumbered]Beloved Sins, Considerations about them, 459
- Signs which are they, 460
- Conversion makes a man leave them, 461
All Sin to be turned from in conversion, 464, &c.
- Grounds of turning from sin acceptable with God. 468
- Hinderances of turning from it, 470
- Some men outwardly resolved against turning from it, ibid.
- Causes of obstinacy in it, 471
- Turning from sin not enough without turn∣ing to God, 475
- How many waies men may do one without the other, ibid.
- Sorrow for it to accompany turning to God, 484
Sincerity in motives and ends, a sure sign of grace, 67
- How liable to abuse as a sign, 68, &c.
- Its nature, and when a sign, 70
- The Sons of God, their qualifications and pri∣viledges, 237
Sorrow for sin often fruitless, and why. 230
- Ought accompany turning to God, 484
- A four-fold spring of it 485
- Intellectual or sensitive, 486
- Why it should accompany turning to God, 487
- His work upon, and dwelling in, and leading of the Saints, 91, 92
- To have Him is more then to be meerly civil, 93
- That his sanctifying works, not common gifts, evidence grace, ib.
- Much self-deceit in judging that to come from him which doth not, 129
- His putting within men, what implied in it, 528
- His various and excellent operations, 531
Spiritual Performance of holy duties, a sign of grace, 90•
- From spiritual life wrought by the Spirit of God, 91
- How manifested, 93, &c.
Stoy Heart, vid. Heart.
Strictness taken up in Religion no sufficient evi∣dence for happiness, 148
- What commendable, and what unwarrant∣able, 149, &c.
- Stupidity and Silence of conscience, vid. Senslesness.
Successe, vid. Prosperity.
Suffering for Christ and the truth no sign of grace, 135
- Sinful ingredients making them un∣profitable, 137
- Superstitious customs and humane constitutions sanctifie not, proved by Argument, 391
- TEndernesse of heart, 523
Tears, vid. Sorrow.
Trial; A willingnesse to be tried by God, a sign of grace, 78
- How many waies God doth try a man, 79
- In what particulars a willingnes to be tri'd showeth it self, with its effects, 81, 82
Turning to God.
- Explained. 409, 410, &c.
- Attributed sometimes to us as our work, sometimes to God as his, 411
- Its ingredients, 413
- Its impediments, and on whom are more visi∣ble symptoms of its difficulty, 414. to 420
- Motives to it, 420. to 426
- Objections against it answered, as from the pleasure, profit and custom of sin, 426. to 431
- Wicked companions and relations great hin∣derances of it, 431, &c.
- Discouragements as to it, from 1. Unpro∣fitablenesse of former purposes, 437, &c.
- 2. Greatnesse of sins, 441
- How promoted by afflictions, 450
- Ought be without delay, with causes of de∣layes in some, 453
- If true, it is from the most beloved sins, 458
From all sin, vid. Sin.
- Some men wilfully resolved against it, 470
- To be joyned to turning from sin, 475
- What it is, 478
- Must be with the whole heart, with the mean∣ing of it, 479
- Effects of it, 482
- To be accompanied with sorrow for sin, 484
- Rending of the heart, 489
- Ministry of the word, the means of it, 495
VOcation effectual opened, 583
- Its nature, with the several waies of calling externally, 586, &c.
- Wherein the internal consists, 589
- From what: as from blindness to light, 591
- Its properties: According to Gods pleasure, holy, heavenly, &c. 594
- Its Effects and Signs, 596, &c.
- In it are considerable the grace it self, the time, the persons, 602
- Not often of the wise, mighty and noble of the world, 611, &•
- The Gospel-feast not alwaies accepted, 629
- To many, of those that in part obey it, it proves uneffectual, 632
- How the outwardly called differ from the in∣wardly called, 633, &c.
- Of many that are called few are chosen, 643
- This doctrine no ground of despair, 644
- Evidences of the paucity of elected ones a∣mongst the called, 647
- Christians ought to walk worthy of it, 655
- What it is to walk worthy of it, and who do so, ib.
- Should engage men to be holy, as God that calleth them is, 659
- Uprightness, vid. Sincerity.
VVAlking in Gods statutes, what it means, 554
- Qualifications of it, 558
- Washing, Regeneration meant by it, 376
Page [unnumbered]Washing argues sins defiling nature, which mens superstitious washings confesse, ib.
- And therefore were such external rites ap∣pointed, ib.
- Of the heart or hands, 377
- What required to a spiritual washing, 378
Wicked men prone to think they shall die happi∣ly, with grounds of this deceit, 364
- Authors of their own tuine, which God delights not in, 404
Wicked company and relations hinderers of con∣version, 431
- Considerations stirring up to the forsa∣king of them, 433
- Their misery, 686
- Will of God approving or decreeing. How God wils not the death of sinners, 404
- Wisdom spiritual in what discovered. 607
- Wise men after the flesh their properties, 611
- Reasons why the fleshly wise are rejected on Gods part and mans part, 617
- Difference between carnal wisdom and Christian prudence, 619
- Word of God how used in calling sinners, 585, 586, 587
- A necessary fruit of renovation, 295
- What Creation to good works means, ib.
- What works are good, 298
- Why sometimes commended, and sometimes debased, 302
- To be extended as far as Gods commands, ib.
- Go not before Justification, and in what sense are said to justifie, 303
- In their truth, and in their perfection to be di∣stinguished between, 304
- To be carefully performed, but not at all re∣lied on, ib.
- Evil Works why to be avoided, 305
The Workmanship of God in man sanctifying grace, 283
- In what regards it is so, with its necessity, 284, 285
- Its excellencv above the great work of Creation, 287
- What a change it worketh, 290
- Why such indisposed materials used, 293
- Works of God not sufficient means of conversion, 692
Worship of God, when not commanded, vain and unprofitable, 195
- Converted persons are very careful of it, 559
- Internal and external, Two sorts of Statute-worships mentioned, 560