FRANCIS BROCCARD (Secretary to Pope Clement the Eighth) HIS ALARM TO ALL Protestant Princes. With a Discovery of Popish-Plots and Conspiracies, After his Coversion from POPERY TO THE PROTESTANT RELIGION.
Translated out of the Latin Copy Printed in Holland.
LONDON, Printed by T. S. for William Rogers, at the Maiden-head over against St, Dunstan's Church in Fleetstreet. 1679.
The Translator to the READER.
THE Author of this Discourse was Francis Broccard; some∣time Secretary to Pope CLEMENT the Eighth. Who, by reason of that Employment, was well acquainted with the De∣signes of the Pope and the Popish Party, and thereby enabled to Acquaint the World with what Counsels they had then on Foot, for the Ruin of all Protestants, and Establishing their own Tyranny, and Bloudy Interest.
The Villanous Wickedness of these Ʋnchristian Designs, we may well presume, was one great Inducement to make him forsake that Bloudy Religion, and turn Protestant, For though the Designs were, as to o∣thers, palliated under Specious Pretences, yet to him who saw the bottom of those Cursed Contrivances; and by what ways, and for what ends they were to be brought about; they did appear in their true Shape. Which, (notwithstanding the prejudice of his Education and Interest) made him detest and abhor such Principles. For according to our Saviours own Direction, (By their Works you shall know them) he might be well assured that these Counsels were not the Dictates of the Prince of Peace.
The time when this Discourse was Written is manifest from the Con∣tents of it to be in the Year 1603. Being later than the Year 1602. (which he mentions Num. 21. As a time past) and while CLEMENT the Eighth was yet Living, as is said in the Preamble, (who died Feb. the 21. 1604. English Stile,) and was the same Year in which had hap∣pened that Attempt on Geneva by the Duke of Savoy, as is said at Num. 37. (which began with an intended Surprise early on Sunday Morning Dec. 22. 1602. and ended with a Treaty July 21. New Stile, 1603. as Thuanus tells us. Lib. 29.
And though he do not particularly describe the Gunpowder-Treason here in England, (which was then contriving though not perfectly form∣ed; and was to be executed on our Nov. 5. 1605.) Because his Princi∣pal Intent was to set forth the Particular Designs on Germany: Omit∣ting the particulars on France, England, and other Countries, as he tells at Num. 24, yet he there tells us at Num. 23, 24. that out of the English Se∣minaries were then sent forth into England Emissaries in great Numbers to do Mischief and work Disturbance here: And at Num. 40. that a great Page [unnumbered] Navy was then preparing either against Holland or England (as there should be occasion) and that there were in England and Scotland (as well as the Netherlands) great Multitudes addicted to the Popish and Spanish In∣terest, who did but wait the opportunity of such an Invasion, being ready on all occasions to spend thier Bloud for the Church of Rome.
How Ʋniversal the Design was which (under the Name of the Holy League) was intended against the whole Protestant Party (and England, a∣mongst the rest;) and how Subtily, Sedulously, and Maliciously it was carried on with all the Artifice, Falshood and Treachery imaginable, is evident by the Discovery made by this Convert who had been an Actor in it, and Secretary to the Pope.
And 'tis from such only that we can hope to have a particular Account of such dark Designs: When God by his Providence convincing them of the wickedness of these Hellish Plots, make those who had been Actors in them to betray their own Counsels.
And that the Designs here Discovered were not Forgeries of his own Invention, but really intended, is but too manifest from the History of those Times; where we find many of them actually attempted, and more (in likelyhood) would have been, if that Pope (who died the Year follow∣ing) had lived a little longer.
And that the same Designs have been ever since pursued as to the ge∣neral, (but varied in Particulars as Occasions and Opportunities have re∣quired) and are so at this day; is very evident by the Bloudy Warrs and Massacres ever since, in Germany and many other Protestant Countries in pursuant of those Designs. And particularly in our late Civil-Warrs in England fomented by Jesuitical Counsels, though executed by Schisma∣ticks, the Bloudy Massacres in Ireland, and the present Popish Design, for killing our King, subverting our Government, murdering his People, destroying the Protestant Religion, and introducing Popery amongst us. Which God hath in like manner Discovered by persons ingaged in it, as he did then by the Author of this Discourse.
The Lord grant that our eyes may at length be opened to discern these Depths of Satan, and Antichristian Policy; and our Hearts inlarged to Praise him who hath hitherto watched over us and Preserved us: and to wait on him by a Faithful Dependance, Sincere Repentance, and diligent Endeavours to Prevent the Mischiefs which they Designe.
The Copy from whence I Translated this, was Printed at Amsterdam, by Jacob Younger, in the Year 1677. Annexed to the Latin Transla∣tion of Mr. Potters Interpretation of the Number 666.Page 1
FRANCIS BROCCARD (Sometime Secretary to Pope Clement the Eighth) HIS ALARM (After his Conversion to the True Faith of Christ) To all Christian Princes (Favourers of the Protestant Religion) against the Pope and Popish Plots and Conspiracies, by him discovered.
THE most gracious God having marvelously brought me forth from the dismal Darkness of Popery, to the clear Light of the Gospel, and the pure acknowledgment of his Word; I might deserved∣ly be accounted the most ungrateful of all men living, if I should not devote and set apart the rest of my life to the glory of his holy Name, and the advantage of his Gospel. For most unworthy I were and impious, if him from whom I enjoy life and salvation, I should not vouchsafe to serve and obey in the best manner I can.
And since for the present I am able to do no more, I see no better way and opportunity of bringing glory to God, doing good to his Church, and testifying my true affection to the Protestant Religion, than by detecting and making known the counsels which the Papists, the sworn enemies of Christ Page 2 and his Gospel, are contriving and endeavouring to bring to pass against all that have a kindness for the Protestant Cause; which in my opinion are such as ought not to be dissembled or concealed, nor can be without great offence to his Divine Majesty, and great mischief to the true Religion: For the whole Popish Party have entred into a most grievous and pernicious Conspiracy against the Protestant Religion, and have unanimously united and bound themselves by oath in a most strict and wicked League against all the Professors of it; insomuch that without doubt they will be able to do much mischief to the Protestant Cause, if those against whom these counsels are first intended to be put in practice do not take timely warning for their own defence. I know very well that the Protestant Cause is a good Cause; and that God will be assistant to them, to defeat the assaults which Satan and Antichrist make upon them: yet ought not these things to be despised, nor they to sleep securely on such perswasions, but ought to believe that it is a provi∣dence of God that stirs up any to make discovery thereof to those whose life and safety is in hazard, that they may the better secure themselves from those enemies who thus assault them.
To the end therefore that all Protestant Princes, and all Professors of the true Religion, may have warning to avoid these Conspiracies of the Pope of Rome, and all Popish Princes; I will through the help of God clearly and un∣dauntedly declare and make known the most wicked Con∣federacies, and devilish Arts and Machinations of the Popish Confederates against the Protestant Religion. And what I shall relate, are not slight and trivial stories picked up from the discourse of ordinary persons, or idle Monkish dreams; but what I have heard my self from the Pope's own mouth, and from the Cardinals themselves, and which have come to my knowledge from the authentick Writings Page 3 of Popish Princes under their own hands and seals.
Nor am I frighted with the wrath and indignation which I am like to sustain from Kings and Potent Princes incensed by this discovery: For I ought to be more afraid of God, who is able to destroy both body and soul, than of those who have power only to kill or torment a frail and mortal body. Be they inraged and full of indigna∣tion, and (if God so permit) fall fierce upon me, I am sen∣sible I do acknowledge that it is from God that I am here∣unto moved and incited; and shall, notwithstanding their rage, undauntedly make known their treacherous Conspi∣racies.
Hear therefore all ye that bear a good will to the Prote∣stant Cause, and take good heed to what you hear.
Pope CLEMENT the Eighth (who is at this time Pope of Rome) having by strange Artifice obliged to him∣self well-nigh all the Princes in Europe, not willing to neg∣lect so fair an opportunity to establish his tyrannical Power, doth endeavour with might and main to carry on and esta∣blish the holy League (as they call it) of all Popish Kings and Princes, against the Protestant Interest; and which as to the greatest part is already concluded.
1. For the Emperour, the King of Spain, the Archdukes of Austria, Albert and Ferdinand; the Dukes of Bavaria, Lorrain and Savoy; and almost all the rest of the Popish Princes, except the French King, and the great Duke of Tuscany) have already consented and subscribed the League; and the Pope moves every stone to engage the rest to con∣cur with them, and is in hope to effect it.
2. This League consists of divers heads: The way of proceeding, the Time, the Preparation, the Proportion which each of them is to contribute to this holy War, they are plotting and contriving against the Protestants. And on this they are in all points agreed, that all these Page 4 Confederates shall with joynt force endeavour the extirpa∣tion of Protestant Religion by all the means they can.
3. The Emperour about a year ago was earnest with the Pope for money and Aid against the Turk, whereby he might be able either to repress his insolence, or at last bring him to honourable terms of Peace, or some lasting Truce; promising that so soon as he shall have dispatched his business with the Turk, he will employ all his strength and forces for the Pope against the Protestants, or (as they call them) the Hereticks.
4. The Pope is very much inclined to a Peace with the Turk, and for this reason would not last year give ear to the Embassadors of the Persian King, who pressed him to a general Confederacy against the Turk. For the Pope reckons that the Protestants are a greater hinderance to his affected Tyranny, than is the Turk. And doth oft complain that a long War hath now been managed for forty years together against the Turk to no advantage; whereas in the same time with far less expence the Church of Rome might have recovered her Authority in Europe. And he doth therefore endeavour to perswade the Turk to seek a Peace, and per∣swades the Emperour to let him have it on reasonable terms.
5. In the year 1601. Cardinal Dietrichstein, Bishop of Clomute came in great haste from Prague to Rome, and brought Letters to the Pope from the Emperour, promising the Pope to put in execution by force of Arms the sentence which the Emperour had given in behalf of the Pope against the Protestants in the Cause concerning goods Ecclesi∣astick, which he commanded to be in all places restored to the use of the Church of Rome. And from thence the Pope conceived hopes of some occasion to be offered of beginning some broils and commotions in Germany; and it was agreed between them that the greatest part of those Page 5 goods should be distributed amongst those who should be most active in that War.
6. The same Cardinal did at the same time promise (as he said) in the Emperours name, that in the mean time (while things were getting in readiness for an open War) the Emperour and the Princes of Austria would wholly turn out all Protestants within their hereditary Dominions, as in Austria, Tyrole, Croatia, Carinthia, Stiria, and the like places; and that they would in like manner fall upon them in Moravia, Silesia, and Bohemia; first without noise if it may be, and then by force of Arms, especially of those soul∣diers which come back from the War of Hungary; (For in such cases they do not think fit to trust the German soul∣diers) and that he had already granted to them the spoiling and pillaging those people in case they return not to the Church of Rome.
7. The Popes Legate now resident at Prague did write some months ago, that all these things are in great part al∣ready dispatched; that the Protestants were cast out of those Provinces, and the Jesuites by the Emperors permission pos∣sess'd of most of the Protestant Churches and places, not on∣ly in Austria and Carinthia, but likewise in Silesia and Mo∣ravia: And that the French souldiers under the command of one Count Benegrave had already burnt some Villages in the borders of Bohemia, and that they intended this year to make more progress therein, especially by the assistance of the Italians, which the Pope sends into Hungary, chiefly for this end, to spoil and destroy the Protestants.
8. The Emperour hath also promised that he will not henceforth confer any chief Offices, whether in Civil or Mili∣tary Affairs, on any that are Hereticks, or do in any wise fa∣vour them: And moreover, that all lesser Offices now enjoy∣ed by Protestants, shall be taken from them, unless within a time limited they return to the Church of Rome. And by Page 6 this means the Popes Legate informed, that daily many of the Nobility in Germany do renounce the Lutheran, and turn to the Romish Religion; and that on such are frequently bestowed good places and Offices, that others may be there∣by incouraged to make the like revolt. For they are per∣swaded from the experience of all times, that by ambition, and covetousness of riches and honours, many have been se∣duc'd, who 'tis thought would otherwise have been very constant.
9. By this promise the Pope having conceived great hopes, hath taken the confidence to press the Emperour to depose and put out some of the Protestant Nobility by him named, from publick Offices and places, Civil and Military, which then they enjoyed. And among these by name Count Coli∣nick, Henry Matthew, a Turre, a Bohemian, the Lord of Offer-Kirchen, the Barons of Pothan, of Oglisto, of Dermen∣storf, and the like; and desir'd that he would put in their places some of the Popish Nobility, and such as had revolt∣ed; affirming that things would never succed well against the Turks, if the War were managed by Protestants: And that he would never endure, nor was it for the dignity of a Catholick Emperour, that in a Christian Army against Infi∣dels they should be suffered to have Lutheran Sermons; which he therefore requir'd to be wholly supprest; threat∣ning that otherwise he would never endure that they should henceforth have any leavies of souldiers in Italy or Spain to be sent thither; lest these Provinces which are yet free should become infected with Heresie.
10. The Duke of Mercury gives this advice, that divers of those who are his adherents, may be promoted to Mili∣tary employments: And himself hath written to Cardinal Aldobrandine, to perswade the Pope, that this the Emperor may do very easily. The Pope believing this to be a good means for the removing Sermons out of the Army, and for Page 7 preparing a way to many other things for the ruine of the Protestants, hath very earnestly desir'd the same thing of the Emperour; from whom yet he hath received no other an∣swer, than that he must wait a convenient time for the do∣ing of it, and some better opportunity; and in the mean time he will take care to do it by little and little.
11. The same Duke of Mercury about two years since, having conference with the Confederates to this purpose, had resolved that in winter time (when the War in Hun∣gary could not be carried on) he would carefully take a view of all Germany, and (as if he were minding somewhat else) observe and take notice of the places, Situations, Rivers, Straights, Borders, Passes, Avenues, Forts and Strengths of the Protestant Princes and Protestant Cities, that he might the better contrive waies to surprize and circumvent them, in the War design'd. And I my self have seen at Rome with the Duke of Suesse the delineations of some places be∣longing to the Protestants drawn by Petrine a Mathema∣tician to the said Duke. And while he was yet living, I heard the same was to be done by the Duke of Nevers who seeks for the place of the Duke of Mercury in the War of Hungary.
12. When the Pope perceived that he could not presently obtain from the Emperor to put out the aforesaid Protestant Nobility; he did by a new device desire of the Emperour that he would at least employ a smaller number of the Pro∣testant forces, least by this means they might be trained up in military skill to the prejudice of the Roman Church, and come to have the better of the Catholicks. That it were much better that the Emperour should raise none but Po∣pish, Souldiers, and require pay and contributions for them from the Protestants: For by this means the Protestants in a short time would be at once disarm'd and impoverish'd. That many of the things design'd might then be begun and Page 8 attempted for the distruction of the Protestants, which, as things now stand, could not be thought off: And the better to perswade the Emperour hereunto, he accused the Pro∣testants of holding correspondence with the Turk.
13. The Pope hath some Councelours in the Emperours Court who stick very close to him, who for large pensions and great hopes, wherewith he feeds them, do incline the Emperour to comply with the Popes directions; and by their means he is made acquainted not only with the Em∣perours actions, but with his very propensions and inclina∣tions.
14. The Pope presseth for an election of a King of the Romans; fearing least if the Emperour should die before a Successor were appointed, some might be chosen in his place, who either is not a Papist, or at least more moderate toward the Protestants. And for this reason he doth press the Em∣perour to it; and both to him and to the Ecclesiastick Elect∣ors he doth earnestly recommend Albertus; whom in many respects he desires to have preferr'd before the rest; for this consideration especially, because he thinks that by this means the Popish Religion will come to be restored in the Nether∣lands and in Germany, and moreover because the King of Spain doth make offer and promise to imploy all his strength and forces against the Turk and the Hereticks, in case they chose Albertus.
15. The King of Spains Embassadour resident at Rome produced letters from that Kings Embassadour at Prague, informing him that one of the Protestant Electors was incli∣nable to Albertus; and that the Spaniards promise them∣selves great things of him, both as to the business of the election, and the affairs of the Netherlands.
16. The Emperour seems more inclined to Matthias, whom yet the Pope seems to reject by reason of some sus∣picions raised of him in matter of religion; which he endea∣vours Page 9 to remove by the persecutions in Austria and Mora∣via, in which places he is very severe against the Protest∣ants: hoping thereby to reconcile himself to the Pope and to the Ecclesiastick Electors, but in vain. For the Pope and Ecclesiasticks do not so much look at matter of Religion, as Politick Interests; and would have Albertus, not because he is more religious, but because they think he will be the more potent, and will less regard the Protestant Princes.
17. Because of this Election it is, that many things a∣gainst the Protestants are at present deferr'd, which they would forthwith put in execution if they could, without them obtain an Election for the house of Austria. For the Emperour is afraid if he should use open hostility against the Protestants, the Protestant Princes would be averse to him and his family; and for this cause he doth sooth and make much of many of them at present, whom (if he had obtained his end) he would certainly despise.
18. The Archbishop of Cologne hath also writ letters to Cardinal St. George wherein he intercedes for his house of Bavaria; affirming that he hath the votes of some of the Electors inclinable to his Family. And makes offers to the Pope both in his own and in his Fathers name, of all their forces and assistance for the exaltations of the Roman Church.
19. At the same time came privately to Rome, in the Duke of Bavaria's name, an Embassadour called Somburg, one of the four Knights of the Empire, who on the behalf of the said Duke treated of divers things with the Pope and Cardinals concerning the manner of proceeding and ta∣king an opportunity for beginning of that holy War. He pressed also the business of the Election; and to obtain the Popes favour toward him, he gave great hopes that by the Colloque at Ratisbone, which was then under considerati∣on, some of the Protestant Princes might be brough over to Page 10 the Romish Church. Which notwithstanding, the Pope could not be induced to grant that it should be held with his consent, but had given command to Claudius Aquaviva, that things being hazardous it should be broken off.
20. The Citizens of Ausburg (among whom were Mark Velsarus, and George Fucherus) were instant with the Pope to obtain from the Emperour that the Protestant Ministers might be expelled and cast out of the City of Ausburg; which at that time (they said) might easily be done, for that the chief inhabitants and the Magistrates of the place were Popish, and the Neighbouring Princes very zealous for the Roman Religion. The cause was managed in their name by Cardinal Palavicini, and by the said Fucherus, who the last year came to Rome on purpose. And with him was one Dr. Brandanus who suggested to them by what means it might most easily be brought to pass. And it was thus far brought about that the Emperour at the Popes in∣stance, consented to the ejection of those Pastors in case it could be done without commotion and sedition; and did openly declare that he desir'd nothing more than that it might so be done in all the Cities of the Empire.
21. In a Congregation held at Rome beginning in Jan. 1602. It was there decreed, with the Emperours concurrence thereunto, that there should be Jesuits plac'd and maintain'd in all Cities of the Empire, by whose means the way might be prepar'd for the designed persecution. For they hoped that by the Artifices of the Jesuits they might so far prevail as to get many to favour them in those Cities who were other∣wise Protestants: by whose assistance they hoped with more ease to suppress the Protestants. The Question then was only concerning their maintenance. For the Germane Bishops complained of the smalness of their Revenue. And the Pope at length concluded to maintain them for the pre∣sent at the charge of the treasury of the Church till some other course should be found out.
Page 1122. Arch-Duke Ferdinand Prince of Stiria, and Carin∣thia, did lately make complaint to the Pope, that whereas he had expelled of his Provinces all the Protestants; many of them notwithstanding continued yet to live there by the indulgence of the Ecclesiastick Princes who held some pla∣ces in his Provinces; as for instance, the Bishop of Bomberg and the Arch-Bishop of Salisbury, who received and enter∣tained them: wherefore he prayed the Pope straitly to charge and to compel them utterly to cast those out, other∣wise he threatned to use his Soveraign Authority, which he pretends to have in those places, and to cast them out by an armed force, even whether those Bishops would or not; with which the Pope was well pleased.
23. While things are in preparation for an open War a∣gainst the Protestants, the Popish Party are contriving how to make attempts on the Protestant Interest; and have this year sent into the Countries of the Netherlands, and of England, a great number of Spies and Seducers, by whose means ma∣ny of all sorts are seduced, and wrought over to their party; who are then maintained in Protestant Cities at the Popes charge, to be serviceable unto him in what he is designing. Some of these Emissaries about a month ago, went through Lipsia in a disguise, in their passage into Prussia, where they hope to nestle, as shall afterward be shew'd. If the actions of these Emissaries were well observed, it would not be hard to take some of them, and by their notes and memorials these and many other things might be discovered.
24. A few years since the Pope erected here in Rome two Congregations or Senates; whereof one is called Congrega∣tio ad propagationem Fidei, (The Congregation for the pro∣pagating of the Faith) the other, Congregatio sacri Foederis, (The Congregation of the holy League.) In each of which are nine Cardinals, and as many Councellers, who meet to∣gether once every week; and there they act, meditate and Page 12 study nothing but how to contrive, propose, and consider all means of propagating the Popish Tyranny, and how to pre∣pare the way for the persecution, and the butchering of the Protestants; and how to lay hold of all advantages of be∣ginning that cursed War designed against them. From this Congregation are sent forth those Spies and Emissaries who every year in great numbers are imployed to make broils in Protestant Countries, and seduce the Professors of the true Religion. And these two Congregations are the shops where∣in they form all their instruments, and contrive all their Ma∣chinations, Treacheries, Plots, Villanies, and all mischiefs a∣gainst the Protestants. These Congregations hold particu∣lar correspondence with the Jesuites, and those bred up in the Colledges or Seminaries of the German▪ English, and Moravians; from whence as out of a Trojan Horse come forth those Traiters and Seducers, whom (as we said) they send out into all Protestant Countries. For those of all others are judged the fittest for subtle frauds and 〈…〉. For by reason of the languages they understand, their fashions, kindred and relations which they have in all Protestant Countries, they can easily insinuate and get into the Courts and acquaintance of Princes and persons of quality: and if they find any pliable and easie to be wrought upon, they make it their business by little and little, with hopes and promises, as in the name of the Emperour or Pope of Rome, of honours, dignities, and great things, to allure, seduce and work upon them, and many times with great success; as we may see in those Lords and Nobles whom they have lately perverted, as Baron Terrisle the younger, Cicendorff, the Knight Audechan the younger, Baron Dermensdorff, Baron Thona, and many others in Germany, I omit what they have done in France, England, and other Countries.
25. There is a great number of them every day flocking to Rome, to renounce the true Faith of Christ; but much Page 13 greater of those who do privately at home abjure it, and are by these Emissaries instructed in the Popish Idolatry, and are maintained in the Country and Cities of Germany, that live∣ing covertly and under disguise amongst Protestants, they may have the better opportunity of promoting the Popish Interest; and do it effectually: For by their means it is per∣fectly known to Rome, what are the Protestant designs, dif∣ferences and inclinations.
26. Part of these Apostates who flock to Rome, and are of the most part of mean condition, are entertained in the City of Rome, and the Court it self, and there maintained to be serviceable against the Protestants who resort to Rome; and for many other purposes, of which we shall speak by and by. Others of them are dispersed in several parts and Cities of Italy, to make discovery and observation, whether any of the Protestant Princes or Nobility come into Italy; which whensoever they can discover (which is very easy to do by the Jesuites education wherein they are exactly instructed) they presently accuse and give notice of them either to the Pope, or to the Inquisitors according to the quality of the persons.
27. Divers of these Spies at Rome I have known my self, when about two years since I was conversant there: and to the end that those Protestants who shall thither resort, may beware of them, I will mention them by name. The first I shall name is John Hierom Fendri, who lets lodgings at the Sign of the White Lion; he with two of his Sons who un∣derstand the Germane tongue very well, receive from the Pope an annual pension to betray the Germanes who come thither. The next is one John Scherver, at the Sign of the Black Eagle, near the Bridge of St. Angelo. The third is a Dutch Taylor in the Street called Via Julia. These three by reason of the employments they exercise, run up and down to several Inns and Lodgings, as the Bear, the Bull, the Sword, &c. where Germanes use to lodge, and by occa∣sion Page 14 of their Language, and the Trades they use, make use of that opportunity to insinuate themselves into acquain∣tance with the Gentlemen themselves, or with their ser∣vants, and by little and little, by one sign or other, easily discover of what Religion, and what Country they are; and do then presently betray them without distinction, whatever their condition be, whether Princes, or of infe∣riour quality. For all these and many more receive pensions from the Pope to this purpose.
28. There are besides these some other Apostates, men of learning, who do the same but in a more grave and subtle manner; for these come not but to great Persons, whom the meanness of those others is not fit to converse with. Of these is one Gasper Schoppius of Bamberg; Dr. Fabor a Physician (at the Hospital of the Holy Ghost) of France∣ford, Justus Calvin of Heidleburg; John Wouren of Amburg; Dr. Joseph of Wormes; Arnold Martin of Swilzerland; Ste∣phen della Favergia of Geneva; a Son in Law of Anthony Calvin; Roboll a Frenchman who heretofore Secretary to the Duke of Bullione, and many others of the same stamp from almost all parts of Germany. These as soon as they understand that any Germane is come, of some name or with a handsom retinue, presently resort to him, and (as out of meer officiousness in respect to their Country or Nation) proffer their service and assistance, and offer to shew them what things remarkable are to be seen, and then by degrees begin to discourse with them of the affairs of the Court of Rome, and sometimes discourse of the Popish Ceremonies and manners, as if themselves were not in all things so well satisfied in the Romish Religion; that under this pretence they may make discovery where they be halting. And of these wicked Apostates they must have a great care who re∣sort to Rome; for few there are who can escape their sub∣tilty; and many persons of mean condition are by their Page 15 means, and by the informations they give, cast into prison, and forc'd to renounce Christ. With Princes and Persons of quality, the Pope for many reasons thinks fit to deal more mildly; but yet for these also, he laies snares, and useth his endeavour either to seduce them, or privately to make them away.
29. By means of these Apostates and Spies, the Pope hath been made acquainted with the entry and abode of all great persons who of late years have been in Italy; and from the day of their entring into Italy they have had some on the Popes behalf who have followed them from place to place, observed their actions and motions; not presently to seize or commit them (for they have learned by experience, that these methods do not advantage the Romish Church) but to make discovery of their propensions and inclinations, that they may the better know how to intice and seduce them.
30. The Pope or the Inquisitors so soon as they are in∣formed of any Protestant Prince or person of quality that is come, they presently dispatch some person of good condition to attend them, and to shew them all civilities, and bestow upon them some small presents, and to entertain them with very civil language, and incourage them not to be afraid. Mean while by his Emissaries he neglects not to make at∣tempt on them as to their Religion, and doth endeavour by all the civil waies, he can, either to seduce them from the Protestant Religion, or at least to send them out of Italy with better opinions of the Popes proceedings, and the Ro∣mish Religion. Witness hereof are the Princes of Wirten∣burg, of Anhall, of the Palatinate, of Newburg and of Sax∣ony; who have been tempted by such presents, flatteries and artifices. And some of their Councellours and Precep∣tors vigorously assaulted and tempted with large promises of honours and dignities, to bring over and pervert their Prin∣ces: Page 16 but those of meaner condition are betray'd to the In∣quisitors, whom by long imprisonments and cruel torments they force to renounce Christ; or if they persist constant in the truth, then by fire and Sword and cruel torments they kill and destroy them.
31. By the coming and abode of the foresaid Princes in Italy, they came to understand much of the Protestant Princes differenees among themselves, and of the State of Religion in Germany, and of the peoples affections toward their Princes. The Pope likewise by this means was made acquainted with the strength and counsels of divers of them, which aford him opportunity of raising and foment∣ing discords and jealousies amongst the Protestant Princes, and contriving many things for the ruine of the Protestant Cause, which before that time he was not able to do. And he hopes, as he hath often bragg'd, by the Protestants own Arms to propagate and establish his Tyranny. Let there∣fore the Protestant Princes take good heed to themselves: and if they be wise, not confide too much in Popish Princes; and forbear coming into Italy, and especially to Rome; and when at any time they come there, let them take heed what persons they have with them, and whom they put confidence in.
32. The Pope not long since had been informed that a part of Prussia was to descend to a Son of the Marquess of Brandenburg, and thereupon he so far prevailed with the Emperour and the King of Poland, that they three are joyntly to endeavour, that it come not to the House of Brandenburg, but to the King of Poland; and they have lately sent their Agents the Jesuites into those parts, to make way for it. For their design is to begin the broils in those parts; and for this end the Romish Legate is yet de∣tained at Rome in order thereunto.
33. The aforesaid Confederates had endeavoured by their Page 17 Agents and Emissaries to suborn the Counts of Frisland, and draw them into a certain negotiation for delivering up the Town of Emden to the Emperour; that it might not come into the hands of the States, and that the Papists might on that side have a fair passage, and a gate open to fall upon the Protestants, and create disturbance to their af∣fairs in those parts; and did pretend to have come to some∣what of certainty therein, and that they had drawn over those Counts to the Spanish Interest, and the Romish Reli∣gion; and to that end did place and maintain some Jesuites about them to instruct them and retain them in their duty and devotion to the See of Rome. But those affairs, through the vigilance of the States, not succeeding as they desired, they are now contriving some other expedients.
34. The Pope is by all means endeavouring to make a breach betwixt the Princes of Austria, and the Duke of Wurtenburg upon occasion of the alienating and withdraw∣ing the Fee of the Princedom of Wurtenburg by the Emperor; which they would not have to be thought valid, to the pre∣judice of the rest of the Austrian Family; those especially who were then under age, whom he stirs up and incites to demand a restitution; and for that end to take Arms against the Duke of Wurtenburg, hoping that if once a War be be∣gun in Germany against the Protestants, he shall be able to pur∣sue his design, and restore the Popish Idolatry amongst them.
35. The Popish Argitatours, and the Fathers of the two forementioned Congregations in Rome, are contriving likewise to make a breach between the Elector Palatine, and the said Duke of Wurtenburg; upon occasion of some possessions which have now for divers years been held by the Duke of Wurtenburg, whereof they are endeavouring (by means of some of his Councellours whom they have corrupted and other ill disposed persons) to perswade the Elector Palatine to demand Restitution. And hope by this Page 18 means, together with that of their difference in Religion, they may engage them in a War, or at least foment discords between them, and so alienate and divide them that they may not joyn in a common defence when either of them shall be assaulted, nor be assistant one to the other. I would therefore advise those Princes to be very circumspect, and not readily give ear to such sowers of dissensions between Protestants. They have endeavoured the like against the Marquisate of Bade and Durlac, one of whom seem'd rea∣dy to comply with the Papists, and was treating with the Bishops of Spire and Constance about restoring the Popish Religion in case he obtain that government; which he hopes to do because of the Marquiss of Durlac being so ill in health and (they say) cannot live long; and in such case this Popish Successor by the assistance of the Pope and the foresaid Confederates promises, the restoring of Popish Idolatry, to which they will in no wise be wanting; for they leave nothing unattempted, and lose no opportunity of raising commotions in Germany.
36. By the instigation of Arch-Duke Albert, and by the Popes Authority, they are endeavouring to incite the Em∣perour and all the States of the Empire against the Belgick Provinces of the Low-countries, pretending that they have done, and daily do possess divers places and dominions be∣longing to the Empire. And that they will in a short time become formidable to all Kings and Princes, unless some stop be put to them, before their Empire grow too large. And so far hath this craft, and the subtle insinuations of the Papists prevailed, that under these specious pretences for the Empire, they have wrought upon some of the Pro∣testant Princes, who being deceived and seduced, and by this their devilish subtilty seem inclinable to the destruction & ru∣ine of these Provinces, not discerning that this is a most subtle crafty device and Stratagem of Antichrist, to set Protestant Page 19 against Protestant, and if possible to destroy the Protestant party by the Protestants own weapons. These are (believe me) the venemous counsells and villainous contrivances of that cursed League and Confederacy, and those wicked Con∣gregations of the Pope above mentioned; palliated with this pretence that they are in the behalf of the Empire, and for the good thereof, to which they do in no wise apper∣tain. These counsels of suppressing the Hollanders are ra∣ther against the Empire than for it; as any man may easily discern, if he compare the present government with that of the Spanish tyrany. And moreover who is so stupid and void of all sense, as not to know how little kindness the Popes of Rome ever had, or yet have toward the Empire, of whose greatness and Majesty they were ever envious and professed Enemies. And therefore even the Popish Princes themselves ought alwaies to be suspicious of their Councels when the good of the Empire is concerned.
37. From the same fountain (or Abyss rather) of the a∣foresaid Confederacies against the Protestants, proceed these Wars and Invasions which have this last year been attempted against those of Geneva and Strasburg, which are but the praeludes or forerunners of the intended general persecuti∣on: designing by these attempts to make an Essay of the Protestants Councels and Forces; and make observation whe∣ther the Protestants will conjoin their forces to defend their common cause; or each one stand severally upon their own guard. I gave notice fifteen months ago by letters and trusty friends both to those of Geneva and to those of Strasburg of this design of the Popish Confederates to as∣sault and surprise them unawars, whether or no they belie∣ved me, I cannot tell. But sure I am that meerly out of Zeal to the Protestant Religion I gave them this Warning of what I knew to be certainly true; and they by experience and the event have found it so to be. And so it will be as Page 20 to those things now write and sincerely declare to all Pro∣testant Princes. For God is my witness that the things I now discover are what I know to be true and already agreed upon. Nor do I this for any other design than out of Zeal to the Protestant Religion.
38. It was not without a deep and subtle design that they did at one and the same time fall upon Geneva and Strasburg; for by assalting both these at once, they hoped so to amuse and employ the Protestants of Switzerland by the war against Geneva, that they should not be at leisure to give assistance to those of Strasburg, as they did nine years ago. And again by the War begun against Strasburg, they hoped so to keep the Protestant Princes in fear and suspence, as not to suffer any Souldiers to be raised in their Dominions to assist the States of Holland against Albertus. They had received intelligence that some of the Princes of Germany intended to give assistance to those Hollanders, which they hoped to prevent by this War of Strasburg Nor had they failed in this conjecture had their design succee∣ded against Geneva. And though they were therein dis∣appointed, yet are they not thereby dismayed, or give it over. For they have determined to attempt all waies of kindling a flame in Germany. And herein the forreign Prin∣ces are also very intent; as hoping to extinguish the flames which are yet raging in their own Countries, by kindling a fire elsewhere; and that by this means those of their own Countries who are men of turbulent and seditious Spirits might have where to employ their fury, and satisfy their bloody minds. This artifice hath at all times given occa∣sion and fewel to many wars throughout the World. It hath long been made use of by the Popes of Italy and the Kings of Spain, who have now for many years sate quiet at home, and been spectatours of the Wars in the Nether∣lands, in France and Hungary, which they for these ends Page 21 did at first stir up and kindle, and do at this day foment and cherish. The noble Germans of former ages were not wont to wait for others to bring War home to them and as∣sault them in their own Country; but to go out and meet it as far as Italy, France and Spain. That Heroick vertue is not yet extinguish'd in the Germans breast, and that divine Prowess whereby they have conquered great part of the World. Let them but rouse it up and exercise that valiant courage and undaunted Prowess against these effeminate and faint-hearted Priestlings; who though at present incouraged by our sloth, they grow sierce and insolent, will not dare in Italy to look the Germans in the face, whom they could not in former daies look upon but with terrour. Let the Ger∣mans look over the noble acts of their Ancestours recorded with glory in the writers of all ages; and learn at length to be true Germans; that is, suppressors of tyranny, assertors of liberty, and Masters of the world, and not suffer the Popes Cowl with a few faint-hearted and lazy Popelings insolently to insult over the valiant and masculine Germane Nation.
39. There was a constant same, and it was reported by the French themselves, that the attempt on Geneva by the Duke of Savoy was with the privity and consent of the King of France. For by as agreement made two years since by Cardinal Aldobrandine between the French King and the Duke of Savoy, it was covenanted and agreed, that the Duke of Savoy might, without offence of the King, or viola∣tion of the Peace, assault Geneva. But with this condition that when it is taken it shall either be demolished, or else so divided between them, that the King shall have that part of it which is on that side of the Rosne towards France; and the Duke that of the other side toward Savoy. At the same time, in that treaty with Aldobrandine, the King of France made promise of many things, concerning receiving the Councel of Trent, concerning the Confederacy or Holy League above∣mentioned, and restoring of the Jesuites; which thought they Page 22 have hitherto been deferr'd, yet Cardinal Dosutus and the Kings Embassadour have promised the Pope that the King in due time will perform them all, and protested that he is very well addicted to the See of Rome, but that he hath not been able yet to make good his promise, because of the League he was to confirm with the Helvetians, and some Protestant Princes; who he fears would be highly offended, if he should put those things in present execution; but he will do it in a short time. But (to speak what I think) I am of this opinion, as to the King of France (which also I have of ten heard from the mouth of the present Pope) to wit, that the King plays the Politician, and is firm to neither part.
40. The King of Spain under pretence of blocking up Al∣giers, hath prepared a great Fleet in the Mediterranean and Tyrrhene Sea, but means to go forth with it out of the Streights, either against the Hollanders, or against the En∣glish; and in expectation of this Navy it is that Albertus lies so long before Ostend. Of this his intention there be ma∣ny evidences, one of them is very apparent, that this Navy is for the most part furnished with very great Ships, which are very proper for the Ocean, but not so fit for the 〈◊〉 of Africk and the Mediterranean; for which Gallies are more convenient, and such only Charls the fifth made use o• But there are more certain arguments which I have observed from their Councels. Let them therefore take heed whom it concerns. Nor will it be long ere they make this expedition, if they can but secure themselves of a safe Port on the Coa•… of the Ocean, which they are endeavouring with all their power. For this, they say, is the only obstacle to their busi¦ness, that they have not any Ports or Harbours large enough to receive a numerous Fleet; which if they could once ob∣tain, they boast that they should have forces innumerable and insuperable both by Land and Sea. And truly there are in Holland, Zeland, Frisland, England, and Scotland, very great numbers who adhere to the Popish and Spanish Inte∣rest, Page 23 and who daily sollicit the Popish Princes to take arms against those Countries, and promise them all their assist∣ance if once they arive there. And within these few weeks the Jesuits who in those Countries live in disguise, and say Masses, have written to their General Claudius, Aquavi∣va, that the number of Papists fit to bear arms within the Provinces of Holland and Zealand only, are thirty thousand and more; and they are so zealous therein, that they are ready on any occasion to spend their blood for the Romish Church. Their letters were read in the Congregation (as they call it) for the Propagation of the Faith: and with so great applause, that they were all of one opinion, that in case a Na∣vy should there arrive, it would be easie to raise a very great party; and they conceive hopes of very great success for the Catholicks in those parts, if once Albertus's affairs succeed well. And in truth the States ought with greater se∣verity to restrain the petulancy of these rebellious Spirits, that they grow not worse by too much indulgence.
41. The Ecclesiasticks in Germany (that is to say) the Bi∣shops of Mentz and Collogne have given information to the Pope, that there are up and down in Germany divers Con∣federaices amongst the Protestant Princes, and frequent meetings to that purpose; partly for maintaining Calvinism against the Lutherans, and partly for maintaining Lu∣theranism against the Calvinists; and that they are at this time at greater discord amongst themselves, more incensed and more inraged against one another than ever they were, all of them against the Papists. And added moreover many particulars concerning their Factions in state affairs, and other emulations and hatreds of each Religion against the other, and of differences among themselves, and how the people stand affectd toward their Princes, from whence they might presage and were in hopes, that in a short time the Protestants will fall soul upon one another, and by that means the Popish Religion be greatly promoted, The afore∣said Page 24 Confederates on this occasion spare neither for pains not cost to cherish and foment these discords, contentions and animosities amongst the Protestants; and (which is very per∣nicious and much to be lamented) have so prevailed through their subtilty and our sloth, that for promoting and furthe∣ing these discords they make advantange of the sim∣plicity (shall I say) or malignity of Protestant Princes and Councellors. And many there are at this time through the Craft of the Papists, and Artifices of some Courtiers, so be∣witched, as to think verily that the Popish Monarchs and Princes bear no ill will to the Protestant Interest, and (which is more,) that the Pope himself favours this Religion, and is desirous of Peace with us: And being deluded with this vain perswasion, and besotted (as it were) with this deadly lethargy, they who should be most watchful over the Lords slock are fallen a sleep,
I beseech therefore, most Illustrious Princes, all of you, who have renounced the Popish Idolatry, and imbraced the Pro∣testant Religion, whether by the name of Luther or Calvin, that laying aside all discords and animosities (if any be) a∣mongst your selves, you would all agree in one solemn League (and truly sacred) amongst your selves against your professed and sworn enemies; & would believe that the whole Popish party, whoever they be; are your worst enemies; and if you give not credit to my bare narration; observe (I be∣seech you) their actions and motions; for you will easily discern that it is all true which I have here written. And here∣in I have not consulted my own advantage, but what is neces∣sary for the safety of your selves, and the whole Protestant Interest. I have omitted many particulars that I might not be over tedious; which yet if I shall find you to make a due use as you ought of what is now written, I will not fail to add for the common Interest of the Protestant cause. In the mean time be watchful, take heed to your selves, and give thanks to God.
Francis Broccard, Secetary to the Pope.