Manifest truth, or, An inversion of truths manifest containing a narration of the proceedings of the Scottish army, and a vindication of the Parliament and kingdome of England from the false and injurious aspersions cast on them by the author of the said manifest.
Bowles, Edward, 1613-1662.
Page  1


AFter that the Parliament of England had conflicted for the space of a yeare' with the dangers and difficulties of this unhappy Warre (God in his Wisdome and Justice not seeing fit to direct us to the right improvement of our owne strength,) they dispatch Commissio∣ners to the Kingdome of Scotland, to treat with them about the raising, and bringing in an Army to their assistance against the combination of Papists, Prelates, and Malignants, endeavouring to subvert Religion and Li∣berty; The Commissioners being foure Members of the House of Commons, accompanyed with two Reverend Divines of the Assembly, went from London towards the latter end of Iuly, 1643. and in the beginning of August came to Eden∣burgh, where they were expected before they came, and when they came, welcome.

The Commissioners upon their coming addresse themselves to the convention of Estates then sitting, as also to the gene∣rall Assembly, that they would contribute their help so farre as they were concerned; after few dayes a Covenant was pro∣pounded, and agreed on by the Commissioners, and a Com∣mittee appointed to consider of that businesse with them, which was sent immediately into England for approbation, and re∣ceived Page  2 it with little or no materiall alteration, and was re∣turned to Scotland in a short time, and so was generally taken in both Kingdomes; while this was in hand, a Treaty also was offered and debated, about bringing an Army for the as∣sistance of the Parliament of England, which was also mu∣tually agreed betwixt the Kingdomes, and is of late pub∣lished.

After this foundation laid, though the time of year was something unseasonable for building upon it, being winter, the Estates of Scotland having received 50000 l. of the 100000 l. mentioned in the Treaty, bestowed their power and dili∣gence in levying men, so that about the middle of Ianuary, an Army well cloathed and armed was brought to the Borders of England, which they entred about the twentieth of that moneth, at which time Lieutenant Generall Lesley passed over Barwick bridge with some Troopes of Horse; for the Towne of Barwick, by the care of the Commissioners of Par∣liament then in Scotland, who sent one of their owne number for that purpose, was happily made a Garrison for the Par∣liament; and after that, by Treaty betwixt the Kingdomes, assigned to the Scots for a Magazine, and retreat, while there should be use of their Army in England.

A little after the entrance of those Horse and Foot, that came in by the way of Barwick, the Lieutenant Generall of Foot, Baly, passed the water at Kelsey by the advantage of a great Frost, which bore the Ordnance, and met the noble Generall the Earle of Leven about Alnwick.

The Enemy commanded by Sir Thomas Glenham made no opposition in Northumberland, but retreated from the bor∣ders to Alnwick, and so to Morpeth, and then to New-Castle; where the Earl of New-Castle met him with more Forces; so that the Scottish Army had a free passage to the workes and wals of New-Castle, which they came to about the beginning of February. At their approach after some slight Skirmishes of Horse, there was an attempt made upon a strong Fort at the East-side of the Towne, but without successe; a little af∣ter, it was thought fit to dispose the Army to some Quarters Page  3 neare the Towne, on the North-side of the River Tyne. Du∣ring the time of their lying there nothing of moment fell out, but the fight at Corbridge, where there was not much hurt done, but the Scots had the worse, losing some Prisoners, and retreating, yet not so hastily, but they tooke Collonel Brandling in their returne, who after that became a Proselyte; this was all that passed on the North-side Tyne, saving that the Castle of Warkworth was surrendred to the Marquesse of Argyle, who marched by the way of the Sea with some Forces to the Army, of which Castle he made one Captain Lysle Governour; after some time spent on the North-side Trent, the lying of the Army there was found uselesse, and inconve∣nient, and a resolution was taken towards the end of Febru∣ary to passe the Tyne, leaving onely some Forces at Bedlington, and Blythesnooke, to secure that little Harbour being very con∣venient for Provisions.

The Enemy at the passing over Tyne made no opposition, but were so kind as to let them march over Newbridge, a ve∣ry inconvenient passage had it beene disputed, and so take possession of Sunderland, a place which proved full of advan∣tages to the Army afterwards, in respect of provisions which were brought thither in great plenty from London, and other places, and exchanged for Coale. During the aboade of the Army about Sunderland, in the moneth of March, ending the yeare 1643. they fortifyed Sunderland as well as the place was capable, and tooke a strong Fort at Southshields over a∣gainst Tynmouth Castle, at the second attempt; In the meane time the Enemies head Quarter was at Durham, where were the Earle of New-Castle Lieutenant Generall King, sir Charles Lu∣cas (lately come from the South with a supply of Horse, and a very considerable Army;) they came and faced the Scots Army twice within two miles of Sunderland, first on the South side, then on the North-side the River Were. At first we heard of nothing memorable, but very cold nights, in which the Scots Army had good advantage of the Kings, and made good use of it, for by keeping close to them many of the Enemies Horses were reported to be strayed, and their souldiers cou∣rage Page  4 cooled; which was found true at their next appearance. Shortly after, when they drew up about Hilton and Bowdon, at which time also the Scottish Army was drawn out against them, but no ingagement of consequence, each Army kept its advantage, onely there was some slight skirmi∣shing amongst the hedges, where for ought I ever heard, the number of the slaine was equall, or little different; but at last the Kings Army drew off, and being discerned so to doe by the Scottish Armie, they fell upon their Reare and tooke some Prisoners, but killed very few, not the tenth part of the number mentioned in (Truths manifest) and so they par∣ted. After this the Scottish Army not being well able to en∣dure their straitnesse of Quarters, tooke a resolution to march towards the Enemy, and either fight with him, or en∣large their Quarters; about this my Lord Fairefax who had beene long confined to Hull, tooke the field againe, and with sir Thomas Fairfax (a Gentleman who must not be mentioned without Honour, for God hath honoured him) and sir Iohn Meldrum (whose faithfulnesse to this cause and diligence in it was very eminent) made their first attempt upon Selby, where God was pleased to give them great and seasonable successe in storming, and taking that Towne, and in it a number equall to those that assaulted, notwithstanding the many Horse that were in it, where also was the Governour of Yorke, Mr. Iohn Bellasys, who was taken prisoner.

This businesse has hardly been parallelled since this Warre, save at Wakefield, when Generall Goring was taken in like manner by sir Thomas Fairfax, and his party rather then Army.

New-Castle hearing this newes, and fearing lest Yorke al∣so (the receptacle of most of the Northerne Papists, who were not in Armes, whom he had most reason to respect) should be surprized or surrendred, thought best to move Southward with his Armie, and did accordingly, and getting start of the Scots Armie, by a sudden march came to Yorke about the middle of Aprill, and lodged the remainder of his Foot there, (for his Northerne expedition had lost him many men who Page  5 were wearied out with the hardinesse of the Scots) and sent sir Charles Lucas away Southward with his Horse, which were followed by some Scottish and Yorkeshire Horse, but not over∣taken.

The Scottish Army followed Southward, and joined with the Forces under command of my Lord Fairfax, betwixt Wetherby and Selby, where after consultation they draw neare to Yorke, and if a sufficient strength could be made up by the accession of the Earle of Manchesters Forces, which was de∣sired and hoped, they resolved to sit downe before Yorke, which was accordingly done; Generall Leven pitching his Quarter at Midlethorp, my Lord Fairfax at Foulford, and my Lord Manchester at Heslington, the Scots Quarters kept in the Towne on the West-side of the River, the Earle of Man∣chester and Lord Fairfax on the East-side; and to my Lord Fairfax his assistance, was sent a very noble Gentleman and able Commander, sir Iames Lunsdaine, with a Regiment or two of Foote, who lay at Foulford; the Horse of all the Ar∣mies in the meane time were sent towards the West of York∣shire, which was the onely way the Enemy had to come, and interrupt the siege, the other wayes by the advantage of Ri∣vers, being impassable upon opposition; this siege was car∣ried on with very commendable unanimity, and correspon∣dency of Counsels on all sides, each acting their part. The Scots tooke in a Fort on the South-side of the Town, attemp∣ted another neare the great Fort, but held it not, and had severall skirmishes with the Enemies Horse, in one of which they lost a gallant Gentleman, Leiutenant Collonel Ballantine, who not content with a little honour, to gaine more lost his life; my Lord Manchesters men made their approaches very neare at Bowden, and Monk-barres, my Lord Fairfax his men at Wolmsgate, where they tooke a Church and divers priso∣ners in it, onely Major Generall Crawfurd, a valiant and for∣ward man, made an unhappy attempt upon the Mannor House, without due notice to the other Forces, and was bea∣ten out with the losse of many men. After this siege had con∣tinued two moneths or thereabouts, towards the end of IunePage  6 Prince Rupert comes to the reliefe of Yorke, by the way of Lan∣cashire, draining Garrisons and raising men with all dili∣gence and severity, and thereto added an act of cruelty at Boulton. At this time upon the importunity of Lancashire, sir Iohn Meldrum (after that by his conduct, the Castle of Cawood, and the strong Fort of Airesmouth were taken, which much advantaged our provisions from Hull by water) was sent with a Party thither to doe what service he had opportunity, how∣soever to secure, if possible, the Town of Manchester, which had been yet inviolate for the Parliament, and accordingly did so. The Prince after he had strengthned himselfe what he could, drawes neare to Yorke by the way of Burrowbridge, and comes upon the North-side of the River Owse, where∣upon the Armies resolve to joyne and fight him, and so the last of Iune, the siege was raised, the Towne in some measure relieved; but the Prince not satisfied with that he had done, would needs draw over the River againe, about three miles from Yorke to fight our Forces, upon that side the River; in which he made a desperate attempt, and as I am informed, was so told by Lieutenant Generall King, in regard our Ar∣mie might fall upon him while he was passing the River. But he was resolved and gave command to the Earle of New-Castle, to draw his men out of Yorke to his assistance; which was done, though not so soone as was expected, but soone enough to a bad bargaine. Our united Armies were marching off, thinking to prevent the Princes march Southward, and were going towards Tadcaster on the day of the fight, think∣ing to crosse some nearer way, and meet him in his return: but he saved them that labour, and drew up in their Reare in a place called Hessey-Moore, neare Long-Marston, of which sir Thomas Fairfax (having the Reare) gave speedie notice, and Orders were presently given to face about to the Enemy, which was accordingly done; and the Princes Army being drawne up in the Moore, our Armies drew up into the fields adjoyning, and so much of the heath as was left them; Sir Thomas Fairfax commanded the right wing, consisting of his owne Horse, and some from Lancashire, Lieutenant Generall Page  7Cromwell the left wing; the Scots Horse were equally divi∣ded, three Regiments on the right wing, and three on the left: on which wing also was there then Generall Major David Lesley. My Lord Manchesters Foote were drawne on the left Wing next the Horse, and the Scots Foote and my Lord Fairefaxes in the body, and right wing; the Battaile began about six or seven of the clock in the evening, Iuly the 2. The right Wing commanded by sir Thomas Fairfax was disor∣dered, for he had among other disadvantages these two espe∣cially; first, the worst part of the ground being so full of Whinnes as that his Horse could not march up, and was next the hedges possessed by the Enemy. Secondly, he had also ma∣ny new raised Horse which had never seene service, who did not play the part of Reserves as became them, so that after his owne Regiment and Collonel Lamberts had charged, with valour and good successe, for want of supplies that wing was wholly routed, himselfe stayed in the field, where he re∣ceived a marke of Honour on his face; the Scots Horse also on that side quit the field, and left the Earl of Lyndeseys Regi∣ment of Foot standing bare, which yet acquitted it selfe well, for sir Charles Lucas coming up with Horse to charge them, his owne Horse was shot in the head of his Regiment, and he was taken Prisoner.

But, whilest this was doing on the right, our friends on the left wing sped very well (through Gods mercy) and wholly routed the Enemy, and came about to the right, and at last cleared the field, became Masters of the Enemies Carriages and Artillery, and left more dead bodies then hath been at any Bat∣tell since these warres began, and had slaine more, but that the shelter of night, and a neare Garrison hindred pursuit. The lot of the body of Foot, especially of Scots and my Lord Fairfaxes, was so promiscuous, some standing, some flying, that I can give no perfect accompt of it. As for the Passage in Truth its mani∣fest concerning Lieutenant Generall Cromwell, and their Lieu∣tenant Generall Lesley, I should be loth to meddle in it, and wish the Author of the Manifest had not; but something must be said in the Animadversions.

Page  8Thus was God pleased to use the Scots Army in doing its part to the breaking of the strong Army of the North, and the defeating of the Prince, who brought into the field that day an Army very strong and well accomplisht. Quem dies vidit veni∣ens superbum, Hunc dies vidit fugiens jacentem. If any will make a further enquiry, and say who did best, I could wish I might be put to no other answer then (God did all;) which is the best way to decide Controversies of this kinde; for no man loses when He gaines honour.

After this happy Victory, the discouraged Enemy take seve∣rall courses, Prince Rupert with his Retinue (for his Army was gone) marched on Northward to Allerton, and so by Rich∣mond back againe the way that he came. The Earle of New∣castle with his deare Confidents, Widrington and Carnaby, went to Scarborough, and so beyond Sea; and with them Lievtenant Generall King. The Government of Yorke by this meanes was devolved upon Sir Thomas Glenham, who still undertakes de∣sperate cures.

Our own Forces, after the Generalls had time to meete, and the confusion of the fight (which lasts longer then the time of it) was over, and our wounded men provided for, fall to work againe, and the Fight being on Tuesday Iuly 2. on Thursday or Friday following a Party of Horse were sent under the Command of Lesley and Cromwell to follow the Enemy, but they were first gotten into the Dales, and became almost unca∣pable of annoyance. The body of the Army returned to the Siege of Yorke, which about a fortnight after was surrendred to the Parliament upon Treaty betwixt Commissioners on both parts. And thus was God pleased to blesse these united Forces with a Victory and City, in which the Scots as they had their part of pains and hazard, so deserve their proportionable share of thanks and honour.

After this my Lord Manchester marched away towards Lin∣colne, his Forces taking some Castles in Yorkshire by the way, as Sheffield, and Tickhill. The Lord Fairfax remained in Yorke, and disposed his Forces to the blocking up of some Castles in Yorkshire. The Scots Army marched Northward againe.

Page  9And that I may not omit any thing concerning that Army, while Generall Leven was imployed in these services about Yorke, the Northerne parts, and that part of the Scots Army left behind, passed some danger and hardship in Northumber∣land. Morpeth Castle, held by Lieutenant Collonel Somervill, was delivered up with the provisions and goods in it to Collo∣nell Clavering. And the Fort at South-Shields, though not got∣ten sine sanguine, was lost sine sudore, upon a bare Summons from Montrosse and Clavering.

At this time also Sunderland was faced and outfaced by the mentioned Cavaliers, who came to Bishops Wermouth, and plun∣dred some of their victualls, but the Towne was preserved, where amongst others the English Sea-men being much con∣cerned (for their ships were then in the harbour) well acquit∣ted themselves. But the Earle of Callander then comming into England with an additionall Force; among whom the Lord Sinclare, Montgomery, and Levingston, dispelled these mysts, and before the returne of the Scots Army tooke in Hartlepoole and Stockton upon surrender, and placed Garrisons in them as seemed best to him; and a little before the returne of the noble Earle of Leven from Yorkshire, he had entred Gateshead, Town of the South-side of Newcastle, parted from it onely by the Ri∣ver, by which means the Town of Newcastle was wholly block∣ed up on the South-side.

After the returne of the Generall, a Bridge was made over the Tyne, and he disposed his Army on the Northside, and ap∣proached close to the Towne with his Foote, the Horse being sent Westward towards Cumberland and Westmerland. During this Siege, which continued above two Moneths, the Enemy made frequent and sharpe Sallies, and the Generall frequent and faire offers, to which the upstart Knight Marlay returned very peremptory and sometimes abusive answers, which were reckoned for at last; if they be not, they may be. But at length after much diligence and patience, the Generall and the Com∣manders then resident with the Army, resolved upon a Storm, and to that end prepared Mines and Batteries, and upon Octo∣ber 19th fell on at severall parts of the Towne, at the breach Page  10 made by Cannon there was no entrance, and the most losse on the Scots part was there, but the Mines taking well, especially one at White-Friers Tower, they entred, and both to our and their benefit tooke that strong and rich Towne. Sir Iohn Mar∣ly the Governour, with the Scottish Earl of Crasurd, and others, retreated to the Castle, expecting thence to make their termes, but could get none but those of mercy, which considering the persons, was too good for them, though lesse could not be gran∣ted. After the entrance there was little bloud shed, but the common Souldier betooke himselfe to what he could, the Of∣ficer almost to what he would. For herein the Scots are more orderly then the English. Among our Armies commonly the Souldier gets the greatest share of the spoile, the Officers gene∣rally being not so earnest at the prey; and the English Souldi∣ers are not so easily commanded as the Scots in such a case. For the Scots Souldiers will very orderly stand Sentinell at the dore they are appointed to, and for some small matter pre∣serve a house with its appurtenances for their Commanders, so that the Towne was not (especially the best houses) spoiled in specie, but onely purged by a composition, which was for∣tuitous, according as the nature of the Chapmen was, some good bargaines, some ill. And thus was Newcastle reduced, which (to speake as much truth as the Manifest) was a very remarkable service, being the onely thing of moment wherein that Army hath been engaged apart from other Forces in England these two yeares. And to make this good successe compleat, that the Passage from the Coale-Indies might be cleare, Tynmouth Castle, Commanded by Sir Thomas Riddell, out of a sympathy betwixt the Towne-Clerke and the Major of Newcastle, was surrendred upon Articles, and Garrisons pla∣ced in both Towne and Castle, by order of the Scots Com∣manders and Generall.

After these places thus taken, and in this manner setled, and the businesse of Fines & Compositions at Newcastle dispatched, it was time to dispose the Scots Army (which had been most of the precedent Winter in the fields) to their Winter Quarters. To that purpose two or three Regiments of Horse, and a Regi∣ment Page  11 of Dragoones were alotted to abide in Cumberland, and Westmerland; three Regiments of Horse sent into the North-Riding of Yorkshire: Northumberland and Bishopricke of Durham, were appointed to the Foote, and some odde Troops of Horse. The Horse in Cumberland had by this time made some entrance upon the Siege of Carlile; Sir Wilfrid Lawson, and others Cum∣berland▪ men being joyned with them, who had raised both Horse and Foote for that service; of which more in the Ani∣madversions.

After the Army thus was disposed of, the Committee also and the Generall disposed themselves into Scotland, and left our English Commanders and the Souldiers to dispute matters of Assessement and Provision, Impar Congressus. During this time of Winter I have not heard any thing of service from that Army, onely that some Foote were sent to the assistance of Sir Iohn Meldrum at the Siege of Scarborough-Castle; and some also were sent to Pontfract, but had not libertie to stay the end of these works, in regard of other employment. So that wee have free leave to passe on to the Spring; at which time the Scottish Committee for the Army after the dispatch of their own affaires in Parliament and Assembly returned. The Gene∣rall himselfe being come before into England toward the end of Ianuary.

In the second yeares service, the first thing that offers it selfe was Lievtenant Generall Lesleys going with a Party of Horse and Foote to the assistance of Sir William Brereton, who was then besieging Beeston-Castle, and intending Chester, but hear∣ing that Prince Rupert was drawing towards him with a con∣siderable force, sent to the Committee of both Kingdomes at Westmorland for ayd, who desired that Lievtenant Generall Lesley might goe with a Party of Horse to his assistance; which accordingly was done. A Party of Yorkshire Horse being also joyned with him; but of that conjunction wee had no further newes or fruit, but that the Enemy came not far enough to fight us; and our Forces stood upon the defensive. Where∣upon the Lieutenant Generall shortly after returned into the West-Riding of Yorkshire about Hallifax, where he remained for a space.

Page  12About this time the Parliament finding ground to new∣mould the severall Armies under the Command of the Earles of Essex and Manchester, and Sir William Walter, (a course of equall hazard and necessity) which God hath since blessed with successe to admiration, into one body, under the Command of the valiant and victorious Sir Thomas Fairfax; by this means, and especially by the forwardnesse and opposition of some, who made it their great businesse to crosse this worke, (so lit∣tle did they value the publique good in respect of their owne conceits, wills, and interests) it came to passe that we lost some ground in the start at the Spring, but through mens diligence, and Gods blessing, it was quickly recovered. About this time (I say) the Parliament sent to the Scots Army and their Com∣mittee, that they would hasten the advance of that Army Southward with all possible speed, in regard that this change and opposition had brought their affaires into some distracti∣on; And to enable and encourage them for their March, sent them 30000. li. And accordingly about the time that Sir Tho∣mas Fairfax, upon order from the Committee of both King∣domes, marched from Windsor westward with a piece of an Army, which was the first of May; the Scots Army came to Rippon in Yorkshire, where there were severall debates betwixt their Committee and our Commanders, about matter of Pro∣visions, the English Commanders still pressing the necessity of Marching Southward (the King having drawne his Army in∣to the field) and promising all possible care for accommodati∣on; But in the midst of these disputes, the King drawing Northward, and the Scots having intelligence out of Cheshire of the Kings intendment, to send a flying Army over the Hills through Lancashire into Scotland: The debate about marching Southwards, and making Provisions for it, was turned into a dispute which was the best way into Lancashire; for the jour∣ney was resolved by the Scots. The English Commissioners told them, if they must goe, the neerest way & passable enough, was the way that Prince Rupert marched from Lancashire to the reliefe of Yorke, which was by Skippon; but they chose ra∣ther to goe about by the way of Stainmore (commonly called Page  13 in those parts, The Devills Gallary, for the uncouthnesse of it) into Westmerland, which had a little before resisted: some Scot∣tish Officers requiring Contribution (as they say) beyond their power, and beside the Parliaments authority. There they stay∣ed some time, but the flying Army being not to be found or heard of, the Scots march back againe the same way to Rippon about the beginning of Iune.

First, having sent some more commanded men to Carlisle, which was shortly after reduced by the joyned Forces, Scots and English, which I onely mention now left in the Narra∣tive I should be thought fit to omit an action of moment, but reserve the story of it to another place, at which time the Parliament sent downe two of their owne Members, to waite on the Scots Army, and hasten their march Southwards, who accompanyed the Army to Nottingham, and from thence the chiefe Officers of the Scots Army sent a Letter to the Parlia∣ment, which the Author of Truth's manifest thinks fitter to print, though neither they that writ it, nor they that recei∣ved it, judged meet to doe. Within two dayes after the date of the Letter, it pleased God to honour the Army under the Command of sir Thomas Fairfax, and blesse these Kingdomes with an eminent, and seasonable victory over the Royall Ar∣my at Nazeby, which was a happy foundation of the recove∣ry of Leicester within three dayes after, and many other suc∣cesses, wherewith God hath followed their valour and dili∣gence to this day. By this meanes the heat of the Warre was over for that yeare, especially in these parts, the King having no field Forces left, but those under the Command of Goring in the West. After this the Scots Army with all readi∣nesse march Southward through Warwickshire, Worstershire, and so towards Hereford, whither some Commissioners were sent from Parliament to joyne Counsels and endeavours with them; a field Enemy not appearing they resolve to besiege Hereford, the reducing which place was thought very neces∣sary for the prevention of the Kings recruits commonly fetch't from those parts. The siege went on hopefully, Mines and Batteries were prepared, and the taking of the City Page  14 (which never was accounted very strong) continually ex∣pected: but in the meane time, it pleased God to suffer Mon∣trosse with his wicked crue to give our Brethren in Scotland a sad overthrow (I am sure all good people had reason to ac∣compt, it so) at Kylsyth, where many good men were lost, and the Forces of that Kingdome almost totally dissipated; which occasioned the recourse of many eminent persons to Barwick, and discovered a more generall malignancy in Scotland, then was expected. The newes of this coming to the Army, after some consultation had, they raised their siege, to which they were induced, as by the condition of their owne Country, so by the report, of the Kings coming towards them with a strength of Horse, which might endanger them, they having sent Lieutenant generall Lesley away towards the North, where he stayed with respect to Scotland, as also to interrupt the Kings intentions Northward, whither he most applyed himselfe. When sir Thomas Fairfax was gone Westward with his Army, it was expected, that the Partie with Lieutenant Generall Lesley, and the English with him should have pursu∣ed, or fallen upon the Enemie at that time, but the King marching Southward towards Huntington, and the Scottish Horse being bound Northward, it could not be.

At this time, the necessities of Scotland so requiring, the Lieutenant Generall marched into Scotland, where suddenly after his arrivall, he happily fals upon Montrosse now divided from Kilketto, and not looking for him so soone, and ob∣taines a happy victory over him, and seasonably (through Gods mercy) alters the face of things in Scotland. This newes meets the Scottish Armie (marching Northwards) in Yorkshire, and staies their journey further, and gives them libertie to repose in the North and West ridings of that Coun∣ty, which by the calamitie of these Warres are now almost wasted, and will be brought either to utter ruine, or some dangerous way of preventing it, unlesse the Parliament afford timely reliefe. While the Army was quartering here, the Lord Digby comes with a Party of Horse, as is said, for Scotland, he surprizes the English Foot, quartered at Sherburne, but by the Page  15 seasonable pursuit of Collonel Copley and Collonel Lilburne was defeated, lost his booty and his baggage, with divers Letters of moment into the bargaine; and was forced to take a hilly way to Cumberland, where sir Iohn Browne got an ad∣vantage of him as his remnant was passing over a water, where the tyde hindered one part from the reliefe of the other; and so he was forced to the Isle of Man, and thence hath beta∣ken himselfe into Ireland, from whence we daily heare from him.

This passage concerning my Lord Digby (though his grea∣test blow was by the Yorkeshire Forces) I thought fit to in∣sert that I might not omit that action of sir Iohn Brownes, which the Parliament was pleas'd to take notice of. After the Scottish Army had lyen sometime in Yorkeshire, about Novem∣ber, at the desire of the Parliament, and the Committee of both Kingdomes, they marched to block up Newarke on the North∣side, where they had possession given them of Muskham Bridge (which the Enemy had intended to burne, but did it not) and the Fort in the Island that commands it, which makes their worke on the North-side Trent very easie, in re∣gard the Towne, Forts, and Castle stand on the South-side the River. Since their blocking up Newarke there hath not beene much of action; once the Enemy by the advantage of the Ice fell into their Quarters, killed the Adjutant Generall of Foot, but received as well as did hurts: since that the Ene∣my made a sally upon the Scots, who were making a Fort in the Island, but after some little losse on each part, were ve∣ry well repelled and beaten in. And let me not forget the rea∣dinesse of the Lieutenant Generall, to send some Foot to Col∣lonel Poyntz, for the strengthning his Quarters at Stoake. And so have we followed the Scots Army, consisting now of about seven or eight thousand Horse and Foote, most Horse, (according to a Muster lately taken by the English Commissio∣ners) to the siege of Newarke, where also is a Committee of Lords, and Commons from the Parliament, contributing their best assistance to the carrying on the Service against Newarke, who have above these three moneths expected a Page  16Committee from Scotland, to joyne with them according to the Treaty, but they are not yet come; It is hoped (notwith∣standing) that there shall be such mutuall care and concur∣rence betwixt the Forces, as that strong Garrison shall in due time be reduced to the great advantage of the North, and happinesse of the whole Kingdome, which is very much con∣cerned in the successe of it.

And thus have you a true Narrative of the entrance, and proceedings of the Scottish Army since it came into England, where I have not willingly, nor (I hope) negligently omit∣ted any thing materiall; more circumstances might have been brought in to attend the substance of this discourse, but many of them being not acceptable, it was thought best to omit them, or at least referre them to the second part, which containes Animadversions upon some passages of the Manifest, and other Papers printed to the disadvantage of Truth, and reflecting upon the Parliament of England.