GLOSSOGRAPHIA: OR A DICTIONARIE INTERPRETING HARD VVORDS.
A Is the first Letter a∣mong the Greekes, which they call Alpha, from the first of the Hebrews, Aleph: It is sometimes used in num∣bers, as Alpha the first, Beta the second, Gamma the third. In the Greek composition it has a divers use; but the pri∣vative is most to our purpose; for being set before a simple word, it deprives or takes a∣way its proper signification.
Cicero calls A, literam saluta∣rem, a comfortable Letter; be∣cause it was a note of Absolu∣tion; but C, literam tristem, a sorrowful letter; because it denoted Condemnation. See Ignoramus.
Abacted (abactus) driven away by violence or stealth; also deposed.
Abaddon (Hebr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉Abadh▪) the Devil, so called in the New Testam. Apoc 9.11. quasi, A bad one; it properly signifies one that burns with a desire of destroying men.
Abandon (from the Span. Abandonar) to banish or pre∣scribe: to leave or forsake.
Abannition (abannitio) a banishing for a year, properly among the Greeks for man∣slaughter.
Abate (from the Fr. Abatre▪ i. to break down or destroy) signifies, in its vulgar sence, to diminish or take away; as to abate the courage of a man; so one that abateth in Lands and Tenements, by his entry diminishes and takes away the freehold in Law descen∣ded to the Heir. In another sence it signifies to beat down or overthrow, as to abatePage [unnumbered] Castles, Houses and the like; and to abate a Writ, is to de∣stroy it for a time through want of good ground or o∣ther defect: And hence comes Abatement, which in our Com∣mon Law, is an entry into Land by interposition of one that has no right after the death of the Ancestor, and before the entry of the Heir.
Abba (Syriack) Father; So Christ expounds it, Mark. 14.36. and St. Paul, Rom. 3.15.
Abbat or Abbot (from Hebr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉Abh, or the Syriack Abba, i.e. Father) a spiritual Lord that has the rule and preheminence over a Religi∣ous House.
Abbord (from the Italian abbordare) to go near the shore; also to bord or grapple with a ship. Florio.
Abeyance or Abayence (from the Fr. Bayer, i. to gape, covet, or expect) our Law∣yers would signifie hereby a kind of hope or longing ex∣pectance; because those things that are in Abeyance, though for the present in no man, yet they are, in hope and ex∣pectation, belonging to him who is next to enjoy them. When the Parson of a Church dies, we say the Freehold is in abeyance (because the Church is in expectation of a successor) in Potentia, as Logi∣cians phrase it. Co. on Lit. l. 3. c. 11. Sect. 646.
Abbreviator (Latin) one that abridges or makes a brief draught of a thing. In Rome there are Officers belonging to the Pope, called Abbreviators de parco majori (whose Office is to endite letters at request of suppliants, which inditing is termed a rough draught, or copy of the Request) And Abbreviators also de parco mi∣nori, whom the Italians call Giannizzeri, who also attend on the expedition of Letters. 1. Part Treasury of Times.
Abbreviature (abbreviatu∣ra) a brief writing, an A∣bridgment or brief of a thing.
Abdals, a kind of Religi∣ous people among the Persians who take their name from Abdala, Father of Mahomet; they have no abode, vow po∣verty, lodge in Churches, &c. Herb. Travels, p 167.
Abdera. A City in Thrace, where Democritus the laugh∣ing Philosopher lived. Hence Abderian laughter is used for mad, foolish, or incessant laughter; and Abderite, for Democritus, or any inhabitant of that place.
Abdicate (abdico) to reject, to renounce, to refuse.
Abdication (abdicatio) a re∣jecting or refusing.
Abdominous (from abdo∣men) pertaining to the out∣ward or former part of the belly, or to an insatiable panch; unweildy, gross, panch-bellied. Mr. Fuller.
Abduct (abduco) to lead a∣way by force, or flattery; to entice, to withdraw.
Page [unnumbered]Abduction (abductio) a leading or taking away.
Abecedary (abecedarius) pertaining to the Cross-row, or the A, B, C.
Abecedarian (abecedarius) one that teacheth or learns the Cross-row, or the A, B, C.
Abel (Hebr.) a mans name, signifying mourning or vanity.
Abequitate (abequito) to ride away or from.
Aberration (aberratio) a wandring or straying out of the way. Dr. Brown, in his Vul∣gar Errors, uses the word A∣berrancy, in the same sense.
Abessed or Abbaised (Fr. abaissé) debased, dejected, humbled, bent, or brought down. Rush. Dialog.
Abet, in our Common Law signifies to encourage or set on to some evill: also to main∣tain or patronize.
Abgregate (abgrego) to lead out or from the flock, to separate.
Abhorrency (from abhor∣reo) an abhorring, hating, or detesting. L. Bacon.
Abject (abjectus) cast a∣way, condemned, base.
Abigat (Hebr.) the Fathers joy, or Father of joy.
Abissines. See Abyssines.
Abition (abitio) a going away or dying.
Abjudicate (abjudico) to give away by judgment.
Abjuration (abjuratio) a forswearing or renouncing by Oath. In our Common Law it is an Oath taken to forsake the Realm for ever. But there is a latter Oath so called; which concerns matters of belief, and was confirmed and established by Ordinance, 1643. ca. 15. and enlarged 1656. ca. 16. which may be tendred to any person, sus∣pected of Popish Recusancy, at the age of 16. and is im∣pugned by a notable Treatise called the Christian Moderator, Part 3.
Ablactation (ablactatio) a weaning as children from the Mothers Teat, or young beasts from their dam.
Ablation (ablatio) a ta∣king away or from, a bearing away by stealth.
Ablectick (ablectus) that is set forth or garnished for sale.
Ablegation (ablegatio) a sending forth or out of the way.
Ablepsy (ablepsia) blind∣ness of mind, unadvisedness, inconsiderateness.
Abligate (abligo) to bind from.
Ablocate (abloco) to set to hire, to take from one and set to another.
Ablution (ablutio) a wash∣ing off, a rensing away.
Abnegate (abnego) to deny earnestly or refuse, to say no.
Abnodate (abnodo) to prune or cut away knots from Trees.
Abolition (abolitio) an a∣bolishing, disannulling or de∣stroying utterly.
Page [unnumbered]Abone (from the Ital. abo∣nare or abbonare) to make good or seasonable, to ripen.
Abominate (abominor) to detest or abhor.
Abortion (abortio) the ca∣sting of the young, a bringing forth before time. Dr. Brown uses the word (Abortment) in this sense, and I have read A∣borcement.
Abortive (abortivus) any thing brought forth before its time, that is delivered untime∣ly, still-born.
Abradacarba (whence or what language quaere, but) Sa∣monicus Serenus ascribes a ver∣tue to the word against A∣gues. Cambden.
Abraiamins, a certain kind of Sorcerers or Enchanters a∣mong the Indians. Treasury of Times.
Abrasion (abrasio) a sha∣ving away.
Abrenunciation (abrenun∣ciatio) a forsaking or renoun∣ing.
Abricot or Apricot plumb, quasi in aprico coctus. i. ripened in the Sun; because they grow not, unless in the Sun and warmth. Min.
Abrodictical (abrodiaetus) that feeds daintily, curious in diet.
Abrogate (abrogo) to dis∣annul, take away or repeal: to lay aside, as of no use or fruit. See Prorogue.
Abrupt (abruptus) broken off, rash, sudden, out of order.
Absolonism, The opinion or practice of Absolom, i. disobe∣dience or rebellion against Pa∣rents.
Abscession (abscessio) a de∣parting or going away.
Abscission (abscissio) a cut∣ting off or away.
Absconding (abscondens) hiding, concealing.
Absconsion (absconsio) a hiding or concealing.
Absentaneous (absentane∣us) done in absence, pertain∣ing to absence.
Absolution (absolutio) a dis∣missing, forgiving or discharg∣ing.
Absonant Absonous (absonus) un∣tuneable, jar∣ring, unlike, confused.
Absorb (absorbeo) to sup up all, to drink up, to consume, to devour. Bac.
Absorpt (absorptus) supped up, devoured, swallowed up.
Abstemious (abstemius) that drinks no wine, sober, tempe∣rate, moderate in diet.
Abstention (abstentio) an abstaining, or a with-holding an heir from taking possession of his Land. Cressy.
Absterge (abstergeo) to wipe away, to cleanse or put away. Feltham.
Abstract (from abstraho) a small work or draught taken out of a greater. Also a term in Logick. See Concrete.
Abstersion (abstersio) a wiping away, or wiping out, a cleansing.
Abstersive (abstersus) that wipes or makes clean.
Page [unnumbered]Abstrude (abstrudo) to thrust away or out, to hide, to shut up. Fel.
Abstruse Abstrusive (abstrusus) hid, secret, dark, not easie to be understood.
Abstrusity (from abstrudo) darkness, secresie. Dr. Brown.
Absurd (absurdus) foolish, harsh, without wit or grace.
Abvolate (abvolo) to flye or vanish away.
Abyrtace, a dainty kind of meat with the Medes and o∣ther barbarous Nations, sharp, and quick of taste, to provoke and please the appetite, com∣posed of Leeks, Garlike, Cres∣ses, Senvie, Pomgranate ker∣nels, and such like. Plut. Mor.
Abysme (abysmus) the same with Abyss.
Abyssines (Abyssini) the peo∣ple of that part of Aethiopia which is subject to Prester John.
Abysse (abyssus) a bottom∣less gulph or pit, any deepness that cannot be sounded. Hence
Abysmal. Deep, bottomless.
Academy (Academia) a woody or shady place near A∣thens, where Plato taught; so called from Ecademus, one of the Hero's; now taken for any famous Shool or University; hence Philosophers of the Sect of Plato are called Academicks. In Alexandria (now called Scanderia) in Aegypt, Gautenus (saith Heylyn) read Divinity and Philosophy in the year 180. from whom it is thought the Orders of instituting Uni∣versities first began in Chri∣stendom.
Academick Academical (academicus) belonging to such a School or Academy,
Acatalepsy (acatalepsia) in∣comprehensibleness: the O∣pinion of the Sceptiques.
Accelerator (Latin) a hast∣ner. Bac.
Accelerate (accelero) to hasten or make speed unto.
Accent (accentus) tune, te∣nor, the rising and falling of the voice, the due sound over any word or letter, or the mark of any letter which di∣rects the pronunciation. There are also accents of sentences; as in the close of a period we let fall the voice, in a de∣mand, raise it.
Acceptilation (acceptilatio) a verbal Acquittance.
Accerse (accersio) to call forth, to send for; to pro∣voke, to accuse.
Accesse (accessus) an ap∣proaching or coming to, an increasing, a growing, a pas∣sage, or a way to a place. The Access of an Ague, is the ap∣proach or coming of the fit, and the Recess is when the fit is over or leaves the Patient. In Lancashire they call the Ague it self the Access, as, such a one is sick of the Access.
Accessory Accessary (accessarius) guilty of a sa•il•: in our Common Law it signi∣fies a man guilty of a felloni∣ous offence not principally, Page [unnumbered] but by participation, as by commandment, advise or con∣cealment.
Acclamation (acclamatio) a shouting or crying out in li∣king or disliking.
Acclivity (acclivitas) steep∣ness.
Accolyte. See Acolyte.
Accommodate (accōmodo) to compose, fit, apply to, or lend.
Accommodatitious (accom∣modatitius) proper, fit, conveni∣ent; also applied, inclined, or disposed.
Accordant (Fr.) agreeable, well fitting unto, concordant.
Accordance (Fr.) an accord or agreement; a concord in musick.
Accort (Fr.) discreet, advi∣sed, circumspect, foreseeing; also subtile and cunning.
Accost (from the Fr. Accost∣er, or Ital. accostare) to joyn side to side, to approach or draw near to; also to affront.
Accoutred (from the Fr. Ac∣coustre) attired, arraied, deck∣ed, apparelled.
Accoutrement (Fr. Accou∣strement) attire, dressing, ap∣paralling: also habit, cloath∣ing, or rayment.
Accretion (accretio) an in∣creasing, or growing.
Accumbing (accumbens) sit∣ting at a Table, lying down. Dr. Br.
Accumulate (accumulo) to heap up, to encrease or load; to gather in heaps.
Accurate (accuratus) curi∣ous, diligent, exact.
Accusative (accusativus) that whereby one is accused.
Ac-drinc (Sax.) a kind of drink made of Acornes, used of old, in time of dearth and necessity. Sax. Dict.
Acephalick (acephalus) without head, title, or begin∣ning.
Acephalists (acephali) a kind of Hereticks, that had no Author or beginning; the word importing as much.
Acerbity (acerbitas) a sour or sharp taste, cruelty, rough∣ness.
Acerote (acerotus) full of chaff or straw, course, brown.
Acervate (acervo) to heap to gether, to mough up.
Acersecomick (Acersecomes) one whose hair was never cut.
Acetars (acetaria) sallets or sawces made of roots or herbs mixed with vinegar, to stir up appetite.
Acetosity (acetositas) sour∣ness, sharpness; the substance or taste of vinegar.
Acherontick (acheronticus) wanting joy and comfort; also pertaining to Hell, from Acheron a Lake in Epirus, which (as Poets feigned) who ever passed over, should never return; hence and for its ill colour and taste it is taken for Hell.
Acherusian (acherusius) pertaining to the Lake or Ri∣ver Acherusia, which is taken for the entrance into Hell.
Acidity (aciditas) sharpness, sourness. Lord Bac.
Page [unnumbered]Acid (acidus) sour, sharp, biting.
Acoustick (Gr.) pertaining to the sense of hearing, or that helps the hearing. Bac.
Acolastick (acolastus) that liveth under no correction, riotous.
Acolyte (acolythus) a Mi∣nister, whose office is to bring water, wine, and light to the Altar: also a novice or young proficient.
Aconick (from aconitum) poysonous; or pertaining to the venemous herb called A∣conite.
Acqueste (Fr. from acquiro) purchases made, or things bought by the unmarried; or by, or for onely one, (therein different from conquests.)
Acquiesce (acquiesco) to be at rest or quiet, to rest upon, to lean or assent unto.
Acquisition (acquisitio) a getting, obtaining, or pur∣chasing.
Acre (Sax. Aeker) is a certain quantity of land, containing in length 40 Rods, Poles or Pearches, and sour in breadth, or to that quantity, be the length more or less, And, if a man erect a new Cottage, he must lay four Acres of land to it after this measure, or∣dained by Stat. 31. Eliz. ca. 7.
Acrimony (acrimonia) sharpness, sourness.
Acreamatick (acreamaticus) that hearkens or gives ear to any thing, that requires much study and search; also musi∣cal, harmonious, or delightful to the ear and eye.
Acroatick, was that part of Aristotles doctrine which he taught in the Lyceum, wherein his more remote and subtile Philosophy was hand∣led, and such things as apper∣tained to the contemplation of Nature, and dialectic di∣sceptations. Hist. Phil.
Acrocomick (acrocomus) that hath long hair.
Acronychal (acronychus) belonging to those stars which rise in the twi-light, soon af∣ter Sun setting.
Acrosticks (acrostichis) a kind of verses, when the first or last letters of every verse make some name, word, or sentence. As these upon Mors.
Acteoned, Horned. A word made from Actaeon, who is po∣etically feigned to have been turned into a Stag; and it is sometimes used in a wag∣gish sense, for Cuckolded.
Actifs, an order of Friers that wear Tawny habits, and feed on nothing but roots Cotgrave.
Page [unnumbered]Actitation (actitatio) a debating of a cause in the Law.
Actuality (actualitas) a∣mong Philosophers, signifies the perfection of existence or being above formes; as when we say a man is, we say more then when we say a man.
Actual sin. See Venial.
Actius Naevus, a Roman South-sayer of great fame, in the presence of Tarquin did cut a Whetstone in two with a Razor; hence it is we use to say proverbially sharper then Actius his Razor, as in Rel. Med.
Aculeate (aculeatus) that hath a sting or prick, biting, vexing. Bac.
Acuminate (acumino) to make sharp-edged or pointed.
Acuminous (from acumen, minis) sharp edged or pointed: subtile in wit, of a penetra∣ting judgment.
Acupictor (Lat.) an Em∣broiderer, or any one that works with the Needle.
Acute (acutus) subtile sharp-edged, ingenious, craf∣ty.
Acyrology (acyrologia) im∣proper speech, or a speaking improperly.
Adage (adagium) a Proverb or common saying.
Adagial, proverbial or full of Adages.
Adam (Hebr. i. rubescere) any thing made of red earth; and because man is the most excellent work made of earth, therefore the word Adam stands absolutely for man; and Addam in the Per∣sian tongue, signifies a man. Herb.
Adamantine (adamantinus) belonging to, or hard as an Adamant or Diamond; invin∣cible.
Adamical pertaining to A∣dam. Dr. Br.
Adamate (adamo) to love dearly, to love foolishly or wantonly; to desire fervent∣ly.
Adamites (Adamiani) a Sect of Hereticks begun in Bohemia about two hundred years since, by Adamus Pastor an ignorant fellow, who pre∣tended, forsooth, to raise a sort of sanctified people, but indeed it was rather an herd of shameless beasts; one pro∣per mark of their profession was, to meet stark naked in their Synagogues, which were sometimes hot Stoves, and none were to be admitted into their number, but such as could stand stark naked before the rest of their com∣pany, men and women, for the space of an hour, without shame or blushing; they held sundry heretical Doctrines, as that in Christ there was but one Nature, &c. There were in the third age after Christ, some that gave beginning to such a Sect, but failing of ac∣ceptance, it dyed, or lay as it were raked up in Embers Page [unnumbered] till the forenamed Adamus blew this cole in Bohemia, and afterwards about the year 1535 in Holland, chiefly at Amsterdam, Ʋtricht, and Em∣den, in which and many other places they are still conceived to be lurking.
Addiction (addictio) a de∣liverance of goods to the pos∣session of another, or to him that offers most.
Additament (additamen∣tum) an addition or increase.
Addomestique (Fr.) ta∣med, made gentle, housal, fa∣miliar.
Adelantado (Spanish) (change the o into e then it is French) a Lord Deputy or President of a Country for the King; a Princes Lieute∣nant in a Province; also a Ge∣neral or Admiral.
Adeling (Sax.) a Prince or child of a King; a royal youth.
Adelman or Eadelman (Sax.) a Nobleman or Gentle∣man.
Ademption (ademptio) a taking away or from.
Addoulce (Fr. Adoulcir) to mitigate with sweetness, to make sweet. See Adulce.
Addresse or Adresse (Fr.) a direction; a short course, a neer and ready way. I ad∣dress my self to such a per∣son, is to resort unto, make towards, or make my ap∣plication to him.
Adecatist (from a and De∣cas) one that is against paying Tythes or Tenths.
Adeption (adeptio) an obtaining, acquisition or get∣ting.
Adequate (adaequo) to make even, plain, or level; to ad∣vance himself, that he may be even with, or like another.
Adhamate (adhamo) to catch or take with Hook or Net.
Adhesion (adhaesio) a clea∣ving or sticking unto, a fast∣ning to a thing.
Adjacent (adjacens) that lies near unto or borders upon.
Adiaphorie (adiaphoria) in∣differency.
Adiaphorous, Indifferent. Dr-Taylor useth it in his Liber∣ty of Prophecying.
Adjournment (Fr.) is, in our Common Law, an assign∣ment of a day in Court, or a putting off or dissolving a Court till another day; or a warning to appear at a day.
Adipal (adipalis) fat or gross.
Adjument (adjumentum) help, aid, or assistance.
Adjunct (adjunctus) taken Substantively, is a quality joy∣ned to another thing, as heat to fire; weight to lead, &c.
Adjunct (adjectively) joyn∣ed to or added unto.
Adjure (adjuro) to com∣mand a thing, by interposing the authority and name of God or Christ; As we adjure you by Jesus. Act. 19.13.
Adjuration (adjuratio) a requiring an oath of another. Also an earnest charging or Page [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page [unnumbered] commanding another to say or do somewhat. As when Caiphas said to Christ, I adjure thee by the living God, to tell us if thou art Christ, the Son of God. Mat. 26.63.
Adjutant (adjutans) help∣ing or aiding, properly in that which is good. One that helps another in the discharge of an Office, which is also sig∣nified by Coadjutor. Also an Officer in an Army so called.
Adjust (Fr. Adjuster) to place justly, set aptly, couch evenly, joyn handsomly, match fitly, dispose orderly, several things together.
Adjuvate (adjuvo) to help or aid, to further or favor.
Adjutory (adjutorius) that helps or pertains to aid or helping; the two bones which extend from the shoulders to the Elbow, are called Adjuto∣ry bones.
Administrator (Lat.) in our Common Law is properly taken for him that hath the goods of a man, dying inte∣state, committed to his charge by the Ordinary, and is ac∣countable for the same, when∣ever it shall please the Ordi∣nary to call him thereunto. An Administrator is by the Sta∣tute of 31. Edw. 3. cap 11. au∣thorised to dispose of the goods of the deceased as ful∣ly, and to be accountable for the same, as Executors. Of Administrators and Execu∣tors, see a Treatise written by M. Wentworth of Lincolns Inn.
Administratrix (Lat.) she that hath that charge or of∣fice.
Admiration (admiratio) wondering at, marvelling. An Admiration point is thus [!] As when we say, O tempora! O Mores!
Ad Octo or Vt Octo. A term in Philosophy, which signifies the superlative de∣gree; because in Philosophy the eighth degree is the high∣est, in which they distinguish qualities or accidents.
Adolescency (adolescentia) Youth: the age from 15 to 25.
Adonai (Hebr.) a Lord, or sustainer; the Jews use this as an ordinary name of God: On Festivals they pronounce Jehovah.
An Adonique (adonicum) a kind of short verse consisting of a Dactyle and Spondee, such is Rara juventus; so called from Adonis, in whose, honor they were first made.
Adopt (adopto) to chuse, or take to be ones heir or child.
Adoption (adoptio) a free election or chusing one for his child out of the course of in∣heritance; a taking or admit∣ting one to be his child by fa∣vor, who is not so by nature.
Adoxy (adoxia) ignominy, shame; slander, infamy.
Adrian Adriatique Sea (Adriati∣cum Mare) the gulph of Venice, extending 700 miles in length, and 140 in breadth, was so called of Adria, once a famous Sea-Town Page [unnumbered] on the mouth of Erida∣nus or Poe. Heylyn.
Advectitious (advectitius) which is brought or carried unto.
Adventual Adventive or Adventitious (adventi∣vus) that cometh by chance, besides the purpose, unlooked for.
Advent (adventus) the time from the Sunday that falls either upon St. Andrews day or next to it, till Christ∣mas; which time was wont to be spent in some extraor∣dinary devotion, by way of preparation for the Feast of the Nativity of our Saviour then approaching. The words bare signification is, a com∣ing unto, or apptoaching.
Adversative (adversativus) pertaining to an Adversary, which is contrary or against some person or thing.
Advesperate (advesperascit) it waxeth or growes towards night.
Advigilate (advigilo) to watch diligently.
Adulation (adulatio) pro∣perly the fawning of a Dog, slattery.
Adulatory (adulatorius) pertaining to slattery.
To Adulce (Fr. Adoulcir) to sweeten, mollifie or ap∣pease. L. Bac. Hen. 7.
An Adult (adultus) one of full age. As Adulta virgo, a maid that is marriageable.
Adulter (adultus) grown to full age, come to his full ripe∣ness, force and bigness.
Adulterate (adultero) to commit adultery; to coun∣terfeit or corrupt.
Adultery (adulterium) pro∣perly spoken of married per∣sons; but if onely one of two persons, by whom this sin is committed, be married, it makes Adultery; and this is felony by Act of Parl. 1650. ca. 10. Adulterium, seems to have taken that name, as it were ad alterius thorum, i. to a∣nothers bed, which the Adulte∣rer always aims at.
Adumbrate (adumbro) to shadow, to resemble, to draw a picture imperfectly.
Adumbration (adumbratio) a shadowing or bare portray∣ing of a thing; also an imita∣tion or expressing of another thing somewhat to the like∣ness and nature of the same.
Aduncity (aduncitas) crook∣edness, hookedness.
Aduncous Adunque (aduncus) crooked down∣wards, hooked. Bac.
Advecate (advocatus) a man of Law that pleads, assists, or sollicits another mans matter, so called ab advocando, i. calling unto, because he is called to his Clients assistance; most pro∣perly a Procurator or Doctor of the Civil Law.
Advowzen (advocatio) the reversion of a spiritual pro∣motion, and signifies, in our Common Law, a right to pre∣sent a Clergy-man to a Bene∣fice, as much as Jus Patrona∣tusPage [unnumbered] in the Canon Law. Of this there are two sorts., Ad∣vowzen in gross, which belongs or adhears to any Manor, as parcel of the right of it; and Avowzen dependent, which de∣pends on a Manor, as appur∣tenant thereunto.
Adure (aduro) to roast, burn or parch. Bac.
Adust Adusted (adustus) burnt, parched, vexed.
Adustible, burnable, parch∣able.
Adustion (adustio) parch∣ing or burning.
Adynamous (adynamus) weak, impowerful.
Aedil (aedilis) See Edil.
Aegipans (aëgipanes) mon∣sters having bodies like men, and feet like Goats, Wood-Gods.
Aera. See Epoche.
Aereal (aërius) belonging to the air.
Aeromancy (aëromantia) a kind of divination by the air.
Aeromantick (aëromanti∣cus) pertaining to such divi∣nations.
Affability (affabilitas) cur∣tesie in speaking and hearing others, kindness to men.
Affectation (affectatio) too much curiosity, study of elo∣quence against nature, an ex∣tream labouring without dis∣cretion to imitate another.
Affeerours (afferatores, alias affidati) are those that are ap∣pointed in Court-Leets upon oath to mulct or set fines up∣on the heads of such as have committed faults arbitrably punishable, and have no ex∣press penalty set down by Sta∣tute.
To Affiance (from ad and fides) to betroth, or make sure.
Affictitious (affictitius) feigned or counterfeit.
Affidavit, is borrowed from the Canonists, among whom Affidare is used for fidem dare, and so it signi∣fies, he hath sworn or given his faith; but with us it is generally taken for an Oath, or Deposition put in write∣ing.
Affinage (Fr.) a fineing or refining of metals.
Affinity (affinitas) kin∣dred or alliance by marriage; sometimes likeness or agree∣ment.
Affirmative (affirmatus) that affirms or avoucheth.
Affluence (affluentia) plen∣ty, abundance.
Afforest (afforesto) to turn ground into Forest.
Affray (from the Fr. Af∣fres, i. a fright) may be with∣out word or blow given, as if a man shew himself fur∣nished with Armor or Wea∣pons not usually worn, it may strike a fear into others unarmed. For which rea∣son it is a common wrong, and inquireable in a Leet; which makes it differ from As∣sault, which is always a par∣ticular injury. 4 H. 6, 10.8 Ed. 4, 5.
Page [unnumbered]Affricate (affrico) to rub upon or against, to grate or crumble.
Africa (Gr.) one of the four parts of the world lying Southward; herein is Barbary, Numidia, Lybia, the Land of Negroes, Aethiopia interior and exterior, Aegypt and the I∣slands. It is called Africa of the Greek word Phrice, which signifies cold, and the priva∣tive A; so, Africa signifies a Country without cold, as in∣deed it is.
Africk African (Africus) pertain∣ing to Africa, or to the Southwest wind. A∣frick-bird, taken for a coward or one in gay cloaths that has little Spirit.
Aga (from the Gr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i. duco, to lead) an Officer that commands the great Turks Janizaries, and is the third in repute in his Empire. Sands.
Agamist (agamus) he that is unmarried.
Agarick (agaricum) a white and soft Mushrom, or excre∣scence growing on the Larch Tree; also a root in Sarmatia that helps digestion. Cotgr.
Age (aetas) that part of a mans life which is from his birth to this or his last day. A man, by our Common Law hath two ages; the age of 21 years is termed his full age, and 14 the age of discretion. Lit. l. 2. c. 4. In a woman there are six. 1. At seven years of age the Lord her Father may sistrain his Tenants for aid to marry her; for at those years she may consent to Matrimony. 2. At the age of nine years she is Dowable. 3. At twelve years she is able finally to con∣firm her former consent given to Matrimony. 4. At fourteen years she is enabled to receive her land into her own hands, and shall be out of Ward if she be of this age at the death of her Ancestor. 5. At sixteen years she shall be out of Ward, though at the death of her Ancestor she was within the age of fourteen years. 6. At one and twenty years she is able to alienate her Lands and Tenements. At sixteen years of age every person may be summoned to take the Oath of Abjuration. Acts 1656. c. 16. Proclus (a Greek Author) di∣vides the life of man into seven Ages. 1. Infancy, contains four years. 2. Childhood contains ten years. 3. Youth-hood or Adolescency consists of eight years, that is, from fourteen to two and twenty. 4. Young man-hood continues nineteen years, that is, from two and twenty to forty one. 5. Ripe man-hood hath fifteen years of continuance, and therefore makes his progress to 56 years. 6. Old age, which, in adding 12 to 56 makes up 68. 7. De∣crepit age is limited from 68 years to 88. See more divisi∣ons of Age, if you please in first part Treasury of Times, p. 377. and in Vul. Err. p. 216.
Agelastick (from Agelastus,Page [unnumbered] Grandfather of Crassus, who never laughed but once in al his life and that was to see a Mare eat Thistles, hence) we use it for one that seldom laughs; sad, or sullen.
Agemoglans or Agiam Og∣lans, are those Christian chil∣dren, which are seised by Turkish Officers, when they are between the age of ten, and eighteen or twenty, to be made Janizaries, or for other service of the Great Turk. The word signifies unexpert, or untutored youths.
Aggerate (aggero) to heap up, to encrease.
Aggested (aggestus) heaped up, or laid on a heap. Fuller.
Agglomerate (agglomero) to fold or wind up in bottoms to gather together.
Agglutinate (agglutino) to joyn or glue together.
Aggrandisement (Fr.) a greatning, inlarging, advance∣ment.
Aggrandize (from the Ital. Aggrandire) to greaten, aug∣ment, enlarge, encrease, or make great.
Aggravate (aggravo) to load or burthen; to make a thing worse by words.
Aggregate (aggrego) to ga∣ther or assemble together, or in Troops.
Aggressor (Lat.) a setter up∣on, an Assailant, one that be∣gins.
Aggression (aggressio) a set∣ting upon or entrance into, an assault.
Agiograph (agiographa) a holy writing, a holy Writ. See Hagiographer.
Agist (from the Fr. gist) signifies in our Common Law to take in and feed the Cattle of strangers in the Kings For∣est, and to gather the money due for the same to the Kings use: the Officers that do this are called Agistors, or Guest-takers, of whom the King had four in every Forest, where he had any Pawnage; their fun∣ction is termed Agistment, which is also used for the ta∣king in of cattle into the Parks or grounds of Subjects. Hence comes the word gisting, or (as the Country people corrupt it) joysting of cattle. Manwood For. Laws. See Pawnage.
Agitable (agitabilis) that may easily be moved or tossed.
Agitate (agito) to do often, to toss, shake or discuss.
Aglet (Fr. Aguillette) a little plate of any mettal, the tag of a point.
Agnail (from the Sax. Angnaegle) a sore under the nail of a man or beast, a Corn growing upon the Toes.
Agnation (agnatio) kindred by the Fathers side.
Agnition (agnitio) know∣ledge or acknowledging.
Agnize (agnosco) to ac∣knowledge, confess or avow, to know by some token, to admit or allow.
Agnominate (agnomino) to allude to ones name, to nick-name.
Page [unnumbered]Agony (agonia) horror or trembling, torment of body and mind.
Agonism (agonisma) the reward or prize won by acti∣vities; the reward of victory.
Agonarch or Agonothete (Agonotheta) a Judge or Over∣seer in feats of activity, a Ma∣ster of Revels.
Agonist (agonista) a Cham∣pion, one that contends in masteries.
Agonistic Agonistical (agonisticus) warlike or skilful in exercises.
Agrarian Laws, were a∣mong the Romans, preferred by the Tribunes of the Com∣mons, as well for division of lands and fields (conquered from the enemies) among the Commons, as to restrain the possessions of the Nobles within a certain limit. Livy.
Agreat (Sax.) altogether. As to take a work agreat, is to take the whole work al∣together, or, as some say, by the lump.
Agrestical (agrestis) per∣taining to the field, rude, ru∣stical.
Agricole (agricola) a Hus∣bandman, Farmer, or Plow∣man.
Agriculture Agricolation (agricultu∣ra) husban∣dry or Tillage of Land.
Agroter (Sax.) cloy'd, made big, swelled. Chaucer.
Ajax Shield, a proverb for a sure defence; from Ajax a famous Warriour of the Greeks.
Airie of Hawks (Fr. Aire) is that we call a nest of other Birds.
Alabaster (alabastrum) a kind of marble, white and ve∣ry clear, which by reason of its natural coldness, preserves things long from corruption; and therefore they used to make boxes of it, to keep sweet Oyntments, and Tombs to bury Princes and great Per∣sonages.
Alabandical (alabandicus) barbarous or sottish.
Alay, A term in hunting, when the Hart is in full chase, and one lies near a covert and shakes off some fresh Hounds into the Cry, to supply and make it the stronger, lest some over-haled dogs should hap∣pen to sink in the latter end of the chase.
Alacrity (alacritas) cheer∣fulness, liveliness, courage, joyfulness of heart.
Alarum (conclamatio ad ar∣ma) a calling together to Arms, as is usually done in a Garrison, upon the approach of an enemy.
Alazony (alazonia) arrogan∣cy, or pride.
Albe (alba) a long white linnen garment, wherewith Priests are cloathed when they say Mass, by which Albe is represented the long white robe, by derision put on our Saviour in the presence of He∣rod. Treatise of Mass.
Albion, Great Britain, so called, either from the Greek Page [unnumbered] word Olbion that is happy, or from Albis rupibus, its white rocks.
Albis (Lat.) as when we say a book in Albis, that is a book in quires or unbound. A term more used beyond Sea, then with us; we say in Quires, the French, in blanc.
Albor (Lat.) any whiteness or white colour, the white of an egg.
Albuginous (albugineus) pertaining to the white spot in the eye, or to the white of an egg, or to any white co∣lour. Dr. Br.
Alchaick Verse (Alcaicum Carmen, from Alcaeus, the in∣ventor) has, after two Dactiles, two Trochees, thus-vv-vv-v-v. But, according to Fabricius, it has five feet, he places the first a Spondee or Iambick; the second an Iambick, the third a long syllable, the fourth a Dactyle, the fifth a Dactyle or Amphimacre, and gives this example.
Alchymy (alchymia) the art of distilling or drawing quin∣tessence out of metals by fire, separating the pure from the impure, setting at liberty such bodies as are bound and im∣prisoned, and bringing to per∣fection such as are unripe. Bac.
Alchymist (alchymista) one that useth or is skill'd in that Art, a Chymick. A melter or extracter of Quintessences, from the Gr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, and that from the Hebr. Alkum.
Alchoran or Alcoran (i. Scripture) the book of the Turks Religion, first broached by Mahomet, who was an A∣rabian, and born in the year 572. his Father was a Pagan, and his Mother a Jew. In A∣rabia he was chosen Captain of a rebellious multitude, a∣mong whom he inducted a new Religion (which he pre∣tended was revealed to him by the Angel Gabriel) consist∣ing partly of Jewish Ceremo∣nies, which he learned of one Abdalla, partly of Christian Precepts taught him by Ser∣gius a Nestorian Monk, and partly of other phantastical sopperies, which his own in∣ventions suggested to him. This Religion (if we may so call it) Osmen the fourth Ca∣liph of the Saracens (who married Mahomets Daughter, and by that means got a sight of all his papers) reduced in∣to four Volumes, and divided into several Chapters, the whole Body of it is but an Ex∣position and gloss of these eight Commandments.
1. Every one ought to be∣lieve, that God is a great God and onely God, and Mahomet is his Prophet.
2. Every one must marry to encrease the Sectaries of Ma∣homet.
3. Every one must give of his wealth to the poor.
4. Every one must make Page [unnumbered] his prayers five times a day.
5. Every one must keep a Lent one month in the year.
6. Be obedient to thy Pa∣rents.
7. Thou shalt not kill.
8. Do to others as thou wouldst be done unto.
And the Turk writes on the outside of his Alcoran, Let no man touch this Book but he that is pure. M.S. in Arch. Bod. You may read more of this heathenish superstition in Dr. Heylins description of Ara∣bia, and indeed in the Book it self, not long since printed in English.
Alembick (alembicus) A Still or Stillatory to distill waters.
Alectryomachy (alectryo∣machia) a Cock-fight.
Alectryomancy (Gr.) divi∣nation by a Cock or by the Cock-stone. Cotgr.
Alebromancy (Gr.) divi∣nation by barley meal mixed with wheat.
Aleger, the like kind of li∣quor made of sour Ale, as Vi∣neger of wine. Bac. Nat. Hist. 155.
Alexipharmacal (from A∣lexipharmacum) that is good against poyson, enchantments and execrations.
Aletude (aletudo) fatness of body, grossness.
Alferes (Span.) an Ensign or Ancient-bearer in war.
Algebra (Syriack) the Art of figurative numbers or of e∣quation. An Art consisting both of Arithmetick and Ge∣ometry; Chaucer calls it Al∣grim.
Algebraical, pertaining to that Art.
Algid (algidus) chil, cold.
Algifical (algificus) which makes chil, or cold.
Algidty Algor (algiditas) great cold or chilness.
Algorism (algorismus) the Art or use of Cyphers, or of numbering by Cyphers; skill in accounting.
Algorist (algorista) one skilful in reckonings or figu∣ring.
Alhidade, a rule on the back of the Astrolabe to mea∣sure heights, breadths, and depths. Du Bartas.
Alibie (alibilis) nourish∣able, comfortable.
Alicant Wine, So called from Alicante, the chief Town of Mursia in Spain, where great store of Mulberries grow, the juyce whereof makes the true Alican wine.
Alienate (alieno) to alter the property of a thing, to sell or estrange.
Alien (alienigena) a sor∣raigner, a stranger born, and not here enfranchised.
Aliment (alimentum) any thing that nourisheth the body.
Alimonie (alimonia) nou∣rishment, maintenance; But in a modern legal sense it sig∣nifies, that portion or allow∣ance, which a married woman sues for, upon any occasional Page [unnumbered] separation from her husband, wherein she is not charg'd with Elopement or Adultery. This was formerly recover∣able in the Spiritual Court, but now onely in Chancery.
Alimental Alimentary (alimentari∣us) pertain∣ing to nourishment.
Alimentation, nourishment, or that causeth or breeds nourishment.
Allaborate (allaboro) to la∣bour vehemently, to encrease a thing by labour.
Allaud (allaudo) to praise or commend.
Allectation (allectatio) an alluring, or enticing.
Allective (alliciens) that al∣lures or enticeth.
Allegory (allegoria) a dark speech or sentence which must be understood otherwise then the litteral interpretati∣on shews, and is prosecuted through the whole sentence. As when St. Jo. Baptist speak∣ing of our Saviour. Mat. 3, said, Whose fan is in his hand, and he shall make clean his floor, and gather the wheat into his barn, but the chaff he shall burn with unquenchable fire. The mean∣ing is, that Christ being su∣preme Judge of all, shall sepa∣rate the good from the evill, rewarding the one in Heaven, and punishing the other in Hell fire. Bull.
Allegorical, pertaining to, or spoken by an Allegory.
Alleluiah or Alleluia (Heb.) Praise ye our Lord, used as a sign of exultation. Paulus Diaconus writes, that when the Britains were invaded by the Saxons and Picts, and ready to fight a battel with them, they were admonished by Germanus a French Bishop (sent hither with St. Lupus, to confute the Pelagian Here∣sie) that they should say as he said, and forthwith he cry'd out aloud Alleluiah, which when the whole Army of Britains had done, the sound thereof struck such a terror into their enemies, that they presently fled, and the Britains had the victory. De gestis Rom. l. 15. & Bede Eccl. Hist. l. 1. c. 20.
This Alleluia (saith a lear∣ned Author) is an Hebrew word, composed of Allelu and Jah, whereof the Imperative Mood Allelu (as near as can be uttered, for in it self it signi∣fies joy beyond all utterance) is as much as praise ye; and the word Jah is one of the ten names signifying our Lord, which some think to be the first word that children pronounce, when they are new born. This word Alleluiah the Jews much esteem, and pronounce many times toge∣ther in their Synagogues.
Allevate Alleviate (allevo) to lift up, ease, or com∣fort, to asswage or diminish.
Alliciency (from allicio) an allurement or enticing, a drawing or perswading unto.
Alligation (alligatio) a ty∣ing or binding to.
Page [unnumbered]Alliant or Ally, one that is in league, or of kindred with one.
Allision (allisio) a dashing against or upon, a rubbing against.
Alliteration (alliteratio) a figure in Rhetorick, repeating & playing on the same letter.
Allobrogical (from Allabro∣ges) of or belonging to the people of Savoy.
Allocation (allocatio) a placing or adding unto; also allow∣ance made upon an account.
Allocution Alloquy (allocutio) a speaking or talking unto, a communica∣tion or parley.
Allodial Lands (terrae allo∣diales) free-lands, for which no Rents, Fines, nor Services are due.
Allude (alludo) to speak any thing which hath resem∣blance, or is privily directed to touch another matter, to scoff covertly, to play to or with another, to speak by re∣lation to any thing.
Alluminor (from the Fr. Allumer, i. to lighten) one that colours or paints in paper or parchment; so called, be∣cause he gives light and orna∣ment by his colours to the Letters or other figures co∣loured. An. 1. Ric. 3. ca. 9.
Allusion (allusio) a liken∣ing or applying of one thing to another, and it is as it were a dalliance or playing with words like in sound, unlike in sense, by changing, adding, or substracting a letter or two; so that words nicking and resembling one the other, are appliable to different sig∣nifications. As the Almighty (if we may herein use a sacred Authority) in ratification of his promise to the seed of Isaac, changed Abram, high Father, into Abraham, that is, Father of many; and Sarai that is, my Dame, into Sara, that is, Lady or Dame. The Greeks nicked Antiochus Epi∣phanes, that is, the famous, with Epimanes, that is, the fu∣rious. The Romans likewise plaid with bibbing Tiberius Nero, calling him Biberius Me∣ro. So in Quintilian, the sour fellow Placidus was called A∣cidus, and of late one called Scaliger, Aliger. Cam. Rem. fol. 158.
Alluvion (alluvio) the still rising and swelling of a river, a deluge or inundation.
Almanack (Hebr. Alma∣nahh) a Prognostication or Kalender. But Verstegan de∣rives it from the Germans; they used (says he) to engrave upon certain squared sticks a∣bout a foot in length, the courses of the Moons of the whole year, whereby they could always certainly tell when the New and Full Moons should happen, as also their Festival days; and such a carved stick they called an Al-mon-aght, that is to say, Al-mon heed, to wit, the re∣gard or observation of all the Moons, and hence is derived Page [unnumbered] the name Almanack. Verstegan p. 46, 47.
Almicantharats and Al∣madarats, Arabian names of Lines or Circles, which are imagined to pass through eve∣ry degree of the Meridian Pa∣rallel to the Horizon, up to the Zenith. Du Bartas.
Alody (alodium) signified anciently what in the more strict sense Inheritance doth in our Law, that is, Lands de∣scended from the Ancestor. Selden.
Almner Almoner or Amner (eleemosyna∣rius) is an Of∣ficer of a King or Princes house, whose fun∣ction is carefully to collect the fragments and distribute them every day to the poor: Chari∣tably to visit the sick and le∣prous, those that are in prison, poor widows, needy persons, and those that have no con∣stant abode; likewise to re∣ceive and faithfully distribute cast horses, robes, mony and other things given in Alms; he ought also to stir up the King with often admonitions, especially on Festival days, to be bountiful in giving Alms, and to beseech that his rich Robes may not be given to Parasites, Masquers, Stage-players, or the like, but may go towards the increase of his Alms. Fleta l. 2. cap. 22.
Alnath, is a fixed star in the horns of Aries, from whence the first mansion of the Moon takes his name, and is called Alnath. Chaucer.
Aloes. See Lignum Vitae.
Aloe Zocatrina, the juice of an herb brought hither dry out of Zocatara, an Affrican Island, the best wherof is clear, clean and red, like the colour of a Liver; It is very bitter, but an excellent medicine to purge cholerick humors out of the Stomach, yet not good to be taken inwardly by such as are troubled with the He∣morrhoides. Bull.
Alogick (alogicus) unrea∣sonable, inconsiderate.
Alogy (alogia) without reason; also unmeasurable ex∣cess in cheer.
Alopecy (alopecia) a dis∣ease causing the hair to fall, the Foxes evill; shedding of the hair.
Alosha, A kind of drink in Spain, which they drink be∣tween meals in hot weather, it is made of water and hony, and is much of the taste of our Medea.
Alpha (〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉) the first let∣ter of the Greeks called of us (a) (as Omega is the last) it is used for the first or chief of any thing; Almighty God is called in the Apocalypse, Alpha and Omega, i. the beginning and ending, first and last. Rev. 13.13.
Alphabet (alphabetum) the cross-row of letters, the A, B, C. so called from Alpha, and Beta the two first letters of the Greek Alphabet or Cross-row, and therefore most peculiar to the Greek tongue.
Page [unnumbered]Alphabetical (alphabeticus) belonging to or done after the order of the A, B, C.
Alphitomancy (Gr.) divi∣nation by barley meal.
Alphonso, a famous Musi∣cian, who invented a particu∣lar way of playing on the Viol, which still retains his name.
Altercation (altercatio) an angry reasoning, contention or brawling in words.
Alterative (alterativus) changed, or that may be chan∣ged. Bac.
Alternative Alternate (alternatus) done or chan∣ged by courses or turns one after another, interchange∣able.
Alternity (from alternus) a succession by course, a changing by turn.
Altiloquum (altiloquus) that speaks loud or of high matters.
Altisonous (altisonus) which sounds clear or loud.
Altitonant (altitonans) that thunders from above, an Epithete of Jupiter used by Poets.
Altitude (altitudo) height, depth or loftiness.
Altivolant (altivolans) fly∣ing on high, or soaring aloft.
Alveary (alvearium) a Bee-hive, or the place where Bees or Bee-hives stand. It may be used Metaphorically for a house full of Inhabitants, a Library full of Books, or the like.
Alveated (alveatus) hol∣lowed like a hive, vaulted or trenched.
Aluminous (aluminosus) done with or full of Alume, tasting of Alume. Vul. Er.
Alumnate (alumno) to nourish or feed.
Alutation (alutatio) a taw∣ing, tanning or dressing of Leather.
Alytatk (alytarcha) he who seeth that good rule be kept at common Games and Exer∣cises. Gregory.
Amalekites or Amalecites, were descendents of Esau by his Grandchild Amalec (which word is Hebrew, and signifies populus lambens, a licking peo∣ple:) these Amalekites inhabi∣ted some of the lands betwixt Phaenicia and the red Sea, and were the first that took Arms against Moses and the child∣ren of Israel, as they were tra∣velling betwixt the said Red Sea, and the land of Promise, over whom Joshua (appoint∣ed General of the Israelites by Moses) got a famous victo∣ry, as you may read in Exod. 17. Hence 'tis that enemies to the children of God or good people, or enemies to good proceedings, are commonly called Amalekites.
Amalthean Horn, plenty of all things. So used from A∣malthaea, a she Goat, that Jupi∣ter sucked, whose horns are feigned to have abounded with plenty of all things. Ci∣cero's Library was also called Amalthaea, for being abun∣dantly Page [unnumbered] stored with Books.
Amandation (amandatio) a sending away or remove∣ing.
Amanuensis (Lat.) a Clerk or Secretary always attend∣ing; a Scribe or publick No∣tary.
Amaritude (amaritudo) bit∣terness, solitariness, grief.
Amarous (amarus) bitter, sharp, froward, hard to be ap∣peased, frightful, sour.
Amarulent (amarulentus) very bitter, frightful, envi∣ous.
Amatory (amatorius) per∣taining to love or lovers; love∣ly. Spots.
Amazons (amazones) war∣like women of Scythia, that had but one Teat (their name in Greek importing as much) they were very man∣like, and did cut off their right Breast, that it might not hinder their shooting, for they were excellent Arch∣ers; they lived by themselves, and if at any time they went to their Husbands or neighbor∣ing men, and conceived; if it were a Female childe they kept it; if a Male, they sent it to the Father: the Country where they live is denomina∣ted from them, and called A∣mazonia.
Ambage (ambages) an idle circumstance of words, a far fetched speech, or a speech far from the purpose. Bac.
Ambagious (ambagiosus) full of idle circumstances of speech, or of deceitful words.
Amber (ambra) a kind of hard yellow Gum, wherewith they make Beads and Brace∣lets.
Dioscorides saith, it falls in manner of a liquor from Po∣plar Trees into the River Po in Italy, where it congeals and becomes hard. But L. Guicciard. affirms (and more probably) that it is the juice of a Stone, which grows like a Coral in Poland in a Mountain of the North Sea, clean covered with water, and in the Months especially of September and December, this liquor is by violence of the Sea, rent from the rock, and cast into the Havens of Poland and the neighbouring Countries. Besides its beau∣ty, and the quality it hath of burning like pitch, and attracting straws and iron, like the Adamant, it is good for stopping the blood, Fal∣ling-sickness, Dropsies, and many other Diseases. Heyl. But see more of the quali∣ty and nature of Amber, in Dr. Browns Vulgar Errors, l. 2. cap. 4.
Ambergreece or Ambergrise (Fr. Am∣bergris) a sweet Aro∣matick juice or perfume so called. Aetius and Simon Se∣thius (Greek Authors) af∣firm it to be a kinde of Bitu∣men comming forth of the Page [unnumbered] Fountains or Springs in the bottom of the Sea, and that by floating upon the water it becomes hard, &c. A great quantity thereof is found in Sofala, and in the Isles of Comaro, Demogra, Mo∣zambique, and along this Tract even to the Isles of Maldina or Naledina, which look into the East. There is Amber of four several co∣lours; White, Gray, Red, and Black, which comes ac∣cording to the variety of places or Regions where it is found; the Gray is preferred before all the other, and is known to be good, if when pricking it with a pin, it de∣livers forth a moisture like oyle. The fume of it is good against the falling-sick∣ness, and comfortable to the brain.
Ambidexter (Lat. ex ambo and dexter) he that useth his left hand as well as his right, that plays on both sides. In our Common Law it signifies that Juror or Embraceor, that takes of both parties, for the giving his Verdict. He forfeits ten times so much as he takes, Anno 38. Edw. 3. c. 12. Cromptons Justice of Peace, fol. 156. B.
Ambidextrous, That can use both hands, that plays on both sides.
Ambient (ambiens) envi∣roning, encompassing, seeking of honor ambitiously.
Ambifarious (ambifarius) double, or that may be taken both ways.
Ambiguity (ambiguitas) doubtfulness, incertainty, ob∣scurity.
Ambiguous (ambiguosus) doubtful, obscure.
Ambilevous (ambilaevus) left-handed. Vul. Er.
Ambiloge Ambilogy (ambilogium) a doubtful speech.
Ambiloquent (ambiloquus) that speaks doubtfully, or that can speak two langua∣ges.
Ambitude (ambitudo) a circuit or compassing round; also ambition.
Ambosexous (ambosexus) that is both male and female, of both Sexes.
Amblygone (Gr.) a blunt angle, or a triangle, one of whose angles is blunt. Cotg.
Ambrose (Gr.) divine, im∣mortal.
Ambrosia (Gr.) is Poetical∣ly used for the meat of the gods, as Nectar was their drink. It is sometimes taken for im∣mortality.
Ambrosiack Ambrosial Ambrosian (ambrosianus) divine, fra∣grant sweet-smelling, also immortal.
Ambulatory (ambulacrum) substantively is a place to walk in, a Gallery.
Ambulatory (ambulatorius) adjectively, going or walking up and down, changeable.
Amburbial (amburbialis) that goes about the City. Page [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page [unnumbered]Amburbial Sacrifices were, when the beast went about the City before he was sacri∣ficed.
Ambuscado (Spa.) soul∣diers hid in a secret place to entrap the enemy unawares; an ambush, a way-laying, or laying in wait for.
Ambustion (ambustio) a burning or scorching about.
Amebean Verse (Carmen Amoebaeum) a Song or Verse when one answers another by course, or is sung by turns.
Amen (Heb. i.e. verè) in the end of prayer, wishing that it may be so, so be it. But when it is found twice repeat∣ed, as Amen, Amen, then it implies verily, verily, for con∣firmation of a truth, Mat. 18.3. Joh. 6.26. Durantus saith, that Amen imports, Be it to us which we have praied for. Amen is used in most languages; in Turky they use (Homin) in∣stead of it. S.H.B.
Amenity (amaenitas) plea∣santness, mirth, delight, amity.
Amerciament (from the Fr. merci, i. Mercy) signifies the pecuniary punishment of an offender against the King or other Lord in his Court that is found to be in miseri∣cordia, i. to have offended and to stand at the mercy of the Lord. There seems to be a dif∣ference between Amercia∣ments and Fines, Kitchin fol. 214. For Fines, as taken for punishments, are punishments certain, which grow expresly from some Statute, and Amer∣ciaments are arbitrably impo∣sed by Affeerors. Cow.
America, one of the four parts of the world, so called from Americus Vespacius a Flo∣rentine, who with Columbus a Genoese, first discover'd this Country about the year 1492. which is most aptly called the New world; new, for the late discovery; and world, for the vast spaciousness of it. For, it being divided into two parts, Mexicana and Peruana, the compass of the first is deemed 17000, of the other 13000 miles. Heyl.
American Disease, The great Pox, brought first from the Indies by the Spaniards into Christendom, and at the Siege of Naples, they bestow∣ed it on the French their ene∣mies in the year 1528. See Morbus Gallicus.
Amfractuosity (anfractuo∣sitas) a manifold winding, turning, involution, intricacy, compass.
Amfractuous (anfractuosus) full of turnings or windings, intricate, maze-like, per∣plexed.
Amicable (amicabilis) friendly, like a friend.
Amict or Amice (amictus, us) a garment or attire; par∣ticularly it is that linen attire, which Priests put first on, when they vest themselves, by which is represented the head-cloth wherewith the Jews covered the face and eys Page [unnumbered] of our Savior, when buffeting him they said, Prophecy, who is he that struck thee?
Amicted (amictus) clothed or covered with a garment.
Amie, from the (Fr. amiè, beloved, and that from Ama∣tus,) a name common both to men and women. The Earls and Dukes of Savoy, who are commonly called Aimè, were in Latin called Amadeus, that is, loving God, as Theophilus. We now use Amias for this, in difference from Amie the wo∣mans name. Cam.
Amission (amissio) a loss or losing.
To Amit (amitto) to lose; to pardon.
Ammodite (ammodites) a creeping vermin like a Viper, but of a sandy colour, and full of black spots.
Ammoniack, A kind of gum almost like Frankincense, so called, because it grows in Ly∣bia, near the place where the Temple of Jupiter Ammon or Hammon was. There is also a kinde of salt so called, which is found in Africa under sand, and is like Allum. Bull.
Amnesty (amnestia) forget∣fulness of things past. Icon. Basil.
Amnick (amnicus) of or be∣longing to a River.
Amonites, taken either for a distinct people descended from Amon, or generally used for all the Heathen (whereof they were the worst and wickedest) which possessed the land. Gen. 15.16. Josh. 2.10. Amos. 2.9.
Amorist (amator) a lover, an amorous fellow, a wooer.
Amorositie (from amor) a∣morousness, lovefulness.
Amoroso (Ital.) a he-lover, and Amorosa, a she-lover.
Amort (from the Fr. amorti) extinguished, deaded, quench∣ed. Hence 'tis we use to say to those that are melancholy, what, alls-a-mort, or amortified?
To Amortize, (from mors) to deaden, kill or slay. Lord Bacon and Chaucer.
Amotion (amotio) a remo∣ving or Putting away.
Amphibology (amphibolo∣gia) a word or speech that hath a double or doubtful un∣derstanding or meaning.
Amphibion Amphibious (amphibium) (amphibius) that lives as well by water as on land. Fuller.
Amphibolous Amphibolical Amphibological (amphi∣bolicus) doubtful or doubtfully spoken.
Amphictious (Amphyctiones) were the most noble Coun∣sellors of Greece, selected out of the twelve prime Cities, and instituted either by Acrisi∣us (as Strabo) or (as Halicar∣nassaeus thinks) by Amphictyon the son of Helen, from whom they seem to have derived their name: They had power to decide all controversies, and to enact Laws for the com∣mon good; their meetings were at the beginning of the Page [unnumbered] Spring and Autumn. Ryder.
To Amphionize, i. to play the Amphion, who was the au∣thor of harmony, and by his Eloquence brought men from savageness to civility. Apol. for Learning.
Amphyscians (amphyscii) such people as live under the burning Zone, near the Equi∣noctial line; so called, because their shadows at noon are sometimes toward the North, sometimes toward the South. Bull.
Amphitheater (amphithea∣trum) a kind of round Scaffold or Play-house full of benches of divers heights, for people to sit and behold publique ex∣ercises; It differs from a The∣ater as the Full Moon from the half: this was but half-circled, that round, and composed as it were of two Theaters, and is thereof so called. Caius Ju∣lius Caesar, (says Polydore Vir∣gil) built the first Amphithe∣ater in the field, and consecra∣ted it to Mars. Verona a City in Lombardy boasts of an Am∣phitheater, able to contain 80000 people. And Vespatians Amphitheater at Rome, said to be as great. Theoderick King of the Goths did utterly abolish the pastimes then used to be exhibited upon these Amphi∣theatres.
Amphitrite (Gr) the wife of Neptune, used for the Sea. Ovid.
Amphoral (amphoralis) containing or pertaining to Amphora, which is a vessel or pot with two ears, by some taken for a Rundlet of nine gallons. Antiently the Italick Amphora contained five Gal∣lons, the Attick Amphora, seven Gallons and a half. Godwin. 143.
Ampliation (ampliatio) a deferring or prolonging of Judgement or trial, till the cause be better certified: an enlargement, a Reprive.
Amplification (amplificatio) an amplifying, enlarging or dilating.
Amplitude (amplitudo) great∣ness, dignity, breadth, largenes.
Amplivagant (amplivagus) that stretcheth far, or hath a large scope.
Ampullous (ampullarius) pertaining to, or empty as a bottle or such like vessel: also proud, swelling or gorgeous.
Amputation (amputatio) a cutting off, away, or about, a proyning.
Amulete (amuletum) a ball like a Pomander, good against infection or bewitching; also any thing that is hung about the neck to preserve one from bewitching or infection.
Ana, A barbarous word used by Physicians, and signifies of every one a like quantity.
Anabaptists, a sort of He∣reticks, whose erroneous Te∣nents or the greatest part of them are.
1. That Christ took not flesh from the Virgin Mary, but that he past through her, as the Sun beams through glass, Page [unnumbered] or rain through a spout.
2. That there is no original sin.
3. That children ought not to be baptized.
4. That such as have been baptized in their infancy ought to be re-baptized when they come to years of discretion.
5. That lay-people may Preach and administer the Sa∣craments.
6 That Absolution and the Church-peace ought to be de∣nied to such; who are fallen in∣to any grievous sin, yea though they repent of it.
7. That Luther and the Pope are false Prophets; but of the two Luther the worst.
In matters of State they hold,
- 1. That the people may de∣pose their Magistrates and chief Rulers.
- 2. That a Christian with a good Conscience may not take upon him or bear the office of Magistrate, or keep any Court of Justice.
- 3. That none may admini∣ster an oath to another.
- 4. That no malefactor ought to be put to death.
In family-government they hold,
- 1. That no man hath a Pro∣perty in his goods, but that all things ought to be held in common
- 2. That it is lawfull to have more wives then one at once.
- 3. That a man may put a∣way his wife, if she differ from him in point of Religion, and be not of their Sect.
There are divers sorts of A∣nabaptists, whereof some hold but part of these opinions, some all of them, and others more then these, whereof you may see more at large in Dr. Featley's description of Ana∣baptists, Entituled the Dippers dipt, and in Heresiography, an English book so called. Melan∣cthon saith, that one Nich. Stork first▪ broached Ana∣baptism in Germany, about the year 1521. which very much raigns at this time in many parts of Christendom.
Anabathrum (anabathrum) a Pulpit, or any place whereun∣to we ascend by steps or stairs.
Anacephalize (from Anace∣phalaeosis) to make a breif re∣hearsal or recapitulation of things spoken. Mr. Evelin
Anachorite or Anchoret Anchoreta, (so called, because they use to live 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i. retired from company) a kinde of Religious persons that live solitarily in Cells and dig their graves with their nails.
Anachoretical Anachoretal (Anachore∣talis) be∣longing to solitariness or Her∣mites.
Anachronicism Anachronism (Gr) an error in Chronology, or an undue con∣nexion of time, a false Chro∣nicling, a repeating of time.
Anacreontick Verse (so called from Anacreon, a LyrickPage [unnumbered] Poet, who was the first inven∣tor of it) consists of seven syl∣lables, which as I take it, are not tied to any certain Law of quantity. As
Anadem (anadema) a kinde of ornament for womens heads, as Garlands, Cornets or Borders.
Anaglyphick or Anaglyptick (anagly¦phycus) pertaining to the Art of Car∣ving, Embossing or Engraving CAROLƲS REX. Anagr. CRAS ERO LƲX. HENRICƲS PERCIƲS. Anagr. HIC PƲER SINCERƲS, The precise in this practise, strictly observing all the parts of the definition, are onely bold with H, either in omit∣ing or retaining it, for that it cannot challenge the right of a letter; but the Licentiates, somewhat licentiously, lest they should prejudice poetical liberty, will pardon them∣selves for doubling or reject∣ing a Letter, if the sense fall aptly, and think it no injury to use E for AE, V for W, S for Z, and C for K, and contrari∣wise.
The Greeks (saith Camden) refer this invention to Lyco∣phron, who was one of those Poets, whom they called the seven stars or Pleiades, and flourished about the year 380.
Anagogical (anagogeticus) subtile, or of deep understand∣ing, or belonging unto high matters.
Anagrammatism. The art of making Anagrams, which is a dissolution of a name truly written into his letters, as his Elements, and a new connexi∣on of it by Artificial transpo∣sition (without addition, sub∣straction or change of any let∣ter) into different words, making some perfect sense ap∣pliable to the person named; As before Christ, in the time of Ptolomaeus Philadelphus King of Aegypt, whose name he thus Anagrammatized,
〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. Made of hony.
And upon Arsinoe his wife, thus, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.
〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. June's Violet.
Anagraph (anagraphe) a registring or recording of mat∣ters: an Inventory.
Analects (analecta) frag∣ments, scraps of meat or crums gathered together; and Me∣taphorically it is used for col∣lections or fragments of learn∣ing, gathered out of any Book or Author.
Analem (analemma) a Ma∣thematical Instrument, where∣by is found out the elevation Page [unnumbered] of any Planet, or the height of any other thing.
Analogism (analogismus) a forcible Argument, from the Cause to the Effect, implying an unanswerable necessity.
Analog•••(analogia) the just proportion, correspondence and measure, which the object or subject holds with true reason required therein: An Agreement, harmony or apt answering of the thing to the considerations proper thereunto. El. of Ar.
Analogous Analogical (analogicus) proportional, equal, resembling.
Analogists (analogistae) tu∣tors who are not bound to give account of those whom they have under tuition; as Guardians and protectors of Wards.
Analysis (Lat.) a resoluti∣on or unfolding of an intricate matter: or a resolving or di∣stribution of the whole into parts.
Analyze, to resolve or expli∣cate an intricate matter, &c.
Analytick, that which re∣solveth.
Ananias (Heb.) the grace of the Lord, or (as some will have it) Divinatio Domini.
Anapest (anapaestus) a foot in a Latin verse, consisting of two short syllables and one long, as, vâcûās.
Anapestick Verse (anapaesti∣cum) or Aristophanick, com∣monly used in Tragedies, hath three seet, an Anapaest, a Da∣ctyle and a Spondee, which are used in all parts of the verse indifferently, as,
Anapologetic (from the Gr. Anapologetos) inexcusable, or without excuse.
Anarchic (anarchicus) belonging to Anarchy, with∣out rule or government.
Anarchy (anarchia) when people are without a Prince or Ruler; lack of Govern∣ment, confusion.
Anarchism, the Doctrine, Positions or Art of those that teach Anarchy; also the being it self of the people without a Prince or Ruler.
Anathem (from the Gr. a∣nathema with an eta or é lon∣gum) an offering or gift given to an Idol, or to the Church, and hanged up in the Temple in testimony of devotion or thanksgiving.
Anathem (from anathema with an epsilon or è breve) a man that is accursed or given to the Devil by Excommuni∣cation; also execration or ex∣communication it self. Anathe∣ma Maranatha is one accursed for ever, or eternal execrati∣on, 1 Cor. 16. Anathema be∣longs to all obstinate scanda∣lous offenders, Anathema Ma∣ranatha, onely to blasphe∣mers of the Holy Ghost. Gal. 19. Rom. 9.2.
Anathematize (anathematizo) to excommunicate, to swear, curse, and give to the Devil.
Page [unnumbered]Anatiferous (from anas) that brings the disease or age of old women. Dr. Br.
Anatocism (anatocismus) a yearly revenue of usury, and taking interest for interest.
Anatomy (anatomia) the in∣cision or cutting up the body of man or beast, as Surgeons do to discover the substance, actions and use of every part.
Anatomical (anatomicus) be∣longing to, or skilful in that Art.
Anatomize, to cut up the body of man, &c. Ʋt supra.
Ancestor (antecessor) a fore∣runner. In Law there is a dif∣ference between Antecessor and Predecessor, the first is applied to a natural person, as J.S. & antecessores sui. The last to a Body Politique or Corporate, as, Rector de D. & Predecessores sui.
Anchoral (anchoralis) per∣taining to the Anchor or Cable.
Anchoresse, a religious wo∣man that lives solitarily in a Cell. Vide Anachorite.
Ancil (ancile) was a short Buckler or Scutcheon which was formed without corners, being rebated on each side in the fashion of a decressant or Moon in the last quarter. This Ancile (as they say) fell from Heaven into the hands of King Numa in time of a plague at Rome, and he being advertised by Egeria, that it was for the health of the City, and ought to be kept safe, caused eleven more to be made so like, as they could not be known from the pattern, which here∣by was preserved; the keep∣ing hereof was committed to the 12. Salii. Livy & Fern.
Andrew (Gr. Andreas) man∣ly or manful.
Androgynal (androgynus) pertaining to male and fe∣male, Hermaphroditical.
Androgyne (androgynus) he that is male and female, an Hermophrodite.
Anelate, a Faulchion or wood-knife, which I gather out of M. Par. p. 535. & 542.
Angelical (angelicus) of or like an Angel.
Anfractuosity. See Am∣fractuosity.
Angelot (Fr.) a kind of little Cheeses in France, so called.
Angle (angulus) a corner, nook, or secret place. It is al∣so a Geometrical term for a corner, included by two lines; of which there are three sorts, to wit, a right, an acute, and obtuse angle.
1. A Right Angle, is when the two lines meeting do frame a just square Angle of 90 de∣grees.
2. An Acute, is when the two lines inclose less then a square, thereby becoming more sharp, and therefore Acute.
3. An Obtuse Angle, is when the two lines include more then the square; making it thereby the more blunt and dull, and is therefore called Obtuse. Enchirid. of fortificat.
Page [unnumbered]Anglicism, the form or manner of speech proper to the English.
Angor (Lat.) anguish or grief either of body or mind.
Anguineous (anguineus) of or belonging to a Snake.
Angular (angularis) which hath angles or corners, crook∣ed.
Angularity; Fulness of Angles or corners; the being of a thing cornerwise.
Angust (angustus) strait, narrow, slender.
Anhelation (anhelatio) short∣ness of breath, difficulty of breathing, the Phthisique.
Anheled (anhelus) which breatheth with pain or diffi∣culty, puffed up, broken winded.
Anility Anity (anilitas) old age of women: dotage.
Animable (animabilis) that which may have life or soul.
Animadversion (animadver∣sio) an observing, considering or giving attention unto; also a punishment or correction.
Animal (Lat. ab anima) a living creature that hath sense, man or beast, sometimes we call a Block-head or dull-head an Animal. Animal spirit, See in Vital.
Animalillio (Span.) a little Animal.
Animality (animalitas) the essence or being of a living creature.
Animate (animo) to hearten or encouarge, to give life or inspire with life.
Animosity (animositas) live∣liness, courage, stoutness; also heart-burning or stomaching.
Annals (annales) brief histo∣ries or Chronicles of memo∣rable things done from year to year, properly spoken of acts done in former ages, not in present. Tacitus applies to Annals, matters of State; to Diaries, acts and accidents of a meaner nature.
Annalist, he that makes or writes such Annals or yearly Chronicles.
Annatian Law, was a Law among the Romans, first pro∣posed by L. Julius, a Tribune of the Commons, touching the year of the age requisite to sue for any publique Office, or to exercise the same. Livy.
Annats, First fruits paid of spiritual things; so called be∣cause the rate so paid, is also after one years profit. These Annats (says Pol. Virg.) began first at the Popes own Benefi∣ces, whereof he was Patron. But Clement the fifth generally decreed it in the year 1305. Bo∣niface the ninth, and John the 22th renewed that Decree.
Anne (Hebr. Hannah) gra∣cious or merciful.
Anneale, To paint upon glass, to annoint, or do any thing with oil.
Annicerians, a Sect of Phi∣losophers, which took name from Anniceris, Disciple to Paraebates.
Anniferous (annifer) that bears fruit all the year.
Page [unnumbered]Annihilate (annihilo) is the opposite to creation; as to create, is to make something of nothing, or to produce an effect without the help of pre∣cedent materials: so to anni∣hilate is utterly to destroy or to reduce something to its old nothing; and as to create is an action proper onely to God himself, so in like manner to annihilate is onely proper to Him, whereas other kinds of productions and corruptions are the ordinary effects of sublunary and second Causes.
Anniversary (anniversarius) that comes every year at a certain time, yearly, or from year to year.
Those were of old called An∣niversary days, whereon the martyrdom or death-days of Saints were celebrated yearly in the Church; or the days whereon at the years end, men were wont yearly to pray for the souls of their de∣ceased friends, according to the continued custom of Ro∣man Catholiques.
Annosity (annositas) old age, agedness.
Annotation (annotatio) a noting or marking.
Annual (annualis) of or belonging to the year, yearly or every year.
Annuity (annuus reditus) a yearly Rent to be paid for term of life or years, or in Fee. There are divers differences between a Rent and an An∣nuity, whereof the first is, that every Rent is going out of Land, and an Annuity goes out of no Land, but charges onely the person of the grant∣er, or his heirs, that have As∣sets by descent. The second dif∣ference is, that for the recovery of an Annuity, no Action lies, but onely the Writ of Annui∣ty against the Granter, his heirs or successors: but of a Rent the same Actions lie, as do of Land, as the case re∣quires. The third difference is, that an Annuity is never taken for Assets, because it is no Free-hold in Law, nor shall it be put in execution upon a Statute-Merchant, Statute-Staple, or Elegit, as a Rent may. Doctor and Student. Dial. 1. c. 3. and Dier fol. 345. num. 2. speaks also to this effect.
Annul (annihilo) to frustrate, make void or bring to nought.
Annulated (annulatus) that weareth Rings, ringed.
Annulet (annulus) a Ring, or any thing like a Ring.
Annunciate (annuncio) to declare unto, to bring news or a message.
Anodynes (anodyna) me∣dicines, which by provoking sleep, do asswage pains and grief.
Anoisance. See Nusance.
Anomaly (anomalia) inequa∣lity, irregularity, unlikeness.
Anomalous (anomalus) in∣equal, unlike, irregular.
Anonymal (anonymus) with∣out name, without Author.
Anopsy (Gr.) want of Page [unnumbered] sight, dimness of sight, dark∣ness of colour. Vul. Er.
Anorexy (anorexia) queasi∣ness of Stomack, want of ap∣petite.
Antagonist (antagonista) one that contends for mastery against another; an adversa∣ry or enemy.
Antarchy (Gr.) an opposi∣tion to Government.
Antartick Circle (antar∣cticus circulus) a Circle in the Heavens southwards towards the Antipodes, remote from our sight; so called because it is opposite to the Arctick Cir∣cle, and is 45 degrees distant from the Tropick of Capri∣corn. Heyl.
Antarctick Pole, the South Pole of the world.
Ante-acts (ante-acta) deeds done in former times, by-past actions.
Anteambulate (anteambulo) to go before, as Ushers do.
Antecedaneous, the same with Antecedent. Apol. for Learning.
Antecede (antecedo) to go before, to excell or surpass.
Antecedent (antecedens) that hath a Relative, that goes before or excels; In an Argument or discourse con∣sisting of two Propositions, which by Logicians is called an Enthymem, the first Pro∣sition is called the Antecedent, the other inferred out of the first, is called the Consequent.
Antecession (antecessio) a going before or excelling.
Antecursor (Lat.) one that runs or rides before, a fore∣runner.
Antediluvian (from ante and diluvies) before the de∣luge or the great flood. So Antideluvians, are people that lived before the flood.
Antefact (antefactum) a deed done before, a former action.
Antegenital (antegenitalis) born before, elder born.
Antegression (antegressus) a going before.
Anteloquy (anteloquium) a Preface, or the first place or turn in speaking: also a term which Stage-players use, by them called their Cue.
Antemeridian (antemeridi∣anus) before noon, or mid∣day.
Anteoccupation (anteoccu∣patio) a preventing, or seising first.
Antepone (antepono) to put or set before, to prefer.
Anterior (Lat.) that is be∣fore; the former.
Antevene (antevenio) to come before, to anticipate, or prevent
Anthemy. See Antiphon.
Anthime (anthimus) Anthine (anthinus) that is full of, or made of flowers, or of the hony-comb.
Anthology (Gr.) a speak∣ing or treating of flowers.
Anthologicks (anthologica) books that intreat of flowers or herbs.
Anthony (from the Gr. An∣thos,Page [unnumbered] a flower) flourishing.
Anthromancy (Gr.) divi∣nation by the raising of dead men. Cotgr.
Anthropology (Gr.) a speak∣ing or discoursing of men.
Anthropophagy (Gr.) a feeding on mans flesh; hence
Anthropophagize, to play the Canibal, to eat or feed on mans flesh.
Anthropopathy (Gr.) hu∣mane or mans passion.
Anthropomorphites (an∣thropomorphitae) a sect of simple Heretiques that began in Ae∣gypt about the year of Christ 395 in time of Pope Siricius, and of the Emperour Theodo∣sius the elder: their peculiar Doctrine was, that God had a body or corporeal shape, con∣sisting of head, neck, arms, &c. like a man; having their ap∣pellation from the Greek word 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, which sig∣nifies Man; they are also com∣monly called Vadiani or Audi∣ani, from their esteemed Fa∣ther or Author Auduus, a Syri∣an, that lived about the year 380. in time of Pope Damasus.
Antichrist (antichristus) an enemy or adversary to Christ. It is compounded of the Greek proposition Anti and Christus, which signifies contrary or a∣gainst Christ.
Antichambre (Fr.) any out∣ward chamber which is next or near the bed-chamber.
Anticipate (anticipo) to take before, to prevent, to forestall.
Antichronism (Gr.) a false or contrary computate of time.
Antidate (ab ante & datus) the dating a Letter or other writing before the time of making or writing it.
Antidicomarians, i. Maries adversaries, a sort of Hereticks, enemies to the blessed Virgin. Sir Tho. More.
Antidote (antidotum) a me∣dicine or preservative against venome or poison.
Antike work (ab antes, i. a prop or butteress) a work in painting or carving of divers shapes of Men, Birds, Flowers, Fishes, &c. imperfectly and disorderly mixt and made one out of another for delight sake.
To Antigonize, to play the Antigonus, who was a boun∣tiful King of Macedonia.
Antigraph (antigraphum) an example, a copy, a coun∣terpane.
Antigrapher (antigraphus) a Controller, Treasurer, he that keeps the accounts or money received to the Princes use, a maker or keeper of counter∣panes of Deeds.
Antilogy Antiloquy (antilogia) contradiction, gainsaying, or thwarting.
Antimetrical, contrary, or against the rule or order of meeter, or verse. Recl. Pap.
Antimony (antimonium) is a vein of the earth, like lead, howbeit it hath this difference from a mettal; a metal melts, Antimony is brayed, and will be burnt rather then molten; it is cold and dry in the third de∣gree, Page [unnumbered] and is used in Collyries for the eyes.
Antimonial, belonging to Antimony.
Antinomy (antinomia) the repugnance or contrariety be∣tween two Laws, or the con∣trarying of a Law. It was the custom in Athens to delegate five persons, to revise and ex∣amine every year the contrary-Titles of Law, which they call Antinomies, &c.
Antinomians (ab〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉con∣trà, &〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉lex, quasi ad∣versarii legis, adversaries to the Law) are a sort of Refor∣mists hatcht in Luthers days, about the year 1525. by a di∣sciple once of Luthers, called John, sir-named Islebius, a Husbandman (from the Town Islebium, where he and Lu∣ther were both born in the County of Mansfield in Ger∣many) The Tenets of that Sect are; That there are no Devils; That the men of the Gospel are not bound to do the good works of Gods Law, as being neither necessary, nor profitable; That whatso∣ever sins a man falls into, be they Whoredoms, Adulteries, Thefts, Rebellions, or what∣ever other, yet if he do but believe the promises of the Gospel, he is sure to be saved; with such other damnable points. This Heresie is still lurking in many corners of Christendom; one John Ea∣ton is said to have been the first professor of it in England.
Antipast, The first dish of a dinner, or meal; or some∣what eaten before meal, as Oysters, &c.
Antipathy (antipathia) a contrariety in nature, or natu∣ral repugnance; a contrariety in passions or inclinations, a disagreement of dispositions.
Antipathetical (anti and patheticus) of a contrary pas∣sion or nature.
Antiperistasis, a term used in Philosophy, when heat, be∣ing kept in by cold, waxes the stronger in it self; or cold kept in by heat grows more vehement: an encounter of contraries, or contrary cir∣cumstances.
Antipelargy (antipelargesis) the reciprocal love of children to their Parents, or (more ge∣nerally) any requital or mu∣tual kindness. Cotg.
Antiphrasse (antiphrasis) a figure, where a word hath a contrary meaning.
Antiphrastical, that hath or gives a contrary meaning to words.
Antiphone (antiphona) as Anthemn, a kind of Verse or Sentence, which Church-men sing by course, one singing one verse, and another another. Vox reciproca duobus choris al∣ternatim psallentibüs. A re∣sponsory song.
Antipileptical (Gr.) that is good against the falling-sickness; or which is contra∣ry to that disease. Dr. Br.
Antipodes (Gr.) people dwelling on the other side of Page [unnumbered] the earth with their feet di∣rectly against ours, so as a right line, drawn from the one to the other, passeth from North to South, through the Center of the world. These are distant 180 degrees, which is half the compass of the earth. They differ in all things as seasons of the year, length of days, rising and setting of the Sun, with the like. Plato is said to be the first Author of this word Antipodes.
Antipodal, belonging to the Antipodes, or to those peo∣ple that have their feet direct∣ly against ours. Br.
Antiprestigiation (antiprae∣stigiatio) a contrary jugling, the diversity or opposition of Legerdemain. Hist. of Goths.
Antiquary (antiquarius) one that searches, or is well skild in Antiquities, as Coyns, Histories, old words, &c.
Antiquate (antiquo) to bring into the antient manner or estate; to abrogate or make void.
Antique (antiquus) old, an∣cient, out of use.
Antistrophe (Gr. i. inversio) a figure in Rhetorique, when between two things that mu∣tually hang one on the other, there is an interchangeable conversion, As Servus Domini, Dominus servi.
Antisabbatarians, a sort of Hereticks, who would have no particular Sabbath at all, but every day to be a Sabbath to a Christian man.
Antithesis (Gr.) a Rheto∣rical figure, when contraries are opposed to contraries, as Spokes in a Wheel; a contra∣ry Position, opposition.
Antithets (antitheta) op∣posites, contraries.
Anti-Trinitarians, i. Ad∣versaries to the blessed Trini∣ty, who are more spoken of in Writers under the name of Trinitarians, which compre∣hends those Hereticks that reject the word Trinity, as not being found in Holy Scripture, and deny the number and di∣stinction of Three persons in the blessed Trinity. As the A∣rians, who denied him to be truly God, whom true be∣lievers call the Son of the E∣ternal Father, or the second person of the Blessed Trinity. Or as the Sabellians (having their name from their Author Sabellius an Egyptian, who lived Anno Christi 260.) who denied any difference or di∣stinction betwixt the Three persons, confounding the Three into One. Or as the Macedonians (so denominated from Macedonius a Bishop of Constantinople, living about the year of Christ 359.) who de∣nied the Holy Ghost to be God, or, as many other old condemned Hereticks, to whose opinions subscribed those in the last age, who are termed Deists, followers of one Gregorius Pauli a Mini∣ster of Cracovia in Poland a∣bout the year of Christ 1564, Page [unnumbered] who vented many blasphe∣mies against the blessed Tri∣nity; and divers others, as Lu∣dovicus Herser, Michael Serve∣tus, Campanus, with many of their Disciples in Germany, Hungary, Poland, and other places, where there are of them to this day.
Antitype Antitypie (antitypum) an example or co∣py, like or contrary to the pattern. L. Bac.
Antonians, an order of Re∣ligious persons, instituted a∣bout the year 324, by the Aegyptian Monk St. Anthony, who at the first sold his pos∣sessions, and distributed their worth among the poor, and afterwards betook himself to a most holy austere course of life, perpetually addicted to Prayer, Fasting, Watching, and other corporeal mortifi∣cations; teaching his Disci∣ples or followers to fight a∣gainst the Devil and his tem∣ptations with the sign of the Holy Cross; his life was writ∣ten by Athanasius, one of the Greek Fathers, who lived in his days.
Antonomastically, that is said or spoken by the figure Antonomasia, which is a put∣ting one name for another. Schism. disp.
Anxiety (anxietas) sorrow, anguish, heaviness.
Anxiferous (anxifer) bring∣ing sorrow, causing anguish.
Aonian, An Epithete for the Muses; from Aonia, a part of Boeotia, where there is a Well dedicated to them, who are thence called Aonides.
Apathy (apathia) a want∣ing of affection, the affection of the Stoicks, without pas∣sion, impassibility.
Apelles Table. See Table.
Apennage Appennage (Fr.) the portion of the Kings younger Sons in France, a childs part. They have in France a fundamental Law, which they call the Law of Appennages, whereby the Kings younger Sons cannot have partage with the elder. This Law was made by Char∣lemain, before whose time France was dividable into as many Kingdoms as the King had Sons. By this Law the younger (though sometimes they are content with yearly Pensions) are to be entituled to some Dutchy, and all the Profits and Rights thereto ap∣pertaining; all matters of re∣gality onely excepted, as Coinage, levying Taxes, and the like. It is derived from the German word Avanage, which signifies a portion. View of France.
Apellean (Apelleus) of or belonging to Apelles, an excel∣lent Painter.
Apepsy (apepsia) crudity, bad digestion or rawness of the stomach.
Aperture Apertion (from aperio) an opening, discovering, uncovering, or revealing. Sir H. Wot.
Page [unnumbered]Aperient (aperiens) open∣ing, discovering, revealing, dis∣closing. Bac.
Apertive (apertus) open∣ing; also open, clear, mani∣fest.
Apertly (apertè) plainly, openly, evidently. Bac.
Aphelium (Gr. aphelion) is the point wherein the Earth, or any other Planet is most distant from the Sun. Ric∣ciolus.
Aphetical (apheticus) pertaining to the Planet that is the disposer of life in a na∣tivity.
Aphorism (aphorismus) a short selected Sentence briefly expressing the properties of a thing; or which serves as a maxime or principle to guide a man to any knowledge, spe∣cially in Physick.
Aphoristical, pertaining to an Aphorism.
Aphrodite (Gr.) the Sir∣name of Venus.
Apian (apianus) belonging to Bees, sweet, or tasting like honey.
Apocalypse (apocalypsis) a divine Book written by St. John Evangelist, while he was banished in the Isle of Path∣mos; so called because it con∣tains many profound myste∣ries there revealed to him. The words genuine significa∣tion is, a revelation or vision.
Apocalyptical, belonging to the Apocalypse, or to a Vi∣sion or revelation.
Apocryphal (apocryphus) that which is hidden, un∣known or doubtful; whose original authority is not known; part of the Scripture so called, because it is doubt∣ed whether it be true Scri∣pture, or not certainly known to be so.
Apodictical (from apodixis) pertaining to a plain proof, or demonstration of a thing. Br.
Apogeon Apogee (apogaeum) a Shroud or Den under the earth; also a term in Astronomy, signifying the point in the Heaven, where any Planet is furthest from the centre of the Earth; the re∣motest point of an Epicycle. Rider.
Apograph (apographum) a copy written by a pattern; Also an Inventory of ones goods.
Apolactize (apolactizo) to kick or spurn with the heel, to despise.
Apollinean (Apollineus) of or belonging to Apollo the god of Musick, Physick, and Poetry, or to the Sun.
Apollyon (Gr.) signifies a destroyer; a name attributed to the Devil in the New Te∣stament, Apoc. 9.11. They had a King over them, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek Apollyon.
Apology Apologism (apologia) a defence or ex∣cuse, a speech or written an∣swer made in justification of any one.
Page [unnumbered]Apologetical Apological (apologeti∣cus) pertain∣ing to such a defence or ex∣cuse.
Apologize (apologizo) to make such a defence or ex∣cuse.
Apologue (apologus) a Fable or Tale, such as Aesops were, when bruit Beasts are feigned to speak, and which covertly teach lessons of good life.
Apomel (apomeli) a kinde of drink made of water and honey.
Apophlegmatism (apophleg∣matismus) a medicine to purge the Flegm.
Apoththegm (apophtheg∣ma) a brief and pithy speech or sentence of renowned per∣sonages.
Apopheret (apopheretum) a New-years Gift, a Pre∣sent.
Apoplectical (apoplecticus) pertaining to the Apoplexy.
Apoplexy (apoplexia) a ve∣ry dangerous disease, where∣in a man lies without sense or motion, as if he were dead, with his eyes closed, and great difficulty in fetching his breath; it comes for the most part of cold and gross flegma∣tick humors, oppressing the brain in such sort that the A∣nimal spirits cannot pass from thence into the sinews, as they were wont. It either causeth present death, or else ends in a dead Palsey.
Aporetique (from aporia) ever doubting, never certain in any thing, wanting coun∣sel.
Apostate (Apostata) he that revolts or falls from any thing he has undertaken to defend, as from true Religion. Juli∣anus the Emperor was most infamous for this crime, and therefore called Julian the Apostate.
Apostatize (apostato) to make defection by revolt, to rebel or fall away from his Religion, duty or purpose.
Hence comes Apostacy the Substantive, and Apostatical the Adjective.
Aposteme. See Impostume.
Apostle (Apostolus) one sent of a Message, a Messenger or Ambassador. Therefore the twelve whom Christ sent to preach the word of God, are properly called Apostles.
Apostolicks or Apostolians (Apostolici) a sort of He∣ticks that hold, 1. That many Christi∣ans in these days have more knowledge then the Apostles. 2. That there is a salvation to be revealed unknown to the Apostles themselves. 3. That God in a short time will raise up Apostles, men extraordina∣rily indued with visible infal∣lible gifts to preach the Go∣spel, &c. with other such er∣roneous Tenets.
Apostroph (apostrophus) a mark or comma, signifying the cutting off some vowel, as 'tis for it is, th' end, for the end, and the like; most used in Page [unnumbered] Poetry. It is also a figure, when we convert our speech from one matter or person to another.
Apostume (apostema) an Impostume, an unnatural swel∣ling of any corrupt matter in the body. See Impostume.
Apothegme. See Apophthegm.
Apotheke (apotheca) a place where any thing is laid to be kept, as a shop, ware-house, or store-house.
Apotomy (apotomia) a cut∣ting off; a Mathematical term.
Apozeme (apozema) a de∣coction, or medicine made of water with divers kindes of Spices and Herbs boiled toge∣ther, used instead of Syrrups; broth. Bac. Nat. Hist.
Apparell (Fr.) preparation, provision, ready making; It is an antient word used in the Accounts of the Inner Temple, and signifies that sum at the foot of an account, which the house remains in debt, or which remains charged on the house.
Apparitor (Lat.) a Serje∣ant, Beadle, or Sumner; but most commonly used for an inferior Officer that summon∣ed in Delinquents to a spiri∣tual Court.
Appeal (Fr. appel) is often used in our Common Law as in the Civil: which is a re∣moving of a cause from an in∣ferior Judge to a superior, as Appeal to Rome, Ann. 24. H. 8. c. 12. and 1 Eliz. c. 1. So St. Paul appealed from Festus to Caesar. And it is also common∣ly used for the private accusa∣tion of a murtherer, by a per∣son who had interest in the murthered party; or of any Felon, by one of his compli∣ces in the Fact. See more of this in Mr. Leighs Phil. Comm.
Appellation (appellatio) a calling or pronouncing an Appeal.
Appellative (appellativus) naming, mentioning or cal∣ling. Grammatically it is ta∣ken for common, opposite to proper; as this word homo, a man, is by the Grammarians called a Noun, or name appel∣lative, because common to all men; and this word Petrus, Pe∣ter, is a Noun or name proper to one individual person.
Appendant (appendens) is any thing belonging to ano∣ther, As Accessorium principali, with the Civilians, or Adjun∣ctum subjecto with the Logici∣ans. An Hospital may be ap∣pendant to a Manor. Fitzher. Nat. Br. fol. 142. Common of fishing appendant to a Free∣hold. Westm. 2. cap. 25. An. 13. Ed. 1.
Appennage. See Apennage.
Appenditious (appendicus) that depends on another, per¦taining to an Appendix.
Appendix (Lat) a hang-by, an addition, a Pent-house, label or any thing that de∣pends on another.
Appensor (Lat.) he that weighs or ponders.
Appetency (appetentia) ap∣petite, desire, lust.
Page [unnumbered]Appetible (appetibilis) to be or that may be desired.
Appetition (appetitio) an earnest desire, endeavour, or lust. Hist. of Philosophy.
Appian Way (Appia via) a notable street or High-way which leads from Rome to Ca∣pua in Campania, which Appius Claudius, in his Consulship, pa∣ved with stones and walled, and therefore took denomina∣tion from him; but was ex∣tended to Brundusium in Cala∣bria, by Julius Caesar and Tra∣jan. Of all others it seems to be the principal, by the testi∣mony of Papinias the Poet,
Applaud (applaudo) to shew joy or liking of a thing, by clapping the hands, or other sign of rejoycing, to allow or praise.
Applause (applausus) a clap∣ping the hands in token of joy or good liking of a thing.
Application (applicatio) a making any thing meet with another, an applying of one thing to another.
Applumbature (amplumba∣tura) a joyning or soldering with lead.
Apposite (appositus) put or set to, meet for the purpose, convenient.
Apposition (appositio) an adding or putting to, or toge∣ther.
Appostile (Fr.) an answer to a Petition, set down in the margent thereof, and gene∣rally any smal addition to a great discourse in writing. Cotgr.
Apprentice (Fr. Apprenti, and that from apprendre, to learn, whence their Apprenti∣sage, and our Apprentiship) is such a person, who serves a certain time (for the most part seven years) by pact, for the learning of any Art. In for∣mer time Barristers were cal∣led Apprentices to the Law. As appears by Mr. Seldens notes on Fortescu, p. 3. So the learned Plowden stiled him∣self; and Mr. Hen. Finch in his Nomotechnia writes himself Apprentice del Ley.
Appretiate (appretio) to e∣steem at an high rate or price.
Appretiation (appretiatio) an high valuing or estimation.
Appretiatively (appretiati∣vè) according to the price or value; It is usually contradi∣stinguished to intensively; As we may be said to love a Dog more then a Childe intensive∣ly, but not appretiatively.
Approperate (appropero) to hasten, to make speed to.
Appropinquation (appro∣pinquatio) an approaching or coming nigh unto.
Appropriation (appropria∣tio) a term in our Law when any Body corporate or private person hath the right, and converts the profit of an Ec∣clesiastical Page [unnumbered] Living to his or their own use, onely maintain∣ing a Vicar to serve the Cure.
To make an Appropriation, Licence must be obtained of the King in Chancery, and the consent of the Diocesan, Patron and Incumbent are ne∣cessary, if the Church be full; But if the Church be void, the Diocesan and the Patron, upon the Kings licence, may con∣clude it. Plowden in Grendons Case, fo. 496. b. & Seq. To dis∣solve an Appropriation, it is enough to present a Clerk to the Bishop; for, that once done, the Benefice returns to the former nature. Fitz. nat. br. fol. 35. F.
Approver (approbator) sig∣nifies in our Common Law, one that confessing Felony of himself, appeals or accuses another, one or more to be guilty of the same: and he is called so, because he must prove that which he hath al∣ledged in his appeal. Stanf. Pl. Cor. fo. 142. And that proof is by Battail, or by the Country at his election that appealed.
Appuyed (from the Fr. Appuyè) stayed, propped, sup∣ported or held up; also rest∣ed or leaned on.
Aprication (apricatio) a warming or heating in the Sun.
Apricity (apricitas) the warmth of the Sun in winter, Sun-shining, fair warm wea∣ther.
Aprique (apricus) warmed with the Sun, or that loves to be in the Sun-shine, sunny.
Aptitude (aptitudo) fitness, meetness, conveniency.
Aptote (aptotum) a noun without a case, indeclinable.
Apyrexie (Gr) the remit∣ting of a Feaver; or the sha∣king in the course of an Ague. Riverius.
Aqua Coelestis is rectified wine, being in some sort made like the heaven for subtilty and pureness. Chym. Dict.
Aquarius, or the Waterman; one of the twelve signs of the Zodiack, so called from the plenty of rain water, which we commonly have, when the Sun enters that sign. Min.
Aquatical (aquaticus) be∣longing to, living or breeding in the water.
Aquatile (aquitalis) that haunts or lives in the water.
Aquation (aquatio) a car∣rying, fetching, or providing water; also abundance of rain water.
Aqueduct (aquaeductus) a conduit or conveyance of wa∣ter by a pipe.
Aqueous (aqueus) waterish like to water. Vul. Er.
Aquiliferous (aquilifer) that bears the picture of an Eagle in his Ensign, such was the Roman Standard-bearer.
Aquiline (aquilinus) of or belonging to an Eagle.
Arabesque (Fr.) Rebesk work; branched work in painting or in Tapestry; or a Page [unnumbered] small and curious flourishing.
Arabian Bird, the Phenix, which the Country called A∣rabia in Asia, is said to bring forth.
Arabian stone, the stone called Corneol, being a kind of Onyx, and found in Arabia.
Arable (arabilis) that may be tilled or ploughed.
Araneous (araneous) ful of Spiders webs.
Aratrate (aratro) to till or plough, to stir or ear ground.
Arbitrary (arbitrarius) that which is voluntary or left to our own will or cen∣sure; belonging to arbitre∣ment.
Arbitratour (arbitrator) is an extraordinary Judge or Commissioner in one or more causes, between party and party, chosen by their mu∣tual consents. This Arbitre∣ment is either general, that is, including all Actions, Quar∣rels, Executions and De∣mands; or special, which is of one or more matters, facts, or things specified. The Civili∣ans (says Dr. Cowel) make a diffetence between Arbiter and Arbitrator; For though they both ground their pow∣er upon the comprimize of the parties, yet their liberty is divers. For Arbiter is tyed to proceed and judge accord∣ing to Law, with equity mingled: Arbitrator is per∣mitted wholly to his own discretion, without solemnity of process, or course of judge∣ment, to hear or determine the controversie committed to him, so it be juxta arbi∣trium boni viri.
Arborary (arborarius) of or belonging to Trees or Ar∣bours.
Arborist (from Arbor) he that hath skill in Trees, a woodman.
Arbustive or Arbustine (arbustinus) of or belonging to shurbs or young Trees, shrubby.
Arcabuz (Sp.) a kinde of hand-gun or Caliever.
Arcabuzier, one that serves with such a Gun in the wars.
Arcadian (arcadicus) be∣longing to the people or country of Arcadia, rustick, blockish, clownish.
Arcade (Fr.) an Arch or half a Circle. Merc. Ital.
Arcane (arcanus) hid, se∣cret, privy, unknown.
Arcenal. See Arsenal.
Arche (Gr. Archos) the first or chief; Hence
Archetype (archetypum) the first pattern or original Co∣py, the principal figure or example, whereby a thing is framed.
Arch Dapifer, a chief Sewer, and is the Title that belongs to the Count Palatine of the Rhene, under the Em∣peror.
Arch-Duke, as much as the first or principal Duke. This Title belongs onely to the House of Austria, divised by Page [unnumbered] the Emperor Fredrick to grace his Nephew Philip, when he was to marry Joan the Daughter of Spain. 2. part Treasury of Times.
Arch-Flamens, were a∣mong the Heathens, what Arch-Bishops or Arch-Priests are among Christians; the Heathenish Romans had three Arch-Flamens in Britain in King Lucius his time, whose seats were at London, York and Caerlion upon Ʋske, and 28 Flamens; to whose power other Judges were subject. These by Pope Eleutherius's Legat, were converted from Idolatry, &c. Hen. Hunting. Hist. lib. 1. and in Prolog. and Broughtous Eccles. Hist. fol. 273. See Flamen.
Archigrapher (archigra∣phus) the chief Secretary or principal Clerk.
Archiloquy (archiloquium) the first part or beginning of a speech.
Archimandrite (archiman∣drita) an Abbot, Prior, or chief of a Hermitage. Dr. Taylor.
Archimimick (archimimus) the principal Player or chief Jester.
Architect (architectus) the Master-builder, the chief work∣man in Architecture, the first inventer.
Architectonical (Gr.) of or belonging to a chief Master or Architect.
Architecture (architecture) the art of devising, framing, or drawing plots in building. It is written that this Science did begin in Cain, because he was the first that ever built a City, which he called by his Sons name Enoch, as appears Gen 4. This Art contains the condition of Carpentry, Ma∣sonry, Imagery, Goldsmithry, and whatever is to be wrought in either wood, stone, or met∣tals. 1. part Treas. of times.
Architrave (Architrabs) the Crown or Chapiter of a stone Pillar: The reason-piece or master-beam in buildings of Timber.
Archive (archivum) the place where antient Eviden∣ces, Charters and Records are kept; the Chancery or Ex∣chequer. L. Bac.
Arch-triumphant. See Tri∣umphant Arch.
Archon (Gr.) the chief Ma∣gistrate among the Athenians.
Archonticks (archontici) certain Hereticks who affirm∣ed the world to be the work of Princes, and denied the Resurrection. They took their name from Archon the first of that Sect, and began about the year of Christ 334. Rider.
Archytas Wooden Dove, (famoused by Agellius and o∣ther Authors) which by rea∣son of weights equally poised within the body, and a cer∣tain proportion of air (as the spirit of life) enclosed, slew cheerfully forth, as if it had been a living Dove. Compl. Gent.
Arcitenent (arcitenens, ab Page [unnumbered] arcum tenendo) which bears or shoots with a Bow.
Arctation (arctatio) a strait∣ning or making narrow.
Arctick Circle (arcticus Circulus, so called for that it is correspondent to the Circle in Heaven called the Bear, in Greek Arctos) is distant from the Tropick of Cancer 45 de∣grees, and passeth through Norway, Muscovy, Tartary, &c. Heyl.
Arctick Pole (Polus arcti∣cus) the North Pole of the world: for Arctick, of it self signifies northward or nor∣thern.
Arcuate (arcuatus) fashion∣ed like a bow or arch. Bac.
Arcubalist or Arbalist (arcubalista) a warlike en∣gine to cast or shoot darts or stones. Our Rich. 1. first shewed the use of this Engine to the French, and was shortly after slain by a shot thereof discharged by Bertram de Gurdon at the siedge of Chaluz in France. Cam.
Arcubuse. See Arcabuz.
Ardelion (ardelio) one full of gesture, a busie body, a meddler in all matters.
Ardour (ardor) ardent love, hot or fervent desire, parching heat.
Arduity (arduitas) height, steepness, difficulty.
Areatour (areator) a thresh∣er, or he that makes clean the floar.
Arefaction (arefactio) a making dry or withered. Bac.
Arefy (arefacio) to make or become dry, to wither.
Arenaceous (arenaceus) of or like sand, sandy. Dr. Br.
Arenated (arenatus) mixed with sand, sandy.
Areopagite (areopagita) Judges of Life and Death a∣mong the Athenians, institu∣ted by Solon; their custom was to use so much severity and integrity in judgment, that they heard all causes and matters in the night, to the end they might have no occa∣sion to regard the parties, but onely have their eye and re∣spect earnestly on the matter before them. They were cal∣led Areopagites from the Greek Areopagos, that is, Mars his street, a street in Athens so called, where they sate. St. Dionysius, converted to the Christian faith by St. Paul, was one of those Judges. Pol Virg.
Areopagy (areopagus) the Town where those Judges sate in Judicature.
Areopagetical, belonging to the Areopagi.
Aretaloger Aretalogon (aretalogus) one that brags or boasts of vertue in himself, a talking fellow, a lyer.
Arescation (from aresco) a drying or withering up. Felt.
Aretaphila (Gr. i.e. ama∣trix virtutis) a lover of, or friend to vertue; a womans name.
Aretine (aretinus) of or belonging to the City Areti∣um, now Arezzi in Italy.
Page [unnumbered]Argentanginy (argentangi∣na) the silver Squincy, when one for money feigns himself sick and not to speak.
Argentry Argent (Fr. from Ar∣gentum) silver, coyn, or money; in Heral∣dry it signifies the silver co∣lour, or white, which the Heralds hold to be the first and most excellent colour. And white (Plato saith) is the fittest colour for God; among the Planets it is compared to the Moon, and among preci∣ous stones to the Oriental Pearl. Min.
Argillous (argillosus) full of white clay, fat, fertile, clam∣my. Br.
Argonauts (argonautae) the worthies that went into Colchos to fetch the Golden-Fleece; so called of the ship Argo, in which they sailed; the chief of them were Ja∣son, Typhis, Castor, Pollux, Hercules and Theseus. Also taken for idle and lazy Ma∣riners.
Argonauticks, Books treat∣ing of Navigation or ship∣ping.
Argutious (argutus) sub∣tile, witty, of deep reach, full of words.
Arid (aridus) dry, barren, withered, unfruitful.
Aridate (arido) to make dry or barren.
Aridity (ariditas) driness or barrenness.
Aries (Lat.) a Ram; an Engine heretofore used in besieging Cities; so called be∣cause it had horns of Iron like a Rams-head, which batter'd the walls; or other∣wise, because they rushed a∣gainst the walls with it, as a Ram with his head, and back again. The form of which you may find in Marcellinus, l. 23. c. 3. Also the first sign of the Zodiack, so called, because when the Sun enters into that sign about mid-March, he be∣gins to beat with his beams upon the beginnings of the New-year as a Ram doth butt, or push with his horns. Du Bartas.
Arietine (arietinus) of or like a Ram.
Arietation (arietatio) a butting like a Ram; or a bat∣tering with the Engine called the Ram.
Ariolation (ariolatio) fore∣telling, soothsaying. Vul. Er.
Aristocracy (aristocratia) a kinde of Government in a Commonwealth, wherein the Nobles or better sort onely rule. Such is the Republique of Venice, which is governed by a Senate of Noble men.
Aristocratical, of or be∣longing to that kind of Go∣vernment.
Arithmetick (arithmetica) the art of numbering: It is written, that Abraham first taught this Art to the Egyp∣tians, and that afterwards Py∣thagoras did much increase it.
Arithmancy (Gr.) divina∣tion made by number, which Page [unnumbered] hath consideration and con∣templation of Angelical ver∣tues; of names, signacles, na∣tures, and conditions, both of Devils and other Crea∣tures.
Aritude, the same with Aridity.
Arke (arca) in holy Scri∣pture signifies two things. 1. The Ark made by Noah at the commandment of God, which was 300 Cubits long, (one foot and half to the Cu∣bit) 50 Cubits broad, and 30 high, Gen. 6. which sheweth (according to Butaeo) the whole concavity to have been 450000. The remnants of which, Josephus saith, were in his time to be seen.
2. It signifies a most preci∣ous and consecrated coffer, or chest called the Ark of Testa∣ment or Testimony, made of the wood Sethim, and plated within and without all over with gold: it had four cor∣ners, and in each corner a gol∣den Ring, thorow which were put bars of the same wood, covered likewise with gold, which served for the carriage of it; This Ark was two Cubits and a half long, one Cubit and a half broad, and one Cubit and a half deep, Exod. 25.30. in it was kept part of the Manna in a pot of gold, also the two Tables of the Law, and Aarons rod that had budded. Heb. 9.4.
Armada (Sp.) a great Ar∣my or Navy.
Armature (armatura) ar∣mor, or the use of weapons; the skill of bearing arms.
Armiferous (armifer) one that bears arms or weapons, warlike.
Armilet Armollet (armilla) a bracelet for the Arm.
Armillate (armillatus) which hath or weareth brace∣lets.
Arminians (so called from James Arminius a professor of Divinity at Leyden, who lived about the year 1605.) a sort of Hereticks, called also Re∣monstrants; that hold several erroneous opinions concern∣ing Predestination, the Re∣demption of man by Christs death, &c. And in some points agree with the ancient Pela∣gians. Heresiog.
Armipotent (armipotens) powerful in arms, valiant, cou∣ragious.
Armomancy (armomancia) Divination by the shoulders of beasts.
Armoniack (armoniacum) a gum issuing from the Cyreni∣an Ferula, or Fennel-gyant.
Armorick (Armorica) Brit∣tain in France so called, and the people of that Country are called Armoricans.
Arobe, a measure of Sugar among the Portuguese at Brazil, containing 25 of our English Bushels. Heyl.
Aromatick Aromatical (aromaticus) sweet of sa∣vour, odoriferous.
Page [unnumbered]Aromatization (aromatiza∣tio) among Physitians is defi∣ned to be an artificial manner of preparation, whereby me∣dicaments are made more odoriferous and suaveolent, to the better acceptation of the Palate and Heart, and the greater strength and ob∣lectation of the vital and ani∣mal faculties. Renodaeus.
Aromatize (aromatizo) to perfume, season, or annoint with sweet odors or spices.
Arpent (Fr.) an acre or furlong of ground; the most ordinary one called L' arpent de France, is 100 Perches square (or every way) after eighteen foot to the Perch. This word is found in Dooms day Book.
Arquebuse (Fr.) a Gun, somewhat bigger then a Mus∣ket, a Caliever.
Arquebusier (Fr.) that serveth with such a Gun.
Arquebusade (Fr.) a shot with a bullet of an Arquebuse.
Arraign, a Prisoner is said to be arraigned, when he is indicted and put to his Trial.
Arrearages (comes of the French Arrierages, i. reliqua) signifies the remainder of an account, or sum of mony re∣maining in the hands of an accountant; it is also used more generally for any mony un∣paid at the due time, as arrea∣rages of Rent.
Arreptitious (arreptitius) caught or tormented by a De∣vil; also he that steals or creeps in privily.
Arrest (Fr.) in the com∣mon signification it is well known for a seisure of, or Ex∣ecution served upon a mans person or goods; But we sometimes use it (as the French) for a Sentence, De∣cree, Order or final Judgment of a Court.
Arrianism, An antient and pestilent Heresie (hatched by one Arrius a Lybian born (but a Priest of Alexandria) who denied the Son to be consub∣stantial or of the same sub∣stance with God the Father, and asserted him a Creature made by God, capable of vice, &c. To beat down which Heresie, the first Council of Nice was called, the Nicen Creed made, and the Clause of one substance with the Father, proved to be consentaneous to the word. To subscribe the Decrees of this Council, Arrius was sent for by the Emperor Constantine; To whom he went, having writ∣ten his own heretical Tenets, which he hid in his bosom, and reading before the Empe∣ror the Decrees of the Coun∣cil, he wrote a Recantation of his heresie, swearing that he meant as he had written; which words the Emperor referred to the Recantation, but he to the paper of his own Tenets in his bosom: when he had taken this Oath, he went in triumph through the streets of the City, till a ne∣cessity of nature enforcing Page [unnumbered] him, he withdrew aside to a house of ease, where he void∣ed out his guts, and sent his Soul as a Harbinger to the De∣vil, to provide room for his body. Heyl.
This Heresie began about the year of Christ 315. in the time of Pope Silvester, and Con∣stantine the great Emperor; and notwithstanding, Arrius and his deceived complices, were excommunicated by their own Bishop Alexander, upon the first broaching of their Tenets, and that the He∣resie was condemned by the aforesaid Council of Nice; and thirdly, notwithstanding the aforesaid sudden and infamous death of the Author, the here∣sie died not with him, but did afterwards much spread it self (by the help of Constantine the Emperor) through all Chri∣stendom, but more in the East, then in the Western Church of God, nor is it to this day quite extinct, divers still adhering to it, especially in Transilvania and the bor∣dering Countries.
Arride (arrideo) to smile or look pleasantly upon, to shew a liking and consent by ge∣sture, to applaud.
Arrision (arisio) a smiling upon, an applause.
Arriva. See Reevo.
Arrogate (arrogo) to attri∣bute much to ones self, to boast, to claim more then is due, to presume.
Arrogancy (arrogantia) pride, presumption, haughtiness.
Arsenal (Fr. Arcenal, Ital. Arsenale) an Armory or store∣house of Armor, Artillery or ships.
The Venetians (saith Heylin) have an Arsenal, in which are kept 200 Galleys, nigh to which are houses stored with Masts, Sayls, and other Tack∣ling: so that they can speedi∣ly set out a great Navy.
Arsenick (arsenicum) a kind of gold colour called Orpine or Orpiment, others call it O∣ker: The natural one is of two sorts, the one red, the o∣ther yellow. Cotgr.
Arseverse (i averte ignem) a pretended spell written up∣on the door of an house, to keep it from burning. 'Tis a Tuscan word, quasi Arsurum averte.
Arseversie, Preposterously, perversly, the cart before the horse.
Artemisean Month, The month of May.
Artery (arteria) a sinew like a vein, a hollow vessel, in which the spirits of life mixed with blood do pass through the body. All these kinds of veins proceed from the heart, where the vital spi∣rits are made, and are those which pant or beat, called commonly the pulses. Bull.
Aorta (Gr) the great Artery, the root whereof is fastned to the little grisly bone which is in the heart; this is called the mother of all other Arteries.
Page [unnumbered]Axillar Artery (arteria axil∣laris) the Arm-hole Artery, or a left branch of the Aorta, from which it ascends ob∣liquely towards the Armhole, where, after it hath sent its branches to the higher ribs and other adjacent parts, it descends to the bought of the Cubit.
Carotick Artery (arteria ca∣rotica) issues from the Axillar, and is divided into two bran∣ches; the inward and greater, which goes unto the brain; the outward, which passes un∣to the Larinx, tongue, nose, eyes and Muscles of the Tem∣ples.
Cervical Artery (arteria cer∣vicalis) an Artery in the Nape or hinder part of the Neck, issues from the Sous-claviere, and goes thence from the Neck-bone to the brain.
Coeliaque Artery (arteria coe∣liaca) is a main branch of the great Artery, from which it descends to the Midriff and intrails.
Coronal Arteries, are two little branches of the great Artery, and led by it unto the left ventricle and broad end of the heart.
Crotaphique Artery (arteria crotaphica) is a great sinew near the Temples.
Crural Artery, is the Artery of the Thigh, among whose Muscles it divides it self.
Cubical Artery, is a branch of the Axillar.
Cystepatique Artery, is a branch of the Coeliaque, and goes to the Liver and Gall.
Diaphragmatique Artery, is∣sues from the trunk of the great Artery, and thence goes to the Diaphragma.
Epigastrick Artery, is a branch of the Iliack Artery; and distributes it self among the Muscles of the Epigastrum.
Gastripiploique Artery, is a branch of the Coeliaque, whence it goes to the Ven∣tricle and Epiploon.
Geminous Arteries; the twin Arteries, two smal ones which descend to the joynt of the knee, between the processes of the Thigh-bones.
Grand Artery. As Aorta.
Hypogastrick Artery, is a branch of the Iliack, and di∣stributes it self among the parts of the Hypogastrium.
Iliack Artery, is the descen∣dent branch of the great one.
Intercostal Arteries, are two; an upper, which bestows it self among the Muscles that are between the four highest ribs, and an under one, which goes to every Muscle, that is between the rest of the ribs.
Lumbarie Arteries, the Loin Arteries, issue from the Aorta unto all the parts of the loyns, giving life to the marrow of the back-bone, and sending as many branches to its joynts, as there be holes in it.
Mamillar Artery, the Pap Artery, issues from the trunk of the Aorta.
Mesenterique Arteries, are Page [unnumbered] two, an upper, which distri∣butes it self among the small guts, and an under one, which goes to the lower part of the Mesentery.
Plantar Arteries, are two branches of the Thigh-Arte∣rie (which they divide in the middle of the Leg) an in∣ward one, which descends to the joynt or setting on of the foot, and passing along the sole, ends in five branches, whereof two serve for the great Toe, two for the second Toe, and one for the middle Toe; the outward (as the in∣ner) ends also in five bran∣ches, two whereof it bestows on the little Toe, two on the next unto it, and one on the middle one.
Privy Artery, issues from the great Arteries descendent branch, and bestows it self a∣mong the privities.
Radial Artery, A second branch of the arm-hole Arte∣ry, whence it bestows it self on the Radius or the upper and greater bone of the Arm.
Renal Artery, the Kidney Artery, issues out of the Aorta, and enters into the Kidney, bringing to it the serosity of the arterial blood.
Sacred Artery, a branch of the great Arteries descendent branch, goes to the Marrow which is in the Os Sacrum.
Sous claviere Artery, the ascendent branch of the great Artery.
Spermatique Artery, goes from the body of the Aorta to the Testicles, and there joyns with the vein that governs those parts.
Splenitique Artery, is the grea∣test branch of the Coeliaque, whence it goes to the Spleen and therein ends.
Thorachique Artery, the Brest-Artery, issues out of the great Arteries ascendent branch, and goes to the anterior Mu∣scles of the Brest.
Venous or Veiny Artery, is one of the three principal ones of the body, issues from the left Ventricle of the heart and car∣ries blood from thence to the Lungs for their nourishment
Trachean or Trachian Artery▪ called also the pipe of the Lungs, is one of the three principal Arteries in the bo∣dy, and the instrument of breath and voice, it begins at the Larinx, and ends at the Lungs or Lights.
Arterial (arterialis) of or belonging to the Arteries.
Arterious (arteriosus) full of Arteries.
Arteriotomye (Gr.) an in∣cision or cutting of Arteries.
Arthritical (arthriticus) gouty, diseased in the joynts.
Artick. See Arctick
Arthur, a Latine name in Iuvenal drawn from the good∣ly fixed Star Arcturus, and that from Arctus, is the Bear, as Ʋisicinus among the Ro∣mans. The famous Arthur made this name first famous among the Britains. Cam.Page [unnumbered] But why may not Arthure be rather a Brittish word com∣posed of Art•, which signifies a Bear, and awr, signifying a man, Vir? So Arthur, quasi, a man that for his strength and terror may be called a Bear.
Articular (articularis) per∣taining to the joynts.
Articulate (articulo) to set down articles or conditions of agreement, to joynt or point.
Artifex (Lat. Subst.) a work∣man, a craftsman, a cunning artificer, a master of his Art.
Artilan or Artist (Fr.) idem.
Arvisian Vine, (so called from Arvis (now Amista) a mountain in the Island Sio, formerly called Chios, where it is made) one of the best sorts of Greek wine, thus praised by Virg. Eclog. 3.
The Arval Brothers or Fraternity (frates arvales) were twelve Priests among the old Romans, who (be∣sides the performance of pub∣lique Sacrifices) were ap∣pointed Arbitrators or Judges to decide controversies con∣cerning Land-marks, and bounds of the fields, whence they took their name. Godw.
Arundiferous (arundifer) that bears or brings forth Reeds or Canes.
Aruspicy (aruspicium or Haruspicium) a kinde of Di∣vination, when men (by opening and viewing the Bowels of Beasts killed for Sacrifice) undertook to fore∣tel things to come; and such persons were called Aruspices, ab aras inspiciendo.
Arythmancy. See Arith∣mancy.
Ascalonyte; Herod, so cal∣led because he was born at Ascalon, a Town in Jury.
Ascance, a beholding side∣ways, or looking on one side.
Ascendant (ascendens) or Horoscope, is the point of the Ecliptick, arising at some determinate moment of the natural day; in which the Infant is conceived or born; (so called from two Greek Nouns 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i. Hora, and 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, scopus) which is the scope to be aimed at; for the con∣dition of the whole life is be∣lieved to depend on that mo∣ment; and therefore that moment and point of the Ecliptick, is to be proposed Page [unnumbered] and established as the prin∣cipal scope level'd at in A∣strological consideration. Ric∣ciolus in his Almagesto Novo.
Ascentive (from ascendo) that ascends or climbs up.
Ascetike (from the Greek Ascetes, i. Monachus) pertain∣ing to a Monastery or place where people give themselves to Meditation or Payer. Sir Ken. Digby's Treatise of Bo∣dies.
Asclepiad (asclepias, adis) a kinde of verse consisting of a Spondee, a Choriambique, and two Dactyles.
Asia, One of the Four parts of the world, bounding towards the East, so called from Asia, Daughter to O∣ceanus and Thetis, wife to Ia∣petus, and mother to Prome∣theus; It stretches in length about five thousand and two hundred miles, and in breadth four thousand five hundred and sixty; wherein are con∣tained the several Regions of, 1. Anatolia, 2. Syria, 2. Pa∣lestina, 4. Armenia, 5. Arabia, 6. Media, 7. Assyria, 8. Mesopo∣tamia, 9. Persia, 10. Chaldaea, 11. Parthia, 12. Hircania, 13. Tartaria, 14. China, 15. India, 16. the Islands. This part of the world hath worn the Gar∣land of super-eminency.
1. Because here man was created, and put to Till the Land.
2. Here our Saviour Christ was born, wrought his Divine Miracles, and suffered on the Cross for our salvation.
3. Here were done the acti∣ons memorized by the Holy Pen-men of the Old and New-Testament.
4. Here were the first Mo∣narchies of the Babylonians, Assyrians, Persians and Medes.
5. This is the common mo∣ther of us all, from whence as from the Trojan horse, in∣numerable Troops of men issued to people the other parts of the uninhabited world. Heyl.
Asiatick (Asiaticus) per∣taining to Asia.
Asinine (asininus) of or be∣longing to an Ass.
Asmatographers (asmato∣graphi) they who sel or make Songs, or Lessons for any in∣struments.
Asmodius (Gr.) the Feind of Lechery, or Spirit of Car∣nality; Also the name of the Devil, that killed the seven Husbands of Sara the Daugh∣ter of Raguel, mentioned in the third Chapter of Toby. Holy Court.
Asotu, Intemperate, in∣continent, prodigal. Hence perhaps 'tis we call a Drunk∣ard a Sot.
Aspect (aspectus) behold∣ing or viewing, sight, presence or beauty.
In Astronomy it signifies the distance between the Pla∣nets Page [unnumbered] and heavenly signs: and there are four such Aspects. The first called, a Trine Aspect (because it divides the Hea∣vens into three even parts) is the distance of four signs from each other; as Aries beholds Leo and Sagittarius with a Trine Aspect, because these are distant four signs, the one before, the other after A∣ries. The second called a Quar∣tile, is the distance of three signs, as Aries beholds Cancer and Capricorn with a Quartile Aspect, because they are distant three signs from him. The third called a Sextile Aspect, is the distance of two signs, as Aries beholds Gemini and A∣quarius with this Sextile A∣spect, being but two signs di∣stant from them. The fourth, called an Opposite Aspect, is the farthest distant that can be, namely a distance of six signs asunder; As Aries beholds Libra with this Opposite A∣spect, and Libra beholds Aries with the same. The like is of all the other Signs or Planets placed in them. For example, Taurus beholds Cancer and Pisces, with a Sextile; Leo and Aquarius with a Quartile, Virgo and Capricorn with a Trine, and Scorpio with an Op∣posite Aspect. The distance of one or five Signs is not called an Aspect.
Aspectable (aspectabilis) worthy the beholding, or looking on; visible, that may be seen.
Asper, A sort of foreign Coyn, of our money about five farthings; others say, ten Aspers make but six pence.
Asperate (aspero) to make sharp, rough, eager, or angry, to make more grievous.
Asperity (asperitas) sharp∣ness, harshness, unpleasant∣ness, rudeness of manners.
Aspernate (asperno) to con∣temn, reject, set light by, or abhor.
Aspersion (aspersio) a be∣sprinkling, wetting or bedew∣ing; and by Metaphor, infa∣my or slander.
Asphaltick, Of or belong∣ing to the dead Sea, or Lake called Asphaltites, nigh which once stood the infamous Ci∣ties of Sodom and Gomorrha. This Lake has such a bitumi∣nous or sulphry strong smell, that no living thing can en∣dure it. Rel. Med.
Aspirate or Aspiration (aspiratio) a breathing, a∣spiring or influence; also the pronouncing a syllable with some more force of breath then ordinary, as we do those that have the Letter H, as have, her, homo, hamus, &c. contrary to which pronunci∣ation is that which has no∣thing of the sound of H, as are, ear, amo, onus, &c.
Asportation (asportatio) a carrying or conveying away, a transporting.
Assart (Fr. Essarter) to glade or make glades in a wood; also to grub up or Page [unnumbered] clear a ground of bushes, shrubs, &c. or to lop off the boughs of a Tree. Assart is taken for an offence commit∣ted in the Forest, by plucking up those woods by the roots, that are Thickets or Coverts of the Forest, and by making them plain, as arable land. Manwoods For. Law. But if a man sue out a Licence to assart his grounds in the Forest, and to make it several for Tillage, then it is no offence. Cow.
Assassine (Ital. Assassino) a Thief, a Cut-throat, a Mur∣derer; one that kills another for gain or upon hope or pro∣mise of reward; such a one was he, who murthered the Count of Tripolis in the wars for the Holy Land; and such a one was he, who so despe∣rately wounded our Edw. 1. at the siege of Ptolemais or A∣con. Heyl.
Assassinate (from the Ital. Assassinare) to murther and rob together.
Assation (assatio) a roasting; in Physick, it signifies the coction of medicaments in their own juice.
Assault. See Affray.
Assectation (assectation) an accompanying, following or observing.
Assentation (assentatio) a flattering, soothing or dis∣sembling.
Assertion (assertio) an affir∣mation or avouching; a pro∣curing of ones liberty.
Assessor (Lat.) a Councel∣lor, a Judge lateral, an assist∣ant, one that is associate in Office and Authority to ano∣ther. It is an Officer in an Assembly of Presbyterian Di∣vines, whereof there are two at the least.
Assestrix (Lat.) a woman which is assistant or sits by a∣nother; a Midwife.
Assets (from the French Assez, i. satis) signifies in our Common Law, goods enough to discharge that burden, which is cast upon the Execu∣tor or Heir, in satisfying the Testators or Ancestors Debts or Legacies. See Brook, titu∣lo, Assets per discent: By whom you shall learn, that whoso∣ever pleads Assets, saith no∣thing, but that he against whom he pleads, hath enough descended or come into his hands, to discharge that which is in demand. The Author of the new Terms of Law makes two sorts of Assets. Viz. Assets par discent, and enter mains, the former being to be alledged against an heir, the other a∣gainst an Executor or Admi∣nistrator.
Asseveration (asseveratio) an earnest affirming or a∣vouching.
Assideans, it is controver∣ted whether they were Pha∣risees or Essenes, or what they were; but see Moses and Aa∣ron. p. 33.
Assiduity (assiduitas) di∣ligence without ceasing, con∣tinual attendance, uninter∣mitted Page [unnumbered] sollicitation.
Assiduous (assiduus) daily, continual, diligent, approved, always at hand.
Assignation Assignment (assignatio) an appoint∣ment or distribution, the pas∣sing a thing over to another.
Assignee (assignatus) is he that is appointed or deputed by another to do any act, or perform any business, or en∣joy any commodity. And an Assignee may be either in Deed, or in Law. Assignee in Deed, is he that is appointed by a person: an Assignee in Law, is he whom the Law so makes, without any appointment of the person. Dyer fol. 6. num. 5. Perkins Tit. Grants, saith, that an Assignee is he that useth or enjoys a thing in his own right, and Deputy he that doth it in the right of another.
Assimilate (assimilo) to liken, resemble or compare.
Assimulate (assimulo) to feign a thing, to counterfeit, to represent, to set a good face on the matter.
Assize (from the Norman word Assize, and that deri∣ved from the Fr. asseoire, i. collocare) is a word diversly used in our Common Law. Littleton, in the Chapter of Rents, saith it is aequivocal, and sets down three significations of it; one as it is taken for a Writ; another as it is used for a Jury; the third as for an Ordinance.
But concerning the General Assizes, take thus much out of Sir Fra. Bacons use of the Law; all the Counties of this Realm (saith he) are divided into six Circuits, and two learn∣ed men are assigned by the Kings Commission to every Circuit, and to ride twice a year through those Shires al∣lotted to that Circuit; these we call Justices or Judges of Assize, who have five seve∣ral Commissions by which they sit. The first is a Com∣mission of Oyer and Terminer, directed to them and many others of the best account in their Circuits; but in this Commission the Judges of As∣size are of the Quorum, so as without them there can be no proceeding. This Com∣mission gives them power to deal with Treasons, Murders and all manner of Felonies and Misdemeanors whatsoe∣ver, and this is the largest Commission they have. The second is a Commission of Goal delivery. That is one∣ly to the Judges themselves, and the Clerk of the Assize as∣sociate: and by this Commis∣sion they are to deal with every prisoner in the Goal, for what offence soever he be there. The third Commission is directed to themselves only and the Clerk of Assize to take Assizes, by which they are called Justices of Assize; and the office of these Justices is to do right upon Writs cal∣led Assise, brought before them Page [unnumbered] by such as are wronfully thrust out of their Lands. The fourth Commission is to take Nisi Prius directed to none but to the Judges themselves and their Clerks of Assizes, by which they are called Justices of Nisi Prius. The fifth is a Commission of Peace in every County of their Circuit. And all the Justices of the Peace having no lawful impediment, are bound to be present at the Assizes to attend the Judges as occasion shall fall out: if any make default, the Judges may set a Fine upon him at their pleasure and discretions: The Sheriff of every Shire is also to attend in person, or by a sufficient Deputy allowed by the Judges, who may fine him if he fail, &c. See more of this in the Ʋse of the Law, fol. 13. usque ad 21.
Associate (associo) to accom∣pany, to joyn in Office, to make fit; to make ones self companion with another.
Assonate (assono) to sound together, to answer by sound.
Assuefaction (assuefactio) a teaching or attaining by use, enurement.
Assuete (assuetus) accustom∣ed, practised, enured, exerci∣sed by long continuance.
Assuetude (assuetudo) custom, use, continuance, usage.
Assumpsit (the third per∣son of the Preterfect Tense of the Verb assumo, i.e. to take to or upon ones self) is a voluntary promise made by word, whereby a man assumes or takes upon him to perform or pay any thing to another. This word con∣tains any Verbal Promise made upon consideration; for a promise without conside∣ration will not in Law bind to performance, but is cal∣led, nudum pactum ex quo non oritur actio.
Assumption (assumptio) a taking to, or upon, a lifting up, an attributing: Also the Minor Proposition in a Syllo∣gism; As
Whatsoever is due by the Law of Nature, cannot be altered.
But Allegeance and Obe∣dience of the Subject to the Supreme Power, is due by the Law of Na∣ture:
Ergo, it cannot be altered.
The first part of this Syllo∣gism is called the Major; the second, beginning with But, is the Assumption or Minor, and Ergo, makes the Conclu∣sion.
Assumptive (assumptivus) that takes to himself or pro∣mises, or that is lifted up.
Asterisque (Asteriscus) a lit∣tle Star, also a figure in wri∣ting in form of a star (*) shewing want of something, or somewhat to be noted.
Asterism (asterismus) a con∣stellation or imaginary form of fixed stars.
Asthma (Gr.) a difficulty Page [unnumbered] of breathing, a disease when ones breath is hindred by some humor.
Asthmatical (asthmaticus) belonging to that disease, short-winded, pursey.
Astipulation (astipulatio) an assent, agreement, affirma∣tion, or avowing a thing.
Astism (astismus) a kind of civil jest, without prejudice or anger.
Astrea, Justice; so called of Astraeus, a most just Prince. Sands.
Astragal (astragalus) a term of Architecture, and is (ac∣cording to Vitruvius, an an∣cient and famous Author thereof) a ring or writhen circle to deck or adorn the neck of a column, and is there∣fore transferred to the canon, agreeing somewhat in shape with the Column or Pillar. Enchirid. of Fort.
Astragalize (astragalizo) to make or use Astragals: also to play at Dice, Huckle-bones or Tables.
Astriction (astrictio) a knitting, binding, or fasten∣ing to, or together.
Astrictive Astringent (astrictivus) which hath power to bind or knit unto.
Astriferous (astrifer) that beareth stars, an Epithete most proper for the Heavens or Sky.
To Astringe (astringo) to bind fast, to joyn together, to strain, to tie, to knit. Bac.
Astroarch (Gr.) the Queen of the Planets, the Moon.
Astrolabe (astrolabium) a flat-round instrument, where∣by Astronomers gather the motion and distance of hea∣venly bodies, and whereby the length, height, and breadth of any other thing may be discerned and found out.
Astrology (astrologia) is a Science which tells the Rea∣sons of the Stars and Planets motions. Astrology (says Dr. Bullokar) doth promise by the motion and influence of Stars and Planets to foretel things to come; or (as my Lo. Bac. says) it professeth to discover the influence and domination of the superior Globe over the inferior; and therefore may be termed a kind of na∣tural divination, so long as it keeps it self in due limits, and arrogates not too much to its certainty; into which excess if it once break forth, it can then be no longer called natu∣ral Divination, but superstiti∣ous and wicked; for the Stars may incline, but not impose a necessity in particular things.
Astrological, pertaining to Astrology.
Astrologer (astrologus) he that is well skilled in Astrolo∣gy, or discourseth of the va∣riety of constellations, plane∣tical Aspects, disposing of the Houses; and by these and their dispositions, conjectures of fu∣ture occurrences.
Astronomy (astronomia) a Page [unnumbered] Science that teacheth the knowledge of the course of the Planets, Stars and other celestial motions. This Art seems to be very antient; for Josephus lib. 1. Antiq. writes that the Sons of Seth, Grand∣children to Adam, first found it out; who hearing Adam foretel the universal Flood which should shortly drown the world, they thereupon erected two great Pillars, en∣graving in them the Princi∣ples of Astronomy, the one of which pillars was of brick, the other of stone, that in case the water should wash away the brick, yet the stone might preserve the knowledge here∣of for posterity. Bull. These Pillars were called Enoch, or Enos Pillars. Zoroastes the first King of Bactria (who reigned in the time of the Assyrian Mo∣narch Ninus.) is said to have notably augmented or per∣fected this Science.
Astronomical, belonging to Astronomy.
Astronomer (astronomus) is he who (as Heylin describes him) searcheth the reason of the variety of heavenly moti∣ons, the diversity of circles, asterisms, risings and settings of Stars and the like.
Astute (astutus) crafty, cun∣ning, subtile, malicious.
Asyle (Asylum) a Sanctua∣ry, a defence or place of re∣fuge for offenders. Mont. See Sanctuary.
Asymbolike (asymbolus) that pays nothing of the shot or reckoning, scot-free.
Asymphony (asymphonia) a disorder in descant, a disa∣greeing.
Achievment (Fr. Acheve∣ment) the performance or ac∣complishment of any gallant exploit, a bringing to per∣fection; Also a term of He∣raldry, signifying the Arms of any Gentleman, set out fully, with all that belongs to it; viz. the Supporters, Hel∣met, Wreath, and Creast, with Mantles and Words; such as is hung out on the front of a House of any person of qua∣lity after his death.
Atheism (Gr.) the dam∣nable doctrine and opinion of the Atheists, infidelity, the denying of, or not beleiving in God.
Atheist (from the Gr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. i.e. Sine Deo, godless) he that believes there is no God or rule of Religion, and that the Soul dies with the body.
Athletike Athletical (athleticus) skilful in the art of wrestling, active.
Atlantick Sea. i. The Me∣diterranean Sea, or a part thereof, lying westward, so named from Mount Atlas in Mauritania.
Atmosphere (Gr.) the Sphear of vapors, or the se∣cond Region, being as high in the Air, as the Sun carries any vapors.
Atome (atomus) a mote flying in the sun-beams; the Page [unnumbered] least moment of time, or any thing so small that it cannot be made less.
Atramental Atramentous (atramen∣talis) be∣longing to ink, or black as ink. Vul. Er.
Atrabilarie (atra bilis) that is subject to or troubled with black Choler or melancholy.
Atrate (atratus) made black, one cloathed in black.
Atrocity (atrocitas) cruelty, fierceness, outragiousness.
Atrophy (atrophia) a con∣sumption, that comes by a fearful eating too little, or greedy devouring too much; want of nourishment.
Attacted (attactus) touched, or briefly handled.
Attainder, from the Fr. Attaindre, i. to attain unto, o∣vertake, catch, or touch, from the Latin attingere, because he that is attainted, is as it were, catched, overtaken and plainly deprehended: for Attainder is a conviction of any person of a crime or fault, whereof he was not convict before: As if a man have committed Felony or Trea∣son, &c. and is thereof in∣dicted, arraigned, found guilty, and hath judgement, then he is said to have an At∣tainder sued upon him, or he is attainted.
Attaque (Fr.) an assault, encounter, skirmish, fight; a violent meeting of two Armies or Enemies. Sir H.B. Voyage into the Levant.
Attemperate (attempero) to make fit or meet, to aim right.
Attenuate (attenuo) to make thin or slender, to diminish or make less.
Attentate (attento) to at∣tempt, assay, or prove, also u∣sed substantively.
Attestation (attestatio) a witnessing, affirming, or testi∣mony.
Atticism (Atticismus) a phrase or manner of speech of the Athenians: an elegan∣cy of speech.
Attiguous (attiguus) joyn∣ing or touching, by or near unto.
Attinge (attingo) to touch lightly or softly; to mention or handle briefly, to reach to, to arrive or come to.
Attique or Attick (Atticus) pertaining to the Country of Athens, Elegant. Attick Faith, is most firm Faithfulness in keeping promise.
Attr•r•d (from the Lat. Ti∣ara, which is an ornament for the heads of the Persian Kings, Priests, and women) a term used among Heraulds, when they have occasion to speak of the horns of a Buck or Stag.
Attone (from ad and to∣nus) to bring into tune or har∣mony; to make a consort or agreement, which we also call an Attonement.
Attournment (from the Fr. tournér. i.e. to turn) is in our Common Law a yielding of Page [unnumbered] the Tenant to a new Lord, or an acknowledgement of him to be his Lord (which we usually call to turn Te∣nant) for otherwise he that buyes or obtains any Lands or Tenements of another which are in the occupation of a third, cannot get possession; yet see the Stat. 27. H. 8. c. 16. The words used in attournment are set down in Littleton: I a∣gree to the Grant made to you, &c. But the more common attournment is to say, Sir, I at∣tourn to you by force of the same Grant: or, I become your Te∣nant, &c. or else deliver to the Grantee a penny, half penny or farthing by way of Attourn∣ment. Lit. l. 3. ca. Attournment. whom you may read more at large.
Attournment may be made to the Lord himself or to his Steward in Court. Kitch. fo. 70.
Attraction (attractio) a drawing or pulling unto, a bait or allurement.
Attract (from the Fr. At∣traict) the same. Cressy.
Attractation (attrectatio) a soft and often handling, or touching, a feeling or medling with.
Attribute Attribution (attributio) an assign∣ment, delivery or giving unto: also a fit term or title applied to any thing.
Attrition (attritio) a rub∣bing, wearing, washing or striking against: In divinity, it is Metaphorically used for that sorrow which a sinner hath for his sins, not being founded principally on the love of God above all things, but in the fear of the pains of Hell, or in the consideration of the foulness of sin, or in some other like thing. It is also called imperfect Contri∣tion.
Attrite (attritus) worn, wasted, or fretted: or that hath that kind of sorrow a∣bove-mentioned.
Avarice (avaritia) covetous∣ness or greediness, inordinate desire of money, &c.
Auctifical (auctificus) that makes an encrease or augmen∣tation.
Auctive (auctivus) encrea∣sing, causing growth.
Auctor (Lat.) he that en∣creaseth or augments; an au∣thor or first inventor.
Aucupation (aucupatio) birding or fowling: also gain, advantage.
Audacity (audacitas) rash∣ness, boldness, fool-hardiness, sauciness.
Audible (audibilis) that may be heard, understood or perceived.
Audience (audientia) the sence of hearing, listning; sometime it signifies an assem∣bly of people hearkening to something spoken: and when an Embassador delivers his Embassy to a King, we call it, Giving him audience.
Auditor (Lat.) one that Page [unnumbered] hearkens; But in the com∣mon acceptation it is an Of∣ficer to some great personage who does yearly (by exa∣mining the accounts of all Under-officers accountable) make up a general book, that shews the difference between their receipts and their al∣lowances, commonly called allocations; As namely, the Auditors of the Exchequer take the Accounts of those Receivers, which receive the revenues of the Augmentati∣on, as also of the Sheriffs, Escheators, Collectors, and Customers, and set them down and perfect them. See Stat. 33 H. 8. cap. 33.
Avenage (Fr.) a certain quantity of Oats paid to a Landlord in lieu of fome other duties. Cotgr.
Avenue (Fr. advenue) is the space that is left for pas∣sage to and fro, in and out, a Camp, a Garison, or Quarter, when the place is either for∣tified with a Line of Commu∣nication or Barricado's; an access, passage, or entry into a place.
Average (averagium) sig∣nifies service which the Te∣nant owes the Lord by horse or carriage of horse. It is al∣so used for a certain Contri∣bution that Merchants and others proportionably make towards their losses, who have their goods cast into the Sea, for the safeguard of the Ship or of the Goods and Lives of those in the Ship, in time of tempest: And this con∣tribution seemes to bee so called, because it is propor∣tioned after the rate of every mans average or goods carri∣ed.
Averdupois, See Avoir du pois, and see Weights.
Avery is the place where Oats or Provender for Horses is kept; From the Saxon and Belgick Haver, i. Oats, because Oats are the com∣mon Provender for Horses. Min.
Aver (from the Fr. averèr) to justifie, avouch or main∣tain.
Averment, a term in Law, when a Defendant offers to make good or justifie an Ex∣ception pleaded in abatement or bar of the Plaintiffs act. New terms of Law. But Cowel rather thinks it should signifie the act then the offer of justi∣fying the Exception; whom vide.
Avernian Avernal (avernalis) be∣longing to the Lake Avernus, or to Hell.
Avernus, A Lake not far from the City Cuma in terra di lavoro, anciently called Campania in Italy, the stink whereof killed birds as they flew over it: It was dedi∣cated to Pluto, and is usually taken for Hell. Of which, thus Virgil, Aen. l. 6.
You may read more of A∣vernus in Sands his Tra∣vels, fol. 280.
Averpenny (quasi average-penny) is money contributed towards the Kings Averages. Rastal.
Averruncation (averrunca∣tio) a scraping or cutting off, as men do Vines, a weeding or taking away, an ap∣peasing. Gr.
Aversion (aversio) a turn∣ing or driving away, a hating or disliking.
Augmentation (augmenta∣tio) increase. The Court of Augmentation was erected 27 H. 8. as appears by chap. 27. of that years Parl. It was so called from the augmentation or increase of the Revenues of the Crown by the suppres∣sion of Abbies and Religious houses; And the Court was ordained, that the King might be justly dealt with, touching the profits of such Religious houses. Cow. For Augmen∣tations to Preaching Ministers, See Acts 1649, 31. 1650, 5, 13. 1654, 49.
Augrime (algorithmus) skil in accounting or numbring.
Augury (augurium) a divi∣nation, foretelling or Sooth-saying of things to come, by the chirping, flying, voyces or sitting of Birds: The Pro∣fessors whereof (called Au∣gures) were of great account among the Heathen Romans, insomuch that there was a Colledge of them in the City, neither would the Romans undertake any publick mat∣ter of importance without asking their assent. But the vanity thereof was well de∣rided by a wise Jew, named Mossolamus, as Josephus writes: For an Augur in the Wars once requiring that the Army which was then marching might stand still a while, till he took observation of a Bird, thereby to foreknow the suc∣cess of that Expedition, this Jew (whilst the Augur was busie in his art) shot at the bird with an arrow, and by chance killed her; whereat the Augur and others being highly offended; Are you so foolish (quoth the Jew) to imagine this poor Bird can Page [unnumbered] tell what will happen to us, that could not foresee her own death so near at hand? They were called Augures, ab avium garritu, from the chirp∣ing and chattering of Birds. The Egyptians were the first inventers of this Diabolical su∣perstition.
Augurize (auguro) to di∣vine, prophecy, foretel or conjecture at things to come by the aforesaid vain observa∣tions.
Augures-staf, was a crook∣ed wand, which the Augures held in their hand, when they made their divination. &c. The ceremonies whereof, and the words of Augury, you may read in the first part of the Treasury of times, p. 184.
August (augustus) taken adjectively signifies Royal, Majestical, Imperial, Sacred; It is a common name of the Emperors among the Latins (as Pharao was of the Kings of Egypt) since Octavius Au∣gustus his time, who was the second Emperor of the Ro∣mans. In the 41 or 42 year of his reign was born our Savi∣our Jesus Christ. August also is the name of the Sextile or sixth moneth from March; which took denomination from the aforesaid Emperor Augustus, because that month he entered into his Consulship, brought Triumphs into Rome, and conquered Egypt.
Augustals (augustalia) Playes in honor of Augustus.
Augustan Confession (Au∣gustana Confessio) the Prote∣stant Confession of Faith, so called from the City Ausburgh in Germany, where at a Ge∣neral Diet, appointed the eighth of April 1530. this Confession was presented by the Duke of Saxony and some others to the Emperor Charls the Fifth, &c. Herb. H. 8.
Augustine, by the termi∣nation of the word is a dimi∣nutive from Augustus, out of which it may be properly Englished little Augustus; It is the proper name of divers men, usually contracted in English into Austin, whereof the most renowned was St. Austin, Bishop of Hippo in A∣frick, one of the antient Fa∣thers of the Church, a man of a most profound wit and learning, and of a most holy and religious life, after he was converted by St. Ambrose to Catholick Religion, from the Manichaean Heresie.
Augustine, or Austin-Friers, are those that observe the a¦foresaid St. Austins institute of life; they live in common, serving God day and night, tied by the vows of Poverty, Chastity and Obedience; of which holy Institute and Vows was Dr. Martin Luther, before he became a Reformer.
Answering Augustines, is a phrase used in Oxford where there was a Monastry of these Augustines, who were so emi∣nent for their abilities in dis∣puting, Page [unnumbered] that the University did by a particular Statute, impose it as an exercise upon all those that were to proceed Masters of Art, that they should first be disputed upon by the Augusten-Friars; which old Statute is still in force, produced at this day for an e∣quivalent exercise. Mr. Ful∣lers Ch. Hist.
Augustinians (not taking name from St. Austin, the Fa∣ther & Doctor of the Church, but from one Augustine a late Bohemian) are a branch of those Reformers, ordinarily called Sacramentaries, who had their origin from Andreas Carolostadius about the year of Christ, 1524. These Augusti∣nians (besides other blasphe∣mies) held, that Heaven gates were not yet open, but remain shut till the general Resur∣rection, and last Judgement. Lindanus Dialog. 2.
Aviary (aviarium) a place where birds are kept, or where birds haunt or use; a Cage.
Avid (avidus) desirous, greedy, covetous.
Avidity (aviditas) desire, earnest, or ardent affection, greediness.
Aulnage (Fr.) Ell-measure, the measuring with an Ell.
Aviso (Spa.) an admoniti∣on or advice.
Aulnegeor or Alnegeor (from the Fr. aulne. i.e. an Ell) one that carries or measures with an Ell: an Officer of the King, who by himself or his Deputy in places convenient, looks to the assize of woollen cloth made through the Land, and two Seals for that purpose or∣dained him, an. 25. E. 3. stat. 4. ca. 1. Also an. 3 R. 2. ca. 2. who is accomptable to the King for every cloth so sealed. Min.
Aulick (aulicus) belong∣ing to the Hall, or Court, courtly.
Aumone (Fr. aumosne) the tenure of Land by divine ser∣vice, was antiently called by this name, Cok. upon Lit. 97. Briton. 164.
Auncient Demeasn, De∣main or Domain. (1. publicum vectigal, or Vetus patrimonium Domini) signifies in our Com∣mon Law, a certain Tenure whereby all the Mannors be∣longing to the Crown in the days of St. Edward the Saxon King, or William the Conque∣ror, were held. The number and names of which Mannors as of all other belonging to common persons, he caused to be written into a book (after a survey made of them) now remaining in the Exche∣quer, and called Dooms-day Book, and those which by that Book appear to have belong∣ed to the Crown at that time, and are contained under the title (Terra Regis) are called Auncient Demeasn. Kitch. fo. 98. See more in Cowel.
Avocation (avocatio) a cal∣ling away or withdrawing.
Page [unnumbered]Avoir-du-pois (Fr.) or Avoir-du-poix. i. habere pondus, or justi esse ponderis) to be of full or due weight: it signifies in our common Law two things: first, a kind of weight, divers from that called Troy weight, which contains but twelve ounces to the pound, whereas this contains six∣teen. And in this respect it may probably be conjectured, to be so called, because it is of more weight then the other. Also it signifies such merchandize as are weighed by this weight, and not by Troy weight, as in the Statute of York, an. 9-E. 3. in Prooem. an. 27. Edw. 3. Stat. 2. ca. 10. & an. 2. Rich. 2. ca. 1. See weights.
Avowry or Advowry (from the French, advouer, alias avouer) and signifies as much as a justifying or maintaining an act formerly done. For example, one takes a distress for rent, or other thing, and he that is distreyn∣ed sues a Replevin; now he that took the distress, or to whose use the distress was ta∣ken by another, justifying or maintaining the act, is said to avow, and that is called his Avowry. Terms of the Law.
Auricle (auricula) a little ear.
Auricular (auricularis) be∣longing to, or spoken in the ear. As auricular Confession, is that which is made in pri∣vate to the Ghostly Father, none hearing but himself, op∣posite unto publick Confes∣sion, which is made in the hearing of many.
Auricular vein, is the ear vein, which runs up by the kernels under the ear; Chy∣rurgeons open it against deaf∣ness, pain and ulcerations of the ears. See in Vein.
Auriferous (aurifer) that bears or brings gold.
Auriflambe. See Oriflambe.
Aurigation (aurigatio) the driving or guiding a Cart or Coach.
Aurigraphy (aurigraphia) a writing or graving in gold.
Aurist (from Auris) one that hath skill in curing disea∣ses in the ear, or imperfecti∣ons in hearing.
Aurora (Gr.) the morn∣ing, or break of day, quasi aurea hora, or aurae hora, the hour when it begins to shine, or be light.
Aurum-votabile, is liquor of gold, without any corro∣sive, which very few know, yea, of those who daily pre∣pare it, rather to the de∣struction, then health of men. Chym. Dict.
Auscultation (auscultatio) a giving ear or obeying, a hear∣kening.
Auspical (auspicalis) pertai∣ning to Soothsaying or Divi∣nation by the flight of birds.
Auspices (auspicia) were properly the observation of Birds, either by their singing and flying in the air, or by their gesture and manner of feeding in the Coop, whereby Page [unnumbered] their Augurs and Pullarij pre∣tended to know the will of the gods, whether they favor∣ed their enterprise or no. The Birds that gave sign by their voice and singing, they called Oscines, quasi ore canentes: Those that gave it by their flight and wings, were na∣med Alites or Praepetes.
And they were called Au∣spices that did foretel things by beholding the flight of birds, and were so denomina∣ted ab aves aspiciendo.
Auspicious (auspicatus) happy, bringing good luck.
Austerity (austeritas) sharp∣ness, vigorousness, rudeness.
Austral (australis) Southern or partaining to the South.
Australize, to go, turn or bend towards the South, also to come from the South. Br.
Austromancy (austroman∣tia) is a kind of invented su∣perstition, concerning the ob∣servation of windes; as when they break forth into great ve∣hemency, contrary to their cu∣stom, whence men, that are more idle then rational, pro∣nounce a presage of something to come. Chym. Dict.
Autarchy (Gr.) a Govern∣ment by one alone, without help.
Authentick (authenticus) that which is allowed, or hath just authority, the original.
Autology (Gr.) speaking of or to ones self. Br. & How.
Autogeneal (Gr.) self-be∣gotten.
Autocrasie (Gr.) self-sub∣sistence, a being able to subsist of ones self. History of K. Charles.
Autograph or Autographical (auto∣graphus) that which is of the Authors own hand writing. Rush∣worths Dialogues.
Automatous Automatarian (automata∣rius) of or belonging to the art of making Clocks, or such things as seem to move of themselves.
Autome (automatum) an in∣strument, or artificial body (made by Daedalus, or any other of like skill) which moves alone without the help or support of any other thing; a self-moving instrument.
Autonomy (autonomia) li∣berty to live after ones own Laws.
Autopsie (Gr.) self-sight, or beholding.
Autoptical (from autopsia) a self-beholding, confirming by once own sight.
Autotheism (Gr.) the be∣ing of God, of himself, or not from another; Calvins autotheism signifies that point of Doctrine held by Calvin; which is, That God the Son is not Deus de Deo, God from God, whereas the Nicen Creed saith, He is so.
Autumnal (autumnalis) belonging to harvest or Au∣tumn, which is from the sixth of August to the sixth of No∣vember, and is one of the four Quarters of the year; Others Page [unnumbered] reckon Autume to begin at the Aequinoctium. i.e. about the twelfth of September, and to end at the Solstice or shortest day, about the eleventh of De∣cember.
Auturgie (auturgia) a working with ones own hand.
Auulsion (avulsio) a pluck∣ing away, or from.
Auxiliare (auxilior) to help, aid, or supply, to heal, or give cure.
Auxiliary (auxiliarius) that cometh to aid, help, or supply.
Auxiliary Forces, were such as the neighbor or confe∣derate Counties did send to the Romans; or certain ad∣ditional Forces, besides the standing Army.
Axillary (axillaris) belong∣ing to the Arm-hole, or Arm∣pit.
Axillary Vein. See in Vein.
Axillar Artery. See in Arterie.
Axiomancy (axiomantia) divination or witchcraft done by Hatchets.
Axiome (axioma) a maxim or general ground in any Art: a Proposition or short Sen∣tence generally allowed to be true, as in saying, the whole is greater then its part.
Axicle (axiculus) a little shingle or board, a latch, a pin that a pully runs on.
Axis (Lat.) an Axeltree, the Diameter of the World, that is, an imagined line reach∣ing from one Pole to another; the Pole Artick, or Antarc∣tike.
Azamoglaus, The Turks Janizaries before they be en∣rolled in pay, so called.
Aziminth• or Azimuths, great circles meeting in the Zenith or vertical point, and passing through all the de∣grees of the Horizon.
Azimuthal, belonging thereto.
Azure, a fair light blew, or sky colour, so named from the Arabian word Lazul, which is the same. It betokens to the bearer a zealous mind.
Azyms (azymus) unleaven∣ed, sincere, unmingled.
Azymes (Gr.) was a so∣lemnity of seven days among the Jews, in which it was not lawful to eat leavened bread; The Pasche or Easter of the Jews.
BAal (Hebr.) a Lord, a Ma∣ster, Husband, or Patron: It was a common name whereby the Heathens called their gods, 2 King. 1, 2. Judg. 8.33. Baal and Moloch are ta∣ken to be one and the same Idol. See Moses and Aaron, p. 143. Whom the Hebrews called Baal, the Babylonians called Bel. p. 153.
Baal-Zebub. See Bel-zebub
Babef (in Hebr. it signifies confusion) was an antient City of Chaldea in Mesopotamia, fa∣mous for the confusion of Page [unnumbered] Languages, which there hap∣pened: For immediately af∣ter the universal Deluge, Nim∣rod the son of Chus, the son of Cham, perswaded the people (as some Authors surmise) to secure themselves from the like danger by building some stupendious Edifice, which might resist the fury of a se∣cond Deluge. This counsel was generally embraced, He∣ber onely and his family con∣tradicting such an unlawful attempt; the major part pre∣vailing, the Tower began to rear a head of majesty 5164 paces from the ground (says Isidore) having its basis and circumference equal to the height. But God beholding from high this fond attempt, sent among them (who before were one Language) a confu∣sion of seventy two Tongues, which hindered the proceed∣ing of this building, one not being able to understand what his fellow called for.
Thus being compelled to desist from so unlucky an en∣terprize, they greedily sought out such as they could under∣stand, with whom consorting themselves they forget their former acquaintance, and now are divided into seventy two different Nations, comprehen∣ding about 24000 men, be∣sides women and children, Gen. 10.10.
The City Babel or Babylon (howsoever the Tower was hindred) went forward and was finished an. mun. 1960. the out-walls were built by Q. Semiramis; it contained in compass 60 miles, it had 100 gates, the walls were in height 200 (some Writers say 300) foot, in breadth 75, and the Ri∣ver Euphrates passing through the midst of it. 1. part. of the Tr. of Times, p. 142.
Hence tis we use Babelish for confused; and Babylonical for magnificent or costly, and to Bable, or babble, to twattle, or speak confusedly, which word Bable Verstegan urges as a proof that our old Saxon Language is as antient as the Tower of Babel. p. 147.
Bacchanalize (from Bac∣chus) to rage, play mad pranks, fare like mad men, as the Priests of Bacchus were wont to do, when they celebrated his Feasts.
Page [unnumbered]Bacchanals (Bacchanalia) the places where the Feasts of Bacchus or Bacchanalian feasts were solemnized in riot and drunkenness. Also the Feasts themselves or time when they were kept, i. at Shrovetide. Sometimes also deboisht drun∣kards, men and women are called Bacchanals.
Baccharach, A City stand∣ing on the banks of the Ri∣ver Rhyne in Germany, so cal∣led quasi Bacchi ara; in ancient time there was an Altar erect∣ed to the honor of Bacchus, in regard of the richness of the wines which are made there, and therefore called bachrag or baccharach; vulgarly, Rhe∣nish wines.
Bacchation (bacchatio) riot, drunkenness.
Bacchean (baccheus) be∣longing to Bacchus the God of wine, drunken, sottish.
Bacciferous (baccifer) that beareth berries.
Bachyllion, a song or dance, which seems to take name of Bachyllus, a famous Tragaedian Poet, who devised and practised it; as Piladion, of Pilades, as notable a Co∣median. Plutarch.
Badget (cometh of the Fr. bagage. i. Sarcina) one that buics corn, salt or other victu∣al in one place to transport to another for gain. Also a beast so called.
Bagatel (Fr. bagatelle) a toy, trifle, or thing of no value. Mr How.
Balatron (balatro) a Babler, or vain-talking fellow, a Pra∣ter or vile Knave.
Baile (from the Fr. Bailler. i. attribuere, tradere, tribuere) is used in our Common Law properly for the freeing or setting at liberty one arrested or imprisoned upon action either civil or criminal, under surety taken for his appear∣ance at a day and place cer∣tainly assigned. Bract. lib. 3. cap. 8. num. 8. & 9.
The reason why it is called bayl is, because by this means the party restrained is deliver∣ed into the hands of those that bind themselves for his forth-coming. There is both com∣mon and special bayl; common bayl is in actions of small pre∣judice, or slight proof, in which case any Sureties are taken; whereas upon cases of greater weight special bail or Surety must be given, as Subsidy men at the least, and they according to the value. See the difference between bail and mainprize in Man∣woods Forest Law. pag. 267.
Bain (Fr.) a Bath, Stew, or hot-house.
Baisemains (Fr.) kissing of the hand, humble service.
Balasse (Sax.) ballast or ballance, Gravel or any thing of weight laid in the bottom of Ships to make them go up∣right.
Balcone (Ital. balcon) a bay window, much used in our new buildings, and therefore Page [unnumbered] needs no further explanation.
Balcors. See Conders.
Bale (Fr.) a pack or certain quantity of merchandize, as a bale of Spicery, or of Books.
Balk (Sax.) a little peece of ground in arable land, which by mischance the Plough slips over, and leaves unplowed, a ridge between two furrows.
Ballista (Lat.) an ancient warlike Engin to cast or shoot darts or stones, to batter and shake City walls, made with ropes of sinews and womens hair twined together: As ap∣pears by Venus Calva at Rome, to whom, by reason the wo∣men of the City parted with their hair for that purpose, a Temple was dedicated. The form of this Engin you may read in Godwin's Anthology, lib. 4. cap. 3.
Ballon (Fr.) a great Ball, which they use at a sport so called in Italy; also the round Globe or top of a Pillar.
Ballotation, a kinde of cast∣ing lots, or a making election by Balls, as in Venice at the choice of their Grand Duke.
Balme, a precious juyce or liquor, otherwise called Balsa∣mum, or Opobalsamum (from the Hebr. Bagnal Shemen) It drops (by cutting) out of a lit∣tle low plant (about a yard high) having leaves like Rue, but whiter, which grows in Egypt, and some places of the Holy Land. This juyce is somewhat like oyl, but more clammy, and incli∣ning to a certain redness. It has a strong smell, and is not pleasant in taste. Be∣ing put in a vessel of water it will sink down to the bot∣tom like a round pearl with∣out breaking, and may be ta∣ken up again with the point of a knife. It is an excellent Medicine to take any scar out of the body, and for divers other purposes, but very cost∣ly and rarely gotten. Saladi∣nus writes that there was but one Vineyard of these in the whole world, and that be∣longed to the Great Turk. Bull.
Balneary (balnearium) a bathing place.
Balnearion (balneatio) a bathing.
Balneator (Lat.) a Master or Keeper of a Bath or Stew.
Balthasar (Hebr) signifies, Scarcher of treasure, or with∣out treasure; This was the name of one of the Magi, or wise-men, vulgarly called the three Kings of Collein, who came out of the East to wor∣ship our Saviour. The first of them, called Melchior, an old man with a long beard, of∣fered gold, as to a King: The second called Jasper, a beardless young man, offered Frankincense, as unto God: The third called Balthasar, (a Blackmore with a spread∣ing beard) offered Myrrhe, as to a man ready for his Se∣pulchre.
Thus in English.
See Vul. Errors, fol. 353. and Sands Travels. 181.
Baltick-Sea (so called from a great Peninsula for∣merly called Baltia now Scan∣dia) is that which begins at the narrow passage called the Sound, interlaceth Denmark, Swedland, Germany, and Po∣land, and extends even to Livonia and Lituania. The reasons why this Sea being so large does not ebb and flow, are first, The narrowness of the Streight, by which the Ocean is let into it. And se∣condly, The Northern situa∣tion of it, whereby the celesti∣al influences produce therein the lesser operation. Heyl.
Ban•iti (Ital.) Out-laws, Rebels, Fugitives, condemned by Proclamation; Bando in Ital. signifying a Proclamati∣on. These in the Low-Coun∣tries are called Freebooters; in Germany, Nightingales; in the North of England, Moss-Troo∣pers; in Ireland Tories.
Banderol or Bannerolle (Fr. Banderolle) a little flag or streamer, or a Pennon worn on the top of a Horsemans Launce; A Cornet-Devise.
Bandle, an Irish measure of two foot in length.
Banes or Bans (from the Fr. Ban) signifies a Procla∣ming or publick notice of any thing. The word is ordinary among the Feu∣dists, and grown from them to other uses; as to that, which we here in England call a Pro∣clamation, whereby any thing is publickly commanded or forbidden. But it is used more especially in publishing matri∣monial contracts in the Church before marriage, to the end if any man can say any thing against the intenti∣on Page [unnumbered] of the parties, either in respect of kindred, or other∣wise, they may take their ex∣ception in time. Cow. But Mr. Sumner derives it from the Saxon Abannon. i. to publish. See his Sax. Dict. verbo. Aban∣non.
Bangue, A kind of drink in the Oriential Countries, as Cambaia, Calicut, Marsingha, which is rare and precious, it is said (like the poets Ne∣penthe) to provoke pleasing dreams. How.
Bank (Sax. Banc) a bank or hillock; also a Bench, high seat or Tribunal, and is pro∣perly applied to the Court of Common-Pleas, because the Justices of that Court in legal Records are termed Iusticiarii de Banco. Coke on Lit. l. 2. c. 3. sect. 96. And the Proceedings of that Court are said to be in Communi Banco.
There is another Court for∣merly called the Kings-Bench (now the Ʋpper-Bench) because the Records of that Court are stiled Coram Rege, and be∣cause Kings in former time did often sit there in person.
Banner (Hebr.) an Ensign or standard for war; some derive it from the Brit. Ban, which signifies a high place, because Banners are wont to be set on a high place, or car∣ried on high.
Baptism (from the Gr. B〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i. a washing with water, or diving over the head) is one of the Sacra∣ments instituted by our Savi∣our Christ in remedy against Original sin in the Law of Grace, as Circumcision was the remedy against that sin in the Law of Moses. Before Christs institution of this Sacrament John Baptist did baptize unto penance, but his Baptism was not a Sacrament. In Authors you may read of three sorts of Baptism, which Divines call, Baptismus fluminis, of wa∣ter, which is the already men∣tioned; Baptismus flaminis, of the Spirit, which is contriti∣on of heart, with desire of the Sacrament of Baptism; And Baptismus sanguinis, of blood, which is martyrdom. The cu∣stom of the Primitive Church was to have God-Fathers and God-Mothers in the admini∣stration of the Sacrament of Baptism; their Office was not onely to be Witnesses of the Baptism, or to speak or an∣swer for the baptized; but al∣so to undertake a charge of instructing or seeing him in∣structed in the true Religion in due time.
Baptist (baptista) a name of excellency given to Saint John, that had the honor of baptizing our Saviour Christ in Jordan, and who first bap∣tized.
Baptistery (baptisterium) a Font to baptize in, a Bath, a vessel to wash the body in.
Baptization (baptizatio) a washing, a watering, or bap∣tizing.
Page [unnumbered]Barbarism (barbarismus) a fault in the pronouncing, tone or accent of words; rude∣ness of speech or behavior.
Barbican or Barbicane (French Bar∣bicane) an out-work in any building; also a Wall or Bulwark before or over a Wall, breast-high, to defend from the enemies shot. Some take it for a Sentinels house, or Scout-house; Chaucer useth the word Barbican, for a Watch-Tower: Hence Barbi∣can by Red-cross-street in Lon∣don is thought to take its de∣nomination
Barbitist (barbitista) a Lu∣tinist, or one that plays on the Lute.
Bards (from the old Bri∣tish Bardo) the antient Po∣ets of the Britans. Bardus, ac∣cording to Pompeius Festus, Gallicè cantorem significat, qui virorum fortium laudes canit. Diod. Sicul. lib. 5. calls them Factores cantionum; And Lucan (lib. 1.) Poetas sive vates.
In Wales, of old, the Bards did also keep the Ensigns, Arms and Genealogies of the Nobility. See more in the Laws of Howel Dha.
Barkary, a house where they put bark of trees; a Tan-house.
Barnard. See Bernard.
Barn (Sax. Bearn) a child. Hence tis we say in the North of England, how do Wife and Barnes, i. How do Wife and Children?
Barnabas or Barnaby (Hebr.) Son of the Master, or Son of com∣fort.
Baroco, The name of a Syllogistical Mood in Logick, wherin the first Proposition must be an universal Affirma∣tive, and the other two Nega∣tives.
Barricado (Spa. Barracada, Fr. Barricade) a warlike de∣fence of empty barrels and such like vessels fill'd with earth against an enemies shot or assault. It was so called be∣cause it was made of those vessels, which the French call Bariques, i. a vessel bigger then our Barrel.
Barettor or Barrator (Fr. Barateur, i. a deceiver) in our Common Law, is a com∣mon wrangler, that sets men at odds, and is himself never quiet, but at variance with one or other: but Skene (de verh. signif. verbo Barratry) saith Barraters are Symonists, and so called from the Italian (barrataria) signifying corru∣ption or bribery in a Judge giving a false Sentence for money.
Page [unnumbered]Barratrie or Barrataria, any kind of Simony, especial∣ly in obtaining the right of Benefices. Socinus Reg. 55. Baldus in Consilio, 21. par. 5.
Barriers (from the Fr. Barres) signifies with us that which the Fr. call (jeu de Bar∣res, i. palaestram) a martial sport or exercise of men armed and fighting together with short swords, within certain limits or Lists, whereby they are se∣vered from the beholders. This exercise was formerly much in request in England, but now is laid aside.
Barristers or Baristers may be said to be of two sorts 1. The out∣ward or Ʋtter Baristers, are such, as (for their long study and great industry bestowed upon the knowledge of the Common Law, which must be for seven years space at least) are called out of their contemplation to practice, and in the face of the world to take upon them the protection and defence of Clients causes. These always plead without the Bar, and are in other Countries called Licentiati in Jure, howbeit in modesty they at first continue themselves hearers for some years, like the Scholars of Pythagoras, that for the first five years ne∣ver adventured to reason or discourse openly upon any point of their Masters Do∣ctrine. 2. The Inner Baristers are those who are admitted (as a mark of respect) to plead within the Bar; such are King, Queen, or Princes Attorney, Sollicitor or Serjeants, or any of the Kings Council. But at the Rolls and some other infe∣rior Judicatures, all Lawyers of the degree of the Bench are admitted within the Bar See Mootmen, and Apprentice.
Bartholmew (Heb.) the Son of him that makes the wa∣ters to mount, that is, of God, which lifts up the mind of his Teachers, and drops down water (Szegedinus.) Cam.
Bascuence (Spa. Basceuenca) the Language of the Country of Biscay in Spain.
Basate (basio) to kiss or salute.
Bashaw or Bassa a Nobleman or great Comman∣der over Soul∣diers among the Turks.
Basil or Basilical (from the Gr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, Rex) Royal, Kingly, Magnificent. Basilisk vein. See Vein.
Basilisks (basilicae) were stately Edifices or Halls at Rome, at first serving to plead in under Covert, wherein they differed from Fora, and also to administer Justice; of 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, which signifies a Judge, as well as a King; but afterwards they used to meet there in consultation, and to negotiate and traffick; and these had not onely Benches and Bars like Law-Courts, but shops also, for the better sort of Wares and Merchandize. Livie.
Page [unnumbered]Basis (Lat.) the ground or foundation of any thing; the foot of a Pillar.
Bastardy (comes of the Brit. Bastardo, i. Nothus) and signifies in our Common Law, a defect of birth objected to one begotten out of wedlock. Bracton lib. 5. c. 19, per totum.
Bastilie or Bastilde (Fr.) the For∣tress or Forti∣fication termed a Bastillion or Bastile; In Paris la Bastille, is as our Tower, the cheif Prison of the Kingdom, and the cheif Fortress of that City.
Bastion (Fr.) a Bulwark or Fortress; the fortification called a Cullion-head.
Baston (Fr.) a staff, batt, or cudgel. It signifies in the Statutes of this Nation one of the Warden of the Fleet's Servants or Officers, that at∣tended the Kings Court, with a red staff, for the taking such to Ward, as were committed by the Court. So it is used an. 1. R. 2. c. 12. & 5. Eliz. c. 23.
Bastonado (Spa. Bastonada) a banging or cudgeling.
Batable ground, was the land lying between England and Scotland, heretofore in question, when they were di∣stinct Kingdoms, to which it belonged. An. 23. Hen. 8. c. 16. as if we should say debatable ground, for by that name Skene calls ground that is in controversie between two.
Battavians (Batavia) people of Germany inhabi∣ting Holland, Hollanders.
〈…〉 (Fr. Battaillon, Span. Battallon) the main Bat∣tel, or a great Squadron of Foot-men appointed to fight, so called by the Switzers and Italians, being (after the Greek Phalanges or the Ro∣man Legions) of between six and eight thousand Souldiers. Min.
Battolgy (battalogia) a vain repetition of words, babling.
Bawdrick, an old fashion Jewel that women did wear.
Baudkin. See Tinsel.
Beatifical (beatificus) that makes happy or blessed.
To Beatify (beatifico) to make happy or blessed.
Beatitude (beatitudo) bles∣sedness, happiness, prosperi∣ty. The eight Beatitudes are abstractedly thus; 1. To be poor of spirit. 2. Meek. 3. Mourn. 4. To hunger and thirst after Justice. 5. To be Merciful. 6 Clean of heart 7. Peace-makers. 8. To suffer persecution for Justice. Which see at large in St. Matth cap. 5. They are called Beatitudes, because the Scripture says, Beati qui, &c. they are bles∣sed that are in any of those states.
Beatrice (beatrix) that makes happy or blessed; a womans name.
Beavis, may seem proba∣bly to be corrupted from the name of the famous Geltique King Bellovesus. The French having made in like sort Page [unnumbered]Beauvis of the old City Bel∣louacum. In both these is a sig∣nificancy of beauty. In later times Bogo hath been used in Latin for Beavis. Camden.
Beazar-stone (breeds in the Maw of the Goat called a Beazar) and is much used in Physick as a Cordial, but there are several kinds of it.
Bec. See Bek.
Bechical (bechicus) pertain∣ing to a Cough.
Beco••a•, Signifies money paid for the maintenance of Beacons.
Bede Beade (Sax.) he that prays, or a de∣vout man, as Eucherius or Eu∣sebius in Greek: we retain still Bedema• or Bedesma• in the same sense; and to say our Bedes, is to say our prayers. Camden.
Bede was also the name of a most learned English Monk commonly mentioned with the Epithete Venerable, which was a title given him even in his life time, for his eminent learning, gravity, and sanctity of life; he lived in a Monaste∣ry near Newcastle upon Tine in the seventh age, dying a∣bout the year of Christ 734. he wrote a multitude of Books, the Catalogue whereof may be seen in Dr. Pits De il∣lustribus Angliae Scriptoribus.
Bedpheere (Sax.) a Bed-fellow.
Beemol (Fr.) the flat key in Musick. Bac.
Bede-roll (Sax.) is a roll or list of such as Priests were wont to pray for in Churches.
Bedle or B••el (Sax. B•∣del, or from the Heb. Badhal) because they separate the good from the bad, or beggars from rich men.
Bedlem. See Bethlem.
Begletbeg (i. the Lord of Lords) a Vice-Roy or supreme Commander under the Great Turk, that commands both the Sansiakes and Bassa's; of these there are onely two, the one of Greece, the other of Natolia, and are by the Turks called Rumely. In the Persian tongue it signifies a Marquess. Herb.
Beguines, an order of Nuns or religious women, who are commonly all old or well in years. Cot.
Bek or Bec, a Phrygian word, signifying bread. Hero∣dotus declares lib. 2. that Psam∣meticus a King of the Egypti∣ans, was desirous on a time to make trial what language a Childe would naturally speak, being brought up a∣mong dumb people, or where no speech should be heard, to the end he might judge there∣by, what was the most anti∣ent and natural Language; and did therefore cause two children to be nursed in a Fo∣rest, where no voice of man could be heard; after four years were past, being brought before the King they could sometimes pronounce this word Bec, whereupon some Page [unnumbered] gathered that the Phrygian was the first language of man. But (as St. Augustine saith) these children might have learned the word Bec (and so retained it) of Goats, a∣mong which they were nou∣rished. For, as he shews in his Work of the quantity of the Soul, all manner of speak∣ing is by hearing and imitati∣on. Notwithstanding he be∣lieves that (before the confu∣sion of Tongues at Babel) the Hebrew Language was natu∣ral to all. Aug. in Civit. Dei lib. 16. cap. 11.
Beck (Danish Becc) a Brook in Yorkeshire.
Bed-rid or Bed-red (Sax.) Bedreda) one so weak by sickness or old age, that he cannot rise from his bed.
Beest or Beestings, quasi breastlings, the first milk that comes from the Teat, after the birth of any thing. Min.
Behiram, A Feast among the Turks, wherein they par∣don all injuries. H. Court.
To Belage, is a Sea-term, and signifies to make fast any running Rope, when it is hai∣led as much as you would; so that it cannot run forth again, till it be loosed.
Bel-videre, The Popes Pa∣lace in Rome, so called; the word signifies fair to see, or pleasant to behold. As Bel∣voir Castle in Lincolnshire the noble Seat of the Earl of Rut∣land also doth.
Bel, In the Chaldean tongue signifies the Sun; and therefore Ninus and Semari∣mis gave that name to their Father Bel or Belus, that he might be honored as the Sun, which the Babylonians wor∣shipped as a God. Bel also is a contract of Behel, which comes of Bahal, a Lord: it was not onely the particular Idol of the Babylonians, but a ge∣neral name of the Idols in the East, agreeing to all the Idols of the Gentiles, as some write, Jer. 9, 5. 1 King. 18, 25.
Bellacity (bellacitas) war∣likeness.
Belgick Belgian (belgicus) per∣taining to the Low-Countries or Nether∣lands, called Belgia.
Belial (Heb.) a wicked un∣profitable fellow, one without yoke, and is many times ta∣ken for the devil.
Bellatrice (bellatrix) a warrioress, a woman well skilled in war, a virago.
Bellicose (bellicosus) valiant in arms, warlike, apt to war.
Belligerate (belligero) to make war, to fight.
Bellipotent (bellipotens) mighty in wars, puissant at Arms.
Bellitude (bellitudo) fair∣ness.
Bellona, The Goddess of War.
Belluine (belluinus) of or belonging to beasts, beastly, cruel.
Belomancy (Gr.) a Divi∣nation by Arrows. Vul Er.
Page [unnumbered]Belzebub or Beelzebub (Heb.) signi∣fies an Idol of flies, or the flye-God, worshipped by the Cyreneans, and Ekronites; but it is commonly used for the Prince or chief of the De∣vils. As in Luk. 11.15. In Beel∣zebub Principe Daemoniorum e∣jicit Daemonia. See Mr. Cowels notes on his Poems. p. 30.
Benet (contracted from Benedictus) blessed or happy; a mans name.
Benedict (benedictum) a good saying, an honest report.
Benjamin (Heb.) the son of the right hand, or filius die∣rum. Philo.
Benedictines or Benedi∣ctine Monks, a sort of Religi∣ous persons so called, from St. Benedict, who was born at Nursia in Ʋmbria, An. 482. he gathered the Monks of I∣taly together, and gave them a rule in writing. Their ha∣bit is a loose Gown of black, their under Garment white woollen, their Crowns shaven. Of this antient Order have been above fifty Popes, and at least 200 Cardinals, &c.
Benefact (benefactum) a good deed or benefit.
To Be-negro, to make black, or of the nature of Negroes.
Benemerent (benemerens) that deserves well.
Beneplacity (beneplacitum) that which pleaseth well, good liking.
Benevolent (benevolens) fa∣vourable, bearing good will▪ friendly.
Benificence (beneficentia) liberality, well-doing.
Bention, blessing. Chaucer.
Bernard or Barnard (Germ.) St. Bernards Cluniac Monks draw it from Bona nar∣dus by allusion; some turn it hard child. If it be derived (as the Germans will have it) from Bearne, which signifies a bear, it is answerable to Ar∣thur; others yet more judici∣ally translate Bernard into fi∣lialis indoles, child-like dispo¦sition towards Parents, as Bernher, Lord of many chil∣dren. Cam.
Verstegan says, the true Or∣thography is Beornhart, and by corruption Bearnheart, i.e. Bears-heart.
Bernardines. See Cister∣cians.
Berry or Bury (Sax.) a dwelling place or Court; The chief house of a Mannor, or the Lords seat is so called in some parts of England to this day, especially in Hereford∣shire, where there are the Berries of Luston, Stockton, &c.
Besant. See Bizantine.
Besestain, an Exchange or the chief Market-place among the Turks. See Bisestano.
Bethlem or Bedlem (from the Hebrew, Beth-e-ehem; i. Domus panis, a house of bread) a place where mad people are kept: or the Bed or Chamber whereon they fling and tumble themselves. the Hospital so called with∣out Bishopsgate was founded Page [unnumbered] by Simon Fitz-Mary Sheriff of London. An. 1246. Stow.
Bethlemites, an order of religious persons, that wore a star with five raies on their backs, and had a Covent in Cambridge, but continued not long. Mat. Paris in An. 1247.
Beverage (Fr. Beuvrage) drink.
Bezants (Fr. Bezans) in Blazon, they must ever be round, whole, and of metal. See Bizantine.
Bezil, That part of a Ring or Jewel, in which the Stone or Signet is set, is called the Collet, and the upper part of the Collet which fastens and encompasseth the Stone, is the Bezil.
Bibacity (bibacitas) great or couragious drinking or quaffing.
Bibliographer (bibliogra∣phus) a writer of Books, a Scrivener.
Bibliotheque (bibliotheca) a Library or study of Books.
Bibliopolist (bibliopola) a Book-seller.
Bice, a fine blew colour used by Painters. There is al∣so green Bice.
Bicolor (Lat.) of two co∣lours, party-coloured, change∣able.
Bicipital Bicipitous (from biceps, itis) that hath two heads, divided into two parts or two tops.
Bicornous (bicornis) that has two horns or corners, forked, divided into two.
Bid-ale, is when an honest man decayed in his estate, is set up again by the liberal be∣nevolence and contribution of friends at a Feast; to which those friends are bid or invi∣ted. Most used in the West of England, and in some Counties called a Help-ale.
Bidental (Lat.) a place where they used to sacrifice sheep, where any place was blasted with lightning; what∣soever is striken with light∣ning. Also any instrument with two teeth; a fork.
Biennial (biennis) of two years continuance, two years old.
Bifarious (bifarius) that which may be spoken two ways.
Biformed (biformis) that hath two shapes, forms or faces.
Biferous (bifer) that bears fruit twice a year.
Bifront (bifrons) which hath two foreheads.
Bifurcous (bifurcus) which hath two forks.
Bigamist (bigamus) he that hath married two wives, of which sort Lamech was the first.
Bigamy (bigamia) the marriage of two wives; It is used in our Common Law for an impediment to be a Clerk, and makes a prisoner lose the benefit of the Clergy. For the Canonists hold, that he that has been twice married may not be a Clerk; and they Page [unnumbered] ground it upon these words of St. Paul, 1 Tim. 3.2. Opor∣tet ergo Episcopum irreprehensi∣bilem esse, & unius uxoris vi∣rum. And also him that hath married a widow, they by interpretation take to have been twice married, and both these they not onely exclude from Holy Orders, but deny all priviledges of Clergy; but this Law is abolished by Anno 1. Ed. 6. cap. 12. And to that may be added the Statute of 18 Eliz. cap. 7. which allows to all men, that can read as Clarks, though not within Or∣ders, the benefit of Clergy in case of Felony, not especial∣ly excepted by some other Statute. Cowel.
Bigat (bigatus) was a piece of Roman silver Coyn, so cal∣led of Bigia a Chariot, drawn with two horses, stamped up∣on the one side, and it was the same with Denarius. Livie.
Bigot (Fr.) an hypocrite, or one that seems much more holy then he is; also a scru∣pulous or superstitious fellow. Sir K. Digby's Treatise of Bodies.
Bilaws, are Orders made in Court-Leets, or Court-Ba∣rons by common Assent for the good of those that make them, farther then the publick Law binds. Coke Vol. 6. fol. 63. a. Kitchin fol. 45. & 79.
Bilboblade, from Bilboa a City of Biscay in Spain, where the best blades are made.
Bilinguis (ex bis & lin∣gua) double tongued, deceit∣ful. In our Common-Law it is used for that Jury that passeth between an English-man and an Alien or Stranger, where∣of part must be English-men, and part strangers. Anno 28, Edw. 3. cap. 13.
Biltous (biliosus) cholerick, melancholy, churlish, angry.
Bilk is said to be an Ara∣bick word, and signifies no∣thing: Cribbidge-players un∣derstand it best.
Billet (Fr.) a little Bill, note or ticket, stuck up upon a post or door; and more com∣monly a stick of fire-wood, well known in London.
Bimatical (from bimatus) pertaining to the age or space of two yeers.
Bimensal (from bimensis) pertaining to the space of two moneths.
Binarchy (binarchia) the joynt rule or equal Authority of two Princes in one Country
Binarious (binarius) per∣taining to two.
Binomial or Binomious (binomius) that hath 2 names.
Bipartite (bipartitus) divi∣ded into two parts.
Binne or Bin in the old Saxon signifyed a Manger, we use the name now most com∣monly for a place to put bread or oats in.
Bipatent (bipatens) open on both sides.
Bis•statio the chief market place in Constantinople, which is every day kept open in full Page [unnumbered] sale, except Friday onely, which is their Sabbath.
Bipedal Bipedancous Bipedical (bipedalis) that is two foot long, double-footed, or that hath two feet.
Birlings, little Sea-vessels, so called, used by the Islanders of Scotland. Spotsw.
Bisexous (from bis and sex∣us) that is both male and fe∣male, of two sexes or kinds.
Bisou• (Fr.) a fault at Ten∣nis: also a compound dish of boyld meat, made of young Chickens, Pigeons, and other ingredients, &c.
Bissected (bis & sectus) cut or parted in two equal parts; a term in Mathematicks. Br.
Bissextile (bissextilis) Leap year, so called, because the sixth Calends of March, are in that year twice reckoned (viz.) on the four and twentieth and five and twen∣tieth of February; so that Leap year has one day more then other years.
This Leap-year is observed every fourth year, and was first devised by Julius Caesar to accommodate the year with the course of the Sun.
Bitume (bitumen) a kind of clay or slime naturally clammy, like pitch, growing in some Countries of Asia; It was of old used in Physick; the best is heavy, bright and clear, of purple colour, and having a strong smel; the black is accounted naught; this Bi∣tumen was used instead of Mor∣tar at building the Tower of Babel, as appears in Gen. 11. There is al a kind of Bitu∣men, like a liquor, flowing out of Mare Mortuum and out of some fountains in the Island Sicily, which is used instead of oyle to burn in Lamps.
Bituminous (bitumineus) belonging to Bitumen.
Bitumin••ch, soldered or done with Bitumen.
Bizante or Besant, a ve∣ry antient coyn of Gold; so called because it was coyned at Constantinople, formerly called Bizantium. This coyn is not now known, but Dun∣stan Archbishop of Canterbury (as it is in the Authentical Deed) purchased Hendon in Page [unnumbered]Middlesex of King Edgar to Westminster for 200 Bizantines: of what value they were was utterly forgotten in the time of King Edw. 3. for whereas the Bishop of Norwich was condemned to pay a Bizantine of Gold to the Abbot of St. Edmondsbury, for encroaching upon his liberty (as it was en∣acted by Parliament in the time of the Conqueror) no man then living could tell how much that was: so as it was referred to the King to rate how much he should pay: which was the more strange, considering, but 100 years be∣fore 200000 Bezants were ex∣acted by the Soldan, for re∣deeming St. Lewis of France, which were then valued at 100000 livres. The name con∣tinues yet in the blazons of Arms, where plates of gold are called Bezants; and a great piece of gold valued at 15. l. (which the King of England formerly offered on high festi∣val days) was called a Bizan∣tine; but afterward there were two purposely made for the King and Queen with the resemblance of the blessed Trinity inscribed, In honorem sanctae Trinitatis, and on the other side the picture of the Virgin Mary, with In honorem sanctae Mariae Virginis, and this was used til the first year of King James, who caused two to be new cast, the one for himself, having on the one side the picture of a King kneeling before an Altar with four Crowns before him, im∣plying his four Kingdoms▪ and in the circumscription, Quid tribuam Domino pro om∣nibus quae tribuit mihi: On the other side a Lamb lying by a Lyon, with Cor contritum & humiliatum non despiciet Deus. And in another for the Queen, a Crown protected by a Che∣rubin, over that an eye, and Deus in a cloud, with Teget ala summus; on the reverse, a Queen kneeling before an Al∣tar with this Circumscription, Piis precibus, fervente fide, hu∣mili obsequio. Cam. Rem.
The French Kings were al∣so accustomed to offer 13 Be∣sants at the Mass of their Co∣ronation in Rheims; to which end Hen. 2. (after some dis∣continuance of that custom) caused the same number of them to be made, and called them Bysantins, but they were not worth above a double Ducket the piece. Cot.
Black-rod, Is the Huissier or Usher belonging to the or∣der of the Garter; So called of his black-rod which he car∣ries in his hand: he was of the Kings Chamber, and Usher of the Lords House in Parlia∣ment. Min.
Blain (Sax. Blegene) a kind of Bile or Ulcer, draw∣ing quickly to a head, with a vehement inflammation of the whole part about it.
Blancmanget (Fr.) a kind of Custard; a white meat Page [unnumbered] made of flower, milk, sugar, and the brains of Pullets. Bac.
Blanch (Fr.) white or fair; we use it in England for a womans name.
Blandishment (from Blan∣dio, or from the Fr. Blandisse∣ment) a soothing, smoothing, tickling of the mind and af∣fection with terms of flattery, an alluring, enticing.
Blandiloquence (blandilo∣quentia) fair-speaking, flatter∣ing.
Blatant, babling, twatling. Clievland.
Blateron or Blatteroon (blatero) a babler, an idle-headed fellow. Mr. How.
Blatteration (blateratio) vain-babling, flattering in speech.
Blaze, is a certain fire which the Inhabitants of Stafford∣shire, and some other Coun∣ties were wont, and still do make on Twelf-Eve, 5. Jan. at night, in memory of the Blazing-Star, that conducted the three Magi to the Manger at Bethlem.
Blazon, (Fr.) is the de∣scription of arm•s;, and their appurtenances, by the recei∣ved terms or other apt ex∣pressions of things by words. Elements of Ar.
Blemishe, marks made by hunters, to shew where a Deer hath gone.
Blend (Sax.) to mix or mingle together.
Blepharen (blepharo, onis) he that hath great brows, or eye-lids.
Blesiloquent (blaesiloquus) broad-spoken, or that speaks stammeringly.
Blith (Sax.) joyful, glad, merry, chearful.
Bliwmantle, The name of an Office of one of the Pour∣suivants at Arms. See Harold.
To Blissome, as the Ram doth the Ewe, i. to Tup her. So to go a blissoming is to de∣sire the Ram. Rider.
Blomary, the first Forge in an iron Mill, through which the iron passeth after it is once melted out of the Mine.
Bloudwit (from the Sax. blout, i. blood, and wit, for which we have the word (wite) still in the west parts of England, signifying a char∣ging of one with a fault, or an upbraiding.
This Bloodwit is a word u∣sed in Charters of Liberties antiently granted, and signi∣fies an amerciament for shed∣ding blood. So that whoso∣ever had it given him in his Charter, had the penalty due for shedding blood granted him. Cow. Fleta saith, Sig∣nificat quietantiam misericordia pro effusione sanguinis. lib. 1. cap. 47.
Boccone (Ital.) a morsel, a good bit; Sometimes taken for poison.
Bociant (Sax.) a possessi∣on, an inheritance, a Farm or house with land belonging to it.
Boethetic (Gr.) a part Page [unnumbered] of Physick. See Medicine.
Boillary or Bullary of Salt, a little house or furnace where Salt is boiled and made; as at Droitwich in Wor∣cestershire. Co. instit. p. 4. b.
Bole-Armoniack, a kind of faint red colour used by Painters; the chiefest use of it is in making a Size for bur∣nished gold. Peacham.
Bolus (Lat.) a morsel or mouthful. In physick it is a medicament of a middle con∣sistency betwixt a Potion and a Pill.
Bombard (bombarda) a Gun, or peice of Ordnance; Hence
Bombardical, thundering, or roaring like a peece of Ordnance. How.
Bombycinous (bombyci∣nus) that is made of silk or sil∣ken.
Bombilation (bombilatio) a humming as of Bees. Br.
Bonaght, was an exaction in Ireland imposed at the will of the Lord, for relief of the Knights called Bonaghti, that served in the Wars. Antiq. Hiber. p. 60.
Bonair (Fr.) gentle, mild, courteous.
Bonairite (Fr.) gentleness, mildeness, courtesie.
Bonasus. See Monops.
Bonaventure (bonaventu∣ra) good adventure; the name of a great Saint and Doctor, a Frier of St. Francis Order, that lived and flourished in the thir∣teenth age after Christ.
Bonefire, is well known in the modern use of it, and was so called from the antient custom of burning dead mens bones.
Bone-min• (Fr.) a good countenance, posture or shew.
Bongrace (Fr.) a certain cover which children use to wear on their Foreheads to keep them from sun-burning; so called because it preserves their good grace and beauty.
Bonhemes (Fr. i. good men) a religious Order of Friers instituted by St. Fran∣cis de Paula, a Town of Cala∣bria in Italy: a person of emi∣nent sanctity and austerity of life, and of that humility, that he stiled himself the least or meanest of men, and order∣ed the followers of his Insti∣tute or Rule, to take the ap∣pellation of Minimi (the least or unworthiest among men) and thence they are common∣ly called Minims or Minorites. One point of mortification, whereunto the Regulars of that Order tie themselves by vow (besides their three Vows of Chastity, Poverty, and O∣bedience) is a total abstinence from flesh-meats. It is an Or∣der much reverenced in France, where the Founder lived, and died at Tours, an. 1507. There were two Con∣vents of these formerly in England, the one at Asbridge in Buckinghamshire, the other at Edington in Wiltshire.
Page [unnumbered]Bonifate (bonifatus) that hath good fortune or fate.
Boniface (bonifacius) wel-doer, or good and sweet face. A name of divers, as well Popes of Rome, as others.
Bon-jour (Fr.) good mor∣row or good-day.
Boon (Sax. Beu•, Chaucer, Bon•) a petition or request.
B•ö• (Gr.) a slow work∣ing Star in the North Pole, near Charles wain which it follows.
Boras or Borar, a white or greenish substance like Salt-petre, wherewith Gold-smiths use to soder gold and silver: some write it is the gum of a tree, which is very un∣likely; others affirm it to be made of old Lees of Oyl, by art and drying in the Sun, brought to be white; but Dr. Bullokar rather conceives it to be a Mineral.
To Bord. See Abbord.
Bordel (from the Ital. Bur∣dello) a Brothel-house, or Bawdy-house. Chau.
Boreas (Gr.) the North or North-East Wind; com∣monly taken for a great blu∣stering wind.
Boreal Borean (borealis) per∣taining to the North-wind, northernly.
Borith (Heb.) a kinde of hearb used by Fullers to take away spots in cloth.
Borow or Borough is a Corporate Town that is not a City, an. 2. Ed. 3. cap. 3. namely all such as send Bur∣gesses to the Parliament, the number whereof you may find in Mr. Cromptons Jurisd. fo. 24. and more of this in Cowel.
Borow-English, Is a cu∣stomary descent of Lands or Tenements, which (in all places where this custom holds) descend to the young∣est son; or if the owner have no issue, to his youngest Bro∣ther, as in Edmunion. Kitch. fo. 102. And the reason of this custom (as Littleton saith) is, for that the youngest is pre∣sumed in Law to be least able to shift for himself.
Boscage (Fr.) a Grove, Thicket, or smal wood, a place that's stored, or set thick with trees. Also a picture repre∣senting much wood or trees. Sir H. Wot.
Bosphores (Bosphori) two Straits in the Sea, so called of an Oxes wading over them, the one surnamed Thracian, the other Cimmerian. Dub.
Botanical (botanicus) per∣taining to hearbs.
Botanomancy (botanoman∣tia) divination by hearbs.
Botargo (Ital. from the Gr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i.e. salted eggs) is a kind of Sawsage or Pudding made of the eggs and blood of the Sea Mullet mixed with salt. Dr. Muffet.
Bote or Boote is an old Saxon word, and signifies help, succour, aide and advantage; coming from the Low-Dutch Boete, Baete,Page [unnumbered] which is amends, remedy, and help; so we may say what boots or avails it? or what boot will you give me? and is commonly joyned with other words, as Bridg-boot, Burgh-boot, Fire-boot, Hedge-boot, and divers others.
Bo••e (Fr.) A Buskin or Summer Boot; we otherwise call them Boots with quar∣ters, which have strings and no Spurs, but a heel like a Shoo on the out-side.
Botoiph (Sax.) helpship.
Bouge or Budge of Court, was the Diet, or rather the bread, beer, and wine which was allowed by the King to any Officer and his servants.
Bovicide (bovicida) a slaugh∣ter-man of Oxen, a Butcher.
Bovillon (Fr.) a kind of broth, or boiled meat, made of several ingredients.
Boureau (Fr.) a Hang-man or Executioner.
Boursier (from the Lat. Bursa, a purse) a purse-bearer; in our Universities, he is com∣monly the Treasurer or Purse-keeper of a Colledge
Boutefeu (Fr.) the literal signification is one that blows the fire, or that wilfully sets houses on fire; but Metapho∣rically it is used for one that raiseth discord, an Incendiary, a fire-brand of Sedition, one that loves to set and see men at strife.
Bourgeon (from the Fr. Bourgeoner) to bud, spring, or sprout out.
Boy or Buoy of an An∣chor (Spain▪ Boya) is a peece of wood, an empty barrel or the like, tied to an Anchor, and floating on the water, to shew where the Anchor lies.
Boza, A drink in Turky made of seed, much like new mustard, and is very heady.
Brachial (brachialis) be∣longing to the arm.
Bourgeoise (Fr. Bourgeoisie) a Burgess-ship, the state or condition of a Burguer or Bur∣gess; also a Boroughship▪ and the Liberties and Priviledges belonging to a Town or Bo∣rough. Cressy.
Brace, in the common ac∣ceptation is a known word signifying two or a couple; but with Printers, a Brace is that which couples two or more words together, and is made thus
Brachylogy (Brachylogia) shortness of speech.
Brachygraphy (brachygra∣phia) the Art of writing by short characters. I cannot say, either who was the Author, or whether the invention be antient or more modern, only I find in Dion, that Mecaenas (that great Favorite of August∣us Caesar, and favorer of learn∣ing) first sound out certain notes and figures ad celerita∣tem seribendi, for the speedier dispatch of writing.
Brackmans, a Sect of Phi∣losophers in India, that lived onely by hearbs, roots, and Page [unnumbered] fruit. These Brackmans or Bramines are now the Indian Priests (perhaps following the custom of the Egyptians who were wont to chuse their Priests out of their whole number of Philosophers) and are of like authority in their Church, as the Mufties are a∣mong the Turks, and as the Flamines and Arch-flamines were among the heathen Ro∣mans, or as the Druids among the Britains and Gauls. They hate Mahumed, and acknow∣ledge one God and Creator of all things: the better sort are called Mockadams, or Masters. Herb. Tr.
Bragodoela, a coyn'd word with us, for a ranting coward, or bragging fellow.
Bragget or Braggot (br. Bragod) a drink made of Malt, water and hony, used in Wales, having the name from the British Brag. i.e. malt, and Gots, i.e. Hony-combs. This drink is also called by us, and in Low-Dutch Mede, ex melle, hony. Also a stay cut out of stone or timber, to bear up the Summer, in Masonry cal∣led a Corbel in Timber-work, a Bragget, Bracket, or shoul∣der-peece. Rider.
Brandish (Fr. brandir.) to make to shine or glister with gentle shaking or moving.
Bravado (Fr. bravade, Spa. brabada) a shew of Challenge or of daring, a boastful af∣front.
Brave (brabium) the prize or reward given to him that overcomes in Plays or Exer∣cises.
Breviary (breviarium) an abridgement, or compendi∣ous draught, a short collecti∣on. Particularly, it is the name of a Book, to the daily recital whereof Catholick Priests are tied, from the time they take the order of Sub-Deaconship, in discharge of part of their Function. I have heard that the late Lord Treasurer Cecil, after he had diligently perused this Book, did greatly admire the order and method of it, saying it might well be termed a Bre∣viary, for containing so much, and such variety in so con∣tracted a bulk.
Breviloquence (brevilo∣quentia) a brief or short form of speaking.
Brian (Fr.) shril voyce.
Brigand (Fr.) a Footman armed, or serving with a Bri∣gandine; In old time when those kind of Souldiers mar∣ched, they held all to be good prize, that they could purloin from the people, and there∣upon this word now signifies also a Theif, Purse-taker, or High-way robber. White.
Brigandine (Fr.) a jack or coat of Mail, but properly an∣tient Armor of Skale-like plates and many joynts. This word is used an. 4, & 5. Ph. & Mar. ca. 2.
Brigantine (Fr.) a kind of swift vessel for Sea, bigger Page [unnumbered] then the Frigot, and less then the Foist, having some ten or twelve Oars on a side, and commonly a theevish Vessel: of these the Rhodians are said to be the first Inventors.
The Falque is said to be the least Sea-Vessel with Oars, the Frigot next, then the Brigan∣tin, the F•ist, the Galiot, the Galey and the Galeasse the big∣gest. Ren.
Brigade Brigado (Fr.) a term of War; six men make a Rot, or File, three Rots of Pikes make a Corpo∣ralship, but the Musketiers have four Files to a Corporal∣ship; three Corporalships of each arms make a compleat Company, i.e. nine Rots of Pikes and twelve Rots of Mus∣ketiers (one and twenty Rots together) which amount to the number of 126 men, be∣sides all Officers, Muster∣youngs, and Pasvolants; four of these Companies (being 504 men) make a Squadron, and three such Squadrons form a perfect Brigade. Bar.
Brig-bote or Brugbote signifies a Tri∣bute, contri∣bution or aid towards the mending of Bridges, whereof many are freed by the Kings Charter, and hereupon the word is u∣sed for the very liberty or ex∣emption from this Tribute. And Fleta l. 1. c. 47. saith, Brig∣bote significat quietantiam re∣parationis pontium.
Brigid or Bridget contracted also into Bride, an Irish name, as it seems, for that the antient St. Brigid was of that Nation. Cam.
Brigidians, an order of religious persons instituted by Brigidia a Widow, Queen of Sweden, in the time of Pope Ʋrbane the Fifth, about the year of our Lord 1372. it was as well of men as women, albeit they dwelt severally. Pol. & Heyl. The Nuns of this Order had a noble Con∣vent at Sion in Middlesex, built by K. Henry the Fifth.
Brocado (Span.) cloth of gold or silver. Hence we call that Brocado'd silk or satten, which is wrought or mixed with gold or silver, and some∣times that is called Brocado'd silk, which is wrought with several colours of silk.
Brocage, means used by a Spoaksman, or the trade of a Broker.
Brochity (brochitas) crook∣edness properly of teeth or tushes.
Brocket, a red Deer of two years old. See Spitter.
Brodehalfpenny (Sax.) signifies a Toll or Custom for setting up Tables or Bords in a Fair or Market, from which they that are freed by the Kings Charter, had this word mentioned in their Letters Patents. Insomuch, as at this day the freedom it self (for shortness of speech) is called Brodehalfpenny.
Page [unnumbered]Brothelty, dishonesty, baw∣dery, whoredom.
A Brouch or Ouch (monile) a jewel to wear about the neck.
Brownists, a dangerous Sect, first broached in England by Robert Brown of Rutland-shire about the year 1583. and is in effect pure Donatism, vamped with some new Edi∣tions. Of which see Mr Ful∣ler's Church-History, l. 9. c. 268.
Bruyere (Fr.) Heath, Ling, Hather; also a Heath or heathy ground; a word much used in Fines and Re∣coveries. e
Bruma (Lat.) The shortest day in the year, used also for Winter or December.
Brumal (brumalis) belong∣ing to the shortest day, win∣ter-like.
Bubo (Lat.) a S•ritch-Owle; also a botch or sore about the Groin.
Bubulcitate (bubulcito) to cry or call like a Cow-herd, to play the Neat-herd.
Buccinate (buccino) to blow or sound a Trumpet or Horn, to publish or blaze a∣broad.
Bucculent (bucculentus) blub-cheeked, wide-mouthed.
Buccentoro or Buccintoro, A stately great Galeass, or Galley Foist, wherein the Duke of Venice with the Se∣nate sail in triumph yearly on Ascension day, to espouse the Sea, &c. See Sands Travels, pag. 2.
Buckeldians, one of those fourteen Sects of Hereticks, which Alstedius comprehends under the title of Anabaptists, which are 1. Muncerians. 2. A∣postolicks. 3. Separatists. 4. Ca∣tharists. 5. Silents. 6. Enthusi∣asts. 7. Libertines. 8. Adamites. 9. Hutites. 10. Augustinians. 11. Bucheldians. 12. Melchiorites. 13. Georgians. And 14. Meno∣nists. See more of these in Doctor Featlies description of Anabaptists, pag. 24.
Bucolicks (bucolica) pasto∣ral songs, or songs of Heards∣men.
Buffoon (Fr. Bouffon) a Jester or Sycophant, merry fool, or one that lives by ma∣king others merry.
Buggerie (Fr. Bougrerie) is described to be carnalis co∣pula contra naturam, & haec vel per confusionem Specierum, sc. a man or a woman with a bruit beast, vel sexuum; a man with a man, or a wo∣man with a woman. See Levit. 18.22, 23. This offence committed with mankinde or beast is fellony without Cler∣gy; it being a sin against God, Nature, and the Law; And in ancient time such of∣fenders were to be burnt by the Common-Law. 25. Hen. 86.5. Eliz. 17. Fitz. Nat. Br. 269. My Lord Coke (Rep. 12. pag. 36.) saith, that this word comes from the Italian, Bug∣gerare, to bugger.
Bulbous (bulbosus) having round heads in the roots. Bac.
Page [unnumbered]Bulged or Bilged (a Sea-term) a ship is said to be bul∣ged, when she strikes on a Rock, Anchor or the like, and breaks off her Timbers or Plancks there, and so springs a Leak.
Bulimy Boulimy (bulimia) un∣satiable hunger, great famine.
Bull (bulla) properly a gold ornament or jewel for children, of a round com∣pass, and hollow within, made like a heart, and used to be hung about their necks; and hence the Briefs or Mandats of the Pope are called Bulls, from the lead, and sometimes golden Seal affixed there∣to, which Seal, Matth. Paris, Anno 1237. describes thus: In Bulla Domini Papae stat I∣mago Pauli à Dextris Crucis in medio Bullae figuratae, & Petri a sinistris: See more of these Bulls in Sir Henry Spelmans Glossarium.
Bulls of Basan, properly fat Buls; strong, powerfull, and cruel Enemies, Psal. 22.12. Many young Bulls have en∣compassed me: Basan was the fruitfull Country of Og, and became the Jews by conquest, Deut. 3.1, 2.
Bullary. See Boilary.
Burlesque (Ital.) drolish, merry, pleasant: Mr White, in his Apol. for Tradition.
Burghgrave (Germ.) is in Germany a title of honor, and signifies as much as Earl or Count of the Castle or Garrison; also the Captain or Governor of a Fortress.
Burlybrand (Sax.) a great sword. Chaucer.
Burnish (from the Italian Brunisce) to make a thing glister or look fair by rubbing it. Also a term among Hun∣ters when Harts spread their horns, after they are fraied or new rubbed.
Burser. See Boursier.
Bursholder, an Head-bo∣rough, a Ruler or chief Officer in a Borough.
Butlerage of Wines, signi∣fies that imposition of sale Wine brought into the Land, which the Kings Butler by vertue of his office may take of every ship, An. 1. H. 8. ca. 5. See Prisage.
Buttress, a stay to prop up a wall or building.
Buxiferous (buxifer) that beareth box.
Buxome or Buxum (Sax. Boscum) pliant, amiable, obedient, mer∣ry, gentle, meek, dutifull.
Buxomness or Bughsom∣ness (Sax.) pliablness or bow∣somness, to wit, humbly stooping or bowing down in sign of obedience; It is now mistaken for lustiness or ram∣pancy.
Buzzar, a Market-place among the Persians. Herb.
Byram, a great Feast a∣mong the Turks; which is their Carneval, and lasts three dayes.
Byrlaw or Laws of Bur∣law Page [unnumbered] (leges rusticorum) Laws made by Husband-men, con∣cerning neighbourhood, to be kept among themselves. Skene, p. 33.
By-spel (Sax. B•gspel) a By-word, Parable, or Pro∣verb.
Byssine (byssinus) silken, or which is made of fine flax or cloth.
THe Letter C among the Antients denoted Con∣demnation. See A.
Cabala, (Hebr.) receptio, a receiving.
Cabala, Kabala, or Caba∣listick are, a hidden Science of Divine Mysteries, which consists in drawing several senses either out of the same letters of a Hebrew word, as they lye first written in the word, or by different combi∣nations of them, or by chang∣ing one letter for another ac∣cording to art, or from the different writing a letter in one word, from the writing of the same letter in another word, or yet by some other nice ways, known to the He∣brew Rabbins, who onely use this Art for their Exposition of Scripture; And as it is an Art proper to the Jews, so is it judged by the better learned, to contain more of the imaginary, or phantasti∣cal, then of solid learning, to∣wards the true understanding of holy Scripture. See Moses and Aaron, p. 169.
Picus Mirandula describes it shortly thus, Est namque uni∣versa illa secretior Divinae le∣gis exposi•io ex ore Dei à Moyse accepta & Prophetarum ani∣mis à Deo infusa. It com∣prehends all those secret ways of exposition of the Divine Law, which were received by Moses from the mouth of God, and were afterward re∣vealed by God to his Pro∣phets.
And Camden saith,
Arithmancy, Theomancy and Cosmology, are said to depend on the aforesaid Cabala, which (to give you also Reu∣clins definition of it) is no∣thing else but a kind of un∣written Theology; and that therein is a much greater part of belief and speculation, then of discipline.
We use to say, he is not of our Cabal, that is, he is not re∣ceived into our Council, or is not privy to our secrets.
Cabalis (cabalista) one skil∣ful in that secret Science.
Cabal (caballus) an horse, a Jade.
Cablish (cablicia) among the Writers of the Forest Laws, signifies Brush-wood; but I rather think with Sir H. Spelman, it more properly signifies wind-faln-wood, be∣cause I find it written of old cadibulum from cadere.
Cacanis, a kind of Doctors among the Jews.
Cacofurgo Cecafogo (Spa.) Shite∣fire.
Cachexie (Gr.) an ill habit or disposition of body.
Cachinnation (cachinnatio) great laughter, or a laughter in derision.
Cacos (Gr.) Malus, evil: hence
Cacochymy (cacochymia)•l juyce in the body, causing •l digestion, and bad nutri∣ent: Or a corruption of all the humors in the body.
Cacodaemon (Gr.) an evil spirit, a devil.
Cacography (Gr.) ill wri∣ting, or writing of evil things.
Cacology (cacologia) evil speech or report, detraction.
Cacophony (cacophonia) an ill, harsh, or unpleasing sound (in words) a vitious utterance or pronunciation.
Cacozelous (cacozelus) ill-minded or affectioned, one that imitates badly.
Cacuminate (cacumino) to make sharp or copped.
Cadaverous (cadaverosus) like a dead carkass, deadly, ghastly or full of dead car∣kasses.
Cadee or Cade (Arab.) a Judge or Justice of the Peace among the Turks; also a Lord.
Cadence Cadency (from cado) a just falling; round going of words; a proportionable time or even measure in any action or sound.
Cadent (cadens) falling, failing, dying.
Cadet (Fr.) a younger bro∣ther among Gentlemen.
Caducean (caduceus) a∣mong the Romans was the name of a wand or rod, so called à cadendo, because at the sight thereof all quarrels and discords presently cea∣sed, and it was carried by their Heraulds and Embassa∣dors as an Ensign of Peace. Peach.
Page [unnumbered]Celibate (caelibatus) single life, the state of man or woman unmarried. Herb. H. 8.
Cageole (Fr. cageoler) to prattle or jangle like a Jay; to prate much to little purpose; to inveigle with fair words.
Caduciferous (caducifer) that carries a white rod in sign of peace.
Calamitous (calamitosus) full of calamity, wretched, de∣stroyed with tempest.
Calamize (calamizo) to pipe or sing.
Calamist (from calamus) a Piper or Whistler with a reed.
Calamity (calamitas) de∣struction of Corn or other thing, misery, mischief, &c. Ca∣lamitas (says my Lord Bacon) was first derived from calamus when the corn could not get out of the stalk. Nat. Hist.
Calasticks (calastica) purg∣ing medicines or oyntments.
Calcauthous (from calcau∣thum) pertaining to •hoo∣makers-black, or Vitriol.
Calcation (calcatio) a trea∣ding or stamping.
Calceate (calceo) to Shooe or put on Shooes, or Socks.
Calcedon, a term used by Jewellers and Lapidaries, as when in a Rubie especially, or Saphire, there is a certain foul vein, of somewhat a differ∣ent and most commonly whi∣tish colour to the other part of the stone, that they call a Cal∣cedon, and it makes the stone of less value; There is also a precious stone called Calce∣donius.
Calcined (calcinatus) burnt to ashes, or reduced to powder by fire.
Calcinize, To burn to ashes, to reduce metals to powder by the fire, to refine.
Calcitrate (calcitro) to kick or spurn, to refuse with dis∣dain.
Calculate (calculo) to cast accounts to reckon.
Calcule (calculus) an ac∣count or reckoning; a Table-man, Chess-man, or Counter to cast accounts withal.
Calculosity (calculositas) fulness of stones or Counters.
Caledonian (caledonius) be∣longing to Scotland, formerly called Caledonia.
Calefy (calefacio) to make warm or hot.
Calefaction (calefactio) a warming or heating.
Calfactive (calfactus) heat∣ing or warming, of property or power to heat or warm.
To Calender Linnen Cloth and Stuff, is to smooth, trim, and give it a gloss; a term u∣sed by Linnen Drapers and Mercers.
Calends (calendae) proper∣ly the first day of every month, being spoken by it self, or the very day of the New Moon, which commonly did fall out together; If Pridie be placed before it, then it signifies the last day of the foregoing month, as Pridie Calend. Maii, is the last day of April. If any number be placed with it, it signifies that day in the for∣mer Page [unnumbered] moneth, which comes so much before the moneth na∣med; as the tenth Calends of October, is the twentieth day of September, because if one begin at October, and reckon backwards, that twentieth day of September, is the tenth day before October. In March, May, July, and Octo∣ber, the Calends begin at the 16 day, in other moneths at the fourteenth; which Calends must ever bear the name of the moneth following, and be numbred backward from the first day of the said following moneths. See more in Hop∣tons Concord. p. 69. and see Ides.
At the Greek Calends (ad Graecas Calendas) i. never; for the Greeks have no Calends.
Calent (calens) hot or warm.
Calenture (Spa. Calentura) a burning Feaver, or an Ague.
Calidity (caliditas) heat, warmth.
Calid (calidus) hot, warm, burning, fierce and hasty.
Caliduct, Palladio observes that the Antients did warm their rooms, with certain se∣cret Pipes, that came through the walls, transporting heat, to sundry parts of the house, from one common Furnace, which Sir Hen. Wotton proper∣ly calls Caliducts.
Caliga•o•(caligatio) dim∣ness of sight, blindness.
Calig•(caligatus) that wears Stockings, Bus•ings, or harness for the Legs.
A Caligate Souldier (ca∣ligatus miles) a common Soul∣dier; also a Souldier, that, for fear of the enemy, feighneth himself to be weary and faint.
Calip•, A name or tittle of Dignity or Estate in Egypt, which people of the Maho∣metan Religion used to confer on such a man, whom they thought to be of holy life, a great and diligent observer of Mahomets Law, as also well learned therein, granting him besides, to command with Royal Authority; At the be∣ginning of this Religion all Caliphs were Kings, witness Mahomet himself inventer thereof, who was King of A∣rabia. These Caliphs were al∣so a kind of High-Priests, at whose hands the Mahumetan Princes were wont to receive their Diadems and Regalities. But their Office is now execu∣ted in the Turks Dominions by the Mufti or Chief Priest of the Saracens. Heyl.
Callent (callens) crafty, witty, cunning, or wise by ex∣perience.
Callid (callidus) idem.
Callosit•(callositas) hard∣ness or thickness of skin. Br.
Callo• (Sax.) a lewd wo∣man. Chauc. So perhaps Cal∣l•w may be lewd or wicked, which Mr. Cleveland uses in his Poems, where he speaks of a callow curse.
Page [unnumbered]Calour (calor) heat, warmth, hot love.
Calpe. See Hercules Pil∣lars.
Calsounds or Calsunes, a kinde of drawers or such like garment of Linnen, which the Turks wear next their skin. Sands.
Caltrop or Calthrop (Fr. Chausse∣trope) an instru∣ment used for∣merly in war, made with four pricks of Iron, of such a fashi∣on, as which way soever it was thrown, one point will al∣wayes stick up like a nail, to spoil the enemies horse feet.
Calvary or Mount Calva∣ry (calvarium) a hill a lit∣tle out of Hierusalem, where the malefactors were ordina∣rily executed, and where our Saviour Christ was Crucified for the Redemption of man∣kinde. The Mount had the name Calvary from the skuls and dead mens bones that lay there up and down.
Calvinist. One that holds the same opinion with Calvin in matters of Religion. See Lutheranism.
Calvity (calvitas) bald∣ness, deceit.
Calumniate (calumnior) to accuse or charge falsely, to cavil or detract. He that in his accusation, forges faults never committed, is said to Calumniate. He that under∣takes ones sute, and either will not urge reasons in the behalf of his Clyent, or answer the Objections of his adversa∣ry, when he is able, is said to Prevaricate. i. to play the false Proctor. He that desists in his accusation, and lets his sute fall, is said Tergiversari. Sylv. in Orat. pro Mur.
Calumnious (calumniosus) full of cavils or false accusati∣ons, slanderous.
Calydonian, of or belong∣ing to Scotland, or to a Forest there, called Calydonia Sylva.
Cambio (Spa.) a Burse or Exchange; as the Royal Ex∣change in London.
Cambren (from the Brit∣tish Cam, i. crooked, and •ren; a stick) a crooked stick, with notches on it, which But∣chers use to hang Sheep or Calves on, when they dress them.
Cambrian (from Cambria) belonging to Wales, Welch, Brittish.
Camerade (Fr. and Came∣rada Span. fro•Camera a Chamber) a Tent, Chamber, or Cabin-fellow, or a fellow-Souldier.
Camoise, crooked; as Camoise-nosed, hook-nosed; from the Brit. Cam, i. crook∣ed; whence we also say C•m-Cam, for crooked, over∣thwart, or clean contrary.
Cam•ate (camero) to vault, seil, or make an Arch or Roof.
Cam•lionize, to live by the Air, or in the fire; or change colour, as the Cameli∣on is said to do.
Page [unnumbered]Camisado (from the Span. Camisa i. a shirt) a sudden assaulting or surprisal of the enemy; So termed because the Souldiers that execute it, did commonly wear shirts over their armor, or take their Enemies in their shirts. Cotgr.
Campsor (Lat.) a banker, or changer of money.
Campain (Fr. Campaigne) a plain field, or a wide and level piece of ground. A word much used among soul∣diers, by whom the next Cam∣pain is usually taken for the next Summers Expedition of an Army, or its taking the field.
Campus Martius, a field neer Rome, where the anci∣ent Romans made use of all manly exercises, and the peo∣ple often assembled to give their suffrages towards the election of Magistrates, &c. It was so called, because de∣dicated to Mars.
Campus scelera•us (Lat.) was the place where the vestal Nuns, if they were de∣floured, suffered punishment; the field of execution.
Canary wi•e. So called, because it is made in the Ca∣nary Islands.
Cancer (Lat.) a crevice, or crab; also one of the Twelve Celestial Signs, so called for that as the Crab retrogrades or goes backward; so the Sun (being in that sign about mid-June ascends no higher but recedes by degrees, and hastens towards Capricorn. Min.
Candefy (candefacio) to make white, cleer, or pure.
Cand•d•t•(candidati) those that stand in election and sue for dignities of Magi∣stracy, during which time, among the Romans, they wore whiter and newer gowns then ordinary, that they might be the more easily seen and discerned; A word still in use in Universities; Al∣so gallant young Gentlemen or Knights about the Empe∣rors person.
Candlemass-day (Sax. Candel-moesse) the Feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin (2. Feb.) so called from the many candles that were wont to be hallowed and lighted in the Church on that day. The Dutch call it Lic•tmisse. Sax. Dict.
Candid (candidus) white, fair, clear; also fortunate, pure, innocent.
Candor (Lat.) whiteness, brightness, purity, sincerity, without craft or malice.
Canel bone (jugulus) the Neck or Throat-bone.
Canibals. A barbarous kinde of people that eat mans flesh.
Canicular day•s (dies ca∣niculares) See Dog dayes.
Cani•ude (canitudo) hoariness, whiteness, gravi∣ty.
Canon. (Gr.) Properly a Page [unnumbered] Rule or line to make any thing straight, or to try the straightness of it. Hence Laws or Decrees for Church-Government are called Ca∣nons; and certain times of Prayer used by Church-men are called Canonical hours of Prayer, as Matins, Laudes, &c. And we call those Canonical books, which are authentical Scripture.
Canonical (canonicus) according to Rule, or Or∣der, received into the Canon, put into the Roll; Authen∣tical.
Canonize (canonizo) to ex∣amine by rule, to Register, to put in the rank and number: also to declare and pronounce one for a Saint.
Canor (Lat.) melody or sweet singing.
Canorous (canorus) loud, shrill, pleasant, loud singing.
Cantabrians (Cantabri) people of Biscay (formerly Cantabria) in Spain.
Cantation (cantatio) sing∣ing or enchanting.
Cantabrize, to follow the custom or fashion of Cam∣bridge. Mr Fuller: and it may be applied to Biscay in Spain, in Latin called Can∣tabria.
Cantharides (Lat.) cer∣tain flyes of a bright shining green colour, breeding in the tops of Ash and Olive Trees beyond the Sea. They are sometimes used by Physitians, to raise blisters in the body; but their heads, wings, and feet must be cast away. The juice of them is poysonous. Bull.
Canticle (canticum) a plea∣sant Song, a Ballad, a Rime.
Cantion (cantio) a song or enchantment, a sorcery or charme.
Cantilene (cantilena) a verse, a common speech or tale, a song.
Canto (Ital.) a Song or Sonnet; also as Canton.
Canton, from the Greek, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, which is a corner pro∣perly of the eye; also an Hun∣dred, Precinct, or Circuit of Territory, wherein there are divers good Towns and Vil∣lages: This word is proper to Helvetia or Switzerland, which was divided or Cantonized a∣bout the year of Christ 1307. into 13 such Cantons.
It is also a term in Heraldry, and signifies as much as an Angle or corner in a coat of Arms, contracted thus:
It possesseth for the most part the dexter point of the Scotcheon, and is the reward of a Prince given to an Earl. Peach.
Cantonize. To divide into Cantons, quarters or corners.
Page [unnumbered]Cantor (Lat.) a singer or charmer.
Cantred or rather Cantref signifies an hundred Villages, being a British word com∣pounded of the Adjective Cant, which signifies an hun∣dred, and Tref, a Town or Village. In Wales the Coun∣ties are divided into Cantreds, as in England into Hundreds. This word is used An. 28. H. 8. c. 3.
Canzonet (from the Ital. Canzonetta) a song or ditty.
Car-a-pe (from the Lat. caput and pes) from head to foot; as when a Souldier is compleatly armed, we say he is armed Cap-a-pe. The Ro∣mans called such souldiers Ca∣taphracti.
Capacitat• (from capacitas) made capable or fit to receive. Lo. Prot. Speech to Parl. 8. A∣pril, 1657.
Capacity Capability (capacitas) an aptness to con∣tain or receive.
Our Common Law allows the King two Capacities, a na∣tural, and a politick; in the first he may purchase Lands to him and his Heirs; in the later to him and his Succes∣sors. And a Parson hath the like.
Cape (Fr. cap) that where∣of Sea-men speak in their voyages, is some remarkable nook or elbow of Land, that shoots farther into the Sea then any other near part of the Continent. In Spanish it is called Cabo; i. an end, quasi the end or last of such a Land, as Cabo de Buena Esperansa the Cape of good hope, first found by Vasco de Gama a Por∣tugal.
Caparison (Fr. Caparasson) trapping or furniture for a horse.
Capets (Fr. Cappres) A prickly plant almost like Brambles, growing in Spain, Italy, and other hot Coun∣tries: the root whereof is much used in Physick, against obstructions of the Spleen or Milt. The flowers and leaves are brought hither from Spain, preserved in pikle, and are commonly eaten with Mut∣ton: they stir up the appetite, warm the Stomach, and open the stoppings of the Liver and Milt. Bull.
Capharnaits, those of Ca∣pharnaum in Palestine, who first doubted of the mystery of the blessed Sacrament.
Ca•, Three chief Offi∣cers among the Venetians, to whom and to the Senate the Dukes Authority is in all things subject. Heyl.
Capillary (capillaris) of or like hair, hairy.
Capillatur•(capillatura) a frizling of the hair, the bush of hair on the head.
Capistrate (capistro) to hal∣ter, muzzle, or tye.
Capillation (capillatio) hairiness, a making a thing hairy, or causing hair to grow.
Page [unnumbered]Capital (capitalis) worthy of death, deadly, mortal, be∣longing to the head. The se∣ven Capital sins are Pride, Co∣vetousness, Lechery, Anger, Gluttony, Envy and Sloath; and are called Capital, be∣cause they are heads of many others, which proceed from them as Rivers from their source.
Capitation (capitatio) a tri∣bute paid by the heads; pole-money. Br.
Capite, was a tenure when a man held Lands im∣mediately of the King, as of his Crown, were it by Knights service, or in Socage. Brook. tit. Ten. 46.94. This Tenure, and those of Knights service and Socage in chief are now taken away, and all Tenures turn∣ed into Free and common Soccage. Act. 1656. ca 4.
Capitol (capitolium) an an∣tient Pallace in Rome, so called from the head of a man found there when they digged to lay the foundation; Arnobius saith his name was Tolus, and from Caput and Tolus came Capito∣lium. When Brennus and his Gauls overcame the Romans near the River Allia in Italy, Rome it self was forsaken of its chief strength, only the Capitol was manned by Manlius and saved from the fury of the Gauls, by the cackling of Geese which awaked the watch, &c.
Capitulate (capitulo) to di∣vide by chapters or heads; also to bargain or agree by Arti∣cles.
Capnomancy (capnomantia) a divination by smoke arising from an Altar, whereon In∣cense or Poppy-seed is burn∣ed. Cotgr.
Capouch• (Fr. Capuchon, lat. Capitium) a coul, hood, or co∣ver for the head, which Monks and Fryers use to wear.
Capouchins or Capucines, a religious Order of Fryers so called of their Coule or Ca∣pouch, ordained by Matth. Basci of Ancona. Frier Lewis his companion obtained of the then Pope, the habit and rule of St. Francis in the year 1526. In the space of 42 years they encreased to 2240 associates, had 222 Monasteries, and were divided into 15. Provinces. Heyl. They wear neither shirts nor breeches. Cotgr.
Caprichio Caprich (from the Spa. capricho) an hu∣mor, a fancy, a toy in ones head, a giddy thought; hence
Caprichious, humersome, fantastical, full of whimseys or toys, giddy-headed.
Capricorn (capricornus) the Goat or one of the 12 Signs of the Zodiack; so named from the custom and nature of that beast; for as the Goat com∣monly climbs up to the top of the steepest hills to seek his food; so the Sun (when in in Mid-December, he enters the Tropick of Capricorn) ascends our Hemisphere. Min.
Caprification (caprificatio) husbanding or dressing wilde fig-trees or other trees.
Page [unnumbered]Capriole (Fr.) a caper in dancing; also the leaping of a horse above ground, called by horsemen, the Goats leap.
Capstand, an Instrument to wind up things of great weight, a Crane. Bull.
Capsulary (from capsula) pertaining to a little Coffer, Chest, or Casket.
Capsulated, locked or shut up in a Chest or Casket.
Captation (captatio) subtil∣ty to get favor, a cunning en∣deavor to get a thing.
Captious (captiosus) full of craft, curious, hurtful, catching or taking hold of every little occasion to pick quarrels.
Caracol (from the Fr. fair le Caracol) to cast themselves into a ring, as souldiers do.
Captivity (captivitas) bon∣dage.
Captivate (captivo) to take captive or prisoner.
Caracter. Vide Character.
Caravan or Karavan (Fr. Caravene) a convoy of Souldi∣ers for the safety of Merchants that travel by Land. Voyage Levant, and Sands.
Capuchet (from the Fr. Ca∣puchon, a Coul or Hood) hood∣ed or covered with a Coul or into the Hood. See Capouche.
Carbonado (Spa. carbonada, lat. carbonella) a rasher or col∣lop of Bacon, or any meat smutcht with or broiled on the coals: also a slash over the face, which fetcheth the flesh with it.
Caravel, a kind of swift Bark.
Carbuncle (carbunculus) has two significations, the one a precious stone, the other a dangerous botch or sore. Car∣buncle stone, is bright, of the colour of fire, and has many vertues, but chiefly prevails a∣gainst the danger of infecti∣ous air. Some call a Ruby in perfection a Carbuncle; others say a Diamond of a red or fie∣ry colour, is a Carbuncle. Car∣buncle disease is a botch, or ul∣cer, called otherwise by a Greek name Anthrax, caused of gross hot blood, which rais∣eth blisters, and burns the skin; This Ulcer is ever accompa∣nied with a Feaver.
Carceral (carceralis) of or belonging to a prison.
Sea-Card (charta marina) is a Geographical discription of coasts, with the true di∣stances, heights and courses or winds laid down in it; not describing any Inland, which belongs to Maps. Seamen use these Cards to instruct them in Navigation.
Cardiacal (cardiacus) of or pertaining to the heart, cordi∣al, comforting the heart.
Cardinal (cardinalis) a high dignity in the Church of Rome, whereof there are about 70 in number, and were first instituted by P. Paschal the first. Minsh derives the word from Cardo, inis, the hook or hinge of a door: for as the door hangs or depends on the hin∣ges, so the Church on the Car∣dinals. The word taken Ad∣jectively, Page [unnumbered] is pertaining to a hook or hinge; also chief or principal; the four Cardinal Vertues are, 1 Prudence▪ 2 Tem∣perance, 3 Justice, 4 Fortitude. So called, because they are the principal foundations of a ver∣tuous well-ordered life, and as it were the hinges on which all other moral vertues de∣pend; the four principal winds, East, West, North, and South, are also called Cardinal Winds.
Cardiognostick (Gr.) that knows the heart; an attribute peculiar to God alone; Mr. How.
Carefox or Carfax, A Mar∣ket-place in Oxford, so called; which may come of the French Quarrefour or carre∣four, signifying any place or part of a Town, where four streets meet at a head; as at Carfox in Oxford, for there is the Quarre, the square and quadrant. Min. Or (accord∣ing to Mr. Sumner) it may be a corruption from the French, quatre voyes. i. four ways.
Ca•e•e (Fr.) a cheering, cherishing, welcoming, ma∣king much of.
Caret (Lat.) it wanteth; it is the name for this mark () which is made in writing, where any thing is wanting, left out or enterlined; or to shew where an interlineation comes in.
Cargazon or Cargaison (from the Span. Carga. i.e. a load) the fraight or lading of a ship.
Carine (carina) the Keel or Bottom of a Ship Any kind of bringing a ship over to lie on one side; to be trim'd (she being on float) is called Careening.
Carity (caritas) dearth, scarcity, dearness.
Cark, is a quantity of wool, whereof 30 make a Sarplar. A. 27. H. 6. cap. 2.
Carmasal or Carmusal, a kind of Turkish ship or Galley.
Carmelite (had beginning and name at and from Mount Carmelus in Syria, where Eli∣as the Prophet lived long so∣litary) a strict order of Friers instituted by Almericus Bishop of Antioch, An. 1122. They followed St. Basil and were reformed by the vertuous Spa∣nish Virgin St. Teresa, who made them certain constituti∣ons confirmed by Pope Pius the fourth, Ann. 1565. Heyl.
Carminate (carmino) to card wooll, or hatchel flax, to sever the good from the bad.
Carnage (Fr.) flesh time, or the season wherein 'tis law∣ful to eat flesh; It is also a term of Venery, signifying that flesh which is given to the dogs after hunting.
Carnalist, One that is de∣voted to carnalities, a carnal man.
Carnaval (Fr.) Shrovetide; also a licentious or dissolute season.
Carnel work, The building of ships first with their Tim∣bers and Beams, and after Page [unnumbered] bringing on their Planks, is called Carnel-work, to distin∣guish it from Clinch-work.
Carnify (carnifico) to quar∣ter or cut in peeces, as the Hang-man doth, to torment.
Carnous (carnosus) full of flesh, fleshy, gross, thick.
Carnivorous (carnivorus) that devoureth flesh.
Carnificine (carnificina) the place of execution, or the office of a Hangman.
Carnogan (Brit.) a little kind of a wooden dish with hoops, a Piggin.
Carol, A Christmas song, or Hymn in honor of our Sa∣viours birth; it comes from Cantare, i. to sing, and Rola an interjection expressing joy; for heretofore in the burden of delightful songs, and when men were jocound, they were wont to sing Rola, Rola, as sometimes they now do, Hey down, derry derry. It was an antient custom among the Christians in their Feasts, to bring every one into the midst, and incite him to sing unto God, as well as he could, either out of holy Scriptures, or out of his own wit and invention. Tertul. lib. adv. Gentes, cap. 39.
Carous, Gar in the old Teutonick signified all, and aus, out; so that to drink Garaus, is to drink all out; hence by corruption, to drink Carous, and now we say to Carous it, i. to drink all out.
Carpatian-Sea (so called from an adjacent Island called Carpathos, now Scarpanto) a Sea lying between Rhodes and Crete.
Carp•cratians, a sort of Hereticks so called.
Carrat (Fr. carat) among Goldsmiths and Mintmen is the third part of an ounce; among Jewellers or Stone∣cutters, but the 192 part, for eight of them make but one sterlin, and a sterlin is the four and twentieth part of an ounce. Three grains of Assize or four grains of Diamond weight make a carrat. A fool of twenty five carrats, is an egregious fool, a fool beyond all proportion; the finest gold being but of four and twenty carrats, which is the essay, by which the fineness of the gold is known. Cotgr.
Carrick Carrack a ship of a great burthen; so cal∣led of the Italian word carico, or carco, a burthen or charge; you have this word, An. 2. R. 3. ca. 4. and 1. Jac. ca. 33.
Carriere (Fr) the ring or circle where they run with great horses; also their course or full speed.
Cartage. See Cartouch.
Cartel (Fr.) a Letter of de∣fiance, or a challenge for a (single) Combate. Lo. Herbert uses it often in his Hen. 8.
Carthusians, a religious order of Monks, instituted by St. Bruno, a native of Collein, who being a Parisian Doctor of Divinity, and a Canon of Rheims, abandoned the Page [unnumbered] world, and with six associats began his austere Heremitical course of life, on the Carthu∣sian Mountains, in the Diocess of Gratianopolis, with the li∣cence of Hugh then Bishop thereof; and from thence his Order took the name of Car∣thusians: he flourished in the time of Pope Ʋrban the se∣cond, and died 1101. Those of his rule have at this day near 100 Monasteries; they eat no flesh, never meet but on Sundays, labour with their hands, watch, pray, &c. their robe is white, with a short cape.
Cartilage (cartilago) a gristle. Physitians define it to be a similary part, dry and hard, yet not so as a bone; flex∣ible, which a bone is not; fra∣med to stay the soft parts, and to repel the injuries of exter∣nal hard bodies. Reads Anat.
Cartilagineous (cartilagi∣neus) of a gristle or full of gristles.
Carrucate of Land (carru∣cata terrae) is a word much u∣sed in the antient Charters, and Land-evidences of this na∣tion, and signifies as much land as may be tilled in a year by one Plough; it is also called in the antient Laws Hilda vel Hida terrae, and in others Carue de terre; now a Plough-land. Carrucata is a corruption from the French Carruë, a Plough.
Cartouche (Fr.) a charge of powder and shot ready made up in a paper; we cor∣ruptly call it a cartage. Also a roll in Architecture.
Carvel, a kind of ship.
Caspian Sea (mare Caspi∣um) a Sea near Hyrcania, that hath no passage into any other Sea, but is a huge Lake, and neither ebbs nor flows. There∣fore Sir Philip Sidney (to note, that he persisted always one) depainted out this Sea sur∣rounded with his Shoars, and over it this Motto, Sine re∣fluxu, for his Devise.
Case-Mate (Fr.) a loop-hole in a fortified wall to shoot out at, or in fortification, a place in a ditch, out of which to plague the assailants.
Cassation (from casso) a quashing, annulling, or making void.
Castalian-Wel; a fountain at the foot of Parnassus, sacred to the Muses; taking name of Castalia a Virgin, who (as Po∣ets fain) flying from the leach∣erous god Apollo, fell down headlong, and was turned in∣to this fountain. Rider.
Castifical (castificus) ma∣king chaste, pure or continent.
Castigate (castigo) to cha∣stise, correct, reprove, or pu∣nish.
Castleward, Is an imposi∣tion laid upon such Subjects, as dwel within a certain com∣pass of any Castle, towards the maintenance of such as watch and ward the Castle. Mag. Char. c. 20. & an. 32. H. 8. ca. 48. It is used sometimes for the very circuit it self; Page [unnumbered] which is inhabited by such as are subject to this service, as in Stows Annals, p. 632.
Castrate (castro) to geld, to cut off, or mangle, to take away the strength.
Castrensian (castrensis) of a Camp or Army; that per∣taines to an Host or War.
Casuist (from casus) one that writes, or is well seen in cases of conscience.
Casule, or Planet (casula) one of those attires where∣with the Priest is vested, when he says Mass, resembling the purple robe of derision, which the Souldiers put on our Sa∣vior, saying, Hail King of the Jews. Tr. of Ma.
Cata-baptist (Gr.) one that abuseth or depraves, or is an adversary to the Sacrament of Baptism. A Catabaptist may sometimes be no Anabap∣tist, such was Leo Capronymus, who defiled the Font at his Baptism, yet was not Christe∣ned again, but every Anabap∣tist is necessarily a Cataptist, for the iteration of that Sacra∣ment is an abuse and polluti∣on of it. Dippers dipt.
Catachrestical Catachrestique (from ca∣tachresis) abusive, as when one word is improperly put for ano∣ther.
Cataclysm (cataclysmus) a general flood, or deluge, a great showre of rain. Mr. Evelyn.
Catadrome (catadromus) a place where they run with horses, for prize; a Tilt-yard. An Engine which builders use like a Crane, in lifting up or putting down any great weight.
Cataglottism (Gr.) a kis∣sing with the tongue. Cotg.
Catagmatical (catagmati∣cus) of or belonging to bro∣ken bones; or to the healing or closing such bones.
Catagraph (catagraphe) the first draught or delineation of a picture.
Cataloguize (from catalo∣gus) to insert into a catalogue, to inroll.
Catals Chatels In our Common Law it compre∣hends all goods movable and immovable, but such as are in the nature of a Free-hold or parcel thereof. Howbeit Kit∣chin. chap. Cat. fol 32. saith, That ready money is not ac∣counted any goods, or hat∣tels, nor Hawks, nor Hounds. See more in Cow.
Catalepsie (catalepsis) oc∣cupation, deprehension, know∣ledge: Also a disease in the head, occasioned by a distem∣per of the brain.
Catamidiate (catamidio) to put one to open shame, and punishment for some notori∣ous offence, to scorn, to de∣fame. ka me, ka thee.
Catamite (catamitus) a boy hired to be abused con∣trary to nature, a Ganymede. Herb. tr.
Cataphysick, Against na∣ture.
Page [unnumbered]Cataphor (cataphora) a deep or dead sleep.
Cataphrygians. A Sect of Hereticks that lived in the time of Pope Soter, and the Emperor Commodus about the year of Christ 181. they bore that name, because their Arch-leaders, Montanus and Apelles were of the Country Phrygia; they erred about Baptism, re∣jecting the form that Christ and his Apostles used; they baptized their dead, held two Marriages as bad as fornicati∣on, with other wicked Te∣nets.
Cataplasm (cataplasma) properly a medicine or poul∣tis made of divers herbs either bruised or boiled in water, and so applied outwardly to the body: if there be oyl ad∣ded after the decoction, it is not then called a Cataplasm, but an Emplaister.
Catapult (catapulta) an antient warlike Engine to shoot Darts or great Arrows a far off; and by this name was called not onely the in∣strument it self, but the arrow or whatsoever was shot out of it; as Turneb. writes in his 15. Advers. cap 1. This Engine was also called Balista.
Cataract (cataracta) a Port∣cullis, a great fall of water from an high place; also a distillation of humors out of the eyes, a Flood-gate.
Catarrhe (catarrhus) a Rhewm or distillation of wa∣terish humors out of the head into the mouth, throat, or eyes, caused by a cold, and sometimes hot distemperature of the brain.
Catastasis (Gr.) the third part of a Comedy, and signi∣fies the state and full vigour of it. Tragedies and Come∣dies have four principal parts in respect of the matter treat∣ed of, 1. Protasis. 2. Epitasis. 3. Catastasis. 4. Catastrophe.
Catastrophe (Gr.) a sub∣version, the end, or last part of a Comedy or any other thing: a sudden alteration, the conclusion or shutting up a matter, or the inclination unto the end, as Vitae humanae catastrophe, the end of a mans life.
Catechetical (from cateche∣sis) pertaining to an Instructi∣on, by mouth or book.
Catechize (catechizo) to inform or instruct.
Catecumene (catecumenus) one lately taught and cate∣chized by mouth; or one that is catechized, but hath not re∣ceived the Communion.
Categorem (categorema) that part of a proposition which is predicated of the other.
Categorematical. See Syn∣categorematical.
Category (categoria) pro∣perly an accusation. It is also a term used in Logick, and is the same with predicament. See Predicament.
Categorical (categoricus) plain, authentical, already re∣solved on. Cotgr.
Page [unnumbered]Catenate (cateno) to link, chain or tie.
Catharians, were a branch of the Novatian Hereticks that lived in the third age af∣ter Christ. They took the name Cathari from the Greek word 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 (which signifies clean or pure) by reason of the cleanness and purity they challenged to themselves, saying, they were altogether pure from sin, and therefore omitted that clause in the Lords Prayer, Forgive us our Trespasses, as we forgive, &c. they denied original sin, and the necessity of Baptism, with other Heretical doctrines.
Catharists (so called from the Gr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i. to purge, from certain execrable cleans∣ings or purgings which they used) a branch of the Mani∣chean Hereticks, that appear∣ed first to the world in the time of Pope Felix the first, and of Aurelian the Emperor, about the year of Christ 297. They rejected the Sacraments of the Church, held oaths to be unlawful, and forbidden Chri∣stians in all cases, &c. with o∣ther such mad positions.
Cathartical (catharticus) pertaining to a purgative, or evacuative medicine; and such medicines are called Cathar∣ticks.
Cathedral (from cathedra) of or belonging to a chair.
Cathedral Church, so cal∣led from the Bishops chair in every such Church; what soever City gives title to a Bi∣shop, there onely is a Cathe∣dral Church, as at York, Wor∣cester, Hereford, &c. but none at Shrewsbury, Northampton, &c. See Parish.
Cathedrarious (cathedrari∣us) of or belonging to a chair or seat.
Catholicisme (catholicis∣mus) generality or universali∣ty, or the Orthodox Faith of the Catholick Church.
Catholicon (Gr.) a certain composition in Physick, so termed, because it purgeth all kind of humors.
Catholick King, a Title peculiar to the King of Spain; as Most Christian, to France; and Defender of the Faith, to England.
Alphonso the first of Ovie∣do had this Title for his sanctity; with him it dyed, and was revived in Alphonso the great, the Twelfth of Leon, and Oviedo, by the Grant of Pope John the Eighth: after it lay dead till the days of Ferdinand the great, who re-obtained this Title from Pope Alexander the Sixth, be∣cause he procured the Moors to be baptized, banished the Jews, and in part converted the Americans to Christianity. Hist. of Spain.
Catholisation, The being or becoming a Catholick.
Catopticks professors of the Opticks, or art specula∣tive.
Catoptromantie (catoptro∣mantia)Page [unnumbered] divination by vision in a glass.
Cavalier (Fr.) Caval•ro (Sp.) a Knight or Gentle∣man, serving on horse-back, a man of Arms.
Cavalry (Spa. cavaleria) Fr. cavallerie) Horse-men in an Army, Knighthood, Horse∣manship.
Caveary or •ckary a strange meat like black Soap, made upon the River Volgba in Russia, out of a fish called Bellongina, the Sturgeon, the Se∣veriga, and the Sterledy, and thence transported to Eng∣land, and other Countries, 2. part of Treas. &c.
Caveat (from caveo) let let him take heed; but it is commonly used as a substan∣tive, for a warning or admo∣nition; And so among the Proctors, when a person is dead, and a competition ari∣seth for the Executorship, or Administratorship, the party concerned enters a Caveat, to prevent or admonish others from intermedling.
Caverne (caverna) a cave, den or hollow place.
Cavesan or Cavechin (Fr. Cavesanne) a false rein, or head-strain (commonly of silk) to lead, or hold a horse by.
Cavillation (cavillatio) a mock or jest, a subtil allega∣tion, a forged cavil) a wrang∣gling.
Cavity (cavitas) hollow∣ness, emptiness.
Caulking a Ship, is the driving of Ockham, spun hair, & the like into all the Seams, rends and treenels of the Ship, without which 'tis im∣possible for her to swim and keep out water.
Cauphe. See Coffa.
Cauphe-house a Tavern or Inn where they sell Cauphe or Coffa.
To Caupona•(cauponor) to sell wine or other victuals, to sell for money or gain,; to cauponate a war, is to make war for money. 4. Ages Poem.
Caursines (otherwise called Lumbards) were Italians by birth, and came into England in the year 1235. terming themselves the Popes Mer∣chants, driving no other trade then letting out money, great banks whereof they brought over into England, differing little from Jews, save that they were more mer∣ciless to their debtors. Some will have them called Caursi∣nes, quasi causa ursini, so bear∣ish and cruel in their causes, others Caursini, quasi Corra∣sini, from scraping all toge∣ther. Fuller, lib. 3. pag. 59, 61.
Caus-way, is well known to be a way paved with flint or stone, from the Fr. Cail∣loéux i. flinty; and I have been informed that Caux in old French signified a flint, now Caillon.
Causality Causation (causatio) an excuse, essoyn∣ing or pretence.
A Causal, that contains or Page [unnumbered] expresses the cause of a thing; In Grammer these are conjun∣ctions causal, nam, quia, &c.
Causidick (causidicus) a Lawyer, a Pleader, an Ad∣vocate or Counsellor, which may also be taken adjectively.
Caustick (Causticus) apt to burn or scald; also a medi∣cine that burneth, and is used when a disease cannot other∣wise be mastered. Bull.
Cautele (cautela) a provisi∣on, or taking heed, an assu∣rance.
Cautelous (from cautela) circumspect, wary, advised.
Cauterie (cauterium) a hot iron, or searing iron, which is by Physitians called an actu∣al Cauterie; and a potential Cauterie is that which is with∣out fire and iron, but hath partly like strength, as Ʋn∣guentum Aegyptiacum, &c.
Cauterism (cauterismus) a cutting, burning, or searing the body for an inflammation or swelling.
Cauterize (cauterizo) to burn, stop up, or sear with hot irons, ointments or medicines.
Cautional Cautionary (cautionalis) pertaining to caution, pledge, or wariness.
Cautionary, or pledge Towns, are such as are pawn∣ed or given in assurance for mony, or fulfilling of Cove∣nants or Articles agreed on.
Cauter (Lat.) he that fore∣seeth, or bewareth.
Cayer (Fr.) a quire of written paper, a piece of a written book, divided into equal parts. Lustr. Ludov.
Cecity (caecitas) blindness.
Ceculients, (from caecutio) a waxing blind, dimness of sight, purblindness, half blind∣ness. Br.
Cedent (cedens) giving place, departing, yeilding.
Celature (caelatura) the art of engraving.
Celebrity (celebritas) a so∣lemn Assembly of great per∣sonages, famousness, greatness in the world, renown.
Celibate. See Caelibate.
Celebrate (celebro) to fre∣quent, to solemnize with an Assembly of men, to make famous: also to keep a festival day or other time with great solemnity.
Celeripedean (from celeripes) swift-footed, nimble-heel'd.
Celerity (celeritas) quick∣ness, speed, haste.
Celestify (from caelestis) to make celestial, heavenly or excellent. Vul. Er.
Celestines. An Order of Fryers, instituted by one Pe∣ter, a Samnite, born in the year 1215. He alwayes wore a chain of Iron next his flesh, and over that a shirt of hair. Pope Gregory the eleventh confirmed this Rule: they follow St. Bennet, and took name from the said Peter, who for his Sanctity was cho∣sen Pope, and called Celestine the fifth. Heyl.
Celsity Celsitude (celsitudo) lof∣tiness, excel∣lency Page [unnumbered] haughtiness, nobleness, highness.
Celostomy (coelostomia) when one speaks hollow in the mouth.
Celt (Celta) one born in Gaul, a part of France.
Celtique (celticus) pertain∣ing to the people of Gaul.
Cement or Ciment (caemen∣tum) a strong and cleaving Morter, made for the most part of Tiles, Potsheards, Glass, Flint, dross of Iron, &c. beaten all to dust, and incorporated with Lyme, Oyl, Grease, Rozen and Water. Min. Hence
Cemented, made or wrought with such Morter, souldred or pieced together.
Cemetery (Lat. Coemeteri∣um Fr. Cimitiere) a Church∣yard.
Cenatical Cenatory (caenaticus) per∣taining to a supper.
Cenotaph (cenotaphium) is an empty funeral monument or tomb, erected for the ho∣nor of the dead, wherein neither the corps nor reliques of the defunct are deposited; in imitation of which, Herses are set up in Churches, com∣monly on the Anniversary day. Weaver. fol. 32.
Cene (coena) a Supper or Feast. Cressy.
Cenosity (caenositas) foul∣ness, or filthiness.
Cense (census) a cessing, mustering or valuing the peo∣ple. When the Roman Com∣monwealth flourished, the City of Rome contained 463000 men able to bear Arms, free Denizons, and such as were inrolled in∣to Cense, besides Servants, Women and Children. Heyl.
Cension (censio) a punish∣ment or censure of condem∣nation done by the censor, an advice or opinion.
Censer (thuribulum) a ves∣sel belonging to the Sanctum Sanctorum, wherein the Priest did burn incense before our Lord, in the old Law, Rev. 8.3. which vessel and the use of it in some sort is still continued by the Roman Ca∣tholicks in their Churches up∣on festival days, &c. A per∣suming-pan.
Censor (Lat.) a Master of Discipline, a judge or re∣former of manners, one that values, musters, or taxeth. The Office of the Censors among the ancient Romans, was chiefly to value mens estates, that accordingly every man might be taxed for the wars; to censure ill manners, punish misdemeanors, depose Senators, and put men from a more honorable Tribe to a lower; Also to Demise unto certain Farmers, called Publicans, the publick profits of the City for a Rent, and to put forth the City-works to them to be undertaken at a price.
Censorious Censorian (censorius) pertaining to Page [unnumbered] the Censor, severe, grave.
Centaurs (Centauri) peo∣ple of Thessaly, who first de∣vised to break horses for war, whence they being seen by other people on horse∣back, were supposed to be but one creature, which had the upper part of his body like a man, and the nether part like a horse. This was in the time of the war between the Thes∣salians and the Lapithae, Ann. Mundi 2724. Rider. Or (as Servius declares) when some yong Thessalians on hors-back were beheld afar off, while their horses watered, that is, while their heads were de∣pressed, they were conceived by their first spectators, to be but one animal, and answer∣able hereunto have their pi∣ctures been drawn ever since.
Centenary (centenarium) that which contains a hun∣dred years, or a hundred pound weight.
Centre (centrum) the point in the midst of any round thing, the inward middle part of a Globe. The Earth is called the Center of the world, because it is in the midst thereof.
Centoculated (quasi centum habens oculos) that hath a 100 eyes; Feltham, in his Resolves, useth this word, as an Epi∣there for Argus.
Centon (cento) a garment patched up of many shreds, and divers colours; a work compiled of many fragments, a mingle mangle of many matters in one book, a Rap∣sody.
Central (centralis) pertain∣ing to the Center, scituate in the very midst.
Centuple (centuplex) a hun∣dred fold.
Centuplicated, made or in∣creased an hundred fold.
Century (centuria) a band of a hundred footmen, the number of a 100, an age con∣taining an hundred years. Among the ancient Romans, Centuries were the ranges and degrees of men according to their worth, as they were as∣sessed and inrolled by the Censors.
Centuriate (centurio) to divide by hundreds, to distri∣bute into bands.
Centurists, Four German Writers of the Ecclesiastical History, who divided their works into hundreds of years, and called them Centuries.
Centurion (centurio) a Captain over an hundred foot-men.
Cephalconomancy (Gr.) divination by an Asses head broiled on coals. Cotgr.
Cephalique (cephalicus) belonging to, or good for the head.
Cepi Corpus (i. I have taken the body) is a return made by the Sheriff, that upon an Exigend or other Writ, he hath taken the bo∣dy of the party. Fitzha. nat. br. fol. 28.
Page [unnumbered]Cepphick (cepphicus) very light, trifling, of no estima∣tion.
Ceramity (ceramites) a pre∣cious stone of the colour of Tyle.
Ceratine (ceratinus) as Ce∣ratine arguments, sophistical and intricate arguments.
Cerberus, A Dog with three heads, feigned to be Porter of Hell gates. By the three heads are signified the three Ages, by which death devours man, viz. Infancy, Youth, and old Age. Rider.
Cerdonists or Cerdoniant, a sect of ancient Hereticks, so called from Cerdo their first Father, who taught two contrary principles to be in the cause of every thing, a good God and a bad; under the the bad he ranked Moses and the Prophets, under the good he comprehended Christ, and the teachers of the Gospel, &c. he was the Master of Marcion the Heretick, and lived about the year of Christ 150. Rider.
Cereal (cerealis) pertain∣ing to corn, or food, or to Ceres the Goddess of Harvest.
Cerebrosity (cerebrositas) brain-sickness, hair-brained∣ness.
Ceromancie (ceromantia) divination or soothsaying by wax put into water.
Ceromatick (ceromaticus) anointed with oyl, as Wrest∣lers were wont to be.
Cerinthu•rs. So called from Cerinthus an Heretick, who taught, that Christ at his coming again should give to his people all carnal de∣lights and pleasures: he de∣nied all the Scripture, onely Matthew excepted, and lived about the yeer of Christ 97. Rider.
Ceroferarie (ceroferarius) he that has the care or custo∣dy of the wax-candles in a Monastery; also the candle∣stick.
Cerote (cerotum) a plaister made of oyls, Turpentine and wax, a Searcloth.
Certaminate (certamino) to contend or strive, to be at va∣riance.
Certiorari, is a a Writ issu∣ing out of the Chancery to an inferior Court to call up the Records of a cause therein depending, that conscionable justice may be ministred, up∣on complaint made by Bill, that the party seeking the said Writ, hath received hard dealing in the said Court. Terms of the Law. See the di∣vers forms and uses of this in Fitzh. nat. br. fol. 242.
Cervine (cervinus) belong∣ing to an Hart, of the colour of an Hart, tawny.
Page [unnumbered]Ceruleated (from coerule∣us) painted, or done with blew or azure, sky-coloured. Herb. Tr.
Ceruse (cerussa) white lead; often used by Chyrurgeons in oyntments and plaisters. It is with Painters a principal white colour; and hath been and still is much used by wo∣men in painting their faces, whom Martial in his merry vain scoffeth, saying,
Ceruse differs from Lithargy (called also white lead) for this is made of the grossest lead as it is in the Mine, that of lead refined out of the Mine. Cotgr. See Lithargie.
Cesariated (caesariatus) which hath or weareth long hair.
Cessant (cessans) that doth nothing, that prolongs the time, lingring.
Cessation (cessatio) slack∣ness, idleness, rest, loytering. A cessation of Arms is, when both sides are agreed that no act of hostility shall be com∣mitted, during a certain time set down.
Cession (cessio) a giving up or ceasing, a yielding or giv∣ing over. Bac.
Cessor (Lat) a Loyterer, an idle fellow.
Cest (cestus) a marriage girdle, full of studs, wherewith the Husband girded his Wife at the Wedding, and which he loosed again the first night.
Cetareous Cetaciou•(cetarius) be∣longing to Whales, or such like great fishes.
Cha, is a leaf of a tree in China, about the bigness of a Mirtle, which being dried in iron Sives over the fire, and then cast into warm water, serves for their ordinary drink. Hist. of China, f. 19.
Chag• (Fr.) cark, me∣lancholy, heaviness, anxiety, anguish of mind; also a disease coming by melancholy. Mr. Mont.
Chalcographer (chalcogra∣phus) a Printer, or one that ingraves in brass.
Chaldean-Art (Ars Chal∣daea) fortune-telling or fi∣gure flinging. So called, for that the Chaldaeans were much addicted to Judicial A∣strology.
Chaldron, or Chalder of Coals, contains Thirty six Bushels. Act of Parl. 1651. ca. 1.
Chalybete (chalybaeus) of or belonging to steel or iron.
Chalybete Water (in the Physical dialect) is that wa∣ter wherewith hot steel or iron has been extinguished.
Chamelionize, To live by the Air, as the Chameleon is said to do, or to change co∣lour, as that beast doth, who can turn himself into all co∣lours, saving white and red.
Chamf•ring, a small gutter or furrow made by art upon Page [unnumbered] some pillar of stone, or tim∣ber, called also a Rebate.
Chamfered, channelled or made hollow.
Chamverdekins, or Chaum∣berdakyns, were Irish beg∣ging Priests, banished England 1. Hen. 5. c. 7, 8.
Chamelot or Chamolet, a kind of stuff intermixt with Chamois or Cammels hair, and therefore so called.
Chamois, a wild-Goat, or Shamois, the skin thereof dressed is called ordinarily Shamois Leather.
Champarty (from the Fr. Champ-parti. i. the field or land divided, between him that has the title, and the Champerter who maintains the suit) signifies in our com∣mon Law a maintenance of any man in his Suit depend∣ing, upon condition to have part of the thing (be it Lands or Goods) when it is recove∣red. Fitzh. nat. br. fol. 171. and for this the party is to be fined by the Stat. 33. Ed 1. Lamb. 441.
Champertors, are those that move Pleas or Suits, or cause them to be moved, ei∣ther by their own procure∣ment or by others, and pur∣sue them at their proper costs, to have part of the land in va∣riance, or part of the gain. An. 33. E. 1. Stat. 2. in fine. See more of this in Cowel.
Chanfton, The name of an Italian coyn worth about xx d.
Chanterie (Fr. from the Lat. canto, to sing) was a Chap∣pel (commonly annexed, to some Parochial or Cathedral Church) endowed with lands or other yearly Revenues, for the maintenance of one or more Priests, daily to sing Mass for the Souls of the Donors, or such others as they did ap∣point. 37 Hen. 8.4. 1. Edw. 6.14. Of these Chanteries, there were forty seven within St. Pauls Church London. See Mr. Fullers Ch. Hist. l. 6. f. 357.
Chanticleer (Fr.) one that sings clear, a Cock.
Chaomancy; a kind of di∣vination by the air.
Chaos (Gr.) a huge im∣mense and formless mass, the rude and undigested first heap of natural elements; the world so called, before it was form∣ed, as in Ovid.
And metaphorically, any thing without a shape, a ge∣neral confusion.
Chaperon (Fr.) a Hood or French-Hood (for a woman) also any Hood or Bonnet; mentioned in the Stat. 1. R. 2.7. And among Heraulds it is that little Escotcheon which is fixed in the forehead of the Page [unnumbered] horses that draw the Herse.
Chapin (Span.) Shooes with high cork, or wooden soles.
Chaplet (Fr. chapelet) a Wreath, Garland, or attire for the head made of Gold, Pearl, or other costly or cu∣rious stuff, used to be fastned behind, in manner of a folded Roul or Garland.
Chapter (Capitulum) sig∣nifies in the common and Ca∣non Law (whence it is bor∣rowed) Congregationem Cle∣ricorum in Ecclesiâ Cathedrali, conventuali, regulari vel colle∣giata; why this collegiate company should be called a Chapter (i. a little head of the Canonists) is for that this Company or Corporation is a kind of Head, not onely to rule and govern the Diocess in the vacancy of the Bishop∣rick, but also in many things to advise the Bishop when the See is full.
Character (Gr.) a mark, sign, seal, or print of any thing, a Branding-iron, a letter or figure. A Character in Chro∣nology is a certain note whereby an infallible judge∣ment is made of the time pro∣posed. Greg.
The Printers Characters, or names of their several sorts of Letters are, 1. Pearl, which is the least. 2. Non-Pareil. 3. Bre∣viar. 4. Minion. 5. Long-Primer. 6. Smal Piquy. 7. Piquy. 8. Eng∣lish Roman. 9 Great Primer. 10. Double Piquy. 11. Small Ca∣non. 12. Fat Canon. 13. Capi∣tals. And all these, except the first, and four last have an English or black letter corres∣ponding.
Characteristique, pertain∣ing to a character, mark, sign, or figure.
Characterize (characterizo) to note, mark, or describe. To write in Short-hand, or in characters. See Brachy∣graphy.
Charientism (charientis∣mus) pleasantness, good grace in speaking. It is a trope or manner of speaking which mitigates hard matters with pleasant words.
Charlatan (Fr.) a Moun∣tebanck, a cousening Drug-seller, a pratling Quacksalver. Mr. Montagu uses it. See Mountebank.
Charlatancry (Fr.) cou∣sening, or gulling speech, cogging, lying, extream com∣mendation of a trifle, thereby to make it more saleable.
Charls (in the antient Teu∣tonick, from whence this name takes original) was first Garedel, whereof by abbre∣viation it became Careal, now in the modern Teutonick it is Barle. Gar did signifie all, and edel or ethel, noble; so that Charles signifies all or wholly noble. In the old Saxon it was Ceorl. Verst.
Charles-wain, certain Stars winding about the north Pole of the world, in fashion like four Wheels, Page [unnumbered] and horses drawing it. Bull.
Charmer (one that useth conjurations) is said to be he that speaks words of a strange language, without sence; that if one say so or so to a Ser∣pent, it cannot hurt him. He that whispers over a wound, or reads over an Infant, that it may not be frighted, or lays the Bible on a child, that it may sleep, &c, Moses and Aa∣ron, p. 175.
Charnel-house (Fr.) Char∣neir) a place wherein the Souls and bones of the dead are laid.
Charons-boat, Poetically thus. Charon is feigned to be the Ferry-man of Hell, that carries the souls of the dead in a boat over three Rivers. i. Acheron, Styx, and Cocytus.
Chart (charta) paper, parchment or any thing to write on: Also a writing or written Deed.
Charter (Fr. Chartes, i. in∣strumenta.) It is taken in our common Law for written evi∣dence of things done between man and man, which Briton in his 39 chapter divides into Charters of the King, and Charters of private persons. Charters of the King are those whereby the King passeth any Grant to any person or more, or to any body politique, as a Charter of exemption that a man shall not be empanelled upon any Jury, &c. Cowel.
Charter-land (terra per Chartam) is such as a man holds by Charter, that is, by evidence in writing, otherwise called Free-hold, an. 19. H. 7. c. 13. and Kitch. fol. 86.
Charter-partie, is an Inden∣ture of Covenants and agree∣ments made between Merch∣ants and Mariners concerning their Sea affairs. Stat. 32. H. 8.14. & 1649. 21.
Charybdig, A Gulph, or Whirl-pit on Sicily side of the narrow Seas between Sicily and Italy, which violently at∣tracting all vessels that come too nigh it, devours them, and casts up their wrecks at the shoar of Tauronia, not far from Catana. Opposite to this in Italy stands the dangerous Rock Scylla, at whose foot many little Rocks shoot out, on which the waters strongly beating, make that noise which the Poets feign to be the barking of Dogs. This pas∣sage between these two be∣ing, to unskilful Marriners, exceeding perillous, gave rise to the proverb,
Page [unnumbered]Chasmatical (chasmaticus) pertaining to a chasm; which is the gaping or opening of the earth or firmament.
Chatharist. See Catharist.
Chasuble (Fr.) a fashion of Vestment or Cope, that's open onely in the sides, and is worn at Mass, both by the Priest (who hath it round) and his assistant Deacon, and sub-Deacon, who have it square in the bottom. Cotg.
Chattels. See Catals.
Chauldron. See Chaldron.
Chaunce-medley, Is in our Common Law the casual slaughter of a man, not alto∣ther without the fault of the slayer. See Man-slaughter.
Cheapside, the famous Lon∣don street is so called, from the Sax. Ceapan, i. to traffick, buy or sell; hence also comes to cheapen.
Chenix (Lat. chaenix) a mea∣sure containing a Sextary and half, or about two pints and a quarter.
Chersonese (chersonesus, the same with pen•insula) a tract of Land, which being almost encompassed round by water, is joyned to the firm land by some little Isthmus or narrow neck of land, as Peloponnesus, Taurica and Peruana. Heyl.
Cherub Cherubin (Heb. i.e. fulness of knowledge) the second of the nine Quires or Ranks of Angels mentioned in Scri∣pture, so called of their sub∣lime knowledge or illumina∣ted understanding. In Scri∣pture God is said to sit on the Cherubins; because he over-reaches and is above all under∣standing. They also are said to bear and draw his Chariot: to signifie all his proceedings to b• according to wisdom; and to be full of eyes, to cer∣tifie Gods knowledge to pene∣trate into all secresies, and all to be open before him. They are set forth only with heads and wings, without bodies: whereby is notified, that great∣est understanding is found in spiritual and incorporeal crea∣tures, and that over-great cor∣poral cares are impediments to profound knowledge. Tr. of Mass.
Chessiy, A vermine com∣monly lying under stones or Tyles.
Chevissance (Fr.) an A∣greement or composition made; an end or order set down between a Creditor and a Debtor; sometimes taken for gain or booty. Lo. Bac. in his H. 7. This word is used for bargaining. An. 37. H 8. ca. 9. & 13. Eliz. ca. 5. & 8.
Cheverel-Leather. Min∣shew says it comes from the Fr. Chevreul. i. a wild Goat, of whose skin (saith he) it is made. But others hold it takes denomination from the River Charwel or Chervel, in Latin Cheruellus, running on the East side of Oxford, the water whereof is famous for tawing or dressing Leather; then Page [unnumbered] which, no Leather in the world is more soft, white and delicate. Doctor Pit in his de∣scription of Oxford.
Cheverons (Fr. Chevron) strong rafters that meet at the top of the house, to hold up the Tyles and covering of the house.
Chibbol (caepulo) a little Onyon.
Chicanerie (Fr.) wrang∣ling, pettifogging, litigious or crafty pleading, the perplex∣ing of a cause with tricks or impertinent words.
Childermas-day. See In∣nocents day.
Chiliad (chilias, adis) the number of a thousand.
Chiliarch (chiliarchus) a Collonel, Captain, or Com∣mander of a thousand men.
Chiliasts (chiliastae) cer∣tain Hereticks, who hold that Christ shall come to live and reign corporally, and his Saints with him, in a fulness of worldly contents here on earth for a thousand years af∣ter the general Resurrection. The first broachers of this O∣pinion are thought to be Ce∣rinthus, and Papias, St. John the Evangelists Disciple, who lived about the year of Christ 100. They are now commonly called Millenarians. Rider.
Chilonick, or Chilonian (chilonicus) brief, succinct, compendious; from one of the Grecian wise men, Chilo, who in all his speeches and writings was very short.
Chimaera, A hill in the South part of the Province of Lycaonia, in the top whereof Lyons roared; in the middle, Goats grazed; and in the lower parts Serpents lurked. Hence Chimaera is feigned by the Poets to be a Monster, ha∣ving the head of a Lyon, the body of a Goat, the tail of a Serpent. Ovid.
This Mountain was made habitable by Bellerophon, who is therefore feigned to have killed the Monster Chimaera. Hence Chimaera is metaphori∣cally taken for a strange fan∣cy, a castle in the air, an idle conceit. Chimaera was also the name of a ship, for so Vir∣gil (l. 5. Aeneid.) calls one of the greatest ships of Aeneas.
Chimerical (from Chimae∣ra) imaginary, phantastical, that never was, nor ever will be.
Chiminage (from the Fr. Chemin. i. a way, passage or rode) a Law-term, signify∣ing Page [unnumbered] a Toll for Wayfrage or passage through a Forest. Manwood, part 1. of his For. Laws fol. 86.
Chiragrical (from Chira∣gra) that hath the Gowt in the fingers or hands.
Chirograph (chirographum) a sign Manual, a Bill of ones hand, an obligation or hand∣writing.
Chirographer (chirogra∣phus) an Officer in the Com∣mon Bench that engrosseth Fines, in that Court acknow∣ledged, into a perpetual Re∣cord, &c.
Chirology (chirologus) a talking or speaking with the hand, or by signs made with the hand.
Chiromancer (chiromantes) a Palmester, or one that tells fortunes by the lines of ones hand.
Chiromancy (chiromantia) Palmestry, a kind of divina∣tion practised by looking on the lines or marks of the fingers and hands; an Art still in use, among Fortune-tellers, Egyptians and Juglers. And is (according to my Lord Bacon) a meer Imposture. Chiromancy according to Pa¦racelsus, treats not of the line∣aments of the hands only, but also of the whole body, and not only of men, but of all na∣tural things. Of which read Dr. Rothmans Treatise transla∣ted into English by Mr. Whar∣ton. 1652.
Chironomer (chironomus) one that teacheth to use ge∣stures with the hands, either in dancing, pleading, &c. a Morice-dancer.
Chivalry (Fr. Chevalerie, in Lat. servitium militare) signifies in our Common Law a tenure of Land by Knight-service; which is taken away by Act, 1656. ca. 4. Chivalry is otherwise taken for Knight∣hood, or the knowledge of a Knight or noble person in feats of Arms; also valour, prowess.
Chlorie, The Goddess of Flowers, called also Flora.
Chocolate a kind of com∣pound drink, made, and so called, by the Indians; the principal ingredient, is a fruit called Cacao, which is about the bigness of a great black fig, &c. See more in a Treatise of it, printed by Jo. Okes, 1640.
Chorus (Lat.) a Company of Singers or Dancers, a Quire. The singing or musick be∣tween every Act in a Trage∣dy or Comedy. In a Comedy there are four Accessory parts. viz. 1. The Argument. 2. Pro∣logue. 3. Chorus. 4. Mimick. Of all which, the Tragedy hath onely the Chorus. Of these see more in Mr. Godwins Anthology. ch. de Ludis.
Choral (choralis) belonging to the Chorus or Quire. As Viccars Choral, mentioned in Act 1649. ca. 24.
Choriambiqus (choriambus) a foot in Meeter, having the Page [unnumbered] first and last syllable short, and two middle short, as flebilibus.
Churister. See Quirister.
Chorographer (chorogra∣phus) a describer of Countries and Regions.
C•raphy (chorogra∣phia) is a description of any whole Region, Kingdom or Nation; and is two fold; 1. Antient, by Tribes and Fami∣lies, as Germany was divided betweee the Chatti, Cherusci, Suevi, Tencteri, &c. 2. Modern, into Shires and Provinces, as Germany now is into Francony, Saxony, Suevia, Bavaria, &c. Heyl.
Chrisome (〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉) signifies properly the white cloth, which is set by the Minister of Baptism upon the head of a child newly annointed with Chrism after his Baptism: Now it is vulgarly taken for the white cloth put about or up∣on a child newly Christned, in token of his Baptism; where∣with the women use to shrowd the child, if dying within the month; Otherwise it is usual∣ly brought to Church at the day of Purification.
Chrisme (chrisma) a kind of hallowed oyntment used by the Roman Catholicks in the Sacrament of Baptism and for certain other Unctions. And is composed of Oyl and Balm.
Chrismatory (from Chris∣ma) a vessel wherein that Oyl was kept, wherewith Kings were wont to be annointed at their Coronation, or where∣in the Holy Oyl called Chrism is kept.
Christianism (christianismus) Christianity, the being or pro∣fession of a Christian.
Chromatick (chromaticus) that never blusheth, whose colour never changeth; also pleasant or delightful; as Chromatick Musick, pleasant Musick, composed much of discords to render it more de∣lightful. But Chromaticum me∣los ab antiquis dicebatur una ex tribus musicae partibus, quae ob nimiam mollitiem infamiae nota non caruit.
Chronical (chronicus) tem∣poral, or returning at a cer∣tain time.
Chronical Diseases, are such as come at certain times by fits, and have some intermis∣sion.
Chronogram (from the Gr. chronos. i. tempus, and Gramma, Litera) is a kind of Sentence or Verse, in which the figura∣tive letters do promiscuously make up the year of our Lord; (which letters are usu∣ally for distinction printed in a different Character. As up∣on Duke Bernard of Weymer his taking Brisack in the year, 1938, This.
Page [unnumbered]Chronographer (chronogra∣phus) a writer of Chronicles or Annals.
Chronography (chronogra∣phia) the writing of Annals, or description of time.
Chronology (chronologia) a speaking of times, or the Art of numbering the years from the beginning of the world. Heylin saith, Chrono∣logies are onely bare supputa∣tions of the times without any regard of the acts then happening, such are the Chro∣nologies of Funccius, Scaliger and Helvicus.
Chronologer (chronologus) he that computes times, a wri∣ter of Chronicles.
Chronologicks, books treat∣ing of Chronology.
Chrysocol (chrysocolla) a kind of Mineral, found like sand in veins of brass, silver or gold; one kind of it is cal∣led Borax or green earth, wherewith Gold-smiths sol∣der gold.
Chrysolite (chrysolithus) a kind of Jasper, of a Gold co∣lour.
Chrysopase (Fr.) a preci∣ous stone that yeelds a golden lustre.
Church-Wardens (Eccle∣arum Gardiani seu custodes) are Officers yearly chosen by the consent of the Minister and Parishoners according to the custom of every several place, to look to the Church, Church-yard, and such things as belong to both, and to ob∣serve the behaviour of their Parishioners for such faults as appertain to the Jurisdiction or censure of the Court Eccle∣siastical. They are a kind of Corporation enabled by Law to sue for any thing belong∣ing to their Church, or poor of their Parish. See Lambert in his Pamphlet of the duty of Church-wardens.
Churle (Sax. Ceorle) a Country Clown, a Bumpkin; in the North a Carle.
Chyle (chylus) the white juyce of digested meat, the matter whereof our blood is made. The word originally signifies a juyce concocted by heat unto a consistence that holds both of moysture and driness. Cot.
Chylifactory (from chylus and factus) that maketh or causeth the white juyce com∣ing of the meat digested in the stomach. Vul. Er.
Chylification, a making or causing of that white juyce in the stomach.
Chymick or Chymist and Chymistry. See Alchimy.
Chymere. See Taberd.
Cibarious (cibarius) per∣taining to meat, sit to be eaten.
Ciboir (Fr.) a Pix, the box or cup wherin the Sacrament is put and kept in the Chur∣ches of Roman Catholicks.
Cibosity (cibositas) plenty of victuals, store of food.
Cicatrice (cicatrix) a token, a scar of a wound, skin bred upon a wound or soar.
Page [unnumbered]Ciceronical (from Cicero) learned or eloquent, as Cice∣ro was.
Cicurate (cicuro) to tame or make tame. Br.
Cilerie or Silerie, Drapery wrought on the heads of Pil∣lars or Posts, and made like cloth, or leaves turning divers ways. See Silery, and Drapery.
Cilice (cilicium) a cloth or garment made of hair.
Cilicious (cilicius) per∣taining to hairy or woollen cloth. Br.
Cimbal. See Cymbal.
Cimeliark (cimeliarchum) a Jewel house; also a Vestry in a Church.
Ciment. See Cement.
Cimisse, A noysom little worm flat and red, which raiseth Wheals where it bites: if it be broken it yields a stink∣ing smell. Bull.
Cimeterre (Fr.) a crooked sword. See Scymitar.
Cimmerian. That sees no Sun, or lives without the light of the Sun, obscure, dark, from Cimmerii a people of Italy, dwelling in a Valley near the mountain Pausilype, so in∣vironed with hills, that the Sun never comes to it. Hence the proverb Cimmerian dark∣ness, where Ovid placeth the Palace of Somnus.
Cincture (cinctura) a gird∣ing.
Cindalism (cindalismus) a play that Boys use to fling at a heap of dust, dust-point.
Cinefaction (cinefactio) a reducing into, or burning un∣to ashes.
Cinefy (cinefacio) to bring to ashes.
Ciniph (Lat.) a Gnat.
Cinerulent (cinerulentus) full of ashes.
Cinnaber or Cinoper (cin∣nabaris) Vermillion, Sangui∣nary; is either natural (a soft, red, and heavy stone found in Mines) or artificial (the more common and bet∣ter coloured) made of calci∣nated Sulphur and Quick-sil∣ver. The Paynims used to paint their Idols therewith, and themselves in publique feasts and solemnities, as we read, Camillus, when he tri∣umphed in Rome, was painted with Vermillion. So Virgil speaking in his tenth Eglogue of the shepherds god Pan, saith.
Cinque Ports (Fr.) five Ports or Havens which lie to∣wards France in the East of England, (viz.) Hastings, Dover, Hithe, Rumney, and Sandwich; for Rye and Winchelsea are but limbs or members belonging to Hastings, as likewise Lid and old Rumney, are Limbs of the Port of new Rumney, and not distinct Ports by themselves. The Inhabitants of these Cinque Ports and of their members, enjoy di∣vers priviledges above the rest of the Commons of that Coun∣try. They pay no Subsidies; Suits at Law are commenced and answered within their own Liberties; their Majors have the credit of carrying the Canopy over the King or Queen at their Coronation. And for their greater dignity, they are placed then at a Ta∣ble on the right hand of the King. Min. See the first insti∣tution of these Cinque Ports, and of the Lord Warden, in Camdens Brit. fol. 230.
Cion, Dion or Scion (Fr.) a Plant, a young Shoot, or Sprig growing out of the root or stock of a Tree. And by a metaphor, a childe or youth.
Cipher (ciphra) a figure or number, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, are the figures, and (0) a ci∣pher in Arithmetick, Which (0) of it self is of no value, but encreaseth the value of other figures, to which it is joyned. Hence 'tis we use to say that person stands for a cipher, who being in company of o∣thers, neither speaks nor acts as they do.
There is also a kind of wri∣ting, which we call by Ci∣phers or Characters, whereof every exercised Statesman hath peculiar to himself, and which was invented by J. Cae∣sar, when he first began to think of the Roman Monar∣chy, and was by him in his Letters to his more private and retired friends, used, that if by misfortune they should be intercepted, the contents of them should not be under∣stood; ne obvia literarum le∣ctio cuivis esset. Heyl.
Of these there are many kindes, as Ciphers simple; cyphers intermixt with Nul∣loes or non-significant cha∣racters; cyphers of double letters under one character; wheel-cyphers, kay-cyphers; cyphers of words, cyphers of actions and others, Bac. Adv. p. 264.
Page [unnumbered]Circensial, belonging to the Cirques, or to the Plays called Circenses, there exhi∣bited.
Circinate (circino) to make a circle, to compass, or turn round.
Circuition or Circiture (circuitio) a compassing or going about; also a circumstance far-fetch∣ed.
Circular (circularis) per∣taining to a circle.
Circulate (circulo) to com∣pass about, to environ.
Circulation, properly an incircling or invironing: also a subliming or extraction of Waters or Oyl by Lymbeck, so termed, because the vapor before it is resolved, seems to go round, or circle-wise. Min.
Circum (a preposition of∣ten compounded with other words) signifies about, round about, of all sides or parts. As
Circumaggerate (circum∣aggero) to heap, or cast a heap about.
Circumambulate (circum∣ambulo) to walk round a∣bout.
Circumambient (from cir∣cum and ambio) environing or encompassing about, or on all sides. Sir Jo. Suckling useth it thus.
Circumbilivagination, cir∣cular motion going round, wheeling about. Cotgr.
Circumcelians, the rigid sort of Donatists, as the Roga∣tists were the moderate; so called, quia circum cellas va∣gantur. St. Aug. in Psal. 32.
Circumcesion (circumcessio) a giving up, or ceasing round about; a general yielding.
Circumcinct (circumcinctus) compassed or girt about.
Circumcision (circumcisio) a cutting about, or making incision; And to speak more properly, it is a cutting away a part of the prepuce and double skin, which covered the head or extremity of Vir∣ga virilis, which was perform∣ed with a sharp cutting stone, and not with any knife of iron steeled, &c. It was a cere∣mony prescribed by God to Abraham and his posterity, heirs of the divine promises (Genesis 17.) and comman∣ded to be observed by them, under pain of death, as a sign and seal of the Co∣venant betwixt God and them, and as a distinctive mark of them from all other people.
This ceremony was to be fulfilled in their male-chil∣dren on the eighth day after their nativity, but was no more used after the Resur∣rection and Ascension of our Lord Jesus.
Page [unnumbered]Circumferentor, an instru∣ment that Surveyors use.
A Circumflex is that mark, which is used over the letter (a) in the second person of the preterperfect-tense of a Verb of the first Conjugation, when one syllable is cut off by the figure Syncope. As Amasti, for Amavisti.
Circumflexion (circum∣flexio) a bowing or bending round about.
Circumfluent Circumfluous (circum∣fluus) that flowes and runs about, or that is flowed about.
Circumfodient (circumfo∣diens) that digs or entrenches about.
Circumforaneous (circum∣foraneus) that haunts Markets to deceive, that loyters idlely in Markets.
Circumfulgent (circumful∣gens) shining about, or on all sides.
Circumfusion (circumfu∣sio) a sprinkling or pouring about.
Circumgyration (cicumgy∣ratio) a turning, or wheel∣ing round about, a dizziness. Plutarchs Morals.
Circumjacent (circumja∣cens) lying about or on all sides.
Circumincession (from cir∣cum and incedo) a going or walking round about; among Divines it signifies the reci∣procal being of the persons of the blessed Trinity in each other.
Circumlition (circumlitio) an annointing about, also a polishing.
Circumlocution (circumlo∣cutio) an uttering of that in many words, which might be said in fewer.
Circumplicate (circumplico) to fold or winde about, to roll or wrap about.
Cicumrotation (circumro∣tatio) the going about of a wheel. Greg.
Circumscript (circumscrip∣tus) written or drawn about with a line; also deceived or disannulled.
Circumstantiate (from cir∣cumsto) to cause a standing a∣bout, to do or perform any thing with its circumstances.
Circumstantibus (a law term) signifies those that stand about for supply or ma∣king up the number of Ju∣rors (if any impannelled ap∣pear not, or appearing, be challenged by either party) by adding to them so many other of those that are pre∣sent, or standing by, as will serve the turn. See Anno 35. Hen. 8. cap. 6. and Anno 5. Elizab. cap. 25.
Circumstatien (circumsta∣tio) a standing round a∣bout.
Cicumvallation (circum∣vallatio) a trenching about or enclosing.
Cicumvest (circumvestio) to cloth round about, to garnish.
Circumvent (circunvenio) to Page [unnumbered] compass about, to deceive craftily.
Circumvolate (circumvolo) to flye about.
Circumvolve (circunvolvo) to roll, or wrap round about.
Circundate (circundo) to compass about, to enclose.
Circundolate (circundolo) to chip, cut, or hew about.
Circunduction (circundu∣ctio) a leading about; also a deceit or guile.
Circunligate (circunligo) to tye or binde about.
Circunsonate (circunsono) to make a sound on all parts, to be heard on every side; to ring about.
Circunspicuous (circumspi∣cuus) which may be seen on all sides.
Circunvagant (circunva∣gus) that wandereth about.
Circunvection (circunve∣ctio) a carrying or conveying about.
Cirque (circus) a round Place or List at Rome, where people sat to behold Tourn∣ing, Coursing, Justing, and such like publick Exercises, first instituted in Tarquinius Priscus his raign. See Sands sol. 297.
Cisalpine (cisalpinus) of or pertaining to the Country of Lombardy.
Cisterne (cisterna) a vessel set in the ground, wherein they gather rain water to keep, any hollow Vault.
Cistercians, a religious order of Monks instituted a∣bout the year of Christ 1088. under Pope Ʋrban the second, by Robert, Abbot of the fa∣mous Monastery of Cisteaux in Burgundy, whence the ob∣servers of that institute were called Cistercians. Into that Monastery, entered after∣ward one Bernard, a Bur∣gundian, who proved so strict an observer of Monasti∣cal discipline, and so eminent in sanctity and learning, that the Regulars of the aforesaid institute took their appellati∣on from him, and were called Bernardines, and so are at this day sometimes called by the one name, sometimes by the other. Their uppermost robe is white and large, they eat no flesh, they follow in part St. Benets Rule. Of these we had several Monasteries in Eng∣land, as Rivax, Garradon, Woburn, &c.
Citation (citatio) a sum∣moning to appear, a calling into Law, an Arrest.
Citherean Isle. See Cythe∣rean.
Citharist (citharista) he that plays on a harp, a Har∣per.
Citharize (citharizo) to play on the harp.
Citrean Citrine (citreus) which hath the colour of a Citron, yellow colour, of or belonging to a Citron.
Cittadel (Ital. Cittadella) a Castle or Fortress of a City, either to aw or de∣fend it.
Page [unnumbered]Civet (Fr. civette) a sweet substance like musk, some say it is the dung of the beast Hy∣ena; Others, that it is engen∣dred in the skin of the testi∣cles of a beast, much like a Feyne, some calling them Cats.
Civic•(civicus) pertain∣ing to the City. The Civick Crown was bestowed onely upon him, who had saved a Citizens life; though in pro∣cess of time it was also be∣stowed on the Lord General, if he spared a Roman Citizen, when he had power to kill him.
Clan. a Family, feud, or party in Scotland, so called.
Clancularious or Clancular (clancula∣rius) se∣cret or un∣known.
Clandestine (clandestinus) secret, hidden, private.
Clangor (Lat.) the sound of a Trumpet, the cry of an Eagle or other bird.
Clarentius or Clarentiaux A King at Arms, in de∣gree second to the Garter, and was ordain∣ed by Edward the fourth; for he attaining the Dukedom of Clarence by the death of George his brother, whom he put to death for aspiring the Crown, made the Herauld that properly belonged to the Duke of Clarence, a King at Arms, and called him Claren∣tius, His Office is to marshal and dispose the Funerals of all Knights and Esquires through the Realm, on the south side of Trent. Pol. Vir. See Harald.
Claricords, instruments so called.
Claricymbal, See Clave∣cymbal.
Clarigation (clarigatio) a clearing, a proclaiming or denouncing war, &c. See Re∣prizal.
Clarion (Fr. Clairon) a kinde of small straight-mou∣thed, and shrill-sounding Trumpet, used commonly as a treble to the ordinary one. Min.
Clarifie (clarifico) to make clear or fair.
Clarisonant (clarisonus) sounding clear, loud, or shril.
Classe (classis) a ship, or Navy, an order, or distributi∣on of people according to their several Degrees. In Schools, (wherein this word is most used) a Form or Le∣cture restrained to a certain company of Scholars.
Classical (classicus) pertain∣ing to a ship, or belonging to a form or degree; approved.
Servius Tullius caused a general valuation of every Citizens estate throughout Rome, to be taken upon re∣cord, with their age; and according to their estates and age, he divided the Romans into six great Armies or Bands which he called Classes; The valuation of those in the first Classe, was not under two Page [unnumbered] hundred pounds, and they alone by way of excellency, were termed Classici: And hence figuratively, are our best, and most approved au∣thors, viz. such as are of good credit and authority in the Schools, termed Classici Scrip∣tores, Classical Authors. God-win.
Claudicate (claudico) to halt, to be lame, or feeble, to fail Apol. for learning.
Claudity (clauditas) lame∣ness.
Clavecymbal (clavecymba∣lum) a pair of Virginals, or •laricords; so called, because the strings are wrested up with clavis, a key. Min.
Clavicularious (clavicula∣rius) of or pertaining to a key.
Clavigerous (claviger) that bears or keeps keys.
Claustral (claustralis) of or pertaining to a Cloister or close place.
Clementines, part of the Canon-Law, so called from Pope Clement the third, who compiled it, and was publish∣ed about the year, 1308. Min.
Cleped (Sax.) called, na∣med.
Clepsydre (clepsydra) a water-Dyal, a vessel that mea∣sureth hours by the running of water thereout; Also a Gardiners watering-pot, an hour-glass.
Cleromancy (cleromantia) a divination by lots.
Clickets (Fr. Clicquets) flat bones, wherewith a pret∣ty ratling noise is made by children. Cot.
Cliental (clientalis) of, or belonging to a Client.
Clientele (clientela) a mul∣titude of Clients: Also safe∣guard or protection.
Climacter (climactera) an account or reckoning made by degrees; the perillous time of mans life, at every seven or nine years end; Some have hereby divided the age of mans life in this man∣ner; The seventh year they reckon dangerous, and by this account the 14, 21, 28, 35, &c. are climacterical years; likewise the ninth year is esteemed equally dangerous, and so the 18, 27, 36, &c. and 81 especially, which is nine times nine. But the most dan∣gerous and climacterical year is, at the age of 63. because both accounts meet in this number, namely, seven times nine, and nine times seven.
See a learned discourse of these climaterical years, in Dr. Browns Vulgar Errors, fol. 208.
Climacterical Climaterical (climacteri∣cus) of, or pertaining to Climacter, su∣pra.
Cliff is properly a broken mountain on the Sea-side, and comes from our Verb to cleave; for that it seems to our view, as cleft or cloven from the part that sometimes be∣longed to it.
Page [unnumbered]Climate or Clime (clima) a term used in Cosmo∣graphy, and sig∣nifies a space of the earth comprehended between two parallels, or three lesser inno∣minate Circles; They serve to distinguish the length and brevity of the dayes in all places.
For under the Aequator, the days are of the just length of twelve hours, but after in every Clime they increase the length of half an hour; so that there are numbred forty eight Parallels, or twenty four Climates, before the dayes ex∣tend to twenty four hours length, which once attained, they increase by weeks and moneths, till they come to the length of half a year: We there∣fore are to reckon twenty four Climates Northward, and as many Southward. Heyl.
Clinopaly (clinopale) over∣much use of Lechery, or wrestling in the bed.
Cloaca (Lat.) the Chan∣nel or Sink of a Town, whereby all filthy things pass; An House of Office: Also the Paunch of a Glut∣ton. Hence
Cloacal, pertaining to such filth.
Clothe, one of the three destines. See Lachesis.
Clove is the 32 part of a Weigh of Cheese, i. eight pound. An. 9. H. 6. c. 8.
Cluniacks (cluniacenses) religious persons of the order of St Benedict, but reformed by Odo, Abbot of Cluni in Burgundy (who lived An. Dom. 913) and thence took name; of these we had a Convent at Barnstable and elsewhere in England.
Clusive (clusus) shut up, compassed.
Clysterise (from Clyster, eris) to give a Clyster, to purge or wash, to convey by Clyster up into the guts.
Coacervation (coacervatio) heaping or gathering toge∣ther. Bac.
To Coacervate, To heap together.
Co•ction (coactio) heaping together, a compulsion or con∣straining.
Coadjutor (Lat.) a fellow-helper, one that labors in the same affair with another.
Coadjuvate (coadjuvo) to help or assist together.
Coadunation (from coadu∣no) a gathering, assembling, uniting or joyning together.
Coagitate (coagito) to move or stir together.
Coagulate (coagulo) to joyn or congeal together, to gather into a cream or curd; to make that which was thin thick.
Coalesce (coaleseo) to grow together, to close again, to increase. Dr. Charlton.
Coalition (coalitio) a nou∣rishing or increasing together.
Coangustation, a making one thing strait with another, a making narrow.
Page [unnumbered]Coarctate (coarcto) to strain, to gather a matter into few words, to shorten.
Coassation (coassatio) a planking with boards, a boar∣ding or joyning a floor.
Coxation (coaxatio) the croaking of Frogs or Toads. Dr Featly in his Dipper.
Coccineau (coccineus) died into scarlet, or crimson co∣lour.
Coctible (coctibilis) easie to be sod or baked.
Cochin•al or Cuchanel (Lat. Coccus Spa Cochinilla) a kinde of dust or grain, wherewith to die the Crimson or Scarlet co∣lour; it is a little worm breeding in a certain shrub, which they call Holy-Oke, or Dwarf Oke, and is found in Cephalonia and other places; on the leaves whereof there ariseth a tumor, like a blister, which they gather, and rub out of it a certain red dust, that converts (after a while) into worms, which they kill with wine (as is reported) when they begin to quicken. Bac. Nat. Hist.
Cocket, is a seal pertain∣ing to the Custom-house. Re∣gist. Orig. fol. 192. a. Also a Scrowle of Parchment, sealed and delivered by the Officers of the Custom-house to Mer∣chants, as a warrant that their Merchandize is custom∣ed. An. 11. H. 6. cap. 16. This word is also used for a distin∣ction of bread in the Sta∣tutes of Bread and Ale, made An. 51. H. 3. where you have mention of bread Cocket, Wastel-bread, bread of Trete, and bread of common wheat. Cowel.
Cockle-stayres (cochlea) a pair of winding stairs. Sir H. Wot.
Cockleary, pertaining to such stairs; crooked. Dr Br.
Cock•ey or Cockneigh applyed one∣ly to one born with∣in the sound of Bow-bell, that is within the City of London, which term came first (according to Minshew) out of this Tale; A Citizens Son riding with his Father out of London into the Coun∣try, and being utterly igno∣rant how corn grew, or Cat∣tel increased, asked, when he heard a horse neigh, what he did? his Father answered, the horse doth neigh: riding farther, the Son heard a Cock crow, and said, doth the Cock neigh too? Hence by way of jeer he was called Cock-neigh.
A Cockney, according to some, is a child that sucks long: But Erasmus takes it for a child wantonly brought up, and calls it in Lat. Mam∣mothreptus.
Cambden takes the Etymo∣logy of Cockney, from the River Thamesis, which runs by London, and was of old time called Cockney. Others say the little Brook which runs by Turnbole or Turn∣mil-street, Page [unnumbered] was anciently so called.
Coction (coctio) a seething, boiling or digesting.
Coctive (coctivus) sodden, easily boiled, soon ripe.
Code (codex) a volume containing divers books; more particularly a Volume of the Civil Law so called, which was reduced into one Code, or Codice, by Justinian the Emperor, it being before in three, which is therefore called Justinians Code. Min.
Codebec (Fr.) a kinde of course French hat so called.
Codicil (codicillus) a dimi∣nutive of Code or Codex) a little book, a Schedule or sup∣plement to a Will, also a letter missive. Writers conferring a Testament and a Codicil to∣gether, call a Testament a great Will, and a Codicil a little one, and compare a Te∣stament to a ship, and the Codicil to a boat tied to the said ship. Codicils are now used as additions annexed to the Testament, when any thing is omitted which the Testator would add, or any thing put in, which he would retract. A Codicil is the same that a Testament is, but that it is without an executor. See Swinburn in his Treatise of Te∣staments, and Wills, p. 1. sect. 5.
Codinniack (Fr. Cotignac) conserve or marmolade of Quinces.
Coemption (coemptio) a buying together.
Coemptional (coemptio∣nalis) which is often in buy∣ing, or a buying together. Among the Romans, Coempti∣onales senes, were those old men, in whose tuition and authority, men by their last Will and Testament, left their Widows or Daughters, and without whom they might not pass in Dominium virorum per coemptionem. i. be married, according to the Ceremony called Coemption, whereby the Husband and Wife seemed to buy one another. Livie. See more of this in Godwins An∣thology, chap. de nuptiis, &c.
Coercible (coercibilis) which may be bridled or restrained.
Coertion (coertio) restraint, keeping in order and subjecti∣on, punishing.
Coetaneous (coaetaneus) which is of the same time and age.
Coeternal (coaeternus) of the same eternity, lasting together for eternity, equally eternal.
Coeval (from con and aevum) that are of the same age or time.
Cogitative (cogitativus) musing, pensive, full of thoughts.
Coffa or Cauphe, a kind of drink among the Turks and Persians, (and of late introdu¦ced among us) which is black, thick and bitter, destrained from Berries of that nature, and name, thought good and very wholesom: they say it expels melancholy, purges Page [unnumbered] choler, begets mirth, and an excellent concoction. Herb. tr. 150. nat. hist. 155.
Cognition (cognitio) know∣ledge, judgment, examination of things.
Cognominal (cognominis) that hath one and the same name or sir-name.
Cognoscible (from cognos∣co) that may be known or enquired into; knowable.
Coherence (cohaerentia) a joyning together, a loving or agreeing with each other.
Cohibency (cohibentia) a keeping under or restraining.
Cohibition (cohibitio) a let∣ting or forbidding to do.
Cognizance or Cognisance (cognitio. i. knowledge) in our Com∣mon Law is diversely taken; sometimes it signifies an ac∣knowledgement of a Fine, or confession of a thing done; as also to make Cognizance of taking a distress; sometime, as an audience or hearing a thing judicially, as to take Cognizance: Sometime a power or jurisdiction; as Cognizance of Plea, is an ability to call a Cause or Plea out of another Court, which no one can do but the King, or supreme Ma∣gistrate, except he can shew Charters for it. Manw. part. 1. p. 68. See the new terms of Law, and the new book of En∣tries, Verbo, Conusance.
Cognizance is also a badge of Armes upon a Serving∣man, or Watermans sleeve.
Cognoscitive (from cognosco) that knoweth or may be known or enquired.
Cohesion (cohaesio) a stick∣ing or cleaving to, or toge∣ther.
Cohort (cohors) a Band of Souldiers, any company of men whatsoover.
Cohort was ordinarily a Band of 5000 Soldiers, though once or twice in Livie we read of Quadragenariae cohor∣tes. See Legion.
Cohortation (cohortatio) an exhortation, perswading, or encouraging.
Coition (coitio) an assem∣bly, confederacy or commoti∣on; also carnal copulation.
Coines (ancones) corners of a wall.
Coincident (coincidens) that happens at the same time.
Coincidency, a hapning at at the same time.
Coinquinate (coinquino) to soil, or stain, to defile or de∣fame.
Colaphize (colaphizo) to buffet or beat with the fist.
Collabefaction (collabe∣factio) a destroying, wasting or decaying.
Collachrymate (collachry∣mo) to weep or lament with others.
Collactaneous (collactaneus) that is nursed with the same milk.
Collapsed (collapsus) slid, fallen down, discouraged.
Collaqueate (collaqueo) to entangle together.
Page [unnumbered]Collateral (collateralis) not direct, on the one side, joyn∣ing to, or coming from the same side. Every degree of kindred, is either right lineal, or Collateral. The right line∣al is that which comes from the Grandfather to the Fa∣ther, from the Father to the Son, and so still right down∣ward. Collateral is that which comes side-ways, as first between Brothers and Sisters, then between their Children, &c. Also Uncles, Aunts, and all Cousens are contained under this term Collateral kindred.
Collateral assurance, is that which is made over and beside the Deed it self. For example, if a man covenant with ano∣ther, and enter Bond for the performance of his covenant, the Bond is termed Collateral assurance; because it is exter∣nal, and without the nature and essence of the covenant. Cowel.
Collaterate (collatero) to joyn side by side.
Collation (collatio) a joyn∣ing or coping, a benevolence of many; also a short banquet or repast.
Collation of a Benefice, sig∣nifies the bestowing a Bene∣fice by the Bishop, that hath it in his own gift or Patronage.
Book-binders and Sellers also use the word in another sence, as to collation a Book, is, to look diligently by the letters or figures at the bot∣tom of the page, to see that no sheet is wanting, or too much.
Collatitious (collatitius) done by conference or contri∣bution of many.
Collative (collativum, subst.) a Sacrifice made of many mens offerings together, a be∣nevolence of the people to the King.
Collative (adjectively) con∣ferred together, made large, mutual.
Collaud (collaudo) to praise with others, to speak well of.
Collect (collectum) that which is gathered together; and more particularly, it is the Priests Prayer in the Mass, so called because it collects and gathers together the supplica∣tions of the multitude, speak∣ing them all with one voyce; or because it is a collection and sum of the Epistle and Go∣spel for the day; it is also used in the like sence in the Com∣mon Prayer Book.
Collectaneous (collectane∣us) gathered or mingled with many things, that gathers or noteth out of divers works.
Collectitious (collectitius) gathered of all, or many sorts.
Collective (collectivus) that is gathered together in∣to one.
Collegue (collega) a com∣panion or Co-partner in Of∣fice.
Collegate (collego) to send together.
Coller days, were certain Page [unnumbered] festival days at Court; so cal∣led because on those days the King and Knights of the Gar∣ter, did use to wear their Collers of S•.
Collet (Fr.) the throat, or fore part of the neck; It is al∣so that part of a Ring or Jew∣el, wherein the stone is set. See Bezil.
Collide (collido) to knock or bruise together.
Colligate (colligo) to tye or gather together, to com∣prehend or wrap up. Sir H. Wot.
Colligence, a knitting, ga∣thering, or bringing together. Cotgr.
Collimate (collimo) to wink with one eye, to level or aim at a mark.
Collineate (collineo) to le∣vel at, or hit the mark.
Colliquation (colliquatio) a melting or dissolving, a con∣sumption of the radical hu∣mor, or substance of the bo∣dy.
Collision (collisio) a break∣ing, bruising or dashing toge∣ther, Collision of a vowel, is the contracting two Vowels into one.
Collistrigiated (from colli∣strigium) pertaining to, or that hath stood in a Pillory.
Collitigate (from con and litigo) wrangling or going to law together.
Colloquy (colloquium) talk that men have together, a conference.
Colluctation (colluctatio) a wrastling or contending toge∣ther. Hist. of iron age.
Collusion (collusio) a play∣ing together, deceipt, or cou∣senage. When an Action at law is brought against one by his own agreement to de∣fraud a third person, we call it Collusion.
Coliyre Collyry (collyrium) a physical term signifying any medicine for the eyes, most commonly ap∣plied in a liquid form.
Colobe (colobium) a Coat with half sleeves, coming but to the knees, used by the An∣tients, and changed after∣wards into the Dalmatica.
Coloieros, A sort of Gre∣cian Monks and Nuns, so cal∣led, whereof you may read in Mr. Sand's Travels, p. 81, 82.
Colon (Gr.) a mark com∣monly used in the middle of a sentence, and is made with two pricks thus (:) See Se∣mi-colon.
Colonie (colonia) the Ro∣mans (when their City was too full of inhabitants) used to with-draw a certain num∣ber to dwell in some other place, which number so with∣drawn, as also the place to which they were sent was, and still is called by this name; Also a Grange or Farm, where husbandry is kept.
Colloquintida, a kinde of wild Gourd, which the Persians name, Gall of the earth, because it destroys all hearbs near which it grows. Page [unnumbered] It is often used in Physick, to purge slimy gross humors from the sinews and joynts. Bull.
Col•sse (colossus) a great Image or Statue made for the honor of any person, as in Rhodes there was one 70 Cu∣bits high, made by Chares of Lindum in twelve years space, to the honor of the Sun. This Colossus was made in the I∣mage of a man, the Thumb of which few men could fathom. The brass of this Statue was so much, that when Muani, General of Caliph Osman, u∣nited Rhodes to the Mahume∣tan Empire, it loaded 900 Ca∣mels. Heyl. We read also of a Statue of Nero which was a hundred foot high. But a∣bove all, that of Mercury made at Auvergne containing four hundred foot in height, and of inestimable value. 2. part Treasury.
Colostration (colostratio) a disease or indisposition in the stomach of young ones, cau∣sed by sucking the Beestings or first milk that comes from the Teat.
Colubriferous (colubrifer) that bears or brings forth Snakes or Serpents.
Columbary (columbari∣um) a Pigeon-house or Cul∣ver-hole.
Columbine (columbinus) Dove-like, pertaining to a Dove or Pigeon.
Columity (columitas) safe∣ty, soundness, health.
Column (columna) a round Pillar or Post: Also when a page or side of a leaf written or printed, is divided into two or more parts along the Paper, as this page is divided into two, those parts or divisi∣ons are called Columns.
Columnary-Tribute (colum∣narium) a tribute that was ex∣acted for every Pillar that held up the house.
Colures (coluri) two great moveable Circles, passing tho∣row both the Poles of the world, crossing one another with right spherical Angles: So that like an Apple cut in∣to four quarters, they divide the whole sphear into equal parts: the one passeth through the Equinoctial points and Poles, and is called the Equi∣noctial Colure: The other through the Solstitial points, and is called the Solstitial Co∣lure Peacham.
Comald, A strict Order of Friers begun in Italy, Ann. 1012. by Romoald of Raven∣na; Their first Monastery was built near Arezzo in the Dutchy of Florence, by one Comald, hence the name: their Robe is white, they follow the rule of St. Benedict. Grim∣ston.
Comarck (comarchus) an Earl, a Governor of a Town or City.
Combination (combinatio) a coupling together, a setting together in Order: but it is most commonly taken for a Page [unnumbered] practise between two or more for some evil deed.
Combustion (combustio) a burning or consuming with fire.
Combustible (combustibilis) soon fired, easie to be burned.
Comedy (Comoedia) a Play or Interlude. It is a kind of Fable representing, as in a Mirror, the similitude of a civil and private life, begin∣ning for the most part with some troubles, but ending with agreement or joy. These Plays are called Comoediae from 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, which signifies Villa∣ges, because Comoedians did go up and down the Country, acting these Comedies in the Villages, as they passed along. Godwin. See Tragedy.
Comediographer (comoedi∣ographus) a Comical Poet, or writer of Comedies.
Comessation (comessatio) a late supper, inordinate or rio∣tous eating; Johannes Tislinus saith, it is a Bever taken after Supper, or a night drinking.
Comestion (comestio) an eating or devouring.
Comestible (from comedo) eatable, fit to be eaten. Sir H.W.
Comet (cometa) a blazing star. It is properly a great quantity of exhalations hot and dry, fat and clammy, hard, compact like a great lump of pitch, which, by the heat and attractive vertue of the Sun and Stars, is drawn up from the earth into the highest Re∣gion of the Air, where, be∣ing near the Element of fire, it is enflamed, and appears like a Star with a blazing tail, and sometime is moved after the motion of the Air, which is circular, but it never goes down out of the Com∣pass of sight (though it be not seen in the day time for the brightness of the Sun) but still burns till all the mat∣ter be consumed. Goodly Gallery.
Comical (comicus) per∣taining to, or which is hand∣led in Comedies: also pleasant or merry. The Antient Gre∣cians and Romans had four sorts of Stage-Plays, viz. Mi∣mical, Satyrical, Tragical, and Comical. Of which see more in Mr. Godwins Anthologie, cap. de Ludis.
Comices (comitia) were the solemn Assemblies of the people at Rome, lawfully sum∣moned by the Magistrates, to chuse Officers, to enact new Laws or cancel old by their voyces.
Comius pugnator (Lat.) one that fights near at hand, or hand to hand. Lo. Brook.
Comity (comitas) gentle∣ness, courtesie, mildness.
Comitial (comitialis) per∣taining to an Assembly of people convened for the chu∣sing Officers or making Laws. Among the Antient Romans, if any of the people assem∣bled were taken with the fal∣ling sickness, the whole As∣sembly Page [unnumbered] or Comitium was dis∣solved; hence the Falling sick∣ness is at this day called Mor∣bus Comitialis, or the Comiti∣al evil. Godwin.
Comma (Gr.) the least note of distinction, or a point in the part of a sentence with∣out perfect sense, and is made thus (,)
Commaculate (commaculo) to spot, to defile, or distain.
Commandre, was the name of a Mannor or chei• Messu∣age with Lands and Tene∣ments thereto belonging, re∣lating formerly to the Priory of St. Johns of Jerusalem in England; such is that at Eagle near Lincoln. These were given to the Crown by 32. Hen. 8.
Commasculate (commascu∣lo) to take stomach or hardi∣ness.
Commaterial, Of the same or of like manner of substance. Bac.
Commeator (Lat.) one that goes to and fro, as a Mes∣senger.
Commemorate (commemo∣ro) to reherse or remember.
Commendaces (Fr.) Fune∣ral Orations, Prayers made for the dead; Verses made in praise of the dead. Cotg.
Commendam (commenda) is, when a Benefice (being void) is commended to the charge and care of some suf∣ficient Clerk, to be supplied, till it may be conveniently provided of a Pastor. In which case we use to say, such a one hath it in Commendam. And that this was the true o∣riginal of this practise, you may read at large in Duarenus de Sacris Ecclesiae Ministeriis & Beneficiis l. 5. c. 7.
Commensal (commensalis) a Table-companion. Doctor Kellison.
Commensurability (com∣mensurabilitas) an equal pro∣portion or measure of one thing with another. A joynt measuring.
Comment Commentary (commen∣tum) an abridgement, an Expositi∣on, a Book of Notes and Re∣membrances. The nature of Commentaries is properly to set down a naked continu∣ance of the events and acti∣ons, without the Motives and designs, the counsels, speeches occasions and pretext, with other passages: So that Cae∣sar modestly rather then tru∣ly applied, the name Com∣mentary to the best History in the world. Heyl.
Comment, sometimes signifies a fiction or lye.
Commentitious (commenti∣tius) devised, feigned, coun∣terfeit.
Commessation (commessa∣tio) a riotous or untimely Ban∣quet, an inordinate eating.
Commigration (commigra∣tio) a flitting, or going from one place to another.
Commilitons (commilito, onis) a Fellow-souldier, a Com∣rade.
Page [unnumbered]Commination (comminatio) a vehement or extream threat∣ning.
Comminuible (from com∣minuo) that may be broken in pieces or bruised. Vul. Er.
Commissary (commissarius) a title of Ecclesiastical Juris∣diction, ordained to this speci∣al end, to supply the Bishops jurisdiction and Office in the out-places of the Diocess, or else in such Parishes as were peculiar to the Bishop, and exempted from the jurisdicti∣on of the Arch-Deacon; for where either by prescription or composition, there are Arch-Deacons, that have ju∣risdiction within their Arch-Deaconries, as in most places they have, there this Commis∣sary is but superfluous.
Commissary, is also an Officer in War, whose function is chiefly to look that the Pro∣vision and Victuals provided for the Army and Garisons be justly distributed and dispo∣sed. Cotgr.
Commissure (commissura) a joynt of any thing closed and opened, a conjunction, a joyning, joyning close or couching things together. Sir Hen. Wotton.
Committee, is he or they to whom the consideration or ordering of any matter is re∣ferred, either by some Court or consent of parties, to whom it belongs. As in Parliament, a Bill being read, is either con∣sented to and passed, or de∣nied, or neither, but refer'd to the consideration of some certain men, appointed by the House, farther to examine it, who thereupon are called a Committee.
Common Hunt, The Lord Mayor of Londons Dog-keeper.
Commorance Commoration (commora∣tio) an a∣biding or dwelling in a place together, a lingring: Also a figure, when one tarries long upon a matter.
Commotes, signifies in Wales a part of a Shire, as a Hundred. An. 28. H. 8. c. 3. It is written Commoithes, A. 4. H. 4. c. 17. and is used for a gather∣ing made upon the people (as it seems) of this or that Hun∣dred, by the Welch-men.
Commotion (commotio) trouble or disquieting.
Commune (communis) that which belongs to one as well as another, common, publique.
Communicate (communico) to impart with another, to talk together, to mix with.
Community (communitas) a participation, fellowship, or society; good corresponden∣cy, near familiarity one with another; a Corporation or Company incorporate.
Communion (communio) mu∣tual participation together.
Communition (communitio) a fortifying or making strong on all parts.
Commutative (commutati∣vus) bartering, trucking or Page [unnumbered] exchanging one with, or for another.
Compaction (compactio) a joyning or setting together.
Compage (compago) a close joyning or setting together, a joynt. Br.
Compaginate (compagino) to couple, joyn or knit toge∣ther.
Compart, Compartition or Compartment (Fr. Com∣partiment) a square Table or piece in building, especially of stone; also a Bed or Bor∣der in a Garden; a partition, or equal division. By Com∣partition, Architects under∣stand a graceful and useful distribution of the whole ground-plot, both for rooms of office, and of reception or entertainment, as far as the capacity thereof and the na∣ture of the Country will com∣port. Sir H. Wotton.
Sea-Compass (pyxis Nau∣tica) an instrument which Mariners use for their directi∣on in Navigation; whereon are described the 32 Points or Winds; the Needle where∣of (being in manner of a Flower de Luce) always points towards the North. About the year 1300 one Fla∣vio of Melphi in Naples found out this Sea-Compass, consist∣ing of eight •inds onely, the four principal, and four colla∣teral; and not long after, the people of Bruges and Antwerp perfected that excellent in∣vention, adding 24 other sub∣ordinate Winds or Points. Of this there are three kinds; the first, the plain Meridional Com∣pass. The second, a Compass of Variation. The third, a Dark Compass.
Compatible (from compati∣or) that can abide, agree or suffer together; concurrable, that can endure or bear with one another.
Compatriot (compatriota) he that is of the same Country.
Com•r (from the Lat. compar) signifies a fellow, an equal, a consort, a fellow in Peerage. But taken from the Latin Compater, it is a word by which the Father of a child calls the Gossips, Wit∣nesses, or Godfathers of his child, and it may be read in significations somewhat differ∣ent from these expressed. In the Isle of Zacynthus or Zant they have a custom at Wed∣dings to invite many young men, whom they call Com∣peers, of which every one gives the Bride a Ring; which done, it is there held an abuse as de∣testable as Incest, to accompa∣ny her in any carnal kind: wherefore they chuse such for Compeers, as have formerly been suspected of too much familiarity. Sands.
Comp•llation (compellatio) a blaming or reproving; a calling by names, or naming, with disgrace.
Compendious (compendio∣sus) very concise, very short or brief.
Page [unnumbered]Compendium (Lat.) a saving or sparing, a gain by sparing an abridgement, a Compend. Bac.
Compensable (Fr.) able to recompence or make a∣mends for.
Compensation (compensa∣tio) a recompence, satisfacti∣on or reward.
Comperage (Fr.) Gossiping; the affinity or friendship got∣ten by christening Children together. Cotgr.
Comperendinate (compe∣rendino) to delay, or prolong from day to day.
Competible (competibilis) that may be asked or sued for with another, that may be convenint or agreeable.
Competitor (Lat.) he that sues for the same thing with another.
Competize (competo) to ask or sue for the same thing ano∣ther doth, to stand in com∣petition.
Compital (compitalis) be∣longing to cross-streets, or places where many wayes meet.
Compitalitious (compitali∣tius) of or belonging to the Feasts of Compitalia, which were solemnized in cross wayes or of streets.
Complaisance (Fr.) delight, pleasure, fulness of, or fellow∣ship in joy.
Complacence Complaicence (complacen∣tia) as com∣plaisance.
Complacentious Complaisant obsequi∣ous, ob∣servant, soothing (and there∣by) pleasing.
Complement (complemen∣tum) (a furnishing, filling up, or perfecting that which wants: it is usually taken for verbal expressions of re∣spect, of affection, of readiness to serve, and the like. Or Com∣plement, is a performance of affected ceremonies in words, looks and gestures.
Completion (completio) a fulfilling, accomplishing or performing. Dr. Ham. Annot.
Complexive (complexivus) that may be embraced or con∣tained.
Complices (from complex, icis) companions or partners in evil.
Complicate (complico) to fold up, or wrap together.
Complicity (complicitas) a consenting or partnership in evil.
Compline or Completory (completorium) the last of the Canonical Hours in the Ro∣man Cath. Church, so called; which began at nine of the Clock at night. See Prime.
Complore (comploro) to be∣wail or weep together.
Comportment (Fr. com∣portement) behavior, carriage, bearing of one self.
Compositor (Lat.) he that sets, joyns or composes things together. See Impositor.
Compotation (compotatio) a banquet, or drinking together.
Page [unnumbered]Compotist (compotista) a caster of accounts, a Recko∣ner, or Calculator.
Comprecation (Compreca∣tio) a praying, desiring or be∣seeching.
Comprehensible (compre∣hensibilis) that may be com∣prehended, contained, and laid hold of.
Comprehensor (Lat.) a Comprehender. See Viator.
Compromize (compromis∣sum) is a mutual promise of two or more parties at diffe∣rence, to refer the ending their controversies to the ar∣bitrement and equity of one or more Arbitrators. West in the second part of his Symbo∣lography under the title of Compromise, Sect. 1. defines it thus, A Compromise is the faculty or power of pronoun∣cing sentence between per∣sons at variance, given to Ar∣bitrators by the parties mu∣tual private consent, without publick Authority.
Compression (compressio) a pressing or thrusting toge∣ther.
Compunction (compunctio) a pricking or stitch, remorse of conscience.
Compurgator (Lat.) a cleanser, clearer or purger.
Computist, the same with Compotist.
Comrade. See Camerade.
Comus, the god of Ban∣quetting. Sive sit compotatio, sive amatoria lascivia.
Concamerate (concamero) to vault or arch, as an Oven is.
Concatenate (concateno) to chain, or link together.
Concavous Concave (Concavus) hollow, ben∣ding, crooked.
A Concave (Concava) a hollow place, or Cel.
Concavity (concavitas) hol∣lowness.
Concede (concedo) to grant, yeeld, or condescend unto.
Concention (concentio) a consort of many voices or in∣struments in one, an agree∣ment or concord, singing in tune.
Concentrick (concentricus) which hath one and the same Center.
Conceptacle (Fr.) any hol∣low thing which is apt to re∣ceive, hold, or contain. Cotgr.
Concertation (concertatio) strife, debate, disputation, vari∣ance.
Concession (concessio) suf∣ferance, leave, or pardon; a Grant.
Concidence (concidencia) a like falling in the ends of words.
Conciliate (concilio) to ac∣cord, to make friends toge∣ther, to reconcile.
Concinnity (concinnitas) properness, aptness, handsom∣ness, decency.
Concion (concio) an Orati∣on, Speech or Sermon made publickly to the people; also the Assembly or Congregation it self.
Page [unnumbered]Concional (concionalis) per∣taining to a Sermon or Ora∣tion, or to the Assembly or Pulpit.
Concionator (Lat.) he that preaches or proposeth an Oration to the people.
Concisso Concisure (concisura) a cutting or divi∣ding; a rent or schism. So St Paul; Beware of the conci∣sion. Phil. 3.2.
Concise (concisus) brief; beaten, cut, mangled, or killed.
Concitate (concito) to pro∣voke, stir up, or prick for∣ward.
Co•clamation (conclama∣tio) a shout or noise of many together.
Conclave (conclavium) an inner Parlor, a Closet, or privy Dining Room: especi∣ally it is the name of the place in Rome, where the election of the Pope is made by the Cardinals. Also the meeting or Assembly of the Cardinals it self for that election or for any important affair of the Church.
Conclavist (from conclave) one of those Cardinals that meet in the conclave for the election of the Pope; or he that has the keeping of that room.
Conclusive (conclusus) shut up, concluded, full and perfect.
Concoction (concoctio) di∣gestion in the stomach, a boyling.
Concomitant (concomitans) following or accompanying together; sometimes taken substantively for a compa∣nion.
Concord (concordia) agree∣men or peace; It is in our Common-Law, by a peculiar signification, defined to be the very agreement between parties that intend the levy∣ing a Fine of Lands one to the other, how and in what manner the Land shall pass.
Concordate (concordo) to be at concord or agreement, to agree.
Concords, In Musick, which are Perfect or semi-perfect, between the Unison and the Diapason, are, the fifth, which is most perfect, the third next, and the sixth which is more harsh, and the fourth with is called Diatessa∣ron Bac.
Concorporate (concorporo) to mix or temper into one body, to incorporate.
Concrement (concremen∣tum) an increase or growing together.
Concrete (concretum) a thing congealed or joyned to∣gether: Also a term in Lo∣gick, signifying a subject and an accident joyned together, as for example, Album is a Concrete, signifying a sub∣ject (be it a man or a horse) and the accident Albedo or whitness, joyned together; And Albedo or whiteness by it self is termed the abstract of that Concrete.
Page [unnumbered]Concreted Concretive (concretivus) congealed, joyned or grown together:
Concretion (concretio) a congealment, thickning, grow∣ing or fastening together.
Concrimination (concrimi∣natio) a joynt accusing.
Concubinage (concubina∣tus) the keeping a Whore for his own filthy use, an unlawfull use of another wo∣man instead of ones wife: In Law, it is an exception against her that sues for her Dowry, whereby it is alleadg∣ed, that she was not a Wife lawfully married to the par∣ty, in whose lands she seeks to be endowed, but his Concu∣bine. Britton. cap. 107. Brac. lib. 4. Tract. 6. cap. 8.
Concubinal (concubinalis) pertaining to a concubine.
Concubinary, one that keeps a Concubine, which is as it were a half Wife, as the He∣brew word Pilgesh signifies.
Conculcate (conculco) to tread under foot, to suppress or contemn, to wear with often treading or standing upon.
Concumbence (from con∣cumbo) a lying together.
Concupiscence (concupiscen∣tia) a fervent or covetous de∣sire of a thing; also lust, or the pravity of our nature.
Concupiscible (concupisci∣bilis) that which desires ear∣nestly or naturally, that which is desirable.
The Concupiscible Faculty, is the unreasonable or sensual part of the soul, which covers meat, drink, and all sorts of delights beyond measure.
Concussion (concussio) a shaking together, a dashing out, a terrifying, publick extortion by threatning.
Concussionary (Fr. Con∣cussionaire) a publick extorti∣oner, one that (counterfeit∣ing an authority) extorts gifts from men by threatning to punish or prosecute their offences.
Condense (condensus) thick, close together, compact.
Condensitie (condensitas) thickness, closeness, hard∣ness.
Conders (from the Latin conducere, i. to conduct or lead) are such as stand on high pla∣ces near the Sea-coast, at the time of Herring-fishing, to make signs with Boughs, or such like in their hands, to the Fishers, which way the Shole of Herrings passeth; For that may better appear to such as stand on some high Cliff on the shore, by a kinde of blew colour, that the said Shole makes in the wa∣ter, then to those in the ship: These are otherwise called Huers and Balcors, as ap∣pears by the Statute. Anno 1. Jac. cap. 22.
Condict (condictum) an ac∣cord or agreement, a compo∣sition, and appointment.
Condiment (condimentum) sawce or seasoning.
Condisciple (condiscipulus)Page [unnumbered] a School-fellow, or Fellow-Disciple.
Conditaneous (conditane∣us) that may be sawced, sea∣soned, or preserved.
Condited (conditus) sawced, seasoned, tempered, mixed, made savory. Bac.
Conditor (Lat. à condio) one that seasoneth, sawceth, or tempereth.
Conditor (Lat. à condo) a builder, maker, or founder.
Condolence (condolentia) a sympathy in grief, a fellow-feeling of anothers sorrow.
Condone or Condonate (condono) to give willing∣ly, to forgive or pardon.
Conducible (conducibilis) profitable, good, which may be hired.
Condilome (condiloma) a swelling or excrescent flesh in or about the fundament, pro∣ceeding of an inflammation.
Conduct (conductus) a Pass∣port, a guiding or leading, a leading of Souldiers, as Com∣manders do. Salvus conductus, a licence of passing without molestation, or with warrant of security, a safe conveyance or conduct.
Cone (conus) a Geometri∣cal figure, broad beneath, and sharp above, with a cir∣cular bottom: Also any other thing, broad beneath, and small above.
Confabulate (confabulo) to tell tales, to commune or dis∣course together.
Confarreation (confarrea∣tio) the solemnizing a Mar∣riage, a ceremony used at the solemnization of a Marriage, in token of most firm con∣junction between man and Wife, with a Cake of Wheat or Barley: This ceremony is still retained in part with us, by that which we call the Bride-Cake, used at many Weddings.
Confarreated (confarrea∣tus) married with that cere∣mony.
Confection (confectio) a measuring, mingling, or dis∣patching.
Confederate (confoedero) to consent or agree together.
Confer•on (confertio) a stuffing or filling.
C•nfessionary (Fr. Confes∣sionaire) belonging to, or trea∣ting of auricular Confession.
Conficient (conficiens) which finisheth, procureth, or worketh.
Confident (from confido) a friend to whom one trusts, in whom he hath confidence, on whose assistance he relies, a a second in a single Combate; it is also used adjectively.
Configulate (configulo) to play the Potter, to work in clay.
Confines (confinia) the End, Bounds or Marches of any Country.
Confiscate from confisco, and that (with the Fr. Con∣fisquer) from Fiscus, which originally signifies a Hamper, Page [unnumbered] Pannier, Basket, or Freil; but Metonymically, the Emperors Treasure, because it was anti∣ently kept in such Hampers: And though our Kings kept not their treasure in such things, yet as the Romans said, that such goods as were for∣feited to the Emperors Trea∣sury for any offence, were bona confiscata, so we say, those that are forfeited to our Exche∣quer, are confiscated. See more of Goods confiscate in Stawnf. Pl. Cor. l. 3. ca. 24.
Conflagitate (conflagito) to request or desire a thing im∣portunately, or earnestly.
Conflagrant (conflagrans) most earnestly desiring or burning in love.
Conflagration (conflagratio) a general burning or consu∣ming with fire.
Confluctuate (confluctuo) to flow together, to be uncertain what to do.
Confluence (confluentia) an abundance of any thing flow∣ing or running together, a coming thick together.
Conforaneous (conforaneus) of the same Court or Market place.
Conge d'eflire (Fr. i. leave to choose) is a meer French word, and signifies in our com∣mon Law the Kings permissi∣on royal to a Dean and Chap∣ter in time of vacation to chuse a Bishop, or to an Abby or Priory to chuse their Abbot or Prior. Fitz. nat. br. fo. 169. b. 170. b, c, &c.
Congelative (congelativus) that hath the faculty to con∣geal or dry up.
Congenerous (congener) of one stock or kindred, of the same sort or kind.
Congeniality, a likeness of Genius or Fancy with ano∣ther; as Sir Hen. Wotton says, Poets and Painters have al∣ways had a kind of Congeniali∣ty. p. 254.
Congeo•, an old word sig∣nifying a Dwarf.
Congeriate (from conge∣ries) to heap or lay together, to pile up. Felth.
Congiary (congiarium) a dole or liberal gift of a Prince or Nobleman to the people; it took name of the measure Congius, much about our Gal∣lon, which was given in oyl or wine, by the Poll; but af∣terwards any other such profit or distribution, were it in money or other provisions, passed under that title. Plut.
Conglaciate (conglacio) to be frozen, to be idle.
Conglob•t•(conglobo) to heap, gather together, or make round, or Globe-like.
Conglomerate (conglomero) to wind thread on bottoms, to assemble or gather toge∣ther.
Conglutinate (conglutino) to glew or joyn together.
Conglutinative, that which hath strength to glue together.
Congratulate (congratulor) to rejoyce with one for some good fortune.
Page [unnumbered]Congregate (congrego) to gather or assemble together, to associate.
Congregationalists, other∣wise called Independents, or Dissenting Brethren in the late Assembly of Divines, are such as gather Congregations, &c. and go a middle way betwixt Presbytery and Brownism. The chief of these were Thomas Goodwin, Philip Nye, Sidrach Simson, Jeremiah Burrowes, and William Bridge. See Mr. Fullers Church History, l. 11. p. 208. See Independents.
Congress (congressus) a go∣ing with another to fight, an encounter.
Congruity (congruitas) a∣greeableness, conformity.
Congruous (congruus) apt, convenient or fit for the pur∣pose.
Conical (conicus) belonging to a Conus, or the Crest of an Helmet.
Conjugal (conjugalis) be∣longing to marriage.
Conjugates (conjugata) that spring from one original; a term in Logick.
Conjugation (conjugatio) a joyning together, a deriva∣tion of words of one kind.
Conjunction (conjunctio) a combination, coupling or knit∣ting together: Also the part of speech termed a Conjuncti∣on; a sentence which hath divers parts together.
Conjunctive (conjunctivus) which knits or fastens toge∣ther.
Conjuncture (conjunctura) a joyning together.
Conjuration (conjuratio) as it is compounded of (con and juro) signifies a compact or plot made by persons combi∣ning themselves together by Oath or Promise to do some publick harm. But in our Common Law it is used espe∣cially for such as have personal conference with the Devil or evil spirit, to know any se∣cret, or to effect any purpose. An 5. Eliz. cap 16 And the difference between Conjurati∣on and Witchcraft is, that the Conjurer seems by prayers and invocation of Gods pow∣erful names, to compel the Devil to say or do what he commands him: The Witch deals rather by a friendly and voluntary conference or a∣greement between him or her, and the Devil or Famili∣ar, to have his or her turn ser∣ved for soul, blood, or other gift offered him: So that al•Conjurer compacts for curiosi∣ty to know secrets, and work marvels; and the Witch of meer malice to do mischief. And both these differ from Inchanters, or Sorcerers, be∣cause the former two have personal conference with the Devil, and the other meddle but with medicines, and cere∣monial forms of words called Charmes, without apparition. Daltons J.P. 279
Conizor or Cognizor (Lat. cognitor) in Law it is used in Page [unnumbered] the passing of Fines▪ for him that acknowledges the Fine; and the Conizee is he to whom it is acknowledged. West. par. 1. Symb. l. 2. Sect. 59. & part. 2. tit. Fines Sect. 114.
Conjure (conjuro) to swear or conspire together, to ex∣orcise a spirit, i. to swear him or conjure him by the power of another, by the names or spels they use; whereas Ad∣jure is to swear one to, as I ad∣jure, i. swear thee to it by mine own power, and conjure by the power of another.
Connascenc• (from con and nascor) a growing, rising or springing together, a being born together. Vul. Er.
Connexive (connexivus) that couples or knits together.
Connubial (connubialis) per∣taining to wedlock or marry∣ing together.
Connutritious (connutri∣tus) that hath the same nou∣rishment or bringing up.
Conquassate (conquasso) to shake, dash, or break in pieces.
Conquestion (conquestio) a complaining, lamenting, moan-making, or crying.
Consanguinity (consangui∣nitas) kindred by birth or blood, nearness in blood.
Consarcinate (consarcino) to patch or peice together, to add to.
Conscension (conscensio) a mounting or climbing up, a leaping on horse-back.
Conscission (conscissio) a cutting or paring.
Conscissure (conscissura) a gash or cut, a renting in a place.
Conscious (conscius) culpa∣ble, that is of Council, or guilty of a thing.
Conscription (conscriptio) an enrolling, writing, or re∣gistring.
Consectaneous (consectane∣us) which follows others.
Consectar•(consectarium) a brief argument wherein the conclusion necessarily follows the antecedent; or a thing that follows out of another already demonstrated.
Consectation (consectatio) a following together; and in Philosophy it signifies the con∣sideration of those affections of a Proposition, in respect whereof two Propositions sig∣nifie together the same thing, and are true or false. Hist. Phil.
Consectator (Lat.) he that follows, or pursues.
Consecutif Consecutive (consecutus) following or succeeding.
Consecution (consecutio) a consequent, order or follow∣ing. Moneth of consecution. See Moneth.
Conseminate (consemino) to sow divers seeds together.
Consentient (consentiens) concenting, agreeing, accord∣ing.
Consequentious (from con∣sequentia) most important, full of consequence which ne∣cessarily followeth.
Page [unnumbered]Conservator of the peace (Conservator, or Custos Pacis) was an Officer that had charge to preserve the Kings peace, before the time of King Edward the Third, who first erected Justices of the Peace instead of those Conservators, &c. See Lamb. Eirenarcha. l. 1. ca. 3.
Conservator of the Truce and safe Conducts (•onserva∣tor induciarum & salvorum Regis conductuum) was an Of∣ficer appointed in every Port of the Sea, under the Kings Letters Patents, and had for∣ty pounds for his yearly sti∣pend at the least. His charge was, to enquire of all offen∣ces done against the Kings Truce, and safe Conducts, up∣on the main Sea, out of the Countries and Franchises of the Kings Cinque Ports, as the Admirals of Custom were wont, and such other things as are declared, An. 2. H. 5. ca. 6. Touching this matter you may read another Stat. An. 4. H. 5. ca. 7.
Conservatory, a place to preserve, or keep things in. Also used adjectively.
Conserves (from conservo) the juyce or substance of any thing boiled with Sugar, and so kept. Bull.
Consession (consessio) a sit∣ting together or with others.
Consigne consigno) to pre∣sent, exhibite or deliver in hand, or into the hands of; to assign over, to gage, or pawn.
Consistory (consistorium) signifies as much as Praetorium or Tribunal. It is commonly used for a Council house of Ecclesiastical persons, or the place of Justice in the Court Christian; A Session or As∣sembly of Prelates.
Consitio•(consitio) a setting or planting.
Consolidate (consolido) to make sound that which was broken, to make whole.
Consolidation in our Com∣mon Law, is a combining or uniting two Benefices in one. Also a strengthning or joyn∣ing with.
Consolate (consolor) to com∣fort and ease ones grief.
Consonants (consonantes literae) letters which have no sound of themselves, but as they are joyned with others, b, c, d, &c. with all the rest, (except the Vowels) are cal∣led Consonants.
Consort (consors) one that partakes of the same lot, a fel∣low or companion.
Conspersion (conspersio) a sprinkling about.
Conspurcatio•(conspurca∣tio) a defiling or making foul.
Conspu•a• (Lat.) he that spits upon others.
Consta• (Lat. it is evi∣dent, plain, certain) is the name of a kind of Certificate, which the Clerk of the Pipe, or Au¦ditors of the Exchequer make at the request of any person, who intends to plead in that Court for discharge Page [unnumbered] (commonly) of Lands Seque∣stred; the effect of this Constat is to declare what does consta¦re on Record, as for what cause the lands were sequest∣red, for what rent letten, and the like; and the Auditors Fee for it, is 13 s. 4 d. A Con∣stat is held to be superior to a Certificat, because this may err or fail in its contents; that cannot, as certifying no∣thing but what is evident up∣on Record.
Constellation (constellatio) an assembly, or company of Stars together in one sign, presenting some living crea∣ture or other thing, after a certain sort; And of these Constellations, the number in the Heavens are 48. whereof 21 are in the North, 15 in the South, and 12 in the Zodi∣ack. Hopton.
Conster•ation (consternatio) a great fear or astonish∣ment; Also sedition or tu∣mult.
Constipate (constipo) to make thick together, to stuff together.
Constrictive (constrictivus) that hath vertue to strain or bind together.
Consubstantial (consubstan∣tialis) of the same substance, whereof another is made.
Consuetude Consuetudinal (•rom con∣suetudo, inis) accustomed, wont, used. Also the Book wherein the antient customs of a Monaste∣ry were written was called the Consuetudinal.
Consul (Lat. from consulen∣do, of giving counsel) a chief Officer among the Romans, of which two were chosen year∣ly to govern the City, and command their Armies.
In Paris Les Consul•, are five honest and substantial Citizens, who determine all cases of debt (not exceed∣ing 4000 li. Turnois) between Merchant and Merchant: Their authority continues but a year, and the utmost pu∣nishment they can inflict, is but imprisonment. In most Cities of Aquitain, the chief Governors are termed Consuls; the rest of the good Towns in France have such Consuls, as Paris, by the names of Les Judges & Consuls des Merch∣ands. Cotgr.
Consummate (consummo) to make up or accomplish, to sum up a reckoning.
Contabulate (contabulo) to plank or floor with boards, to joyn together.
Contaction (contactio) a touching or joyning toge∣ther, a staining or colouring. Felth.
Contaminate (contamino) to violate or distain by touch∣ing or mixing, to defile or corrupt.
Contemerate (contemero) to violate, defloure or pollute.
Contemplatio•(contempla∣tio) beholding in mind, deep musing, study or meditati∣on.
Page [unnumbered]Contemplation, (in the ac∣cepted general notion of the word) signifies a clear, ready, mental seeing and quiet re∣garding an object; being the result and effect of a precedent diligent enquiry and search after the nature, qualities, and other circumstantial con∣ditions of it. Mr. Cressy.
Contemplative (contempla∣tivus) that exercises or consists in contemplation, or study.
Contemporiarism (from con & tempus) the being at one and the same time; co∣existency.
Contemporaneous Contemporary Contemporal (con∣tempo∣rarius) that is of one and the same time or age.
Conterminate (contermino) to lye near or border on a place.
Conterraneous (conterrane∣us) that is of the same Country or Land.
Contesse•ation (contessera∣tio) a league between stran∣gers. Dr. Taylor.
Contest (contestes) a fel∣low witness, or a witness ex∣amined in the same cause with another. It is used among the Civilians at Doctors Commons.
Contestate (contestor) to bear or prove by witness, to witness together.
Contexture (contextura) a weaving togethe•, a composi∣tion, the form and stile of a discourse, a making fi•.
Contignation (contignatio) the raftering or rearing a house in Sollars, Stories or Floors, the boarding or plank∣ing a house. Greg.
Contiguity (from contigu∣us) a touching one another, nearness, the close being of two together.
Contiguous (contiguus) that toucheth or is next to, very near.
Continency (continentia) a refaaining of ill desires, or more strictly, a refraining from all things delightful that hin∣der perfection.
Continent (continens, subst.) a great quantity of Land, con∣tinued without division of Sea, as the Low Countries to Germany, that to Austria, Au∣stria to Hungary, &c. It is o∣therwise called Terra firma.
Contingent (contingens) which chanceth or hapneth.
Continuity (continuitas) a continuation, wholeness, in∣tireness, or intire conjunction.
Contorsion (contorsio) a wrestling or wreathing.
Continual Claim, is a Claim made from time to time, within every year and day to land or other thing which in some respect we cannot attain without danger: For ex∣ample, if I be disseized of Land, into which (though I have right) I dare not enter for fear of beating, it behoves me to hold on my right of en∣try to the best opportunity of me and my Heirs, by ap∣proaching as near it as I can Page [unnumbered] once every year, as long as I live, and so I save the right of Entry to my Heirs. Terms of Law.
Contorsion (contorsio) a writhing, wresting, or pulling away.
Contrabanded Goods, pro∣hibited goods, that are for∣bidden to be imported by Proclamation; from the Ital. Bando, i. a Proclamation. In the Act of Parl. 1649. c. 21. tis written Contrabanda goods.
Contramure (Promurale) an out-wall compassing the walls of the City, and placed before them for the more safe∣guard. Min.
Contrasto (Span. contrasta) strife, contention, or opposi∣tion.
Contratation (Spa.) a Con∣tract; a Bargain.
A Contratation house, is a house where Contracts or Bargains are made.
Contrectation (contrectatio) often touching, handling, or treating of.
Contravention (from con∣travenio) a coming against, a speaking against one, an ac∣cusing.
Contristate (contristo) to make sorry, heavy or sad.
Contrite (contritus) worn or bruised; but is most com∣monly used for penitent or sorrowful for misdeeds, re∣morseful.
Contrition (contritio) brui∣sedness, or wearing with use. In Divinity it is a perfect sor∣row and horror that a man hath for having committed sin, and this, for that he loves God with a soveraign and sin∣gular love.
Or Contrition (saith an Au∣thor) is when the foulness of sin is set off onely by con∣ceiving the goodness of God, without reflexion upon re∣ward or pain.
Contrition (says another Au∣thor) is the bruising a sin∣ners heart (as it were) to dust and powder, through un∣feigned and deep sorrow con∣ceived at Gods displeasure for sin.
Contrucidate (contrucido) to wound, to murder or kill.
Contumacy (contumacia) disobedience, self-will, stub∣bornness.
Contumelious (contumeli∣osus) reproachful in words, spiteful, disdainful.
Contumulate (contumulo) to bury or intomb together.
Conturd (contundo) to knock or beat in peeces, to strike down: And metaphorically to conquer or subdue.
Contusion (contusio) a beat∣ing, pounding, or bruising.
Convalesce (convalesco) to wax strong, to recover health.
Convalescen (convalescens) that waxeth strong, or re∣covers health.
Convalidate (convalido) to strengthen, to confirm, to re∣cover health.
Convene (convenio) to come or assemble together, to sum∣mon Page [unnumbered] one to appear before a Judge.
Convent. See Covent.
Conventional (conventiona∣lis) that is done with agree∣ment, and consent of divers.
Conventicle (conventicu∣lum) a little or private Assem∣bly or Convention, commonly for ill; first attributed in dis∣grace to the Schools of Wick∣lif in this Nation, above 200 years since.
Conventual (from conven∣tus) belonging to a Covent or multitude resorting together, as of religious persons. Also a sort of Friers so called.
Conv•ntual Church. See Parish.
Convert. See Pervert.
Convexity (convexitas) crookedness, hollowness, ben∣ding down on every side; Con∣vexity is the outside of an hollow body, as Concavity the inside. In a painted Globe of the world, the descriptions are upon the convexity there∣of, and that face is convex, the rest is belly, or concave. El. Armory.
Conviction (convictio from convinco) a proving guilty, and is in our Common Law, ei∣ther when a man is out∣lawed, and appears and con∣fesses, or else is found guilty by the Inquest. Min.
Convoke (convoco) to call or assemble together.
Convivi•l (convivialis) per∣taining to Feasts or Banquets.
Convocation (convocatio) a calling or assembling toge∣ther, most commonly of Ec∣clesiastical persons for Church affairs. A Synod and a Con∣vocation seem to be all one; before the Statute of Premu∣nire (16. Ric. 2. ca. 5.) it was constantly called a Synod; af∣terwards it took up the name Convocation, from the word•convocari faciatis, in the Kings Writ; And (since our Sco∣tizing) it is called an Assembly.
Convocation-House, is that wherein the whole Clergy is assembled for consultation up∣on matters Ecclesiastical in time of Parliament; and as the house of Parliament, so this consisted of two distinct houses; One called the higher Convocation-house, where the Arch-Bishops, Bishops, &c. sate severally by themselves; the other the Lower Convocation house, where all the rest of the Clergy were bestowed. Cow. See Prolocutor.
Convoy (Fr.) is most com∣monly taken for a company of Souldiers or Ships for the wafting, or safe conducting of passengers.
Convulsion (convulsio) a drawing together; a plucking or shrinking up of the sinews, as in the Cramp; or when the Mouth, Nose, Eye, Lip, or o∣ther part is turned awry out of its due place.
Coolisse Broth. See Cullis,
Co-operate (coopero) to la∣bor or work together.
Co-optate (coopto) to elect or chuse.
Page [unnumbered]Coparceners (participos) o∣therwise called Parceners, in our Common Law are such as have equal portion in the Inheritance of their Ancest∣or. Parceners are either by Law or Custom; Parceners by Law, are the issue female, which (in case of no Heir male) come in equality to the Lands of their Ancestors. Bract. l. 2. c 30. Parceners by custom are those, that by cu∣stom of the Country challenge equal part in such Lands: As in Kent by Gavel-kind. See Littleton l. 3. ca. 1, 2. and Brit∣ton c. 27. Intituled, de Heritage divisable. The •own of England is not subject to Co∣parcenary. An. 25. H. 8. ca. 22.
If Coparceners refuse to di∣vide their common inheri∣tance, and chuse rather to hold it joyntly, they are said to h•ld in Parcenary or Copar∣cenary. Lit. fol. 56.
Copal, a kinde of white and bright Rosin brought from the West-Indies, where∣of the people there were wont to make perfumes in their Sacrifices: It is hot in the second degree, and moist in the first, and is used here to be burnt against cold diseases of the brain. Bull.
Copesmate (from the Sax. Ceap. i. merchandise, and mate, i. companion) a part∣ner or copartner in merchan∣dise.
Copie (copia) plenty, abun∣dance, riches, eloquence, pro∣vision of things.
Copiosity (copiositas) plen∣ty, store, abundance, copious∣ness.
Copulation (copulatio) a coupling or joyning; it was one of the three ways of be∣trothing marriage in Israel. See Moses and Aaron, p. 231.
Copulative (copulativus) which coupleth or joyneth, or which may couple or joyn.
Coquetteri• (Fr.) the prat∣tle or twattle of a pert Gossip or Minx.
Coquinate (coquinor) to play the Cook, to boyl or dress meat.
Coraage (coragium) is a kind of imposition (upon some unusual occasion) of certain measures of Corn. For Corus tritici, is a certain mea∣sure of Corn. Bracton l. 2. ca. 26.
Coral or Corral (Coralli∣um) There are two principal sorts hereof, the one white, the other red, but the red is best. It grows like a tree in the bottom of the Sea, green when under the water, and bearing a white berry; and when out, turns red. It is cold and dry in operation, good to be hanged about chil∣drens necks, as well to rub their Gums, as to preserve them from the Falling-sick∣ness. Sands 235. There is also a black and yellow kind of Coral. See more in Dr. Browns Vul. Err. fol. 91.
A Corbel, Corbet, or Cor∣bil. In Masonry is a jutting Page [unnumbered] or shouldering peece cut out in stone, as we may see in walls, to bear up a post, Sum∣mer or other weight, (which in Timber-work, is called a Bracket or Braggat.) This and such like terms of art, for the most part are taken from the similitude of Beasts, Birds, or some living thing, which they resemble, whence this is called Corbel (from the French Corbeau, a Crow or Raven) because they were wont to make such Jutties out of a wall in form of a Crow. Min. See Bragget.
Corban or Korban (Heb.) a Chest or Coffer in the Tem∣ple of Hierusalem, where the Treasure that served for the Priests or Temples use was kept. Also the treasure it self, or an Almes-box. Also a gift or offering on the Altar. Mark. 7.11.
Cordage (Fr.) Ropes, or stuff to make Ropes of; all kind of Ropes belonging to the rigging a ship.
Cordelier or Cordilier (Fr.) a grey Frier of the Order of St. Francis; so called because he wears a rope or cord about his middle for a Girdle, full of twisted knots.
Cordiner or Cordwainer (from the French Cordvan∣nier) or from the Lat. corium, a Skin or Hide) a Shoo-maker, a Tanner, or Leather-dresser, a Currier.
Cordovan Leather, so cal∣led from Cordova or Corduba a City in Spain. In the Islands of Corfica and Sardinia, there is a beast called Musoli, not found elsewhere in Europe, horned like a Ram, and skin∣ned like a Stag, his skin car∣ried to Corduba, and there dressed makes our true Cordo∣van Leather.
Corespond. See Corre∣spond.
Corinthian work, a sort of Pillars in Architecture. See Tuscan.
Cornage (from the Lat. cornu, a horn) in our Com∣mon Law it signifies a kind of Grand Sergeanty, the service of which tenure is to blow a horn, when any invasion of the Northern Enemy is per∣ceived, and by this many hold their Land Northward, about the wall commonly cal∣led the Picts wall. Cam. Brit. fol. 609.
Cornelian Law, L. Corneli∣us Sylla, being Dictator, made a Law (among others) that all such as would follow him in the Civil War, should be ca∣pable of any Office or Magi∣stracy, before they came to their full years, &c. Those kind of Roman Laws always took denomination from him that prefer'd them.
Corneous (corneus) of, or like a horn, hard, or white as horn.
Cornicle (corniculum) a lit∣tle horn.
Cornigerous (corniger hor∣ned, having or wearing horns: Page [unnumbered] One of the Wine-god Bac∣chus his Epithets, because with drinking much wine men grow fierce and furious, as horned beasts, whence that Satyrical,
Cornice, a term of Archi∣tecture. See Frize.
Cornucopia (Lat.) plenty or abundance of all things.
Cornuted (cornutus) that hath horns: also Cuckolded.
Corody Corrody (from corrodo, to eat together) signifies in our Common Law a sum of money, or allow∣ance of meat and drink, due to the King from an Abbey or other House of Religion, whereof he is Founder, to∣wards the reasonable suste∣nance of such a one of his Ser∣vants, being put to his Pen∣sion, as he thinks good to be∣stow it on. And the difference between a Corrody and a Pen∣sion seems to be, that a Cor∣rody is allowed towards the maintenance of any of the Kings servants, that live in the Abby; a Pension is given to one of the Kings Chaplains, for his better maintenance in the Kings service, till he may be provided a Benefice. Cow. Of both these read Fitz. nat. br. fol. 230, 231, 233.
Corollary (corollarium) the addition or vantage above measure, an over-plus, or sur∣plusage; also a small gift or largess bestowed on the peo∣ple at publick Feasts.
Coronary (coronarius) be∣longing to a Crown.
Coroner (Cororator) is an antient Officer of this Land; so called because he deals wholly for the King and Crown. There are four of them commonly in every County, and they are chosen by the Free-holders of the same upon Writ, and not made by Letters Pattents. Crompt. Jurisd. fol. 126. See Lieghs Phil. Com.
Corporal (corporalis) that hath, or petains to the body; Also an inferior Officer in a Foot-Company; But in the Roman Church it signifies a little linnen cloth which is spread upon the Altar, and whereon the Chalice and Host are placed. And the word is also used in the like sence in the Service Book which was sent into Scotland, in the year 1637.
Corporation (corporatio) is a permanent thing, that may have succession; it is an As∣sembly and joyning together of many into one fellowship, brotherhood and minde, whereof one is Head and cheif, the rest are the body.
Corporeal (corporeus) that hath a body, or pertaining to the body.
Corporature (corporatura) the quantity, fashion, or con∣stitution of the body.
Corpuscule (corpusculum)Page [unnumbered] a little body. Mr. Evelyn.
Corrade (corrado) to scrape together, to take away or spoil.
Corrasive (corrasivus from corrado) which scrapes toge∣ther, shaves or spoils: This word is many times mistaken for corrosive, from corrodo.
Correlatives (correlativa) Relatio (according to the Phi∣losophers) is, Cujus totum esse est ad aliud esse, whose whole being is to be to another, whence Correlatives are such things as are mutually one to another, and cannot be, nor be explicated, but in order to one another. As Father and Son, superior and inferior, Husband and Wife, &c.
Correption (correptio) a correcting in words, a rebu∣king, a snatching away.
Correptory (from corripio) that rebuketh or chastiseth, that snatches away.
Correspond (correspondeo. i. concorditer respondeo) to an∣swer concordingly, agreeing∣ly, or in the same proportion, to accord or consent together, to run one and the same course together.
Correspondent, agreeable, proportionable, or answer∣able to another thing.
Corridor, A curtain in For∣tification.
Corrigible (corrigibilis) that may be corrected or a∣mended.
Corrivals (corrivales) they who have water from, or use the same River. And meta∣phorically, a Competitor in love, or they that love one and the same woman.
Corrivality (corrivalitas) the love of a Corrival, a corri∣valship.
Corroborate (corroboro) to make strong, to harden or confirm.
Corrode (corrodo) to gnaw about, to eat away: Also to back-bite.
Corrodie. See Corodie.
Corrodible (corrodibilis) that may be gnawn or eaten away. Vul. Er.
Corrosive (corrosivus) gnaw∣ing or eating about, biting, as it were a nipping the very heart: Also a fretting plaister, or any thing, which being laid to the body, raiseth blisters, and makes it sore.
Corrugation (corrugatio) a wrinkling, or furrowing of the skin, a frowning.
Corsary (Fr. Corsaire) a Courser.
Corslet (from the Ital Cor∣salletto) armor for the breast, and back.
Corse-present. See Mortu∣ary.
Corticated (corticatus) that hath a rind or bark.
Corvine (corvinus) per∣taining to, or like a Raven or Crow; black as a Crow.
Coruscant (coruscans) gli∣stering, shining, or light∣ning.
Coruscation (coruscatio) a flash of lightning, or a kind of Page [unnumbered] seeming sparkling fire, which appears in Mines by night.
'Tis (saith an Author) a glistering of fire rather then fire indeed, and a glimmering of lightning, rather then light∣ning it self.
Corve• (Ital.) a prancing, or continual dancing of a horse of Service. Hence to corvet, is to leap or prance, as a Horse of Service doth.
Cor•bant (Corybantes) Cybeles, or Cybelles Priests; so called from Corybantus, one of her first Attendants.
To play the Corybant, is to run madly up and down, play∣ing on a Cymbal, and wagging the head as those Priests were wont to do; Also to sleep with open eyes.
Cosc•mancy (coscineman∣tia) a divining by a Sieve.
Co-si•ificativ• (from con and significo) of the same sig∣nification with another thing.
Cosm•s (Gr.) mundus, the world. Hence
Cosmarchy (cosmarchia) the power of the Devil, the government of the world.
Cosmical (cosmicus) of the world, worldly.
In Astronomy we term that the Cosmical ascension of a Star, when it ariseth together with the Sun, or the same degree of the Ecliptick, wherein the Sun abides. Vul. Er. 224.
Cosmodelyte, may be de∣rived from 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉mundus, and 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, timidus, or miser; and so Englished, one fear∣ful of the world, or a worldly wretch.
Cosmography (cosmogra∣phia) the description of the world in general. This Art, by the distance of the Cir∣cles in Heaven, divides the Earth under them into her Zones and Climats, and by the elevation of the Pole, consi∣ders the length of the day and night, with the perfect demonstration of the Suns ri∣sing and going down, &c. And is best handled by Pliny in his Natural History.
Cosmographer (cosmogra∣phus) a describer of the world.
Cosmographical, pertain∣ing to Cosmography.
Cosmology (Gr.) a speak∣ing of the world.
Cosmopolite (from Cos∣mos, mundus, and Polites, Ci∣ves) a Citizen of the world; or Cosmopolitan.
Cosmometry (Gr.) a measuring of the world. It is thus defined, Cosmometry shewes the reason of the world, by measures of degrees and minutes of the Heavens, and the differences of Cli∣mates, days and nights, the elevation of the Poles, di∣versity of the noon Tides, and shadows in Dyals, and divides it self into Cosmo∣graphy, and Geography. 1. part. Treasury.
Costrel or Cas•rel, a kind of bottle to carry wine or such like in.
Page [unnumbered]Couchant (Fr.) couching, or lying on the ground. See Levant and Counchant.
Covent or C•vent (con∣ventus) a multitude of men assembled together: The whole number of religious persons dwelling in one house together, which, according to Chaucer in the Sompners Tale, is but thirteen, viz. twelve and the Confessor.
A Cloister or Abby of Monks or Nuns. Hence Co∣vent-Garden took denominati∣on, because it belonged to that Covent or religious House, now called Whitehal, which heretofore belonged to the Black Friers, by the gift of the Earl of Kent. Stow. Sur. 487.
Coverture, is a French word, and signifies any thing that covers, as Apparrel, a Coverlet, &c. In our Com∣mon Law, it is particularly applied to the estate and con∣dition of a married woman, who by the Laws of the Realm is in potestate viri, un∣der coverture or Covert baron, and therefore disabled to make any bargain or contract, with∣out her husbands consent or privity, or without his allow∣ance or confirmation. Brook. hoc titulo, per totum.
Coulant (Fr.) gliding, slipping, slowing gently along.
Count (Fr. Comte) an Earl.
Couldray, is the name of a noble House belonging to the Lord Viscount Montagu in Sus∣sex; in French it signifies a Hasel wood, or Grove, whence perhaps it took denomina∣tion.
Counter-compone, a term in Herauldry. as if you say, a Cross Counter-compone, that is, a Cross compounded of two sundry colours, or three. See Accidence of Armory, fol. 54.
The Counter or Contor, Is the name of two Prisons in London, wherein Debtors and others, for misdemeanors are imprisoned; so called from a Contor which in high Dutch signifies locus seclusus, a Pri∣son.
Countermure or Counter scarf in a fortified Town, is a bank of a Ditch or Mount op∣posite against the wall. See Contramure.
A Counterround (Fr. con∣treronde) when one round goes one way, and another another. Also a certain num∣ber of Officers and Comman∣ders going to visit the Watch of the Corps de guard, Sentinels, or the Rounds, to see if they are diligent in performing their duty.
Countertaile or Countertallie (Fr. Contre∣taile) a Tal¦ly to con∣firm or confute another Tally. It is a peece of wood which the one party keeps, that is cut off from another peece kept by the other party; and so when both meet with their Tallies, they score up the number of what is delivered and received, by cutting a Page [unnumbered] notch with a knife. Min.
Coupant (Fr.) cutting, cleaving, lopping, mowing, carving.
Court-Baron (Curia Ba∣ronis) is a Court that every Lord of a Mannor (which in antient times were called Ba∣rons) hath within his own Precincts; Of this and Court Leet, read Kitchin.
Cou•tisan (Fr. Courtesane) a Lady, Gentlewoman, or waiting woman of the Court; Also (but less properly) a pro∣fessed Strumpet, famous (or infamous) Whore.
Courteue of England (Lex Angliae) is used with us for a Tenure. For if a man mar∣ry an Inheritrix seized of Land in Fee-simple, or in Fee∣tail general, or as Heir in Tail special, and gets a child of her, that comes alive into the world, though both it and his Wife die forthwith, yet if she were in possession, he shall keep the land during his life, and is called Tenant by the Curtesie of England. Glanvil. l. 7, ca. 18. Littleton l. 1. ca. 4.
Courtilage alias Curtsage (curtilagium) signifies a Gar∣den, Yard, or peece of void ground lying near, and be∣longing to a Messuage. West. part. 2. Symbol. Tit. Fines, Sect. 26.
Couthurlaugh, is he that wittingly receives a man out∣lawed, and cherishes and hides him. In which case, he was in antient times subject to the same punishment, that the Out-law himself was. Bract. l. 3. tract. 2. ca. 13. nu. 2. It is compounded of the old Sax∣on word (Couthr) i. known, and (Utlaugh) an Out-law, as we now call him.
Crabbat (Fr.) is proper∣ly an Adjective, and signifies comely, handsome, gracious; But it is often used Substan∣tively for a new fashioned Gorget which women wear.
Crambe (Gr.) a kind of Colewort of a very bitter taste. Schism. disp.
Cranage (cranagium) is a liberty to use a Crane, for the drawing up Wares from Ves∣sels at any Creek of the Sea or Wharf unto the Land, and to make profit of it. It signi∣fies also the money paid and taken for the same. New Book of Entries. fol. 3. col. 3.
Crany (cranium) the bone of the head, the skul or brain∣pan. Also a cleft, chinck, or little Cranny.
Crapulent (crapulentus) surfeiting or oppressed with surfeit.
Crasis (Gr.) a complxi∣on, temperature or mixture of natural humors.
Crasse (crassu•) gross, thick, fleshy, dull.
Crassity Crassitude (crassitudo) fatness, thick∣ness or grosness.
Crassulent (crassulentus) full of grosness, very fat.
Crastinate (crastinoi) to Page [unnumbered] delay from day to day, to prolong.
Creance (Fr.) trust, faith, belief, confidence; also cre∣dit, &c. Chaucer.
Creansour signifies a Cre∣ditor, viz. him that trusts a∣nother with any debt, be it in money or wares. Old nat. br. fol. 67.
Crebrous (creber) frequent, often, accustomed, usual.
Crebrity (crebritas) a mul∣titude, oftenness, manifold∣ness.
Credulity (credulitas) light∣ness or rashness to believe any thing.
Creek (crepido) seems to be part of a Haven, where any thing is landed or disbur∣dened from the Sea. So that when you are out of the main Sea, within the Haven, look how many landing places you have, so many Creeks may be said to belong to that Haven. See Crompt. Jurisdictions fol. 110. a.
Cremation (crematio) a burning.
Crepitation (crepitatio) a creaking, crashing, or rattling noise.
Crepusculous (from cre∣pusculum) pertaining to twi∣light in the evening or morn∣ing. Br.
Crescent (crscens) grow∣ing, encreasing, waxing big∣ger.
Cressant (Fr. Croissant) in Heraldry it signifies the New-Moon, or the Moon in time of waxing or encreasing, some times taken for a Half-Moon.
Cresset, An old word used for a Lanthorn or burning Beacon. Min.
Cretan (Cretensis) an in∣habitant of the Island of Can∣dy or Creet; also a lyer, because those in that Island are espe∣cially noted to be tainted with that vice, as St. Paul observed of them out of Epimenides: 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.
Cretical (from Creta) be∣longing to a Cretian or lyer.
Creticism or Cretism, the Art of coyning or inventing lyes. Sir W. Ral. fol. 560.
Criminous (criminosus) ready to accuse, blame-wor∣thy, full of crime.
Crible (cribrum) a Sive to sift corn.
Cribration (cribratio) a winnowing or sifting corn from chaff with a Sive.
Crinal (crinalis) belong∣ing to the hair.
Crined (from crinis) in He∣raldry it signifies haired.
Crinigerous (criniger) that hath or weareth hair.
Crinosity (crinositas) hairi∣ness.
Criptick. See Cryptick.
Crisis (Gr.) judgement: In Physick it signifies a sud∣den change in a disease, or the conflict between nature and sickness; that is, the time when either the Patient be∣comes suddenly well, or sud∣dainly dies, or waxeth bet∣ter Page [unnumbered] after or worse, according to the strength of his body and violence of the disease.
Crism. See Chrism.
Crispin or Crespin, a pro∣per name for a man, and the name of a certain Saint, who is Patron to Shoo-makers.
Crispitude (crispitudo) cur∣ledness.
Crist (crista) a Crest, a Tuft, a Plume.
Cristal (chrystalus) a Mine∣ral substance like clear glass or ice. There are two kinds hereof; one which grows up∣on extream cold Mountains, being there congealed like Ice, by the Mineral vertue of the place, as Albertus writes. A∣nother that grows in the earth in some places of Germany. See more of the nature and pro∣perties of it in Dr. Browns Vul. Er. l. 2. cap 1.
Cristalline (crystallinus) white and transparent as Cry∣stal, or of or belonging to crystal. The Crystalline hu∣mor is seated in the midst of the eye, and of a round fi∣gure, somewhat flattened both before and behinde; it is the first instrument of sight, and a glass wherein the spirit imagines and judges of the forms represented to it. Cot.
Crithology (crithologia) the office of gathering the first fruits of Corn.
Critical or Judicial days (dies critici) are when the disease comes to the Crisis or judgement of amending or impairing, and they are the fourth and seventh days; be∣cause in them the Physitians use to judge of the danger of a disease: But the seventh is accounted the chief Critical day, and the fourth a token or sign, what the seventh day will be, if the Patient live so long. This account must be made according to the num∣ber of weeks thus; In the first week the fourth day is the token or Critical of the seventh day. In the second week the eleventh is the cri∣tical of the fourteenth. In the third, the seventeenth is the critical of the twentieth, (for Hippocrates reckons the twentieth day for the last of the third week.) In the fourth, the twenty fourth is the cri∣tical of the twenty seventh; and so forth to an hundred. Bull.
Critick, Taken Ad•ectively, is the same with Critical. But Substantively, it signifies one that takes upon him to cen∣sure or judge of other mens words, acts or works.
Criticism. The Art of judging or censuring mens words, writings, or actions: also a quillet or nicety in judgement.
Crosser. A Bishops staffe, so called either from the French Croce, a Crosse; of the figure of the Cross which it hath, or from Croce, which in our old English signifies a Shepherds Crook, because Page [unnumbered] Bishops are spiritual Pastors or shepherds.
Crocation Crocitation (crocatio) the kawing of Crows, Rooks or Ravens.
Croises (cruce signati) Pil∣grims. See Croysado.
Cronical Cronographie See in Chro.
Cronie (from cronus) a contemporary Disciple, or in∣timate companion, between a servant and friend; a consi∣dent; and perhaps may have this antient Etymology; Di∣odorus the Philosopher was Schollar to Apollonius Cronus, after whom he was called Cronus, the name of the Ma∣ster being transmitted to the Disciple.
Crotaphites (Chrotaphitae) the two muscles of the Tem∣ples.
Crotchet (Fr. crochet) a measure of time in Musick, containing in quantity a quar∣ter of a Sembrief, or two Quavers. It is sometimes used for a whimsey or idle fancy of the brain: as we say, his head is full of Crotchets.
Crouched (Fr. croisè, Ital. croche) crossed or marked with a cross, blessed; hence the name of Crouched Fryers, because they wear the sign or picture of a Cross or Crouch. And hence the Crouches or Crutches, which Cripples use, because they somewhat re∣semble a cross.
Cr•sad• (Fr. croysade) an expedition of Christians, as∣sembled out of divers Coun∣tries (by preaching and the Popes Bulls) against the Turks or other Infidels; term∣ed so, because every one of them, when he undertakes the journey, accepts of, and wears on his Cassock or coat Armor, the badge of the cross. Cot.
Cruciferous (crucifer) he that bears the cross.
Cruciate (crucio) to tor∣ment, to afflict or vex.
Crudity (cruditas) rawness of stomach, indigestion.
Crude (crudus) raw, fresh, not ripe, not digested.
Cruor (Lat.) blood drop∣ping out of a wound.
Crural (cruralis) belong∣ing to the legs, knees, or thighes.
Crus•ible or Cruzet (Fr. creuset) a Cruet, or little earthen pot wherein Gold∣smiths melt or calcine their gold and silver.
Crus•ng (a Sea term, from Croiser, to cross) cros∣sing or coasting up and down; as our men of War do at Sea to meet with Pirats.
Crustaceo•s (from crusta) pertaining to the crust, hard shell or pill of any thing. Dr. Brown in his Vulgar Errors, cals Lobsters, Shrimps, Cre∣vises, &c. Crustaceous ani∣mals.
Cryptical Cryptick (crypticus) hid∣den or secret.
Cryptography (Gr.) a de∣scription of secrecy, or secret things.
Page [unnumbered]Cryptolog• (Gr.) whisper∣ing, secret speech or commu∣nication.
Crystal See Christal.
Cubebes (Fr.) a certain fruit sold by Apothecaries like pepper. It comes out of India, and is hot and dry in opera∣tion. Bul.
Cubicular (cubicularis) pertaining to the Chamber.
Cub•(cubus) a Geometri∣cal body or figure, four-square, having six faces, like a Dye; in Arithmetick, a number multiplied in it self, as Nine a∣rising of thrice three, and Six∣teen of four times four.
Cubick or Cubical (cubi∣cus) square like a Dye.
Cubicul•t•(cubicularis) pertaining to the Chamber.
Cubit (cubitum) the length of the Arm from the Elbow to the end of the middle Finger, which is usually about a foot and half; this is the common Cubit; but we read of three other Cubits, 1. The holy Cu∣bit, this was a full yard. 2. The Kings Cubit was three fingers longer then the com∣mon Cubit. 3. A Geometrical Cubit contained six common Cubits. Moses and Aaron. 260.
Cubiture (cubitura) a lying down.
Cuchanel or Cutchoneale (Fr. Couchenil, Lat. Coccus) a kind of grain of great value, wherewith our Dyers dye Scarlet or Crimson colour in grain, as we call it. Some say •t is a little worm bred in the fruit of a certain tree.
Cu•, The last word of an Actor, which gives the hint to him that is to enter next; al∣so an item when anyone shall begin to speak.
Cucullated (cucullatus) hooded, wearing a hood. Br.
Cucubat•(cucubo) to make a noise like an Owl, to howl or whoop.
Cucurbite (cucurbita) a Gourd.
Cu•rp• (Span.) a body; en Cuerpo, without a Cloak.
Cu•n•g•, is a word used for the making up of Tin, in∣to such fashion as it is com∣monly framed for its carri∣age into other places. An. 11. H. 7. c. 4.
Cuirassi•r (Fr.) one armed with Cuirats, most common∣ly spoken of horsemen.
Cur•t•, Cuitars or Cor∣slets (Fr cuirace) armor for the breast and back.
Culde•s (a corruption from cultores Dei. i. worship∣ers of God) an antient Reli∣gious people in Scotland, so called. Broughton, fol. 588 Gi∣raldus Cambrensis Topograp. Hiberniae Distinct. 2. c. 4. testi∣fies, that in Ireland there was Capella, cui pauci coelibes, quos Coelicolas, vel Colideos vocant, devotè deserviebant. Spots∣woods Hist. p. 4.
Culcrag• (Fr.) buttock-stirring, tayl-wagging, Le∣chery.
Culinary (culinarius) be∣longing to the Kitchin.
Page [unnumbered]Cullion-•ean. See Bastion.
Cullis (Fr. coulis) a broth of boiled me at strained, fit for a sick or weak body.
Culminate (culmino) to come to the top or highest.
Cul•able (culpabilis) wor∣thy of blame.
Cultivate (culto) to plow or till.
Culture (cultura) husban∣dry, tillage, dressing or triming.
Cu• Secto• (Lat.) a niggard, close-fist, pinch-peny, or miser. Bac.
Culvertail, A term among Carpenters, and signifies the so letting one peece of timber into another with artificial joynts, that they cannot fall asunder.
Cumulate (cumulo) to make a heap to gather toge∣ther, to increase.
Cumble (from the Fr. comble, i. cumulus, or from the Spa. cumbre) the top-fulness, height or overplus of any thing. Mr. Howel.
Cunctation (cunctatio) de∣laying, lingring, or deferring.
Cuniculous (cuniculosus) full of holes or mines under the ground; full of Conves.
Cupidity (cupiditas) co∣vetousness, lust, desire, wan∣ton affection.
Cupidiuous Cupidous (cupidus) co∣vetous, desi∣rous, greedy.
Cupglass or Cup•ingglass A hollow round glass with a hole in the bottom, used by Phy∣sicians sometimes, to draw blood or wind out of the body, for it sucks with great strength, by reason of a little flame of fire made in it. Bull.
Cupol• (It.) a high Arch or round loover of any Church, house or Steeple; some have erroneously used it for a spire or pinacle of a Steeple. See Dome.
Curfeu, comes of the Fr. Couvrir, i. to cover, and feu, the fire; we use it for the eight o'th clock Bell, or an evening Peal, by which the Conque∣ror in the first year of his reign, willed every man to take warning for the raking up his fire, and putting out his light. So that in many places at this day, where a Bell is customably rung to∣wards Bed-time, it is said to ring Curfeu. Stows Ann. and Sir Rich. Baker, fol. 34.
Curranto (ab huc & illuc Currendo, Fr. Courante) a run∣ning dance, a French dance, different from what we call a Country dance.
Curricu•re or Curricurro, a kind of Boat in the East In∣dia's almost like our Barges. Herb.
Current (currens) running: It is also used Substantively, for a swift running stream of water, and sometimes taken for a strait of the Sea.
Curtizan. See Courtisan.
Curtilage. See Courtilage.
Curtesy of England. See Courtesy.
Page [unnumbered]Curvature (curvatura) a bending or crookedness; also a roundle.
Curvilineal (from curva & linea) whose lines are crooked. Per. Inst.
Curvity (curvitas) crook∣edness, deformity.
Curules (Lat. from Currus a Chariot) were those Roman Senators, who, being of higher dignity then the rest, were wont for greater honor sake, to be carryed to Court in Cha∣riots, and were seated in Cu∣rule Chairs made of Ivory.
Curvous (curvus) crooked, bowed, uneven.
Cuspe (cuspis) the point of any thing, as of a weapon; a sting.
Cuspidate (cuspido) to point or make sharp at the end.
Cuticular (cuticularis) full of pores or little holes, for sweat to come out at.
Cuvele, the mother of the gods, &c. See the many names and particular Fables of her, in Rider.
Cycle (cyclus) a round or circle. In Astronomy it is thus defined. The division of the year into 52 weeks, be∣cause it sets off one day super∣numerary, makes an alterati∣on in all the rest; so that the days of the week (which use to be assigned by the let∣ters of the Alphabet) fall not alike in several years; but Sunday this year must fall out on the next years Munday, & so forward till seven years; and (because the Bissextile su∣peradds another day every fourth year) till four times seven, that is, 28 years are gone about. This revolution is cal∣led the Cycle of the Sun, taking name from Sunday, the letter whereof (called therefore Do∣minical) it appoints for every year. It is sound by adding nine (for so far the Circle was then gone about) to the year of our Lord, and dividing the whole by 28. so to the year 1639, if nine be added, the nu∣merus factus will be 1648, which, divided by 28, leaves 24 for the Cycle of the Sun.
The Cycle of the Moon is the revolution of 19 years, in which space (though not precisely) the Lunations re∣cur. For, because of the Sun and Moons unequal motions, the changes falli•g out in∣constantly, the time of con∣junction could not be still the same. This variety the Anti∣ents perceiving to be peri∣odical, endeavoured to com∣prehend what Circle it made in going about. The learned Meto•, finding the Revolution was not compleated in less time then the space of 19 years, set forth his Ennedeca∣etris, within the Circle where∣of the Lunations (though not exactly) do indeed recur, so that if the quadrature of the Moon shall fall out as this day of this year, the like shall return again, the same day of the 19 year succeeding. Page [unnumbered] This Cycle is therefore called Cyclus decennovennalis, and from the Author Annus Me∣tonicus; from whose Atheni¦ans the Egyptians may seem to have received it, as the Ro∣mans from them, in Letters of gold; from whence (if not from the more precious use of it) it obtained to be called, as it still is, the numerus aureus, or Golden number. It was made Christian by the Fathers of the Nicene-Council, as being altogether necessary to the finding out the Neomenia Pas∣chalis, upon which the Feast of Easter, and all the move∣able rest depended. It self is found by adding an unite to the year of our Lord, and di∣viding the whole by 19. the remainder shall be the Cycle of the Moon; or if nothing remain, the Cycle is out, that is nineteen. Mr. Gregory, de Aeris & Epochis, p. 133.
Cyclom•try (cyclometria) a measuring of Circles
Cycloped•(cyclopedia) the universal knowledge of all Sciences. Fuller.
Cyclo•s (cyclopes) an an∣cient and big-bon•d sort of people, which had but one eye, and that in the midst of the forehead, inhabiting the Island of Sicily; The Poets called them Gyants, because they were people of a migh∣ty stature, of which rank was the so much famoused Poly∣phemus, that with such huma∣nity entertained Ʋlysses and his companions. Rider. Hence
Cycloptick Cyclopean belonging to those Gyants or Cyclops, Monstrous, one-eyed, furious. Eicon Basil.
Cylinder (cyclindrus) a Ge∣ometrical figure round and long, consisting from top to toe, of two equal parallel Circles: Also it is taken for that part of the bore of a gun, which remains empty, when the Gun is loaden, a Ro∣ler to beat Clods.
Cylindrical, pertaining to or like a Cylinder. Vul. Er.
Cymace (cymatium) a kind of Pillar so graven, that the carved work resembles the waves; or a ledge or outward member in Architecture, fa∣shioned somewhat like a Ro∣man S, and termed a Wave or Ogee.
Cymbal (cymbalum) was a kind of instrument, compo∣sed of thin plates of brass, with certain small bars of I∣ron, fastned and cross billet∣ed in the plates, wherewith they made a great noise. O∣thers think Cymbals are bells, which, according to the opini∣on of some, were consecrated to the service of the Church by Pope Sabinian. Caussin.
Cymracean (from the Brit. Cymraeg, i. Welsh) Cambrian Welsh or British. Mr. How.
Cymbalist (cymbalistes) he that plays on the Cymbal.
Cy•anthropie (Gr.) a fren∣zy which makes a man haunt unfrequented places, with a Page [unnumbered] conceit that he is turned into a dog. Cotgr.
Cynical Cynick (cynicus) dogged, currish or chur∣lish like a dog. There was in Greece an old Sect of Phi∣losophers called •ynicks, first instituted by Antisthenes; and were so called, because they did ever bark at and rebuke mens Vices, and were not so respective in their behavior as civility required. Diogenes was so famous in this kind of Philosophy, that he was sur∣named the Cynick
C•ege•icks (cynegetica) books treating of hunting: whereof Oppianus wrote four.
C•oc•halist (cynocepha∣lis) a beast like an Ape, but having the face of a Dog: a Baboon.
Cy•orexi•(cynorexia) a greediness and unnatural ap∣petite of meat.
Cynosure (cynosura) a fi∣gure of stars in Heaven.
Cynt•us, A hill in Delos, where Latona brought forth Apollo and Diana; whence A∣pollo and the Sun are called Cynthius; Diana and the Moon Cynthia.
Cyprine (cyprinus) of or be∣longing to the Cypress-Tree, which is destinated to the dead; in that, being once cut, it never re-flourisheth.
C•renaick, a Sect of Philo∣sophers, so called from Ari∣stippus, a Disciple of Socrates, and Professor of Philosophy, who (after the death of Socrates) returned into his Country at Cyrene in Africa; his Schollers took this name from Cyrene, the place, but by some called Hedonick, or vo∣luptuous, from the doctrine.
Cystique Vein. See in Vein.
DAbuz•, a weapon like a Mace, carried before the Grand Turk.
Dactyle (dactylus) a foot in a verse consisting of three syllables, the first long, and the two last short, as Carmina. Also a Date, the fruit of the Palm-Tree.
Dactylogie (dactylogia) finger-talk, speech made with the fingers.
A D•gs•in (gausape) a rough Mantle or hairy Gar∣ment Rid.
Dagon, the Idol of the Philistines, mentioned 1 Sam. 5.4. It had the upper part like a man, the neather like a fish. See Moses and Aaron. p. 156.
Da•ma•ick (Dalmatica ve∣stis) the Vestment of a Dea∣con or sub-Deacon, properly belonging to his Order; so called because they were first made in Dalmatia.
Damage Cle•r (Damna Clericorum) was originally no other then a gratuity given the Prothonotaries, and their Clerks for drawing special Writs and pleadings, but af¦terwards Page [unnumbered] it came to a certain∣ty of 2s in the pound, which is taken away by Act 1650. cap 44.
Damage-fes•nt (a term in our Common Law) is when a strangers beasts are in another mans ground, without licence of the Tenant of the ground, and there feed, or otherwise spoil the corn, grass, woods, &c. In which case the Te∣nant whom they hurt, may therefore distrain and im∣pound them as well in the night as in the day. But in o∣ther cases, as for Rent, and services, and such like, none may distrain in the night. New Terms of the Law.
Dandruff or Dandraff (furfur) a scurff or a kind of smal scales that stick to the skin of the head, and often hang about the hairs. They are caused by salt flegm or some other cor∣rupt humors, piercing insen∣sibly the pores, and then slightly congealed by the air, and may be taken away by washing the head with salt water, or Vinegar warm.
Danegelt, Dane•g•lt, or Danegold (compounded of Dane and gelt, i. pecunia) was a tribute laid upon our An∣cestors of twelve pence for every Hide of Land through the Realm by the Danes. Stow in his Annals, p. 118. saith, this Tribute came to 48000. l. per an. and that it was released by Edward the Confessor, Heylin saith by King Steven.
Dane•nge. See Merchenlage
Danism (danisma) usury.
Danist, An Usurer.
Danistick (danisticus) per∣taining to usury.
Dapatical (dapaticus) sump∣tuous, costly, magnificent.
Daphnamancy (from the Gr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 i laurus, and 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i. Divinatio) divination by a Lawrel Tree.
Dapife• (Lat.) he that serves at a banquet, a Sewer. See Arch-Dapifer. The great Ma∣ster or Steward of the Kings house was so termed in old time. Cotg.
Danocaginous (from the Ital. dapoco) that has a little or narrow heart, low-spirited, of little worth.
Dardanean Art (ars dar∣dania) Witch-craft or Ma∣gick; so called from Dardanus, a wicked Magician.
Darick (Daricus) a kind of antient coyn bearing the Image of Darius King of Per∣sia, and valuing about two shillings.
Datary (datarius) that is, freely given: taken Substan∣tively, it is an Office in Rome for collation of Church Bene∣fices; also a dater of Writings.
Page [unnumbered]Date (dactylus) a kind of sweet fruit brought from Nu∣midia and other far Countries. The Date Trees are some male, some female: the first brings forth only flowers, the other fruit; yet herein is the male beneficial to the encrease of the Dates; for, unless a flowred bough of the male be ingraffed into the female, the Dates never prove good.
Dation (datio) a giving, a gift, a dole.
Datism (datismus) is when by a heap of Synonyma's, we rehearse the same things.
Dative (dativus) that gi∣veth, or is of power to give.
Daulphin. See Dolphin.
St. Davids day, The first of March kept solemnly by the Britans in honor of their Patron St. David, whom their Records and Tradition testifie to have been a person of emi∣nent sanctity and austerity of life, excellently learned; a most eloquent preacher of Gods word, and Archbishop of Menevy, now from him called St. Davids in Pembrook-shire. He flourished in the fifth and sixth age after the com∣ing of Christ, and dyed in the 140 year of his own, as Dr. Pits witnesseth in de illustribus Britanniae Scriptoribus. The Brittans always wear a Leek on that day in memory of a famous victory obtained by them against the Saxons; the said Britains for the time of the battel, wearing Leeks in their hats for their military colours by St. Davids perswa∣sion.
Days (according to the division of Authors) are ei∣ther Astronomical or Political: of Astronomical, some are natu∣ral, and some again Artificial. An Artificial day consists of twelve hours, Joh. 11.19. There be twelve hours in the day. Gen. 1.4, 5. & 47-9. A Natural day consists of twen∣ty four hours. The beginning of Politique days, is divers: for the Athenians began their day from Sun-set; but the Iews, Chaldeans, and Babylonians from Sun-rise; the Egyptians and the Romans from mid∣night, of whom we take our pattern to count the hours from midnight, one, two, three, &c. The Ʋmbrians from noon. The parts of Politique or Civil days (according to Macrobius) are these. The first time of day is after midnight. The second, in Lat. Gallicinium, Cocks-crow. The third Conti∣cinium, the space between the first Cock and break of day. The fourth Diluculum, the break or dawn of the day. The fifth Mane the morning. The sixth Meridies, noon or mid-day. The seventh Pomeri∣dies, the afternoon. The eighth Serum diei, Sun-set. The ninth, suprema tempestas, twy∣light. The tenth, Vesper, the evening or eventide. The e∣leventh, prima fax, candle-time The twelfth, nox concubia,Page [unnumbered] bed time. The thirteenth Nox intempesta, the dead time of the night. Vide Agellium, Ma∣crobium, & Fungerum.
Maundy Thursday (the last Thursday in Lent, and next before Easter) so called as it were, Mandati Thursday, from a ceremony, used by the Bi∣shops and Prelates in Cathe∣dral Churches and Religious Houses, of washing their Sub∣jects feet; which ceremony is termed the fulfilling the Man∣date, and is in imitation of our Saviour Christ, who on that day at night after his last Supper, and before his insti∣tution of the Blessed Sacra∣ment, washed his Disciples feet, telling them afterwards that they must do the like to one another: this is the Man∣date, whence the day is no∣minated. At the beginning of the aforesaid ceremony, these words of Christ (uttered by him soon after his wash∣ing their feet) John. 13.34. are sung for an Antiphon. Man∣datum novum do vobis, ut dili∣gatis invicem, sicut dilexi vos. I give you a new Mandate, &c.
Deaction (deactio) a finish∣ing or perfecting.
Dealbate (dealbo) to white-lime, parget or make white.
Dearck (dearchus) a Cap∣tain or Governor of ten.
Dearraignment. A Law-term. V. Shep. Epit. 491.
Deaurate (deauro) to gild or lay over with gold.
Debauchery (from the Fr. desbauche) incontinency, riot, disorder, unruliness.
Deb•llate (debello) to van∣quish or overcome by war.
Debellation (debellatio) a vanquishing or overcoming by war. Sir Tho. More uses it.
De b•ne e•s•, are three com∣mon Latin words, the mean∣ing I conceive to be this; to take or do a thing de bene esse, is to accept or allow it as well done for present; but when it comes to be more fully ex∣amined or tried, it is to stand or fall, according to the me∣rit or well being of the thing in its own nature; or as we say, valeat quantum valere po∣test. So in Chancery, upon motion to have one of the De∣fendants in a Cause, exami∣ned as a witness, the Court (not then precisely exami∣ning the Justice of it, or not hearing what may be object∣ed on the other side) often orders a Defendant to be examined De bene esse, i. that his Depositions are to be al∣lowed or suppressed at the Hearing, as the Judge shall see cause, upon the full debate of the matter; but for the present they have a well-be∣ing, or allowance.
Debentur (the third per∣son plural of debeor, to be due or owing) is by Act of Par∣liament 1649. cap. 43. ordain∣ed to be in the nature of a Bond or Bill to charge the Commonwealth to pay the Page [unnumbered] Souldier-creditor or his As∣signs, the sum due upon ac∣count for his Arrears. The form of which Debentur, you may see in an Act 1649. c. 63.
Debilitate (debilito) to weaken or make feeble, to make faint.
Debility (debilitas) weak∣ness, feebleness.
Debonnaire (Fr.) gentle, milde, courteous, affable.
Debosche Debauche (from the Fr. desbaucher) to corrupt, make lewd, or put out of order, to vitiate.
Debulliate (debullio) to bubble or seeth over.
Deca (Gr.) decem, ten.
Decachord (decachordium) an instrument with ten strings.
Decacuminat•(decacumi∣no) to take off the top of a∣ny thing.
Decad (decas, adis) a term or number of ten, be it of years, moneths, books, &c. as the Decads of Livy consist each of ten Books; Also a tenth.
Decadency (from de and cado) a falling down or from, a declining, decay, ruine.
Deca•i•t (from decas) a writer of Decads, such was Ti∣tus Livius.
Decalogue (decalogus) the ten Commandments or words of God.
Decameron (Gr.) that is of ten parts. Boccacius gives his book of Fables (being divided into ten parts) that Title. Min.
Decapitate (decapito) to be∣head, or pull off the head.
Decatc•. The same with Deark.
Decede (decedo) to depart, or yeeld from; to give place to; to cease or dye.
D•cember. One of the twelve moneths, so called from decem, ten, because it was the tenth month from March, which was the first a∣mong the Romans.
Decemped•(decempedalis) of ten foot, or ten foot long.
Decemvirate (decemvira∣tus) the Office or Authority of those ten Noblemen or Go∣vernors among the Romans, who were called Decemviri, they were appointed to go∣vern the Commonwealth in¦stead of the two Consuls, and had the highest Authority, from whom none could ap∣peal. The Roman Laws were divided into ten •ables wher∣to these Decemvi•s added o¦ther two, and called them the Laws of the twelve Tables whereof you may read Pom∣ponius Laetus.
Decennial (decennalis) be∣longing to, or containing ten years.
Deception (deceptio) deceit, fallacy, craft, cosenage.
Deceptive (deceptivus) de∣ceitful, deceiving, wily, craf∣ty, full of subtilty.
Decerp (decerpo) to pluck off or away, to gather, to di∣minish.
Decertation (decertatio)Page [unnumbered] a contending or striving.
Decession (decessio) a de∣parting or diminishing.
Deciduous (diciduus) sub∣ject to fall off, hanging or fal∣ling down.
Decim•. See Nona.
Decimate (decimo) to take the Tenth, to gather the Tyth.
Decimation (decimatio) the punishing every tenth Soul∣dier by Lot, was termed Deci∣matio legionis; also a Tything or paying a tenth part.
Decirci•ate (decircino) to bring out of compass or roundness, to unbind.
Decision (decisio) a deter∣mining or deciding, a cutting off or lessening.
Decisive (decisus) deci∣ding, determining, fit, or able to end a controversie. And Decisorie, Idem.
Declamation (declamatio) an Oration made of a feigned subject, or only for exercise; also a crying out aloud.
Declarative (declarativus) which doth declare or shew forth.
Declivity (declivitas) a steep bending downwards, as on the side of a hill.
Decoctible (decoctibilis) easie to be sodden or boiled.
Decollation (decollatio) a beheading, as the Decollation of St. John Baptist, a holy day instituted of old in memory of the beheading St. John Bap∣tist, on the twenty ninth of August yearly. See Lapidation.
Decoction (decoctio) a boil∣ing or seething. In Physick it signifies commonly any li∣quor in which medicinable roots, herbs, seeds, flowers, or any other thing has been boyled.
Decor (Lat.) comeliness or beauty.
Decorate (decoro) to beau∣tifie, to make decent.
Decoration (decoratio) a beautifying or adorning. Bacon.
Decortication (decorticatio) a pilling or plucking off the bark.
Decorticate (decortico) to pill or pluck off the bark. Apol. for learning.
Decorum (Lat.) comeli∣ness, honesty, good grace.
Decrement (decrementum) a decreasing. Feltham.
Decrepite (decrepitus) very old, at deaths door, whose Candle is almost burnt out.
Decressant (from decresco) the Moon decreasing or in the last quarter, the wayning of the Moon.
Decretist (decretista) a Student, or one that studies the Decretals.
Decretals (decretales) a Volume of the Canon Law, so called; or books containing the Decrees of sundry Popes. Or a digestion of the Canons of all the Councils that per∣tained to one matter, under one head.
Decretal, taken Adjective∣ly, belonging to a Decree.
Page [unnumbered]Decretaliarck (Gr.) an ab∣solute Commander, one that commands by Decree, or whose command is, and is o∣beyed as a Decree. Cotg.
Decrustation (decrustatio) an uncrusting, a paring away of the uppermost part, or ut∣termost rind.
Deculcate (deculco) to tread or trample upon.
Decumbence (from decum∣bo) a lying or sitting down.
Decumbent (decumbens) that lyes or sits down; or dyes.
Decuple (decuplus) ten times so much.
Decu•y (decuria) a Band of ten Souldiers. Also it signi∣fied four or five bands of Souldiers, each consisting of ten hundred horsemen, ap∣pointed to be assistant to the Judges sitting upon life and death: also the Senators and Judges were divided into Bands, called Decuriae, and the chief of them was called Decurion. Rider.
Decurion (decurio) a Cap∣tain over ten horse; and sometimes it is used for an Al∣derman or chief Burgess in a Roman Colony.
Decursion (decursio) a ha∣sty running, a running down or unto.
Decussated (decussatus) cut or divided after the form of the letter X, or of St. Andrews cross, which is called Crux de∣cussata.
Decussation (decussatio) a division, cut, sawn, or carved, after the form of four lines drawn a cross by one Center star-wise, so it makes eight even portions.
Decutient (decutiens) that shakes or beats down.
Dedalea•. (daedale•s) intri∣cate or perplexed, also expert or cunning. A derivative from Daedalus an expert Artificer, who first invented the Saw, Axe, Sayl, and Sail-yards for a ship, which gave occasion for the Fable of Daedalus his wings, &c.
Dedecorate (dedecoro) to dishonest, to dishonor or de∣fame.
Dedentition (dedentitio) the falling or losing of teeth. Dr. Brown.
Dedignation (dedignatio) a disdaining or contemning.
Dedition (deditio) a yield∣ing or rendring up a place be∣sieged.
Defailiance (Fr.) a failing, languor, faintness, defect; also a fainting.
Defalcation (defalcatio) a pruning or cutting, a dedu∣cting.
Defalk (Fr. defaulquer) to deduct, deduce, abate, take out of.
Defatigable (defatigabilis) easily to be wearied.
Defatigate (defatigo) to make weary, to tire.
Def•ca•e (defaeco) to purge from dregs, to refine, to scum.
Defecation (defaecatio) a purging from dregs, a refining.
Page [unnumbered]Defection (defectio) a fal∣ling away, a revolting back, an infirmity.
Defeizance, or Defeasance (from the Fr. Desfaire, i. to undo) signifies, in our Com∣mon Law, a condition rela∣ting to an Act, as to an Ob∣ligation, Recognizance or Statute, which performed by the Obligee or Recognizee, the act is defeated and made void, as if it never had been done; whereof you may see at large, West. part. 1. Sym. l. 2. sect. 156. and Shep. Epit. p. 775.
Defender of the Faith. (Defensor Fidei) is a peculiar title given to the Kings of Eng∣land by the Pope, as Catholi∣cus to the King of Spain, and Christianissimus to the French King. It was first given by Leo decimus to King Henry the Eighth, for writing against Martin Luther, in behalf of the Church of Rome. The Bull for this Title bears date quinto Idus Octobr. 1521. and may be seen at length in the Lord Herberts Henry the Eighth, fol. 105. Stows Annals, p. 863.
Defensat•v•, is a medi∣cine that keeps humors from coming to a sore or place af∣fected, or hinders the inflam∣mation thereof. Cotgr.
Deficient (deficiens) faint∣ing or failing.
Definition (definitio) est o∣ratio explicans essentiam rei per genus & differentiam; a de∣claring what a thing is by a Gender or something that is common to the thing decla∣red, and to other things also, and by a difference onely a∣greeing to the thing explica∣ted, and distinguishing it from all things else: Definition also is a Decree or Determination, as the Definition of a Coun∣cil.
Definitive (definitivus) which limits or determines.
Deflagration (deflagratio) a burning or inflammation.
Defletion (defletio) a be∣wayling or bemoaning.
Deflexure (deflexura) a bowing or bending.
Defloration (defloratio) a deflowring or dishonoring.
Defluxion (defluxio) a flow∣ing or falling down of hu∣mors, a looseness.
Defeneration (defoeneratio) a taking money upon usury.
Deforsour (comes of the Fr. forceur. i. expugnator) is used in our Common Law for one that overcomes and casts out by force, &c. See the difference between a Def•r∣sour and a Desseisor, in Cowel on this word.
Defunct (defunctus) dead, ended.
Degenerate (degenero) to grow out of kind, to grow base.
Deglutinate (deglutino) to unglue or loosen.
Deglutition (deglutitio) a devouring or swallowing down; also the passage or de∣scending of the meat and Page [unnumbered] drink from the mouth into the stomach.
Degrade (degrado) to put out of Office, to put from his degree, estate, or dignity. In Sleidans Comment. you may read the manner of degra∣ding Priests to be thus. The party to be degraded is atti∣red in his Priestly Vestments, and holds in the one hand a Chalice filled with wine mix∣ed with water, and in the o∣ther a gilt patent with a Wa∣fer or bread. Then kneeling down the Bishops Deputy first takes from him all these things, commanding him to say no more Masses. Secondly, scraping his fingers end with a piece of glass, he enjoyns him never to hallow any thing. And thirdly, stripping him of his Priestly Vestments, he is clothed in a Lay habit, and so delivered into the power of the Secular Magi∣strate, if his offence so re∣quire it.
Degrandinate (degrandino) to hail much.
Degree, A term often used in Astronomy and Physick. In Astronomy it signifies the thirtieth part of a Sign (viz.) of Aries, Taurus, Gemini, &c. for into so many parts or degrees are all these Signs di∣vided. In Physick it signifies a proportion of heat, or cold, moysture or driness in the nature of Simples; and there are four such proportions or Degrees. The first Degree is so small, that it can scarce be perceived. The second, that which manifestly may be per∣ceived without hurting the sence. The third, that which somewhat offends the sense. The fourth, which so much offends, that it may destroy the body. For example, sweet Almonds, Rice, Bugloss, ripe Grapes, are hot in the first de∣gree: Parsley, Saffron, Honey, in the second degree: Cum∣min, Galingal, Pepper, in the third degree: And Garlick, Spourge, Euphorbium in the fourth degree. So Barley is cold in the first degree, Cu∣cumbers in the second, Sen∣green in the third, and Hem∣lock in the fourth degree. Where note, that in heat, cold, and driness, there may be four degrees, and in moi∣sture but two. Bull.
Deicide (deicida) he that kills God.
Dejeration (dejeratio) a solemn swearing.
Deiformity, the form or shape of God.
Deify (deifico) to make a God.
Deipnosophists (Gr. Deip∣nosophista) Athenaeus his great learned books carry that title, importing a Conference, Dis∣course or inter-speech among wise men at a supper. El. Ar.
Deists. See Anti-Trinita∣rians.
Deity (Deitas) the God-head or nature of God, the Divinity.
Page [unnumbered]Delator (Lat.) he that se∣cretly accuseth.
A Delegate (delegatus) one to whom Authority is com∣mitted from another, to handle and determine mat∣ters, a Deputy or Surrogate.
To Delegate (delego) to assign or appoint to an Of∣fice or charge, to send on a message.
Delenifical (delenificus) that mitigates or makes gentle.
Deletion (deletio) a racing or blotting out, a destroying.
Deleted (deletus) scraped or put out, defaced, destroyed.
Deletorious (deletorius) that blotteth or raceth out.
Delian-twins, Apollo and Diana; the Sun and Moon: so called from the famous Island Delos, where Latona at one birth brought forth A∣pollo and Diana.
Delibate (delibo) to taste, to touch, to sacrifice or dimi∣nish.
Delibrate (delibro) to pill or pull off the bark.
Delict (delictum) a fault, an offence; properly by o∣mitting that which should have been done.
Delignate, to rid a place of wood, to destroy wood. Fuller.
Delimate (delimo) to file, or shave off.
Delineate (delineo) to draw the form or portraiture of a thing.
Delinquent (delinquens) that hath offended, failed, or left undon.
Delirium (Lat.) dotage, a going crooked or out of the right way, madness. Rel. Med.
Delirous (delirus) that doteth and swerveth from reason. Discourse of Enthu∣siasm.
Delphick sword, In the Ci∣ty Delphos was the Temple of Apollo, where was a sword that served for all purposes in Sacrifices.
Deltoton (Gr.) a constel∣lation of stars like the Greek letter 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉.
Delusion (delusio) a mock∣ing, abusing or deceiving.
A Deluge (from the Lat. diluvium•) an universal over∣flowing of the waters; Noe's flood.
Demain or Demeasn (from the Lat. Dominicum, or Fr. Demain or Domain) signifies as much as Patrimonium Do∣mini. Hotaman in verbis feu∣dalibus, verbo Dominicum, by divers Authorities, proves those lands to be Dominicum, which a man holds originally of himself; and those to be feodum, which he holds by the benefit of a superior Lord. But this word is now most commonly used for a di∣stinction between those Lands that the Lord of a Mannor hath in his own hands, or in the hands of his Lessee; and such other Lands appertain∣ing to the said Mannor, which belong to Free or Copy-hold∣ers; Page [unnumbered] howbeit the Copy-hold belonging to any Mannor, is also in the opinion of many good Lawyers, accounted De∣measn. Cowel.
Dementation (dementatio) a making or being mad.
Demi (Fr. from the Lat. dimidium) half.
Demi chase (Fr.) half-chase, or half-hunting boots; so called by the French, we call them Summer-riding-boots.
Demigrate (demigro) to flit or remove.
Demission (demissio) an a∣basement, faintness, abating.
Demit (demitto) to put or lay down, to abate in courage, to humble ones self.
Democracy (democratia) a kind of Government of a Com∣monweal, wherein the people have the chief rule without any Superior or Magistrate over them, save onely such as themselves choose.
Democratical (democrati∣cus) pertaining to a such a Go∣vernment.
Democritus, A Philoso∣pher of Abdera a City of Thra∣cia, who was wont to laugh at what chance or fortune so∣ever. Hence
Democritick. Mocking, jeer∣ing, laughing at every thing.
Demolition (demolitio) a demolishment, the ruine, sub∣version or pulling down of buildings, &c.
Demon (daemon) a devil, a spirit, a hobgobling or hag.
Demonachation (Fr.) an abandoning or depriving of Monkish profession. Cotg
Demoniach or Demonical (demonia∣cus) posses∣sed with a devil, devillish, furious.
Demonicratic. The Go∣vernment of devils.
Demonologie (daemonologia) a speaking of, or consulting with the devil.
Demonstrative (demonstra∣tivus) that which declareth any thing evidently.
Denary (denarius) of or containing ten.
Dendrology (Gr.) the speak∣ing of Trees; the title of Mr. Howels well-known Book, o∣therwise called Dedonas Grove.
Deneer (Fr. Denier) a small copper coyn about the tenth part of an English penny; al∣so a penny weight.
Denigrate (denigro) to make black.
Denizen (from the Fr Do∣naison, i. Donatio, aut quasi Danes-son, i. Dani filius) is in our Common Law, an Alien enfranchised here in England by the Princes Char∣ter, and inabled almost in all respects, to do as native Sub∣jects do, namely, to purchase and possess Lands, to be ca∣pable of any Office or Digni∣ty. Yet it is short of Natura∣lization, because a stranger naturalized, may inherit Lands by descent, which a man made onely a Denisen, cannot.
Page [unnumbered]Denomination (denomira∣tio) a naming or denoncing.
Density (densitas) thick∣ness.
Dental (from dens, ntis) pertaining to the Teeth. Bac.
Denticle (denticulus) a little tooth; Also that part of the Chapiter of a Pillar, which is cut and graven like teeth. Vitru.
Dentifrice (dentifricium) powder, or any thing to rub the teeth with.
Dentiloquent (dentiloquus) one that speaks through the teeth, or lisps.
Dentiscalp (dentiscalpium) an instrument to scrape the teeth, a tooth-picker.
Dentition (dentitio) a bree∣ding of teeth.
Denudation (denudatio) a laying or leaving bare, a de∣nuding.
Denumerate (denumero) to pay ready money, to pay mo∣ney down.
Denunciate (denuncio) to denounce or give warning, to proclaim.
Deobturated (deobturatus) shut or stopped from. Dr. Charl. in his Physiologia.
Deodand (deodandum) is a thing given or forfeited (as it were) to God, for the pacifi∣cation of his wrath in a case of misadventure, whereby a∣ny Christian Soul comes to a violent end, without the fault of any reasonable creature. For example, If a horse should strike his keeper, and so kill him: If a man in driving a Cart, and seeking to redress any thing about it, should so fall, as the Cart-wheel run∣ning over him, should press him to death: If one should be felling of a tree, and giving warning to company by, when the tree were near fal∣ling, to look to themselves, and any of them should be slain nevertheless by the fall of the tree. In the first of these cases, the Horse; In the second, the Cart-wheel, Cart and Horses; and in the third, the Tree is to be given to God, that is to be sold and distribu∣ted to the poor for an expia∣tion of this dreadful event, though effected by unreason∣able creatures. Stawnf. pl. Cor. l 1. ca. 2. And though this be given to God, yet is it for∣feited to the King by Law, as sustaining Gods person, and an Executioner in this case to see the price of these di∣stributed to the poor, &c. Fleta saith, that this is sold, and the price distributed to the poor, for the soul of the King, his Ancestors, and all faithful people departed this life. l. 1. ca. 25. de submersis.
Depauperate (depaupero) to impoverish, to make or be∣come poor.
Depeculation (depeculatio) a robbing the Commonwealth or Prince; a publick rob∣bing.
Dependent (dependens) that hangs down, or depends up∣on.
Page [unnumbered]Depension (depensio) a weighing a paying of money.
Depilat•(depilo) to pull off, or take away hair.
Depilatory (depilatorius) that makes the hair fall; It is also used substantively, for any ointment, salve, water, &c. which takes away hair.
Depilous (depilis) that is made bare, without wooll, fur, or hair.
Deplantation (deplantatio) a taking up Plants.
Depletion (depletio) an emptying.
Deplication (deplicatio) an unfolding.
Deploration (deploratio) a lamenting or bewailing.
Deplore (deploro) to be∣wail, lament or mourn.
Deplume (deplumo) to pluck off the feathers, to un∣feather.
Depolition (depolitio) a po∣lishing, perfecting or finishing.
Deponent (deponens) lay∣ing down or aside: A Verb Deponent in Grammer is so called, because it deposeth or laies aside some of the quality of a common Verb, that is, the passive signification, and the Participle in dus; all of which kind end in r, as loquor, &c.
In Chancery, and other Courts of Justice we call those Deponents that are sworn to an Affidavit, or sworn and ex∣amined upon Interrogatories, and the Deponents answers to such Interrogatories are cal∣led Depositions.
Depopulate (depopulo) to dispeople, to spoil, waste, or destroy.
Deportation (deportatio) a conveying, a carrying away, •n utter banishing.
Deporim• (Fr.) beha∣viour, demeanor, carriage.
Depositar•(depositarius) a Keeper of that which is com∣mitted to keep in trust, a Guar∣dian or Fe•ssee in trust.
Deposi•e•(depositus) laid down, put away, left in ano∣thers hand or keeping.
Depositum (Lat.) a pledge or gag•, that which is com∣mitted of trust to be kept, also a wager or stake. The whole Doctrine of our Chri∣stianity, being taught by the Apostles, and delivered to their successors, and coming down from one to another, is called the Depositum. Rh•m. Test. p. 534.
Depra•(depravo) to cor∣rupt, make crooked, to wrest.
Depredation (depraedatio) a robbing▪ or spoiling, a prey∣ing upon.
Deprecation (deprecatio) a praying for pardon, and put∣ting away by prayer.
Depredable (depraedabilis) that may be robb'd or spoiled.
Deprehend (deprehendo) to take at unawares, to take in the very act.
Depression (depressio) a pressing or weighing down.
Depretiate (depretio) to make the price less, to make cheaper.
Page [unnumbered]Deprome (depromo) to draw, take or fetch out, to de∣clare.
Depromption (depromptio) a drawing or bringing forth.
Depudica•e (depudico) to deflowre, to violate.
Depulsion (depulsio) a put∣ting off, a driving away.
Depuration (depuratio) a cleansing of filthy matter from a wound, a making clean.
Dequantitate, to lessen or diminish the quantity. Vul. Er.
Dereliction (derelictio) a leaving or forsaking.
Deric (a corruption from the Sax. Dewghtric, i. rich in vertue) a proper name, which in Latin they call The∣odericus; It is with us abu∣sively used for a Hang-man; because one of that name was not long since a famed Execu∣tioner at Tiburn.
Deride (derideo) to mock or laugh at.
Derision (derisio) a laugh∣ing, mocking or deriding.
Derivative (derivativus) that is derived or taken from another. As humanus, from homo; manly, from man, &c.
Derogate (derogo) to di∣minish, abolish or disable, to disparage.
Derogatory (derogatorius) disparaged or derogated from, disabled, diminished.
D•r•ncin•te (deruncino) to cut off or pill away that which is superfluous.
Der•ses or De•ve•shes, a a kind of Monks, or (falsely termed) religious persons a∣mong the Turks, that turn round with Musick in their divine Service.
Desarcinate (desarcino) to unload, or unburthen, to un∣fraught.
Descant (discanto) to run division, or variety with the voyce, upon a musical ground, in true measure; to sing off of a ground. Transferred by metaphor to paraphrasing in∣genuously upon any affective subject.
Deschevel. See Disshevel.
Desecate (deseco) to cut in sunder, to cut off, to reap down. Sir H. Wot.
Desecrate (desecro) to dis∣charge of his Orders, to de∣grade.
Desection (desectio) a cut∣ting down.
Desiccative (from desicco) that drys up, or has the power to dry.
Desertion (desertio) a lea∣ving or forsaking.
To Desiderate (desidero) to desire, wish or long for.
Desidious (desidiosus) slothful, lazy, sluggish.
Desipience (desipientia) is when the sick person speaks and doth idly; dotage.
Despexion (despectio) a looking downwards.
Despoliate (despolio) to spoil, rob, or pill.
Despicable (despicabilis) worthy to be despised.
Despond (despondeo) to be∣troth or promise in marriage; Page [unnumbered] also to fail in courage, or de∣spair. Lord Prot. Speech.
Despondency (from despon∣deo) a promising in marriage; also a failing in courage, a de∣spairing.
Despondingly (from de∣spondeo) desperately, out of hope.
Desponsation (desponsatio) an affiance or betrothing.
Despot (despota) a Lord or Ruler of a Country; as the despot of Servia, &c.
Among the antient Greeks, he that was next to the Em∣peror, either by nearness of blood, or by institution, was by a general name called Des∣potes, Seld.
Despotical, of, or belong∣ing to a Lord or Master; Lordly.
Destinate (destino) to or∣dain, to purpose, or design.
Destitut•on (destitutio) a leaving or forsaking.
Desuetude (desuetudo) dis∣use, or lack of custom.
Desultorious Desultorie (desultorius) vaulting or leaping; also unconstant, mu∣table.
Desumption (desumptio) a chusing, or taking out.
Detection (detectio) an o∣pening, discovering, or re∣vealing.
Detenebrate (detenebro) to dispel or drive away darkness, to bring light. Br.
Detention (detentio) a with∣holding or keeping back, a detaining.
Deteriorated (deterioratus) made worse, impaired, spoiled.
Detersive (detersus) scou∣red, wiped, put away. Mon∣tagu.
Detorsion (detorsio) a tur∣ning or bending aside.
Detraction (detractio) a plucking away, a back-biting▪ a slander.
Detrimental (from detri∣mentum) hurtful, dangerous, full of loss.
Detrite (detritus) worn out, bruised, or consumed.
Detrude (detrudo) to thrust down or out.
Detrusion (detrusio) a thrust∣ing down or out.
Detruncation (detruncatio) a cutting short, or lopping off.
Devastation (devastatio) a wasting or spoiling.
Devection (devectio) a car∣rying away or down.
Developed (Fr. desvelopé) unwrapped, unfolded, un∣done, opened. It is the pro∣per term for spreading or dis∣playing an Ensign in war.
Dev•xity (devexitas) the hollowness of a valley, a ben∣ding down.
Deviate (devio) to go out of the way, to go astray
Devirginate (devirgino) to defloure a Virgin; to cor∣rupt.
Devise (Fr.) is an inven∣tion or conceit in picture, with his Motto or Word, born as well by Noble and Learn∣ed Personages, as by Com∣manders Page [unnumbered] in War, to notifie some particular conceit or de∣sign of their own. And is the same which the Italians (and we also from them) call an Imprese, wherein there is re∣quired a correspondency of the Picture, which is as the body; and the Motto, which (as the soul) gives it life; that is, the body must be of fair representation, and the Motto in some different lan∣guage, witty, short and an∣swerable thereto, neither too obscure, nor too plain, and most commended, when it is an Hemistich, or parcel of a verse; for example, one, who, as triumphing over the force of Venus, depainted her Son, winged Cupid, in a net, with this Motto. Qui capit, Capitur. Likewise the needle in the Sea Compass still moving, but to the North-point onely, with Move or immotus, notified the respective constancy of the bearer to one onely.
Who desires further know∣ledge in this ingenious Art, may •ead The Art of making Devises, and Camb. Remaines, ti•Impreses.
Devise, in our Law Dialect, is properly applied to the gift of Lands, as Legacy is to the gift of Goods or Chattels in a last Will and Testament.
Drum•, the Devil, or a de∣villish Idol, most superstiti∣ously adored by the Painims of Calicut in the East In•tia's. Herb. 188.
Devoire (Fr. from the Lat. debere) duty, that which e∣very one ought to do accord∣ing to the rule of Law and Reason.
Devolve (devolvo) to tum∣ble or roule down. And by translation, to fall, come or happen from one to another.
Devolution (devolutio) a tumbling or rolling down, a falling into lapse.
Deuterogamy (deuteroga∣mia) second Marriage, or a repetition of it.
Deuteronomy (deuterono∣mium) the fifth Book of Moses, so called, because the greatest part of it is a repetition of the Laws contained in the former Books, Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers.
Deu•e•a (from deuteria) per∣taining to a weak or second sort of wine, or to the second of any kind. Dr. Br.
Deuteroscopy (Gr.) the second end, aim, or intention; a second consideration, or thought.
Dewian of Beasts, is the hollow part, or Gorge in the throat.
Dexterity (dexteritas) apt∣ness, promptness, readiness.
Dia, a term set before me∣dicinal confections or Electu∣aries that were devised by the Greeeks. Cotg.
Diabetical (from the Gr. diabetes) pertaining to that disease, when one cannot make water.
Diabolical (diabolicus) per∣taining Page [unnumbered] to the Devil, Devil∣lish.
Diacatholicon (Gr.) an E∣lectuary much used in Phy∣sick, so called, because it serves as a gentle purge for all humors. Bull.
Diacimi•on (Gr) a com∣position made of Simples fit to dissolve windiness in the stomack.
Diaconal (diaconalis) of or belonging to a Deacon.
Diadem (diadema) a Kings Crown, or Wreath for the head; it properly signifies a wreathed Head-band, with which the ancient Kings were contented, as thinking the Crown belonged onely to the Gods. Cotgr.
Diagon or Diagonal (diagonalis) a line which passeth from one corner, or one angle of a Geometrical body to another corner or angle of the same.
Diagram (diagramma) a Title of a Book, a sentence or decree: Also a figure in Geo∣metry; and in Musick it is called a proportion of mea∣sures distinguished by certain notes. Rider.
Diagraphick-Art (diagra∣phice) the art of painting or graving.
Dialectick-Art (dialectica) the Art of Logick, and a part of Philosophy, which teacheth to reason or discourse in an artificial form by Enthy∣mems, and Syllogisms in mood and figure.
Dialect (dialectus) is a manner of speech peculiar to some part of a Country or people, and differing from the manner used by other parts or people, yet all using the same Radical Language, for the main or substance of it. In England, the Dialect in the North, is different from that in the South; and the Western differs from both. As in this example; At Lon¦don we say, I would eat more cheese if I had it, the North∣ern man saith, Ay sud eat mare cheese gin ay hader, and the Western man saith, Chudee' at more cheese un ich had it, or on chad it.
The Grecians had five espe∣cial Dialects. As 1. The pro∣perty of speech in Athens, cal∣led the Attick Dialect, which was most copious and fittest for eloquence. 2. The Ionick, which the antient Writers most used. 3. The •orick. 4. The Aeolick, or Bucolic, fittest for Poets. 5. The com∣mon. Heyl. So every Coun∣try commonly hath in divers parts of it some difference of language, which is called the Dialect or Sub-dialect of the place.
In Italy, there are above eight several Dialects or Sub-dialects, as the Roman, the Toscan, the Venetian, the Mi∣lanois, the Neapolitan, the Ca∣lebresse, the Genoevais, the Piomontez, besides the C•rsi∣can, Sicilian, and other neigh∣boring Page [unnumbered] Islands, &c. Mr. How.
Dial (dialis) pertaining to the day.
Diallel, As Parallels are lines running one by the o∣ther without meeting: So Diallels are lines which run one through the other, that is, do cross, intersecate, or cut. El. Ar.
Dialogue (dialogus) a com∣munication, reasoning, or dis∣putation between two parties or more, or a written Dis∣course where such a confer∣ence is set down.
Dialogical (dialogicus) of or pertaining to a Dialogue.
Dialogism (dialogismus) a figure or discourse, when one dicusseth a thing by himself, as it were talking with ano∣ther, does move the question and make the answer.
Diameter (Lat.) is a certain straight line drawn through the center of a figure, and of both sides bounded in the compass of it, which cuts or divides the figure into two e∣qual parts. Euclid.
Diametrical (diametricus) pertaining to such a Diame∣ter.
Diana, The Moon; Al∣so a Goddess of hunting, much honored for her chasti∣ty, having had many Temples dedicated to her; whereof the chief was that at Ephesus, called the Temple of Diana; which for the spaciousness, furniture and workmanship, was accounted one of the worlds wonders; It was 200 years in building, con∣trived by Ctesiphon, being 425 foot long, and 220 broad, sustained with 127 pillars of marble, 70 foot high, where∣of twenty seven were most curiously graven, and all the rest of marble polisht. It was fired seven times, and lastly by Herostratus (that night in which Alexander was born) to get himself a name. Heyl.
Diapasm (diapasma) a per∣fume, a pomander, a medi∣cine of dry powders, that is either cast among Apparel to make them smel sweet, or in∣to a wound, or superfluously into drink. Rid.
Diapase or Diapason (Gr.) a perfect concord of all in Musick: An eighth. See a further explanation of this in L. Bac. Nat. Hist. fo. 30.
Diapente (Gr.) a concord in Musick called a fifth.
Diaprid• or Diapred (Fr. diapre) diversified with flou∣rishes or sundry figures, whence we call Cloth that is so diversified, Diaper. Min.
Diaphanity (from diapha∣num) clearness, transparen∣cy. Vul. Er.
Diaphanous (diaphanus) clear as chrystal, transparent.
Diaphony (diaphonia) a divers sound, a discord.
Diaphonist (diaphonista) he that makes divers sounds.
Diaphoretick (diaphoreti∣cus) that dissolveth or sends forth humors.
Page [unnumbered]Diaphragm (diaphragma) a long and round Muscle ly∣ing overthwart the lower part of the Breast, separating the Heart and Lights from the Stomack, and the vital parts from the natural; the Midriff.
Diarrhoetick (from diar∣rhoea) that hath a Lask or loosness in the belly without inflammation.
Diaty (diarium) that con∣tains the particular actions of every day, a Journal Book, or a book of remembrance. See Annals.
Diatessaron (Gr.) of fours; a concord in Musick called a Fourth, whereof there are four in the Scale, which com∣priseth fifteen strings.
Diatonick Musick (diato∣num) keeps a mean tempera∣ture between Chromatic, and Enharmoniac; and may go for plain Song.
Diatr•be (diatriba) an au∣ditory, or place where dis∣putations, or exercises are held.
Dibble, An instrument to set herbs in a Garden.
Dicacity (dicacitas) scof∣fing, taunting, or bourding, much speaking.
Dication (dicatio) a vow∣ing, submitting, promising, or dedicating.
Dicearchy (dicaearchia) just government.
D•cear•k (dicaearchus) a just Prince.
Diceology (dicaeologia) justification by, or in talk.
Dichotomy (dichotomia) a dividing or cutting into two parts; or a division made by two and two.
Dicker of Leather, is ten Hides.
Dictamen (Lat.) a thing written by another mans in∣struction.
Dictate (dicto) to appoint or tell another what, and how he shall write, which is also used substantively, as Dictates, or Lessons which the Master indites for the Schollars to write.
Dictator (Lat.) he that indites a thing to be written: Also a chief Ruler among the antient Romans, from whom no Appeal was granted, and for half a year had a Kings power, never chosen but when the Commonwealth was in some great danger or trouble, and at half years end, under pain of Treason, yeeld∣ed up his Office; So named, either because he onely said the word and it was done, or because he was Dictus, no∣minated onely by one of the Consuls, and not otherwise chosen.
Dictitat•(dictito) to speak or tell often, or in divers pla∣ces; to plead. Felth.
Dictature (dictatura) a pronouncing a thing to be written; The Dictatorship.
D•dascalick (from didasca∣lus) pertaining to a M•ster or Teacher.
Page [unnumbered]Didram (didrachmum) an antient coyn consisting of two drams; of our money it va∣lues 15 d. It is used for Tri∣bute money, Matth. 17.24.
Didymus (from the Gr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. i. geminus) the name of St. Thomas, one of the Apo∣stles, and signifies a Twin. He was called Didymus, for be∣ing a twin, born with some other, or for some such cause. Tr. of Mass.
Diennial (diennis) of or pertaining to two years.
Diet (diaeta) in Germany it is the same thing as a Par∣liament in England, a great Assembly or Council of the States and Princes of the Empire.
Dieretick (from Diaeresis) pertaining to a division, or the figure, Diaeresis, whereby one syllable is divided into two parts, as Evoluisse for E∣volvisse. Bac.
Dietary, that treateth of, or pertaineth to Diet.
Dietetical (diaeteticus) per∣taining to (moderate) diet, such as Physitians prescribe.
Dietical (dieticus) keeping from day to day, regular.
Dieu et mo• dro•t (Fr.) God and my Right. The Mot∣to of the Kings Arms, first used (as some affirm) by Hen∣ry the Eighth.
Diffarreation (diffarreatio) a sacrifice done between a man and his wife at Divorce∣ment: As Confarreation was at the marriage. Rider.
Diffibulate (diffibulo) to unbutton, open or ungird.
Difficacity (difficacitas) hardness or difficulty.
Difficilitate (from difficili∣tas) to make difficult or hard.
Diffident (diffidens) di∣strustful, desperate, doubtful.
Diffluence (diffluentia) a loosness, a flowing forth or abroad.
Diffusion (diffusio) a scat∣tering abroad, a spilling or spreading.
Digamist or Digamite (digamus or digama) a man that hath two wives together, or a woman that has two Hus∣bands; Also one that mar∣ries after his first Wives death or divorce.
Digested (digestus) dispo∣sed, ordered, divided.
The Digests (digestus) a volume of the Civil Law, so called, because the legal pre∣cepts therein, are so excel∣lently ordered, disposed and digested.
A Digestive in Chyrurge∣rie is taken for that which prepares the matter to mun∣dification or cleansing.
Digit (Fr. digitte) a Cha∣racter which expresseth a fi∣gure in Arithmetick, as V. the figure of five, an X. ten, &c.
Digitation (digitatio) the form of the fingers of both hands joyned together, or the manner of their so joyn∣ing. Cotgr.
Digital (digitalis) pertain∣ing Page [unnumbered] to a finger, or fingers breadth.
To Digite, to point with the finger. Felth.
Digladiation (digladiatio) a debate, a fight, a strife.
Dignorate (dignoro) to mark, as men do beasts, to know them.
Dignosce (dignosco) to di∣scern, to know by divers parts. Scotch Papers.
Digression (digressio) a de∣parting, a changing of pur∣pose, a straying from the mat∣ter, a swerving from.
Dijudicate (dijudico) to judge between two, to deter∣mine.
Dike-grabe, An Officer in the Low Countries, who hath the over-sight and com∣mand ot the Dikes and Banks that preserve the Country from the inundation of the Sea.
Dickins, a corruption of Devilkins, i. little Devils; as 'tis usually said, the Dickins take you.
Dilacerate (dilacero) to tear or rend in pieces.
Dilariate (dilanio) the same with Dilacerate.
Dilapidate (dilapido) to rid a place of stones, to con∣sume and spend wastfully.
Dilatable (from dilato) that may be enlarged, or made bigger, extendable.
Dilatation (dilatatio) an inlarging or making bigger.
To Dilate (dilato) to ex∣tend, or inlarge, to delay.
Dilatatory (from dilato) an inlarger; an instrument wherewith Chyrurgeons o∣pen those parts that by sick∣ness or other accidents are too much closed.
Dilatory (dilatorius) that delays or prolongs time.
Dilection (dilectio) love or charity.
Dilemma (Gr.) a kind of Argument called by Logici∣ans Cornutum Argumentum, which convinceth ones ad∣versary both ways, as in say∣ing; If he be a good man, why do you speak evil of him? If naught, why do you keep him company?
There is a Tradition of a Dilemma, that Bishop Morton (Chancellor to H. 7.) used, to raise up the Benevolence to higher rates, and some called it his Fork and some his Crote•; for he had concluded an Article in the Instructions to the Commissioners, who were to leavy the Benevolence; That if they met with any that were sparing, they should tell them, they must needs have, be∣cause they laid up; And if they were spenders, they must needs have, because it was seen in their port and manner of living. I. Bac. Hen. 7. p. 101.
Dilling (proculus) a child born when the Father is old, or the last Child that Parents have; in some places called a Swil-p•ugh.
Dilogy (dilogia) a doubt∣ful speech, which may sig∣nifie Page [unnumbered] or be construed two ways
Diloricate (dilorico) to un∣doe, cut or rip a coat that is sewed.
Dilucid (dilucidus) clear, light, manifest, easie to be dis∣cerned.
Dilucidate (dilucido) to declare or make plain.
Dilution (dilutio) a wash∣ing, or clensing, a purging or clearing.
Diluvial (diluvialis) of or belonging to the Deluge or great Flood.
Dimension (dimensio) a measuring or compassing.
Dimetient (dimetiens) mea∣suring.
Dimication (dimicatio) battel, fight, contention.
Dimidiate (dimidio) to di∣vide into halves or two parts.
Diminution (diminutio) a diminishing, abating or les∣sening.
Diminutive (diminutivum) that which is diminished or made less; or the lesser of that whereof there is a big∣ger. As Libellus, a little book, and Foemella a little woman, are the diminutives of Liber and Foemina. So is Rivolet, of a River.
Dinarchy (Gr.) the joynt Rule or Government of two Princes.
Dioces (dioecesis) is a Greek word compounded of 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 and 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, and signifies with us the Circuit of every Bishops Jurisdiction. For this Nation hath two sorts of divisions: one into Shires or Counties, in respect of temporal policy; another into Diocesses, in re∣spect of jurisdiction Ecclesi∣astical. Cow.
Diocesa (dioecesanus) he that hath the Jurisdiction of a Diocess; or he that inhabites within a Diocess.
Diogenes, a Philosopher, who for his dogged dispositi∣on, was Sir-named the Cy∣nick. Hence it is that we call this or that man, who is of a churlish or harsh disposition, a Diogenes.
Dionymal (dionymus) that hath two names.
Dioptick Art (dioptice) the Perspective, Art, or that part of Astronomy, which by Quadrants and hollow instru∣ments pierces the heavens, and measures the distance, length, bigness, and breadth of the Coelestial bodies. Min.
Dioptrical, pertaining to Dioptra, which is a measure to weigh water; a Quadrat, or Geometrical Instrument, wherewith the distance and height of a place is known a∣far off, by looking through certain little holes therein: The looking-hole or sight of any instrument. Dr. Charl.
Diple, a note or mark in the Margent to signifie that there is somewhat to be amen∣ded. Rider.
Dipondiary (dipondiarius) that is of two pound weight.
Dipsades (dipsas, adis) a kind of Snakes, whose biting Page [unnumbered] (consuming the humors of mans body) causeth a mortal thirst in the party bitten.
Diphthong (diphthongus) two vowels contracted into one body or form, whereof in the Latin tongue there are five, ae, au, oe, eu, ei.
Diptote (diptoton) a Noun that hath but two Cases.
Diptyck (diptychus) having two leaves when it is opened, any thing like two leaves.
Dire (dirus) cruel, terrible, vigorous.
Dirge (a corruption from the Latin word dirige) signi∣fies the office of the dead, used to be said by Roman Catho∣licks for the souls in Purga∣tory, and is so called from the first word of the first An∣tiphon of the office, which is Dirige.
Directory (from the Lat. Dirigo) is the name of a book introduced by the late long Parliament in the stead of the Common Prayer Book, which was voted down on the 26 of November, 1644. and is called a Directory, because it directs the Ministers and people in a different way of praying, preaching, and ad∣ministring the Sacraments.
Direption (direptio) a rob∣bing, spoiling, or ransacking of places and persons for goods and riches, and taking it away; properly in the win∣ning a place by assault when all things lye open to the lust of the Conqueror. See Repu∣diate.
A Diribitory (diribitori∣um) a place wherein Souldiers are numbered, mustered, and receive their pay; a place where the Romans gave their voyces.
Dirity (diritas) cruelty, terribleness.
Diruption (diruptio) a burst∣ing, ot breaking a sunder.
Dirutor (Lat.) he that de∣stroys or pulls down.
Dis, a preposition used on∣ly in composition; sometimes it is a note of privation, some∣times of diversity, sometimes of separation; and sometimes Dis joyned with another word, keeps still the same signification with the simple word.
Discalceate (discalceo) to pull off ones shoos.
Disceptation (disceptatio) disputation, debating, or ar∣guing.
Disceptator (Lat.) a Judge, Arbiter, or Days-man; Also he that argues or disputes.
Discerption (discerptio) a renting in sunder.
Discession (discessio) a de∣parting, a leaving, or going away.
Discind (discindo) to cut off or in pieces, to separate: How.
Discinct (discinctus) ungir∣ded, dissolute, negligent.
Disciplinable (disciplinabi∣lis) that is capable of learning or instruction.
Disclusion (disclusio) a shut∣ting out, a separation.
Page [unnumbered]Discomfiture (from the Fr. disconfiture) a defeature, overthrow, or vanquishing.
To Discolor (discoloro) to make of divers colours: Also to take away or fade the co∣lour.
Discontinuity, discontinu∣ance; a dis-joyning or sepa∣ration.
Discordant (discordans) dis∣agreeing, out of tune.
Discrepant (discrepans) dif∣fering, jarring, disagreeing, re∣pugnant unto.
Discr•ed (discretus) seve∣red, parted, discerned.
Discriminate (discrimino) to divide, or put a difference betwixt.
Discubation (discubatio) a lying down to sleep.
Discumbence (from dis∣cumbo) a sitting upon a bed, a lying down to sleep, a sitting down at Table.
Discurrent (discurrens) that wanders or runs hither and thither.
Discusion (discussio) a strict examining of a matter: Also a striking or dashing into divers parts.
Disembogue (from the Spanish Des embocar) to cast out of the mouth, to vomit. Among Seamen it signifies to come out of the mouth of any gulph, through a streight.
Disgregate (disgrego) to set apart, to sever.
Disertitude (disertitudo) eloquence.
Disimbellish (from the Fr. desembeller) to disfigure, or im∣pair the beauty of.
Dis-jugate (dis-jugo) to dis∣joyn, part or sever.
Disjunctive (dijunctivus) that disjoyns, or separates.
Dislocate (disloco) to re∣move out of his due place, to put out of joynt, to displace.
Disme (Fr.) a Tithe or tenth of.
Dispand (dispando) to stretch out or spread abroad.
Disparates (disparata) se∣perate things, divers, unlike. It is also a term of Logick ap∣plied to such things as have no connexion.
Disparility (disparilitas) inequality, unlikeness, differ∣ence.
Disparition (disapparitio) a disappearing, or vanishing.
Dispensaror (Lat.) a Stew∣ard, or Officer that lays out money for a houshold, a dis∣pencer or disposer.
A Dispensatory, a book that teacheth how to make all Physical compositions.
Dismes (decimae) Tythe, or the tenth part of all the fruits, either of the earth or beasts, or our labor due to God, and consequently to him that is of the Lords lot, and hath his share, viz. our Pastor. It signifies also the tenths of all spiritual Livings, yearly given to the Prince, called a perpetual Disme. A. 2. and 3. Ed. 6. ca. 35. which in anti∣ent times were paid to the Pope, till Pope Ʋrban gave Page [unnumbered] them to Richard the second, to aid him against Charls the French King, and those other that upheld Clement the se∣venth against him. Pol. Virg. l. 20. Lastly, It signifies a tri∣bute levied of the temporali∣ty. Holinshed. fol. 111.
Dispauper, is a word most used in the Court of Chance∣ry, as when one is admitted to sue in forma pauperis, if that priviledge be taken from him, he is said to be Dispaupered.
Disperpelled, a term in He∣raldy when any thing of soft substance, doth, by falling from high, shoot it, self out into di∣vers corners or ends. Bull.
Dispicience (dispicientia) circumspection, advisement, diligent consideration.
Displ•cence (from displiceo) displeasure, dislike. Mont.
Displosion (displosio) a brea∣king asunder as a bladder.
Dispoliate (dispolio) to rob or spoil,
Disquamation (disquama∣tio) a scaling of fish, a taking off the shell or bark.
Disquition (disquisitio) a diligent search or enquiry.
Disseiti• (from the Fr. Dis∣seisir) signifies in our Common Law, an unlawful disposses∣sing a man of his Land, Te∣nement, or other immoveable or incorporeal Right, &c. In∣stit. of the Com. Law. ca. 15.
Dissection (dissectio) a clea∣ving in peeces, a cutting off or asunder.
Disseminate (dissemino) to sow here and there, to spread abroad.
Dissentaneous (dissentane∣us) not agreeing, disagreeing.
Dissen•rie. See Dysentery.
Dissidence (dissidentia) dis∣cord, or displacing.
Dissilient (dissiliens) leap∣ing down off a place, or hi∣ther and thither.
Dissimilar or Dissimilary parts; (dissi∣milares par∣tes) are those parts of a mans body, which are unlike in nature one to another, as the Head, Hands, Feet, Heart, Liver, &c. And the Similary parts are those that are of like nature, as the Skin, Nerves, Fat, &c.
Disheviled, or Discheveled (from the French deschevelè) an old word used by Chaucer, and yet still in use, and signi∣fies as much as bare-headed, bare-haired, or the hair hang∣ing down disorderly about the ears. Min.
Dischevel (Fr. discheveler) to loose, disorder, scatter or pull the hair about the ears.
Dissipate (dissipo) to scatter or spread abroad, to disperse.
Dissipable (dissipabilis) that may be spread or scattered a∣broad.
Dissology (dissologia) the speech of two.
Dissoluble (dissolubilis) easie to be loosed or dissolved.
Dissonance (dissonantia) a discord in tunes and voyces.
Dissyllable (dissyllabus) a word of two syllables.
Page [unnumbered]Distantial (distans, antis) differing or distant, far asun∣der, divers.
Distend (distendo) to stretch or reach out; to enlarge.
Distention (distentio) a stretching out, an enlarging.
Distick (distichon) a double meeter, a couple of verses a sentence contained in two verses.
Distil (distillo) to drop down by little and little.
Distortion (distortio) a wresting, writhing or crooked∣ness. Felth. uses the word Di∣storquement in the same sence.
Distress (districtio) signi∣fies most commonly in our Law, a compulsion in certain real Actions whereby to bring a man to appearance in Court, or to pay debt, or duty de∣nied. The effect whereof most usually is, to drive the party distrained to Replieve the distress, and so to take his action of trespass against the distrainer, or else to com∣pound neighborly with him for the debt or duty for which he distrains; In what cases a distress is lawfull, See The new terms of Law, Verbo distresse. Sometimes it signifies great affliction or misery.
Districate (from the Ital. di∣stricare) to rid out of trouble or incumbrance.
Distringent (distringens) that rubs▪ or wipes off, or that troubleth greatly.
Disveloped. See Developed.
Dithyramb (dithyrambus) a kind of Hymn or song in honor of Bacchus, who was surnamed Dithyrambus; and the Poets, who composed such Hymns, were called Dithy∣rambicks.
Dition (ditio) dominion, power, authority, mastership.
Ditty (from the Ital. detto, i. dictum) a rime expressed in words, and sung to a musical tune. Min.
Divagation (divagatio) a straying or wandering about.
Dival (divalis) divine, be∣longing to the gods.
Divan Divano a Judgment hal, a great Court of Law or Justice among the Turks and Persians, not much unlike or inferior to our Par∣liament, of which there is one held in every Province; But the chief Divan or Tribunal of Justice is held in the Great Turks Palace at Constanti∣nople, the four first days of e∣very week. Hist. of Fran.
Divaricate (divarico) to stride or spread wide one from another.
Divelled (from Divello) pulled away, or asunder, un∣done, ravished. Felth.
Diventilate (diventilo) to fan or winnow Corn with a Wind-fan; also to turn out of one hand into another.
Diverberate (diverbero) to strike, beat or cut.
Diversify (diversifico) to vary, or make divers.
Diversiloquent (diversilo∣quens) that varieth or speaks diversly.
Page [unnumbered]Diverticle (diverticulum) a by-way: a crafty shift.
Dividend, in the Exche∣quer seems to be one part of an Indenture. An. 10. Ed. 1. ca. 11. & 28 ejus. Stat. 3. ca. 2.
Dividen• (from divido) in the University is that share which every one of the Fel∣lows does equally and justly divide, either by an Arithme∣tical or Geometrical propor∣tion of their annual stipend.
Dividual (dividuus) that may be severed or divided.
Dividuity (dividuitas) a division; also an aptness to divide.
Divination (divinatio) a presage or foretelling of things to come; which may be divided into three different kinds, viz. Supernatural, Na∣tural and Superstitious. Su∣pernatural Divination (onely revealed to man by God) is not properly called Divinati∣on but Prophecy, with which all the holy Prophets have in former times been inspired.
Natural Divination, may be divided into two branches, whereof the first is that which hath in former times been practised by wicked spirits in Oracles and Answers given by them in Idols, and is at this day sometimes seen in possessed persons, who by sug∣gestion of the Devil may fore∣tel things to come, and this is but a Natural Divination: For though to us it seem mi∣raculous, because of our ig∣norance in the causes and courses of things, yet in those spirits it is but natural, who by their long experience and great observation, besides the knowledge of secrets in Na∣ture, and their quick intelli∣gence from all places, are able to fore-see much more, then we by nature can.
The second Branch of Na∣tural Divination is that, which a wise man may foretell by probable conjecture, being no way offensive▪ so long as it is onely guided by reason, and over-ruled by submitting it self to the Almighty power of God. And to this second kind of Divination, Astrology may also be referred which (by the motion and influence of Stars and Planets) promises to fore∣tel many things, so long as it keeps it self in due limits and arrogates not too much to the certainty thereof; into which excess of vanity, if it once break forth, it is then no longer called Natural Di∣vination, but Superstitious and wicked; For the Stars may incline, but not impose a necessity on particular things.
The third and last manner of Divination is that which we call Superstitious; whereof there has been among the Gentiles divers different kinds. As namely, Augury, by the flying, feeding, and chirp∣ing of Birds. Alphitomancy, by Barley meal. Auruspicy, by Page [unnumbered] opening and viewing the bowels of Beasts. Necromancy, by calling up Devils or dead mens Ghosts. Geomancy, by making certain circles and lines in the earth. Hydroman∣cy, by some apparition in wa∣ter. Pyromancy, by the fire, or by spirits appearing in the fire. Palmistry, or Chiromancy, by looking on the lines of the fingers and hands. Coscino∣mancy, by a Sieve. Aeromancy, by the Air. Capnomancy, by the flying of smoak. Catoptro∣mancy, by visions in a glass. Sorcery, or Cleromancy, by lots. Armomancy, by the shoulders of beasts. Axiomancy, by Hatch∣ets. Daphnomancy, by a Law∣rel or Bay-tree. Alectryoman∣cy, by a Cock. Alebromancy, by Barly meal mixed with Wheat. Botanomancy, by ver∣tue of herbs. Cephaleonomancy by an Asses head broiled on coals. Ceromancy, by wax put into water. Lithomancy, by a stone. Belomancy, by Arrows. Libanomancy, by Incense or Frankincense. Metopomancy, by the face. Necyomancy by conference with dead bodies raised, &c.
All which being by the Pa∣gans themselves accounted de∣ceitful and vain, it remains that of Christians they be ut∣terly rejected and abhorred. Of the nature and definition of Divination, see more in my L. Bac. advan. of learn. p. 209.
Divinize, To make divine or heavenly.
Divinipotent (divinipotens) that hath power in divine things.
Divitiate (divitio) to en∣rich, or make rich. Felth.
D•vitiosity (divitiositas) abundance of riches.
Divorce (divortium, à di∣versitate mentium) the dis∣solution of marriage, a sepa∣ration of man and wife, which was (as our Saviour witnesseth, Matth. 19.8.) first permitted by Moses to the Is∣raelites, Deut. 24.1. for the hardness of their hearts, that men might rather put their Wives away, whom they grew weary of, then use them with too great extremity to shorten their lives, as many did; The woman so divorced was to have of her Husband a writing (as St Hierom and Josephus witness in l. de ant. 4. c. 8.) to this effect, I promise that hereafter I will lay no claim to thee, and this writing was called a Bill of Divorce. But with Christians this cu∣stom is abrogated, saving one∣ly in case of Adultery. The antient Romans also had a custom of Divorce, among whom it was as lawful for the Wife to put away her Hus∣band, as for the Husband to dismiss his Wife; But among the Israelties this prerogative was onely permitted to the Husband. See Repudiate.
In our Common Law, Di∣vorce is accounted that sepa∣ration between two de factoPage [unnumbered] married together, which is à vinculo Matrimonii, non solùm à mensa & thoro. And there∣fore the woman, so divorced, received all again that she brought with her. This is onely upon a nullity of the marriage through some essen∣tial impediment, as Consan∣guinity or affinity within the degrees forbidden, precontract, impotency, or such like. See The new terms of Law.
Diuretical (diureticus) that provokes one to piss, that hath the power or property to make one piss, or to cause Urine.
Diurnal (diurnalis) belong∣ing to the day, or to a Pam∣phlet so called.
Diurnal (diurnum) taken substantively, is a Day-book, or Register of every days bu∣siness, news, or action.
Diuturnity (diuturnitas) long space of time, long con∣tinuance.
D•vulgate (divulgo) to pub∣lish or make common.
Divulsion (divulsio) a pul∣ling in pieces, or asunder.
Dizain (Fr.) the number of ten, the tenth: Also a Dit∣ty of ten Stanzaes: or Stanza of ten verses; also a French penny. And sometimes it is taken for a pair of Beads of ten courses.
Docible (docibilis) apt to be taught.
Docibility (docibilitas) ea∣siness to be taught, aptness to learn, quickness of apprehen∣sion.
Docilize (from doceo) to make docible, tractable, teach∣able.
A Dock for ships (navale) there are two kinds of them, a dry Dock, which is made with Flood-gates, to keep out the Tide, in which ships are built and repaired, and wherein they sit without danger. A wet Dock, which is in any Creek or place, where a ship may be cast in out of the Tides way; and there when a ship has made her self (as it were) a place to lye in, we say she has Docked herself.
Docket, is a Brief in wri∣ting. An. 2. and 3. P. & Ma. c. 6. West writes it Dogget, by whom it seems to be some smal peece of paper or parch∣ment containing the effect of a larger writing. Sym. part. 2. tit. Fines. Sect. 106.
Doctiloquent (dictiloquus) that speaks learnedly.
Doct•rat (Fr.) a Doctor∣ship, the state or degree of a Doctor.
Document (documentum) a lesson, admonition or ex∣ample.
Dodecatemory (Gr.) a term in Astrology, signifying a twelfth part, and is most com∣monly applied to the division of the Zodiack into twelve signs.
Dodeclaedron (Gr.) a fi∣gure of twelve angles or cor∣ners, a twelve-cornered pro∣portion.
Page [unnumbered]Dodona, a City of Epirus, near which stood a Grove of Oaks onely dedicated to Ju∣piter, called Dodona's Grove, the Oaks were said to speak, and were wont to give oracu∣lous answers to those that came to consult them.
Dodrantal (dodrantalis) of nine ounces or nine inches in length or weight.
Dog-days, or Canicular days (dies caniculares) certain days in July and August, so called of the Star Canis, or the Dog-star, which then (rising with the Sun) is predominant and greatly increaseth the heat thereof. During the time this Dog-star reigns, the River Ni∣lus in Egypt overflowes his banks, as though the waters were led by that star. Min. See Vul. Er. upon this subject, fo. 221. And the first part of the Treasury of times, fo. 72.
Doge, is the title of dignity belonging to the supream Ma∣gistrate among the Venetians, who is also called Duke.
Dogdraw, is a manifest de∣prehension of an offender a∣gainst Venison in the Forest. There are four of these noted by Mr. Manw. part. 2. of his Fo∣rest Laws, c. 18. viz. Stable-stand, Dog-draw, Back-bear, and Bloody-hand. Dog-draw is when one is found drawing after a Deer by the scent of a Hound that he leads in his hand, &c.
Dogmatical (dogmaticus) prudent, wise, learned, belong∣ing to points of learning or doctrine.
Dogmatist (dogmatistes) he that induceth any new Sect or Opinion, one that makes or would try conclusions, a for∣ger of new Sects.
Dogmatize (dogmatizo) to impose a doctrine; to instruct or teach.
Dolation (dolatio) a smoo∣thing or making even.
Dole (dolus) deceit, trea∣chery, guil. If from (dolor) then grief or sorrow. We al∣so call Alms distributed to the poor at a Funeral, Dole, quasi Deal, from the Sax. Daelan, i. to divide or distribute, be∣cause we deal or divide it out in portions.
Doleance (Fr.) a waiting, lamentation, moaning or complaining.
Dollar, a Dutch coyn worth about 4s. or 4s. 4d. of our money.
Dolorous (dolorosus) full of grief, sorrow, or pain.
Dolphin (Fr. Dauphin) the eldest Son of France, called so of •aulphine, a Province given, or (as some report) sold in the year 1349 by Humbert Earl thereof to Philip de Valors, partly on condition, that for ever the French Kings eldest Son should hold it (during his Fathers life) of the Em∣pire. Cot.
Domable (domabilis) easie to be tamed.
Domestical Domestick (domesticus) pertaining to the houshold, tame, familiar.
Dome (from domus) a Town-house, Page [unnumbered] Guild-hall, State-house, Meeting-house in a City, from that of Florence, which is so called. Also a flat round Loover, or open roof to a Steeple, Banquetting-house, &c. Somewhat resembling the bell of a great Watch. Merc. Ital. Also a doom, judg∣ment or sentence; from the Sax. Dome.
Dolyman, a Turkish Gown, long coat, or upper Garment, closed with long buttons down to the girdle-stead.
Domicil (domicilium) a mansion-house, or dwelling place.
Domination (dominatio) Dominion, Rule, or Authori∣ty over others.
Dominations, are one of the nine Quires of Angels menti∣oned by St. Paul, Col. 1.16.
Dominative (dominans) bearing rule or sway.
Domini or Anno Domini, is the computation of time from the Incarnation of our Saviour Jesus Christ. As the Romans made their computa∣tion from the building the City of Rome; and the Gre∣cians numbered their years by the Olympiads or Games called Olympick. So Christi∣ans, in remembrance of the happy Incarnation, and bles∣sed birth of our Saviour, reck∣on the time from his Nativi∣ty. See Epoch.
Dominical (dominicus) pertaining to the Lord and Master. The Dominical Letter in Calenders is so called from a kinde of preheminence it hath above the rest of the let∣ters, in token whereof it is of red colour, representing the purple, which is a robe of dignity: or rather, be∣cause it shews the Dominical or Lords day thoughout the year. Min.
Dominica•s, otherwise called Preaching or Black Friers, a religious Order in∣stituted by St. Dominick a Spaniard, about the year 1206. he sent his Associ∣ates to preach the Gospel even to the furthest parts of the world then known, which they did with great success, as their Successors since have done, and do still even in India and America: This Or∣der was confirmed by Pope Honorius the Third, about the year 1216.
Domino, a kind of hood or habit for the head, worn by Canons; and hence also a fashion of vail used by some women that mourn.
Dominicide (dominicida) he that kills his Master.
Domition Domiture (domitura) a taming or breaking.
Donary (donarium) a gift or present, properly to a ho∣ly use.
Donatists, a Sect of Here∣ticks, so called from Donatus Bishop of Carthage, the first broacher of the Heresie, who lived about the year 358 in Page [unnumbered] the time of Pope Liberius, and the Emperor Constantine. Their prime tenet was, that the true Church was onely in Africk, and that out of Africk there was no true Baptism; they held also that the Son in the mystery of the Blessed Trinity, was less then the Father, and the Holy Ghost less then the Son, with other damnable points, &c. See Circumcellians.
Donative (donativum) a Princes benevolence or gift. A Donative Benefice, is that which is meerly given and collated by the Patron to a man, without either presen∣tation to, or institution by the Ordinary, or Induction by his commandment. Fitzh. nat. br. fo. 35. E. See the Sta∣tute A. 8. R. 2. ca. 4.
Donative (donativus ad∣jectively) that is able or apt to give.
Doniferous (donifer) that carries a gift.
Donor (in our Common Law) signifies the giver, and Donee he or she to whom a gift is given.
Dooms-day-book, so called because upon any difference, the parties received their doom from it. Others (less probably) say tis called Dooms-day-book, Quasi, domus Dei Book; But to confirm the for∣mer Etymology, it is called in Latin, Liber Judiciarius. See Antient Demeasn.
Dorado (Span.) a thing guilded or guilt. It is used in Religio Medici fo. 135.) for a man that hath a fair out-side, but no qualities or good parts within.
Dorick Dialect (dilaectus Dorica) one of the five Dia∣lects of the Greek tongue. Vide Dialect.
Dorick-work, is a term in Architecture, and signifies one of the five orders of Pil∣lars mentioned by Vitruvius. See Tuscan.
Dorick or Dorian Musick (Dorica musica) a kind of grave and solemn Musick, and therefore assigned to great Personages; and so called be∣cause the Dorians first devi∣sed it.
Dormant (Fr.) a term in Heraldry, as a Lion dormant, i. a Lyon sleeping, or lying in a sleeping posture.
Dormitive (from dormio) that causeth sleep.
Dorp (Belg.) a Village or Country Town. See Thorp.
A Dorter, Dortoire or Dormitory (dormitorium) a place where many sleep toge∣ther; so was the place anti∣ently and still is called, where religious persons are wont to take their nights rest in their Covents, many in the same room.
Dose (from Dosis, i. a gi∣ving) the quantity of Potion or Medicine which a Physiti∣an appoints his Patient to take at once.
Dotkiy, A thing of small Page [unnumbered] value, a kind of coyn (Stanf. pl. cor. fo. 37.) it seems to come of the Dutch word Duytke•, that is, the eighth part of a Styfer or French Shilling, of which Styfers ten in the Low Countries or ten Sols in France, are of the same value with an English shilling, viz. twelve pence. Min.
Dovetaild, is a term among Joyners, and signifies that particular sort of joyning boards together; so called, when one peece of the one goes into, or mingles with the other, and is much better, and more costly then a com∣mon, plain, joyning boards together.
Doublet (Fr.) a counter∣feit Jewel or stone of two peeces joyned or glewed to∣gether.
Dotal (dotalis) belonging to a Dowry or Joynture.
Dovane (Fr. Douane) the name of the Custom-house of Lyons; hence also any Custom or Impost.
Dowager (dótata) a Wi∣dow indowed, or that hath a Jointure; a title applied to the Widows of Princes, and great Personages onely.
Downes, With us hath two significations; the one, certain hilly Plains in the West Country, so called; and this Down comes from the old Saxon Dune, i. a hill, com∣monly that stretcheth it self out in length: The other a certain part of the Sea lying near the Sands upon the coast of Kent, where commonly our English Navy rides; and this we borrow from the Hol∣landers, who call the Sand∣banks, which lye on the Sea-side, the Dunes; And the Town of Dunkirk, rightly in English, Dun-Church, took de∣nomination from its being sci∣tuate in the Dunes or Sand∣banks of the Sea. Verst.
Dower Dowry (dos) signifies in our Common Law two things. First, That which the Wife brings to her Husband in marriage, other∣wise called Maritagium, Ma∣riage good. Next, and more commonly, That which she hath of her Husband, after the Marriage determined, if she out-live him. Glanvile, l. 7. ca. 2. Bracton l. 2. ca. 38. See more in Cowel. And you may see the form of a Dowry Bill, among the Jews, in Moses and Aaron, p. 235.
Dowsets, The stones of a Stag or Buck, so called by Hunts-men.
Doxology (Gr.) a song of praise, a speaking or giving glory; as when we say, Glory be to the Father, &c. that is properly Doxology, and is said to be composed by the first Council of Nice, and St. Je∣rome to be the Author of adding the other Versicle, As it was in the beginning, &c. View of Directory, fo. 32, 33.
Doxy, a she Rogue, a wo∣man Page [unnumbered] man Beggar, a lowzy Quean.
Draco's Laws, Laws, which for being extream se∣vere and cruel, are therefore said to be written rather with blood then ink; such are those that punish trivial offences with death, or some other ex∣cessive torment. So called from •raco an antient and severe Law-maker in Athens.
Dram (drachma) the eighth part of an ounce, it contains three Scruples, every scruple being of the weight of twenty wheat corns: So that a Dram is the just weight of Sixty corns of wheat. Al∣so a peece of money among the Grecians, the most usu∣al whereof valued of ours •d. ob.
Dramatick (dramaticum) a kind of Poetry, when the persons are every one adorned and brought upon the Thea∣ter, to speak and act their own parts. Hobbi. See Poesie.
Drap-de berry, a thick kind of cloth so called, for that it was first made in the Coun∣ty of Berry in France.
Drapery (so called of the French word Drap, i. cloth) a term which Painters use, con∣sisting principally in the true making and folding a Gar∣ment, in drawing or limning, giving to every fold his pro∣per natural doubling and sha∣dow. Peacham. See Silerie.
Drift or a Drift, a term a∣among Water-men, and sig∣nifies the floating of a Boat alone without any person in it, to row or steer it, but is carried to and fro with the Tyde.
Dril, a Stone-cutters tool, wherewith he bores little holes in Marble, &c. Also a large over-grown Ape, or Ba∣boon, so called.
Drogoman (or Draguman) an Interpreter or Truchman, the word is used by the Turks from the Gr, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉. The Fr, write it Drogueman. See Truchman.
Drol (Fr.) a good-fellow, boon Companion, merry Grig; one that cares not how the world goes.
Drolery (Fr.) is with us taken for a kinde of facetious way of speaking or writing, full of merry knavish wit.
Dromedary (dromas, adis) a kind of Camel with two bunches on his back, very swift, being able to carry a man 100 miles a day, and may abide three dayes journey without drink.
Dropacist (dropacista) one that pulls off hair and makes the body bare.
Drudger, one that fishes for oysters; and that kind of fishing is called drudging.
Druids (Druides) certain Prophets or learned Pagan Priests that lived naked in woods, giving themselves to the study of Philosophy, and avoiding all company as much as they might: they were of such estimation among the Page [unnumbered] people, that all controversies were referred to their deter∣mination, and a great penalty laid on such as disobeyed their sentence. They believed the immortality of the Soul, but supposed (with Pythago∣ras) they still passed by death, from one body to another. Caesar lib. 6. de bello Gal. They took their name from 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, an Oke, because they held nothing more holy then an Oak, which was also sacred to Jupiter; or because they were wont to exercise their superstition in Oken Groves, whence Lucan lib. 7.
Ant. Hiber. p. 27.
Dryads (Dryades) Nymphs of the woods, or wood Fai∣ries.
Dual (dualis) pertaining to the number two.
Duality (dualitas) the num∣ber two, duplicity.
Duana. See Divano.
Duarchy (duarchia) a go∣vernment wherein two go∣vern joyntly.
To Dub a Knight (from the Fr. Addouber, i. to dress or arm at all points) to make a Knight, or to confer that or∣der upon any one.
Dubiosity (from dubiosus) doubtfulness.
Dubious (dubius) doubtful, uncertain.
Ducal (ducalis) that hath the conduct or leading; Duke∣like, of or belonging to a Duke.
Ducket (ducalis aurem) a certain gold coyn which was first coined in Rome, in the year of the City 547. and af∣terwards it began to be used in other places. So called, be∣cause it bore the image of a Duke, and is worth about six shillings and eight pence. Pol. Virgil.
Ducenarious (ducenarius) pertaining to two hundred.
Ductarious (ductarius) that draweth, leadeth, or guideth.
Ductible (ductibilis) that may be led.
Ductile (ductilis) easie to be drawn or led.
Duction (ductio) a leading or bringing down.
Duel (duellum) a fight be∣tween two.
Dulcacid (dulcacidus, quasi dulcis and acidus) that which hath a mingled taste with sweet and sower.
Dulcify (from dulcis and facio) to make sweet.
Dulciloquent (dulciloquus) that speaketh sweetly.
Dulcimer or Dulcimel (sambuca) so called, quasi, dulce melos, i sweet melody) a mu∣sical Instrument; A Sam∣buke.
Dulcarron is a proportion in Euclid (lib. 1. Theor. 33. Pro∣pos. 47.) which was found out by Pythagoras after a whole years study, and much beat∣ing Page [unnumbered] his brain; in thankfulness whereof, he sacrificed an Oxe to the Gods; which sacrifice he called Dulcarnon. Alex. Neckam, an antient writer in his book De naturis rerum, compounds this word of Du∣lia and caro, and will have Dul∣carnon to be quasi Sacrificium carnis. Chaucer aptly applies it to Creseide; shewing, that she was as much amazed how to answer Troilus, as Pythago∣ras was wearied in bringing his desire to effect.
Dulcisonant (dulcisonus) that sounds sweetly.
Dulcitude (Lat.) sweetness.
Dulcoration (from dulcor, oris) a making sweet. Bac.
Dulocracy (dulocratia) a kind of Government, when slaves have so much licence that they rule and domineer.
Dulocratical, pertaining to that kind of Government.
Dumal (dumalis) pertain∣ing to Bryers.
Dumosity (dumositas) that hath many, or is full of Bram∣bles or Bryers.
To Dun, is a word lately taken up by fancy, and signi∣fies to demand earnestly, or press a man to pay for com∣modities taken up on trust, or other debt.
Duodecennial (duodecennis) of twelve years.
Duple (duplex) double, two, twice so much
Duplicity (duplicitas) doubleness, twice so much.
Duplicate (duplico) to double, increase or make twice as much A Duplicat is used by Crompton for a second Letters Patent, granted by the Lord Chancellor in a ca•e wherein he had formerly done the same; and was there∣fore thought void.
So a second Letter written and sent to the same purpose, as the former, and to the same party for fear of miscarriage of the first, or for other reason, is called a Duplicat: and when such a second letter is written, to be sent, the custom is to write the word Duplicat in the head of the Letter, to sig∣nifie that it is a second Letter. A third Letter may also after the same manner be called a Triplicate.
Durable (durabilis) that which will last or continue long.
Dura-mater (Lat.) the out∣ward hard skin that enwraps the brains, as Pia-mater is the inner skin next the brains.
Dures (duritia) is in our Common Law a Plea used in way of exception, by him that being cast into Prison at a mans suit, or otherwise by beating or threats, hardly u∣sed, seals any Bond to him during his restraint. For the Law holds this not good, but rather supposeth it to be con∣strained. Brook in his Abridg∣ment joyns Dures and Ma∣nasse together, i. Duritiam and Minas, hardness and threatning. See the new book Page [unnumbered] of Entries, verbo D•res, and the new Terms of Law.
Durity (duritas) hardness, rudeness, cruelty.
Duumvirate (duumviratus) the Office of the Duumviri at Rome, or of two in equal Au∣thority, and may be taken for the Sheriff-ship of the City of London, or of any other place, where two are in joynt Au∣thority.
Dwas-light (Sax.) a false or foolish fire or light mislead∣ing the Traveller; Jack with a Lanthorn. Sax. Dict. See Ignis fatuus.
Dwindle (Sax. Dwinan) to consume, to waste, to va∣nish, to moulder away by de∣grees. Chaucer uses Dwined, the Participle.
Dyna, a Coyn among the East-Indians valuing thirty shilling of our money. Herb.
Dynarchy. See Dinarchy.
Dynasty (dynastia) govern∣ment, rule or power.
Dys (Gr.) in composition signifies evill, difficil or im∣possible.
Dyscracy (dyscrasia) when some humour or quality a bounds in the body, a distem∣per.
Dysentery (dysenteria) a pe∣rillous flux with excoriation and painful wringing of the bowels, and some blood issu∣ing: the bloody flux.
Dysnomy (dysnomia) evil constitution or ordering of the Law.
Dyspathy (Gr.) ill affecti∣on, passion, or vexation of mind.
Dyspepsie (Gr.) ill con∣coction or digestion, rawness of the stomach.
Dysopsie (Gr.) dimness, ill sight.
EAldorman among the Saxons was as much as Earl among the Danes. Cam. Brit. fo. 107. Also an Elder, Senator or Statesman. And at this day we call them Al∣dermen that are Associates to the chief Officer of a Town. 24. H. 8. ca. 13.
Eame (Sax.) the mothers Brother; still retained in Lan∣cashire.
Eane (Sax. Eanian) to bring forth, as the Ewe doth the Lamb.
Eardor-burh (Sax.) the Metropolis or chief City.
Easement (esamentum) is a service that one neighbor hath of another by Charter or prescription without profit, as a way through his ground, a Sink, or such like. Kitchin. fo. 105. which in the Civil Law is called Servitus praedii.
Easter. See Pasche.
Easterling. See Sterling.
Ebene (ebenus) a tree that grows in Aethiopia, bearing neither leaves nor fruit; it is black, and has no grain like other wood, and is sharp bi∣ting Page [unnumbered] in taste, being burnt it yields a pleasant smell, neither is its smoak offensive, but the green wood is so full of sap, that it will flame like a can∣dle. It is good against many diseases of the eyes. That which grows in India is spot∣ted with white and yellow, be∣ing of less estimation then that of Aethiopia. Bull.
Ebionites (so called from Ebion their first founder, who lived in the time of Pope A∣naclet, and the Emperor Titus about the year of Christ 71.) were certain Hereticks that denied the Divinity of our Sa∣viour Christ, and held he was onely a man, conceived and born from man and woman, as the rest of mankind. A∣gainst which Heresie St. John wrote his Gospel; which they impugned and rejected, as they did also the Gospels of St. Mark and St. Luke, and onely admitted that of St. Matthew.
Ebriety (ebrietas) drunk∣enness.
Ebriosity (ebriositas) con∣tinual drunkenness.
Ebrious (ebrius) drunken, or that causeth drunkenness.
Ebullate (ebullo) to bubble or burst out.
Ebullition (ebullitio) a boiling, bubling, or seething, a rising up in bubbles.
Ebur•ean (eburneus) of I∣vory, or white like Ivory.
Eccentrick (eccentricus) that hath not all one centre, or that hath no centre, or is out of the centre.
Eccho or Echo (Gr.) a re∣sounding, or giving again of any noyse, or voyce in a Wood, Valley, or Hollow place. Poets feign, that this Eccho was a Nymph so called, who being rejected by one whom she loved, pined away for sorrow in the Woods, where her voyce still remains, answering the outcrys of all complaints.
Ecclesiastical (ecclesiasti∣cus) belonging to the Church or Church-men.
Eclesiastick (Ecclesiastes) a Preacher, a Church-man.
Eclipse (eclipsis) a defect or failing. Commonly it sig∣nifies a want of light: and there are two such Eclipses, namely of the Moon, and of the Sun.
Eclipse of the Moon never happens but at her full, nor then always, but when she is in such a point that the in∣terposition of the earth de∣prives her of the Sun beams, from whence she taketh her light. Eclipse of the Sun is not so usual, and happens onely at the change of the Moon, as when the Moon, being between the Sun and us, doth, with her dark bo∣dy, hide part of his light from us: Which was the cause that Dionysius Areopa∣gita (seeing the Sun so admi∣rably eclipsed at our Saviours Passion, contrary to all reason, Page [unnumbered] when the Moon was not in any nearness to hinder his light) cryed out in amaze∣ment. Aut Deus naturae pa∣titur, aut machina mundi dis∣solvetur. Either the God of Nature suffers, or else the frame of the world will be destroyed. Bull.
Ecliptick line (linea Eclip∣tica) an imagined line run∣ning through the midst of the twelve Signs, in which the Sun always keeps his course, and is so termed, because the Eclipses happen, when the Moon is either in conjuncti∣on or opposition under this line. Min.
Eclogue or Eglogue (ec∣loga) is commonly taken for a Pastoral speech, or a Poem containing a communication of Shepherds, such as Vir∣gils Eclogues. But the word in Greek signifies properly an election or choyce gathering of things together, or an a∣bridgement of Authors.
Ecstasy (ecstasis) a trance, swowning or astonishment, a ravishment or transpor∣tation of the spirit, by pas∣sion, &c.
Ecstatick Ecstatical (ecstaticus) taken with an Ecstacy or trance.
Ectype (ectypum) a thing made according to the ex∣ample and copy; a counter∣feit. Ross.
Edacity (edacitas) unsati∣able eating, greediness of sto∣mack. Bac.
Eddy, Is the running back of the water in some place, contrary to the Tide or stream, and so falling into the tyde again, which happens by reason of some head-land or point in a River, jutting out suddenly, and so hinder∣ing the full current which the water had before it came to that Point. And an Eddy wind, is that wind, which re∣coils from any Sail, or Halse going contrary to that wind whence it proceeds, but is never so strong as the o∣ther.
Eden (Hebr.) delecta∣tion, or a place of pleasure and delight. The Garden of Eden stood near the Ri∣ver Euphrates in Syria, and abounded with all manner of pleasures and delights, and therefore Eden is used for Pa∣radise.
Edentate (edento) to strike out, or draw out ones teeth.
Edict (edictum) a Com∣mandment, Ordinance or Proclamation.
Edification (aedificatio) a building: But most com∣monly it is taken for instructi∣on, so plainly delivered, that the hearer profiteth by it.
Edifice (aedificium) from the Hebr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉Edhen. i. aedes) a building or frame of a buil∣ding, also the art of buil∣ding.
Edil or Aedil (aedilis) an Page [unnumbered] inferior Officer among the an∣tient Romans, whose charge was to register Sanctions, over∣see the Building of Temples, as also of private houses, such as our Church-wardens, or Sur∣veyors, &c. And of these Ae∣diles there were two sorts, Plebeii and Curules, as you may read in Godwins Anthol. ch. de Aedilibus.
Edish (Sax. Edise) the rowen or aftermash; still re∣tained in some parts of Eng∣land.
Edisserator (Lat.) a shew∣er or declarer.
Edition (editio) a setting forth, a publishing, an impres∣sion. As of Books, we call it a first, a second, third, fourth, &c. Edition, when a book has been so many several times imprinted.
Edituate (aedituor) to de∣fend the house, or rule over the Temple or house. Greg.
Edmund (Sax.) for Ead∣mund, i. happy or blessed peace. Our Lawyers do yet acknowledge Mund• for peace, in their word Mund∣brech, for breach of Peace.
Educate (educo) to bring up or nourish.
Edward in Sax. Coines Ead∣ward, i. Happy keeper. The Christian humility of King Edward the Confessor brought such credit to this name, that since that time it hath been most usual in all Estates: That Ward signifies a keeper is appa∣rent by Wood-ward, Mil-ward, &c. Cam.
Effable (effabilis) that may be spoken, uttered or expres∣sed.
Effascinate (effascino) to bewitch or charm.
Effemination (effoeminatio) a making womanish, weak or or wanton, a womanizing.
Effete (effoetus) which hath lately brought forth; that beareth no more, bar∣ren. Fuller.
Efficacy (efficacia) force, strength, vertue or ability.
Efficacy (saith Peacham) is a power of speech, which re∣presents a thing after an ex∣cellent manner, neither by bare words onely, but by pre∣senting to our minds the live∣ly Idaea's or forms of things so truly as if we saw them with our eyes; As the places in Hell, the fiery arrow of A∣cesta, the description of Fame, the flame about the Temples of Ascanius, &c.
Efficient (efficiens) that brings to pass, causing or ef∣fecting.
Effiction (effictio) an ex∣pressing or representing.
Effigies (Lat.) an image made after the similitude of a thing; likeness, represen∣tation.
Efflagitate (efflagito) to desire earnestly, or require importunately.
Efflated (efflatus) breathed or blown away, yeelded, or given up. Herb. Travels.
Efflorescence (from Ef∣floresco) the outward face, or Page [unnumbered] superficies, the upmost rind or skin of any thing, also a deflouring. Bac.
Effluence (effluentia) a run∣ning or flowing out, a flux.
Effluent Effluous (effluus) that runs or flowes out.
Effluvium (Lat.) a run∣ning out or flowing over. Often used in Vul Er.
Effocate (effoco) to choak, or strangle.
Effoeminate (effoeminatus) woman-like, nice, wanton.
Effort (Fr.) endeavor, labor, travel, pains-taking, a striving for a matter with whole force and power.
Effracture (effractura) a breaking open.
Effrenation (effrenatio) head-long rashness, unbridled rashness, unruly headiness.
Effrontery (Fr.) impu∣dence, malepertness, shame∣lesness. Eicon Basil.
Effund (effundo) to pour out, to consume riotously.
Effusion (effusio) a pouring out, prodigality.
Egbert, or rather Ecbert (Sax.) i. always bright, or famous for ever.
King Egbert, who was the seventeenth King of the West Saxons, having subdued the Principal Kingdoms of the Saxon Heptarchy, stiled him∣self the first English Monarch, commanding South Brittain to be called England, from the English Saxons, from whose blood he was extracted, and over whom he reigned. Cam.
Egean Sea (mare Aegaeum) part of the Mediterranean Sea near Greece, dividing Europe from Asia. A Sea dangerous & troublesom to sail through, in regard of the multitude of rocks and Islands every where dispersed; Insomuch that a man is proverbially said to sail in the Aegean Sea, that is incumbred with difficulties, or attempts a business of much hazard.
Egestion (egestio) a distri∣buting abroad, a carrying or casting forth of ordure or dung, a voiding, or evacuation.
Egestuosity (egestuositas) extream poverty.
Egestuous (egestuosus) very poor or needy.
Eglentine, Sweet-briar, or Dog-briar.
Egilopical (egilopicus) that hath or pertaineth to the dis∣ease Aegilopa, which is a kind of Fistula or Imposthume in the corner of the eye, grow∣ing to be a Canker, eating to the nose, and is called the La∣chrymale Fistula. Bid.
Eglogue. vide Eclogue.
Eglomerate (eglomero) to unwinde.
Egregious (egregius) ex∣cellent, singular, passing good.
Egresse Egression (egressus) a passage or go∣ing forth.
Egritude (aegritudo) sickness, grief, discontentment.
Egrimony (aegrimonia) idem.
Egurgitate (egurgito) to Page [unnumbered] draw out, to empty, to dis∣gorge.
Ejaculate (ejaculo) to shoot or cast out, to hurle forth.
Ejaculatorie (ejaculatorius) that hath the property or power to dart, shoot, or spout forth.
Ejection (ejectio) a throw∣ing or casting forth.
Eirenarch (Eiranarches) a Justice of Peace.
Eirenarchy (Irenarchia) the Office or Government of a Constable, or a Justice of Peace. Mr. Lamberd wrote a book called Eirenarchie, or the Office of a Justice of Peace.
Eigne (Fr. Aisn, eldest) a Law term; as Eign right is the eldest right, where there are more Titles then one. Act. of Parl. 30. April. 1649.
Ejulation (ejulatio) wail∣ing or crying out with pittiful lamentation.
Ejuration (ejuratio) a re∣nouncing or resignation.
Ela, the highest note in the Gamut.
Elaborate (elaboratus) cun∣ningly wrought, exactly done, laboured painfully.
An Elaboratory, a Work∣house.
Elacerate (elacero) to tear or rend in pieces.
Elamites, the people of Persia, so called from Elam, son of Sem, son of Noah.
Elapidate (elapido) to rid a place of stones.
Elapsion (elapsio) a fliding forth or away.
Elaqueate (elaqueo) to un∣snare or dis-intangle,
Elate (elatus) carried out, advanced, proud, lofty.
Elaxate (elaxo) to unloose or make wider.
Eleack, a Sect of Philoso∣phers instituted by Phaedo, an Elean, of a noble family.
Eleanor, a womans name from Helena, i. pittiful.
Electorat, An Electorship, a chusing or electing, or the right or power of election; such as the Electors of the Empire have. Also the Office or territory of an Elector.
Elective (electivus) pertain∣ing to election or chusing, subject to choyce.
Electriferous (electrifer) that yields Amber.
Electrum (Lat.) a kind of Amber distilling out of the Poplar tree, as some report: the Poets faign it to have been the tears of the Phaetontiades (which were turned into Pop∣lar trees) bewailing their brother Phaeton. See Amber.
Electricity (electrisitas) the power to attract straws or light bodies, as Amber doth.
Electrine (electrinus) per∣taining to, or that is made of Amber.
Electuary (electuarium) a medicine or confection to be taken inwardly, and is made two ways, either liquid, as in Forma opiat•; or whole, as in Tables or Lozenges, or in fashion four square and long, which is called Manus Christi.
Page [unnumbered]Or it is a medicinable com∣position, made of choyce Drugs, and of substance be∣tween a Syrup and a Con∣serve; but more inclinable to this, then that. Cot.
Eleemosynary (eleemosyna∣rius) an Almner, or one that gives almes.
Eleemosynate (eleemosyno) to give almes.
Elegancy (elegantia) elo∣quence of words, fineness, neatness.
Elegy (elegia) a mournful song or verse, commonly used at Funerals, or upon the death of any person, and com∣posed of unequal verses.
Elegiacal (elegiacus) be∣longing to an Elegy or lamen∣tation.
Elegiographer (elegiogra∣phus) a writer of Elegies, or lamentable verses.
Elements (elementa) are the most simple bodies extant in nature; from the several parti∣cipation of whose qualities all mixt bodies have their several beings, and different constitu∣tions; they are four in num∣ber, to wit, Fire, Air, Water and Earth. Element in the singu∣lar number stands for one of those: sometimes also it signi∣fies a Letter, as A, B, C, some∣times the first foundation or Principle of a thing.
Elementary (elementarius) pertaining to, or which con∣sists of Letters, Principles or Elements.
Elench (elenchus) an argu∣ment subtilly reproving.
Elenchical, that reproves by argument.
Elenct•s Elenctical (elencticus) which serves for reprehension.
Elephantine (elephantinus) pertaining to an Elephant.
Elevate (elevo) to lift or hold up, to lighten.
Elevatory (from the Lat. elevo, to lift up) the instru∣ment wherewith Chyrurge∣ons lift up the broken and sunk-in parts of the skul, and draw out Bullets or hail-shot that is entred but a little way into the flesh or bones.
Elibation (elibatio) a tast∣ing or offering Sacrifices.
Elicitation (elicitatio) a drawing out or alluring.
Elide (elido) to hit against a thing, to dash, to break, to squeeze, to strangle.
Elicite (elicitus) drawn out or allured.
Eligible (elegibilis) to be e∣lected; fit or like to be chosen.
Eliminate (elemino) to put out or cast forth of doors, to publish abroad. Mont.
Elimate (elimo) to cut off with a file, to polish, or purge.
Elingued (elinguis) dumb, speechless. Felth.
Ellipsis (Gr.) a defect; al∣so a certain crooked line, com∣ing of the byas-cutting of a Cone or Cylinder.
Eliquament (eliquamentum) fatness▪ or juyce of fish or flesh.
Elixation (elixatio) a seeth∣ing or boiling.
Elision (from elido) a cut∣ting off.
Page [unnumbered]Elizabeth (Hebr.) the God of oath, or (as some will) Peace of God, or quiet rest of the Lord. Mantuan playing with it makes it Eliza-bella. Min. ridiculously compounds it of the Hebrew word El, i. Deus, and the Greek word Isa and Beta.
Elixer or Elixir (vox A∣rabica) quentessence, or the Philosophers stone, or one of the names thereof: some take it for the Chymical powder of production: the word o∣riginally signifies force or strength. Min.
Elocution (elocutio) a fit and proper order of words and sentences.
Elocution (saith Judge •od∣dridge) consists of three things. 1. Of the voyce, as the instru∣ment. 2. The words, that are the subject. 3. The manner of doing, which is the form of delivery, &c. English Lawyer, fo. 25.
Ellis (Hebr.) corruptly for Elias, i. Lord God.
Elohim (Hebr.) Nomen di∣vinum, à Judicio, quasi Deus Judex. In any process of Ju∣stice and Judgement, God al∣ways stiles himself Eloah or Elohim. Greg.
Elogy (elogium) a report or testimonial of ones praise or dispraise.
Elongate (elongo) to re∣move afar off, to defer or pro∣long. Vul. Err.
Elopement (a Law term) is when a married woman leaves her Husband, and dwels with the Adulterer, by which, without voluntary submissi∣on, and reconcilement to him, she shall lose her Dower; Stat. Westm. 2. c. 34.
Eloquence (eloquentia) a gift or good grace of speak∣ing. That is properly said to be Eloquence (according to Tully) where there is a judici∣ous fitting of choyce words, apt and grave sentences to mattter well disposed, the same being uttered with a comely moderation of the voyce, countenance and ge∣sture. Cic. in Prol. Rhetor.
Elucidaries (from elucido) expositions or declarations of things that are obscure.
Elucidate (elucido) to make bright, to shine outward, to manifest, to expound or ex∣press.
Elucubrate (elucubro) to watch and write by candle∣light.
Elutheria, Feasts dedicated to Jupiter, from whence he is called the Elutherian God.
Elychnious (from E, and lychnus) that hath no match or light; without a weik.
Elysium or Elysian fields (Campus Elysius) a Para∣dise, Page [unnumbered] into which the Hea∣thens beleeved the Souls of the just went after their de∣parture hence. This Elyzi∣um is meant by Virgil, when he says,
Emaceration (emaceratio) a pulling down or making lean.
Emacity (emacitas) a de∣sire to be always buying.
Emaciate (emacio) to make lean, or pull down the flesh.
Emaciating diseases, Con∣sumptions, or such like.
Emaculate (emaculo) to make clean, to take away spots.
Emanation (emanatio) a flowing or proceeding from.
Emancipate (emancipo) to make free, to set at liberty, to affranchize, or sell his title to another. By the Roman Law every Son was in such sub∣jection to his Father, that be∣fore he could be released of it and made free, he should by an imaginary sale, be sold three times by his natural Fa∣ther, to another man, who was called by the Lawyers Pater Fiduciarius, a Father in trust; yea and be bought a∣gain by the natural Father, and so manumised by him, and then he became free. This imaginary sale was called Mancipatio; the children thus alienated from the Father, were termed Emancipati; this form of setting free was ter∣med Emancipatio. Godwin.
Emanuel. See Emmanuel.
Emarginate (emargino) to take away the scurf about the brims of wounds and soars.
Emascu•a•(emasculo) to geld, to take away that by which one is male.
Embargo (Span.) a stop or arrest, properly of ships.
Ember wick (so called from the Gr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i. dies; of which there are four in the year set down in most Alma∣nacks. They are of great an∣tiquity in the Church, called the Quatuor tempora in the Latin Fathers; And (besides the first institution of them for quarterly seasons of devotion, proportioned to each part of the year, as the first fruits of every season, that the whole and each division of it might be blest by it, and again be∣side their answerableness to those four times of solemn fast, mentioned among the Jews, that we Christians may not be inferior to them in that duty) an admirable use is as∣signed to them in the Church in imitation of the Apostles, Act. 13.3. View of Directory, fol. 56. They are called Em∣ber-days, or days of ashes, (says another Author) from the no less antient then religious custom of eating nothing on Page [unnumbered] those days till night, and then onely a Cake baked under the Embers or ashes which they called panem subcineritium, or Ember-bread. Turb. Cat. But Sir Hen. Spelm. de Concil says the true word is Imber from the old Sax. Imbren.
Embellish (Fr Embellir) to beautifie, garnish, adorn, be∣deck, trim up, or set out unto the eye.
To Embezel (fortè ab Ital. Invaligiare, i. in sacco ponere) to steal or pilfer. Min.
Emblem (emblema) is pro∣perly any fine work cunning∣ly set in wood or other sub∣stance, as we see in Chess∣boards and Tables, notwith∣standing it is commonly taken for a sweet moral symbol con∣sisting of picture and words, by which some weighty mat∣ter is declared. See Art of making Devises, p. 7.
Emblematical (emblemati∣cus) pertaining to an Emblem.
Emblematist, he that makes Emblems.
Emblements, a Law term, signifying strictly the profits of Land which hath been sowed; but the word is some∣times used more largely, for any profits that arise and ac¦crew naturally from the ground, as grass, fruit, or trees, hemp, flax, &c. Mr. Shep.
Embolism (embolismus) the adding a day or more to a year, Leap-year.
Embo•ment (Fr. embouche∣ment) a mouthing or putting into the mouth of; a subor∣nation or fore-Instruction; a lesson given or conned be∣fore-hand. Malvezzies trans∣later.
Embos•, A term used by hunters when a Deer is so hard chased that he foams at the mouth, and hangs out the tongue; it comes from the Span. des embocar, i. to cast out of the mouth.
Embracer, A Law term, and is he that, when a matter is in trial, comes for reward to the Bar, being no Lawyer nor witness, and speaks in fa∣vour of one of the parties: or who labors the Jury, or useth any unlawful practice, to make them give their Verdict as he would have them.
Embrocation (Ital. embro∣catione) a fomenting, besprink∣ling or gentle bathing the head or any other part, with a liquor falling from aloft up∣on it, in the manner of rain.
Embryon (embryo) a child in the mothers womb, before it has perfect shape; and by Metaphor, any thing before it has perfection.
Embryous, pertaining to an Embryon.
Em•uschment (from the Fr. embouscher) a falling into the Sea, as a River doth.
Emendal•, (from emendo) is an old word, yet still used in the accounts of the Inner-Temple; where so much in Emendals at the foot of an account, signifies fo much Page [unnumbered] in bank or stock for the House, q. a mending or increasing the common purse.
Emendation (emendatio) an amending, mending, refor∣mation or correction.
Ementition (ementitio) a lying or forging.
Emergency (from emergo) an issuing or coming out, a rising up out of the water.
Emergent (emergens) is∣suing or running out: this word is often used when we speak of an Emergent occasi∣on, which is, when it riseth out of somewhat done before.
Emerald (from the Span. esmeralda, Lat. Smaragdus) a precious stone, the greenest of all other, and is therefore very comfortable to the sight. The best of this sort are brought out of Scythia, and some af∣firm them to be taken out of the Griffins nest. It is found by experience (as Albertus writes) that if the Emrald be good, it inclines the bearer to chastity, and can∣not endure the action of lust. There is also a disease sound∣ing near this word, for which see Hemorroide.
Em•tique (from the Gr.) vomiting.
Emigration (emigratio) a departing, a going from one place to live at another.
Emication (emicatio) a shining or appearing aloft.
Eminency (eminentia) ex∣cellency passing or standing a∣bove others. Also a particu∣lar title of honor given to all Cardinals, and is held to be above Excellency.
Emissary (emissarius) a sub∣orned accuser, a Spye, a Tale-bearer, one sent out, a Scout.
Em•rsion (from emergo) a rising or appearing out, a coming out.
Emission (emissio) a shoot∣ing, sending or casting forth.
Emit (emitto) to send forth, to publish abroad, to cast out.
Emmanuel (Hebr. God with us) one of the names under which our Saviour Christ was foretold by the Prophets, Isa. 7.14. Matth. 1.23. The union of two na∣tures in one person of our Re∣deemer is noted in this word, Joh. 1.14.
Emollid (emollidus) soft, tender, nice, effeminate.
Emollient (emolliens) a ma∣king soft, pliant or loose E∣mollient medicines, i. mollifying or asswaging, such are milk, hony, &c.
Emo•ument (emolumentum) profit gotten by labor and cost
Emotion (emotio) a stirring or moving forth.
Empale. See Impale.
Empanel, A Law term and signifies the writing or entring the names of a Jury into a Parchment Schedule, Roll or paper by the Sheriff, which he hath summoned to appear for the performance of such pub∣lick service as Jurors are em∣ployed in.
Page [unnumbered]Emparl•nce (from the Fr. parler, to speak) signifies in our Common Law a desire or petition in Court, of a day to pawse what is best to do, or of a day of respite. The Civi∣lians call it Petitionem indu∣ciarum.
Emphasie (emphasis) ear∣nestness, or an express signi∣fication of ones intention, a strong or vigorous pronunti∣ation of a word, a significant force in either.
Em•ical (emphaticus) that which is uttered with most express signification, in such sort, that it sets forth to the full the intent of the Speaker; forcible, vigorous, earnest, or done with an Em∣phasie.
Emphyteuticary (Emphy∣teuticarius) he that makes a thing better then it was when he received it, that raiseth his rents, or improves. Mr. Seld.
Emphyte•icy (emphyteuti∣cus) set out to farm, hire, or rent.
Empirick (Empiricus) a young and unskilful Physiti∣an, who without regard ei∣ther of the cause of the disease, or the constitution of the Pa∣tient, applies those Medicines, whereof either by observati∣on of other mens Receipts, or by his own practice, he has had experience from some other, work they how they will.
Empirically (empiricé) done like an Empirick, unskil∣fully, done by practice onely, without Theory.
Emplastration (emplastra∣tio) a plastering, or dawbing, a graffing by inoculation; And in Physick, the applying a salve or plaister.
Empory (emporium) a Mart-Town, a place wherein a general Fair or Market is kept.
Emporetical (emporeticus) pertaining to Merchants or Markets.
Emprimed, A term used by Hunters when a Hart first forsakes the Herd.
Emption (emptio) buying or purchasing.
Emptional (emptionalis) that may be bought or pur∣chased.
Emptory. See Empory.
Empyreal (empyraeus) fiery or burning. The Empyreal Heaven is the highest Heaven above the Firmament; so called because of the bright shining or fiery splendor of it; the Mansion or dwelling place of God, and his Elect.
Emrods. See Hemerrhoide.
Emucid (emucidus) very filthy, mouldy or unclean.
Emulate (aemulo) to strive to exceed, also to envy or dis∣dain.
Emulgent (emulgens, from emulgeo) milking or stroak∣ing. The Emulgent vein is one of the two main branches of the hollow vein, which goes to the reins, and there is divi∣ded into divers others; some call it the Pumping vein.
Page [unnumbered]Emulsion (emulsio) any kind of seed, &c. brayed in water, and then strained to the consistence of an Almond milk; also any kind of Cream, or milky humor.
Emunctories (emunctoria) certain kernelly places in the body, by which principal parts void their superfluities; as under the Arm-pits for the Heart, under the Ears for the Brain, and the Groin for the Liver. Also a pair of Snuffers.
Enargy (enargia) evidence, clearness, or a plain represent∣ing of a thing.
Encaustick (encausticus) enameled, wrought with fire, varnished.
Encheson (A. 50. E. 3. c. 3.) is a Law French word, signify∣ing as much as occasion, cause, or reason, wherfore any thing is done. See Skene de verb. sign.
Enchiridion (Gr.) a small Manual Book that one may clasp or carry in ones hand, a handful of a thing.
Enclitick Enclitical (encliticus) that inclines or gives back. Enclitical Con∣junctions in Grammer are so called, because they incline or cast back the accent to the syl∣lable going before, of which sort are these three, què, nè, vè, which are joyned to the end of other words. As in this verse of Horace,
Encomium (Lat) a praise or song in commendation of any person.
Encomiastick (encomiasti∣cus) belonging to, or one that writes, an Encomium; praising, commending, extol∣ling.
Encrochment, a Law term, as when two mens grounds lying together, the one pres∣seth too far upon the other, or when a Landlord takes more rent or services of his Tenant then of right is due; they are called Encroachments, &c.
Encyclical (from encyclides) pertaining to that learning, which comprehnds all Liberal Sciences; round. Dr. Ham.
Encyclopedy (encyclopaedia) that learning which compre∣hends all Liberal Sciences; an Art that comprehends all others, the perfection of all knowledge.
Enditement (indictamentum) comes of the French word Inditer, i. to accuse, or appeach, and is a Bill or Declaration made in form of Law (for the benefit of the Common-wealth) of an accusation for some offence, either criminal or penal, exhibited to Jurors, and by their verdict sound and presented to be true, be∣fore an Officer having power to punish the same offence.
Endorsed, a term in He∣raldry, when two beasts are painted with their backs tur∣ned Page [unnumbered] to each other. Also we call that endorsing, when we write the title on the out∣side of a Letter.
Endrome (endromis) a course long-wool'd mantle, which Wrastlers and Runners flung upon them when they were anointing, and after they had exercised.
Energy (energia) efficacy, ef∣fectual operation or strength.
Energetical, very forcible, or effectual.
Enervate (enervo) to weak∣en, to cut off sinews; to en∣feeble.
Enervity (enervitas) weak∣ness, feebleness.
Enfranchise (from the Fr. Enfranchir) to make free, to incorporate a man into any Society or Body Politick, to make one a free Denizen.
Engastrimuches (engastri∣muchi) w• those, that being possessed, seemed to speak out of theit belly.
England (Sax. Engla-land) was so first named (after the common opinion) by Egbert the first sole and absolute Mo∣narch of the English men.
Engonas• or Engonnas•, (the name of one of the Con∣stellations) commonly taken for Hercules, who in the Globe is figured with his right knee bent, in the manner of kneel∣ing, and with his left foot treading part of the head of the Dragon. Min.
Engyscope (from the Gr.) an instrument for discern∣ing the proportion of small things.
Enharmoniack (enharmo∣nion) one of the three gene∣ral sorts of Musick; song of of many parts, or a curious concent of sundry Tunes.
Enigma (Aenigma) a Rid∣dle, a dark speech, or intricate sentence.
Enigmatical (aenigmaticus) obscure, hard to understand, full of Riddles.
Enigmatist (aenigmatistes) he that makes or propounds Riddles or hard questions.
Ennead (enneas, adis) nine, the number of nine.
Ennealogue (Gr.) a speak∣ing or treating of nine points; an Oration or Treatise divi∣ded into nine parts or Chap∣ters.
Enoch or Enos pillars. The story runs shortly thus; Enos (the son of Seth the son of A∣dam) who is held to be the first Author of Astrology, ha∣ving heard his Grandfather Adam say, all things should be destroyed by the universal Flood, was desirous that Sci∣ence should not perish, before it came to the knowledge of men, did therefore erect two Pillars, one of stone, the other of brick, to the intent, if the brick wasted with water or storms, yet the stone should preserve the Letters whole and perfect; and in these Pil∣lars were graved all that con∣cerns the observations of the stars, &c. one of which Jose∣phusPage [unnumbered] affirms remained even in his time. See Astronomy.
Enodate (enodo) to un∣knit, to cut away the knot; to declare or make manifest, to untie.
Enormit•(enormitas) want of measure or rule, uneven∣ness, hugeness.
Ensiferous (ensifer) that bears or carries a Sword.
Enquest (Inquisitio) is in our Common Law especially taken for that Inquisition or Enquest of Jurors or by Jury, which is the most usual tryal of all causes, both criminal and civil in our Land.
Entaile (feudum talliatum) comes of the Fr entaillé And in our Common Law is a Sub∣stantive abstract, signifying Fee tayl, or Fee entailed. See Fee and Tail.
Entelechie (entelechia) a soul or form that hath power or motion within herself.
Entendment (Fr.) wit, or understanding. It signifies in our Common Law so much as the true meaning or signifi∣cation of a word or sentence. Of which see Kitch. fo. 224.
To Enterfeir (from the Lat. inter and ferire) to rub or dash one heel against the other, to exchange some blows.
Enthalamize (from Tha∣lamus) to bring the Bride-groom and Bride to their Bed-chamber.
Enthean or Entheater (en∣theatus) inspired with God.
Enthusiasts or Enthusi∣asi•s, a Sect of people that thought themselves inspired with a Divine Spirit, and to have a clear sight of all things they believed, &c.
Spondanus says, they sprung from the Anabaptistical Sect of Nicholas Stork of Silesia in the year 1522.
Enthusiasm or Enthysiasm (enthysias∣mus) an in∣spiration, a ravishment of the •pirit, divine motion, Poetical fury.
Enthys•asmica•, pertain∣ing to an inspiration.
Enthymeme (enthymema) is a term of Logick, and sig∣nifies an imperfect Syllogism, which wants either the major or minor Proposition; As for example.
Now if we leave out the first part (called the major) and say thus, Every theft is a sin: Therefore every theft de∣serves correction Or omit the second part (called the minor) and say, Every sin deserves correction: therefore every theft deserves correction; then it is called an Enthymeme, to wit, a keeping in the mind (for so the word properly signifies) because one of these parts is concealed in the mind, and not uttered; and in that re∣gard it is called truncatus Syl∣logismus, a lame or maimed Syllogism.
Page [unnumbered]Enthymematical, pertain∣ing to an Enthymeme.
Entitatively (entitativè) a term in Philosophy; and is when a thing is taken accord∣ing to its essence, form or being.
Entitie (entitas) a being or subsistence.
Enucleate (enucleo) to take out the kernel, to declare or explicate a difficulty, to inter∣pret or expound.
To Envelope (Sp. Envelo∣pér) to wrap, unfold, involve or inclose; also to poster or incumber.
Enumerate (enumero) to reckon up, to declare, to number.
Enunciative (enunciatum, Subst.) any thing pronounced or spoken, a proposition or speech, which simply affirms or denies any thing, as to say, Peter is a Scholar, Peter is no Scholar.
To Enunciate (enuncio) to pronounce, utter, or reveal.
Enure. See Inure.
Eolian, pertaining to Ae∣olus, the god of the winds; al∣so inconstant as the wind.:
Epact (epacta) the day put to or added to make the Leap year; or it is a number of eleven days, in which the common Solar year exceeds the common Lunar year, the one consisting of 365 days, the other of 354 days, and there∣fore they add the excess unto the Lunar year to coequal them; For Epacta comes from 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, which signifies intercalare or addere; by the addition of which excess in every four years, there is got∣ten a number more then 30, which is greater then the Epact can be, because from Change to Change there can be but Thirty days; there∣fore Thirty must be taken from that excess, and the re∣mainder is the Epact for the next year; As 1659. the Epact is Seventeen, whereto add Eleven, which makes Twenty eight, that is the Epact for the next year.
To get the Epact for ever do thus; Multiply the Prime by Eleven, parting the Pro∣duct by Thirty; and the Re∣mainder is the Epact: Or see the age of the Moon, the E∣leven Kalends of April, for that is the number of the E∣pact. Hop. Concord.
Epatride, were Noble men among the Athenians, and held the like dignity with them as the Patricii did at Rome.
Eparch (Eparchus) the President of a Province, or the chief of all the Provincial Presidents.
Epheby (ephebus) a Strip∣ling of fourteen years of age and upwards.
An Ephemeran or Ephemerides (epheme∣ris, idis) a book wherein daily Acts are regi∣stred, a Journal or Diary: commonly it is taken for a book of Astronomy (in use a∣mong Page [unnumbered] such as erect figures to cast mens Nativities) by which is shewn how all the Planets are placed, every day and hour of the year.
Ephemeridian, belonging to such a Register or Day-book.
Ephemerist, One that re∣gistreth daily actions, or one that casteth Nativities, with the help of an Ephemerides; a maker of an Ephemerides.
Ephesian Temple, i. The Temple of Diana at Ephesus. See Diana.
Ephesian Moan, may be taken for a sad and continual lamentation, and is deduced from Heraclitus, a Philosopher of Ephesus, who always wept at the miseries of the world, and mortal men. The phrase is used by Du Bartas.
Ephi or Epha, an Hebrew measure, containing nine Gal∣lons of ours.
Ephialtes (Gr.) the night Mare; it is a kinde of disease commonly called the Elfe, or Night-Mare, with which who∣ever is affected, he supposes himself to be invaded by some spirit, which leaning hard up∣on him, stops the passage of breath. Min. See Incubus
Ephippiated (ephippiatus) sadled, or that hath a saddle on his back.
Ephod (Hebr.) a Priestly Garment, used antiently to be worn by the Priests among the Jewes, whereof there were two kinds. The first was made of gold and twisted silk, of purple, scarlet, and vi∣olet colour, and fine linnen with broidered work, and this onely belonged to the High Priest, and was onely used by him, when he execu∣ted his function: it covered the back, and the breast; and on the shoulders there were set two great precious Onyx stones, and in them graven the names of the twelve Sons of Jacob, called the twelve Pa∣triarchs; in the right shoulder the six eldest, and in the left the six youngest; that the High Priest going into the Sanctum Sanctorum, to offici∣ate, might among other things be put in mind he was to pray to God for the posterity of those twelve Patriarchs.
The other was of white lin∣nen, used by the inferior Priests, Levites, and also by Laicks. Moses and Aaron, p. 14.
Epicedium (Lat.) a Fune∣ral Song, or verses in praise of the dead, which were wont to be sung before the Corps were buried.
Epicene (epicaenus) com∣mon of both Sexes or kinds. The Epicene Gender, is that which concludes both Sexes under one Article, as Aquila being declinable onely with the feminine Article, signifies both the male and female of Eagles.
Epichrists (epichrista) ointments.
Epicurean or Epicure (one that gives himself wholly to Page [unnumbered] pleasure, especially to glut∣tony; Heretofore it signified one that followed the Sect of the Philosopher Epicurus, who taught, that the greatest happiness was to be without pain, and to enjoy pleasure of body, and mind, and that death was nothing, nor any thing after death.
Epicurean (epicureus) vo∣luptuous, given to nothing but pleasure and gluttony.
Epicurism (epicurismus) the manner or custom of an Epicure, a living wholly ac∣cording to sense and pleasure, in eating, drinking, &c.
Epicycle (epicyclus) a term in Astronomy, signifying a les∣ser circle, whose center or middle part is in the circum∣ference of a greater. In the upper part of this Epicycle, the five Planets, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus, and Mercury go forward according to the course of the Signs, as Aries to Taurus, &c. in the lower part they are retrogade, that is, go backward, as from Ge∣mini to Taurus, from Taurus to Aries again. Between these two Motions are said to be two Stations. viz. when a Planet ceaseth going forward, and begins to retrograde, or coming to the furthest point of his retrogradation, goes forward again. So that in the Epicycle these Planets wheel about sometimes according, sometimes contrary to the or∣der of the Signs. Bull.
Epick or Epique (epicus) a sort of Poesie which is made in Hero∣ical and lofty Verses, most commonly Hexameters. See Poesie.
Epidemy (epidemia) an u∣niversal sickness, and general infection, a most catching or contagious disease.
Epidemical (epidemicus) publick, universal; infectious, contagious.
Epigamy (epigamia) affini∣ty by marriage with other Nations.
Epigastrick (epigastricus) pertaining to the outward part of the belly, from the bulk to the privities.
Epigram (epigramma) sig∣nif•es properly, a superscrip∣tion or writing set upon any thing; now it is commonly taken for a short witty Poem, which under a feigned name does covertly praise or tax some particular person or thing.
Epigrammatist (epigram∣matista) a maker of Epi∣grams.
Epigrammatographer (e∣pigrammatographus) a writer of Epigr•ms.
Epigraph (epigraphe) an inscription or title.
Epilepsie (epilepsia) the Falling-sickness, whereto most commonly children and young folks are most subject. This disease is caused by some humor or vapour; suddenly stopping the passage of spirits Page [unnumbered] in the brain, which the brain striving to expel, causeth •he Patient to fall down, and commonly foam at the mouth. Bull.
Epileptick (epilepticus) that hath the Falling-sickness.
Epilogism (Gr.) a compu∣tation, or a numbering by way of repetition. Greg.
Epilogue (epilogus) the con∣clusion or knitting up of a matter; a Speech made af∣ter an Interlude or Play en∣ded.
Epil•gize (epilogizo) to conclude or deliver an Epi∣logue.
Epiod (epiodium) a song sung before the Corps were buried.
Epiphany (epiphania) an appearing of light, or a mani∣festation. The feast of Twelfth day after Christmas, is so cal∣led, in memory and honor of Christs manifestation or ap∣parition made to the Gen∣tiles by a miraculous blazing Star, by vertue whereof he drew and conducted the three Magi or Sages, commonly called the three Kings, who upon sight of that star came out of the East into the Country of Palestine or Jew∣ry, to adore him in the Man∣ger, where they presented him, as on this day with Mirh, Gold, and Frankin∣sence, in testimony of his Re∣gality, Humanity and Divi∣nity. The Vigil of this Feast was of old called Vigilia Lu∣minum; And the Antients were wont to send lights one to another. Greg.
Arthur the Brittish King is said to have begun the custom of solemnizing the Twelve days in Christmass with such Feasts and Sports as yet are, or lately were used, by the Lords of mis-rule, in some Gentlemens houses. Heyl. See Balthazar.
Episcopal (episcopalis) of or like a Bishop,
Episcopate (episcopo) to play the Bishop, to oversee di¦ligently.
Epistyle (epistylium) an ar∣chitrave; also a little Pillar set upon a greater.
Epistolary (epistolaris) ser∣ving for Letters or Epistles.
Epitaph (epitaphium) an Inscription or writing, set up∣on a Tomb, most commonly in lamentation or praise of the party there buried: The in∣vention whereof is referred to the Scholars of Linus, who first bewailed their Master, when he was slain, in dole∣ful verses, then called of him Aelina, afterwards Epita∣phia, for that they were first sung at burials, after en∣graved upon the Sepulchers. According to Plato's Laws an Epitaph should be com∣prised in four Verses. The Lacedemonians reserved this honor only to Martial men, and chaste women. Cam.
Epitasis (Gr.) the second and busiest part of a Comedy, Page [unnumbered] which signifies the intention or exaggeration of matters. See Catastasis.
Epithalamy (epithalamium) a Bridal Song, or Poem, or a Song at a Wedding, in commendation of the parties married; Such was that of Solomon, Psal. 45. wherein the praise of the Church and her spiritual Marriage and Union with Christ is set down. Such also is that of Stella in Stati∣us, and of Julia in Catullus, &c. It is so called from the Greek word 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i. apud, and Thalamus, a Bed-Chamber, but more properly a Bride-Cham∣ber, because this Song was used to be sung at the door of the Bride-Chamber, when the Bride bedded. There are two kinds of Epithalamies, the one used to be sung at night, when the married couple entred Bed; the other in the morn∣ing, to raise them up. Min.
Epithalamize, to make or sing an Epithalamy or Bridal song.
Epitheme (epithema) a kind of liquid medicine applied to an outward part of the body, by a piece of thin linnen, or cotten dipped in it; thereby to supple the place, or cool and comfort the inward (Heart, Stomack, or Liver) that's under it.
Epithemetical, belonging to such a kind of medicine.
Epithet (epitheton) a word added to a Noun Substantive to express some quality of it. As to say, a Noble person, Ʋn∣bridled lust, &c. here Noble and Ʋnbridled are the Epi∣thets expressing the quality of a Person and Lust.
Epitoge (epitogium) a Cas∣sock, or long Garment worn loose over other Apparel, the habit of a Graduat in the Uni∣versity.
Epitomator (Lat.) he that abridgeth, or abbreviates any matter in writing; an Epi∣tomist.
Epitomy (epitome) an a∣bridgement, abbreviation, or short gathering of any matter in writing. My Lord Bacon says, Epitomes are the corrup∣tions and moaths of Histories.
Epitomize (epitomizo) to ab∣breviate or make an abridge∣ment.
Epoch (epocha) a term of time, or as it were a certain retention or cohibition of it in a Chronological History, taken from the beginning of some Empire, Kingdom, or notable event, The Jews had several Epochs peculiar to themselves alone, and one in common with their Neigh∣bors; those which they had among themselves were, First, From the Creation of the World, or the beginning of time. 2. From the universal Deluge, which happened An. Mun. 1656. 3. From the con∣fusion of Tongues, A.M. 1786. 4. From Abrahams Journy out of Chaldaea into Canaan, A.M. 2021. 5. From their deliver∣ance Page [unnumbered] out of Egypt, A.M. 2453. 6. From the first year of Ju∣bilee, A.M. 2499. 7. From the building of Solomons Tem∣ple, A.M. 2932. And lastly, from the Captivity of Babylon, An. M. 3357.
That which they had com∣mon with other Nations, was the Epoch of the Victory of the Greeks, which took be∣ginning from the first Victory which Seleucus had against Antigonus in An. Mun▪ 3637. an account much used by the Jews, Chaldeans, Syrians, and other Nations of the East. But the Chaldeans also had their own Epoch, or Account apart, reckoning their time from the first year of Nabo∣nasser (Salmanassar he is cal∣led in Scripture) which be∣ing 438 years before this of Seleucus, must fall in An. Mun. 3201.
Next for the Grecians, they reckoned a long while by Olympiads, the first of which is placed in the year of the World 3174. But this ac∣count perished under the Con∣stantinopolitans; they reckon∣ed after by Indictions (an account devised by Justinian) every Indiction containing fifteen years, the first begin∣ning An. Christ. 513. Which among Chronologers is still used. The Romans reckoning first from the foundation of their City, which was An. Mund. 3213. And afterwards from the Sixteenth year of Augustus his Empire (being that which is properly called the Roman Aera) An. Mund. 3936. An Account used by the Spaniards (where it first began) till the reign of Pe∣dro the Fourth of Aragon, who abrogated it in his Do∣minions, An. Christ. 1350. fol∣lowed therein by John the first of Castile, An. Christ. 1383. and at last by the King of Por∣tugal also 1415.
The Christians generally reckon from the birth of Christ, but this they did not use till the year 600. follow∣ing in the mean time the ac∣count of the Empire.
And finally, The Mahome∣tans begin their Hegira (for so they call the time of their computation) from the flight of their Prophet Mahomet from Mecha, when he was driven thence by the Philar∣choe; which hapned 16 July, An. 617. (or as some will have it) 622. As the word Epoch is used by the Grecians, so in the same sense is Aera by the Latins; it is called Epoche, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, à sistendo, quod illinc sistantur & terminentur mensurae temporum. And A. cr. A. q. Annus erat Augusti. Scalig. lib. 5. Greg.
Epod (epodus) a kind of Ly∣rick Verse wherein the first is always longer then the se∣cond. As those of Horace.
Page [unnumbered]Epostracism (epostracis∣mus) a kind of sport or play with an Oister-shell or flat stone thrown into the water, and making a circle one or more ere it sinks; it is called a Duck and a Drake, and a white penny Cake.
Epulary (epularis) belong∣ing to Feasts or Banquets.
Epulosity (epulositas) great banquetting.
Epulous (epulosus) liberal in Feasts, full of banquetting
Equator (Aequator) is a great Circle going round the terrestrial Globe from East to West. It passeth through Ha∣bassia, Sumatra, and Guiana. The use of it is to shew the latitude of any Town, Pro∣montory, &c. And is so cal∣led, either because it is equally distant from the Poles, or be∣cause when the Sun is in it, the day and night are equal. Heyl. and Min.
Equanimity (aquanimitas) uprightness of heart or mind, quietness, patience, indiffer∣ency.
Equation (aequatio) making equal, even or plain.
Eques auratus, a Knight, so called in Latin, because it was lawful for Knights onely to beautifie their Armor and Caparisons for their horses with gold. Fern. 102.
Equestrian (equestris) per∣taining to a Horse-man, Knight or Gentleman, or to an Horse. Sir H.W.
Equiangle, where the An∣gles are equal.
Equicrural, even-legged, that hath his legs even or a∣like.
Equidial (aequidialis) when the days and nights are both of a length.
Equidistants. See Parallels.
Equiformity, evenness or likeness in form or fashion.
Equilateral (aequilatus) that hath even sides, or that hath both sides of an equal bigness.
Equilibrity (aequilibritas) equality of weight.
Equinoctial (aequinoctium) is an imagined line pas•ng just in the midst between the two Poles of Heaven, to which line the Sun coming twice a year (namely, about the e∣leventh of March, and the e¦leventh of September) makes the days and nights of equal length in all the world (un∣less with such as inhabit just under the Poles;) for which cause it is called Aequinoctial: The Signs, Aries and Libra both begin at this time.
Equipage (Fr,) a dighting or setting forth of man, horse, or ship-furniture; good Armor, fit attire, sufficient array.
Equiparate (aequiparo) to make equal, to be like, to make comparison.
Equiparable (aequiparabilis) fit to be compared or equal∣led unto.
Equipensate (aequipenso) to esteem alike.
Equipollent (aequipollens) valuing equally, or being of like force or worth.
Page [unnumbered]Equiponderous, of equal weight.
Equipped (Fr.) accoutred, furnished, set forth.
Equivalent (aequivalens) of equal might, value or worth.
Equivocal (aequivocus) that hath a double or doubtful sig∣nification. An Equivocal word is that which contains more significations then one, or that which serves for several noti∣ons. As the word Arms, in our vulgar use, equally signifies those parts of our body so cal∣led, or weapons or tokens of ho∣nor, and with an aspiration (which is an Elench or deceit in the Accent) harmes. See Per. Instit. p. 18.
Equivocation (aequivocatio) a double, divers and doubtful signification of a word or speech.
Equorean (aequoreus) per∣taining to the Sea.
Eradicate (eradico) to pull up by the roots, to destroy utterly.
Erarians (Aerarii) were those, who being Citizens of Rome, were by the Censors deprived of giving their voy∣ces in their Century or Tribe; paid all Tribute with Citi∣zens, according to the valu∣ation of their goods, and ser∣ved in the Wars at their own charges; and it seems they took that name either because aera pendebant, or aera non mere∣bant. Livie.
Erased, A term of Heral∣dry, when any member of a beast seems torn from the body.
Erasmus (Gr.) amiable or to be beloved; a mans name.
Erastianism, the Tenets or Opinions of the Erastians.
Erastians, A sort of mo∣dern Hereticks, so called from one Thomas Erastus a Doctor in Physick, their first Author, born at Baden in Switzerland, and died at Basil about the year 1583. Among other Te∣nets, he held that the power of Excommunication in a Chri∣stian State, principally resides in secular power, &c.
Erato, One of the nine Muses, who (as Ovid saith) Nomen amoris habet.
Erean (aereus) made of brass or copper, brasen.
Erebus, Hell, or a River in hell.
Eremetical (eremiticus) per∣taining to an Hermite, or one that dwells in the wildernss.
Ereption (ereptio) a vio∣lent taking away.
Eretriack, a Sect of Philo∣phers, the same with the Ele∣ack, but changed into this name from Menedemus, who was born at the City Eretria, an eminent Philospher of this Sect.
Ergotism, Arguing, quar∣relling, sophistry, quiddities; from the Lat. Ergo. a word much used in Syllogisms and Arguments.
Eriferous (aerifer) bring∣ing forth, or bearing Brass or Copper.
Page [unnumbered]Erimanthian, Belonging to Erimanthus a Mountain in Arcadia, where Hercules slew a huge wild-Bore, that wasted the Country; hence this Beast is called the Erymanthian Mon∣ster, in Il. Pastor Fido.
Ermines (Fr.) a little beast less then a Squirrel, the fur whereof is very costly, worn onely by Princes or great persons. It hath a tail of a thumb long. Ermine in Heraldry sometimes signifies white powdered with black, and sometimes black powder∣ed with white. Bull.
Eristical (from eris, idis) contentious, full of strife. Mr. White Apol. for Tradition.
Eristicks (from eris) Books or Treatises of Controversie or Disputes.
Erivate (erivo) to draw water away by a stream, to dry up.
Erogation (erogatio) a be∣stowing or liberal distribution.
Erosion (erosio) a consu∣ming or eating up, a gnawing or eating into.
Erumnate (aerumno) to im∣poverish, to make miserable or wretched.
Erratique (erraticus) that wanders or creeps up and down.
Errant (errans) wandring, or straying out of the way; it is also attributed to Justices of Circuit. Pl Cor. fol. 15.
Errata (Lat.) errors or faults committed of igno∣rance; they are most common∣ly taken for those faults or o∣missions, which escape cor∣rection in printing. See Theta.
Errh•ne (errhinum) a medi∣cine, which being made either liquid or in dry powder, is used to stop bleeding at the nose, to provoke sneezing, to cause child-birth, and to purge the brain. Bac.
Erroneous (erroneus) full of errors or mistakes.
Erubescency (erubescentia) blushing for shame.
Eructate (eructo) to belch or break wind upward, to send or cast out.
Eructation (eructatio) a belching.
Erudition (eruditio) learn∣ing, knowledge or instruction.
Erugate (erugo) to take a∣way wrinckles.
Eruginous (aeruginosus) full of rust, cankered, corrupted, blasted▪
Eruncate (erunco) to weed out, to pull out weeds.
Eruption (eruptio) a vio∣lent issuing or breaking forth.
Erysipely (erysipelas) a bile or swelling, full of heat and redness: Also St. Anthonies sore.
Erysipelatous (erysipelato∣sus) troubled with that dis∣ease or grief.
Er•t•an Sea, (the Red-Sea, otherwise called the Ara∣bian Gulf or Gulf of Mecha) so called from King Erythrae∣us; It is called the Red Sea, not from any material red∣ness therein, but from the red∣ness Page [unnumbered] of the earth and sands, and from the great abundance of Coral, which grows plenti∣fully in the bottom of this Sea. See more in Vul. Er. 320.
Esay (Heb) reward of the Lord.
Escal (escalis) pertaining to meat, fit to be eaten.
Escambio is a Licence granted to one for the making over a Bill of Exchange to a man beyond Sea. Register Original. fol. 199. a.
Escheat (from the Fr. Escheoir, i. cadere) signifies in our Common Law any Lands or other profits that fall to a Lord within his Manor by way of forfeiture, or the death of his Tenant, dying without heir general or spe∣cial, or leaving his heir with∣in age unmarried, Magna Charta. Cap. 31. Fitz. nat. br. fol. 143.
Escheator, An Officer that observes the Escheats of the King in the County where he is Escheator, and certifies them into the Exchequer. He continues in his Office but one year, nor can he be Eschea¦tor above once in three years. An. 1. H. 8. Cap. 8. & An. 3. esusdem Cap. 2. See more of this in Cromptons Justice of Peace.
Escotcheon (Fr. Escusson) a Buckler or Shield, whereof in Europe we have onely two kinds in use (the Lozenge ex∣cepted) viz. that we use in England, France, Germany, &c. & the Oval they bear in Italy, which form they yet (from the old Romans) hold in use. The word Escutcheon, is derived from the French un Escù, that from the Latin Scutum, and that again from 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 in Greek, which sig∣nifies Leather, because the Antients had their Shields of tanned Leather, the skins laid thick one over another, as appears by that of Ʋlysses upbraiding Ajax,
Escuage (from the Fr. Escu, i. clypeus, a Buckler or Shield) in our Common Law signifies a kinde of Knights service, called service of the Shield; the Tenant holding thereby, is bound to follow his Lord into the Scottish or Welch wars at his own charge, &c. Fitz. nat. br. fo. 84. C.
Esculent (esculentus) that may be eaten, or pertaining to eating.
Escutial (Span. but some affirm it to be an Arabick word, and to signifie Domus lucis) is the name of that in∣comparable Edifice built by Philip the Second King of Spain in twenty four years times, and at eight millions charge, and is termed the Page [unnumbered] eighth wonder of the world. It contains, first the King of Spains Palace. Secondly, St. Lawrence Church. Thirdly, the Monastery of Hieronymites. And fourthly, Free-Schools; it hath eleven or twelve several Quadrangles, every one with Cloisters. Quade.
By extension of the word, or by metaphor it may be ta∣ken for any other magnificent Palace or Structure.
Esnecy (aesnecia) is a Pre∣rogative given to the eldest Coparcener to chuse first, after the Inheritance is divided. Flet. l. 5. cap. 10. in divisionem.
Esons-bath, Aeson in his old age (as Poets feign) had youth and vigor restored to him by the Prayers of Medea a notable Sorceress, &c. See Medea. Hence we may ima∣gine Aesons-bath to have had the vertue of restoring youth to aged persons; the phrase is used in Rel. Medici.
Esopical (aesopicus) fabulous or pertaining to such tales or fables, as those of Aesop.
Esples (expletia, from the Lat. expleo) seem to be the full profit that the ground or land yields, as the hay of the Meadows, the feed of the pa∣sture, the corn of the arable, the Rents, Services, and such like issues. Cow.
Esquier (armiger) is in letters little altered from the Fr. Escuier, i. scutiger) it sig∣nifies with us that degree of Gentry, which is next to a Knight. Sir Tho. Smith is of opinion, that at the first these were bearers of Arms to Lords and Knights, and by that had their name and dig∣nity. See Cam. Brit. fol. 111. In our old Saxon, an Esquire was called Scyldknapa, or (according to our modern Orthography) Shieldknave, i. he that in war did bear the Shield of Arms of his Chief or Superior. Verst.
Esqulinus, one of the seven Hills in Rome. As 1. Aesquili∣nus. 2. Quirinalis. 3. Vimina∣lis. 4. Coelius. 5. Tarpeius. 6. Pa∣latinus. 7. Aventinus; which may be better be remembred by this contracted verse,
Esquiry (Fr. Eicuyrie) the Stable of a Prince, a Querry ship; also the dignity or estate of an Esquire. Spotswood.
Essay (Fr.) a proof, a tri∣al, a flourish or preamble; A∣mong Comoedians the trial or proof of their action, which they make before they come forth publickly upon the Stage, is their Essay.
Essence (essentia) the being or natural substance of any thing.
Essenes or Esseans (aesseni vel aessei, so called from the Syriack 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, Asa, signify∣ing to heal or cure diseases) Page [unnumbered] were certain Sectaries or Phi∣losophers, among the He∣brews of two sorts, the one Practicks the other Theoricks, both agreed in their Apho∣risms, but in certain circum∣stances they differed. They referred every thing to De∣stiny, deemed the Soul to be mortal, would have men fight till death in de∣fence of Justice, sacrificed not with the rest of the peo∣ple, nor scarce conversed with them; were much given to tillage and husbandry, highly prizing purity of life and sanctity of conversation, they lived in common, never mar∣ried, kept no servants, say∣ing, Servants were wicked, and a Wife cause of discord. Their life was Monastick, and themselves given much to contemplation of the nature of Herbs, Plants, Stones, and Beasts: In diet, meat and drink, moderated by suffici∣ency, much addicted to Moral Philosophy, not caring for wealth, or hoarding up trea∣sure. Josephus, and Moses and Aaron, p. 50.
Essedary (essedarius) a kind of Warrior that was wont to ride in a Waggon or Chariot, but fought on foot, former∣ly in use with the antient Gauls; also a Waggoner or Chariot-man.
Essed (essedum) a Wain, Chariot or Waggon. In anti∣ent time it was a Chariot for fight, of a peculiar form.
Essential (essentialis) be∣longing to the essence or be∣ing of any thing.
Essentifical, that makes or causeth the essence or being.
Essoine, comes of the Fr. essoyné or exoiné, i. causarius miles, he that hath his pre∣sence forborn or excused up∣on any just cause, as sickness or other incumbrance. It sig∣nifies in our Common Law an alleadgement of an Excuse for him that is summoned or sought for to appear or an∣swer to an Action real, or to perform suit to a Court Ba∣ron, upon just cause of absence, &c. See more in Cowel.
Estandard. See Standard.
Estiferous (aestifer) that brings or endures heat.
Estival (aestivalis) pertain∣ing to Summer, or to the lon∣gest day in the year.
Estivate (aestivo) to sum∣mer in a place, to dwell or re∣tire to a place for the Sum∣mer season.
Estovers (from the French estovér, i. to foster) signifies in our Common Law nourish∣ment or maintenance. For example, Bracton l. 3. tract. 2. cap. 18. num. 2. useth it for that sustenance which a man, taken for Felony, is to have out of his lands or goods, for himself and his family, during his imprisonment: and the Stat. An. 6. E. 1. cap. 3. useth it for an allowance in meat or cloth. It is also used for certain allowances of wood, Page [unnumbered] to be taken out of another mans wood. Mr. West part. 2. Symbol. tit. Fines sect 26. saith, that the name of Estovers con∣tains house-boot, hey-boot and plow-boot, as if he gave in his grant these general words, de rati•nabili estoveria in boscis, &c. he may thereby claim these three. Cow.
Estreat (from the Lat. Ex∣tractum, or from the Fr. Ex∣traict) is used in our Com∣mon Law for the Copy or true note of an original wri∣ting. For example, of amer∣ciaments or penalties set down in the Rolls of a Court, to be levied by the Bailiff or other Officer, of every man for his offence. See Fitz. nat. br fol. 75. H. 1. K. and 76. a. And so it is used Westm. 2. c. 8. & 13. Ed. 1.
Estrepement or Estripa∣ment (of the Fr. Estropier, i. to maim or lame) signifies in our Common Law, spoil, or waste made by a Tenant for life upon any Lands or Woods to the prejudice or him in the reversion, as namely in the Stat. An. 6. Ed. 1. cap. 13. And sometimes it is taken for a Writ in the nature of a prohi∣tion to forbid the committing Waste. Nat. br. 60, 61.
Estuate (aestuo) to burn or parch with heat, to rage, as the Sea doth.
Esurini (esurialis) pertain∣ing to those days, whereon men forbear meat, fasting, hungry.
Esurion (esurio) an hungry fellow.
Eternize (aeterno) to make immortal or eternal.
Etesia•(etesius) belonging to the East winds, easterly.
Etherial (aethereus) per∣taining to the sky or firma∣ment, celestial.
Ethick (ethicus) moral, belonging to manners.
Ethicks, Books treating of moral Philosophy and man∣ners. Also moral Philosophers themselves are called Ethicks. As Logick intreats of the Un∣derstanding and Reason; so Ethick of the Will, Appetite and affections. Bac.
Ethiopians or Moors, the people of Aethiopia; the par∣ticulars of their opinions, wherewith they have infected the true purity, I find thus re∣gistred. 1. They use to Cir∣cumcise both males and fe∣males. 2. They baptize males forty, females eighty days af∣ter their circumcision. 3. Af∣ter the receipt of the Sacra∣ment, they are not to spit till Sun-set. 4. They profess but one Nature and one Will in Christ. 5. They accept only the three first general Coun∣cils. 6. Their Priests live only by the labour of their hands; for they allow them nothing, and permit them not to beg. 7. They rebaptise themselves every Epiphany day in Lakes and Ponds, because that day they suppose Christ to have been bap•ised by John in Jor∣dan. Heyl.
Page [unnumbered]Ethnarchy (ethnarchia) principality or rule.
Ethnick (ethnicus) hea∣thenish, ungodly, irreligious: And may be used substantive∣ly for a Heathen or Gentile.
Ethology (ethologia) the feat of counterfeiting mens manners: An interlude of a moral subject, or wherein mens manners are acted and expressed.
Etiology (aetiologia) a ren∣dring of a cause, a shewing of reason.
E•na (Aetna) a hill in the Island of Sicily, which conti∣nually sends forth flames of fire, occasioned by the abun∣dance of sulphur and brim∣ston therein contained, which is blown by the wind driving in at the chaps of the earth, as by a pair of bellows, &c. of this hill there are many Poe∣tical fictions which I omit: it •s now called Montgibal.
Etymology (etymologia ab〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, verus, and 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, sermo) the true original or derivati∣on of a word; as lepus quasi levipes.
Etymologia est resolutio vocis in verum & proprium effectum, & verbi veritatem notificat, & ob id, eam Cicero veriloquium appellat. Clau. Cantiuncula de loc. legal.
Etymological (etymologi∣cus) pertaining to Etymology.
Etymologize (etymologizo) to shew the true derivation of a word, to intrepret or ex∣pound words truly.
Evacuate (evacuo) to make empty or void, to purge. In the Rhemes Testament, Eva∣cuated from Christ, signifies, made void, and having no part with him.
Evade (evado) to escape, to pass without danger.
Evagation (evagatio) a wandring, roving or straying abroad.
Evagirate (evagino) to draw out of a sheath or scab∣bard.
Evangeliques, a sort of Re∣formers so called, appearing at, or not long after Luther in Germany.
An Evangelistary, The of∣fice of an Evangelist; also a Pulpit, or the place where the Gospel is delivered.
Evangelism (evangelismus) joyful tidings; as the Annun∣ciation of the Virgin Mary, the tidings of Christs Nati∣vity, &c.
Evangelist (evangelista) one that brings good tidings; a writer or preacher of the Gospel.
Evangelize (evangelizo) to preach the Gospel, to bring good tidings.
Evanid (evanidus) vain, de∣caying, unfruitful, frail.
Evaporate (evaporo) to breath or steam out, to send out vapors.
Evasion (evasio from eva∣do) an escaping, a shift.
Eucharist (Eucharista) pro∣perly signifies a giving of thanks. In Ecclesiasticall Page [unnumbered] writings it is taken for the Sa∣crament of the body and blood of Christ.
Eucharistical, Pertaining to the Eucharist.
Eucrasy (eucrasia) a right temperature of the body, hu∣mors and qualities.
Eudoxie (Gr.) excellency of name, good report or esti∣mation.
Eve the wife of Adam; from the Heb. Evah, i. living or gi∣ving life. Adam so called his wife, because she was the mo∣ther of every living thing.
Evection (evectio) a carry∣ing out or forth.
Eveck or Evick (Ibex) a kind of wilde Goat.
Eventerate (from è and ven∣ter) to take out the belly or paunch of any thing; also to come out of the belly. Dr. Br.
Eve•tilate (eventilo) to winnow as we do Corn; and metaphorically to sift or ex∣amine a matter throughly.
Eversion (eversio) a ruine or overthrowing.
Evertuate, to take away the vertue or strength.
Evestigate (evestigo) to seek, to follow, to hunt after.
Eugantan (euganeus) per∣taining to that people or Country, by the inner Gulf of the Adriatique Sea, towards the Alps, which belongs to the Dominion of Venice.
Eugenia (Gr) nobleness or goodness of birth or blood.
Evibration (evibratio) a shaking, brandishing, or dart∣ing.
Eviction (evictio) an over vercoming or convincing by Law.
Evince (evinco) to vanquish, to surmount, to convince; to obtain by earnest labor; also to convict and recover by Law.
Eviration (eviratio) a gel∣ding or taking away the Ge∣nitals.
Evintegrony (aevintiger) that bears age without de∣cay.
Evisceration (eviscero) to imbowel, or draw out the guts.
Evitable (evitabilis) that may be shunned or avoided.
Eviternity (aeviternitas) e∣ternity, everlastingness, im∣mortality.
Euloge or Eulogy (eulogia) a well speaking, an honest speech; a Praise or Benediction.
Eulogical (eulogicus) well-spoken.
Eunuchate or eunuchize (eunuchizo) to geld men, or to play the Eunuch, or gelded man.
Eunuchism, the state or condition of an Eunuch, the want of virility.
Eunomians, A sort of He∣reticks, who maintained, that no sin could be hurtful to one having Faith. St. Aug. Her. Cap. 54.
Evocation (evocatio) a cal∣ling out, forth, or upon; a Page [unnumbered] mustering, calling back, or withdrawing.
Evolatical (evolaticus) that flies or gads abroad.
Evolution (evolutio) a rol∣ling or tumbling out, a read∣ing over.
Euphemism (euphemismus) a good or favourable interpre∣tation of a bad word.
Euphony (euphonia) a good sound or voyce, as they use to say in Schools, Euphoniae gra∣tia, for good sound sake.
Euphorbium, A gum or tear of a strange plant grow∣ing on Mount Atlas in Lybia. It is yellowish, clear, and brit∣tle. It may be used in Oynt∣ments against Palsies, Cramps, and shrinking of sinews; but to be taken inwardly is very dangerous, unless the malice of it be well corrected, for it is exceeding hot in the fourth degree. Bull.
Euripe (Euripus) signifies generally any Strait, Fret, or Channel of the Sea, running between two shoars, as Julius Pollux defines it. But Euri∣pus Euboicus or Chalcidicus, is a narrow passage of Sea divi∣ding Attica and the Island of Euboea now called Golpho de Negroponte, which ebbs and flows seven times every day: the reason of which when A∣ristotle could not find, it is said he threw himself into the Sea with these words, Quia ego non capio te, tu capias me. But see Dr. Br. Vul. Er. fol. 364. Hence.
To Euripize, To ebb and flow, as Euripus doth, to be always in motion, to be in∣constant, to be whirled hither and thither.
Eurythmie (eurythmia) is that agreeable harmony be∣tween the bredth, length, and height of all the rooms of a Fabrick. Vitruv. l. 1. c. 2.
Europe (Europa) one of the four parts of the world, lying towards the West, con∣taing England, France, Spain, Italy, Germany, all Greece, Creet or Candy, with many o∣ther Kingdoms, great Coun∣tries and Islands. We have many opinions concerning the derivation of the word, but the most received is, that it is called Europe of Europa, King Agenors daughter, whom Jupiter (as Poets feign) in like∣ness of a Bull carried over Sea into the Island Candy. Bull.
Eustace (eustachius) stand∣ing firm, constant: a proper name.
Eutaxie (eutaxia) good order, placing or disposing. Apol. for learning.
Euthanasie (Gr.) a happy death. Bac.
Euterpe, one of the Muses.
Euthymie (euthymia) secu∣rity, quiet, hearts-ease.
Eutrapelize (from Eutra∣pelia) to treat civilly, or use courteously. Four Ages.
Eutychians followers of the Arch Heretick Eutyches, who, about the year of Christ 443. in time of Pope Leo the first, and Theodosius the second Page [unnumbered] Emperor, dogmatized, that there was but one nature in Christ, that Christ was not truely born of the Virgin Ma∣ry, with many other absurd errors against Faith.
Evulsion (evulsio) a pluck∣ing up.
Exacerate (exacero) to purge from chaff.
Exacinate (exacino) to pull or press out the kernels.
Exacution (exacutio) the pointing or making a thing sharp.
Exaggerate (exaggero) to heap up together, to increase or amplify.
Exagitate (exagito) to trouble, chide, to discuss, to stir up or move.
Ex-amussim (Lat) exact∣ly, justly, according to rule.
Exanguious (exanguis) without blood, dead, fearful, pale. Vul. Er.
Exanimate (exanimo) to trouble in mind, to astonish, to kill.
Exanthems (exanthemata) the Small-pox, wheals or pushes in a mans skin, Measles.
Exantlate (exantlo) to draw out, to empty, to sustain or suffer, to overcome with great pain. Dr. Charleton.
Exarate (exaro) to dig or plow up, also to write with the pen or engrave.
Exarch (Exarchus) a Vice-Emperor, a Lieutenant of the Empire.
Exarchy or Exarchate, The chief place of dignity un∣der the Emperor, the Lieute∣nancy of the Empire.
Exariculate (exarticulo) to put out of joynt.
Exartuate (exartuo) to carve as meat is carved, to quarter as the hangman doth.
Exasperat (exaspero) to make sharp, to vex or make angry.
Exaturate (exaturo) to fill an hungry stomack, to satisfie a greedy mind.
Exauctorate or Exauctorat (exauctoro) to put out of pay, ser∣vice or office.
Exaugurate (exauguro) to unhallow, to prophane.
Exausp•cate (exauspico) to have ill luck, to do a thing un∣fortunately.
Excalfaction (excalfactio) a heating, chafing or warming.
Excambion (from Cambio) an Exchange. Spots.
Excandescency (excandes∣centia) anger soon come and gone.
Excavation (excavatio) a making hollow. Sir H.W.
Execation (excaecatio) a blinding or making blind.
Excelsity (excelsitas) height, loftiness.
Excentrick (excentricus) that moveth out of its Center, or that hath no Center. Ex∣centrick Orbes, are those circles in heaven, which have not their center in the Center of the earth.
Excentricity, the being out of Center.
Page [unnumbered]Exceptor (Lat.) he that write ones words as he speaks them; a gatherer.
Excety (excerpo) to pick out or choose.
Excern (excerno) to sift, to purge, to seirce, to bolt. Bac.
Excision (excisio) a break∣ing down, a wasting or de∣stroying.
Excitate (excito) to stir up, to encourage.
Exclusion (exclusio) a shut∣ting out, a debarring.
Exclusory (exclusorius) that hath power to exclude or shut out.
Excommunication (ex∣communicatio) is thus defined by Panormitan: Excommunica∣tio est nihil aliud quàm censura à Canone vel Judice Ecclesiastico prolata & inflicta, privans legi∣tima communione sacramento∣rum, & quandoque hominum: And it is divided in majorem & minorem: Minor est per quam quis à sacramentorum participa∣tione conscientia vel sententia arcetur. Major quae non solum à Sacramentorum, verumetiam fi∣delium communione excludit, & ab omni actu legitimo separat & dividit. Venatorius de Sent. Excom. Excommunication is a Censure inflicted by the Ca∣non or Ecclesiastick Judge, depriving the person offend∣ing or the lawful Communi∣on or the Sacraments, and sometimes of the liberty even of conversing with the faith∣ful.
Excoriate (excorio) to pluck off the skin or hide, to flay or fret the skin off. How.
Excreable (excreabilis) that may be voided by spitting or retching.
Excrement (excrementum) the dregs of digestion made in the body, the offal or refuse of any thing.
Excrementous Excrementitious pertain∣ing to the excrements or refuse of nature or other thing, dreggy, filthy, full of excrements.
Excrescence (from excresco) the unnatural swelling or growing out of a thing, as of a wart, wen, &c.
Excretion (excretio) the voiding of excrements or su∣perfluity in the body.
Excrutiate (excrucio) to torment or vex.
Exculca•(exculco) to tread, trample or kick up.
Exculcate (exculpo, as) to clear ones self of a fault.
Excuriate (excurio) to throw out of the Court.
Excursion (excursio) a skirmish, an invasion or in∣road, a digression in speech, a running out.
Excusatory (excusatorius) pertaining to excuse, excusing.
Excussion (excussio) a di∣ligent inquisition or examina∣tion; a shaking off, a casting off or out.
Execation (execatio) a cutting forth or away.
Execrable (execrabilis) cur∣sed, detestable, horrible.
Execration (execratio) a Page [unnumbered] cursing or banning; a wishing of mischief to come.
Executor (Lat.) one that executes or does a thing. But more particularly 'tis he that is appointed by any man in his last Will and Testament to have the disposing of all his substance according to the contents of the said Will. See more of this in the Office of Executors.
Exemplat (Lat.) a person or thing containing an ex∣ample to follow or eschew; As Cicero is exemplar, and his Eloquence exemplum.
Exemplifie (exemplifico) to give an example or copy.
Exemption (exemptio) a taking away, an exception or priviledging.
Exenterate (exentero) to pull out the garbish or guts of a thing, to unbowel or empty.
Exequies (exequiae) funeral solemnities at a Burial, so called (à sequendo) because the Corps go first, and the multi∣tude follows.
Exequial (exequialis) that brings or pertains to a Fu∣neral.
Exercitate (exercito) to exercise often, to use much.
Exercitation (exercitatio) use, custom, practice.
Exert (exertus) shewed or put forth, standing out; open, drawn.
Exesion (exesio) a gnaw∣ing or eating up, a consu∣ming.
Ex•a•e (exhalo) to breath out, to cast forth a breath or fume; also to give up.
Exhalation (exhalatio) a fumy smoak, hot and dry, drawn out of the Earth by the heat of the Sun, which being inflamed, is the mate∣rial cause of divers fiery im∣pressions in the Air, and be∣ing thin and lighter then a vapor, is carried up even to the highest Region. Goodly Gallery.
Ex•armonians, discords, or dissonances in musick.
Exhausted (exhaustus) drawn out, emptied, consu∣med.
Exhibite (exhibeo) to set abroad, to present, to give, to shew it self.
Exhibition (exhibitio) a giving, deliverance or preser∣vation; a gift or allowance.
Exhil•r•re (exhilaro) to make one merry, to refresh.
Exhilaration (says my Lord Bacon) has some affinity with joy, though it be a much light∣er motion. Nat. hist. 151.
Ex•guity (exiguitas) little∣ness, scarceness, slenderness.
Exigen•(exigens) a strait∣ness, narrowness, distress or necessity. Also a Writ which lyes, where a man brings a personal Action, and the De∣fendant cannot be found, nor hath any thing within the County, whereby he may be attached or destrained, then this Writ shall go forth to the Sheriff to make Proclamation Page [unnumbered] at five Counties one after ano∣ther, that if he appear not, he shall be out-lawed; and if he be out-lawed then all his Goods and Chattels are forfeit to the King. In an Indict∣ment of Felony, the Exigent shall go forth after the first Ca∣pias. And there are four Ex∣igenters who are Officers in the Common-Pleas, that make out these Exigents.
Exiguo•s (exiguus) little, small, slender
Exilition (from exilio) a leaping or going out hastily.
Exility (exilitas) slender∣ness, leanness, smalness.
Exile (exilium) banishment.
Eximious (eximius) ex∣cellent, singular, choice.
Eximiety (eximitas) excel∣lency.
Exinanited (exinanitus) pilled, robbed, emptied, ex∣ceedingly abased, reduced to nothing.
Exinanition (exinanitio) an emptying, an evacuation, a bringing to nothing.
Existimate (existimo) to suppose, to judge, to think or deem.
Exit (the third person of exeo, to go out) he went forth or departed out, he ended; and is sometimes used Sub∣stantively.
Exitial Exitious (exitiosus) mis∣chievous, dan∣gerous, baneful, deadly, de∣structive.
Exodus (Gr. ab〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i. extra out, and 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i. via, a way) a going forth or departing out. The second Book of the Old Testament is so called, because it treats of the people of Is∣raels going out of the Land of Egypt. Min.
Exoine (Fr.) an excuse; a discharge of, or toleration for absence, upon a lawful cause alledged. See Essoine.
Exolete (exoletus) past, grown out of use, worn out, stale.
Exolution (exolutio) a full and perfect payment; also a faintness or looseness of all the parts of the body.
Exonerate (exonero) to un∣load, to ease, to dispatch.
Exoptable (exoptabilis) to be desired or wished.
Exorable (exorabilis) easie to be entreated.
Exorbitate (exorbito) to go out of the right way, to be irregular.
Exorbitancies (exorbitan∣tiae) things out of order, rule, or measure, extravagancies.
Exorcis•(exorcizo) to ad∣jure; to charge the devil in the name of God, or by the re∣verence that is due to holy things, to do the will of him that Exorciseth.
Exorcism (exorcismus) ad∣juration; prayers used by the Church against the power of the devil.
Exorcist (exorcista) one, who by a special gift of God, calls foul spirits out of the bodies of those who are pos∣sessed with them.
Page [unnumbered]Exordium (Lat.) a begin∣ning an entrance.
Exornate (exorno) to gar∣nish, to adorn, to make fair.
Exortive (exortivus) that pertains to rising, or the East part.
Exosseous (exossus) without bones, that hath no bones.
Exoster (exostra) an anti∣ent Engine for war; now u∣sed for a Petard to blow open a Port or Gate.
Exotetick, was that part of Aristotles doctrine which conduced to Rhetorick, Medi∣tation, nice Disputes, and the knowledge of Civil things. Yet I have read Exoterick Books (libri Exoterici) to con∣sist of plain ordinary matter.
Exotick (exoticus) foraign, strange, barbarous, outlandish.
Expand (expando) to de∣clare or utter; to display or spread abroad.
Expansion (expansio) a dis∣playing, an opening, a spread∣ing forth.
Ex-parte (Lat.) partly, in part, or of one part; but in the Court of Chancery it hath this signification; a joynt Commission is that wherein both Plaintiff and Defendant joyn; a Commission Ex parte, is that which is taken out by one party onely.
Expatiate (expatior, aris) to wander, to stray, to spread abroad.
Expectable (from expecto) that may be expected or look∣ed for.
Expedient (from expedio) is used both Substantively and Adjectively: Substantively it is a help or fit means to pre∣vent further mischief, or com∣pass any matter; Adjectively, it signifies, fit, helping, fur∣thering, necessary.
Expeditate (from ex, and pes, to unfoot) is a word u∣sual in the Forrest Laws, o∣therwise called Lawing of Dogs, signifying, to cut out the balls of Dogs feet, or (as some will have it) to cut off by the skin, the three claws of the forefoot on the right side for the preservation of the Kings game. Charta Forestae ca. 6. Every one that kept any great dogs not expeditated, did for∣feit to the King three shillings and four pence Cromp. Juris. fol. 152. and Manwood, part. 1. fol. 205. and 212.
Expedite (expedio) to dis∣patch, to discharge, to pre∣pare. to bring to pass.
Experiment (experimentum) use, practice, proof or trial.
Exp•ble (expiabilis) that may be purged or satisfied for.
Exp•ate (expio) to paci∣fie with prayer, to purge by Sacrifice, to make amends or satisfaction for.
Exp•(expiatio) a pa∣cifying with prayer, a recom∣pence or making amends.
The Feast of Expiation (a∣mong the antient Hebrews) was commanded to be cele∣brated on the tenth day of the moneth Tisri, answering Page [unnumbered] to our September, Lev. 13. It was so called, because the High Priest did then confess unto God both his own sins and the sins of the people, and by the performance of certain Rites, and Ceremonies, expi∣ate them, and make an atone∣ment with God for them.
Explement (explementum) a thing that fills up or accom∣plishes.
Expletive (expletivus) that fills a place, or makes perfect; fulfilling or making up.
Explicate (explico) to unfold, display, declare or expound.
Explicit (explicitus) un∣folded, declared, ended.
Explode (explodo) publick∣ly to disgrace, or drive out by hissing or clapping of hands.
Explorement Exploration (exploratio) a search, a trial or searching out.
Explosion (explosio) a cast∣ing of or rejecting, a hissing a thing out.
Expolition (expolitio) a trim∣ing, polishing or burnishing.
Ex post-facto (Lat.) a Law term, and signifies the doing something after another; or the doing something after the time wherein it should have been done.
Expostulate (expostulo) to require, also to complain, to quarrel in words, to find him self grieved.
Exprobration (exprobratio) a reproach or upbraiding.
Expugnable (expugnabilis) pregnable, which may be for∣ced or won by force.
Expugnation (expugnatio) a conquering or winning by assault.
Expuition (expuitio) a spit∣ting forth.
Expulsion (expulsio) an expelling, banishing or put∣ting forth.
Expumicate (expumico) to polish or smooth with a pu∣mice stone, to purge or make clean.
Expunge (expungo) to put, cross, or blot out.
Exquisite (exquisitus) much searched for, singular, curious, exact.
Exsufflation, a breathing out or upon.
Extant (extans) which appears above others, standing out, which is in being.
Extancy (extantia) a standing up, or appearing a∣bove others.
Extacy. See Ecstacy.
Extemporality (extempo∣ralitas) a promptness, or rea∣diness without premeditation or study.
Extempore (Lat.) out of hand, on a sudden, without premeditation.
Extemporaneous Extemporary (extem∣porari∣us) sudden, speedy, without premeditation.
Extend (extendo) to stretch out, enlarge or prolong. It signifies in our Common Law, to seize and value the Lands or Tenements of one bound by Statute, &c. that hath forfeited his bond, to Page [unnumbered] such an indifferent rate, as by yearly rent the obligor may in time be paid his debt. The course and circumstance of this see in Fitz. nat. br. fol. 131. Brief•d execut. sur. stat. Merch.
Extensible (extensibilis) w•ich may be extended or drawn out in length.
Extensive (extensivus) that may be stretched out, or made long.
Extent (from extendo) hath two significations, sometimes signifying a Writ or Commis∣sion to the Sheriff for the valuing of Lands or Tene∣ments. Regist. Judicial in the Table. Sometimes the act of the Sheriff or other Commis∣sioner, upon this Writ. Brook. tit. Extent. fol. 313.
Extenuate (éxtenuo) to di∣minish, to make less, to un∣dervalue.
Extercorate (extercoro) to carry forth dung or ordure, to cleanse.
Exteriour (exterior) more outward, in a lower place or degree.
Exterminate (extermino) to drive or cast out, to banish, to ruine, to destroy.
External (externus) out∣ward, strange, foreign.
Exterraneous or Extra∣neous (exterraneus) strange, of another Land or Country.
Extersion (extersio) a wi∣ping out.
Extimate (extimus) the outmost or last, the contra∣ry to intimate.
Extimulate (extimulo) to prick forward, to stir up or encourage.
Extinct (extinctus) quench∣ed, put out, appeased, dead.
Extirpate (extirpo) to pluck up by the roots.
Extispicious (from extispi∣cium) pertaining to South-saying by the intrals of beasts.
Extorsion (extorsio) ex∣action, a wreathing or wring∣ing out or from. In our Com∣mon Law it signifies an un∣lawful or violent wringing of money or moneys worth from any man. For example, if any Officer, by terrifying any Subject in his Office, take more then his ordinary duties, he commits, and is inditable of Extorsion. To this may be referred the exaction of un∣lawful Usury, winning by un∣lawful Games, excessive Toll in Milners, &c. See more in Cromp. Just. of P. fo. 48, 49, 50.
Extort (extoqueo) to take away by force, to wrest away by violence.
Extract Extraction (extractio) a drawing out, a breviate or abridgment, also a draught or copy.
Extramission (extramis∣sio) a sending out, or beyond.
Extraneous. See Exterra∣neus.
Extravasal (from extra and vas) that is besides or out of the vessel.
Extricable (extricabilis) which a man may rid himself of or from.
Page [unnumbered]Extricate (extrico) to rid out, to deliver to shake off all lets.
Extrinsecal (extrinsecus) outward, on the outside, out of the matter.
Extroversion, a turning outwards: In mystical Divi∣nity it is a scattering or di∣stracting ones thoughts upon exterior objects.
Extrude (extrudo) to thrust or drive out, to hasten forth.
Extuberate (extubero) to swell much, to rise up like a bunch, also to make to swell.
Extumescence (from extu∣mesco) a swelling or rising up.
Exuberancy (exuberantia) abundance, plenty.
Exuberate (exubero) to a∣bound, to be plentiful, to bear in great abundance.
Exuccous (exuceus) with∣out juyce. Vul. Er.
Exudate (exudo) to send forth liquor, to sweat or drop out.
Exulcerate (exulcero) to make sore, to vex, to fret, to raise blisters.
Exuge (exugo) to suck up, to drink up.
Exulate (exulo) to be ba∣nished to live in exile.
Exult (exulto) to rejoyce greatly, to triumph over one, to leap for joy.
Exultation (exultatio) a re∣joycing, leaping for joy, a triumphing.
Exuperable (exuperabilis) that may be exceeded, passed, or got over.
Exustion (exustio) a burn∣ing or parching.
Eyre (comes of the old Fr. word Erre, a journey) signifies (in Briton. ca. 2.) the Court of Justices Itenerants. And Ju∣stices in Eyre, are those one∣ly, which Bracton in many places calls (Justiciarios Iti∣nerantes) Of the Eyre, read Britton ubi supra, who expres∣ses the whole course of it. And Bracton l. 3. tract. 2. ca. 1, and 2. The Eyre also of the Forest is nothing but the Justice-Seat otherwise called; which is, or should by antient custom be held every third year by the Justices of the Forest jour∣neying up and down to that purpose. Cromptons Jurisd. fo. 156. Manwood part. 1. pag. 121, &c.
Ezechias (Hebr.) strength of the Lord.
Ezechiel (Heb.) seeing the Lord.
FAbal (fabalis) of or be∣longing to a beam.
Fabellator (Lat.) he that feigns or invents tales.
The difference betwixt fa∣bellator and fabulator, can be no other then that betwixt fabella and fabula; this signi∣fying a fable or tale, that a short or little tale.
Fabrick (fabrica) a Shop, or Work-house wherein any Page [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page [unnumbered] thing is framed; the art of framing or making, building, or proportioning. It is most commonly used for a building or a thing artificially made.
Fabricate (fabrico) to make, to build, to invent.
Fabricator (Lat.) a framer, or inventer, a builder.
Fabulator (Lat.) a teller of tales or fables, a Fabulist.
Fabulosity (fabulositas) an addition to, or custom of tel∣ling lies or tales, fulness of lies.
Fabulous (fabulosus) full of lyes or fables.
Facade (Fr.) the fore-front, forepart, outside or represen∣tation of the outside of a house. Merc. Ital.
Facetious (facetosus) full of mirth and pleasantness.
Facile (facilis) light, easie, quick, gentle.
Facility (facilitas) easiness, gentleness, courtesie.
Facinorous (facinorosus) full of naughty acts, attempt∣ing soul deeds, villanous.
Fact (factum) a deed, a work, a thing done or made.
Factitious (factitius) coun∣terfeited, made to the likeness of any thing.
Factor (Lat.) a doer or maker; It is commonly used for him that buys and sells for a Merchant, or that looks to his business, in his absence.
Facture (factura) the ma∣king or doing a thing.
Faculent (faculentus) bright or clear.
Faculty (facultas) power to do or speak, promptness. And of these there are three, which govern man, and are distributed into the whole body, namely, Animal, Vital, and Natural: The Animal Fa∣culty is that which sends feel∣ing and motion to all the bo∣dy, from the brain by sinews, and nourisheth the Under∣standing; The Vital Faculty gives life from the heart by Arteries to all the body; The Natural Faculty gives nourish∣ment to all the parts of the body, from the Liver by Veins, &c. Vigon.
In our Common Law it is used for a priviledge or espe∣cial power granted to a man by favor, indulgence and dis∣pensation, to do that which by the Common Law he can∣not: As to eat flesh upon days prohibited; to marry without Banes first asked; to hold two or more Ecclesiastical Livings; the Son to succeed the Father in a Benefice, and such like. And for granting these, there was a particular Officer under the Archbishop of Canterbury, called, the Master of the Fa∣culties. Cow.
Facundity (facunditas) e∣loquence.
Facundious (facundosus) full of eloquence.
Facundate (facundo) to make eloquent or pleasant.
Faddom, is a measure of six foot by which Seamen mea∣sure the depth of water, and length of Cables.
Page [unnumbered]Faitors, seems to be a French word antiquated or some∣thing traduced. For the mo∣dern French is (faiseur, i. fact∣or) It is used in the Stat. A. 7. R. 2. cap. 5. And in the evil part signifying a bad doer. Or it may not improbably be interpreted an idle liver, taken from (faitardise) which sig∣nifies a kind of numb or slee∣py disease, proceeding of too much sluggishness, which the Latins call (Veternus) for in the said Statute it seems to be a Synonymon to Vagabond.
Falarick (falaricus) per∣taining to a kinde of dart thrown out of Towers be∣sieged.
Falcator (Lat.) he that cuts with a Bill or Hook.
Falcation (falcatio) a mow∣ing or cutting with Bill or Hook. Vul. Er.
Falchon or short Sword, from the Lat. falce, i. a hook, quod (ut scribit Herodot. l. 5.) gladiolus iste à femore suspendi solitus, in dorso falcis instar in∣curvus esset; because it turns up somewhat like a hook.
Falcidian Law, a Law a∣mong the Romans so called, because made in the time of the Consulship of Falcidius; which Law intreated of the liberty which every Citizen of Rome ought to have in the disposal of his goods.
Falciferous (falcifer) that carries or bears a hook or Bill.
Falernian Wine, Musca∣dine; So called from a field called Falernus in Campania, which abounds with those ex∣cellent Grapes that make this wine.
Fallacy (fallacia) deceit, a crafty device, guile or fraud.
Fallaciloquence (fallacilo∣quentia) deceitful speech.
Fallax (Lat.) deceitful, be∣guiling, counterfeit. L. Bacon makes it a Substantive, when he says (here lies the Fallax) i. the deceit, or the thing that's apt to deceive.
Famicide (famicida) a slan∣derer or destroyer of ones good name.
Falouque (Fr.) a Barge or kinde of Barge-like boat, that has some five or six Oars on a side. See Brigantine.
Falsification (falsificatio) a falsifying, a forging, adulte∣rating, sophisticating.
Famigerate (famigero) to blaze abroad, to report.
Familiar (familiaris) a spirit or god of the houshold among the Heathens. Also in Spain there is a kind of a Ser∣geant or Sumner so called be∣longing to the Inquisition.
Family of Love, or Fami∣lism, a blasphemous Heresie broached by one Hen. Nicholas of Amsterdam about the year 1550. He maintained, that Christ is already come in his glo∣ry to judge, &c. And that the Seat or Throne of judgment whereon Christ sits, is the Community of the Family of Love, whereof the said H.N. is the eldest Fa∣ther; and that he and they are Page [unnumbered] Godded with God, and God man∣ned with them, &c. These Fa∣milsts are now conceived to be turned into those we call Ranters.
Fanal. See Fane.
Fanatick (fanaticus) mad, foolish, inspired with prophe∣tical fury.
Fane(from the Gr. 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, i ostendo, Fr. Fanal) a wea∣thercock, to shew the station of the wind. First invented by Andronicus Cirrestes at A∣thens. Pol. Virg. Also the Lan∣tern of a Ship or Gally.
Fannel (Fr. Fanon) a scarf-like Ornament worn about the left Arm of a sacrificing Priest. See Maniple.
Fannian Law, a Law a∣mong the Romans, repressing excessive banquets, enacted in the Consulship of Fannius, and therefore so called.
Fantome. See Phantome.
Fanus (deus anni) a Hea∣then god whom the Phenici∣ans expressed by a Dragon with her tail in her mouth, to shew how the years run round.
Farce (Fr.) a fond and dis∣solute Play, or Comedy; also the Jig at the end of an In∣terlude, wherein some pretty knavery is acted; also any stuffing in meat.
Farced (farcitus) stuffed or filled.
Farcinate (farcino) to stuff.
Farragirous (from farra∣go, inis) that is mixed with sundry grains together, or with good and bad. Vul. Er.
Farinaceous or Farinous (farinaceus) mealy or full of meal, bemealed, beflowred.
Farreation (farreatio) a Sacrifice whereby Priests con∣firmed marriage.
Farsang, is three of our English miles, or a League a∣mong the Persians. Herb. tra.
Fasciate (fascio) to swad∣dle or bind.
Fascicular (facicularis) be∣longing to a bundle or fardel.
Fasciculate, To tye up into a bundle or fascicle.
Fascicle (fasciculus) a handful bound together; a packet; also any thing carri∣ed in the hand to smell.
Fascinate (fascino) to be∣witch, to forespeak, or in∣chant.
Fascination, A bewitching, a charm, a forespeaking. Fas∣cination is the power and in∣tensitive act of the imaginati∣on upon the body of another.
Fa•tidious (fastidiosus) disdainful, loathing, soon of∣fended.
Fastigate Fastigiate (fastigio) to raise up, or grow up to a sharp top.
Fas•s, A strong hold, an inaccessible place. Bac.
Fastuosity (fastuositas) dis∣dain, pride.
Fatality (from fatum) fa∣talness; also unavoidableness, as of a thing appointed by de∣stiny. Cotg.
Fate (fatum) destiny, that Page [unnumbered] which must of necessity come to pass by Gods secret ap∣pointment.
Fatal (fatalis) pertaining to destiny or fate.
Fatidical (fatidicus) that telleth fortunes or destinies.
Fatiferous (fatifer) that brings fate or destiny.
Fatigable (from fatigo) which may be wearied or tired.
Fatigate (fatigo) to make weary, to trouble much.
Fatigue (Fr.) weariness, tediousness, trouble, toyl; as we say the Fatigues of war or of a long journey.
Fatiloquent (fatiloquus) that soothsaith or prophecieth.
Fatuate (fatuor) to play the fool.
Fatuity, (fatuitas) foolish∣ness, blockishness, idiotism.
Favaginous (from favus) like or full of honey, or honey comb.
Faunes (Fauni) Gods of the fields and woods.
Faunick (faunicus) wild, woodish, rude.
Favontan (Favonius) per∣taining to the west-wind, fa∣vorable.
Faustity (faustitas) good luck, happiness.
Fautor (Lat.) a favorer, a furtherer, or maintainer.
Fautresse (fautrix) she that favors or maintains.
Fealty, (of the Fr. feaulte, i. fidelitas) signifies in our Com∣mon Law an oath taken at the admittance of every Tenant, to be true to the Lord of whom he holds his Land. And he that holds Land by this oath of fealty, onely holds in the freest manner that any man in Engl. under the King may hold. Because all with us that have Fee, hold per fidem & fiduciam, that is, by fealty at the least, Smith de Repub. Anglor. l. 3. c. 8. Act 1656. c. 4.
Feasible (Fr. faisable) ef∣fectable, which may be perfor∣med, acted or done.
Febricitate (febricito) to be sick-of a Feaver, or Ague.
Febriculous (febriculosus) that hath or is subject to a Feaver.
Februate (februo) to purge Souls by Sacrifice or Prayer.
Fecial (faecialis) pertain∣ing to the Herald that denoun∣ceth war or peace: The man∣ner was thus; The Faecialis carried a Lance or Spear head∣ed with Iron, and half burnt with fire, and strewed herbs all the way in sign of peace, even to the confines of those against whom he was to me∣nace war; there in the pre∣sence of three men of good years, declared, that he and the people of Rome did denounce war against them, &c. And then threw the Lance as far as he could upon their ground. When they proclaimed Peace, the Faecialis took up a stone in his hand, which (after cer∣tain solemn words pronoun∣ced, and those to be read in Godwins Anthol. lib. 4. cap. 1.) Page [unnumbered] he cast out of his hand, &c. And of these Foeciales or He∣ralds, there were in Rome a Colledge of twenty, the prin∣cipal of them was Pater pa∣tratus.
Feculency (foeculentia) filthiness, fulness of dregs.
Feculent (foeculentus) soul, unclean, loathsom, full of dregs.
Fecundity (foecunditas) plenty, fertility, abundance.
Fedity (foeditas) filthiness, foulness, dishonesty.
Feid, Feed or Feud, Is that ill custom which hath been much used in Scotland, and the North of England, viz. a com∣bination of kindred, to re∣venge the death of any of their blood against the killer, and all his race. These dead∣ly Feids, King James in his Basilicon Doron, advised his son to redress with all care possible. The word signifies hatred. See Feud.
Fee (feodum, alias feudum) is in our Law an equivocal word, but most usually taken for an estate of inheritance in Lands to one and his Heirs for ever, or to one and the heirs of his body. But it is also used for the compass or extent of a Mannor; and in the com∣mon acceptance, the word is well known.
Fee-farm, is when a Te∣nant holds of his Lord in Fee-simple, paying him a yearly rent, to half or a third part of the value of the Land, more or less.
Fee-simple (feodum sim∣plex) is when any person holds Lands or Rent to him and his Heirs for ever; and these words his Heirs make the Estate of inheritance; for if Land be given to a man for ever, yet he hath but an Estate for life.
Feisible. See Feasible.
Fellifluous (fellifluus) flow∣ing of the Gall.
Felicitae•(felicito) to make prosperous or hapyy. Felth. And I have read Felicify.
Felicitous (from felix) happy, or made happy.
Felion (from fel, i. choler or grief of mind) an angry blister or wheal, most com∣monly on the finger or thumbs end.
Felo de se, Is he that com∣mits Felony by murthering himself. See Crompt. Just. of Peace, fo. 28. and Lamb. Eiren. l. 2. c. 7. p. 243.
Feloqur. See Falouque.
Fencemonth, is a moneth wherein it is unlawful to hunt in the Forest, because the fe∣male Deer fawn in this month, which begins fifteen days be∣fore Midsomer, and ends fif∣teen days after. So that to this moneth there are 31 days assigned. See Manwood part. 1. of his Forest Laws, p. 80. but more at large part. secunda, c. 13. per totum.
Fenestral (fenestralis) be∣longing to a window.
Felony (felonia) seems to come of the Fr. felonnie, i. im∣petuositas, Page [unnumbered] atrocitas, immiseri∣cordia. We account any of∣fence Felony that is in degree next to petty Treason, and compriseth divers particulars under it, as Murther, Theft, killing of a mans self, Sodomy, Rape, wilful burning of houses, and divers such like, which are to be gathered, especially out of Statutes, whereby ma∣ny offences are daily made Fe∣lony, that before were not. Felony is discern'd from lighter offences, by this, that the pu∣nishment thereof is death; Howbeit Petit Larceny (which is the stealing of any thing under the value of twelve pence) is Felony, as appears by Brook. tit. Coron. n. 2. His reason is, because the Indict∣ment against such a one must run with these words, felo∣nicè cepit, and yet this is not punished by death, though it be loss of goods. A man may call that Felony, which is under petit Treason, and pu∣nished by death. And of this there are two sorts: one ligh∣ter, that for the first time may be relieved by Clergy; ano∣ther that may not; and these are to be known by the Sta∣tutes; for Clergy is allowed where it is not expresly taken away. Vid. Stanf. l. 1. pl. Cor. à fine cap. 2. usque ad 39. Lamb. Just. P. l. 2. cap. 7. and Crompt. J.P. fol. 32, &c.
Feminine (foemininus) of the female kinde.
Feneration (foeneratio) u∣sury, or the practice thereof.
Feneratitious (foeneratitius) taken or given to usury, or pertaining thereto.
Feodarie, alias Feudarie, alias Feudatarie (feudatarius) was an Officer authorised and made by the Master of the Court of Wards and Liveries, by Letters Patents under the Seal of that Office; his Functi∣on was to be present with the Escheator at the finding any Office, to give evidence for the King, as well concerning the value as the tenure, to sur∣vey the Land of the Ward, after the Office found, and to rate it; he was also to assign the Kings widows their Dow∣ers, and to receive all the Rents of the Wards Lands, within his Circuit, and to answer them to the Receiver of the Court of Wards and Li∣veries. This Office is mention∣ed, An. 32. H. 8. cap. 46.
Feofment (from the Got∣tish word feudum, and signifies Donationem feudi) is in our Common Law any gift or grant of any Honors, Castles, Manors, Messuages, Lands or other corporal & immoveable things of like nature, to ano∣ther in Fee-simple, by the de∣livery of seism, and possession of the thing given, whether the gift be made by word or writing; and when it is in writing it is called a Deed of Feofment, and in every Feof∣ment the giver is called the Feoffer, and he that receives Page [unnumbered] by vertue thereof, the Feoffee; And Littleton says, that the proper difference between a Feoffer and Donor, is, that the Feoffer gives in Fee-simple, and the Donor in Fee-tayl.
Feracity (feracitas) fruit∣fulness.
Feral (feralis) deadly, mor∣tal, dangerous, lamentable.
Ferial (ferialis) of or be∣longing to holy days, idle, va∣cant, unimployed.
Feriation (feriatio) quiet∣ness, idleness.
Ferient (feriens) striking, hitting or knocking.
Ferine (ferinus) wild as a beast.
Ferit (Ital. ferite) a wound or blow.
Ferity (feritas) cruelty, fierceness.
Fermentarious (fermentari∣us) made of leaven, leavened.
Ferment (fermentum) leaven.
Fermented Fermentated leavened, puffed up.
Fermentation (fermenta∣tio) a fastning or setling; a leavening, as of bread; a mix∣ing or incorporating; also a working, as of Ale or Beer.
Ferocious (from ferox, ocis) fierce, harsh, cruel, proud, haughty.
Ferocity (ferocitas) fierce∣ness, harshness, cruelty.
Feronia, a Goddess of the Woods.
Ferrean (ferreus) of iron, iron-like; also hard-hearted, cruel.
Ferried (from fero or ferre) born or carried; as ferried o∣ver a River.
Ferruginous (ferruginosus) like to or of the colour of rusty iron.
Ferruminate (ferrumino) to soulder or fasten together, properly in matters of iron.
Fertility (fertilitas) fruit∣fulness, abundance.
Fertilize (Fr. fertilizer) to make fertile, fruitful or rank; also to increase or grow fruitful.
Fervent (fervens) Fervid (fervidus) scald∣ing, burning, fierce, vehement.
Ferular (ferula) a wooden Instrument, wherewith the Master strikes boys hands in Schools for correction; called also a Palmer.
Fervor (Lat.) a burning heat, earnestness, vehemency of passion.
Fesse point (from the Lat. Fascia) the middle part of an Escutecheon whose breadth is divided into three even parts.
Fessitude (fessitudo) wea∣riness, tiredness.
Festinate (festino) to make haste, to do a thing speedily.
Festivous (festivus) merry, pleasant, delightful, provo∣king mirth, pertaining to ho∣ly days.
Festivity (festivitas) mirth, pleasantness, a good grace.
Festucous (from festuca) belonging to a young tender sprig or stalk of a tree or herb from the root upward.
Fetiferous (foetifer) fruit∣ful, Page [unnumbered] that brings forth fruit or young.
Feuid (foetidus) stinking, filthy, ill-smelling.
Fetor (foetor) a stink or ill-savor.
Feud or Feid, or deadly Feud (feuda) a profession of an unquenchable hatred, till we be revenged even by the death of our enemy: and is dedu∣ced from the German word Feid, which (as Hotoman saith in verbis feudalibus) modo bel∣lum, modo capitales inimicitias significat. This word is used 43. El. c. 13. See Feid.
Feudal (Fr.) of or belong∣ing to a Fief, Manor, Fee or Fee-simple; also held in Fief or in Fee. Cotg.
Feudary. See Feodary.
Feud-boote (Sax. Faehth-bote) a recompence for enga∣ging in a Feud or Faction, and for the damages consequent; it being the custom of antient times for all the kindred to engage in their Kinsmans quarrel; according to that of Tacitus, de Morib. German. Sus∣cipere tam inimicitias, seu pa∣tris, seu propinqui, quam amici∣tias necesse est. Sax. Dict.
Feudist, One that bears a feud or enmity; also one that writes of Fees & Inheritances.
Feuge. See Fugue.
Fewmets or Fewmishing, the dung of a Deer.
Fiants (Fr. fiens) the dung of a Fox or Badger; a term of hunting.
Fibers (fibrae) the small threads, or hair-like strings of roots; also the threads or strings of Muscles and Veins.
Fibrous (fibrosus) full of hair-like threads or strings.
Fibulate (fibulo) to joyn, or fasten together.
Fictile (fictilis) earthen, or made of earth. Bac.
Fictitious (fictitius) dissem∣bled, feigned, counterfeit.
Fideicide, a Faith-destroyer; a breaker of word or trust.
Fideicommissor (Lat.) he that commits a thing to the disposure of another.
Fidejussor (Lat.) a Surety for another in a mony matter.
Fidius, the god of faithful∣ness, and Son of Jupiter.
Fiduciary (fiduciarius) ta∣ken substantively, is a Feoffee