Naked popery, or, The naked falshood of a book called The Catholick naked truth, or, The Puritan convert to apostolical Christianity, written by W.H. opening their fundamental errour of unwritten tradition, and their unjust description of the Puritans, the prelatical Protestant, and the papist, and their differences, and better acquainting the ignorant of the same difference, especially what a Puritan and what a papist is
Baxter, Richard, 1615-1691.
Page  [unnumbered]



WHether Christ hath not left us sure and easie notice what the Christian Religion is: what it is, and how delivered to us, in three degrees. 1. The Essentials generally in the Sacramental Covenant. 2. The Expositi∣on of the Essentials in three summaries, the Creed, Lords Prayer and Decalogue. 3. The Essentials, Integrals and needful Accidentals in the whole Canonical Scripture. p. 1, &c.

Our Confession, Articles, Books, and Sermons are but the expressions of our Subjective Religion, or fides mensurata, and are not our Objective and fides mensurans in termi∣nis. p. 9.

The Papists confess every word of our Objective Religion to be Divine and Infallible. But we confess not the truth of all theirs. They blame us only, 1. As not having e∣nough. 2. And as not receiving it the right way. p. 9.

I. Whether the Papists Religion be better than ours, as bigger? Some Queries of the Antiquity of the belief of the Roman additions, viz. the Apocrypha and the Decrees of all the Councils, &c. p. 10, &c. What Implicite Faith we are Page  [unnumbered] agreed in, and what not. p. 12. The Papists confess that their Church hath not kept God's own written word with∣out many hundred errours, and so not all that is de fide. p. 13. Therefore they must needs distinguish the Essentials of Christianity from other points.

Of Implicite belief in the Pope and Councils. p. 13. &c.

II. Whether it was or is necessary to receive Christianity as from the Infallibility or Authority of the Pope and Papists (or Councils) p. 19. &c. We have much more and surer Tradition for our Religion than that which the Papists would have us trust to. 20. The difference of our Tra∣dition from theirs. Whether Rome or a Church there may not cease. p. 22. Whether the Seat, the Election, or what doth prove the Pope to be St. Peter's successour. p. 23. Whe∣ther Books or oral Tradition by Memory of all Generati∣ons, be the surer preservative of the Faith. p. 24.


THe Puritane is ambiguously named, and falsly described. p. 25.

Of Imputed Righteousness. p. 30. Puritanes not against external worship, nor all Ceremonies. p. 36. Of their Usage. ibid.

The Puritans judgment about Fasts Holy-days, Cere∣monies, &c. p. 38. The Papist writer knoweth not what the Puritans Religion is. p. 40. The true Religion of a Puritane described. p. 41, 42. 1. The writer wrongeth his Relations. 2. He declareth that he was before an un∣godly perfidious Hypocrite, and no true Puritane, and there∣fore no wonder that he turned Papist. p. 43.

Page  [unnumbered] None but such can turn Papists without self Contra∣diction.

His slander of the Puritanes, that they think Piety, Cha∣rity, Humility and other Christian Virtues not possible and necessary to salvation. p. 45.


HIs hard Character of Prelatical Protestants. p. 46.

Many Nonconformists are Episcopal; therefore not dislinguishable by that name. p. 47.

What men many Bishops and Conformists have been and are in England. p. 48.

The Religion which is uppermost, right or wrong, will be professed usually by the most, and therefore by bad men. p. 49.

It is worse with the Papists, who are many very bad, even where they differ from superiours and suffer. ibid.

His accusations of Puritanes and Prelaticks Protestants about imputed Righteousness and inherent confuted: A true description of the Protestants judgment of justifying Righte∣ousness. p. 51, 52, &c.

His derision of Imputed Righteousness as a Mummery. p. 54, 55. His gross slander that we are for [meer Imput∣ed Holiness.] p. 55.

The true middle way about Indifferent Rituals. p. 56.

I. Of his charge on Prelatists for silencing Puritanes for not observing Fasts, &c. which they neglect themselves. p. 57.

Puritanes and Papists fasting.

2. Of wax tapers on the Altar. p. 58.

3. Of the Sign of the Cross. p. 58, 59.

4. Of the real presence. p. 60.

Page  [unnumbered]5. Of Confession and Absolution. p. 61.

6. Of bowing at the Name Jesus, and Images. p. 62.

7. Of the Surplice, Girdle, Stole, and Casuble. p. 63.

8. Of praying for the Dead. p. 64.

9. Of the Government of the Pope and Councils. p. 65.

1. Whether Gods Wisdom require it. 2. Civil and Ec∣clesiastick Monarchy of the whole world, Compared. p. 66, 67.

3. Is the Pope Universal Apostle or Teacher? p. 55.

4. Whether the Pope be Head but in the Vacancy of Coun∣cils? p. 66. 5. Most of the Christian World by far are no Papists. 68. 6. The Pope dissenteth from General Councils, and so far from the Universal Church: we own them when he doth not. 69. 7. The difference between the Kings Headship and the Popes. 37. 8. Puritanes are for the Kings supremacie. 70. 9. How far they submit their judg∣ment to the Churches. p. 70. 10. The Church teacheth us the Faith, but may not judge in partem utramlibet, viz. that there is no God, no Christ, no Heaven, &c. p. 71.

II. It's Schismatical and worse to feign that various ha∣bite, Gestures, Meats, &c. make various Religions. Q. 1. Do variety of Liturgies make various Religions? 2. Is not Religion more concerned in the Papists Doctrinal Differences among themselves about Predestination, Grace, Free-will, the immaculate conception and hundreds more in the School Doctors, and about the deposing, excommunicating and kil∣ling Kings, and about all the Controversies mentioned by the Jansenists in the Jesuits Morals, and by Mr. Clarkson in the Practical Divinity of the Papists, than in variety of Clothes, Formes or Ceremonies? And is it not as lau∣dable for Protestants to hold Union and Communion with them that use not the same words or rites, as in the Church Page  [unnumbered] of Rome to tolerate without so much as any disowning cen∣sure, the foresaid Doctrinal Differences about King killing (when excommunicate) Murder, Adultery, Fornication, Perjury, Lying, Stealing, &c. mentioned in the foresaid Books. p. 72.


H. W's ill forming Accusations, which he can best an∣swer. p. 77. What Grotius meant by Papists. p. 79.

  • I. Of Papists Image-worship. p. 79.
  • II. Of Popes Pardons. p. 80.
  • III. Their praying to the Virgin Mary. 83.
  • IV. Latine prayers. 84.
  • V. Implicite belief in Teachers. 85.
  • VI. Preferring the Churches Laws to Gods. 87.
  • VII. Obedience. 88.


THe true History of the Papacie, its original and growth. 94.

1. The ancient Church took not the Papacie to be of Gods institution, but Mans, fully proved. p. 99. &c.

2. The Roman Primacie was ever but one Empire, and not all the Christian People in the world, proved. p. 103, &c.

3. Councils were General only as to the Empire, and not the World. p. 104. Five exceptions. p. 106.

Page  [unnumbered] Remarks upon the Africans pretended schism (Austin being one.) p. 112. The not able words of Mel. Canus against the Roman Universality. 113.

The means of the Popes last growth to maturity. 119.

The doctrines by which they do their work. p. 122.

1. Depressing the Scriptures sufficiency and crying up their Traditions, which are again conjuted. 123.

2. Pretending Antiquity and Universality. 125. Both confuted. The objection of Heresie and Schism to other Churches answered. p. 127.

3. Aggravating our Divisions and boasting of their Uni∣ty. p. 128.

Even the scandalous contending Sects among Protestants have more Unity with each other than the Papists, proved.

4. Their vile Counsel to men to suspect all Religion and suspend it, to make them Papists: Boverius to our late King. p. 131.


WHat the Pope is in forty Characters, or inadequate conceptions of him. p. 134. &c.


WHat a Papist is. The word [PAPIST] is equi∣vocal. Many sorts are called Papists that differ both in the Foundation and the very Form and the Subject and the Terminus of Church Power, and are not formally one Church as is commonly thought. pag. 165.

A PAPIST of the most learned sort described, who Page  [unnumbered] placeth the Authority Universal and the Infallibility in the Pope and Council agreeing: Thirty Properties or Cha∣racters of them. The first about the Resolution of their Faith into the Authority or Infallibility of the Church pro∣posing. How Protestants resolve their Faith, and how they take it from their Teachers. p. 169. &c.

See the rest.


WHat the Papists Church called the Roman Catholick Church is, in twenty Characters. p. 184.


TWenty Properties of the Protestant's Religion as it differeth from Popery. 187.