A Christian directory, or, A summ of practical theologie and cases of conscience directing Christians how to use their knowledge and faith, how to improve all helps and means, and to perform all duties, how to overcome temptations, and to escape or mortifie every sin : in four parts ...
Baxter, Richard, 1615-1691.
Page  921

Quest. 174. What Books Especially of Theologie should one choose, who for want of money or time, can read but few?

Answ. General. THe truth is, 1. It is not the reading of many Books which is necessary to make a man wise or good: But the well reading of a few, could he be sure to have the best. 2. And it is not possible to read over very many on the same subjects, without a great deal of loss of pretious time: 3. And yet the Reading of as many as is possible tendeth much to the increase of knowledge, and were the best way, if greater matters were not that way unavoidably to be omitted: Life therefore being short, and work great, and Knowledge being for Love and Practice, and no man having leisure to learn all things, a wise man must be sure to lay hold on that which is most useful and necessary. 4. But some considerable acquaintance with many Books is now become by accident necessary to a Divine. 1. Because unhappily a young Stu∣dent knoweth not which are the best, till he hath tryed them: And when he should take ano∣ther mans word, he knoweth not whose word it is that he should take: For among grave men, accounted great Scholars, its few that are truly judicious and wise, and he that is not wise himself cannot know who else are so indeed: And every man will commend the Authors that are of his own opinion. And if I commend to you some Authors above others, what do I but com∣mend my own judgement to you, even as if I commended my own Books, and perswaded you to read them: when another man of a different judgement will commend to you Books of a different sort. And how knoweth a raw Student which of us is in the right. 2. Because no one man is so full and perfect as to say all that is said by all others: But though one man ex∣cell in one or many respects, another may excell him in some particulars, and say that which he omitteth, or mistaketh in. 3. But especially because many errors and adversaries have ma∣ny Books necessary to some, for to know what they say, and to know how to confute them, especially the Papists, whose way is upon pretence of Antiquity and Universality, to carry eve∣ry Controversie into a Wood of Church History, and antient Writers, that there you may first be lost, and then they may have the finding of you: And if you cannot answer every corrupted or abused Citation of theirs out of Councils and Fathers, they triumph as if they had justified their Church-tyranny. 4. And the very subjects that are to be understood are numerous, and few men write of all. 5. And on the same subject men have several Modes of Writing: As one excelleth in accurate Method, and another in clear convincing argumentation, and another in an affectionate taking style: And the same Book that doth one, cannot well do the other, because the same style will not do it.

Object. But the antient Fathers used not so many Books as we do, no not one for our hundreds: And yet we honour them above the Neotericks: They lived before these Libraries had a being. Yea, they exhort Divines to be learned in the holy Scriptures, and the fourth Council of Carthage for∣bad the reading of the Heathens Books: And many Hereticks are accused by the Fathers and Hi∣storians, as being studied in Logick, and curious in common Sciences: And Paul saith, that the Scriptures are able to make us wise unto salvation.

Answ. 1. And yet the New Testament was written (or most of it) after Paul said so: which sheweth that he meant not to exclude more writing.

2. The Scriptures are sufficient for their proper use, which is to be a Law of Faith and Life, if they be understood. But 1. They are not sufficient for that which they were never intended for: 2. And we may by other Books be greatly helpt in understanding them.

3. If other Books were not needful, Teachers were not needful: For Writing is but the most advantagious way of Teaching, by fixed Characters, which flye not from our memory as transi∣ent words do. And who is it that understandeth the Scriptures that never had a Teacher? And why said the Eunuch, [How should I (understand what I read) unless some man guide me?] Acts 8. 31. And why did Christ set Teachers in his Church to the end, till it be perfected, Eph. 4. 11, 12, 13. if they must not Teach the Church unto the end? Therefore they may write unto the end.

4. Reverence to Antiquity must not make us blind or unthankful. Abundance of the Fathers were unlearned men, and of far less knowledge than ordinary Divines have now: And the chief of them were far short in knowledge of the chiefest that God of late hath given us. And how should it be otherwise, when their helps were so much less than ours.

5. Knowledge hath abundantly encreased since Printing was invented: Therefore Books have been a means to it.

6. The Fathers then wrote voluminously: Therefore they were not against more writing.

7. Most of the Bishops and Councils that cryed down Common Learning, had little of it them∣selves, and therefore knew not how to judge of it: no more than good men now that want it.

8. They lived among Heathens that gloried so in their own Learning, as to oppose it to the Word of God, (as may be seen in Iulian, and Porphyry, and Celsus): Therefore Chri∣stians Page  922 opposed it, and contemned it; and were afraid while it was set in competition with the Scriptures, lest it should draw men to Infidelity, if overvalued.

9. And finally, the truth is, that the sacred Scriptures are now too much undervalued, and Philosophy much overvalued by many both as to Evidence and Usefulness: And a few plain certain truths which all our Catechisms contain, well pressed and practised, would make a better Church and Christians, than is now to be found among us all. And I am one that after all that I have written, do heartily wish that this were the ordinary state of our Curches. But yet by Accident much more is needful, as is proved: 1. For the uller▪ understnding of these principles: 2. For the defending of them (especially by those that are called to that work): 3. To keep a Minister from that Contempt which may else frustrate his labours: 4. And to be ornamental and subservient to the substantial Truths.

And now I will answer the Question more Particularly in this order.

I. I will name you the Poorest or Smallest Library that is tolerable.

II. The Poorer (though not the poorest); where a competent addition is made.

III. The Poor mans Library, which yet addeth somewhat to the former, but cometh short of a Rich and Sumptuous Library.

I. THe Poorest Library is, 1. The Sacred Bible: 2. A Concordance (Downames the least, or Newmans the best). 3. A sound Commentary or Annotations, either Diodates, the English Annotations, or the Dutch. 4. Some English Catechisms, (the Assemblies two, Mr. Gouges, Mr. Crooks Guide,) Amesius his Medulla Theologiae & Casus Conscientiae (which are both in Latin and English) and his Bellarminus Enervatus. 5. Some of the soundest English Books which open the Doctrine of Grace, Justification, and Free-will and Duty; as Mr. Truman's Great Propiiati∣on, Mr. Bradshaw of Iustification, Mr. Gibbons Sermon of Iustification in the Morning Exercises at St. Giles in the Fields, Mr. Hochkis of Forgiveness of Sin. 6. As many Affectionate Practical English Writers as you can get; Especially Mr. Richard Allens Works, Mr. Gournall's, Dr. Preston, Dr. Sibbes, Mr. Robert Bolton, Mr. Whateley, Mr. Ryner, Mr. Scudder, Mr. T. Ford, Mr. How of Blessedness, Mr. Swinocke, Mr. Gouges, The Practice of Piety, The Whole Duty of Man, Dr. Ham∣monds Practical Catechism, Dr. Pierson on the Creed, Dr. Downame on the Lords Prayer, Mr. Dod on the Commandments, Bishop Andrewes on the Commandments, Mr. Io. Brinsleyes True Watch, Mr. Green∣hams Works, Mr. Hildershams Works, Mr. Anthony Burges Works, Mr. Perkins Works, Dr. Har∣ris Works, Mr. Burroughs, Mr. Thomas Hooker, Mr. Pinkes Sermons, Io. Downames Christian Warfare, Richard Rogers, Iohn Rogers of Faith and Love, Dr. Stoughton, Dr. Thomas Tailor, Mr. Elon, Mr. Daniel Dike, Ieremy Dike, Mr. Io. Ball of Faith, of the Covenant, &c. Culverwell of Faith, Mr. Ranew, Mr. Teate, Mr. Shaw, Mr. Rawlet, Mr. Ianoway, Mr. Vincent, Mr. Dolittle, Mr. Samuel Wards Sermons, Mr. W. Fenner, Mr. Ruherfords Letters, Mr. Ioseph Allens Life and Letters, and Treatise of Conversion, Mr. Samuel Clarks Lives and his Martyrologie, The Morning Ex∣ercises at St. Giles Cripplegate, and at St. Giles in the Fields, Mr. Benjamin Bxters Sermons, Mr. George Hopkins Salvation from Sin, Dr. Edward Reignolds, Mr. Meades Works, Mr. Vines Ser∣mons, Henry Smith, Samuel Smith, Tho. Smith, Mr. Strong, Ios. Simonds; as many of them as you can get. 7. And for all other Learning Alstedius his Encyclopaedia alone; supposing that you are past the Grammar School, and have necessary Lexicons, specially Martinius and Leighs Critica Sa∣cra: If you can have more, get Bellarm. de Scriptor. Eccles. Cooks Censura Patrum, Sculei Medul∣la Patrum, Clem. Rom. Iustin, Tertullian & Cyprian; Helvici Chronolog. Hammonds and Beza's An∣notations, with Iunius & Tremel. Calvin on the New Testament: Thaddaei Conciliationes, Alstedii De∣finit. & distinct. Castanei Distinct. Ursini Catechis. Wendelini Theolog. Suecani Method. Descriptio, Da∣venants Works, and Camero's, le Blanck's Theses, Grotius de Satisfact. Caranzus Epitom. Concil. Ushers Annals, and Answer to the Iesuite, & de Success. Eccles. Stat. Drelincourts and Pooles Manual, Corpus Confessionum.

Page  923

II. When you can get more, the next rank must have all the forme with these Additions following▪

I. FOr Lexicons: 1. For Latin besides Goldman, or Hlyoke, or rather Httons Morellius, or Cowper, get Martinii Onomasticon: 2. For Greek, Scapula, Pasor, Leigh, Simpson, and Henricpetri Lexicon. 3. For Hebrew, Buxtorfe, Schindler, Leigh.

II. For Logick: 1. Fasciculus Logicus, or Smith, Keckerman, Burgersdicius. 2. Of the moderate Ramists that take in both, Henry Gutberleth.

III. For Physicks: 1. Magyrus, Combachius, Burgersdicius, Wendeline, and Sennerts. 2. Commenius. 3. Mr. Gott. 4. Bacon and Mr. Boile.

IV. More particularly, De Anima, Tolet, Melancthon with Vives and Amerbachius (they are printed together in one Book) Sennerti Hypomnemata, Scaligers Exercitations.

V. De Corpore Humano, Galene, Fernelius, Bartholine, Harvy de Generatione animalium.

VI. De Motu, Mousnerius, Dr. Walli.

VII. Of Astronomy, Gassendus, Riolanus.

VIII. Of Geography: Cluverius or Abbot, Ortelius, Mercator, Heylin, the Globe or Map. Geog. Nubiens.

IX. Of Mathematicks in general: Euclide, Barrow, Rami Schol. cum prolegom. Snellii, Bettinus, Herigone.

X. Arithmetick in particular: Record. Wingate, &c.

XI. Geometry: Ramus eum Comment. Snellii, & Schroneri, Metii, Dr. Wallis, &c.

XII. Musick: Th. Morley, Simpson.

XIII. Of Chronology and General History: Helvici Chronol. Ushers Annals, Idaea Histor. Uni∣vers. Bucholtzer, Calvisius, Functius, Iacob. Capellus, Raleigh.

XIV. Particular History is endless: Among so many I scarce know what to say more, than Read as many as you can: especially,

1. The Roman Historians, (which are joyned together.)

2. The Greek Historians.

3. Diog. Laertius and Eunapius de vitis Philosoph.

4. Plutarcks Lives.

5. Of England, Matth. Paris, Hoveden, Cambden, Speed, Rushworths Collections.

6. Of France, Thuanus (who also taketh in most of the Europaean History of his time) Com∣mines, Serres.

7. Of Belgia, Grimston, and Grotius, and Strada.

8. Of Germany, the Collections of Pistorius, Ruberus and Freherus.

9. Of Italy, Guicciardine.

10. Knowles Turkish History, and Leunclavius.

11. Of Abassia, Godignus, and Dmianus a Goes.

12. Of Iudaea, George Sandyes Travels, and Brocardus.

13. Of Armenia and Tartary, Haitho Armenius, and the rest in the Novus Orbis; especially Paulus Ve∣netus there.

14. Of Africa and India, Leo Afer, and Ludovicus Romanus.

15. Of China, Siam, Iapon, &c. Varenius, Maffaei Histor. Indica eum Epist. Iesuit. Alvarez and Martinius.

16. Of Indostan, Terry.

17. Of Muscovy, Sigismundus.

18. Of Sweden, Olaus Magnus (but fabulous).

19. Of Scotland, Io. Major, Hector Boethius, Dempster.

Page  92420. Of Antiquities, Rosinus Rom. Antiquit. Godwin, Selden de diis Syris, &c. Ferrarii Lexicon.

XV. Of Church History: Iosephus, Eusebius, Ruffinus Tripartite, above all Socrates and Szmen, Orosius, Sulpitius Severus, Theodoret, Victor Uticensis, Beda, Iacobus a Vitriaco, Nicephorus Callist. Pla∣tina & Massonius de vitis Pontif. Abbas Urspergensis, Sleidan, Micraelius. Gentii Hist. Iud. Mlani Martyrolog. Clarks Martyrol. Hottinger, Illyrici Catalogus Testium Veritatis, or Morneys Mysterie of ••i∣quity. Perin and Morlands History of Piedmont, and the Waldenss, Histor. Persecut. Bhem. Sculteti Annales, & curriculum vitae suae: Knoxes and Spotswood Hist. Scot. Regenvolscia Hist. Eccl. Sclavn. Ushers Primordia Eccles. Britt. Parkers Antiquitates Eccles. Britt. Melchior Adami Vitae Thelog. Medi∣corum, Iuris Consult. & Philosoph. German. Fullers Church History, Clarks Live many particular Lives as Iewells by Dr. Humphrey, Mr. Ios. Allens, &c. Boltons, &c. Also read the Epistles of Me∣lancthon, Calvin, Bza, Saravia.

XVI. Of Medicine, Study no more than such as Horstius de Sanitate Studiosorum tuenda, or Fol∣linus or Graterolus, or an Herbal, except you can go quite through with it; let by a half skill you kill your self or others: But take 1. Sufficient exercise ad Sudorem, (aliquando largiorem, in habitu seroso vel pituitos). 2. Temperance: 3. A pleased contented mind. 4. Warmth and avoiding in∣ward and outward cold: 5. And experience for your best Physick; and meddle with no more with∣out necessity, and the advice of a very able experienced man.

XVII. Of Politiks, and Civil ••w, and Ethicks, read Besoldus, Willius, Danaeus, Fragoso de ••g. Rep. Mr. Lawsons T••ological Wo••s, Angelius, Dr. Zouch, Grotius de Iure Belli, Mynsingers Institut. Wsi••echius, Calvins Lexicon, Eustachius Ethicks and Pembles.

XVIII. For Methods of Divinity, read Paraeus his Edit. of Ursine, Trelca••us, Amesii Medulla, Musculi Loci Communes, Dr. Tully, Georg. Sonius, Tzegedines Tables, Calvins Institutions, or Colo∣lonius abbreviation of him, Lawsons Theopolitica, Wollebius, Cluto's Idaea Theol.

XIX. Theological Disputations and Treatises which I take to be extraordinary clear and sound, escaping the extreams which many err in, and opening the Reconciling truth: Strangius, Le Blankes Theses, Mr. Trumans three Books, Grotius de Satisfactione: Bradshaw of Iustification, Gibbons Sermon of Iustification, Hotchkis of Forgiveness of Sin: All Davenants Works, Camero's Works, Testardus de Natura & Gratia: All Iosue Placaeus Works; Theses Salmurienses, Amyraldus, Iohan. Bergius, Conrad. Bergius, Ludovic. Crocii Syntag. Theolog. Synod. Dort, especially the British and Breme Divines in Suffrag. Iansenii Augustinus, all Augustine, Prosper and Fulgentius. Musculi Loci Communes, Dallaeus de Redemp. Wotton de Reconcil. Gattaker, Woodbridge of Iustification, Stilling∣fleet, Ushers Answer to the Jesuites Challenge, and his Notes de Redempt. Univers. W. Fener, Rob. Baronius de Peccato Mort. & Ven. Bishop Preston, Whateley, Vossii Theses, Bullingers Decades, Rob. Abbot.

XX. Commentators (besides the forenamed Annotations) Beza, & Piscator, Iunii & Tremellii Annot. Dr. Hammond, Grotius in Evang. Calvin, especially in Nov. Test. or Marlorates Collection on Gen. Psal▪ Isai. & N. Test. Which containeth Calvin with others: Mr. Pools Criticks, Ainsworth, Mllerus, Willet, Paraeus, Musculus, Lyra, Esius, Iansenius, Chemnitius Harm. Mr. Cradocks Harm. Maldonate, Lorinus, Dixson, Hutchinson, Drusius, Picherelli opuscula.

XXI. Such as open some hard Texts only, and Reconcile seeming contradictions, Thaddaeus, Spanemii Dubia Evangelica: Magrii Conciliat. Sharpii Symphonia, Bertram, Brugensis, Alba: Wal∣ther. Lydius; Gatakeri Cinnus & alia: Richardson, Camero's Myrothec. with Lud. Capellus; Crayus, Broughton, Heinsius, Nic. Fullers Miscellan▪ Gregory, Doughtyes Analecta. Dieterici Antiq. Biblicae, Ca∣ninii Disqu. Suierus, Boies, Medes Works, Weemse, Bootii, Sculteti Exercitationes.

XXII. Helps to understand the Scriptures: Broughtons Consent of Scripture, Usher of the Sep∣tuagint, &c. Illirici Clavis Scripturae, The foresaid Treatises of Customs▪ all Bochartus (Geograph. & de Animalibus) Brierwoods Enquiries, Buxtorf de Synag. Iud. Cunaeus, Sigonius & Steph. Meno∣chius de Repub. Hebr. Sixt. Amama, Euseb. Nirembergius de Antiq. Scripturae, the Polyglote Bibles va∣rious Versions, Ravanellus.

XXIII. For defence of the Christian aith against Atheists and Infidels, Hier. Savonarola, Van∣der Meulin, Stilling fleets Orig. Script. Grotius de Verit. Rel. Christ. Morney▪ Camero de Verbo Dei, Mi∣crelii E••nophron. Lod. Vives, Marsil. Ficinus cum notis Lud. Crocii, Dr. Iacksons Truth of S••ipt. Campanella's Atheismus Triumphatus, Lssius, Waddesworth of the Immortality of the Soul▪ir Chrl Wolseley against Atheism, Aut Deus aut Nihil, besides abundance of the Fathers, Iohn Goodwin of Scriptures.

Page  925XXIV. Cases of Conscience, besides Amesius, Perkins, Dixson, Greg. Sayrus his Clavis Regia, Azorius, Dr. Ier. Tailors Ductor Dubitantium.

XXV. Councils, Lydius Caranza, Crab, Binnius, Spelman, Iustellus, Synod. Dordr.

XXVI. Canonists and Helps to understand Councils, The Decretals, or Corpus Iuris Canon. Zabarell, Panormitane, Navarrus, Albaspinaeus, Iustellus, Blondel de Decret. Balsamon, Znaras & P••tius, Miraei Notitia Episcopatuum (but not trusty), Chenu de Episcopatibus Gallicis, Filesaeus. Histor. Concil. Trident.

XXVII. Fathers: Clem. Rom. Ushers and Iz. Vossii Ignatius, Iustin Martyr, Irenaeus, Clem. Alexand▪ Tertullian, Cyprian, Origen, Athenagoras, Tatianus, Arnobius cum Minutio Foelice, Lactan∣tius, Athanasius. These are not very Voluminous: Optatus, Eusebii Preparatio & Demonstratio Evangelica; as much of Hierom, Augustine, and Chrysostom as you can; Hilarius Pictaviensis, Prosper, Fulgentius, Vincent. Lirinensis, and (before them) Basil, Greg. Nazianzene and Greg. Nyssen. Epi∣phanius, Ambrose, Paulinus Nolanus, Cassanus, Salvianus, Gennadius Massil. Gildas, Claudius Turonensis, Rabanus Marus, Bernard.

XXVIII. Helps to know and understand the Fathers: Sculteti Medulla Patrum, Cocus his Censura Patrum, Rivets Critica Sacra, Dr. Iames, all Bishop Ushers Works; (but above all, a Manuscript of his now in the hands of the Archbishop of Canterbury;) Sixti Senensis Bibliotheca, Possevinus, ma∣ny of Erasmus Prefaces and Notes: Dallaeus de usu Patrum, & de Pseudepigraphis Apostol. & de Cl∣tu Latinorum, & in Dionys. & in Ignatium, & pleraque illius, & D. Blondelli opera: Bellarminus de Scriptoribus Ecclesiast. Causabones Exercit. Vedelius de Sapient. Veterum, Polidore Virgil de Invent. Rer. Albaspine, Vossii Histor. Pelag. & de Symbolis, Pauli Erinaci Trias Patrum, Photii Biblioth. Rouse his Mella Patrum, De la Cerda, and many others Notes.

XXIX. Later Writers and Schoolmen: Damasus, Anselmus Cantuar. Guilielmus Parisiensis, Guil. de Sancto Amore, Gerhardus Zutphaniensis (in Bibl. Patr.) Thaulerus, Thom. à Kempis, Lom∣bard, Aquinas, Durandus, Scotus, Ockam, Greg. Ariminensis, Rada, Alvarez, Ruiz, Suarez, Lud. a Dola, Ripalda, Buridanes Ethicks, Meurisse Metaphys. Ferrii Scholast. Orthod. & defens. Posewitz Theolog. Scholast. Dr. Twisse, Strangius, Rob. Baronii Metaphys. Schiebleri Metaphys. Calovii Metaph. Divin. Dr. Barlowes Metaphys. Dr. Mores Metaphysicks.

XXX. Controversies, (besides the forementioned against Heathens and Infidels.)

1. Protestants and Papists; Bellarmine, Stapleton, Costerus, Becanus, Holden, Brierleyes Protest. Plea, Richworths and Whites Dialogues.

Against them, Aesii Bellarm. Enervatus, Dr. Challoners Credo Eccles. Cathol. Chamier, Sadeel, Chillingworth, Ushers Answer to the Jesuits Challenge, and de Success. Eccles. Illyrici Catalog. Testium Veritatis; du Plesss (Mornay) de Eccles. and Mystery of Iniquity, Dr. Field of the Church, Whi∣taker, Dr. Iohn Whites Way to the true Church, and the Defence, Blondel de Ecclesia (Gallicé.) All Dallaeus Works, Albertinus de Transubst. cum Clodii defens. Davenant de Iustitia, & Determi∣nationes, Rivets Cathol. Orthod. Pet. Molinaei de Novitate Papismi (Englished), Pet. Molinaeus Iuniors Answer to Philanax Anglicus, Chemnitii Exam. Concil. Trident. Reignolds Conference with Hart, & de lib. Apochry. Pet. Cousins Bishop of Durham of the Canon of Scripture, Drelincourts Ma∣nual, Pooles Nullity, and Dial. Bishop Downame de Antichristo, Stillingfleet, Tilltson, Voetius de Desper. Causa Papatus. Especially for the right of Kings against them, Will. Barclay, Grotius de Imperio Summar. Potest. Bishop Bilson of Obedience, Bishop Carlton de Iurisdictione, Bishop Robert Abbots, Goldastus de Monarchia (a multitude of old Writers collected) & Constitut. Imperial. M. Ant. De Dominis Spalatensis de Republ. Eccl. All Ludovicus Molinaeus Works.

2. About Predestination, Grace and Free-will, the Jesuits, Lutherans and Arminians against the Dominicans, Jansenists, and Calvinists: On one side, Molina, Fonsca, Pennottus propugnac. Libert. Petr. a Sancto Ioseph, Arminius, Episcopius, Corvinus, Grevinchovius, Tilenus, Tilenus Ju∣nior.

On the other side, Alvarez, Zumel, Iansenius, Twisse, Synod. Dord. Molinaei Anatom. Armini. Ame∣sius, Zanchius, &c. But the Conciliators are oundest.

3. Of Socinianism and Arrianism. For them: Historians, Philostorgius and Sandius: Disputers, Volkelius, Socinus, Lushington on the Hebr.

Against them, Ios. Placaeus, Stegman, Botsaccus, Grotius de Satisfact. Zarnov••ius, & Ioh. Iunius de Satisfact. Lawson on the Hebrews, Beckmans Exercitations, Trumans Great Propitiation, Stillingfleet of Satisfaction, Q. V. Crellius Refutatus, Essenius, Hoornbeck.

4. Of Justification, enow are named before §. 18. specially Le Blank, also Pemble, Bishop Dow∣name, Warren.

5. The Antinomian and Libertine Controversies: Pro: Dr. Crispe, Maccovius in quibusdam, Salt∣ash, Crandon, Paul Hobson, Den, Town, Eaton.

Page  926Contr. Gataker, Ball of the Covenant, Anth. Burges, All the Writers of Justification before prais∣ed §. 18. Welds Histor. of Austin.

6. About Infant Baptism: Cont. Tombes, Blackwood, Fisher.

Pro. Church, Marshall, Whiston, Blake.

7. Of the Lords Day, or Christian Sabboth: Cont. Ironside, Heylin, Docklington, Franc. White, Brierwood, Broad.

Pro. Dr. Young, Eaton, Cawdrey & Palmer, Dr. Twisse, Hughes, Sprint, Dr. Owen, Mr. George Abbot, Shephard.

8. Of Diocesane Prelacy: Cont. Cartwright, Calderwoods Altare Damascenum, Rob. Parker de Po∣lit. Eccles. Beza, Gerson, Bucers Dissert. de Gubern. Eccles. Baines Diocesanes Tryal, Blondel de Epis. & Presbyt. Salmasius, Smectymnuus.

Pro. Petavius, Saravia, Geor. Downame, Bilson, Hooker, Whitgift, Dr. Hammond.

9. Of the rest of the English Conformity, Liturgy and Ceremonies, Pro. Dr. Iohn Burges, Whit∣gift, Hooker, Sprints Necessity f Conformity in case of Deprivation, Paybody of Kneeling, Fulwood, Stileman, Durel, The Friendly Debate, The Ecclesiastical Policy.

Contr. Cartwright, Parker of the Cross, Bradshaws Twelve Arguments, &c. Amesius against Morton, and his Fresh Suit against Burges, Nicols, the Savoy Prop.

Against the new additions, little is said yet, through the restraint of the Law, except by Mr. Dan. Cawdry, and a Latin Apology, and Mr. Crofton, and Dr. Collins of the Covenant, and some things thrust out secretly, which contain but little of the true state of the case.

10. Of Erastianism. Pro. Erastus, Coleman, Hussey, Lud. Molinaeus, (in appearance) Selden de Synedriis.

Cont. Beza, Galaspies Aarons Rod, & Nihil Respondes, Hammond of the Keyes.

11. Of Separation: Pro. Iohnson, Canne, Ainsworth: And for Semi-separation (from Liturgy and Sacraments, but not from Sermons,) Robinson.

Cont. Ioh. Paget, Bradshaw, Gifford, Hildersham, Ball, Gataker, Bernard, Rob. Abbot (not the Bi∣shop) Will. Allens Retract. of Separation.

12. Of Independancy: Pro. Norton (moderate) Hooker, Allen and Shephard, Burton, Apolo∣get. Narrative, Reasons of the Dissenters in the Assembly, Dr. Owens Catechism, and of Schism.

Cont. Io. Ball, Rutherford, the Assemblies Reply: the London Ministers Ius Divinum Presbyterii, Cawdrey against Dr. Owen, &c. Ben. Camfield against Dr. Owens Catechism.

XXXI. Conciliators: 1. Between discordant Christians in general; Iacobi Acontii Stratage∣mata Satanae: Usher in Eph. 4. 3. old Vincentius Lerinensis, Ruperti Meldenii Paraenesis; a Soci∣nian Veritas Pacifica (and many such of theirs proposing ill terms).

2. Between Protestants and Papists: Thuanus, Pitcherelius, Erasmus, Wicelius, Cassander, Bald∣win, Grotius, Dvenport, alias Franc. a Sancta Clara, M. A. de Dom. Spalatensis de Rep. Eccles. Guil. Forbes Episcop. Edinburgens. Dr. Hammond, specially on Thess. & Revel. But Le Blanke judi∣ciously only by right stating and narrowing Controversies. See Pet. Heylin of the Life of Archbi∣shop Laud, Bishop Bramhall.

3. Between all Protestants, especially Lutherans, Arminians, and the Reformed Churches, Duraeus, Calixus, Halls Peacemaker, & Pax terris, Bishop Morton, Davenant and Hall, together, their Pa∣cific. Amyraldus, Iunius de praedeterminatione, & Irenic. Hottonus de Tolerantia, Paraei Irenic. Scultetus in Tit. All the Judicious Treatises commended §. 18. And of Papists about the like Controversies, Sarnanus, Suarez, Arriba, Iansenius, Gibieuf. Guil. Camerarius, Scotus, a Dola.

4. Of Church Government: Ushers Reduction, Ioh. Forbes Irenic. Stillingfleets Irenic. Halls Peace-Maker, and Modest Offer, Burroughs Cure of Heart-Divisions, Mat. Newcomens Reconcil. of Presb. & Indep. The New England Synods Propos. and the Defence, Lloyd.

Page  927

III. I have gone so far in this second rank, that I must add but a few more for the third, lest I go above a Poor Mans Library.

I. ADd when you can, to your Lexicons, Morellius, or Cowper, Beckman de orig. verb. Phavorius and Hsyhius, and Dr. Castle's Oriental Lexicon.

II. To Logicians, Downame, Dietericus, Lublin, Smigletius, with Aristotle; Claubergius.

III. To Physicks, Philoponus, Telesius, Le Grand, Cartesius, Regius, Hereboord, Sckeggius, Gassendus, Patricius, K. Digby, White.

IV. De Corpore humano, Crooks Anatomy, or Vesalius, Lower de motu cordis, Harvy and Wallaeus de circulat. Sang. Willis Works, Needham de form foetus, Steno de Musculis, Sylvius, Horne, Bates and Glissn Anatom. Hepat. & de Rachitide, Wharton de Glandulis.

V. De Anima, Claud. Mammertus, Nemesius (in Bibl. Pat.) Plato, Plotinus, Fromondus, Cicero Tusc∣qu. H. More.

VI. Of Metaphysicks, Scheibler, Suarez, Timpler, Burgersdicius, Senguerdius, Iacchaeus, Gorlaeus, Ritschel, Campanella, Meurisse.

VII. Of Chronologie, Petavius, Ushers Chronol. & de Anno Maced. Isaackson's Chronol. Simpsons Chron. Beroaldus, Carion, Scaliger de Emend. Tempor. on Euseb. &c. Dr. Drake; See Bellarmin. Index in Script. Eccles.

VIII. History: The Roman and Greek are known▪ Of the Church; Evagrius, Gregor. Turoni∣cus, Paulus Diaconus, Luitprandus, Frodoardus, Cedrenus, Curopalates, Ingulphus, Otho Frisingens. Crantzius, Trithemius, Camerarius, Spondani Epit. Baronii, Luc. Osianders Epit. Magdeburg. Foxes Mar∣tyrologie, Ehingers Hist. of England, Ingulphus, Will. Malmsbury, Mat. Westminster, Balaeus, Hollingshead, Lord Herberts Life of Hen. 7. The lives of Edw. 6. Q. Eliz. by Cambden, K. Iames by Wilson, K. Charles; Cromwells life; Prin's History of Bishops Treasons, and of Canterburies (Laud's) Doom, Heylins Life of Laud, The Troubles at Frankford, The Cabala Letters: Of Ireland, Sr. Iohn Tem∣ple, Dr. Iones of the Rebellion, the Earl of Oreryes Answ. to a Petition; Of Scotland and other Churches Petraeus's History. Also Mart. Crusii Turcograecia; Kircher of the Copties; Hornius, Archon∣tologia Gothofredi edit. 1649. Rovillii promptuarium Iconum, Verheiden's Icones Theolog. Reformat. fol. Vossius de historicis; Bezae Icones, Hspinians Histor. Sacrament. et. de Orig. Templorum; Vossii Hist. Pelag. Gutberleth's Hist. Paraeus, Laetus, Pezelius; But there is no end.

IX. Medicine: Herbals; Matthiolus, Iohnsons-Gerrard, Parkinson, Langham, Monardus; Dispensa∣tories, London-physicions, Schroderus: Anatomists before named, and Knoblochius: Practitioners; Hipo∣crates, Galen, Celsus, Fernelius, Montani Consilia; Crato in Schotzii p. & Consil. Platerus, Forestus, Skenki observ. Hollerius, Sennertus, Rondeletius, Hrstius, Frambassarius, Schatzii Aphoris. Solenander, Epiphan. Ferdinandus, Dodonaei Praxis, Morellius, Schonbornii Manuale, Domerelius, Conringius de ferment. Fienus, Gordonius; especially Riverius, Prevotius; &, si vacat, Zacutus Lusitan. Hartman, Quercetane, Crollius, Valentine, Helmont: For Surgery, Fabritius, Hildanus, Trigaultius, Forestus, Paraeus.

But the chief Treatises of Medicine are those that treat of particular diseases or kinds; As Carolus Piso de morbis serosis, Eugalenus, Martinius, Sennertus, &c. de Scorbuto, Dr. Sidenham, de Febribus, Dr. Glisson de Rachitide: Willis de fermentatione & Febribus, Cattierus de Reumatismo, Marcuccius, &c. de Melancholia, Schmuzen &c. de Calculo, Capellutus de bubon. Guarenciers de Tabe Anglica: It's too long to name all.

So Rudius de pulsibus, Forestus de incert. uriu. judic. Sanctorius & Opicius de Med. staticâ; Deodatu de Dietetic. Bacon de vita longa, Venner, Brunfelsis.

X To Politicks add, Tholosanus, Althusius, Arnisaeus, Bodin de Rep. White.

To Ethicks, Buridane, More, Wendeline, Danaeus, Gatakers Antonine, Seneca, Plutarks Morals.

XI. Systemes of Theologie; Synopsis Leidensium, Lud. Crocius, Polanus, Bucanus, Dudley Fenner, Wendeline, Pet. Martyrs Loci Com. Theses Sedanenses, Ant. Fayus, Melancthon, Gomarus, Pzelius, Cate∣chismus Romanus, Corpus confessionum, Altingius, Spanhemii Disput. Snecanus.

XII. Choice Treatises; Parker de Descensu ad inferos, Garbut of the Resurrection of Christ, Bul∣linger de Orig. Errorum, Martinius de symbol. & alia. Olevian de foedere, Sanderson de Iuram. PemblesPage  928 works, All Medes works: Rivets select Disputations, Zanchii Opera: Dr. Field: All Dallaeus, and Blondel, Turretine de Satisfactione.

XIII. Commentators; Davenant in Golos. Martyr in Rom. & Cor. Pelargus in Ma••••. Fayus, Scultetus, Crocius in Eph. Luther in Galat. Sclater in Thess. Cartwright and Fulke on the Rhemists Notes: Arth. Iacksons Annot: Erasmus Paraphrase, Hyricus, Lightfot, Tssanus, Melancth. Rl∣locke, Manton on Iames and Iude, Amesius on Pet. Lud. de Dieu, on the Revel. Mede, Stephens, Napier, K. Iames, Brightman. All these on the New Test. or part. And Papists, Tolet (on Rom. &c.) Ferus, Brugensis, Montanus, Pererius, Corn. Mussus, Espencaeus. On the Old Test. Cajtan, Bon∣frerius, Pererius, Paul. Fagius, Mersennus, Rivet, Masius, Serrarius, Sanctius, Mercer, Amesius (in Psal.) Amyraldus in Psal. Hod in Psal. Pemble, Broughton and Parker on Dan. Attersol on Numb. &c. King on Ionah; If you would have more, see Bishop Wilkins Eccles. and Voetii Bibliot.

XIV. Subordinate Helps for understanding and Preaching. Concordances, Heb. Buxtorf, Graec. Ste∣phani. Tssani Index: Clarkes Holy Oile: Wilkins Ecclesiastes and Gift of Prayer: Chappel, and Zep∣per's Meth. of Preaching; Oliv. Bowles. Alstedii Definit. & Distinct. Castanci Dist. cum Reeb. Drusii Proverb. & Adag. Haeb. Delrius & Schottus: Glassii Philol. Zehner, Cpeli Critica Sacra, Gruteri vel Langii Polyanth. Schtanus in creat. Mountagues Apparat & de Orig. ccl. Franzius de sacrif. Wittichius de stylo.

XV. Of Christian Religion; its defence, Latitude, and the Infidels and Heathens compared; Raymundus de Sabundis Theolog. Natur. Pacardus, Aquinas cont. Gent. Pansa; Varenius de Relig. Indor. Birwods Enquiries; Thom. a Sancto Iesu & Acosta de Convers. Beganius de Theol. Gentil. Vossius de Idolol. Vssius de Theol. natur. Collius de Animabus paganorum: Eugubinus: Fotherby, Mersennus in Genesin.

XVI. Cates of Conscience more: Filliucius, Tolet de sacerdot. Reginald: Cajetane, Navarrus. See Montaltus against the Jesuits Casuists, and the Iesuits Morals, Downames and Whateleys Tables on the Commandments: Sanderson de Iuramento, & Fragoso aforenamed.

XVII. Of Councils more, and Canonists, and Liturgies: Ius Orientale Graecorum per Leunclavium; Bochelli Decreta Gallic. Sirmondi Concil. Gall. Longus.

Actus Conventus Thorunensis: Formula Concordiae Germ: The Westminster Assemblies Acts. English Canons: Fasti Siculi: Morini exercit. Eccles.

Zepper. Polit. Eccles. Hammond, Le strange of Liturgies: Antiqitates Liturgicae: Cassanders Works: Claud. Sainctes; Gavantus de Ritibus; Vicecomes.

XVIII. More of the Fathers I need not name: If you can get and read them, you may find their names; e. g. in Bellarmin. de Script. Eccles. Get the Bibliothec. Patrum of de la Bigne, and Macarius Hom. Ephrem Syus, (plain honest things) Theodoret, Cyril Hieros. Cyril Alexand. Isidore Pelusiota, The∣ophilact & Occumenius, Sdulius & Primasius, Remigius, Beda, &c. But many of them are very weak and dry. The chief use of the Fathers is to know Historically what Doctrine was then taught.

XIX. Schoolmen more; Bonaventure, Alensis, Cajetane, Bannez, Biel, Cameracensis, Franc. Mayro, Capreolus, Ri. Armachanus, Bradwardine, Faber Faventinus, Hervaeus, Ioh. & Fr. Pici Mirandul. Fr. Victoria, Suarz, Vasquez, Albertinus in Thom. Aquila Scottellus; Ripalda nameth more if you would have more.

XX. Antipapists: Pappus of their Contradictions; Gentiletus, Mortons Apology and Grand Imposture.*Buckeridge Rffeusis for Kings: Crakenthorpe; Paraeus cont. Bellarm. Iunius on Bellar. Birkbeck's Prote∣stants Evidence, Hunnii Eccles. Rom. non est Christ. Hottoman, Brutum fulmen, &c. Eusebius Captivus, Ioh. Crocius de schismate; Iewel, all Whitaker, Andrews Tortura Torti, Wotton, Dr. Ier. Tailors Dis∣swasive. But they are almost numberless.

Note 1. THat these may seem too many though they are few to a full and rich Library.

2. That it is not my advice that you read over all these or half; For that would but make them a snare for sinning, and waste of time: But a Minister of the Gospel should have more Books by him than he can read over, for particular uses, and to see the Authors judgement occasio∣nally, and to try other mens Citations.

3. That a Minister must neither study the matter without the help of other mens studies by Read∣ing much; nor yet Read much without studying the Thing it self.

4. That though a man must not speak or write before he knoweth what and how, yet thus Exercising the Knowledge that we have doth greatly increase it. And no Minister must be studying, when he should be Preaching, Praying, Catechizing or visiting or instructing his flock.

Page  9295. It is but few men that are born with an acumen fit for Writings and Controversies; Those few must read the more to be fit for it: The rest may take up with such Preparations as they have use for, and exercise them, viz. in the Pastoral oversight of the flocks, and propagating plain and necessary truths: And therefore though I am one that have been thought to burden mens understandings with Methods, distinctions, directions and controversies, it is but few that I perswade to use them; and am as much as any for most mens adhering to plain fundamentals, and truths of daily use, and Love and honour those that go no further, and are faithful in this work: so be it they have not the Pride to think that they know more than they do, and to wrangle against that which they understand not, and set not the Church on fire as ancient Ignorance did, by accusing those of Heresie that knew more than themselves, when they got but the Throne or the Major Vote.

6. That though I chiefly commend Systemes of Theologie, I know not one whose method satis∣fieth me, as well agreeing with Scripture, and the matter (else I had not troubled my self so much to seek a right method, and propose what I found): And I think no common Method more genuine, than theirs that expound the Creed, Lords Prayer, and Decalogue, and the Sacraments, as the sum of all.

7. I mention none of my own Writings; for it will seem vanity: But, as many as they are, I wrote none which I thought needless at the time of writing them.

8. Though none should have so great fitness for the holy education of Children and Government of Families as Ministers, yet so great is the work of Overseeing the flock, requiring more time and parts than all that we have, and so great are the matters of our studies and labours, requiring our to∣tal and most serious thoughts that I earnestly advise all that can possibly to live single and without a Family, lest they marr their work by a divided mind: For nunquam bene fit, quod fit prae-occupato animo, saith Hierome truly.

The whole man, and whole time is all too little in so great a work.