CHAP. X. Of the Number Seaven, and the Scale thereof.
THe number seaven is of various, and manifold power, for it consists of one, and six, or of two, and five, or of three and four, and it hath a Unity, as it were the coupling together of two threes: whence if we consider the severall parts there∣of, and the joyning together of them, without doubt we shall confess that it is as well by the joyning together of the parts hereof, as by its fulness apart most full of all Majesty. And the Pythagorians call it the Vehiculum of mans life, which it doth not receive from its parts so, as it perfects by its proper sight of its whole, for it contains body, and soul, for the body consists of four Elements, and is endowed with four qualities: Also the number three respects the soul, by reason of its threefold power, viz. rationall, irascible, and con∣cupiscible. The number seaven therefore, because it consists of three, and four, joyns the soul to the body, and the vertue of this number relates to the generation of men, and it causeth man to be received, formed, brought forth, nourished, live, and indeed altogether to subsist. For when the genitall seed •• received in the womb of the woman, if it remain there seaven hours after the effusion of it, it is certain that it will abide there for good: Then the first seaven dayes it is coagu∣•ated, and is fit to receive the shape of a man: then it produ∣ceth mature infants, which are called infants of the seaventh moneth, i. e. because they are born the seaventh moneth. After the birth, the seaventh hour tryes whether it will live or no: for that which shall bear the breath of the aire after that hour is conceived will live. After seaven dayes it casts off the reliques of the Navell.
After twice seaven dayes its sight begins to move after the ••ght: in the third seaventh it turns its eyes, and whole face •reely. After seaven moneths it breeds teeth: After the second seaventh moneth it sits without fear of falling: After
the third seaventh moneth it begins to speak: After the fourth seaventh moneth it stands strongly, and walks: after the fifth seaventh moneth it begins to refrain sucking its Nurse: After seaven years its first teeth fall, and new are bred fitter for harder meat, and its speech is perfected: After the second seaventh year boys wax ripe, and then is a beginning of gene∣ration: At the third seaventh year they grow to be menin stature, and begin to be hairy, and become able, and strong for generation: At the fourth seaventh year they begin to barnish, and cease to grow taller: In the fifth seaventh year they attain to the perfection of their strength: The sixt seaven year they keep their strength; The seaventh seaventh year they attain to their utmost descretion, and wisdome, and the perfect age of men. But when they come to the tenth seaventh year where the number seaven is taken for a compleat number, then they come to the common tearm of life, the Prophet say∣ing, Our age is seaventy years. The utmost hight of mans body is seaven feet. There are also seaven degrees in the body, which compleat the dimension of its altitude from the bot∣tome to the top, viz. marrow, bone, nerve, vein, attery, flesh, skin. There are seaven, which by the Greeks are called black members, the Tongue, the Heart, the Lunges, the Liver, the Spleen, and two Kidnies. There are also seaven principle parts of the body, the head, the breast the hands, the feet, and the privy members. It is manifest concerning breath, and meat, that without drawing of the breath the life doth doth not endure above seaven hours: and they that are star∣ved with famine, live not above seaven dayes. The Veins also, and arteries (as Physitians say) are moved by the seaventh number. Also judgements in diseases are made with greater manifestation upon the seaventh dayes, which Physitians call criticall, i. e. judiciall. Also of seaven portions God Creates the soul, as divine Plato witnesseth in Timeus. The soul also receives the body by seaven degrees. All difference of voices proceeds to the seaventh degree, after which there is the same revolution. Again, there are seaven modulations of the voyces, Ditonus, Semiditonus, Diutessaron, Diapente with a tone, Dia∣pente
with a half time, and Diapason. There is also in Ce∣lestials a most potent power of the number seven. For seeing there are four corners of the Heaven Diametrically looking one towards the other, which indeed is accounted a most full, and powerfull aspect, and consists of the number seven. For it is made from the seventh Sign, and makes a Cross, the most powerfull figure of all, of which we shall speak in its due place. But this you must not be ignorant of, that the number seven hath a great Communion with the Cross. By the same radiation, and number the solstice is distant from Winter, and the Winter equinoctium from the Summer, all which are done by seven Signs. There are also seven Circles in the Heaven, according to the longitudes of the Axel tree. There are seven Stars about the Articke Pole, greater, and lesser, called Charls Wain also seven Stars called the Pleiades, and seven Planets, according to those seven dayes constituting a week. The Moon is the seventh of the Planets & next to us observing this number more then the rest, this number dispensing the motion, and light thereof. For in twenty eight dayes it runs round the Compass of the whole Zodiack, which number of dayes, the number seven, with its seven tearms, viz. from one to seven, doth make, and fill up, as much as the several numbers, by adding to the Antecedents, and makes four times seven dayes, in which the Moon runs through, and about all the longitude, and latitude of the Zodiack by measuring, and measuring again: with the like seven of dayes it lispenseth its light, by changing it; For the first seven dayes unto the middle as it were of the divided world, it increaseth; the second seven dayes it fils its whole Orb with light; the third by decreasing is again contracted into a divided Orb; but af∣ter the fourth seven dayes, it is renewed with the last diminu∣tion of its light, and by the same seven of dayes it disposeth the increase, and decrease of the Sea, for in the first seven of the increase of the Moon, it is by little lessened; in the second by degrees increased: but the third is like the first, and the fourth doth the same as the second. It is also applyed to Sa∣turn, which ascending from the lower, is the seventh Planet, which betokens rest, to which the seventh day is ascribed,
which signifies the seven thousandth, wherein (as John wit∣nesseth) the Dragon, which is the Divell, and Satan, being bound, men shall be quiet, and lead a peaceable life. Moreover the Phythagorians call seven the number of Virginity, because the first is that which is neither generated, or generates, nei∣ther can it be divided into two equall parts, so as to be generated of another number repeated, or being doubled to bring forth any other number of it self, which is contained within the bounds of the number ten, which is ma∣nifestly the first bound of numbers, and therefore they dedica∣ted the number seven to Pallas. It hath also in Religion mo•• potent signs of its esteem, and it is called the number of an∣oath. Hence amongst the Hebrews to swear is called Septe∣nare, (i. e.) to protest by seven. So Abraham, when he made a Covenant with Abimelech, appointed seven Ewe Lambs for a testimony. It is also called the number of blessedness, or ••∣rest, whence that,
O thrice, and four times blessed!viz.
in soul, and body. The seventh day the Creator reste•
from his work, wherefore this day was by Moses
called the Sabbath (i. e.)
the day of rest; hence it was that Christ rest∣ed the seventh day in the grave. Also this number hath a great communion with the Cross, as is above shewed, as also with Christ. For in Christ is all our blessedness, rest, and felicity besides, it is most convenient in purifications. Whence Apule•∣us
saith, and I put my self forthwith into the bath of the Sea, to be purified, and put my head seven times under the Waves. And the Leprous person that was to be cleansed, was sprinkled seven times with the blood of a Sparrow; and Elis••
the Prophet, as it is written in the Second Book of the Kings,
saith unto the Leprous preson; Go, and wash thy self seven times in Jordan,
and thy flesh shall be made whole, and thou shalt be cleansed, and it follows a little after, And he washed himself seven times in Jordan,
according to the Pro∣phets saying, and he was cleansed. Also it is a number of re∣pentance,
and remission: Hence was ordeined the seaventh years repentance for every sin, according to the opinion of the wise man, saying, And upon every sinner seaven fold: Also the seaventh year there were granted remissions, and after full seaven years there was giving a full remission▪ as is read in Leviticus.
with seaven petitions finished his speech of our satisfaction: hence also it is called the number of liber∣ty, because the seaventh year the Hebrew
servant did challenge liberty for himself. It is also most sutable to divine praises. Whence the Prophet saith, Seaven times a day do I praise thee, because of thy righteous judgements. It is moreover called the number of revenge, as saith the Scripture, and Cain
shall be revenged seaven fold. And the Psalmist saith, Ren∣der unto our Neighbours seaven fold into their bosome, their reproach. Hence there are seaven wickednesses, as saith Solo∣mon,
and seaven wickeder spirits taken, are read of in the Gos∣pell. It signifies also the time of the present circle, because it is finished in the space of seaven days. Also it is consecrated to the Holy Ghost, which the Prophet Isaiah
describes to be seaven fold, according to his gifts, viz.
the spirit of wisdom, and understanding, the spirit of counsell, and strength, the spirit of knowledge, and holiness, and the spirit of the fear of the Lord, which we read in Zachariah
to be the seaven eyes of God. There are also seaven Angells spirits standing in the presence of God, as is read in Tobias,
and in the Revelation;
seaven Lamps did burn before the Throne of God, and seaven golden Candlesticks, and in the midle thereof was one like to the son of man, and he had in his right hand seaven Stars. Also there were seaven spirits before the Throne of God, and seaven Angells stood before the Throne, and there were given to them seaven Trumpets. And he saw a Lamb having seaven horns, and seaven eyes, and he saw the book sealed with seaven Seales, and when the seaventh seal was opened, there was made si∣lence in heaven. Now by all what hath been said, it is appa∣rent that the number seaven, amongst the other numbers, may deservedly be said to be most full of all efficacy. Moreover, the number seaven hath great conformity with the number
twelve; Fot as three, and four make seaven, so thrice four make twelve, which are the numbers of the celestiall Planets, and signs, resulting from the same root, and by the number three partaking of the divinity, and by the number four of the nature of inferiour things. There is in sacred writ a very great observance of this number, before all others, and many, and very great are the mysteries thereof; many we have de∣creed to reckon up here, repeating them out of holy writ, by which it will easily appear, that the number seaven doth signifie a certain fulness of sacred mysteries. For we read in Genesis,
that the seaventh was the day of the rest of the Lord; & Enoch,
a pi∣ous, holy man, was the seaventh from Adam,
and that there was another seaventh man from Adam,
a wicked man, by name Lamech,
that had two wives; and that the sin of Cain
should be abolished the seaventh generation: As it is written, Cain
shall be punished seaven fold: and he that shall slay Cain,
shall be revenged seaven fold, to which the Master of the History collects, that there were seaven sins of Cain.
Also of all clean beasts seaven, and seaven were brought into the Ark, as also of Fowles: And after seaven days the Lord rained upon the Earth, and upon the seaventh day the fountains of the deep were broken up, and the waters cove∣red the Earth. Also Abraham
gave to Abimelech
seaven Ewe Lambs: and Jacob
served seaven years for Leah,
and seaven more for Rachel:
and seaven dayes the people of Israel
be∣wailed the death of Jacob.
Moreover, we read in the same place, of seaven Kine, and seaven Ears of Corn, seaven years of plenty, and seaven years of scarcity. And in Exodus,
the Sab∣both of Sabboths, the holy rest to the Lord, is commanded to be on the seaventh day. Also on the seaventh day Moses
ceased to pray. On the seaventh day there shall be a solemnity of the Lord, the seaventh year the servant shall go out free: seaven dayes let the Calf, and the Lamb be with its damm; the sea∣venth year let the ground that hath been sown six years, be at rest: the seaventh day shall be a holy Sabboth, and a rest: the sea∣venth day, because it is the Sabboth, shall be called holy. In Leviticus
the seaventh day also shall be more observed, and
be more holy: and the first day of the seaventh moneth shall be a Sabboth of memoriall. Seaven dayes shall the sacrifices be offered to the Lord, seaven dayes shall the holy dayes of the Lord be celebrated, seaven dayes in a year everlastingly in the generations. In the seaventh moneth you shall cele∣brate feasts, and shall dwell in Tabernacles leaven dayes: seaven times he shall sprinkle himself before the Lord, that hath dipped his finger in blood: he that is cleansed from the Le∣prosy, shall dip seaven times in the blood of a sparrow: seaven days shall she be washed with running water, that is menstru∣ous: seaven times he shall dip his finger in the blood of a bul∣lock: seaven times I will smite you for your sins: In Deu∣teronomy
seaven people possessed the Land of promise. There is also read of a seaventh year of remission, and seaven Candles set up on the South side of the Candlesticks. And in Numbers
it is read, that the sons of Israel
offered up seaven Ewe Lambs without spot, and that seaven dayes they did eat unleavened bread, and that sin was expiated with seaven Lambs & a Goat, and that the seaventh day was celebrated, and holy, and the first day of the seaventh moneth was observed, and kept holy, and the seaventh moneth of the feast of Tabernacles, & seaven Calves were offered on the seaventh day, and Baalam
e∣rected seaven Altars; seaven dayes Mary
the sister of Aaron
went forth leprous out of the Camp, seaven dayes he that tou∣ched a dead Carkass was unclean. And in Joshua
seaven priests carried the Ark of the Covenant before the Host, and seaven dayes they went round the Cities, and seaven trum∣pets were carried by the seaven Priests, and on the seaventh day the seaven Priests sounded the Trumpets. And in the book of Judges, Abessa
raigned in Israel
seaven years, Sampson
kept his nuptialls seaven dayes, and the seaventh day he put forth a Riddle to his wife, he was bound with seaven green withs, seaven locks of his head were shaved off, seaven years were the children of Israel
oppressed by the King of Maden.
And in the books of the Kings, Elias
prayed seaven times, and at the seaventh time, behold a little cloud! seaven dayes the children of Israel
pitched over against the Syrians,
and in the
seaventh day the battell was joyned: seaven years famine was threatened to David
for the peoples murmuring; and seaven times the child neesed, that was raised by Elisha,
and seaven men were crucified together in the dayes of the first harvest. Naaman
was made clean with seaven washings by Elisha,
the seaventh moneth Golias
was slain. And in Hester
we read, that the King of Persia
had three Eunuchs:
and in Tobias
seaven men were coupled with Sara
the daughter of Raguel:
And in Daniel Nebucadnezzars
Furnace was heated seaven times hotter then it was used to be, and seaven Lions were in the den, and the seaventh day came Nebucadnezzar.
In the book of Job
there is made mention of seaven sons of Job,
and seaven dayes and nights Jobs
friends sate with him on the Earth; and in the same place. In seaven troubles no evill shall touch thee. In Ezra
we read of Artaxerxes
his seaven coun∣sellers: and in the same place the trumpet sounded: the sea∣venth moneth of the feast of tabernacles were in Ezraes
time, whilest the children of Israel
were in the Cities: and on the first day of the seaventh moneth Esdras
read the Law to the people. And in the Psalmes David
praised the Lord seaven times in a day: silver is tryed seaven times; and he renders to our neighbours seaven fold into their bosomes. And Solo∣mon
saith, that wisdom hath hewen her self seaven Pillars; seaven men that can render a reason, seaven abominations which the Lord abhors, seaven abominations in the heart of an enemy, seaven overseers, seaven eyes beholding. Isaiah
numbers up seaven gifts of the Holy Ghost, and seaven wo∣men shall take hold on a man. And in Jeremiah,
she that hath born seaven, languisheth, she hath given up the ghost. In Ezekiel,
the Prophet continued sad for seaven dayes. In Za∣chariah
seaven lamps, and seaven pipes to those seaven lamps, and seaven eyes running to and fro throughout the whole Earth, and seaven eyes upon one stone, and the fast of the seaventh day is turned into ioy. And in Micah,
seaven shep∣herds are raised against the Assyrians. Also in the Gospel we read of seaven blessednesses, and seaven vertues, to which seaven vices are opposed; seaven petitions of the Lords pray∣er,
seaven words of Christ
upon the cross, seaven words of the blessed Virgin Mary,
seaven loaves distributed by the Lord, seaven baskets of fragments, seaven brothers having one wife, seaven disciples of the Lord that were fishers, seaven water pots in Cana
seaven woes which the Lord threatens to the Hypocrites, seaven divels cast out of the un∣clean woman, and seaven wickeder divells taken in after that which was cast out. Also seaven years Christ
was fled into Egypt;
and the seaventh hour the Fevour left the Governors son. And in the Canonicall Epistles, James
describes seaven degrees of wisdom, and Peter
seaven degrees of Vertues. And in the Acts
are reckoned seaven Deacons, and seaven disci∣ples chosen by the Apostles.
Also in the Revelations
there are many mysteries of this number: for there we read of seaven Candlesticks, seaven Stars, seaven Crowns, seaven Churches, seaven Spirits before the Throne, seaven Rivers of Egypt,
seaven Seales, seaven Markes, seaven Horns, seaven Eyes, seaven Spirits of God, seaven Angels with seaven Trumpets, seaven horns of the Dragon, seaven heads of the Dragon, which had seaven Diadems: also seaven plagues, and seaven •
ials, which were given to one of the seaven Angells, seaven heads of the scarlet Beast, seaven Mountains, and seaven Kings sitting upon them, and seaven thunders uttered their voyces. Moreover this number hath much power, as in natu∣rall, so in sacred, Ceremoniall, and also in other things: therefore the seaven days are related hither, also the seaven Planets, the seaven Stars called Pleiades, the seaven Ages of the World the seaven changes of man, the seaven liberall Arts, and so many mechanick, and so many forbidden, seaven Colours, seaven Metalls, seaven holes in the head of a man, seaven pair of nerves, seaven Mountains in the City of Rome,
Kings, seaven Civill Wars, seaven wise men in the time of Jeremiah
and seaven wise men of Greece.
did burn seaven days by Nero.
By seaven Kings were slain ten thousand Martyrs. There were seaven sleepers, seaven principall Churches of Rome,
and so many Monasteries did Gregory
build: So many sons Saint FelicityPage 202
brought forth: there were seaven Electors of the Empire appointed, and seaven solemn Acts in crowning the Empe∣rour; the Laws in the Testament require seaven witnesses, there are seaven civill punishments, and seaven canonicall, and seaven canonicall hours, the priest makes seaven obey∣sances in the Mass; seaven Sacraments, and seaven orders of the Clergy, and a boy of seaven years may be ordained by the lesser order, and may obtein a benefice sine Cura.
There are seaven penitentiall Psalmes, and seaven commands of the second table, and seaven hours were Adam,
in Pa∣radise, and there were seaven men foretold by an Angell be∣fore they were born, viz. Ismael, Isaack Sampson, Jeremiah John Baptist, James
the brother of the Lord, and Christ Jesus.
Lastly, this number is most potent of all, as in good, so evill; of this Livy,
the most ancient Poet sang,
The seaventh light is come, and then all things
T'absolve the father of all light begins
The seaventh's of all things originall,
The first seaventh, seaventh seaven we call
Perfect, with wandring Stars the heavens pol'd,
And with as many circles are round roll'd,
The Scale of the Number seven.
|In the origi∣nall world.
〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉
〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉
||The name of God with seven letters.
|In the Intelli∣gible world.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Zaphiel.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Zadkiel.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Camael.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Raphael.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Haniel.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Michael.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Gabriel.
||Seven Angels which stand in the presence of God.
|In the Ce∣lestiall world.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Saturn.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Jupiter.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Dlars.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 The Sun.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Venus.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 Mercury.
||〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉 The Moon.
|In the Ele∣mentary world.
|Seven Birds of the Planets.
Seven Fish of the Planets.
Seven Animals of the Planets.
Seven Metals of the Planets.
Seven Stones of the Planets.
|In the lesser world.
||The right foot.
The right ear.
The left ear.
|The right hand.
The right No∣strell.
The right eye.
|The privy members.
The left no∣strill.
|The left hand.
|The left foot.
The left eye.
|Seven integrall members distribu∣ted to the Planets.
Seven holes of the head distributed to the Planets.
|In the infer∣nall world.
〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉
|The gates of death.
〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉
|The shadow of death.
〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉
|The pit of de∣struction.
〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉
|The clay of death.
〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉
〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉
|The depth of the Earth.
〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉
|Seven habitatlons of infernals, which Rabbi Joseph of Castilia the Caba∣list describes in the Garden of Nuts.