CHAP. LXII. Of the Passions of the Mind, their Original, difference, and kinds.
THe passions of the mind are nothing else but certain mo∣tions or inclinations proceeding from the apprehension of Page 140 any thing, as of good or evill, convenient or inconvenient. Now these kind of apprehensions are of three sorts, viz. Sen∣sual, Rationall, and Intellectuall. And according to these three, are three sorts of passions in the Soul; For when they follow the sensitive apprehension, then they respect a tempo∣rall good or evill, under the notion of profitable, or unprofi∣table, delightfull and offensive, and are called naturall, or animall passions. When they follow the rational apprehen∣sion, and so respect good or bad, under the notions of Vertue or Vice, praise or disgrace, profitable or unprofitable, honest or dishonest, they are called rationall, or voluntary passions. When they follow the Intellectuall apprehension, and respect good or bad, under the notion of just or unjust, true or false, they are called intellectuall passions, or synderesis. Now the subject of the passions of the soul, is the concupitive power of the soul, and is divided into concupiscible, and ira∣scible, and both respect good and bad, but under a different notion. For when the concupiscible power respects good, and evil absolutely; Love or Lust, or on the contrary, hatred is caused: When it respects good, as absent, so desire is caused; or evill, as absent, or at hand, and so is cau∣sed horror, flying from, or loathing: or if it respect good, as present, then there is caused delight, mirth, or plea∣sure; but if evill, as present, then sadness, anxiety, grief. But the irascible power respects good or bad, under the notion of some difficulty; to obtain the one, or avoid the other, and this sometimes with confidence: and so there is caused Hope or Boldness; but when with diffidency, then Despair, and Fear. But when that irascible power riseth into revenge, and this be onely about some evill past, as it were of injury or hurt offered, there is caused Anger. And so we find eleven passions in the mind, which are, Love, Hatred, Desire, Horror, Joy, Grief, Hope, Despair, Boldness, Fear, and Anger.