A sermon preached at Plimmoth in Nevv-England December 9. 1621 In an assemblie of his Maiesties faithfull subiects, there inhabiting. VVherein is shevved the danger of selfe-loue, and the sweetnesse of true friendship. Together vvith a preface, shewing the state of the country, and condition of the sauages. Written in the yeare 1621.

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Title
A sermon preached at Plimmoth in Nevv-England December 9. 1621 In an assemblie of his Maiesties faithfull subiects, there inhabiting. VVherein is shevved the danger of selfe-loue, and the sweetnesse of true friendship. Together vvith a preface, shewing the state of the country, and condition of the sauages. Written in the yeare 1621.
Author
Cushman, Robert, 1579?-1625.
Publication
London :: Printed by I[ohn] D[awson] for Iohn Bellamie, and are to be sold at his shop at the two Grey-hounds in Corne-hill, neere the Royall Exchange,
1622.
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http://name.umdl.umich.edu/A19729.0001.001
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"A sermon preached at Plimmoth in Nevv-England December 9. 1621 In an assemblie of his Maiesties faithfull subiects, there inhabiting. VVherein is shevved the danger of selfe-loue, and the sweetnesse of true friendship. Together vvith a preface, shewing the state of the country, and condition of the sauages. Written in the yeare 1621." In the digital collection Early English Books Online. https://name.umdl.umich.edu/A19729.0001.001. University of Michigan Library Digital Collections. Accessed June 18, 2024.

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TO HIS LOVING FRIENDS, THE ADVENTVRERS FOR NEVV-ENGLAND; TOGETHER WITH ALL WELL-WILLERS, And well-wishers thereunto, Grace and Peace, &c.

NEW ENGLAND, so call'd, not onely (to auoyd nouelties) because Captaine Smith hath so entituled it in his Descrip∣tion, but because of the re∣semblance that is in it, of England the natiue soile of English-men; It being much what the same for heate and colde in Summer and Winter, it being Champion ground, but not high mountaines, somwhat like the soile in Kent and Essex; full of Dales, and med∣dow ground, full of ryuers and sweete springs, as Eng∣land is. But principally, so farre as we can yet find, it is an Iland, and neere about the quantitie of England, be∣ing cut off from the maine land of America, as England is from the maine of Europe, by a great arme of the Sea, which entreth in fortie degrees, and runneth vp North west and by West, and goeth out either into the South

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Sea, or else into the Bay of Canado. The certaintie whereof, and secrets of which, we haue not yet so found as that as eye-witnesses we can make narration thereof, but if God giue time and meanes, we shall ere long, dis∣couer both the extent of that Riuer, together with the secrets thereof; and also try what territories, habitations, or commodities, may be found, either in it, or about it.

It pertaineth not to my purpose to speake any thing, either in prayse, or disprayse of the country, so it is by Gods prouidence, that a few of vs are there planted to our content, and haue with great charge and difficultie attained quiet and competent dwellings there. And thus much I will say for the satisfaction of such as haue any thought of going thither to inhabit; That for men which haue a large heart, & looke after great riches, ease, pleasure, dainties, and iollitie in this world (except they will liue by other mens sweat, or haue great riches) I would not aduise them to come there, for as yet the country will afford no such matters: But if there be any, who are content to lay out their estates, spend their time, labours, and endeuours, for the benefit of them that shall come after, and in desire to further the Gospell a∣mong those poore Heathens, quietly contenting them∣selues with such hardship and difficulties, as by Gods prouidence shall fall vpon them, being yet yong, and in their strength, such men I would aduise and encourage to goe, for their ends cannot faile them.

And if it should please God to punish his people in the Christian countries of Europe, (for their coldnesse, carnality, wanton abuse of the Gospel, contention, &c.) either by Turkish slauery, or by Popish tyrannie, which God forbid, yet if the time be come, or shall come (as who knoweth) when Sathan shall be let loose,* 1.1 to cast out his flouds against them, here is a way opened for such as haue wings to flie into this Wildernesse; and as

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by the dispersion of the Iewish Church thorow per∣secution,* 1.2 the Lord brought in the fulnesse of the Gen∣tiles, so who knoweth, whether now by tyrannie, and affliction, which he suffereth to come vpon them, he will not by little and little chase them, even amongst the Heathens,* 1.3 that so a light may rise vp in the darke, and the kingdome of heauen be taken from them which now haue it,* 1.4 and giuen to a people that shall bring forth the fruit of it. This I leaue to the iudgement of the god∣ly wise,* 1.5 being neither Prophet nor sonne of a Prophet, but considering Gods dealing of olde,* 1.6 and seeing the name of Christian to be very great, but the true nature thereof almost quite lost in all degrees & sects, I cannot thinke but that there is some iudgement not farre off, and that God will shortly, euen of stones, rayse vp chil∣dren vnto Abraham.* 1.7

And who so rightly considereth, what manner of entrance, abiding, and proceedings, we haue had a∣mongst these poore Heathens since we came hither, will easily thinke, that God hath some great worke to doe towards them.

They were wont to be the most cruellest and treche∣rousest people in all these parts, euen like Lyons, but to vs they haue beene like Lambes, so kinde, so submissiue, and trustie, as a man may truely say many Christians are not so kinde, nor sincere.

They are very much wasted of late, by reason of a great mortalitie that fell amongst them three yeares since, which together with their owne ciuill dissensions and blouddie warres, hath so wasted them, as I thinke the twentith person is scarce left aliue, and those that are left, haue their courage much abated, and their counte∣nance is deiected, and they seeme as a people affrighted. And though when we came first into the countrie, we were few, and many of vs were sicke, and many dyed by reason of the colde and wet, it being the depth of

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winter, and we hauing no houses, nor shelter, yet when there was not sixe able persons amongst vs, and that they came daily to vs by hundreths, with their Sachems, or Kings, and might in one houre haue made a dispatch of vs yet such a feare was vpon them, as that they ne∣uer offred vs the least iniury in word or deede. And by reason of one Tisquanto, that liues amongst vs, that can speake English, we haue daily commerce with their Kings, & can know what is done or intended towards vs amongst the Savages; Also we can acquaint them with our courses and purposes, both humane and reli∣gious. And the greatest Commander of the countrie call'd Massasoit, commeth often to visite vs, though hee liue fiftie myles from vs, and often sends vs presents, he hauing with many other of their gouernours promi∣sed, yea, subscribed obedience to our Soueraigne Lord King IAMES, and for his cause to spend both strength and life. And we for our parts, thorow Gods grace, haue with that equitie, justice, and compassion, carried our selues towards them, as that they haue receiued much fauour, helpe, and ayde from vs, but neuer the least iniury, or wrong by vs. Wee found the place where we liue emptie,* 1.8 the people being all dead & gone away, and none liuing neere by 8. or 10. myles; and and though in the time of some hardship wee found (trauelling abroad) some 8. Bushels of Corne hid vp in a Caue, and knew no owners of it, yet afterward hearing of the owners of it, we gaue them (in their e∣stimation) double the value of it. Our care also hath beene to maintaine peace amongst them, and haue al∣wayes set our selues against such of them as vsed any re∣bellion, or trecherie against their gouernours, and not onely threatned such, but in some sort payd them their due deserts; and when any of them are in want, as often they are in the Winter, when their corne is done, wee supply them to our power, and haue them in our houses

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eating and drinking, and warming themselues, which thing (though it be something a trouble to vs) ye be∣cause they should see and take knowledge of our la∣bours, orders, and diligence, both for this life and a better, we are content to beare it, and we find in many of them, especially, of the younger sort, such a tracta∣ble disposition, both to Religion and humanitie, as that if we had meanes to apparell them, & wholly to retaine them with vs (as their desire is) they would doubtlesse in time proue seruiceable to God and man, and if euer God send vs meanes we will bring vp hundreths of their children, both to labour and learning.

But leauing to speake of them till a further occasion be offered; If any shall maruell at the publishing of this Treatise in England, seeing there is no want of good bookes, but rather want of men to vse good bookes, let them know, that the especiall end is, that wee may [ 1] keepe those motiues in memory for our selues, & those that shall come after, to be a remedie against selfe-loue the bane of all societies. And that also we might testi∣fie [ 2] to our Christian Country-men, who iudge diuersly of vs, that though we be in a Heathen Country, yet the grace of Christ is not quenched in vs, but we still hold, and teach the same points of faith, mortification, and sanctification, which we haue heard and learned in a most ample and large maner in our owne country. If any shall thinke it too rude and vnlearned for this curi∣ous age,* 1.9 let them know, that to paint out the Gospell in plaine and flat English, amongst a company of plaine English-men (as we are) is the best and most profita∣blest teaching; and we will study plainnesse, not curio∣sitie, neither in things humaine, nor heauenly. If any error, or vnsoundnesse be in it, (as who knoweth) im∣pute it to that frayle man which endited it,* 1.10 which profes∣seth to know nothing as he ought to know it. I haue not set downe my name, partly because I seeke no

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name, and principally, because I would haue nothing esteemed by names, for I see a number of euils to arise thorow names, when the persons are either famous, or infamous, and God and man is often iniured; if any good or profit arise to thee in the receiuing of it, giue God the prayse, and esteeme me as a sonne of Adam, subiect to all such frailties as other men are.

And you my louing Friends the Aduenturers to this plantation; as your care hath beene, first to settle reli∣gion here, before either profit or popularitie, so I pray you, goe on, to doe it much more, and be carefull to send godly men, though they want some of that world∣ly policie which this world hath in her owne generati∣on,* 1.11 and so though you loose, the Lord shall gayne. I reioyce greatly in your free and readie mindes to your powers, yea, and beyond your powers to further this worke,* 1.12 that you thus honour God with your riches, and I trust you shall be repayed againe double & treble in this world, yea, and the memory of this action shall neuer die, but aboue all adding vnto this (as I trust you doe) like freenesse in all other Gods seruices, both at home and abroad, you shall finde a reward with GOD, ten thousand fold surpassing all that you can doe or thinke, be not therefore discouraged, for no labour is lost, nor money spent, which is bestowed for God, your ends were good, your successe is good, and your profit is comming, euen in this life, and in the life to come much more; And what shall I say now, a word to men of vnderstanding sufficeth, pardon I pray you my boldnesse, reade ouer the ensuing Treatise, and judge wisely of the poore weakling,* 1.13 and the Lord, the God of Sea and Land, stretch out his arme of protecti∣on ouer you and vs, and ouer all our lawfull and good enterprises, either this, or any other way.

Plimmoth in New-England. December 12. 1621.

Notes

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