In what case it is best for a Commander or Gene∣rall to flye, and how.
AS great Iudgement was required of you in the ordering of your Battels, and behaui∣our of your selfe in Fight, and after the Battell lost; so there is as much required of you in taking time to Flye: for if you flye not like a good Souldier, but like one voide of iudg∣ment without Discipline, you will bring distruction to your Army, shame to your Friends, and dishonour to your selfe: but if you flye with iudgement as a Souldi∣dier, you bring safetie to your Army, glory to your Friends, and hope of victory to your selfe. That you may be enabled to flye thus with honour, obserue these precepts following.
* 1. When your Enemies being mightie, or else very strong, vrgeth you being weake in strength, helpelesse; then know, that vpon such an occasion (so necessitated) that a wise, orderly, and politicke flight is better then an indiscreet stay without reason.
2. If you be by necessitie compelled to flye, flye in order, and in Battell array, fully prouided of rescues and helpes, that your Enemies eagerly vrge you not.
3. Flye with sufficient space of time and place, that your Enemies cannot easily ouertake you before you come into safetie (I meane places of aduantages for you.)
Page 43 4. Flye in many parts and sundry wayes, which conceale, that your Enemies may haue no intelli∣gence of your meaning, and diuersitie of flying.
5. If you flye or auoid the fight; doe it either com∣pelled by necessitie, or subtiltie, or cautiously to bring your Enemy into your danger, or else to seeke places or occasions for your best, or better aduantage.
6. If you flye, your Enemy hardly vrging you in the Reare and Flankes; your Hosemen or else your Muskettiers, or both, should eagerly skirmish with them which persue so earnestly; so that your Army may in the interim win a good space of ground.
7. Before your Horse and Muskettiers should is∣sue out (as aboue said) you should haue a Peece of Ordnance remaining in the Reare of your Army for to shoot off vpon the vrgers, as opportunity should serue.
8. In like fashion two or three peeces of Ordnance in the Reare of euery battalia, trauelling, iournying, or flying.
9. Commonly your Muskettiers (in such cases last rehearsed) are vsed to be placed both in the Reare and Flanks, for the said speciall purpose; namely, to skirmish with such as doe disturbe your March; and yet to keepe on their iourney with the rest.
10. Some such as flye vse to leaue some great Stales or Ambushes, in places very conuenient (as Woods, Mountaines, Forrests, Rocks, banks of Riuers, Caues, Hils, hollow and deepe wayes, Corne-fields, and the like) for such a purpose, to intrap the vrgers, if occa∣sion can serue.
21. Sometimes (as Count Mansfield) they fire Page 44 houses to stay their Enemies following: and on that side the smoake fals (by reason of the winde) they lay an Ambush to intrap the Enemy. The like doe you, that the rest of your Army may passe with safetie.
12. When you flye onely the Battell, and seeke order and time conuenient for the same, send all your baggage and carriage before, and after them all your Footmen, and with a strong company of Horse fortifie your Reare, and leaue many fires in the Campe; And for time, choose a cloudy darke morning.
13. In your flying, or before, learne exquisitely of them as be skilfull of the wayes and places, where, how farre off, or how lye such places, as you hope may somewhat defend you from any danger of your Enemies, and make the greatest haste towards them.
14. If you can learne of any narrow passage be∣tween two great Hils, or betweene some great Riuer or Wood, & some dangerous Hill, or some other dan∣gerous place wherein you may safely rest from your Enemies, make haste thither.
15. In which case learne very diligently whether there be not some secret place in the same place of your quietnesse, whereunto your Enemies getting, may disturbe your quietnesse; and if there be cause, such kindes of dangerous places, to be either well warded, or else stopped by a trane-ditch, or by ano∣ther good way.
16. Also learne very diligently, whether your E∣nemy seeke not by their Horsemen to fetch a great Page 45 compasse about any side of your said place of your securitie, either to inclose you there, or else for to goe before you to some place of their aduantage a∣gainst you.
17. In which case, if your Enemies with their whole Army seeke to compasse the place, and for to be before you, take good aduice, if you may not turne that their practise vnto your commoditie, by some new inuention.
* As first, for to returne backe againe vnto some place of refuge; for you are else (as the Graecians) to seeke another way not suspected of your Enemies.
Or else to returne a little backe to giue a colour to your Enemy of flying away, so to draw him into the same streight to follow you the easier in his opinion, and to returne to incounter him the more easely.
18. A chiefe, or else a notable place of refuge for Flyers, is to flye to be vnder the wings, or safetie of some Citie, or else strong Fort, well furnished with great Ordnance vpon the wals; it is able to shoot o∣uer your flying Army into the Army of your prose∣cuting Enemy, and so hurt him, to his great danger, and your great securitie, and comfort many wayes.
19. If you flye, or iourney in three Battels, or more, euery Battell must alwayes be in sight of the next before or behinde, in such order, that the one be alwayes able to succour the other (in case it be inua∣ded by Enemies) so Flying, or Iournying. Otherwise, for lacke of such order and aide, one may be discom∣fited for want of others helpe. To conclude.
20. If Flying, your Enemy with a great compa∣ny of Horse and shot, inuade your hindermost Bat∣tell, Page 38 discharge two Peeces of Ordnance vpon them, or more, which will coole their courage, and will likewise by their roaring and thundering noise, warne your other Battels to make Alt or stand, whereby you may worke your will. Example.
The Landgraue with his Germaine great Army, when Charles the fift Emperour sent a great company of shot for to inuade their hindmost Battell, and to stay them, hee caused two Culuerins to be discharged vp∣on them; and all the Army staid. Thus much for Flying.