The prospectiue glasse of vvarre Shevving you a glimpse of vvarres mystery, in her admirable stratagems, policies, wayes; in victualling of an armie, prouiding money to pay souldiers, finding out the enemies purposes, traps, and stratagems: ordering of marches, framing of battails, sundry fights, retreats, and the like, to auoide battell or fight. Furnished with argument to encourage and skill to instruct. By C.E. Warre is a schoole of necesary knowledge.
Cooke, Edward, fl. 1626-1631.

Page  38 part, and then another: or else, if occasion serue, ayde your Battels, as reason shall moue you to helpe.

23. And in the heat of your Fight, if newes come that your Baggage is in danger, in no case the Captaines must not suffer the Souldiers, or Horsemen confusedly for to runne for to recouer the same, in case of losse; but by aduice to send a company of conuenient men for to doe it, onely by their Commandements, and no o∣therwise; for by seeking to recouer the same pelfe or baggage, sundry Armies haue been ouerthrown, which otherwise might haue beene saued.

24. If your Enemies come ouerstrongly vpon any part of your Army, shoot off your great Ordnance a∣mongst the thickest of them, and when your great Ordnance hath dispersed them, then cause your Horsemen to inuade them so disordered most furi∣ously.

25. As for your Ordnance, you may plant them ei∣ther before you, or on your wings, or else vpon some conuenient Hils behinde you, to shoot ouer your heads; or on some high grounds on the sides, or be∣fore.

26. Some haue planted their Ordnance on a leuell ground behinde their Battell, and causing the Battell to open in the midst, haue deliuered the volly vpon the Front of the Enemy. In which case you are to marke, that if your Enemy so open, then his great Ordnance is so planted; and then you haue no better remedy, but to open your selues as you see them doe before you: In which case also your Footmen may suddenly fall down flat vpon the ground, and that safely, and rise againe im∣mediately after the Enemies haue shot; for in such a case they will neuer inuade you in your Front, before Page  39 their shot haue been discharged: and being down, your Ordnance behinde you may flanke-wise immediately play on them, if you were so prouided.

27. In marching against an Enemy, if you feare his great Ordnance shooting directly against you, fetch a long compasse to passe by them, and so to auoid them, if no greater impediment let you.

28. Likewise fearing your Enemies great Ordnance, let your iourney be behinde the couert of Corne high standing, creeping close, and your Pikes trayling, so couet to inuade the sides, or backes of your Enemies.

29. Some haue, being in danger of the great Ord∣nance, caused their seruants in Armour for to stand be∣hinde great trees, standing directly in the face or sight of the Gunners, therby to cause them to shoot off the more vehemently, as though the whole Battell came that way, and ment for to come vpon the Ordnance: In the meane space, vnder that colour, their Souldiers haue come conueniently some other way; or else behinde their seruants, creeping loe, towards their Enemies; which to imitate, you must beforehand learne perfectly the nature of the ground, which you are to passe, that you may take all aduantages which the nature of the soile can render vnto you.

30. If your Enemy March with all his Ordnance in the Vantgard, and his other Battels lagge halfe a dayes iourney behinde, follow him with all your power with as great celeritie and secrecie as you can, and so fight with him, being depriued of his chiefe strength.

31. If your Enemy March away in good order with his Ordnance before, and in the Reare of his Army so trauelling (not determined to fight) and you seeke by following your Enemy to fight with him, you must Page  40 haue a great regard vnto the place where your Enemy and you both iourny, and there a company of Dragons with Curassiers, or Pistoliers, with two or three field Peeces, are to be sent before to stay your Enemies, and to disturbe them; that when you see them thereby stay∣ed, you may haue the more leasure to order your Battels, and to make choise of your ground to fight. Then if you fight (if it be possible) by all meanes bring your great Ordnance round about your Enemies Ar∣mie; plant them vpon some high ground, that you may without impediment shoot free vpon your Enemies backes, or sides: and withall guard your Ordnance with a conuenient number of shot, that they may not be surprised by the Enemy, and turned vpon your selues.

32. If it chance that your Battell be ouerpressed by your Enemies, and begin to scatter, or for to disorder; then all your Captaines must with all diligence bestir themselues, first in exhortation, and comforting their Souldiers; then by bringing them againe into order, and turne them againe, which haue turned from their Enemies: If faire words will not serue, then let them vse foule, and from words fall vnto blowes, it may be that will force them to returne. If they persist and will flye, then let some few valiant Captaines as know such streights through which they must passe, runne before to possesse the streights; there after blowes and slaugh∣ter, force them to fall into order againe.

33. Bridges, deepe Riuers, streight wayes inuironed are to be set.

34. By which waies oftentimes recoueries haue bin gotten, although very deerely.

35. It is very necessary for a Generall to haue before∣hand Page  41 perfect knowledge of these wayes; that hee may somewhat the better behaue himselfe after the losse of his Battell.

* His behauiour after his Battell lost, consisteth best in his good prouision of all kindes of duties made before his Fight or Battell.

For if he haue prouided beforehand by wisedome some place of safe refuge, neere hand vnto the place of the Battell, hee hath very well taken order for all mis∣haps.

If he by wisedome before haue taken order that the enemy can in no safetie, but with his danger persue him, he hath well holpen his danger.

If knowing no other helpe to be likely, he began the Battell ouer night; in which case hauing lost the Battell, his Enemies could not persue him very farre: hee hath done very well.

If he haue beforehand, when hee saw himselfe likely to loose the Battell, in some conuenient place laid some Ambush, which in order will set vpon his Enemies, per∣suing out of order; he hath performed the part of a good Generall.

A good Generall will forecast what may happen, and therefore will consider alwayes of euery ground, as he passeth by it, what occasion it can worke, and how he can take aduantage, or helpe himselfe thereby; either by the impediments of his Enemy there, or else by some Ambush, or some other stratagem to be wrought vpon the occasion of the same ground, good or bad. And if his Enemy very wisely, and with good reasons and dis∣cretion seeke Battell or Fight, he with like wisedome and discretion wil auoid Battell or fight, and seeke to get away by flying: which is the next point to be handled.