The new found vvorlde, or Antarctike wherin is contained wo[n]derful and strange things, as well of humaine creatures, as beastes, fishes, foules, and serpents, trées, plants, mines of golde and siluer: garnished with many learned aucthorities, trauailed and written in the French tong, by that excellent learned man, master Andrevve Theuet. And now newly translated into Englishe, wherein is reformed the errours of the auncient cosmographers.
Thevet, André, 1502-1590., Hacket, Thomas, fl. 1560-1590.

Howe these Barbarous and wilde men put their enimies to death, that they haue taken in the warre, and eate them. Cap. 40.

NOwe that I haue shewed how that the wilde men of America, leade their enimies prisoners, into their lodgings, after that they haue taken them in the warres, there resteth now to shewe how they do intreate them at the last. Thus therefore they vse them, the priso∣ners that they take and bring into their countrey,* shal be very wel intreated, a fiue dayes after shal be giuen hym a wife, peraduenture his daughter to whome he is priso∣ner, for to minister to him his necessities, as well at his bed as otherwise, in the meane time he is serued with the best meates that can be founde, minding to fatten hym lyke a crammed Capon against he shall dye, the which tyme he may easily knowe by a coller made of cotton, Page  61 on the which they hang certaine rounde fruites, or the bones of some beast of fishe made in maner of beads, the which they hang about their prisoners neck. And so ma∣ny Moones as they are minded to kepe him, the like quā∣titie of these Beades will they hang about their neckes, and so take of euery Moone one, vntill that ye Moones are expired. And some in stead of these Beades, will hang as many litle collers about their necks, as they haue Moo∣nes to liue. Furthermore ye shall note, that these wilde men doe not recken neuer aboue fiue, and they obserue neither dayes nor houres, neither monthes nor yeares, but they count only by Moones. This maner of counting or reckening, was in times past commaunded to be vsed by Solon to the Athenians, that is to obserue the dayes by the course of the Moone. Nowe to our purpose, if that of this prisoner, and of the wife that is giuen him, there are borne any children for the time that they shalbe togither, they shall be kept and nourished for a time, and than they will eate them: saying, that they are their enimies chil∣dren. This prisonner, after that he hath bene well enter∣tained and made fat, they will put him to death, thinking it to be a great honoure. And for to celebrate this slaugh∣ter, they wil send for their farthest friends and kinsfolks, for to eate their parte thereof: the day before the execu∣tion, he shall be laide in his bed, and chained with Iron, the which vse they haue learned of the Christians, sin∣ging after this sorte: The Margageas our friendes, are good men, strong and mightie in the vvarre, they haue ta∣ken and eatē a good number of our enimies, likewise they vvill eate me vvhen it please them. But as for me, I haue killed and eaten his parentes and friends,*to vvhome I am prisoner, with many suche like woords. By this ye may know, that they feare not death. I haue sometimes (for Page  [unnumbered] pleasure) deuised with suche prisoners being faire and strong men, demaunding of them if they did no more care to be thus slaine and murthered from day to day, to the which they answeared, laughing and scoffing: Our friends sayd they, will reuenge our death, shewing a hardie and an assured countenaunce. And when that I did shewe them, that I would redéeme them out of the handes of their enimies, they tooke it in mockage and derision.

*As touching the women and maids that are taken in the warre, they are kept like prisoners as the men are for a certaine time, & then vsed after that maner. They are not kept so muche in captiuitie as the men are, but they haue libertie to goe about, and they are set to dresse Gardens, and to fishe and gather certaine shell fishe. Now when that they are retourned from this slaughter or murther,* the owner of the prisoner, as we haue al∣ready shewed, will request all his friendes to come to him against that day to eate their parte of their bootye, with good quantitie of Cahouin, which is a kinde of drinke made of Mill, with certaine rootes. Vpon this day of solempnitie, all the assistantes will decke them selues with fethers of diuers coloures, or else they will painte their bodies. Specially he that doeth the executi∣on, shall be decked after the best maner that is possible, hauing his sweard of wood, wherewith he doeth his office, richly adorned with faire Fethers: but the priso∣ner, the shorter time that he hath to liue, the more greater signe of ioy doeth he shewe. He shall be brought surely bounde wyth cordes of Cotton into a publike place, being accompanied with ten or twelue thousande of the wilde men his enimies, and there he shall be Page  62 smitten downe like an Oxe in the Shambles (after many Ceremonies.) This prisoner being deade, his wife that hath bene giuen him, shall mourne a certain time for his deathe: but the body being cut in pieces, they take the bloud, and therewith bathe their male children, for to make them the more hardye, as they say, shewing them that when they come to age, they doe the like to their enimies, as their fathers before them had done. By this ye may knowe, that the like is done to them, if they be taken in the warre. The prisoner being put to death after this sort, and hewed in pieces, and pre∣pared according to their maner, shall be distributed a∣mong them all, be they neuer so many, euery one a mor∣sell or piece: as for the bowels or inner partes, the wo∣men eate them vp commonly, and they reserue the head to set it on a poll out of their houses in signe of triumph and victorie. And aboue all other, they haue a pleasure to vse the Portingals after this sorte.* The Canibals, and those of a riuer named Marignan, are much more cruel to the Spanyardes, making them to die a cruell death, and then they eate them.

We finde not in no Historie of any nation, be it ne∣uer so straunge and barbarous, that hathe vsed the like crueltie as these haue done: but onely Iosephus wryteth, that when the Romaines had besieged Ierusalem, vnder Titus, Vespasians sonne, after that the famine or hunger had deuoured all, the mothers were constrained to eate their owne children. And the Anthropophages, that are a people inhabiting in Scythia, liued also with humain flesh as these wilde men do.

Now he that hath made ye execution straightly, after that he hath done, goeth home to his house, and there re∣maineth Page  [unnumbered] all the day without meate or drinke in his bed. Likewise he shall abstaine certaine dayes, and in thrée dayes after he shal not set foote on groūd. If he be minded to goe to any place, he is borne on mennes shoulders, ha∣uing among them this fonde and foolish opinion, that if he should not so doe, there would happen vnto him some mischiefe, or else the like death. This being done, with a little sawe made of the téethe of a beast named Agon∣tin, he will race his skin on his brest, or on other places, so that it shall appear all rent and broken. And the cause why they doe these things, is as I haue bene enformed of some of them, that they doe it for pleasure, estéeming the murther that by him hath bene committed against his enimie, a great glory and honoure to him warde. Vn∣to whome, minding to shewe the crueltie of the thing, disdaining my woords, sayd vnto me, that it was a great shame to vs for to forgiue and pardon our enimies, ha∣uing once taken them in the warres. Moreouer he sayd, that it is muche better to put them to death, to the ende that they moue not warre against vs an other time. By this ye may sée with what discretion these poore brutishe men doe rule and gouerne themselues. Also the maidens doe vse suche Ceremonies with their bodies the space of thrée dayes continually, after that they haue had the first purification of women, so that sometimes they are very sicke. Also the same dayes they do abstaine from meates, not comming out of their houses, nor setting foote on ground, as we haue before shewed of the men, sitting on∣ly vpon a stone appoynted for that vse.