The chronicles of England from Brute vnto this present yeare of Christ. 1580. Collected by Iohn Stow citizen of London.
Stow, John, 1525?-1605.
Page  1108

Queene Elizabeth.

[illustration]

ELizabeth our most grati∣ous* and soueraigne Lady, second daughter to King Henry the viij. to the great comfort of Englande, was with full consent proclaimed Quéene of England, France and Ire∣lande, Defender of the Fayth &c. on the xvij. of Nouember, in the yeare of oure Lorde God. 1558. Forthwith, the Portes and Hauens were stopped, and none suffered to passe out of the Realme without licence. Proclamation was made, forbidding all men to Preach, saue such as should be appoynted: also, to alter any rytes or Ceremonies vsed in the Church saue as it was in hir gra∣ces Chappell.

The xxiij. of Nouember, Quéene Elizabeth came from*Bishops Hatfield in Hertfordshire, vnto the Lord Northes house in the late Charterhouse of London, the Sheriffes of LondonPage  1109 méeting hir Grace at the farther ende of Barnet Towne within the Shere of Middlesex, and so rode before hir, till the came to the Charterhouse Gate next Aldersgate, where hir Grace remayned.

On Monday, the eyght and twentith of Nouember, a∣bout* two of the clocke in the after noone, Quéene Elizabeth rode from the Lorde Northes house, along by the Barby∣cane, in at Creeplegate, then along by the wall to Bishopsgate, which Gate was richly hanged, where the Waytes of the Citie playde, and ouer against the Kings head Tauerne, a Scholler of Paules Schoole made a short Oration to hir Maiestie in Latin Uerses, the company of the Mercers standing in theyr rayles next the Scholler, and so all the o∣ther Companyes of the Citie in order from thence to Mart Lane ende, nexte vnto Barking Church in Tower streete, the Lorde Maior of London riding wyth Mayster Garter King at Armes, bearing a Scepter before hir Maiestie, whiche Lorde Maior mette hir at the Charterhouse Gate nexte Al∣dersgate, where Mayster Recorder saluted hir Grace in the name of the Lorde Maior and the whole Citie, and so with Lordes, Knightes, and Gentlewomen richly apparelled, brought hir to the Tower of London: but when hir Grace en∣tered at Mart Lane, a peale of Gunnes beganne to be shotte off at the Tower, whiche continued almost halfe an houre.

The fifth of December, the Quéene remoued by water from the Tower to Somerset place néere to the Strand.

The xiij. of December, the corpse of Quéene Mary was honourably conuayed from Saint Iames to the Abbey of*Westminster, and there placed vnder a rich Hearse decked with penons, banners, and Schutchions of the Armes of Englande and France, where she remayned that nighte, and on the morrow, after the Masse of Requiem, and a Sermon preached by Doctor White Bishop of Winchester was en∣ded▪ she was buryed in the Chappell of King Henry the sea∣uenth on the North side.

Page  1110The xxiiij. of December, was solemne obsequie kept in* the Abbey of Westminster for Charles the fifth late Empe∣rour, which deceassed in Spayne in the moneth of Septem∣ber last past, Quéene Maryes herse yet standing, altered with the Armes of the Emperour, and richly hanged with a rich pall-cloth of gold lying on the hearse, the Emperours Em∣bassadour being chiefe mourner, with other Péeres and Lords of England assistant with him &c.

The first of January, the Lord Maior and Aldermen gaue in commandement to euery warde in London, that the* Parson or Curate in euery Parish Church in London, should reade the Epistle and Gospell of the day in the Englishe tong in the Masse time, and the English Procession then v∣sed in the Quéenes Chappell, according to a Proclamation sent from hir Maiestie and priuie Counsell, proclaymed in the Citie of London the xxx. of December, which commande∣ment was that day obserued in most parish Churches of the Citis.

The ninth of January in the morning, the Image of Thomas Becket which stoode ouer the dore of the Mercers* Chappell in London toward the stréete, was found broken and cast downe, and a bill set on the Church dore deprauing the setters vp thereof.

The xij. of January, the Quéenes Maiestie remoued from hir place of White hall to the Tower by water, the Lorde Maior of London, and his bréethren the Aldermen, in their Barge, and all the Craftes of the Citie in their Barges richly decked with targets and banners of euery mysterie. The Batchelers of the Maiors companie in their Barge, with a Foyst, hauing thrée toppes, trimmed and richly dec∣ked to wayte on them, which shotte off gunnes all the way: all these awayted on hir Maiestie, who tooke hir Barge a∣bout two of the clocke in the after noone, the Lord Maior fo∣lowing after, and euery company in order, with great me∣lodie of musicall instruments, till hir grace was through London bridge, and landed at hir priuie staire of the TowerPage  1111Wharffe, and then the Maior, after leaue taken, and thankes of the Quéene, returned through the Bridge with the floud, and landed at the Three Cranes Wharffe in the Uintrie.

The xiiij. of January, at which time the Londoners had made sumptuous prouision, the Quéenes Maiestie passed through the Citie of London to hir Palace at Westminster:* the next day she was Crowned by Doctor Oglethorp Bi∣shop of Carelile.

The xxv. of January, began a Parliament at Westmin∣ster,* before the States whereof, Doctour Coxe, late come from beyond the Seas, and sometime Schoolemayster to King Edward the sixth, made a learned Sermon.

In this Parliament, the first fruites and tenthes were granted to the Crowne, and also the supreme gouernemēt ouer the state Ecclesiasticall. Likewise, the Booke of commō Prayer, and administration of the Sacraments in our vul∣gar tongue was restored, to be done as in the time of King Edward the sixth.

In the Easter Holydayes preached at the Spittle Do∣ctour Bill the Quéenes Almoner, Doctour Coxe, and Do∣ctour Horne, the two last came lately from beyond the seas. On Lowsonday the seconde of Aprill, Mayster Sampson made the rehearsall Sermon at Paules Crosse.

The iij. of Aprill, the Quéenes Maiestie appoynted a cō∣ference or disputation to be had at Westminster Church, be∣twéene* the olde Bishops, and certayne learned men late* come from beyond the Seas, concerning matters of Reli∣gion, but the matter came to small effect.

The seauenth of Aprill was a peace proclaymed betwixt England and France. And the like betwéene hir Maiestie, and the King and Quéene of Scotland.

The xix. of Aprill, was kepte the Serieants feast in the ••ner Temple, and nine Serieants were there made, Mai∣••er Reignald Chamley Recorder of London being one of y ix.

A Subsidie of ij. s̄. viij. d. the pound of moueable goods was* granted, and the Parliament dissolued the vij. of May.

Page  1112The seconde of July, the Citizens of London had a mu∣ster* afore the Quéenes Maiestie at Greenewich in the Parke of fourtéene hundred men, whereof eyght hundred were Pikemen, all in fine Corselets, foure hundred Haquebuts in shirtes of mayle with morians, and two hundred Hal∣berters in almanriuets, which were furnished and set forth by the companyes of the Citie of London: they had to euery hundred two wiffelers, richly apparelled, and twelue war∣dens of the best companyes riding in coates of blacke Uel∣uet to conduct them with drommes and fifes, and sixe En∣signes, all in Jerkins of white Bridges Satten, cutte and lined with blacke Sarsenet, with cappes, hosen, and skarfes according: the Captaynes Robert Constable, and Mayster Saunders, brought them in battayle ray afore the Quéene, euen as they should haue fought, which made a goodly shewe before hir Maiestie, the Emperoures and French Kings Embassadours béeing present.

In the moneth of July, the olde Bishops of England then liuing, were called and examined by certayne of ye Quéenes* Maiesties Counsayle, where the Bishops of Yorke, Ely, and London with other to the number of thirtéene or fourtéene, for refusing to take the oth touching the Quéenes suprema∣cie and other Articles, were depriued from their Bi∣shoprickes. And likewise, were diuers Deanes, Archdea∣cons, Parsons, and Uicars, depriued from their Benefices, and some committed to prison in the Tower, Fléete, Mar∣shalsea, and Kings bench.

Commissioners were likewise appoynted for the esta∣blishing* of Religion through the whole Realme. For Lon∣don were appoynted Sir Richard Sackuile Knight, DoctouHorne a Diuine, Doctour. Huicke a Ciuilian, and May∣ster Saluage, who called before them diuers persons of eue∣ry parish, and sware them to enquire and present vpon certayne iniunctions.*

Also, the houses of Religion, erected by Quéene Ma∣ry,* as the Monkes of Westminster, Nunnes and bréethrePage  1113 of Sion and Sheene, the blacke Friers in Smithfielde, and the Friers of Greenewich were all suppressed.

On the euen of Saint Barthelmew, the daye and the* merrow after &c. were burned in Paules Church yarde, Cheape, and diuers other places of the Citie of London, all the Roodes and other Images of Churches, in some places the Coapes, Uestments, Alter clothes, Bookes, Banners, Sepulchers, and Roode loftes were bur∣ned.

The fifth of September about midnight, fell a greate tempest at London, in the ende whereof, a great lightning, with a terrible clappe of thunder strake the Spire (béeing stone) of the Stéeple of Alhallowes Churche in Bredstreete,* about a tenne foote beneath the toppe, out of the which fell a stone that slew a Dogge, and ouerthrew a man play∣ing with the same Dogge, and the Spire of the Stéeple was so perished, that not long after the same was taken downe with lesse charges to the Parish, than the repayring woulde haue cost. And at the same instant, by the same tempest, one of the South dores of Saint Dionise Churche in Fenchurch streete, with the dore of the Reuestrie of the same Churche, were both stricken thorough and bro∣ken.

The eyght and ninth of September, a solemne Obse∣quie* was kepte in Paules Churche at London, for Henry the French King departed, who dyed of a wound giuen by the County Mountgomerie, at a triumph, iusting in the Citie of Paris, whereof he dyed about the tenth daye of July.

About the last of September, Iohn Duke of Finland, se∣conde* sonne to Gustabus Kyng of Swethen, was sente by hys father to treate a marriage for hys eldest brother E∣ricus, with the Quéenes Maiestie of Englande: he arriued at Harwich in Essex, and was there honourably receyued & en∣terteyned by ye Earle of Oxford, which said Earle, & the Lord Page  1114Robert Dudley, with a goodly baude of Gentlemen and yeomen, conueyed him to London, where he was receyued of diuers Knightes and Gentlemen of the Court, on the fifth of October, and was with his trayne of about the num∣ber of fiftie persons well horssed, conuayed to the Bishop of Winchesters place in Southwarke, where he was lodged du∣ring his abode héere, and remoued from thence two dayes before Easter homeward, and sped on his message as may appeare by that which foloweth, takē out of Iohannes Lewen∣claij comment. de bellis Moscorum.

Ericus King of Sweden, sonne of Gustabus late King of the sayde Kingdome, hauing committed to prison his brother Iohn Duke of Finlande, whome a little before he had em∣ployed into England on an Embassage to the Quéenes Ma∣iestie, whome he sued to for marriage, and had his sute re∣iected, agayne the second time solicited hir Maiestie in the same suite, notwithstanding (to his great dishonor, and (as it fell out) his iust disgrace) he attempted the same matter with the yongest daughter of Phillip Lantgraue Vanhessen, at whose hand (hauing the seconde tyme bin reiected of hir Maiestie héere) the matter béeyng knowne there, he also not onely receyued a denyall, but the Lady was by hir Father bestowed vppon Adolfe Duke Van Holst, Unckle* of Frederike Kyng of Denmarke, then enemie of the sayde Erice. Thus farre Iohannes Lewenclaij.

Thomas Lodge: Roger Martin, the 28. of September.*

Sir William Hewet Clothworker, the 28. of October.

About this time, many men of warre were conueyed out of France into Scotlande, and there placed in Townes and Fortresses, as in the Towne of Leeth, Dunbarre, Inskith, and other, whereby it was to bée suspected that they would sodeynely inuade thys Realme, wherevp∣on, the Quéenes Maiestie sente the Duke of Norffolke to∣wards*Scotland as Generall with an army, who remayned at Berwike.

Page  1115In the moneth of Aprill, the Lord Grey Wilton entred*Scotland with an army of tenne thousand, and beséeged the towne of Lth, where betwéene the French and the English* were often skirmishes, and many slayne on both sides, for few were taken prisoners.

In May, a noble man of France, by licence of the Quéenes Maiestie, passed through England into Scotland, to talke with the Quéene Dowager and the Frenchmen, for the appeasing of this matter, who at his returne agayne into England, ob∣teyned of the Quéenes Maiestie to send Sir William Ciuill Knight, hir Maiesties principall Secretary, with Mayster Doctour Wootton, to treate with the Frenchmen, who by their wisedomes; so well ordered the matter, that they a∣gréed vpon a peace, which was concluded in thirtéene Ar∣ticles, the Frenchmen to depart, to the great quietnesse and safetie both of England and Scotland, and therevpon, hir Ma∣iestie reuoked hir army, after the fortes there were rased, without any seysure or holding of any péece within Scotland.

The fifth of July, through shooting of a gunne whiche brake in the house of one Adrian Arten a Dutchman, in Crooked Lane, and setting fire on a Firken and Barell of Gunpowder, four houses were blowne vp, and diuers other* sore scattered, nine men and women slayne, and diuers o∣ther sore brused.

On Michaelmas euen before noone, was published by* Proclamation, that the Testone coyned for twelue pence, and in the reigne of King Edward the sixt, called downe to sixe pence, should now forthwith (of the best sort, marked with the Portculeys) be taken for four pence halfepeny, the seconde, marked with the Greyhound, for two pence farthing, the thirde and worst sorte not market as afore, not to be taken for any value: the grote should be taken for two pence, the two peny péece for a peny &c. And shortly af∣ter,* hir grace restored to hir subiects fine sterling money, for their corrupt and base coyne, calling the same to hir Maie∣sties mintes according to the rate before mentioned.

Page  1116Christopher Draper: Thomas Rowe, the 28. of Septemb.*

Sir William Chester Draper, the 28. of October.

The Quéenes Maiestie made great preparation of ar∣mour, niunition, and powder, to be in a readinesse to defend hir Realme, if néede should happen.

The xxj. of March, a notable Grammer Schoole was founded by the Mayster, Wardens, and assistāts of the wor∣shipfull* company of the Merchant Taylors of London, in the parish of Saint Laurence Pountney in the same Citie, the worshipfull Emanuell Lucar, Robert Rose, William Mericke, Iohn Sparke, and Robert Duckington then béeing Mayster and Wardens of that company.

The tenth of Aprill, was one William Gefferey whip∣ped* from the Marshal sea in Southwarke, to Bethlem without Bishopsgate of London, for that he professed one Iohn Moore to be Christ our sauiour: on his head was set a paper, wherein was written as followeth, William Gefferey a most blas∣phemous Heretike, denving Christ our fauiour in Heauen.* The sayd Gefferey being stayd at Bethlem gate, Iohn Moore was brought forth, before whome, William Gefferey was whipped till he confessed Christ to be in Heauen. Then the sayde Iohn Moore being examined, and answering ouer∣thwartly,* was commanded to put off his coate, dublet, and shirte, which he séemed to do very willingly, and after bée∣ing tied to the Cart was whipped an arrowes shoote from Bedlem, where at the last he also confessed Christ to bée in Heauen, and himselfe to be a sinfull man: then was Iohn Moore sente agayne vnto Bedlem, and William Gefferey to the Marshalsea, where they had layne prisoners nigh a a yeare and a halfe, the one for professing himselfe to be Christ, the other a Disciple of the same Christ.

On Wednesday the fourth of June, betwéene foure* and fyue of the clocke in the after noone, the Stéeple of Paules in London béeing fired by lightning, brast foorth (as it séemed to the beholders) two or thrée yards beneath the foote of the Crosse, and from thence, brent down the Sphere Page  1117 to the stoneworke and belles, so terribly, that within the space of foure houres, the same Stéeple, with the roofes of the Church so much as was timber or otherwayes combus∣tible, were consumed, which was a lamentable sighte, and pitifull remembraunce to the beholders thereof.

The length of Paules Church in London is 2690. foote.

The breadth thereof is 10. foote.

The heigth of the Stéeple was 520▪ foote, whereof the stone worke is 260. foote.

And the Spere which now is burnt, was likewise 260. foote.

Alexander Auenon: Humfrey Baskeruild, the 28. of Sep.*

Sir William Harper merchant Taylor, the 28. of October.

This Sir William Harper founded a frée Schoole in the Towne of Bedford (where he was borne, and lyeth buryed)* and hath giuen a competent liuing for a Schoolemayster there to teach and instruct children in vertue and learning vnto the worldes end.

The fiftéenth of Nouember, the Quéenes Maiestie pu∣blished* a Proclamation, wherin she restored to the Realme dyuers small péeces of Siluer money, as the péece of sixe pence, foure pence, thrée pence, two pence, and a pennie, thrée halfe pence, and thrée farthings. And also, forbadde all forreyne Coynes to bée currant within the same Realme, as well Gold as Siluer, calling them into hir ma∣iesties Mintes, except two sortes of Crownes of Golde, the one the French Crowne, the other the Flemish Crowne.

The xxvj. of December, Sir Ambrose Sutton, alias Dud∣ley Knight, called Lord Ambrose Dudley was created Ba∣ron Lisle, and afterward the same day Earle of Warwike at Westminster.

This yeare in Englande were many monstrous birthes. In March, a Mare brought forth a foale with one body and* two heads, and as it were a long tayle growing out be∣twéene the two heads. Also, a Sow farowed a Pigge* with foure legges like to the armes of a man childe, Page  1118 with hands and fingers &c.

In Aprill, a Sow farrowed a Pigge with two bodyes, eight féete, and but one head, many Calues and Lambes were monstrous, some with collers of skinne growing a∣bout their neckes, like to the double ruffes of shirtes and nekercheffes then vsed.

The xxiiij. of May, a man child was borne at Chichester in Sussex, the hea▪ armes, and legges whereof, were lyke a Notamy, the brest and belly monstrous bigge from the na∣uell, as it were a long string hanging: about the necke a great coller of flesh and skinne growing like to the ruffe of a shirt or nekerchefe, comming vp aboue the eares pleyting and folding &c.

The Quéenes Maiestie in September, addressed a band of hir Subiects to the Towne of Newhauen in Normandy:* who were embarked at Portesmouth, bycause that Hauen is most apt for transportation to that place, vpon whose arri∣uall, the Townesmen and inhabitants ioyfully surrendred themselues and their Towne into the possession of the Quéenes maiestie, which was kept by Englishmen from Sep∣tember 1562. to the 29. of July then next following, which was in the yeare 1563. The gouernour of which band was the right honourable the Earle of Warwicke, who with the Captaynes seruing there (which were of great experience) and Souldyers trayned by them to knowledge of seruice, togither with part of the old approued garrison of Barwike, did at that time both manfully defende the péece, and vali∣antly encountred by sundrie skirmishes and conflictes with the Countie Reingraue and his band, the most part where∣of were happily atchéeued, to the •••eats ouer throwe of the aduersaryes parte, and singular commendation of ours.

William Allin: Richard Chamberlaine, the 28. of Sept.*

Sir Thomas Lodge Grocer, the 28 of October.

On Saterday ye xvj. of January, a great tempest of wind and thunder happened in the Towne of Leycester, whiche Page  1119 vncouered 411. bayes of houses, and ouerturned manye.

The ix. x. and xj. of February, Westminster hall was ouer∣slowen* wyth water, and Holland in Lincolneshire was drow∣ned by rage of winde and water.

When the Frenchemen with huge armies assembled oute* of all partes of Fraunce, to recouer the place of passage, the stopping whereof by our power was the double woe of their common wealth there bred throughe the season of the yere and putrifactiō of the aire, a miserable & infortunate plague among our men, whyche maruellously encreased, with the death of diuers of the best captains & souldiors, where with∣al there folowed a cruel and quicke siege, whereat was pre∣sent the yong Kyng hymselfe, the Quéene hys mother, the beste tryed number of warlike souldiours within the whole Countrey, besides an other sorte of yong and olde that cared not for life or lande, so their aduenture might winne againe the cause of their distresse: wyth this generall ayde, the ma∣rishes were made passable and firme ground, whych by men of great experience was thought impossible: and with com∣mon helpe the Cannons were placed, the Castell and wals were battered, and sundrye breaches made beyond expecta∣tion, howbeit they were rewarded by oure Gunners, and made to taste the bitter fruit of their desperate approche, to their greate terrour and annoyaunce, the Earle of Warwike wyth the remnant of our Capitaines and souldiors in cou∣ragious order standing at the seuerall breaches ready to de∣fende their assaultes, whyche perceyued by the enimy, they caused their Trumpets to sound the blast of Emparle, that composition of eyther parte mighte be made, to auoide the imminent slaughter, and effusion of bloude. This offer séemed not vnméete, bothe parties concluded, the Towne was delyuered the nine and twentith of July, wyth condi∣tion, that the Englishemen should departe. When the towne in this sorte was surrendred to the Frenche, and the greatest part of our garrison shipped, many sicke persons were lefte behind, impotent and vnable to help themselues The mi∣sery Page  1120 whereof Edwarde Randolfe Esquier hygh Marshall of the Towne (who was appointed to tarry and sée the vtter∣moste of oure composition accomplished) perceiuyng, mo∣ned with naturall pitie of his Countreymen relinquished withoute comforte, caused the saide sicke persons to bée car∣ryed aboorde, not sparing his own shoulders (at that time feeble and full of the plague) hymselfe and hys men still bea∣ring and helping the poore creatures on Ship-boorde, a rare facte, worthy rewarde, and no doubte in remembrance with God, the true recorder of mercifull deserts.

As ye haue hearde, the plague of pestilence being in the* Towne of Newhauen, through the number of souldiors that returned into Englande the infection thereof spread into dy∣uers partes of this Realme, but especially the Citie of Lon∣don was so infected, that in the same whole yeare, that is to say, frō the first of January 156. till the last of December. 1563. there dyed in the Citie and Liberties thereof, contai∣ning 108. parishes of all diseases, xx. M. iij. C. lxxij. and of the* plague, (being parte of the number aforesaide) xvij. M. iij. C. iij. persons. And in the out parishes adioyning to y same Citie, being xj. parishes, dyed of al diseases in the whole yeare itj. M. tj. C. lxxx. and vitj. persons▪ and of them, of the plague tj. M. vtj. C. xxxtj. persons, so that the whole num∣ber of all that dyed of all disseases, as well within the Citie and Liberties, as in the out parishes, was xxitj. M. vj. C. & and lx. & of them, there dyed of the plague, xx. M. one hun∣dred thirtie and sixe.

The eight of July in the morning, hapned a great tēpest* of lightning and thunder, where through a woman & thrée kyne were slaine in the Couent▪ Garden neare to Charing Crosse: At the same time in Essex a man was torne to péeres as he was carying haye, hys barne was borne downe, and hys haye brent, bothe stones and trées were rent in many places.

The Counsell of Kyng Philip at Bruxels, commaunded proclamation to be made in Antwerpe and other places, that Page  1121 no English ship with anye clothes shoulde come into anye places of their lowe Countries: their colour was (as they saide) the daunger of the plague whyche was that tyme in London, and other places of England: notwythstanding, they woulde gladly haue gotten our Woolles, but the Quéenes Maiestie, throughe sute of oure Merchaunt Aduenturers, caused the Wooll fléete to be discharged, and our Cloth fléet was sente to Emden in East Friselande aboute Easter nexte following in Anno 1564.

Forsomuche as the plague of Pestilence was so hote in* the Citie of London, there was no Terme kepte at Michael∣masse: to be shorte, the poore Citizens of London, were thys yeare plagued with a thrée folde plague, pestilence, searcity of mony, and dearth of victuals: the misery whereof, were too long here to wryte, no doubte the poore remember it, the riche by flight into the Countries made shifte for them∣selues, &c.

An Erthquake was in the moneth of September in dy∣uers* places of thys realme, speciallye in Lincolne and Nor∣thamptonshires.

Edwarde Bankes: Rowlande Haywarde, the 28. of Septem.*

Sir Iohn White Grocer, the 28. of October.

After the election of this Maior, by the Counsels letters, the Quéenes Maiesties pleasure was signified to Sir Tho∣mas Lodge, then Maior, that forsomuche as the plague was to greate in the Citie, the newe Maior elected shoulde kéepe no feast at the Guild hall, for doubte, that throughe bringing togither suche a multitude, the infection might encrease, for that wéeke there dyed wythin the Citie and out Parishes, more than two thousande: wherefore this sir Iohn White tooke his othe at the outermoste Gate of the Tower of Lon∣don.

From the firste daye of December, till the twelfth, was* sache continuall lightning and thunder especially the same twelfth day at night, that y like had not bin séene nor heard by any man then liuing.

Page  1122In the moneth of December, was driuen on the hore ••Grims••e in Lincolneshire, a monstrous fishe, in length nyne∣téene yardes, his taile fiftéene foote broade, and sixe yardes betwéen hys eyes, twelue men stoode vpright in hys mouth to get the oyle.

For that the plague was not fullye ceased in London,* Hillarye Tearme was kepte at Hertforde Castell besides Waer.

Thys yeare an honorable and ioyfull peace was conclu∣ded,* betwixte the Quéenes Maiestie and the Frenche Kyng, their Realmes, Dominions and Subiectes, whyche peace was proclaymed with sounde of Trumpet, at hir Castell of Windsore, and▪ also at London on the thyrtéenth daye of A∣prill.

The plague (thankes be to God) being cleane ceased in London, both Easter and Midsommer Terme were kepte at Westminster.

Throughe the earnest suite of the Armourers there was on the vigile of Saint Peter a Watche in the Citie of London,* whyche did onelye stande in the highest stréetes▪ as Cheape, Cornehill, and so forth to Aldgate, whyche Watche was to the commons of the City as chargeable, as when in times past it had béene commendably done.

The fifth of Auguste, the Quéenes Maiestie in hir Pro∣gresse* came to the Uniuersitie of Cambridge, and was of all the Students (being inuested according to their degrées ta∣ken in the Schooles) honorably and ioyfully receiued in the Kings Colledge, where she did lye during hir continuaunce in Cambridge▪ The dayes of hir abode were passed in Scho∣lasticall exercises of Philosophie, Phisicke and Diuinitie, the nightes in Comedies and Tragedies, sette for the part∣lye by the whole Uniuersitie, and partly by the Studentes of the Kyngs Colledge.

At the breakyng vp of the Diuinitie acte, being on Wed∣nesday, the ninth of Auguste, (on the whyche daye she rode through the Town, and viewed the Colledges, those goodly Page  1123 and auncient monuments of Kyngs of Englande, hir Noble Predecessours) shée made wythin Saint Macies▪ Church a no∣table Oration in Latine, in the presence of the whole lear∣ned Uniuersitie, to the Studentes greate comforte. The erte daye she wente forwarde on hir Pregresse to Fihching∣brooke by▪ Huntington.

The thyrtith daye of August, was enacted by a common* Councell of the Citie of London▪ that all suche Citizens as from thence-forth should be instrained 〈…〉 their houshold ••u••e, leafes of houses or suche like, shoulde firste cause the same to be cried throughe the Citie by a man wyth a Bell, and then to be solde by the common out cryer appoynted for that purpose, and he to retaine one farthing of the shilling for his paines.

The xx. daye of September arose great floudes in the ri∣ner* of Thamis, where-through the Marshes neare adioyning were ouerflowed, and manye Cattell drowned.

The creation of sir Robert Sutton alias Dudley Knight of* the Garter, and Maister of the Horsse, to the Quéenes Ma∣iestie, who was created Baron of Denbigh, and after Earle of Leicester on Michaelmasse daye at Saint Iames, wyth the gifte of the Manour of Killingworth▪ and other things there to hym and hys heires, to the yerely valewe of four and twen∣tie pounde and better. Firste, the saide Lord attended on the Quéenes highnes, to the Chappel, and from the Chap∣pell to seruice, and when he was returned to the Chamber of Presence, the saide Lord with other departed to the Lord Chamberlaines Chamber, and shifted them, the said Lord Robert in his Surcote with the Hoode, his mantle borne be∣fore hym by the Lorde Hunsdon, and ledde by the Lord Clin∣ton Lorde Admiral by the right hand, and the Lord Strange on the lefte hande, in their Parliament Robes, Garter bea∣ring the Patent, and before him the Officers of Armes, and so procéeded into the Chamber of Presence, where the Quéenes Highnesse sate vnder the cloth of Estate with the Noble men on ech side of hir, the Embassador of France was Page  1124 also present with another straunger an Italian, and when the fai••• Lorde with the other came in the Quéenes sight, they made theyr o••ysaunce thrée tymes, the saide Lorde knéeled 〈…〉, after the whyche Gatter presented▪ the Letters pat∣tents to the Lord Chamberlaine, and he presented the same to the Quéenes Highnesse, who gaue it to sir William Cecil Secretary, who read the same with a loude voyce, and at the wordes of Creduimus, the Lord of Hunsdon presented the Mantle to the 〈…〉 Maiestie, who putte on the same, whereby he was treated Baron of Denbigh for hym and hys heyres: then the pattent was read out to the ende, after the whyche hée delyuered it to the Quéene agayne, & hir High∣nesse gaue it to the saide Lord, who gaue hir Maiestie most humble thankes, and he rose vp and departed to the Cham∣ber then came from, the Trumpettes sounding before hym. Then bée shifted hym of those Robes, and put on the Robes* of Estate of an Earle, and béeing ledde by the Earle of Sus∣sex on the righte hande, and the Earle of Huntington, on hys lefte hande, the Earle of Warwike bearing his Sworde the Pomell vpward, and the girdle, aboute the same, al in their Robes of Estate, the Lorde Clinton Lorde Admirall in hys Parliament robes, bearing his Cap with ye Coronal, Garter▪ before him hearing his Patent, and the other officers of Armes before him, they procéede as afore into the Chamber of Presence, where, after they hadde made their obeysance, the saide Earle néeled downe, and Garter delyuered hys patent to the Lorde Chamberlaine, who gaue the same to the Quéenes Maiestie, and hir highnesse gaue the same to sir Wiliam Cecil Secretary to reade, who read the same, and at the words, Cincturam Glady the Earle of Warwike presen∣ted the Sworde to the Quéenes Highnesse, who gyrte the same aboute the necke of the saide newe Earle, puttyng the poynt vnder hys lefte army, and after hir Maiestie putte on his Cappe with the Coronall, then hys Patent was read out to the ende, and then the saide Secretary deliuered it a∣gaine Page  1125 to the Quéene; and hir Highnesse gaue it to the sayde newe Earle of Leicester, who gaue hir humble thankes for the same, and then he arose and wente into the Councell Chamber to dynner, the Trumpets sounding before, and at dinner he sate in hys kyrtle, and there accompanyed him the foresayde Embassadour of Fraunce, and the saide Italian, wyth dyuers other Earles and Lordes, and after the second course, Garter with the other Officers of Armes, proclay∣med the Quéenes Maiesties Stile, and after, the Stile of the sayde Earle, for the whyche they had fiftéene pounde, to éete, for hys Baronie fue pound, and for his arledoms tenne pounde, and Garter had hys Gowne of blacke el∣net garded wyth thrée gardes of the same, layde on wyth Lace, fyned throughe wyth blacke Taffata, and garded on the inner side with the same, and on the sléeues xxxvitj. paire of Aglets of Golde.

Duresnoble & puissant seigneur Robert Cante de Leyceste Ba∣ron de Denbighe, Cheualier du tresnoble Ordre de la Iarretierrè, & Grand Esquier de la Royne nostre Souuereigne.

Edwarde Iackeman: Leonell Ducket, the 28. of September.*

The seconde of October in the afternoone, and the mor∣rowe in the forenoone, a solempne obsequie was holden in Saint Paules Churche at London, for Ferdinando late Empe∣rour departed.

The seauenth of October at eight of the clocke at night,* the North partes of the Element séemed to be couered wyth flames offyre, procéeding towards the middle of the firma∣ment, where, after it had stayed nigh one houre, it descended West, and all the same night (being the next after the chāge of the Moone) séemed as light as it had bin daye.

Sir Richard Mallery Mercer, the 28. of October.*

The twentith of Nouember in the morning, throughe negligence of a Maiden with a Candle, the snuffe falling in an hundred pounde waighte of gunne poulder, thrée hou∣ses in Bucklerslourie; werefore shaken, and the Maide dyed two dayes after.

Page  1126The de and twentith of December begase a Froe,* whyche •••〈…〉 so extreamly, that on Neweyeres euen, people wēt ouer and along the Thamis on the Ice from Lon∣don bridge to Westminister, some played at foote ball as bolde∣ly there, as if it had bin on the dry land, diuers of the Court being then at Westminster, shotte dailye at prickes sette vp∣on the Thamis , And the people both men and women went on the Thamis in greater number, than in anye stréete of the Citie of London: On the thirde daye of January at night it beganne to thawe, and on the fifth daye was no Ice to bée séene betwéene London bridge and Lambeth, whyche caused greate loudes and highe waters, that bare downe Bridges and houses, and drowned manye people in Englande, es∣pecially* in Yorkeshire, Owes bridge was borne away wyth o∣ther.

The thyrde daye of February, Henry Stuarte Lord Dar∣lo••,* aboute the age of ninetéene yéeres, eldest sonne of Ma∣thew Earle of Leunex, (who wente into Scotlande at Whit∣sontide before) hauing obtayned licence of the Quéenes Ma∣iestie, tooke his iorney towarde Scotland, accompanied with iue of his fathers men, where, when he came, was honora∣blye receyued, and lodged in the Kings lodgings, and in the Sommer following, marryed Marie Quéene of Scot∣lande.

Aboute this time for the Quéenes Maiestie were chosen and sent commissioners to Bruges, the Lorde Montacute Knight of the honorable order of the Garter, Doctour Wot∣ton one of his Maiesties honorable Counsell, Doctor Haddō¦on•• the Maisters of 〈…〉 to hir highnesse with other:* Maister Doctor Aubrey was for the Merchant Aduenturers of Englande. They came to Bruges in Lent, Anno. 1565. & con∣tinued there till Michaelmasse followyng, and then was the diet prolonged till March, in 1566: and the Commissio∣ners returned into Englande.

The two and twentith of Aprill, the Ladye Margaret* Countesse of Liunex, was commaunded to kéepe hir Cham∣ber Page  1127 at the White hall, where she remayned till the xxtj. of June, & then conueyed by sir Frauncis Knolles, & the Guard to the Tower of London by water.

On Midsomer day Donell Mac Cartie More, was created Baron of Valencia, and afterwarde the same daye Earle of Glankerre at White hall.

On S. Peters euen at night, was the like standing watch* in London, as hadde béene on the same nighte twelue mo∣neths.

The xvj. of July, about nine of the clocke at night, began* a tempest of lightning and thunder, wyth showres of haile, whyche continued til thrée of the clocke the nexte morning so terrible, that at Chelmsforde in Essex 500. acres of corne were destroyed, the Glasse windowes on the East side of the Towne, and of the Weast and South sides of the church were beaten downe, wyth also the tiles of their houses, be∣side dyuers Barnes, Chimneys, and the battlements of the Churche whiche were ouerthrowen. The like harme was done in manye other places, as at Leedes, Cranebrooke, Do∣uer, &c.

Christopher Prince and Margraue of Baden, wyth Cice∣lie* his wyfe sister to the King of Swethlande, after a long and daungerous iorney, wherein they had trauelled almoste xj. moneths, sayling from Stokeholme, crossing the Seas ouer into Lifeland, from whence by land they came aboute by Pol∣land, Pruscy, Pomerland, Meckeburge, Friseland, and so to Ant∣arpe in Brabant, then to Callais; at the laste in September 〈…〉 at Douer, and the xj. day of the same they came to Lon∣don, and were lodged at the Earle of Bedfordes place, neare vnto Iuie bridge, where, wythin foure dayes after, that is to aye, the xv. of September, she trauelled in childe bed, and was delyuered of a man childe, whyche childe the laste of September was christned in the Quéenes Maiesties chap∣pell of White hall at Westminster, the Quéenes Maiestie in 〈…〉 owne person being Godmother, the Archebyshoppe of Canterburie, and the Duke of Norffolke Godfathers: at the Page  1128 cri•••ing the Quéene gaue the childe to name Edwardus Fortunatus, for that God had so gratiously assisted hys mo∣ther, in so long and daungerous a iourney, and brought hir so safe to lande in that place whyche she moste desired, and that in so shorte time before hir deliueraunce.

Iohn Riuers: Iames Hawes, the 28. of September.*

Sir Richarde Champion rape, the 28. of October.

The eleauenth of Nouember, the right honourable Am∣brose Earle of Warwike, marryed Anne eldest daughter to the Earle of Bdforde: for the honor and celebration of whi∣che noble marriage, a goodlye chalenge was made, and ob∣serued aestminster at the T•••, with ech one sixe courses▪ at the Tourney twelue strokes with the Sword, thrée pu∣shes wyth the punchion staste: and twelue blowes with the Sworde at Bariars, or twentie if any were so disposed.

At tenne of the clocke the same daye, a valiant seruie∣able* man, called Roberte Thomas, Maister Gunner of Eng∣lande, destrous also to honour the fea•• and marriage day in consideration the saide Earle of Warwike was Generall of the Ordinaunce wythin hir Maiesties Realmes and Do∣minions, made thrée traines of great Chambers, which ter∣ribly yéelded forth the nature of their voyce, to the greate a∣stonishment of diuers, who at the fyring of the seconde, was vnhappilye staine by a péece of one of the Chambers, to the greate sorrowe and lame••ation of many.

The foure and twentith of December, in the mornyng* there rose a greate storme and tempest of winde, by whose rage the Thames and Seas ouerwhelmed many persons, and the greate Gates •• the Weaste ende of Paules Church in London, (betwéene the whyche standeth the Brazen Pil∣ler)* were, throughe the force of the winde, then in the wea∣sterne parte of the worlde loen open.

In January, Mnseur Rabuley Knight of the Order* in Fraunce, was sent ouer into Englande, by the French King Charles the ninth of that na••e, wyth the Order, who ••Windsore, was stalled in the behalfe of the saide French King Page  1129 wyth the Knighthoode of the moste honorable order of the Garter: and the four and twentith of January, in the Cha∣pell of hir Maiesties Pallaice of White all, the saide Mon∣sieur Rambuley inuested Thomas Duke of Norffolke, and Robert Earle of Leicester, wyth the saide order of Saint M∣chaell.

The Marus of Baden, and the Ladye Cecilie his wyfe,*••ster to the King of Swethen, who came into this land in the meneth of September laste paste, as before is declared, bée∣ing then by the Qéenes especiall appointment at theyr arri∣uall honorably receyued by the Lord Cobham, an honorable Baron of this Realme, and the Ladye his wife one of the Quéenes Maiesties priie Chamber, nowe in the moneth of Aprill, Anno. 1569. departed the same againe, the Mar∣ques a fewe dayes before hys wife, being both cenducted by a lyke personage the Lorde of Aburgaueny to Douer.

Certaine houses in Cornehill, being first purchased by the* Citizens of London, were in the moneth of February cryed by the Bell man, and afterwarde solde to suche persons as shoulde take them downe and carry them from thence, whi∣che was so done in the moneths of Aprill and May next fol∣lowing. And then the grounde beyng made plaine at the charges also of the Cittie, po••ession thereof was by certaine Aldermen, in name of the whole Citizens, giuen to ye right worshipfull sir Tho. Gresham Knight, Agent to the Quéens Highnesse, there to buylde a place for Merchantes to assem∣ble in, at hys owne proper charges, who on the seauenth of June layde the firste stone of the foundation (being Bricke) and forth-with the work-men followed vpon the same with suche diligence, that by the Moneth of Nouember, in the yeare of our Lorde ••67▪ the same was couered wyth Slate.

The commissioners before named appointed for the mat∣ters of Flaunders, kéepyng their dyet at Bruges, agréed to referre the whole matter to the Princes on bothe sides, and if they coulde not agrée, then the Merchants to haue fortie dayes to repayre home with their merchaundise, and in the Page  1130 meane t•••, all things to stande as they were then. Dure C••••issioners departed frō Bruges about the xxvj. of June.

The xxxj. of August ye Quéenes Maiestie in hir progresse* came to the Uniuer••tie of Oxforde, and was of all the Stu∣dentes, whyche had looked for hir commyng thyther two yeares, so honorably and ioyfully receyued, as eyther theyr lyan•••e towardes the Quéenes Maiestie, or the expectati∣on of their ••iendes did requyre. Concerning orders in dis∣puta••on, and other Academicall exercises, they agréede much wyth those, which the Uniuersitie of Cambridge had v∣sed two yeres before. Comedies also and Tragedies were played in Christes Churche, where the Quéenes Highnesse ••dged. Among the whych, the Comedie entituled Palemon* and Arcet, made by Maister Edwards of the Quéenes Chap∣pel, had suche tragicall successe as was lamentable: For at that time by the fall of a wall and a payre of staires, & great presse of the multitude, thrée men were slaine.

The fifth of September after disputations, the Quéene at the humble sute of certaine of hir Nobilitie, and the King of Spa••es Embassadour, made a briefe Oration in Latine to the Uniuersitie, but so wise and pithie, as England maye reioice, that it hathe so learned a Prince, and the Uniuersi∣tie may tri••ph, that they haue so noble a Patronesse.

The vj▪ of September after dinner, hir Grace comming from Christs Churche ouer Carfox, and so to Saint Maries, the Scholers standing in order according to their degrées, e∣uen to the East gate, certaine Doctors of the Uniuersitie did ride before in their Scarlet gownes and hoodes, & Maisters of Arte in black••wn and hoods. The Maior also with certaine of his drethren did ryde before hir in Scarlet to the ende of Magdalene•••dge, where their liberties ended: but the Doctors and Maisters went forward still to Shoouer, a myle and more out of Oxforde, dicause their Liberties exten∣ded so farre, and there after Orations made, hir Highne••• with thankes to the whols Uniuersitie, dade them farewel, and rode to Rycote.

Page  1131Richarde Lambert: Ambrose Nicholas, the 28. of Septemb.*

Iohn Langley, the 4. of Aprill.

Sir Christopher Draper Iremonger, the 28. of October*

The valiant Captaine Edward Randolfe Esquier, lieu∣tenant of the Ordinaunce, and Colonell of a thousand foote∣men, in September last paste, was wyth his band embar∣qued at Bristow, and within few dayes after, landed at Knoc∣fergus in the North parts of Ireland, and went thence by wa∣ter to a place called Derry, by which passeth ye riuer of Long∣foile, there the saide Colonell in shorte space fortified, to the greate annoyaunce of Iohn Oneale, and by greate foresight and experience, guarded hymselfe and hys charge, till the said Oneale (to hinder and disturbe his abode there) th••▪ of Nouēber arriued with a great army of Kerne Galawglsss and horssemen, wyth whome the saide Captaine Randolfe encountred, and him there so discomfited, as after that con∣flicte he durste neuer approche the Quéenes power, and to his perpetuall fame, the said Captaine by reason of his bold and hardie onset that daye loste his life.

Charles Iames, the sixth of that name, sonne to Henrie* Stuarte Lord of Darnley, and Marie King and Quéene of Scots was borne in Edenberough Castel the ninetéenth of June last past: and the eightéenth of December, thys yeare solemn∣ly Christned at Striueling, whose Godfathers at the Christ∣ning were, Charles King of Fraunce, and Philibert Duke of Sauoy, and the Quéenes Maiestie of Englande was the God∣mother, who gaue a Font of Golde curiously wrought and enameled, weighing 333. ounces, amounting in value to the summe of 1043. . 19. s.

The tenth of February in the morning, Henrie Stuarte* Lorde of Darneley before named King of Scots, by Scottes in Scotlande, was shamefully murdered the reuenge whereof remaineth in the mightie hande of God.

The xxij. of February the Lady Margaret Dowglasse coū∣tesse of Leunex, mother to the saide King of Scottes, was dis∣charged out of the Tower of London.Page  1132 Within the space of ten moneths laste paste dyed seauen* Aldermen of London, the firste Edwarde Bankes deceassed the ninth of July, Anna 1566. R. Chamberlaine late Sherife, sir Martin Bowes, sir R Malory, sir William Hewet, & sir Tho∣mas White late Maiors, then Richarde Lambart one of the Sheriffes for that yeare, the 4. of Aprill, Anno 1567.

The xxij. of Aprill, by greate misfortune of fyre in the* Towne of Ossestrie in Wales twelue myles from Shrewsburie, to the number of 200. houses, to saye, seauen scores wythin the walles, and thrée score without in the Suburbes, bée∣sides cloth, corne, cattel, &c. were consumed, whyche fire began at two of the clocke in the forenoone, and ended at f•••, to the great maruelling of many, that so great a spoile in fo short time should happen. Two long stréets▪ with great riches of that town were brent in Anno. 1542. And lykewise or worse in Anno. 1544.

The xxiiij. of Aprill, the Sergeants feaste was kepte at Greis Inne neare vnto Holborne, and there were at that time* made seauen newe Sergeants of the lawe.

The xxvij. of May in the towne of Milnal in Suffolke eight* myle from Newmarket, 37. houses, besides barnes, stables, & such like were cōsumed with fire in the space of two houres.

Shane Oneale, who had most trayterously rebelled against* the Quéenes Maiestie in Ireland, & had done manye greate outrages in the partes of Vster, was this yeare▪ wyth hys greate losse manfully repelled from the siege of Dundalke by the garrison thereof, and afterward through the great vali∣ancie of sir Henrie Sidney Knight of the order, & Lord De∣putie of Irelande, he was so discomfited in sundry conflictes, with the losse of 3500. of his men, that nowe foreséeyng hys declination to be iminant, he determined to put a colle a∣bout his necke, & disguising himselfe, to repayre to the Lord Deputy, & patiently to require his pardon to haue his life▪ But Neil Makeuer hys Secretary, who had incited him to this rebellion, perswaded hym firste to trye and treate the friendship of certaine wilde Scots that then say 〈…〉 in Page  1133Clan Ibon▪ vnder the conducting of Alexander Oge, and Mec Gilliam Buske, whose father and vncle Shane Oneale hadde lately kylled, in an ouerthrow giuen by the Scots: neuerthe∣lesse, he wel liking this perswasion, went to the saide camp the second of June▪ where after a dissembled entertainment, and quaffing of Wine, Gilliam Buske▪ burning wyth desire of reuenge of his fathers and vncles death, and ministryng* quarrelling talke, issued out of the Tent, and made a feay vppon Oneales▪ men, and then gathering togither hys Scots in a throng, sodainely entred the Tent againe, who there, wyth their slaughter▪ Swordes, hewed in péeces Shane O∣neale, hys Secretarie, and all hys company, excepte a verye fewe whych escaped by flyght.

The 8. of June sir Thomas Sackuile Knight, was created Baron of Buckhurst, at Westminster in the Quéenes Palaice.

On Saint Iohns euen at nighte, was the like standyng* watche in London, as had béene on Saint Peters euen in the yeare before passed.

The xxix. of July, Charles Iames the yong Prince of*Scotlande, after a Sermon made by Iohn Knokes, was crow∣ned King of Scots at Sterling Churche, where were read cer∣taine Commissions, wyth the Quéenes priuy seale at them for the establishing of the same. The first for hir resignation of the Crowne, and gouernement of the yong Prince hir sonne. The seconde, to aucthorize the Earle of Murrey, to be Regent during his minoritie. The thirde, to gyue au∣thoritie and power to seauen other, ioyning with the sayde Erle of Murrey, in case he shoulde refuse to exercise the same alone, that is to saye, the Duke of Cha••leroy, the Earles of Leunex, Argyle, Athelmorto▪ lencarne and Marre: the com∣missions béeing ended, the Byshoppe of Akelley, wyth twoo Superintendents, procéeded to the Coronation, the Earle Morton and Lorde Hume tooke the for the King, that hée shoulde rule in the faith, feare, and loue of God, to main∣taine the Religion then preached in Scotlande, and persecute all aduersaries to the same, &c.

Page  [unnumbered]The whole ceremony of the coronation was done in their mother tongue, and at that time the Quéene of Scottes was prisoner at Loughleuen.

Thomas Ramsey: William Bonde, the 28. of September.*

Sir Roger Martin Mercer, the 28. of October.

After a drye Summer followed a sharpe Winter, wyth suche a scarcitie of Fodder and Hay, that in dyuers places the same was solde by waighte, as in Yorkeshire, and in the Peake, Haye was solde for fiue pence the stone: there follo∣wed also a greate death of cattel, especially of horse & shéepe.

In the moneth of January, the Quéenes Maiestie sente into the narrow seas thrée of hir ships, named the Antelope, the Swallow, and the Aide, and one Barke named the Phoe∣nix, the whiche were manned with v. C. men: and hir High∣nesse appointed the charge of those ships and men, to May∣ster William Holstoke Esquier, Comptroller of hir High∣nesse shippes, who had commaundement to stay the subiects of King Philip, and according to hys duetie and charge▪ hée vsed suche diligence, that on the eleauenth of Marche nexte following, he mette with eleauen saile of Flemishe▪ Hoyes, vppon Bolongne, whyche came from Roan, and in them foure hundred and odde Tuunes of Gascoigne and French Wines, whyche they intended to haue conueyed into Flaun∣ders, but William Holstoke stayed al the saide Hoyes, & sent them to London, where they made their discharge, and the Flemings disappointed.

Moreouer, on the eight and twentith of March▪ the said William Holstoke seruing in the Antelope at that present Admirall, in his company being William Winter the yon∣ger, (at that time Uizadmirall) seruing in the Ayde, and . Basing Capitaine of the S••llowe, and Thomas Generley Captaine of the Phoenix, mete in the narrowe Seas wyth fouretéene sayle of greate Hlkes, whych were come out of Portingale, and bounde to Flaunders, theyr chiefe lading béeyng Portingale▪ Salte, and yet hadde good store of Spanishe Rialles of Plate, and also greate store of Spices, Page  1135 the which fourtéene Hulkes did mainteyne their fight for the space of two houres, and after that they did perceyue that they could not preuayle, the sayd W. Holstoke and hys company tooke eyght of the same Hulkes, whereof sixe were sent into the Riuer of Thamis, and the Admirall and Uizad∣mirall of the sayd Hulkes, being two great Shippes, which W. Holstoke himselfe did take, were conuayed to Harwich, and there discharged.

The xxviij. of March, through vehement rage and tem∣pest* of windes, many vessels in the Thamis, with two Tilte∣beates before Grauesend were sunke and drowned.

The xxvj. of June, deceassed Thomas Yong Archbishop* of Yorke, at his manour of Shefield, and was honourably bu∣ryed at Yorke.

This yeare, Car••nall Odet Chastilion fléeth out of*France into England, where he remayned till the yeare of our Lord 1570▪ and then dyed at Canterbury, and was there bryed in Christes Church.

Iohn Oleph: Robert Harding, the 28. of September.*

The xj. of October, were taken in Suffolke at Downam bridgeéere vnto Ipswich, eyghtéene monstrous fishes, some* of them conteyning xxvij. foote in length, the other xxiiij. or xxj. foote a péece at the least.

Sir Thomas Roe merchant Taylor, the 28. of October.*

Iames Bacon, the 26. of Nouember.

At the costes and charges of the Citizens of London, a new Conduit was builded at Walbrooke corner, néere to*Downegate, which was finished in the moneth of October, the water whereof is conuayed out of the Thamis.

The xvij. of January, Philip Mestrell a Frenchman, and* two Englishmen, were drawne from Newgate to Tiborne, and there hanged, the Frenchman quartered, who had coyned gold counterfeit, the Englishmen, the one had clipped siluer, the other cast Testons of Tinne.

The xxviij. of March, the Pencioners well appoynted* in armour on horssebacke, mustered before the Quéenes Page  1136 Maiestie in Hide Parke beside Westminster.

A great Lttm being holden at London in Paules Church∣yard* at the We〈…〉ore, •••ego to be drawne the eleuenth of January, and continued day and night, till the sixth of May, wherein the sayd drawing was fully ended.

Sir Thomas Roe Lord Maior of London, caused to be en∣closed* with a wall of bricke, nigh one acre of ground, néere vnto Bedlem without Bishopsgate, to be a place of buriall for the dead, of suche parishes in London as lacked conueniente ground within their sayd parishes.

A standing watch on Saint Iohns euen at Midsomer, and Sir Iohn White Alderman rode the circuite, as the Lorde Maior should haue done.

The xxvij. of August, Andrew Gregoreuich Sauin, Em∣bassadour from Muscouy, lauded at the Tower Wharffe, and* was there receyued by the Lord Maior of London, the Alder∣men, and Sheriffes in Scarlet, with the merchants aduen∣turers in coates of blacke veluet all on horsebacke, who conuayd him riding through the Citie to the: Muscouy house in Sding Lane there to be lodged.

The plague of pestilence some what raigning in the Ci∣tie* of London, Michaelmas Terme was first adiourned vnto the thirde of Nouember, and after vnto Hillarie Terme next folowing.

Henry Bechar: William Danne, the 28. of September.*

The xj. of October, Thomas Haward Duke of Norffolke, was brought from Burnam beside Windsore by land to West∣minster,* and from thence by water to the Tower of London pri∣soner, Sir Henry Neuill being his kéeper.

Sir Alexander Auenon Irnemonger, the 28. of October.*

This Maior went by water to Westminster, and there tooke his oth as hath bin accustomed, but kept no feast at the Guild hall, least through comming togither of so great mul∣titude, infection of the pestilēce might haue increased. That wéeke, from the one and twentith vnto the eyght and twentith of October, there dyed in the Citie and out pari∣shes Page  1137 of all diseases 152. of the which 51. were accompted to dye of the plague.

On Monday the fourtéenth of Nouember, Thomas Per∣cy* Earle of Northumberland béeing at Topclife, receyued the Quéenes maiesties letters to repaire to the Court, and the same day at night, certayne conspirators perceyuing the sayde Earle to be wauering and vnconstant of promise made to them, caused a seruante of hys, called Bekewith, (after hée was layde in hys bedde) to bustle in, and to knocke at hys chamber dore, willing hym in hast to arise and shifte for hymselfe, for that hys enimies (whome hée tearmed to bée Sir Osweld Vlstrop, and Mayster Vaghan) were about the Parke, and had besette him with numbers of men, wherevpon hée arose, and conuayde hymselfe a∣way to hys kéepers house: in the same instant, they cau∣sed the Belles of the Towne to be rong backwarde, and so raysed as many as they could to that purpose▪

The next night, the Earle departed thence to Branspith, where he mette with Charles Neuill Earle of Westmerland, and other theyr confederates, after which time, by sundrie Proclamations, they abusing the Quéenes subiects, com∣maunded them in hir highnesse name to repaire to them in warlike manner, for the defence and suretie of hir Ma∣iestles person, sometymes affirming theyr doyngs to bée with the aduise and consent of the Nobilitie of the Realme, who in déede were wholly bente (as manyfestly appeared) to spende theyr liues in dutifull obedience, agaynste them and all other Traytors, sometymes pretending for consci∣ence sake to séeke to reforme Religion, sometymes decla∣ring that they were driuen to take thys matter in hand, least otherwise for raigne Princes might take it vpon them, to the great perill of this Realme.

The xvj. day, they came to Durham, and forthwith went* to the Minster, where they tare the Bible, Communion Bokes, and other such as therewere. The same night they Page  1138 went agayne to Branspith, and on the morrow to Darington, where they had holywater, but no Masse, for want of vest∣ments. From thence, they sente their Horssemen to gather togither suche numbers of men as they coulde. The xviij. the Earle of Northumberland went to Richmond, then to Nor∣thalarton, after to Borow bridge, and on Sonday, the twentith* of Nouember, he with his Lady Countesse of Northumber∣land, met agayne with the Earle of Westmerland at Ripon, and there had Masse, where (to get the more credite among the fauourers of the olde Romish Religion) they had a crosse with a banner of the fiue woundes borne before them by Richard Norton, and that night they went to Borow bridge, and on the Monday to Wetherie, on whiche daye at nighte some bands of them entred Tdcaster, and tooke a two hun∣dred footemen, chacing their Captaynes which were lea∣ding them towards Yorke to the Earle of Sussex. On Tues∣day, they mustered on Clifford moore, nigh vnto Bramham moore, where they were a sixtéene hundred horssemen, and a four thousand footemen, which was the greatest number that euer they were. From thence, they intended to haue* marched toward Yorke, but their mindes being sodeinly al∣tered, by report they heard that Sir George Bowes had mu∣stered within the Bishopricke, and Richmondshire, and leuyed greate bands, on the Wednesday they returned agayne to Wetherby, on Thurseday to Northalerton, on Fryday to Richmond, on Saterday Westmerland wente to Rabyes hys owne house, on Sonday at night the Earle of Northumber∣land came to him there. On Monday, Tuesday, and Wed∣nesday, they mustered in all Richmondshire and the Bishop∣ricke, bestowing their footemen in bands vnder Captaynes leading: and the same day, which was the last of Nouember, they beséeged Barnard or Barne Castell vpon Tese, builded by*Barnard Bayllioll about Anno domini 1174. which Castell was valiantly defended by Sir George Bowes and Roberte Bowes his brother the space of eleuen dayes. In the meane space, the Earle of Westmerland and his Lady went to Dur∣hamPage  1139 with seauen or eyght hundred horse, where they remay∣ned till the thirtéenth of December, in which space, to wéete the seauenth day of December, Sir Iohn Foster, Warden* of the middle marches, accompanyed with Sir Henry Per∣cy, did giue to the sayd Earle a great skirmish. The sixth of December, Sir George Bowes put forth of the Castell two hundred horsemen, whereof two persons were slayne, and thirtie taken by the Rebels. The tenth of December, Sir*George Bowes deliuered the sayd Castell, vnder composi∣tion to depart with armour, munition, bagge and baggage, and forthwith marched with his garrison towardes Yorke. In this meane time, to wéete, on the xxiiij. of Nouember, the Quéenes Maiestie had caused the sayd Earles of Nor∣thumberland* and Westmerland to be proclaymed Traytors, with all their adherents and fauourers, and forthwith pre∣pared an army to be sent out of the South for their suppres∣sion. The Lord Scrope, warden of the West marches, had called vnto him the Earle of Cumberland, and other Gentle∣men of the Countrey, and they kepte the Citie of Carelile. The Earle of Sussex the Quéenes maiesties Lieutenant ge∣nerall* in the North, had on the xvij. of Nouember there pu∣blished the like Proclamation (in effect) as after was pub∣lished by hir▪ Maiestie against the sayde Rebels, and also sent out to all such Gentlemen as he knew to be hir Maie∣sties louing subiects vnder his rule, who came vnto hym with such number of their friends, as he was able in fyue dayes to make aboue fiue thousand horsemen and foote∣men, and so being accompanyed with the Earle of Rutlande his Lieutenant, the Lord Hunsdon general of his horsemen, William Lord Eure, who had the leading of the rereward of the footemen, and Sir Ralph Sadler Treasurer, who all came to Yorke with their seruants, on Sonday the xj. of December, they marched from Yorke towards Topclife, the xj. they tarryed at Sezay, where Sir George Bowes with his power comming from Barnards Castell (as is a foresayde) mette him, and was made Marshall of the Armye: then Page  1140 they wente to Northalarton, to Sicto, to Croftbridge, and so to Actay, on the which day, the Rebels fledde from Dur∣ham (hauing called their companye Christopher Neuill frent Hertlepoole; who were fortifying there) to Exham, where they abode thrée dayes.

The Earle of S••ssex Lieutenant with his power, wente from Actay to Durham, then to Newcastell, and the twen∣tith of December to Exham, from whence, the Rebels were gone the nighte before to Naworth, where counsay∣ling with Edwarde Dacres concerning theyr owne weake∣nesse, as also how they were pursued by the Earle of Sus∣sex and hys power of seauen thousande, euen almoste at theyr héeles: and moreouer, that the Earle of Warwike, the* Lorde Clinton, Lorde Admirall of Englande, and the Lorde Ferrers; Uiscount Hereford, with afarre greater armye of twelue thousande out of the South, whereof the sayde Earle of Warwike was Generall, was not farre behynde them at Borowbridge.

The nexte nighte, the two Earles of Northumberlande and Westmerlande, wyth sundry of their principall Gentle∣men,* vnknowne to theyr associates, fledde to Herlaw in Scotlande: the other Rebels were shortly after taken by the Earle of Sussex and hys power, without any resi∣stance.

The fourth and fifth of January, did suffer at Durham* to the number of thréescore and sixe Constables and other, amongst whome, an Alderman of the Towne, and a Priest called Parson Plomree were the most notable: then •••r Gro••• Bowes Marshall, finding manye to bée faultors in the foresayde Rebellion, dyd sée them execu∣ted in euery Markette Towne and other places, be∣twiete Nowcastell and Wetherby, about thréescore miles in length, and fortie miles in breadth.

The one and twentith of January, a Prentise was hanged on a gibbet at the North end of Finke Lane in Lon∣don, (to the ensample of other) for that he y thirtéenth of De∣cember Page  1141 had striken hys mayster with a knife, whereof hée dyed.

The two and twentith of February, Leonard Dacre of*Harlsey, in the Countie of Yorke Esquire, hauyng raysed a number of people, the Lorde Hunsdon and other set∣ting on hym with a companye of valiaunt Souldyers, flewe manye of hys people, and forced hym to flée into Scotlande.

On good Friday the seauen and twentith of March, Si∣mon* Digby of Askewe, Iohn Fulthorp of Isilbecke in the Countie of Yorke Esquires, Robert Peneman of Stokesley,*Thomas Bishop the yonger of Poklinton in the same Coun∣tie of Yorke Gentlemen, were drawne from the Castell of Yorke, to the place of execution called Knauestmire, halfe a mile without the Citie of Yorke, and there hanged, headed, and quartered, their foure heads were set on the four principall gates of the Citie, with foure of their quar∣ters, the other quarters were set in diuers places of the Countrey: Oscolph Clesbe was with them drawne to the gallowes, and returned agayne to the Castell.

William Earle of Pembroke, Baron of Cardiffe, Knighte* of the Garter, one of the priuie Counsell, and Lord Ste∣warde of the Quéenes maiesties housholde, deceassed the eyghtéenth of April, and was buryed in Saint Paules Church at London.

The seauentéenth of Aprill, the Earle of Sussex Lieute∣nant* generall in the North, with the Lord Hunsdon, Lorde gouernour of Barwike, & Warden of the East Marches, and mayster William Drewry high Marshall of Barwike, with all the garrison and power of the fame, began a iourney into Scotlande, and the same night came to Warke, twelue miles from Barwike, and so the next morrow entred into Ti∣uidale, and marching in warlike order, they brēt, ouerthrew, rased & spoyled all the Castels, Townes, & villages of their enimies, till they came to the Castell of Mosse standing in a strōg marish belōging to the L. of Bucklugh, which likewise Page  1142 was rased, ouerthrowne and brent, and so marched forward and brent the whole Countrey before them, till they came to Craling. The same day, Sir Iohn Foster Warden of the* middle marches, with the garrison and force of the same, entred likewise into Tiuidale vpon Expes gate, sixtéene mile from Warke, where in like order they brent, rased, and spoy∣led the Countrey before them, till they came to a strong Castell called Craling, in the possession of the mother of the Lord Ferniherst, which likewise they ouerthrew, rased, and brent. There both the Armies mette, and so marched by the Riuer of Tiuite, rasing, burning, and spoyling Castels and pyles along the Riuer, till they came to Gedworth, where they both lodged, and were curteously receyued. The next day the Lorde Sesord, Warden of the middle Mar∣ches of Scotlande, came in with all the principall men of hys kinred to the Lorde Lieutenante, and did submitte them∣selues, and were assured, for that they had not receyued the English Rebels, ayding or assisting them, neyther had made any inuasion into Englande. The ninetéenth, the Ar∣mie deuided into two partes, the one parte whereof passed the Riuer of Teuite, and brent the Castell of Ferniherst, and all other Castels and Townes belonging to the Lorde of Ferniherst, Huntill and Bedrell, and so passed to Mint, where both the Armyes mette agayne, and so brente on bothe sides the Riuer, till they came to a greate Towne called Hawicke, where they intended to haue lodged, but the Scottes had vnthatched the houses, and brent the thatch in the stréetes, and themselues fledde with most parte of theyr goodes, but by the industrie of the Englishmen, the tim∣ber was also burned with the thatch, sauing one little house of stone of Dunlamrickes, wherein my Lord lay that night. The twentith daye, the Armie marched forwardes to a house of the Lorde of Bucklugh, whych they ouer∣threw with powder, and then marched Northwarde to the Riuer of Tiuet, where they brente and spoyled suche Castels, pyles, and Townes, as belonged to the Lorde Page  1143 of Fernihurst and Bucklogh, their kinsmen and adherents, and that night returned to Gedworth. The one and twentith day, part of the army went to the Riuer of Bowbent, vnder the leading of the sayde Marshall, where mayster George Heron, Réeper of Tiuidale and Ridsdale, with them of that Countrey, mette with him, and ioyning togither, rode on, burning and spoyling all on both sides of the Riuer, and the other part marched to the Riuer of Trile, where they wasted and brent all on both sides the Riuer, and returned to Kil∣sey, where the Lord Lieutenant lodged of purpose to beséege Hewme Castell in the nighte, and the Lorde Gouernour with his company went to Warke, to bring the ordinance from thence in the morning, which was disappoynted by the negligence of such as were put in trust for those mat∣ters, who suffered the cariage Horsses to returne to Bar∣wike the daye before, which should haue drawne the same, she lacke whereof, caused the Lorde Lieutenant, wyth the whole armye, to returne to Barwike the two and twentith of Aprill, in all which time, there was neuer any shewe by the Scottes made, to resist or defende theyr Coun∣trey.

The Lorde Scrope Warden of the West marches, en∣tred*Scotland the eyghtéenth of Aprill, brente and spoyled those partes almost to Domfrees, he had diuers conflictes, gaue sondry ouerthrowes, tooke many prisoners, and re∣turned safely. During all these inuasions, the marches of Englande in all places were so guarded by the Lorde Euers, Sir George Bowes, and other of the Bishopricke, as the Scottes durst not once offer to enter into Englande, so that not one house was burned, nor one Cow taken out of Eng∣lande. There were rased, ouerthrowne, and brent in thys iourney, aboue fiftie strong Castels and pyles, and aboue thrée hundred Townes and Uillages, so that there be very few in the Countrey, that eyther haue receyued our Eng∣lish Rebels, or inuaded England, that eyther haue Castell, yle, or house for themselues or theyr tenantes, besides Page  1144 the losse of their goodes. The xxvj. the Lord Lieutenant ac∣companyed with the Lord Gouernour, the Marshall, and diuers lustie Gentlemen, Captaynes, and Souldyers, to the number of three thousand, set forward to Warke, and so to Hewme Castell, whiche Castell they beséeged till the same was yéelded, the Lorde Gouernour, the Marshall, and dy∣uers other, tooke possession for our soueraigne Ladye the Quéenes Maiestie, and expelled the Scortes that were there∣in, to the number of 168. persons, in their apparell on their backes only, without armour, weapon, bagge or baggage, among whome there were two Englishmen, one Hiliard the Earle of Northumberlands man, and a vagrant person na∣med William Godswher, which both were carried to Bar∣wike* and there executed the xxtiij. of May. The Lord Lieute∣nant placed in the Cast••l Captayne Wood, and Captayne Pikeman, with two hundred Souldyers, and so returned to Barwike the xxix. of Aprill, where he rested very euill at ease, hauing in the trauaile taken ouermuch colde, wherewith he was driuen into an extreame ague.

The fourth of May, he sente mayster Drewry Marshall with the number of two thousand, to take Faust Castell, which at the first comming was deliuered to the Marshall, who ex∣pelled the Scottes in number tenne, and placed fourtéene of our Englishmen against all Scotland, it is so strong a place, and so returned to Barwike. The eleuenth of May, the Lord Lieutenant made four Knightes, viz. Sir William Drew∣ry,* Sir Thomas Manners, Sir George Care, sir Robert Con∣stable. And the same day, Sir William Drewry being Ge∣nerall, set forwarde toward Edenborough with diuers foote bands with shotte armed▪ p••es and péeces of great Ordi∣nance, to ioyne with the Earles of Leunox, Murton, Glen∣carne, and Marre, and other of the Kings power of Scotland, in pursuing of the English Rebels, and such of the Scottes as supported them, as the Duke Hamelton and other, who were in armes at Lithcoe, twelue miles from, Edenborough, to defend their cause. The ort sayd new Knightes with their Page  1145 bands came to Edenborough the thirtéenth of May, and there rested thrée nightes, and departed from thence to Lithcoe, where the Regent was slayne. The xvij. the footemen mar∣ched to Faukirke, sixe myles from Sterling, and Sir William Drewry with the horssemen, marched to Sterling to sée the King, whome they found so perfect in all things as age and nature could permitte. The xviij. they departed to the foote∣bands, and so togither marched to Glascoy, where the Lorde Hamelton had beséeged a house of the Kings, but hearing of their comming, he fledde with dishonour, and the losse of 29. of his men. The xix. the generall with other horssemen and some shotte, passed to Dunbarton, to view the straytes of the Castell there, being kept by the Lord Fleming, the Bi∣shop of Saint Andrewes, and other his adherents, to the Quéene of Scottes vse. Our generall sent his Trumpetor to require a parley with assurance safely to returne, wherevn∣to the Lord Fleming subtilly consented, and minding so to wind him into his danger, conueyed certayne shot, and ar∣med men into a secret place, so that our Generall comming alone to haue parlyed, his Trumpetor not returned, they shotte at him, meaning to haue slayne him, but he bestowed his Pistolettes as fréely at them as they at him, and retur∣ned to his companye and so to Glasco, from whence, Sir George Care being maruellously offended with the subtill dealing of the Lord Fleming, wrote a letter of challenge to combate with him body for body, which the Lord Fleming by his letter of answere refused, wherevpon Sir George Care wrote a sharp and pithie replie &c.

The one and twentith day, our Generall accompanyed with the Gentlemen and horsemen, went to Dunbritton a∣gayne to parley with the Lorde Fleming, vpon his promise that hée ••oulde méete him thrée miles from the sayde Ca∣stell, but the place of parley béeing viewed, was found to be subiect to the shotte of the Castell, and therefore our Gene∣rall required another place, which woulde not be graunted by the Lord Fleming.

Page  1146The. xxij. the Lord of Lenox, the Lord Glencarne, and the Lord Simple, with their friends and tenaunts, came to our Generall, and mustered before Glasco, to the number of four thousand horsemen and footemen.

The. xxiij. oure Generall with the whole armye mar∣ched towarde the Castell of Hamelton, and there had parley with the Captayne, whose name was Arthur Hamelton, but he would not deliuer the Castell, wherevpon, our Or∣dinance being placed, was shot very sor, but did no great harme, for that they were field péeces.

The. xxiiij. our Generall gaue sommons to the sayde Castell which would not yéeld, wherevpon, he sent to Star∣ling for bigger Ordinance for the batterie, and so went from thence, accompanyed with the Earles of Lenox and Mor∣tayne, with the horsemen and certayne shotte, marched in the Countrey to a faire house of the Abbots of Kelwing néere adioyning, whose name was Gawyn Hamelton, whiche house they burned, and vtterly spoyled, with seauentéene houses more of good countenance of that name, whereof one was the Lord Lanhappes, which had marryed with the si∣ster of Iames Hamelton of Bedwilhough whiche slewe the Re∣gent. There was burned seauen other faire houses there∣aboutes, not of that name, but of alie: besides those, there were diuers of their kinred and alie, that came in wyth humble submission, and assured themselues, promising their obedience to their King &c.

The. xxv. of May in the morning, was found hanging at the Bishop of Londons palace gate in Paules Church-yard, a* Bull which lately had bin sent from Rome, conteyning dy∣uers horrible treasons against the Quéenes maiestie, for the which, one Iohn Felton was shortly after apprehended, and committed to the Tower of London.

The. xxvtj. of May, Thomas Norton, and Christopher, of Yorkeshire, being both condemned of high treason, for the late* Rebellion in the North, were drawne from the Tower of London to Tiborne, and there hanged, headed, and quartered.

Page  1147The xxvtj. of May, the Castell of Hamelton was yéelded* to Sir William Drewry, generall of our Army, and by him presently spoyled and brent, there was in the house 34. mē.

The xxviij. Sir George Care with the horsemen came to Lithco, where the whole army mette. This day, a very faire house, with the whole Towne of Hamelton was brent. The xxix. they brent an house of the Dukes called Kemyell, and a∣nother at Lithco: the whole Towne, and diuers other faire houses was yéelded to our generall, who returned to Eden∣borough and so to Barwike the third day of June.

A conspiracy was made by certayne Gentlemen and o∣ther* in the Countrey of Norffolke, whose purpose was on Midsomer day, at Harlestone faire, with sound of Trumpet and Drumme, to haue reysed a number, and then to pro∣clayme their diuelish pretence against Straungers and o∣ther. This matter was vttered by Thomas Kete one of the conspiracie, vnto Iohn Kensey, who forthwith sente the same Kete with a Constable to the nexte Justice, before whome, and other Justices, he opened the whole matter, wherevpon, mayster Drewgh Drewry immediatly appre∣hended Iohn Throgmorton, and after him, many Gentle∣men of the Citie of Norwich, and the County of Norffolke, who were all committed to prison, and (at the nexte Sessi∣ons of gaile deliuerie at the Castell of Norwich, the seauen∣téenth of July, before Sir Robert Ca••• Knight, Lord chiefe Justice, Gilbert Gerrard the Quéenes Attourney generall, and other Justices) tenne of them were indicted of high Treason, and some others of contempte, diuers of them were condemned, and had iudgement the one and twen∣tith of August, and afterward thrée of them were hanged, bowelled, and quartred, which were Iohn Throgmorton of Norwich Gentleman, who stoode mute at his arraigne∣ment, but at the gallowes confessed himselfe to be the chiefe conspiratour, and that none had deserued to dye but he, for that he had procured them: with him was executed Thomas Brooke of Rolsbye Gentlemā the thirtith of August, Page  1148 and George Redman••Cn••geleford Gentleman was like∣wise executed the second of September.

The fourth of August, the Duke of Norffolke was remo∣moued* from the Tower of London to the Charterhouse néere vnto Smithfield.

The same day was arraigned at the Guild hall of London*Iohn Felton, for hanging a Bll at the gate of the Bishop of Londons palace, and also two yong men for coyning and clipping of coyne, who all were found giltie of high Trea∣son, and had iudgement to be drawne, hanged, and quar∣tered.

The eyght of August, Iohn Felton was drawne from Newgate into Paules Church-yard, and there hanged on a gal∣lowes* new set vp that morning before the Bishops palace gate, and being cut downe aliue, he was bowelled and quartered. After this, the same morning, the Sheriffes re∣turned to Newgate, and so to Tiborne with two yong men which were there executed for coyning and clipping, as is aforesayd.

The two and twentith of August, the Earle of Sussex* Lord Lieutenant generall for the Quéenes Maiestie in the North, and the Lord Scrope, warden of the West marches, with diuers other, marched from Crelile with the Quéenes army, and force of the North, as well of Horsemen as foote∣men into Scotland, passing ouer the Riuers of Eske, Leuin, and Sarke, which Riuer of Sarke parteth England and Scot∣land, and so to Dornocke wood, belonging to Edward Vrone the Lord of Bonshow, and then to Annona, a strong house of the Lorde Harris, which they rased and ouerthrew with other there aboutes: from thence to Hodhim, which they brente and blew vp: from thence to Kennell, a Towne be∣longing to the Lorde owhill, which they brente: from thence to Domfries, which they sacked and spoyled of such paltrie as the fugitiues had left, and also rased and ouer∣threwe a sumptuous house belonging to the Quéene of Scottes, in the kéeping of the Lorde Harris: then passing Page  1149 the 〈…〉 of Longher, they brent and spoyled Cowhilles and Powracke, and returned to Dm••••s, and so to the Towne of Bankend▪ which they brente, with another house pertey∣ning to William Maxwell of the Isles, and so to the Castell of Carlauoracke, standing in a marish iust to an arme of the Sea, which parteth Aunerdall and Gallaway, which Castell they blew vp, and returned homeward, transporting theyr Ordinance ouer quicksands and bogges, where neuer the lyke was done before, and so came to Darnoke wood.

The eyght and twentith of August, they marched to∣wards Garelile, where by the way they brent and ouerthrew two houses, the one being Arthur Greames, alias Carelile, the other Rich George, two notable Théeues. The same day at night after the Lordes comming to Carlile, he made Knightes, Sir Edward Hastings, Sir Frances Russell, Sir*Valentine Browne, Sir William Hilton, Sir Robert Staple∣ton, Sir Henry Curwen, Sir Simon Musgraue.

Fraunces Barame William Boxe the 28. of September.*

The 〈…〉 of On other t night, happened a terrible tem∣pest of winde and rayne, both on the Sea and Lande, by* meanes whereof▪ many Shippes and other vessels were drowned, about midnight, the waters ouerflowing, drow∣ned many medowes, pastures, townes, villages, cattell, houses, and goodes, to the vtter vndoing of a great number of subiectes of this Realme: besides the losse of many men, women, and children, some drowned in theyr beddes, some in the wayes trauelling &c. As you may reade more at large in a Booke thereof made by Thomas Knell Mini∣ster.

Sir Rowland Haward Clothworker, the 28. of October.*

The xxiij. of January, the Quéenes Maiestie accompa∣nyed with hir Nobilitie, came from hir house at the Strand, called Somerset place, and entred▪ the Citie of London by Temple Barre, Fleetestreete, Cheape, and so by the North syde of the Bursse, to Sir Thomas Gresshams in By∣shoppes gate streete, where shée dyned. After Dinner, Page  1150 hir grace returning through Cornehill, entred the ••rsse on the Southside, and after hir hignesse had viewed euery part thereof, aboue grounde, especially the Pawne, which was richly furnished with all sortes of the finest wares in* the Citie, she caused the same Bursse, by an Heralt and a Trumper to be proclaymed The Royall Exchange, so to bée called from thencefoorth, and not otherwayes.

The seauentéeuth of February, at a place called Kynna∣ston,* néere Marclech hill, in the Countie of Hereforde, was séene the ground to open, and certayne rockes with a péece of grounde, remoued and wente forwarde the space of foure dayes, making at the first a terrible noyse as it went on the earth▪ it remoued it selfe betwéene sixe of the ••oke in the euening, and seauen the nexte morrow for∣tie paces, carying greate trées and Shéepecoates, some Shéepecoates with thréescore Shéepe in them, some trées fell into the chinkes, other that grew on the same ground, grow now as firmely on a hill, and some that stoode East, stand West▪ and those that stoode West stan East▪ The depth of the hol where it first brake•••, is thirtie foote, the breadth of the breach is eyght score yardes, and in length aboue twenty score yardes. It ouerthrew Kinastone Chappell. Also, two high wayes be remoued nigh one hundred yardes, with the tr••• of the hedge rowes. The grounde in all is sire and twentie acres, and where til∣lage grounde was, there is pasture lefte in place, and where was pasture, there is tillage grounde gone vpon it. The grounde as it remoued, draue the earth before it, and at the lower part ouerwhelmed the ground, so that it is growne to a greathyll of twelue faddome high. It re∣mpued from Saterday till Monday at night following, and so stayd.

The second of Aprill, a Parliament began at Westmin∣ster,* wherein was graunted to the Quéenes maiestie▪ (to∣warde hir great charges, in repressing the late Rebellion* in the North, and pursuing the ade▪ Rebels and theyr Page  1151 faultors, whych were fledde into Scotlande) by the Cleargy▪ a subsidie of sixe shillings in the pounde, and by the Tem∣poraties two fiftéens, with a subsidie of two shillings and eight pence in the pounde.

The first, second & third of May, was holden at Westmin∣ster* before y Quéenes Maiestie, a solemne Iust, at the Tilt, Turney, and Barriars. The Challengers were Edwarde Carle of Oxford▪ Charles Hawarde, sir Henrie Lee, and Chri∣stophér Hatton Esquier, who all dyd very valiantly, but the chiefe honour was gyuen to the Earle of Oxforde.

The firste of June, Iohn Storie a Doctor of the Cannon* Lawe, who before had béene condempned of hygh treason, was drawne from the Tower of London to Tyborne, and there hanged, bowelled and quartred, hys head sette on London bridge, and hys quarters on the gates of the Citie.

The eightéenth of June, in Trinitie Tearme, there* was a combate appoynted to haue béene foughte for a cer∣taine Manour and demaine lands belonging therevnto, in the Isle of Hartie, adioyning to the Isle of Sheppey in Kent, Simon Lowe and Iohn Kyme were Plaintifs, and hadde broughte a Writ of right against Thomas Paramore, who affered to defende hys righte by battell, wherevppon the Plaintifs aforesaide, accepted to answeare hys challenge, offering likewise to defende their right to the same Manour and landes, and to proue by battell, that Paramore had no righte nor good tytle to haue the same Manour and landes. He•••ppon the saide Thomas Paramore broughte before the Judges of the common pleas at Westminster, one George Thorne, a bigge, broade, strong set fellowe: and the Plain∣tifs brought Henrie Nailor Maister of Defence, and seruant to the right Honorable Earle of Leicester, a proper slender man, and not so all as the other: Thorne caste downe a Gauntlet, whyche Naylor tooke vp. Upon the Sondaye before the battell shoulde be tryed on the next morrowe, the matter was stayed, and the parties agréed, that Paramore being in possession shoulde haue the lande, and was vounde Page  1152•• 500. . to consider the Plaintifs, as vpon hearing the mat∣ter, the Judges should award. The 〈◊〉 Maiesty was ye* take vp of the matter, in this wi•• It was thought good, y for Paramores assurance, the order should be kept touching ye combate, and that the Plaintifs Low & Kyme, should make defaulte of appearaunce, but that yet such as were sureties for Naylor, theyr Champions appearaunce, should bryng hym in, and lykewyse those that were sureties for Thorne, should bring in the same Thorne, in discharge of their hand, and that the Courte shoulde sitte in Tuthil fieldes, where was prepared one plot of grounde one and twentie yardes square, double railled for the combate, wythoute the west square, a stage béeyng sette vp for the Judges, representing the court of the common pleas. All the compasse wythoute the Lystes, was set wyth Scaffolds one aboue another, for people to stande and beholde. There were behind the square where the Judges sate, two tentes, the one for Naylor, the other for Thorne Thorne was there in the morning timely, Naylor aboute seauen of the clocke came through London, ap•• parelled in a dublet and galeygascoigne bréeches, al of Cri∣mosin Satten cut and raced, a Hat of blacke Ueluet with a red feather and bande, before hym Drummes and Fifes playing: the Gantlet yt was cast down by George Thorne, was borne before the said Naylor vpon a swords point, and his Baston (a staffe of an elle long, made Taper wise tip with Home,) wyth hys shielde of hard Leather, was borne▪ after hym, by Akam a Yeoman of the Quéene Guarde: he came into the Pallaice at Westminster, and staying not long before the Hall dore, came backe into the Kings stréet, and so along thorough the Sanctuary, & Tuthil stréet, into ye field, where he staid til past ix. of the clocke, & thē sir Ierome Bowes brought him to his tent. Thorne being in the Tent with sir Henry Cheiney long before. About x. of the clocke, ye court of common pleas remoued, & came to the place pre∣pared: when the Lord chiefe Justice with two other hys as∣sociates were set, then Lowe was called solem••ly to come Page  1153 in, or else he to lose his Writ of right. Then after a certain time the sureties of Henrie Naylor were called to bring in the sayd Naylor, Champion for Simon Lowe, & shortly ther∣vpon, sir Ierome Bowes leading Nailor by the hand, entreth with him the lystes, bringing hym downe that square, by which he entred, being on the left hād of the Judges, & so a∣bout til he came to the next square iust against the Judges, & there making curtesi, first with one leg, & then wyth the other, passed forth til be came to the middle of the place, & then made the lyke obeysance, & so passing till they came to the Bar, there he made the like curtesie, and his shield was held vp aloft ouer his head: Nailor put off his nether stocks, & so bare foote and bare legged, saue his silke Sauilonions to ye ankles, & his dublet sléeues tyed vp aboue the elbow, & bare-headed, came in as is aforesaid. Then were the sure∣ties of George Thorne called to bring in the same Thorne, & immediatly sir Henrie Cheyney entring at the vpper ende on the right hand of the Judges, vsed the like order in co∣ming about by hys side, as Naylor had before on that other side, & so comming to the Bar with like obeysance, helde vp his shield. Proclamation was made, that none should touch the Bars, nor presume to come within the same, except such as were appoynted. After all this solempne order was fini∣shed, the Lchiefe Justice rehearsing the maner of bringing the Writ of right by Simon Low, of the answere made ther∣vnto by Paramore, of the procéeding therein, and how Para∣more had chalenged to defend his right to the lande by bat∣tel, by his Champion Thomas Thorne, and of the accepting the, tryall that was by Lowe, with his Champion Henrie Naylor, & then for default in appearance in Lowe, he adiud∣ged the land to Paramore, & dismissed the Champions, ac∣quitting the sureties of their band. He also willed Henrie Naylor, to render againe to George Thorne his Gauntlet, wherevnto the sayde Naylor aunsweared, that hys Lorde∣shyp myghte commaunde hym any thing, but willingly he would not render the saide Gatlet to Thorne excepte hée Page  1154 coulde winne it and further he chalenged the saide Thorne to playe wyth hym halfe a score blowes, to shew some pa∣stime to the Lorde chiefe Justice and the other there assem∣bled, but Thorne aunsweared, that hée came to fighte, and woulde not playe. Then the Lordo chiefe Justice commen∣ding Naylor for his valiaunt courage, commaunded them bothe quietly te departe the fielde, &c.

The sixetéenth of July Rebecca Chamber, late wyfe to*Thomas Chamber of Herieitesham, was founde culpable of poysonyng the saide Thomas Chamber hir husbande, at the assises holden at Maidstone in the Countie of Kent. For the which farre (hauyng well deserued) she was there brent on the nexte morrowe.

The seauenth of September, the Duke of Norffolke was* remoued from the Charterhouse, to the Tower of London pri∣soner.

The two and twentith of September deceassed Iohn Ie∣well* Byshoppe of Slisburie, in hys life a most eloquent and diligent Preacher, but a farre more painfull and studious Writer, as hys workes remayning beare witnesse, where∣by hys fame shall neuer dye.

Henrie Milles: Iohn Braunche, the 28. of September.*

Sir William Allin Mercer, the 28. of October.

The ninth of Nouember, great reioycing was made at London with hanquetting and bonefyres, for ioye of the late come newes, of a maruellous victorie obtayned by the chri∣stian army by sea, against the Turkes the sixth of October last passed, wherein were taken and sunke of the Turkes Galleis and Brygantines, two hundred and thyrtie, there were slaine of the Turkes more than thyrtie thousande, besides a great number of prisoners taken, and aboute twelue thou∣sande Christians▪ that had bin slaues wyth the Turkes, were set at libertie. The Christians loste seauen Galleys, and* were slaine aboute sixe or seauen thousande.

The thyrtith of December Reynolde Grey was by the* Quéenes Maiestie restored Earle of Kent.

Page  1155The thyrtéenth of January deceased Sir William Peter* Knight, who for hys iudgement and pregnant witte, hadde béene Secretary and of priuie Councell to foure Kings and Quéenes of thys Realme, and seauen times Lorde Embas∣sador abroade in forraine landes: he augmented Exceter Colledge in Oxforde, with landes to the value of an hun∣dred pounde by yeare: and also builded enne Almes houses in the parishe of Ingerstone for twenty pore people, ten with∣in the house, and tenne wythout the house, hauyng euerye one two pence the daye, a winter gowne, and two loade of wood, and among them, féedyng for sixe Kye Winter and Sommer, and a Chaplaine to saye them seruice daylye.

The sixetéenth of January, the Lorde Thomas Hawarde* Duke of Norffolke was arraigned in Westminster hall, before George Lorde Talbot Earle of Shrewsburie, hyghe Steward of Englande for that daye, and there by hys Péeres founde guyltie of hyghe treason, and hadde iudgement accordyng∣lye.

The eleauenth of February, Kenelme Barney, and Ed∣monde* Mather, were drawne from the Tower of London: and Henrie Rolfe from the Marshalsea in Southwarke, all thrée to Tyborne, and there hanged, bowelled, and quartred for trea∣son: Barney and Mather for conspiracie, and Rolfe for coun∣terfayting the Quéenes Maiesties hande.

The Quéenes Maiestie hearing credibly by report, that* certaine lewde persons, vnder pretence of executing Com∣missions for inquiries to be made, for lands concealed, con∣trarye to hir Maiesties meaning chalenging lands, ••ocks of money, Plate, &c. letting not also to make pretence to the Belles, Lead and other suche thyngs belonging to Pa∣rishe Churches or Chappels. Hir Maiestie meaning spéedi∣ly to wythstande suche manner of vnlawfull practises, com∣maunded, that al Commissions then extant, and not deter∣mined▪ for inquisition of any manner of concealementes, houlde be by Supersidias, oute of hir Exchequer reuoked. ••d also appoynted spéedye remedye to be had against suche Page  1158〈◊〉, as more a large app••••th by a Proclamati∣on, ••is〈…〉〈◊〉••〈◊〉•• haue some speciall ••r〈◊◊〉 to the 〈◊〉, but▪ also to the refor••ng ••〈◊◊〉 and iniurious attempts, of dyuers that of late time by other colour th for hir▪ Maiesties vse, had taken away the lead of Churches and Chappels▪ yea and Belles also out of Stée∣ples▪ and other comon g••d•• belonging to parishes, an example not to be suffred vnpunished, nor vnreformed. And so hir Maiestie et••••es chargeth hir Justices of hir Assise to prouide seuere remedy, bothe for punishement and refor∣mation thereof. Dated at Westminster the thirtéenth daye of February, the fourteenth yers of hir raigne.

The tenth of March deceassed sir William Pawlet knight,* Lorde Sent-Iohn Earle of Wiltshire, Marques of Winchester, Knight of the Honourable order of the Garter, one of the Quéenes Maiesties priuy Counsell▪ and Lorde high Trea∣sorer of England, at his Manour of Basing. Thys worthy man was borne in the yeare of our Lorde 148. the firste yeare of King Richarde the thirde, and lyued aboute the age of 87. yeares▪ in sixe Kings and Quéenes dayes. He serued fiue Kings and Quéenes, Henrie the seauenth▪ Henrie the eight, Edwarde the sixth, Quéens Marie, and Quéene Elizabeth. All these he serued faithfully, and of them was greately fauou∣red. Hymselfe did sée the chyldrn of hys children children, growen o the •••ber of 03. A•••• blessing gyuen by God to men of hys ••••ing.

The xxv. and xxvj. of March, by the commaundement of the Quéenes Maiestie, hir Councel▪ the Citizens of London assembling at their •••••all Halles, the Maisters chose oute he mo••e 〈◊〉•••〈◊〉 persons of euerye their compa∣nies, to 〈…〉e of thrée thousande, whom they appoyn∣ted to be Pikemen and 〈◊〉h Pikemen were forthwith armed in a•••••re•• and ••••r furniture, according there vnto▪ the Gunners had euery of them hys Callyuer, with the furniture, and 〈◊〉 on theyr heaes▪ To these Page  1159 were appoynted dyuers valiant Capitaines, who to ••aine them vp in warlike ea••, 〈◊〉 them ••rce euery wéeke▪ sometimes in the Artillery yarde, teaching the Gunners to handle their péeces, sometime at the Miles end▪ and in Saint Georges fielde, teaching them to skyrmishe. In the whyche skyrmishe wythe Miles end the tenth of Aprill, one of the 〈◊〉 of the Goldsmiths company▪ was shot in the 〈◊〉 wyth a péece of a scowring sticke lefte in one of the Calyuers whereof he dyed, and was buryed the twelfth of Aprill in S. Paules, Churcheyarde, al the Gunners marching from the Miles end in battaile ray, shotte off theyr Calyuers at hys graue.

On May day they mustred at Grenewich before ye Quéens Maiestie▪ where they shewed manye warlike feates, but were hindred by the weather, whych was all day showring▪ they returned that nighte to London, and were discharged on the nexte morrowe.

The fourth of May Walter Deueroux, Lorde Ferrers of*Chartley, and Viscount of Herfonde was created Earle of Essex: And Edwarde Fines Lorde Clinton, and Say, hyghe Admirall of Englande, was created Earle of Lincolne.

The eight of May, the Parliament beganne at Westmin∣ster,* and that same daye in the Parliament by the Quéenes Maiesties Writtes, sir Henrie Compton Knight, Lorde of Comptn in the Hole, sir Henry Cheyney Knight, Lorde of Tudington, sir William Pawlet Knight of Basing, and sir Hen∣rie Norrice Knight, Lorde of Rycote, were called Barons in∣to the higher house. In this Parliament, for so muche as the whole Realme of England was excéedingly pestred with Roags, Uagabonds, and sturdy beggers, by meanes wher∣of, dayly hapned diuers horrible murders, theftes, and other greate outrages, it was enacted, that all persons aboue the age of fourtéene yeres, beyng taken begging, vagrant, and* wandring misorderly, shoulde be apprehended, whipped, & brent through the gri••le of the right eare, with a hote yron of one ynch compasse for the firste time so taken.

Page  1158The foure and twentith of May, Martin Bulloke was hanged on a Gibbet by the Well with two Buckets in Bi∣shoppes gate stréete of London, for robbing and most shameful∣lye murdering of a Merchaunt named Arthure Hall, in the Personage of Saint Martine by the saide Well. Thys Mar∣tin hadde procured the saide Arthure Hall▪ to come to the sayd Personage, to buy of hym certaine Plate, but after the saide Arthure hadde well viewed the same, he saide, this is none of your Plate, it hathe Doctor Gardeners marke, & I knowe it to be his: that is true, said Martin Bullocke, but he hath appoynted me to sell it, &c. After thys talke, whyles the said Arthure was weighing the Plate, the same Martin fetcht out of the Kitchen a thicke washing Béele, and com∣myng behinde hym▪ strake the saide Arthure on the head, that hée felled him with the firste stroke, and then strake hym againe, and after tooke the saide Arthures Dagger, and sticked hym, and wyth hys knyfe cut hys throate, and after woulde haue trussed hym in a Danske Cheste, but the same was too shorte: wherevppon he tumbled him downe a paire of stayres, and after thinking to haue buryed hym in the Seller, hys legges being broken with the fyrst fal, and stiffe, he coulde not drawe hym downe the Seller staires béeyng wynding, wherefore he cutte off hys legs wyth an Hatchet, and in the ende trussed hym with Strawe in a drye▪ fat, and saying it was his apparell and Bookes, caused the same to be carryed to the water side, and so shipped to Rye.

The sixe and twentith of May, the right honorable Earle of Lincolne, departed from London towardes Fraunce Embas∣sador, being accompanyed with the Lords Dacres, the Lord Riche▪ the Lord Talbot, the Lord Sandes, and the Lord Clin∣ton, sir Arthure Chambernowne, sir Ierome Bowes, and sir Edwarde Hastings▪ Knightes, wyth dyuers other Gentle∣men, who takyng ship at Deuer▪ cutte ouer to Bolongne, where they were very honorably receyued, & from thence conueyed by iorneys to Paris, where they were lodged in a house of ye kings named Le Chasteau de Loure, being attended on by the Page  1161 Kings Officers.

Fiue dayes after, they wente to the King at a house cal∣led Madril, where the Kyng wyth his two brethren, the Ad∣mirall, and the moste parte of the Nobles of Fraunce mette them a distance from the place, and broughte them into the house, where they dyned, and remayned till Sondaye follow∣wyng, from whence the Kyng and hys nobles, with the no∣bles of Englande, came to Paris, the Kyng, his two brethren, and oure Embassador ryding in one Coche togither, and the Nobles of England and Fraunce being so placed, also in Coches, came to the saide Castell of Loure, and there dyned. After dinner, the King, our Embassadour, with the Nobi∣bilitie of bothe Realmes, wente to a Churche named Saint Germaine, where the Frenche King, his brethren and Nobili∣tie hearde Euensong, the Noble men of Englande, withdra∣wing them into a Chappell, til Euensong was done, were then fetched thence by the Nobles of Fraunce, to the Kyng and hys brethren that awayted their commyng, where was* confirmed the league, (whyche hadde bin concluded at Blois the ninetéenth of April,) deputies beyng there for the French partie, Frauncis Momorencie, Reignold Virago, Sebastian de Lanbespine, and Paul de Foix. And for the Quéene of Eng∣lande sir Thomas Smith, and Maister Walsingham Embas∣sadors.) Thys being done, they departed without the wals of Paris, to a Garden of pleasure, where they supped, after supper the King departed to his place of Madrill, and the no∣bles of Englande to the Castell of Loure. On Monday the Ad∣mirall feasted the Nobles of Englande. On Tuisday the Duke of Aniow the Kings brother, and on Wednesday the Duke of Alanson hys yonger brother, and so passed in ban∣quetting and feasting, wyth riche giftes on bothe partes.

On Fridaye, the Nobles of Englande tooke leaue of the King, and on Sonday came to Saint Dennis, and after to Bo∣longne, where they tooke shippe, and returned into Englande the fourth of July.

The second of June in the morning, betwéen the houres Page  1162 of seauen and eight, Thomas Hawarde Duke of Norffolke, was beheaded on a Scaffolde sette vpon the Tower hill.*

Aboute the ninth of June, Frauncis Duke of Momoren∣cie,* chiefe Marshall of Fraunce, Gouernour and Lieutenant of the Isle of Fraunce, Generall to Charles the ninth Kyng of Fraunce, and Paule de Foix of the priuie Councell to the saide King, and Bertrande de Saligners, Lorde de la Mothe∣fenalon, Knightes of the order of Saint Michael, Embassa∣dors for the same King, arryued at Douer.

The fouretéenth day they shotte London bridge towards Somerset house at the Strande, where they were lodged.

The fiftéenth daye beyng Sundaye, the saide Embassa∣dours* repayred to the White hall, where they were honora∣blye receyued of the Quéenes Maiestie, with hir Nobilitie, and there in hir Graces Chappell, aboute one of the clocke in the afternoone, the Articles of treatie, league or confede∣racie and sure friendship (concluded at Blois the ninetéenth of Aprill, as is afore shewed) betwixt the Quéenes Maistie, and the Frenche King, being read, the same was by his Ma∣iestie and his Embassadours confirmed, to be obserued and kepte, wythout innouation or violation, &c. The reste of that day wyth great part of the night following was spent in greate triumph, with sumptuous banquets.

The eightéenth of June the feaste of Saint George was holden at Windsore, where the French Embassadoures were royally feasted, and Frauncis Duke of Momorencie, was* stalled Knight of the moste honorable order of the Gar∣ter.

The eight and twentith daye of June, the afore named Embassadoures departed from London towardes Fraunce.

The fouretéenth of June, Thomas Lorde Wharton de∣ceassed in his house of Chanon Rowe at Westminster.

The thyrtéenth daye of July, the Qu〈…〉 Maiestie at*White hall made sir William Cecil Lorde o〈…〉〈…〉hley, Lorde highe Treasorer of Englande: Lorde Willi〈…〉〈…〉awarde late Lorde Chamberlaine, Lorde priuie▪ Seal〈…〉 The Earle of Page  1163Sussex, Lorde Chamberlaine: sir Thomas Smith principall Secretarie: and Christopher Hatton Esquier, Captaine of the Guarde, &c.

The two and twentith of August, Thomas Percie Earle* of Northumberlande, late of Topcliffe, who hadde béene béefore attainted by Parliament of highe Treason, as béeyng one of the principall conspiratoures in the late rebellion, and nowe broughte oute of Scotlande, whether he hadde fledde, was beheaded at Yorke, aboute twoo of the clocke in the after∣noone, on a newe Scaffolde set vppe for that purpose in the Market place.

In this moneth of Auguste, sir Thomas Smith one of the* Quéenes Maiesties priuie Councell, carefully tending the reformation of Irelande, sent hys sonne Thomas Smith Es∣quyre thither, with a Colonie of Englishemen, to inhabite the Ardes in Vlster.

Richarde Pipe: Nicholas Woodroffe, the 28. of September.*

Sir Lionell Ducket Mercer, the 28. of October.

The eyghtéenth of Nouember in the mornyng, was* séene a Starre Northwarde verye brighte and cleare in the Constellation of Cassiopeia, at the backe of hir Chaire, whi∣che wyth thrée chiefe fixed Starres of the saide Constellati∣on, made a Geometrical figure losinge wise, of the learned menne called Rombus: thys Starre in bignesse at the fyrste appearing séemed bigger than Iupiter, and not muche lesse than Venus when she séemeth greatest: also the said Starre neuer changing hys place, was carryed about with the day∣lye motion of Heauen, as all fixed Starres commonlye are, and so contynued (by little and little, to the eye appearyng lesse) for the space of almoste sixetéene Moneths, at what tyme it was so small, that rather thoughte by exercise of ofte viewyng myghte imagine the place, than any eye coulde iudge the presence of the same: and one thyng is herein chieflye to be noted, that by the learned skill and Page  1164 consent of the best and most expect Mathematicians, which obserued the state, property and other circumstances, belon∣ging to the same Starre) it was found to haue bin in place Celestiall farre aboue the Moone, otherwise than euer anye Comet hathe bin séene, or naturally can appéere. There∣fore it is supposed, that the signification thereof is directed purposely and specially to some matter not naturall, but ce∣lestiall or rather supercelestiall, so straunge as from the be∣ginning of the worlde neuer was the like.

The four and twentith of Nouember, Edward Earle of*Darbie, Lord Stanley, and Strange, of Knocking, Lord and Go∣uernor of the Isle of Man, Knight of the noble order of the Garter, and one of the Quéenes Maiesties priuie Councell, deceassed at his house called Latham in Lancashire. His life and death deseruing commendation, and crauing memorie to be imitated, was suche as followeth. His fidelitie vnto two Kings, and two Quéenes in daungerous times, and greate rebellions, in whyche time, and alwayes, (as cause serued.) He was lieutenant of Lancashire and Cheshire, and lately offered tenne thousande men to the Quéenes Maie∣stie of his owne charge for the suppression of the last rebelli∣on. His godlye disposition to his tenantes, neuer forcing a∣nye seruice at their handes, but due payment of their rent. His liberalitie to strangers, and such as shewed themselues gratefull to him. His famous house kéeping, 220. in check∣roll neuer discontinuing ye space of xlij. yere. His féeding es∣pecially of aged persōs twice a day lx. & od, besids al cōmers thrice a wéeke appoynted for hys dealing dayes, and euerye Good Friday these xxxv. yeres one with another, 2700. with meate, drinke, money, and money worth. There was ne∣uer Gentleman or other that waited in his seruice, but had allowance from him to haue as wel wages as otherwise for horse and man. His yearely portion for the dispenses of hys house 4000. l. His cunning in setting bones dis-ioynted or broke. His deliuery of hys George and Seale to the Lord Straunge, wyth exhortation, that hée myghte kéepe it so Page  1165 vnspotted in fidelitie to his Prince as he had, and his ioye that he dyed in the Quéenes fauoure, his ioyfull parting thys world, his takyng leaue of all his seruants by shaking of handes, and his remembraunce to the last daye.

The eyght and twentith of Nouember, Iohn Hall Gen∣tleman,* and Oswald Wilkinson, late of Yorke, and Gailour of Yorke Castell, (béeyng before arraigned and condemned of treason) were drawne from the Tower of London to Tiborne, and there hanged, bowelled and quartred.

Thys yeare a greate and sharpe frost almoste continual∣lye* lasted, from before the feaste of all Saints, till after the feaste of Epiphany of oure Lorde, wyth sometimes greate and déepe snowes, and sometimes raines, whych fréezed as faste as the same fell to the ground, where-through at Wro∣tham in Kent, and manye other places, the armes & boughes of trées, béeing ouer-charged wyth Ice, brake off, and fel frō the stockes of the same trées, also the wind continued north and east, till after the Ascention day, wyth sharpe frostes, and snowes, whereby followed a late Spring.

The twelfth of Januarye, William Lorde Haward Ba∣ron* of Effingham, Lorde priuie Seale, Knight of the noble order of the Garter, and one of the priuie Councell, deceas∣sed at Hampton Courte.

The eyghtéenth of January, William Lorde Somerset,* Earle of Worcester, beganne hys iorney towardes Fraunce, to the christning of the Kings daughter there, in steade of the Quéenes Maiestie of Englande, who sente wyth hym a Font of Golde for that purpose, weyghing 326. ounces.

The saide Earle wyth manye of his company were rob∣bed* vpon the Sea by Pyrates, of muche of their baggage, and thrée or four of their men slaine.

In Fraunce he and his traine were honorablye receyued.

At the christning he gaue the chylde to name Elizabeth, and returned into Englande the seauen and twentith of Fe∣bruarye.

In the Moneth of February, through sundry hainous cō∣plaintes Page  1164 brought to the Quéenes Maiestie and hir Counsel of Pyrates that kepte the narrowe seas, doing manye rob∣beries, as also the robbing of the Earle of Worcester, (as is aforesaid) hir Highnesse, by the aduice of hir honorable coun∣sell, tooke order wyth the Lorde Admirall of Englande, that he shoulde sende to the Seas shippes and men to scowre the narrow Seas, and to apprehende so manye Pyrates ships, as mighte be mette with: and for the better doing thereof, it pleased hir Maiestie to sende one of hir owne shippes na∣med the Swallowe, to be the Admiral, vnder the charge of William Holstocke of London Esquyre, Comptroller of hyr Highnesse shippes, who hadde wyth hym the Gyllian, the Barke Garet, and the Barke of Yarmouth, and 360. able mar∣riuers, gunners & souldiours in the saide thrée shippes, and and one Barke whyche scowred the narrowe seas, from the North Forelande as farre Weastwardes as Falmouth in*Cornwall, and tooke twentie shippes and Barkes of sundrye nations, viz. Englishe, Frenche and Flemings, (but all Pi∣rates) and in fashion of warre. He apprehended in those shippes and Barkes to the number of 900. men of all nati∣ons, and sent them to warde to Sandwiche, Douer, Wighte and Portesmouth, (wherof thrée of them that robbed the Earle of Worcester, were shortlye after executed at Wight) also the said*William Holstocke, did rescue and take from the abouesaide Pyrats shippes fiftéene other Merchant shippes, laden with Marchandise, that were their prises, being of sundry nati∣ons, and set at libertie the said fiftéene Merchaunt shippes and goodes, whiche done, he returned to Portsmouth, and there ended his voyage in March.

Peter Ramus in hys Commentaries of the wars of France,* writeth thus. The Earle of Worcester passing into France, certaine Frenchemen and Flemings set vppon hym, tooke from him one of his ships and kylled certaine of hys men, where∣vpon the Quéene of Englande takyng displeasure, sente the Lorde Admirall (saith he) wherein he mistooke the matter, for Maister William Holstocke was sente (as is aforesaide) Page  1167 who set vpon all the shippes French and Flemings, tooke and carryed awaye what so came to hande, so that xx. of Mon∣gomeries shippes were lost, who was goyng to Rochell, with the number of fiftie shippes well furnished oute of Englande, wyth money there borrowed, (but neuer repayed:) thus his nauie being diminished of those twenty shippes, when hée saw the kings nauie néere to Rochel, he directed his course an other way, landed at Bel Isle, and tooke bothe the Isle and Castel.

The fourth of Marche, a man was hanged in chaines in*Saint Georges fielde beyonde Southwarke of London, for murde∣the the Gaylour of Horsham in the same fielde.

The seauentéenth of Marche deceassed Reinolde Grey of*Ruthen, Earle of Kent, at Hernesey, and was buryed at Saint Giles withoute Creeplegate.

Aboute the same time dyed Edmonde Lorde Chandos.

The fiue and twentith of Marche, beyng Wednesday in* Easter wéeke, and the feaste of the An••ciation of our La∣dy, George Browne cruelly murdered two honest men néere vnto Shooters hill in Kent, the one of them was a wealthie Merchant of London, named George Saunders, the other Iohn Bean of Wolwich, whyche murder was committed in maner as followeth.

On Tuisdaye in Easter wéeke (the foure and twentith of Marche) the saide George Browne receyuing secreate in∣telligence by letter frō Maistresse Anne Drewrie, that mai∣ster Saunders shoulde lodge the same night at the house of one Maister Barnes in Woolwiche, and from thence goe on foote to Saint Mary Cray the nexte morning, lay in wayte for him by the waye, a little from Shooters hill, and there slewe bothe hym and Iohn Bean, seruant to Maister Barnes: but Iohn Bean hauyng senne or eleauen woundes, and béeyng left for dead, by Gods prouidence reuiued agayne, and crée∣ping awaye on all foure, was founde by an olde manne and his maiden, and conueyed to Woolwiche, where he gaue eui∣dent markes of the murtherer.

Page  1168Immediatelye vpon the déede doing, Browne sent Mai∣stresse Drewrie worde thereof by Roger Clement, (among them called Trustie Roger) he himselfe repaired forthwith to the Courte at Greenewiche, and anone after him came thi∣ther the report of the murther also. Then departed he thēce vnto London, and came to the house of Maistresse Drewrie, where, thoughe he spake not personallye wyth hir, after cō∣ference hadde with hir seruant Trustie Roger, she prouided him twentie pounde that same daye, for the whych she laide certaine Plate of hir owne, and of Maistresse Saunders to guage. On the nexte morrowe being Thurseday (hauing intelligence, that Browne was soughte for) they sente hym sixe poundes more by the same Roger, warnyng hym to shift for hymself by flight, whyche thing he forflowed not to doe: neuerthelesse the Lordes of the Quéenes Maiesties Coun∣cell, caused spéedy and narrowe searche to be made for hym, that vppon the eight and twentith of the same moneth, hée was apprehended in a mans house of his owne name at Ro∣chester, and being brought backe againe to the Court, was examined by the Councel, to whom he confessed the déede as you haue hearde, and that he had often times before preten∣ded & sought to do the same, by the instigation of the sayde Maistresse Drewrie, who had promised to make a marriage betwéene hym & Maistresse Saunders, (whome he séemed to loue excessiuely) neuerthelesse he protested (thoughe vntru∣lye) that Maistresse Saunders was not priuie nor consenting therevnto. Upon his confessiō he was arraigned at y Kings Bench in Westminster hall the xviij. of Aprill, where hée ac∣knowledged himselfe guiltie, & was condempned as prin∣cipal of the murder, according to which sentence, he was ex∣cuted in Smithfield on Monday the xx. of April, at which time also vntruely (as she hir selfe confessed afterward) he labou∣red* by al meanes to cleare Maistresse Saunders of cōmitting euill of hir body with him, & then flung himselfe besides the Ladder: he was after hanged vp in chaines neare vnto the place where he had done the facte.

Page  1169In the meane time mistresse Drewry & hir man being ex∣amined, as well by their owne confessions, as by falling out of the matter, (and also by Browns appeachment thought culpable) were committed to warde. And after mistresse Saunders being deliuered of child, and churched (for at the time of hir husbāds death she looked presently to lie downe) was vpon mistresse Drewryes mans confession, and other great likelyhoodes, likewise committed to the Tower, and on Wednesday the sixth of May, arraigned with mistresse Drewry at the Guild hall, the effect of whose enditemēt was, that they by a letter written, had bin procurers of the sayde murther, and knowing the murther done, had by money and otherwise relieued the murtherer, wherevnto they pleaded not giltie, howbeit, they were both condemned as accessaries to Mayster Saunders death, and executed in*Smithfield the thirtéenth of May, being Wednesday in the Whitson wéeke, at which time they both confessed them∣selues giltie of the fact. Trusty Roger, mistresse Drewryes man was arraigned on Fryday the eyght of May, and bée∣ing there condemned as accessarie, was executed with hys mistresse, at the time and place aforesayd. Not long after,*Anthony Browne, brother to y forenamed George Browne, was for notable felonies conuayed from Newgate to Yorke, and there hanged.

The tenth of Aprill, seauen Pirates, which (among o∣ther) had bin taken on the North Seas, were ledde from*Southwarke to Wapping, and fiue of them were there hanged, the other two had their pardon at the gallowes.

The seauentéenth of Aprill, a Chandlers wife without Aldreds gate of London, who had practised hir husbands death* by poysoning and other wayes, was set on the Pillory in Cheape, with thrée other women, who had bin of hir coun∣sell, two of them were with hir there whipped.

This yeare, the Quéenes maiestie of Englande being mo∣ued* by the Regent of Scotlande, in the behalfe of the yong King of Scottes hir Cousen, sente a power of 1500. English∣men,Page  1170 to the séege of Edenborough Castell, Sir William Drew∣ry Knight, Marshall of Barwike▪ to be Generall of hir forces there, with Captaynes as foloweth, Sir Francis Russell Knight, Captayne Reade of Barwike, as these folowing also, Captayne Yaxley, Captayne Wood, Captayne Brickwell, Captayne Pikeman, Captayne Gamme, Captayne Cace, Captayne Carew, Captayne Erington Prouost Marshall, Captayne Astoll, Captayne Sterlee Captayne of the Pio∣ners, and Captayne Barton also of the Pioners. Diuers other Gentlemen also went thither to serue of their owne frée willes, as Sir George Carie Knight, Sir Henry Lee Knighte, Mayster Thomas Cecil, Maister Michaell Carie, Mayster Henry Carie, Mayster William Knolles, Mayster Thomas Sutton, Mayster Cotton, Mayster Kelway, Mayster Dier, Mayster Tilney, Mayster William Killigrew, Mayster Wlliam Selby, and other. Sir William Drewry with the Captaines, Gentlemē, & number of souldiers before men∣tioned, passed from Barwike to Lieth, frō whence, on the xxv. day of April, they marched on to Edenborough, entred ye town, & the same day sommoned▪ y Castell in forme as followeth:*

Sir William Kirkandie, sometime of Graunge Knighte, for as much as the Quéenes Maiestie my soueraigne Lady, vpon the earnest request of hir deare coosin y King of Sots, your soueraign Lorde, made to hir highnesse by his regent nobilitie, and states of this realme, after al good meanes v∣sed to haue reduced you to dutifull obedience of his authori∣ty by treatie, which hither to you haue not duely hearkened vnto, to the only hinderaunce of the vniuersall peace in this realme, by withholding that his highnesse Castle, meaning as it séemeth, to reserue the same for a receptacle of forraine forces, to the manifest daungers both of this realme, and of my soueraignesse, and therefore necessarie to remoue so pe∣rilous a daunger to both the realmes, for which considera∣tion hir Maiestie hath sente hir ayde and succours of men, ordinaunce and munition, vnder my charge and leading, for the repugnation and recouerie of the sayde Castel, to the Page  1171 saide Kings vse and behalfe, and therefore according to hyr Maiesties commandement and commission, this shal be in due manner to warne, require and summon you, that you render and deliuer the saide Cascell, with the whole ordi∣naunce, artillerie, munitions, Jewels, housholde stuffe and such other implements within the same, to me and the vse and behalfe of the King your soueraigne, and his regent in his name, immediately after this my letter of Summons, or knowledge of the same, shall come to you, which if you o∣bey, as of duetie you oughte, then shall I in hir Maiesties name enterpone my selfe to trauaile with the regent, coun∣sel, and nobilitie here, for ye safetie of your liues &c. Other∣wise if you continue in your former obstinacie, abyding the Canon, then no further to looke for grace or fauour, but you and the rest within that Castell to be pursued to the vtter∣most, and holden as enemies to hir maiestie, your owne so∣ueraigne & Countrey▪ Giuen at Edenburgh by me sir Williā Drurie Knighte, generall of hir Maiesties forces nowe in Scotland, this xxv. of April. 1573.

The Lord Grange Captain of ye Castell, notwithstāding this somonāce, refused vtterly to yéeld y Castel, who thervpō receiued such answere frō ye general, as stoode not to his con∣tentation. Herevpon were the Pioners set in hand to caste trenches, and to raise mounts in places conuenient, to plāt the ordinaunce vppon. And then began the siege of the Ca∣stell in fiue places, where were erected 5. mounts. The first was for the regent called the King mount. The seconde for sir William Drurie general there. The third was gouerned by sir George Carie. The fourth by sir Henrie Lee. The fifth by Maister Thomas Sutton Maister of the ordinance in the Northe parte of Englande. There was at thys siege as is reported 1500. Englishmen▪ and of Scottes fiue hundred, there was also one with another péeces of Artillery 30. sixe Canons, nine halfe Canous, ix Culuerings, sixe Sakers. They within spared not to bestow such as they had, as wel at ye pioners as souldiours, in so much ye diuerse were hurt, Page  1172 and some sayne, before the trenches and mountes might be brought to perfection, but they within escaped not frée, espe∣cially after that the trenches and mountes were brought in state to defende the assaylants, who watching and war∣ding in the trenches, answered them within the Castell ve∣ry roughly. On the xvij. of May, began the battery of the Castell, so that there were xxx. Canons shotte off against the same, and so well bestowed at Dauids Tower, that by the ru∣ines therof then and after, the force of the English Canons were easte to be séene. The xviij. xix. and xx. of May, the Ca∣nons and Demy Canons were not ydle, but the xxj. the whole battery began on each side the Castell, from the tren∣ches and mounts very hotly, and still they within ceased not to make answer againe with their artillery, killing and hurting diuers both English and Scottes, but such was the di∣ligence of the English Gunners, that they displaced the Or∣dinance in the Castell, and stroke one of their chiefe Ca∣nons iust in the mouth, whereby the same was broken in péeces. The xxvj. of May, the assault was giuen at scauen of the clocke in the morning to the Spurre, which by the hardy manhoode of the assaylants was wonne, and was no sooner entred by the Englishmen, but that the Generals Ensigne was shewed, and spread vpon the front and toppe thereof, to the great discomfort of them within the Castell. In the meane time, whilest these were appoynted to giue the as∣sault thus to the Spurre, there were certayne Englishmen and Scottes commaunded to make a countenance of an assault at the West side of the Castell, whereby those that assaulted the Spurre, might the more easily obteyne their purpose, but they rashly aduenturing farther than they had in comman∣dement, were beaten backe and repulsed, with xxviij. or xxx. of their company slayne and hurt. The same day towarde night, they within the Castell by a Drumme demaunded parley, which being graunted, with assurance of all hostili∣tie from that houre vnto the xxviij. of May, the Lord Peter∣roc was let downe by a rope from the Castell, and after∣ward Page  1173 the Lord Graunge himselfe Captayne of the Castell, and Robert Meluin came likewise downe to talke with the Generall, and such other as were appoynted to accompany him: herevpon at length, to wéete the said xxviij day of May, the Castell was surrendred into the hands of Sir William* Drewry, and so it rested in his possession for the time, and his Ensigne was set vp and spread during the same time, in sundry places of the Castell, and afterwards to the great honor of England, by him it was deliuered vnto the vse of the King of Scottes, and part of the spoyle of the Castell was gi∣uen to the Souldyers, the Canons and Artillerie, with cer∣tayne other instruments, left to the King. If the Englishmen by force had taken it, it was decréed that they should haue had the whole spoyle except the Artillerie, and so shoulde haue enioyed it by the space of thrée dayes.

Causes of deliuerie of the Castell were these:

  • 1 Lacke of water: the well within the Castel was stop∣ped and defiled by the ruines of the Castell: the other well without the Castell could not serue them, for that there was a mount made to hinder them. Another water there was which was vnknowne to them which were without, and was taken from them when the Spurre of the Castell was taken, out of the which they were wont to haue a pint a day for euery Souldiour.
  • 2 Diuers sicke.
  • 3 Diuers hurt.
  • 4 Not many to maynteyne ye Castel, which had no space to take any test, they were so plyed and ouerwéeryed.
  • 5 Diuers deuided in opinion.
  • 6 Some were no Souldyers.
  • 7 No ayde was to be loked for.

The xvi. of June, the prisoners were deliuered by the sayd Sir William Drewry, in presence of sundry Scottes and Englishmen, vnto the Regent, and that done, the same day, the sayd Sir William Drewry with his power departed to∣ward Barwike. The names of the prisoners were these, Sir Page  1174William Kerkandie Larde of Graunge, and Captaine of the Castell of Edenburgh. The Lord Hume. The Lord Leding∣ton Secretarie. The Lord of Peterroe Conestable of the ca∣stel. The Countesse of Arguile. The Lady of Ledington. The Lady of Graunge, with others.

The vij. of June betwene the houres of one and two of* the clocke in the afternoone, a greate tempest of hayle and rayne happened at Tocester in Northamptonshire, where-thro∣ughe sixe houses in that Town were borne down, and xiiij. more sore perished with the waters which rose of that tem∣pest, the haile stones were square and sixe ynches about: one childe was there drowned, and many shéepe and other cat∣tel, whiche when the Water was fallen, manye of them were lying on the hyghe hedges, where the waters had left them.

The xvj. of June Thomas Woodhouse, a prieste of Lin∣colneshire,* who had laine long prisoner in the Fleete, was ar∣raigned in the Guilde Hall of London, and there condemned of highe treason, who hadde iudgemente to be hanged and quartered, and was executed at Tiborne the ninetéenth of June.

The xvj. of August, Walter Earle of Essex, accompanyed* with the Lord Rich, and diuerse other gentlemen, imbarked themselues in seuerall shippes at Leirpoole, and the winde sitting very well, toke their voyage towardes Ireland. The Earle after many and great daungers on the sea, at length wanne Copemans Ilands, from whence in a Pinise of cap∣taine Perces he was brought safe to Knock fergus. The Lorde Riche with the like dangers landed at Castel Kilclife, where being mette by Captaine Malby, Maister Smith, and May∣ster Moore Pentioners, was conducted to Inche Abbey Ma∣ster Malbis house, where he had in a readinesse on the mor∣row morning a hundred and fiftie horssemen for their safe∣guarde to Knockefergus, beside fiftie Kernes which wente a foote through the Wooddes: there was amongst these a thir∣tie bowes with a Baggepipe, the rest had Dartes. Sir Bri∣anPage  1175Makephelin had prayed the Countrey, and taken awaye what was to be carryed or driuen, but on the sixth of Sep∣tember he came to Knockefergus to the Earle of Essex, and there made his submission: the number of Kyne were estée∣med thirtie thousande, beside shéepe and swine.

After him Ferdoroughe Macgillastike, the blinde Scottes sonne, Roze, Oge, Macwilline did the like, and diuerse other sent their messengers to the Earle, to signifie that they wer at his Lordships disposition, as the Barron of Dongarrow, Condenel, Odonel, and the Captaine of Kylulto. The Earle of Essex hauing the Countrey of Clanyboy and other.

The Quéenes Maiestie of England directed hir letters to* the Lord deputie of Irelād, willing him to make by commis∣sion the Earle of Essex Captaine generall of the Irishe nati∣on in the prouince of Vlster, and to deuide the country won, Clenyboy and elsewhere &c.

Iames Haruy: Thomas Pullison▪ the 28. of September.*

Iohn Riuers Grocer, the 28. of October.

The xj. of October Peter Burchet Gentlemanne (of the middle Temple) with hys dagger, sodainly assayled, cruel∣ly wounded, and ment to haue murdered a seruisable Gen∣tleman named Iohn Hawkins Esquire, as he with sir Willi∣am* Winter, and another gentleman, rode towards Westmin∣ster, in the high streate neare to the Strande, beyond the Tē∣ple barre of London, for which fact the sayd Burchet being ap∣prehended and committed to the Tower, was after exami∣ned concerning the facte, who aunswered that he tooke the sayde Mayster Hawkins for another Gentleman, and being further examined, he was founde to holde certaine errone∣ous* opinions, for the which he was sente to the Lollardes Tower, from thence being called into ye consistorie of Pauls Church, before ye right reuerend father Edwin B. of London, & other, & by them examined, he stoode in his opinions, till yePage  1176 sentence of death, as an heretike was readie to haue bin pronounced against him on the fourth of Nouember, but through the earnest perswasions of diuers learned men, who tooke great paynes in that matter, he renounced, for∣swore, and abiured his opinions for erroneous and dam∣nable, promising neuer to returne to them, and also wil∣lingly* to do and performe all such penance as the Bishop his ordinarie should enioyne him. The ix. of Nouember the sayd Peter Burchet was remoued from the Lowlards Tower to the Tower of London, where on the nexte morrow about noone, whilest one that had kept him company was gone downe, and locked the dore after him, leauing another with him called Hugh Longworth, who stoode at the window rea∣ding in the Byble, the sayd Burchet walking vp and downe in the chamber, tooke a billets end out of the fire, and knoc∣ked the sayd Longworth on the head, and left not till he had* striken him starke dead, for the which on the next morrow, he was arraigned and condemned at Westminster, and then returned to Somerset house, where he remayned that nighte, and on the next morrow, being the twelfth of Nouember, he was brought to the gibbet, where after his right hande being striken off, and nayled to the gibbet, he was hanged* nigh the place where he wounded maister Hawkins.

This yeare about Lammas, wheate was sold at London* for thrée shillings the bushell, but shortly after it was rey∣sed to four shillings, fiue shillings, sixe shillings, and before Christmas to a noble and seauen shillings, which so con∣tinued long after: béefe was sold for twenty pence, and two* and twenty pence the stone, and all other flesh and white meates at an excessiue price, all kind of salt fish very déere, as fyue hearings two pence &c. yet great plentye of freshe fishe, and oft times the same very cheape: pease at foure Shillings the bushell, otemeale at foure Shillings eyght pence: bay salt at thrée Shillings the bushell &c. All thys dearth notwithstanding (thankes be giuen to God) there was no want of any thing to him that wanted not money.

Page  1177The fourth of Aprill being Palme Sunday, there was* taken saying of Masse in the Lorde Morleis house within Aldgate of London, one Albon Dolman Priest, and the Lady*Morley with hir children and diuers others, were also ta∣ken hearing of the sayde Masse. There was also taken the same day and houre for saying Masse at the Lady Gilfordes in Trinitie Lane, one Oliuer Heywood Priest, and for hea∣ring of the sayd Masse, the sayde Lady Gilford, with diuers other Gentlewomen. There was also taken at the same instant in the Lady Brownes house in Cow Lane for saying Masse, one Thomas Heywood Priest, and one Iohn Couper Priest, with the Lady Browne: and diuers other, were like∣wise taken, being hearers of the sayd Masse. All which per∣sons were for the same offences indicted, conuicted, and had the law according to the Statute in that case prouided. There was also found in their seuerall Chappels, dyuers latin Bookes, Beades, Images, Palmes, Challices, Cros∣ses, Uestments, Pires, Pares, and such like.

Countie Mongomery was taken in Normandy in the* Castell of Donfro, on the xxvij. of May.

The ix. of July, at sixe of the clocke at night, in the Jste of Thanet besides Ramesgate in the Parish of Saint Peter vn∣der the Clift, a monstrous fish or Whale of the Sea did* shoote himselfe on shore, where for want of water, beating himselfe on the sands, he dyed about sixe of the clocke in the next morning, before which time he roared, and was heard more than a mile on the land. The length of this Fish was two and twenty yards, the nether iaw twelue foote the ope∣ning, one of his eyes being taken out of his head, was more than sixe horse in a cart could draw, a man stoode vpright in the place from whence the eye was taken, the thicknesse from the backe whereon he lay, to the toppe of his bellie (which was vpward) was fourtéene foote, his tayle of the same breadth, betwéene his eyes twelue foote, thrée mē stood vpright in his mouth, some of the ribbes were xvj. foote lōg, his tong was xv. foote long, his liuer two cart loade, into Page  1178 his nostrels any man might haue crept: the oyle being boy∣led out of the head was Parmasitie, the oile of his body was whitishe, and swéete of taste.

The seauenth of August, a solempne Obsequie was kept* in Saint Paules Church at London for Charles the ninth King of Fraunce, who being poysoned, deceassed on the thyrtith of May laste before passed.

The fiftéenth of August, being Sunday, Agnes Bridges* a maide about the age of xx. yeres, & Rachell Pinder a wench about the age of xj. or xij▪ yeres olde, who both of them hadde counterfaited to be possessed by the diuel (whereby they had not onely maruellouslye deluded many people, both menne and women, but also diuers such persons, as otherwise sée∣med to be of good wit and vnderstanding) stoode before the Preacher at Paules Crosse, where they acknowledged theyr hypocriticall counterfayting, wyth penitent behauioures, requyring forgiuenesse of God and the worlde, and the peo∣ple to pray for them. Also their seuerall examinations and confessions were there openly read by the Preacher, and af∣terwards published in Print, for the further posteritie here∣after to beware of the like deceiuers.

The fourth of September in the afternoone, such a storm* of rayne happened at London, as the like of long time coulde not be remembred, where-through the Chanels of the City sodainelye rysing, ran with suche forcible course towardes the common shores, that a lad of the age of eightéene yeres, minding to haue leapte ouer the Chanell néere vnto Down∣gate, was borne ouer with the streame, and by the same car∣ryed from the Conduit there, towardes the Thamis, wyth suche a swiftnesse, that no man wyth staues or other wayes coulde staye hym, tyll he came againste a Cart whéele that stoode in the water gate, afore which time he was drowned and starke dead.

Thomas Blanke: Anthony Gammage, the 28. of Septemb.*

Iames Hawes Clothworker, the 28. of October.

This Maior wente by water to Westminster, and there Page  1179 tooke his othe, as hathe bin accustomed: he kepte no feast at* the Guyld hall, althoughe greate prouision hadde béene made for that purpose, but dyned at his owne house, wyth his bre∣thren the Aldermen: the Companies dined at theyr seueral Halles. This was done by appointment of the Quéenes Maiesties Councell, to auoide infection of the plague, like to haue encreased by comming togither of such a multi∣tude. This wéeke from the two and twentith to the eighte and twentith of October, deceassed in the Citie and Liber∣ties contayning 108. parishes of al disseases 166. of the whi∣che number 75. were accompted to dye of the plague.

Michaelmasse Terme, whyche hadde béene adiourned* by Proclamation, began at Westminster on the sixth of No∣uember. The same sixth daye in the morning, there hap∣ned two greate Tydes at London in the Thamis, the first by* course, the other within one houre after, which ouerflowed the Marshes, with many vaults & sellers neare adioyning.

The fouretéenth of Nouember, being Sundaye, aboute midnight following, diuers strange impressions of fire and smoke were séene in the ayre, to procéede foorth of a blacke Cloude in the North towardes the South, whych so conti∣nued till the nexte morning that it was day light. The next night following, the Heauens from all partes did séeme to burne maruellous ragingly, and ouer our heads, the flames from the Horizon rounde aboute rysing did méete, and there double and roll one in an other, as if it had béene in a cleare Fornace.

The eightéenth day at night were very stormy & tempe∣stuous* of windes oute of the South (I haue not knowne the like out of that quarter) especially after midnight, till the nexte morning that it was day light. These are to be re∣ceyued as tokens of Gods wrath ready bente agaynste the worlde for sinne nowe aboundyng, and also of his greate mercie, who doeth but onely shewe the rod wherewith wée dayly deserue to be beaten.

Thys yeare at London after haruest, the price of Wheate Page  1180 began by little and little to fall, from seauen Shillings to thrée Shillings the bushell, at which price it stayed (little or nothing rising or falling) all the yeare after, but bay salte was raysed from thrée shillings to foure shillings, fiue shil∣lings,* and sixe shillings the bushell, the like whereof had neuer bin séene or heard within this Realme.

The four and twentith of February, the feast of Saint Ma∣thie,* on whiche day, the faire was kepte at Tewkesburie, a strange thing hapned there, for after a floud, which was not great, but such as thereby the medowes néere adioyning were couered with water, in the afternoone there came downe the Riuer of Seuerne greate numbers of flyes and béetels, such as in Sommer euenings vse to strike men in the face, in great heapes, a foote thicke aboue the water, so that to credible mens iudgement, there were séene within a paire of butte lengths of those flies aboue a hundred quar∣ters. The milles thereaboutes were damned vp with them for the space of foure dayes after, and then were cleansed by digging them out with shouels: from whence they came is yet vnknowne, but the day was cold and a hard frost.

The xxvj. of February, betwéene foure and sixe of the* clocke in the afternoone, great Earthquakes happened in the Cities of Yorke, Woorcester, Glocester, Bristow, Hereford and in the Countreys about, which caused the people to runne out of their houses, for feare they should haue fallen on their heads. In Tewkesburie, Bredon, and other places, the dishes fell from the cupbords, and the Bookes in mens stu∣dyes from the shelues. In Norton Chappell, the people bée∣ing on their knées at euening prayer, the ground moouing, caused them to runne away, in great feare that the dead bodyes woulde haue risen, or the Chappell to haue fallen: parte of Rythen Castell fell downe, with certayne bricke chimneys in Gentlemens houses. The bell in the Shiere hall of Denbigh was caused to toll twice by shaking of the hall &c.

On Easter day, which was the third of Aprill, about ix. Page  1181 of the clocke in the forenoone, was disclosed a congregation* of Anabaptistes Dutchmen, in a house without the barres of Aldgate at London, whereof xxvij▪ were taken and sent to* prison, and four of them bearing faggots recanted at Paules Crosse on the xv▪ day of May in forme as followeth.

WHereas I. I. T. R. H. being seduced by the Diuell the spirit of errour, and by false teachers his Ministers, haue fallen into certayne most detestable and damnable he∣resies, namely:

1 That Christ tooke not flesh of the substance of the bles∣sed virgin Mary.

2 That infants of the faithfull ought not to be baptized.

3 That a Christian man maye not be a Magistrate, or beare the sword or office of aucthoritie.

4 That it is not lawfull for a Christian to take an othe.

Now by the grace of God, and through conference wyth good and learned Ministers of Christ his Church, I do vn∣derstand and acknowledge the same to be most damnable, and detestable heresies, and do aske God, héere before hys Church, mercy for my sayd former errours, and do forsake them, recant and renounce them, and abiure them from the bottom of my heart, professing that I certaynely beléeue

1 That Christ tooke flesh of the substance of the blessed virgine Mary.

2 That infants of the faithfull ought to be baptized.

3 That a Christian man may be a Magistrate, or beare the sword and office of aucthoritie.

4 That it is lawfull for a Christian to take an othe.

And further I confesse, that the whole Doctrine and Re∣ligion established and published in this Realme of England, as also that which is receyued and preached in the Dutch Church héere in this Citie, is sound, true, & according to the word of God, wherevnto in all things I submit my selfe, Page  1182 and will most gladly be a member of the said Dutch church, from henceforth vtterly abandoning and forsaking all and euerye Anabaptisticall errour.

This is my faith nowe in the whiche I do purpose and trust to stand firme, and stedfast vnto the end, & that I may so doe, I beséech you all to pray with me and for me, to God the heauenlye father in the name of his sonne our sauiour Jesus Christ.

The like recantation was made by them af∣terwardes in the Dutch Church.

The xvij. day of May, about midnight folowing, y right* reuerende Father in God Matthew Parker, Doctour of di∣uinitie, Archbishop of Canterburie deceased at Lambeth, and was there honorablye buried, on whose Tombe being of blacke Marble, is written this Epitaph, made by Doctour Walter Haddon.

Sobrius & prudens, studiis excultus & vsu,
Integer & verae religionis amans,*
Matthaeus vixit Parkerus, fouerat illum,
Aula virum 〈…〉nem, fouit & aula senem.
Ordine r•• gss••, recti defensor & ••••.
Vixerat ille •• mortuus ille re est.

This reuerend Father examined throughly the Englishe translation of the holy Bibles, wherein he partlye vsed the helpe of his brethren Bishoppes, and other Doctours, and caused the same to be newly printed▪ in the largest volume, for the furniture of many churches then wanting. Also ma∣king diligent searche for the antiquities of the Brytons, and Englishe Saxons, to the end those monuments might be care∣fully kepte, he caused them to be well bounde and trimlye couered, and such wherof he knew very few examples to be extant (among the which was Matthew Paris, Matthew Flo∣rilegus and Thomas Wallingham) hée caused to be printed. The famous Pallace of his sea at Canterburie by long conti∣nuaunce decayed and consumed with fire, he renewed, buil∣ded, & fully restored with the charges of more thā xiiij▪ C. li.

He founded a Grammer schole in Rachdale in the Coū∣tie Page  1183 of Lancaster.

To Corpus Christi Colledge in Cambridge he procured 13 Schollerships, and bare the charges in making and furni∣shing two Chambers for scholers, and the inward Librarie of the same Colledge.

Item he gaue to y outward & inward Librarie of y saide Colledge a goodly company of printed bookes, & a great nū∣ber of written bookes of great antiquitie & muche value.

Item he procured to y said Colledge, y patronage of S. Marie Abchurch in Londō. Item he hath founded two felow∣ships in ye said Colledge, & procured one Charter of Mort∣maine to the sum of C. li. by year. Item he hath giuen to y same Colledge of siluer plate double guilte 309. ounces 3 quarters, & surrendered to them a lease with the improue∣ment of xiiij. pound viij. shillings yearely for xvij. yeares.

Item 100. l. to y maintenance of a fier in y Hall frō Ha∣lamas to Candlemas, & by his last will & testament 500. l.

Item to diuerse scholers chābers within y said colledge, diuers bedstéeds, with sufficient bedding & bookes to remain for euer. Item he hath founded for euer v. Sermons to be preached in diuerse places of Norffolke euery yeare in roga∣tion wéeke, & xl. shillings to be deuided at Norwich to y poore and other. Item to the Citie of Norwich one Bason & Ewre of siluer and double guilt. 175. ounces.

Item to y town of Masal in Norffolke for euer an anuitie of 50. shillings to be deuided to the poore, with a Sermon in Rogation wéeke.

Item to Gu••• and Caius Coledge an scholership, with a standing up & a pot of siluer double guilt 55. ounces thrée quarters, and one nest of goblets wyth a couer siluer & gilt, with a number of good bookes to their Librarie.

Item to Trinitie Hall one scholership, a standing cup and a pot of siluer and guilt, 53. ounces, a neast of goblets siluer and gilt with a couer, and bookes to their librarie.

Item to the Uniuersitie librarie fiftie olde antient writ∣ten bookes, and fiftie printed bookes.

Page  1184The xxj. of May being Whitsoneuen, one man and ten* women Anabaptists Dutch, were in the consistory of Paules condemned to be brent in Smithfield, but after great paynes taking with them, only one woman was conuerted, the o∣ther were banished the land. On the first of June, the nine women being ledde by the Sheriffes officers, the man was tyed to a Cart and whipped, and so all conueyed from Newgate to the waters side, where they were shipped away neuer to returne agayne.

The xij. of June, stoode at Paules Crosse fiue persons En∣glishmen,* of the sect tearmed The family of loue, who there confessed themselues vtterly to detest as well the aucthour of that sect H. N. as all hys damnable errours and He∣resies.

The xxij. of July, two Dutchmen Anabaptists, were brent in Smithfield, who dyed in great horror with rearing* and crying.

The xxx. of July in the afternoone was a great tempest* of lightening and thunder, where through both men and beastes in diuers places were striken▪ dead. Also▪ at that time sell great abundance of hayle, whereof the stones in many places were founde to be sixe or seauen ynches a∣bout.

The fourth of September, being Sunday about seauen of the clocke in the morning, a certayne Glasse house which* sometime had ••• the Crossed friers hall, néere to the To∣wer of London, brast out on a terrible fire, wherevnto, the Lord Maior, Aldermen and Sheriffes with all expedition repaired, and practised there all meanes possible, by water, buckets, hookes, and otherwise to haue quenched it, all which notwithstanding, whereas the same house in a small time before had consumed great quantitie of wood by ma∣king of fine drinking glasses, now it selfe hauing within it néere fortie thousand billets of wood was all consumed to the stone walles, which walles greatly defended the fire from spreading farther, and doing any more harme.

Page  1185The xxvj. of September, a Pulters wife in the parish of* Christes church within Newgate of London, was deliuered & broughte to bed of iiij. children at one burden, al females, or maiden children, whiche were Christned by the names Eli∣zabeth, Mary, Margaret, and Dorothy, and the same day Mo∣neth the mother was buried, but al the foure children liuing and in good liking were borne to church after hir.

Edward Osburne, Wolston Dixsey, the 28. of September.*

Ambrose Nicholas Salter, the 28. of October.

This Maior went by water to Westminster and there tooke his othe as hathe béene accustomed, he kepte no feaste in the Gild-hall, but dyned at his owne house with his brethren the Aldermen and other. The Companyes dyned at their se∣uerall Halles, &c. This was done as in the yeare laste bée∣fore passed, to auoide the infection of the plague, whyche myghte haue encreased by commyng togyther of greater number. That wéeke from the two and twentith vnto the eight and twentith of October, deceassed in the Citie and Liberties, of al diseases 132. of the which number 36. were accompted to dye of the plague. The next wéeke following ending the thirde of Nouember (thankes be gyuen to God therefore) there deceassed of all disseases but 110. and of thē of the plague but 26.

The eleauenth of February, Anne Aueries widowe, for∣swearing* hirselfe for a little mony that she should haue paid for sixe pounde of Towe, at a shop in Woodstreete of London, fell immediately downe spéechlesse, casting vp at hir mouth in great abundance, and with horrible stinke, the same mat∣ter, whych by natures course should haue bin voided down∣wardes, til she dyed: a terrible example of Gods iust iudge∣ment vpon such as make no conscience of swearing against theyr brother.

The fiftéenth of February, Edmond Grindale sometime* Bishop of London, late Archbishop of Yorke, was in the Char∣terhouse of Saint Paules Churche at London, elected. Archby∣shoppe of Canterburie.

Page  1186The •••h of Marche in the nighte, throughe a great ••••* of winde, then in the Northweaste, a Tyre ••••• wyth a∣boute the number of one and thirtie persons, menne and women comming from Grauesend towarde London, were all drowned, one boy excepted.

The xxx. of May, Tho. Greene Goldsmith was drawen from Newgate of London to Tyborne, & there hanged, heded,* and quartered, for clypping of eoyne both gold and siluer.

The fiftéenth of June Martin Frobisher, being furnished of Aduenturers, with two small Barkes and one Pinnesse* departed from Blacke wall, vppon hys voyage for the besco∣nee of a passage to Cataya, by the Northweast Seas.

Upon the firste of July he hadde sighte (as he iudged) of Freeslande, but durste not approche the same, by reason of the greate Ice that lay alongest the coaste: not far from thence, he loste his Pinnesse, and one of his Barkes, who mistru∣sting the daunger of tempestes, retourned home, wyth re∣porte, that thoyr Generall Martin Probisher was caste a∣waye, whych worthie Captaine notwithstanding continu∣ed his course North weast beyonde anye manne that hathe heretoford discouered, and the twentith of Julye had sighte of a highe lande, whyche he named Queene Elizabeths Fore∣lande, and after that another Forelande with à greate pas∣sage, diuiding (as it were) the two maine landes asunder,* thys place he named Frabishers Straites. After he hadde pas∣sed sixtie leagues further, he wente ashoare, found the same to be in habited with sauage people caughte one of them in∣to hys Barke, and returning, arriued in Englande in the moneth of Auguste following: one of hys company brought from thēce a péece of a blacke stone, much like to a Sea cole in colour, whiche being broughte to certaine Goldfiners in London, to make a say thereof, found it to holde Golde, and that very richely for the quantitie.

The xix. of July, a woman was brente at Tunbridge in Kent, for poysonyng of hir husband: And two dayes béefore, a man named Oxley, was hanged at Maidstone for being ac∣cessarie Page  1187 to the same facte.

The tenth of August, a strange péece of worke, & almost incredible, was brought to passe by an Englishman, born with∣in the Citie of London▪ & a Clearke of the Charcerie, named Peter Bales, who by his industrie and practize of hys pen cō∣triued & writ within the compasse of a peny, in Latine, the Lords prayer, the Créede, the ten Commādements, a pray∣er to God, a prayer for the Quéene, his Poste, his name, y day of the moneth, the yere of our Lord, & the raigne of the Quéene: And vpon the seauentéenth of Auguste nexte follo∣wing at Hampton Court he presented the same to the Quéens Maiestie in the heade of a Kyng of Golde, couered wyth a Christall, and presented therewith an excellent Spe∣ctacle by him deuised for the easier reading thereof, where∣with hir Maiestie read all that was written therein, wyth greate admiration, & commended the same to the Lordes of the Councell, and the Embassadours, & did weare the same many times vpon hir finger.

The moneth of August, many complaints béeyng brou∣ghte to the Quéenes Maiestie and hir Councell vppon the Flushingers for greate spoyles and robberies by them day∣lye committed vpon hir highnesse Subiectes, hir Maiestie gaue order to put foure good Ships, and two Barkes of hir own to the Seas, vnder the charge of Master William Hol∣stocke Esquier, Comptroller of all hir highnesse ships, with eleauen hundred men, victualled for sixe wéekes, in whiche time was by them taken eighte Flushingers. Shippes, and Barkes, prices, and two hundred and twenty Sea rouers in them, who were sente alande to sundry prisons.

Walter Deueroux, Earle of Essex, and Erle Marshall of Irelande, Knight of the order of the Garter, falling sicke of a Laske on the one and twentith of Auguste was gréeuouslye formented by the space of two and twentie dayes, & deceassed on the twelfth of September at Diuelin in Ireland.

William Kempton: George Barne, the 28. of September.*

Sir Iohn Langley, the 28. of October.

The x. of Nouember, in ye Citie of Worcester, a cruell & vn∣naturall Page  1188 brother (as an other Caine) murdered hys owne* natural and louing brother, 〈…〉 out his wames with an axe, then cutte his throate, and after buryed hym vnder the Harth of a Chimney, thinking thereby (thoughe wrongfully) yet quietly to haue enioyed his brothers goods, long before in his possession, but not long after this secreate murder comming to light, the murderer was rewarded ac∣cording to hys deserts.

The seauentéenth of Marche, through a strange tempest* whych happened in the North néere to a towne called Rich∣monde, not onely Cotages, Trées, Barnes, and Haystackes,* but also the moste parte of a Church called Patrike Brumton, was ouerthrowen, with moste straunge fightes in the ayre bothe terrible and tearefull.

The sixe and twentith of Marche, the new Conduit néere vnto Oldborne, and a Standart with one C•••e at Oldborne* bridge, were begon to be founded by William Lambe, som∣time Gentleman of the Chappel to King Henrie the eyght, now Citizen and Clothworker of London▪ the water wher∣of is conueyed in Pipes of Lead from diuers springs to one head▪ and from thence to the saide Conduit and Standarte more than two thousande yardes in length, all whyche of hys owne costes and charges, amounting to the summe of fiftéene hundred pound, was fully finished the four and twē∣tith of Auguste in the same yeare.

Moreouer, the saide William Lambe hathe gyuen to the worshipful Company of the Stationers in London, a legacie of sixe pound thyrtéene shillings and four pence the yere for euer, to the ende, that those Stationers shall in the Parishe Churche of Saint Faith vnder Paules Churche, distribute to twelue pore people euerye Friday twelue pence in money, and twelue pence in breade, whyche hath bin truely put in bre these seauentéene or eightéene yeares before this pre∣sent yeare. 1580.

Item, to Christes Hospitall in London, yearely for euer after his deceasse sixe pounde, and one C. pounde in money Page  1189 to purchase landes for the sayde Hospitall, besides manye other costlye déedes there done as maye appeare.

Item to Saint Thomas Hospitall in Southwarke foure pounde yearely after hys deceasse.

Item, to the Hospitall called the Sauoy, sounded by King Henrie the seauenth, he minded to haue giuen one hundred pounde in money, to purchase lands for the same Hospital, but bycause suche agréementes coulde not be concluded vp∣on as he reasonablye required, hys contribution that waye ceased, sore against his wil, as manifestly appeareth by his charitable giftes to the saide Hospitall somtyme ten pound at once to buy bedding with.

Item, to the Company of Clothworkers in London, four pounds the yere for euer. Also more to the same Clothwor∣kers, he hathe gyuen hys owne dwelling house wyth other landes and tenements to the value of thyrtie pounde the yeare, to the intente they shall hyre a Minister to saye diuine seruice euerye Sundaye, Wednesdaye, and Friday, and that foure Sermons euerye yeare after hys deceasse be preached in the Chappell or Churche to the saide house bée∣longyng, called Saint Iames in the Wall by Criplegate, and also to gyue to twelue poore men yearly, on the fyrste of O∣ctober, to euerye one a gowne of good Frize readye made, a shyrte of good Locoram, and a paire of strong shoes, and twelue poore women twelue Gownes of the like Fréese, twelue smockes, and twelue paire of shoes for euer.

Item, he hath erected a Fréeschoole & sixe Almes houses* adioyning at Sutton Valence in Kent, where he was borne, and hathe appointed for the Maister twentie pounde, and ye Usher, ten pound yerely for euer, and to the sixe almes hou∣ses tenne pounde yearelye, wyth an Orcharde and Gar∣dens.

Item, towarde the maintainaunce of a Frée-schoole at Maidstone in Kent, tenn pounde yearelye, after hys de∣ceasse.

Item, to sette poore Clothiers aworke in the Countie of Page  1164Suffolke, one hundred pounde in ready money.

Item, to the Townes of Ludlow and Bridgenorth, to eche of them one hundred pounde in ready money to sette poore men on worke.

In the moneth of Aprill, the decayed stone house, called* the Tower vppon London bridge, was begonne to be taken downe, and the heades of Traytors being remoued thence, were sette on the Gate at the Bridge foote, towarde South∣warke.

The seauentéenth of May, Richard Robinson Goldsmith,* was drawen from the Tower of London to Tyborne, and there hanged for clipping of Golde.

The one and thyrtith of May, Martin Frobisher with one* ship and two Barks furnished for that purpose, sayled from Harwiche in Essex, towards Cataya by the Northweast Seas, and entred his straites, beyond Quéene Elizabeths Forlande, aboute thyrtie leagues, where he went on shore, and fyn∣dyng store of Golde Ore, fraught his Shippe and Barke, caught a man, woman, and childe of that Countrie, & then on the four and twentith of August returning from thence, arryued at Mforde Hauen in Wales, on the twentith of Sep∣tember next following

The twentith of June, William Lumley a poore man in* the parishe of Elmeley in the Countie of Worcester, being kept in prison by a wealthie Widow, he hauing a Mare of xxij. yeres olde with foale, within thrée dayes after hys Mare did foale a Mare colte, the which immediatly had an Ud∣der, out of the which was milked that same day a pinte of Milke, and euery day after gaue aboue thrée Pintes, to the great sustentation of the said pore mans wife and chyldren, the which Colte continued in that sorte long time after, as hathe bin séene of many thousandes.

The 4. 5. and 6. dayes of July, was the Assises holden at*Oxforde, where were arraigned and condemned one Row∣lande Ienkes, for his seditious tongue, at whych time there arose amidst the people such a dampe, that almost all were Page  1191 smothered, very few escaped that were not taken at that in∣stant: the Jurors dyed presently. Shortely after dyed sir Ro∣bert Bel Lorde chiefe Baron, sir Robert de Olie, sir William Babington, Maister Weneman, Maister de Olie high She∣riffe, Maister Dauers, Maister Harcurt, Maister Kirle, Mai∣ster Pheteplace, Maister Greenewoode, Maister Foster, Mai∣ster Nashe, Sergeant Baram, Maister Steuens, &c. there died in Oxforde 300. persons, and sickned there, but dyed in other places 200. and odde, from the 6. of July to the 12. of August, after which day dyed not one of that sicknesse, for one of thē infected not another, nor any one womā or child died therof.

On Sunday the 4. of August betwéen ye houres of 9. & 10.* of the clocke in the forenoone, whilest the Minister was rea∣ding of the second lesson in the parish Church of Bliborough, a towne in Suffolke, a strange and terrible tempest of light∣ning and thunder strake through the wal of the same chur∣che into the ground almost a yarde déepe, draue down al the people on that side, aboue xx. persons, then renting the wal vp to the Reuestrie, cleft ye dore, & returning to the Stéeple, rent the Timber, brake the Chimes, and fled towarde Bon∣gey 6. miles off. The people that were stricken downe, were found groueling more than halfe an houre after, whereof a man more than xl. yeres, & a boy of xv. yeres old were found starke dead, the other were scorched. The like flashe of light∣ning and crackes of thunder, rent the parish Church of Bon∣gey 9. miles from Norwich, wroong in sunder the wyers and whéeles of the clocke, slewe two men which sate in the Bel∣frey when other were at Procession, and scorched an other whiche hardly escaped.

The Tower vpon London bridge, being taken downe, &* a new foundation drawen, sir Iohn Langley, Lord Maior of the Citie of London laid the first stone the xxviij. of Auguste, in presence of the sheriffes of London, and the two Bridge Maisters, Thomas Battes, and Robert Aske.

Nicholas Backhouse: Frauncis Bowyer, the 28. of Septemb.*

Sir Thomas Ramsey Grocer, the 28. of October.

Page  1192The ninetéenth of Nouember, the newe Sergeantes at* the Lawe, seauen in number, helde their feaste in the Tem∣ple at London.

The thyrtith of Nouember, Cuthbert Maine was dra∣wen,* hanged, and quartered at Lawnceston in Cornewall, for preferring Romaine power.

The seauentéenth of Januarye, one Simon Pembrooke* dwelling in Saint Georges parishe in Southwarke, beyng vehe∣mentlye suspected to be a Coniurer, by commaundement of the ordinarie Judge for those partes, appeared in the parish Churche of Saint Sauiour, at a Courte holden there, whyche Simon béeing busied in entertainyng a Proctor, and ha∣uyng money in his hande, leaned hys head vppon a Pewe, wherein the Proctor stoode: whyche after he had done a cer∣taine space, the Proctor beganne to lifte vppe hys heade, to sée what hée ayled, and found him departing out of lyfe, and straightway the saide Simon fel downe, ratling a little in the throate, and neuer spake worde after: this was done euen as the Judge came into the Churche, who said it was the iust iudgement of God towardes those that vsed Sorce∣rie, and a greate example to admonish other to feare the iu∣stice of God. After his clothes being opened, there were foūd aboute hym fiue diuelishe Bookes of Coniuration and most abhominable practises, with a picture of Tinne of a manne hauyng thrée Dice in hys hande, with this writing, Chaunce Dice fortunately, and dyuers papers of suche like matters, as he had dealt in for men, such as are mentioned in Leuiti∣cus the twentith Chapter and sixth verse: If any soule turne himselfe after suche as worke with spirites, and after sooth∣sayers, to goe a whoring after them (sayth the Lorde) I wil put my face againste that soule, and will cutte him off from among my people.

The third of February, early in the morning Iohn Nel∣son,* for denying the Quéenes Supremacie, and such other trayterous wordes againste hir Maiestie, was drawen from Newgate to Tyborne, and there hanged, bowelled and quar∣tred.

Page  1193The seauenth of February, one named Sherewood was* drawen from the Tower of London to Tyborne, and there ha∣ged, bowelled and quartered for the like treason.

The ninth of Marche, seauen Pyrates were hanged at*Wapping.

The fiftéenth of February, Iohn de Ley a Frenchman, & fiue Englishe Gentlemen, were conueyed from the Tower of London towarde Norwiche, there to be araigned and execu∣ted, for coyning of money counterfaite.

The tenth of March deceassed the Lady Margaret Coun∣tesse* of Leunex, and was buryed at Westminster the thyrde of Aprill.

The one and thyrtith of Maye, Martin Frobisher wyth* fiftéene saile of good Shippes, manned, victualled, and other wayes wel appoynted, departed from Harwich in Essex, on hys thyrde voyage towardes Cataya.

The one and thyrtith of July, after many attempts, and sundrye times being putte backe by Ilandes of Ice in hys straights, he recouered his long wished Porte, and came to Ancker in the Ilandes, newly by hir Maiestie named Meta Incognita, where (as in the yeare before) they fraughte theyr shippes with Golde Ore oute of the Mines, and then on the laste of Auguste returning thence, arriued safely in England about the firste of October.

George Bond: Thomas Starkie, the 28. of September.*

Sir Richarde Pipe Draper, the 28. of October.

The two and twentith of Januarie, about seauen of the clocke at night, Iohn Cassimere Counte Palatine of Rhene, Duke of Bauare, landing at the Tower of London, was there by diuers Noblemen and others honorably receiued, and conueyed by Cresset light and Torche lighte to sir Thomas Greshams house in Bishops gate stréete, where he was feasted and lodged till Sunday nexte that he was by the Nobilitie fetched to the Courte at Westminster, and after lodged in So∣merset house.

Page  1194On the eight of Februarie, he was made Knight of the Garter, and on the fouretéenth of Februarie, departed from London homewardes, with greate rewardes giuen by the Quéenes Maiestie, the Nobilitie, men of honor, the Maior of London and the Citizens.

The fourth of Februarie, and in the night following, fel* such abundance of Snowe, that on the fifth in the morning, the same was founde at London to lye two foote déepe in the shallowest, and otherwise, being driuen by the winde, very boysterous in the Northeast, on Bankes, an ell, or yard and halfe déepe, in the whiche drifts of Snow in the Countries, manye cattell, and some men and women were ouerwhel∣med and loste, it snowed till the eight daye, and fréezed till the tenth. Then followed a thawe wyth continuall raine a long time after, whyche caused suche high flouds, that the* Marshes and lowe groundes being drowned for the tyme, y water rose so high in Westminster hall, that after the fall ther∣of, some fishes were founde there to remaine.

The seauentéenth of Februarie, a yong man was han∣ged* in chaines, on the miles end by London, for murdering of a man in a Garden of Spepn heath parishe.

The twentith of February, deceassed sir Nicholas Bacon,* Lorde kéeper of the greate Seale of Englande, who was ho∣norably buried vnder a sumptuous Monument or Tombe, (by him in his life time erected) in Paules Churche of Lon∣don the ix. of March. He also in his life time gaue for sixe Scholers, to be founde in Benet Colledge at Cambridge, to eache of them thrée pounde sixe shillings and eight pence the yeare for euer.

The foure and twentith of Aprill, fell such a snowe be∣twixt* the houres of foure of the clocke in the morning, and nine of the clocke before noone, that at London some was foūd to lye almost one foote déepe.

The fiue and twentith of Aprill, sir Thomas Bromley Knight, was made Lorde Chauncelor of Englande.

Mathew Hamont of Hetherset, by his trade a Plough Page  1195 Wright, thrée myles from Norwiche, was conuented before* the Byshop of Norwiche, for that he denyed Christe ••t the time of hys appearaunce it was obiected, that he had pub∣lished these Heresies followyng.

That the newe Testament and Gospell of Christe are but mere foolishnesse, a storie of menne, or rathera mere fable.

Item, that man is restored to grace by the méere mercy of God, wythout the meane of Christs bloud, death, and passion.

Item, that Christe is not God, nor the Sauiour of the world, but a méere man, a sinfull man, and an abhomina∣ble Idoll.

Item, that al they that worshippe him are abhominable Idolaters: And, that Christe didde not rise agayne from death to life by the power of his Godhead, neither, that hée did ascende into Heauen.

Item, that the holy Ghoste is not God, neither, that there is any suche holy Ghoste.

Item, that Baptisme is not necessarie in the Churche of God, neither the vse of the sacrament of the body & bloude of Christ.

For the whyche heresies, he was condemned in the Con∣sistorie, and sentence was read againste him by the Bishop of Norwich, the fouretéenth of Aprill, and therevppon deli∣uered to the Sheriffes of Norwich, and bycause he spake wor∣des of blasphemie against the Quéenes Maiestie, and others of hir Counsell, he was by the Recorder Maister Sergeant Windham, and the Maior sir Robert Wood of Norwich, con∣demned to lose bothe hys eares, whyche were cutte off the thyrtéenth of Maye in the market place of Norwiche. And afterwardes, the twentith of Maye he was brent in the Ca∣stell ditche of Norwiche.

This yere in the moneth of May, Marke Scaliot Blacke* smith, Citizen of London, borne in the parish of Saint Clements wythoute Temple Barre, for yall of Workemanshippe, Page  1196 made one hanging Locke of Yron, Stéele, and Brasse, of eleauen seuerall péeces, a pipe Kay, fyled thrée square, wyth a Potte vpon the shotte and the bowe wyth two Esses, all cleane wrought, whyche weighed but one Graine of Gold, or Wheat corne: he also at the same time made a Chaine of Golde of 43. Linckes, to the whyche Chaine the Locke and Kay being fastened, and put aboute a Flyes necke, she drew the same with ease, all whyche Locke and Kay, Chaine and Flye weyghed but one Graine and halfe, a thing almost in∣credible, but that my selfe amongest other haue séene it.

The firste of June, deceassed Robert Horne Doctoure of* Diuinitie, Byshoppe of Winchester, and Prelate of the most honorable order of the Garter, at Winchester place in South∣warke, and was buryed at Winchester.

The seauentéenth day of July, the Quéenes moste excel∣lent* Maiestie, being on y riuer of Thamis, betwixt hir High∣nesse Mannour of Greenewiche and Detteforde, in hir priuie Barge, accompanyed with Mounsier Schemere the French Embassadour, the Earle of Lincolne, and Maister Uizcham∣berlaine, &c. with whom she entred discourse about waigh∣tie affaires: it chanced, that one Thomas Appletree a yong man and seruant to Maister Henrie Carie, with two or thrée children of hir Maiesties Chappell, and one other named Barnard Acton, being in a Boate on the Thamis, rowing vp and downe betwixte the places afore named, the foresaide Thomas Appletree hadde a Calyer or Harquebuze, whych he hadde thrée or foure times discharged with Bullet, shoo∣ting at randone very rashly, who by greate misfortune shot one of the Watermen, being the seconde man nexte vnto the Bales of the saide Barge, labouring with hys Oare, (whyche sate wythin sixe foote of hir Highnesse) cleane throughe bothe hys armes: the blows was so greate and gréenous, that it moued him out of his place, and for∣ced hym to crye and scrithe oute piteouslye, supposing hymselfe to be slaine, and saying, he was shot thorough the body. The man bléeding abundantly, as though he had had 100. Daggers thrust into him, the Quéenes Maiestie she∣wed Page  1197 such noble courage as is moste wonderfull to be heard and spoken of, for beholding him so maimed, and bléeding in suche sorte, she neuer bashed thereat, but shewed effectually a prudent and magnanimous heart, and moste curteouslye comforting the pore man, she had him be of good chéere, and saide, he shoulde want nothing that mighte be for hys ease, commaunding him to be couered till suche time as he came to the shoare, till whyche time he laye bathing in his owne bloude, whiche might haue bin an occasion to haue terrified the eyes of the beholders. But suche, and so greate was the courage and magnanimitie of oure dread and soueraigne Ladye, that it neuer quayled. To be short, Thomas Apple∣tree and the rest were apprehended and broughte before hir honorable Counsel, who with great grauitie and wisedome employed their times very carefully, and with greate dili∣gence examined the saide Appletree and his companions, and finding the case moste hainous and wicked, iustlye pro∣nounced againste hym the sentence of Death, and commit* him to the Marshalsea in Southwarke, from whence the Tuis∣day following he was brought throughe the Citie with the Knight Marshalles men, ledde vp to the Tower Hill, and so to Radcliffe vppe to Blacke wall, and so downe to the water side, where was a Gibet: set vppe, directly placed béetwixte Dertforde and Greenewiche, for the execution of this male fa∣ctour, who in déede very pitifully bewayled the offence hée had committed, and as well in prison as by the way prepa∣red himselfe very penitently and willingly to offer his body to the death.

Thus verye godlye he purposed to finishe his misera∣ble and wretched life, and so prepared himself to ascend and goe vppe the Ladder, and being on the same, he turned him∣selfe, and spake to the people as followeth: Good people, I am come hither to die, but God is my iudge, I neuer in my life intended hurte to the Quéenes most excellent Maiestie, nor meant the harme of anye creature, but I praye to God with all my heart, long to prosper and kéepe hir Highnesse Page  1198 in health, who blesse and defende hir from all perilles and daungers, who prosper hir in all hir affaires, and blesse hir moste Honorable Counsell, gyuing them grace to doe all things to the glory of God, and the benefite of thys realme: But of all things, I am moste sorie for my offence, and wo∣fully bewaile the same: and more, I am penitent and so∣rie for my good Maister, Maister Henrie Carie, who hathe béene so gréeued for my fault, suffering rebuke for the same: I woulde to god I had neuer bin borne that haue so grée∣uouslye offended him. And wyth that the teares gusht oute of his eyes verye faste. This saide, he perswaded all men to serue God, and to take an example by hym, and euerye night and morning moued them deuoutly to say the Lords prayer. And as the executioner had put the roape about his necke, the people cryed, stay, stay, stay, and with that came the righte Honorable sir Christopher Hatton Uizchamber∣laine to hir highnesse, who enquired what he had confessed, and being certified, as is before expressed, he vayled his bo∣net, and declared, that the Quéenes Maiestie had sente him thither bothe to make the cause open to them how haynous and gréeuous the offence of the said Thomas Appletree was, and further to signifie to him hir gratious pleasure: and so continued his message, as ye may reade it printed by it self, and annexed to this discourse. Whyche, when he had decla∣red, the Hangman was commanded to take the roape from his necke. Appletree being come downe from the Ladder, receiued his pardon, and gaue God and the Prince praise, for so greate a benefite as he had by hir most gratious boun∣tie receiued. This done, Maister Uizchamberlaine said: Good people pray for the Quéenes Maiestie, and then was this prayer saide, whyche is vsually read (for the preserua∣tion of hir Maiestie) in the Church: O Almightie and euer∣liuing God, the Lord of Lordes, and King of Kings, whyche doest from thy throne beholde all the dwellers of the earth, moste hartily we beseeche thee with thy fauour to beholde our moste gratious Soueraigne Lady Queene Elizabeth, &c.Page  1199 Wherevnto all the people ioyfully accorded to saye, Amen, trying. God saue the Quéene, casting vp their Cappes.

Thus was the dead man restored to life, and broughte backe to the Marshalsea againe, euen as he was led thence to the place of execution, where he by the way moste ioyful∣lye prayed for the securitie of the Quéenes Maiestie.

The mercifull message of the Quenes Maiestie, sent by the right Honorable Sir Christopher Hatton, to the place where Thomas Appletree shoulde haue suffered for hys traytour-like action, set downe worde for worde so neare as coulde be gathered.

MAister Carie, hir moste excellent Maiestie is pleased to send me to deliuer hir command∣ment* to you touching this man nowe héere presently to dye. And first, I thinke it not oute of purpose to notifie his offence to these good people, whereby he is not onely wor∣thy this punishment: but in iudgement of forraine nations, and by censure of forraine lawes, should be delyuered to the tormentors, to endure suche torture, as the qualitie of hys offence in so high a case by good pollieie shoulde condignely deserue.

And to speake of this facte, suche it was, and so fearefull,* as my heart quaketh, and my eyes can not refraine teares, to repeate it againe amongest you. (God for hys mercies sake shielde and defende hir moste excellent Maiestie, that moste mightily hathe digested the notable daunger.) And so I will tel you of this tragedie in course as it fell out.

It liked hir Highnesse, in respecte of the greate heate, to take the ayre of the water, where in graue and waightie ne∣gotiation, she passed the time in discourse with the French Page  1200 Embassador by y space of an houre or two. In hir returne it* pleased hir to take dyuers pauses, and the rather, bicause she earnestly read a Booke, wherein it séemed for recreations sake she tooke some delight. By meanes whereof, (euen as it pleased God wth his holy hande, as it were, to directe hir safetie) she commaunded the Bargemen to slacke their la∣bour,* and slowly to passe on, where, if they hadde hasted but two strokes more, they had brought hir Royal person to the shotte it selfe.

These wordes were scarcely spoken out by hir Maiestie, but this Caitiue moste vnhappily (I muste saye moste diue∣lishly) discharged his Arquebuze, strōgly charged with Bul∣let, into the Barge where hir Maiestie was. (God that hath defended hir, thou most mightie God euer vouchsafe to kéep hir.) With this blowe the seconde man to the bayles of the* Barge, wythin sixe foote of hir Royall person, was stricken down from his seate, and woūded through both his armes, whiche hir Maiestie beheld, and kingly handled this cause, as euen straight I will tell you.

My Lordes of hir Maiesties Counsel dispersed abroade* in their affaires, hearing of this moste perilous aceidente, returned to Courte, wyth suche spéede, as the waight of such a cause might moue them to do, and there with feareful and louyng applausure towarde hir Maiestie, did moste holily thanke our God for his singular help in the preseruation of oure moste deare and righteous Soueraigne.

That done according, with their loues, and dueties of seruice to God, hir Maiestie, and this whole estate: after deliberate and moste graue consultation of the cause, they al moste humbly on their knées besoughte the Quéene, that* this slaue mighte suffer, not this death, but tenne thousande deaths, (if so it were possible in nature to doe) for his so rash and fearefull offence. Suche, in déede, mighte the offence haue bin, whiche God for his mercies sake hathe moste fa∣uourably forbidden, that it mighte hane rought vp to Hea∣uen, and shoulde moste miserably not onely haue plagued Page  1201 this hir owne lande, but all the true seruants of God dys∣persed* through Christendome: our Religion, and true faith in Jesus Christe, whyche wée enioye wyth vnspeakable comforte of frée conscience, mighte hereby haue suffred con∣fusion, and persecution of bloude, and vengeance amongst vs. Our peace, and secure estates, encreased with excéeding wealthes, and nourished with most swéete quietnesse of life by thys hir moste happy gouernement, and raygne of twen∣tie yeares, might hereby haue bin turned to blouty warres, the fruites whereof is burning and spoyling of houses and goods, rauishing and destroying of wiues and chyldren. And what vengeance soeuer the worlde can bring forth, the same shoulde haue fallen on vs, I saye on vs, then the most mise∣rable men in the worlde. And therefore heare me I praye you▪ Let vs acknowledge before God wyth all humble* thankefulnesse these vnspeakable benefites, whych we haue enioyed, and still shall doe, while God vpholdeth hir blessed life and state amongest vs: The losse and lacke of whome, can not but bring on vs all these calamities, and ten thou∣sande moe; whyche I cannot foresée. If then by these, and al other benefites, whyche you possesse, féele, and taste of, you* finde how inestimable and pretious a Jewell thys our déere Soueraigne is for vs, and amongest vs, what plague, for∣ment, or punishment, could suffise you for reuenge on him, that by anye meanes shoulde depriue you of suche heauenly and worldly felicities, as dayly by hir holy hande are mini∣stred amongest you? But I will meddle no further wyth these matters. I knowe you thanke God for them, and wyth true and faithfull obedient heartes, wyll euer serue hir moste excellent Maiestie, whome he hathe made hys Minister to distribute al these blessyngs into your bosomes.

And now, if it please you, you may wyth maruell heare* the Message I come of. I bryng mercie to thys manne, the gratious pardon of oure most deare Soneraigne, who with hir mercifull eye, beholdyng the clearenesse of this mannes heart, frée from euill thought, and consequentlye from pre∣pension Page  1202 of any malicious fact against hir perstō, vouchsaseth* to put him from the Gallwes. A notable action of compas∣sion procéeding from a heauenlye minde, and so farre diffe∣rent from the common nature of man, forced into a fearefull iealousie of lisse of life, as hath neuer bene read nor hearde of.

If casually a man suffer hurte in the fields by an arrowe shot by chance at rouing markes, how reuengefully y party* offended will follow his processe of felonie, I haue oft séene, and the law doth well allow it. If in the Court the meanest sruing man strike his felow with his fist so that he bléede, he is to loose the same hande. Many other examples may be giuen you, both touching the casualitie in this mans fact, & touching the place, and presence, wherein it chaunced to bée done.

But our Quéene looketh neyther on hir prerogatiue, on th power of hir lawes, nor on the perill of hir person, but* with the nobilitie of hir hearte, the daunger onely done to hir self, doth as you heare, fréely pardon it. And in the sacred word of hir kingly estate I protest it vnto you, she hath firm∣ly auowed that she had rather haue suffered, the woūds the Bargeman now hath, ten folde, than the meanest of vs all, or of any subiectes, should suffer the slaunder of so tyranous or trayterous a fact, yea▪ or of the prepension, or forethought of so horrible a treason toward hit, thoughe it were in facte* neuer executed.

Wherein to all our singular comfortes, it pleased hir wt moste princely affection and earnestnesse, graciouslye to af∣firme, that neuer Prince had better, nor more kinde true subieas. God for his mercie direct vs euer to be so, & with our due gratefulnesse to sacrifice at hir kinglye féete oure bloude and liues for hir seruice sake, when occasion shal cal vs thereto.*

One other thing I finde hir Maiestie troubled with, y is, the sorrow this noble yong Gentleman, M. Henrie Carie hath suffered in continuall grieft of his hart for the offence Page  1203 of his man, who through the vaine iealousie of some euill disposed persons, hath likewise borne some slaunder of the cause. But it suffiseth to cleare him, that no intente of ma∣lice, nor forethought of this fact▪ is found in the partie him∣selfe.* His conuersation besides with excéeding faith and di∣ligence in hir highnesse seruice, will euer deliuer him, as a most acceptable Gentleman frée from this and al other euil in the sight of hir Maiestie and all the worlde. I shall not néede therefore to speake of him, for hys cause néedeth none excuse.

Here may you behold the rare goodnesse of our great and* gracious Mistresse, full of religion and pietie, Justice and mercie, Temperance and magnanimitie (and that I cannot but tell you) of the most constant and noble courage that e∣uer liued: the proofe wherof (the cause heard, whereat I was present) I leaue to your iudgements.

Hir Maiestie taking prospecte out of the vales of hyr* Barge, at the very instant did sée the man stricken, and be∣helde his fall, and hearde as it were, his deadly scrtch, whō she immediately commaunded to be taken vp, and then be∣holding him all embrued with bloude, commaunded hys woundes to be lapped vp with a scarffe of hir owne, and so with hir most constante and amiable countenaunce, conti∣nued hir entertaynement of the Ambassadoure, as thoughe there had bene no such matter. Afterwardes the man began to fainte, hir highnesse then commaunded a cloke to be put on his bodye, with other suche necessarie reliefes as̄ were there presentlye to be hadde, without alteration of counte∣naunce.

Beholde this kinglye hearte, and courage of rar mag∣nanimitie,* séeing, as it were, the presente death of the next to hir, neyther feared hir owne life, nor was dismayed with this treasonable chaunce. An action more than maruellous in hir sexe. Hereof howe muche wée maye reioyce, I want witte to tell you. But in one worde, hir highnesse, that Page  1204 with hir singular wisedome and policie hath preserued hir Empire these twentie yeares in moste ioyfull peace, wyth thys courage & magnanimitie will (no doubt) as mightily defende vs in the moste cruell wars. God therefore euer blesse hir, and let vs with oure handes stretched vp to Hea∣uen, and oure eyes fixed on the seate of God, praye for hir long life, and moste prosperous raigne ouer vs. Thomas* Appletree▪ receiue thy life from hir most excellent Maiestie, and pray to God on thy knées for hir all thy dayes to come.* And so the people being moued to prayer for hir Maiesties moste happy escape, and for the blessing of God to lengthen hir dayes for many any many yeares, he fell on hys knées with great deuotion amongest them, and so departed with excéeding ioy to the people, and a thousand blessings on him selfe.

A Shippe called the thrée halfe Moones, manned with xxxviij. men, and well fenced with munitions, sette from*Portesmouth, towarde Ciuill a Citie in Spaine, but falling into the streightes, were taken by the Turkes, putte in their Gal∣leys, their clothes torne from their backes, and then set to the Ores▪ where their fare was scant of bread, vnholesome water, and plentie of stripes. Nigh to the Citie of Alex∣andra▪ being a Hauen Towne, vnder the dominion of the Turkes, there is a Ro••e very fencible, where into the Turkes doe customably bring their Galleis on shoare euery yere in the Winter, and there do trimme them against the Spring time. In whyche roade there is a prison, wherein the Cap∣tiues and suche prisoners as serue in the Galleis are putte for all that time, vntill the Seas be calme and passable for the Galleis, euery prisoner laden with yrons on their legs. Into whiche prison these Christians were putte, and faste warded all the Winter season, but ere it was long, the Maister and the owner, by meanes offriendes were redée∣med: the reste abyding whyle they were all throughe their yll vsage and worse fare: myserablye starued, sauing one Iohn Fox, who being somewhat skilfull in the Crafte of a Page  1205 Barber, by reason thereof made great shift in helping his fare now and then with a good meale, till at the last God sente him fauour in the sight of the kéeper of the prison, so that he had leaue to go in and out to the Roade at his plea∣sure, paying a tertayne stipend vnto the kéeper, and wea∣ring a locke about his legge, which libertie likewise sixe more had vpon like sufferance, who, not being suspected to start aside, had libertie to go in and out at the sayd Roade, and to returne agayne at night.

In the yere of our Lord 1577. in the Winter season, the Galleis comming to their accustomed harborough, and be∣ing discharged of all their Mastes, Sayles, and other such furnitures, and all the maysters and marriners of them be∣ing lodged in their owne homes, there remayned in the pri∣son of the sayd Roade 268. Christian prisoners, who had bin taken by the Turkes force, and were of sixtéene sundry Nati∣ons, among the which, there were thrée Englishmen, whereof, one was named Iohn Fox of Wodbridge, another William Wickney of Portesmouth, and the third Robert Moore of Har∣wich, which Iohn Foxe hauing bin thirtéene or fourtéene yeares vnder their gentle intreatance, minding his escape, tooke good heart vnto him. Not farre from the Roade, at one side of the Citie, ther was a certain victualling house which one Peter Vnticaro a Spanyard had hired, this Peter had bene prisoner aboue 30. yeres, & neuer practised any means to es∣cape, but kepte himselfe quiet, vntill now that this Iohn Fox vsing much thether, brake one to another their minds concerning the restreynt of their libertie, so that this Iohn Fox opening vnto this Vnticaro the deuice which he min∣ded to practise, made priuie one more to their intent, which thrée debated of this matter at suche time as they coulde méete togither, in so much, that at seauen wéekes ende they had concluded how the matter should be done, who making fiue more priuie to their deuise, determined in thrée nightes after to accomplish their purpose, wherevpon the same Iohn Fox, and Peter Vnticaro, and the other sixe, appoynted to Page  1206 met altogither in the prison the laste day of Decēber, where this I. Fox certified the rest of the prisoners of their intent, & deliuered vnto them a sort of files, whiche he had gathered for that purpose, charging them to be readie discharged of their prons by eight of the clocke on the next day at nighte. On the next day at night this Fox & his other sixe compani∣ons came al to the house of Peter Vnticaro, and when it was time to put in practise their deuice, sent the sayd Peter to the Maister of the Roade▪ in the name of one of the maisters of ye Citie, who desired him to méete him there, promising him, that he could bring him backe againe, wherevppon the kée∣per agréed to go with him, willing the warders not to bar the gate, saying he would turne agayne with all spéede. In the meane season the other seuē had prouided them of suche weapons as they could. The kéeper nowe being come vnto the house, and perceyuing no light, nor hearing any noyse, suspected the matter and returned backwarde, but Fox stā∣ding behind a corner of the house, stepped forth to him: who perceyuing it to be I. Fox (sayde Fox) what haue I deser∣ued of thée, that thou shouldest séeke my death? thou villaine (quoth Fox) hast bin a succour of many Christians bloude, and therewith he lift vp his sword and stroke him so mayne a blowe, as therewithall he claue his heade, so that he fell deade to the grounde: then Peter and the rest came forth, and went toward the roade, wherinto they entred softly: where were sixe warder whom one of them asked, who was ther, quoth. Fox and his company all friendes, which when they were wythin, fel on the sixe men and dispatched thē quickly. They Fox barred the gate, and planted a Canon against it, and entring into the Gaylers lodge, they founde the Keyes of the prison by his beds side, and there they had better we∣pons than before. In this Chamber was a Chest, wherein was muche treasure all in Duckets, whiche Peter and two more opening, stuffed themselues so full as they coulde, be∣twéene their shirts and theyr skinne, which Fox would not touche, but said he sought for his and their libertie, and not Page  1207 for mony. Now these eight being armed wt such weapons as they liked, & comming to the prison, Fox opened the gates & dores & called forth all the prisoners, whom he set, some to ramming vp the gate, some to the dressing vp of a Galley, the best in the roade, called the Captain of Alexandria▪ wher into some carried mastes, Sayles, Ores & other furniture. At the prison were certaine warders, whō Fox and his cō∣pany slew, in the killing of whom, there were eight Turkes, which got thē to the top of the prison, vnto whom Fox & his company were fain to ascende by ladders, where they found a hote skirmishe, for some of them were slayn & some woū∣ded: Peter Vnticaro & the other two that had armed thē with the Duckets were slaine, as not able to welde themselues, being pestered with the weight of the treasure. Amongst the Turkes was one thrust through, who fell of from the top of ye prison wall, & made such a noyse, yt the inhabitantes there a∣bout, came and dawed him, so yt they vnderstood y case, how the prisoners were occupied, wherewith they raysed bothe Alexandrîa, whiche laye on the West side of the roade, and a Castle whiche was at the Cities ende nexte the roade, & also one other fortresse whiche laye on the North side, so y now they had no way to escape but one▪ which by mans re∣son might séeme impossible to be a way for them. But to bée short, the said Galley being trimmed vp, whereinto euerye man leaped, they hoyste vp sayles & yéelde themselues to ye mercie of God, in whose hande is both wind and weather: & now being on flote and out of y safetie of y roade, the two Castels haue ful power vpon the same, but suche was the worke of God for their deliueraunce, y no one of them was touched we xlv. shot which came thūdring about their ears, & thus sayling are soone out of the Canons reach, the Turkes hauing no Gallyes trimmed to make after them. Whē the Christians were safe out of the enemies coast, Iohn Fox wil∣led them all to be thankefull vnto almightie God for theyr deliuerie, and most humblye to fall vppon their knées, be∣éeching him to ayde them vnto their friendes lande, &c. Page  1208 After which prayers made to God, they felt to labour with the oare, striuing to come to some Christian land, but the winds were diuers▪ and victuals fayled them, so that eyght of them dyed by famin, to the astonishment of all the rest: but it fell out that vpon the xxix. day after they set from A∣lexandrî, they fell on the Il of Canadie, and landed at Galli∣poly, where they were well cherished by the Abbot and Monkes there, who caused them to stay while they were well refreshed and eased. When they thought good, hauing leaue to depart from thence, they sayled along the coast till they arriued at Tanento, where they sold their Galley, and deuided the price, uery man hauing a part thereof. The Turkes pursued the Christians, and scoured the Seas where they could imagin that they bent their course, and the Chri∣stians had departed from thence on the one day in the mor∣ning, whē seauen Galleis of the Turkes came thither that night, as it was certified by those who fllowed Fox and his company fearing least they shoulde haue bin met wyth. And then they came a foote to Naples, wher they departed a∣sunder, euery man taking him to his next way home, from whence Fox toke his iourney vnto Rome, where he was wel entertayned of an Englisheman, who presented his worthy déed to the Pope who rewarded him liberally, and gaue him letters to the King of Spaine, where he was well entertay∣ned of him, who for his worthy enterprise, gaue hym in fée twentie pence a daye: from whence being desirous to come into his owne Countrey, he came thyther at such time as he conueniently could whiche was in the yeare of our Lorde. 1579. and being come into England, went vnto the Courte, & shewed all his trauaile vnto the Counsell: who considering that he had spent a great part of his youth in shraldome and bondage, exēded to him their liberalitie to maintayn hym in hys age, to their great honors, and encouragement of all true harted Christians.

This yeare in the moneth of September was finished ye* newe and most beautifull Tower on London bridge, the foū∣dation Page  1209 whereof was layde in the moneth of August, Anno. 1577. as more at large is shewed.

In the moneth of September & October, fell great winds* and raging floudes in sundry places of this Realme, where through many men, cattel and houses wee drowned. In ye towne of Newport the cotages were borne downe, the corne lost, pasture grounde ouerwhelmed, and cattayle drowned. In the towne of Bedford the water came vp to the Market place, where Cupbords, Chestes, stooles and forme swam about the houses, their fewel, corne and hey was wrackt & borne away. Also the towne of Saint Edes in Huntingtonshire was ouerflowen sodainely in the night, when al men were at rest, ye waters brake in with suche a force, yt the town was almost al defased, the swans swam down the Market place, & al the town about the boats did floate. Gormanchester was sodainely supprest, their houses flowen full of water when men were at their rest, their cattaile were distroyed aboute the 14. of October. The sea did swell, the Merchāts lost their goods, many were drowned, which were after found both on sand and land in great numbers.

Martin Caltrope: Iohn Hart *the, 28. of September.

Sir Nicholas Woodroofe Habardasher, the 28. of Octob.*

On Saterday the 21. of Nouember,* sir T. Gresham knight Agent to the Q. highnesse (who had in his life time builded the Royal Exchange in London, as is afore shewed) deceased at his house in Bishops Gate stréete of London, and was buried in the Parish Church of Saint Elen the▪

On the xxviij. daye of Marche, one Francis, alias Marma∣duke* Glo••r was hanged on a gibbet set vp for that purpose by the Sta•••rd in Cheape, for wilfully murdering Serieāt Grace, after he was by him arrested. Also on the next morow being the nine and twētith day of March, one Richard Tod, that shoulde haue bee hanged in Eastsmithfielde by the Tower, for murdering of Mistresse Skinner a widow there, was hanged at Tiborne.

Page  1210The sixth of Aprill being Wednesdays in Easter wéeke* about six of ye clocke toward euening, a sodayne Earthquake hapning in London, & almost generally through out England, caused suche amazednesse of the people as was wonderfull for the time, and caused them to make their earnest prayers vnto Almightie God. The great clocke bell in the Palaice at Westminster stroke of it selfe againste the hammer wyth shaking, as diuerse clockes and Bels in the Citie and else∣where did the like the Gentlemen of the Temple being at Supper, ranne from the Tables and out of theyr Hal with theyr kniues in their handes, a péece of the Temple Church fell downe, some stones fell from Pauls Churche. And at Christes Churche in the Sermon while a stone fell from the toppe of the Church whiche killed out of hand one Thomas Grey an Apprentice, & an other stone also brused his felowe seruaunte named Mabel Eueret, so that she liued but foure dayes after: diuerse other were sore hurt with running out of the Church: diuerse chimneyes in the Citie part of them fell downe the houses were so shaken. This Earthquake continued in or about London not passing one minute of an houre, and was no more felt: but Eastwarde in Kent and on the sea coast it was felt thrée times. As at Sandwich at sixe of the clocke, the land not only quaked, but the sea so foamed, that the shippes tottered. At Douer also at the same houre was the like, so that a péece of the Cliffe fel into the sea with also a péece of the Castle wall there. A péece of Saltwood Ca∣stle in Kent fell downe, and in the Church of Hide the Bels were harde to sounde. A péece of Sutton Churche in Kent fell downe, the Earthquake being there bothe hear and felte. And in al these places and other in East Kent, the same was felt thrée times to moue, to wit at vj. at ix. xj. of the clocke.

The ninetéenth of Aprill, the Ferrye at Lambeth was* drowned, with fiue men and foure horses, other two menne and fiue horsses swam to land and were saued.

The first day of May, after xij. of the clocke in the nighte,* was an Earthquake felt in diuers places of Kent, namely at Ashforde, Great Chart, &c. which made the people there, to rise Page  1211 out of their beds, and rū to the Churches, where they called vpon God, oy earnest prayers to be merciful vnto them.

The xviij. day of May about one houre before Sun setting diuerse Gentlemen of worship, & good credite, riding from*Bodman in Cornewal towards Foy, there appeared to their sée∣ming in y Northeast, a very great mistor fog, muche like vnto the sea: and the forme of a cloude in the fashiō of some gret Castel, with flags, & streames thereon, as it were stan∣ding in the Sea, whiche presentlye vanished awaye. In whose stéede, and in néere the same place, appeared another cloud which altered into the likenesse of a great Argosie, fur∣nished with Mastes, and other necessaries, & hir sayles sée∣ming ful of winde, made hir way on the Southweast of the Castel, hauing streamers and flags very warlike, with two boates at either sterne. There incontinent appeared againe the forme of a Castel, and behinde the same came folowing on the Southweast side, another greate Argosie, furnished as the firste. This being past, there appeared thrée or foure Galeis with their Mastes and flags in warlike sort, hauing boates at their sternes, and thereby appeared other small clouds to the number of xij. which altered into the proporti∣on of the sayde Castels, and one following another, as soone as any of them vanished other came in their roomes, & thys continued the space of an houre. Shortly after the sightes* in ye ayre aforesayde a worthy Gentleman in the Countrey writ to a right good gentleman in ye Court, y there was séen vpon a downe called Brodwels Downe, in Somersetshire, lx. per∣sonages all clothed in blacke, a furlong in distance frō those ye beheld them, & after their appearing, and a little while ta∣rying, they vanished away, but immediately, another strāge company in like maner colour and number appeared in the selfe same place, and they encountred one another, and so vanished away. And the thirde time, appeared that number againe all in bright armour and encountred one another. & so vanished away: iiij. honest mē which saw it, reporting ye same abrode, wer examined therof, before sir George Nortō,Page  1212 to whom they 〈…〉, that those things they had séene were true, as here before is rehersed: Moreouer it is credibly told of many honest men, that fiue miles from Blonsdon in Wilt∣shire, a crie of houndes was hearde in the ayre, the selfe same day that the •••ste Earthquake was, and the noyse was so great that was ••de, that they séemed three or foure score couple, where ••〈…〉se ••ke the•• Greyhoundes, thinking some gentlemen had bn hunting in the chase, and thoughte to courte: yet so•• of ••ose that went out of their houses, sée∣ing nothing below abrode, loked vpwards to the skyes, and there espyed in the ayre fiue or sixe houndes perfectlye to be diserned: Now (sayth mine authour) I doubt not but thou∣sands hold this newe for ••bles innented for pleasure, but I protest before God & mā, I can beléeue a great deale more stranger matter than this, in this straunge worlde: for the people so estraunge themselues from God by vsing manye strange fashions, & clapping on new conditions & natures, ye except he shew some miracles, his godhead would quick∣ly be forgotten on Earth, and men would beléeue there wer no other world but this. Thus farre Thomas Churchyarde.

The xiij. of June about sixe of the clocke in the mornyng at Shipwesh, within Bothel Barony in Northumberland, there happened a tempest of lightning & thunder, after the which, of a sodayne came a great shoure of hayle stones, amongst ye which wer stones of diuers shapes, maruellous to behold.

The xvij. day of June last past, in the parishe of Blamsdon, in Yorkeshire, after a great tempest of lightning and thunder, a woman of foure stoure yeares old named Ales Perin, was* deliuered of a straunge and hideous Monster, whose heade was like vnto a 〈…〉 or heade peece, the face like vnto a mans face except 〈…〉 which was founde and small, like to the moth of a 〈…〉, the orepat of the bodye lyke vnto a manne, hauyng ight legges, not one like vnto an other, and a tayle halfe a yarde long. Whiche Monster brought into the world no other newes, but an admiration of the deuine workes of God.

Page  1213The xxij. of Septēber, at Fennestanton in Huntingtonshire,* one Agnes wife to William Linsey, was deliuered of an vg∣ly & strange Monster, which had a face all blacke, the necke red, the mouth & eyes like a Lion, ouer the forehead a roule of flesh, which might be turned vp with ones finger, on the hinder part of the head a lump of fleshe proportioned like a feather and hollow, with one eare growing vppon the low∣est part of the chéeke, the belly big and harde, the armes big, hauing fiue fingers & a thumbe on either hand, and in place of toes on the left foote, fiue fingers & a thumbe, on the right foote a thumbe and seauen fingers, in the place of the priui∣ties the shape both of male and female, &c.

Ralph Woodcocke: Iohn Alat, the 28. of September.*

On the x. of October (some sayth on ye seuenth) appeared a blasing Star in the South, bushing toward the East, which was nightlye séene deminishing of his brightnesse vntill the one and twentith of the same moneth.

The xvij. day of October were made 8. Serieante at law,* to wit first William Fleetewood Recorder of London, ye secōd Edward Flowerdew, the third Thomas Snagge, ye fourth W. Peryam, the fifth Robert Halton, ye sixth Iohn Clench, ye seuēth Iohn Puckering, ye eight Thomas Warmesley, maister Snag was sicke, and therefore had a writ directed to two maisters of the Chauncerie to take his othe, and so was sworne in hys Chamber at Greys Iane, the other seuen were sworn at West∣minster, and helde their feast in the new Temple at London.

The Quéenes Maiestie being informed that in sundrye* places of the realme, certain persons secréetly teach damna∣ble heresies, contrarie to diuerse principall Articles of our beliefe and Christian fayth, who to colour their secte, name themselues The family of Loue, and then as many as shal be allowed by them to be of that family, to be electe and saued, and all others of what Church soeuer they be, to be reiected and damned: And for that vpon conuenting of some of them before the Bishops and ordinaries, it is found y the ground of their sect is mayntayned by certaine leude, Heritical, and Page  1214 seditious bookes, first made in the Dutche tong, and lastlye translated into English, and printed beyond the Seas, and secretly brought ouer into the Realme, the authour wher∣of they name H. N. &c. And considering also it is founde, that these sectaries hold opinion, that they maye before any Ma∣gistrate ecclesiastical or Temporall, or any other person not being professed to be of their sect, by othe or otherwise denye any thing for their aduātage, so as though many of thē are wel knowen to be teachers & spreaders abroade of these dā∣gerous and damnable sects, yet by their own cōfession they cannot be condemned. Therfore hir Maiestie being very so∣rie to sée so greate an euill by malice of the Diuell, to be brought into this hir realme, & by hir Bishops and ordina∣ries, she vnderstandeth it very requisite, not onely to haue these dāgerous Heretickes & sectaries to be seuerely puni∣shed, but that also all other meanes be vsed by hir Maiesties royall authoritie, which is giuē hir of God to defēd Christs Church, to roote thē out from further infecting of hir realm, she hath thought méete and conueniente, and so by hir pro∣clamation, commaundeth that all hir officers and ministers Temporall, shall in all their seuerall vocations, assist the Bishops of hir Realme, and all other persons ecclesiastical, to searche out all persons duely suspected to be eyther tea∣chers, or professors of the foresayde damnable sectes, and by all good meanes to procéede senerelye againste them, beyng found culpable, by order of the lawes eyther ecclesiastical or Temporall, and that also searche be made in all places sus∣pected, for the bookes and writings mayntayning the sayds Heresies and sectes, and them to distroye and būrne, &c. as more at large appeareth by the sayd proclamation, giuen at Richmond the third of October, and proclaymed at London on the nintéenth of October.

Iohn Branche Draper, the 28. of October.*

Thus good reder, I haue colected these my Chronicles of England from the first cōming of Brute into this Islande, of whome it toke the name of Brytaine, vntill this presente Page  1215 yeare of Christ our soueraigne. 1580. and the. 23. yeare of our soueraigne Lady Flizabeth by the grace of God, Quéene of England Fraunce and Ireland, defender of the Faith, &c. whom I pray God long and many yeares to prosper ouer vs to his glorie, and desire the to take these my trauell in good parte, like as I haue painefully (to my greate costes and charges) out of manye olde hidden Histories and Recordes of antiquitie, broughte the same to light, and frée∣ly for thy great commoditie bestowed them vpon thée.