The first part of the elementarie vvhich entreateth chefelie of the right writing of our English tung, set furth by Richard Mulcaster.
Mulcaster, Richard, 1530?-1611.
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O

O, in the end is said to sound lowd, as go, shro, fro, sauing, tò, dò, two, &c. Hob, cob, bob, rob, and with the qualifying e, robe,*noble, roche, cocle, and why not cokle? God, od, plod, rod, and with e, rode, gode, bode. Nodle, troden. Dodge, hodge, podge. Of, cof, with * e, lose. Oft, soft, croft. Hog, dog, frog, log, clog, roge, voge, seing our, g, is strong and our accent will help. Ogle. Smok, sok knok, and with the qualifying e, smoke, oke, soke, yoke, poke, goge an interiection of wondring, Nol, gol & with the qualifying, e, hole,〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, the Greke adiectiue in the same sense, gole, fole, stole, sto∣len. O, before, l, sounding like a dipthong causeth the ll, be dub∣led, as troll. And if a consonant follow, l, o, commonlie hath the * same force, tho the l, be but single, told, cold, bold, colt, dolt, colf, rolf, bolt, holm, scold, dissolue.

O, before m, in the beginning, or midle of a word, leading the syllabs soundeth flat vpon the o, as omnipotent, commend, but in the end it soundeth still vpon, the u, as som, com, dom, & therefor in their deriuatiues, and compoūds as welcom, trublesom, newcom, cumbersom, kingdom.
With e, after the m, as home, mome, rome, & yet whom, from, haue no, e, by pre∣rogatiue of vse, tho theie haue it in sound & seming. But were it not better, that all such exceptions were reduced to their Ana∣logie? * If euerie tung had not the like exceptiōs, I might happilie think, that that were the best. On, likewise in beginnings & mi∣dles soundeth vpon the o, in the ends, chefelie of enfranchismēts vpon the u, as disposition, circumspection, action. In som few words * of one or two syllabs, it soundeth vpon the o, as on, anon, vpon, & with the qualifying, e, gone, mone, alone, throne, one: on, in som words answereih the proportiō of the, e, passant, without increa∣sing * of syllabs, as capon, weapon, answer to cheapē, threapen. Once nonce, nonst. Bond, beyond, fond. Top, stop, crop, knop, and with the qualifying e, rope, cope, grope, sope. Tople, throple, pople. Hops, tops, be plurall nūbers. Or is a termination of som truble, when a con sonant followeth, bycause it soundeth so much vpon the u, as worm, form, sword, word, & yet the qualifying e, after wil bewraie an o, as the absence thereof will bewraie an u, storme, o, worm, u, lorde, o, hord, u. Or, for nor, & with the qualifying e more, gore bore, pore, sore, fore. Where note that for, & his compounds sig∣nify the cause, fore and his, the time, as Before, afore. Wherefor,
Page  133therefor. Forthink, forfet, forethink forestall, foresaid, foresé. Force, horce, scorce, the naturall english.
Corse, French of corps. Proch, torch, Scorch, without t, before, as Arch, serch, burch, lurch. Corde lorde, accorde, with the e. Word, sword, aford, without. In former * syllabs, where or is of it self, it soūdeth vpō the o, still, as organes, ordure, order. Worldle, gorge, George. Porke, Yorke, with the e, Stork, cork without the e. Worm form, without e, vpō 〈◊〉u. Forme*storme, with e, vpō the o. Corne, horne, torne, forlorne. Thorp, horse corse, remorse. Dort, & with e, forte, porte, O, sitting hard vpō the s, dubleth it, as Crosse, losse. mosse, if not single as purpos. With the qualifying e, Nose, repose, close: and close, the nown vpon the s, the verbe, vpō the z, which is lightlie generall in the like cases, * of the duble sound of s. Poste, hoste, toste, roste, coste, with e, and without e, Lost, tost, contract for tossed. Most by prerogatiue* soundeth vpon the e, and yet setteth it not down. Losh, cosh, posh. Hotch, potch, notch. Potle, botle, throtle. Pot, sot, not. and with the qualifying e, cote, note, throte. Othe, lothe, wrothe,* and without the e, broth, moth. We sound both like the first, and write it like the last. Roten, frosen, rosen, dosen, where en, is * passant, and the words monosyllabs. Groúe, throúe, lóue and loùe, moùe, abòue. Ox, box.