The state of the question, shewing the slander which Car∣dinall Bellarmine committeth against Caluin.
The first heresie of Iouinian is, (saith the Cardinall) that man cannot sinne after Baptisme: which is the heresie of Caluin, who saith that true faith can neuer be lost. The falshood of this accusation is not obscurely o cōuinced by the Iesuit Maldonate, who discussing that heresie, durst not impute it vnto Caluin: secondly, by Caluinsp acknowledged sen∣tences, wherein he requireth repentance as necessary in all Page 15 that haue bene baptized, that they may be iustified. But M. Higgons would couer the Cardinals nakednesse with a mantle of Deduction, thus: Because Caluin annexeth grace inseparably vnto faith, and anerreth that faith can neuer be lost, it must ineuitably inferre, that a faithfull man doth neuer lose grace also, and consequently doth neuer sinne mortally, because a mortall sinne doth exclude grace from the soule. This M. Hig∣gons his Inference telleth me that he was neuer yet rightly catechized in the rudiments of faith: which I must be per∣swaded of, vntill he make this consequence good, A man cannot lose a iustifying faith after Baptisme: Ergo he cannot sin after Baptisme. Can this be enforced either from the do∣ctrine of Caluin▪ or else of all the Romanists? Caluin tea∣cheth that the iustified mans good actions are polluted with sinne, and some of the Romanists haue acknow∣ledged, in effect, as much (as I there q proued;) whom their Iesuite confesseth to haue bene rgraue and godly Ca∣tholicke Doctors, who taught that all sinnes are in their nature mortall, albeit those sinnes which are called veniall, by the mercy of God, do not dissolue the fauour of God: but may consist toge∣ther with inherent Grace, as not imputed vnto vs for our e∣ternall punishment. Here we see sinnes in their nature mor∣tall, and iustifying Grace to be coincident in one man after Baptisme. But what need we any longer dispute? let M. Higgons, or any other man shew where any Romanist (ex∣cept Bellarmine) laid vnto Caluins charge this heresie of Io∣uinian, which is thus expressed by s Alphonsus à Castro: Iouinian held that a man, who once was iustified by Grace, could not sinne any more. But Caluin taught such a faith, which af∣ter Baptisme obtaineth remission of sinne. After, Alphon∣sus maketh the heresie of the Begwardi to be neare of kin to the former errours of Iouinian, who taught, that A man may attaine vnto that perfection in this life, that he cannot sinne. Hath Caluin any alliance with this hereticke? But I am chargeable to yeeld