Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.
Page  [unnumbered]

¶The names of the Authors to this Booke, in what time, and of what profession,

AVgustine the famous Doc∣tour in Christs Church, born in Affricke, in a towne cal∣led Gathensis, was of such excellent wit, that in his childhoode, hée learned all the seauen lyberall Sciences without an instructour. He was won∣derfully learned, especially in the doctrin of Plato, whereby he was the rather in∣duced to imbrace the Christian fayth. He fauoured the errours of the Mani∣ches, but by the continuall prayer of his good mother Monica, and the perswasi∣on of Saint Ambrose, he was at last conuerted to the true faith. They both replenished with the holy ghost did sing together the psalme Te Deum, aunswe∣ring mutually one to the other. After∣ward in prayer, writing and preaching, he so profited, that he was had in great reuerence of all men, and wrote more Bookes then euer did any in ye Church of the Latines. He lyued seauentie sixe yeares, and was Bishop of Hippone a Citie in Affricke fortie yeares, and dyed in the yeare of our Lord, foure hundred thirtie seauen.

Amandus, was Bishop of Traiectē∣sis in Vascouia, a man learned and of godly lyfe, about the yere, foure hundred eightie.

Ambrose was Bishop of Millaine, the yeare of our Lord three hundred sea∣uentie and thrée: a Romane borne, of a noble and auncient house, and had bene Consull. As this man (béeing sent by Valentinianus ye Emperour to Millaine, to pacifie a sedition) perswaded the peo∣ple to concorde, sodaynly the voyce of an Infant was heard of all men, which cryed: Ambrose is worthie to bee Bi∣shop. Which voyce so feruently stirred the people, that they all condescended to make him their Bishop, notwithstand∣ing he was not yet baptised, but new∣lye instructed in the faith, they compel∣led him to take the Office, and foorth∣with all the people of Lumbardie agrée∣ed in one opinion of the Faith: a rare forme of election. Hée was of singular holynesse, gentlenesse, wisedome and ler∣ning, &c.

Thomas de Aquinus, borne in Sici∣lia Doctor, of the order of a Friar prea∣cher, Disciple to Albertus Magnus, in the Prouince of Apulia, descended of noble Parentage, an excellent Diuine. He wrote foure Bookes of Sentences, and was called the Angelicall Doctour. Manye preposterous fables haue bene written of him, onely this, that he was notwithstanding his learning, verye superstitious. He flurished about the yeare 1274. After Lanquet, one thousand two hundred fiftie and eight.

Ancelme was Archbishop of Caun∣terburie,* first a Muncke, in which time he wrote diuers Bookes, Cur Deus Homo, De libero Arbitrio, De simili∣tudinibus, Monologyon, De praedestina∣tione, &c. This man was simple in shewe, and subtill in disputation, a spe∣ciall fauourer of the Romane relygion, He flourished about the yeare of Christ one thousande one hundred and sixe, af∣ter Lanquet. This Ancelme is sayde to bée the cause of Cleargies diuorce from theyr wiues.

Aristotle Sonne of Nicomachus the Phisition, borne in Stragera in Greece, consuming his youth ryotous∣lye: hée was after Scholler to the no∣ble Plato twentye yeares continuallye. Hee excelled all men in sharpnesse of wit, and knowledge in diuers Scien∣ces: wherefore King Philip of Mace∣donia, sent him his Sonne Alexan∣der to teach, saieng: Hée thanked God that hée hadde a Sonne borne in his time. This man began a seete, the followers whereof, were called Peripatetici. Hée taught in Athens after Page  [unnumbered]Platoes death foure and twentie yeares. Hée was bannished out of Athens, be∣cause it was supposed hée déemed not well of theyr Goddes. It is written, that hée dyed by this occasion: as hée went by the sea side among fishermen, they tolde him a Riddle, which when by long studye hée coulde not assoyle, for shame and sorrowe hée dyed. Hée was lyttle of personage, crooke backed, ill shapen, and stutting. He was thrée hundred fortie fiue yeres before Christs Incarnation.

Auicen or Abicen, a famous Phisiti∣on, whom some suppose to be of a Citie in Spaine called Hispalis, or Ciuile. Hée was excellently lerned, and wrote in the Arabick tongue many noble workes of Philosophie, naturall and Metaphisicke. He comprehended Phisicke in fiue Uo∣lumes, wherein he calleth himselfe, the Interpretour of Galen: he was about the yeare of our Lord 1151, and was (as some suppose, poisoned by Auerois, whom he slew before he died.

Auerois a great Philosopher, & Phi∣sition enimie to Auicen, & also to Christ, and for his great Commenes written vpon Aristotle, he is named Commen∣tator. He was about the yeare of our Lord 1145.

Appollonius, borne in Greece, about the yeare of our Lord 90. He profited so in learning that being but a childe, was a learned Philosopher, he followed the sect of Pythagoras, going alway in linen, and neuer eating any thing that had life. Notwithstanding his great learning, yet trauayled he into Aegypt, Persia, Ae∣thiopia, & Iudea, & returned into Greece, and Rome. After a while about the age of 80. yeares in great assemblye of peo∣ple was sodainly conueyed away, no man knoweth how nor whether, as Philos∣tratus who wrote his life saith. There were other also of the same name.

*Alfredus Anglicus of Beuerley priest, a man of singular vtteraunce, learned in Diuinitie, Philosophie, Historie, and Mathematickes. He flourished about the yeare of our Lord. 1087. as sayth Iohn Bale, a worthye Historiographer of late memorie.

Asclepiades a famous Phisition. Al∣so a Philosopher, the time when he flo∣rished is not certaine.

Basilius a man of great vertue & ler∣ning, borne in Cappadocia, of a noble house, being very skilful in Rhetoricke, Logicke and Philosophie, disputing at Athens, and there obtained such fame, as in procéeding farther he became Bishop of Caesarea, & taught the people the true fayth. He was exiled by Valens the Emperour, but reuoked from exile. He flourished about the yeare of our Lord, 367. and dyed the yeare of Christ. 387. There wer two other of ye same name. Alley.

Beda Angliae, a famous lerned man:* for his modestie, vertuous life and lear∣ning, surnamed, Worshipfull Bede. Hée wrote the historye of the Saxons apart, whose hystoricall methode, diuers wri∣ters since haue followed. He flourished about the yeare of our Lord 724. after Lanquet. After William Alleye Bishop of Exceter in his Miscellenca, Beda was an Englishman, and lyued in the time of Iustinian the seconde, he was also in the time of Iohn ye 6. Bishop of Rome, When the Sarazens arriued out of A∣frica to inuade Spaine, then Bede with his letters, sollicited the Princes to re∣couer it againe. He wrote many works both in the Gréeke and Latine, especial∣ly one notable worke, De Natura, & temporibus, which is diuided into thrée bookes, hée wrote aboue an hundered bookes, of which some be fained in his name, he had two bretheren learned, whose names were Strabo and Haimo. He trauayled other countreyes, twen∣tie nine yeares, and being of the 〈…〉 of 72. dyed Anno. 734.

Bernard, was borne in Burgondy, in the Castle of Fountaynes, of noble lyg∣uage, he became a Muncke in the Mo∣nestarie of Clareuallencis, gane himselfe so studie, and wrote diuers Bookes, as De Consideratione, ad Eugenium Pa∣pam, De Cantica canticorum, De amore Dei, Librum meditacionum, and manye other Homelies, Epistles and Sermons. He was about Anno. 1112. and lyued to the yeares of 63. After the Legenda, de∣ceased. Page  [unnumbered]Anno. 1156.

Boecius a learned man and Se∣natour of Rome, who lyued in the time of Theodoricus and Odeacer, Kinges of the Ostrogothes, that is East Gothes, now vnder the gouernment of the kings of Denmarke. Gothia, an Ile by Den∣marke called Gutland, not farre from Norway. This said Boetius, (the friend of Manlius Seuerinus) a Poet and Phi∣losopher, among diuers excellent works he wrote De consolatione Philosophiae, De trinitate & de vnitate Christi, de To∣picis, he flourished about Anno Domi∣ni. 473. he dyed about 520. Croni.

Basis a Philosopher.

Busus a Phisition.

Ciprianus of Carthage in Affrica, was there Bishoppe, in whose youth he was dedicated by his parents to the diuel, as Iacobus de voragine, Henricus de Eufor∣dia, and Voleteranus doe write, he was conuerted from the law of the Pagans, he was an excellent Rethoritian, a carefull Bishoppe, and a faythfull ouer∣séer of the Church, he tooke great paines in deliuering and helping of Martires, for being absent, he woulde write vnto his Priests & Deacons, that they should with care and diligence embrace & make much of the Martires, which were cap∣tiue. The fortitude and godly stoutnesse of his minde in executing of his office, the third Epistle of his first booke do de∣clare neither did there lacke in hint, wisedome and circumspcaion. Besides this; he was of a singular modestie, for he would take vpon him to do nothing, without the consent of his fellowes in office. He was beneficiall and kind to∣wards his poore bretheren, and such as were straungers, &c. He had not withstā∣ding his vertues, errours, as appeareth in Sermo. de lapsis. 5. in Sermo de Elce∣mofina. He called Tertulians works his Master: he suffered manye daungerous conflictes: he inueighed earnestly against Heresles and Idolls, he wrote a pleasant stile. He was banished to exile by Vale∣rianus. Emperor of ye Romans. Paternus the Proconsull being dead, Galeanus Maximus who succéeded Patemus, com∣maunded his seruaunts, to carrye Cy∣prian in a Carte to the place of punish∣ment, where the Lieuetenaunt beeing a∣bout to do sacrifice vnto his Gods, brake out into these words. Thou hast liued a great while being of a pestiferous mind, and hast gathered vnto thée, men of a wicked conspiracie, & hast bene an open enemie vnto the Romane Gods, and theyr holy lawes: neither could the god∣ly and sacred Princes, Valerianus & Ga∣lenus, reduce thée by anye meanes vnto the sect of their ceremonies: after which words he was slaine with the sword. At this time Sixtu, was bishop of Rome (as Eusebius writeth) in the yeare of our Lorde, two hundred fiftie and nine. Alleye.

Cicero a Senatour among the Ro∣manes, in his youth of a meruaylous pregnacie of wit, whom the excellent O∣ratour Appolonius, greatly extolleth, for what subtiltie was in Logicke, what commoditie in morall Philosophy, what secret knowledge in Philosophie natu∣rall, he knewe it. After many verations and conspiracies against him, one He∣renius the homicide of Antonie, as Cice∣ro fled, ouertooke him, and smote of his head and handes, and brought them to Antonie &c. He flourished about for∣tye yeares before the Incarnation of Christ.

Cato was not first a surname, but a name of merite: for the auncient Ro∣manes called him Cato, that was wise by much experience. Of this name, two there were most excellent for their learning, gouerment and wisedome.

For the one being made Consull, wan moe Cities in Spayne, then he had abo∣den dayes in that Countrey: in which iourney, he retayned to himselfe, nothing of all that was founde there, but meate and drinke onely. He made his souldiers rich, giuing to euerye of them, for re∣warde, a pounde wayght of Siluer, saieng: Better it wer that may Ro∣manes retourned agayne to Rome with Siluer, than a fewe with golde. This Cato was before Incarna∣tion of Christ, one hundred eightie and two yeares.

The other Cato, was called Vticensis,Page  [unnumbered] because he slew himselfe in the Towne Vtica: he dyed before the Incarnati∣on 44. yeares. D. Cooper.

Scipio Affricanus, was of a wonder∣full towardnesse: this draue Anniball out of Affrike: he subdued the citie of Carthage: he after many learned & wise perswasions, greuously tooke ye vnkinde dealing of the Senate, went from the Citie of Rome, to a maner place, which he had at Linternum, and ther ended his lyfe, when he had lyued 54. yeares, be∣fore the incarnation of Christ, about 145. yeares, that yeare was Corinth in Greece destroyed.

Constantine, a Phisition, of ye name many, forth of diuers prouinces.

Chaldeus, an Astronomer of ye coun∣try of Assyria, Solmus and Plinie name that countrie Chaldae, where the great Citie of Babylon stoode.

Damascen a D. in Diuinitie verye famous, called Iohn, of Damacenum Monach, for his Angular wisedome, was had in great estimation of Theodosius, Emperour of Constantinople, the yeare of Christs incarnation 440. as saith the Author of Supplimentum supplimenti cronicarum, foli. 168. liber. 9. He wrote 4. bookes of sentences, also a booke tituled, No man hath seene God at any time: De¦fide, of faith: of Christian baptisme: Item Cur Deus & Homo sit: In two books, he wrote of Mettalls and Phisicke. In the third part of Lanquets chronicle, fol. 242. is expressed of one Damacenus, a Philosopher who flourished 1352. The first of these, I take to be the Au∣thor to Glantuyle.

Damascius an hystoriographer, which in ye time of Herodotus, wrote of things done, before the warre of Peloponnesus, about Anno.452.

Demosthenes a Prince among the Grecians, and a singular Philosopher, a∣bout Anno.345. before Christ. He was disciple to Plato: he stammered in his speach, he put small stones in his mouth, and inforceing to speake treatablye, at last attained to pronounce very plainly. He was also an excellent Orator.

Dioscorides called also Pedacius, and Phacas, a worshipfull knight of Egypt, who ioyning learning with chiualrye' being in the Romanes Hoast in dyuers countryes, in times vacant from Bat∣tayle, made diligent search for ye figures and vertues of diuers hearbs, and other things necessary for medicin, and wrote most truly of them in Greeke, as Galen testifieth. He liued vnder Cleopatra and Antonius, about Anno before Christ. 47.

Democritus, an excellent Philoso∣pher, being a childe, learned of the wise men of Chalda, Astronomie, and theyr Diuinitie: after he went into Persia, to learne Geometrie. After, he returned to Athens, where he gaue his possessions and riches innumerable, vnto the weale publyke, reseruing a lyttle garden, wher in he might at more libertie, search out the secrets of nature. He wrought ma∣ny wonderfull workes in naturall phi∣losophie and Phisicke. When he beheld the Citizens of Athens, he continuallye laughed at their foolish diligence, which spared no paines to get uthoritye and riches, that they were not sure to kéepe: which laboured to get their children great possessions, who either died before their Fathers, or els ouer liuing them, shortly spēt away, al yt their fathers left them. But the Athenians not percep∣uing the cause of his laughter, thinking him mad, caused Hipocrates the Phisiti∣on to goe vnto him, who perceiuing the occasion of his laughter, sayd: Demo∣critus is not mad, but the Athenians be mad, at whom he doth laugh. He was before the Incarnation of Christ. 492. yeares.

Donatus, a Gramarian, Master to Saint Hierome. About Anno.350. ano∣ther Donatus martired vnder Iulian the Apostate, or forsworne Christian. Also Donatus a notable Heretike, that helde opinion Christians to be no where but of their Congregation. Of the same opi∣nion are the Heretikes of the Familye of loue: Donatus was a Numidian, a∣bout the yeare of our Lord thrée hun∣dred fiftie and thrée. Another Dona∣tus Aretinus Bishoppe of Etruriae, a man of holye lyfe, persecuted vnder Iulianus.

Page  [unnumbered]Dionysius Areopagita, a famous Philosopher of Athens, and Disciple to Saynt Paule. He onelye, of all the Heathen Philosophers, beléeued Saint Paule preaching of Iesus Christ.

And before, when as he was in Ae∣gypt, whether hée went for learning sake, and beeing there, together with Appollophanes who was his Instruc∣tour, beyonde all compasse of rea∣son did see the Eclipse that was at the death of Christ: Eyther (sayd he) the God of Nature suffereth vyolence, or els the Frame of this worlde will be now dissolued. He wrote to Timo∣theus Bishoppe of Ephesus, twelue bookes De Diuinis nominibus, of the heauenlye Hierarchie, and manye o∣ther excellent workes, as Suydas wit∣nesseth.

Escicius or Euscicius. Disciple to Gre∣gorius Nazianzenus.

Eusebius Pamphilius, Bishoppe of Caesarea in Palaestine, wrote tenne Bookes of the Ecclesiasticall Historye. He was about the yeare of our Lorde, after Sebastian Munster, thrée hundred flue, after Cronicarum, thrée hundred seauen.

Eraclytus, or Heraclytus, a Philoso∣pher, which alwayes wept when he be∣helde the People, considering how bu∣sie they wer to gather treasure, and how negligent in the well bringing vppe of their children: his workes, of purpose were obscure, and harde to be vnder∣stoode. When hée was olde, hée fell into a Dropsie, in which, neglecting Phisitions, he wrapped himselfe in Cow dounge, and so lyeng a sleepe in the Sunne, was torne and deuoured of Dogges. He had no master, but by his owne nature and dilygence preuayled to great knowledge: he lyued in the time of the last Darius, and wrote manye things of Philosophie in vearses. Ari∣stotle doth often vse his testimony. He was about the yeare before Christs in∣carnation, foure hundred eightie, Sebas. Munster.


Euclides, the name of a famous Ge∣ometrician, Scholar to Socrates, of Me∣garensis, a Countrey in Achaia, about the yeare foure hundred twentie & two, before Christs Incarnation.

Egidius, a Greeke Philosopher. Also a Phisition, and a Monarke, who wrote diuers Bookes, among the which he tituled one, De venis. He flourished about the yeare of our Lord, seuen hun∣dred fourteene.

Fulgencius, of the Nation of Apher in Aphrica, Bishoppe of Rupensis or Ruspensis, an excellent Doctour. To these thrée Prouinces hee trauayled, in Sardinia, in Affrica, and among the Vandales, to establish the Christian faith, both by teaching, preaching, and perswading. He wrote thrée speciall Bookes. De Trinitate, De libero arbi∣trio, De regulis fidei, with diuers o∣thers. He flourished about the yeare of Christ 500.


Gregorius called Nazianzen, leauing his studye of Philosophie, with all na∣turall Sciences, did with Basilius of Cappadocia, fall to the reading of holy Scriptures. Hee was of noble Paren∣tage, and a Romane borne. He wrote to Procopius, that hée neuer sawe a good ende of anye of the Counsayles, among the Bishoppes of Rome. Therefore af∣firming that all of them had euill endes he left not much authoritie to be attri∣buted vnto theyr Decrees and Coun∣sayles. Alley, and Legen∣da, Authours.

Gilbertus Magnus, a verye lear∣ned Writer, who flourished about the yeare of our Lorde, nine hundred nine∣tye and two. There was also ano∣ther of that name, beeing called Gil∣bertus Anti Papa, that contended a∣gaynst Gregorye the Pope, in the yeare one thousande seauentie and sixe. For the Papacie betwirte these two Prelated and theyr assistauntes, as it appeareth in Supplimentum Suppli∣menti Cronicarum, was much slaugh∣ter, bloud shedde, and discorde. Li∣bro. 12.

Galenus the sonne of Nicon a fa∣mous Geometritian: In Phisicke hée was so excellent, as hée may iustly seeme Page  [unnumbered] to bée raysed by diuine prouidence, at that time to make perfect that noble art, and to confound the manyfold sects and errours, with which as then it was defaced, vntill hée was fifteene yeares of age, hée was brought vp by his Father in Gramer, Logicke, and Arethmetike, after he gaue himselfe to more grauer studyes of Philosophie, wherein he pro∣fited. After 18. yeares olde, his Father by a dreame was admonished to sette his sonne to studie Phisicke, in which arte within fiue yeares, hee so notablye preuailed, that hee not onelye passed all his equalles, but his masters also that taught him, hée was adorned with the ornament of honour and good gouerne∣ment. In teaching hée vsed an excel∣lent order and methode, that his workes are wonderouslye estéemed of all that knowe what learning meaneth: So much hée tendered his owne Countrye, béeing borne in Pergamos, a famous and rich Citie in Asia the lesse, that hee chose rather in his later time, to liue there in meane estate, then with the Emperours of Rome in great estima∣tion and dignitie, hee liued (as some doe write) neere an hundred yeares, hee flourished in the time of Marcus Co∣modus, and dyed onelye for feeblenesse of age, after the incarnation of Christ, about 160. yeares.

Galen maketh reporte of one speci∣all medicine (that happened to him by chaunce) to cure the Gout, which is to take olde, sowre, or tart Cheese, and with a Gammon of Bacon to be sodde together, and to bée pownd in a mor∣ter, vntill it be flat like a plaster, this sayde to the aking ioyntes, diminisheth the knots, and aswageth the paine.

Hugutio was Duke of Pisan in Greece, it seemeth because hée is let by Bartholome for an Authour, that hee wrote of the nature of some thing: hée vanquished the people of Hetruria, at the mountaine called Catinum, this man flourished about Anno Domini. 1320. Of this Hugution the Authour of Sup. Siph. Cronicar. calleth him Hu∣gutio Flagiolanus of Pisan and Lucensi∣um, the Tyrant, he was a scourge to the Florentines: it maye bee that there was some other of that name, but I finde no sufficient Authour to auouch it.

Hysidorus or Isidorus, was Bishoppe after Leander of Hispalensis, now called Sibilia or Siuile in Spaine, a man of sin∣gular learning and cloquence, hée wrote diuerse bookes, Ethimologarum, de sum∣mo bono, Allegoriarum, De Astronomia, Domino & silio, Deum & homo, De vi∣ris illustribus, & voca••lis Grammatices, Historiarum quoque ab Adam, vsque ad haec tempora, that is vntill that time in the which he wrote. De gestis Longa∣bardorum, with others, he flourished a∣bout Anno Domini. 615.

Innocentius, because there are di∣uerse of that name, if there were anye worthy the name of learned, I suppose the first and second that were Bishops of Rome, &c.

Iosath a Caldean Hystoriogra∣pher.

Ipartus or Hypareas Mathematicus, he was about the yeares before Christ, 368.

Iuuenall, a Romane Poet, which wrote Satyres, flourished about the yeres after Christ. 88.


Kalixtus, Graecus siue Atheniensis, (because of his learning and study) borne at Rauena, a citie in Italy, beeing after Bishop of Rome, ordained the foure yéerely fasts, about Anno Domini. 220. if mine authour haue not mistaken this Kalixtus for some other.


Michael Scotus, I finde not of what country or profession, onely of Iohannes Scotus, two of that name, the one flouri∣shed about 890. borne in Scotland, a man had in greate estimation of Carolus. 3. Emperour of the Romanes, for his lear∣ning and wisdome, the other was a fri∣er of the order of the Minorites. & Prea∣ther, who flourished about Anno. 1030. and was called Iohn Dunus or Dunce, otherwise Scotus.

Macrobius the name of an olde wri∣ter, a Philosopher about the yeer of our Lord. 156.

Mercurio, Miselake, Astrologus.

Page  [unnumbered]Nazarenus of Nazareth, if signifieth a man dedicated onely to the seruice of God, in the time of the persecution of the Christians, there was one Nazarius conuerted to the faith by Linus Bishop of Mediolanum (ye cheife citie in Lum∣bardie called Millane) and after dyed a martyr about Anno Domini. 70. Ano∣ther Nazarius a Rethoritian, in Anno Domini. 334. some take Mediolanium, for Mediolamum, which is the name of Orlyance in France: also a citie in West∣phalia in Almaine, called Munster.

Ninus Delphicus of Delphos, in Greece, from whence was heard the O∣racle of Apollo, it maye bée the name of some writer, not lately recorded.

Origen called also Adamantius, (borne at Alexandria in Aegypt) was sonne of Leonides ye Martir, a man of most excel∣lent doctrine and vertue from his child∣hood, (Saint Hierome writeth, that Ori∣gen wrote, 6000, bookes, which he testifi∣eth himselfe to haue séene) when he came to the age of. 79. yeares (as Nitephorus writeth) he dyed, it séemeth he dyed in great miserie and pouertie at the Citie of Tyrus, and was there buryed.

Orosius the Historiographer flourished about Anno Christi. 400. a reuerend Priest, borne in Spaine, expert in Histo∣ries, he wrote. 7. bookes against them that said, that the decaye of the common wealth of Rome, hapned by the doctrine of Christ, he was sent by S. Augustine to S. Hierome, who was then in Iudea, to learne of him the reason of the state of the soule.

Ouidius, surnamed Naso, borne in Sul∣mo (a towne in the country of Peligna) in Italy, brought up in Rome, and dili∣gently instructed in Latine letters from his tender age, he gaue most diligent stu∣die to the making of vearses, from the which he was withdrawen by his Fa∣ther, and put to learne Rethorike, wher∣in he so profited, that hée shortlye after became equall with the best Orators of that time, and was aduaunced to be Se∣nator, notwithstanding be gaue his stu∣die to Poetry: wherin by nature he was excellent, he was in good fauour with the Emperour Augustus, of whom at the last he was exiled so Pontus, where hee spent the rest of his life, in a towne cal∣led Tomos, the cause of his exile, was for abusing Iulia the Emperours daughter, as some suppose, and for making of the booke of the craft of love, wherby young mindes might be stirred to wantonnes: he liued at the time that Christ our Sa∣uiour was conuersant with vs heere on Earth.

Oribasius Medicus of the Country of Sardus or Pergamus, which flourished in the yeare after Christ. 369. when Auso∣nius the Poet, Eutropius, Sextu, Rufus, and Ammianus, Historiographers, were likewise in estimation.

Petrus Seuerus, whether the Apostle, or Alexandrinus, that vertuous Bishop and Martir, or anye of the 60. Peters, whereof the last is called Petrus Medi∣ces, I referre at this present.

Pamphilius (the name of Neocles son) a Philosopher of Athens, Platos Schol∣ler. Also a Priest of Caesaria, which was martired about Anno Christi. 280. a ve∣ry eloquent man, in life a true Philoso∣pher, he was the famousest man in that time, a Grecian borne.

Patricius borne in Wales,* for a time had his above in Scotland, and was af∣ter Bishop in Ireland: the first yt brought the Irish men to the Christian sayth. Ther is another named Patricius, Saint Martines sisters sonne, which I suppose is but the onely Patricke, because the au∣thor in Super••. & Sebastian Munster a∣gree both on one computation, Anno Christi. 429. This Patricke was a zea∣lons Christian, and died at Glastonbu∣ry in Somerset shéere, notwithstanding many fabulous and superstitious toyes the wicked haue fathered on that good man. Chester sayth in Policronicon, that Saint Patricke in his time was borne, whose Father had to name Calprum, which was a Priest & a Deacons sonne, that was named Fodun, Patriks mothers name was Couches, Martines sister of Gallia, that is France, he was called Pa∣tricke for his temperance and wisdome, that is to say, father of Citizens, hée li∣ued the age of. 122. yeares, vntill the time of Aurelius Ambrose, king of ye Britans.

Page  [unnumbered]Papias a notable Gramarian of Lumbardie, verye learned in the Gréeke tongue, wrote a booke tituled Vocabi∣lorum, and flourished aboute Anno Christi. 1199. as sayeth Seb. Mun∣ster.

Papias also Bishoppe of Hieropoli∣tanus, a Citie in Asia, beeing ouer a∣gainst Laoditia, who was sayd to be the Disciple of Saint Iohn the Apostle and Euangelist, a man of singular learn∣ing, aboute the yeare after Christ. 132.

Plato, the Prince of Philosophers (in wisedome, knowledge, vertue, and elo∣quence, farre excéeding all other Gen∣tiles) was borne in Athens, his Father was named Ariston, béeing of an aun∣cient and honourable house, his mother Parectonia, descended from the lignage of the grane Solon, lyeng in his Cradle, Bées were founde to bring Honnie into his mouth, without hurting the childe: his diuinours did interprete to signifie, that from him there shoulde flowe eloquence most swéet and delecta∣ble.

¶ Before I passe farther to speak of this Heathen Philosopher, I doe much meruaile (yet vnder the discipline of the lerneder sort) why diuers other famous men, concerning their learnings & wise∣domes of later yeares (and also Christi∣ans) notwithstanding no lesse superstiti∣ous then those Pagan Bentiles were I∣dolatrous, why many be left out and not repeated as Authors, as well as these arre fetched Philosophers, séeing that they deserue by the ballaunce of equi∣tye no lesse renowme, as if they were learned and wise, yet were they no Christians, or beléeuing Iewes. If those of our time (as by my Cataloge shall appeare) were as learned, wise, and discréete concerning writing, and yet superstitions: as you refuse not the Gentile because of his Idolatrye, refuse not the Christian because he is super∣stitious, for in disdayning the supersti∣tion of the one, and accepting the Ido∣latrye of the other, you doe then main∣taine the old errour and condempne the new vice, take therefore of both of them that which is requisite concerning knowledge and learning, and refuse both (as it is necessarye) concerning Idola∣trie and superstition. As for example, betwixt Plato and Patrike, Rabanus and Pythagoras, &c. I omit héere the wonderfull dreame of Platoes Father, and lykewise Platoes amorous vearses, which after hée came to heare Socrates, hée threw into the fire and burned, hee heard the Philosophers and Geometri∣tians of Greece, & afterward went in∣to Italy, Affrik, and Aegypt, to heare the diuine and mysticall sciences, and it is also thought that he hearde some of the Prophets, (about which tune was Ie∣sus the sonne of Sirach,) since there hée founde in his workes sentences not ab∣horring from our Catholyke faith, hée was expert in martiall affayres, he chose a place by Athens called Accademia, where hée taught, and therfore his Dis∣ciples were called Accademici, there was in him a meruaiteus sharpnesse of wit, with an incomperable dexteritie in disputing, and making aunsweres, &c. He dyed writing, of the age of 81. yeres, before the incarnation of Christ. 342. yéeres.

Plateaurius Medicus.

Permenides or Parmenides a Philosopher of Athens, about the yeare before. Christ thrée hundered and fiftye yeares, the Disciple of Anaxagoras, he was a Philosopher of noble paren∣tage.

Plautus a Comicall Poet, borne in Vmbria, a parte of Italy, when he had spent all his substaunce on players gar∣ments, and thereby was brought to ex∣treame pouertye, hée was faine for his liuing to serue a Baker, in tourning a Querne of hand mill, yet wrote hée elo∣quent and pleasaunt Comedyes, he was in the time of Cato Censorius, an hun∣dered ninetye and thrée yeares before Christ.

Persius the name of two lear∣ned Romanes. Also there was one Persius, a Satyricall Poet, Flac∣cus Aulus, the sonne of Flaccus and Fulua of Ethrurie or Hetruscum, which is the Countrye of Tuscan,Page  [unnumbered]〈…〉nes sent 〈…〉 of ligh∣〈…〉in the firmoment, 〈…〉, such affiaunce had 〈…〉 these dayes to Prodiges, he was at the time of the Euangelistes about 47. or 55. yeares after Christ, he was bu∣ryed in Rome, at the age of 66. yéeres.

Plinius Minor, or secnodus Veronen∣sis, a Philosopher and Phisition, the el∣der Plinie wrote ye most excellent work, called the Historie of Nature, the other wrote eloquent Epistles, supposed after Christ. 72. yeares: the young Plinie was also called Cocilius Plinius, nephew to the first Plinie by his sister, who wrote an Oration to Traiane the Emperour, in his commendation, which Oration is named Panegericus. In the which he giueth thankes to Traian, who made him Consull.


Pythagoras Samius, Philosopher a∣bout Anno before Christ. 534. in the la∣ter end of the fourth age of the world, a famous Philosopher in his time, whose Schoole was not occupyed in naturalls and Astronomie, as others, but in Areth∣metike, Geometrie, and Musicke, which he reduced first into sciences, and albeit in his time none was comperable to him in wisedome, yet would he not be called a wise man, but a Philosopher, that is, a louer of wisedome, his doctrine is said to be diuine, those whome he taught hée ioyned to kéepe silence fiue yeres, the oc∣casion supposed was, that in those fiue yeares they might as well by experience of priuat practise, as reading, become the more able to teach in theyr common wealth. (It were not a misse if in the Church of England, those gréene braines which come from the Uniuersities at and 24. yeares, hauing passed the Gramer, and procéeded Bat∣thelers of Art, should by and by be suffe∣red to take the place of experienced and elder persons (to become Preachers of the sacred Gospell of Christ) vntill they had farther studyed priuatly, & had con∣ference with the elders, the want of such good order is the cause of so many con∣tentions in the Church, as is to bée la∣mented,) he neuer woulde doe sacrifice with any bloud, he woulde eate nothing that had lyse, he continued his lyfe in wonderfull abstinence. After the compu∣tation of Seb. Munster hée liued aboute Anno. 590. before Christ.

Rabanus was a Monacke and Arch∣bishoppe of Moguntinus, Mentes, a Ger∣maine borne, but first he was Ab∣bot of Fuldenzis, he wrote certain bookes in Diuinitie vppon the Chronicles and Machabees, beside certaine Sermons: It séemeth that he wrote some feastiuall of Saints dayes, he flourished about Anno Christi. 840.

Robertus Lincolne called Grosted,* in Henrie. 3. time, Anno Christi. 1253. a man so singularly learned, that of his owne coasts and charges, hée sent ouer sea into diuers places farre and néere for Hebrue bookes, Gréeke bookes, & others, wherein consisted anie matter for the establishing of christian faith, and was able to translate the same into Latine.

Richard de sancto Victore, ordirus re∣gularum, of Saint Augustine, a Doctour in Paris, the chiefe Citie of Fraunce, sayd to be (as those which deserue praise of later times) he wrote. 39. seuerall books, as saith my Author Sipli. Cron. fol. 217. hée liued about Anno Christi. 1130.

Simon Corum.

Stephanus Strabus a Monacke of the Region of Fraunce, flourished aboute Anno. 844. the Commentator of the workes of (Rabanus the Germaine mo∣nacke, Archbishop of Mentes) he wrote a booke De officijs Ecclesia, vnto Lodowick the Emperour.

Solinus an historian and Oratour, a∣bout the time of Iulius Caesar, before Christ about fiftie yeares.

Symonides a Poet of Greece, borne in the Ile called Caea, who was the first that inuented the vearses called Lyrici, he was about the yeares before Christ. 663.


Theophrastus the olde Philosopher, a prndent person. 170. yeares before Christ.

Titus Liuius an excellent Historian, or writer of Historyes, about Anno. 180Page  [unnumbered] before Christ. Also there was Titus Li∣uius Magnus, an Hystoriographer, about the time of Ouidius Naso, which I sup∣pose to be the excellentest writer: he flou∣rished. 20. yeres before Christ. He lyued 80. yeares, buryed at Patauium: he dyed about the fourth yéere of Tiberius Cae∣sar, Patauium a citie in Italy called Pa∣dua or Pauie, nigh vnto Venice. Also a Citie in Bithinia, nowe called Pol∣men.

Theophilus Medicus, de vrinis.

Ptholome the name of many famous men, whereof Philadelphus, Disciple to Strabo the Philosopher, builded the no∣table Librarie at Alexandria, and was there burned of the Romanes, the other restored the Mathematicall sciences, hée was in the time of Antonie the Empe∣rour, he also wrote diuers works.

Varro a noble Romane, also singu∣larly learned, before Christes incarnati∣on. 4.

Virgil the famous Port of Mantua, a noble Citie in Lumbardie, where Vir∣gil was borne, with whome flourished Horace, Ouid, Salust, Liuius, Hortensius, Antenodorus, with many others. These men were in the happie time of Iesus Christ, his comming in the flesh.

Gilhelmus Couches.

Ypocras a Philosopher.


*Zeno a Philosopher, called Zeno Elo∣ates, by adoption became Permenides sonne, about. 340. before Christs incar∣nation. This béeing taken of Nearchus the tyraunt, was stamped to death in a morter, whose constancie for his coun∣tryes safetie was inuincible.

Zoroastes Magnus, a king of the Bac∣trians, in the time of Ninus, and was be∣fore the warres of Troya. 400. yeres, he first, as Plinie writeth, inuented Magi∣cal arts, and was in many other things excellently well learned, hée left bookes written, he was slaine with fire from heauen. This was that Zoroastes that laughed the same daye in the which he was borne.

Andrew Bord of Phisicke Doctour, an English man, The Breuiary of health, printed Anno. 1547.

Andrew Theuet his Antarctike or new found world, printed, and from the French translated. Anno. 1568.

Barnadine of Escalanta, of the realme of Galisia Priest, his discourse of the East Indias, Anno. 1579.

Sir Humferie Gilbert Knight, his dis∣course to Cataia. 1579.

Ortelius, otherwise Abraham Horte∣lius, his vniuersal description of ye whole world. A Dutch man.

Hernan Lopes, a Portingall of Ca∣staneda, his discouery of the East Indias, translated into English by Nicholas Lichfield, gentleman, 1582.

Cornelius Agrippa forth of his secrets of Philosophie. A Spaniard of excellent learning. Anno. 1530. he was a knight in the court of Charles, the 5. Emperour, & had to name Henrie Cornelius.

Doctor Turner Phisition, Anno. 1551. one that for his trauailes in forren coū∣tries, for the onelye benefit of this our realme of England, deserueth perpetuall praise.

Sir Thomas Eliot knight, in his booke The Castle of health. 1541.

Thomas Lanquet Historiographer, whose work was afterward finished by T. Cooper.

Thomas Cooper, Doctor of Diuini∣tie, & Bishop of Lincolne, who set forth the great Dictionary called Thesaurus linguae Romanae & Britanicae, an excel∣lent worke printed Anno. 1578.

Anthonius Roberger, his Chronicle printed Anno. 1493.

Iohn Stow, in his last abridgement.