Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of the vertues of diuers things, as humour and licour. Chap. 77.

IN humoures, licoures, and other things be certaine vertues, of whom some we shall set heere shortly: for by diuers complections and vertues, yt haue mastry in diuers things, diuers manner of working is found, as the vertue of o∣pening, of ripping, of cleansing, and of o∣ther doing The vertue of opening wor∣keth by heate, and dryeth in subtill sub∣staunce, as it fareth of Outons, or of iuyce of Lickes, of Allomne, and other such confections thereof, openeth the mouthe of the veynes, and exciteth the Emoroides, as Co. sayth. The ver∣tue of spreading, worketh by heate and moysture, for heat thirleth and commeth into the substaunce of a thing, and dissol∣ueth moysture that is 〈…〉ut thereto, and maketh open and spred, as it fareth of Mockes, and of Elderne rindes, and o∣ther such that war stretch and spread, if they be sod in oyle, as he saith. The ver∣tue of stopping, worketh by colde and moysture, with softe substaunce and sad, as it fareth of Dragantes, of the white of an egge, and of Psillium, for these of the poores, with cleaning and fast substance, and straineth and hindeth with colde.

The vertue that maketh thick, worketh by colde and moysture, as it fareth by Mondragora, that maketh ye skin thick, if it be layd thereon, as he sayth: for by color it 〈…〉 the more thin partes of the moystures, and so the moyster com∣meth to the middle, and maketh ye sub∣stance more last, and so the more thick, and worketh by heate and by moysture: for heat wasteth the thin parts, and then be the earthy parts the more thicke.

The vertues that maketh harde work∣e•• by colde and drines, for euery quali∣tee draweth toward the middle, and ma∣keth all the substaunce the more harde, and worketh somtime by cole and moi∣sture, and burdeth the moyst partes by cold, as it fareth in frost and ••• & some∣time by heate and drinesse, and l•••ueth the earthy, arts and maketh them hard in that manner wise, as it fareth in fr or satie earth, and •• borne fyte. The vertue of opening worketh by heat and drinesse with thicke substaunce: for heat •••reth & moneth the more subtill parts outward, and the thicke parts and drye commeth to the middle, and so all ye sub∣staunce is made vneuen, and that same vneuennesse is cause of roughnesse.

Also colde maketh roughnesse in moyst water, binding and drawing the vter partes to the middle, and letteth the thin parts to spread themselues outward, and therefore the other partes, in the ••tich colde hath the domination and mastre, he doth rough and sharpe without, and by diuersitie of matter, which receiueth Page  [unnumbered] impression and working of heate and of colde, be diuers conditions and proper∣ties, and medling of things gendred kind∣ly, either happely, as it is knowen, and as Auicen and Constantine doth mean, and as it is openly such vertue in ye tre∣tise of the qualities of Elements, and the vertue of softnesse norisheth by heat and by moisture also and that by heat that spreadeth the moyst parts, and de∣parteh and deuideth parts from other as Dialtea doth, which Dialtea is moist,* and somewhat hot, and openeth meanly by the heate thereof, and maketh the hu∣mours softe and fleeting by passing moi∣sture of it, and maketh softe in yt wise, other things that be softened by heate that hath mastry ouer the watry part & earthy, and turneth them into earthye parts, as it fareth of the earthy vapours and watry that be drawen by in ye aire, and turneth into softe drope of raine, and now of deaw, now of hayle, and now of snow, as the Commentor saith super 4. Metheor. Also it is knowen, that ver∣tue of heate softneth such things, so that the parts cleaueth scarcely together in great working of heate, as it fareth in waxe & in other things that melteth, for vertue of ••re hath mastrie ouer ye parts of water and ayre that be therein. The vertue of reping and the vertue of ste∣stion worketh by vertue of heate and by moysture, and the vertue of withhol∣ding by colde and by drinesse; and the vertue Expulsius, of our putting, by cold and moysture, the vertue of appetite worketh principallye by heate and by drynesse, and the vertue of drawing, worketh by heate and drinesse, as it sa∣reth in Dipcamo, Serapino, and Stereo∣ry columino, and other such. The ver∣tue laxatiue worketh by the same ver∣tues, but it worketh more strongly, and so some things that draw laxe also and be ordent, as camonia,••. And work∣eth by colde, and thrirsteth downward, & maketh slipper by moysture, as it fareth my Prunes. Slone, and Thamari∣es, &c.

The vertue of riping worketh by heate and drinesse, and so doth the ver∣tue of drawing, as it fareth in Cantha∣ridilius, and in Flammula, and in other such, that he full hotte, and gendereth full soone in the flesh, whelles and blayues.

Of other such vertues it is shewed before, in libro quarto, De proprieta∣tibus Elementarium qualitatum, libro septimo In Trictatu, De Remedijs Mothorum.