Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

De Lactu vaccino. cap. 65.

COwes milke is contrary to Camells milke, for the Cow hath not so much heate to drawe the fatnesse out of the bloud, & therfore hir milk is ful vncteous & most nourishing. For cold milk nouri∣sheth more then shéepes milke, though sheeps milke be more hot then cow milk. And the cause is (as he sayth) for though the Cowe milke be not so hot as sheeps milke, a lyttle fatnesse suffreeth to Cowe milke, and that fatnesse abideth in the milke, and passeth in the substaunce of Chéese, and the milke nourisheth there∣fore the more, for fat substaunce nourish∣eth more then the substance of the Cheese, for it is more hot & more moist, & neere to the heat of bloud, & turneth soo∣ner vnto bloud. And as men of olde time tell, things ye turneth soonest into bloud, nourisheth soonest, as it is sayd ther. But yet fat milke nourisheth better then fat∣nesse yt is more hot, for milke hath thin watry moisture, that softneth & eatereth into the inner parts of the body, but fat∣nesse by it selfe ••eeteth aboue for ye ayre that to therin, & maketh running, & hard∣neth by thicknesse of his substantiall moisture, and therfore cowes milke per∣ceth & thireth by watrinesse thereof, and commeth into the inner parts, & maketh kind heat by softnesse thereof, & greeueth not much kind by scarsitie of chase, but helpeth and susteineth, as he saith. Milke be vsed in one manner of nourishing, for then it is vsed with his three substances together. And otherwise to cleansing & to abate heat, for the whey is separated frō the creme, & otherwise to moist, and then ye fatnesse of Butter is vsed. And the vse of milke is taken by thinnesse, thicknes, & meane betwéene, as he saith ther. Milk is knowen in substance & in working: in substance, for ye milke is best yt is next to the complection of mankind, as womans milk, and ye néerer it is milked, the better it is, & the more effectual against venim, & against the euille of the bledder and of the reines, and against greeuaunce of the lungs, if aire cōmeth not that to, or chan∣geth ye vertue thereof, after it is milked. Then milk in working is known, when the creme & the Butter is parted therfrō & the Cheese also. Then ye whey is more watrye & sharpe, as it fareth in Camells milke, that is lesse nourishing, and help∣eth them neuertheles yt haue the dropsie, and that by watry heat and thin licour, Cowe milke is most thickest milke, and lesse thinne and watrye then other, and lesse sharpe, and more Buttery, and nou∣risheth well therefore, and best agree∣ing to the stomacke, and comforteth and cooleth the heate of the lyuer and of the stomacke, and maketh the bodye fat and huge, and healeth frettings of the guts and of the mother, and is the better and most wholsome, if the most deale of wa∣trinesse be consumpt & wasted by stodes of the riuers that be heate ••ry hot, and Page  [unnumbered] then quenched therin.

(*The new milke vnscummed of his creame, is wholesomest.)