Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

De 〈…〉 cap. 62.

A Waxe taper is called Cereus, & hath that name of Cera, for it is made of waxe, as 〈◊〉 sayth li.〈…〉∣of speaketh 〈◊〉and •••th in this maner 〈2 lines〉. As he saith, the meaning followeth, for use of Tapers serueth to see by that light of her things that be in darkness. For in the Taper be three things, the matter, & vse, & desposition and shape, and the mat∣ter is treble, as Isi. saith, the waxe, wike, & fire. The wike is made of hempe thrid, & the ground and fundament of the ••∣per, & the waxe compasseth the wike, and findeth & nourisheth the fire yt is lyght, & is end and complement of either, for it worketh in the waxe & in the wike, and turneth them into his owne likenes: and things of diuers kinde haue with them∣selues wonderfull & most couenable vni∣tye: The shape & disposition thereof is round & long, & great at the end. The vse thereof is to stand on a Chandeler and to be holde and borne before Lords.

(*A Chandeler was long spites of wood wheron ye taper stood, whereof some were made of brasse, hanging on cheins in the hals of magistrates, & some with sockets for lesse Tapers.)