Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

De Saporibus cap. 42.

THen sauour is properly perceiued by the tast, and by the presence thereof in the line of tast, the w•• of tast is pleased or displeased. And Isa. saith in Die. of sa∣uours be eight 〈…〉: sweet, vn••ous firste, bitter, sharpe, sower, lesse sower, & yet lesse sower, & foure recken 〈…〉 with, worish sauour, and to account in thee wise, sauours be ••ne: but werish is vn∣properly called sauour, for it is sauorles I we héereof pertaine to heate & do hot complection, sweete, ••tnous, utts, bit∣ter, & sharpe. The other belong to colde, and to colde complection: sower, & lesse sower, and meane sower and werishnes. Two things make sower complection, & Page  [unnumbered] substaunce,and substaunce is treble, thick, thin and meane. Also hot complec∣tion: moyst to the second degree, with thicke substaunce, maketh sweete sauour, and hot complection, and moyst in the end of the second degree, with subtil sub∣staunce, maketh vnctuous sauour, and is accounted subtill in passing, for it passeth soone this fumositie, and hath thicknesse in deede, and stoppeth therefore, and hath potentiall subtiltie in substaunce, & pas∣seth swiftly therefore. And hot and drye complection in the ende of the second de∣gree, with meane substaunce, maketh salt Sauour: and hot and drye in the third degree, with thicke su•••ance maketh bit∣ter: but complection hot and drye in the fourth degree, with thus substauner, ma∣keth sharpe Sauour, and so fiue Sauors be grounded in heate. But colde com∣plection and drye in the seconde degree, with meane substaunce, maketh biting Sauour, such as is in roses. And colde & drye in the second degree with subtill substaunce, maketh sweete Sauour: and complection colde and moyst in the first degrees, with meane substaunce, maketh werish Sauor, such as is in the white of an egge: and so three Sauours be whi∣tish of subtill substaunce, sharpe, vnctu∣ous and Sower: and three be of thicke substaunce, Sourish, Bitter & Sweete: & three he whitish of meane substance, bi∣ting Sauor, Salt and Wearish.