Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

De Pulice. cap. 89.

THe flea is a little worme, and grée∣ueth men most, and is called Pulex, and hath that name of Puluis, pouder, for it is namely fed with pouder, as Isidore sayth, libro. 12. And is a little Worme of wonderfull lightnesse, and scapeth & voy∣deth perill with leaping, and not with running, and waxeth slowe, and fayleth in colde time, & in Summer time it wer∣eth nimble & swift. And though it bée not accounted among beasts that be gendred, and knowen among beastes by medling of male & female, yet he multiplyeth his owne kinde by bréeding of Néetes: For they bréede certeine neets in themselues, and of that commixion or comming of Néets, many Fleas do come of one Flea. And the Flea is bred white, and chaun∣geth as it were sodeinelye into blacke coulour, and desireth bloud, and biteth and pearceth therefore, and stingeth the flesh that hee sitteth on, and sucketh the thinnest parte of humours that bée be∣twéene the skinne and the flesh, and ma∣keth in that parte of the bodye, in the which he sucketh, a bloudie token, and doth let them that wold sléep with sharpe biting, and spareth not kings, but a little Flea gréeueth them, if he touch theyr flesh. And to Fleaes Warmewood is ve∣nim, and so be leaues of the wilde Figge trée, as Constantine sayeth. And Colo∣quintida, a wéede that is lyke to a wilde Nep, helpeth against Fleas, if it be stam∣ped and medled with water, and sprong in the place there as many Fleas be: and so doth Wormewoode leaues, for as it is said, they die by smell & sauour of worm∣wood: and by swiftnesse of leaping, they be the worse to take, & they bite full sore against raine.

(*A sluttish kept house bréedeth fleas, and lodging next to stables of horses: al∣so the horse vrine bréedeth fleas, his dung falling vpon his taile, brédeth Snakes, his flesh, Waspes.)